Newspaper of Evening Star, December 3, 1866, Page 1

Newspaper of Evening Star dated December 3, 1866 Page 1
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Qftomtng va. XXVIII. WASHINGTON. D. C.. MONDAY. DECEMBER 3. 1866. N*. 4.287. TIIE EVENING STAR It rriLIFH*? DAILY, lUOITT 1UB?AT,> AT TUK STAB BULLD1HOB .W*wit rffwr tf fna'a mm ai 11? MnM , ?T W. E>. WALLAOH. Tbt JTAR to served by (be <*rrKfi to Mr JBWnyn la the City ud Dlatrlc at Tv Cnrra raa we**- Oop'es at tbt counter, witb a? wttbcni wrapper*. Two Casta eaab. Fvoa vol Miimt :?Tfcm months, 0M 9o9m tmd f^r f?t?; *x months, Aw 1M- , iart; sue year, A? DsOart. Ho papers are eat from tbe oMee loader tban paid for. Tbe WKE1LT 8TAJU-pabl1sbe? cm fBif m.rotct om IMlar art a Jb^T a Tmr. u????a?? PROIDEVT'S MESSAGE. e /(tkw-OMiOU oj uu ?<*?.'? <u)d Mmu? / R*prtt nt*H**? .* After a brtel interval the Congress ef tbe \Jm?e* States resumes iu annual iegietaUve labora. Aa all- wiee and merciful Providence has abated tbe pestilence which vtsitea our sberee, leaving its calamitous trace* apou iww poruoae ?f our country Peace, order, tranquility. aad civil authority have been fores ally declared to viiit tarougbout tbe whole W ike Vetted Slates. In all of tbe States civil authority ha* superseded iae coerciauof arm*, und tbe peoyle, by their veluniary action, are maintaining their governments la fail activity ar d cvinpiew* operation. The enforcement of the lawi is no longer "obstructed in aay Stare by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by tbe ordinary course of judicial prooeedup;" aud the animosities engendered by tha w?r are rapidly yielding to tbe beuidceat indue noes of our tree institutions, and to the kindly effects ol unreeirictea social tad commercial intercourse. An enure restoration of irateraal feeling mart be tbe earnest with of very patriotic heart: and we will have ar. lorapitabed our grandest national achievement when. forgetting the sad event* of tbe pasu and Temembering only tbeir instructive leu. ? * *. we resume our onward career as a tree, y roeperous, and united people. i? my message of ibeitb of December. I-? 5, t*?cgres? was informed of the measure* wbich had been instituted by tbe Executive with a vsew to tbe gradual restoration of tbe States ia wbKb the insurrection occurred to their relation!* with tbe <r**ueral Governmeut. Provisional Governors bad been appointed, Con. ventions called, (ioveruors eKted. Degisiaturea assembled, and Senators aud Represen taiives chosen to tbe Congress ot the United States. Courta bad been opened for the en. forceinent ot laws long ? abeyance. The block. ade hail teen removed, custom-bouses re-established, and the internal revenue laws put >u lorce, in order tbat tbe people might con. tribute to the na'ional income. Postal oper. U lions bud been renewed, and efforts were be. ing made to restore them to tbeir former con. dition ol etliciency. lue States themselves had oeen a.-ked to rake part in the high func. ticn ot amending tbe Constitution, and of thus sanctioning the ex miction of African slavery a* one of the legitimate results of our internecine struggle. Having progressed thus far, tbe Executive Department found that it h?d accomplished nearly all that was within the scope of its con. siituiions.1 authority. One tiling, bowever. yet remained to be done before the work of restoration could be completed, and that was tbe aumiasion to Congress of loyal Senators and Kepresentatives lrom the States whose people had rebelled agaiu?t the lawful authority of the General Government. This question devolved upon the respective Houses, which, by the Constitution, are made the judges of the elections, returns, and qualifications of their own members: and its consideiatiou at once engaged the attention of Congress. In the meantime, tbe Executive Department ?no other plan having been proposed by Congress?continued its efforts to perfect, a- far as was practicable, the restoration of the proper relations between the cui/.eus of the respective States, tbe Stales, and the Federal Governmenu extending, from time to time, as the pubhe interests seemed to require, the judicial, reveuue. and poetal systems of the country. W r.h the advice and con?eut of tbe Senate, the necessary aflicers were appointed, aud appropriations made by Ccngre-d for tbe payment of their salariea. The proposition to amend tbe Federal Constitution, so is U> prevent the existence of slavery within tbe United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction, was ratiiied by the requisite number of States; and on tbe lsth day ot December, 1SG5, it was officially declared to have becom** valid as a part of the Constitution of the United State-. All ot the States in which tbe insurrection had existed promptly amended their constitutions, so as to make them conlorm 'o the greatchaui<e tnus effected in the orgauic law ot the land: declared r.ull and void all ordinances and laws ot seet-ssion. repudiated all pretended debt- :md i. blip a' ions created for tbe revolutionary purposes oi tbe m^urrecuon; and proceeded, in good faith, lo the enactment ol measures 1> r the protection and amelioration of the condition of :he colored race. Congress, ho we?er yet hesitated to admit any of me?e Slates to represeuiation. and it waa not until toward the close of tbe etgbth nion b of the session that an exception waa made in favor of Tennessee, by tbe admission of her Senators and Sf preventatives. 1 deem it a subject of profound regret that Congress b:i* thus lar tailed to admit to seals loyal Senators and Representatives trom the otner States, whoee inhabitants, with those of Tennessee, bad engaged in the rebellion Ten States?more tban one-fourth ot tbe whole number?remain without representation; the seats of fllty members in the House of Kepresentan ves and of tweaty members in tbe Seaate are yet vacant?not by their own consentnot by a failure of election, but by tbe refusal oi Congress to accept their credentials. Their admission, it ia believed, would have accomplished much towards the renewal and strengthening of our relation* as one people, and removed serious cause for discontent on the part of tbe inhabitants of those States It wen Id have accordtd with the great principle enunciated in tbe Declaration of American Independence, tbat no people ought to bear tbe bnrden of taxation, and yet be denied tbe right ol representation. It would have been m consonance wr.h the express provisions of the Constitution, that each State shall have at least one Kepresentati ve," and '-that no State, wi bout its consent, aball be deprived af its equal suffrage in the Senate." These provisions were intended to secure to every State, and to tbe people ot every State, the right of representation in each House of Congress; and so important was it deemed by the tramers of the Constitution tbat toe equality of the States in the Senate should oe preserved, thai not even by an amendm-nt of tne Constitution can any State, without its consent, be denied a voice in that branch ef tbe National legislature. It is true, it has been assumed that the exitence of the States was terminated by