Newspaper of Evening Star, March 5, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated March 5, 1857 Page 2
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& V b: N IN G STAR, WASHINGTON CITY: THURSDAY . .Warcli S, IMT, SP IK IT OF THE MOHrfTPfO PKBSS The lnlrllig?*rtr> wi** great force and truth indeed, warns the country against the practice of crowding the transaction of the real business of Con grew into the lest week of the session; ?hewing that it not only caused the defeat of more than one measure of great public importance reoently, but earn* Tory near ceasing a necessity for sailing the new Congress together at once, through the Ion of the General Appropriation billa. It gives us gieat pleasure, indeed, to And the IuUlligeneer in this article repeating oar line of argument often enforced upon tbia sab ject It now realises the sad effect of speechea for Buncombe that have occupied ao much of the time of the House, to the deatruction of the pvblie interest. The Union contains the valedictory of Judge Nicholson, with whom we part?aa a member of the Waahington prees-with sincere regret indeed, and the sa'utatory of hi* successor, the Hon. John Appleton of Maine. They are both manly and forcible papers, which will be read with interest by the Democracy everywhere We quote the latter as follows : " We do not assume the editorial chair of the Union without a full appreciation of its responsibilities. Oar experience as the editor of a daily journal confirma the opinion on thia subject of Judge Nicholson; and he has in creased the difficulty of our position by the ability of which he has given us the example. But wherever there is great responsibility in cur country it is almost always met by great generosity and forbearance; and we tbrow ourselves upon the indulgence of our readers .'or any short-comings except those of principle or important governmental policy In refer ence to these, we expect to be held to a rigid account; for no personal kindness ought ever to excuse the advocacy of false doctrines or the support of corrupt practice "We mean to support, with all the ability which belongs to u*, the administration of Jamea Buchanan. It has bcon inaugurated, after a fierce tempeet of popular excitement amidst the general acclaim of hisoountryuien and with the cordial good wishes for it* sue ress of a great majority of the American people. Such a spectacle aa that which was exhibited yesterday at the eastern front of the Capitol eould have been witnessed nowhere else than in on1* own republic. ? t s ? ? " To aid in the maintenance of this govern ment upon the principles of the constitution will be the great object to which we shall de vote ourself as editor of the Union. It is an chject which may well engage the highest eflort of any man, and in pursuing it we feel sure that we shall have tho best wishes of cur countrymen " We enter upon the editorial duties cf the Union before we bare had an opportunity to complete our arrangements for its m^nxge ment. We hope at an early day to give it an enlarged form, and to make it aa acceptable visiter to its readera not only for its political character and intelligence, but also for its early news and its general reading. To what extent it will justify, however, the expecta tions of its friends, will be best understood from its future history, and by tbia it must necessarily be judged. We can only promise our best efforts, with such valuable assistance as we may be able to obtain, to make it in all respects an interesting journal, and a worthy representative, at the seat of government, of the national democracy of the United States. Jous Ari'LSTOH. WASHINGTON NEWS AND GOSSIP. AM EXECUTIVE RECEPTION .?There will be a Fabric Receptiea at the Execu tive Maasiea Te-merrew ETealag,daring the asaal hears? freoa * te 10 p. aa. The Inaugural Address?of James Buch anan?will be found in our issue of to day. We were compelled to go to pTesa yesterday without it liad we attempted then to have furnished it to the Slur's readers, we should have loet the afternoon maila and thrown our eity delivery into tho night, perhapr; besides depriving the numerous employees in the Star office of all possible chance of participating in the glorious festivities of the day, which we had not the heart to do. Of the document itself we have to aay that from beginning to end it breathes an emphatic Demoeratio spirit. Itia a matter of ongratule tion to the whole country, as we n A long sinee took occasion to explain, that Congress has recently carried out to the letter what strikes us aa being the views of the strict construc tionists cf Congress (with whom the Star sym pathises. and whom it aims to represent in all questions where constitutional principles are concerned,) upon the vexed question of pro viding the means for that defence of C*t*4 ifbrnia, Utah, Washington and Oregon Ter ritories which they have the right, under the constitution, to expect from the General Government in case cf need. Thus Con gress has appropriated for the contrac tion of military roads from the north, middle and southern portions of the Atlantic Statea to California, converging, midway, into a single road leading to the eaatern settlements of California. Upon tho vexud question of slavery in the Territories, the Inaugural will be hailed with unfeigned pleasure; because it explains and enforces with clearness and effectiveness somo of the doctrines for which the Democracy eon tended in the last Presidential canvass with an unanimi'y unparalleled in the history of the party As a Southern man, jealous of the right* of our own section of the Confederacy under the Constitution, we have to say that With the exception of the inference of the right of the Supreme Court to settle question* of Slates rights, (which doctrine haa few sup portera among southern Democrats ) the in augural in this connection will be frankly and gratefully accepted by the South as a pledge that the true principles end policy of the Kan fas Nebraska act will be enforced to the letter, in whatever the new Administration may be c*..t . - ? ?