Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, April 29, 1876, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated April 29, 1876 Page 1
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$2 PER ANNUM. I |)odrg. ! IE BELL CENTENNIAL. < I •V IKK IHJYKI.RU. mil the (Mill Centennial, imgh all the land ring out, Coin the whole world let ascend ? rand eznlling shout! • ( lon now does celebrate, grandest on the earth. I uudredth anniversary, I en liberty had birth. King out then, bell 4 Centennial, King out, ring out, ring out. mt the bell CenienHlal! . hundred years ago ng the knell to tyrrany j 1 laid oppression low. igh all this land of liberty, in Maine to Mexico, •cry voice be raised in praise { .no hundred years ago. King out, then, bell Centennial, < King out, ring out, ring out. 1 out the bell Centennial, ever let it ring, o the nations yet unborn il tidings let it bring, ire. and love, and liberty, d-wlll on earth to man; om for all, both great and small, tod’s eternal plan I King out, then, bell I Centennial. < King out, ring out. ring out. evolutionary £tory. ■ 'ippincott'a Magazine for March. EUTAW FLAG.* | BV ROBERT WIUOM. 1 CHAPTER 11. io 12th of May, 1780, General after sustaining a clone siege of | ii a month's duration, turroudered , in, with five thousand men and dred pieces of artillery, into the Sir Henry Clinton. The dark ieh hud long been threatening 'srolina now settled like a pall whole State, and but for two io whole issue of the war might ii changed. One of these was •ily of Cornwallis, who succeeded n the command, and who by his olicy drove the despondent people ation : the other was the indomi irage and self devoted heroism of in,which encouraged and strength flagging patriotism of the men. lia who had been captured with regarded themselves as absolved arole which did not protect them istment in the ranks of the Crown, irregular bands of Marion, Pick- Sumter received large accessions, i were roughly forged into sabres ier table-ware melted and beaten a for the shot-guns with which were armed. The British dared gc except in force, the pickets El9MH.atot from ambushes, and their Tory ■Hies hung whenever captured. In Au gust the disastrous battle of Camden de stroyed Gates’ army, and the Congress io supersede him. Makiug irters in North Carolina, this .-animaudci divided his force icral Morgan, with about one in, into South Carolina to allis in the rear. The latter Tarlctou with eleven hun i, among them his famous Le itf Morgan or drive him back In the latter part of De- Americans were in the re upper Broad Uiver, in Spar iot, South Carolina, Morgan nc hundred and thirty raoun ley could hardly be called ong whom Was Washington's ut nine o'clock on the night i of January, 1781, that tho was encamped between the Broad rivers, near a piece of id known as Hannah's Cow wcathcr was very cold, for the that part of tho country pro lerature equal io severity to ch higher latitude, but neither lutioa protected the sleeping u the frosty air. Hero and gh shelter of pine boughs her to windward of the amuul ■fircs told of a squad who bad k> weary to work for a little ■fort; but in most cases the etched out on the bare ground, sards tho embers and their d up with them in their tat ts, which scarcely served to cold. The regular troops, n some service, might have distinguished from the less militia by their superior eleep inents. Two and sometimes ould be found wrapped in one pounfashiou,” with another tchcd above them on four ve as a tent-fly, and their fires large and well covered with ms to prevent their burning ddly. One and all, however, idly as if reposing on beds of the same quiet stars smiled on the anxious wives and I lay waking and praying in mt home. In and out among ud shifting shadows of the he dim figures of the senti with their old “Queen Anno” he “right-shoulder shift," or k and forth along their beats e quick to keep their blood in At a little distance from the ip the horses of Washington's d M Call's mounted Georgians •d in groups of ten, the saddles ier, and a sentinel paced be f two groups, while the men od around their fires, sleeping is like tho infantry, for it was Turlctoa had crossed the Pa ly, and an attack was expected . A party of officers were one of the fires, with nothing, relie of the revolution is ■ the Washington Light infantry i, South Carolina. It was borne filliain Washington's corpse at I Kutaw. ai)r however, to distinguish them from the Men but the red or buff facing of their heavy cloaks. One of these lay with his face to the stars, sleeping as placidly as if his boyish form were safe beneath his mother's roof. One arm lay across his chest, clasping to hit body tho staff of a small cavalry flag, while the other stretch ed along his aide, the hand resting uncon sciously upon a holster-case at pistols. As the glare of the neighboring fire played over his features it was easy to recognise Walter Peyton, guarding faithfully, even in his sleep, the banner which Jane Klliott had cut from her mother's parlor fauteuil, and which had already become known to the enemy. A rough log cabin stood a little way from the bivouac, before which two sentinels in the uniform oflhe Conti nental regulars were pacing up and down. The gleam of the roaring lightwood fire flashed through the open scams between the logs, and heavy volumes of smoke rolled out of the clay chimney. Just io front of the huge fire-place stood tho tall, burly figure of Morgan, and near him were grouped, in earnest consultation, the manly figure of William Washington, the brave and knightly John Eager Howard of Maryland, McDowell, Triplett, Cunning