Newspaper of Evening Star, March 2, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated March 2, 1867 Page 2
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1 THE EVENING'STAR, ~1 Ttt Ltrjfrt Cirtaliliti n tbe liitriet W. B. WALLACH, E4iUr ?i4 Proprietor. WASHINGTON CITY* fclTt BDAT MARCH 9. 1MT, ?"eeadi!*q mattes os etbrt paoe. ml oct8idb foe inteee8tisq telegraphic and other mattee. TO ADTBETIBEEI. The following i* tne ofEoiai ibovtai of tk? cHc elation ot tbe daily paper* of this city oomp*ung tor tb* Government tdT*rtlait| der reeen t aot of Congress dlrfcusc such dvertiMag to fee mad* In ths two daily nesrapap?r* ot Washington bar In* ths circulation : SSS S3 r** Int'UximcT u * Tbe morn* of advertising by ths oity paper* or tbe quarter ending December 31, nsd#, as taken from tbe book* of tbe Internal Ravenna U?ce. area* follow.: ^u t9m STA* '*?<" a Chnmiclt.... Mrpubhcan yj* THE RE< EPTIOXS. * Thr White H?as*. the Jadie* of tbe Lxecutive Mansion, Mr*. Stover and Mrs Patterson, are at home every I Monday. The 4 ahinet. Tbe ladie* of tbe family of Hon. O H ! Br*wDing, Secretary of tbe Interior, will receive tbe.r mend* on Wednesday*, at tbe re*i dence of tbe Secretary, on tb* ea*t aide o Montgomery street, Georgetown Height*. Secietary and Mrs McCnlloch bare issued ' cards for two reception*. tbe first to be hel.t on tbe evening of the 2nd in*t., and the second on the 2d of March. Mr*. Pottma*ter General Randal! will re. ' ceive a' b?r residence, No. in; New York ave- ! nue, on Wednesday afternoon. 60VU2I.ME2IT SECURITIES. w aphlbuttll, Ma.-cb 2. |*f7. Jay Cooke A. Co furnish tbe following quotations of Government securities: r. ?. r. OMIM.IM 'XT Tt L. S live Twenties, l??a. Ili.u ,,. * ' I S. frive Twenties. 19*5 . itO in-v % * Irn r?"'~ : a:* 2L II ? ^T#n Iw,rt'"' August.... ;..5? !."} U. S. Seven Thirties, June las* J.** 8 Thirti.,. is >*w lokk riRST boabi> ialm. J*T>|D4i !{"> ???>? Vf]>' !HH !,-? A"IfU?t--..1U6\ vv?' .r- ?.' * j "? ha\ 5 - I '* > 1' ( Ji/t, Julv KL'iit 5 *?, Jn a.Tj.-65.U<>^ Gold LIMITED PARTNERSHIP KILL ?*!"* '"l ortant bill, providing for i.mited Partnership, iu the District, ha* pa,.e4 both Houses of Congress, and only needs the signature cf tbe President to become a law. aiIrr*#FlCTrE"~W* hl4Te from ' V6 Ttb remarkably fine fruit piece, in pastel, .nitrating the wondernl perfec'ion to which this branch of art hu een carried. Tbe peaches, grape*, cherries, pears, orimges. A.r, deputed a-e .0 appeti. 'Ingly tree to natur* as to make the mouth water in looking at them. Mr. Markriter so frequently renews the object, of interest at his establishment that It i* almost Impouiole to keep the run of them Tf i0tUuda,1,inSPMtiO?- Hia ,to?kof cm. of ait u now so large and so varied and so tre*b tbat persons wishing to g*t really rood Picture, to furnish their homes elegantly can really sirpply themselves to better advantage there, strange as it may appear, than at tbe large establishments in tbe great metropolitan ll'Uor* te WMh?nrton. disgusted wl h tbe daubs put on exhibition at ths Caoitol. should imagine that no really mentor.on. pictures are to be seen hers, we earnestly ad is* them to pay a visit to Markriter'. rooms. **~A large amount of matter n necessarily crowded ont to-day by the amount of space taken up by the important veto ntmn of tbe President. " " Th*\?to of tbe tenure of olllce bill was received at tbe Senate at half past one p. m bBt 10 two P " . had not been op*n*d. ^President Johnson ha. iMned a procla mat ton recogniung Nebraska as a State in ths C nton. U?T ?1?HT Ot the engagement of the Webb i ' Waira Opera Honse. They drew immensely at their beneflt last evening coy GRESSlpy al. Satmdat, March i ?Th* s",at# mel M o'clock. l*??"i?ee on Military ABairs, was discharged from tbe further con*l^e1r!atH>* ot a large number of bills, including li^par tLTi?,k* Cl*r?cal force of the War District of Columbia *t.cbsrrged from the further consideraU,r? ot T^ral bill, relating to l?i.mct mat. 1 be unfinished business being to the bill to lhe tanff ? '?ni>ort4 wares, wm Vhen taken up, the question being on the amendment of Mr (Jaueli to preyifle for aim. form l.create of 2u per cent, on all imported '**? cofl?e. sagar, molasses, Umber, coal, and railroad iroi. i was d"agre*d to, and the 1 ii Passed by a to e of 31 to 12. ** * mad* tite report from tbe Committee on the Cankrnpt bill, which was PresMeat! In< a*d *** blU BOW 0## t0 ttte J Mr. Sherman, from the Committee of Con. ? wrence on the compound Interest note bill ' mad* a report which was concurred la (The repert reduce* tbeamonat of temporary oeruileatcs at o ie ume outstanding from I oae hundred te Sfty millions, and reoedes i from the Senate amendment prohibiting Na- 1 Uonal Banks from paying interest on deposits j I At IJO p. m., the President's secretary ap- I peered, and retarstd the tennreof oRce bill. < with a m. ssag* stating bisotuecasns thereto. ' (Iowa), lrom the Com- 1 mitte* of (Jen fere a oe on the disagreeing vote 1 on the Indian Appropriation Mil, and the re- 1 port wa* concurred in ' (ill ) from Ooaference ' Committee on the disagreeing yote on the Legwiauye, ilxecntiv* and Judicial Appro- 1 priation Inll. aubmitted a repo^ ^ich Vas ' ZZIZ'ZnforZt 1*"' Oca- , At 1?36 p u i a is ess art w%n prmIwsh u . the Prudent of ths vZXZJ StatelT^iVha^ of Mr. Moore, hi* private secretary While Mr. Moere was delivering the mes*r Aa^ley (Ohm) snid. excitedly, lond 1 enougb to be heard in th* galleries, Where's Stevens I send for bim at ones." *"?