* h reference to slavery in the Territories. On the scarcely lets vexed question of the tariff, too the Inaugural ad heres with fidelity to the time-honored prin ciple of the party ; enforcing, aa it doea, the duty on the part of the General Government of abstaioing from casting the weight of its influence and policy for any particular inter est, at the expense of justice to the reat The great political evil of the day ia the tendency of the Government to consolidation. That can only be effected in this connection through the aacrifice of the rights of individual States, and, indeed, of all the people of the United States who may not be directly interested as owaers of stock in manufacturing companies. Ths Government Water Workr?We could not express, yeaterday, for want of spsoe, the gratitude of our fellow citisena to the Thirty fourth Congress for the manner in whieh they m* J? he amiv.de honorable upon the subject o? tfcs Water ^urks, whieh are now a fixed fact. The appropriation of a million of do" lars far the prosecution of their oonstruotion eviaeed tfcat, after all, those who have be- { tfce majority of the late Otfngreas to be hoetile to thit Dittriofc bar* not don* them jos tle*. No one knows better than amrtelf how extremely difficult it it for a Congrats to get correct views of neh matter*, bared almost ad nauteum M the members are With tbe ain ister representationa of parties laboring with might and main to tarn great pnblie works into the means of making private specnl ationi for their individual benefit. At every turn for the laat two yet re those who have been engaged in nrging Congress to complete this important enterprise upon the plan originally designed, are well aw Are that the grand, if not the only, obataole in the way to success at any moment has been the repre sentations of parties aeeking to turn their oon> struction simply to a means of filling their own poekets. Though in the long run that description of opposition always goes to the wall?is always beaten?it nevetfheleas is in variably tbe source of momentary embarraaa ment and annoyance. Never was the faot nnre forcibly illustrated than in the history of the action of the House of Representatives on this particular subject. RegarJIng the Star as the peculiar newspaper representa tive of the interests of the District, when that course seemed prudent we made it the me dium of conveying information to the members on this particular subject. That work was thoroughly accomplished at the first session of the late Congress. At this teas ion the policy to be pursued wa1 evidently a different one. We mean a silent system of constant personal effort on the part of a large number of those most interested in the prosperity of the District of Columbia. That it was faithfully and energetically pur sued id made evident by the action of the Senate on the subject, on the night before last, and the House yesterday. Any other policy would have arcu'ed the plunderers to the work of renewing their efforts to feather their nests in conncction with the conitruction of this grand and magnificent enterprise. It is to be hoped, and we think with reason, that in this particular matter they have been fairly foiled for all time. Right glad are we over what Congreas has already done in the prem ises; as it brings to an eni a labor that has coat us, individually, more time and trouble than aught else we can remember in the course of our whole experience with the Congress of the United States. The New Cabinet.? Up to 12* m. to-day the meabers of tbe new Cabinet had not been nominated to tbe Sennte. We feel assured, however, that it is to be composed of the fol lowing gentlemen, vis : Gen. Cas>, IIo Will Cobb, John B. Floyd, Aaron V. Brown, I.*aac Toucey?and further this deponent faith not. We are also satisfied that the Pres dent baa recently urged on Senator John R. Thomson, of New Jersey, the other position, and that | up to this morning Mr. T. had net been able to bring himself to the point of accepting, only because, we presume, a position in the Senate of the United States for six years is really far more desirable than any position whatever in the gift of the Executive?the honor of the Senatorship being only inferior to that of the Presidency and Vice Presidency, while its comforts are far more agreeable than the life of intense labor snd responsibility incident to the management of a Cabinet portfolio. We sincerely regret, so far as the public in terest is concerned, that Mr. Thomson has her itated to cc:ept tbe President's flattering of. fer, for we know that he is universally regard ed by the Democracy of Congreas, as a true man in all thing?, as well aa one eminently qualified for snch a position. i^But one thing can be more universally re gretted among them; and that ia that the con dition of the party spirit in Pennsylvania some time since induced Mr. J. Ulancy Jones a'eo to decline. We never saw such intense excitement manifested among the Democratic members of both Houaea on such a subject as when that fact became known bere. The compliment to Mr. Jones involved in that memorable display of feeling among auch a class of men, and unanimoua as it was with out distinction of section or views upon ques tions on which it is allowable for Democrats to differ, waa in itself a testimonial to tbe high personal and political atanding of Mr. Jonea among his