Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, May 31, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated May 31, 1873 Page 1
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$2 PER ANNUM Select |)ootra. From the AMUu. TIRED MOTHERS. ■Y MRN. ALBERT HMITH. A Utile fellow lean* upon your knee— Your tired knee, that ha* no much to bear; A child's dear eyes are looking lovingly From underneath a thatch of tunned hair. Perhaps you do nut heed the velvet touch Of warm, moUt flnnm. A .Min# yours so tight;— You do not prise this blessing over much— You almost are too tired U pray to-ulgbt. But it is a blesmdneM. A year ago 1 did not see It as I do to-day— , We are so dull and thankless, and too slow To catch the sunshine till it slIpN away. And now it seems surpassing strange to me That, while I wore the badge of inotherhiMxl. I did not kiss more oft and tenderly The little child that brought me only good. And If some night when you sit down to real. You miss this elbow from your tired knee. This restless, curling head from off your breast, This lisping tongue that ehaltcrs constantly ; If from your own the dimpled hands had slipped, And ne'er would nestle In your palm again ; If the white feet Into their grave had tripped • I could not blame you for your heart ache then. I wonder so that mothers ever fret At little children clinging to their gown ; Or that the footprints, when the .lays are (, Are ever black enough to make them frown. If I could And a little muddy boot. Or can. or Jacket on my chamlicr floor; If! could kiss a rosy, restless find. And hear Its |*attr in my home once more ; If 1 could mend a broken cart to-day. To-morrow make a kite to reach the iky— There is no woman In < hat's world could uy Hhc was more blissfully undent than I. But ah ! the dainty pillow next my own l never rumpled by a shining head . My singing binning tnnu Its nest Is flown— The little baf I used to kiss la dead ! |3ojntlar Sales. WRONGFULLY ACCUSED. It has been many a lung day since then, yet I remember it all, just as though it had occurred yeaterday. I wan a carpenter; the foreman of a large establishment, and aa such poaacaacd the entire confidence of my employer, who, by the way. had been a school-male of mine. One day he called mo into bis office to look at some rare coins he had just pur chased. ■■ Here,” said he, placing in my hand a heavy gold piece, “is one which is worth more than all the rest put together. It ia a great curiosity. I paid S2OO fur it, and considered it cheap at that. I could easily double my money in selling it; and so you see, Harvey, it is really n good invest ment.'' “ No doubt it is," said 1, “though it seems a large sum to have lie idle." I breathed an involuntary sigh as I laid the coin down on the desk, fur S2OO would have seemed a fortune to me just then. The severe illness of my wife and one of my children, and the death of another, made serious inroads on my purse, and it had required the exorcise of the utmost economy to keep myself free from debt; nay, 1 had been obliged to withdraw from the bank the small sum, which, besides my salary, was all 1 posaessed of worldly treasures. Thinking of this, I laid the coin down with a sigh, and turned away to attend to my duties. The next morning I was again sum moned into the office, but this time I met with no friendly greeting, as usual. “ Harvey,” said my employer, abruptly, “that gold coin we were looking at has disap- Crcd. I have made a thorough search, it Is not to be found. It has been carried away by acme one. You alone saw or know of it, and—” He paused and looked significantly into my face 1 finished the sentence forhiiu, the hot blood dyeing cheeks and brow as I spoke. “ You mean, therefore that 1 took it— I!" . “ What else can I think ? The coin was here; you alone saw it. I cannot re call having seen it since it was in your hands. You arc in need of money ; you have told me that youraelf. ft was a great temptation, and I forgive you because of our old friendship, but I cannot retain you in my employ. Here is the salary due you.” “ Very well," said I with forced calm ness, “so be it. Since you have so poor an opinion of me alter years of faithful service, I shall not stoop to defend my self.” Then I took the money he hud laid upon the desk, and went out from his presence a well-nigh broken-hearted man. But for the tender love of my wife, I doubt not but that I would have buried my Burrows in the grave of a suicide. Supported by that love, however, and the consciousness of my own iunocence. I took fresh courage and set resolutely to work to find a new employer. But powerful is a breath of slander I Turn which way I might, 1 ever found that the story of my dismissal for theft had proceeded me, and my application for employment uniformly met with a refusal. Time went on; piece by piece our fur niture ami every spare article of clothing found its way to the pownbrokcr's, until at length even this poor resource failed us, and my children cried in vain for food. Yet I did not sit down ia idle despair, I could not afford to do so; the life or desth of all I loved on earth depended on my exertions —end so turning away from them with a heavy heart, I once more sot out on the weary search for work. All ill vain 1 Refusal after refusal met aay entreaties for employment, and 1 was turning homeward with a listless step, when passing an immense church I was attracted by a group of men at its base. Impelled by some strange impulse, I approached and mingled with them. A workman was standing near by, looking up st the great steeple, which towered aloft some 250 feet above them, while a gentleman, evidently an architect, was addressing him in earnest language, sod at the same time pointing toward the golden cross at the summit of the spire. “ I tell you,” he exclaimed, as I drew near, “it must and can be done. The cross must be taken down, or the first heavy gale will sand it down into the street, and lives will be lost. Coward! ia this the way you back out of a job after engaging to do it?" “ I didn't know the spire was so high up there. Do it yourself if you want It done.” “ I would if I wore able," said the ar chitect. “But go if you will; let it be. My honor is pledged to have it done at any price—and 1 can find a braver man than yon to do it.” The carpenter walked away with a dogged, slouching step, and the gentleman was about to move away also, when I stepped forward. “What is it you want done, air?" I asked. “I am a carpenter; perhaps 1 can do it.” He turned eagerly toward me. “ I will make it worth your while. Take down that cross and I will pay you a hundred dollars. You will have to ascend those ornamental blocks, and I toll you candidly they are not to be depended on ; they must be weak and rotten —for they have been there for years.” 