*r* At 10 minutes of two o'clock, Mr. MoPherson. Clerk of the iJonse, commenced tbe read. ingef tbs President's msssage vetoing ths bill 1 for the military government of the SoaJiern states. Oormsat Swan's EauanATtoi Ooy. emor Swasn yeeierdny ssnt n msssage to tbe Maryland Legislature declining the United State* Senatorsbtp for aiz years from tbe 4ib instant, to wbieb he wns recently elected. He aye tbe honor had been conferred upon him witboot solicitation or agency on bis part, and *' was bis intention to accept the oSo*; bnt b* hss been visits* by so many aadseeh argent appeals from repr**eatative men of the state, that be did not f**iat liberty to consult any in. dividual preferences of bis own. Hs had no mtxiye of personal ambition tbat oonld for a moment Inflnencs bim to disregard hta paramennt obltgntioos to bis State. With some ftartber esplaiiatioa be decllnss senatorial honors and announces his adherence to ths gnbematorial chair. Mbxico ?Tbe Mexican Lsgauon yesterday i received offlctnl news from Matnmoros, dated on me 10th nlumo, about ths engagement ot General Kocbe. at Galliaero, with Msiia's fro. ps, under Ca?tiHo The ofBcial report rends as follows: After Miramoa'a complete detent by General Kccobedoat San Jacinto, on the llth instant, Castillo rstreat?d to fioiores wltb three tboussnd men General K >cha, ' believing them to be demoralized, sent three* hundred cavalry under Generals Herrers and Cairp to harrass them in the r-*ar As might 1 be expected, they were repulsed. General 1 Cairo losing twenty of bis men, and being him* ' self among the killed. PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. . M'M?|? ( Ik* PrftiJfil at Ik* Valtf4 Main, Rrtaraiai Ulhr llM?r el R*yrr? ratatim a 0ill Eatltlti "Am Act U Pravld* fer Ihr M?rr EKicirat Oarwa* usent ml the Rrbrl Autri." To mm Hocus or KiraasiiTiTiTn 1 have examined lb* bill "io provide for trie more efficient (omnnrai of the retool St*tea" villi the care and anxiety which its transcendent importance is calculated to awakea. 1 a in auDl* to (it* It my i??ent tmr rea-?ss mo (rave, tbat 1 bop# a statement or them may bave laflanca oa the aiiadi ( the patriotic and enlightened men with whom tbe deciaion must ultimately rest. The Mil placet all tbe peoplsof tbe tea Sttm therein named under tbe absolute domination of military rukera; and tbe preamble nndrrtaker lo kit* tbe reason upon whicfe tbe measure is based, and tbe ground upon which it is juatifled. It dec 1 arse ibat tbsr* exists in those States no legal governments, aad no adequate protection for lile or property, and a?ssris tbe necessity of enforcing peace and good order within their limits. 1? tbis true as matter of fact f It la not denied tbat tbe States In question bave eacb of tbeoa aa actual government, with all ibe powers, executive, judicial, and legtslativs, wbicb properly belting to a tree State. Tbey are organ is?h1 like tbe otber Siatfi of tbe Union, and. like tbem, tbey make, administer, and execute tbe laws whlth concern their domestic affairs. An existing de facto government, exerc sing men function* as these, is itself tbe law of the State upon all matters within its jurisdiction To pronounce the supieme law-making p?> wer ot au established Male illegal, is to >ay tbat law itself is unlawJul. The provisions wbicb tbeae Oovernraents have made for the preservation of order, tbe suppression ot crime, and tbe redress ot private injuries, are lu eubstanee and principle tbe ssme :tf ibcse wbich prevail in the Northern Mates and in otber civilised countries Tb?y certainly bave not aucceefed in preventing tbe cotnmiss ou o! all crime, nor baa this been accomplished anywhere in tbe world. '1 brre. as w^ll as elsewhere, offenders sometimes escape lor want ot vigorous prosecution, aud occasionally, perhaps, by the inefllclency of courts or tbe prejudice of jurors. It s undoubtedly true tbat these evil* have been muoh increa.-ed and aggravated. North and South. by tbe demoralizing influences of civil war. and tbe rancorous passiens which the cont>**t has engendered, but that these people are maintaining local (governments for tbems-lves wbicb habitually defeat the object of all government aud render their own lives and property insecure, is in itself utterly improbable, and the averment of the bill to that effect is not supported by any evidence which has came to my knowledge. All tbe in formation 1 bave on tb?' subject convinces me that tliema*s-?sof ttie Son tberu people an J tbo?e who control th^ir public acts, while tbey euterittn diverseopiuious on questions oi 1- enteral policy, are conple'ely united in tne etlort to reorganize th-ir society ou tbe basis of peace, and to restore their mutual prosperity as rapidl v and as completely as tbeir circumetanees will permit. 1 be bili, however, wouldseem tosbow upon upon its lacs tbat the establishment ot peace and good order is not its real object. Tbe fifth section declare* tbat the preceding sections shall ceate to operate in any State where certain events shall bave happened. These evtnt* are?First, the selection of delegatea to a Suite Con venlion by an election at which begroes shall be allowed to vote. Second, tbe formation of a State Constitution by the Convention so chosen. Third, tbe inserion in'-o the .state Constitution of a provision whieh will secure tbe right of voting at all elections to negroes, and to such white men as may not be disfranchised tor rebellion or felony. Fourth, the submission of tbe Constitution lor tatiflcation to negroes and wbite men not disfranchised, and lis actual ratification by their vote. Filtb, tbe submission ot tbe State Constitution to Congress for examination and approval, and tbe actual approval of it by that body. Sixtb, tke adoption ot a certaiu amendment to the Federal Constitution by a vole of tbe Legislature elected under tbe new Constitution. Seventh, tbe adoption of said amendment by a sufficient number of otber Mates to makeita part of the Constitution of tbe L ulled Stales. All these conditions must be fulfilled before tbe people of any of these States can be relieved from tbe bondage of military domination but when tbey are fulfilled, then immediately the paius and penaU ties of tbe bill are to cease, no matter whether there be peace and order or not. and without any reference to tbe security of life or proper* ty Tbe excuse given for tbe bill in the preamble is admitted by tbe bill Itself not to be real. Tbe military rule wbicb it establishes Is plainly to be used?not for any purpose of order or for tbe prevention of crime, bat aolely as a meana of coercing tbe people into the adoption of principles and measnrea lo wbicb it is known that tbey are oppoeed, and upon which tbey bave an undeniable rigbt to exercise their own judgment. 