ihe rebellious acts of their inhabitants, and that tbe nsnrrectlon having been suppressed, they wers thencelornard to be considered merely -is conquered territories. The legislative. Executive, and Judicial Departments of the < iovernmmt have, bowever, with great dismctnesft ai.d uniform consistency, refused to sanction an assumption soincompanole with the nature of our republican system, and wilh the professed objects ofthj war. Throughout the re. rut legislation of Congress, tbe undeniable tact makes itself apparent, thai the*: ten political communities are nefUing I?w? than States of this Union. At the very commencement of tbe rebellion, each House declared, with a unanimity as remarkable as it was significant, that the war vtas not "waged, upoa our pari, in any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, ror purpose of overthrowing or interfering w.tb the rights or established institutions of those Statee. but to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and all laws made iu pursuance tbereo', and to preserve the Union w ith all the dignity, equality, and rightaof tbe several States unimpaired and tbat as soou as 'bese ebxeta" were - accomplished the war ought to erase." In some instances, Senators were I^'tirted to continue their legislative luni'tita*, while in other instances Kepresentati ves were elected and admitted le seats after their Mates bad formally declared their right to withdraw from the Union, and were eai.eavoring to maintain that right b> force of arms. All of these States whose people were 1n Insi rrectiou, as States, were included in tLe apportionment of tbe direct taa of tweuly millions of dollars annually laid upaQ mi United Stales by the act approved 5th Aa?u?f, I-61. Congress, by the act of March 4 iSPJ, and by the apportionment ol representation thereunder, alse recognized their presence xe States in the l oicn; and ibey have, fur JU. dicta! purposes, bet?a divided into districts, us States alone can be divided. The same recogi.lUon appears in tbe recent l<gisla'ion In retfrence to Tennessee, which evidently rests up.n the-fact ibat the functions of the State viere not destroyed by the rebellion, but mere. !y?iurpend>d and that principle ij of course '.j ; livable to those States which, like Tenues. ? attempted to renonnee their place* tn itie IVlCB Tbe action of the Executive Department of tbe i;overmnept upoa ibis subject has been equally definite and uniform, and tbe purpoee ol i!.?- war was specifically stated in the Proc-1 tarnation Mated by my pr?dsc*Mor ua tbe *Jd September, 1HCJ. It was then solemnly pro? t uir ed au,i 4e?iared trial xbereafier, as bereunore. ?be war will be prosecuted (or ibe nf pra -'trally ree?<>rirr the constitwtionai rt^lati? n U'*?n tbe ITmted aud each .?f the S ates and tbe psupls thereof, in Whieli Mttts* tf at relation ia or may be auspended ordM?nrt>ed r Tbe recogt.uu>n of tfte Slate* by tbe Judicial ?? ( artart? nt of the Goverumen' bas a>(? bean oiaar and coaclctive ib alJ |<roc?redioc* afecte " ' Ting them as States, bad ia the Supreme, 0?r. cuit, and l>Minct Oourtv In the admission of Senators and Representatives from an j and all of th* States, there can ne no i??t gronnd of apprehension that persona who are disloyal will be clotbed with th? power* of legislation; for this eon Id not happen wbea the Constitution and the law* are enforced by a vigilant and faithful Uon#r??s. Each House ia made the "judge of tb.? election?, returns, and qualifications ol its owi members," and may, "with the concurrent of two-thirds, expel a member." When a S-nator or Representative presents his certificate of election, he may at once be admitted or rejected or, should there be any question as to bis eligibility, his credentials may be referred for investigation to the appropriate commit'ee. If aomrtpd to a seat, it must be apon evidence satisfactory to the House of which tie thus becomes h member,'hat he possesses tb" requu ai'e constitutional and legal qunifications. If r* fused admission as a member for want of due allegiance to the Government aud returned to his constituents, they an- admonished that none but persons loyal to the United States will r-.e allowed a rotee in the L^>gi?ia'ive Councils of the Nation, aud the political power and moral influence of Congress are thus eflectively exerted >n the interests of loyalty ro the Government and fidelity to the Union. T'pon this question, so vitally affecting the restoration of the Iinion and the permanency of our present form of government, my con- ! ictiouf', heretofore expressed. have miderguue } r.o change; but, on the contrary, their correctBets has been confirmed by reflection and time. . If the admission of loyal members 10 seats in 1 the respective Houses of Congress was wise and expedient a year ago, it is no less wise I and expedient now. If this anomalous cou- | tiltioR is right now?if. in the exact condition of these States at the present time. It is lawful to exclude them from representation, I do not see that the question will be changed by (he efllnx of time. Ten years hence, if tuese Stat, s remain as . v are, the right of representation will be no Stronger? the be no weaker. The Constitution of the T'nited State- mtk?*s it the duty of the President to recommend o the consideration of Congress "such measures I as he fhall jndge *eCes?ary or expedient." 1 know of no measure more imperatively de. manded by every consideration of national interest, sound policy, and equal justice, than I the admission of loval members from the now I unrepresented States. This would consummate the work of restoration, and exert a mo t salutary influence In the re-establishment of peace, harmony, and fraternal feeling. It would tend greatly to renew the confidence of the American people in the vigor and stability ot their institutions. It would bind ns more closely together as a nation, and enable ns to show to the world the inherent and recuperative power of a Government founded npon the will of the people, and established upon the principles of liberty, justice, and intelligence. Our increaoed strength and enhanced pro*- I perity would irrefragibly demonstrate the fAi. lacy of the arguments against free institutions drawn from onr recent national disorders by the enemies of republican government. The admission ol loyal members from the Stated now excluded from Congress, bv allaying doubt and apprehension, would tn'rn capital, now awaiting an opnortnnity for inre-,tineninto the channels or trade and indu-'ry It would alleviate the present troubled condition of those States, and. by inducing emigration, I aid m the settlement of lertile regions novJ uncuiti\ ated, and lead to an tin rea-etl pntlti - i tion of those staple* which have aid*"! a(> greatly to the wealth of the nation and th > Commerce of the world. New fields of enterprise would be opened to onr progressive peo- I pie. and souu 'he devastations of war w mid be r?paired, and all traces of our domestic I differences efTnced from tbemind* of onrcoantry men. In oiireff'oru to preserve "the uni'y of Government which Constitutes ns one people." by I restoring the