Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, June 7, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated June 7, 1873 Page 1
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m 2 PER ANNUM. I Sdert |)octrg. I TRAILING ARBUTUS. IPPIf v ROHR TKRRY. Dtrling of the forest! RloMMoininr alone, Wm. When Karth's erief is so rent ||fe H , For her jewels gone— lip H Ere the last snow drift melts ■ Vour tender buds have blown, Tinned with color faintly, life Like the morning sky, Or more pale and saintly. Wrapped in leaves ye lie— Even as children sleep In faith’s simplicity. There the wild-wood robin, Hymns your solitude, And the rain comes sobbing ...Through the budding wood, ip M While the low south wind sight, U Hut dare not Im> more rude. p| Were your pure lips fashioned Out of air and Jew ; |p|.' Starlight unimpussioncil, Hawn’s most tender hue— ■ And scentetl by the woods ■ That gathered sweets for you. B|)‘ Fairest and most lonely, From the world apart, I Made for beauty only, Veiled from Nature's heart. 'ith such unconscious grace s marks the dream of art! Were not mortal sorrow An immortal shade, Then would I to morrow Such a flower be made, nd live in the dear woods, There my loat childhood played. (popular Us. HUSBAND OUTWITTED. ok at tho watering place, and moat inic each day spent in the company lainwell, the gentleman whom Miss lh‘s old friend Ned Whitaker had !ed to her one morning on the She had sailed with him along the i the moonlight evenings, and she need with him in the thronged ■rooms. Kllswnrth was not a flirt, who dis her ideals among many gentlemen, i had found her ideal well nigh in Mr. Mainwell. Only the ove roro their talk had withdrawn itself a general topics to which each had igenial, and in her admiration of lligence and manliness, she had ca ll an approach to the personal sort ination which relates to love and I >y. now to find Mr. Maiuyrell this ;, with his coat off and a smith’s n, engaged in mending a lock ! doing it publicly. The luck was loor that led to the middle of the izu where the fashionably dressed id gentlemen were sitting or prom ack was towards her as she np i leaning on the arm of Anna She recognised him, looked iu t him, gave her companion over to of young ladies near, and then and spoke to him. you like that sort of work, Mr. II ?" she asked. >, Mias Kllsworth. I believe lam il mechanics.” ppcars very odd to see you doing i my trade,” he replied, rising from t and turning to her. ;heek blanched a little. “ Vour she said, faintly , trade, Miss Kllsworth. The pn>- taid the lock needed mending, and im I could mend it fur him. " The party of girls came alongjust then. After wondering at Mr. Mainwell awhile and laughing at him, they proponed a ride. There were three carriages for them all. These would take the party. Ned Whitaker here joined them. “ What the deuce are you about here ?" he exclaimed to Mr. Mainwell. “Ah,” he added when the latter turned and looked at him. “ Rut white you are hero you uight as well enjoy yourself.” Mr. Mainwell excused himself from uiuiug the party, and they all went away, eaving him to finish his work. Miss Kllsworth left him without any Word at parting. “ It is well,” be muttered to himself. "If she esunot take me as I am, she is not Worthy of me. The woman that marries bie must lake me for myself.” He stood and looked after her until she had disappeared. She did not once turn to look hack. He gave his shoulders a shrug, com pressed his lips, uttered a cyuieal “humph!” and turned to finish his work. “ Let it be so I" he muttered, when he was through and was putting on his coat. “I thought perhaps that I had found a I Woman after my own heart. Amidst this I world of wealth and faahiun, she, too, lias loat her soul. Let her go.” I He avoided her thereafter. He did nut seek to catch her eye fur a bow of recogni tion. When she entered a drawing room where he was, ho would gu out by another way. But ho was mure than ever in the company of Ned Whitaker. Ned in pass ing to and fro between Miss Kllsworth and him, served as a sort of link between them. “ You are a cynical fellow,” said Ned, one day. "Why don't you take the people aa they ?” Yon will find good enough iu them.” “ But they won't take me as I am. That ia the trouble." “ Pooh ! You see yourself that she al lowed no other suitor* to accompany her. Don't you see she is alone or with the other girls the must of the time?" , " Her heart is full of vanity." “ Pshaw! she is trained to luxurious notions, that's all. MainwcU's trunk was awaiting him and the stage, oulaide on the piutza, at the time thia conversation waa going on. On the trunk were hia initials, G. M. Miss Kllsworth, passing that way, saw the ini tials, not by chance, for ahe bad beeu very busy scrutinising the trunks that lay to gether iu a pile—and when she saw the initiala she started and turned pale. She recovered herself and withdrew with her companion a little way, and then stood still and watched. Presently Mr. Main well came out with Ned on the piaxxa. He chanoed to turn his cyos toward her, and their eyes met —met for the first time since she left him while he was at work upon the lock. She did nut turn away Ler eyes. She bowed. He lifted his hat. hofa* was broken. He approached her <• Lid her good bye. Vhat the conversation was that ensued •between the two when left alone, by means •of Nad's ingenuity in spiriting away tho real of t lu cum [fan yis unknown, save the following; “ But I am a locksmith," said Mr. .Mainwell. “ No matter." “ Are you willing to live os the wife of *<*oo who with his hands earns his daily 8) read f “ I am willing to undergo anything to with you, I have suffered enough g w ■■ iBBBP gp P-' ■?