Newspaper of Evening Star, July 19, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated July 19, 1855 Page 2
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EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON CITT: *T HI AID AY AFTER5001 July 1"?. AGENTS FOR THE STAR. The following persons are authorised to con tract for the publication of advertisements in the Star: Philadelphia?V. B. Palmer. N W corner ?f Third and Chestnut streets. New York?S. M. Pettisgill A Co.. Nassau Unit. Bnstor.?'V B Palmer Scollsy's Building |y*Anvyp ristMKMT* ?bould be handed in fcy 13 o'clock >1 . other*L?e they may not ap pear until the next day. SPIRIT OF THE MORNING PBE88. The Union discusses witb winch ability the Condition of tU Allies in the Crimea, coming to conclusions on the subject similar to those ?xpres?ed. repeatedly, in the Star within the last two months The -ainc paper, in two or three article", illustrate* the action of the Northern Know Nothing?. in. one and ail. mounting the Abolition platfom The Intelttgeucer, discussing the necessity for the obcdience to the law?, as well as for the preservation <">f the Union, .-ay*, in answer to an article in the Fayettevills iN. C.) Observer: 14 The Observer, we think, is somewhat mis taken in asserting that the fugitive slave law * ip a dead letter in Massachusetts and in the free States generally.' We do not remember a single instance sinee its passage in which the Government of the United States, when called upon to execute it, has tailed to do so. Our present Chief Magistrate and his predeeeseor are Loth from the free State*, both partici pating in the feelings of their respective States *upon the abstract question of slavery; and yet both, when occasion occurred, promptly ?xerted the power of the United States, and avoeessfully, to enforce the execution, of the law referred to. What right have wc to sup pose that such will not always be the case under any President, whether from the North ??r the South ' For ourselves, we cannot be lieve that evinthemo*t inveterate abolitioni-d from any nnn-slaveholding State, if thought worthy by a majority of the electors of the Union to be exulted to the high dignity of President of the United States, would falter for a moment in his fidelity to the oath of of fice, which includes within it the obligation to *ee the laws of the I'uited States executed.*' 'lrial and Triumphs,:J or Firmness in the Household, is the title of the now work, by T. S. Arthur, and which has just issued from the pre--:. The reputation of this gen tleman in the literary world, und the moral and practical lessons in social life which he ever strives to inculcate, render his produc tions at once delightful and heart-improving, affording a marked contrast to the flimsy liter ature which overstocks the market. It is pub lished by T. B Peterson. 102 Chestnut street, Philadelphia PERSONAL. .... Ex-President Tyler and family haro taken quarters at Willards* Hotel, Old Point Com tort, lor the season. .... A youDg man named George Plotts. re siding in John son burg, N J., being dissatis fied with bis wife, to whom he had been only ?levendays married. wa- thoughtlessly plagued by some acquaintances, fur the purpose of ?'naving .-uiiit fuu" with him. Worked up to frenzy by their foolish joking, the unfortunate fellow went and hanged himself in his em ployer's barn, on the 5th inst. .... M lie Rachel is to receive, it is said, for playing two hundred night* in America, two hundred mid fifty thousand dollars, besides all the traveling exj>enses of herself and her ?uite are to be paid ; all the salaries of her c hambermaid-, and she is to have ? carriage and the ieqwisite servants always at her dis posal. ....Among the items from abroad, it is Ftated that the Empress of France is drawn through the various parts of the Exhibition in a rolling chair, presented to her by Prince Al bert. .... The Revolutionary soldier* are fast sink ing into death. Col. Jabez Lcftwich, a native ct Bedford county. Va.. di? d recently near Jluntsvli'e. Ala., in hi- 00th year, and Mr. John T. Van Fleet, a Revolutionary patriot, ?lied at his r--idence in Readington. Hunter don county. New Jersey, in the 91th year of J>is age. Jefferson Partaking ok the Commcnion. A writer in llAokensack. fNew Jersey.) says a minister who was ln>rn Jhd -pent the greater portion of his life in Virginia, told him that Thoma- Jefferson, in his old age. when he had quietly retired to Mont ice Llo, vuited one Sab bath a couutry church. It happened to be communion on that day. and a:i invitation being giver. t.? ail who sincerely rej>eutcd of their sin- and exercised faith in Christ, topai take with the vhurch in that ordinance, Mr. Jefferson availed him-elf of the occasion, and went f >rw:ird and partook of the communion. Trom Kautat?Governor Rcsdcr's Message. The message of Governor Reeder to the Kan ?as Legislature contends for the right of the people to settle their "wn affaire uninflu enced by the other State', and s. ys that the territorial legislature may acton the question of slavery to a limited extent, and temporari ly regulate it He directs attention to the de finition .if the boundariesof the counties and district*, an! the qualifications of voters. He Teeomroerds that a stringent liquor law be adopted on account of the Indians. He thinks ?that a light tax only is required, and contends that pre-emptions may be taxed He recom mends the immediate ?-<tablishment of the j?eat of government and announces that the population of the territory amounts to 3.3W3 females, and 5.133 male The legi.