Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, June 21, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated June 21, 1873 Page 1
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$2 PER ANNUM £rlcrt |3octii). “ TIRED, HO TIIIKD.” Tired, so tired! Heart and soul and brain ? Utter the same and plaint, Feel the name dull, heavy {min ; Tired of the ceaseless struggle, Of the everlasting strife, Of the weary wailing and yeaniing I hat the children of men call “life/* Tired of listening for voices That never will come any more, Waiting for the sound of footsteps I hat have passed to the other shore, \N eary of rejoicing and sorrowing, Loving and honing ni vain. Tired of endlea* striving For that which I never shall gain. Weary of thinking, thinking, 0 soul I wilt thou never cease ? W ora out, anl tired, and weary, Shalt thou never know |>eaco In heaven ? Ah ! even that word Seems a meaningless one to night, For it seemeth my tear-dimmed eyes Could not liear heaven's glorious light; ihat I’d weary of the endless singing, And my faltering, stammering tongue Could not raise one “Unllclujah,’’ Could not join the angels' song; And amid the bliss of heaven, The bright angelic throng, 1 should still be tired, weary. And lung to be alone. Tired, so tired! All earth takes up the sad refrain, Tired, so tired! Murmur the wind and rain. Oh! for rest, That heart and brain and will Might ceaso their aching, thinking, working, And be still. Oblivion's sleep would be so sweet, No more to know Aught of life's yearnings, hopes, or fears. It* joys or woe. A dreamless sleep, though ages past Still to sleep on, m perfect rest. Eternal life, I know 'tin great, But ohl to-night, it seems a weight My spirit cannot bear, I can not think of life without its strfe, its How can my soul live on, [cares : And yet its suffering gone ? Eternal life! No, far more sweet Is never-ending, dreamless sleep. And yet, O coward soul! What dost thou say? Would'st fling thy heritage, Blood-bought, away? Father, forgive; I know Thy word is true. I do believe in heaven is perfect rest, All sorrow cease; Thy weary children there find jierfect peace. And yet, () God ! forgive, ( know, but ran not feel; Teach me to trust Thee more, Theae wild thoughts still. Tired, so tired! Each thought comes with a throb of pain. But another morn will come, I shall be strong again ; This weakness, weariness will pass away. Hod's word is sure, “Thy strength will be Even as thy day/* To-morrow strength will come to meet life’s Bravely bear sorrow's sting, [toil: And immortality will seem A glorious jhing. Iftit not to-night. My tear-dimmed eye* Can not pierce life’s deep mysteries, God s glorious purpose see ; Yet I do trust in Thee. <) God! thy suffering earth-child keep ; Thou givest Thy beloved, And I am weary*, “sleep.” shc toitlcii, TEAVELING IN SICILY. It will be somo tiipe before Sicily will be invaded to any extent by sight-seeing vandals, and it* comparative ii.i'.nunity from them add* to its attraction. Travel ers for mere comfort are not likely to be drawn thither, since railway*and telegraphs have been lianlly begun, and the inns, with few exceptions, furniah bud lodging ami worse fare. No one jtmrncying there need fear gout, if he bo secure against dyspepsia, and any stranger can sleep soundly in the interior towns, provided be be so thoroughly fatigued as to be insensi ble to eiitomic assaults The taverns out side of the cities make no pretense to good accommodations in the Anglo-Saxon sense, and frequently, after the manner of the Spanish ventas, supply nothing but eggs, bread, and wine, with the rudest and most populous of couches. Several rail ways are projected, but the only one in running order a short time ago was from Palermo to a point near Messina, to which it will soon bo extended. Steamers ply regularly between Naples and Palermo and Messina, and between Marseilles and the latter port, and sail occasionally from the first two cities to Trapani, Girgenti, and Catania. Mail routes are established between the chief towns, for which the usual fare in five bajocehi (nearly eight cents) a mile, with the same amount for the postilion at every relay. Going into the interior often requires mule-back, unless you prefer the lefttgu —a species of sedan, borne by two of the long-eared quadrujieds to the monotonous music of j jingling bells. This is a dull, drowsy j mode of getting along, which a person of I health and energy will not care to adopt ; more than once. The back of a strong mule and the aid of a trusty muleteer afford : the most satisfactory means of journeying in the mountainous districts. To these u j stock of provisions, n tent, and bedding may be added with advantage. They are not indispensable, but they insure inde pendence. II ideas you bo pachydermatous, j you must not forget to provide yourself with a jiair of sheets, sewed stoutly to gether on all sides but one, and drawn with atriug* like a bug. Into this you must get at night to avoid the swarm of insects which will otherwise devour you. This kind of preparation will seem a little odd at first, and may induce you to dream you are a sack of meal. But if you neglect it vou won’t be able to dream at all, or even Jose consciousness, and, moreover, your body will bo certain to present the next moruiug a striking resemblance to a South Sea Islander's. The natives never mind the vermin. 1 They are so entirely devoid of sensibility ! that they would sleep, I fancy, though the vulture of Prometheus made a jierpetual breakfast of their liver. But if you be either American or English the Sicilian in jects will regard you us a Frenchman left aver from the V espers, and do their very ; vilest to drain you of the last drop of blood j which you ought to have lost at that ■ historic butchery. A serious impediment to Sicilian travel j is the water-course (fiiumina) descending j from the mountains to the sea. and liable to be encountered almost anv where. It j is often impossible to bridge over the , Humana on account of its breadth and { rapidity. It runs like u mill-race, bearing j as its rushing current a vast mass of stones, . broken wood, and miscellaneous fragments, i During the summer all the streams, includ ing ninny of the largest rivers, cease to babble—j* *ho vernacular, dry up. But ihtMi hardly my one, last of all the /foreigner is disused to travel. Apert from /he discomlo.rt hhtfing sun and .a heat Almost tropical, (jiqra fa imminent •danger of malaria, always pctfhw /fee oinacclimatod, be their prudence ,qr ; I ition what it may. In stormy weather — I .and violent storms, often accompanied by | Sbc Democratic too cute J thunder and lightning, are common from I November to March—you will find your carriage, a quaint and clumsy vehicle, interrupted by one of these shallow tor rents. The sole method of progress under the circumstances is to mount upon the back or shoulders of the driver or hi* assistants, and bo carried through the boil ing stream. Plenty of aid is usually at hand, a* the country