• g||| ‘'W“ 11 1111,1 £l)c ilcmacratit During these lust few'days I have learned what it ia to despair of being united to the one I love." “ Do! your mother—your father ” " Unless lam willing‘to leave them fur your sake, I am not worthy of you.” “ But then the loss of wealth, of posi tion, of the surroundings of refinement.” “ Do not say anything more about it, I am willing to leave all for your sake. I am weary of being without you." “ Would you be wiHing to become my wife this day, this hour? Your father aud mother might otherwise put obstacles in our way." “ J an > willing—this hour, this minute.” “ They don't know my position in life.” " They still think that you are wealthy —as I did." t “ Come, then, we will go our way with Ned and become before the world what we are now in spirit, husband and wife, and then at once take the cars for the home I have for you—a home which, tho’ lowly, will make you happy.” “Whitheryou go I will go.” They were married in a quiet way in the little watering place chapel, with the wicked Ned conniving at the mischief. The next train aped with them to the city. “I will show you the shop where I work,” said Mr. Mainwell, when the car riage they look at the depot in the city had drawn up before one of a long block of brown stone houses in a splendid part of the city. “What do you mean ?” she demanded as she accompanied her husband up the broad steps to tho ijoor. “ I mean," he replied. “ this is the home ■ and this the workshop.” And he led her in. Among other rooms to which he conducted his wife was one fitted up as a workshop, where he said he was accustomed to indulge his love for mechanical work, after having, as he as sured her, regularly served his time at t learning a trade. Mrs. Mainwell stood and looked at him • | intently. “This is your house?" she asked, i “Yes, madam.” • “ And you arc not poor, but rich?" “You speak the truth, Mrs. Mainwell.” I “ And why did you play this jest upon ; me?” “To sec whether you really loved me , for my own sake." i “ Ah, pretty, indeed I And suppose you don't love me ?" r “ But I do.” I “ Humph!” 1' i So there was a little family i[unrrcl on - the spot. “ Now invite your father and mother to 1 I come and see us," said Mr. Mainwell, after j the clouds had cleared away, somewhat, i “ I will," she replied. “ I will. But i first you must go with me to sec them, I and to pacify them, in view of what wo i have done, i “ Very well.” I In a few days they started out in a car j riage on their errand. Mrs. Mainwell ! gave the directions to the driver, and her ■ j husband coaid not help expressing his • i wonder at the increasing squalor of the I neighborhood through which they rode. • The carriage drew up at length before a i miserable looking tenement house and stopped. “Where the deuce are you taking me?” asked Mainwell, looking sharply at his i wife. “ Come and see,” was her reply, as she proceeded to stop from tho carriage. “ Here, wait,” he exclaimed, after his i hesitancy; “ le me get out first and help you out. What does this mean ?" r “ Follow me," washer reply. She led him up stairs—up, up, through throngs, and dirt, and smells, to tho fourth 1 story. Here she opened a door without knocking, and the two entered. The wo man was dressed neatly, and so were the 1 children,but they were all dressed very poorly, in keeping with the place. The man was clad more carelessly, and even more poorly. On his head lie kept his hot, which certainly was full half a doxen years old. i “My husband, Mr. Mainwell; my father and mother, brothers and sisters,” said Mrs. Mainwell; introducing all parties, Mr. Mainwell stood and stared without i speaking. , “ Ask their pardon, George.” said Mrs. Mainwell, “ for ruimnig away with me." “ Who arc they?" “ Have I not told you; didn't I intro duce you ?” !■ Who were they I saw at the watering i place ?" “ Seme wealthy people who had seen i me at the milliner's whore I sewed for a i livelihood—served at my trade, George— and who fancied my appearance, divsaed ; me up and took me with them!" “ You jest with me,” he said, with a ghastly smile. ► “Del? do I, indeed? These people seem to recognise me a daughter and a i sister. Joel, indeed I You will find that I out.” • “ You are too cultured, 100 tasteful, too fine featured!” • “ All this a milliner may be, era sewing ■ girl. Look for yourself among the class 1 Is it not true? All that we girls need is ' dress.” Mainwell lifted his fist and dashed 1 it through the air. He ground his teeth and turning away left the room, slamming I the door violently behind him. Hia wife took her hat and cloak and , flung herself down at the table and buried i her lace in her handkerchief. Tlio door opened again and Mainwell put in his head. > “ You have deceived me," be said, “bill come—you are ray wife—l will try and • bear it." She sprang to her feet and confronted him. “ Your wife, am I?" ahe exclaimed. “Your wife, and doomed to live with one 1 who docs not luve her but was in love with her cirenMUtnnca. No, Sir! you may go. 1 will not live a wife unloved for my*e//- i you must take me thus or I will slay. Still 1 can work.” He closed tho door and retired down the stairs to the street, clenching his hands and ground his teeth as he went “ The horrible disgrace, of it," he mut tered. The derision that will he my lot. And then to marry such a girl!” But at the street door he tarried. He had a struggle with himself there all alone. Suddenly be turned and dashed impetuous ly upstairs, flung open tho door of the room, seised hia wife in his arms, and clasped her to his heart. “My wife,” he whispered iu her car, “Such you are and ever shall be before God and the world." “ Now I begin to think that you do love me,” she said, smiling in bis face. “You do love roc ? You really think you do George ?” Hu clasped her more tightly to him. “ Come then,” she said, though of such parents as these, poor as they are, I should | not feel ashamed—yet they are not my I parents, hut have ouly played a part in which 1 bare instructed them. Shake hands with them. George, they are worthy people.’ And he did shako bands with them, and what is more, he helped them. \ merry party wss gathered that eve- WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, JUNE 7, 1873. 1 ping at Mainwoll’s house, a party consist- \ ' > n g of Mr. and Mrs. Mainwell,.and their guests, Mr. and Mrs. Kllsworth, the lady ac quaintances of the watering place, and Ned ■ Whitaker. Ned never was in better spir its, nor let it be stated, were Mr. and Mrs. • Kllsworth, who forgave their daughter and her husband without hesitation. “ I say, George, said Ned, whispering in Mainwoll’s cars, two can play at that game can't they?" • Mainwell took Ned's jeering very soberly, r ■ “ Yes," said he, after a few moments of i thoughtfulness, “and tho experience has taught me n lesson. What fools the pride | of wealth makes of us all. I thought she ought to have taken mo regardless of any r circumstances, for myself alone and with out hesitation even. Aud yet when she i tested mo 1 myself was found wanting, t Shall wo ever learn to disregard a person’s , occupation and look only at the character ! and soul ?” Ned shrugged his shoulders dubiously. “ I think I have learned the lesson,” Mainwell added. Curious Inventions. The Records of tho United State Patent I Office exhibit innumerable applications for . ludicrous as well as impracticable inven [ tlous. The time and talent expended in f devising some machine, which it is sup- F I'oscd will make the inventor's fortune. would, if applied to his ordinary daily | labor, make him