-! tture f:vd upon the Shawnee ^fission as the temporary seat of government. The Governor vetoed the measure, but the legislature adjourned t<? meet again at Shaw nee Mi^-ion An Avala>? h of Breau.?Yesterday there Here one hundred ears loaded with (new) ivhtat at Chattanooga, ready to move, and the depot crammed to its utmost capacity. Two train- a da) arrive at Chattanooga, by the Nashville road, and it wa: estimated yes terday that there wire stored in that town HO.tMHL bu-hel- of wheat, exclusive of that in More by ? ur road Frem ChattainK.ga down to Etowah, the depot* are all full t<> bursting. On the ytii there were ret-eived at Calhoun 2.000 bu-bt ls. and ihe hands could not knock off their loading till 11 o cl<*-k :;t night. Major "Young, the agent of Calhoun, thinks that, from hi* depot alone, he will -hip 100.000 bushels during the -eason. To-day five full trains will god wn. and we sunj?>se each ear will contain one hundred and limty Melts. The rush of this description of freight has been unprecedented, caused, as we learn, by the otfpr r.t* New Y'?rk millers to give SI.25 for all wheat delivered at depot by the 10'h. and at Charleston and Savannah by the 15th of this month We fear, in vaiu, of this state of thing*, that much litigation and loss must be met by .- 'me parties. The crop, under the strong indu ? nvnts of this favorable state of the mark.-t. was reaped at its earliest stage of jipeness. and then, in a wet spell, got out and pressed forward in lar^e bulks into depot. This will inevitably heat, and to a great ex tent suffer deterioration. Then, we have no doubt, as the State road i* looked upon a? fair game f?r nil the world to hawk at. thar th -u aand* of dollars in the way of reclamation will be brought against it to make good this damage We leirn that already the Tennes seeans are thrcjtening to ?ue for "losses growing out of the detention of their grain for a few *ay -At'^.ti Lra ) Intelligtncer, 12/A nut. WA8HIFGI'jirirEWS_AND GOSSIP. H*aiothinfr New TTnd^r thaitm.?W? w*?ch the progress of oar eountry in the arts with peculiar delight. in?omuoh as it is very clear that th^ development of its resources dependa in a grea* measure upon the increasing adapta tion of all things mechanimal, ao as to apply them most oconomioally to the condition of circumstances. under which, for the nonce, our fellow citizens have recourse to such aids. Steam, though it has worked wonders for us, is. practically, yet in its infancy. So general is thin belief, that no scientific man would be surprised on learning that improvements in its application to business purpose* have been made, which double its practical effect, while they subtract one-half from the present cost of using it. Indeed, at this moment, steam-en gines of various patterns are to bo had. which costing half as much aa similar machines did ten years ago, pcrfurm twice the effective work at one-half the expense of running them. Yet, except those engaged in the business of manufacturing them, few. indeed, can name any particular leading improvement in the steam engine, which has contributed to bring about these so important results in a remark able degree. So, also, in nearly every other branch of the arts have similar improvements been made in the same decade, and in none more than in that of manufacturing printing presses, which, within that epoch, havo been so improved as that with about the same power to drive them, they will with ease accomplish four times ??? much as the presses which then were regarded as the models in all the world for rapidity ami neatness, in the way in which they did the work allotted to them. Thepe thoughts, referring as they do to things of great public importance, suggested themselves to our mind on examining a riding saddle which has recently been introduced into the military service of the United States, after having been duly submitted to such tests of it? entire fitness and applicability, as are undergone nowhere else in the United States than before Uovemmeut commissions. It is the invention or arrangement, patented of course, of our enterprising fellow-citizen, Mr. Daniel Campbell, saddler and harness maker. Its peculiarities consist in setting the parts of the tree which bear on the horse on springs, tho tendency of which is to open upwards, rather than to elose in. and pir.ch the animal's back. The under portion of the parts in ques tion are shaped with great care, so as precisely to fit the animal's anatomy, while the top of the saddle i? also shaped so as to accommodate the form of the rider much more comfortably than any other saddle we ever saw. The hols ters are secured with spring catches, which hold them securely without resorting to buckles; while the holster covers are patent leather slides. movable by the slightest pressure ?>f tho finger, and yet completely covering and protecting the weapon from the weather. The valise, too, i-? so fixed on the back of it, as to hang in two parts diagonally down, al most parallel to the rider's thighs as he sits, en cheva!relieving the hor^efrom its weight across his loins, and remedying the jolting or ^winging heretofore incident to the u?c of the valise, unless always fastened on with much greater care than nine-tenths uf those who use them bestow on such an apparent trifle, though all accustomed to carry them frequently on long journeys, are ?w.ire that nothing serves to jade a horse more than a poorly fastened weight, great or small, upon his loins. Mr. Campbell, in these improvements, has cer tainly done much, indeed, to prevent galling the backs of horses, and breaking them down needle?ly. as there can be no chafing when his saddle is used. It requires, by the by, but the buckling of two straps to saddle a hor.