Newspaper of Evening Star, February 17, 1858, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated February 17, 1858 Page 2
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EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON OITY: WEDNESDAY Fehraary 17, IMS, HT* Advertisements ihtald be i?t li kl IS ??deck ai.; otherwise they stay sat ap? y?ar aattl the mt day. M'-lHIfOf THE MUti NINO PKHSS The Intelhgenrtr is. to-day. devoted to newi and the Congressional proceeding* of jester day. The Union explains, with convincing force in deed, the " Economy of Increasing the Army''? a feet which the Star has repeatedly essayed t< elucidate We hope that the Union's viewi and statements upon the subject will be reac and reflected upon by all in Congress, who u] to this time, hare not come thoroughly to com prehend the fact that, as oar frontier expandi more means of giving due military protectior to the sattlers and other adventurers upon il are absolutely necessary Among many able and interesting article; upon the absorbing political question of the day, which we also find in the Union thit morning, is a letter from H. Clay Pate to Sen ator Polk, embracing numerous affidavits o! well known respectable citizens of Kansas, wherein it is m^le plain that where a census (as required by law) failed to be taken previous to the election of members to the Lecompton Convention, that was brought about wholly by violence on the part of the Topekaitts them selves, who with rifle, bowie knife and pistol drove the censua-takera from their midst. Pretty fellows, they, to complain, now, that nineteen oounties of the Territory were dis franchised by the failure to take a census ot them as the law required ! The Union also republishes a letter from Mr Parrott, the delegate from Kansas in the House, to a fellow-Topekaite in Lawrence, K. T , wherein that amiable individual coolly ad vises the supposed Topekaite majority of the now Legislature to make the penalty of a viola tion of the election law the body is expected to anact for the benefit of the cause of Abolition* ism, neither more nor less than death. We quote him, as follows : ??The law of the Legislature for preventing frauds at elections doe* not set*ni to be strtngtnt enough. What I advise is this, to make tbe pen alty deatk. I do not want to go on tbe bench, but If anything could iuduce me to it would be tbe Mtiintctlon of sending some of these scoundrels to the sca&old they ?o richly deserve ' Yours, Mark Parkott. ? "Capt Samuel Walker, l*awrence." Coming as this advice and tbe olosiug senti ment with which it is accompanied does, from an individual who in this city is a4 '-gentle as a sucking dove,"?conducting himself here ap parently as though not even inclined to en counter hi* own shadow?it illustrate* to the life the truth of newspaper statements of the murder* and other outrages committed upon tbe opponents of the Topekaites in the Terri tory, wherever they can be perpetrated in the dark. Thus, we have this so seeming inoffen sive man urging his own election to tbe benoh, only that he may have an opportunity to hang kis political opponents! Not having his pack W ruffians at his back to stand between him and bodily harm just now. he would not ven ture to hang a mouse, evidently here. Verily, this Sir. Parrott is indeed " a representative - _ % ? Beak Notices. Fcmopias Acqtaista^cf : Being Skrt< mks or PaorLR is* F.raoFR. By J. W. DeForest; Har per A Brothers, New York. For sale in this city by Taylor A Maury. Since Sanderson's "American in Paris,'' we have seen do more sprightly, piquant sketches of continental life and manners than are contained In this unpretending little volume. Not the least interesting portion of the work is the description of life at some of the German and French Water Cure Establishments. Scvnrs i* Clebtcal Life By G<*oree Kliot; Harper A Biotbers. New Yoik For sale In this city by Taylor A Maurv. This is a collection of the striking tales lately published In Blackwood's Magazine under the above title Tfi World or Mind ; An F.lsmevyakt Booi. 1 By Isaac Taylor; Harper .Sr Brothers. New York For sale in this city by Taylor A Maury. We have not had opportunity to examine this work with care, but it seems to be a valuable volume for those desirous of entering upon a course of elemental y reading in mental philoso phy, unencumbered by controversial references to books either of the present time, or of times past JDkbit a*d Credit T>anslated from the Ger man of Gusrav Freytajf; Harper A Brothers, New York. For sale in this city by Taylor A Maury. Tbis most popular German novel of the day is remarkable for the truthfulness of the pictuies it presents of German commercial life. Its martl Is not obtrusive, and, as a romance, It is one of the most fascinating we have recently encoun tered It has a preface by tbe CLevalier B.msen, giving some account of the author It Is estimated that the recent reduction of coal freignt on tbe Baltimore and Ohio Railroad will Increase the demand for Cumberland coal from five hundred thousand to one million tons per annum. l?T Prom J Shillington, Odeon Building, we Lave the March number of Leslie's '-New F?mi Jy Magazine," containing, as usual, an extraor dinary amount of matter?goud, bad and Indlf feient?f.?r the price. 26 eta. It Is also profusely ?mbeill*b~d |; r The Maine Free P ess. published at Ban gor, declares, in a manly tone, Its determination to stand by the national Democracy and tbe td ministration of Mr. Buchanan, notwithstanding the signs of disaffection and treachery on the part ?f some faint-hearted politicians in Its vicinity. |?jT The ?d of February will be more exten sively noiired by tbe military in Boston and vicinity ttan In some previous years. The New England Guards. Boston Light Infantry, and the National Guards of Boston all make public pa jades, as do also the military of Cbarlestown Valcable Stocx?It Is assert, d that tbe stock ?f tbe Cunard line of European steamships Is at over per cent, premium Very little of it is ever sold. A gentleman of Glasgow last summer ottered ?3.000 for a share of ?',000 but could uot get it. With their first five ships they have built all their additional eight or nine ships, with the common earnings, without