ham and other officers of tho field and staff. Determination not unmingled with gloom was visible upon tho faces of all. Every arrangement liad been made fur the probable fight of the morrow, and tho council was about to disperse, when tho silence of the night was broken by the call of a distant sentinel, taken up and re peated along the line. Morgan instantly despatched an orderly to the bivouac of tho guard, end tho party were soon cheered by the intelligence that a courier had just arrived who reported the near approach of Pickens with three hundred Carolina rifle men—a timely and valuable addition to the little force of patriots. Tho first gray penoilings of dawn were scarcely visible when the slumbering camp was roused by the rolling notes of the reveille from the drum of little Holly Bar ret,* the drummer-boy of Howard's Mary land Hegulars. Fully refreshed by a good night's rest, tho men prepared and ate their breakfasts with but little delay, and by seven o’clock the entire force was in Hoc of battle, awaiting the approach of tho enemy. Tarlcton, flushed with the assurance of easy victory, had made a forced march during the night, and his command was much jaded when at eight o'clock he came in sight of Morgan's outposts; notwith standing this, however, ho determined, as was fully expected by those who knew his disposition and mode of warfare, to attack tho American lines forthwith. It must be left to tho historian to tell how the battle raged with varying fortunes until Howard's gallant Marylanders taught the British regulars that tho despised provin cials bad learned the trick of the bayonet, and decided tho issue of the day. Up to this moment the cavalry, which had been posted in reserve behind a alight wooded eminence, had been chafing for a hand in the fray. As has been stated, these troops consisted of McCall's mounted militia and Washington's Light Dragoons. The latter were all well mounted and armed, for their frequent success in skirmishes with the enemy's horse kept them well supplied. They were a crack corps, and well had they earned tbeir reputation. Just as Howard's regulars turned savagely on their disorderly pursuers and put them to the rout, a squadron of British light horse made a dash at McCall, whose men were unused to the sabre, and had been demor alised by the first bayonet-charge of the enemy, which they had sustained on foot. Now was Washington's chance. “Are you ready, men ? Charge I” Tho words were scarcely off hl lips ere the noble marc which ho rode shot forward, touched by her rider's spur. With a wild yell, which drowned the regular cheer of the Englishmen, the men dashed after their brave and impetuous leader, who was ever the first to cross .a sabre with an ene my. lllsing in his stirrups as the gallant chestnut answered the spur, Walter Pey ton looked backward at tho men as ho raised tho light staff of his little banner and shook its folds to the breeze, and the next moment be was close by the side of his chief in the very thickest of the melee. For a moment all was dust and confusion, for Tarlelon's veterans were not tho men to break at the first onset, and they met the furious charge of the Virginians with a deteriuiMtiou which promised a bloody and doubtful struggle. One stout fellow, mounted on a powerful horse,singled out the young ensign os his special quarry, not no ticing, in his ardor to capture the daring lit tle rebel flag, that the trooper who rode next to it was the gallant colonel himself. Kein ing back bis horse almost upon his haunches he had raised bis sabre in the very act to strike when that of Washington came down with tremendous force, severing the upper muscles of his sword-arm, and at the same instant Peyton, for the first time observing bis danger, dropped his rein and grasping the flagstaff with both bauds, swung It full in the face of hia assailant. The man's horse shied violently aa tbs folds of the little banner flapped across his eyes, and aa bis rider fell heavily from the saddle dashed at full speed through the British line. Already this bad begun to waver, and in another moment the psn icstricken troopers were flying in wild confusion toward their reserve. To rally a body of frightened cavalry is no easy matter under any circumstances, but when a determined pursuing force is pressing hotly on the rear it becomes a simple iai impostibility, The entire command gave way as the fugitives approached, and in a little while was in full retreat. Colonel Washington, aa usual far in advance of his men, caught sight of the British com mander, who, with two of hia aides, was endeavoring to rally a favorite regiment, - and without a thought of support pressed ’— m > 1 ‘“Solly" resided for many years after lha [ Easton, Maryland. A good portrait ; of him is still there. Democratic Advocate. WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, APRIL 29,1876. toward the group, accompanied only by Peyton with Jane Elliott's flag and a little bugler, a more boy, who carried no sword, but who had drawn a pistol from his hol ster and kept close to the colors all through the day. Tarlcton was not deficient in personal courage, and turned to meet his old ene my in a hand-to-hand encounter. The officer nearest him struck at Washington as he |assed, but missed his blow and re ceived a bullet in bis side from the young bugler's pistol. “ Carter,” cried Tarlcton to the other aide, who rode near him, “a captain's brevet if you take that woman's petticoat,” pointing with his sword to the saucy little; flag, the story of which had reached the ■ British camps. But it was no woman's hand which was | there to