-e reaily f<>r mounting where it is used. Where as. in the saddle used in the service up to this time, sixteen buckles are to be fastened before that work is completed. We understand that four bunded of these improved saddles have been ordered by the War Department, to be manufactured for the immediate use of the mounted troops in the far West. Tho Colonization Cause?Some friend of the African colonization sends us the following interesting panegyric upon it: '? We meun African colonization. Never did it stand on higher ground. Nerer has it awakened so widw and lively an inter eat among the colored people. The Liberian Re public i.s a fact. The charter of African free dom on African soil is a truth?an experi mental reality. They have there laid founda tions for all future time?not in riot and blood shed, but in peace and quietude. Hundreds of miles of sea-coast are possessed by Libcrians. and tliou^iKi'ls ?n thousands of native Africans seek the protection of the new republic. They a3kfor liberty and law. Africa is no longer a blank on the map of the world. We have gone too tar now to recede. We are pledged before the world to accomplish the regenera tion of Africa. This is no visionary project; and, therefore, listen to the 3olid arguments by which the enterprise is supported. 1. Liberia has shut the gates of the slave trade, so long the bane and the pain of Africa, and ha* substituted the legitimate traffic in articles of commerce Sh<* has opened a market for the world. 2. The efforts and success of the Coloniza tion Society have produced a marked change in the minds of the colored people here, who are more and more looking to that land as their permanent home. 3. The Society does not use its funds to buy the freedom of slaves, but to fit out and send to Liberia those who are offered for that pur pose; and the number is great?more than can be accommodated. 4. See how in this enterprise the home and the foreign principles are united. If any ob ject to foreign missions, here '? the Greeks are at your doors askiug you to help them, while they are trying to help themselves. If any would do gt->d abroad, send these influences to the Continent of Africa. The deeper the darkness of the past, the more brilliantly will the light shine j. Our cause unites the suffrages of the best minds of all denominations in Church or Stata, as being the only practical way yet discovered of treating with the colored population. rt. Colonization spreads the sail of the emi grant ship for the African shorws. and leads the way for such a final exodus of this population as would astonish those incredulous minds, which could look forward to the developments of futurity. 7. The colonization system eminently jno* motes the union of the States, as might be shown by various arguments, one of which is, that the enemies of the Union are the ene mies of colonization, while it# friends are the true friends of their eountry. 8. Christianity, with its immortal hopes and never-failing blessings has been planted there, and will spread its influences orcr the cjntinent Shall we open oor hearts and hand* to for ward this great work ? The tn-Mury of the society needs to be replenished Multitudes are applying for a passage to the land of their father*. Shall they be denied7 Every emi grant. who desires it, is presented on hi? ar rival, with a farm, and is sustained fur six months?, until h* can bring into requisition his t wn resource*. j. ^ d Funny.?The Organ gravely azures its r iders that the failure of the contestants for the seat* fraudulently filled in the Council Board of Washington at the last election, to prosecute their claims ou Jthe day before yesterday before the election committee of the Board, is proof positive of the falsity of the allegation of frauds committed on the 4th of June last! It will be recollected that a majority of this committee have taken pre cis*y such oath? in their midnight-working lodges, ns were taken by a majority of the election committee of the other Board, which resulted in the consummation of the frauds of the election (lay and the setting at defiance of the admitted decision of our highest court of law in the cases of Messrs. Gideon and Fiti patrick. The Orgtt7i forgets to mention that the action of tho Board of Aldermen and their committee on Monday night, made it appa rent to nil blessed with an ounce of brains, that no amouut of law, justice, and right that tiic contestants might have on their side, would possibly procure for them that justice a* the hands of tho lower board and its com mittee, which the secret oaths taken in the Know Nothing lodges forbade. Under such cir cumstances, Mud as what was done in t^ie upper board in the same connection ha* de monstrated past denial, that no legal or moral t -ligation is permitted to ?tand in the way of the c -minands of the lodges, ?H sensible persons rnu-t see at a glance that the further piosecution of the contests would be about the most useless application of time and talent* imaginable as useless- as administering the pledge of honesty to every inmate of the Dis trict Penitentiary with the expectation that t-i-y will observe it The State cf Affairs in the Crimea.?The a-ixiety with reference to tho condition of af fairs io the Crimea manifested by public men h. re, is as intense at this moment, if not more h.tense than ever before. This is evident in a thousand ways, but in none more than in tue flocks in which they come to the Star office in person, or send to us when each suc ceeding steamer's news is expected, for ear liest copies of this journal. Among military men in Washington, it is very generally be lieved that the Allies now have but three desperate alternatives left thom. First, to repeat the assault of June 18th, with even more murderously disastrous consequences to themselvea, as tho impregnable Redan and Malakoff batteries must be taken before there can be the slightest hope that they can carry .Sevastopol by assault. Next, to retreat to their shipping, which cannot be done without immense low, unless the Russians ehoo*e to permit them t?