any assessment for additional capital. FhttSONAL. .... Mr. Henry Ward Beecher is about to sail lor California .? The celebrated Chevalier Bunseu has been appointed Prussian minister to London. .... Governor Sdm Medary, of Minnesota, ar rived at Columbus. Ohio, on the 11th Inst. ... C harles Matthews commences an en'/ajfe ?nt at tbe Hollida)-?treet Tl.eatre, Baltimore tbe tf.'d Inst. .... Gen Comonfort, ex-President of Mexico Wbo tias arrived at New Orleans, is actompani* d by his daughter, and will, tt is said, come noitu la a few days. .... One item of the foreign news is authentic, no doubt?namely, that "Prince Frederic Wil liam of Prussia has been invested with tlie o der of the garter." While attending Court at Litchfield, Ct , a few days since, Hon. TrumanSmlthwasseized with a lit. Much alarm was felt for a time, but he has so far recovered as to return to New \ ok ....Dion Bonrclcault, wbo is now In New York, Is about bringing out a new play he has written, called "Jessie Brown," founded on a beautiful episode of tbe war in ladia?that of tbe Scotch, McGregor girl, at the seige of Luck now, catching, amid darkness and danger, the wild slogan of the Scotch troops, marching to their relief long befoe its shrill strain could reach an untutored ear Hon Edward Everett made an eloquent point of this episode in a late lec ture, and the fertile brain of Bourcicanlt, who ww present, caught at It as a capital dramatic Idea, and tbeuce the play. Mlsa Agnes Robert son la to take tbe character of '?Jcealeand |fCte?It that of "Nena Sahib " men! on WASMXGTOX NEWS AND GOSSIP I eiocpatic Notice ?The Democratic Cau cus will not meet this evening It was ad journed to the oall of the Chair Jobs Cochrane. Chairman. John H. Reagan, Secretary. Washington, February 17th, 13M. The Contempt Cask.?Our exchanges are beginning to reach us with unfavorable cont inents upon the assumption of power on the part of the House to imprison without trial by bis peers?a jury?a cititen, under an allega tion of a contempt of the authority of the body in refusing to testify as to wbat he did with money in his hands, which be swears was not used in any way to inlluenee the legislation of Congress. The impression of our cotemporaries if, evi dently, that if the House have power to do as they bare done is the mm of this Mr. Woleott, their lawful authority is really authority with out any limit whatever?as despotic as that of I Alexander of Russia, and far more arbitrary than that of Louis Napoleon ; extending to any subject, person or thing concerning which they may eleot to order an "investigation," whether that be a transaction affecting the honor of the Congress of te-day, or the doings of people in Kamskatka half a century ago. The Constitution expressly declares that no American cititen shall be deprived of his lib ty without due process of law. Iu this case the House has not only snapped its finger at the right of the citisen under this clause of the Constitution to which we refer, but also at the I obligations of the plain provisions of the law of the last session to prevent frauds. Ae . where I in a mode of trial (prosecution, punishment, I Ac.,) is provided to meet such cases as that | which Mr. Wolcott's would have been bad he refused to accord the answer he gave, which really completely covered the ground of the authority of the House in his case. A single branch of Congress oannot by itself make law, as the House has attempted to do in this in stance. A single House, however, can usurp authority, to the great danger of the future ol I American liberties. For a quarter of a centu I ry it was the policy of the anti-Democratic party to inveigh against the dangers of Execu tive assumption of power. The Democracy al ways, and very properly, scouted the idea that there was any real danger from that source; simply because the Kxecutivc, being a single Individual, there existed no difficulty in fast ening upon him due responsibility for all his acts. The Democracy have never yet dreaded the I '*?k of will and spirit on the part of American public opinion to keep the Executive power within constitutional and lawful bounds. Their fear has been, on the contrary, of encroachments on the part of Congress. Individual members thereof are not responsible, strictly speaking, for the action of a majority of the House. trom the formation of the government to this hour the avenue by which its centralisation has progressed, (and we hold that it has made rapid strides, indeed,) has been through Con gressional usurpations, one by one?acquiriug the force of precedent, eventually. Ten years ago that tendency was recognized by all strict constructionists as the great danger to the fu ture of the character and purity or" the gov ernment. Now, however, affairs appear to us to have undergone a very remarkable ?hinge in this resp? ct. W e allude to the votes of many really conservative members, who claim to be strict constructionists, in this affair, which proclaim that they admit no limit to the power and authority of the body to which they be long upon any question whatever which they choose to assume to be oLe afieeting their own "'privilege.'' Tux Fisht Deuocract.?The fact that Democratic public opinion is everywhere rap idly coming to regard the allies of the Repub lican party in Cougress who formerly acted with the Democracy on the great and over shadowing question now dividing American political parties, as being as decided oppo sitionists as those who avow that they occupy that position, is disgruatling them not a little. This is evident in the tone of the i>ewspnpers in ? their interest, which <eem foolishly to imagine that by pleading the toleration of a former common political faith, the great Demo cratic organization of the land ean be induced to overlook tho fact that gentlemen who fight shoulder to rhoulder with the Republican party, aiming their blows against the h. art of their late party?against the great measure of the era, on the success of which it bases all its hope of ascendancy in the immediate future,? are essentially its more dangerous enemies than those who contend against it openly and avowedly Now, the history of American politics shows clearly that protestations of a common faith on some