Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, 24 Mayıs 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated 24 Mayıs 1873 Page 1
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$2 PE3R ANNUM SfHCpmrn. BVTOjMfc Hee the shadows now are stealing ' Slowly down the mountain’slireasi— Hark 1 the turret hells are (waling Cherrilf the hours of rest. Now the mellow daylight closes; All the earth fifom toil reposes; Every breeze has sunk and died— ’Tis the peaceful Kventide. O'er the vale the mists are falling ; (’banting hive-ward wends the bee: One by one the stars are peeping Through the welkin tranquilly. Murmuring, like a child a-dreaming, Starlight on its rinples gleaming, Through the mead the brook doth glide, In the solemn Kventide. O ! how sweet, at day's declining, Tis to rest from earth-horn care; Oazing on those far world's shining, Dreaming that our home is there. Though the shadowy gates of Even Shuts out earth, they open heaven. Where the soul would fain abide In the Holy Eventide. The Lesson of Spring, All that was sleeping is awake, And all is living that was dead! 0 thou who say’st thy sere heart ne'er With verdure can again be spread; 0 thou who moumest them that sleep, Isow lying in an earthly bed, book out on this reviving world, And be new hopes within thee bred ! popular Scales. ALICE QREYSON’S PERIL, A Story of the American Revolution, BV HORATIO ALOCU, JR. It in useless to urge your nuit, Lieutenant Mortimer," said Alice Grcyson. "And why undoes?" inked the young officer, fixing hin gue earnestly upon (lie fnce of hin companion. “ If there were no other reaniin,” said Alice, "thin one in nufficienl. You are an English officer, and have taken up arum againnt my country." " I am an Knglinh officer, it in true; but I am no mure the enemy of America, than in the physician the euemy of hin patient when he applies the lancet for hin good." “ Your wordn are not even npecioun, Lieut. Mortimer. America in no patient, nud the physician may wait till she sum mons him to her assistance.’’ “ 1 am sorry you nympathite with the ragged rebels, Minn (Ireyson. Why, lam 1 told, the army under Washington are most | of them barefooted, and look an if they had just come out of a rag-bag. I fancy your ! fastidious taste would hardly sustain the | sight of such a motley crow. 11 You may ridicule them, if you like, j Mr. Mortimer," said the young lady, proud-! ly. “Asforme, lam ready to acknowledge that I honor them for the sacrifices they 1 have made for - their country. Do you think they go in rags, or shoeless, from choice? No; they have given up the comforts of home, and bear without mur muring the privations of camp life, on ac count of their devotion to the holy cause of liberty. O, I wish I were a man!", “ And if you were, Miss (ireyson !" said Lieut. Mortimer, as he gased admiringly at the flushed face of the beautiful girl, unconsciously mure beautiful for the en thusiasm that glowed in her eyes, and lighted up her speaking connteiiancc. “And if you were, what would you do?" “ What would I do? I would join these same ragged soldiers, of whom you speak ao contemptuoiuly. Lieut. Mortimer, she answered proudly. “ Then I am glad you are not a man.” “ On that point we do not agree.” “ Hut my main reason I have nut men tioned. Ifyouwevea man. yon would not have the same attraction in my eyes.” “ You had better forget all that.” “On my soul! I cannot do it. Surely you will give roe a little hope? You will nut be so cruel as to refuse that ?” “ I do nut willingly give pain, but I must tell you frankly that I shall never answer your suit otherwise than I have to-day.” “ I cannot take no for an answer. I sin willing to wait.” “ And what do you expect from wait ing?” asked the young lady, quietly. “ 1 expect that the rebel horde—l beg pardon—l mean the hand of mistaken pa triots will discern their fully, and lay down their arms in loyal submission to King George. Then your feelings will change towards those whose duty requires them to assist in suppressing the insurrection, and you will feel disposed to view my petition more favorably.’ “ Do not flatter yourself that such will be the ease,” said Alice. “It will never be. Nor will you find this insurrection, as you call it, so easily subdued." “ On this point, fair lady, suffer me to disagree with you at present,” and (he young officer raised his hat. “I regret that duty compels me to forego the pleas ant privilege of remaining with you lunger. Adieu, or rather au revofr.” As he mounted his horse and rode away. Alice gravely inclined her head, but did ■at answer his farewell. In truth she was angry with him for having spoken so con templously of the brave men with whom she sympathized most heartily, and per haps not the less because there was a cer tain young soldier in Washington's army, fur whom she cherished an affection which mure than anything else threatened disap pointment to the hope of the young Eng lish officer. Her eyes were bent thoughtfully upon the ground after his departure, and acci dentally her glance rested on a fluttering white paper, which appeared to contain writing of some kind. .She walked for ward, and picking it up read as follows: “Lieutenant Mortimer :—I sin wil ling to assist you in capturing the fair rebel, who, it appears, has charmed your fancy. When she is a prisoner, she will probably be less obdurate in her refusal of your suit. John Templeton.” The eyes of Alice Greyson flashed with indignation as she read this note. She knew that the John Templeton, who had written this letter was a British Colonel, in command of a detachment stationed near, and she understood the plot had been contrived by Lieut. Mortimer. “So he expects to gain me by such means,” she said to herself, indignantly. “It is infamous ! But how," she thought, "shsll I guard against the dnnger? My fstiier, and old Jacob is too decrepit to re st* a detachment of soldiers, lie would frdbablr be frightened out of his senses, w'ufk I knew what their plans are." As Aa spoke she turned the paper, and saw soma Ism written on the other side. These she eagerly read, and found them to Ibe ns follows: P. B.