> depart in peace. Third, to essay t?> penetrate into the interior, where they will find on all really important points, lines of fortifications as complete, quite as complete for defence, as those in and around Sebasto pol. That is, if they make that attempt they iiiust reduce a new Scbast<q>oI every fifty mile* on their march into flic interior of the country. 1 aving their rear uncovered, too. and making the attempt with the knowledge that thoir re turn to the coast cannot be effected except through seas of blood, as it were. One has but to look closely at a go?nl military map of the seat of war to comprehend tho truth of these remark;?that is, if be has carefully -ludied the history of tho campaign up to this tune. The Ijllowing from the Crimean cor respondcncc <?f trie London Timr.i tells the story: Lord Raglan s amiable disposition is acute ly touched bv the loss of tv many gallant men. ' m>sell, 1 admit that, knowing nothing of war. and merely chronicling, a.- fur as oos-ibK ti.e results of its op, rations, I do not see any possibility of our being able to abandon our present position on the south side of Sebasto pol. or to make a general attack on the Ru? s. in s rinies which are encamped before us. ?Lvery ravine has been made another Sebasto p?-l by their engineers. Our land transport corps is so hardly pressed by the service of the sh ge artillery, mat, a* I aw informed, the r i t oili of tuel lias been, on several occasions re cently, not forthcoming for the trooiw to the luii amount. ' It is to be presumed th.tt the Allied gen erals are acquainted with some facts respect the strength and position of the Russian army which induce them to think it would be U:ia<lvi?able to break uj> our camp and try to force the passes of the Belbek. They may d.?trust their own strength or the efficiency of toeir means of transport, or they may be de terred by the force and the attitude of tho enuMty, they may be influenced by considers* tons, and may act on information of which we are ignorant; but the belief of many officers o! interior rank and of great intelligence i^ that the proper way to attack Sebastopol is to put finger and thumb on its windpipe, no mai lt i how tar the place may be removed from th-j great organ itself, and let it starve. We ? ;e not strong enough, it is said, to invest the outeid?. tbr we are only >10.000 men. and it would require an armv of ^0,000 or 200,000 men to occupy the linos w hich would enable them to resist at all poiuts lbe attempts of the enemy, whether from w ithin or trom without the cordon of invest ment. Ike Allied generals perhaps feel that their only ehauce of cohesion exists in their l.-ing together, and that it would be unsafe to divide and split up this army of English, French. Sardinians, and Turks, not only on S'JKS.,,ut on ",her" *? -It must be remembered thisgreat army is no living corps. It is encumbered with huge an puratus of war. with an immense amount of materia/ with seige-trains and heavy ordnance and warlike stores which could not be left in tue hands of the enemy, and which, having taxed the energies of two great nations in their transport and accumulation, cannot now be carried away ,u a few weeks. We have con verted the plateau into a great fortress, com manding kaimosch and Balaklava. If we abandoned it to-morrow the Russians would bo hi it the same evening ; if we left a small force t > occupy it. the enemy would soon discover our weariness, and either cariy the plateau bv J movement, or weary out the troops and u< leaf them in detail by constant sorties In the extraordinary country in which we are waging war. there is this condition?that the southern coast where water abounds is so moun tainous that It is impossible for artillery or cavalry to traverse it by any but the military road, which passes through tremendous defiles Jin 1 ravines iato which a general might *-??' hesitate to lead an army. On the north of this range, on the contrary, where the whole coun try is open and the gun-ca/rlage can find a road wherever it turns in this season, water is so scanty and ?? ? apart, that it would be h iiardous to march a large army through it, w hen a ruthless and active enemy, driven to desperation, might soon render it uutenable by tampering with a few wells. In our march to Kair.mita bay each day's work was clearly in dieated bv the nvers. With a determined en emy we should have had to fight for our water every day-first at Boulijanah, then at the Alan, next at the Katscha, and aftewards at tJie iielbek ; but northwards of Perekop is in accessible and poisonous, and the shores of the Siwash arc certain death?more certain and n aiok than the marshes ef the Dobrudsoha, at tne recollection of whloh th? br*ve?