Newspaper of Evening Star, March 4, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of Evening Star dated March 4, 1861 Page 3
Text content (automatically generated)

LOCAL NEWS. UjTI ucn^b Tbi Sru la printed on the feiteat atoast pr-? In ?"e truth of Baltimore, lta edition l? *o ton:? v to reqclrr It to be put to pren at an r*r*j fcrur; AdTertlwmenta, therefore, should be ent Is *?fore 12 o'clock m.; otberwla* they Bay appear until the next d*y. Notw* .?District of Columbia AdTwtlaementa *o be lmertrd In the Baltwom Huh are recelred miniiK ui me uuiuucrs arriving at me inaiag hotels Is subjoined : At Wlllards*, the itmncnie building wns Oiled from cellar to roof. To aatisfy tboae who would go nowhere else, the proprietor* ordered 475 matressea to be laid at varloua point*, including 114 In tbe Concert Hall, and then tbe demand waa not satiafled. Aside from tbe hun dreds of whom no account wasgiven, tbe arrlvala be re could not be much leas fire hundred up to 14 o'clock last night At Klrkwooda', tbe demand was aa great In proportion The matreaa plan was alan adopted for those who would stay In the hotel, and not less than a hundred and twenty were reg ularly entered, besides the boat not accounted for. At Browns', the arrivals aince Saturday are over two hundred. The lmmenae building was filled from top to bottom, all aa completely cared for aa possible under tbe circumstances. At tbe Na tional was also another immense crowd. All wss activity and haste with the attachea, from the pro Eiicthi w in? oooi marcs. ana a continual oui or nndreds of voices from sunrize to sunrlte Here, a* at Willards', hundreds of cota and matreases have been brought Into service;occupying parlors and reception rooms The entries since Saturday morning are not less than four hundred and twentv-flve. Hundreds who have failed to get regularly quartered In hntols or bonrdlng houses, bare been favored with fair weather, and strolling about all night, catch a napln some deluded spot In day time. TDK HC.NDA.T BBFOBS TBI I.fACGrBATIOX. A day more nn-Sabbath like than yesterday cannot well be imagined A restless multitude ef strangers filled the streets and swarmed about the hot*-;* through the day and nteht, and at dusk the brilliantly lit up Capitol, with Senate flag flying, and the crowds pouring in that direction, had a thorough week-day look. During the day warms of dusiy looking chaps, bearing carpet bags. wandered forlornly about the town looking for lodging. " C5CLK ABK" DIDS'T SO TO CHPHCH. About ten o'clock veaterday morning there was a big gathering of people on Fourteenth street, in front of tbe private entrance to Wtllards' Hotel, with the idea of getting a look at tbe President elect when he should emerge from that iinor tn orn to church The jam by half-pas! ten had In* creased so much as seriously to Impede travel upon the sidewalks, and the policemen stationed here fc;. .1 considerable difficulty In keeping a passage open for pedestrians. With each opening of the door there was a general twisting of necks, and all tall men of only moderately good looks were closely scanned as they passed out, but II o'clock came and passed, and no Uncle Abe. About this time It was whispered that Mr Sewcrd bad just gone Into parlor No 6, and for a while it was thought that he would presently come out with Mr Lincoln under his wing to escort him to church as on Isst Sunday. But as time passed it became probable that the visit of Mr. $ had an other object, and the crowd melted away. Mr Lincoln wu not visible during the day, and the hotel talk was that the finishing touches to tne inaugural and the definite adjustment of the cab inet slate was the work on hand. At night Mr Lincoln rode to ths CaDitol and listened to the speech of Senator Crittenden. On Saturday afternoon Mr. Lincoln rode out In the n??w carriage lately presented to Ulna from >ew York. la the evening be received a Urge republican delegation from Virginia, and afterwards dined with Gen. Scott Saturday night a committee of I"nirn members of the Virginia Convention had a protracted inter view with Mr. Lincoln. They addressed him in plain and ernpbatc language in behalf of the 1'nion and the Constitution. If the Cabinet was to be of the radical Republican character which rumor gave it they assured htm that they were hopeless. In view of the failure of Congress to pass some measure of compromise, to quiet the apprehension of their State. 1 hey desired to re port w> iap isonvenuoa on nionaay iuormaz a ronuge of peace from the President elect Mr. Lincoln assured them that the Houtb would b?* * protected In all lta rights. but promised another Interview with them Sunday evening, before their ? departure, the result of which haa not yet tran iBinl. A. PUGILISTIC ROTABLE. Tbe crowd returning down town from their fruitless errand to see Mr. Lincoln go to church, bad loaif compensation for their waik In meeting oo the pave no 1cm a personage than John Mor rlssey. Ksq , of pagliistic renown, dressed de murely in clothes of clerical black, and wearing a stove-pipe bat not at all inclined to one side. , la fact, as rumor goes, Mr. J M is here a candl . dat? for a snug post In tbe New York custom T ?l|Ouae. ST/ DCimSTBIlOVTI. Saturday night, about a hundred men, in small * parties, were at work, unde the orders of Dr. Blake. Commissioner of Public Buildings, in removing the dust from tbe main aveaue between tbe Capitol and the President's Mansion. Tbe work was not completed that night, so extensive a one d'.d it prove, but waa entered upon again la?t night, and finished. Yesterday little h*aps of mud and dust were piled in the carriage-way, awaiting tire resumption of the work. . ? A TEMPERA>CE CIOWP !t ia noticed by some <>f our bonlfaces that the . crowd of strangers now flooding the city,whether *'' #om the tightness of the time* or the prevalence " " of Maine-law principles. do not liquor up to any appreciable extent. Probably such another "cold iUkWator army" waa never assembled here. The hack drivers and porters alao complain that the new-comers are mainly of the carpet-bat; order, rely on - shank's mart' as a means of locomotion about towu. and exhibit mentil throes of the deepest on being called oa to disburse a quarter .? 4ollar. llTHTtlC ViaiToas. Inauguration time Inevitably brings to this ^ . city a number of oddish people, some decidedly r crazy, and some about half-and-half. Where tbey burrow during the four years Interval we know not, but as sure as Inauguration Day comes Sj a-ound, they are on hand here, bristling with eccentricities and idioayncractes Among these representatives of crazy-dom on the Avenue to day, we ootlce a well-clad, not tll-looklng man dark complexion, with balr and whiakers {J*J^Jpfchtly gray, who marches along with solemn j-^SSad, singing In a low tone an air of most dole niinAP tlrslna A t Hm?a aIaviIm KU ??* (*v to heaven, as if Invoking aid from above, and . f ; nnoo throws oat hia clenched flata with a jerk, *t?a?*ight ufrotn the ahoulder,'* a* If the embcdU eut of all he hated or feared were palpably he re him. Another whose insanity la apparently of ? re feglous character attracted great attention, and Store and after the ceremonies held forth to quite i crowd of listeners He had been aeen wander lug about tbe streets for several days, usually fol lowed by a troop of boy*, who Immensely enjoyed h!s edifying harangues He waa tolerably well clad, and generally carried his hat In one hand, while he gesticulated with the other Hia hair was rather xray, his beard rough and irregularly _ . shaven, and hia voice full and r-ommaudlne. He ' seemed to avoid tbe crowd, and generally walked to and fro in some retired ?