—l can let yo have a dosen men ■on Thursday evening for your expedition, sinless the young isdj’ should previously smile upon your suit. ’ “Thursday evening," repeated Alioe, “to day Is Tuesday. That gives mo some time fur preparation. I wish James would •call thin evening. I could then consult with him.” Wbt Democratic James Simpson, a captain in the Amer pjean army, wan the one to whom Alice had i rfpliglited her troth He was in camp two 1 miles away, and she knew no other way of j reaching him, except by riding over to the American camp herself. But this would b® attended with danger. As she was deliberatliqf'Vjifllngman in the dress of a British officer rode up to the gate. She was at first startled, hut looking closer discerned that it was the young man for whose presence she was so anxious. But flow came lie in the dress of a Brilinli officer ? Could lie have deserted tho cause of his country ? The young man read her thoughts, and smiled. "Have you no welcome for me, Alice?” he asked. "Surely, James, you have not joined the king’s troops?" “I hope you do not suspect that," "Then, what means this uniform ?” "It is assumed from prudence. Tho roads are besot, by tho enemy ’s forces, and it is to pass in satety, and conceal my real character that 1 have for the time being assumed this dress.” | “I am so glad to sec you. James.” I "Come, that is pleasant, Alice. So I am welcome, and the young man gated ! fondly on her. i “Always welcome, James. You have just come in time to advise me in a matter i of importance.” “Then I am very glad lam here. Tell i , me what ia.” Alice did not hesitate, but at once ex- j ; plained in what manner Lieut. Mortimer | I had pressed his suit, and bow she had ac | cidentally become possessed of the paper j which revealed the plot he had formed j against her. . Capt, Simpson listened in stern silence. I “The infamous coward I” he exclaimed. 1 | “to hatch such a plot against a defenceless I t j woman ! Hut he will not find yon defence- j i leas. But you are sure you have no in- ! ( terest in him, Alice ?" . | There was a shade of anxiety in his i j tone, as he asked this question. 1 1 She met his gaze frankly. , j "Surely you arc not jealous of him, [ , James,” she said. "Forgive me. Alice," he said, "but I [ , love yon so dearly, that 1 tremble coutin , ually lest my treasure should lie snatched from mo." “You need not fear this man. James— or any one else," she added. Half an hour afterwards Captain Simp sun rode away from the gale, having reas sured the mind of Alice, and decided on a plan for her protection against the dan | ger which threatened her. As he rode along, he suddenly fell in with an older officer, elotlied likewise in . j the uniform of the British army. , j “Halt, comrade I” he called out, “whith er arc you bound ?" j “On a secret mission for the general," j said Simpson promptly. , 1 “What is your name name and regi , i ment ?" asked the first. , j “Nay, I have equal right to put the , : question to you. , j “I have no objection to answering. I am Captain Habersham, of the lllth Keg | intent. , j "And lam Lieutenant Fairfax, of the | 1 -tli. said Simpson, at nindobi. I | Luckily for him, there was a Lieutenant , Fairfax in tho 12thor 18th Regiment. Cap ! i tain Habersham did nut remember which, I ’ j and not knowing his jicrsonal appearance, .j he judged that this might be tho one. So 1 I his suspicions were at once allayed, and he said, “Well, Lieutenant, I wish you sue- i cess." "Thankyou, captain," said Simpson,and I ’ touching iiis hat, he rode away. On Thursday evening, Alice Grcyson sat, very nervous, in one of the front rooms of her father’s house, awaitingthe approach I of the British soldiers. By her side sat Simpson. "Arc you afraid, Alice?" he asked. , | “I wish it was over," she said. I "You do not fear that 1 will not protect you ?" “No, James, hut scenes like these are ' ! terrible to u woman’s heart. "We will capture the whole, unless there , are more than twelve,” said Iter lover. "It will be something of a surprise for them, I am thinking.” “They are coming, James," said Alice. , suddenly, for she had been looking from ’ the window. ! ,‘ Then 1 must place myself in eonceal , ment. Keep up your courage, Alice.” He withdrew into the next room, which ( was at the rear of the house, and from I which he could give orders to his men, | whom he had posted behind, but so that they would be concealed from the view of I those who were advancing up the road. Three minutes lat# Lieut. Mortimer , rode up to the front goto, and dismounting, walked up the )ith. and entered the house | without knocking. i "Lieutenant Mortimer I" said Alice, , | rising to her feet. ] “Yes, Alice, it is I." j “And what is your errand ?’’ she asked. “Can you ask ?” he said. “I have come 1 for you, Alice.' j “I don’t understand you," she said , j quietly, though her heart beat with excitc . ment. “Thou 1 must explain. When I was here last you would not listen to my suit.” "You are right.” "I cannot give you up. You must par | don the method to which 1 have resorted, but I shall carry you away with me to night. and trust to devoted attention to soften your obdurate heart." "Surely you do not mean this!" "Surely I do, I may ns well say that ~ resistance is useless, as I have a detach |! ment of twelve men outside, and— ’’ He was advancing towards her when a stern voice exclaimed : "Stop there I” Turning in surprise, he mot. face to face, James Simpson, clothed now in the American uniform, looking sternly at him. , "Lieutenant Mortimer, surrender your- \ self my prisoner." The English officer laughed i “I echo your demand. "he said, -and I 1 have men outside who will enforce it. Yield or meet a worse fate.” Just then a load hubbub was heard out l aide, and both looking nut from the win dow, aaw the Knglisfa squad in full retreat before double the number of Federal 1 troops, ten of the latter, however, remain ing to sustain their loader. , -What do you say to that?" he asked. “I am trapped!" said Mortimer, sullenly. "1 mast surrender.” 1 “It will be best," said Simpaon, coolly. “Allow me, however, to restore you a let ter which you dropped on Monday.” The young officer's countenance redden ed with mortification, when he recognized i the letter. Little more remains to be told. Lciu-■ tenant Mortimer was finally exchanged, j and, tired of the service, soul his commis sion sad went home. Captain Simpson (a colonel at tho close of the war) married I Alice, and both lived for many years hap py in their mutual affection. There are no trifles in the moral universe ! of God, WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1873. poetic i'rijipfi. ■ r;;i, ' -j HALLY HALTER. snlU- HoUor ihp was h young teacher who taught. Ana her frlcml. < hurley Church, wm poacher, who pntuffht; 1 Though lilm enemies callcl him a scroechcr, who acraught. Hb lwwt when he saw her, kept sinking and sunk, hers, began winking and wunk : While she, In her turn, tell to thinking and thunk. He hastened to woo her and sweetly he wooed, For hisi heart grow until to a mountain It grewed. AMd what he was longing to do then he dooed In secret he wanted to speak, and he spoke. To seek with his lip what his heart long had soke, ho managed to let tho truth leak, and it loke. He asked her to ride to tho ebureh, and they rode; rhejr so sweetly did glide, that they both thought . a .a. ,h ‘-y * ,ode- And they came to the place to be tied, and were to©*!. Then homoword, ho