* French man tremble* '?We know nothing of the roads aero** the Siwash. When at Genitchi the flying squad ron found that ther oould barely approacnthe place, and it would have been extremely im prudent to go past the straits in light boats, which might hare been destroyed by a few field piece* by an unseen enemy along its banks. It easily to be seen by these fbw re marks that the army if not in that position in which wo could wish to see it. "Our generals are becoming ill again. Gen. Pennefathery is in orders to-day. and will have to leave for England forthwith. M^j. Gen. Codrington. one of our best brigadiers, is al ready on his way from thin to regain his shat tered atrength. We hare lost the services of < brigadier Bnller for some time past. 6ir ! George Brown has been ordered on board ship t f<>r the benefit of his health, as he has been ! suffering from diarrhoea for some days past; I and we hear, with regret, that Gen. llstcourt I is very unwell. At this moment Col. Shirley, ! of" the 88th regiment, virtually commands the j Light Division, and the prospect of spending i the uext three months on this arid plateau is indeed depressing. Although water has not i failed it i* scarce and bad. Gnards are placed j over tho well" and streams, and each man and I beast is supplied in turn, and they have to form ! a queue at the trough, and sometimes the ; thirsty man or beast has to remain for an b?>ur j or two pre his turn comes." i A Revenue Marine Officer Resigned ? ! ''The Wilmington (Del.) Journal states that Secretary Guthrie has dismissed Lieuts. John M. Jones and William A. Tennison from the revenue service, on the investigation of the charges preferred hv them after the rencontor which occurred at the Indian Queen Hotel, in 1 that city."?Haiti more !$i/n. The Wilmington (Del.) Jinir/iaf ia in error

i with reference to Lieut. Tenuison. This gen ; tleman wa.- not dismissed from the service, j hut has resigned his commission in it. and i will doubtless do far better out of than in any I public employment, as he is a sngacion*. a** , tive and energetic busine.-* man The Charleston <S. C.) Eloetion.?The ! Charleston Mercury scout* the idea that the , recent election of Col. Carew, so ]<?ng the edi tor of lluit journal, to be high eheriff of that city, was a Know Nothing victory It says that he is neither a member of the order nor directly or indirectly its supporter, and that the Know Nothings supj?orted him <mly to hide their weakness, as he would have been elected quite as easily without as with their aid. In deed. the prevalence of a rumor that they had taken the liberty of secretly determining to vote for him. induced many to vote against him, though he took tho pains to disconnect his refutation from suspicion of sympathy with then The Officers of the Marine Corps and Navy l <?f the United States will learn with great re gret that Major Augustus Nicholson Quarter Master U. S. M. C., died last night at his res idence in this city after a severe illness. His j high tone charaeter und admitted efficiency in j the discbarge of the responsible public duties 1 with which he was so long charged. earned for him ho.=t- of friends in and out of the service Stationery Contract Awarded.?The con tract for supplying the War Department an-1 it* various bureaus with stationery for the en suing fiscal year has been awarded to our en terprising fellow-citizens, Messrs. Taylor & Maury, whose specimens, on which this award was obtained, are among the most beautiful tilings, in their way. imaginable. The Curror.t Operations of the Treasury Department.?On v< -<terday, the ISthof July, | there were of Treasury Warranto entered on the books of the Department? For the Treasury Department.... 921,131 31 Tor the Interior Department 10,152 86 For the Custous 3j,2S1 0* War Warrants received and en tered 162.213 6? Drawn on account of the Navy... 85,000 00 Repayments on account of the Nary... 42,f54 41 Covered in from miscellaneous source* 9,535 45 ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER CANADA. Three l)ayi Later from Europe. The steamer Canada arrived at Halifax yea terday with Liverpool advices to the 7th of July, being three days later than the advices by the Arago. f he news is interesting though not j>os?e*SAd of much importance. From the Crimea, we learn that Lord Ka-'lan O was buried on the third of July, with great p^mp and circumstance. Itumors prevailed that Pcli^ier, tho C0111 mander-in-Chiet of the French armies would bo superseded. The allies were strengthening their advances against Malakofl. A telegraphic dispatch dated July 4th says: Tho works of the allies aio progressing satisfactorily. A French bat teiy of i?0 guns has been nearly completed in front of Careening bay to keep offthe Russian ships. The Vienna papers say that Prince Uortsch ak-,ff h ts sent for 24.000 additional troops. Gen. Linrandi's army has been reinforced with another division. The Sardinians and Turks under Omar Pa cha have made excursions to the interior from Tchernaya without resistance. Numerous works of art have been captured, and the Kertsch museum is now on its way to Paris. A careful estimate shows that the war has i already cost half a million of lives. Russian accounts from tho Baltic to June 1W 1 say that the allied flotilla, with 180 puns, fired eight hours against the batteries at the mouth of the Naval river, on the Southern shore of j the Gulf of Finland, without effort nnd then j withdrew. The allies afterward made a de scent 011 Kotka Island and destroyed the gov i ernment stores there. Subsequently an attack ? was made on the port of Revel without effect ing auything. The bulk of the allied squadron was off Cron stadt on the 5th inst. ENGLAND Mr. Roebuck had been refused a committee of inquiry, in the House of Commons, into the brutal conduct of the policeman in the Sunday trading bill riot. Milner Gilson asked an explanation of Lord Russell's statement recently in Vienna, "that England never contemplated the restoration of Hungary and Poland." Cobden, Roebuck, , and D Israeli all attacked Lord Russell on this i sc .re, after which the matter