peers, conveying also a tacit ac knowledgment of the great value of his scr vices to tbe Democratic cause, such as ho may well cherish to the day of his death, and his children after him. The Moral On t ?The refusal of Congress to appropriate any sum, great or small, for any .bridge or ferry across the Potomac, at the late session, conveys a lesson that may well be laid to heart It is simply the result of the dis agreement of our fellow-citliensof the District with reference to the question. It should be sufficient to admonish all who have a legiti mate interest in it of tbe necetsity of some compromise among themselves. So long as such a disagreement exists, with different cor poration and bodies of citizens ineinting each on having all they wiah granted, and opposing to the bitter end everything suggested and nrge- by others equally as deeply intereated, >t is not to be expected that Congress will do anything in the premiaes satiafac#ry to either interest. In truth, our fellow-sitizens must take lessons from experience and profit by them. We feel assured that by the next ses aion the wiadom of tbia advice will be appre ciated, and thataome satisfactory compromise will be made between Washington and Qeorgr. town, based not on the triumph of the interests of individuals, but on views having for their end the idea of securing come permanent means of intercommunication by bridge be tween the District and Virginia shores of the Patomac. K**Pr?sident Fierce yesterday removed his family to the residence of ex Secretary of State, Marcy, designing to bid Washington farewell so soon as all his arrangements to that end can be consummated, and the wei ther will p?Tmit him to proceed North with his wife, who baa so endeared herself to so ciety here We hear that be hss already been the recipient, at hia new quarters, of the re ?pect of hosts of cur fellow citixens and atran t.nguisb??l bon, than whom BO two olbo, ooodod more h.ppllj j? endMrlo( lh,mM|?( to tho poopto of tbo Hi.triot of OolMbu. Pooluh Storios Tbo ?otd.,.Bollf,? m 'I'"*' """" ">' ?yiog to bt-dTl tbo bow BdiBlDutrotioB if?, tbol, fMhi00 ? applied to its predeceasor. That is, they are actually so toon mouthing over alleged "die senaiont in the Cabinet!? Over tbe Inaugu ral, they aay, of courae that being the only not of the new Executive ao fir. It will be remembered that for the laat torn ?nd a half years we hare never yet snob a point, and we have in this immediate connection to mj, limply, that it is well knowi fco all promioank Democratic public men now here that then is no trust in such rumon. A Distressing Accident ?We regret to lawn thai, yesterday, in Baltimore, Mr Saal Butterworth, the Superintendent cf the Breast Mint in New York, while on his way to attend tho inauguration was severely wounded kj the accidental discharge of a pistol in th< overcoat pocket of his friend and traveling companion, Isaac V. Fowler, Esq., Poatmastei of New York city. The weapon went off ai Mr. F. was taking off his coat, and the bal entering Mr. Butterworth's thigh ranged up wards. Though but a flesh wound, % is said to be severe The Flying Artillery?Major French?will parade and drill to-morrow afternoon at i p. m., on the Publie Grounds, near the baseoi the Washington Monument On previous sim ilar occasions thousands have flocked there to witness their wonderful and skillful evolu tions. On this occasion we shall not ba sur prised to find five thousand congregated upon the ground. The publio must be cautious to keep without the line of the parade ground ai designated by sentinels Otherwise, aocidcnt may oocur or the effect of the drill be destroy ed. The Alexandria Military ?No other two oompanies in line, yesterday, made a more soldierly appearance than that veteran corfs, the Mount Vernon G uard*, and the Alexandria Riflemen, the batallion being under command of our friend, Col. Montgomery Corse, who has recently returned to his old home, in Vir ginia, from California. Their capital drill and manly appearance was the theme of gen. eral praise as they marched up and down tho Avenue. The Naval Court of Inquiry ?Up to this time this court has been ocoupied with the examination of witnesses icsthe caso of Lieut. Pennington The witnesses so far examined are: Dr. R. Morris (civilian), of Philadelphia; Thomas BroWn, of Philadelphia, and Surgeon Dillard, U. S. Navy. Surgeon B. R. Tinsler was on the stand at 1 p m to day. A large number ?' Navy < fficers and others interested in the pnxfeedings of the oourt were present. At the Mansion.?Notwithstanding the fact that all matt hsve known the pressure of bu siness upon the President to day, the Mansion was early besieged by crowds of visitors; nearly all from a distance, who, being anxious to shake him by the hand ere departing, were induced to seek to do to even at such a time It was understood that at noon he would re ceive them all in the east room. lha Extension of the Capitol Ground* was agreed on by both Houses yesterday, but owing to a lack of time in the rush of busi ness, they failed to make the necessasy appro priation to carry out that determination. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS Ii* tbb Scitatx yesterday, after closing up tho business of the late session Resolutions were unanimously adopted for the very able and impartial manner in which the chair bad been filled by Senators Bright and Mason during the present session of Con gress. At 5 o clock A. M the Senate took a recess until 9 o clock, at which hour it again assem bled, and received and agreed to various re ports from the .committees on conference on the disagreeing votes of the two branches, and continued in session until a few minutes be fore 12 meridian ; when On motion by Mr Douglas, Resolved, That the oath of office be admin istered by the Hon Jns. A Pearce, of Mary land, to the Hon. Jas M Mason, Senator elect from the State of Virginia, and that he be and hereby is chosen President of the Senate pro tem The resolution was unanimously agreed to and Mr. Mason took the chair. The President pro tem. then administered the oath of office to tho following Senators: Messrs. Bright, Broderick. Chandler. Davis, Dickson Doolittlo. Foot, Hamlin, Kennedy n8> Mallory, Polk. Rusk, Simmons, Sum ner, Thompson, and Wade. The President pro tem. then administered the oath to the Hon John C Breckinridge, \ ice President of the United States, and he took the chair as President of the Senate Mr. Breckinridge returned his acknowledg ments in a brief, though remarkably neat and pertinent speech, after which the Senate ad journed to 1 o'clock. At 1 o'clock the Senate met, and, after the arrival of tho President of the United State proceeded with him to the eatt portico of the Capitol, where, after having delivered his in augural address before the countless thtu sands assembled to greet him, the Senate retired to its chamber and adjourned until 12 o'clock to-day. lit THK Horse, yesterday morning, in the course of multifarious proceedings, the appro priation of S 150,000 for the construction of a new jail in the Distriotof Columbia was lost? the Senate having receded from their provi sion in the Deficiency bill to that end. Mr. Aiken (Mr. Haven temporarily occupy ing the chair) moved the usual resolution of thanks to the Speaker; which was opposed by Messrs Craige, McMullin, and Barclay, and advocated by Mr Seward. Subsequently, Mr. Speaker Banks said, be fore announcing the result on putting the question upon tho motion to adjjurn? Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : I solicit that indulgence which is usually ac corded to those who stand in the pesition which I occupy. 1 should fail to perform an imperative duty did I sever our official connexion without ac knowledging my obligation to the officers with w&om I have been associated, and to the House itself, for that generous and unwaver ing support which has been given to me in my aj h re of service. The Congressional term which now closes will bear in the history of legislation no or 5"r*>ter. The unexampled energy of the American people and the rapid exten sion of their theatres cf action and enterprise baa crowded upon us from day to day a con want succession of questions of extraordinary character and serious import, and to this has been superadded an unusual amount of the ??iinary business of legislation. To have been ealled, under such circum stances to the chair of this the first of delib erative assemblies?an c?ce which has been endeared to the people by its association with the memories of Muhlenberg, Macon, Cheves, and Cly-is an honor that might well crown a life of atudy and toil. To have diseharged the duties of this offloe, delicate and import ant as tbey have been, to your entire satisfac tion, is more than 1 oould have hoped The Jurnal of the House, an unerring and an importial record, and the resolution to which, as l am intormed, you have come, following ?he suggestion of the distinguished gentleman from South Carolina, (Mr. Aiken,) give to me assurances that eannot but be gratifying, and for these I proffer to you my profound and life long acknowledgment!. The welcome wtrd from me must be that werd which speeds your parting from these scenes of anxious labor. I invoke for you gentlemen, a happy return to your homes! where the sweet and native air of hill and vale and She loved forms and sounds of home and those we love at home may revive your ex hausted energies, purge the system of the fever of fitful and unsatisfactory contests, and bring each and all to Rie cheering admission whatever disappointments and perils we en counter, that the performance of public duty ?nd the service of our country is always a pleasant labor J 1#ft for ?? *> ?nnounce that the oeas? Ld MJ* ,e*isUti^ *><*y now ??* *? M4 Jim farewell. ?.? IMAUftO*AL IPffllll -nf- -n The following ia a copy of the lnuprtl Address delivered yesterday by the Hon. Jamot Buohanaa on his installation as Presi dent of the United States for the ensuing four jears : Vilmw CmzBirs; I appear b<ftie tm this day to take the solemn oath " that I will fhlth fully execute the office of President of the United States, and will, to the test of ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United (States *' In entering upon this great offioe I must humbly invoke the God of our fathers for wis dom and firmness to execute its high and re sponsible duties in suoh a manner ss to restore harmony and ancient friendship among the people of the several States, and to preeerre our free institutions throughout many genera tions. Convinced that I owe my eleetion to the inherent love for the Constitution and th* Union which still animates the hearts of tha American people, let me earnestly ask their powerful support in sustaining all jast meas ures calculated to perpetuate these the rlohett political blessings whieh Heaven has ever be stowed upon any nation Having determined net to become a candidate for re-election I shall have no motive to influenoe my conduct in administering the Government except the desire ably and faithfully to serve my-country and to live in the grateftal memory of my countrymen. Wo have recently passed through a Presi dential oontest in wnich the passions of our fellow citizens.were excited to the highest de gree bv questions of deep and vital import ance; bat when the people proclaimed their will the tempest at once subsided and all was calm. The voioe cf the majority, speaking in the manner prescribed by the Constitution, was heard, and instant submission followed. Our own oountry eould alone have exhibited so grand and striking a spoctaele of the ea paoity of man for self government. What a happy conception, then, was it for Congress to apply this simple rule?that the will of the majority shall govern?to the set tlement of the question of domestio slavery in tho Territories ! Congress is neither " to legislate slavery into any Territory or State