a thoroughly competent . mechanic and aecnro him a comfortable livelihood. Asa proof of the truth of the , above remarks, a few illustrations may be given. In 1870 the owner of some bee i bives, irritated by the loss of his honey by , the bee moth, asked for a patent for a , combined henroost and beehive. He had r noticed that the bee moth travels at night, . while the busy bee works by day. His t desire, therefore, was for a device that should admit the worker by day and keep , out tho thief by night. Thus his ingenu ity effected tho erection of a henroost piv- I oted upon a beehive, provided with gates. The bees were expected to be iu their | hives just before dark; the hens lighting ' on their roosts, were then to close the , gales of the hive and keep them shut all night. The early rising of the hens would , automatically open the gates again aud re turn the bees—their honey all safe—to the , airs of heaven and the flowers of earth. He received the patent. Another applicant asked for n patent right for an artificial moon that should , light each town that used it without ex pense. His eye had often been struck by , the reflection of the distant windows at r sunset, and how far light travelled. He. therefore, proposed a balloon for each town t sufficiently large to raise a huge reflector, that was to be hoisted every evening at . dusk, about the time the lions had shut in the bees. The reflection of the sun's rays east downward upon the village was sure . t<i light it through all the darkness of the | night. Fortunately for himaelf this in r veutor presented his application through , a patent attorney, who told him it was , doubt to] if it could be obtained. In tho fall of 1872 a gentleman applied , for and received a patent for building 1 houses on wheels and rollers, so that in ease of earthquake they might roll forward • or backward, and not be shaken to pieces. , Another gentleman applied for a patent for heating canals by steam, so that boat , ing could go on in the winter as well as iu the summer. The office decided that this , invention was worthy of protection aud , gave him his patent. Another applied for a combination of a clock and a bed, so ingeniously contrived , that when the clock stmek the bottom of i the bed dropped out. He claimed that [ this plan would probably awaken the . sleeper. , Another inventor from the frontiersasked . for a patent for a combination of a cannon . and a plough. For this purpose he filed , three applications, making the elongated , handles of the plow hollow, so ns to form , two cannon. These were to be kept loaded till the guerillas were after the ploughman, . the cannon were then to be fired, tho 1 guerillas shot down, and the fanner to go on bis way rejoicing. . i In 1870 a very ingenious gentleman I from the rural districts applied for a pat -1 ent to prevent cows from switching their i tails. He presented two models—one shaped like a bottle, around the end of which the cow's tail was to be curled ; the other was a square block, with a hole - through the centre, wherein the tail was to be put and tied in a knot, so that the ani , mal could not withdraw il. I - Shoeing a Camel. A traveler from Fekin to Liberia, across j I the great desert of Gobi, tells ns that whenever a camel's feet have become very lender and sore from long marches, tho Poor creature lies down. His driver knows at oner, that his feet hurt him, and looks to find out if the thick akin of the feet is blistered. Whenever a blister is 1 found, two or three strong men, usually Mongols keep watch of the camel until :it is not noticing them. At just the right moment they make a rush all to gether upon the camel, throw il over upon 1 the side, and make it fust. Then, with a needle made for that use, they sew a j square piece of leather large enough to ■ cover the hurt place ever the camel s foot, , the akin of which is quite thick enough to sew through, without hurting the ani mat. With his new shoes on, the animal is quite ready to pel up oud march on. j The pieces of burner are very carefully | prepared fur this use. It sometimes Imp. : pens that a camel lire down in tho midst of his long march across the wide desert,! and dies The natives take the thickest ' part of his skin to make shoes of. These | pits of skin they take out. day after day, when on the march, and pull, until they become so soft and yielding, that a camel with blistered feet, seems grateful to have shoes made of it, although he would resist the shoeing to the last, were he not held so that he could not move. A lla.mmnu Gahukn or Sihinu*.—A hanging garden of sponge is one of the latest novelties in gardening. Take a white sponge of largo site and sow it full of rice, oats or wheal. Then place It for a week or ten days in a shallow dish and, aa the sponge will absorb the moisture, the seeds will begin to sprout before many days. When this has fairly taken place, the sponge may be supended by means of cords from a honk at the top of the win dow where a little sun will enter. It will thns become like a mass of green and can be kept wet by merely immersing It In a bowl of water.— Churl Journal. Said an old man : —“ When I was young I was poor; when old I became rleh ; but in each condition I found disappointment. When the faculties of enjoyment were bright I had not the means; when the means came tho (acuities were gone." Custom may lead a man into many er rors. but it justifies none. An excuse is worse and more terrible than a He ; for an excuse is a lie guarded. THZ MOUHD BmDKES. The North American Review, for March, 1873, contains a noteworthy article on “North America before the Spanish * Conquest," in which previoua discoveries ! and aettlement of portions of the continent, resting on tradition, arehieoligical research add corroborative evidence, ate referred to at considerable length. “It has hither to been too much tile fashion,” says the writer, “ to begin with Columbus in treat ing of the history of North America, as though there had been no navigators before him." It is beginning to be more gener ally recognised that the discovery of this continent dates back to a very remote period—far beyond that of the Northmen, who came here from Iceland at the be ginning of the eleventh century. Kven from distant China, in ancient times, came rumors of the existence of a great country beyond the Pacific, and these, it is assumed, nay is almost curtain, must have reached Europe in the course of the centuries of traffic between the Chinese and the Europeans. And if this was the case with China, how much more likely that there should have been intercourse with Japan, on ac count of the