Newspaper of Evening Star, July 11, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated July 11, 1855 Page 2
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EVENING STAR. WA8HiyQT0H CITY: WEDNESDAY AFTERX90X Jalj 11. AGENTS FOR THE STAR. The following persons aro authorised to con tract for the publication of advertisements in the Star: Philadelphia?V. B. Palmer, N W. corner of Third and Chestnut streets. New York?S. M. Petti*cill A Co., Na?^ street. JJ?*ton?V. B. Palmer, Scollay's Building. |*y Apvertisemksts should be handed in by 12 o'elock, M., otherwise they may not ap pear until the next day. SFIBIT 07 THE MORHING PEE88. The Union again reviews the dolorous pros poets of the Allies in the Crimea, and treats its readers to a pretty strong pro-Russian ar ticle, in the course of which the editor says with equal force and justice: 41 As an offset to this 'check,' the British papers and the Anglo-American press dwell with peculiar complacency on tho exploits of the allied fleets in the sea of Azoff, which greatly resemble those cf the British in the Chesapeake during tho late war, when so many oyster-boats were captured, and such havoc made among the hen-roosts and pig-sties. The lessons of Christianity, civilisation, and refinement, given by the French and the Turks at Kertsch in the late foray, according to ac counts. belong to the same school of philan thropy with those received by the American women and children at ilampton, Havrc-de Grace. and divers other places. '?These are. however, passed over in silence by the discreet government telegraph, in order to horrify John Bull with another "massacre'' almost as bad as that of Sinope, where the barbarian Russians, it will be remembered, attacked and destroyed a Turkish fleet carry ing military forces and munitions of war to be employed against them. This "massacre" (to which we alluded yesterday) consists in tho killing and wounding some eight or ten of a party of British, who, it is stated, came with a tlag of truce to restore two or three captives taken in the little town of Hango, and directed to be returned by Admiral Dundas. The only evidence of the particulars of this transaction, however, proves to bo one of John Bull's proteges, a gentleman of color, the veracity of whose testimony may be gathered from the fact that Cuffce states that all the Russians con cerned in this second massacre sjoke English, and that the commanding officcr swore ho didn't care a d?n for a flag of truce." The Union also argues to show that there is an "unconscious acquiescence among the Know Nothings in the Idea entertained among their opponents that there is something unmanly and repulsive in their so-called order." The (nulligencer inclines to the opinion that the English brought on themselves the treat ment they received at Hango, and adds, after explaining the obligations on nation with refer ence to the sanctify of flags of truce, and how Britain had disregarded those obligations in the current war: "It is not to throw blame upon the English, the French, or the Russians, tuat we have ad verted to the subject of flags of truce, but that we misfit express our sentiments as tho sanc tity which ?,ught to belong to their true char acter. We do not think they ought ever to be employed except upon occasions of importance, where one party has a proposition to eubmit to the other which may lead to peace, or where the cause of humanity may be subserved by a niutual arrangement for the safety and cuin lort of prisoners of war on either side. To s??nd a flag of truce to an enemy upon any pretence, the re^lt of which does not tend to lesM?n the horrors of war. must, in the nature of things lead to abuses, abuses to retalia tions, and retaliations to an increase of the suffering* already inseparable from a state of war It is absurd to suppose thrftt war can be Conducted on the principled of humanity ; they can by no effort or ingenuity of philanthro pists be made to accord ; but it may be carried on without an increase of the miseries which belong to its naturo, and it is duty of those nations that profees to how to the precepts of the Christian religion to abolish every practice which the safety and welfare of their respec tive armies do not require. Where the sum mtittn j/ti cannot be exacted without leading to the *nmma injuria, there can be neither loss of honor nor of interest in relaxing the demand Already has thiu Hango Udd affair been talked of in the British Parliament, and retaliation has been hinted at in more quar ters than one If the account which we sub join br even an approximation to the truth, it is one of those common incidents of war not to be remedied by resortiDg to vengeance." Hardee's Rifle and Light Infantry Tacticz. We are indebted to tho kindness of the au thor for a copy of " Hardee's Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics," for the exercise and ma "nuvers of troops when acting as light infantry or riflemen; prepared under the direction of the War Department, by Brevet Lieut. Col. W. J. llardce. U. S. Army, in 2 vol*. Phil adeli hia : published by Lippincott A Grambo. l.Sdo. This is the new school of the American soldier, for the appearance of which so great interest has been felt by military men through out the United States. Its author, well known as one of the most accomplished and efficient officers in the scrvico of the military branch of the United States Government, is under stood to have carefully and laboriously availed himself of all the light* for his guidance in preparing his system of drills, manuvers, and tactics, which are to be found in existing books on the military science emanating from the Old World, as well