states io the condition which I they held prior te ih? rebellion, we should b-? I cautious, fe?t, having rescued onr nation from perils of threatened disint. gration. w? resort to tonsolidation. and in the end absolute despotism. as a remedy for the recurrence of similar trouble*. '1 he war having terminated, and. with it all occasion for the exercise of powers of doubtful con?titutionalitv. we should hasten to b" ing legislation within the boun lanes preeenbed by the Constitution, and r.? return' to the ancient landmarks tt?tablishe,i by oar fathers, for the guidance of succeeding generation*. "The Constitution which at any time exists, until changed by an explicit and anthent.c act of the whole |te<>p|?, in sacredly oh- I ligatory up ,.n ail.' "If. |u the opinion of the people, the distribution or raodifl cation of the <?. t?t.iutional powers be. in any particular^ wrong, let it be corrected t-y an amendment in the way in which the Constitution designates. I Hut let tbete be no chance by usurpation; for'" "l is the customary weapon by which free Governments are destroyed." Wasimi?<;tu1i spoke these words to his countrymen, when, tot lowed by their love and gratitude, be voluntarily retired from the cares of public life "To keep in all things within the pale of our constitutional powers, and cherish the Federal Lnlon as the only rock ol ealety," were prescribed by Jxppxbhon as rulos or action toenl? hl8 "conntrymen the true principles of tofir Constitution. tod promote a nnioa | sentiment and action equally auspicious t? I their happiness and saftty." jackso* held that the action of the General Go vernment should I always be strictly conbned tn tbe sphere of Its appropriate datiee, and justly and forcibly urged that onr Government is aot ic be main tained nor onr Union preserved "by in vasions or the rights and powers or the several States. In thus attempting to roakeour General Government strong, ws make it weak. Its true strength consists in leaving individuals and States as mr?h as possible to themselves; in mat ing itseif felt, not in its power, bat in its betw tcence; not in its control, but in its protection; noun binding tbe States more closely to the center, but leaving eacn to move uuob. strutted in it*, proper constitutional orbit." These are tbe teacbiugs of men wbwse deeds and services have made them illustnons, and who, long since withdrawn from tbe scenes of HK have left to Uieir country tbe rich legacy of their example, their wisdom, and their patriotism. Drawing fresn inspiration from their lessons let ns emulate them in love of country and respect tor the Constitution and the laws. Tbe report of the Secretary of tbe Treasury aflord* much information reepecttne tbe rev- ' enne and commerce ot tbe country. His views npon tbe currency. an<fcwitb reference to a propeT adjustment ef oar revenue system, internal as well as impeet, are commended to tbe careful consideration of Congress. In my last annual message 1 expressed my general Views upon these eubjects. I need now only call attention to the necessity of carrying Into every department ot the Government a system of rigid accountability, thorough retrenchment, and wise economy. With no excep. tional uor unusual expenditures, tbe oppres. sive burdens of taxation can be lessened by such a modification of our revenue laws as will be consistent with tbe public faub, and tbe legitimate and necessary wants of the Government Tbe report presents a much more satisfactory condition of our finances than one year ago tbe most sanguine could ln?r anticipated Huring the fiscal year ending the ?uh Jnne, IH16, tbe last year or the war, tbe public debt was increased 94l,fttt.S37, and on tne llstof October, 1-ttS, U amounted to ?,?40,?G4,7*o. On tbe .list day of October, Ihho, it bad been mduwd to *9,561,310.146, tbe diminution, dnring a period of fourteen months, commending September 1. I8U5, and ending October 31, !**, baring been 79^4*5. In the last annaiU report on the stare of the finances. It wa< estimated that dnring the three quarters of the Meal year ending tbe !*)tb of June last, the debt would be increased H9,1M,M7. l>nring that period, however, .t w a* reduced 931,it* . 3-7, tbe receipts of the year having been ??,W6,?'S more, and tbe expenditures 9*1(1,.VJ9,-J3> lees than the estimates Notteng could more clearly Indicate than these statements the extent and availability of tbe national resource* and tbe rapidity and'safety with whieh, under onr form of government, great military and naval establishments can he disbanded, and ex peaces reduced from a war to a peace feeling Laving tbe fiscal year ending tbe 3?tb of Jnne, i*!*, th<, receipts were WnI. W^'.sI'i, and the expenditures f?-jp,7.VM4<i, leaving an aVailable surplus of W7,>i,ch,i. It Is estimated that the revet pte tar the-fiscal year ending tbe 30th Jnne, 1M7, will be *47.5,tdl.3*>, and that the expenditures will reach tbe sum of ttlM'JV in ,b* Treomry a surplus of *. 5^ - *'or ,bH year ending June Ji?, !> , u is estimated tbat tbe recoipta will amount jo KK.uo.hi . aud that tbe expenditni^ wUi be fnsn.tl47.64l?showing an excess of in favor of tbe Oovernment. 2. r,r"pu h* diminished and Import dntlee*. bnt after nil necessary have bsen Bade, tbe revenue ot the pmsuai aad of following years wjii doubtWs bo saA ?ont to tover all iegiumate charges upon tbe rrssM ry, and leave a large annual snrplus to be applied to tbe payment of the principal of the debt. There fm-idh now to b?" no good reason wby taxea may not be rednoea as ibe country advances in population and wealth, and yet tbe oebt be ?xtinguiebed within the next quarter ot a century. Tbe report ot the Secretary ot War furnishes valuable and important information in reference to the operations of hi# I>epartment (luring tbe past year. Few volunteers now remain in tbe service, and they are beiug discharged as r-tpidly as they can be replaced by regular troops. Tbe army baa been promptly paid, carefully provided with medical treatment. well sheltered and subsisted, and is to be lurnisbed with breech-loading small arm-?. Tbe military strength of tbe nation ha? been unimpaired by the discbarge of volunteers, the disposition of unservicsable or perishable stores, and the retrenchment ol expenditure. Sufficient war material to meet any emergency has been retained, and, irom tbe disbanded volunteers standing ready to respond to tbe national call, large armies can be rapidly organized, equipped, and concentrated. Fortifications on tne coast and frontier have received, or are being prepared for more powerlul armament-; lane surveys and harbor and river improvements are in course of energetic prosecution. Preparations have been made tor the pn) ment of the additional bounties authorized during the recent session of Congress, under such regulations as will protect the Government from fraud, and secure to the hororably discharged soldier tbe well-earned reward ot his faithfulness and gallantry. More tbfin six thousand maimed soldiers have re, e,vfd artiflcial limbs or Other surgical apparatus: and forty-one national cemeteries, containing the remains of 104.526 Union soldiers, have already been established. The to'ai estimate ot military appropriations is <a*'5.2t>5.G6f?. It is stated in tlie report of the Secretary of the Navy that the naval force at this time consist "of two hundred and seventy-eight veo-Hs, armed with two thousand three hundred and fltty-ore guns. Of these, one hundred and fifteen vessels, carrying one thousand and twenty-nine gnus, are id commission, distributed ebVfiy among seven squadrons. The number o? men in tbe service is thirteen thousand vtx hundred. Great activity and vigilance h?ve been displaced by all the squadron?, and their movements have been judiciously and efficiently arranged in such manner as would he*t promote American commerce. and protect the rights and interests of our countrymen abroad. The vessels unemployed are undergoing repairs, or are laid np until their services may t.