points, while laboring to break donn the Democratic party policy on the points really in issue between them and their opponents, have never yet sufficed to delay for an hour the eventual entire "ratting"' to the enemy, of gentlemen who fancy to tak?? such political '?chutes.1 Vidt the newspaper efforts made to argue Messrs. Rives, Talmadge, and fifty others we might name, to be the soundest Dem ocratic party men, while they were leaving no efforts untried to defeat the measures of the party. Where are they one atd all, political ly, now? A Recommendation.?Among the multitude of witnesses called hither of late by authority of the House to testify before this or that of their interminable investigating committees, are not a few brought here from points hun dreds of miles distant. Such persons are in most cases thus forced to make grave business sacrifices They must be absent at the pleasure of the House committees, from their own affairs for weeks, without the slightest regard to their own business interests. The Emperor of Russia cannot more imperiously direct the where abouts of his subjects on oocasions, than these oommittees do as a matter of course. Such witnesses are allowed as compensation for their ? -?rvices but two dollars per diem and their traveling expenses to and from the Federal me tropolis. Congress has frequently sent commit tees to distant points?some to make investiga tions. others to oonvey the remains of decea!?ed members to their last resting places, Ac. If we remember correctly, the House has never yet failed to pay the actual eost of such journeys to ita individual members; and there is no sound reason why they should fail to pay to such wit- ! neases whatever it may oost them, directly or indirectly, to obey the mandates of their com mittees in cases such as those alluded to abo\e Sober Words Fitlv Spokex.?We make *n extract below from an able and interesting letter in the Richmond ii-ramtner of the 9th inst., upon the result of the recent contesPlfc the House over the resolution of Mr. Harris, of Illinois. We differ from its conclusions, only in so far as they anticipate a final triumph of t e coalition of the Republican party and the s y emocrate on the question of the admis- j of kV?* ?'?? ?>? LMomptoo CoMtitn. in rid.nl'.w', 'V" * UwBwkkwmJ ing .biding^ ** oor,,Dt Mlf: S""'d ~14. ,my ow?; & ?j5'"''"'"1" <-o"tT?ou dilSii? 31 wants this battle continued and foaght bv ?vV miabes, and to deprive tbe tnemrZii of euppliea. 8lr, / rerarj ,kts blttl, as SvfJdJ f?fkii It is over, AU the mistake la that th! honorable Senator and others do not know it We are fiphting for a majority of free State*. There sre already sixteen to fifteen , and what ever the Admiaistraiiou my do?whatever any body n?ay do?before one year from this time we shall be nineteen to fifteen." That is the whole storv With a strong demo cratic organisation, faithful to the Constitution and resolute In defence of the guarantied rights of.the minority section, the eril of a representa ire preponderance of one section over the other In the Inlon could have been neutralised snd obviated. But we see now, in the actios of the Douglas democrats, the last hope of maintaining a strong national organization broken. The vote to-morrow may, indeed be carried, over the northern coalition against the South, by a lean ma jority; and the admiasion of Kaunas under the Lecompton Constitution may, indeed,beachievf4 after a dozen or two struggles like that of Friday night; but, in either event, I fear the evil day can only be put off; but cannot be averted. The North solemnly agreed four years ago to adhere to their own previous solemn agreement of IR50, and to leave the people of the Territories to form their domestic institutions, peaceably and without outside interference, in their own way. But no sooner did they sign and seal the agreement than a powerful party io that sectioa organized societies for the purpose of enlisting hireling emigrants to force their own Institutions upon Kansas. All that money and muskets, agi tation, bravado and falsehood could do, to ad vance their own objects In the Territory, and to prejudice a peaceful, orderly and legal settlement of its institutions by its own legitimate inhabit ants, has been done The mere agitations they have perperually kept up and excited against slavery in Kausas have driven out every slave and his owner from that Territory and deprived the South of any peculiar interest in it. By the rebellious and factious modes they have adopted to effect their purposes there they liave.lt is true, so disgusted the respectable inhabitants of the Territory as to have caused a constitution to be sent here containing a slavery clause But this is a result which the agitators sought; and they have procured It by the refusal ot theirown min ions to vote. They are now making use of this merely nom inal clause In the Lecompton constitution as the pretext of renewed agitation and assault upon the South. And now, when the hour has arrived in which the Soutbexpects a fulfilment of the sol emn pledges of lHStland 185*?although merely in the letter and not in the snbutanre?a large frac tion of the very party on which it has a right to rely for the barren fulfilment of this pledge, ban chosen the hour of c.-iHln and struggle to pass over Into the enemy's cainp and to coalesce with them to defeat her demand. The loss of twenty one Democratic votes in the House of Representatives leaves the National Democratic organization there in a hopeless mi nority. If the Iohs proves permanent, and 1 have little doubt that it will prove so, it sectionalizes parties in a confederacy In which the South is in a minority, and leaves no other recourse to the Southern States but to determine what measures thevsbnll take for preserving their independence in the Union, or for getting peaceably out of it. I do not regard the question of the admission of Kansas tinder the Lecompton constitution as involving any practical advantage to the South. But it involves even more. It test* the fidelity of the North to the compromises of 1K50 and the act of 1*54 . It tent* the vitality of the Democrat ic national organization?the possibility of main taining a party founded on constitutional princi