nearer proximity of the latter country to our western shores, and also because it is possible for a ship to sail thence to any part of the American coast, cast or west, without losing sight of laud —a fact which we do not remember to have seen dwelt upon. To meet tile ob jection that there arc six thousand miles of ocean between San Francisco and Yo kahama, and that the ancient Japanese were not sufficiently skillful mariners to venture far at sea, out of sight of every land mark, the writer replica that they might have crossed over by taking the circuitous route of their own coasts to the Kurile Islands, and (mat them to Kamts chatka. and thence to Hehring's Straits and Alaska, and so down our Pacific coast to South America, without ever losing sight of land all the way, and ho has no doubt this was done, although us yet no record of the exploit has been found. In furtherance of this theory, reference Is made to the great Tartar warrior, Ku bia Khan. who. after he had subdued Chi na, (A. If 1280,) fitted out an expedition of 4,000 vessels against Japan, which were dispersed by a violent storm, and part driven out to sea and never heard of again. Same of these ships might have found their way across to the shores of Oregon and California, over two hundred years before Columbus reached our eastern shores. * But to go still farther back, there is an account given in the Anlujuilatie* Amer ica nae, of a voyage by Are Marson, a pow erful Iceland chieftain, from Iceland to this continent in the year 983. Marson is said to have been driven by storms upon the coast of Florida, and his crew, who were Irish Christian*, settled, and on what is now the coast of Virginia, Carolina, and fleorgia adjoining. They arc described as irhilr men. who wore white dresses, and iron implements, and in goint out to battle “ shouted with a loud voice." Possibly the 11 Rebel yell!” so common during the ‘late unpleasantness,' may be accounted for from this circumstance. Sixteen years afterwards (899) a Norwe gian, Grudlicf tiudlanson. trading with Dublin, was driven by adverse winds to the coast of Florida, where ho met coun trymen of his, who belonged to Marson s band, and held high positions among the natives. Again, in 1121, Eric, Bishop of Greenland, is said to have been driven by stress of weather to the roast of Massa chusetts, then called Vineland. This was 450 years before Columbus' great ‘dis covery.' As corroborative evidence of this visitation, mention is made that in the year 1787 a quantity of copper coins were found at Medford, Mass,, which bore no similitude to any known coins, nor could any known work on numismat ics throw any light on their origin. The next ‘discoverer’ was Prince Ma doc, of Wales, who in 1170 made a voy age across the Atlantic, with a number of followers, and founded a colony some where on this continent, in Western Vir ginia, as is believed. After thus recounting the traditions of ante-Columhian visits of foreigners to this country, the writer turns to the Indians themselves, to show what their condition was at the lime of the arrival of the Span iards under Columbus at the close of the fifteenth century. There were a groat va riety of tribes, of which the Algouquine, before the Spanish conquest, were the most powerful and numerous in what arc now known as the Middle and New Eng land States. The Iroquois or five nations, composed of the Mohawks, Oneidas.Onon- I dagas, Cayngas and Senecas, by entering j into a 'confederacy' of which we have no , record on this continent, and our confeder j acy or alliance, soon gained the ascendancy, j This, by the way, was the first ‘confederacy’ | of which we have any record on this con ; tiuent, and our own confederacy, by a j curious coincidence, seems to have suc r cecded to its sway. To such a pitch of , ’ power says the writer, had the Iroquois j I confederacy reached at the discovery of i | New York, in 1609, that there can be ! I little doubt that if the arrival of the Euro- ; | iieans had been delayed a century later it i would have absorbed all the tribes on the Atlantic coast from the St. larwrence to 1 the Gulf of Mexico. It remained for the | “ Universal Yankee Nation," in the 18th and 19th centuries, to make this conquest : by a union of forces or Stales, not dissim ! Bar to the Iroqnis or Five Nations con | federate plan. Whether the Europeans or Asiatics cast ; upon these shores as far back us the 9th century, and subsequently, with their de | seendants, were the Mound Builders, is firohlematical. It is more likely that the alter belonged to s much mure remote era. The traditions of the red men of America throw very little light on their own origin. Those indicate that they were the conquerors of a more civilised race who flourished on this continent long ages ago,—a race who were not Indians, for uo Indian nation over built walled cities, or ever buried their dead in sepul chres hewn in the solid rock, os was the practice among the race which has so completely disappeared. Not a fragment of the history of the Mound Builders is known. They have vanished like adream. Their mounds arc the only monuments. " But,” —to quote our author, the sub stance of whose long article we have given above—“ But the same (Site to which the red men consigned the Mound Build ers Is in waiting for themselves. Its ap proanb was heralded by the landing of ('olnmbus an American soil, and its ac tual advent came with Cortes. Throe hun dred and fifty years have rolled away since that event, and the disappearance of the Indians has been steadily progress ing. The end 1s a mere question of time, and no one ran seriously doubt that in

less than a century it will be a matter of difficulty to find a pure-blooded “ Indian” on this continent. Will this be a matter for regret ? Certainly not, for a mote use less race of men never existed, and this characteristic is sufficient of itself to re ; fute the theory of their descent from the ! highly-gifted Hebrews, who could boast I of sages, prophets, warriors, poets, mu sicians, and skilled artisans, when the ancestors of the civilised nations of Eu rope were naked savages.” Curious Facts About Seals. Our legislature will pass an act this session prohibiting steamers from leaving port for the seal fishery before the 10th March, and scaling vessels before the sth March. The object is to prevent the des truction of seals when Ism young, and the disturbance of the mother seals when bring iug forth their young. The evidence furnished lately by sumo of the sealing captains to a committee of the Legislative Council, brought out some remarkable facts about seals which were not previously