<- required. Moat of tbe iron-c'ad fleet is at League Island, in the vicinity of Philadelphia, a place which, until decisive action -honId be taken by Congress, was selected bv the Secretary of the Navy as the most eligible location for that elass of vessels. It is important that a suitable public station should be provided for tbe iron-clad fleet. It is intended that these vessels shall be m proper condition for any emergency, and if is desirable that the bill accepting League Island lor naval purposes, which passed the House of Representatives at its last session, shonld receive final action at an early period, in order that there may be a suitable public s-ation for this class of vessels, as well as a navy-vard ot areasafficient for the wants of the service, on the Delaware river. Tbe Naval Pension fund amounts to 911,750,000, having been increased i2,750.<HJ0 during the year. The expenditures of tbe Department for the flsca' yetir ending 30th .lnne last were (H3,:.*<24,524. and the estimates tor the coming year amount to 923,80^,436. Attention is invited to the condition of onr seamen, and the importance of legislative measures for their relief and improvement. The suggestions in behalf ot this deserving class of onr fellowcitizens are earnestly recommended to the favorable attention of Congress. Tbe report ot tbe Postmaster General presents a most satisfactory condition of the postal service, and submits recommendations which deserve tbe consideration of Congress. The revenues of the Department for the year eading J une 3d, ls?<;, were ?14,38*,'W6, aud the expenditures showing an excess of the latter of tWtf,0S?. In anticipation of this deficiency, however, a special appropriation was made by Congress in the act approved July 2". 1,-tso. Including tbe standing appropriation of S?UU,0Ui for free mail matter, as a legitimate portion ot the revenues yet remaining unexpended. the actual deficiency for the past year is only 9vt>5,'i ;J?a sum within 951,141 of the amoant estimated in tbe annual report of 1*04. 1 he decrease of raventie compared with the previous year was one and one-tltth per cent., and the increase of expenditures, owing principally to the enlargement ef the mail service in the South, was twelve per cent. Ontberirh ot June la.-t there were in operation six thousand nine hundred and thirty mail rontes, with an aggregate length of one hundred ana eighty thousand nine hundred and twenty-one miles, an aggregate annual transportation of seventyone million eight hundred and thirty seven thousand nine hundred and fourteen miles, and an aggregate annual cost. Including all expenditures, of 88,410,1.The length of railroad rontes is thirty-two thousand and ninety, two miles, and tbe aunnal transportation thirty million six hundred and nine tbonsand four hundred and sixty-seven miles. The length of steamboat rontes is fourteen thoasand three hundred and forty-aix miles, and the annual transportation three million four hundred and eleven tbonsand nine hundred aud sixty-two miles. The mail service is rapidly increasing throughontthe whole country, and its steady extension in tbe Southern States indicates their constantly improving conditio*. The growing importance ot tbe foreign service also merits attention. The Poat Office Department of Great Britain and our own have agreed upon a preliminary basia for a new Postal Convention, which i' la believed will prove eminently beneficial to the commercial interests of tbe United States, inasmuch as it contemplates a reduction ot tbe international letter poetage to oae-half tbe exieting rates: a reduction of postage with all other countries to and irom which corres pendente is transmitted in the British mail, or in closed mails through tbe United Kingdom; tbe establish ment of uniform and reasonable charges for tbe sea and territorial transit or correspondence in closed mails- and an allowance io-, each Post Office Department of the right to nse ail mail communicanous established tinder tbe authority of the other for tbe dispatch of correspondence, either in opeu or closed mails, on the same terms as those applicable to tbe inhabitants of tbe country providing tbe means of transmission. The report of tbe Secretary of tbe Interior exhibits the condition of those branches ot the public service which are committed to bis supervision During the last fiscal yetr, four million six hundred and twenty-nine thoasand three hundred and twe've acres of public land were disposed of, one million eight hundred and ninety-two thousand five hundred and sixteen acres of which were entered under the homestead act. Tbe policy origiually adopted relative to tbe public lands has undergone essential modifications. Immediate revenue, and not their rapid settlement, was tbe cardinal feature of Rur laud system Long experience and earnest discussion have resulted in tbe con viction that tbe early development of our agricultural resources, and tbe diffusion of an energetic population oyer our vast territory, are objects of far greater Importance to tbe national growth and prosperity than the prodeeds of tbe sale of tbe land to tbe highest bidder in opea market. Tbe pre-emption laws confer npon the pioneer who complies with tbe ternts they impose the privilege of purchasing a limited portion of "nnoffered lands" at tbe minimnm price. Tbe homestead enactments relieve tbe settler from the paymen tot purchase money, and secure him a permanent borne, upon tbe condition of residence for a term of years. This liberal policy uiviteaemigration Irom the old, and from the more crowded portions of tbe new world. Its propitious results are undoubted, and will be more signally manifested When time shall have given to it a wider development. Congress has made liberal grants of public land to corporations, in aid of the construction qt railroads and other internal improvements. shonld this policy hereafter prevail, mora stringent provisions will be required to secure a laitbiul application of tbe fund. Tbe title to the lands shonld not pas*, by pateut or otherwise, but remain in the <tov?rnm*nt and snbjtct to tta control until rcme portion of the road has been actnally built. Portions of them might then, from time conveyed to the corporation, bnt never in agrea er ratio to the whole quantity embraced by the grant than tbe completed parts bear to the enfire length of the projected improvement. This restriction would notopergte to theprejndftce of any undertaking conceived in good fail* and assented with reasonable energy, ae it is the settled practioe to withdraw from market the lands falling Within toe operation ot such grants, ond thus to exclude the inoeptien of a tnbsequept adverse right. A breach of the coupons which Congreea may deem proper to twpoee should work a forfeiture of tflalm to the lands so withdrawn but nncoaveyetf, and