ple*. It tests the great problem whether the (South can remain with safety in a confederacy of which she is a minority, relying upon the faith of comparts and the guarantees of a common con stitution. I was not disposed to take a gloomy view of this question until I came here for a few mouths' recreation this winter. But I confess that I now almost despair of the I'nion We have but one thing left of the grand nationalities of our Re public; everything else is sectionalized We nave yet a national, a constitutional Administra tion. The South may safely rely upon that, while it lasts?upon its stern maintenance, through evil and good report, of the fair, just, na'ion-tl principles of the Constitution. She should take care, however, that vben the Ad ministration expires she shall be in a condition to take care of herself. After the Aduiinistia tion, then comes the Deluge. Drawing the Lines.?It ap|?ears to be un derstood among the Democratic politicians sur rounding us that, yesterday, the President nom inated <iov. Medary (Sam) to be Postmaster at Columbus, Ohio, (vice Miller,) and Isaac Cook, Ksq., (vice Price,) to the same office at Chicago, 111. These nominations (if they have been made, and we know no roason to doubt the flct) involve the removal of the present incum bents, both of whom were appointees of the present Executive, if we remember correctly. There is a moral in these changes which may be laid to heart by all Democrats who are in clined to permit their devotion to the fortunes of individual prominent and ambitious gentle men to interfere with the integrity of their al legiance to the principles and measures of the Democratic party. It points with unmistnke able force to the fact that the speedy and en tire settlement of the Kansas embroglio (so far as it may be regarded as a national question) is indeed the great issue of the times upon which the Democratic party stands; and that those who are with the Republicans on that i*sue, can no longer be held (to be Democratic party men. without great danger to the tuture of Dcmocratic-party success. In this action, wherein the President hit nobly vindicated the integrity of the party or ganization, he has also signally rebuked the labors ot newspapers which encourage a lack of fealty to the Democratic party faith, under the plea that differences as to measures among Democrats are allowable His reading of the party's doctrine in this connection we know to be borne out by all in Congress now entitled to be regarded as members of the party in full communion, and that?as thuB elucidated? boldly proclaims that the opponents of the De m<>cracy on the Kansas question are no more entitled to be regarded as of the Democratic party ,jthan are the wing of the avowed Repul - lican party who seek to justify their identifi cation with that organisation under the plea that it is the defender of the unadulterated faith of Thomas Jefferson himself. Topographical Intelligence?The War Department is in receipt of despatches from Lt. J. C. Ives, commandant of the Colorado Sur veying Expedition, bearing date at the mouth of the Colorado river, December 14, 1857. Lt. Ives first announces the arrival of the expedi tion at the mouth of the Colorado on the 2d of December, snd says that the voyage was un usually long, calms and bead winds prevailing during most of the time. Opportunity was. however, afforded tor collecting useful informa tion respecting the head of the gulf and the en trance to the river. The present maps are defective, and in many respects erroneous, and the Lieutenant thinks that sufficient material is now acquired to make a more correct chart. The expedition entered the river at the time of the Spring tides, the velocity of which is said to be so great as to render a vessel almost un manageable, and the schooncr was nearly three days in proceeding a mile's distance. In order to effect a landing of the steamboat and stores, it was found neoessary to run the vessel into a little gully,, where she has been since lying high and dry a hundred feet from the river, and at a considerable distance alnive it. Lieut. I. bad expcctcd to find at the mouth of the river the individuals of his party who had crossed over from San Diego, but the steamer used to convey supplies from that point to Fort Yuma had left the latter place before their arrival there, and hence no means had been at their disposal for joining the expedi tion. The steamer alluded to had been lying some twenty miles above the mouth of the river for two or three weeks, together with an other boat which was there undergoing repairs. It was understood to be the intention of the owners to get both boats ready and send them down, so as to take the entire party up to Fort Yuma at one trip. This measure, the Lieuten ant thought, might oeoasion some delay in his operations and prevent his party from joining him. The inconvenience arising from this cir cumstance was mitigated somewhat by the kindness of Capt. Walsh, of the Monterey, who gavo Lieut. I. permission to hire his crew bj the day until the arrival of tfa? steamers We quote from the latter '? " Our work ban been conducted under some disadvantage*. Tbe whole surface of tbe coun try being submerged at the spring tides, and the soil, a soft tenacious clay, is able to dry in but Aw placet before another overfiow. It has been necessary to 'wavate 'n this gluey earth ? pit large enough to bold the ways of the steamboet, and allow men to work beneath her Tbe log* (m the vtf> had to be ban led through the mwd a dirtance of nearly two mil*-*, and over asur face intersected b* numerous gulley-. A consid erable portion ofthewoik ha*, however, been accomplished There have been nine working day* since oar property was pot on tbe bank.ana in this time tne camp baa been arranged, tbe provisions and store* safely stowed, tbe ways of tbe beat prepared and laid, the eight seetleae of tbe kail jolaed together, aad tbe nveting almost o>?pleud ; two bams tar lowing put together, tinisl ed aad launcSsd ; aeveial cord* of wood baoled for the steamboat, and water for camp purposes, brought from a distance of 1ft een mi lea up the river. Meanwhile a transit has bee* set up aad astronomical observations taken to fix the position of the