known. It appears that the disproportion of the sexes among seals is very considera ble. Captain Graham gave it as his opinion, founded on careful personal obser vations as well as that of numerous crews carried by him to the ice. that the number of mule seals exceeds that of females by three to one, and that this holds good of the old as well us young seals. Captain M hitc, a most intelligent and experienced scaling master, goes fur beyond this, and declares that among old seals there are twenty males for every one female, and that this is true also of young seals, lie slates that he has repeatedly tested the matter, and, after a close investigation, has arrived at this conclusion. Captain Delaney considers that two males are born for every female. In a case where there is such difference of opinion, it is difficult to arrive at the truth, but it is clear the disproportion of the sexes is very groat. I should be inclined to accept Captain White's testimony as nearest the truth. If it be true, then, that there are twenty males for each female, it is clear that the lady seals must be at a premium, and we need not wonder at the fierce combats that take place among the males in the matri monial season. It is also evident that old maids among this interesting family must be unknown, while there are probably many who are old bachelors against their will, more especially as the males practice polygamy, notwitlistanding the scarcity of the opposite sex. The “law of battle" de termines which shall wed; the strongest win and keep the largest harems. These are curious facts; but we have no right to criticiie the arrangements of nature. In the struggle, no doubt, the fittest survive. The mother seals suckle their young, it seems, very much us the female pig' her offspring, and they have the power of ex tending or withdrawing their teats at pleasure. Much remains yet to be known regarding seals. It is not known as yet at what age they become reproductive, or how long they continue so, or to what age they live. As a rule, they produce but one young at a birth, but one of our cap tains isot opinion that one in three of the females yields twins. Conservatism of Freemasonry. I he New Orleans Hidietin remarks, con cerning the Masonic Fraternity of the United States: “ Here is a body of men composed of all classes and professions, entertaining every kind of opinion upon religion and politics, and existing in every State of the i Union, who come together and exhibit among themselves the utmost harmony of freedom ami action. No word of opprobi uin escapes from the lips of any one to insult and wound the feelings of another. No fierce anathema of sections is heard. No extravagance is indulged in. Every i thing s done decently and in order. Everything is quiet, respectful, gentle ’ manly, dignified. The bitterest political enemies meet face to face, and you shall never know by their actions or words that they do not belong to the same party. Religionists, the most opposite, embrace each other in the arms of an exalted char ity. Fanaticism finds no entrance into the society of the brotherhood. Not a wave of discord disturbs the waters of the inner temple, no plunge into the abyss of atheism, rant or lawlessness, shocks the moral senses of mankind. No revolution ary hydra comes up from beneath to break up the foundation of order and send the tornado over the fair face of society. But what is the secret of their unanimity—of their harmony—of their brotherly love— of the conservative front which, without a tremor, they maintain, amid the general commotion, hatred and fanaticism existing around them ? It is found, it seems to strike us, in one word —toleration." Hereditary Tendencies. Inherited tendency, like intelligence, is one of those properties peculiar to living beings of which we can prove the exis tence, while its principle completely and absolutely baffles investigation. When we attempt to pierce the mystery by which the plant that springs from the seed, the i bird that grows from the yolk, will be more like the plant or the bird it proceeds from than like any other, we confront the | impenetrable unknown. Hereditary ten- I dency does not merely carry down from one generation to another all the imagina ble modifications of form, site, coloring; in extends to the cerebral faculties, trans mitted doubtless by the help of some phy sical peculiarity of the organ of intelli gence. This is what is called the spirit of race, which decides that one people shall be bom brave and crafty, like the Greeks of Homer; industrious, like the Chinese; traders, like the Jews; or hunters, like the red-skins. This is, if we choose to term it so, a kind of instinct that educa tion sometimes allows us to control, but never eradicates. As the wolf, fattened in the kennel, ends by going to his wretch ed life of the woods, the child of a savage, reared in the midst of civilisation, pre serves in his mind, as upon his features, the deep, hereditary stamp of his origin. Habit, almost ns much as hereditary ten dency, is another mysterious faculty which wo recognise without being able to explain it. Some act, most difficult in appearance, which required, on the part of our brain, a considerable effort of will and all our mental activity, at last surprises us by al most |ierfnrming itself. We might say that attention and reflection have gone down into our limbs, which perform the most delicate tasks, and protect themselves against attacks from without, while the mind, occupied with something else, is pursuing a different object,— Revue det Oeus Monde*. Children roared and brought up in a home of beautiful surroundings are belter and more refined for having boon brought up in such a home. Boys and girls, both, should bo encouraged to assist in planting flowers, making summer houses, vine trellises, rustic seats, Ac, It will be pleasant enjoyment for each one to engage in as often as they desire. Every month in the year some improvement can be made in the adorning of one’s home. A good heart serves our friends better than it does our interest. A man who don’t know anything will toll it the first time he gets a chance. The City of Jeddo. In connection with the recent destruction j by fire the palace of the Mikado of Japan at Jeddo, the following description is given of the city by a British officer who was recently there. He says: “Jeddo is an i enormous wooden town. You can ride in . it lor 20 miles ; you can’t ride through it , in eight hours. It contains millions of i inhabitants—some say three and a-half; . but I fancy that number is too great. . Now and then it is burned down, built up again, and can, if