nor to exclude it therefrom ; but to leave the poople thereof perfectly free to form and reg ulate their domestio institutions in their own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United States " As a natural consequenoe, CoFgress has also prescribed that when the Territory of Kansas shall be admitted as a State it 41 shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as their constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission.'' A difference of opinion has arisen in regard to the point of time when the people of a Ter ritory shall deoide thia question for them selves. This is, happily, a matter of but litUe prac tical importance. Besides, it ia a judicial question which legitimately belongs to the bupreme Court of the United States, before } whom it is now pending, and will, it is under stood, be speedily and finally settled To the r decision, in Common with all good citiiens. 1 | shall cheerfully submit, whatever this may be, though it baa ever been my individual opinion that under the Nebraska-Kansas aot I tho appropriate period will be when the num i ber of actual residents in the Territory sha!I i justify the formation cf a constitution with a I view to its admission as a State into the Union. ; But, be this as it may, it is tho imperative j and indispensable duty of the Government cf the United States to secure to every resident ! inhabitant the free and independent exprer ?ion of his opinion by bis vote This sacred right of each individual must be preserved, j That being aocompliahed, nothing can be fair i er than to leave the peeple of a Territory free from all foreign interference to decide their own deatiny for themselves, subject only to the ; Constitution cf the United States. I The whole Territorial question being thus : settled upon the principle of popular sover eignty?a principle as ancient as free govern ment itself?every tbing of a practical nature has been decided. No other question remains for adjustment; because all agree that under the Constitution slavery in the States is be yond the reach of any human power except t hat of the respective States themselves where in it exists. May we not, then, hope that the : agitation on this subject is approaching its end, and that the geographical parties to which it has given birth, so much dreaded by the Father of his Country, will speedily be come extinct? Most happy will it be for the country when the public mind shall bo di verted from this question to others of more pressing and practical importance Through out the whole progress of this agitation, which has scarcely known any intermusion for mora than twenty years, whilst it has been produc tive of no positive good to any human being, it has been the prolific source of great evils to tho master, to tho slave, and to the whole country. It has alienated and estranged tho people of the sister States from each other, and has even seriously endangored the very existence of the Union Nor has the danger yet entirely ceased Under our system there is a remedy for all mere political evils in the sound sense and sober judgment of the people. Time is a great corrective. Political subject* which but a few years ago excited and exas perated the public mind have passed away and are now nearly forgotten. But this ones tion of domestic slavery is of far graver im portance than any mere political question, be cause, should the agitation oontiuue, it may eventually endanger the personal aafety of a large portion of our countrymen where the institution exists In that event no form of government, however admirable in itself, and i however productive of material benefits, can compensate for the loss of peaco and domestie security around the family altar. Let every Union-loving man, therefore, exeit his best influence to suppress this agitation, which, since tho recent legislation of Congrew, is without any legitimate object. It is an evil omen of the times that men have undertaken to calculate the mere mateiial value of the Union. Reasoned estimates have been presented of the pecuniary profits and local advantages which would result to differ ent States ana sections from its dissolution, and of the comparative injuries whioh such an event would inflict on other States and sec tions Even descending to this low and narrow view of the mighty question, all such calcula tions are at fault The bare reference to a single consideration will be conclusive on this point. We at present enjoy a free trade | throughout our extensive and expanding country, such as the world has never wit i nesaed This trade is conducted on railroads | and canals, on noble rivers and arms of the j sea, whioh bind together the North and the South, the East and the West cf our Confede racy. Annihilate this trade, arrest its free progress by the geographical lines of jealous and hostile States and you destroy the pros perity aud onward march of the whole and every part, and Involve all in one common ruin. But such considerations, important as they are in themselves, sink into insignifi cance when we refleot on the terrifio evils which would result from disunion to every portion of the Confederacy?to the North not more than to the South, to the East not more than to the West. These I shall not attempt to portray, because I feel an humble confi