ut title to the lands conveyed which remain unsold. I Operations nn tbe several Mors of the Pacific Ralltcad h?T* prosecuted with onuamplrd vifur ?nd tucccM. 8buuld noniiloreiwn ciim of delay occur, It Is confidently antlcipated that tb is great thoroughfare will be completed before the expiration of the period dealt: r,sted by Congress. Dunn* tbe last fiscal year the amount paid ?o pfinoBtn, including the expenses of dta. bureement. was thirteen million lonr hundred and fitty-nine thousand nine hundred and ninety six dollars; and fifty thousand one hundred ana seventy-seven names were added to the pension rolls. The entire number of pensioners, June 30, 1HW, was one hundred and I twenty-tix thousand seven hundred and twenty.two. This fact tarnishes melancholy and striking proof of the sacr flees made to vindicate the constitutional authority of the Federal I Government, and to maintain inviolate the integrity of tbe Union. They impose upon na | corresponding obligations. It is estimated thai thirty-three million dollars will be required to I meet the exigencies of this branch of the serI vice during the next fiscal year. Tieaties have been concluded with the lnI iiians who, enticed into armed opposition to I onr Government at the outbreak of tbe rebellion. have unconditionally submitted to our authority, and manifested an earnest desire J lor a renewal of friendly relations. During tbe year ending September W, lt?>. I eight tnontand seven hundred and sixteen patI ente for usetul inventions and designs were I issued, and at that date the balance in tbe I Treasurv to the credit of the Patent fund was I two hundred and twenty-eight thousand two I hundred and ninety-seven dollars. I As a subject upon which depends an immense I amount of the preduction and commerce ot the I country,1 recommend to Congress snch legislaI tion as may be necessary for the preservation of I the levees ot the Mississippi river It is a matter I of national importance that early steps should I betaken not only to add to the effieiencylof I these barriers against destructive Inundations, I but for tbe removal of all obstructions to the I free and safe navigation of that great channel | of trade and commerce. Tbe District ol Columbia, under existing I laws, is not entitled to that representation in I the National Councils which, from oar earliest I historv, has b? eu uniformly accorded to each I Territory established trom time to time within I our limits. It maintains peculiar relations to Congress, to whom tbe Constitution ha? granted tlie power of exercising exclusive legisla. I lion over tbe seat of government. Onr fellowI citizens residing in the District, whose interests are thus confided to the special guardianship I ot Congress, exceed in number the population of several of our Territories, and no jnst reason I is perceived why a delegate of their choice should not be admitted to a seat in the House I of Representatives. No mode seems so approI priate and effectual ot enabling thern to make I known their peculiar condition aad wanta, and I of securing the local legislation adapted te them. 1 therefore recommend the passage of a I law authorizing the electors of the District of Columbia to choose a delegate, to be allowed the same rights and privileges as a delegate representing a Terntorv. The Increasing enter. prise and rapid progress ot improvement in I the District are highly gratif ying and 1 trust tbat tbe efforts of the municipal authorities to I promote the prosperity of tbe national wetropI oils will receive tbe efficient and generous cooperation of Congress. The report ot the Commissioner ?f AgriculI ttire reviews the operations ot hi* depat tm?*iit I during the past year, and asks the aid ot Congress in its efforts 10 encourage those S'ate~ I which, scourged by wir, :ue now e.tiues.iy I engaged in the reorgan/ttion ot domestic inI dustry. It is a subject of congratulation tiia no forI eign combinations againat our domestic peace and safety, or our legitimate influence among I the nations, have been formed or attempted. 1 While seutinien's of reconciliation, ieyalty. and patriotism have iucrea>ed at home, a more I just consideration of onr national character I and rithts baa been manifested by torelgu na| tions. TI.e en*ire success of tbe Atlantic Telegraph I between the coast of Ireland and tbe Province I of Newfoundland, is an achie.veoj'M t which ban been inaMy celebrated In both hemisphereI as tbe opening of an era in the progresa of civI ili/ation. There is reason to expect that equal , I success will attend, and even greater re-ulta I follow, tbe enterprise for connecting the two I continents through the Pacific Ocean by tbe projected line ol telegraph between KimI achat ka and the Russian possessions in Amer1 ica. ! Tbe resolution of Congress protesting against I pardons by foreign Governments of persons I convicted of infamous offences, on condition of I emu-ration to our country, has beeu cotnmnniI rated to the States with which we maintain intercourse, and the practice, so justly the subject of complaint on our part, has not been reI newed. | The congratulations of Congress to the Em- I J peror ol Russia, upon bis escape Irom atI tempted assassination, have beea presented I I to that humane and enlightened ruler, and re- I I celved by htm with expressions of grateful ap- | I preciation. I Tbe Executive, warned of an attempt t>y Spanish-American adventurers to induce the I emigration of freedmen of the United States to I I a foreign country, protected agauiat the pro- I I ject as one which, if consummated, would re- I I duee them to a bondage even more oppresaive ] than that from which they bad juat been re- I lieved. Assurance baa been received from the I Government of the State in which the plan I was matured, that the proceeding will meet I neither ita encouragement nor approval, it I ia a question worthy of your consideration, I whether onr laws upon this subject are ade- I I qnate to the prevention or punishment of the I I crime thns meditated. j i In the month of April last as Congress is I aware, a friendly arrangement was made be- I I tween the Emperor of France and the Presi. I dent of tbe United States tor the withdrawal from Mexico of the French expeditionary milnary torces. This withdrawal waa to be effected in three detachments, the flrat ot which, it was understood, would leave Mexico in I November, now paat, the aecond in March next, and tbe third and last in November, lf?r. Immediately upon the completion ol tbe evacuation, tbe French Government wu to assume the same attitude