1 looked up st the anire; it was square at the base and tapered to s sharp point. % 1)c Democratic QttooMt. while along oueli angle wore nailed amall gilded blocka of wood. “ It'a a dangcroua plain to work,” I Raid, “ and there will be even more peril in de scending than aacending. Suppose 1 suc cced in moving the atone, and then—" “ If any accident happena to you, my bravo fellow, the money ahnll be paid to your family. I promise you that. Clive mo your address. “ Here it ia," I aaid, “ and aayou value your aoul keep your word with me. My wife and children are alarving, or 1 would nut attempt thin work. If I die they can live on the hundred dullara for a while until my nick wife recovcra her atrength.” “ I'll make it a hundred and fifty!" ex claimed the architect, “ and may God pro tect you I If 1 had the skill ncccaaary to aaccnd that atecplc I would aak no man to riak hia life there. But come, and keep u ateady hand and eye." I followed him into the church, then up into the apirc, until we paused before a narrow window. This waa the point from which I muat atari on the perilous feat which I had undertaken. Casting a single glance at the people in the street below—mere apccka in the distance—l reached out from the window, and grasping one of the ornamental blocka. swung myself out upon the spire. My courage faltered, hut the remem brance of my starving family came to my aid, I placed my hand on the block above and clambered up. From block to block I went, steadily and cautiously, trying each one ere I trusted my weight upon it, Two thirda of the apace had been passed, when suddenly the block that supported me moved—gave way. Oh, heavens! never, though I should live a hundred years, shall 1 cease to shudder at the recollection of that terrible moment. Yet even in the midst of my agony, as I fell myself slipping backward, I did not for a second lose my presence of mind. It seemed to me that never before had my senses been so acute as then, when a horrible death seemed inevitable. Down, down, I slipped ; grasping at each block as I (Hissed it by. until at length my fear ful course waa arrested, and then, while my head reeled with the sudden reaction, a great shout came up from the people below. “ Come down, conic down!" called the architect from the window ; “ half the sum shall be yours for the risk you have run. Don't try again. Gome down !” But no! more than ever now 1 was determined to succeed. I was not one to give up after having undertaken a diffi cult task. Coolly, but cautiously, I commenced the ascent once more, first socking in vain to reach across to the next row of blocks, for I did not care to trust myself again on that which had proved so treacherous. This 1 waa com|Hdled to do, howovdr, un til the space between the angles became sufficiently small to allow me to swing across. Accomplishing my purpose at length. 1 went up more rapidly, carefully testing each block ns I proceeded. Ere long I reached the cross, and there I paused to rest, looking down from the diuy height with a coolness that even then astonished me. A few strokes with a light hatchet that the architect bad hung at my back and piece by piece the rotten cross fell to the ground. My work was done, and as the last fragment disappeared, I found a sad pleas ure in the thought tluit should I never reach the ground alive, my dear ones would have ample means to supply their wants until my wife could obtain employ ment. Steadily I lowered myself from block to block, and at length reached the spire win dow, amid the cheers of those assembled in tho street. Inside the steeple the arch itect placed a roll of bank notes in my hand “ You have well earned tho money,'' he said. “It does mu good to see a man with so much nerve—but—bless me ! what is the matter with your hair. It was black before you made ths ascent, now it is grill) /” And so it was. That moment of in tense agony, while slipping helplessly downward, had blanched ray hair until it appeared like that of an old man. The work of years had been done in an instant. Entering the cheerless room which was now all I called my home' I found a visi tor, awaiting me, my late employer. “ Harvey,” said he, extending his hand, “ I have done you a great wrong. It cost mu a terrible pang to believe in your guilt, but circumstances were so strongly against you that I was forced to believe it. I have found the coin, Harvey, it slip|M>d under the secret drawer in my desk. Can you forgive me, my dear old friend ?' My heart waa too full to speak; I si lently pressed his hand. “ I will undo the wrongs 1 have done. All the world shall know I accused you unjustly, not through my words only, but through my actions, too. You must be my partner, Harvey. If you refuse, I shall feel that you have not forgiven me." I did not refuse. Instead, 1 thankful ly accepted the offer, knowing that no surer method could have been devised to silence forever the tongue of slander, and free ray name from the unmerited re proach which had of late rested upon it. Prosperity has attended me ever since that day. but neither prosperity nr wealth can efface its memory from my heart, nor restore ray locks to their own raven hue. What it will So. Iron made into steel, a rod one-fourth of an inch in diameter will sustain 9,000 lbs. before breaking; tin steel, 7,000 lbs.; iron wire, 6,000 lbs.; bar iron, 4,000 lbs.; inferior bar iron, 2,000 lbs.; cast iron, 1.000 to 3,000 lbs.; copper wire, 3,000 lbs.; silver, 2,000 Iba.; gold, 2,500 lbs.; tin, 3.000 lbs.; cast line, 160 lbs.; sheet xinct, 1.000 lbs.; cast lead, 55 lbs.; milled load, 200 lbs. Of wood, box and locust, the same siic, will hold 1,200 lbs.; toughest hickory and ash, 1,000 lbs.; elm, 800 lbs,; beach, 650 lbs.; poplar, 450 lbs. Wood which will bear a heavy weight for a minute or two will break with two-thirds the force acting a long time. A rop of iron is about ten times as strong as a hempen cord. A rope nn inch in diameter will bear about two and a half tons, but in practice it is not safe to submit it to a strain of more than about one ton. Half an inch in diameter, the strength will bo one-quarter as much; a quarter of an inch, one-srxteenth as much. Cut your coat according to your cloth is an old maxim and a wise one ; and if people will only square their ideas accord ing to their circumstances, how much hap pier we might all be I If wo would come down a peg or two in our notions in accord ance with our waning fortunes, happiness would be always within our reach. It is not what we have or what we have not which adds to or subtracts from our felici ty. It is the longing for more than we have, the envy of those who possess more, and tho wish to appear in tho world of more importance than we really are, which i destroys our peace of mind, and eventually , leads m rein. WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1873. things Abroad. Correspondence. of the New York Obtcrrer. A PRINOELYMARRIAGE. Royai. Mkkry-Makiniih in Bkrun. The Cuurt hus just favored us with a living commentary upon the 45th Psalm, so rich, so