defend it, and as the Englishman wheeled hia horse for the attack Peyton's ' pistol flashed almost in hia face, and he ' fell forward on his charger's neck, con-: vulsively clasping it as the animal ran wildly forward unguided toward the Amer ican linos. Meanwhile, the two cumman-1 dors had crossed swords, and as both were goad fencers, a duel a Font rimer seemed j imminent. But Tarlcton had ng lime for chivalrous encounters. His opponent beat down his guard, and with a sudden thrust wounded the British colonel in tho hand. The latter drew a pistol, and as he wheel ed to follow his flying squadrons discharged it at hit adversary, the ball taking effect near the knee. The battle was now really at an end, and tho pursuit was abandoned at this point. As Walter Peyton lay down beside his camp-fire that night it was with a body worn down by excitement and fatigue, but with • heart beating high with pride as bo looked at the flag be had so gallantly defended, and remembered his colonel's words of commendation, which he more than hoped meant promotion to a captain's commission. In the city of Charleston all was gloom and sorrow except in the little circle of society which boasted of its loyalty to the Crown. Scarcely a family but bad some representative in the Continental ranks, and as all intelligence reached the city through British channels, the darkest side of every encounter between the armies was the first which the imprisoned patriots saw. The non-combatant members of all the planters' families had moved into the city before its capitulation, and while the ladies permitted tho visits and acquain tance of the English officers, they never 1 lost an opportunity to show them how 1 hateful they esteemed the royal cause. It was nearly a month after the victory at tho Cowpcns that Miss Elliott was sil ting with her mother one evening in the parlor of their city residence. Conspic uous among the furniture was a large and comfortable aria-chair upholstered in heavy crimson silk damask, but while everything else in the room was neat and oven ele gant, this chair appeared to be more fit for the lumber-closet, the entire square of silk having been cut from the back, leav ing the underlining of cot ton exposed to view. THffitincs of the curfew or “first bell,” which may still bo heard nightly io the seagirt old city, had just died away when a loud Ap came from I the heavy brass knocker on the street door, and in a few moments old Billy ap peared to announce “Captain Fraser." A look of slight annoyance passed over t the face of the elder lady as she arranged , the snowy ruffles of her cap, while the deepened color and sparkling eyes of the , younger, with the almost imperceptible sarcasm of her smile, seemed to indicate mingled pleasure, defiance and contempt. , The visitor who entered was resplendent in , the gay scarlet and glittering lace of tho Britiah uniform, and his redundancy of I ruffles, powder and sword-knot betokened P the military exquisite, his bearing pre . seating a singular mixture of high breed | ing and haughty insolence. With hia right hand laid upon the spot where his , heart was supposed to be, while his left daintily supported the leathern scabbard , of his sword, he bowed until the stiff little . queue of hia curled wig pointed straight , at the heavy cornice. The ladies swept . the floor with their graceful courtesies, that of the younger presenting tho least touch of exaggeration as with folded arms | and downcast eyes she sank backward be , fore her guest. Another knock was heard, ( and when the names of three more of the t garrison officers were announced, Miss Elliott whispered to Billy a hasty message ' to some of her fair friends In the neigh borhood to come in and help her entertain them. These impromptu parties were ( quite common, and in a little while the room was sparkling with beauty, gallantry and wit. It may seem strange that the i patriotic belles of the day, the fair Brew ' tons and Pinckneys and Uutledges, the ’ Baveuels and Maxycks, should have culti t vated such pleasant associations with tho ; enemies of their country. But among the I officers they had many old friends and ac quaintances of ante-helium days, and not a few marriages had established even closer j ties. Thus, Lord Campbell, the last royal t governor, was husband to Sarah Ixard, the j sister of General Ralph Ixard, who was l brother-in-law to our former acquaintance, ] Rebecca Stead; and even General Wash ington had invited Admiral Fairfax to j dine, on the ground that a state of war J did not preclude the exchange of social civiltics between gentlemen who served ] under opposing flags. Mrs. Elliott received the attentions of , her daughter’s visitors with dignified grace, e but with a degree of reserve Which it was t impossible altogether to conceal, and to ,1 which tho officers had become too much f accustomed to feel any offence; while the I- younger ladies drove the keen darts of , their sarcasm home to the feelings of their t, hostile guests, who were forced to submit j to it or forego entirely the pleasures of female society. I* “ May I ask if Company K. has been on duty at tho picket-lines to-day 7" asked Mina Klliott of Captain Fraser, who hail I just sauntered up to her chair. “ May I anawcr (bo question after the | faahiun of my ancestors,” was the replyvj “by asking why you should think so?” 1 “ Only because yon seem to he suffer-; iug from fatigue, which a long march might explain.” '] Fraser's company was notoriously a i “fancy corps," whose severest duty was generally to furnish the guard at head quarters and to go through a dress parade i every evening at the Battery. 