was dropped. Lord Elgin, it is said, will be Postmaster General. i 1 ^,un"r,:l steamer Pcwia was launched on the Clyde on the 3d inst. The Russian Secretary of the Legation at Portugal was recently discovered on board an English steamer from Southampton lor Lisbou He had been on a secret mission to France and England. FRANCE. ' , <h.?. July the Legislature voted a loan of .00,000.000 francs in addition to the re ? cent ..?an. An increase of taxation has been whlch il is expected will-yield 70, , 000,000 francs per annum. The Emperor s speech was well received in ; France It is reported that the Austrian Min | istcr asks an explanation. .. . SPAIN. j VIa state that a rising had aken place at Catalonia, nominally about 1 7 % 1 ? manufacturers had been assas sinated in Barcelona. The National Guard refused to march against the insurgents, and the captain general shut himself up in the Cit adel with a few faithful troops, and sent me <liators to the insurgents who received them with shouts of \ ive Espartero. 4 A telegraphic despatch from Madrid dated July 5, taja that the iarargants rtill bold Bar celona . A Carliat leader bsd bwn fceheaded Per. plTiten The Loudon Time*' oorrefpendent mts that the Spanish Minister at Parte had a long con ference with the Emperor oa the state of Spain. Napoleon expressed a determination to pre rent unj attempt to unseat Queen Isabella PRUSSIA The Ring Is recovering from his rec?nt sick near RUSSIA. The English paper* are manufacturingstate mints of revolutionary movements in Kuwin in favor of Constantine. but they are mere in ventions without any foundation THE MARKETS. liOXDos, July 7.?Baring, Brothers A Co. quote : Sugar and Coffee arc firm. Breadstuff* have slightly declined and the market is dull. Lnrd ha* advanced and the market if buoyant at .">3s.a51s. Spirits of Turpentine if consid erably lower and buyers demand a reduction. Sales at 33s. Iron?The market is active at unchanged prices. Welsh bar irou is quoted at ?i I on board ship; do. rails are quoted on board at f, 5s.; Scotch pig is quoted at . 4 a74< 6d for mixed Noa. ou tho Clvde. The Missouri Pro-Slavery Convention. A dispatch. dated St. Louis, the 18th inst ., slates that the evening session of the ?ecoud d iy of the Pn.-SIa very Convention, lately held at Lexington, in that State, wad attended with great excxtcment and confusion on the subject o, President Shannon s address Finallv. the t.j.inks of the Convention were tendered, and a copy was requested for publication. The third day was also stormy. A platform was adopted setting forth a* follows. - That the agitation of the slavery question in Congre?? or m the several State*, will finally restilfina dissolution of the I nion: that the resolution of the non-slaveholding *tatcs. not to admit hd other slave State. i* a declaration of hostility to the Constitution; that the diffusion of slat cry tends to the amelioration of the condition of tno slave; and to maintain an couilibriuin against non-slaveholding majority, that the Jxausas and Nebraska act. and the fugitive sUve law. are cordially approved, that the iQ corporation of monied a Nation? for the t.ur po-eof colonization in Kansas. is an uni.^ce dci.ted measure, and an attempt to thwart the purposes of the Constitution and the cuwi iueut? of Congress While disclaiming anv in tei.tion to interfere with actual settlers, 'ibev w.l protect themselves and property. the 'Jf??e? bordelr.c10u",ii**9 ?f Missouri contain o() 000 slave*. which will be valueless if Kan-as Incomes the abode ot abolition fanatic lue good sense of the North is expected to pu down fanatical aggre-aions, and leave Kansas to natural settlement. , rUr,mi!!<'e wer,e topubiwi an 1 ? 'dress t- the people of the United State- on tho history of the Kansas excitement. A copy of the same ami the resolutions of the ConvJE tiou were ordered to be forwarded to the Ex ecutive of each State. Resolutions were adopted calling on the Mis souri Legislature to legislate witLin the Con ', |"n against the products, Ac., of ? husetts and other States practically nullify ing tne fugitive slave law. ' i'he Convention then adjourned tin* Jit. l 0TATu0K? W? ?re credibly informed that one of the largest hotels has contraeted for ? supply of potatoes the coming fall and winter at one dollar and and fifty cents a barrel ? which is l^s than tho c,,t of a bu^tl last Spring We congratulate consumers on tho prosi t ot cheap bread Ac., soon, and produ cer^ion the prospect of such abundant crops that even low prices will give them a liberal ret mil for their toil.-JV. > . .lour, of Com >CARD.?The undersigned return their sincere thanks to the several Fire Com w ^yjor'??f!ire?frtlou. in saving their Coal and W o.*i \ ard from destruction by lice last jjrV... J K i ?o. ?-^a>FRANKUN KIRK CO -Th? hers of the Frank1 in are requested lo at ^lexl'TyT<.\n? ar their Engine House on I HI (Thursday) EV EXIXG, July I9.at-o'clk o n r. RUB T E DOYLE. Pre* ^RO,#r'*LD. See.. jv il_it ?THE NATIONAL GUARD take pleas [ Ure,'-n totue public that thev will give an Excursion to Plnev point August Jd 1 articulars in futp-e adverti^-meut Jy 19?3t I J?