people, knowing where their service will be needed, follow your carriage to the fiumana for the sake of earning a few tari. The climate of the island is considered pleasant and healthy. I should not regard it so, though 1 may have esoteric defini tions for those adjectives. The skies are beautifully blue, and the atmosphere transparently serene in summer, when persons having a prejudice in favor of liv ing sedulously stay away. Autumn is thought to be the most propitious season ; but then dews and fogs predominate, and rain fulls in sheet*. Terrible tempest* arc varied by occasional snow squalls in Jan uary and February; and in April and May. when the weather is settled, the heat begins to be oppressive, and the dreaded sirocco blows at intervals. This south-east wind from the Libyan deserts is a pneumatic misery which no one who has once endured it can ever for get. The natives fear it, believing that disease and death are borne upon its burn ing wings. The moment they feci it they shut themselves in their houses, closing every door and window against the hateful intruder, and seldom venture forth until it has abated. The sirocco continues usually three or four days. If it were to lost much longer it would interfere severely with the two and a half millions of Sici ly s population. It* effect on the system can scarcely be imagined. The first time I experienced it I imagined myself walk ing in the shadow of my own funeral. In stead of fearing that 1 was going to die, I feared that I should not: for, while the sirocco blows upon you, your speedy obit , wary seems as if it might be delightful reading. The woful wind-affects the mind as much as the body. It brings a distress ing langour, a terrible depression of spirit , a strange voluptuousness of. insensible pain, a vivid consciousness of rising des peration fettered by exhaustion. It is a terrestrial sea-sickness, in which nausea is supplanted by lassitude, and the hope tliat the ship may go down by the desire that the sufferer may go up. When the siroc co breathes on my dearest foe it will make me, through sympathy and pity, his bitter est friend.— Junius Henri Browne, in Harper* Mngtmnr for July. Railroad Incidents. i A Doa Chases a Railroad Train i row Fourteen Milks, and Keeps up * j with IT.—Wednesday lust was ‘ a good : day for a race’’—the canine race is refer ; red to—as the following true talc of a | Minnesota dog. related by a reliable eye witness, shall prove. On that day as one 1 of the trains on the Superior and | Mississippi Railroad stopped at Centre* j villc, a few miles beyond White Bear | I*ake, u lady took scat in one of the pas senger coaches, and the train started. , i When it stopped at White Hear Station a dog of medium size, and with rather a I °*Rj came alongside upon the ; platform, and was noticed to be very warm j and punting heavily ; again, a few miles ' further on a halt was made to take water, , and conductor Bond called the attention | ; of some of the passengers to the fact that ,j a dog hud followed them from White ’ Rear Lake, as he supposed. The train . was again off. and shortly doggy was seen close behind. Passengers became in , terested and crowded to the rear of the car to watch the race. Occasionally, at some | pool beside the track, doggy would dash ! down take a few drops of the cooling fluid, varying this sometimes with a bath, and , then, with a sharp yelp or two, as if in , pain at the idea of being left behind, dash on. In this way un even race was main , tained until a down-grade was reached; I when the train made a long, swill dash to gain impetus* for a rising grade beyond, i Doggy now fell behind; he tried hard but it was too much for him ; Ids little body was, Ifbwover, just full of pluck and peraeverenoe, and to the delight of the passengers, whose sympathy was fully aroused for the canine hero, when the up-grade was reached doggy made good his loss and caught up with the train. Con , duetor Rond said that he would stop and take up the weary runner, now showing signs of exhaustion, but there was no one to take care of him or to deliver him at the journey’s end. By this time the lady passenger from Ccutrevillc became interes ted to know what it was which so excited the passengers, and when she saw the little racer, she immediately recognized him as the pot of the family with whom she had been visiting at Centrcvillc. He hud followed her to the depot, and gallantly ■: attended her on foot on her journey, until i within about four mile* of St. Paul. • I Conductor Bond seized the bell-rope, the ; train was quickly stopped, and doggy was ( taken on board where he was given first- j : class quarters and a free ride, which he hud amply earned, by fairly running a ■ fourteen mile race with a passenger train i ! making it* usual time. It is needless to | add that doggy’ was as delighted as his weary little body would allow, to regain | sight of the friend he had followed, and j that he wafi the hero of the hour with all 1 ; on board the train. Amusing Incident. —On the afternoon ; of the 11th instant, as Mr. Kind all, enginemun of engine 34U, B. A O. R. R.. was attending to bis duties about the engine, (then standing in the yard) preparatory to an all night run, he noticed sonic juveniles in pursuit of a chicken, which eluded them, mysteriously a* It were. Imagine, if you can, his surprise, when upon his arrival at Piedmont several hours 1 later, he discovered the little rooster perched j upon the truck of his engine, having main-1 tained this |Kisition during the run from ! j this U> the latter place, a distance of one j i hundred and six miles. —Mamtiiuburq Irik I. ' 1 A Hunting Incident. The Louisville (’our in-Journo I says:— j “ A young man named Harvey Wells, Hy- J ing at Millwood Station, on the K. and P. j railroad, went out on a hunt recently and ! succeeded in getting up a lively fox chose, j 'Flic fox ran Into a hollow log, and the dog i followed. Both dog and fox were now lost J to the huuter; and, after blowing his horn ; and searching the voods in vain, ho wont i home wondering what could have become of I hi* faithful animal. Jfine days afterward it i happened that the master wont to the hol- I low log, and, upon examining It closely, I found his dog wedged inside. In hi* eagerness to catch the fox he had gone too fur and could not retreat, and also made the fox a prisoner. Thu log was split open, and, strange to say, both dug and fox were found to be still alive, though very much emaciated and weak. The fox was per mitted to go in peace, and the dog was kindly taken in the arms of his master, who | him home and doctored him with j tyrea# aPRtU he had regained his | usual strength/ WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 1873. . (Diir (Dlio. How Alum if Obtained. In minus |Hirtionsof Kurope Alum atoms, a grayish tsulorcd mineral, ia fisnnd in large quantities*, from which the b(jgtalum | of cumuiurco ia procured; in Italy tbia i atone ia obtained from i|narriea by bloat ing, and. when exposed