beautiful, so imposing, so fasci nating, tliat I long to gather all the youth ful readers of the Ohurirr around me while I try what words can do to spread the picture before their eyes. A favorite nephew of the King of Prussia and Em perorof Germany has just been married to the only daughter of the Duke of Sachsen Alteuburg; and the wedding-festival was a series of brilliant pageants that continued four days. The bridegroom is styled Friedrich Wilhelm Nicolaus Albrecht (known ns Prince Albrecht,) a handsome ■nan of SC, of good reputation, and quite a favorite because of his fine manners and his general culture; more a man of arts than of the sword. His father, the young est brother of the king, died last October, and was buried in Berlin with royal and military honors; bis mother was divorced more thau twenty years ago, but is still living in disgrace, an exile from Germany; but notwithstanding these shadows upon his early home, the new head of the house enters with bright prospects upon a home for the future. A royal prince is not per mitted to marry when and as he likes. In affairs of the heart these high people are less free than plain folks, who have noth ing to think of but their own happiness. Princes cannot always have their own way. Three or four deaths in the families of his cousins would bring Prince Albrecht to the throne; and hence he could nut marry without consent of the king, and the king would not suffer him to marry beneath bis rank. It is whispered that in his early youth he had set his heart upon a young lady whom he was obliged to give up be cause her station was nut high enough for a Prince of the blood. This is not his only restraint; for us a member of the royal family and an officer of the army, he must live where the king appoints; and so, instead of occupying the nice palace and grounds of his father in Berlin, and sharing in the gayeties of the Court, he must live at Hanover, where at present his army division is quartered. To be sure, he can there set up a little court of his own, to represent the emperor. It costs some sacrifices to be a prince—but Prus sians arc trained to absolute obedience to authority. Kvery prince is even made to leam some trade. Prince Albrecht has been fatrtunate in finding a lady suited to his rank, who pos sesses beauty of person, and good qualities of mind and heart. She is only 18; and we must take breath to repeat her baptis mal name, which is os long as the train *f her bridal dress that required four ladies to carry it behind her; —Marie Friederikc Lcopoldinc Gcorgine Auguste Alexandra Elisabeth Thereso Josephine Helene So phie—but for short she was called the Princess Maria von Sachsen-Altenburg. Her father is the Duke of a little territory south of Lcipsic, which measures 20 geo graphical square miles, and contains 141,- 000 inhabitants—not so many by half as Chicago. But the sire of his territory doesn't matter so long as ho is of a prince ly stock, and has rank, and titles, and blood inherited through many generations; and for these he is thought worthy to wed his daughter to a member of the Emperor's family. When a royal Prince is married the bride must come to him, that the nuptials may be celebrated at the palace of the king. The bride pays this homage to the rank of the bridegroom, for she is enno bled by the union. So when all was ready, the message came to the Princess Maria in her father’s palace at Altenburg: “Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear ; forget also thine own people, and thy father’s house : so shall the king, greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy lord ; go pay thy homage unto him.” High officers of the court were sent from Berlin with the elegant railway carriage of the king, to meet the bride at the Prus sian boundary and receive her from the officers of her own Duchy; and as the train approached the capital, it was joined by another escort of high military personages. Arrived at Berlin, the bride was met by the military commandant of the city, the chief of police, and other officers who con ducted her to a royal carriage in waiting; but as yet she was uot to be taken within the city. Berlin has no walls, but at the eud of some of the principal streets are gates or arches that mark the outlines of the city proper; chief among these is the Brandenburg Door, at the foot of the Linden, the great central street of the city, at the upper end of which are the royal palaces and other public buildings. J ust outside of the Brandenburg Door lies the Thiergarten, a large forest used ns a public park ; and at the outskirts of this forest is a pretty palace kuowu as the Bellevue. To this ]he Princess was escorted without entering the city ; and soon after her ar rival, the Emperor, the Empress, and all the royal family called to welcome her, and remained to a family dinner given in honor of the bride and her parents. All this was on Friday, April 18. On Saturday the bride was conducted in state from the Bellevue Palace to the great palace of state within the city, at the head of the Linden. The procession was really superb. First came half a regiment of dragoons splendidly mounted; When three elegant carriages, each drawn by six black horses with outriders, and containing the cavaliers and other officers appointed to attend upon the bride during the ceremo nies; now a company of mounted guard, led by trumpeters playing lively inarches, and then the great carriage of state, which is used only at coronations, weddings, and like festivities. This carriage was built for the first King of Prussia, and is one hundred and fitly years old; it is broad and high, widening out at the tup; the windows arc large and beautifully orna mented, and the whole body is thickly plated with gold upon an enameled scarlet panneling, the crowns over the doors being solid gold. Two horsemen in brilliant dress preceded the carriage, and a royal officer rode on each side of it. The car ’ riage was drawn by eight jet black horses, ' in gilded and scarlet banners, and with > huge plumes of white ostrich feathers nod ding on their heads. The grooms on the horses and the pages behind the carriage 1 were dressed in a pretty gala costume. On f the right side of the carriage sat the bride in white satin, unveiled, bowing and smil ing to the crowds who greeted her along > the way. At her left was the Crown Princess of Prussia, daughter of Queen < Victoria, and the future Empress of Qer i many, who matronised her princely cousin, t Her jewels made the carriage radiant. - “King’s daughters were among thy honor- able women ;at thy aide the queen in gold , of Ophir.” f Another company of mounted guards h followed the state coach, then came two y more six-spanned carriages with the ladles in-waiting. and the procession closed with the remainder of the regiment of dragoon*. On entering the Brandenburg Door the procession halted, and the bride vaa wel comed to the city by the Head Bargeman- 1 ter, who delivered himself of a little 1 speech, in which he advised her to imitate the Kmpress in caring for charitable oh- ! jects, and so hi make her coming a bless ing to the city. >1 suppose she heard about ns much of this as brides hear of the harangues sometimes inflicted by ministers at weddings, and in her heart wished him 1 well back in the City Hall; but the good man's voice was soon drowned by the roar of cannon which announced that the Princess had entered the city gate. The royal cortege then proceeded up the Linden to the great palace, where the King and Queen, all the Royal Family, and a bril liant array of officers and ladies were awaiting the bride. “The daughter of Tyre aliall be there with a gift, even the rich among the people shall entreat thy face. She shall bo brought unto the king in raiment of needlework; the virgins also, her companions that follow her; with gladness and rejoicing shall they bo brought : they shall enter info the king's palace. 