11 Ah, no, but I have been on inspec i lion duty, and it's a bore, I assure you.” I “ Inspecting the flower-gardens, I pre-1 11 sunie, to be sure that there are no rattle-! snakes under the rose-bushes, or the mil- { liner-shops, to sec that no palmetto cock 1\ ades arc made. May I insist upon n seat | , for you ? Not that chair," she added | i hastily and with heightened color as the ■ captain was about to occupy the mutilated /aulruU; “excuse me, hut that is a “rc- I served scat.” i “Ah, I see—beg pardon,” said Fraser | with a slight sneer, fertile story of Wash i i ingtou's flag was generally known, and 1 j also Miss Elliott’s aversion to the use of 1 the choir by any British officer. “Somc . body seems to have carried off the back of ; that one.” “ When last hoard from," said the bcu - ty, with curling lip, “it was at Colonel I Tarieton's back.” ; “ Turleton should be court-martialed for - that affair at Cowpens," said Fraser with I some warmth, and forgetting the proffered seat he prepared to take his leave, i “ Perhaps Captain Fraser would like to r have had a hand in the “affair” also,” t added Miss Klliott with a demure smile, i This allusion to Tarieton's wound was too - much for the gallant captain, and again i elevating the point of his queue toward i the ceiling, but this time without his hand > to his heart, he left the room with a face somewhat redder than bis uniform. , CHAPTKU ill. j- There are defeats which are more glo rious than victory, and one of these it was s which, on the Bth of September, 1781, ] gave to Jane Elliott's flag the title which ; has come down with it to posterity. In , the earlier days of its history the saucy 9 little standard was known to the gallant 3 men who followed it to action as “Tarlc- I ton's Terror,” and sometimes it is even ! B now spoken of as “the Cowpens Banner.'j] , But the name by which its brave custo dians most love to call it is “the Eutaw r Flag.” It is hard to realise as one stands f beside the lovely fountains which flow to day ns they did a hundred —or ]ierhaps a thousand—years ago, that close by these ' placid waters was fought one of the must desperate and bloody struggles of a lung and cruel war. The sunfish and bream j floated with quivering fins or darted among the rippling shadows on that autumn raoru f ing as we see them doing now. The ' mocking-bird sang among the overhanging branches the same varied sang which j, gladdens our ears, and the wild deer then, as now, lay peacefully in the shady coverts of the neighboring woods. Who knows what they may have thought when they ' beard their only enemy, man, r' ,g out his j bugle-call to slip the war-dogs on his fel lows, or when the sharp creek of the rifle told them for the first time of safety to themselves and of death to their wonted destroyers ? Already had “Light-horse Harry” Lee r struck the first blow victoriously in the capture of Coffin and the discomfiture of 5 his force. Already for several hours the 3 old black oaks had quivered beneath the 3 thunder of artillery more fearfully destruc -3 tive than that of Heaven itself as Williams ' hurled back from his field-battery the 1 iron hail with which the enemy strove to 3 overwhelm him. Already had Howard's gallant Marylanders, the heroes of the * Cowpens, crossed bayonets with the vete ran “Irish Buffs” and forced them in con fusion from the field. Mojuribanks, with ’ bis regulars, grenadiers and infantry, was * strongly posted behind a copse too dense 1 to be forced by cavalry, and yet to dislodge * him was Colonel Washington's special 3 duty. Pointing with bis sword toward a 1 narrow passage near the water, ho dashed 1 the spurs into the flanks of his gallant 1 more and called on bis men to follow. 1 There was a momentary pause, for the 1 duty was of the most desperate character, but Captain Peyton snatched the little ’ banner which he had carried so long from ‘ the hand of the sergeant who had succced * ed to its charge, and raising it above his 3 head spurred after his leader. As the silken folds fluttered out on the air a ring -1 ing cheer went up from the troop, and the 3 whole line, wheeling into sections so os to 1 pass through the narrow gap, dashed for ' ward as one man. It was a daring at -3 tempt, and terribly did they pay for their audacity. A perfect storm of ballets 3 greeted the brave Virginians, and nearly one-half of them went down, horse and 3 man, beneath Its fearful breath ere the 3 other half were in the midst of the enemy's ranks. Those were days when a -certain 1 1 simplicity of character made the soldier J believe that bayonets and sabres were terrible weapons and meant to do terrible 3 work. No rewards were then offered for “ “n dead cavalryman” or for “a bloody ’ bayonet.” There were cloven skulls at Kntaw as at Crocy, and men were trans -1 fixed by each other's’ deadly bayonct- I j thrusts. As Wsshington, maddened by the loss of bis brave troopers, swung bis sharp blade like the flail of death, a shot from the musket of a tall grenadier pierced r the lung of bis noble bay, and as the fall '> ing steed rolled over on her gallant rider 9 the man shortened his musket and buried 0 the sharp steel in the colonel's body. A II second thrust would have followed with e | deadly result had not the British major, ,f Majorlbanks, ceiled the arm of the soldier r [ and demanded the surrender of his fallen * j and bleeding foe. The tide of battle bad lf | receded like some huge swell of ocean, and { as Hie wounded hero struggled to his feel n i he found himself surrounded by enemies, d 1 to contend with whom would have been I fully. Turning bis feeble