1 submit to Congress whether tbis measure is not, in Its wbole character, seope, and object, witbont precedent and without authority, in palpable conflict witb tbe plainest provisiopis of the Constitution, and ntterly desirucive to those great principles of liberty aud humanity for which our ancestors on both sides of tbe Atlantic bave shed so mach blood and expended so mncb treasure. The ten States named in tbe bill are divided into five districts. For eacb diat?ict an officer of tbe army, not below the rank of brigadier general. is io be appointed to ruleover tbe people: aud be la ts be supported with an efficient military fores to enable bim to peform his duties and enforce bis authority. Those duties aad tbat nntbority, as defined by tbetblrd section of tbe bill, are, "to protect all persons in their rights of pert on ana property, to suppress insurrection, disorder aud violence, aud to pnaiab or canae to toe puatsbed all disturbers of tbe public peace or criminals." The power tbna given to tbe commanding officer over all tbe people of each district Is tbat of an absolute monarch. Uis mere will la to take the place of alllaw. Tbe law of the States is now tbe only rule applicable to tbe subjects placed under bis eeatrol, and tbat is completely displaced by tbe clause wbich declares all laterference of State authority to be null and -void. He alone Is permitted to determine wbat are rigbts of person or property, aad be may protect them in such way as in his discretion may seem proper. It places atbie free disposal all tbe lands and goods in bis district, and be may distribute tbem without let or hindrance to wbom be pleases. Being bound toy no State law, and there being uo otber law to regulate tbe subject, be may make a criminal code of bis own: and be can make it as bloody as any recorded in history, or be can reserve tbe privilege of acting upon tbe Impulse of his private passions in each case thai arises. He is bound by no rnlee of evidence; there is indeed no provision by wbicb be is authorized or required to take aay evidence at all. Everything ia a crime wbich heebooses to call so, and all persons are condemned wnom be pronounces to be guilty. He Is not bound to keep any rscord. or make any report of bis proceedings. He may arrest bis victims wherever be finds tnem without warrant, accusation or proof of probable cans*. If be gives tbem a trial before be Inflicts the punishment, be gives it of bis grace and mercy, not because be is commanded so to do. To a casual reader of the bill, it might aaem tbat eome kind of trial was secured by it to persons accased of crime- but such la net tbe caas. Tbs officer "may allow local eivil tribunals to try offenders," but of courss tbis does not requiretbatbeshall do so. If any Stat* or Fedsral court prssumes to exercise its legal jurisdiction by tbe trial of a malefactor without his special permission, be can break It up, and punisb tbe judgee and jurors as being themselves mnlefactors. He can save his frtsnds from justice, and despoil bis enemies coatrary to justics. It is also provided tbat "be shall hare power to orgaaias military oommissioaa or tribunals;" but this power be ie not commanded to exercise. it ts merely permissive, and Is to be used only "when in bis jadrment it may be necessary for tbe trial or offenders.' Even if the sentence of a commission were Bade a pre. requisite to tbe puafehmeat of a party. It would be scarcely tbe alighkest check upon tbe officer, who has authority to organise It as be pleases, prsscr be its mode At proceeding, appsint its members from amoaPhia own subordinates, aad revise all its decisions. Instead ef mitigating tbe harshness of bis single rule, ; sucb n tribunal would be used much more probably todhride tbe responsibility of making ' it more cruel and unjust. Several provisions, dictated by tbe hamanttv of Cong ices, have been inserted in the bill, < apparently to restrain the power of the commaadhag officer, bat It seems to me taat the* are ot ao avail for that purpose. Tbe fourth section provtdse Hrif. That trials shall not bs unneceeaartly delayed: but 1 think 1 bare shown tbat tbe power is givea to punish without trial, aad if as, tbis provision is practically inoperative <werf.Oruel or unusual punlshmmt is not to be inflicted- bat who is to decide wbat is cruel and wbat is unusual? The words bays acqulrsd a Isgal meaning by leng use in tbe coarts. Can it be expected tbat military officers will nnderetand or follow a rule ex- I pressed la language ao purely technical, and not p rtaislngIn tbe Is&st degree to their profession*? If net. tbsn each officer may define cruelty accerdlag to bis swn temper, and ir it Is not usual, be will make It usual. Corporeal punishment, imprisonment, the gag, tbe hall and chain, aad tbe almost msuppor able forms ot torture Invented for military puaiahment, lie wi bin tbe range of choice, tkrrd. Tbe sentence of a commission is not to be executed without being approved by the commander, ff it aflects life or liberty: and a sentence of death mtist be approved by tbe President. Tbis applies to caaes in wbicb there has been a trial and sentence. I take it to be clear, under tbla bill, that the military commander may condemn io d?atn without even tbe form of a trial by a aaHanawaannaaHaHMi m ll'sry conrtiiion, so that the li of tha C ?u.n?n?-ti Ih?? uepruu upuu i.,e wi I of Uo mm, lust ad olM*. It i l* Mmi the ^a'borrjr *ere given to the m ttsry olfi er amount < oaoeo u e rte*potl?m. But lu m?kf it still Sure uuaJurablf. ib-* bill pmvires that It may be deie?a ed *o i, many subot diraies s? Ih> cbcoees to appo nt; for it d'clarv* tnat be shall ?*punn*h or cau-e to be punished " Such a power has not b-en w *ldrd by ddj monarch in fenglaad (or more than Ave It united years. in nil 'bat time no people who speak the English language bare botae sock servitude. It redaces the wbole popalatioo of tbe ten Slates?all persons, of every color, sex, and eondltiou, an* every stranger within their llml's?to tbe moat ahj?*ct and degrading slavery. No master ever bad a control so absolute oyer bis slave< as Ibis bill gives to tbe military officers over boib wb't* and colored persons It may be antwered to this tbat theofllcers of tbe army are too magunmmons, ju?', and banana toopprrsssnd trsmpleupou a subjugated people. 