said, let us drive and they drove, Ami as WMIII as they wished to arrive, they arrove ; For whatever ho couldn't contrive, she controvo. The kiss ho was dying to steal then he stole, At the feet where he wanted to kneel there he knolc, And he said, "I feel better than ever I foie." Hg they to each other kept clinging and clung, while time in his swift circuit was winging, and And this was /fie thing he was bringing, and bruug. The man Hally wanted to catch, and bad caught That she wanted from others to snatch, and had 1 siiaught— Wm the one that she now liked to scratch and she scraught. And Charley's wann love began freezing and froze, While he took to teazing. ami cruelly tons The girl he had wished to be squeezing, and squoze. I ‘ Wretch f ’ he cried, when she threatened to leave him, and left. "How could you deceive me. as you have deceit f* And she answered, "I promised to cleave, and I've cleft!" (Dur t (Dlio. ABOVE THE ABCTIC CIRCLE. The Marvels of the Frigid Zone—lnter esting Experience in the Search for the Open Polar Sea—Surrounded by I Icebergs. | Dr. Isaac J. Hayes, in one of his lec -1 lures descriptive of his search of the open polar sea, described the glaciers and ice | bergs of Greenland vividly. All the inte rior of Greenland, (he lecturer said, is one vast field of ice, which gradually and imperceptible moves downward toward tho sea. the centre moving somewhat more rapidly than the sides, and by the fractures thus created giving to the ice those fantastic shapes which from time immemorial have been at once the marvel and admiration of czplorere. When the glacier reaches the sea it passes on as before over tire inclined plain beneath the surface, until no much of it is immersed that it is no longer able to resist the buoyancy of the water, and breaking from the glacier, with a roar that van be heard for miles, the icebergrisca to tire surface, and floats away sometimes as far as the coast of Newfoundland, while tire glacier continues its ceaseless move ment downward to form new icebergs from age to age. The masses of ice thus de tached of course vary in sise, but in all of them there is seven times as much ice under water as apjiears above tile surface. From the deck of his vessel Dr. Hayes once counted as many as 500, some as large as the hall in which he stood, others as large as Trinity church, still others as large as the city of New York, and yet j others twelve times the size of New York. One in especial arose 817 feet above sur face, and lie computed its weight to have I been not less than twenty-seven millions j of tons. With regard to the midnight sun, Dr. Hayes related an incident which, had he not actually witnessed it himself, might possibly have been received with incredu lity by his audience. As be traveled northward the days gradually lengthened ! until darkness ceased altogether, and the sun was never out of sight. The passen gers on board the ship were much incom moded, and wore obliged to create artificial darkness by drawing curtains around them when they desired to sleep. The dumb animals on board were in s pitiful state of consternation, the dogs howled unceasingly, and evinced a desire to bay the sun. But the most remarkable effect was created upon an old rooster, the last of their stock of fowl, whose life had been spared in con sideration of his age and consequent tough ness. This venerable bird, day after day, watched the heavens, but found no oppor tunity of heralding the approach of dawn by his wonted crew. His mind at lust rave way, and one morning, in full view of the astounded voyagers, the unhappy bird flew upon the rail of the ship, stretched his neck toward the sun, and giving the merest apology for a crow, sprang into the ocean and was seen no more. In 1859 Dr. Hayes, first expedition sailed northward, and by breaking through the ice in Baffin's Bay, penetrated as far as latitude 75°, this, up to that time, being the furthest point ever attained by explo rers. On the icebergs which ho encoun tered polar bears were very numerous. These animals, he said, are far from being the ferocious mounters which voyagers arc so fond of depicting. They arc, in fact, very timid creatures. As an instance of their cowardice, he related an account of his suddenly meeting one in the middle of an arctic night, that is to say, broad day light. Without a moment's hesitation the doctor turned and ran, never stopping until his breath was utterly exhausted; he then looked behind him to see, as ho said, how long a lease of life remained for him, and to his unspeakable relief saw the bear was running also, but in the opposite direction. A very perilous adventure through which he passed during this voyage was listened to with breathless attention. The' ship was lying in n largo natural bay or harbor, close to a glacier; one day u ter rific rearing startled every one on board. An immense iceberg bad parted from Ibe glacier, and risen to the surface so near tho ship that the first of a succession of waves which it created carried the vessel, dragging her anchor, entirely across the bay, leaving her within a few feet of tho reeks on tho apposite side. The wave re coiling, threw over the deck a volume of ! water that swept before it everything not made fast, and forced the crew to hold on for their lives. Two df the finest glaciers the lecturer saw he christened after Prof. Tyndall in compliment to the great scientist for his Alpine researches. Among the interest ing features of the lecture was the exhibi tion of some exquisite photographs of Arctic scenes reflected upon a curtain on the stage. One of these was a gigantic rock on the coast of Greenland which was similar In that on which the ill-fated Atlantic had struck, and it was a matter of surprise to Dr. Hayea, in view of the nature of the coast, that so many of the Atlantic's passengers had been saved. Melville Bay was the highest point reached in this expedition. In concluding his j lecture Dr. Hayes said that this trip might i be made by any gentleman during the | summer months in his own yacht. Noble | sport could be found in shooting polar bears, and the trip would be no mere dan ; goroua than crewing the Atlantic. At the i first blush it might seem that sailing among j these tremendous glaciers and icebergs was perilous navigation, but it should be borne I j iu mind that at the proper season darkness ! | never hides them, and hence dagger from I this source need sesreelv he apprehended. ' 1 I Barbaric Funeral. Au Kast Indian Prince, his Highness., i Maharajah Takht Singh,of Juudhpore, hav ing died on the 13th of January last, at tho age of 62, “after a brilliant reign of 28 years,” his funeral solemnities wore immediately proceeded with. Early in the morning of a day soon after his de cease, his body, arrayed in the