1 ' It was about one p. M. when the palace was reached. The bride was now led be fore the King, and the marriage compact was signed between his Majesty the King of Prussia and his Highness the Duke of Sachsen-Altenburg. Then the King led the bride to the suite of rooms pre pared for her in the palace, and thus she was installed ns a member of the Royal house. At three o’clock she dined with the members of the Royal Family, and at six o'clock the guests began to assemble for the marriage ceremony. In the great palace are long, long suites of rooms—picture galleries, dining halls, throne rooms, ball-rooms, etc., some most elegantly decorated—terminating at last in a richly ornamented chapel. In this chapel were gathered the dignitaries priv ileged to attend the marriage, and the long picture gallery was lined on both sides with favored spectators of the proces sion. Starting from a remote part of the palace where the bride had her quarters, this magnificent array swept through the successive apartments; the Grand Marshal and his staff, the king's household officers two and two, the cavaliers appointed to wait upon the bride, the bridal pair—the train of the bride's dresa carried by four ladies of the court—the military staff of the bridegroom, the household officers of the queen, the court officers of the king, the king in person leading the mother of the bride—her train carried by two pages—the military staff of the king, the attendants of the Duchess of Sachsen Altenburg, the Queen of Prussia, attended by the crown prince and the father of the bride—her dress borne by four ladies— then the staff officers of the crown prince, and of the Duke of Sachsen Altenburg, the prince of Netherlands leading the crown princess of Prussia, and then about thirty princes and princesses in couples; the trains of the ladies carried by pages. The whole course of the procession was enliv ened with delicious music. Just before entering the chapel the Km press placed upon the head of the bride a crown of diamonds. The marriage service was performed by the Rev. Dr. Kogel. At the moment when the ring was placed on the bride’s finger a princely salute of 3C guns was fired before the palace. When it was concluded, the bridal procession returned to one of the grand throne halls, where the king and the bride seated them selves at a card-table, and the queen and the bridegroom at another. The other members of the royal family took places also. This custom of the curd-table is a very old one, and is designed to relieve the stiffness of the after ceremony, by giv ing it the appearance of a social party. All the high personages, ambassadors, gener als, etc., and the Ladies of the court, now defiled before these card-tables, and made their obeisance to the king and queen and to tho bridal pair. Supper now followed, then nil repaired to the spacious and mag nificent white hall. Here the splendor of the illumination, the brilliancy of ladies’ jewels and of gentleman's decorations, the gorgeousneas of military costumes, and the bewitching strains of music, gave a fairy aspect to the scene, and the torch-light dance completed the illusion. This dance was tho most curious feature of the cere mony. and is a relic of the middle ages. It is strictly a promenade in time with music. First came tho Grand Marshal and his staff; the twelve ministers of State, ranged two and two, beginning with the youngest, and ending with Bismarck and Von Roon, now followed, each carrying a huge lighted candle ; then came the bridal pair, and this brilliant procession made the circuit of the hall, saluting all the guests. Next the king took the bride and led her around in the same order. The crown prince followed, and every other prince in the order of his rank—so that the poor bride was marched round nineteen times! Then the bridegroom led the queen and each princess in turn around the same circuit The unfortunate torch bearers had to keep up their march for over an hour. At the close of tho dance the royal pro cession accompanied the newly married pair back to the bridal apartments, which were sumptuously adorned. “ The king's daughter is all glorious within [i. c., in her palace chambers.] her clothing is of wrought gold. All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of tho ivory palaces whereby they have made thee glad.” The procession halted at the door, but the Grand Marshal entered, and fol lowing another old custom, presently brought out upon a golden salver a garter cut into fragments, which were distributed to the guests. So ended this memorable Saturday. On Sunday the royal company attended worship ip the palace chapel, then break fasted with the newly married pair. In the evening tho Prince and Princess Al breet held a court (t. ~ gave are ception) in the palace, for Sunday is here the great day for social festivities. On Monday there was a grand state dinner, and in the evening a gala at the Opera Honae, where every one who had the good fortune to be invited, appeared in the most elegant at tire, thus constituting an enftmble which lacked only the beauty of American ladies (the men here are much finer looking than the women,) to have made it the most beantiftil as well as the most brilliant of festive assemblies. On Tuesday morning there was a fine military parade, and then the Prince and Princes were suffered to begin their hon eymoon in peace. A few nails placed in a vase of flowers will keep tho water sweet and flowers 1 fresh. This arises from the sulphur ' eliminated from the plants combining with the iron. When an extravagant friend wishes to 1 borrow your money, consider which of the two yon would sooner loose. ln proportion as we ascend the social scale, we find as much mud there as below, k only it is hard and gilded. The Arabs. Persons of the middle cUuw have Haiidalx irmtead of shoes ; they are single soles, or thin pieces of wood, fastened to the feet with leather thongs. Kidler people wear slip]*!