dence that the kind Providence which in spired our fathers with wisdom to frame the most perfect form of government and union ever devised by man will not suffer it to perish until it shall have been peaoelully instru mental, by its example, in the extension of civil and religious liberty throughout the world. Next in importance to the maintenance cf the Conatitution and the Union is the duty of preserving the Government free from tbe taint or even the suspicion of corruption. Publie virtue is the vital spirit of liepublles ; and history proves that when this has decayed, at d tha love of money has usurped its place, al though the forms of free government may re main for a season, the substanee has departed forever. Our present financial condition is without a {parallel in history. No nation has aver be ore been embarraseed from too large a sur plus In its treasury. This almost necessarily fives birth to extravagant legislation. It Eroduces wild schemes of expenditure, and egets a race of speculators and jobbeis, whcie ingenuity is exerted in oontnving and pro moting expedients to obtain public money. The puritv of official agents, whether rightfully or wrongfully, la suspected, and the character of the Govemnent suffers in the estimation of the people. Ibis is in itself a very great evil. The natural mode of relief from this em barrassment is to appropriate the surplus ia the Treuury to great national objects for whioh ?? W fclld il tfrO ? ... | Wan. Aan| theee 1 might mention the ei tinguishment of the public debt; a reasonable increase of the aavy, which ia at present in adeqaate to the fntMtios of our rut tonnage afloat, sow greater than that of any otkar na tioa, ai well aa ta the defence of oar extended It if hqyond all qaeetion the true priaoipla that do sore rtnwa ought to ha collected from tha paople tht i the taeiit aeecaaary to defray tile hzpaneee of ft wise, eooaomieal, and aflclant administratfoa of the Gevera ment To reach thia point it was necessary to reaort (o a modification of tha tariff; and thia haa, I trust, been accomplished ia aaeh a man ner as to do as little Injury aa ma? hare been practicable to our domestic manufactures, e?? peoially those necessary for the defence of the country. Any diacriminatian against a par ticular branch, for the purpose of benefiting favored corporations, individuals, or interests, would have been unjust to the raatof the com vanity aad inconsistent with that aplrit of fairaeaa and equality which ought to govern ia tha adjuatmeat of a revenue tariff But the squandering of the puhlio money ainka into comparative insignificance aa a temptation to corruption when compare 1 with the aquandaring of tha pablia landa. Na na tion. in the tide of time haa ever bean bleaaad with ao rich and noble an inberitanoe aa w j enjoy in the public lands. In ad miniate rin; thia important truat, whilat it may be wiae t ? grant portions of them for the improvement of the remainder, yet we should never forget that it is oar cardinal policy to reeerve these lands aa maoh aa may be for actual aettlers, and tbis|at m -derate prices We shall thus not only best promote the prosperity of the new States and Territories by famishing them a hardy and independent race of honest and industrious citisena, but ah all eeeure homes for our children and oar children'a children, aa well aa for tboae exiles from foreign ahorea who may aeek in thia country to improve their condition and to enjoy the bleaaings of oivil and religioua liberty. Saoh emigrants hate done much to promote the growth and proa perity of the country. They have proved faithful both in peace and in war. After be coming citi^pns they are entitled, under the Constitution and laws, to be plaoed on a per fect equality with native-born oitiaens, ana ia thia character they shoatd ever be kindly re oogniecd. The Federal Conatitntion ia a grant from the 8tites to Congress of certain speoifio pow ers ; and the question whether this grant should be liberally or strictly oonstruea has more or less divided political parties from the beginning. Without entering into the argu meat, I desire to atate, at the commencement of my Administration, that long experience and observation have convinoea me that a strict construction of the powers of the Gov arament is the only true, as well aa the only safe, theory of the Conatitntion. Whenever, in oar past history, doubtfal powers have been exercised by Congress, these have never failed to produce injurious and unhappy oonsequen ces M&ny such instances mignt be adduced if this were the proper occasion. Neither ? it necesaary for the publio service to atrain the language of the Conatitntion ; because all the great and useful powera required for a suc cessful administration of the Government, both in peace and in war, have been granted, either in express terms or by the plainest implication. Whilst deeply convinoed of these truths, I yet consider it clear that, under the w*r-makiog power, Congress may appropriate money to wards the construction of a military road, when this is absolutely necessary for the de fence of any State or Territory of the Union againat foreign invasion. Under the Consti tution Congress haa power "to declare war," ? tj raise and support armies to provide ard maintain a nary," and to eall forth the militia to "repel invasions." Thus endowed, in an ample manner, with the war-making powt r, the corresponding duty is required that " the United States shall protect aaeh ef them (the States) againat invasion " Now, how is it possible to afford this protection to California and our Pacific possessions, 'Except by means of a military road through the Territories of tie United States, over which men and ina nitions of war may be speedily