^T; \TeDXESDA Y >lORXIX?7 the ]*th irihtant, on Massachusetts av euue, between 6th street and the market PLA E Slr' PO"Tainin? alwut* ?19 ?a ten and a live dollar </old coin ore note (not recollected whether of the denomination of one or two dollars) and the "oalance in SZ change The Under, bv leaving It at t."M Massa Vle_ny ?r Bt thi!l will me^a suitable reward Jy Blue lk k axd Bedford waters received this dav, fresh and pure * J- C. MOORE. l>ruggiM, Jv 19-3ta aVeU"e" 0PP?"ite Buildings P.n!;4RMoro.ro Hel? i Hair Bnishes, Ox Marrow. Bav Rum, Cologne' rransparent Bar Soap, and a large stock of Fane* Notions suitable for presents, at Jy 19 & LAMMOND'S. 7th *t MISTERS OF MERCY!!! niAICU. IT TO SEBA8TOPOL TO HEAL X the wounds of Inhuman earnagetake it to the cottage of the lowly, and relieve the pains of accident or diseas,-:_t,ke it to the manMooaof rich, to sootht the suffering that neither station nor wealth can mitigate;?take it everywhere world, and say if mv "ELEC rKIC OIL is not on its benign mission, heal ing. soothing, and relieving, as has not Wn done since the day the Good Samaritan ano|nr*d the weary pilgrim. The deaf shall bear, the trembling ii,nb be strong And groans of anguish mellow into son?^ PROF. C. DeGRATII. Philadelphia r.P^?Th'8 011 "l!*y b?- reliM ?? for ,(<,rfto| Deafness For particulars see bills jy 19?Ot PIC NIC EXCURSION ~ or rnx "Merry Bachelors!" TO THE WHITE HOUSE PA YIL lO JV, JULY 26, IH45. ^THE ' MERRY BACHELORS ' respectfully i announce to the public that thev ? V? . will have a Pic Xic on the 'A>th in-J^223^? staot. at the W hite House Pavilton.TTn!eMf?vJ to extend to their fellow Bachelors, both ofd and \ouug and to the r st of mankind in general an Invitation to accompany them on thifoSSl " and help to make up a jovial party ' ! The flne Steamer Geo. Washi'sgtox has b?en sea ted to take the Excursionists down the river and will leave Riley's Wharf at - am; \aVA \ ard at J; and Alexandria at ?\ a m In the a?. ternoon a second boat will leave Riley's Wharf at J, and Navy \ ard at 2* o'clock One boat win oVlSp m?Ity &t "un<lown? 111(1 "ther at 10 Tickets OXp DOLLAR ; to b?^ had of the mem SireiiS8 and a' ,Le on the da>' of tl?i There will 1* music and the dance, eav hearm and bright eves, on this, the tirst Pic xfc of^ jy l9_d " T,IE MERRY BACHELORS. ' I nited State* Patent Office. ? 0.." ashington, Julv 12 RVi J X the petition of Br vj Tatha v v v't safestS-'SrSi-K ?H X? f.expiration of said patent, which uP? ? ??Vh? "th da>' <'f October, 1^5 thi Patent ,Lat 'he Petition be heard at l,er neJ? lt wC?'?.n I?,,da>' ^th of Septern Clock, m ; ;uid all person* are notified to annear and show caitse, if any thev have, why said petition ought not to be granted. " opposing the extension are required to nie in the Patent Office their objections, specially set forth in writing, at least twentv dav* before the day of hearing; all testimony died by either party to be used at the hearing must be taken and transmitted in accordance with the rules of the of flee which will be furnished on application The testimony in the case will be cloned on the 14th of Septemlier j depositions aud other uaners relied upon a? testimony, must be filed intheolfice on or before the mprning of that dav; the argu ments. if any, within ten days thereafter Ordered, also, that this notice be nnViH.w - j . the Union, Intelligencer, and Star X^'asnln^f D. C.: Republican, Baltimore PennS ^'?D' Philadelphia, Pa.: Scientific Amerloan yitjl-' Courier, Buffalo, N. Yand Post Rartkn J ' once a week for three auooesalve'w^K ' to the *th of September ne^jthe Kin? a ?S T 8HUGERT, ^ ?? sniiMi ^cr TO THB UDIU OF WAIHIN0T05I Ml SLEEP WELL " a!1 uvwho use Pry?r? 1 CharkaDeOkaTH'e " XLECTRIC OIL ttnm Philadelphia Do yon knew (feat nrotrsomd wakafhlneaa I* the roost prolific oansa of Insanity Give oiM all wc*tfM*f sleep and I its a* i tt rionoi occar. The faithful mother's ear It fvvopwk the cry of a fretful child, irritable, hacaaee tcr raaiNo either from teething or other caasoa, and up the risea from her tieep and bad to relieve bei child, natll hkk owx Nervoua System and Vita] ?M i*ratu? become generally- deranged and pros trated A child free from PaI5 and Uneasinesi seldom reata badly or gives trouble. All this car be avoidod. and a world of grief and anxiety mit igated. If not wholly cured, or the uae of this de lightful " ELECTRIC OIL. ' Invented and pre pared by a Doctor of eminent experience A tnaj will cost but a little Come tothe National Hotel a* S p m . or at the Drug Store* N B ?Keen tba Bottle well corked, and rub nulckly. OlBce, 39 South Eighth atreet. Phlla oclphift jy tS?3t RATI FY THE CHILDRESby giving to *" tbem Toy*, and select them from the large stock at LAMMOND'S. 7th at Jy i*?at CJTRAYED FROM THE SUBSCRIBER , ON C Sunday morning. July 15th. a dark hay ~ HORSE. He w?? alittle lame In hi* front Ay? legs. A reward of flve dollar* will be giveoif re turned to John Foy'a Hotel, near the Railroad Depot Jy lis? MRS. C. HI OFF. MILLINER, (lately-from New York) reapect fully informs the ladies of Washington that she has taken rooms at No. 16 EwtfPl Capitol street, near the eastrni gate of Capl- /^r t?4 Park, where she intend* to keep on hand a splendid assortment of the Latent styles of S PR I NO BONNETS. MANTILLAS. Ac . which will be sold at one half tk* price Mimafly told m the stares of thin nty. Bonnets sold for from S3 to 96, worth from 13 to 819. Mrs R. in determined to retail her stock tothe tadle* at prices sbe usually receives at wholesale to the stores. The ladies are invited to call at her rooms and judge for themselves. jy 18?3t? GBOOT ajid shoe store renoyba. KORtiE BRKMER has removed his well. - known Gentlemen's BOOT AND SllOK Store and Factory from lltb "treet.H] b-tween Pa avenue and E street, to Pa fD a\enUe,afew doorsabove Willards' Hotel. H?* is prepnred in his new premises to give ml fwtion to all G^B has by dint of great care in purrhas!nc his ??ork. employing none but A No 1 workmen, ard t?\ his capacity to fit bis customers soutobats bis work set very easv on the foot, while ltal ways exhibits the most fashionable stylr earned a r.