royal robes of brocaded cloth, was borne in a sedan chair to the funeral pile. It was further euveloped at the pile in costly Cashmere j shawls. Tile value of the jewelry alone upon the corpee is stated $75,000. Tho pile wax of sandal wood, intermixed with combustibles, and upon being lighted, the flames shot up with fierce intensity. The heat was so extreme that no one could ap proach the burning mass. In two hours the body and. the wood were reduced to ashen. Two days were allowed for the remains to cool, and the ashes were theu, with much pomp, carried back to the pal ace. thence to be sent in lots, to the "Ho ly Places," with largesses to the Brahmins and other religious mendicants. For a week or more five thousand Brahmins re ceived each a rupee a day at the palace gates, and their necessary food. A silver rupee is about fifty cents, a gold rupee about seven dollars. Taking the silver rupee as the dole, tho daily alms amounted to $2500. On the road from the palace to the funeral pile $62,000 were thrown among the crowd who lined the way, and the scramble for the coin was fearful. Two elephants bore the burden of this gold and silver. The amount of money given and thrown away fell probably partly into the hands of poor wretches who needed it. Even mendicants must eat. A proximate cal culation would give from one hundred to one hundred and fifty thousand dollars in coin scattered and given away, to say noth ing of the after largesses when the ashes are distributed, or of the disbursements for sandal wood fur the pile and food for the crowds. In these days of gold at 117 to 118 it would be worth while to burn a Ksjmh in Third street occasionally, only that a new clement would be introduced thereby into the facilities fur stock gam bling. And the positive destruction of the pearls and other treasures on the body would be a discount from the “relief to the money market.” However, the “opera tors" might possibly find some way to “water the pile" and pocket the treasure. It is not quite a moral certainty that the Brahmin jugglers themselves do not rescue some of the "portable property.” Another circumstance of the ceremony is that the loyal subjects of the deceased Rajah shave off their beards, moustaches, and tho hair of their heads. Hair for moustache purposes ought to ho at a dis count at Joudhpore-Marwar. The living successor of the Rajah takes office without the ceremony of election. Tho show of the “polls” is for tho defunct. It was a great deprivation of privilege to some dozen or so of the wives of the deceased that they were not pcrmi'ted to burn with the body. Christian influence has abolish ed this fearful part of the funeral rites, and it is to be hoped that it will eventually do away with the unnecessary waste of treasure. Monkey Sagacity. It was a wild and dreary part of the country, in the plains of India, while jour neying, that one day a friend and self sat down under the shade of an umbrageous bunyan tree, and we were enjoying a meal of various edibles to be washed down by a glass of Bass' best, when we were disturb ed by the arrival and the noise of a troop of large black-faced monkeys; the branches overhead literally swarmed with them. They looked on us as interlopers, no doubt, and for some time their gestures appeared so menacing that we were apprehensive they would dispute tho ground with us. But after a time things seemed to settle down, and we went on with our repast in peace. \Ve had just risen from onr meal, and were strolling forth from under the shade, when, to our surprise, one of the monkeys—a young one—fell down from a high branch at our feet. It was quite dead. The clamor tßat arose above us on the occurrence of this calamity was deaf ening. The whole assembly of monkeys clustered together for n confab. Long and loud were the (‘batterings and various the grimaces of the tribe, each individual vying with the other in the loudness of his tongue. Their looks and gestures made it apparent that they suspected us as being the cause of the death of their ju venile comrade; and had we bad guns in our hands, or any other murderous weap ons, we should no doubt have been set upon and maltreated. But we were un armed. and tho good sense of the monkeys seemed to tell them that, there must be f some other culprit. Having come to fliis conclusion, one monkey, apparently the ! senior and leader of the whole tribe, sep arated himself from the rest, ran to the spot on the branch whence the young monkey had fallen, examined it carefully, smelt the branch, and then glided nimbly down one of the pillars or pendant roots, and came to the corpse of the monkey, took it up, examined it minutely, particu larly the shoulder, where there was a small wound. Instinct immediately turned sus picion into certainty. He placed the corpee on the ground again, and turned his gaze in every direction, endeavored to I pierce the foliage in the search for the I murderer. After a little while something I seem to rivet his attention. In an instant | he had mounted the tree, sprung to the | spot, and with one clutch had seised a long I whip snake, with which he hastened to the ground. Now occurred n most curi ous scene. The whole monkey rabble, following their leader, were on the ground almost as soon as he; then as many as could ranged themselves on each side of the snake. Each monkey put his hand on tho reptile, clutching hold of the skin of the back tightly. At a given signal, the executioner) dragged the writhing snake backward and forward on the ground (ill nothing was left of the murderer bnt the backbone. The mode of execution was effectual and, in the way it was carried out, showed the clear understanding which the monkey language conveys. Tomb or the Elder Booth. — ln the pretty cemetery of Grcenmount, Baltimore, is the tomb of the elder Booth, a largo but plain marble shaft, on which is a medallion portrait of the great actor; underneath the portrait these lines are engraved. “ Behold the spot where genius lies, O, drop a tear when talent dies; Of tragedy the mighty chief, Thy power to please surpassed belief. i file inert matchless Booth.” On the reverse are the names of John Wilkes, Frederick, Elizabeth, Mary Ann, and Henry Byron, “Children of Junius