transported from the Atlantic State* to meet and repel the invader ? In the event of a war with a naval power much stronger than our own, we siould then have no other available acoess to the Pacific coast; because such a Power would instantly cio!a the route across the isthmus of Central America. It is impossible to eonceive that, whilst the Constitution has expressly required Congress to defend all the .States, it should yet deny to them, by any fair construction, the only possible means by which one of these States can be defended Besides, the GiVirnment, ever since its ori gin, has been in the constant practice of con structing military roads. It might also be wise to consider whether the love for the Union which now animates our fellow citi sans on the Pacific coast may not be impaired by our neglect or refusal to provide for them, in their remote and isolated condition, the only means by which the power of the States, on this side of the Rocky Mountains, can reach them in sufficient time to''protect" them " against invasion " I forbear for the present from expressing an opinion as to the wisest and moat economical mode in which the Government can lend it* aid in accomplishing thia great and necessary work. I believe that miny of the difficulties in the way which now appear formidable will, in a great degree, vanish as soon as the nearest and bast route eh all have been satisfactorily ascertained. It may be proper that, on this ooeasion, I should make some brief remarks in regard to our rights and duties as a member of the great family of nations. In our intercourse with them there are some plain principles, approv ed by our own experience, from whica we should never depart We ought to cultivate peace, commerce, and friendship with all na tions, and this not merely as the best means of promoting our own material interests, bat in a spirit of Christian benevolence towards our fellow men, wherever their lot may be cast. Our diplomacy should be direot and frank, neither seeking to obtain more nor ac cepting less than is our due. We ought to cherish a sacred regard for the independence of all nations, and never attempt to interfere ia the domestic concerns of any, unless this shall be imperatively required by the great law of self-preservation. To avoid entangling alliances has been a maxim of oar polioy ever since the days of Washington, and its wisdom no one will attempt to dispute. In short, we ought to do jastioe, in a kindly spirit, to all nations, and require jastioe from them ia re turn. It is our glory that, whilst other nations have extended their dominions by the sword, we have never aoquired any territory except by fair parchase, or, as in the case of Texas, by the voluntary determination of a brave, kindred, and independent people to blend their destinies with our own. Even our aequiai. tions from Mexico form no exception. Un willing to take advantage of the fortune <f war against a sister Republic, we purchased these possessions, under the treaty of peaoe, for a sum which was considered at the lime a fair equivalent Oar past history forbids th it we shall in the fatare acquire territory unless this be sanctioned by the laws of justice and honor. Acting on this principle, no nation will have a right to interfere or to complain if, in the progress of events, we shall still fur. tier extend our possessions Hitherto, in all our acquisitions, the people, under the pro taction of the American flsg, have enjoyed oivil and religious liberty, as well as equal and just laws, and have been contented, prosper ous, and happy. Their trade with the rest of the world has rapidly increased; and thus every oommercial nation has shared largely in their suoceaaful progress X shall now proceed to take the oath pre scribed by the Constitution, whilst humbly in voking the blessing of Divire Providenoe on this great people. STUAMaaRg AND Citizbks desiring to tub scribe for either edition of the Stab?Daily, $2.30 per annum; Weekly, (1 25 per annum? who may not he in the vicinity of the Star office, are informed that they can do so at Sbillinoton's Book Store, where oopies of the Doily and Weakly are always on hand. Those desiring single copies of our Inauguration Weekly number may have them sent hy mail ? price 3 cents- by leaving their names at Saio LiKaTOit'g, which, by the by, is oa the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and four-and-a-half ?treat. 11* , Af B POWLKI, ft ^ESPECIAL NOTICE-IN CONSR. l**0* Hw,,r ladtepratftoa, n'r C aor c?'a Lecture on Music ? Is mSnma ,. M1TRUBBDAY, Murk l*h, lurf, wWIdVu tX nal attraction will be cgfrred. f^^TIK BOARD OP DIBECTORS or ?Cn? ?he Wasklagton BuHdla* Aaoaetaftaa wttl bald the* rwahr monthly mOu m Tern Enx??ait,N FKIDAY EVENING, ike ua rtaat, ?t 7 ?'clock mari.R? J P. PICKtWWW, Se\ REGULAR MONTHLY MaoT. lw of Ike Bmt< of TtnUm of Public School, will be be'd on THURSDAY, the Mb l-atuit, at 4 o'clock p. in The comnltce rB w '*f?lnitl?o of teachers will pirate m<?? at H Y. AtLee'a office, in the City H all, at t o'clock of mar 4 2t tw-irtm i l ????_ DWWVWMe ??L0*|C|t.?PBB?ONB VISITING irK^ .^0!! 4U?- wlu M " .ii 9 . U^*<T Hall Restaurant. Mw i at ?II hours 4irli| Ikf 4i* and nlirht *^?it at N* **, under Wlllards' Bttei * n?r 3 ?Irle?.dd..?pi csto, will deliver a Lecture bf foT# tko L ndl Aid Society of tko Methodist Rp^Zj cZ^ JL South. on sett THURSDAY KvVnTng ZTtZ o'clock. Subject?"Woman: Her ki?t*i* and character " Church on 8 k ntwrt, between H and I atMk Immediately ta the rear of tko Patent OBm Lectare free. mar 3-3te m. - .