glance for a ! i second toward the retreating remmint of, | his shattered command, he caugtht a i j glimpse through the smoke and dust of; | bis little battle-flag fluttering in the dist ■ ance, and (list receding toward the jioint 1 whence Hampton's bugles were already j sounding the rally. I Neither William Washington nor his j “Eutaw Flag” was cdbr again in battle for the country, fur the captivity of the for mer terminated only with the war, and the latter fades from history from that dale until, in 1827, Jane Washington, for seventeen years a widow, presented it os a precious inheritance to the gallant corps of ' Charleston citisen soldiery, who still guard { its folds from dishonor, as they do the name of the knightly paladin which they I bear. The wedding was celebrated soon j alter the establishment of peace. Major Majorlbanks escaped the carnage of the day, but he lived not to deliver his distin guished prisoner at Charleston. Sicken ing on the retreat with the deadly malaria of the Carolina swamps, be died near Black Oak, and his mossy grave may be seen to-day by the roadside, marked by a simple stone and protected from desecra tion by a wooden paling. It stands near the gate of Woudboo plantation, which old Stephen Mazyck, the Huguenot, first set tled, about twenty-five miles from Eutaw and forty-three from Charleston. On the banks of the Cooper, amid the lovely scenes of “Magnolia,” Charleston’s city of the dead, there stands a marble shaft enwreathed in the folds of the rattlesnake, the symbol of Revolutionary patriotism, and beneath it rests all that was mortal of William Washington and Jane Elliott his wife. Women’s Attractiveness. Personal attractions most girls possess— at any rate, in a sufficient degree to ren der them attractive to somebody, for, although there arc standards of beauty, yet these do not prevail with all persons. There is something wonderful in the dif ference of aspect which the same face wears to different beholders. Probably the philosophical explanation of this is that what is hidden from all others be comes immediately and instinctively ap parent to the eye of love. How can a moderately good-looking girl increase her ; attractions ? By culture. She must cul >( tivate her mind. An ignorant, illiterate woman, even if she attracts attention, cannot retain the interest of an intelligent 1 man. She must do this by reading, by study, by reflection, and by familiar con -1 venation with the best aud must highly educated persons with whom she comes in - contact. But the heart must be cultivated : as well as the head. “Of all things,” ex claimed a most elegant aud refined gsn ■ Usman —after nearly a lifetime's familiar ity with the best society—“of all things give me softness and gentleness in a wo- I man.” A harsh voice, a coarse laugh, trifles like these have suddenly-spoiled many a favorable first impression. The 1 cultivation of the heart must be real, not 1 feigned. A woman who studies to ap pear, rather than to be, good and gencr -1 ous, seldom succeeds in deceiving the other sex in these respects. She who in 1 truth seeks earnestly to promote the hap -1 piness of those around her, is very apt soon to obtain admirers among men. Above all other requisites in a woman is 1 conscientiousness. Without this one touch -1 stone of character, no matter what her charms and acquirements, she cannot ex -1 pect to command the lasting regards of 1 any man whoso love is worth having. The Great Engine. 1 The Corliss engine at the Centennial is 1 thus described ; —lt weighs 800 tons; will 1 drive eight miles of shafting; has a fly 1 wheel thirty feet in diameter and weigh ing 70 tons; is of 1,500 horse-power, with a capacity of being forced to 2,500 hone 1 power; has two walking-beams, weighing 1 32 tons each; two 40 inch cylinders, a 10 1 feet stroke, a crank shaft 19 inches in di -1 ametcr and 12 feet in length; connecling ruds 24 feet in length, and piston-rods 61 inches in diameter. The platform upon which it rests is 55 feet in diameter aud composed of polished iron plates, resting upon brick foundations that extend far down into the earth. The height from the floor to the top of the walking beams is 39 feet. Mr. Corliss is the inventor, patentee, builder and owner, having had it invented for the double purpose of ex hibition and furnishing moUve power, which will be supplied gratuitously, but only for the purpose of exhibiting ma chinery in operation, no machinery being allowed to run longer than is necessary for that purpose, except by permission from the chief of the bureau. Of the eight hues of shafting (four on each side of the trausept) seven will have a speed of 120 revolutions per minute and one of 240. It has been tested and works satisfactorily. i Punch and Judy. | Centuries ago there lived near the city ; of Naplea, in Italy, a peasant whose name was Pucoio d'Anieilo. He was a funny \ man, and a company of strolling actors j asked him to join them, which he did, and \ became quite famous as a clown. When ' : he died another took his name, softened into Polcenella, and by the help of a mask, kept up the look and manner of the droll peasant. Soon his tricks became so pop -1 ular that little figures to represent him ' were made, and exhibited in a box. In England ho was called Punchinello, or ‘ j Punch, and hie wife was called Judy. A 3 1 farce called Punch and Judy waa written and played in the theatres, and a publiea -1 tioo called Punch, and devoted to fun, 3 has long been published in London. r Hot no one count the number of his , friends till they are bolted in the sieve of j his own adversity, for there is much bran ] in prosperous friendship. 