(L day be was remarka Into thinga generally'. His'topic waa the de ne retired place, speaking at the tofiof his voice and gesticulating violently To arkably -'eloquent," and pitched Pi' $ vneraey of tbe age ana me wirceaneaa of ruler* le Kmed to have an Idea that the Government wm la rebellion against God, and hla favorite expression was. "1 claim that my Lord baa a right to rule over tbe land and all nations upon the face of thw Globe " This he would repeat in a lood voice four or lee times la toe course of half an r. He never addressed himself to his listeners, at seemed to be talking to some distant invisible erson or persoas, aad when hla listeners left him e did not seem to be conscious of their depar ture. As the day wore on he manifested much fatigue, sad was finally lost la tbe crowd that surged about the Capitol. aaKivALs or bocohs akd rLros. Yesterday Baltimore contributed her full quota roughs and plugs, who came la by tbe (Bro ke and railroad, aa they were enabled to travel, heir ideality waa sooa fisassostrsted, for with r first drinks on reaching the citv th?v h??i to belch out their rallytaglrl?, ioW&JK' ' a frosh souod caie In. *t tad forwarded from The Utah Office. THI 1.1 Atom *Ttn!? OF ABRAHAM PRtllDE.1T OF TUB UNI TED STATES. This 1 ir porta lit ith day of March, 18<J1, dawned rather tnau*pictously with leaden skies, and tor nadoes of dust, which Wal leveled aomewhat !V*r by a alight hi! of rain. Aa the morning w -re on he waver, the skies brightened and the wind lulled, auguries noted with aome com plaocnco by thoae who pin thejr faith upon such omens. The streets thus early were crammed ?(?K rtm t.1 .# wiih fKumiiBin, iiiiictj'iijuc ioccv uui ui one handred. being those of strangers. The crowd It this city 1* undoubtedly larger by half than on any previous occasion of the aort, but the proportion of ladiea is very much smaller. Of these arrivals It is safe to say that two-thirds are Western men. TRl AKKirALS Froro Saturday morning until this morning, ths arrivals in this city have been so Incessant that it wtwldbe impossible to give the list if the entire coltims of the Star were devoted to it. A rough with hotel accommodation* after a el parr aort of Ik.l ? ? - P r- ' turn own i aw oonarfai Dave lodged at night upon market (tails and lumber pile*, and In the morning have assembled at the public fountatna to perform their toilets, dispensing with the luxury of soap for the time being, and using pocket handkerchiefs of dubloua purity In ll?u of towels. TBI OLD SOL DUES. Soldiers of 181*2 met at the City Hall, number ing about one hundred and twenty, but as the major portion of them were old men and feeble, It was decided that they do not ippear In the pro cession, not being able to stand the fatigue of the march. SPECIAL DCTT ON TBI HOC** TOPS. The Washington Rlflea were detailed for special duty. In full uniform, Capt. Balbach, Lleuta. Loe flier, Harp, and Ensign Miller, and 80 men. The tpeclai duty of this company was to occupy the topa of seYeral prominent buildings along Pennsylvania avenue. In aquads, and overlook the prooeealon as it passed. SUBJECT TO OlDIIS. The National Rlflea, Capt. 9ekaeffer, Lleuta. Watklaa, Davis and Webb,and aixtv men In foil uniform, remained at their armory subject to or der*. TBI OKDIft or rsocisaiox. The proceaalon formed at 0 o'clock this morn ing In front of the City Hall, and at ll o'clock moved down by Lousisna avenue and up Penn sylvania atenue past Willards' Hotel up Fifteenth street, When It countermarched and halted on Pennsylvania avenue In front of the hotel The entire column under order* then went to left face fcnd the military presented arms. AT WlLLAEDS'. Early in the forenoon the streets in the neigh boahood of Willards'wtre crowded by a large and excited throng, all waiting to get a peep at the President elect. The President's Mounted Guard and the Georgetown Mounted Guard were stationed on Fourteenth street, their left resting on F street, and many amusing incidenta occurred csused by the efforts of military gentlemen to keep back the''free and independent," who had come there to see, and were not to be foiled The crowd seemed to be in a very good humor, except when some official trespassed on what they con sider their reserved right, when they did not hes itate tod?n them to an unlimited extent. About 11 oclock the milltarv formed, and th? ">? sen ted an animated appearance?every wimfow bring crowded. A little after 12 o'clock the word waa passed along the line of the Infantry on the avenue, and the cavalry on Fourteenth street, to present arms. This was handsomely done, when the President and President elect emerged from the lower (Fourteenth street) door of the hotel. They were warmly applauded, and from our position in front of the crowd we heard not a single remark of fensive to the outgoing or Incoming President. This argues well for the self respect of our citi zens. Mr Buchanan looked, as usual, dignified and at bis ease, and Mr. Lincoln seemed to bear hi* honors meekly, and to be not at all excited by the surging, swaying crowd which surrounded him. Mr Buchanan s private carriage was first drawn up to the eutrance, but from what we could learn of the moments going on we judge that the President elect preferred to make his ap pearance in an open carriage, where a'l could see him, as one was substituted for Mr. Buchanan's cloae carriage. The President and President elect took their seats In the carriage, the military at a " present arms'' and Ihe band on the left plavlng " Hall to to the Chief." Senator Pearceand Senator Baker, of the committee of arrangements, having been seated in tne same carriage, it moved out to its position In the line, belnc iw jj tny of tappers and Miner*, and flanked on the right by the Georgetown Mounted <iuard and on the left by the President's Mounted Guard. There was S 'lne grumbling at this arrangement, as It was almost impossible to get a view of the Presi dent elect, which seemed to be the chief object in view with the majority of spectators. The President and President elect having been received into line, turned to the right face and escorted them to the Capitol, moving In the fol lowing order: TIIK MAK'HiLS . Marshal-in Chief?Major B K. French Aids to the Marshal-in-Chief?William Rabe, Rob'tJ. Stevens, of Cul., John W Jones, Ira Goodenow, Clement L. West Z. K Pan^born, IsaacBassett, Nathan DarMntr, G Alfred IlaH, John P. Hilton, Reuben B Clark, Mcj Thos. H. Bates. Gen. De Witt C. Clark. Marshals?J. J Coombs, Lewis Clephane. Geo H. Plant, Albert G. Hall, James W. Deeble, 8. A. H. MfKim. W Ki?? t " - jriuu. u luyCT, Foster Henahaw, Col. John S. Keyts, Wiili&m Simpson, N. A. Thompson. Assistant Marshals representing State# and Ter ritories?Lucius I Goo lrich, Connecticut; A . H Grimsliaw, Delaware; Richard Ct.ei.try. Califor nia; John Wilson, Illinois; Solomon Meredith, Indiana; Henry S. Jennings, Iowa; Henry J Ad ems, Kunsa?; Alexander Sneed. Keutuckv; Samuel P. Brown, Maine: George N. Beale, Maryland; Major Charles O Rogers, Massachusetts; Colonel Charles Dickey, Michigan; W.S.King, Minne sota; Thomas J. Boynton, Missouri; General Jos. C. Abbott, New Hampshire; W. 8 Pennington, New Jersey; Major Alanson Welch, N*w York; D. R. Goodloe, North Carolina; Joseph K Wing, Ohio, Dr. Thompson. Oregon; Theodore Ad<un<. Pennsylvania; K J. Nightingale, Rhode Island; Humphrey, Tennessee; George Chipman, Vermont; tieor<e Rye, Virginia; General L K Webb, Wisconslr.; Henry A Webster. Washing ton Territory; Colonel Nathaniel V. Jones. Ut?h Territory; Hon 8. li Elbert, Nebraska Territory. Assistant Marshals?Martin Kuril, A. Duvall. Jos. F. Hodgson, Geo. C. Harkness, Woodford Stone, 9 V. StilUngs. Job W Angus. John Par sous, John Hines.lT B. Brown, V Pulizil, Wm. J. Murtagb, J antes Lynch, Jos M Cowell, Jes. P. Longhead, George R Wilson, E T Chase, Henry M Knight, G A 1Jassett. A. C. Richards, B. Frank ln Guy, John Alexander, J.M Lucas, Thomas Wearer, Edmund Flagg, C. M. Keyes, A. W. Fletcher. John M Keating. James Kelley, J. L Henshaw, Gtrorge S. Kraff. J. F Brandt, O. Marsh, Michael Homlller, Frances O. French. H. J. King, Pblneas B. Tompkins. Lewis Parlcer, David P. Brown, Alexander Clements, W. W. IlasstU, William Hendley, Charles C. Casey, Z C. Bobbins, James Nokes, Dr .VS. Lincoln, F. A Soulfe. Nathaniel C Towle, Dr. W. E Waters, Charles 3. English, John T. Clements, Hannibal C Addlnon, h E White, Z Richards, Hugh G. DlTine, Jacob B.geiow, John P. Elnsfield,M. M. Ward, B F Wllklns, Edwin P. Bridges. A J. Larner, W. B Williams, Theodore Wheeler, P. Crowley, Joseph Heyse, Louia Baker, Amos Hunt, Isaac Strohm. 