-mitation in his business second to that of no other custom-work boot and sho? maker In Ue I nion He solicits tbe patronage of all, and his t-'rms will be most reasonable to ail Jy 18?If TO ALL THAT VALUE THB IB, SIGHT JOHN TOBIAS, W PRACTICAL OPTICTA V ISHES to . all the attention to all that suffer with defective sight, caused by age sick n,.s and pam. ulady from Injudicious* T % n,p*r,?r SpECTAfr.F.S a.i '"AES carefully ground by 2iim?elf to a true spherical accuracy. Hnd brilliant transparency * nt?d precisely and ?.eneflciallv to the wearer 2.' , cording to the concavity or convexity of the eye \ numerous are the ill effects caused to the | | Tec ions organ of stght from the commence?,? | vtusing glasses ia not being precisely suited, by the use of an Optometer, and tbe practice of mai.y ? -"a,'1r him to measure the focal dlte?M oi the^ rrcH, and such glass** that are abeolutely re tbui * f"rnkked with precision and satj%. J T acknowledges the very- liberal encourage n already obtained. and further solicits the ba L*V""K "-?? Persons that cannot conveniently call. bysend "'k in and ??*"ng how niai y inches they can read this print with their theTrs"h^*UPPl,ed WUl' MKb ,hat WiU Innumerable testimonial! to lie seen , and refer, once* given to many whohayedcriyrdtbe esse a nd comfort from his glasses Circulars to I* had gratis, at his oft. e. No 51i iSwir- f-"? ?iir TK.? NonroLi. September?, hy. >'"'1 made for me suit verv yyell. and seem to have improved iuy ?.itLt utons tuan any other I have lately tried LITT. \V TAZEWELL m! ^Mtriodi^lr^of^f*c,ar1^ from [ _f ,, ? v flnd tb^m o( RT^at assistance iu '?'V sight, and corresponding with hi* des, ription of the focus 1 rvconuncnd him as a skillful opt . <laa HENRY A WISE e r?BI4* ' Sir?The pair of Spectacles yo* furnished me >f?sterday are panic,ifch satlafar tory tome Tney are ven* decidedly the beat 1 possess and I am the owner of eight m nine pair. ticUns !i" 2lff"rent P13^ and from op i y .tended to me on account of tLeir l n t^ 4;!! * n<? ^ l" F.;"^1*nd- Fran- e and tbe I nited States I have been also pleased with fbTeJ^r?L?> directions on the treatment of Respectfully, vours. chas caldwell. Professor of M C., Louisville. K> ??_ r . _ .. LracHsrao. Not 1?, 1S5?. ?i'asses bvnwL?rhVkL*'"rnished me vittL vul^Ti-avi^ t J **'n erpa,1r aided (tm vision having suffered greatly from readinj; at J-,ht ,n my earlier life) It affords me the bivbest ,h!1 1 ?on,'<ler him a skUif^W t.cal optician, and yvell prepared to aid those uL0 mny nee.1 hla protesaionkl irvices .... J'* B ROt'ZIE, Elder of Methodist Conference Xfr , Wmumoi.S.o,, Jan. *7, IrsM ? h ! ,w ? B'AV Dear S,r-1 ani tappy to say th^ the Spectacle* which 1 obtained from you U*< T,?u fr e",lr<f> satisfactory- From an !neS. ity iu the visual range of my eves. I have hereio fo?"*d great diacuity In getting glasses of the H i? '. 5'*tllf ald ?f vour optometer, this difll cultv has Iteen happily obviated so that theglas*** ^? .UrQ ^ mearedecidedly the h*?i tdap.td to mv eyes ol any I have ever jet used Very respectfully, yours. R B DRANE. Rector of St Jame^ Parl?L Fmm . Denartmcnt of Intenor, May T. 1SSS r rom natural defecu and the unequal mru-c <A tuy eyes, 1 have been compelled to use glaaJs f .r ,y?n', . 1 hav* different opticlaas without obtaining glasses perfectly fltte<f to mv cy? hour monThs since Mr Tobias made two pairs especially for me which I have found to r/TTe^K^ri Bv the of hla optometer i J,?5, V J? f^P1 ^lasses mlnutelv to the eve I most cheerfutly recommend Mr Tobias to *.! ,, ' ,1"^ o^'^'on to useglasses. and l*ar mv te?" nioi?y as to his skill as an optician HENRY E BALDWIN. j jg u Aaaiat. Sec'y to sign Land Warrant* H?Lr?^ J",1- SPRINGS:?Personi wS, ?n ^to springs. sea-s<dt 11 i.^SK*i>0r r?uiitry, shoi Id not neglect t?? lath , f ,tVenUe ?nd ?et ,heir >tork o{ fc*!r t ?ath. naU. Ijathing and clothes Brushes Dr~-> 1' ^^. i?'"* and pocket Corn's, fine 1 rnafum Hilr Oil. Hay ?Wr. Cologne. Lx I. f ts for the Handkerchief. Sosn. ToJe' Boye. u *H.OW2*r- tnVli,tX- pic nic. work, and ra-d \ ,r^v '?t' ai ,be l>'ano- Music, Stationery and > Jriet) Store of JNO F ELLIS. j l5 Pa avenue, bctw wh and 10th >'s ]>eST Qt ALITYMILE LEATHER. I>iv. eUng and Packing Trunks, Hat Hc*es Va. Carpet Bag*, Satchels. Ac?We have it: rtay received a large variety of all kinds of the a?*>ve named goods, which we,re prepared tose.i wentv per cent. chenj>er than any other estat?il?t inent in thia city. ..." WALL A STEPHENS. . avenue, next door to Iron Hsl. Jy 1H?3t f OST, ON MONDAY AFTERNOON, BF tween Messrs. Gait A Bro's Store and the cor ?RP wV?iI^tan<1 Mar>land avenue, a <.011? ? IIL I ' *** Wi,h P**rl The finder W)l; lT/?ivrw a b>' it at the e*orr nf ' J HN H. SEMMLS A CO ; corner 9th s*r<s't ant i La. avenue. |y IT-^t* C. WARRINER. t?i p A T t H M A R E R , S*' p*? 'rent, btttve-4 9tk and ICuh Ul . wASMIJIOTO!I|. D. c. . Jeweling, and every kind of repairs tQW atche*. jy l^- '.in FLORENTINE, MOSAIt', 4>D OTHER M.? RRH JEWELRY. vL'5 T A BRO, offer a Urge assortmer .?*, ^Iprentioe, Mosaic, and other rich J?* 11 ' 1 oClo<lin<? Diamond. Pearl. Emerald anU ^ pal Bracelets, Brooches, Kar and Finger Kin^'? Persona haying precious stones in old setting n*y have them reaet in ail the more modern st\l?* at short notice. M W GALT A BRO . .. ?Pl he'w ?ih and loth stteefs Jy 1??6t Tcoal!foal: HE undersigned is prepared to deliver Cl'Ai of the best quality, at fee per ton ^ H C. HARROVER. ... , ?d door wmth of Pa aveB? Jy 13?lm PE^r?* SALE A few pews have be- n . ?? Christ Church, and are ofrred fm sde on pleasing terms Apply to H.C Mattbew v comer U ashlngton and W^t streets or to P T BERRY A SON Jy 12?sok Water at, Georgett es - ? 1