Brutus and Mary Ann Booth;” some of whom, the first st least, see buried in this enclosure. Profanity never did any man the least j good. No man is richer or happier, or i wiser for it. It commends no one to so ieiety; it is disgusting to the refined, and I i sbomnishle to the good. Solomon'! Temple. Thu skill, the art. the mighty toil, that I have been devoted U> the adornment, and to the desecration. of thin moat ancient place of worship, have been of extraordi nary magnitude. The grandest legacy of Egyptian antiquity, the Ureat I’yraiuid. demanded, indeed, a larger amount of naked human labor, but in Moriah there is a compulsion of the features of Ngture herself to the service of the builder. In aetnal bulk, the (Jreat Pyramid is to the temple rock, as five to nine, if we descend but as far as the sills of the five double .ales of the mountain of the house. If wo carry the comparison down to the level at which the lowest foundations of the walls is inlaid in the ruck at the angles of the enclosure, the bulk is three times that of the Great Pyramid. The cubic contents of the mason's work may not amount to a tenth part of that piled up by Souphis. But the hill has been honey-corned with i chambers and galleries; and the declining 1 part to the south covered with vaults and j arches, to which Gheexeh can show no parallel. No merely artificial structure i could have so successfully resisted the | efforts of the two greatest military nations of the ancient world to destroy its exist ence and obliterate its memory. No other! monument, long surviving the era of Asiatic and Italian power can ever, like ! the noble Sanctuary, mark by its very i ruins, the successive periods of its glory ! and its fall! If we regard not so much the evidence ! of the labor devoted to the work of the ] Temple as the effect produced on the mind by its apparent magnitude, we may suggest the following comparisons: the length of the eastern wall of the Sanctuary is rather more than double that of one side of the Great Pyramid. Its height, from the foundation on the rock at the south, and near the northern angles, was nearly a third of that of the Kgyptian structure. If to this great height of one hundred and fifty-two feet of solid wall be added to the descent of one hundred and fourteen feet to the bed of the Kedron. and the further elevation of one hundred and sixty feet attained by the pinnacle of the Temple porch, we have a total height of four hun dred and twenty-six feet, which is only fifty-nine feet less than that of the Great Pyramid. The area of the face of the eastern wall is more than double that of one side of the pyramid. Thus the magni tude of the noble Sanctuary of Jerusalem far exceeded that of any other temple in the world. Two ampitheatres of the site of the Coliseum would have stood within its colossal girdle, and left room to spare. The Coliseum is said to have seated eigh ty-seven thousand spectators, and accom modated twenty-two thousand more in its arena and passages. For such a number to have been crammed within its circle, the apace for each person must have been limited to seventeen inches by twenty inches. Allowing two cubits each way, or four square cubits for each worshipper in the temple, the .Sanctuary would have contained thirty thousand ; the Chel, in cluding the Priests' Court, twenty thousand more, and there would yet have been room in the Great Court find the cloisters to make the total reach to more than two hundred and ten thousand. —Edinh j Review. MAY. This is May, the month we have been looking and longing for, as the time when, in all probability, there would" be some calorie in the atmosphere, and some ceru lean tint in the heavenly vault. May is a month of happy reputation. Few say aught against her. The poets and other writers delight in describing her os a beautiful-maiden, clothed in sunshine, and scattering flowers on earth, while she dances to the music of the birds and brooks. She decks the fields with her magic tapestry, and arrays the valleys, hills and woods in rich attire. The choristers of every grove chant carols in her praise. And all that sort of thing you know. May has a history. She was the second ; month in the old Alban calendar, the third in that of llomulus. and the fifth in the one instituted by Numa Pompilius—a \ station it has held from that distant date to the present period. It consisted of | twenty-two days in the Alban, and of! thirty-one in llomulus' calendar ; Numa , deprived it of the odd day, which Julius 1 Caesar restored, since which it has remained I undisturbed. The most probable theory { of the origin of its name is that which j represents it os being assigned in honor of | the Majorca, the senate in the original ] constitution of Home. The following are j some of the proverbs regarding May; ‘•Be it weal or be it woe. Beans blow before May doth go.” “Come it early or come it late, In May comes*the cow-quake." “A swarm of bees in May Is worth a load of hay." “The haddocks are good, When dipped in May flood." “Mist in May, and heat in June, Make the harvest right soon." And, Inst, but not least: “Changes not a clout Till May he out." j May is the festal month, at least in I name, the timo of picnics and Mayqioles ! j and nil kinds of games. | Friday. —Friday is usually regarded as an unlucky day. This superstition is peculiarly prevalent among sailors, and in I Knglaud, some lime ago, an attempt was j made to eradidute it by laying the keel of ! a vewel on Friday, launching her on Fri j day, christening her on Friday and start | ing her upon the first voyage also on Fri day. With great difficulty could enough | sailors be induced* to go aboard to man I her. and she left port and—was lost. This | unfortunate experience did not do much to | eradicate the superstition, but nevertheless. | in spite of it, Friday has been an eventful and generally auspicious day in American history. On Friday Columbus started on j his voyage of discovery, and ten weeks ! afterward, also on Friday, he diseovorad America. On Friday the Mayflower lan ded the Pilgrims at Plymouth. George Washington was born on Friday ; Bunker Hill was seised and fortified, preliminary to the great on Friday; and the victories at Saratoga and York town were won on Friday. The original motion that led to the Declaration of Independence was made in the Continental Congress on I Friday. An examination of important ; events will probably show that quite as much that is for the world's good and I individual good occurs on Friday as on any other day of the week. Dr. Hall says it ought to be extensively known that ordinarily boiled rice, eaten with bailed milk, is one of the best reme j dies known for any form of loose bowels. : Its efficacy is increased if it is browned ' like coffee, and than bailed and eaten at ' intervals of four bouts, taking no other i food or liquid. i Instruction ends in the schoolroom, but 1 education ends only with lift*. A Remarkable Prophecy. We find the following in su Kugiish pe- j ripdical—The Bookworm—devoted to the 1 reproduction of everything that is old in I English literature—not with respect to ita merit, but because it is old. We have no | doubt that the prophecy in question is genuine, and was made, as The Bookworm ! states, in 1488, and republished in 1641, j This being the esse, wc must concede that all the prophecies have been fulfilled ex-' cent the last one. People who are not in ; a hurry to quit this world will, if they chouse to wait, be able to judge whether the world will “eeasc and determine'' in the coming Anno Domini 1881; Monies suiptos’s raopuacr. Carriages without horses shall go, And accidents till the world with woe. Around the world thoughts shall fly In the twinkling of an eye. Water shall yet more wonders do j j Now strange, yet shall lie tme. , The world upside down shall he, A ad gold be found at root of tree. I Through bills man shall ride, And no horse or ass be at his side. Coder water men shall walk, Shall ride, shall sleep, shall talk. In the air men shall be seen, I In while, in black, in green. Iron the water shall float As easy as a wooden boat. Gold shall be found, and found In a land that’s not now known. Fire and water shall wonders do; ; England shall at last admit a Jew. The world to an end shall come I In eighteen hundred and eighty-one. I . 