1 People seldom improve when they have ’> no other model but themselves to copy a after. sui[ ®lio. Foolish Toung Girls. Another phase of life we find almost as sad. The young girl just out of school is fascinated by the attentions of a young man, and nothing can persuade her that he is nut the bravest and best of men. What does she know cf the secret lives of these gallant gentlemen ? She might read the legend of excess in the bleared eye and tremulous lip, but she cannot under stand it. She may hear a whisper of pro digality and scandalous indulgence, but she stupe her ears and loves her hero all the better, because he is the victim of de traction. She knows nothing of his daily occupations, nuthiogofhisassociates. She little imagines that bis soft compliments conceal a cruel temper, and the band which presses hers so tenderly is a brutal hand, fit only for deeds of violence. That he is a gambler and a drunkard—false, quarrelsome, idle, selfish, and sensual—she might know, if she exercises as much thought and caution as she does in selec ting a new bonnet. But young ladies have a notion that it is grand and noble to take a lover on trust, to despise good counsel and filial obedience, and they hug themselves with the sweet delusion that they are heroines, when they are only fools. The girl triumphs, of course, over father and mother. Those who really love her follow the wedding festivities with aching hearts, and watch the future with sorrow ful apprehensions. The sequel is often . not long delayed. For a little while, life is a dream of sen timent; then the troth begins to dawn upon the poor heart. She lias sold her self for s passing fancy—“sold hereelfand got no pay.” Neglect is soon followed by angry words and contemptuous looks and brutal jests. Her jewels arc sold to buy bread; there is a hideous bruise upon her white arm or shoulder; she shudders at the sound of foot steps whose coming she once watched with joy. With the courage that is given to some women, she holds a proud and smiling face to the world, covers up her heartaches, bears the blame and cen sure to screen him, and if she has strung physical life she may bear it for a while, but the end must come. Either she must be brave and pure enough to break the bonds that have grown hateful, through neglect or Cruelty, or die of a broken heart. It is one of the vices of society, of our schools, of our training, this revolt against the right of being controlled. It has ex tended with fearful rapidity from the Gov ernment into the family. Disobedience and disrespect are taught to American children, and can one wonder if, at the crisis of their lives, they should put the lesson into use ? Trade in Wild Animals. The wild animal trade of Europe has been in the hands of two men—one an Italian, named Casanova, and the other Charles Hogenbeck, of Hamburg. In 1862, Casanova made a treaty with the wild tribes of Taka, Africa, engaging to take all they could capture, which resulted in the purchase from them of hundreds of beasts and reptiles. These were subse quently sent to the different soologioal societies of Europe. In 1874 one M. Von Reich, of Asfold, went to Kassels and captured and bought from the African chiefs, 26 giraffes, 22 elephants, 4 Caffre • buffalo, 6 rare antelopes, 2 tapirs, 2 goril las, 5 hyenas, and 3 leopards. Immedi ately afterward Hogenbeck imported 33 giraffes, 10 apes, 10 elephants, 13 ante lopes, 4 lions, 5 leopards, 4 hyenas, 5 os triches, 8 rhinoceros, and a number of huge serpents. It takes from seventy to eighty days to bring the animals from Kassala to Hamburg. From the interior of Africa to the coast they bad to drive the elephants, giraffes, antelopes, buffalo, Ac., on foot, fastened together with ropes and chains. Often, through the negli gence of the negro attendants, the lions and leopards get out of the cages daring the transit and create a general stampede, causing loss of life aodgreat loss of money. Anhqiity or Ikon.—The oldest pieces of iron (wrought-ironj now known are pro bably the sickle blade found by Belsoni under the base of asphynx in Karnae, near Thebes; the blsde found by Colonel Vyse embedded in the masonry of the great pyr amid, the portion of a cross-cut saw exhu med at Nimrood by Mr. Layard, all of which are now in the British Museum. A wrought bar of Damascus steel was pre sented by King Pores to Alexander the Great, and the rater steel of China for many centuries has surpassed all Europe an steel in temper and durability of edge. The Hindoos appear to have made wrougbt iron directly from the ore, without passing it through the furnace,from time immemorial, and elaborately wrought masses of iron are still found in India, which date from the early centuries of the Christian era. Iron ore has been found in the Hasarebangfa district, in India, which is said to contain eighty per cent, of pure ipetal, together with a slight admixture of manganese. There is said to be 500 square mites of this ore in the Diamoda coal fields. Anti quarian Magazine. Manners, says the eloquent Edmund Burke, are of more importance than laws. Upon them, in great measure, the law de pends. The law can touch us here and there, now and then. Manners are what vex or soothe, exalt or debase, by a con stant steady uniform, insensible operation, , like the air we breathe. They give their whole form and color to our lives. Ac , cording to their quality, they aid mortals; I they supply them, or they totally destroy ) them. Dr. Franklin says that “every little , fragment of the day should be saved.” , The moment the day breaks set youracll at once to save the