*, and the women always use the latter covering for the feet. Drawers, with the addition of u shirt, always form the female dress. At Hodman, as in Egypt, they veil their faces with a piece of linen, leaving only the eyes uncovered, in Yemen, the veil is much larger, and covers the face, so that even the eyes ore not discernablc. At Sana and Mokha-thc women wear a transparent gauze veil em broidered in gold. They arc very fond of rings on their fingers, arms, wrists and cars; they stain their nails red, and their hands and feet of a brownish yellow, with the juice of a plant called el henne; they alio paint all around their eyelids, and even the eyelashes themselves, with ko he I, which renders them quite black. Men even sometimes imitate this fashion, but it is considered effeminate. The women of Yemen make black punctures on the face, which they consider improves their beauty. Fashion snows its influence in this coun try most particularly in the manner of wearing their hair and beard. In the States of Sana nil men, whatever their rank, sliuve their heads; in other parts of Yemen it is the universal custom to knot the hair up behind and wrap it in a hand kerchief. Caps and turbans are not in use here. In the mountain districts the hair is left long and loose, and is bound with small cords. All Arabians of rank have one curious addition to their dress. It is a piece of fine linen upon the shoul der, which probably was formerly intended to keep off the heat of the sun, but is now used only as an ornament. Carrcri states that the Arabian women wear black masks with elegant little clasps, and Niebuhr mentions their showing but one eye in conversation. In Moore, also, we find these lines: “And veiled by snch a mask as shades The features of young Arab maids— A mask that leaves but one eye free To do its best in witchery.” In many parts of Arabia the women wear little looking-glasses on their thumbs. All the young women of the Fast are par ticularly fond of being able to gaze upon their own fair countenances, and seldom go without a looking-glass. The Arabian princesses wear golden rings on their fin gers, to which little hells arc suspended, as well os in the flowing tresses of their hair, that their superior rank may bo known and they may receive the homage due to them. Pearl Fisheries at Ceylon. After the pearls are collected they are classed, weighed, and valued. The method of classing them is by passing them through a succession of brass cullenders, called baskets, of the size and shape of large saucers. There are ten and sometimes twelve of these cullenders; the first has twenty holes in it, and the pearls that do not pass through these holes after being well shaken, are called of the twentieth basket. The succeeding baskets have 30, 50,80,100, 200, 400, 600, and 1,000 holes, each basket giving the name, cor responding with its number of holes, to the pearls that do not pass through; so that there arc pearls of t wentieth, thirtieth, fiftieth, and so on, to the thousandth bas ket. The pearls which do not pass through the eleventh or twelfth baskets, when they are used, are called “masie.” The pearls having been sorted into ten or twelve sizes by means of the baskets are carefully examined in regard to their beauty of shape and color, and each size, except the masie, is susceptible of seven distinct descriptions. After being classed, they are weighed and valued according to their respective qualities. The price of pearls is expressed at a certain rate per “chow,'’ which term has reference to the quality ascertained from the size, the form, the color, and the weight. The number of pearls which are valuable os gems, and permanently retained as such, is limited. The larger proportion of the small seed pearls and of the defective ones, arc used as ingredients of a highly-prized native electuary; and occasionally the extrava gance is committed of reducing them to “chuman,” or lime, to be used with betel leaf and aroca-nut us u masticatory. The pearl-powder of the apothecary in this country a century ago; but whether it were made of pearls is questionable.— Art Journal. Mercurial Ointment for Gum. A correspondent from Cleveland, Ohio, writes to the American Sportsman :— After reading “J. H. D.’s” article in the SporUmtin on mercurial ointment as a preventive against rust in gun barrels, I thought 1 would write and tell you my own experience on this point. I have used it constantly for twenty years, and I have never lound anything to equal it, and I believe I have tried everything else, even that nauseating remedy kerosene oil. For external application, when hunting in wet and damp weather, I rub the gun with a piece of chamois skin, or a bit of any kind of cloth, thoroughly saturated with the ointment, and no matter how had the day, I do not find a trace of rust at night. This should be done daily as it soon rubs off by handling. It is not necessary to put fresh ointment upon the skin or cloth at every application, for after it haa once become well saturated it will last a long time before it will need renewing. For inside use, after the gun baa been cleaned I place the chamois skin over the end of my wiper and puah it up and down the barrel a few timea, then put the gun in the case and leave it until I want to uae it again. I have a fine Damascus gun which I have used constantly since the Fall of 18C1, and it is as smooth inside to day as it was on the day of purchase, which I attribute entirely to the proper use of mer curial ointment. I have not fired my gun since last September, but examined it this morning and found it as smooth inside as ever, with not a sign of rust. Away with kerosene, mutton tallow, olive oil and all other remedies aa long as mercurial oint ment can ho obtained. This is also the cheapest of all. Fifty ccnta worth is one half cheaper than any other remedy at the same coat, and I conacicueiooaiy recom mend it to all sportsmen. If they give it a fair trial I am satisfied they will never use anything else. I was first led to use it from the fact that all fine instnunents shipped from Europe are annointed with merourial ointment, which prevents them from rusting ; so I argued if good for in struments, why not good for guns, snd I tried it with the above results. If you think this article worth publish ing, for the interest of brother sports, you can do so; if not consign it to the waste basket. Orris. i leisure is a beautiful garment, but it wilt not do for constant wear. No man is so insignificant as to be sure his example eon do no hurt. A Lancaster. Pa., man has been fines] •10 for cruelty to a’rat. £dert fwtre. ODE TO THE DEITY. The following sublime ode to the Hupmne Being wia written by one of tb most diMlnrulabed Huxslaii poets, besxhannir, end hen been trenilated into the Chinese end Terter lengueges, written on rich silk, and suspended Hi the Imperial Palm*. The Em peror of Jepen