as all the practice and ap propriate writings on the subjcct on this side of the Atlantic. His work was adopted in the regular army of the United States before being put to press, and there can be no doubt that it is destined to become at once the ra<U me cum of th-- many thousands of our fellow citizens of the United States who are attached to their country's volunteer service. Etherial Extraction.?The telegraph brings news of an extraction," not exactly tUntal, made by Dr. Morton, whose perseve ring attempts to cany a claim from the dis covery of etherial insensibility are well known to our citizens. Session after session he has made his api>earance and has lived in a pro fusely extravagant style, dispensing hospitali ty with lavish hand to all who might be able to aid him in procuring a cool hundred thous and from Uncle Sam's strong boxes. When Congress adjoarnud. he appeared, nothing dauuted by tl?j failures which crowncd his la bors, but ho?ed "for better luck next time,'' as he distributed invitations to vi&it bis sum. incr villa near Boston. It now appears that the funds were supplied by Wm. S Tuckerman, late Treasurer of the Eastern Railroad Company, over whom the Doctor obtained some etherial influence, and made him "extract" large sums from the cor poration. The whole defalcation ls reporte d at 5207,0041, a portion of which is an ever-i ? sue of <12? shares. Committees of investiga tion have repeatedly examinod the books, but ho has deceived them, and now has only assets which he values at $65,000, and?his interest in Dr. Morton's Ether claim Meanwhile the road, although largely traveled, has [aid no dividend for two years, and the stock has f<? leu to fifty per cent, of the cost value. WASHINGTON NEWS AND GOSSIP. Alexander H. Stephens.?Thin distinguished statesman, than whom our country contains at this moment no njore vigorous, independent, and experienced participator in the legislative branch of its government, is doing yocman service against Know Xothingism throughout Georgia, being engaged in addressing thou sands on thousands almost daily- 8? no Know Nothing haa been found in the State who has dared to meet hiui before the people, in debate, where lie would doubtless come off as victorious as usual In the Representative hall in this city. Many of his powerful speeches m this canvas have been reported at length. a.pfl all of tbetfe it ha* been our g??od fortune to sec in print. They aro destined to live long after the grave shall closo over their author, being replete with sound conservative patriot ism, and with true American constitutional doctrine. After Henry A. Wise, the times have brought forward no man whose defence of the true principles of this government, and of the rights of all his fellow-citi?cna undor it, has marked him more emphatically as ono of its jewels. His re-election to Congress by an overwhelming majority is now a matter of ab solute certainty; and he will return hither to prove a terror to those who, in the darkness of midnight and by the uso of blasphemous and unconstitutional oaths, plot the destruction of the great principles of civil and religious lib erty and equality, which were won, as the American pearls above all prico, by the blood and sufferings of our revolutionary ancestors. The Hango Affair ?It turns out that the Russians were completely justified in firing on and making prisoners of the survivors of the English boat's crew, who landed at Hango under the fancied immunity of a flag of truce. Three times beforo, the English, while under the protection of a similar flag, had violated the pledge of honor on the part of those carry ing it, which necessarily attaches to it. In this way, they had managed to do great injury to the Russians, which they could not have ac complished in any other way. The English Government, instead of punishing the dishon orable men in its service who could so abuse the privileges of the white flag, applauded them for their skill in practising falsehood. So, the Russians, on the next occasion, which occurred in this Hango affair, treated thoso bearing the trucc-flag as they deserved. But the following extract from a London paper tells the whole tale, and completely justifies the conduct of Russia in the ease : [From the London Clironirle.] '? It unfortunately happens that the zeal of some of our officers has on three separate occa sions caused them to disregard tnc essential character of the good faith to be observed un der a flag of truce, and for this the Govern rncnt is to blame. '?One captain was sent with a letter, which was wholly unnecessary, to Sebastopol, and under cover of thick weather worked his way into the inner harbor. Ho was only discovered when tho fjg cleared off. Under a flag of truce, his t filter* took the strength and nosi tioui of all the haltrriei, mul the skip s boats were out taking sou/ulings. The captain got great credit for his feat, and the Admiralty published a chart, containing all tho informa tion which had been so acquired. ' This artifice was tried again at Odessa and at Kertsch, as above related. '?The Government evidently considered them rather smart acts, as it published all the par ticular*; but after such incident.? as these, and when it has been rej>eatcdly shown that a British flag of truce is nothing more than an artifice, under which some unfair advantage is invariably taken?when, in addition, it is seen that these artifices are approved by our gov ernment. we must not be astonished if wo are no longer trusted; and the relatives of those who have suffered at Hango may thank tho Admiralty authorities for having intr??diieed into modern warfare a system und^r which they have been treated a-t spies." Tho Germanic Confederation ?The follow ing is, just now. a very interesting paper, in somuch as it pres ent * at a glance an intelligi ble view of the military condition of Germany? at the beginning of this year of fearful bat tles in that vicinity. It may be relied on as perfectly corrcct, being a copy of an official statement transmitted to tuis Government by one of its agents abroad : Fraxkfoct-on-the-M ux, Dec 8. 