of non-interventicn, in regard to Mexico, as ia held by the Government of tbe United States. Repeated assurances bave been given by \he Emperor, since that agreement, that he would complete the promised evacuation within tbe period mentioned, or sooner. It was reasonably expected that the proceed- I ings thus contemplated would produce a crisis I I of great political interest tn the Republic of Mexico. Tbe newly-appointed Minister of tbe United States, Mr. Campbell, wa* therefore sent torward, on the 9th day of November last to assume bis proper functions as Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to tbat I Republic. It was also thought expedient tbat be should be attended in the vicinity ot Mexi- I co by the lieutenant General of the Army of the United Siates, with tbe view of obtaining sucb information as mtgbt be important to determine the course to be pursued by the United S*ates in te-estabiishing and maintaining nec- I e-sarv and proper intercourse with theRepublie of Mexico. Deeply interested in tbe cause I of libei ty and humanity, it ?eemed an obvious I duty on our part to exercise whatever influ- I eiice we posi-eseed for the restoration and permanent establishment in tbat country of a do mestic and republican form of government. Snch was the condition of affairs in regard to Mexico, when, oa the 2-.M of November last, I official information waa received from Paris tbat the Emperor ot France had some time before decided hot to withdraw a detachment of I his force*, in the mouth ot November paat, ac- I cording to engagement, but that this decision | was made with the purpose of withdrawing 1 the whole of those.lorcea In tbe ensniug spring. Of tbts determination, however, tbe United Slates bad not received any notice or iutimation; and, so soon as the information was re- I ceivedbv the Government, care waa taken to make known ita diaaent to the Emperor of I France. | 1 cannot forego tbe hope tbat France wll reconsider the subject, and adopt some reeoln- I Uen in regard to the evacuation of Mexico which will conform aa nearly as practicable with the existing engagement, and thus meet I tbe last expectations of tbe Uuited Statea. The I papera relating to tbe aabject will be laid be- I fore yen. It ia believed that, with the evacuation of Mexico bv the expeditionary forces, bo subject for aerioaa difference a between France and tbe United Statea would remain. Tbe expreasioaa of the Emperor aud people of France warrant a hope that toe traditionary friendship between the two countries might | in that case be renewed aad permanently re- I stored. I A claim of a cittaea of the United 9tate? tor indemnity for spoliations committed oa the high aeaaVy the French authorities, in tbe ex- I rciee of a belligerent jpower againet Mexico, has been met by tbe Government of Franco ' with a preposition to defer settlement until a I mutoal convention for the adjustment of all cl atone of eiUzena nod subjects of both conn' trice, arista* out ol the recent wan oa thia f Continent, shall be ijrwd upon by the twt coBBtrifi Tbe inffNtloB Is not flamed unreasonable, bnt it belongs to Congress to direct the manner in which claims for indemnity by foreigners, m wall m by eitinaos of tbtl'Bitfd States, arising out of ttoa lata civil war. shall be adjudicated and determined. 1 have no doubt that tbe subject of all such claims will engage your attention at a convenient and proper time. It is a matter of regret that bo considerable advance baa been made toward an adjustmeat of tbe difference* between tbe United States and Great Britain, arising oat o! the depredations upon our national commerce and other trespasses committed during our civil war by British subjects, in violation of international law and treaty obligations. Tne delay, bowever, may be believed to bave resulted in no small degree from tbe domes'ic situation of Great Britain. An entire change of ministry occurred in that country during tbe last session ol Parliament. Tbe attention of tbe new ministry was called to thesubjectat an early day, and there is some reaaon to eapect that it will now be cotsidered in a becoming and Iriendly spirit. The Importance of an early disposition of the question cannot be exaggerated. Whatever might be the wishes of tbe two Governments, it Is manifest that good will and friendship between tbe two countries cannot be established until a reciprocity, in tbe practice of good-fsitb and neutrality, shall t?e restcred between the respective nations. On the 6tb of June last, in violauoo ot our neutrality laws, a military expedition and enterprise against the British North American Colonies was projected and attempted to t*? carried on vutbiu the territory and jurisdiction Of tbe United States. In obedience to the obligation imposed upon the Executive by tbe Constitution, to see that'he laws are faithfully executed, all citizens were warned, by proclamation,against taking part in or aiding such unlawful proceedings. and the proper civil, military, and naval officers were directed to take all necessary measures lor the enlorcemeutof the laws. The expedition tailed, but it has not been without its painlul consequence*. Some of our citi/ens who, it was alleged, wera engaged in the expedition, were captured, and have been brought to trial, as for a capital offence, in the Province of Canada. Judgment and sentence of death have been prououuced against some, while others bave been acquitted. Fully believing in the maxim of government, tba. severity of civil punishment for misguided persons who have engaged in revolutionary attempts which have disastrously tailed, is unsound and unwise, such representations bave been made to tbe British Government, in behalf of tbe cenvlcted persons, as. being sustained by an enlightened and human* judgment. will, it is hoped, induce in their cases an exercise of clemency, and a judicious amnesty to all who were engaged in tbe movement. Counsel has been employed by the Government to delend citixens ot tbe 1 sited State* on trial lor capital offences m Canada, and a discontinuance of the prosecutions which were Instituted In tbe courts of the United States against those who took part iu tbe expedition, has been directed. 