camp. Tidal observations have also been made, and I have been experimenting with tolerable success in taking photographic views " The letter then proceeds with farther detail of the expedition, and atatea that Lieat. I. bad been joined by Mr. Barker, who reports the safe arrival there of the San Diego partj. Not withstanding the inconveniences and unavoid able detention, Lieut. I state* that be believes he will be able to leave Fort Yuma very neai the time specified in his inatructions. So far as he can judge both the time and method of ope ration designated appear to Lieut. I. to be tbe best that can be adopted. A second letter from Lt. I bears date at Fort Yama. January 5th. 1868, which place he says he reached on that day, having left his boat at a point forty miles below, and crossed over land. The steamboat was completed and launched on the night of tbe 30th, four weeks from the day they arrived at the mouth of the river. The river between the mouth and Fort Yuma is represented as being very difficult of navigation owing to the changes and irregular tties of the channel and the rapidity of the cur rent, which, at a low stage is some three miles an hour. In this letter the safe arrival of tbe mule train under Mr. Taylor at Fort Yuma is an nounced as having occurred on tbe 20th of De cember ; and after giving some other informa tion of no especial public importance. Lieut. I. expresses his intention to proceed immediately to make the reconnoissance of the river to the head of navigation. Naval Intelligence.?The following named officers have been ordered to the steam frigate Colorado, the flag-ship of the Home Squadron, now lying at Norfolk : Captain, William H. Gardner; Lieutenants.

Kdward Lanier, Thomaa H. Stevens, Abner Read, Win. L.Powell, Beverly Kennon; Acting Master, Charles C. Carj?enter ; Fleet Surgeon, Edward Gilchrist; Passed Assistant Surgeons, A. M. Lynch, A. M. Vedder; Purser, E. C. Doran ; Chief Engineer, W. W.W. Wood; First Assistant Engineer, Thomaa A. Shock ; Second A*siatants, John W. Moore, Alex. Greer, F. K. Hain, Jno Purdy. Philip Inch, Chas H. Levy; Boatswain, John McKinlev; Gunner, John Owens ; Carpenter, Aiuoa Chick ; Sailmaker, Wm. Bennet. The Colorado is ordered ont to relieve the Wabash, and the contemplated trip is her first, as she has not yet had even a trial trip. Commodore Paulding is at present tbe com manding officer of the squadron to which the Colorado will be attached. The End ok the Caekital was duly cele brated here last night. Thus several very agreeable parties took place. The reception at the mansion of Secretary Cass was. of course, crowded as usual, throughout the entire even ing The ladies present were generally dressed with great richness and capital taste. These entertainments, presided over by the accom plished and so intelligent daughter of General Cass, are among the moat popular that have "come off" in Washington this winter, and are invariably attended by all in Washington so ciety who are distinguished as statesmen, ora tors, soldier?, diplomats, or as literary or scien tific men, no less than by persons known es pecially an ladies and gentlemen in fashionable life. We hear, also, of a small and delightful re union last night under the roof of the English Minister, whose genial family are on the high road to great personal popularity here, through the elegancc and good taste of their entertain ments, and the artlessuess and truly refined sociability of their intercourse with all with whom they are thrown in contact. Who are to Phea< h is thf. House Hall? Tbe following is the official designation of the clergymen who are to officiate in the House Hall on Sundays for some weeks to come Viz : Rev. Geo D. Cummins, D , D., fourth Sabbath in February, 28th , Rev. George S. Deal. fir6t Sabbalb in March. 7tb; Kev. J. R. Eckard, second do., 14th ; Rev. J. L. Elliott, third do., 21st; Rev L. D. Finckel, fourth do . 28th; Rev. Jabez Fox. first Sabbath in April. 4th; Rev. Julius E. Grammar, second do , 11th. Mr Hatch ?The speech delivered yester day by this gentleman upon the Baltimore con tested election case has attracted no little at tention among the public men of all parties in Washington. His points told all the way through, with great effect, indeed. This speech has certainly marked him fur oce of the men of emphasis and effectiveness of the body of wbioh be is a member. Th? Wbathm.?The following report of the weather for this morning is made from the Morse Telegraph line to the Smithsonian Institution. Tbe time of observatien is about 8 o'clock a. m : February 17, 1838. Buffalo, N. Y clear, cold; th 4 above. New York. N Y..........clear, cold. Philadelphia, Pa clear, cold. Baltimore, Md clear, very cold. Washington, D. C clear, very cold Richmond, Va cold; th 30; wind XE. Petersburg, Va cloudy, cold. Norfolk, Va ?...clear,'cold. Lynchburg, Va cloudy, rold. Bristol, Tr-nn clear, pleasant. Raleigh, N . C clear, cold. Wilmington, N. C clear, pleasant. Columbia. S. C clear, pieasant. Charleston. 8. C eleer, pleaaant. Auguata, Ga clear, pleaaant Savannah, Ga clear; ther. SI. Macon. Ga clear, pleasant. Columbus, Ga .....clear. Montgomery, Ala clear, pleasant. Lower Peach Tree, Ala....clear. Mobile, Ala clear, cool; ther. te. Gainesville, Miss clear, cool. New Orleans, La clear.cool, wind W. From th* West. Cumberland, Md clear, cold Wheeling, Va cold, cloudy, th. Thermometer, on the Smithsonian tower, min imum last uight, 13?; at 9 a. m. to-day. 14?; near the ground, minimum 14?; at 9 a ui., 15Cold eat night, except -J5tb November. CONGRESSIONAL. Thirty-fifth Congress?First Session. In the Srxatx, yeaterday, Mr Houston pre sented a memorial from cltixena of New York aaking the adoption of measures for the preser vation and elevation of the American Indians; referied to Indian Affairs Committee. The joint resolution for tbe reception of the Turkiah Vice-Admiral. Mebmed Pasha, was dis cussed at considerable length, and finally passed by tbe following vote?yeas 31, nays 111. The Indiana contested election case was next taken up, when the resolution was passed allow ing tbe sitting members and the coetestanta to take further testimony In tbe case, provided the same shall be returned to tbe Senate within nine ty days. Tbe consideration of the Army bill was re sumed, when Mr. Hunter gave notice that at the proper time he should offer a substitute providing for tbe In crease of tbe Army by the organisation of oae regiment of dtagoons and two of infrotry, who should be discharged after two years. Mr. Wilson offered as a substitute a provision for the ralaing of volunteers, not exceeding 5.000, who should be carolled to serve twelve months. If not previously discharged. Without taking the qnestlon on any of the amendments, the Senate adjeuraed. In tux House,the conteated election case from the Fourth Congressional District of Maryland occupied the Hon?f up till the hour of adjourn ment, without snv d> finite action being taken J'be neuronal of Mr. IrwH - *s?rrpp.r*e<l by M?