1 do no' doubt that army officer* are .ia Well entitled to this kind of confidence as any other class of men. Bnt tbe bis'ory of tbe world baa been writieu in vain, if u do-s not teach ns that unrestrained authority can nev-r be safely irusu-d in human bands. It is almost sura to be more or less abused under any circumstances, and il has always resulted in tyranny where the rulers Who exercise it are etihLitrre to their subjects, and com? among tbem as the representatives of a distant pow er. and more especially when tbe power that sends them is unlnendly. Oovertnents ciosrly i?s? mhling that bere proposed have be. n f?irly tried iu Hungary and Polaud.aud thesuflerirg eudnred by those people roused the sympahies ol the entire worid. Il wa? tiied in, and, though tempered at first by principle* of Erglish law, it gave birth to cruelties so atrocious that they are never receunted without just indignation. The French Convention armed its depnt<es w>tb this power, and pent them to the Son'bern departments of the KepuMic. The m:is*.acr>'s, murders, ana otberatrocttieo which they commuted show what tbe passions of the ablest men in tbe most civilized society will tempt tbem to do when wholly nn res trained bv l.tvr. 1 be men of ourrace in every age have struggled to tie up the hands of their Oovernm-nis at d keep <bem within tbe law: because their own experience of all mankind taught them that rulers could not be relied on to concede bose rights which they were not legally fx>uni to respect. The head ol a great empire has sometimes governed it with a mild and pa'ernal swav: but the kindness of an Irreducible rirpti-y never yields what the Kwr does not e\iort from bim Between such a mas'er and the people subjected :o his domination there can be nothing but enmity; he pnntsbes *h.-m if they resist bis authority, and. if tuey submit to it, be hates tbem for their servility. 1 come now to a question which is, if pj?sible, still more important. Have we the power to establish and [carry into execution a measure like thisr 1 answer, certainly not, if we derive our authority from the Constitution, and if we are bound by the limitations wkich it imposts Ibis proposition is perlec'ly clear?that no branch oi the Federal Oo\ernsient, executive, legislative, or judicial, can have any put powers, except those which it derives turoutb and exercised uuder the organic law of the 1 nion. Out>id- of tbe Constitution, we have no legal authority more than private citi/en*, and within it we have only so much as that instrument gives us. This broad principle limits all our functions, and applies to all subjects It protects not only the citizens of States which are wi hin the Union, bat it shields every human being who comes or is brought under our jurisdiction. We have no right to do in one place, more than in another, tbat which Um Constitution aays we hall not do at all. If, therefore, tne Southern States were In trutn out of the Union, we could not treat their people in a way wuich lite fund*, mental law foroids. f?ome persons assnme that the snece*s of our arms in crusbiug the opposition which w*? made In some of the States to the execution ut tbe Federal laws. reduced those States and all their people?the innocent as well as the guilty ?to the condition of vassalage, and gave ns a power over them which tbe Constitution does not bestow, or define, or limit. No fallacy caa be more transparent than this. Our victorlei subjected the insurgents to legal obedience, n >t to the yoke of an arbitrary despotism. Waen an absolute sovereign reduces his rebellions subjects, he may deal with thein according to bis pleasure, because ne had thai power before. But when a limited monarch put* dowa an insurrection, he must still govern according to law. If an insurrection should take place in one of our States against the authority of tbe State government, and end in tne oyerthrow of those who planned it, would that taka away tbe rights of all the people of tbe coonties where it was favored by a part or a ma. jority of tbepopulatian I Could they, for suca a reason, be wholly outlawed and deprived of their repret emation in the Leg.slature I I have always conte .ded that tbe Oovernment of the United Statr was sovereign within its consti. tutional sphere; tbat it executed iU laws, like the States themselves, by applying its coercive power directly to individuals; and thai it could put down insurrection with tbe same ef. feet as a State, and no other The opposite doctrine is the worst heresy of those who advocated secession, and cannot he agreed to without admitting that heresy to be right. invasion, insurrection, rebellion, and do. mestic violence were anticipated when the Oovernment was framed, and tbe means of repelling and suppressing them were wisely provided for in the Constitution; bnt It was not thought necessary to declare that the States in which they might occur should be expelled from the Union. Rebellions, which were invanably suppressed, occurred prior to that out of which tbeee questions grow; but tbe States continued to exist and the Union remained unbroken. In Massachusetts,in Pennsylvania. in Khode Island, and in New York, at different periods in eur history, violent aud armed opposition to tbe United State* waa earned on: bnt the relations of those States with the Federal Oovernment were not supposed to be interrupted or changed thareby, after the rebellious portions of their population were defeated and put down. It 1a true that in these earlier cases there was no formal expression of a determination to withdraw from tbe Union, but It is also true tbat In the Southern States the ordinances of secession were treated by all the friends of the Union as mere nuliitlei, and are now acknowledged to b??o by the States themselves. If we admit that they had any force or validity, or that they did In ract take the stales In which they were passed out of the Union, we sweep from under our feet all the ground* upon which we stand in justifying the use of Pederal force to maintain the integrity of the Oovernment. This la a bill passed by Congress in time of Ceace. There is not In any one of the States rougbt under Its operation either war or insurrection. The laws of the States and of the Federal Oovernment are all in undisturbed and harmonious operation. The courts, Stata and Federal, are opea, and in the fnll exercise of their proper authority. Over every State comprised In tbeee five military districts, life, liberty, and ptoperty are secured by State laws and Federal laws, and tbe national Constitution is everywhere in force and everywhere obeyed. What, than, is the ground on which this bill proceeds I