1 * - - Peculiarities of Different Languages. The Hindoos are said to hare no word . for a “friend. The Italians have no , equivalent for our “ humanity." The Russian dictionary gives a word, the definition of which is "not to have enough buttons on your footman's waistcoata second means “to kill over againa third, “to earn by dancing;” while the word “knout" which we have all learned to consider as of exclusively Russian mean ing and application, proven on application ; to be their word “knut" and to mean only “a whip of any kind." The Germans call a thimble a “finger hat" (which it certainly j is,) and a grasshopper a “hay horse." A , glove with them is a “hand shoe," show -1 ing evidently that they wore shoes before | gloves. Poultry is "feather cattle," whilst r the names for the well-known substances “oxygen” and “hydrogen,” are, in their i language, “sour-stuff," and “water stuff. I The French, strange to say, have no verb “to stand." nor can a Frenchman speak of ’ “kicking" any one. The nearest approach ' he, in his politeness, makes to it. is to threaten to “give a blow with his foot;" the same thing, probably to the recipient. i in cither case, but it seems to want the ! directness of our “kick.” Neither has he any word for "baby," nor for home," nor ' “comfort.” The terms “np stairs and down stairs" are also unknown in French. In English wc “cure” meat and “cure” sick people, and wc like oar girls to be “quick," but never wish to see them "fast." ’ —Oar Monthly. y j, j Scolding. —Scolding is moss!/ a habit. | There is not much meaning to it. It is | often the result of nervousness and an | irritable condition of both mind and body. ' A person is tired or annoyed at some trivial cause, and forthwith commences finding fault with everything and everybody in reach. Scolding is a habit very easily | formed. It is astonishing how soon one who indulges in it at all becomes addicted to it and confirmed in it. It is an unrea soning and unreasonable habit. Persona who once get into the way of scolding always find something to scold about. If there is nothing else they fall a scolding at the mere absence of anything to scold st. It is sn extremely disagreeable habit. It is contagious. Once introduced into a family, it is pretty certain in a short lime to affect all the members. People in the country more readily fall into the habit of scolding than people in town. Women contract the habit more frequently then men. This may be because they live more ; frequently in the house, in a confined and heated atmosphere, veiy trying to the ner vous system and the health in general; \ and it may be, partly, that their natures are more susceptible and their sensitiveness | more easily wounded. j Changing his Coat.— Audubon re > lates that he once saw a toad undress him i self. He commenced by pressing his j elbows hard against bis side and rubbing ; downwards. After a few smart rubs hit | hide began to burst open along his back. ; He kept working until he worked nil the skin into folds on his sides and hint; and I then grasping one hind leg with his hands, he hauled off one leg of his pants the same as anybody would; then stripped off the other hind leg in the same way. He then , took his cast off skin forward between bis 1 fore legs into bis mouth and swallowed it; then by raising and lowering his head, swallowing as his head came down, be stripped off his skin underneath until it came to his fore legs; then, grasping one of those with his opposite hand, by a sin gle motion of his bend, and while swallow ing, he drew it from the neek and swallotlbd the whole. Bkaitv—Slkkp.—Sleep obtained two j hours before midnight, when the negative | forces are in operation, is the rest which most recuperates the system, giving bright ness to the eye and a glow to the cheek. The difference in the appearance of a per son who habitually retires at ten o’clock, and that of one who sits up until twelve is quite remarkable. The tone of the system, so evident in the complexion, the clearness and sparkle of the eye, and the softness of the lines of the features, is, in a person of health, kept at " concert pitch" by In king regular rest two hours before twelve o’clock, and thereby obtaining the “beauty sleep" of the night. There is a heaviness! of the eye, a sallowneas of skin, and an absence of that glow in the face which ren ders it fresh in expression and round in np|iearancc, that readily distinguishes the person who keeps late hours. In Criminal Statistics, the census of 1870 discloses the fact that on June Ist, there were in prison in the United States 32,901 prisoners, of whom nearly one-hslf, 16,117, were native bora whitea, and the remainder were 8728 foreign born and 8056 colored persons. Comparing this with our total population, it trill he seen that one person out of 1172 is a prisoner, and that the throe claases making up the total are, relatively, one prisoner to every 1744 native born whites, one to every 637 who tre foreign born, and one to every 605 of the colored race. Oa the eve of 7S. an officer came | to ask permission of the commander to go and see his father, who was on bis death bed. “Go," said the general “you ‘honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land.’" The small courtesies sweeten lifis; the greater ennoble it. Horseradish added to vinegar on pickles Improves their flavor, and prevents mold. VOL. VIII.