*ri Wilson and Washburn] and favored by Messrs Hatch and Bowie. Proceeding? of To-day. In TUB SgsaTR, to-day, Mr. pearce introduce^ a bill to lacorporste the Washington National Mooument Society; referred. Mr. Cbsa4ler sabmitted joint reaolutiona from the State of Mirhiffan. opposing the admi**iou of any mow slsve State*, and protesting against the Lecompton const itul ton. Mr Houston called up the resolution submitted 1>V h 1 in yenterday. Instructing the Committee on Foreign Relation* to inquirrlntii ?be expediency of this Government declaring and maintaining a P'otectorate over the State* of Mex co, Nlca'agna. Co?ta Rica, Guatemala. Honduras, and Sea Sal vador, to such an extent a* shall secure to the people of those S ate* the blessings of good and stable republican government. Mr. Wilson opposed the resolution, on tbr ground that it may give rise t<? flllbnsterism Mr Houston contended that the government* of tboae States have been failures, and It wai a humane effort to save the people from the mis management of ralera who may rome into power from time to time. 11 *Housr the matter of the contested el? c tlon of the Fourth Congressional District of Ma ryland WRsfaken up The previous question having been simta'ned, the question recurred on the amendment offered by the minority of the committee, which pro vid-a for the appointment of a special commit tee to aend for persona and paper*, and i* a grant of the prayer of the memonalist This unend ment was loat by the following vote Yeas %; nays lio. The question then recurring on the resolution submitted by the majoilty of the committee, which is adverse to the prayer of the tin-mo! ialist, it was passed by the following volt. ? ,ess lift, na)sS?. Crawford's Washington ?In compliame with a request of the editor of the K iebmond Ea qulrer, G PR James, the novelist, baa fur nished that journal with a lengthy critique upon Crawfoid'a Equestrian statue of Washington, to be inaugurated on the Kd February He thus conclude* : "On the whole, I may sincerejy congratulate you on having, in Virginia, not only the gnest work of art in the Uuit.d Mates, but om- a* line as any in the world?one worthy to comim-ino rate a man wboee mind was capable of compre hending that duty is superior u> glory, patriotism more great than power." rrp?PUBLIC LECTURK.-Dr. A*ti*rllw I L * delivers Lecture before the \\>ti,ir?ioii Art Association on WEDNESDAY EVENING, Feb. 17th, at 7?? p m. The publio are invited. felT-lt 'V-5=-SMITH?ONIA\ INSTITUTE.?Mr. J. J. ^ ? ?*?cLAT.of Philadelphia, foriner'v resident in the Holy land, will Lecture heft-re tbs Youi.c Meu's Christian Association on FRlDaY, Feb. 19th. at Ho'clock p. m. Sulyoct?"Eg>pt&j.d Pales - tine. ' The public are invited. , _ E. BRISON TUCKER. SeoretarvY. M. C. A. FY LEC1 URE.?Rev. Bvin* ScsusaL sd '1Jj? will deliver a lecture at Coiuinbia Hail, Cap ltoTHill. on THURSDAY EVEN I No. the lltth instant, at o'clock. Suloeot: "The Dominion of Man by the Power of Thought." The public are invited to attend. Lecture free. I? IT-2t RELIGIOUS MEETING CONTINUE!!. Rev. O. Parker, the treat Evaugslft, wi'l Pf??/!". ^"?tern Presby tenan Church EVER> EVENING donng tiie present we*k at 7Hi o'c ock. ?(? frS-THK WASHINGTON H<iKN|C| LTl 'Ls RAL SOCIETV will hold th* tenth meet ing of the Society at Win. H. Corooran's. Fsq., rooms, on W and 14th streets. on W EDN kSOAV EVENING. February 17, at 7o'clock, when see's and reports from the Pateut t 'SiO' will he distrib uted to t he meinbera. tt M VH UG H ES, '* * Recording Secretary. rr^*.. DB. pope. >lkJ? Homeopathic P*y%ician and Surttim, 'De Meuou or Chain Buildings. No. S7f H street, north side. between 13th and Mth st* d n eoSm ICE CREAM AND WATER ICES,of the LkJ? best quality, in mouida or orherwise, at fl.^i Fer gallon. Fairs and other public entertainments ormahed at less rstes, at the Philadelphia Confec tionery. oorner 12th and F ata. Ian T2 inn* J. FrSSKLL. ffr"PROFESSOR HARDY, lk_j . Thk Grkat Indian Doctor. uan be oonau'ted, free of charge, for a few dt?y a, on all oases of Contracted or Chronic Diseases, at No. 47<i Uth street, between E and F. He will guar antee h speedy and permanent oure. Office hours from 2 to 6 p. m. Hia Fever and Ague and Magic Remed*, for all pain, for sale as above. fe 18-iw* (Y~5=?THK WAY TO SAVE YOUR MONEY L? istocallat J. SCHAF FIELD'S B-ltimore Confectione y. 6ih street, between G and H. where tue e is the very l>est assortment of Cakes, inide of the l>est materials, and sold lower than elsewhere in the Distri t. Creams, of all flavor*, made of the purest cream, at $ I.SO psr gallon. Particu ar atten tion paid to the furnishing of Private Parties. Balis, Cotillons, at the lowest rates, and at the shortest notioe. fe9eo2nt BLUE BOOR FOR I?.w.-The New Rlne Book or Government Official H e?uter ..f all. rtioers ,n the serviee ol the United States. Civil. Military, and Naval, with their locations, salaries, A e.: l?. ice fS-SO postage 5<i cents, prepaid For snle ii Wash incton. at TaV LOR A MAURVS fe 17 At Bookstore, nner <?th street. Proposals a?e invited for'the F*ca vatincand removing of a large quantity ofeailh oorner ol Uth and F streets, a larre part of which <s gravel, suitable lor streets. Persons Uesumg to hid for the aliove are requested to send in wr.tms to J. C. A H A. Willard. fe 17-iw WM??KO AIACKKNEL AND SALMON 1 Extra N??. I Ma kerel in Kitts, qr. Isirrels, ball lisrres.a .1 barrels. No. 1 Piokled Salm?n, French and Grand K&iik Codhah. For sale 1?