1854 The German confederation has, in times of {?eacc. ten rorjn d'ut urn on f??>t. Austria and >rus.-ia, for their German provinces, entertain six of them?Austria, tl^e 1st. 21. and 3d, of 95,000, together; I'ru^-i.i, the 4th, 5th, and 6th. counting, together, 80,000 men. The troops of Bavaria, of 35,000 men, form the 7th. The 8th is composed of the troops of Wurtem burg, Baden, and House Darmstadt, amountirg to 31.000 men. The 9th. of thy troops of Sax ony, Hcs-c Casscl, and Nessau, has 22 OCO men; and the 10th. of the troops of Hanover, the two Mechlcnburgs, Holstein, Luxemburg, and Lunenburg. Brunswick. Oldenburg, and the Free Cities of Bremen, Lubeck. and Ham burg. Tnen there is a division of reserve, composed of the troops of a number of the princcs, and amounting to 11,000 men. That, division is particularly destined to rcinforcc the garrisons <?f fortified places in time of war. So in peace the federal army amounts to 30^.000 men? that is to say, 223.000 infantry, 43,000 cavalry, 12.000 riflemen, 22.000 artillery, 3,000 engi neers, with 612 field pieces. Deducting from these 303.000 men, the German troops of Aus tria and Prussia, and there will be remaining 128 000 soldiers for the rest of the confedera tion?a thoroughly respectable force inces santly kept under aim and drilled day and night, consequently at any time ready for marching against tno enemy. In timea of war the army of the confedera tion is to placed under tho orders of oue " com mander-in-chief,"' nominated by tho petty council of the Diet, and to whom the plan of the war, as well as it* execution, is exclusively committed. The several governments appoint the commanders of their own troops, whion aro to act under the generalissimo or commander in-chief. Aa soon as tho troops are to march, a reserve, equal to the sixth of the whole number, must be formed and always kept on foot by the gov ernments. although every two months a twelfth of the number shall be s<>nt forward by them, in order to keep the army complete. But no government can bo compelled to send more re .-erved troops, in one year of war, than half tho number of the troops of its ordinary contingent. The Diet oau resolve to raise greater armies; but tho contingents of the governments must always be formed according to the number of troops origiually fixiJ by the federal matrie nla. The place of commander-in-chief probably (for there has been no war iu Germany since the confederation is existing) will be but a place of honor, to which some secondary King or some Prince of Austria or Prussia wiL' be called. The active command will be in tho hands of the Lieutenant Central of the Con federation, wh> nill be elected by the Diet & the same way it* the Commander. There are five federal fortresses: Mayenco. iin the Grand Duchy of Hesse Darmstadt,) juxemburg, Landau, (in the Bavarian prov ince of the Rhenish Palatinate,) Rastalt. (in Baden.) and Ulm. on tho left side of the Dan ube, (in Wurtemburg.) with New Ulm. oppo site to it, belonging to Bavaria. Rastalt and Ulm are not finished as yet, but Rastalt, of less importance, is more advanced. Both of these places, as the other three, too, are in tended to protect Germany against France. Their construction was resolved upon so long ago as 1815, but they were commenced but ten or twelve years back. A protest, .signed at Paris the 3d November, 1815, by Austria, Prussia, England and Rus sia, had settled the matter in its 10th article, where it was stated that a federal fortress should be coD^jrBQted cn tho Itypcr Rhine. Bat there have been for more than twenty year? infinite contort* about the place to be chosen for the intended fortifications. Baden and Wartembirg, supported by Prussia, in clined for Rantalt, and the passages of the Black Forest mountains; Austria preferred the plan of Ulm; Rastalt and the Black Foreet would havo secured Baden and Wurtemburg from a western invasion. Ulm was of greater importance for Austria and Bavaria. So at last, they agreed upon Rastalt and Ulm, and left without fortification the most important of all?the Black Forest mountains." Niueveh.?To-day wo continue tho list of the most active and efficient members of the unmentionable secret society, in the year 1854, B C., in the country of which Nineveh was the political capital at that remote era. Our kind familiar spirit insists that evidences which ho found in the catacombs of the an cient and venerated city, covered up under tho ruins along with the list itself, show that it was prepared by tho hand of the Secretary of the Grand National Council of tho aforesaid secrot society, in the commercial emporium of the country and duly given into tbo hands of a few trusty Ninevites in the fall of 1S54, B. C., while in the commercial emporium afore said;* by whom it was brought to Nineveh as a treasure of inestimable value, to bo kept for their own private perusal and guidanco in their efforts to inoculate tho country at largo with the doctrines of their political creed. We continue the publication of the names of the list in question to-day, as follows: G. S. Orth, Lafayette, Ind., President of the State Council o? Indiana. S. P. Crawford, indianopolis, Corresponding Secretary, do., (excellent.) W. W. Danenbeuser, Chicago, 111., Presi dent of