1 bave regarded the expedition as not only political in its nature, but as also in a great measure toretgn from the United States m its causes, character, and objects. The attempt w as understood to be made in sympathy witu an insurgent party in Ireland, and. by striking at a British Province on this Coutinent, was designed to aid in braining redress for political grievances which, it was as?umed. the jeople of Ireland had suffered at the bands ol the Writish Government during a period ol several centuries The persons engaged in it were chieOy natives of that country, some u whom had, while others had not, become citizens of the I nifd State* under our general laws of naturalization. Complaints ol mngovernment iu Ireland continually engage tUe attention of the British nation, ana so great an nt'itatiou is now prevailing in Ireland that the British Government have de, med it ueeessarj to suspend tbe wait of carpus in that country. Ihese circumstances must necessarily modify the opinion which we might otherwise have entertained iu rejrard to an expedition expressly prohibited by our neutrality laws. So long as those laws remain upon our statute-books, they should be fditulully executed, and if tbey operate barsbly. initially, or oppressively. Congress alone can apply the remedy, by iheir modilic&uou ?r repeal. Political and commercial interests of the 1 uited Mates are not unlikely to be affected in some degree by ev<enu which are transpirtug in the eastern regions of Europe, and the time seems to bave come wheu our Government ought to have a proper diplomatic representation in Greece. This (lovernment has claimed for all persons net convicted,or accused, or sus]?ected of crime, an absolute political right of self-expatriauou. and a choice of new national allegiance. Mo?t of the European States have dissented from this principle, and bave claimed a right to bold such of their subjects as have immigrated to aud been naturalized in the United States, and afterwards returned on transient visits to their native countries, to tbe performance of military service in like manner as resident subjects. Complaints arising from the claim in thA respect made by foreign States, have heretofore been matters of controversy between the Uuitad States and some of the European Powers, and the irritation consequent upon the failure to settle this question increased during the war is which Prussia, italy, and Austria were recently engaged. While Great Britain has never ackuowledged the right of expatriation, sbe has not for some years past practically insisted upon the opposite dec trine. Prance has been equally forbearing, and Prussia has proposed a compromise, which, althongh evincing increased liberality, has not been accepted by tbe United States. Peace is now prevailing everywhere in Europe, and the present seems to be a favorable time for an assertion by Congress of tbe principle, so long maintained by the Executive Department, that naturalization by one State lolly exempts the native-born subject of any other State from the performance ot military service under any foreign Government, so long as he does not voluntarilv renounce iu rights aud benefits. In the performance of a duty imposed upon roe by the Constitution, I bave thus submitted to the Representatives of the States and of tne People such information of our domestic aud foreign affairs as the public interests seem to require. Our Government is now undergoing its mofct Irving ordeal, and my earnest prayer is. that the peril may be successfully aud luially passed, without impairing its original strength and symmetry. The interests dT the nation are best to be promoted by the revival of fraternal relations, the complete obliteration ol our patt differences, and the re-inauguration ol all the pursuits of peace. Directing our efforts to the early accomplishment of these great ends, let us endeavor to preserve haimony betwteu the co-ordinate Departments of the Government that each in its proper sphere may cordially co-operate with tbe other In securing tbe maintenance ol tbe Consuiution. the preservation of the Cuion, and the perpetuity of onr iree institutions. ANDREW JOHNSON, Wapbimitoh, December 3, REPORT or THE SECRETARY OF WAR. Accompanying the message of tbe President to Congress to-day was the Annual Report of Hon. Edwin M. Stauton, Secretary ol War, which is dated November 14th, l-*>6 The Secretary says: "Dlsbandmeut of the Tolunteer forces in service at the lime the rebel armies surrendered: collecting the arms, ordnaaee. and military stores scattered over the vast theatre of war. tbe sale and disposition of unserviceable material storing In arsenals, magazines, and depots that which might be used: settling and adjusting war claims: recruiting mid organizing tbe regular army undei tbe recent act; tbe establishment of posts and garrisons on the frontier nnd in tbe Indian couutry. testing the various improvements of breech loading small arms and an pply i ng them to the army: practical experiments to determine the destructive power ol projectiles nnd the comparative resisting que.11tie* of roategiala; completing seaboard defences aud providing them with armaments planning and carrying on harbor and river in provements- these, with the administration o tbefavre relating to retngees, freed men, an abandoned lauds, bava constituted the chie operations of the War Department dnring th past year. The enure number of volunteer troop* to b muttered out wae, on May 1, 1*5. and my Inst natron! report recounted th operntlon of disbanding this foroe until ho vember 16, 1(46, when 800,9*3 troops bad bee i transported, mustered out, nnd paid Thwork was actively con tinned after tbnt date, and on Jannnry 90, 1*06, 918 T*i volunteers had Wen mustered ont^ rebrnary lt,?$&4Sf; Hafe* Mny 1. June 1V l.imXfiTONovember 1,1.HTM?I?leaving In service U.0M volunteers, white nnd colored. The nggragat s **d?etton of tb? coIothI troop* during the J"* has bMB and at thia dat*- oo. reg, ' WUU?ry ud thirteen of iiUn'rf. nk?nt( about hm? oBle?rt Mad n-ud remaia ib ib# service OonnNfd n JUJ, 1NS6, tbf work of discharging and rrtim' < *? their hSBM I.UK,(?| Vol UD'r?rc WOOld ha*? beea completed within three tnouih* but tmr the nroNfity of retaining 10 service part of tbat fore*. Put experience tbowt tnat. should J7 aatioaal emergency require a larger for.'* thas i* provided by tbe peace NUbiitbrn'st, trmkieonld b? swiftly orpaifd at i?ut to the fall *treagtb of a million of men Tbe reduction of the army baa been attended hy a corresponding redaction of material tod , retrenchment ofexpenditures Tbe importance of apeedily providing the army with breech loading *niaii arm* vf it>o best pattern baa Wen recognized and acted npon By aa order of Jaauary 3, lf?J, a board of competent officer* wan ceavened for tbe t purpose of examining, testing aad reporting oa the various model* ef orlglaal breect-loader*, and ibe vanou* plan* for the conversion lato br? ec b - loader* of tbe arm* heretofore borne by car troops This board met oa March lb, and conlnusd in *e?*ion aatil Jnae 4. when It* reP'rl Was submitted, and dtr? etion* bare been given tba ordnance department for tbe epeedy manufacture of bree. h loading arm*. la ekaw of Ibe great number ot email arm* oa band. It has been deemed advisable to convert Springfield rifie-musket*, at a comparatively email coat, into IBcient breecb-loaders, ratber tbaa to lacnr tbe coat of tbe eatire manufacture of new arm* of tbat description. at a time u>o, when the invent.ou mav not have been perfected Tbi* al> ration of the Springneid musket ba* been i flVctf d so success!ully a* to render it an aim believed to be better m all re. spects iban 'lie Ptnseian needle gun. while ita metallic ammunition is retarded aa superior to tbat ol the latter. Tbe dt pnr'ment ba* already on hand treei btloader* of approved pattern* adequate fer t? *apply of the cavairy, and mounted and light mfbutry. The total estimate of military appropnatloas for tbe fiscalyear ending Juneau, lo*- i*??,.Vi'5,C<t9CU. The estimated appropriation required for tbe purposes of the Adiutaut Hen. sial atfflce Is fr.Ht .iUi. The officers of the Inspector General s Department are now those ol the regular establishment. No appropriation is requited lor tbis set vice. No further appropriations are required for tbe regular ser vice of the qnarteimat-ter's dej artn ent, a* it is believed that the balance* now available, and ibe sums received and to be received, will suffice for tbe next fiscal year For coatiagencies ;he sum of #lui,M4i is requested. The total amount of money drawn from tbe Treasury and disbursed by tbe subsistence department during tbe past fiscal year was "TV 54. including payment of claims under tbe act of July 4, l??4. No appropriation i* re. quirt d tor tbe uext fiscal year. Medical department receipts amount to *5.Jh8,i?4 -J4. Total disbursement* during tbe fiscal year. *V,?37.t*i| .77; balance in Treasury Juneim, |ggg^ ?