bed It trensleted in the Japanese language and embroidered In letters of gold. C* O D. Oh! Thou Eternal One, whose presence bright AH apace doth occupy, all motion guide; I'nohangcd through Time's all-deaolating flight! Thou Only Ood, Inert; Is no God beside, Being above all being! I Mighty One' Thou none can comprehend. and none explore, Who fUl'xt existence with Thyself alone, Embracing all, aupportiug, ruling o'er, Being whom we call Ood, yet known no more! In eublime research. Philosophy May measure cut the ocean's deep—may count The sands, or the sun's rays—but. Ood. for Thee There la no weight, no measure—none can mount Up to Thy mysteries; Reason's brightest spark Though kindled by the hand, in vain would try To have Thy counsel* Infinite, and to us dark : And thought la lost, ere thought can soar so high. Even like past moments in eternity. Thou from primeval nothingiMaas didst call First chaos, then existence: Lord on Thee Eternity had its founclnU-.n*; all Kpring forth from the light, Joys. Sole origin—all life beauty thine. • Thy word fl!Hd all and doth create; Thy spUndm nils all space with rays divine. Thou art, and >rert. and shall be glorious! great! Life giving, life sustaining Potentate! Thy chains the unmeasured universe surround. Upheld by Tbee, by Tboe inspired with breath— Thou the beginning with the end hath bound. And beautifully mingled lift; and death! A* sparks mount upward from the hen - bla/e. Ho suns are born so worlds spring forth from Thee! As the spangles in the sunny rays Hhlne round the silver snow, the pageantry Of Heaven's bright army, glitters in Thy praise. A million torches, lighted by Thy hand, Wander unwearied through the bright abyss— They own Thy power, accomplish Thy command, All gay with life/all eloquent with blua— What shall we call them ? Pile* of crystal light— A glorious company of golden streams: Lamps of celestial ether, burning bright! Buns lighting systems with their joyous beams! But Thou to those as the Moon art to night. Ves! ax a drop of water in the sea All this magnificence In Thee is lost— What are a thousand worlds to Thee 1 And what am I when Heaven's unnumbered host. Though multiplied by myriads, and arrayed In all the glory of subllmest thought. In but an atom in the balance weighed Against Thy goodness—ls as a cypher brought Against infinity ' What am I then? naught! Naught; but the effulgence of Thy light divine— Pervading world* hath reached my bosom too. Yes, in roy Spirit, doth Thy Hplrlt shine. As shines the sunbeam in a drop of dew— $ < Naught! but I live, and on hopes precious fly Eager toward* Thy presence: for in thee. 1 live, and breathe, and dwell, aspiring high Evgn to titc throne of Thv divinity. I am, U God, and mrrly Thou must be! Thou art! directing, guiding all! Thou an! liirect my understanding then to That! Control my Spirit; guide m> wandering heart. Though but an atom in Immensity, still lam something fashioned by Thy hand! I hold a middle rank twixt Heaven and Earth. On the last verge of Mortal being stand, (lose to the realms where angels have their birth— Just on the bouudsry of the Hplrlt Land! Whence came 1 here, and how ? so marvellously ((instructed, so wonderful, unknown! this clod Uvea surely through some higher energy; For from Iraf alone It could not be. Creator! yes! Thy wisdom and Thy word Created roe! Thou source of life and good! Thou Spirit of my spirt and my God! Thy light, Thv love in this bright plemitudc Killed me with an immortal soul to spring hrer the abyss of death. and bade it wear The garment* of eternal day, and wing It* heavenly flight beyond this little sphere; Even In it* Source to Thee, its Anthor, Thee! oh thought ineffable! Oh vision blest! (Though worthless our conceptions all of Theei, Yet shall Thy shadowed image fill my heart, And waft its homage to the IJeltjr. < led! thus alone my lonely thoughts can soar. Thus seek Thy presence. Being wise and good! • 'Midst Thy vast works, obey, adore, And when the tongue is eloquent no more, The tnul shall speak in tears of gratitude. sm| #Uo. The Serpent's Fug. * Science ha* of late been endeavoring in vain to find an antidote to the poiaon of the serpent's fang, but ao far has been un auccsaful. It concerns the English tropi cal colonist* very nearly. Few of those who have only seen reptiles coiled up in a state of semi-torpidity in a glass case, where they are kept alive by artificial heat, con form any idea how quick and sudden in its movement* is the snake in a natural state. In a tuft of gross beneath an African sun is what seepis to be a withered branch. Suddenly, and without the slightest warning, the branch becomes inflated, and the deadly puff adder flings itself, almost with the rapidity oflightning, through the air, and woe betide the man or animal that happens to be in its track. So in the Indian jungle the long, little, thin, green whip snake hangs from a tree, swinging idly in the breexe, apparently without the slightest animation. Let man or animal pass within teach, and far quicker than the eye can follow, the thing has made its fatal dart, dropped from its perch, and disappeared, leaving ita victim writhing in the agony of death. Again, the traveler in the sandy parts of the Aus tralian Bush suddenly places his foot in a hole—perhaps the foot-print of a hone ; there is a shun pinch in the leg, aad on looking dovra he is horrified to find that be has been struck by the hideous death adder. In the extensive category of Aus tralian reptiles this is perhapa the moot deadly. Its maximum length is about two and a half feet. In color it is of a silver grey, and is found only in sandy places, where it coiis up in the hollows, and so is very apt to be trodden upon. Ita bite haa been known to prove fatal in the course of half an hour. So rapid is the action of snake poiaon on the system that when a person has been punctured with the fang there is little or no time for thought. Within a few minutes of the bite its effects are felt. The patient grows giddy, the pulse be comes intermittent, the pupils of the eyes dilate, numbness and rigidity follow, and then, when the poison has been carried by the circulation through the heart—death. And yet, strange to say, rapid as is its ac tion when absorbed in the blood, the venom may be swallowed with impunity, thereby suggesting the idea that its effects are neutralised by the acids of the stom ach. It has been recommended to those who should have the misfortune to be bitten by a deadly snake to immediately cot out the punctured part, but it is not one person out of a score who possesses sufficient nerve to perform such an operation, and in many cases where it has been done -tune important vein or artery has been severed, so that death haa ensued through loss of blood. Not knowing the nature of the poiaon injected by the snake, it is difficult to tell what propbyhu'tm ß are to be used. One thing is certain, that out of the many medicines tried nothing token into the stomach has ever proved effective. There fore, on the homoeopathic principle that “like cures like,” injection into the veins would seem to be the most rational treat ' ment. And wherever this latter course has been adopted, surprising results has 1 followed. Many curious experiments have been lately made by Professor Halford for the cure of snake bite. To this gentleman ie due the credit of having been the dis coverer of the liquid ammonia remedy. Professor Halford has spent many yearn in his endeavors to discover an antidote. And no man knows better than he the ' deadly nature of the enemy he has to combat with. He says that snake poiaon, I whether dried up into powder by the aun, or converted into hard gum, thick or thin fresh or stale, will, if ouce introduced into the Mood, show ita vitality as surely—aye. even more surely—than the dried seed placed In the ground and watered. JSsar'^’ I*- 1 *- VOL. VIII.