niecea Newspaper Grumblers. Grumbling about newspapers, aays the Boston Traveler, is aa ancient as newspa pers themselves. And, notwithstanding s the multiplication of these modern oonve a niences and the sleepless efforts of pub g Ushers to adapt their paper to every t variety of taste, and every grads of senti . ment, affording, one might think, ample f opportunity to reader* to suit themselves i perfectly— yet there is Mill, perhaps, ns s much grumbling about newspapers as there . ever was. We suppose it does not often occur to t 'the grumblers that possibly they themsel -1 vcs may be at fault, may be unreasonable, may expect impoasibilites, may be out of r humor, may hare a fit of indignation or i spleen, or may be stupid or unappreciative, i It hay never occur to them that the men 1 who toil night and day to furnish them | with the latest news, nod the greatest va t riety of inf,, million and entertainment, , are mortal, and sometimes tire themselves ; nd get sleepy, and cross and stupid, and i forgetful and careless, and need, and de . serve, too, some consideration and even , sympathy from those for whom they nn > eeasingly work. 1 Fault-finding readers do not conaider < that everything that is made by human t brains and hands most, of necessity, be . imperfect, however strong the desire, and r however earnest the effort may be to have r it faultless. And above ail, they forget - that a newspaper cannot be made for gen . oral circulation, and yet, in everything, , exactly suit any one person. A thoroughly good enterprising newspaper is really like . a well spread dinner table. It contains , variety as well as quantity; something for . every taste, and enough of each kind to ] satisfy any reasonable appetite. It is not j expected that any guest of a table should 1 cat of every dish provided. It is not sup f posed for a moment that every dish will r be palatable to every guest, or agree with q one's digestion; but it is thought, and e reasonably, too, that from the abundant t bill of fare every guest can select enough j that will be digestible and agreeable to , make a substantial and satisfactory meal. . Just so it is with every well edited , newspaper. No man is expected to read | everything in the paper, or to like cvery l thing if he reads it, but every man is ex e pected to find enough that is good, and i useful, and acceptable, and agreeable in , the ample columns spread out before him to be a full equivalent for what the paper r costs him, and if he happens to find on t the carle an article which offends his taste, or is in opposition to bis views, he has . just to let that alone, and leave it for an , other, whom it will just suit, and for , whose taste it was gotten up. In choosing „ his paper one should do just as he does B 1° choosing hia restaurant; he should select one whose general style suits him; and when his taste changes, or the character of the paper deteriorates, he should change and try another; but never fret himself or * vex hia neighbors by grumbling and scold ' ing about his newspaper, which, after all, is just about as necessary to his comfort 1 as his dinner. 5 Turpentine in Headache, f Dr. Warburton Begbie advocates the use of turpentine in the severe Headache to I which nervous and hysterical women arc subject. There is another class of suffer j ore from headache, composed of both sex- J es, who may be relieved by turpentine. I 1 I refer to the frontal headache, which is most apt to occur after prolonged mental effort, but may likewise be introduced by j unduly-sustained physical exertion—what may be styled the headache of a fatigued brain. A cup of very strong tea often re 1, lieves this form of headache; but this remedy, with not a few, is perilous, for, “ bringing relief to pain, it may produce 1 general restlessness and—worst of all— banish sleep. Turpentine, in doses of twenty or thirty minims, given at intervals ’ of sn hour or two, will not only remove the headache, but produce, in a wonderful manner, that soothing influence to which reference has already been made. > Ladies' Dress. —Olive Harper says: ■ “I have only this advice to give to the ladies: —Ureas as well as yon can, look s your very prettiest, and your husband will - really love you all the better for it, although i he may grumble. He’d do that anyhow, r and he might better grumble at expense e than slovenliness. Men like what is pret ty, and costs dear, so the argument is dear. - To be pretty and attractive you must dress f nicely. The cost isn’t your affair.” Yes, . but when bankruptcy comes, and you have • to give up extravagant finery, sell your e carriage and quit your comfortable bouse, r and be out by all your former acquaint - ances, whose affair is it then T l 1 , The house will be kept in continual tur t moil when there is no toleration of each other's feelings, no meek submission to a injuries, and no soft answer to turn away s wrath. If yon lay a single stick of wood , 00 the grate, and apply fire to it, it will ! go out; put on another stick, and they will j burn; and a balf-dosen and you will have r an effective blase. There are other fires subject to the same condition. If one f member of a family get into a passion and . >* left alone he will obol down, and possi bly be ashamed and repent. But oppose temper to temper, let one harsh word be ) followed by another, and there will soon u be a blase which will enwrap them all in t its burning heat 1 Madame de Stml said, “If I were mis tress of fifty languages I would think in | the deep German, converse in the gay I’ Flench, write in the copious English, ting in the majestic Spanish, deliver in the noble Greek, and make love in the toft Italian.” y - Will any of our young readers furnish ns with the exaet age of tho young lady le who, on being triced how old she was, re ” plied; “6 rimes 7 and 7 times 3 added If to my age will exceed 6 times 9 and 4, as .InnkU ... OA VOL. XI.