6. J Bowen, F.J. Seybolt, Ssm'l Strong, Daniel Breed, \V. C. Dodge, John H. Wise, R.C Stevens, G. W. Garrett, A Kdsen, Joshua Howard. marshal selpbu's aids. The aids of Marshal Selden, appointed with full police powers, were as follows: David Tag gert, Pa.; Daniel D. Connover. N Y.; Col. Lam mon, 111 ; Ransom Van Valkenberg, N. Y.; Dr. J 8. Smith, D C ; Capt Jas. Colter, N. Y.; Mai. Lewis, D C.; George S. Beale, Md ; Charles W. Boteler, Jr., D. C.; Geo. M Weaver, Pa : W. L. Mehaffey, Pa ; S D Castleman, D C ; Thomas P. Morgan, D. C ; Mr. Abereombie, D. C ; Chat. H. L'ttermehle, D. C. These gentlemen were ad mitted Inside the Capitol, and assisted In the 1 laugural ceremonies Washington Light Infantry Battalion, Colonel Davis; Companies A, B- ana C, Captains I,em Towers, P. M Dubant, and R.C. Stevens; Lieu tenants Tucker, Powe s, Fisher, Lord. Williams, Cassin, Uterm^hle, and Clark, In full dress uni form, and looking more like soldiers than ever before, the companies being all full in numbers, and attracting much attention Henderson Guard, Capt. Foxwell, Lleuts. Rip ley, Rodier, and Plggot. This Is one of the new companies and numbers seven tv-elnht men. rank and tile, but by reason of inability to procure uni form! at so abort a notice, only turned out to-day with thirty men in the ranks Their uniform is dark blue frock coat similar the new army regu lation coat, light blue panta and artillery facings and glazed fatigue cap. They made a handsome appearance. Company A, Union Regiment, Capt Carring ton, Lts Shellcross. Curtis and Ward, number ing one hundred and fifteen rank and file, their new grey coataand pants showing them off finely. Company B, Union Regiment. Capt Kelly, Lteuta. Herbert and Hinea, and fifty-four men. They were dreaaed In regular army overcoats, and glazed fatigue cape, ana black panta with red facings. Company C, Union Regiiuent, Capt. Arnold, Lleuts. Garrett, Wtllett, and Baden, and thirtv eight rank ?nd file. This company is lately fnrmMl and U nntfnrmo^l HWa a ? ??- .... ? V ? ? ? ?' "v vwui pu I y rt, wiuv regiment, with grey frock coats and panta, and orange facings and glazed fatigue caps. .Metropolitan Rifles, Capt Nallev, Lts l.ew!i and CUauncey, numbering seventy-four rank and file, their neat gray jackets and fatigue caps lock ing quit* handsome, and tbelr excellent drill, considering their rec?nt.organization being high ly satisfactory. Turner Rifles. Capt Gerhard. Lts Brown. 1)11 ley, and 8cbamberger, seventy-live rank and file, Uitsir new uniforms and equipments showing fine ly, and tbetr soldierly appearance making a de cided impress) en Washington Light Guard, Capt. 8. A. H. Marks, Lieuts McCathroii and Altamus; 39 men, rank and flic. Their uniform la grey pants and coits with mlx?d red and orange facings, and grey fatigue caps with red tops. Mechsnics' Union Rifles, Capt Rutherford, l.teuts. Campbell aad Brown, ana Knslgn Gould; 57 men, rack and file. Their uniform is blue fa tigue blouse, fatigue cap, and dark blue pants with gold stripe. Kutoam Rifles, Capt Thlstleton, Lieuts. Ma V If^k ..4 t>... 1!. W siuw?i| ? *? i ??? a iai UtOii} f ?** and tie. This company made a handiotae ap p?ua?ce la tbelr new uniforms. eoneUtlag of Htey coat with orange faoinga, black panta with orange cUlpaa, aad glazed fktlgue cap. Tfc? Happen and Itinera, Lieut. boutrne, Welt sal, aad Tarty, aad flfty-ntne men President'sMounted Guard,Caut Owen, Ueute Martin, E? ?*, and Benter. and flft?-fiv? men Tbls company, together with the Georgetown Cavalry Company, Capt. Btuart, wa?&ulgu*d the ?lsl duty of flanking the carriage* of the J?real t aad aulta oa the mareh from W Ulaida to tk? MM of tbo Inaugural ctpfoaoaiM, "llg1 THE QBOBSKTOWN Dirutow. Tbeae troop*, compriting a portion of tbe lit Georgetown Volunteer Battalion, presented * splendid appearance, and were under command of Col. Richard 9. Cox, of the 8tb regiment of District of Columbia militia, with Lieut. Col. Hollingiwortb and tbe following *taff officers: Adjutant Jobn B. Davidson and Surgeon Mac kail. Tbeae officers were *11 mounted on fine horses, and were fully uniformed and equipped Sergeant Major Boyd bad a position at tbe left of the line First I n tbe line was tbe Potomac Llg ht I nfan tr v, CiDt I.imti n?nl ^ba? r ? - ? -JJ ? ? ? - WTtUVUH, VI <n? - Li HI*. ana Ridgely. Thli company waa organized thrre or four years aluce, and la one of the h?*t drilled eompanm In tbe District Tbe nniform la frock coat and panta. both of dark blue, tbe panta with light blue * tripe, and a fatigue c*p in unlaon with tbe whole. They numbered about 45 men ! the ranka, not more than half tbe effective atrength of the company. Their pioneer (Evans) look* every inch a man. They were preceded by 7 kettle drama. The Carrington Home (Juarda, Captain God dard, Lieutenants Waugh, Hutcbina, and Bar bour, numbered about 40 men. and with their uniform of army great coats, black panta with red atrlpe, and neat fatigue cape, preaented a hand some appearance. Thia la a new company, but the member* are all able-bodied, robuat citizen*, and by their steady marching and aoldlerly ap pearance *1!cited warm praise from the spectators. Ensign McNelr carried the handsome flag pre sented to the company by the ladles of the Second Ward. inn ccDuman, bipi. j. uweni Hrrry, Lieut*. Burroughs, Lazenby and Owens, is a fine company of young men. with a neat uniform, comprising a dark blue jacket with orange trimmings, black pants with buff stripe and red cord, and dark blue cap with gold bana and the figure 8 in front. 40 menwere in the ranks, and they marched well, and were much admired. It is one of the new companies. The District of Columbia Rifles, Capt. Blunt, I.ieuts. ilarry, Green, and Lightfoot. This is the new company organized at Tennallytown, and is their llrst appearance in uniform. They num bered about thirty-five men, all line specimens of the genus homo, and with their bright blue coats and pants, the former with red trimmings, and the latter with red stripes, and neat fatigue caps, they presented a fine appearance. The Anderson Rifles, Company A, Capt. C. H. Rodier. I.ieuts Mason, Krouse and Lipscomb, orr.unvtncr thp twnnH m?t i. , J -n J/vu. *?t MVUVI . M Uio i? WIIV of the new companies. and we understand there la about 1'JO men enrolled. Thev had 85 men out, and their correct marching and the military pre claton of their movement* were admired oy all whs ?aw them. The uniform laa dark gray hunt ing coat with red Inmrninci. black pants with red stripe, and a handsome fatigue cap. The Anderson Rifles, Company B, Capt. Fred. W. Johet, Lleuts Drew,Orme and Hilleary This was their first appearance in their new and taste ful uniform, which comprises a dark grav coat and pants, with red trimmings on the roat and red stripe on the pantaloons, and a