tho State Council of Illinois. II. J. Jennings. Chicago, 111., Secretary, do. N. D. Sperry, New Haven, Conn., President of tho State Council of Connecticut. J. II. Wilson, Baltimore, President of tho State Council of Marylund. J. B. Thorndide, Portland, Maine, Vice President of the State Council of Maine. ^ T. II. Morse. Bangor, Mo., President of the State Council of Maine. Jonathan Pierce, Boston, Mass.. President of the State Council of Massachusetts. Daniel Warren, Boston. M iss., Secretary, do. Wm. Z. Rees. Cincinnati, President of tho State Council of Ohio. J. E. Rces, Cincinnati, Ohio, Secretary do. J. A. Armstrong. Detroit. Mich., President of the State Council of Michigan. Thos. S. Sprague, Secretary do. Rev. O. II. Tiffany, Carlisle, Pa., President of the State Council of Pennsylvania. Hon. Jacob Broome, Philadelphia, Vice President, do. T. S. Gifford, Philadelphia, Secretary do. John Dame, Portsmouth, N. H., Presidont of the State Council of New Hampshire. F. T. Roliins, Concord, N. H., vice Presi dent, do. 13. T.'Waters, Exeter, N. II., Secretary do. Tho Improvement of our City.?Tho com mencement of the erection of the extension of the Post Officc Department building and the preparation for the very extensive additions about to be niaio to tho great Treasury Depart ment structure, have greatly inspirited the me chanics and laboring men of Washington who were recently suffering under the effects of tho dull times which havo rested on business af fairs here for some time past. We presume that those two works will not long hence fur nish employment for at least one thousand me chanics and laborers. We do not state this fact with the view *f inducing such persons at a di. ?tancc to flock to Washington, there being at least twieo as many competent mechanics and laborers in Washington, Georgetown and Alex andria, desirous ?>f such employment at this moment, as can be employed on the works in question; nearly all of these, too. being j?ersopp who are thoroughly identified with one or the other of the three sifter cities. Meteorological Report-.?The following a copy of the Meteorological Report for June, 1855, kept at the Smithsonian Institution : Barometer. Thermometer. Rain. JIlettH. IhcAi t June T 4 60 1 5 29.880 74.3 1 6 29.808 7it 1 7 29. 994 69.5 1 8 30.111 60 ftlO 1 9 29 052 62 1 195 20 29.861 72 3 045 2 1 29.913 77 2 2 29.821 75 3 411 33 *0 004 77 2fi0 24 29.869 78 1 650 2I> 29.905 73 8 208 29 30 091 76.5 27 30.191 78.8 28.:....30.137 83 86.6 3 0 29.952 84 0 For month, 29.927 71.15 5.573 MO.VTHLV EXTREMES. Maxima,. 7a.m. 2p m. 9p.m. Month. Barometer, 30.22 30 193 30.165 30.224 Thermometer, 31 95 8G 95 Minima. 7 a.m. 2p.m. 9 p.m. Month. Barometer, 29.027 29.530 29.592 29.530 Thermometer, 55 CI. 5 58 '55 Movements in Connection with the Fish ing Grounds Treaty.?Mr. Perley, the British Commissioner, and Mr. Cushman, tho Com missioner of our Government, yesterday, con cluded at tho State Department all the points connected with the Reciprocity Treaty and the Fisheries, and we learn that they lcavo this afternoon for the Fishing Grounds. They will meet at Boston Mr. Consul General Andrews, when tho party will embark in a yacht pro vided by the English Government. Professor Agassis has been invitod to accompany them as the guest of the British Government. He is said to be in ecstacios. as having the oppor tunity to complete, b?-yond his expectation, hit forthcoming great work, which this northeast* cm trip will afford him. An Important Land Question Decided.?It has been decided at the General Land Officc that, under the 5th section of the bounty land act of March 3d, 1855, land warrants issued under that act can bo loeated on any of the public lands, which are subject to entry at pri vate sale at oither of the minimum or lower graduated prices at the time sue ft icarrant or warrant.? may be presented for location. Lands directed to bo sold for the benefit of In dians arc not to locatablc. The Price Case.?Wo understand that tho case of tho United States against Governor R. M. Prico, of New Jersey, to recover for an al loged defalcation in his accounts as (late) pur ser in tho United States Navy, is expected to be reached on tho fourth Tuesday In Septem ber next, in the United States Court for tho the district of New Jorsey, sitting at Trenton. A new Neapolitan Charge d' Affaires ?Le Baron Winspearo, Charge d'Affaires do S. M. Sicilienno to tho United States, reochod Wash ington this morning, and will probably present " his credentials and be formally received by the President in tho course of tho day. We hear that the impression he has made is highly fav orable. Hon. John H. Wheeler, United State3 Min ister Resident in Nicaragua, reached Wash ington last night, bringing with him the treaty with the Government to which he i.? accred ited, the existence of which we were first to announce some time since. Extension of tho Treasury Building.?The contract for the excavation nocussary for the extension of tho Treasury building will be "declared off1' to-morrow, after which the ft work may be expected to be commenced at once Court of Claims."?Wo understand that the United State? Court of Claims will commence its sessions to-morrow at the Capitol, in the room of the Supreme Court of the United States Judges Scarburg and Gilchrist have arrived, and aro at Willard's Hotel. The Commissioner of Pensions, Hon L P Waldo, left Washington this morning, on a flying visit to his home in Connecticut. The Currant Operations of ths Treasury Department.?On Monday, the 9th of July, thcro wcro of Treasury Warrants entered on the books of tho Department? For the Treasury Department..... 91.432 20 War Warrants received and en tered * 85.000 00 Interior Warrants received and cntored 82 55 Covered in from land' 220,615 G3 Covored in from miscellaneous sources 5,419 75 Tdbsdat, July 10. For the Treasury Department.... ?59.009 40 For the Interior Department 40.7^8 41 F<*r the Custons 135,892 18 War Warrants received and en tered 349,925 G2 Drawn on account of tho Navy... 259,485 10 Covered in from miscellaneous sources 39,374 78 Covered in from Custom* 1,256,220 66 Dickrxs.?We are indebted to the publisher for a pamphlet edition of " Mother and Step Mother," in twelve chapter", from Dickens Household Words, Philadelphia, published by T. B. Peterson, No. 102 Chestnut street. The work is well got up. We need hardly eay