-NO. 29. About Tea. Mr. Cban Lei Sun, Chinese Imperial > Commission of Education, recently deliv- t. cred a lecture in Springfield. Mas*., on the n subject of tea and its culture. He b by elating that tea grove in every province I in China except three or four upon the tl northernmost Siberian border, but the v quality and quantity depends largely upon ] j, the locality The loaves resemble those of 11 the willow, and are gathered during the I e spring and early summer.. They are first t; exposed in a cool dry place for a day or t two, then rolled into a ball on a table of bamboo slats, and dried in the sun. The r rolling is to extract a portion of the juice n of the leaves. After they have been dried t in the sun, they arc put into an egg-shap- t ed iron pan over a charcoal fire, and in- c cessaotly stirred until a certain point of t dryness is reached. The operator stirs 1 with bis hands, thrusting them in all per- c tions of the pan, and practice enables him t to dry the leaves almost exactly alike. The s raiser superintends this process, and then c brings his tea in bamboo baskets to the <| tea merchant, who adjudges its quality, r and buys it at prieea ranging from *ls to t Ktl per picul, equal to 133 J pounds t The merchant mixes his purcliase-s togeth er in a large reservoir, and at his conve nience weighs out a number of pounds of tea leaves, and women and ehildren spread them upon a large stage, and separate the 1 leaves into grades according to quality. ' The tea stalks are the lowest grade, and I the sorters are paid by the number of ounces of stalks they bring in. Child ren earn from 4to 5 cents a day; the 1 very beet workers rarely earn ta much as 1 10 cents a day. Americans could hardly live upon such wages, and until other na- < tions can raise tea for 12 cents a pound ' they cannot compete with China in its pro duction. 1 After the sorting, each grade is packed by itself in chests or bamboo baskets, the 1 first for exportation and the latter for homo consumption. It is ordered by im- 1 porton abroad through a ten taster, who 1 receives a salary of some *3,000 a year and eperates as follows: —He has a long, 'rfbrrpv table, on which 60 or 70 cupe are set; a boy weighs exactly one ounce from a small box into one of these cupe. and if ha hue samples enough, all the cups are used. Hot water is then poured into each chp, and after five minntes the boy calls the master, who sips from every cup, then ejects it and notes in bis book the quality of the tea. The purchaser orders upon his taster's estimate, and when his pack ! ages arrive at the warehouse, about one in twenty is opened for comparison with the sample. If it proves of inferior grade, a | material reduction is at once made in the price, so that without connivance with the tea taster the adulteration of tea is next to ; impossible in China. The tea is always examined to determine its age, as it is choicer when yonng. It is a vexed question whether black and green tea belong to the same species ; it is probable, however, that they are branches of the same variety, and the color depends upon the locality. If a seed of black tea be planted in the green tea region, a few generations will'make them both alike. When black tea is high, green can readily be turned into black, bat black cannot be made to appear green. The hitter obtains its bluish color artificially, Prussian bloc being used in the coloring, but in such small quantities as to be harmless. The annual average yield of a tea plant is about twenty ounces, and too much rain affects the quality os veil as the amount. The plants live from 20 to 30 yean, and, when old, are frequently cut down, and a yonng shrub grafted into the old stock. Quicker retains are thus obtained, bat the plant does not last so long. Tea is drank pore in China, but there areverydiffcrentwayßofpreparingit, The Chinese tea connoisseur purchases an arti cle costing variously from SIS to *2O per pound. If he use this choicest kind, which is only grown on the tops of moan tains, and of which only ten or fifteen Cnls are produced in the kingdom, he i a baby teapot, an inch and a half high, and about an inch in diameter. A pinch of tea is put in, about twenty drops of hot water turned on, and it is ready to sip. It would be very intoxicating to drink much; even the taste of a sip viQ remain in the throat for hours after the tea has evapo rated. The more common way of tea drinking is to have a teapot six feet high and three feet in diameter, kept warm, ready for aay one to drink who chooses. The speaker considered that, as long as the tea is of good quality, it matters little how it is prepared. The beat way is to warm the pot with boiling water, then put in the tea and pour the water upon it. It should never be boiled. The seeds of the plant are about the site of a small cherry; and from those not wanted for planting, oil la expressed, naed for cooking purposes. The tea in this country is genearelly much injured by long conveyance by sea, tad has a moldy taste to one who has drank it in its fresh ness. The individual consumption of tea is much greater in China than here. Ifewspaper notoriety. “What is the last horror?” is a question with which the daily newspaper is too often taken np; and those who read news papers diligently are never at a loss for such disagreeable sensations as are caused by robbery, murder, violence, or suicide. There is too much exaggeration in the mode in which these disagreeable thinga are often reported. The naked foots, all verbal adornment being shipped off, are enough to make men blush for their kind, and to cause a doubt whether the civilisa tion of which we boast is not rather a onporfioial varnish than an actual advance. The savage wear* at his girdle the scalp of the victim he has destroyed. The “civi lised" murderer tries to hide or to bury the corpee. No doubt this ta so far an improvement that it testifies to the exist ence of a public opinion averse to murder in the abstract. And