needed, be carried off , bodily and put down somewhere else. ; Being all built of wood, the wood can be . taken down and recreated ; and there are , those who think it may walk off some day j towards Yokohama, as the Jeddo harbor , Ins disappointed the expectations of its foster parents. Every now and again you , come upon fireproof houses—the more . readily seen by us because a good slice of , the town bad not lung before been burned r down—narrow, two-storied square boxes, j that resist the fire very well. Jeddo is f repeated in every street. It is a ropeti , t ion of Osaka, and yet it is no more like 1 Osaka than Birmingham is like Manches -1 ter. In proportion each is like the other, s not more and not less. In Jeddo you j pass through miles and miles of open s shops, through hundreds and thousands of b people threading their way through nar , row streets ; and, being as you are. stranger ! to sight and sound, everything amuses. , interests, and. alas I is too easily fnrgot b ten. Little boxes of houses mapped over I acres and acres, over miles and miles of e land ; the sea on the east, some higher land on the west; the harbor, a bit of a i shame, lacking in depth, jealously guarded by isolated fort islands; the Mikado's y Summer Palace, embosomed in trees, a B little to the south palace—a town within a s town—somewhat to the west; the region t °f the princes—Belgravia—adjoining the . great palace, with broader streets and j separate “compounds.” t f The Piano. ’ I A writer has taken the trouble to give ' the actual material used in constructing a piano-forte. In every instrument there " ro fifteen kinds of wood, namely, pine, * maple, spruce, cherry, walnut, whitowood, L ’ apple, basswood, and birch, all of which * are indigenous; and mahogany, ebony, 1 holly, cedar, beech, and rosewood, from '' Honduras, Ceylon, England, South Ameri - 1 ca. and Germany. In this combination r elasticity, strength, pliability, toughness, * resonance, lightness, durability, and beau -1 ty are individual qualities, and the general 1 result is voice. There are also used of 1 the metals, iron, steel, brass, white-metal, r and lead. There are in the same instru “ ment of seven and a half octaves, when 1 completed, two hundred and fourteen ' strings, making a total length of seven B hundred and eighty-seven feet of steel wire, and five hundred feet of white (covered) wire. The total number of strings, when properly stretched to pro . duce the right tone, exert a pull of over „ ten tons; this represents the force with which one end of the piano is drawn to- C wards the other end, and it explains the r reason why good pianos are built so strong J dso heavy. Such a piano will weigh s f> m nine hundred to one thousand t pounds, and will last, with constant use P (not abuse) twenty to twenty five years. , The Gentleman. He is above a mean thing. He can not ■ sloop to a mean fraud, lie invades no secret in the keeping of another. He ■ betrays no secret confided to his own keep j ing. He never struts in borrowed plum j age. He never takes a selfish advantage of our mistakes. He never stabs in the dark. He is ashamed of inuendocs. He is not one thing to a man's face and ■ another behind his back. If by accident he comes in possession of his neighbor's > counsels, he passes upon them an act of 1 instant oblivion. He beam sealed packa * ges without tampering with the wax. ' Papers not meant for his eye. whether they * flutter at his window or lie open before him in unguarded exposure, are sacred to * him. He invades no privacy of others. 1 however the sentry sleeps. Bolts and l ? locks and keys, hedges and pickets. ; bonds and securities, notices to tresspas sers, are none of them for him. He ’ tramples on no sensitive feelings. He 1 never trifles with the unfortunate. In ’ hort. whatever he judges honorable, he ' practices toward every man. Profanity. We ore living emphatically in the age of profanity, and it seems to us that we are on the topmost current. One cannot go through the streets anywhere without having his ears offended by the vilest of words and his reverence shocked by the most profane use of sacred names. Nor does it come from the old or middle-aged alone for it is a fact as alarming as it is true, that the youngest portion of the com munity are the most proficient in the de grading habit. Boys have nn idea that it is smart to swear, that it makes them man ly ; ‘here never was a greater mistake in the world. Men, even those who swear themselves are disgusted with profanity in a young man because they know how of all lard habits this clings most closely and increases with years. It is the most insidious of habits growing on one so in sensibly that almost before he is aware he becomes an accomplished curser. Evils or Interm arriaiie.— A mel ancholy case of the evils of intermarriage has occurred. We give the story in the sufferer's own words: “ I married a widow who had a grown-up daughter. My father visited my house very often, fell in love with my step-daughter, and married her. So my father became my son-in-law, and my step-daughter became my step-mother, because she was my father's wife. Some time after, my wife had a son; he was the brother of my step-mother. My father's \ wife—that is, my stepdaughter—also had > son ; he was, of course, my brother, and ' at the same time my grandchild for he was the son of my daughter. My wife was ' my grandmother, because she was my stepdaughter’s mother; I was my wife’s ' husband and grand child at the same time; , and as the husband of a person's grand mother is their grandfather, 1 was my own grandfather." It is remarkable that every day in the ' week is by different nations devoted to the public celebration of religious services. Sunday by the Christians, Monday by the Greeks, Tuesday by the Persians, Wednee day by the Assyrians, Thursday by the ! Egyptains, Friday by the Turks, Saturday 1 by the Jews. T I Every girl who intends to qualify for ' marriage, should go through a course of • cookery. Unfortunately, but few wives ' are able to dress anything but themselves. 1 . t Plato said that God had so framed his I laws, that it is for the advantage of every 1 one to observe them. i Employment is nature's physician, and is essential to happiness. VOL. VIII.