anything of the contents of this book, as it em braces one of Dickens' very best stories. ?3^ The citijens of Dubuque purpose cele brating the completion of the Illinois Central Railroad to that point, and the lighting of their city with gas, by a barbecue and other festiv ities, on the 18th of the present month. We return our thanks to the committee on invitation and reception to be present on that occasion. PERSONAL. ....Judge Gilchrist, of New Hampshire; j Col. G. Wrieht, U. 6. A.; Hon. F. Mallory, of I Virginia; Hon. Simon Planas. Venezuela, and Hon. W. L. Lee and wife. Sandwich Islands; Baron Winspierre, Italy; Judge G. T. Scar burg, of Virginia, arc at Willards'. ....Judge Lcgrand, of Md., is at Brown?* Hotel. .... Col. Alvah Mann, the well-known show man, builder of the Broadway Theatre, and formerly conncetod wilh Gen. Welsh's circus, died at Florence lletel, on Monday, of apo plexy. Tho Colonel had enjoyed poor health evor since his return from South America, something over a year ago. He has made two or three fortunes, but died in indigent circum stances at last. ....Several Germans of New York, who were enticed to Halifax by British re<;ruiteig. who promised them work, havo published aw appeal to the President, stating that they arc imprisoned on Melville Island, because they rtfused to enlist for the Crimea. ...t Hon. Amos Kendall haj been rc-olo;?te<i president of the Washington and New Orleans Telegraph Company. .... Mrs Fanny Kcmblo is giving n fresh seric- ot Shaksperian readings at the Marylc bor.o Institute, London. .... Kossuth, in a letter to the New York Times, says that the balance he had in hand when he left this country " amounted to the mighty ouiu of eleven hundred and thirty-two dollars and twenty-seven cents; something rat her less than he possessed on going thither.'' .... Lord Stanhope was a printer ! Frank lin was a printer' Bcranger, the great French Eoct, was a printer! Thiers, the great Freuch is tori an, was a printer ' ...? Hugh Auchinclosa, one of the oldest mer chants of New York, in active business, died on Monday afternoon, at his summer residence on Statcn Island, at the advanced ago of sev enty-six years. ....James Smith, who, some months ago, pleaded guilty to the indictment charging him with serving on a vessel engaged in the slave trade, wss,nn Tuesday morning, in New Yo-k, sentenced by the United States District Court to pay a fine of $1,000, and to be imprisoned in the State prison for two years. Later from Cal; fornia. The steamer Illinois, from Aspinwall, ar rived at New York yesterday evening, bring ing 450 passengers, and $839.613 in gold. The Illinois connected with the Golden Gate, which left San Francisco on the evening of the 16th, passed the Golden Age on the 23d of June, and the same day found tho steamer Ae apulco bound up, their passengers all iu gi?od health. The sloop-of-war John Adams wis at Pana ma the 30th ult. The steamer Eldorado, frtm Havana, arrived at Aspinwall on the 29tli ult. Tho rainy season was prevailing on the Isth mus with much severity. The Panama Railroad Company had reduced the wages of their laborers, aud a large num ber struck, who were jjined by some mechan ics and machinists, on account of discontents with the food furnished. Tho United States ship Independence was at Parta on the 15th of June, but inconsequence of dispatches from Lima, sailed for Callao to enforce the settlement of the question betwoen the United States Representative and the Gov ernment relative to the detention of the captain of the American vessel John Cummins. FROM CHILI. Dates from Chili have been received to the 31st of Miy. Congross was to meet next day. A long continued drought prevailed, and the cattle were dying for want of pasture. FROM PERU. Dates from Peru state that an outbreak bo tweon the friends of Castillo and Elias was an ticipated. FROM AUSTRALIA. Wo have dates from Melbourne to the 23d of April. Tho mining accounts are very satis factory. The amount of cold shipped from Melbourne for the week ending April 21st was valued at nearly a million and a half of dol lars. The markets aro but littlo changed. Gal lego and llaxull Flour was selling at ?46 per 2.000 lbs. FROM CALIFORNIA. The San Francisco evening papers of June 16 contain nothing additional. The markets wcro quiot. Potatoes.?The trade in vegetables this season, from Bermuda and the Southern States, is unprecedentedly great. Three Bermuda vessels, which arrived at this port not long since, brought 4,100 barrols, 18 half barrels, and 1,600 bushels of potatoes; 100 barrels and 20,000 lbs. onions; and 280 boxes of tomatoes. We think it probable that a total of at least 25,000 bushels of potatoes from Bermuda alone have arrived hero this season. Large quanti ties also from Charleston and Norfolk The same article begins to be supplied from places nearer home?some already from Long Island. The potato crop in the Northern States will be most abundant, if no special disaster befalls it?we believe we may pay unprecedented. We know of a man in Connecticut who has ton acres; and almost overy farmer has more than the usual quautity. They look remark iblv well every where. Indian oorn ditto. So look out, je speculators.?N- Y, Jour. Com jMA I.NTII WARD UNION ASSO ciation ?A stated meeting will he held at Potomac Hall THIS EVENING. at P o'clock Jy.11?u _ WM., M NATIONAL GUARD, NOTICE ?The Annual Macting of the Company will )?