> SH EKELL * MIf LER, 274 Pa.av., adjoining Knkwo.Nl House fe 17-1 w t lute1.) TO THE CITIZENS OI-' WASHINGTON CITY, B.C. I propose to cure any ^ciuioal or other Secret Diseases that should happen to i-efall uiy fellow men. and also the female sea. They can trust th? grttatest ooiihdenoe in the Dootor. His resi lence is at No 542 r-a. avenue, where he may be found lrom 7 a. m. to 11 p. m. DR. WM. P. CONLY, fe 17-2t Washington Cit?, |?. C. M A R B L E WORKS WM. RUTHERFORD, ARTIFICER iiV MAhbLF. E Street, between 12th and IStn streets North. Wa?hinoton City, Invites public attn.tion to his exteu ive stock of Iteautiful desicued aud Elab >r*te.y C ?rved MAN TELS in a variety of Mart les, together with a choice assortment of STATUARY, wn eh for de sign and finish eannot be surpassed, sod are well adapte t for the Garden or Tomb. A large assort meiit cf Plain Man'els. Monuments, and Tomb stones at very low pnoes. Monuments of any de?ign executed to order with punctuality and dispatch. Estimates given for Hrownstone or Marble work or North River Fifing, and every other work in our line. Pie se mil and inake an inspection of our atoek N. B.?M*ke a note of tne address. fe .7-?m B E A U T I F U L H E A D OP IilCH GLOSSY HAIR, COMPLBT'LY PRB8ERVBD TO THE GREATEST AGE And who that is gray would not have it restored to former color, or baid. but would have the growth r? stored; or troubled ailuda druif and itwiun< but would have it removed, or troui?eu witk scrofula, ?oald heed, or other eruptions t>a' woo d be cured, ortnh siok beadaofce (neuraUia but would beou. ed. tt wdl al o removeall pimples from the faoeorskm. 'rof. WcHjd's Hair Restorative wi.l do at! this, see oircular and the following: Ajt* Arsor, Nov. S, 185". Frov. O. J. Wood?Dear Sir: 1 have heard much said ol the wonderful effeots of your H>ir Restora tive, l>ut having beAi so of.en cheated by quackery a'ld quack nostrums, hair dyes, Ac.. I w?? disposed to place your restorative in the aame oatecory with th thousand and one loudly trumpeted quick rem edies, until I met you in Lawrence oouuty some montha sinoe. when yt>a gave me sn h assurance aa induo< d the tri I of your Re torative in my famny. hrst, by ui> good wife, whose hair had beuome very thin and entirely white, aud before exhausting one of your large bottles, her hair w-aa rest?>r d nearly to i*a original l>eautilul brown oo.or.and had thickened and beettme boau.iiul and gloasy upon, and entiralv over the h-ad. She ooniinu's to use it not simply b* an -e of its tteau-ifying effects upon the hair, but b ?a. a; ol its healthful intluenoe upon the ueao Mid u ind Others ol my lamily and friends are using your Restorative with th? happiest efleo s; ti?eie foie mr skepticism and doubt in referen< e 'oits vai ue and oharaot^r are entirely removed, an i I e\nand do most c^rdiaily a?d coufi tenuaiiy reoo nmenri ita nse by all who would have their hair r?atore4 f om white or gray.'by real n "f sickness ora?.e) to or g i al oolor and beauty, and by all young per. ona who w.>uld have thei^ hair besu'iful and gioasy. Veiy truly and gratefully youri, cOLO.JON MANN. FatR!n> Wood: It was a long time after I saw y? u at Bli>afieid be?*re I got the bottle of Keatoraiive for wmch you nve ma an order upon your agent in Detroit, and when I got it we o*neluded to try it oo Mrs. Mann'a hair, aa the surest test of its s^wer. It hta doue ail that yoa aatn ed me it would do; and others of my family and friends. Raving witnessed Ita effects, its now using and reoommending its uae to others aa entitled to the highest consideration you olaim far it. Again, vary respsotfully a*>H truly youra, SOLOMON MANN. . _ Carltlr, III , June 3t, lg&2. I have uaed Prof O. J. Wood's Hair Restorative, aed have admired Ita wonderful effects. My bau wa? heoominc.aa I thought, prematurely gray, bet b hi tue of bia restorative It has resumed its orlgi nal eolor, R|Ml, I have no doubt, permanently so. S. BREESE. ex Senator U. 8. O. J. WOOD ACQ., Proprietors, S3 Broad ws?, N. V . (in the great N. V. Wire Railing Kstai<liA ? utniland U4 Maifctt Louie, Mo. And suid by aii good Druggists. fen an AMU8SXFITS I U Ifr a t * t Yj A * M 1 N G T U N ONE MU?b NK.Iir OF CAMILLK In order to%ooorrmod\rp tum^e-* who w??e awkli ton:i*d>iui<iio oe M nd?? ? vmnii, MATILDA HKNOS will repeat her world impfrirm'.ivi. <?l uinux Matilm Hiin> cai.uot rnwun . e?<??id thi* w*ek. THIS* EVENING. PA It. Tkr <r*at five act ?*'ay ?.f CJ MffLLM. Mitildi Hemn m t t am< ie. No iMhK piece pieved the same evening. Box book now open. IK* r? opes el 7. ^rlormuo* at 7*. fe I" ^ K A M D VUCAL tvfcUKkT Wesley Chapel Choir. Cosdcctob ... Mi J.H D?kiu. Thta Cooaert will take tlaoe on Tl l*l?A\ FTKWIW6 ?Vf in?t at Wt!UK> Ch eel. The Choir Will be asviated h? a >.umber of taiei.ted Pruleamra in A?taera M Battnanrt and Wan - mat on Tbe pn&ie may expaot the heat Concert ot it.* IIMHI. Ticket* 25 oenta?to I* had at the Book and Mesia Stores.and at 1 he dour w| tt.e^huroh on the even 1 -e of the Coneert. _ _ f* 17-td On w ith t be danoe! .ei joj ha imi>?Iuii4 ; No sleep 'till m ?rn. When yoah and plea.*,ra rrtt To obaee the (lowtn* hoars with tfyinr f?at. ^ECOND CKaM) ASHKM BLY K5 or THI AMERICAN Hook & Ladder Active Association. The SimiiiJ Assembly of the Ameriaan Hook ard f .adder A at 1 ? e Asa?.- *t,..i wi t: k* p aoe at ~ Odd Feli. wV Ha l Navy Yard, on MUNI)A\ KVKNINU. Feb 2*1, ima. No expense will tie spared to make tbia tbe( Assembly of thr season W itbera'a t'eieh.ated Cotillon Band ha* 'men er*? lUtd. t oaohea will leave Six?h atreet and ra. averua < every ten minute duringthe evening for lb - llali Tiii?t? Klf T\ tiKNi!* to I* had at the n.sin tier* or el the door. Ftomr Jas. Kenton. J ??pk Uwr*nr>, Jas O tValtingaford, Thomas Hineline. fe 16 Tu.Tb S M AND VALENTINE F AIM 1 M THK Melodeon opera Troupe, who will appear KVKB \ KVKNING.antil lunusr notioe, during the brat pert, in WHITE PACKS*, performing their u?aal vari?ty of NKUKU MINSTB FLSV. ECCENTRICITIES, Me. Fnch pnrohaaer of a ticket, on entering the ba 1, will reemve a s? eled order for e valenioe. A? all ordera are eealed in uniform ?nrek?p?>. ? purcbaeer of a 3f> oent ticket may reoeivee veiuehleauil nooept able present worth twenty tiinee tbe amount ol the ticket A splendid Valentine representing the Wid aunmier Night's LI earn, and a Ring aooompar} :n it. all valued at #A. ?ill Ua prra?ni?