-NO. 30. WHALES AND WHALING, Some Incident* in the Whole Full err Sow nn Enraged Whale Demolish*, a Ship Perilous Adventure* and Ui raonlon* Eicape*. A correspondent of the Bouton Tran •cripl I* furnishing that journal with a at riea of interesting paper* no the whale fiahery. The following is Pajsr No. 31 of the aeriea: In August, 1850, the whaling Whip Ami '■ Alexander. Captain John H. Debloia, wax sunk altnnat instantly by an enraged aperm whale. A graphic account of her lone was published in the Panama HeraUl from which i condense the following: On the 20th of August, 1850, the Ann Alexander reached the "off-shore ground," 1 in latitude 5 dc. 50 min. south longitude 102 dc. west. About nine o’clock, A. M., ; whales were discovered, and about noon they succeeded in making fast to one. The whale was harpooned by the larboard boat, commanded by the mate. After 1 running some time the whale turned upon the boat, and rushed a( it with tremendous force, lifted its tremendous jaws, actually took the boat in, and crushed it into fragments as small as a common siied chair. Captain Debloia, in the starboard , boat, immediately hastened to the scene of disaster, and against all expectation, ; rescued the whole crew of the other boat, nine in number. How they escaped from the jaws of the monster is a mystery known only to “Him . who holds the waves in the hollow of His hand. There were now eighteen men in the starboard boat. The frightful disaster had been witnessed from the ship, then a boat six miles distant, and the waist boat sent to their relief. On the arrival of the waist boat the crews were divided, and another attack upon the same whale re solved on. Accordingly they separated, j and proceeded at some distance from each other, as is usual on such occasions, after the whale. In a short time they came up to him and prepared to give him battle The waist boat, commanded by the first I “>•. was in advance. As soon as the whale perceived the demonstrations being i “In him he turned his coarse sud denly, and making a dash at this boat, seised it with his widespread jaws and i crushed it into atoms, allowing the men hardly time to escape his vengeance by throwing themselves into the ocean. Captain Debloia, again seeing the per i ilous condition of his men. at the risk of meeting the same fate, hastened with the boat to their rescue, and in a short time 1 succeeded in saving them all from a death ■ j little less horrible than tliat from which they had twice so miraculously escaped. He then ordered the boat to put for the ship as speedily as possible, when it was discovered that the whale was making for them with bis jaws widely extended. Es cape from death seemed totally out of the i question. They were six or seven miles ■ from the ship, no aid even there to afford them relief, and the whale, maddened by the wounds of the harpoon and lances, and seemingly gloating with the prospect of Sjsiedy revenge, within a few cable* length, fortunately the monster came np and . | passed them at a short distance. The boat j then made her way to the ship, and they ,H got on board hi safety. After reaeh ! 1“S the ship a boat was sent for the oars ■ 0<- the demolished boats; and it was deter mined to pursue the whale with the ship. On the return of the boat with the oars, sail was made, and the ship proceeded after the whale and overtook him, when a lance was thrown into his head. The ship pass ed by him, and immediately after they discovered the whale was making for the ship. As he came np near her. they hauled on the wind and allowed him to pass her. After he had fairly passed, they kept off to overtake and attack him again. When the ship was within fifty rods of him, they discovered tliat the whale had settled down deep below the surface of the water, and. as it was near sundown, they concluded to give up the pursuit. Captain Debloia was at this time stan ding on the knight-heads, on the larboard bow, with ‘‘craft," in band ready to strike the monster a deadly blow should he ap pear, the ship moving about five knots, when he discovered the whale rushing towards her at the rate of fifteen knots. In an instant the monster struck the ship with tremendous violence, shaking her from stem to stern. She quivered as if ahe had struck upon a rock. Captain Deblois immediately descended into the forecastle, and there, to his horror, discov ered that the monster had struck the ship about two feet from her keel, abreast the foremast, knocking a great hole entirely through her bottom through which the water roared and rushed impetuously. Springing to the deck, he ordered the mate to cut away the anchors and get the cables overboard to keep the ship from striking, a* she had a large quantity of pig iron on board. The mate succeeded in clearing one anchor and chain; the other was fastened around the foremast. The chip was then leaking rapidly, but the Captain succeeded in procuring his chronometer, sextant and chart, and there wore throe feet of water in the cabin The boats were cleared away, and such water and provisions as were practicable were got into them, as the ship was keeling over. The Captain returned to the cabin, but the water was rushing in so rapidly he could procure nothing. He then ordered all hands into the boats, and was the last to leave the ship, which he did by throwing himself into the sea and swimming to the nearest boat, when the ship was on her beam ends and her top-gallant yards under water. They then [siabcd off some distance from the ship, expecting her to sink. Upon an examination of the stores they had saved, they were found to consist only of twelve quarts of water, and not a mouthful of provisions of any kind. The boat* con tained eleven men each; they were leaky, , and night coming on, they were compelled , to bail them all night to keep them from , sinking. Next day at daylight they returned to | the ship, and the captain—no one else , daring to venture—went on board to cut , away the masts, it being feared that the moment they were cut away the ship would go down. With a single hatchet the captain cut away ths masts, when the • ship righted. The boats then came up, and the men, with the sole aid of spades f cut stray the chain cable from around the , foremast, which got the ship nearly upon her keel. The men then tied ropes round tlieir | bodies, got into the sea, and cut holes ( through the decks to get out provisions, but procured nothing but five gallons of vinegar and twenty pounds of bread. The 7 ship threatened to aink, and they deemed * it imprudent to remain by any linger, so ’ they set sail on their bout and left her; 1 knowing that unless a kind Providence should direct them to fall in with some ship, they must all die of starvation and thirst, or that to sustain life they would a be obliged to eat each other’s bodies as li soon as life had departed. Their only hope was to reach a rainy latitude, that from the rains that might t fall they could sustain life. With this t hope I l '".' stei red northerly, and on il„- 22d of August, to their indescribable joy. - they discovered a ship in the distance. ; They made signal to her; the signal was soon answered, and in a short time they were on the deck of the ship Nantucket, of Nantucket, Captain Gibbs, who clothed and foil them, and extended to them in ’ i *'’T w }' tbc greatest possible hospitality. The next day Captain Gibbs went to the still floating wreck of the Alexander to i try to [ins ure something from her. but as i the sea was rough and the attempt dan i genius, he abandoned the project. 