for a abort time to a moist istmoaphcre, bccomea friable ami eventually folia to piccca. The brat pnsecaa in the manufacture of this variety of alum ia the erection of par allel pilea of theae atonca, arranged in reg | ularly formed layers, on each aide of which, and in eloeo proximity, channel, arc excavated and filled with water. A gentle . heat ia then applied, and the water sprink led over the heaps at frequent intervals. | By this treatment the atones commence to pulverise, but the moistening is continued for several weeks, as it facilitates the acp- I arution of their eonatitueist elements. When completely pulverised the powder ia , thoroughly boiled in vessels specially pre pared for this purpose. This process causes a subsidence of earthy ingredients, and mi evaporation of all volatile foreign substances. Thu liquid is then withdrawn into other vessels, and allowed to remain undisturbed until the alum appears in the , form of crystals, which is usually the ease , in the course of a few days. This is | termed Homan alum, and is regarded as the most valuable variety in tho market, . because (Ksweasing fewer impurities than any other. It can be readily recognised I by the auburn tint seen on the surface, which is imparted to it by the presence of minuto particles of tho sulphate of iron. Another variety of alum is manufactured from alum slate, a species of sandstone containing n large quantity of clay, which is extensively disseminated throughout , different portions of the United States and Canada. In its preparation, the slates, like I the alum rocks, are arranged in regularly I formed musses and subjected to a certain amount of heat and moisture. At Whitby, where the most extensive manufactories of ’ Kurope are located, these masses are often j built to a height of one hundred feet i square. Owing to the composition of , those slates, twelve months, and often more, ! arc required for the burning process, j After an artificial lire bus been continued for several weeks, no additional food is j necessary, as tho chemical changes in the ingredient will furnish sufficient material , for combustion. When thoroughly pul verised by this process the powder is placed ■ in largo vessels of water, where the soluble i salts they contain are washed ont, after which the liquor is boiled, and, for tho purpose of eliminating all impurities, con -1 densed by the agency of heat into a pow ‘ crful solution of copperas and the sulphate • of ammonia or basic alum. This liqour, thus condensed, is then conveyed into large 1 tanks, where the iron is chemically sepa - rated and a suitable alkali added (the basic ' alum not possessing the property of crys • tallixation,) which causes tho formation of ■ crystals on the sides of the tanks. These r are again dissolved, and the solution placed ■ in casks, around the sides of which, in a ■ short time, the alum crystals arc reformed 1 and these when they become free from 1 | moisture, are ready for market. It is es ' | timaled that til J tons of alum slate arerc -1 j quired to one ton of alum,— X. V. Wrr -1 c a tit lie Joumnt. 1 Facta from Scripture Worth Knowing. t , i , I There were ten generations from Adam i ; to Noah, embracing a period of 1056 years, i | Limeeh was of tho ninth generation. He . j was Noah's father and was Cl! years old When Adam died. Therefore Lantech could , communicate to his son Noah all that i Adam had communicated to him about , the creation and the fall. It was trans -1 milled by Adam to laanech, and by i Lantech to Noah. There were ten generations from Noah to Abraham, embracing a period of 9SO ; years. Silent was Noah's son, and Shorn , lived long enough to talk with Abraham sixty years, and could, therefore, communi , onto to him all that Lantech had told Noah. 1 There were five generations from Abra . ham's grand son, and he lived iongenough ■ to tell Amraui, the father of Moses, all i that he had learned from his grand father i Abraham. Thus, Moses became well in formed upon the history of the creation 1 and the fall by a transmission of all the - details through a chain of only four por- I sons, and those four men were remarkable for their truth and great wisdom. These generations all descended from Seth, the son of Adam. There was another 1 lino of eight generations who descended i from Cain, but were all cut off by the 1 flood. In that lino were some remarkable i men, to whom wo owe much for our knowl i edge of music and artifice in metals, vix : Jubal and Tubal Cain. No doubt tho 1 results of their skill and inventions were handed down through Noah and his sons i to succeeding generations. Abraham had eight children—one by j Sarah, one by Hagar, and six byKeturah. (If these six one was named Midian ; and it , j was his descendants of Ishmaei (another j son) who sold Joseph to Potiphar. It I seema that tho Midianilesund Ishmoelites ; were journeying together with a caravan, i Tile longevity of mankind kept up well i near the flood. After this, it decreased I with every generation down to Joseph who lived to bo only 110 years. From that period to this, the age of man has varied but little, though but few men attain to a greater age than three score and ten. The book of Uencsis embraces a period of 2,900 years of the world's history, which brings it down to the birth of Moses. All the other Books of the Old Testament embraces a period of only 1,1500 years. Those fiercely loyal persona who oppose as unpatriotic ail attempts to wipe out the bitter memories of the Uebeltion, and bring ! about good feeling between the North and ; South, will find food for meditation in ! some remarks of Mr. Peter Clark, a col | ored orator in Cincinnati. In a recent address to a moss meeting of men of his race he gave utterance to these generous sentiments: “I am not vindictive in my feelings toward the men of the Rebellion. I was an early advocate of amnesty, I agree with the magnanimous Sumner, and would not nsk a Southerner to o l)list under a flag which bears on its folds tfie names of battles in which he met with humilia , timi and defeat. 1 would build the mon ument, which mark our battle fields with Uo South of won), that, when they have alien Into decay, the memory of (he strife may decay with them ” Auvivi OuaTlH.