^PHILADELPHIA CAKK AT PBILA IsS delptla prior*, at the Pklladelpkla lea Cream Depot, corner Ittk and F streets 1CB CREAM at SI10 per gallon. fekR RUN Nine L4MOJIOTIYE8.?straagn d oat go ha me without taking onowltk von They are to he had at LAM MOND'S, matS-R 464 Seventh i INAUGURATION f HOTORIAFRCD ! V 1- WHITEHUKST.?Cop-ea miy b? hat oa sp plication at hla Gallery, rn Pennsylvania nveaus h9twe?n4j( anddth ats mart-k* HOLUI M ULBB!! OA BEAD OP SUPERIOR MULES JUST CPU arrived from Kentucky, and wll!*^ be aold on aernmmorfatln* term* br ap-B^h^ pllng to HENRY BlKCH ,at his Live y Stable, corner cf D ard 14lh ilre^ta,Abhm* Weahlngton, D. C. ma p l*o Ft?R BALK?A PAIR OFGREY HORBBS, 4 years old; being IS hand*. Aae flv looking, and well broke to sadd e and harness, and warrentrd gentle and wind hit very respect Tob aem at Mew. Walker A R'n - mei'a National Stablea mir5-?to P. TENMSON. IPRINU I OOOI. EOWEN * SON, MILITARY AND ? Naval Merchant Tallora, No ?lt Pennsylvania avenue ma kea known toiheir>M friends and cubtomera that they have J oat 11 opened their seoecd Uvoice of Spring ?JK. Goods embracing a choice selection of Cloth*, Casslrrers, and Veatlnga. and will he pleased to have tbem call and examine mar ft-lw Blue book -list op all tbb oF icea. Civil and Ml'ltary la the UalUd Statrr, 37% reata; authorized Catalogue of the Nation*i Moae im, Tipagrs; d**crlptloa of a'l tbearttcks. Cmutto?.?Waate aoloe a '.ht|four leaved ale - tlon got no to oefraua a rangers of their time mine Is 25 cents and (0 cents Lnca< l?t? of all tbe Patented Models ALFRED HUNTER, Patent Agent, 478 7th atreet. Wanted two Intelligent boya. mar f it* B1BBT ARRIVAL OP RICH AND BLI. WART DRBU WOODS FOR THE SPRING. CITIZENS AND STRANGERS VISITING will Bad opening at the store of the auaoonber aomethlng very elegtnt and beautiful In the war of Stlka, Grenadlae and Organdie ROBES for tbe Spring, jast selected from tbe largest and be*t stocks In ih? North. Those who f?vor him with a call will undoubtedly tnd aomethlng new and recherche. Cloak a and Mantillas at eery low prkfs. FRANB A McGKE, mar 5 lw 241 Pa ae.t bet 13th and iaih at*. Hbrrinos, mat, oabomTtarVbo". SIN, PITCH, Arc ?1 have reeeleed, and of fer f r sale very low?S4( harrela Pr tomac Her. rings, at S4 75 p^r bbl. 75 bales of prime Hay at ?1 per ewt 60 balea Oakum, aupeilor article IS bbls Tar. In prime order 40 Wrreis Rosin and Pitch. ISO sacks O A. Salt. Wltkafu l assortment of Manilla Ccrdage, Tarred Ropes, Vinegar. In tierces and baneis Tierces of new Bice, Coffoe ar d Sugars, for aale by JOSEPH N. FEARBON, mot 5 3t Georgetown, D. C. *'A8HINGTON AMPHIT11EATRhj BENEFIT OF Mesars. Murray & Holland. POSITIVELY THE LAST APPEARANCE, BUT TWO OP PAW RICE! The whole of this STAR TROUPP W1T1 perform EVERY AFTERNOON A JS D EVENING TBIS WEEK IP* Families should not fall to embrace this appertaaRy. mar I Lost and Found. Lost?at the inauguration ball. or retaining from It, a Flllagrea GOLD BRACELET, ret with small pea'la, sllglitlv b'okea, temporarily mended. A liberal rewa'd will be gleeo If left at the Star Office, or 404 I at. If F. S BHULZE IF THE LADY WHO TOOK BY MISTAKE, from the laalea1 dressing-room at the lnaugn ration Ball, a BROCADE SAAWL, with a rrd center, will return the same to No. 4 0 9th street, she will recelv* the thanks of the owner. It Attention?the bent who lo?t a SHAWL at tbe President s on Frldsy eve nlag last, can obtain the same at CAMM ACR'P, Jr., Clothing Store. o? P street, by proof of prof erty and psylng for this adeertleement febS-R* B.A.JANVIER. S TRAYED OR STOLEN ?EAR LY ON THE algtit of theUd lnatant, from 7th at . CV-. oppoalte Cdd Fellowa' Hall, my Sorrel <<aNADIAN MAKE and TOP BUGbY A lUe al reward will be paid for any informatics that may lend to tbe recovery of tbe same. JOBNSON SIMONDS. mar S-it* At oRce of J ustlce Hol'lagsi sad A() r REWARD-FOR THE RETURN a Gold AATCH,CHAIN and BRACE LET, supposed to bo thrown away by a burglsr, In the exoavatlon between Id and 3d streets, is bf was attemrtlng an earape from his pursuers These articles sre prized by the o*ner ?s wtn*1 rials of friendship and the a bo e reward snail t* given to any one leaving thrm at the Boused Rev Dr SUNDERLAND, 394 D street, or st the Star oRoe marS-itt* J|r REWARD.?LOST?ON TBE AVF nua. on me 4th Instant. In tbe eacluincat, ab:ut ? o'clock, a PURTE-MONIA, conta nUg a ?me papers of no value to any one but tbe owner Any one that ha* found the article, will rere've the above reward by leaving It at W H. U ? P t K MAN 'S Store, No. 4^ mar > 3f Al REWARD.-BROKE AWAY FRO* V IvF tberubviiber, on Tueodsv morn lng, the 3d Instant, a blood BA Y MARE.^Q^ with bobtail about t7 bands high, newly shod, and her right ear a little sore Tb? above reward will be paid on her return to LEVI PUM PHBEY?S Livery Stable, C street, between <H and ?te streets. __ mtrS Sj?^ ZACHLBEBBY,eiW. ? C B E WARD -STOLEN FROM THE stable of Wm Homfller. e? Sun- CX-? day night, a SORREL HORSE Hyears^a\ old, about 14 to i? banda high, white s:?r in tla ftreherd ( ery dim) wklle on the left side of hU head rubbed by tae brie e Very small nec., but i'j/J?}? body. The above rewardiwiH_he pal* oa his de US?ISS'No nn a. a REWARD?LOST?Yeaterday morn 9 1" log* somewhere betwen the Btoamloit Wharf and Pean averue, a Lartkar POCRKf BOOK, containing about S70 la money aadtbraa notes for B100 ea h The name ef Alfred A Florence la cn tta cotea The flnder will recolva the above reward by leaelcg It at this oRce mar S R* Lost?at the presidents.on fri day evening last, a large Black Cloth TA LMA with (our pock eta, b ack alpaca lining ai>d vel vet collar. A liberal reward will he gl*e? If le" at the Banking Hou e of M Snyder ? Son mar 4 OBT?BETWEEN TMB~CAPlTOL AUD -J the Waahlngtoa Honae, oa Mooday night a Plain Gold BRACELET, with the name of L i. McCarty Inside The Sudor will bo suitably raapaided, and teeelve the thanks o- the owner, byjeavtag^t atthe Waablngtoq Bouse, L