> held at their Armory THIS (Wednesday) BVENI NO, at 80 clock p m Jy U?lt _ THOS? E LLOYD, See. t^OO^NTESTED ELECTION IN THE Foarth Ward ?Notice is hereby given ?o Ihp parties oonlMlinc the seat* of the iiicuahrn! ni'TOher* of the Common Council, from the Fourth W ard of the city of Washington. D. C.. a* well as to thoMj persons who* votes were rejected al jhe Municipal Flection held 111 said eitv on Mon day, the lili ultimo, that a hearing will.he given in the premise* on TUESDAY, the 17th instant, at the Council Chamber, in the Citv Hall, al 4 o'clock p. m SAMUEL YORKF. AtLEE, Chairman Committee on Election*, Jy ll?dt 17 Board of Common Council. Washington, July 7th. 1??5J. T BARNUM, Esq :?Dear Sir: . Your communication of the 6pi is now before me, in which you make me the rery libenil oiler of ^'JtiCKi if 1 will come to your museum, bring ing my Highland lion net, the Ycllow-ham:ncr'? ne^t, and all the young ones that are in the top o| *?V *?'? P'a,'e myself on exhibition, as the only ' aahington Hl'rnlaudpr whocould stand a shower of rain on the 1th of July. I regret very much, however, that circumstances beyond my control will compel mc to decline the honor. 1st The aforesaid shower destroyed the nesl and drowned the yellow-hammer*. ?2d. 1 have got a magnificent assortment of white and red ash Coal on hand, which I am anxious to dispose of at the unprecedented cheap rates of fit.HO per ton. r The Bonnet is at rour disposal, an I have no fur ther use tor it, and ft would doubtless bring about some pleasing reflections, from its resemblance to your once favorite and far-famed Woolly Horse It could likewise be used to advantage as a ^winging nest for one of your celebrated Shanghai Kooster*. or be turned to account as a Babv Jumper, to be used at your next infantile exhibition. I remain yours with esteem, hTc. h. ?, Wood and Coal Dealer, jy H it*trCef' <*oor *?uth of I'a avenue. WASHINGTON HIGHLAND .7^7, ers ,)eZ to inform their friends and tlie public generally that thev will give their first Annual Lxcursion and Pic Nic to the Wnite House Pavilion on THURSDAY, Agust 2d, 1855. The Steamer George Washington having lieen procured for the day will leave Washington at 9 a m. and 2 p.m. Particulars in future advertisement. The members of the Company are requested to , punctual in attendance at thesr armory Thurs day evening next. U. W. FLOOD, Sec. jy * F OST-A MEMORANDUM BOOK, of no a-i use to any one but the owner. By leaving the .-ame at this office the finder will receive a suitable rcwardl Jy 11?It ^ VFE' GRA<E NISBET, orShank i.fX land, having left my bed and board without just cause, 1 will not be responsible for any debt* she may contract alter this date. I jy 11?It* GEORtiE NISBET. FTOR;SE F?R SALE.?A fine gentle HORSK * JL either under the saddle or in harness, ?V__. is for sale. The owner is going awav and wishes to sell him. Enquire at SUTTON^SXTv ery Stable, on 6th, near comer of D street. jy 11?3t SCHL'TTER fc KAHLERtI 4 RTISTS, FRESCO, DECORATIVE, and ?7,^?r/j?"criPtion of ? R N A M E N T A L 1 Airs 1 L\(i. Orders left with Baldwin and Nenning, Archi tects. corner Penn avenue and 11th street, will be promptly attended to. jyll lm* GEO. T. MASSEY, Dealer in Real Estate and Land Warrants, No. 42^ Thirteenth St., Washington. |T AND8 bought and sold throughout the Dis ,t'i'-t, Taxes paid. Collections made. Drafts cashed, and the highest prices given for Land Warrants. Jy ll-3t? DISSOLUTION. fl^lh coPartnershin heretofore existing l*ctween -a \ViLLiAM?ojt L Osgodby is this day dis solved by mutual consent. Either is authorized to settle the business of the firm JNO B WILLIAMSON, Jy " ? Til OS W. OSGODBY. ?ENTLEMEN'S L'NDERGAR M ENTS. 1\ I . have a larvje and fine assortment of Si)* ? J Oauze. Merino and Cotton Undershirts, lin en and cotton Drawers, White and colontt Shirts. I osier v. letwhich we arc im?\i* ofl'erin" at vcrv low prices WALL It STEPHENS. ^2-2 Pa. ave.. next door to Iron HaU. J> II??f (News] COFFIN WAREROOM, Ac. J Xu L n, , AM TJ' VNT * co ? UNDERTA . * j ,, residence 416 Seventh street, between G and 11 streets. Interments procured in any ground or cemetery. Coal-is. Caps, Shrouds. Car iiages. Hearse, and even* article for interments of the best quality furnished at shc?rt notice, on t h? most reasonable terms, and at all hours of the V. , , JIav,,,7. Uie e*vlu?ive right of Crump's l a???ut Corp e 1 reservir. we guarantee to keep the dead tor Rny length of time. jy j i |y SEALED PROPOSALS FOR FUeLT" Office of U. S. Femtfntiaky. J Washington. July 10, 1-.V? J CJl.i All \ TL PROPOSALS will lie received at y ?his office until noon of the first day of Au-ust. !-??. tor furnishing the prison with 125 cords of half seasoned good oak Wood, of me dium size, and f'-ee of lop wood 20 cords good pine Wood ?