—Never slqffa napkin under your chin and spread It over your boeom. As you have passed the tmreory ' period, remember that such precautions j wore taken by your nurae in babyhood, : Then again ladles may think that your linen ia reduced to a single shirt, or that i you are in nrreara to your washer-woman, i i Throw away that pipe, young man. and i cease to be an old granny. Discard cigars. | Insanity in the Kiddle Ages. The middle ages were a period of ; upheaval, when every thing was swallowed up in the bottomless abyss of scholasticism and demonology, and medicine became a ; routine of superstitious practices. Such ! and such a plant was considered beneficial, I if fathered at the new moon ; but deadly 1 poison if at the moon's wane. Science, ! art and literature went down in the storm, | and wars, battles, pestilence and famine were the order of the day. As (lod was invoked in vain, men turned to Satan. The belief in the devil was universal, and i the world became a hell. Now both science and experience show that the pre vailing notions of a given period are very rapidly taken up by the insane, and by them distorted into grotesque shapes, with a uniformity resembling the symptoms of epidemic disorders. This phenomenon is of daily occurrence. Thus, accordingly as Franco is ruled by a king, an empeioror a president, those insane persons who imagine themselves to be somebody, claim the rank of president, emperor, or king, as the case may be. Just now, respectable women patients at Salpctriere, Ste. Anne, Vauclusc and Villo-Kvard asylums solemnly assure the physicians in charge that they are pelrukuses, while men of unquestionable patriotism will tell you that they guided the Prussians up the heights of Sedan. The phenomenon, therefore, of diabolic possession in the middle ages is perfectly natural. The calamities attendant on continual wars had so enervated the peo ple that they wore fit subjects for all manner of mental disorder, and this, taking form from the prevailing ideas of the times, found expression in demoniacal possession. During the middle ages the devil was everywhere —nbique daemon. There was one religious sect whose adepts were ever spitting, hawking, and blowing the nose, with a view to expel the devils they had swallowed. A truce of this stilt remains in some localities, where one who sneezes is saluted with “(lod bless you !'' Huch , beliefs were universal. Thus a certain prior of a convent had around him con stantly a guard of two hundred men, who . hewed the air with their swords, so as to cut to pieces the demons who were assailing him. Demons were even cited to appear before ecclesiastical tribunals. A curious and a pitiful epoch, when the possessed and their exorcists were madmen alike 1 This view of insanity was favored by the philosophical, or rather the theological ideas of the lime. According to these, man was of a twofold nature. On the one hand was /he flesh, mere matter; on the other, the soul, a direct emanation from Deity, passing through this vale of tears, on its way to the inetfable glory of Heaven. The body is but the soul's dwelling-place ! —a temple or a den, accordingly as its in visible inhabitant is the servant of (lod or of ,Satan. Therefore, when the soul is deceased, the treatment must regard the soul alone, which is governed by laws of , its own, and is merely in juxtaposition with the body for a moment. No doubt the ideal of purity thus held up was sub lime ; yet the result of it was the upsetting of the body 's equilibrium, and this reacted ou the mind. Hut this theory led to still more serious consequences, for it was admitted into science, and chocked the progress of the medical art. When in I 1828 Hroussais attacked it, he was accused ! of blasphemy and of “sapping the founda j tioua of society." Now, however, we i know that the faculties of the mind are not independent of the conditions of the body. Take a slight dose of sulphate of quinine, and you lose, for the time being, the faculty of recollection ; swallow a little hashish, and you arc transiently insane.— Du Gamp, in fhtpnbtr Scienee Monthly. Literary Hesearch. Authorship op thk L. M. and (.'. M. Doxoloiiies in common use. —Hev, Isaac Watts, D. D., published an edition of his Hymns in three books, in the year ] 1707. This was the first edition of that j wonderfully papular book. Attached to I the 3d Book, and numbered as hymns 29 I and 31, were the twodoxolagics. L. M. and 1 C. M., just as we now sing them : “To (lod the Father, the Son," Ac. “Now let the Father and the Son," Ac. Fellow of Winchester College, Oxford, published “A Manual of Prayers for the use of the Scholars of Winchester College,” in which he says: “Be sure to sing the Morning and Evening Hymn in your chamber devoutly.” In 1697, having 12 years before been promoted to the Hoc of Bath and Wells, he published another edition of the Manual—“to which is added Three Hymns, for Morning, Evening and Midnight, not in the former editions.'' The hymns had probably been printed in leaflets for the use of the students as early as 1674. but were first published in book form in 1697. The first hymn, beginning with, “Glory to thee, my God I this night," contained 12 stanzas; the third, beginning with, “I-ord ! now my sleep does me torsake," contained 13 stanzas; and the final stanza of each hymn was. “Praise God, from whom all blessings flow; Praise him, all creatures here below; Praise him above, ye angeiick host; Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost." In a subsequent edition, 1712. the third line was altered to “Praise him above, ye heavenly host;" and the first lino of the Eveniug Hymn is changed to “AH praise to thee. myGodl this night." The Common Metre Doxnlogy, found in all the Hymnals of the present day, com mencing with. “To Father, Son, and Holy Ghost," appeared first in the “Worm fttri," at tached to the “New Version of the Psalms of David," by Tate and Brady, pqblished in 1696. —Her fjdicin f. fht/fleld, I). D. in JVete York Observer. Jottings on Ji nk.— This the magni ficent month of redolent news, and sun lost skies, it is generally claimed, took its name from Juno, the spouse of Jove. It was the fourth month in the Roman calendar, and by some the name is said to be derived from junior, that is, from the lesser branch of the Itomnn legislature, as .VJay was named lyom majpr, op tfio higher branch | of the saiga. JJoq)t)|ua gave June thirty days. Jt is cyar the tjiqo pf sweetest snm njer splendor when t|)c trees aye the freshest —the foliage l||c leafiest With , it* plintc yerdnre begins hi fade j and never I after during the SOMOB is it so beautiful I*d bright, It Is a month which for this year can specially boast of several good things, among which sre that she has five , [ Sundays; that summer begins on her twenty.first day; that her skies ate clearer, her maea brighter, and her face fairer than those of any of her five elder sisters. That she given more hope to the farmers and storekeeper, better health loyoungaudold, and presents nature in a more attractive ■ garb than they. Canal Life. Barge-life on the Dutch canals is a cari