fatigue cap to correspond. This, too, is a new company, but they march like veterans, and attracted much at tention. About 40 were in the ranks The Georgetown Mounted Guard. Capt. Wm. Steusrt, Lleuts Pickrell, Gough, and Linn This splendid company paraded about seventy-five men, and the soldierly bearing of the men and fine condition of the horses, led many to suppose they m-re regulars. They came out at the head of the First Battalion of Georgetown Volunteers, and were then detailed as an escort for the Presi dent elact, flanking his carriage on the right. The uniform is dark blue coat with brass buttons. light blue pants with buff stripe, and regulation hat. Knsign Godey carried the line new Hay of the company Next came the great car of the Republican As sociation, placed cn tbe running gear of one of Vanderwerken's large omnibuses, with pyramidal seats culminating In center, from which rose a staff surmounted with a large gold eagle From this eagle dependd a canopy, which covers the top of the car. The sides were draped with red, wbite and blue, and on each side was the word " Constitution" in large red letters From the rear of the car projected a Hag-staff, from which floated the stars and stripes In front of the dri ver's seat was the coat of arms of the United States, surmounted by appropriate drapery The car was drawn by six white horses, with white covers, on each of which the word " Union" was In scribed In large red letters In the car were tbe following little girls, each dressed In white, with laurel wreaths, two of them repressing the God dess of Liberty, and the others each bearing the coat of arms of a State or Territory :?Miss Vir ginia Jacob*. Martha Raley. Hannah Williams, Harriet S. Gordon, Mary f* Gordon, Jane S. Gor don, E !en Grlitri, Martha K. Mllstead, Marv E. Militead, Elizabeth Ann Marshal. Caroline Fish nian. Emma Flsbman. Margaret Goodwin. Km ille Flsbman. Mary Ilerrltv. Bell Garcia, Emma Slide, Maria Newman, Anna Newman, l.izzie Childress, -'arata Itrown. Isnbella Childress. Sarah Cronin, Margaret Cronin, Jane Miles. Lucy A. Miller. Marv Cassidv, Rosana King, Alice Avery, Cora V Cramnsey, Elizabeth R Crampsev, Mary Noon, Anna Noon. I.ucy V. Blanchard, W illie Plant, Fiorence Kelly, Mlnana Hodges. Republican Association and Wide-Awakes, numbering 300 men, the former designated by a sliver button and the red-whlte-and-blue sprig, and the latter by a itlver eagle on the lappel. They were headed bv Capt Smith. New Hampshire. Vermont, and Massachusetts delegations, each wearing an evergreen sprig In the laprel of the coat. They were headed by Marshals Gen. J. C. Abbott, Gen H 11. Baxter, and Major Rogers. The three States turned out about '250 men In the line, and, as one of them told us, confidentially, with " nary office-seeker amongst them nation, walked up and down the line completely puzzled. The locaie of the peculiar noise soon Defame narrowed down to the New England del egation, and pretty soon the facta of the case caine out, creating no little amusement all around. It eetni that the New England folks wear "pegged" boots and ahoes pretty generally, and this seaaon with extra heavy aolea on account of the deep snowa. Coming South, the unuatial heat and dry neaa of the atmoaphere here haa ahrunk the peg timber in their foot-gear exceaalvely, occasioning a general squeaklug with every movement, well ing In the aggregate, when the delegation waa keeping atep iu line, to a volume perceptible in the pause* of the Marine Band for several block*. ' Treasons" and " atratagema" cannot be charge able on men with ao much muaic in their aolea, (Shakspeare.) and perhaps they don't care a darn for the "spoils" either. ouabd roa thk platfobm. The National Guard battalion. Col. J. A. Tait, aaaembled at their armory at B a m , and after going through the manual in a flrst-elas* manner? paraded through the avenue to the Cap.tol Ar rived there, they were formed lncloae order about (he nlntfnrm nn th? Mit nnrtl?*n r ? ? ? ? - |rw? nwvj " UIVM. ^/WVIMVM they maintained In order to keep the crowd from preaaing too cloaely thereupon, until the inaugu ral ceremonies were concluded To guard the immediate neighborhood of the Preaideat during the ceremoniea was the special duty of thia bat talion. THK CLOSIKO HOURS OF CONGKKHS. The doors of the Capitol were guarded by a strong force of special police, who admitted none except members, officers of the House and Innate, and ladles. When the reporters of the House charged on the police and paas?d in, about every third man about the doors suddenly became a reporter, and the *xpos? of the ignorance of some waa exceedingly refreshing. No persoua were admitted Into the galleries of the House, so Con ?reaa bad lta closing shouta and yella of "Mr peaker." Ac., all to itaelf. A few disconsolate j ladles watched from the windows of the p-taaagt-s around the galleries the forming of the military companlec In front of the platform, and wbiled away their time In llsteulng to the half audible confusion in the Hall THI Picrcjtl MA.CHIMK Mr. Geo. Btac^, an enterprising photographer IIUM* xcn U1IIUM uuw i ucvi j* r IU1M1 uu, had erected a ataod In the eaat ground* of the Capitol, about an hmidred yard* from theaceue of the Inauguration, from the sumratt of which he had mounted an lmmenae photographic lena, Mid during the c^remoniea waa boally engaged in taking lmpreaalona of the crowd. waa erected on a level with the flrat broad ate pa of the portlce of the eaat front of the Capitol, ana ex tended out to the baae atep It waa provided with **ate for eome three hundred peraoua, (which were occupied by the Cabinet, Diplomatic Cor pa, ??pr?ara*ttvM, Supreme Court, ladies, The New York delegation were beaded by Marshal J H. Hobart Ward Tbev wore badges of whl e satin with the wnrdi"New York" printed thereon. Thev numbered about 250. California delegation, numbering 50 men, headed by a carriage surrounded by the California campaign flag, the Stars and Stripe*, with a bust of Lincoln and Hamlin on it, and under the bot tom stripe a white field, bearing the words, "Cal ifornia true to the Union " The carriage con tained F. Stanford, late republican candidate for Governor of California; D W. Cbeeseinan. I ieut. Governor do.; S H. Parker, ex-State Senator; Samuel Gamage, high private; and Master Willie Gamage. native Callfornian, Waring the flag abovementioned. Their marshal was Mr Richard Chenerv. The Virginia delegation, one hundred strong, bearing; the U. S. fla^. with the name of the State printed across, it. and under the pnmm?nH nf their marshal, Mr. George Rye. THK APPEARANCE OF THK STREETS. Never in the history of Washington was so im mense a crowd of spectators seen on Pennsylvania avenue. From the Treasury to the Capftol, on both sides of the Avenue, from the building lin* to the curb-stone, myriads were packed in solid mass, In Incalculable numbers. Every avail able window, and balcony, and house-top near the Avenue and on it was full of human forms and faces, till no room remained to stand or sit. THRT HAVE MUSIC IN THEIR SOLES. Perhaps the oddest incident of the day was the following: As th? civic portion of the procession passed up the avenue, there was noticrd a lingu lar sound, not easily describablc?a sharp, crack ing, rasping sort of detonation, at regular inter vals of perhaps three seconds. The police, on the alert for air vuni and nth?r lmnl?in?nt? rt