-NO. 28 Letter from Florida. j A gentleman sends to the Demihkatic AbVOCATr.. the following letter from FUr rida, lately received b}’ him. which may interest our readers; Jacasoanua, Fiosios, May tith, 187a. Jacksonville Ims undergone manychanges since you were here last season. Thia sec tion of country has been thronged with strangers, and among them were many distinguished persons, Hon. HorstioSey mour, Ex-Governor of New York; William ; Cullen Bryant, the Poet, Ims been delight - ■ ing his admirers at Magnolia, setting under 1 orange trees and reading from the Greek 1 poets. Mr. Bouttrell, Secretary of the Treasury, and several members of Congress, who circulated the surplus back pay grab among our Congressional delegation of Florida. There has not been a single sign of relenting on that question. They ap propriated the amount to themselves as a part of the programme. We had in an extra member too, H happened thus wise : J. T. Walls, a negro, received the ccrtiS cste from the Legislature, which was in perfect keeping with all their proceedings; the scat was contested by S, L, Niblack.of Lake City, a white man, and after twenty three months of their wise deliberations it was decided by the congressional commit tee that Mr. Walls had not been elected, consequently not entitled to the seat. Mr! Niblack then comes forward, ia installed, takes hia seat and votes on the back salary and advance question os big as any of them; pockets about $15,000 for four weeks services and came back a richer if not a wiser man. Mr. Wills had sat nearly through the 42d Congress and of course had pocketed his SIO,OOO and mileage. He has a fair capacity for a wagon driver, but is about on a par with some of the while members who have been sitting there, and is superior however to many in hooea ty. as he has not been educated up to the credit mobilicr standard. Harrison Beed, our former Governor, was retired at the November election; he is now conducting a row boat ferry on the St. John's river, which is more appropriate for him. Our present Governor, O. B. Hart, is a native, to the manor born, and yet he is a Badieal. : After the war he commenced to view the ' situation and concluded the only opening ; for him, was through political means. He ' ia a very ordinary man. about a third-rate lawyer, but considered in the scale of hon ' ty about the best candidate they could I. start, accordingly he was elected. I sec | by bis inaugural address he finds the conn | try immenajy wealthy in State and County Scrip—-cart loads of it—which if the State eonld liquidate would put in circulation a ' goodly amount. This scrip is receivable for taxes and State dues, and is worth in market for that purpose from 40 to 60 eU. . on The-dollar They also say there is some afloat that has been paid by the Treasury, ; once, but how it got out again ia not known, nor how much is ont, SIO,OOO or $60,000, remains a mystery. For unblushing ras cality this State is a model one, and is entitled to rank, in that particular, with Lotuiana. Of* Hotels.—The Metropolitan has not met with the success it merits, it has 1 been only tolerably well patronised this I past season. Somehow, from locality or other cause, it has not met popular favor. The St. James accommodates about 200 people and has been crowded all through the season and has paid a dividend of 25 per cent to its stockholders. Last sum mer a new brick hotel of 100 rooms was built by Mr. Bohr, a northern gentleman, ‘ at a coat of $75,000; it is fitted up in first . class style with all the modern improve ments, located on Bay street, near the B. B. Depot, it is kept by McGinley. former ly of the Scriven House, Savannah, which ia a sufficient guarantee for success. It was not finished and opened to the public until February, but has been filled since . the opening day and bids fair another season to eclipse all the hotels in Florida. It has paid * dividend of 10 percent, and will be enlarged, this summer, 100 rooms more, to be completed for the fall business. Jacksonville has assumed the dignity of larger cities, and is well up in ail the mod ern inventions of every kind. Among the influx of visitors, we find life insurance agents, lightning rod men, sewing machine, wash machine dealers, organ grinders with | monkey attachments, and the greatest of all pests to travelers and a prominent mark of advanced civilisation are those gentry who stop at the best hotels, and clothed in purple and fine linen, fare sumptuously every day, play billards with gentlemen, and croquet with the ladies, and under the cove' of night lay violent hands on money, jewelry, Ac. They are capital judges of precious stones. There have been several cases of this kind, and they have escaped unpunished. These fellows travel in the garb of gentlemen, are very agreeable, they do not stoop to small things— petty larce ny—not they, they are above stealing old boots, hair grease and such like, their linen are drawn higher. Wc arc well supplied with all facilities of cheaper living—nu merous restaurants which mix for thirsting I humanity the meet tempting allnrments in | the way of milk punches, Ac., Ac., and I am obliged to record they arc seemingly appreciated as evidenced by the numerous participants therein There are aleo about 40 boarding houses, which thrive in winter, kept by that much abused and numerous class, yclept widows, whom the Almighty in his providence has left to battle through for themselves in this struggle for life, n large majority of whom, when driven to extremity, seek refuge as a last resort, in getting up hash fur strangers whom a ne cessity for cheaper fare have thrown in their way. But the season is now over, everything has sssumed an air of quiet, visitors have gone to their several homes, summer has dawned upon us, the ground is covered with green vegetation, the trees are in full bloom, miniature oranges ace to be seen in countless millions to feast the eyes of cultivators in that line. Water melons (rather sickly ones as yet) are in market, blackberries are plenty, vegetables of all kinds in abundance, the birds sing gaily, and all that is required to gladden the heart of man Is peace, lighter taxation, and an economical government, after which Florida could be made to blossom ss the rose. Quite a substantial source of reve nue has been developed within the past two years in the manufacture of Palmetto work. It is braided and made into ladies and gentlemen's hats, napkin rings, fly brashes, Ac., and I have recently seen it stated a Factory was to be erected for the manufacture of paper from the fibre of Palmetto Orders have been received for this work, from the north, amounting to from $5,000 to $16,000. One estobfiah ment has 200 females at work on ladies' hats. Some of them earn $9.00 per week. , Orders have been received from Paris for | the braid to be made up there, and from - thence many will be sent back to New York. Visitors purchased hundreds of ; them this season to carry home ana Florida curiosity; they ore well adapted for a snu bat and considered pretty trimmed with the grasses which grow wild in the coun try, *d .domed with a stuffed bird mur dered for the occasion, are quite irreaisU ble. Palmetto tree canes are also earning into favor, they arc quite tough, and do I ! not splinter. Palmetto was used ia eon , structiug Fort Moultrie, at Charisnton it 3 u * resist s cannon ball like rubber. The * ; alligator has also been brought into requi v sit ion. His hide is manufactured ia Bos ton into boots and shoes, the teeth are formed into various designs, for whistles, ladies’ bracelets, charms, Ac., are buddy 8 polished and handsomely mounted with gold, and find a ready sale among the nu -1 meruus visitors. St. At ofSTtSK. —No one likes to leave Florida without a viait to the oldest city 1 in the United fitates. It ia remarkable fur nothing particular—ia a Bpaniak-look r i-K place, verry nareow 1 wide, a sea wall bulk by die U. 8. 