The title of tbe bill announces that it is intended for tbe more efllcient government" of these ten Siatea. It ia reeitad by way of preamble that no legal State governments, ' nor adequate protection for life or property " exist in tbo?e States, and that peace and good order abonld be thua enforoed. The first thing which arrests attention upon these recital*, which prepare the way for martial law, ia this?that tbe only foandation upon which martial law can exist under oar form of Oovernment ii not slated or so much aapreleaded. Actual war, foreign invasion, domestic Insurrection? none of theae appear and none of iheee in 'act exist. It im not avan recited that any sort of war or inenrraetion la threatened. Lei ns pause here to oonslder. upon this question of constitutional law and the power of Congress, a recent decision of the Supreme Ceurt of the United States in es varte Miiligax. "parte I will first quote from the opinion of tha majority of the Court: -Martial law cannot ariae from a threatened invasion. Tha necessity most be actaal and present, the Invasion real, each as effectually cloaea tha courts aad depoees tbe oivil administration." Weeeethat martial law oomes In only when actaal war clones the courts and depoaea thecl*11 authority; bnt thu Mil, in time of peace, makes martial law operate as though we were ia actaal war. and become the c*ut? Instead of the omuequtnee of tbe abrogation of civil authority. One more quorntion: "It follows from what has been said on this subject that there are occasions when martial law can be properly applied. If in foreign Invasion or civil war the couria are actually cloaed, aad It la Impossible to administer criminal justice according to law, tlun, on the theatre of active military operations, when war really prevails, then is a necessity to furnish a substitute for tha civil authority, thns overthrown, to preserve tbe safety of tbe army and socisty; aad as no power Is Isft but th? military, it is allowed to govern bv martial rule until the laws can have their free coarse " 1 now quote from tbe opinion of the minority of the Court, delivered by Chlei Justice Chase "We by no meane assert that Congress can establish aad apply the laws of war where no war bas been declared or exists. Wherspeace exists, the law* of peace must prevail." This is sufficiently explicit. P?sce sxuu m all the territory to which tbta bill applies, ilaseertaa power in Congress, in time of p#ac?,t0 seiaslde tbe laws of peace and to substitaie the laws of war. The minority, concurring with the majority, declares that Uongreee does aot possess tbat powor. Again, aad, if possible, mors emphatically, tbe Cblei Justice, with r?. markableclearness and condensation, sums up tbs wbole matter as follows: ' There are under tbe Constitution three kinds of military jurisdiction?one to be sxsr.

cised both In peace aud war ; another to be ex arc teen la time of foreign wnr wltkoat ?be tonndariesof ih? UiitrdBttHior in time a.' r> hellion ai d c-lvil war within States or di?, rde occupied i) rebels irntM a* belli <erent*: and a (bird to be rifrt Nd In tim* of nvasicn or igomcKoa iritlii* th* limit< of the United Ststee, or during rebellion w tola th- limits oi the SuitM maintaining adhesion 'o ibe Nati< sal Government, wh-n the public danger require* tu exerciee. The IIrat of tba iray be called jurdtadicuon under JfUita^y Law, and la found in acts of Oongrens prescri iing rules and article* of war, or otherwise providing lor tba government of UM eauoeal forces; the seamd may be dlstiugiMehed a* Military Gorernmtn . superseding. aa far as may be deemed expedient, tba local law, and egeri iw-d by the miU'ary commander under the direction of ibe President, witb tbe express or implied sancti-n ol Congress: while tbe tuird may be den">m nt'ed Marital Law Pr?ptr, and ta called into action bT Congress, or temporarily, when tbe action ot Congress caeaotb* invited, and in tbe case of justifying or excusing peril, ny tbe t'mldrnt, in times of insnrrection or Ibnuiod or of civil or foreign war, witbin districts or lot alines where ordinary law no longer adeqnau-ly secures public safety and private rights." II Will be Observed that of the three kinds of military juritdioMon which can oe exercised or created untfer oar Oonvitutioa, there is but one ibat t an prevail id time of pea.-a, aad that is the code of laws enacted by Uougrrv for the government of the national forces That body ot military law ban no application to tbe rlti. zen. nor even to the citizen soldier enrolled in tbe militia ia time of peace, llut tbis bill is cot a pM11 of that sort of military law, for that ri| plies i nlv to the soldier and not to tbe citizen, whilst, contrariwise. ?h? military law piovided by ihi* bill appliesonly to tbe citizen and Qui to tbe soldier. 1 need not say to the Representatives of tbe American people that their Constitution for. bios tlie ?'*? ici?e of judicial power In any way but on'?that is by tiieordained and fstablish^d com te It is equally well known that in all ciimmai cares m tnal by jury is maje indtsp? nral.l?* bj The express words of that instrumei.i. 1 will not enlarge on the inestimable tine of the right thus se ured to every free. iiihP. or spenk ot the danger 10 public liberty hi all parts of the country wLtcb must ensue lr? m a denial of it nn> where or upon any preten e A very recent deci-ion of the Supreme Court nas traced tbe bi-torv, vindicated the diynitv. and mads known ihe value or this great privilege fo clearly nothing more is . needed. To wl>a' extriu a violation of it might be excused in time of war or public dtuger may admit of di?n nssion, but we are providing now lor a time of profound peace, where there is not an Hrni?cJ soldier witbin our borders except those who are in tbe service ot the Government. It is in such a coaditiou of things that an apt of Congress 19 proposed which, it carried out, won id deny a trial by the lawfuI eourts and juries to nine millions ot American citizen?, and 10 th*'ir posterity for an indefinite period. It seems to be scarcely possible that any one should serionsly believe tbis consistent with a ConsMtution which declares in simple, plain, and unambiguous laugu'tge, that all persons frhall have that right and that no person shall ever in any case be deprived of it. The Constitution