1 The Honolulu Friend, of May 6, 1864, i stated that about five months subsequent to the catastrophe the same whale was taken by the Rebecca Sims of New Bed ford. Two harpoons were discovered in ' bim marked ‘ Ann Alexander." The , whale s head was found seriously injured, i and contained pieces of the ship s timbers. He had loot his wildness and ferocity, be- I ing very much diseased ; but upon being • taken yielded seventy or eighty barrels of i oil. Doubtless many instances of destruc i tion of ships by whales have occurred ' where none have lived to tell the tale, and i many a good ship put down as -inisaing." 1 or as having “foundered at sea and never heard from," may have met her fate in • this manner. A blow that would beat in , the stout oaken ribs of a ship would hardly , give a bull whale the headache. The instances of their crushing boats i between their ponderous jaws are nnmer i ous and well authenticated. 1 have seen i the remains of a boat that had been bitten i in two as cleanly and cleverly as if it had been sawed from gunwale to gunwale, i A schoolmate of mine—a wild youth ; named Augustus Hall, whom the incident ■ made religious—was caught in the jaws 1 of a sperm whale, and escaped by a miracle from almost certain death. In a letter to , his mother he said: “Four weeks ago I i was very seriously hurt by u whale. The ■ whale stove three of our boats and got me , in his jaw, knocked about one-half the scalp off my head, but did not affect my skull. He stuck two teeth in my breast. 1 and one in each thigh—one wound was ; six inches long and two inches deep, and he went off with four irons fastened to , him. 1 “I suppose, dear mother, this was one of i the narrowest escape* from death ever ■ known, and so little hurt I not a bone broken I"—further on in his letter with the pride of his profession he adds, “but I r assure yon I had rather be fast to a whale ■ than anywhere else," and “we have got I fifteen whales to the waist boat which 1 i had the pleasure of steering, and I have i killed seven with my irons." The whale uses its flukes as well as his ■ head or his jaws in the destruction of it* i adversaries and makes “the deep to boil ■ like a pot’ when he agitates them in rage. In attacking a boat with bis mouth he comes up beneath it and seising it trans versely crashes it like the mere egg shell it is with its powerful jaw. When attacked the motions of the sperm whale are as quick as thought. An observer says he has seen them lying motionless fifty feet off, and in an instant awing their huge flukes under a boat and with one blow send it to splinters and men and all ten feet into the air. Such are the animal characteristics of this “inoffensive animal" of Goldsmith, who is also mistaken in say ing that whales have no teeth and live on insects, which, though strijtly correct with regard to tbc right whales, is eertainly wrong in both particulars with regard to the cachelotM. Voung whales, like the youngsters of every family, enjoy their fun and frolics, and spring entirely out of the .-ea in play ful gambolling*, when the spray produced by the fall of their huge bulk upon the water has been seen fully fifteen miles, and has attracted whalemen from that distance to their destruction. This gambolling is tenchnically called “breching." The most recent attack of a whale upon a vessel, that I have seen noticed was published in the “Xmtieal Gazelle’' a few week* since, and is as follows: The three masted schooner Watauga. Nonro, master, of Washington, N. C., ha* lately been left on a reef of the island of Barbuda, IV. I. The crew and cargo were saved, but the vessel is a total wreck. The Watauga was a boat of two hundred tons register, upwards of twelve year* old, and was originally a side wheel steamer. While running along with a fine six or seven knot brecie, a sudden and heavy shock and jar was felt, and all supposed that the vessel had scudded into a sea with violence. The next moment a pair of whales were seen along side to leeward. One of them was frisky enough, and made off rapidly, but the other seemed ! °ggy- moved with apparent difficulty, and presently disclosed a huge gash in his side, from which the blood wss issuing and coloring the sea about him. The Wautauga passed on, and soon lost sight of the whale, when it was discovered that the false stem was torn off, her main stem split, and the wood ends started. The bobstay had, of course, parted, and the bowsprit was adrift. She was afterwards found to be leaking, and was with difficulty kept free until she had made Point Peter where temporary repairs were made to enable her to reach home. Upon her arrival at Washington she repaired, and the damage found to exceed S7OO. Her stem bolts, li inch iron, were bent down, evidently by the vessel’s effort to rise clear of the whale. The Sea.—The largest of all cemete ries is the sea, and its slumberets sleep without monuments. All other grave yards show some symbol of distinction be tween the great and the small, tbs rich and the poor; but in the ocean cemetery, the king and the clown, the prince and the peasant, are alike undistinguished. The same waves roll over all; the same requiem by the minstrels of the ocean is sung to their honor. Over their remains the same storm beats, and the aarnc sun shine*; and there, unmarked, the weak and the powerful, the plumed and the unhonored, will sleep on, until awaked by the same trump, when the sea shall give up its countless holds of the dead of myriad generations. Home never seems more pleasant than after a separation from it. Distance from it only enhances its value. There is no sweeter word in all our language than home. All of life, lore and hope are bound up in it. However much we may enjoy ourselves elsewhere, our choicest i o> t Meal'd™ffl tl>4t “ I>ot wl ‘ er ° our Fight your own battles. Hoe your own row. Ask no favors of an v one, and you’)! succeed a thousand times better thau one who is always beseeching some one's pa tronage. No one will help you as you wiU help yourself. r™;r but Kraw "*** M ** "*•

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