ous study. When u young couple marry, : and cannot afford house rent and other , expenses of life ashore, they lake to a life on the sewer wave. They buy, beg, bor row or rent a barge, and pass their time carrying slow merchandise up and down the canals. Brown earthenware pota, encumbers, and melons, arc favorite sour : ccs of income. The barge lies close to i the street, you cau easily step iu and out and make your bargain. When ueueum -11 her falls into the canal the trader will stop business, and spend twenty minutes or more to spear it in the filthy mud and fish it up. This is Dutch thrift. I wonder who buys these dropped cucumbers! One end of the barge is often tastefully fitted ' up like a litte house. Painted green and i white outside, the windows hung with clean i white blinds, trimmed sometimes with a colored ribbon. Inside there are two or i 1 three compartmenta, a fire place, paper on the walls, and a carpet; and there is many , a worse place for o honeymoon than the i inside of a snug, clean and commodious I barge. On feast days the barges are , deserted, and every one goes ashore. It ic * curiout how fond all*Duteh people seem to ■ be of walking about the streets. We doubt 1 whether any one is ever run over in Am sterdam ; there is nothing but an omnibus or two to run over them. High ami low, young and old, towards evening, especially i on Sundays, emerge in troops family troops and social troops; late at night, I alas 1 noisy, convivial troops. They go to ; the market, then they go back again ; they ■ go down one side of the Koken, and up the I other side. Then they crowd into the streets full of fashionable shops, and crowd I out again : but the crowd is almost always i dccoms. Canal life in America is exactly : similar. i Dou Bites.—For the benefit of any , persons who may bo so unfortunate as to , be bitten by a mad dog, we copy the fol , lowing advice from Prof. N. R. Hmith, , published in the Baltimore “Sun" of the . 6th Inst: , To the Public. —Allusion having been , made to an article on hydrophobia, pub , lished by me a year and a half ago, I r deem it proper to repeat what I then < emphatically said, “that a slight scratch 1 from the dog's tooth is much more danger ous than a deeper wound," because less i blood flows to wash away the poison, and j to render necessary more thorough washing with soap and water. The part should be 3 instantly washed with soap and water, and , when dry should be thoroughly touched j with caustio potash by a physician, if pos sible. The milder caustics, such as lunar caustic, &c., arc worthless, e • have witnessed many deaths since _ that article was published from this disease, r in not one of which was the caustic used, a In all eases the patient said “the scratch B was so slight that they did not mind it"— f the very reason that they should have 3 “minded ’ it. In ail these cases life would t have been saved had the means been . promptly employed. , Another error is, always killing the dog j that bites ; be should be carefully shut up. | If he remains well he has not the hydro s phobia. But apply the caustic at any rate 8 at once. i ■■■■♦■ I Excellent Whitewash.— The fol - lowing is said to be the very best of the 5 numerous recipes for whithwushiug:— 5 White chalk is the best substitute for lime 3 as a wash. A veiy fine and brilliant f white-wash preparation of chalk is called , the Paris white. This we buy at the paint 3 store for throe cents a pound, retail. For ■ each sixteen pounds of Paris white we . procure half u pound of the white transpa rent glue, costing twenty-five cents {fifty a pound.) The sixteen pounds pf Paris is about us much as a person will use in one day. It is prepared os follows ;—The glue is covered with cold water at night, 1 and in the morning Is carefully heated, ' without scorching, until dissolved. The ; Paris white is stirred with hot water to ' give it the proper milky consistency for applying to walls, and the dissolved glue is then added and thoroughly mixed. It is then applied with a brush like the com mon lime white-wash, except on very dark and smoky walls, a single coat issufiicient. , D is nearly equal in brilliancy to zinc white, a fur more expensive article. How Greenback Paper is Made.— Ail the paper for the money issued by the Government, is manufactured on a 62 inch Fourdrinier machine, at the Glen Mills, near Vi est Cheater, Pennsylvania. > Short pieces of red silk are mixed with the pulp in the engine, and the finished stuff is conducted to the wire without passing through any screens, which might retain the silk threads. By an arrangement above the wire cloth, a sewer of fine blue silk threads is dropped in streaks upon the paper while it is forming. The npper side, on which the blue silk is dropped, is the one used for the face of the notes, and from the manner in which the threads arc applied, must show them more distinctly than the lower or reversed aide, although they are embedded deeply enough to re main fixed. The mill is guarded by officers night and day, to prevent the ab straction of any paper. A Romantic Rkoion.—A corrcspon deut of one of the leading papers extols Ithaca, and the country surrounding k, as well worth the attention of the tourist. It is a region of glens and falls; of beautiful lakes and forests. All that part of New York, in fact.'is most remarkable. Start ing from Watkins' Glen, there is, within a radius of fifty miles or so, the most sin- Eilar succession of ravines, cascades and ndlocked waters. All arc varied and all interesting, and the towns scattered at in tervals and prosperous and, in 'many re spects, present, outside of the natural beau ties around, striking objects of interest, w ith the exeoptionof the more prominent, such as Watkins' Glen, Ithaca Falls and others, there aye smaller, but scarcely less attractive scenes to be found by the tour ist of leisure. It is a country to saunter jn. as the traveler does in the lake region of England, by Windermere and its historic j companions. Tt|E Country.—lf you have any spare time now tako a walk in the country, and 1 hold a few sweet whisperings with Nature. ' She will certainly entertain yog magnifi ccptly. She will scat you upon her 1 luxuriant bed—hold oyer your head the 1 boughs of the budding trees —charm you | with the rustling of her glad leaves, and j I with (iptbcnpi fteah from the silver throats i of hr songsters, and abe will apeak to yon 11 in gentle tones and fill yon by her magical j I power with the spirit of love fin- God and | 1 love for your fellows. Nature ia our;' Wend, let u* whiap'r to her oftener and eatoh from her the breathings of wisdom. I “Nature U man's unclier. Shsonlhl.u ' Iter immures to his sran-1,, unseals his ere. I ’ Illumes bis mlnil anil purities his heart. An Influence- breathes from all the stehts and sounds 1 Of her existence: she Is wisdom's self.'' There are people suited for everything except just what they are doing, and who i are only out of place in their place. public r The Vienna Exposition, Mr. Fulton, of the Baltimore American. e who is at Vienna, writes to his paper the > following description of the exhibition , building and what is to be seen : , When we get up grand fairs and me t chauicat exhibitions iu America, a tem porary board building is constructed and whitewashed, and the rough places covor ’ ed with calico. The Vienna Exposition f building itself is a curiosity, being con , strueted as if it was to stand for ages, , mainly of brick, stone and iron, and grand I in its architectural proportions and finish, I both inside and out. The entrance and ( exit doorways are ornamented with statu t ary, and its grand dome is surmounted r