~?o tons red ash anthracite Coal. lK' d,el.1VtT,'d UP?" the Penitentiary W haif, aud the coal in the prison vard ? THOMAS TiloRNLEY, jy H eotAugl Warden. TAKE NOTICE. WE wi-h to keep it in the remeir brance of oik friends and the public that we have now on hand as rine a stork of Fancy Goods Perfume rv. and Millinery as is to be found id the Distri.' ofwhich we are disposing of at prices e\< ee.1' 1,1 ??dCT '? our'SSto^Sc We have Leghorn. Neapolitan, Crape, Silk. Uac^ and Straw Hats of the latest and most fash l oil able styles Also Silk, Uri^n, P.,j?er, and other tans. Combs, Brushes, and Toilet article* g'-nerally. French. German, and American Per lumery 1- lower Vases, India Rublter Go.xls 4e to all of which we would invite the attention of the public generally and the ladies In particular and would most jespeetfnlly request them to ^ive us a call, when something in our line is wanted and w-e will make every endeavor to supply them to their satisfaction, both as regards to quality a-id price. HUTCHINSON \ MUNRO. ? 11 <? 510 Pa* av*' and #treet?. jy 11-6; ORATION on the Landing c^nt PiljTims in Maryland; pamphlet 15 II. W. lliBiard s Speeches and Addresses; one vol, 8vo Kirwan's letters to the Right Rev Jno Hii-rhes Life in California, MounUins and Molehill^, by F rank Maryatt ' 3 Straus's Life of Jesns Frank Leslie's Gazette for July Harper's Story Book do J> 11 FRANCK TAYLOR. UNITED STATES MAIL. FLORIDA| Post Office Detaktment, July 9, 1S55. PROPOSALS for carrying the mails of the Uni ted States from the 1 -t day of October. 1855, to the 3i?th day of June, 1859, inclusive, on the fol lowing routes in the State of Florida . and in the times herein specified, will be received at the Con tract office of the Post Office Department, in the city of Washington, until 3 p. m., of the 2Uth Au gust, 1855. to be decided on the next day: ??51 From Camp Izard, by Homosassa. to Bay Port. 45 miles and back, twice a week, in two-horse coaches. Leave Camp Izard Wednesday and Saturday at 5 a m Arrive at Bay Port same days bv 6 p m Leave Bay Port Tuesday and Friday at 5 a m Arrive at Camp Izard same days by ft p m f>855 From Long Pond, by Clay landing, to Wau keenah, lOtl miles and back, once a week I^eave Long Pond Monday at <? a m Arrive at Wankeenah next Wednesday by 6 p tn l^eave Waukeenah Thursday at 6 a m Arrive at Long Pond next Saturday at 6 p m For forms of proposal, guarantee and certificate, also Instructions and requirement#, (embracing conditions to be incorporated in the contracts, to such extent as the department may deem i>roper,) see advertisement inviting proposals for mail ser vice in the Southern States, dated January 12,1:355. JAMES CAMPBELL, jyll?lawlw Postmaster General. Notice is hereby given that i shall apply to the Department of the Interior for the issue of a duplicate Land Warrant, No. KJO.nWl for 40 acres, supplemental to Warrant No 18.025 for 40 acres, issued to Plea?a?t I.acy, with ft blank assignment on the lock thereof, which was purchased by me of the said Lacy, and forwarded to a gentleman in Washington City, ou the 14th ?if Ma\ last, and which has not been received by him G D NKAL Pittsylvania C. H., Va , June 16, le56 j?ao? iavrtw* ! 9100?PROCLAMATION !!! TO THE PEESIDEITT AMD THE PEOPI * PROP CILARI.E* DaGRATH. of Pbtlao ? - - - - ? -? ? ? _ _ 1 a I I phi*, ha* sent an aeeat on with bit crlrktrat " ELECTRIC OIL, who will apply U lo any *mr<iu*. at the National Hotel, and will foifrlt ?1U) if he cannot care every cm** of R mr mat i*n, Nki'Kaloia, Nriroci. Prmu and Bkokchial Ccmp^*,Salt Rukim. EaTCtrai.As,&cao rciA, SwKLLko Glaum, STtrr Joi*t*, Pal pitation. B?okrk Be?*it, Soaat, l?ti!?? and Pa rji* of all kind.*, Ac Come and m* Ilavc you heard of the wonderful cares mad* In Rait itnor** ? Pconle come from 5?? to l<?> miles to see the Doc tor inVliil.idi-l|'hia. and l??' cures them Coiw and see Prof C DnG R ATH, 39 south Eighth Philadelphia Light shall again the fade d rye illume, And rosy health tb? pallid cheek resume. The infant moaning on its mother's ltrraat Shall fondly play, or smiling sink to rest jv I'1?A* LOST?ON MONDAY AFTKR*OON, IN going from 1. between Cth and 7th stie??t*, to George Harvey's Paint Shop, on II. between 7th and Sh streets, a Gold Watch, detarlied lever. 1*2 jewel*, made by Te?bia*, with a common ?ti* 1 chain and a brass key attached. The finder * ill lie liberally rewarded bv leaving It at J AS F IIARVEY S, No. 410 Seventh, bet. G and H street* Jy lft?'2t? An r REWARD?Ranaway from the *ub scriber on the ?l*t June, a black BOY a named Lewis, call* himself I?ewls Fenton l?ew ls is aliout 13 years old. *tout built, sour counten ance. and thick lip? It is likely be Is gone |n a vessel, either a wood craft or sand boat I will give the above reward if delivered to roc in Wash in^ton city, corner of 0th and E streets, Island, or secured In Jail so that 1 can get him again Jy Hi-3t* HUGH LEDDY. AO REWARD.?Ranaway from the subscrl vO bar on the 4 th instant, a negro BOY named Pompey, about twelve years old Pompey 1* very black, and when *poken to hold* hi* head down He went off in his shirt sleeve*, wore a pair of blue pants, and an old whitish furred hat I will give the above reward if taken and brought home to roe. Pompey has beeu seen at the railroad of fice on the arrival of the cars, and very frequently on t?olh sides of Pa. avenue, bathing in the canal, Jackson Alley. 