also forbids ibe arrest of the citizen without juduial warrant, founded on probable cause. This hill authorizes an arrest wi'hont warrant, at the pleasure of a military commander. The Constitution declares that "no person shall be held to answer lor a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless oa piesentttieut by a grand jury." This bill holds every per?on, not a soldier, answrrabie for all crimes and all charges without any presentment. The Constitution declares that "no person t-hail be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law." This bill sets aside all process of law, and make; the citizen answerable in bis person and proj>erty to tbe will of one man, and as to his life to the will ot two. Finally, tbe Coustituton declares that ' the privilege of the writ of kahtat corpat shall not be suspenaed unless when, tn cuse of rebellion or lnva?ion, the public safety may rrquite it;" whereas this bill declares martial law (which of itself suspends this great writ) In time of peace, and authorizes tbe military to make the arrest, and gives to the prisoner only one privilege, and that is a trial "without unnecessary delay." He has no hope or releuse from custody, except the hope, auch as it is, ol release by acquittal be lore a military commission. The United States are bound to guarantee to each State a Kepn bli< an form ef government. Can It be pretended that this obligation is not palpably broken if we carry out a measure like this, which wipes away every vestige of repnbiican government in ten States, and puts tbe life, property, liberty, and honor of all tbe people in each of them nnder the domination of a single person clotbed with unlimited authority! Tbe Parliament of England, exercising the omnipotent power which itclaimed.wasaccostomed to pass bills of attainter; that ia to say. it wonld convict men of treason and orber crlmrs by legislative enactment. Tba person accused had a bearing, sometimes a pauent and fair one; bnt generally party prejudice prevailed, instead of justice. It often became necessary for Parliament to acknowledge its error and reverse its own action. Tbe tatbers ot oar country determined that do snch thing sbonld occnr bere. They withheld tbe power from Congress, and thus forbade Its exercise by that body; and they provided in tbe Constitution tbat no State should pass any bill of attainder. It is, there, lore, impossible lor anyperson in ibis country to be conetitnuoaaliy convicted or punished fur any crime by a legislative preceediag of any sort. Nevertheless, here Is a bill of attainder agaiast nine millions ot people at once. It is baaed upoa aa accusation so vague aa to be scarcely intelligible, aad foaad to be trne upon no credible evidence. Not one ot tbe nine millions was beard ia bla owa defence. Tbe representatives of tbe doomed parties were excluded from all participation In tbe trial. Tbe conviction is to be followed by tbe most ignominious pnnishmeat aver iafticted on large masses of men. It disfranchises them by hundreds of tbonsaade, aud degrades them all?even those who are admitted to b* guiltless?from tbe rank of freamea to the condition of slaves. The purpose and objectof the bill?tbe general intent which pervades it from beginning to end?u to cbaage tbe entire struetare aad character of tbe State Governments, and to compel tbem by force to tbe adoption of organic lawa and regulations wbicb they are unwilling to accept if left to themselves. The negroes have not asked for the privilege of voting?tbe vast majority of them have no idea what it means. Tbis bill not only thrusts it into their baada, bet compels them, as well aa the whites, to ase it in a particular way. If they do ao>. form a Constitution with prescribed articles in it, aad afterwards elect a Legislature which Will act upon certain measures in a prescribed way, neither blacks nor whites can be relieved from (fee slavery which tbe bill imposes apvu them. Without pausing bere to consider the policy or impolicy of Africanizing the Southern part of our territory, 1 would simply ask tbe attention of Congress to tbat manifest, well-kaown aad aniversally nckfcowled rnleof constitutional law, which declares that the Federal Government has do jurisdiction, aatbority or power to regulate sacb subjects for aay State. To force the right ot suffrage oat of tbe hands of the white people aad Into the bands of the negroes is an arbitrary violatioa of tbis principle. Tbis bill imposes martial law at once, and Its operations will begin so soon ae tbe General aad bis troops can be pat in place. Tbe dread alternative between its harsh rnle and compliance with the terms of this measure is not suspended, nor are the people afforded aay time tor free deliberation. The bill says to them, take mart al law first, tkm deliberate. And whan they have done all that this measure retires them to do, other ooaditioae aad centlagenciee, over which they have ao control, yet remain ta be fulfilled before they can be relieved from martial law. Another Congress must first approvs tbe Const!tutiens made to conformity with the will of this Congress, aad mast declare these States entitled to representation In both Houeee. Tba wbole question thus remains open and unsettled, nnd must again occupy the attention of Congress, nnd Id the meantime the agitation which now prevails will eoattane to dietnrb all pertione of the people. Tbe bill also deaiee the legality of tbe gov. era meats of ten of the Statee wbljb partici-, pated Id the ratification of tbe amendment to the Federal Constitution abollsUng slavery forever witbin tbe jnrladlctlon of the Uaited States, and practically exe'ades tbem from tbe Union. If tbis assumption of the bill be correct, their concurrence cannot be considered as having beea legally gives, and the lmporportant fact le made to appear that the consent of three-fourths of the Statee?the requisite number? bae net beea constitutionally obtained to the raltfloattea of that amendment, ibue leaving the qaeetioa of sin very where it stood before the amendment was oBeially declared to have bcocmc a part of the Oonetttntloft* Tbat the measure proponed by thie bill dees violate tbe Ceo tine lion id the particulars mentioned, aad ia many other waye which I forbear to eanmsrate, is too clear to admit of tbe leaet doubt It only remains to coaeider wbetber the lejaactiona of that instrument ought to be obeyed or not. I think they ought to be obeyed, for reasons which X will proceed to give as briefly as peaxble. In the flrat place, it is tbe onijr system of free goverament which we can hope to have aaauatiiw When it ceases to be flie rule of nur conduct, we may perhaps take o?r choice between complete anarchy, a consolidated despotism, and a total dissolution of tbe Union: * but national liberty, regulated by law, will have passed beyond our reach. It is the best frame of government the world ' ever saw. No other is, or can be so well adapted to ibe genius, habits, or wants of the American people. Combining the strength of a great empire with unspeakable blessings of local self-government?haying a central power to i ftftid in? rfifini I' ltN-n, tt<l r?nn*?iaiag the authority .it tbe M tte, r,. gaar.