with a gilded crown, some twenty feet , higher than the ball on the dome of Ht. . Fetor's. The lull of the Fans Exposi tiou was twice us large ns that of London, and the main building of the Vienna Ex , position is computed to be more than five times as large as that of Paris. Besides 3 ' Biia there ore two separate buildings, the , \ machinery hall, which is about six times os large as the hall of our Maryland In s stitiitc. and the painting gallery, which is 1 three times as long and twice as broad as ’ that of the Institute. The floor of the r main building, with its sixteen transepts, is about as lung as from Frederick street ’ to the Eutaw House, and one hundred feet broad. The rotunda, in the centre of the building, is immense, and is itself B larger than any hall in the United States, I whilst the ceiling towers up more than s three hundred feet to the top of the dome, which is twice as large in circumference as the dome of St. Peter's. The grounds around these immense buildings have been j laid out iu gardens, with fountains, gravel 3 walks, and flower beds, and hundreds of . restaurants and cafes are erected within the enclosure, representing all the nations e in Christendom, and even the heathen Chinee, the Turk and the Japanese. There ii arc two of these under the American flag, i- and they are all very elegant establish- X meats, some of them as large and almost n as fine in their appearance as the Mansion 3 House at the Park. Near the centre of . the main hall is a very elegant building, a erected for the Emperor, in which lie is i] to receive and entertain bis royal guests, g Although merely for temporary use it ia c a very elegant structure, about one bun- J dred feet in length, and is ornamented d with statuary and bns reliefs, and the . walls inside elegantly frescoed. Fine gar r dens and grounds have been extemporised around it, and it might be regarded as a c very elegant country villa. But I find it I, impossible to convey to your readers any I. adequate idea of the magnificence of the Ii Exposition buildings and tbeir surround - ings. They are vast and wonderful, far c exceeding my exudations, and if Pbila i delphia expects to rival or excel Vienna u at its Centennial Exposition, it most be up and doing. Even with the cheap labor g of Austria, the construction of these bnild i. ings and the preparation of the surroaad- S ing grounds has cost the Austrian Gov e eminent over forty million of guilders, about 820,000.090 in our monev. As large as this vast building is, it has been found entirely too small for the dis e play of the goods brought fur exhibition. The United Slates, England, France, L , Prussia, Russia and several other countries , have found the space allotted to them cn -1 tirely inadequate, and have been allowed , to construct additional wings between the r transepts. The Cnited States baa thus , enlarged its space by roofing over the ground between it and England, and thus , adding a hall twice as large as the Aascm -3 bly Rooms, with doors opening to it from , the main hall; so also have the countries , named. Just let your readers imagine the V ionna Exposition to be the great won der of the present century, and they will ’ not fall far short of the mark. , There arc some tilings that can be de . scribed, but 1 admit at the outset that the , interior of the Exposition building is some . thing beyond my ability to convey to your readers any idea of its wonderful and gorgeous display. There is here to be seen everything that is rich, rare aud beautiful, , from all the four corners of the earth. The manner in which the goods have been placed upon exhibition has astonished me as much as their richness aud character. The exhibitors have endeavored to excel each other in the magnificence of the thou sands of beautiful and costly cases in which they display their goods, nearly all of them being elegantly constructed and ornament ■ ed, and enclosed with plate glass. Mil lions of dollars must have been expended by exhibitors in fitting up the spaces al lotted to them, and they have in reality opened business establishments for the sale of their goods, with clerks and sales men in attendance. The rotunda has an immense fountain, with statues in the centre, and its vast interior is being fitted up with mammoth cases, many of them twenty foot in height, stored with valuable goods aud fine pieces of statuary. Austria has furnished a magnificent temple for the use of the depositors, and they are sparing no expense in ornamenting its interior in a manner worthy of its grandeur. Flowers and Fruit* at Vienna.— This is what Bayard Taylor says of the flower and fruit show at Vienna : The flower show, one of the numerous temporary exhibitions incident to the world's fair, has just closed. It was not much of a show. The exhibition filled a square tent of moderate sixe. The flowers were nearly all of hot-house growth by Vienna florists, with some from Munich and Dresden. The ■ salim are particularly fine, and they sre grouped so as to make the most brilliant effects of color. I never ssw such large flowers, such dense masses of bloom, or such a great variety of beau tiful tints. The rosea are noteworthy for their a 3 rather than for their beauty. The aim of the Vienna gardener appears to be to produce as big a rose as possible, and to do this all comeliness of shape in the bush ia sacrificed. It is trained to grow like a straight stick, and only a small bunch of leaves is allowed at the ton. These rose trees, as they should b© called, rather than bushes, are often ten feet high, and they boar but three ur four flowers each. Standing alone there ia little heavily in them, hut massed in dense hedge* au that only the leafy tops and the great roses aye wen, the effort ia striking. ! Nowhere ia a natural shaped bush to be j seen, and while the groat silo aud fine | eolor of the ffowera exolte admiration, one soon tires of them, aud wonders at the ialae taste that insists upon no deforming the bushes for the sake of getting roses of! unusual magnitude. The flails and vegetables made a mea gre show, and not as extensive as an av erage county fair in the United States would have. Still, May is scarcely the month when we could expect any great variety of orchard and garden growth in a country, too, where the cold rains crowd May weather even into June. There are a few strawberries, the vine* growing in pots and doubtless raised under glass. VOL. VIII.-NO. 32. The gigantic stalks of asparagus. the big eueumben. and the creamy-white heads of cauliflower, and the cool, crisp bunchea of lettuce, probably owe their |>erfeatiou to the aame pmteetion, and are therefore , of no interest tin specimens of skill in out- of-door culture. 