-J 4 etc .) and standing room la ^be rear for about twice a? many mure. Tbls^of course wsa the great point of attraction, and consequently every body sought during the morning, to obtain a po 1 sition there?and some tall struggling was made for the favorite places IH* shcLOsid Walk. utuoi un sue OCCtflOM, wuen IH6 TlMgID? bllnjj in the Immediate vlclntty of the principal point of attraction of an immense throng of curious spec t tors renders a passage through utterly 1m poaable, an enclosed walk was constructed several days prior to the inauguration from the street on tbe north side of the Capitol to the north entrance do< r c.f ths new Senate wing, a distance of rome two hundred feet, through which the President elect, the President and the Supreme Coort, di plomatic corps, etc., passed into tne building, and from thence Into the Senate chamber THE CKKIMOHIIB AT THE CAPITOL. Crowds gathered about the Capitol early this morning, and retained their position therethrough all the hours until tbe arrival of tbe procesion, lest they should lose the opportunity of a footing Within hearing and seeing distance of Mr. Lin coln during the delivery of the Inaugural. The doors of the Senate Chamber were opened at 11 o'clock a. m , for the admission of Senators and others entitled to admission,as Ex-Prealdents and Vice Presidents, Chief Justice Tansy and tbe Associate Judges of tbe Supreme Court. Dip lomatic Corps, Heads of Departments, and Ex Members of either branch of Congress, and Mem bers of Congress elect, Officers of tbe Army and Navy who, by name, have received the thanks of Congress, Governors of States and Territories of the (Tnlon, and Ex-Governors of States, Assistant Secretaries of Demrtm?nti ?nrf a .?( ?? r>? Postmaster General; the Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury, Treas urer, Commissioner, Judges, the Mayors of Wash ington and Georgetown, aad the Reporters in the Senate. These were all bt admitted at the north door of the Capitol. The families of the Diplo matic Corps, who were out In brilliant force, en tered at the same door of the Capitol, and passed thence to the diplomatic gallery. Seats were placed In front of the Secretary's table for President Buchanan and Mr. Lincoln, and, on their left, for the Com mittee of Arrange menta. The venerable Chief Justlse Tanev and the As sociate Justices of the Supreme Court were seat ed on the right of the Chair; and the Diplomatic Corps, en costume. with the Heads of Depart ments, to the left of the Chair. To tbe right and left of the main entrance were Officers of the Army and Navy, Governors of States and Territories of the Union, Kx-Gover nors of States, Assistant Secretaries of Depart ments, and the Assistant Postmaster General. Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury, Treasurer, Commissioners, Judges, and the Mayors of Washington and Georgetown, memoers or congress occupied seats to the left of the Chair The galleries w?re reserved exclu sively for ladies, and the display thereabout was of flower-garden brilliancy. The Rotunda was closed, and the entrances to the Capitol generally were kept as tight as wax. On the arrival of the President and President elect they entered by the north door of the north wing of the Capitol, and proceeded to the Presi dent's room. The Vice President elect was accompanied to the Capitol by a member of the Committee of Arrangements, and conducted into the Vice Pres ident's room, and afterwards into tbe Senate Chamber, where tbe oath of office was be admin istered to him by the Vice Preaident. The Diplomatic Corps and Justices of the Su preme Court entered the Senate Chamber a few minute* before the President elect. After a shirt pause, those assembled In the (ioniPhsmVukv * ? ? ?* w? rv, wuujmv* l IU ?UC pMHUrilt U11 the central portico of the Capitol, in the following order: The Marshal of the District of Columbia. The Supreme Court of the United States. The Ser<jeant-at-Arms of the Senate. The Committee of Arrangements. The President of the United States and the Pres ident elect. The Vice President and the Secretary of the Senate. The Members of the Senate. The Diplomatic Corps Heads of Departments, Governors of States and Territories, the Mayors of Washington and Georgetown, and other persons who had been admitted into the Senate C'namber On reaching the front of the portico, the Presi dent elect took the seat Drovlded for him In the front of the platform. The President and the Committee of Arrange ments occupied a position in th? rear of the President elect. Next in the rear of these the Chief Justice and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court oc cupied the seats on the left, ana the Vice Presi dent, Secretary and Members of the Senate those on the rlaht The Diplomatic Corps occupied the seats next in the rear of the Supreme Court. Heads of Department, Governors, and Lx-Uovemors of States and Territories, and Ex-Members of the Senate, Ex-Members, and Members, and Mem bers elect of the Hous" of Representatives in the rear of the Members of the Senate. All being in readiness, the oath of olBce was idmlnlstered to the President elect by the Chief Justice with much solemnity; and on the conclu sion of the President's address, the Members of the Senate, preceded by the Vice President. Sec retary, and Sergeant-at-Arms, returned to the Senate chamber and the President, accompanied uy me uommiue? ot Arrangements, proceeded to the President's House. THE INACGt'RAL. Shortly after 1 o'clock p m., Mr. Lincoln com menced delivering bis Inaugural Address in a clear voice, readlug from printed copy, inter spersed with numerous manuscript interlinea tions He said: Fellow-ritixtns o/ the United States :?In com pliance with a custom as old as the government Itself, 1 appear before you to address vou briefly, and to take. In your presence, the oath prescribed by the Constitution of the United States, to be taken by the President "before h? enters on the execution of his office." I do not consider it necessary at present for me to discuss those matters of administration about which there is no special anxiety or excitement Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States that by the accession of a republican administration their property and their peace, and personal security, are to be endangered There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. Indeed, the most ample ev idence to the contrary has all the whH?* e*i?t?l and been open to their inspection It is found in nearly all the published speeches of him who now addresses you. 1 do but quote from one of those speeches when I declare that " I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the insti tution of slavery In the States where It exists I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and i have no inclination to do so " Those who nom inated and elected me did so with full knowledge that I had made this, and many similar declara tions, and had never recanted them And more than this, tney placed in the platform, for my ac ceptance, and as a law to themselves, and to me, the clear and emphatic resolution which I now read : "Hetolced, That the maintenance inviolate of the right* of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control Its own domes tic Institutions according to Its own judgment exclusively, is essential to the balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depend, and we denounce the lawless Invasion bv armed force of the soil of auv State or Territory, no matter under what pretext, as among the gravest of crimes." I now reiterate these sentiments; and In doing o. I only prsss upon the public attention the moat concluaive evidence of which the case is suscep tible, that the property, peace and security of no section are to be In anywise endangered by the now incoming Administration 1 add, too. that all the protection which, consistently wtth the Constitution and the laws, can be given, will be cheerfullv given to all the States when lawfully demanded, for whatever cause?as cheerfully to one section as to another. There Is much controversy about the delivering up of fugitives from service or labor The clause 1 now read is as plainly written in the Constitu tion as any other of Its provisions: 44 No person held to service or labor In one State, uuder the laws thereof, escaping Into another, shall, In consequence of any law or regu lanon inereiu, oe aiscbar^ea rrora ?ucb service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such aervlco or labor miy be due." It la scarcely questioned that this provision wn Intended by those who made it,for the reclaiming cf what we call fugitive slave*; aud the intention of the law-giver is the law All members of C?n ?ress swear their support to the whole Constitu ion?to this provision as inuch as auv other To the proposition, then, that slaves whose cases come within th?