<| n. >f Industrial i it ? ? ii0 ?t>? t-*a."? r .f onr safely tl<n?<i nhd nrpr - a ?, ,?*# I w i? ordained ? u> f t m a antra perfect m on, stit*. ii^? uiiticf^ iftwur?? doBi'? ?c i i uu Hi't. mo ctr I be frwraj we|ftr-, provide for il?e c ltnIUOD detent, . * Dd p .-or- tb~ h|e?<iiuf. of |?t>. er-> to onr*elves and to our po?ertty * T i--e great end* h*\eb ?n att?in d he^ -of,ire, <a4 ?i)i k* tfmn, m It ?W*| "'?6tea ? t > c, t> >' they are en1! to >-+ I at if we real w.rb d a. ngard i> sacrd ob i? to i. Ii wai it. punish 'be groan grime ot d?'vin< ib>- Constitution, ami te yrm t'i-%:* it* ?uj?re ne authority, that we carried ou a hiooly war of 1 >nr v ears' dura'ion. Shill we now a.-Itao el- 1 **ge that we sa rtflceu a mliu ,.f live* vnd extended billiout of treasure u> enforce a C*?a. e ? wtntn wbteb H? not worthy ot rwuv. aud j pre*ervat?on I Tuoee wbo advoeal-d tht ngbi of aeceaaion aliened in tbeir o? a j. auticali >n tb ?t w? n ?.i "o retard for law, kvi tiiat m^ir rights of property, lr|b, and liberty would m* t?- sate unrter the Constitution. as mim tum-r-i bv tia ! If we now verify their a-sertion. we pr#r? tbai tbey were in trub and In fan flgbMnc for I tbeir liberty, and m~tead of branding tb-ir leaders wi'b the dishonoring nam- <>f irai or? ! Mmi<*ta ngbteoa* ?nd legal Gove-nm~at. we ! tto,'m ,B tolh,<>T (o th4 rank ot self. ; sacrificing p*?riota, consecrate t H?m to the ad. j "'ration of tbe world, and p'^o* tbe,a by the ' side of T/a-hington, Hamper, and Sydney. f>o, let us P .ive ,b.m to tb^ ii.famv ttiey ,i'. ! a?rve, punish tfeem as they sa jald he puniuhed, according to law ?nd take upon oar. *V " f? h?f of the odium which they sbonld tear alone. Qlt i* a part of onr pnblic history which c-vn neve'i e torgotteu tb it both Houms of Congrei , iu Jniy. lsgi, declared in the form ef a son ran resola'lon ibat the war wa* and should bf carried ou for no purp, ?* Qf sobiugation. but rolt-ly to en force the c .n*titu i >n an I Itw and thai ub-M tbi- wm yielded by the ptrtiea in leb-llion. the con est should cease. with the constitutional rictus ot the Stat.-s and of iudividuals unimpaired. This isolation wn adopted and sent forth to tbe world unaui. mousiy by the Senate an i wi h only two dis. , s^iitinj: voices in the Hoti??. It wa* ftccei?t??d by the trirnd* of the I nl ?n in the S..utu. as | Vk^'1 as 111 'be North, a? expr^s-mz hon>*<tlv and truly the object ot the Uu tu-mt"a j of lr, ainpy thousands of person* in both *ect out, gave their livs and tb^lr fortnues to t' e chu>-. To repudiate i- now Uy r^fusmc to tb^ rsmtes ana toihe individuals within tb?*tn the rigbta which tbe Constitution and laws of tli| I ii ion would secure to tb^m.!* a bre*ch of our ! plirhted honor for whi.h 1 can imagm* no i *iiiite, and to whicb 1 cannot voiuuianly become a party. * Tbe evils wnicb sprine from the unsettled I State Of onr Government will be aeknowl. edged b> all. Commercial iuu-rcoorse is itnI peded, capital is in cons ant pent, puniic j curitifs tlactuate in value. p#a e itself i* not ^mre, and the sen-col muril and political duty is impaired. To avert these calamities Itom our country, it u imperatively required that we should immediately decide upon some courseof adiriui-tra ion wliicUcau be steadlastly adhered to. 1 am thoroughly convinced that any settlement, or compromise, or plan ot actit n which ta in< wusistent with the princi. pies of the Constitution will not oulv be unavailing, but mischievous; tbat it will bat ri a I. tiply the present evils, lastead ot removing them. 1 be Constitution, in its whole lotegn. ty and vigor, tbrougboHt tbe leng'h and bre id h oi the land, is the be?t of all compromises. IJes.dea, our duty does not, in my indgmenu leave us a choice between that and anv other I believe that It contains the remedy tbat is so mucb needed, and that if tbe co-ordina ? tranches of tne Government would uuite npon its provisions, they would b?? found broad enough and strong enough to snstaiu in time of peace the nation wtiich they b^re tately through the ordeal of a protracted civil war. Among the moct sacred guaranties of that instrument are those which declare that eacb State shall have at least one R-pre-eu. tative. and tha "no Suv, without it* consent, shall be deprived of rs eqnat suttrage iu 'be >enate. Kacb House is made the "judge ot tbe elections, returns, and q ual.ttoatiinsof its own members," and may. - with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.' Thus, as heretofore urged, m the admission of {senators and Repre-entattves tram any and all of the Stau-s, there cau b? no tust ground ot apprehension tLat persons who are disloyal will b* clothed witb the powers ot legislation: for this could not happen when the Consti. tution and tbe fowe are enforced by a vicilant and faithful Con grew " -When a Senator or Represeatative presents bis cert'flcate of election, be may at once b? admitted or rejected. or, should there be any question as to bia eligibility, his credentials may be referred for ? *estigation to tbe appropriate committee, if admitted to a seat. It mnst be upon evidence satisfactory to the House of which be thus becomea a member, that be possesses the re. quisite constitutional and legal qnaliflcatlons. II refused admission aa a member tor want ot due allegiance to the Government, and re turned to bis censutuants, they are admonished that none but persons loyal to the Cnred States will be allowed a