6th and Tth streets, Ac E. H. EDELIN. corner G and 5th sts , near City Jail. Jy 10?31* WHILE MANY OF Ol'R MERCHANTS are complaining of dull times and tell u?they have more clerks than customers, G. PRANClSv 190 Seventh street, is rapidly selling off every thing in the way of Housekeeping Hardware, and al ways gets the money He thinks the times are certainly improving. The truth is, he sell* low. and the people arc beginning to understand it. If good articles, low price s, and every effort to pleas** will *uit purchasers, he is determined that his customers shall be satisfied. Jy 10 The lady who purchased two fine Feather Fans on Friday, the 6th instant, from a Fancy Goods Store, lietween 0th and l?th streets, on Pennsylvania avenue. Is respectfully In formed that the bbM she gave In port payment ht? Iteen ascertained tc lie a counterfeit, and as In rf?l probability she obtained it in exchange wtfilst making previous purchase*, she can remember from whom *he took it. we trust she will come forward and relieve u* of it. Jy 0?3t Lost, on Saturday morning, bf tween the Northern Liberties' Market-hew1 and Richey** Fancy Store on Tth street, a gold Breastpin. containing a daguerreotype likeness of a gentleman. Any one leaving the same at this office will lie rewarded. * jy 0?3t LAND WARRANTS. LAND War rams wanted at the highest rates by KELLER A McKENNEY, 15th street, opposite the Treasury, jy 9?lm* CMIILDR E N'S WHEELBARROWS and / Rocking Horses. Jumping Ropes. Whips and Canes, with a general assortment of Toys for sale cheap at LAMMOND S, Tth st Jy ??3C CARRIAGES. I HAVE on hand some handsome light and con venient family Carriages and Bug-r^ gies A two horse Carriage and Lx-T_^ press Wagon. Those desirous of purchasing any of the aliovc described articles cheap will do well to call on the siib*crilicr Immediately, as I am de termined to sell low fur ca:h, or on accommodat ing terms. All work warranted. Repairing done at the shortest notice and in the most approved manner. S. FLYNN. No. 3U5 1? st . bet leth and 13th. jy 0?lm opposite the Kirkwood House. I^IKTY nOLL.VIlrlTbWARD.?For Ilie appiehe ns ion of my Isiy Jeff Fauntleroy. wto absconded from my house about the 2Mb of June, 1p65. lie is about 3 feet s inches in height, cop jier colored, has a fine open countenance when spoken to. Had on when last seen, blue frock coat, metal buttons, black cloth pants and patent leather shoes, blue cloth cap. 1 will give the above reward if taken in the town or county of Al exandria, and $lUU if taken beyond that. GEORGE SNYDER, jyO?^ Alexandria, Va. NOTICE. PfMIK duties of my Academy will be resumed X September 3, l-.v> The numiier of Pupil* ts limited to twenty-five. Parents or guardians who desire io avail themselves of the privilege of put ting their sons or wards under my direction and government, will please apprise the undersigned before the commencement of the next scholastic year, and places shall l?e reserved for them. The terms will lie ?*1:J 50 per quarter of eleven weeks, for which sum instruction will be given in all the branches usually taught in *chool> of a high grade in Iwth the Mathematical and Classical De j?ar meat*. French and Drawing will be an extra charge. The s4Tvfc*-s of the best Instruc tors In the above w ill be secured T. W SIMPSON, No. 101 West street, Georgetown, D C. jy r?it COLUMBIAN COLLEGE. Washington, DC. Rev. J.G. niNXEY, D. D . Prerident and Profes sor of intellectual Moral Philosophy. William Higgles, LL.D., Professor of Mechan ical Philosophy and Astronomy. Rev. A.J. Ill NTi jig to*. A.M., Professor of the Greek and l.atin Lantnn^tt. Cuaelks C. Jewett, A M., Professor of Rhet oric aud Utiles Lettres. Lewis 11. Steixkk, A.M.. M.D., Professor of Chemistry and Natural l'hilo?onhy. E. T. Fkistok, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. William E. JtLLsox, A.MProfessor of Modern Languages R. C. Fox, A B , Tutor In the Greek snd Latin Languages J. G. Nash, a M., Teacher of the Preparatory De partment. THE next session liegir.* on the last Wednesday in September, and continues nine months, until the last Wednesday in June. Candidates f >r admission may be examined on Monday and Tuesday preceding the opening of the session. The regular College Course requires four years for the degree of A. B. Those wishing to do so may omit tlie ancient languages and pursue a scientiho course three years for the degree of B P. An ad vanced course is also provided for the degree' of A. M. Student* may pursue any particular branches where they can do so profitably, and will take suf ficient studies fully to occupy their time, and re ceive a certificate of actual attainment. A Preparatory Department is o-tablished under the general sufiervisiou of the Faculty, with an able and expeneaced teacher, and sjiecial attention Will lie given to fitting pupils to cuter College With a full and able Faculty, students are with confidence invited to the usual lieucfits of e?ur best institutions, with theise- advantages peculiar to the seat of the General Government. Circulars, with all ntvded information, may l?e received by applying personally or by letter to the President. jy 7?2aw3w CHICKERING Ic SON'S PIANOS^ fpHK subscriber lias lately received an addition X al supply of Pianos, which again complete-* his usual large and elegant assortment, embracing even- varie-t\ of pattern and scale, from the eld atia renowned factory of Cliii kering & Sons, Boston. ;uid from other approved Koston manufactories By the packe t wnich leave** Huston on the 2?th ed the highest enconiums from the first artisU la the country. * Second hand Pianos taken in part payment The subscriber can anei will sell Piano* as low as they can be bought in the United States. New Music constantly received. RICHARD DAVIS, jy 7?eo3t Pennsylvania avenue. ALEXANDRIA t WASHINGTON BOATS. THE Steamer GEORGE WASHINGTON will leave at the following hours. ^ ^ Fare 12? cent* M j jm The THOMAS COLIAKR, when not othcr way* engaged, will make trips on the route at al ternate hours. Leave Washington at 6, 8, 0*, 11#, 2*, ?.#*, and 7. l.eave Alexandria at 7,9,19#, 1\, 3#,4*, and S ?The Boat will leave Alexandria at 1# p. m . or immediately on the arrival of the car* jy 7?d JOB CORSON,_Captain. ICE IC'K ! C1IIARl.F^S WERNER, ou 1'a. avenue, oppo f site Browns' Hotel, will keep, throughout the s-jason, an ample supply of Pettiiioue's best ICE, which he will se^l, on call, in any quantittar, al the lowest poaaihle rates. may M?dtbep 30.