<l to e *?-n'.e men that eoooinpaniea the ?reate?t numlier of aJie? to the oonoert* rr?>m the l"th to the T th iiiatael, to be preeented <* the evening of tti*V*h Admiaaion 3S ceuta. l>oora open at IS o'otook ; oommenoeet % ?e lh LhF. M \LLf?BV. Bunneaa Agent. ok ar.a A CiR WAITS. WANTF D-By a yotin* f.KB MAN WOMAN. aSitueiion aa ChemSermeid. N urae, or t<. do cener?l lloiiacwork. luauire al No. ?l? 6ta atren. h**WWa W (i it? ANTKU.-A tittdll COOK -Apr y at N? S74 H ?tr?et. Iietween I3?h end 14th. W 61 mifl WANTKII FOM T\V?( \JCA?B. *1 ?IBIU Twelve per cent jiveu; v eered br lien <>n reel eatate woith J.SjIW'; Vugif-a ?*<?* y taken : eurreney returned. A.drekt- H< a S~~ "* " P?MO ^ Co 1 ^ aa^clind'.'Voh\? ANTs A StTi %?!?.> ? "r??. h\? u,, mtmectHHm to iSTWt ut. * rwf The be?t reference civen. Aapl* lor w.t oa? a. ?.a *?' at?-eet. hetm een 13th at d Ktt. >0. 238 1^ WAVTKU.- A reapeote'^e PKUTK W'dMAN or GIRI.a* Houaeaervaiit. on aouthweat corner of K and l?th ?tr*ete. fe 17 ^t* A GOOD COt>K ANU WASH KB WaNTKO et No. 184 I street, between >'th end <l*t. WANTED TO HOKftOW-t??for 4 month a. Litte-ei inter eat eed good ?erurity wi.i given. Addreaa H. K. I)., fetiu Ofcoe. te:?4t* WANTED TO BF.NT?For a term ?' yenr??Si " to 1*4)or more ACBKi< OF I.AM), 14 the 791 atreet roed and not more th n four mi the city Addreaa Box 781 Poat <<thpa,witb uame. location, ertd term*. fe WANTED?B? a competent Proteataat WOMAN a aitu abd Seeiuatrett. Has the beet willing to trevel to an> part req at 37 Indiana avenne, near 4*t atri pHAMBKR M * I D WANT ton H?'U*^ immeliatel%. a N KLDKK I.Y LADY Wa /\ of a kinall family ; with rele .Vi Fa. avenue, opposite Kirkw?M>d H atreet. WANTED? K good COOK 'o assi&t o<v?i?i'.ri ally at Waehmg and lr< autg. A ?lnve pnlh red. One who can oumc w? I re'xmtme 1 hear of a good piaoe by appi> tt.g at No tat atreet, Georgetown. DC. ? le >6 eoSt * WANTED.?A WOMAN to Waeb. Iron. ar.A a?aiat in Cbamberwork. Appl) at tloa oili ??? fe 15 W ANTKDTO IM'BCH VSI^ fW |U?r? in Geld : the balance on such term* aa e?a? ka<r*?<1 up??n?A good and oonvemtHt KKK K HOL'SK, snitah.e lor a K**utl?-inau'i private ren dene#,and in a health* and eligible n?ithi?. h?-?t Price not to exceed *S.t?a?to A<ldr#s? W*. C. fe IS ?o? ? APABI<I\N I.AIlV DF.SIBE?* TOOBT \IN a Situation as TKAOHKK in a t..>ai(tii.K ach....l or pi i vale leiuily. here or further Route. Sh ran tiegin pupils ou the piami. Best ref?r noes riv>u. Aadrets X. X. X.. Evening Mar Othoe. te li ii ? WANTKD-A WHITE GIB!, to do g.?na Housework at No. Ml street, l?etwe#n *th and 5th. f* I) if* WANTED.?A de?ireUe SfllKK KvKlM. ?.i. Pa avenu", tieteeen fct^ ?ud 10tb st'e. rs. aU dress Box 764, City Post Othoe. |c n aolio Employment.?S5"*mouthau<mirxp.i. r? paid. An AG EN'T is W* A NTKD in r\ ?*i? ???? n and county in the I'nited Stat~s, to ?n?iw. m ? te apectehle and eea) t>u?ii>e*a, |.? winch tie aix ve profits mv becertvii!) mede. For tall parti. u.a;* eddreasC. MONNF.Tr A CO., coiner tfro . i. and Meroer sis . New York City, incloe>nc or e p..? tage stamp. )an .* ser* LOST AND IOQND. IOST?Yaaterday, between tiaorg. towu ant. < J n<-r<>IHihab<l I atr.-eia.a BlacH i.A? K >11 A suiraMe rewaid will bemtru .1 eft et \o. >?<-. o-m M of Hit Mdl I ste. It' LOST.?I eat r Igli?, in going Imm K ?':ee?. * tween 9th and lOtn et>eet?, t? the reainer.ee of See. Touoey, a CA M KO H K ACKI.KT, ? ith th-ea heeds wnh the lnitia s K. L. on the ulaap. The hnrter will be sui at>:? r?wanted l> .< a. i_g 11 at 11 ? ../Roe or No. Sal K street. LOST?Y eeter.Uy even ag, t H LET. With ci^sp set with jet. ward will begiv*u to the finder u A Bro.'a j. w^lry store ?.) BKVVAH D -l^oe ,0 I ?L ?> I'eir of GOLD fcfKCTAdt ro^eo case, a good deal wo. c: Mary lanu avenue, betwren ?S * .th street, between Marvland Market, pr >1 a i| u. ue u ar<? t. Will b< paid if rrtanicd to tiuawe ? < atore.Q'>rner Maryland avenue \iu Tin fa IC St* BOARDIHO. BOABDING AT ss A WF.KK can .. No. 193 F street,Laiwe?n l41U.il I le l?-3t* E XTBA BOAT AND CARS MOND. FOB RICH 3i For the InaufiratiuN of tin Stmtup of H' ?v', ingtun oh the 2'Id of Febrtt try For the parpoae of aeootnmodatmg the Military aid M* aoeie&o?i it ie* 011?.? ucatuoa 01 tbe n.nu* *? ration o tbe atatn. of W? shtngtun a K ieh . ??? d ? a theSd nst , theateamer H . tmivrv, cij>rteie<t t,< tk 1 oeeaaion. will loave aer wtia f at the lot, ?.f ctb aireei.uu SUNDAY, tbe 2i>t,at I2?'ci??ct ?-tc<ae tjr. for Aeuia Creek, touabiug et Alexaaaria ai J other tandirga on the river. At the Creek a tra.u will Ik in rredineea, by mean* or wmch pitaergera will lea^n Btokmoed at p. m., after e e.of. ,?.< ?1 ? p-r at Ashland. Far* ?? nanal: fS-Sf"; children ui.dar ttn yeete of age. lafifrnoe. Fur farUier lufornoation appl> to (?KOkbK M ATTlNuI.\ . fe M> fifsaml a rent of the Potomar S H ?'?? THIS IS TO GIVK NOTICK that tbe ?ut?ci ? her hath obtained from the Orpuena' 1 ouit l Waahington Count), in the District < f Coleiol m letters ol adrauuatration oe h- p.rs nV eitate t John McDoueld, late of \N a> hingl<>a co<i t?. c**aed. All persons having o aime egnnat tbe aa.l deceased, are herebv warded to eihitNt the aau e, with tbe vonokers tneraaf. oa or bef re the ? ath rta* of Febraary next; the* may otlierwiae a? t? exolodcd from the benefit ol theaaid ea ate. Given under my baud this lath d y of r>t"oar?. ? - JAS. W. Mcl.MtSAI D. fe 16 AdniBiaiini.ir. OLD DOMINION BF.KP FROM LOVtNM N I' . COUNTY. Three of the very finest and latteat b*ev*a we have lately net eyae on paaeed down the ave. u-. 1 > our oftee, thta nkormag. They were re lead t?? Jaba P.Delany.of lA>edoun e^aeti. Va- ami have Inm*u purohaaed by Joan Hoover. Kaq . hutobac. ol this aity.and will donbtleaa graoe kit atail ia Centre JSarkat aone day hereafter. Tiia Cattia above aotioed in Fridav eremaa 'a Stai will be alaaghtered to day and will he on exhibit.^ at my Stalta, No. It, 19, and ?. m t>ntre Market ?a Friday and Saturday next, 19th aad nth lavt , aad all geat.emaa or lamiUee who amy tael diepoaed ?? purobaaea part or h into! the as me. by previous ? aandiag me their ordera. can have it <iem*red> n Pr3ay nail JOHN HOoYKR. kUV 1 lata!., l^aaoa,aad States^ I