* terms of this clauses "shall be delivered up," their oaths are unanimous Now, 1 f they wou id make the effort in good tern per .could they not,with nearly equal unanimity, frame And pass a law, by litems of which to keep good that unanimous oath ? There is some difference of opinion whether this clause should be enforced bv national or by state authority; but surelv that difference is not a verv material one. if the (lave is to be surrendered, it can be of but little consequence to him, or to others, by which authority It is done. And should any one, In any case, be content that his oath shall go unkept, on a merely unsubstantial controversy r.s tn ho%r It shall be kept? Again, lit any laer upon this subject, ought not all the safeguaids of liberty known In civilized and humane jurisprudence to b? introduced, so that a free man be not, in any ease, surrendered as a slave' And unght It not" b? well at the same time to provide by law for the enforcement of that clause in the Constitution which tuarantoes that " the citizens of cich Atate shall be entitiod to ill privilege* and lmiuunitlM of citizen? In ' tne several CValaaT" 1 take the official oath to-day, with do mental ret*rv*Uon?, and with no parpolae to oonatxue the ConaUtatlun or lawa, by any hypercritical ruloa And rilta I do not ehooao now lo tpecify par ticular aoti of Coagrwi m proptr to bt wforcod. I do saggeat that It will be moth safer for all, both in oficial and private stations, to conform to, and abide by, all those acta which stand un rep-alfd. than to violate any of them, trusting to find impunity In having them held to be uncon stitutional. It it seventy-two jears alnce tbe first Inaugura tion of a Preiident under our national Constitu tion . Darin* that period Ifleen different and greatly dieting ulsbedcltiseoa, bare, in suocwasion, administered tbe executive branch of the govern ment. They have conducted it through many perils; and. generally, with great aocceaa. Vet, wiid ail this srope for precedent. I bow enter upon the tiune task for the brief constitutional term of four years, under great and peculiar difficulty A disruption of t be Federal Union heir tofore on It menaced, la row formidably attempted. I bold, that In contemplation of unlveral law. and of tbe Constitution, the Union of thtr Stttrs la perpetual Perpetuity to implied, if not ex pressed, in tbe fundamental law of all national governments It is safe to aaaert tbat no govern ment proper ever bad a provision In its organic law for lta own termination. Continue to execute all the express provisions of our national Consti tution, and tbe Union will endure forever?It be ing Impossible to destroy it. except by some action not provided for in tbe inatrument Itself. Again, if tbe Uaited State* be not a government proper, but an aaeociatlon of States in tbe nature of contract merely, can It, as a contract, be peace ably unmade, by leas than all tbe parties wbo made it? One party to a contract may violate it?break it, so to apeak; but does It not require all to lawfully rescind It? Descending from these general principles, we find tbe proposition that, In legal contemplation, tbe Union is perpetual, confirmed by tbe history of tbe Union Itself. Tbe Union is much older than the Constitution, it was formed in fact, by the Articles of Aasoclatlon in 1774. It was ma tured and continued by the Declaration of Inde pendence in 1776. It was further matured and the faith of all the then thirteen states expressly plighted and engaged that It should be perpetual, oy the Article* of Confederation In 177>. And finally, In 17*7, one of the declared object* for ordaining and establishing the Constitution, was "toform <t more perfect ssi'm." But If destruction of the Union, by one. or by a part only, of the States, be lawfully possible, the 1' nion Is Its* perfect than before, the Constitution having lost the vlUl element of perpetuity. It follows from these views that no State, npon Its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union,?that retolves and ordinate* to that effect are legally void; and that acts of violence, within any State or States, against the authority of the United States, are insurrectlonsry or revolution ary, according to circumstances. 1 therefore consider that. In view of the Consti tution and the laws, the ("nion Is unbroken and to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the Constitution Itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the I'uion be faithfully executed In all the States. Doing this 1 deem to be only a simple duty on my pari; and I shall perform it, so fir 1~ ? ?1? * ... .. r.?.?v?'Kl uui'w ixiy ruuuui muirra, tue American people, shall withhold the requisite means, or, in some authoritative manner, direct the contrary I trust this will not be regarded as a menace, but only as the declared purpose of the Union that It will constitutionally defend and maintain itself In doing this there needs to be no bloodshed or violence; and there shall be none, unless it be forced upon the national authority. The power confided to me will be used to bo',<l. occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the Government, and to collect the duties and Im posts ; but beyond wbat may be necessary for these objects, there will be no Invasion,?no using of force against or among the people anywhere. \Vhere hostility to the United States, In any Inte rior locality, shall be so great and so universal, as to prevent competent resident citizens from hold ing the Federal oilic-s, there will attempt to force obnoxious strangers among the people for that obj?ct While the strict legal right may exist in the government to enforce the exercise of these offices, the attempt to do so would be so ir ritating. and so nearly impracticable with all, 1 deem it better to forego, for the time, the usea of such offices. The mails, unless repelled, will continue to be furnished In all parts of the Union So far as pos sible, the people everywhere shall have fhat sense of perfect security which is most favorable to calm thought and reflection. The course here In dicated will be followed, unless current event* and experience shall show a modification- or change to be proper, and in every case and ex: gency, my best discretion will be exercised, ac cording to circumstances actually existing, and with a view and a hope of a peaceful solution of the national troubles, and the restoration of fra t?rnal sympathies aud attections. That there are persons in one section or another who seek to destroy the Union at all events, and are glad of any pretext to do it, I will neither af firm or deny; out if there be such, I need address no word to them. To tUose, however,who really love the Union, may I not speak? He fore entering upon so grave a matter as the destruction of ojr national fabric, with Ml its benefits, its memories, and its hopes, would it not be wise to ascertain precisely why we do it? WtUyou hazard so d?sperat? a step. while there is any possibility that any portion of the ills you fly from have no r?al existence? Will you. while the certain ills you fly to, are greater than all the real ones you fly from? Will you risk the coin mission of so fearful a mistake' All profess to be content in the Union, if all constitutional rights can be maintained Is it true, then, that any right, plainly written In the Constitution, has been denied ? 