11 The national Death-Eate. t 1n a recent article we showed that the ‘ colored man was not progressing as rapidly j in ininiliera as the whites, and gave our r reasons for supposing that the disparity u between the ratio of increase of the respec livu races would eontinue to grow greater. *' Circumstances which are certainly abuor "j mal and poaaibly only temporary in the “ immediate condition of the colored people ’’ make it rather difficult to cast a precise horoscope for them from coutemporary 'I data aa embodied in the tables of the ninth J: census, but the facta which those tables " present to us arc certainly very significant, . and certainly not flattering to the negroe s *' future. The relative death-rates of the 1 ' whites and colored people, in comparison L " with the respective aggregates of the two 6 races when they arc largely together, pre '* sent the following figures: , Whitr*. CMoffltf. *a*. Total Xo. Death*. Total Xo. I truth*. rutted su's n**n icis.Tii t.ssujim or.toi Is Alabama MIJM t,sw tTVUo s.fta Arkansas Sfttitlt 1,01 rjgxas 1,:>75 M Delaware Mgjm I.lft! JS.7SM :>H „ Disk Ikilumbla.. MS.27S iffy i;,SM an Florida na.HK last HU* l.lwj !, Uremia ft* jot S,aj! 7,1 l Kentucky I*o*o 10.700 sisa ::.ihm it IsiuUltna ."..tsa Jatjao 0.7* J Maryland M7 6,'<M 175.W1 la* MimWppi :|H2J|) VH7 444,3111 6MI N. ramillm 678,1711 6,(417 WIJWI 1,417 If s, Carolina..... 25j!67 jji iir.,su i,i u 11 Tennemee... .. SM.lts >JW2 ftEJJKI 1.15a 1. Texas 5*4,71*1 7,71! 255.475 :;,irjy n VlraluU 717,1*0 7,STS 512,1141 7,50 . So that, while the total negro population e is only about one-aeventh of the total [a white population, the total negro deaths n are only a little over one-fifth the total deaths of whites. In Alabama, while the ,(• whites exceed the colored population 45,- n 874, the colored deaths exceed the white ls deaths 1,448. In the District of Columbia, ~ in spite of Congreaaional appropriations. v " ring'’ support, Government hospitals, and , the Howard University, the negro deaths ,1 are nearly eight-ninths those of the whites, !t although the white ia more than twice as u great as the colored population. In Geor ,f gir the white population is 1 (HI,OOO in ex , cess; the negro deaths 1,000 in excess. In Kentucky 1 white man dies in every , 100, 1 negro in every 75. In Louisiana, j, populations equal, deaths 1,200 more of negroes than whites. In Maryland the rate j is : whites. lin 100; blacks 1.5 in 100. In ie Mississippi, whites less than 1 in 100, r . blacks 1.25 in 100. In South Carolina, j whites three-fourths of one per cent.. a blacks 1,15 per cent. In Virginia the | t whites are 200,000 more than the negroes, ~ but the deaths of whites are less than those c of the negroes. An examination of the classes of dis ir eases which lead to these excesses of deaths, , while it shows that some of the causes of a the excessive mortality of the colored peo ,, pie will be removed by any increase in cn ,r lightenmeut that way come to them, does I not by any means confirm the prevalent I opinion in regard to the superior strength r of the colored man’s ennstitntion. and , moreover, singular as it may seem, shows that his supposed comparative exemption t from the more prenicious effects of malar ious diseases is a fallacy. Take Alabama, t for example, os the first Slate on the list. , and one in which the respective races are ,' K nearly balanced In general diseases the measles carried off 281 negroes to 122 j whiles; the typhoid fever, 197 negroes to e 107 whites; while remittent and inter 8 mittent fever* took 442 negroes to 298 whites—a very surprising condition of 8 things. Diphtheria and whooping-cougli were both more fatal to blacks than whites, |( while of diseases of the respiratory organs, s such as croup, laryngitis, bronchitis, asth ma, and pneumonia, 12 negroes died for every 7 whites. I‘nemnonia was especially I fatal to the colored race, 988 fatal cases of it having occurred to 498 among the whites. To the latter consumption was more fatal iu the proportion of 3to 4. Of the ne groes, 108 died of convulsions to 48 whites ; of dysentery, 114 negroes to 86 whites, j In connection with parturition also the | whites have largely the advantage, in spite of the legendaiy evils with which artificial ’ society is thought to surround this func j turn. One hundred and ten colored women died in child-birth in Alabama to 50 white women, and the negro still-births were 169, j against 33 whites. ‘'Suffocation" is ac credited with destroying the lives of 102 | persons, chiefly infsnts, 96 of whom were ( negroes : and 139 negroes to 27 whites died of burns or scalds. Turning to Mis sissippi we find malarious fevers destroying | 103 more colored persons than whites, con sumption equally fatal to both races, and ' pneumonia destroying 7 colored to 4 whites. In South Carolina,‘ general diseases" carry off 1,866 negroes to 813 whites, and of these typhoid fever takes 347 blacks to 162 whites; intermittent fever, 181 blacks to 42 whites; remittent, 101 negroes to 39 whites ; and typhomaisrial fever, 27 ne groes to 2 whites. Evidently the negroes suffer quite as severely from the climate of the sea island regions as the whites do. In this Stale consumption kills 410 blacks to 223 whites, dropsy, 193 blacks, 96 whites; pneumonia, 541 blacks, 159 whites; cholera infantum, 178 blacks, 77 whites ; while ac cidents and injuries are responsible for three times as many deaths among the colored people as among the whites. In Virginia, with its population seven-twelfths ; white, the proportion of general diseases appertaining to the circulation, respiration, and nervous system are almost exactly balanced between the two races, showing ' those diseases to be one-sixth more fatal to 1 negroes than whites. It ia aomewhat remarkable that while, the United States through, there are five deaths of white persons to one death of 1 colored, there should still be 684 deaths of \ to 544 deaths of whites by "suffo cation.” Do negro mothers really overlay 1 their infants to this frightful extent? 1 Taking the whole country, we find that 1 while in some classes of diseases, such as ' scarlet, enteric and yellow fevers, nephritic 1 diseases, nervous diseases, and diorders of digestive integameutary systems, the lie- > gioea have an immunity which the whites ' have not, in other and more important ■ diseases, aud those which are typical of 1 enduring physiques, the deaths of negroes 1 run much above the average of 20 per I rent. They die at the rate of lto3 whites ' to the canes of measles and anull-poz at the rate of 1 to 2.5 in malarial diseases; 1 to 2iu syphilis sad its soqnebe; 1 to 3in 1 dropsies nod asthma and pleurisy; 1 to 4 in pneumonia; Ito 3in colic and in child birth; 7 to 10 in diseases of the joints ; 1 and in the ease of paraaitea more negroes 1 die than white*.— X. Y HWW, i —- J i Baud Wobk.