-NO. 25. jtoifwt. , Biliousness. :Vv,’ : Bad blood, too muchblood,givinghead • ache, bad taste in the mouth mornings, r variable appetite, sickness at stomach. chilliness, cold feet, and great susceptibility i to taking cold. One or more of these i symptoms is always present. Sometimes a bilious person hast yellow tinge in the face and eyas, because the bile, which is yellow, it not withdrawn from the blood; it it the business of the liver to do that, but when it does not do it it is said to be laty, does not work, and the physician begins at once to use reme dies which are said to “promote the action of the liver.” It has been discovered within a few years that acids “act on the liver,” such as nitric acid, elixir vitriol, vinegnr ; but these are artificial aeids and do not have the uniform good effect of natural acids, which are found in fruit and berries. Almost all persons become bilious as the warm weather conies on ; nine times out of ten nature calls for her own cure, aa witness tho almost universal avidity fur “greens,” for “spinach,” in the early spring, these being eaten with vinegar ; and soon after the delicious strawberry comes, the raspberry, the blackberry, the whortleberry ; then the cherries, peaches and apples, carrying ns into the fall of the year, when the atmosphere is so pure and bracing that there is general good health everywhere. The most beneficial anti-bilious method of using fruit and berries as health pro moters is to take them at desert, after breakfast and dinner; to take them in their natural, raw, ripe fresh state, without cream or sugar, or anything else besides the fruit themselves. Half a lemon oaten every morning on rising, and on retiring, is often efficacious in removing a bilious condition of the sys tem, giving a good appetite .and greater general health. How to Set Sleep. How to get sleep is to many persons a matter of high importance. Nervous per sons, who are troubled with wakefulness and excitability, usually have a strong ten dency of blood to the brain, with cold ex tremities. The pressure of blood on the brain keeps it in a stimulated or wakeful state, and tho pulsations in the head are often painful. Let such arise and chafe the body and extremities with a crash I towel, or rub smartly with the hands to promote circulation, and withdraw the excessive amount of blood from the brain ; and they will fall asleep in a few minutes. I A cold bath, or a sponge bath and rub ■ bing, or a good run, or a rapid walk in the 1 open air, or going up and down stairs a few times just before retiring, will aid in equalising circulation and promote sleep. These rales are simple, and easy of appli cation in castle or cabin, and may minis ter to tho comfort of thousands who would freely expend money for an anodyne to promote “nature’s sweet restorer, balmy sleep.” To Purify a Boom. Set a pitcher of water in a room, and in a few hours it will have absorbed all the respired gases in the room, the air of which will become purer, but the water ! perfectly filthy. The colder the water is, i the greater the capacity to contain these gases. At ordinary temperature a pail of water will contain a pint of carbonic aoid gas and several pints of ammonia. The capacity is nearly doubled by reducing the water to the temperature of ioe. Hence, water kept in a room awhile k always un fit for use. For the same reason the Water from a pump should always be pnmpad out in the morning before any of it is used, Impure water is more injurious than im pure air. Tomatoes Healthful. The tomato is one of the most healthful of all the vegetables. It may be eaten three times a day, cold or hot, cooked or , " w > • k> *. with salt, pepper, vinegar, and in the utmost that can be taken with I ln PPtite. Its healthful quality arises , rom '** rfigbt acidity, aa berries, currants and similar articles, and it k also highly ] nutritious. The tomato season ends with the frost; if hung up in a well ventilated cellar, with the tomatoes hanging to the , tb®/ will continue to ripen until Christmas. The cellar should not be too ; dry, nor two warm. The knowledge of r th “ "V b* improved to great advantage for the benefit of all who are fond of the ’ tomato. Blisters in Pneumonia. Dr. 0. J. B. Williams says;—My sx- I pericnoe teaches me to put gnat faith in > l ,r go blisters, both in tsthenic pneumonia r and in bronchitis, and lam confident Ant 1 I have seen many lives saved by their 1 means. Instead of being lowering, they I give a salutary excitement to the eironla . tion, and the copious serous discharge , which they produce from the skin lands . to relieve the congested lung without i wasting the rad blood that kso needed to sustain the ftinetions. Small blisters are i far inferior in tbeir relief, a— I'' : i Heavy Sappers. 1 Sapper should be taken so as to allow sufficient time for the food to digest be , retiring. The stomsoh should have rest at night, as well as the other onans " of the body. Heavy suppers distend tho I stomach, imped, the respiration, oppress ’ the brain, cause disturbed steep, horrid * dreams, night mare, and in many CSSSS w dent)] hmvy sapper* This meal should consist moldy. ofteretad ‘ Sb2 f r, b s u uk zzxz*. I An industrious and rirtnou* education . of children is a better Inheritance fW there a1 a a

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