1 think Dot. Uanniltr tVio kiimati m(n<l la -*<*? *?* 41 * ?uv uuiiiuu iiiiuu is ?u cuuBiiiuvni maino party can reach to the audacity of doing this. Think, if vou can, of a single Instance In which a plainly-written provision of the Consti tution has ever bean denied. If. by the mere force of numbers, a majority ahouid deprive a minority of any clearly-written constitutional right, ft might, in a moral point of view, justify revolu tiou?certainly would, If such right were a vital one. But such is not our cue. All the vital rights of minorities and of Individuals are so plainly as sured to them, by affirmation and negotiation, guarantee* and provisions, in the Constitution, that sontroversles never arise concerning them, lint no organic law can ever be framed with a provision specifically applicable to every question which may occur in practical adminislrntiou. No foresight can anticipate, nor any document of reasonable length contain express provisions for all possible questions. Shall fugitives from labor be surrendered by national or by State authority ? The Constitution does not expressly siy Map Congress prohibit s.avery in the territories * The Constitution does not expreacly say Must Con greos protect slsverv In the territories? The Con stitution does not expressly say. From questions of this class spring all our con troversies, m we divide upon them into majorities and minorities If the minority will not acqui esce, the majority must, or the Government must we. There is no other alternative; for continu ing the Government, is acquiescence on one side or the other. If a minority, in such case, will secede rather than acquiesce, they make a precedent which, In turn, will divide and ruin them; for a minority of tbeir owu will secede from them whenever a majority refuses to be con trolled by such minority. For instance, why may not any portion of a new confederacy, a year or two hence, arbitrarily secsde again, precisely as portions of the present Union now claim to secede from it. All whi cb<*rish disunion sentiments are now being educated to (he exact temper of doing this 1. * IJ *14- ?-* * among the Stat** to compote a new Union, aa to produce harmony only, and prevent renewed secession ? Plainly, the central idea of acces sion is the essence of anarchy. A majority held in restraint by constitutional checks and limitations, and alwavs changing easily with deliberate changes of popular opinions and sentiments is the only true sovereign of a free rple. Whoever rejects It. does, of necessity, fly anirchy or to despotism Unanimity Is Im possible ; the rule of a minority as a permanent arrangement, is whollv Inadmissible; so that, re jecting the majority principle, anarchy or despot ism in some form is ul that Is left. 1 do not torget the position assumed by some, that constitutional questions are to be decided by the Supreme Court; nor do I deny that suen de cisions must be binding In any caae, upon the parties to a suit, aa to the object of tbat suit, while they are also entitled to very bigh respect and consideration in nil parallel run by all other de partments of tbe Government. And while It la obvioualy possible that aur.h de inon may be erroueoua In any given caae, atill the evil effect following It bein< limited to thai particular ca?c, with the chance that it may be over ruled, and never become a precedent f.?r other caaea, ran better be bori'e thau could the evils/Of a different practice. At the aaiue time the candid citizen muat confess that if the policy of the government upon vital questions affecting the whole people ia to be lrrev?>cab'iy tlxed by the decision* of the Supreme Court, the instant tbey are made In ordinary UtlgaUon between parties In Crsonal actiona, the people will have ct-aaed u? their own ruler*, having, to that extent, pra > tlcally reaigncd their government lulo the hands of that emlneut tribunal Nor la there In thia view any aaaault upon tbe Court or tbe judge*. It la a dntv from which they may not ahrtnk to decide ciaea properly brought before them and it ia no fault of tbeira if other* aeek to torn their declaiotia to political pur pose* One tectlon of our country belWe* slavery la righ:, and ou^ht to be extended, while the other believe* it la wrong, and ought not to be extended. Thia la tbe onlv substantias dltnute Tn? fn?t. live nare clauae of the Constitution, and the liw for the aoppreas'.on of tb? foreign slave trade, ur each u wall Inforced perhapa. aa any law ca.i be tn a community woere the inorhl tcrae of ?Le mo pl? imperfectly supports tt- law ltntlf. The 1 greet body of the people abide bv tbe dry legal obligation la other oas?e,end a few br?ak over In i en>:L. This, I tblnk cannot be perfectly cured; and It would be woree In both caeee /?*r the aepnratlen of tbe sectlous than before I he foreign slave trade, now Imperfectly suppreaaed, would be ultj. mately revived without restriction, Ik me aec. Moo; while fugitive slaves now mtlv pnrUally aurrenderad, would aot be ajrrwd-red at all, W the other. rnv?"c?lly peaklag, wf cinno* aeparate W? cannot irmori- our r?-apcrt1 claim* from nrh other, nor build ao ImpaMable wall between tbean A boahand and wife may be divorced, and noal of tbe prea*aee. and bevond the reach of each other; bat the different parte of our country can not do ttala. Tbey cannot but remain fare to fboet a ad intercoarae, either amicable or boatlle. mow continue between them ] it posslbis tb?g to make that Intercom* more satlefnctorv, a/tsr separation than * Ca 1 aliens make treaties easier than friends can make laws' Can treaties be more faithfully en forced between aliens tban laws ran among friends' Suppose you go to war, vou cannot ?r l' always, and wren, after much lorn on both sdes, snd uogaln on ettbar. you cease fltfbtlag, tba Identical old questions, ss to terms of Interoonma, are again upon yon. This rwnntry. with tts institutions, bnlnngs to the people who inhabit It Whenever tbsry shall grow wesrr of the eilsting jo'erament. this? can eierelse their ceas<?