—“Whnt is your secret 1 lofI of success ?” asked a lady of Turner, the i distinguished painter. He replied, have no secret, madam, but hap! week," 1 “There is but one method," Sydney Smith, “and that h hard labor; and a 1 man who Will not pny that price for dU- ' Unetton, had better dedicate himself to ' the pursuit of the fox." Toil, unceasing toil, it the grand secret of success in aU things. < Mr*. Robert E. 100, M ——“ s ■* venerable lady, who has been nay 1 V “ U *° ,lcr -Mrs. Fitahugh, in W ashmgton, for some weeks past has - her hmne at Lexingtoo, here she has received in a quiet way every mark of esteem and reapoct to which her position ss the widow of the chieftain of the lost cause, and her noble and lofty a traits of character as a woman, render hi-r ;■ so eminently entitled, r The M ashingtou Itf/rnl/livun contains f 1 '•'* following account of am interview with ■ Mr"- bee. which took piece on Tuesday attho residence of Mis. Fitahugh. Mrs. Lee, widow of the laic Ueneral s Kobe* K- I-ee, rs a granddaughter of the b wife of George Washington, and a daughter b of George Washington Unite Cuatfe. whom f Washington adopted at the age of six i months Mrs. Lee is apperently about B sixty years of age. She is a lady whose , noble character and Christian grace* ren s dcr her an object of reverence to all wiio - “ ect her Her mind is richly stored with i the recollections of patriotic, cultivated j and distinguished jwrsoiis who will ever be - prominent in our national history as among our Government s wisest statesmen, and some of whom were her own nearest kins men. In her childhood, the homo and > family and associates of the great Wash \ ington aud his dignified and beautiful [ wife were all familiar. ! The Lome of her youth and married life , ( Arlington) was builtby hcrfathcr. George ; Vt ashington Parke Custis. Tothischarm ! mg place she was carried when only one 1 “onth old, and all the associations of her ’ lifc °" tre in and cling to this spot. , Among the classical localities which our i Government claims as its property Arling- I ton ia one of the first, and is almost equal i *° Mount I ernon in its histories! memories. I Here were entertained ail the statesmen . ““d “‘on of letters prominent in our early history. Here ail distinguished men for . signers were invited in the name of Amcr lean hospitality, and year after year, as summer restored her beauties to the yards I and gardens, aud fields of this noble estate. $ which included in its limits eleven hundred acres, all American visitors were made free i F u t* to enjoy the cool retreats, and free . to examine the instructive relics, books, . and papers there preserved. Open-handed hospitality reigned at Ar f J*®g<on. In 1832 Mary Custis married Robert E. Lee. Her father, George Washington Parke Custis, dying in 1857, 3 *" Mra. Lee, by his will, the entire i Arlington estate. The terms of the will vested the property in her absolutely. Be yond the simple duties of an executor, General Lee had no control of the pro -3 petty, and never, either before or since, aa slimed or attempted to assume a single . right of ownership. Mrs. General Lee has for many years been a great sufferer from inflammatory rheumatism, and quite unable to move } assistance: but in her age and . affliction she has a noble and dignified . countenance. Her features much resem , ble of Martha Washington. With her sad yet firm expression of face and i eye*: beautiful and sparkling with the nn -1 common intelligence which marks her i conversation; with her almost snowy hair. , ® ne i soft, and in waves and curia, framing her full forehead and covered by her plain widow s cap, she sits before one a grand and lovely picture, combining within itself . much of tlie history and glory of the im . mortal past with the modern events of our . history. , No one can see this much-suffering lady and hear her accounts of her old home anil not feci convinced that on the day our ■ Government shall have remunerated the mistress of Arlington for its loss, and made that settlement with her which is esteemed just and legal by all who fully understand the circumstances of her absolute owner whip of the wUte, it will add to its repntc for just and honorable dealing. From Mrs. Lee herself it was definitely ascertained that not only wal Arlington her unqualified bequest from her father, but that General Lee never participated in any way in its ownership or control.always refusing (from scruples not unfrequent with gentlemen in regard to wives’estates; to arbitrate in important matters relating to it, and from the termination of the war to the date of hia death he constantly avoided any authority, control, right, or independence relative to the estate, and refused to act concerning it in any way. When Mrs. Lee’s father died ne made in his will an obligation that all the slaves belonging to the estate should be set free after the expiration of five yeara. The time of their manumission came on in 1863, and right in the very height of the war. General Robert E. Lee, as the executor of the will, summoned these slaves together at a convenient point within hh). lines, and gave them free papers and passes through the Confederate tines to go wither Ihev would. Concerning these two great and impor tant facts we have reaaon to think the community generally have not been quite familiar. They certainly have an impor tant bearing upon the case. Mra. Lee does not ask to have the estate restored to her. It has become s national cemetery, and aa such she presumes, with other oiU aens, it wilt ever remain; but she does expect a reasonable remuneration for the ground. There are eleven hundred acres in all, and some two hundred acres of the estate arc occupied aa a soldiers' cemetery. The land at the time of its literal occupation by the Government could not have been worth less than two hundred dollars per acre. Since that time its value, for varioua rea sons, has rapidly appreciated. At the time of its nominal purchase by the Govern ment for the faintest sort of a song, under the operation of a tax-sale, there were several of Mrs. Lee's friends ready to make purchase for her or to pay the taxes. They were not allowed an opportunity to do either, and more serious in calling in question the validity of the present title of the Government to the land than even high legal authority within the lines of the Government itself. Neither does Mrs. Lee regard questions aa to the validity of the title at all settled. To her mind her property had simply been seised, confiscated in short, and without the slightest remuneration being granted to her. Injustice has been done, and she || believes a juat and generous Government, sustained by an enlightened public opinion, will repair the wrong. The pure aud lofty womanhood and the true nature of Mra. Lee's ebanster was revealed in the farther fact the* she con vened upon the whole matte* without MW single expression or abide f bitterorm Of the President aid Mr admiaiirtretion she spoke in the since test terms of respect,’ and seemed wisely calm and patient fat the refieetieu that at the proper time the right would py veil. Like her great has baud, she "recognises no necessity for At! state of things" that existed when the hie war commenced, and now she muzainw no necessity for any other state #f thing* than that of profound peweu, smite, and concord betwren th&k ted the South,.

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