8 government at a heavy cost, him one large ■ hotel built by a northern company. Oee 8 can look it all over in half a day. The one 1 great obstacle is in getting then. You 1 leave Jacksonville by steamer 40 miles to “Toooi,” which is no't much to look at, nl -1 though it occupies quite a space on the ' map. There’s nothing to mark the mot but s few rickety shanties You rids a distance of 18 miles overs road of wooden rails at a mail's pace, and feel a mass of ' relief in getting over it. One likes to sty he has been there, but oooe answers for all ' time. The male citixens em ploy a good deal of their time in fishing, and the fe male# do a good business in making Psl ' metre hats, and sell Urge quantities to the northern merchants. About four weeks ; ago there were people from all sections of , the United States—tourists, invalids, bust, ness men. congressmen, artists, Ac. By the way I met quite a genius then who | combined both artist and the tin-type bu siness; he took s likeness on tin, end for 1 50 cents, though be said his forte was marine painting. He was sketching a sen view—he had the sea Uahing ia foam, and ! an ocean steamer supposed to be creasing the bar, although there is only about 9 feet water on St. Augustine bar. Bat distance will lend the necessary enchant, ment. He also told me his family were ! natural artists; be hod an uncle who ’ wuuldo ttura bis back on Landseer, Conors, ' or Michael Angelo. On animal creation he was tra-ly w-o-n-d-er-f-u-l—he oooe - painted an immense rat on the top of s big cheese, and it was drawn se close to nature that people pronounced it perfect. ’ A fellow brought one of those 20-ouncc ! terrier dogs and proposed to tost it. They set the picture up against a chair and let ‘ him in—he made one spring clean through the canvass and In his delusion ran several times round the room, and he believes, to this day, that rat escaped him! Such 1 'ukut as that is very rare in this country. 8 This coming season we may expect some ‘ very fine sketches of Bt. Augustine by ! moonlight, daylight, and after dark, and 1 in good time they will provide n real railroad to facilitate travel in March of ! pleasure, and that Tocoi will eventually • became a large city—more worthy the ■ traveling public —like Mandarin, a point - from which, if one has the means, be can I go to any part of the world. 1 More Anon. H. E. H. 'I Life in Cairo. Life in Cairo, Egypt, commennces early ' in the morning for those who have any important business to transact. His high ness the Khedive ia one of the earliest to begin his day's work. He attends him self to every detail concerning hia country and the administration of its tflhin. The fashionable world of Cain aits down to a 1 substantial lunch-breakfast about eleven 1 o'clock. Three boon later almost every one ia out shopping or paying calls, after which comes the inevitable drive in the “Shoubra"—a beautiful shady avenue of accacia-trees. There may be seen the feehion and beauty of Cairo driving in handsome carriages with European hones, for the Arab hones, though fine for rid ; tug. are too small and deader for the har ness, and are rarely used by the elite, excepting in small carriages. When the sun seems sinking bslew the hariaon the carriages leave the “Shoubra" , in a grand rush. There ia no twilight in Egypt; but when the veil of darkness falls over Cairo every one ia at homo preparing for dinner. Then nftennrd comes the opera or theatre. The Cairo Opera-house ia a beautiful little building, . highly ornamented, nod hung within with crimson and gold. The centre off the house contains stalk, occupied chiefly by gentlemen ; then comes the first, second, and third tiers of boxes. These boxes are all large and commodious, with tofka, glasses, brackets, etc., nod many sente—in fact, they are little rooms, and one esa , well receive four or five friends at s time. It is the fashion for gentlemen to go round between the acta and pay visits to all the ladies of their acquaintance, so that s night at the open is quite • little flint or reception. Many of the boxes ere reserved for his highness and other princes. The opens at Cairo are meet beautifully placed upon the stage. No expense is spared them, either to procure the best donsnises, the most perfect scenery and appliances, or the most ex quisite and tasteful costumes. The Sensation of Drowning. Dr. Hoffman, of Dixon, 111., who was one of the victims of the recent bridge disaster in that town, and was very nearly drowned, thus detcribes bis sensation while in the water: I could feel the water running down my throat and in my ears, and all at ones ex ririenced the most delightful sensation, seemed to be at peace with everything, and perfectly happy. My whole life named before me like a flash of lightning, the events appearing in sequence, the moat prominent appearing to be indelibly im pressed upon my mind. Circumstances I had forgotten appeared vividly, and I did not want to be disturbed. I should have preferred to remain where I was. While in the midst of s beatific reverie, thinking what my wife would do if she were saved and I were drowned, I felt a hand an my shoulder. I was pulled out and placed on a rock. I was almost iuMiuible, but grad ually came to myself. Oh, how tick and wretched I felt. I was greatly astonished at the number ofereu In that passed through my mind while under the water. Nothin that occurred during childhood was evi dent, but everything since I was about nineteen years old appeared before aw is if photographed. The sensation I expe rienced while the water was going down my throat was not unpleasant. It seemed as if I was going on a journey, sad was surrounded by atTkindaofbeautifulthings. Km: cation.—Every hoy should have his head, hia heart and his head educated. Let this truth never he fetgotten. By tsssxuiSiSSAs. what ia right and what is wrong. By the proper education of the heart he wit) be tsnght to lore what is good and wise and right, and to hate what is evil, foolish and education of

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