<nr?H??rright of aa?adtn| It, or their r*r?lmtfmmrp right to dismember or ueer throw it I canuot be Igno aqt of tha fact that many worthy and pstrloLc etti??ns are desirous of having the National Constitution amended While 1 make no mrommendsti?a of amend ments, I fully recognise the rlghtfai authority of the people over the whole subject, to be naer cimea la either of the modes prescribed ta the Instrument Itself; sad I should, under existing circumstances, favor, rather than oppose, a fair opportunity being afforded the people to net In tbe ultimate justice of tbe people' Is there any be'ter of equal hope In tbe world1 In oar present difficulties, is either party without frith of being in tbe right? If tbe Almighty Ruler of Nations witb His eternal truth and justice, be on tour aide of the .North, or on yours of tbe South, that truth and that justice will surely prevail, by tbe ju4f nient of this great tribunal, tbe American people By tbe lrame of tbe government under which we litre, this same people hatre wisely Kltren *belr public servants but llitle power to do mischief; and hav?, witb equal wisdom, provided for the return of that little to thier otsa bauds at vary short Intervals. While tbe pepie retain their virtue and vlgl lancer no administration, by any extreme of wick edness or folly, can very seriously Injure the gov ernment in the short space of four years My countryman, one and all, think calmly and well upou this whole subject Nothing valnabie can be lost by taking tune. If there be an object to 4terry any of you, in hot haste, to a step wbich you will never take dtltieratflf, that object will be frustrated by takiag time, but no good object can be frustrated by it Such of you as are now dissatisfied, still have *1 ? J * ' -* nrw, wim iuc nrw uru^ vi wumcr* ?pviioii u? tbe new President brought oat in fine relief KilT DETECTIVES Tbe Baltimore and -Philadelphia detect.v?s brought on here to ?pot rogues visiting this city for plunder at lea iguratlon time, muw to have confined ttelr labors chiefly to sampling llquo-s st our drinking shops, etc etc. A drunken parte of them entered a well-known cvprlsn establish ment on Thirteenth street, sooth of the avenue, last nlgbt, pioneered bv one of our own police, and possibly they quartered for the night. Tbe city, we presume, will foot the bills. Pickpockets at Won?Notwithstanding the arrangement to protect strangers and cttiseu* against thieves and pickpockets, it seems a few of tbe prof*<sslonal slipped into tbe city through the fingers of the vigilant special detectives, or otbr wise, and hsve been operating successfully Thursday night, a gentleman from New York had bis pocket picked at tbe Odd Fellows' Hall, of about seventy or eighty dollars. Saturday a gentleman bad his pocket-book, containing Sim), abstracted from his pocket while In the omalbus. *U ^ Sk> CS?? It* . ?Uiug iiuui vuv w wc rim n TiiiTit ?The admirable .day of 'Jennie Dm in" continue* to be tbt card at the theater, with Mia Gougenhelm aa the heroine of the plane It was superbly performed on Saturday sight, and kf-pt the audience entirely absorbed, aM upon U?e t oucluslon of each tur . r.^ acene bursts of ap plauee testified to tbe wonderful trothfu loess at ttie rep'eeeiUation It Is to ba repeated to-night, followed by a laughable afterpiece On BSADna will be pUaaed to learn that the admirable Dure* ft Grwn troupe will ooatlsoe their performances at Odd Fellows' Ball aaetber week Tbose who have sot witnessed their aide splitting exhibitions will doubtless appreciate and improve this opportunity All St&axokrs and visitors are invited te call at French A Kichsten'aNo. >78 Pennsviv&nii * new Kirk wood House. and supply tbrmselvi-e with cheap Books, 9tat lottery, and oowt of Wish lngton sad Public Buildings Each person i*e sei.ted with a new of oar NaUoaal Capitol It Tbb InACavEATioa Mall ?The bail-roam was lit up on Saturday eveolag for the inspection of the managers, sad the result, with the food of light from the superb chandeliers poured through the spacious sad tastefully inriad hall, was truly magntflceat The display was wltaasssd by a large number of ladles and gaaUaaaaa. PaoToesApas of the present Co gna , aiao. all tba prornl neat man of this oouatry; 9m sale m W hitehurst's Gallery, 434 Penaarleaals aveoae See likeness of Prlaaaof Wales sad suits Alee, photograph la all ud watar Albam Oe^As, .mansion. 05 TBS WATCH ro* UliMiHI Though th? reports that an attempt would be made to ahoot Mr. Lincoln while deliver lag hit lnaagural was not seriously was thought advisable to omit no precaution to frustrate as? uch plot; and. accordingly, the police in front of the Capitol were noticed preventing the assem bllug of any auspicious looking individuals la compact masses by passing amongst tucm e*w and aaon. tscunrraL. The day has passed off with no d!sturbanoes or Incidents of moment. A few drunken men tried to obstruct the pas sage of the military by crowding into the street, one of the partv, a German, struck a horse of the Mounted Guard with a cane, which was notloed oy lapuiu uwpq, who lusianuv loreeteneo u> smash his face In if bs did not leave. The M low sluuk away like a whipped dog late his Little fang of rowdies. At Tu.rteentb street, a drunken party, who claimed to be Virginians, made insulting re marks to tbe Virginia delegation, and one of tbf-m proposed thr<~ cheer* for tbe southern Con federacy. which be tried by himself, but only get through with one. The huge ear of tbe Republican Association broke down near the corner of Third street this morning on its way to Join tbe line of procession, but was s?t up agiln Id time to fall into line with its freight of little misses on the return of tbe procession from Willards' Hotol. Fortunately no one of tbe numerous party In tbe oar were Injured by the accident Among tbe Incidents of the day was tbe circu lation by French & Richcteln of lithographs of "Uncle Abe," damp from the press?s good like vu- uiu i/ouuiiiiuoo ummptirrd.ind, on ttw mo 111v?- point, the Itwi of vour own framing under It, while the new ad iu In iteration will nave no lm mediate power, If It would, to change eltber. If It were admitted th?t you who are dissatis fied, hold the right aide in ti? dispute. there atlll is no single good retsou fi?r peer i plUte action Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity, and a firm reliance on Him, woo h-ia nev-rtyet forsaken tais favored land, are still competent to adjjst, in the best way, all our present difficulty * In your hand*, my d!s*ati*fl~d fellow-country men, and not in mint, is the momentous iatne of civil war. The Government will n<?t 'sasll pew You can have no oonflict, without being your selves the aggressors Ycru have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the Government, whlla / ball have the moat solemn on? to "nr.. >? tect, and defend'' it. I am loth to cloee. We are not eoerolea, bu< friends. We ratiat not be enrniln. TDough pat s<.ou uiav have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. Tbe mystic chords of ntem orv, stretching from every battle fleid and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone ail over this broad land, will yet swell tbe choroa of the Union, when again touched, aa surely tb*y will be, by the better angels of tbetr nature. thekktcex rum tbe catitol As soon as the inauguration ceo-mon l?a were concluded the Military, with the Marabala, As sistant Marshals, and Aids, aa a final ceremony, escorted the President and hla atte.-da.nU to the UJ-VII I* I will venture te add that to tlx tbe ooaveatlon mode ?i preferable. In Ukil II allow* am^xl menta to orlglnato with tbe poonto tbaoiaelvee, lnitrad at only permiltl ng Umbb to take or r?4*rt propoaltiona originated by otbera. do* aapaclally choaen for tbe purpose, and which mlgtit not he precisely aurh aa tbry would wtah Id eltbar ac cept or approve I understand a progpaed amend ment to tbe Cooatltutloa, which amendment, however. I have not seen, baa paaaed Coagreaa. to tbe effect that the Federal Government ahall never Interfere with tbe domrftic Inat tutlons of tbe HUtoa. Including tbat of peraons held to aecvlce To avo'.d mlaronatructloa of what I have asld. I depart from mr purpoae. not to aimk ?f n*rtic ulmr mrndmcnti.'to 'far as to say tbat holding such a provision to now be Implied constitutional law, I hsve no objection to its being roadteiprw and Irrevocable. The Chief Magist-ate derives all h's authorttr from the people, and lury hire conferred none upon blm to tlx terms for tbe separation of the States Tbe people themselves can do tbis also, if tbey cboose ; but tbe KiarutWe, as sueh, baa nothing to do with It His dutjr is to administer tbe present Government, as It eame to his hands, and to transmit It, nnlmpalred by blm, to his succcaaor Wbr should there not he a