-..>41. 15. .11 1 he estimated appropriation re qumd lor the medical department tor tbe near fiscal year is 91*0,1 (Ni. Tbeestimated appropriation* of the pay dei artment atrt uut to *l?.7v(s?Mi?o for pay of tbe army for ibe neat Its- al year, and for the corps of engineers t?5.1 Ibe Ordnance I?epanroent now limit* .he operations at arsenals to the construction of wrought-iron sea-const carnage*. and such ordnance supplies a? are needed tor immediate use; preservation ot tbe ordnance store* left on hand at tbe c'ose of tbe war. breaking up unserviceable airmunitiou; and completing unfinished builairgs. Fire proof work*bop* have been completed at Watervllet. Frankford, and Allegheny arsenals: three magazines, w tb a capacity for storing I5.K?> barrel* of gunpowder, baTe been built at St. I^ouic arsenal, and one of the same capacity at etch of the arsenal* at Washington City and Henicla. A board of officers la engaged in examining *uitabls sites for depoeitoriea of gunpowder, provided tor by an appropriation of tbe last ee?. slon of Uongrej-*; and the erection of aucb maga/ire* as will furnish secure and *uitable stci age lor all our powder, ammunitioa. and ritre will be commenced early next spring The arsenals at the South which were seized by tbe rebels. bav<rg been retaken are reoccupied, excepting ibe North Carolina arsenal, which was destroyed, the Harper'* Ferry armory, the workshop*- of which were tiurued. axd which has been ?is-d as an ordnance depot, the arsenal in Hondv which has been transferred temporarily to the freed men a bureau, and tbe arsenal in Arkansas, which iso-capied by troops of the line. The Chiet ot Ordnance is of opinion tbat it is notadv^able to rebuild the North Carolina arsenal, or to re e tabliah the armory at Harper s Ferrv. and the sale of both is recommended. At tbe last examination tbe corps of cadets | at the Military Academy numbered two boaI drea and twen'ty-eight members, and forty cadets of ibe graduating cla*? completed the couree ot ttudse* aud were commissioned lieaj tenants in the army. '1 be estimated appropnatioc for tb<- Military Academy i* V-43.n>T. I In he Fureau of Kefngees, Freed men and t Abandoned 1-ands, tbe l^ommissiotier reports that tberei? no material change of organization. but bnainesa Is facilitated and vexed queatious settled by the law ot !*?*. The Knr*-au has a balaiiie on hand for purposes of expenditure of ?<v51^,i?5 45. and there is re. quired (XKlbJuuv. In compliance with recent enactments of Ccngress, Commissioners H a???M the value of *>lavet- enlisted into the I'mted Sta>s arniv durtr'g- the war have been appointed for Missouri, Maryland. Kentucky, and Tennessee REPORT OF THE lEIRETlRY OF THE TREAM'RY. The annnal report of the Secretary of tne Treasury is of the most gratifying charaoter. as showing the financial strength of the counI Jn his report under date of tbe 4th of Decern, ber, the Secretary estimated, according to the data tnrnished him by tbia liepartment and by tbe atber Departments, that tbeexpen. ditures of the Governmeat for tbe three yuar. ters of the fiscal year eadmg June 3< would exceed tbe receipts tm.lM.M7 SO The result was wtdely diflerent. The reoeipte exceeded the estimates S-9.iMiS.9U6 44: theexnendlt tires fell short of the esumatee??iNi,M^ Su The following is a statement of receipts and expenditures for the fiscal ,.ar ending June | JrtK). Balance la Treaanry. agraaabls to I warrants. Jnlj l, 1Mb |uj? u I To which ad4 balance cf sundry tm*t funds not included in tbe abeve balance s m Making balancs, July l.ISM, laclad_lag uns? fund fj.on id h I fr-ai leaas U2 96JMS 9$ B?ce ?tsftuni custom. 17? M.aei K> Receipts frem land* .. mini n haceipts from diract lax 1J74.7* It Beeei?ts frum iateraal rsveaae 30$,fU 813 41 Beceipts from mlsceila ueous sour es ?7.m n US.03.W H l^7SM0.21?M I _ , _ Erp^ndiinrt.*. I Bedcaptisaof puMic 4ebt 3t> J"l.:? 61 For the atvll aer*iee... 41.u61,?51 ft | For Pansion and Indians 19.8C^1? 1 I For the *r Depart?aat ?t.4?7vl^ For tba l*vy Depart a.ent 43 JJ4.118 52 For lntereat oa the public uabt 1SS 047741 89 CM TIP HO fl-Ki/i !,**> (W Leaving a balance la tba Treasury the 1st day of July.lfsg ?... tl?.? a? n The following statement exhibits tsslkMu I of inciease and decrea*e ot ihe public debt for the fiscal year ending June 3u. 1960: An-ctont of yabllc debt. Jane fi. 1*' An^oniii ol itib in Tieasury MtB0v 19 Amount of public debt. June 90,1MB. 18?? f*,783,499J79 U Aninint of cash la . treaanry 132 997^49 11 Amount of polillt debt . J una 90.18)6. laaa c**h ia Treasury 9 J38 Jin 19 Hat decraaae s1.19.j07 28 The Secretary aays: "Tbaee atatementa are in the htgbtet degree encouraging Tbey are coaelaaiee ender-e of tbe greatness of our resources, and tbey I clearly indicate the patieece of the people unI **If-imposed bordfD^tnd Ui0ir uawilliBf I liesa that this debt should be a periietnal mc uni^raace apon the oountxy. ??lt is not expec'ad. nor ia it perhaps destiaI ble, that tbe same rate 01 reduction should be I continued. A considerable dunmn'toa of vaxee waseflected by the amendneau of the internal revenue law, at tbe last session of CoaI Cfts*. A further diminution of internal taxes. and a modification of tbe tariff, which will I doubtless lead to a rrdactioa of cn-toms duuea on many articles, will ha required, ta order that production may be iacreaeei aad a*w life I infused into certain braucbe* of industry that are now langniahing neder the burdens which have beea imposed npon then. Hat. after the proper and neoaaaary redactions shall bare beeu made, tbe re venae* will doubtless he saf. firlent, If tbe Ooverament shall be eaoaomr tally administered, to pay the carrmit expeaaea the iatereet on tbe public debt and reduoa tbe principal at the rate of ft-osa roar to five I ailltoae p?r menth. In order that this may be done, however, there mast be no addlUoaal donation* to railroads, ao pay menu bat in the I fulfilment of 00 a tracts, and no uaweosa I aery expenditare of money for any pnrI P4** whatever Wttb proper eoonome I ia all the I>rartmer?s cf the Government, tni debt caa be paid by the geaerxtion tbat created I I*. If Wise and equal reveuee lame abaii to I enacted and eontiaaed by Congr-**. anaihele f [coitim id oa rovara fAoaj