yet again the efforts which are made to screen murderers from punishment replace the BOftip at the girdle, and to a great degree vindicate the mur derer. Far too many violators of law go nnpnniahed. Or if punishment overtake them at last. it comes to them so slowly which was-at first exhaitedfor his victim. Tt thefaeilitim has money or mfiuence, or whoever, out of absolute helplessness, can wan a time when the dignity of types win supposed to require dignity of language. Now we see often the current levity of the reproduced in print—not only in newspapers and magazines, but often in books. Manners and morels, awl the Kngliah language itself, have suffered by the change. Crimes which should be met with grave rebuke are treated as huge jokes. Character suffers unjustly. Repu tations are trifled with, "smartness" is exhibited iu one line in unseemly joculari ty, and iu the next in langnage intended to be fiercely severe or sadly pathetic. Justice would be more surely and fairly meted out to criminals if the newspaper notices of crime and folly were confined to the smallest limits, and prominence given to topics of a more useful and elevating character. Take sway the newspaper dramatic notoriety, which vice now de lights in, and a great encouragement to evil would be removed. To figure in newspaper reports is, strange as it may seem, the great ambition of many an outlaw; and the nmrderer, awaiting trial or sentence, gloats over the newspaper version of yesterday's "interview," and is elevated in his own esteem to the hem of the fay.—Philadelphia Ijtdgrr. A Summerleis Year. Nearly every one lias beard of the .Sum merlcas year, 1816, and as but few now living recollect it, we give the following brief abstract of the weather during that year; i January was mild, so much do as to render fires almost needless in parlors. December previous was very cold, February was not very cold; with the exception of a few days it was mild, like its predecessor. March was cold and boisterous daring the first part of it, the remainder was mild. A great freshet on the Ohio and Kentucky rivers caused a great low of property. April begin warm, but grew colder as the month advanced, and ended in snow and ice, with a temperature more like winter than spring. May was more remarkable for frowns than smiles. Buds and flowers were fro aen, ice was formed half an inch thick, corn waa killed, and the fields were again and again planted until deemed too late. June was the coldest ever known in this latitude. Frost, ice and snow were common. Almoat every green thing was killed. Fruit was nearly all destroyed. Snow fell to the depth of ten inches in Vermont, seven in Maine and three in Central New York, and also in Massachu setts. Considerable damage was done at New Orleans, in consequence of the rapid rise in the river; the suburbs were cover ed with water, and the roads were only passable in boats. July was accompanied by frost and ice. On the sth, ice was formed of the thickness of common window glass throughout New England, New York, and some parts of< Pennsylvania. Indian corn was nearly all destroyed; some favorably situated fields escaped. This was true of some of the hill farms of Massachusetts. August was more cheerless, if possible, than the summer months already passed, lee was formed half an inch thick. Indian corn was so fruxen that the greater part was cut down and dried for fodder. Al most every- green thing was destroyed both in this country and Europe. Papers received from England stated that it would be remembered by the present generation, that the year 1816 was a year in which there was no summer. Very little com ripened in New England and the Middle States. Farmers supplied themselves from the com produced in 1815, for the seed of the spring of 1817. It sold at from $4 to $5 per bushel. September furnished about two weeks of the mildest weather of the season. Soon after the middle it became vety cold and frosty, and ice formed a quarter of an 'inch thick. October produced more than its share of cold weather, frost and ioe particularly. November, was cold and Mastering. Enough snow fell to make good sleighing. December was quite mild and comfort able. The above is a brief summary of “ the void summer of 1816,” as it was called in order to distinguish it from the cold sea son. The winter was mild. Frost and ice were common in every month of the year. Vety little vegetation matured in the Eastern and M iddlo States. The sun’s rays seemed to be destitute of heat through the summer; all nature seemed to be clad in a sable hue, and men exhibited no little anxiety concerning the future of this life. The average wholesale price of flour during that year in the Philadelphia mar ket, was thirteen dollars per barrel. The average price of wheat in England, was ninety-seven shillings per quarter. Vow Quarters. The first Sunday in the now house is a notable day. There is an entire absence of old land-marks, and, strange weird new nees on #erything. and you can't find your shaving soap. You start for a rent tie of coal, but you don’t see the scuttle. It is in the bottom of a barrel in the garret. You take the dripping pan. When you change your shirt you look for it first. It 1 is in one of the bureau drawers which are piled one upon another, in the parlor, and you find you have got. to lift a naif a ton of carpets and feather beds before you get down to the drawers. After you have > lifted them down and searched them i through, it is remembered by your wife I that the desired garment is in one of the • barrels—the one. in the shed she thinks, . although it may be in the garret and yet • it would be just like that stupid carman i to have carried that barrel down in the cellar. You attack one of those barrels, f and are surprised at the result. A bed - quilt comes out first, then s pie-tin, next r a piece of cold ham neatly done up in yoor ■ vest and packed away in the missing sent - tie. Below is an assortment of ironware r and a length of a stovepipe, a half loaf of • bread, a couple of towels and a rolling pin. i You begin to expect you will eventually , come upon a coal mine and perhaps some - dead friends. Then you go down in the J barrel again, and come back with a pleas e ing assortment of stockings and f tied medicine bottles. The way yon crane 1 up this time lesds you Uf consider the >. barrel itself. It has caught iu the heck t of your vest and made the cloth let go ; s it took off one-half of one sleeve, ami cte f ated a sensation on the back of your band i- as if a bonfire had raced there. It is quite r evident the cooper who built that barrel d was called away before he commenced to n clinch the nails. You involuntary grasp is the rollHwa as if you expected to see r, him. Then you rail the girl to repack the 1. barrel, and start °P "toils to look after y something that is easier to tod, hut finally

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