volca In tbe Legislative Councils of tbe NaUon, aad the political power aud moral influence of Congress ar-* tbns effectively exerted m the interests of loyalty to the Government and rtdelf-y to the I nion." And is it not fir better that tbe work of restoration should be accomplished by simple compliance witb tbe plain requiremenu of tbe Constitatioa, than by a recourse to mea?nres which in effect destroy the States, and threaten the subversion of the General Government? All tha' is necess*ry to settle thia simple bat important question without further agitation or delay w a willingness on tha part of all to aaatain tbe Constitution and carry its provisions into practical operation. If to-morrow either branches of Congreee would declare ibat, upon the presentation of their credentials, members coasutanotially elected and loyal te the GeneraiGovernment would be admitted to seats in Congress, while all others would be excluded , and their places remain vacant until the selection by tbe people of loyal and qnaliHed persons and if, at tbe aame ti?ne, aasoraace was give* that tbia policy would be continued until all the States ware represented in Congre?s, it would send a thrill of jot throughout tbe entire land, as indicating the inauguration ! of a system which must speedily bring tran- . quiluy to tbe pubhe mind. While we are legislating upon subjects which < are of great importance to the whole people, and wbicb must affect all parts of the country not only during the life ot tbe present generation, but lor ages to coaae, we sbonld remember that all men are entitled at least to a hearing in tbe eeuncils which decide upon tbe des- i tiny of themselves and their children. At present ten States are denied representation, ' aad when tbe Fortieth Congress as embles on | the fourth day of tbe present month, sixteen States will be without a voice in tbe House of Representatives. This grave fact, witb the 1 important questions before us, sbonld induce us to pause in a course of legislation which, looking selely to tbe attainment ol political 1 ends, tails to consider the rights it tranagress- i ea, tba law which it Tiolktes, or the Institution wbicb it tmperila. < M A*d**w JoavBov. Washimotoh, March 2, 1367. ^ IF i s&?u?,!t5"sm'*"? ! If ? MAcMUKEAT.aec.Sec < Yg^THl BIOHT llT. BlsHUP OillKSOI lloi will preach In the Hall sorn?r joth st. and *v?m5*g ,twh cm *0 m rlaadar) I ff5*KY. DB. DaRAAB will areaab la If- ' LL3 h * KD CH&PIL cora.r 19th aa4 D sta. ! Wand, BOMDAT MOftHIMQ, Marrt ?i. at 11 e'tioci. ansnsrasa ivs;i I! m. Me LB AM. acctae. i If A PUBLIC TBMPBBAMOB MBBTIMG ba bald at Bast Waabla^tea Metaedist < vhftfl M ,4tb on FRIDAY , auspioaa ef Colanibia IJvlsioa, doas of Tamperaace Distiaitnisiitd advocates of tbe cams will adtfraas tbs | nweUag. wblob will epa. at 7* ?. Free to the j ?Bb,1? ah i t re ms. aa*MOB BAT BTBB INa.WttbTasttlV 1 d,^4tir2?i , H ?ABIK>,Becreti^"llli**,P,**S?,t ' fff^MBTAPHTSlOAL LBCTUBB, at Ualaa ' *ta| hy JsaUrbyiiidaa'TBaTUBBaT ail opaa at 7; I a* tare te cemmsacs at 7k. Ticketa M osats, ta be bad at tbe dear. it* 111 A HEW BUILVIHO ABBOOIATIOB.? LL5j All tbasa wbo are willing to je4a * mw Balldlag Asseciatlea, wbicb will be aoadactsd la accordance with tbe principle# new so saceaasfull* carried ??t la tbe Mscb alca, Batidlag Aaeeeiai10'* ^vhstur a^?-St* P. BMBIOH, 3. Uf BB8TBIH. f^VUITBBBBTUItt BABBATH BB*T10B? TOCHDBT mtb.chubcr, Oeraer Foarte?atb aad streeu. U a. m.?Preaching tj JUv. Btabop Kingsley t e.ns.?Anniversary ef Teatb% Missleaarv be oletp aaaaaetcd with the Pakbalb School Bbert ddresses ar.d singing by tba ehlldren;teeea?la?e witb thirty Mtantna'axeraiaea by the Indians of tbe Santas Hloax and Ojibway tribee, wb will speak aad aing In the Indian tongas.o?ndact>1 bv tb* Bev Mr. .lebnson, native mls?leaarr o' tb' Protestant Ksiscopal Ohursb a collection for Ue benefit of u>i??lons will be made 7s a. ru -Preaching by tbe Bev Dr. Laaaban, P. B. bcata !r?a. If I ?? I TELKGK A PH1C NEW8. J raon ci rope. w?t-rbu1im i|, i.* u???li?i-ri??Bcitl uad c nrrclal ll*t oahte to AaaoctatiKi Frru m>rc* *?Nooa.?a c\we flea patch k*' rrc*>r*<i her? trom y,r% lvll a at*a that ?x)u?.??,,01 b?,w^ ihm c(ly and ?b# capital toad ne-n entirely e?i ?b. 1 ' Enip*ror mtumlim i*. comrum'lr. f rbidden tran?aiieeioa oi deapatcb-e to kur ,>? giving cptmoaeco tbee'at?of imchmri uli. tbev mo* ran into m? banrta of the st. frtttihi k.. Mtrcb ?-The mora<ng paper* to-da> ajjuounw ion id* car llf klt" im oa<1 Mroncly ur*ed tb~ Karta i? cede the loinad <>1 Canota to tbe gr^ti I.?>bi<ob, Mnrcb*?> m>n ?Oonv>u 9 knm *m; ihiooip (Vn'r*l. ?tf ^; it s s-*i'e. 73^ " Livbki><>ol, March <? Nooa ?|"b# cottoa market opened firm. saie? ;orlav will re? n l>il^ prior* r*maii unchanged. ani middling upland* arr quu'h at 13\4 . mid. olmj ()rl??n?, 13',d. tiff* narkM on. charged. California a beat flria at 13*. 3d per cental Protteion*?lardquwi and etearfy * 5<?. *d. per cwi; lUcon. CSa. per ivt, (or American. M lbtxbbal Rtvmri?tt?e recaipta frota Una eoaro* ta-day *< ( b1.trvt? ?r>; bun thtotal amount for the werk ending io-dav 4.cc1,c5v^i. ^"kr. j. d. b. dfhow, tb* ad.tor or /?? i !' *'$ Hf< >rw. died Thursday. afer a brl-( hi. ?!? *. ai tluaiftb, .v j. yt'iiusidiait annivbbsabt at jof bkmhl* 8 < hi aCM it ? o'oluul if" mohid* h\ ln inu AitirwMi i>? u u vm. end t r ricnmjdvii.h ? mmn. a Icltan km? an1 Bioat lit l? it'm'i't in The ni?a.? i d uiUr uil'm ia citi,?ai <:>4; The sant?a'h b< bw< 1 cuikt w ill pra?-af tlielr ?eli?ci| .n? wtto an rc(r>?tr emwuiui, Ikotlt*. 8?im (r*n It t-y-mbimi aldepahtmhit wk ..b*k<iE u jul b -Tiitaiuwi c'lanmr*. n.en tot tbie idmdalina will t>k?a,(c? 11 u.11 . 1 a haute o? tl b-bav. Mar'h 5 ?f.'.*ck* dl- The degree of < tor In m?.u> |., Will beconferred r.n the mdllulx br Kr v m. a. Macnlra Praoiitnt of <*eorgeto?n c?li??e *t be ?o<ire?? to ti,e graduating ciaa* will be ,1by Prcfee-or j All .t, m l?., an 1 the *?i?. 4tctor> will i e d?-||t^red b? w c t l uu < , ,f ti-? rixlontH 1 b? proV?j?n put.lie ?r? ra ctfnlly t utite.l to at hobi1 tocmo. m i> . ? Pr?ald<-nt of fa'dlir o" laftck* youbo catholic?' pbienp9 80cibtt. at wall's opbba hocsb. tb? Tbird lcctare will b* tfalirtral 8umdat evbhlbu. March 3. l^bt, at eight o'clock, br tb? k*v ?*>wabd McGLTVN. d d , af St. Stepban1* Cbnr^h, m-w fork, oa \ "thb chbibtian bohool." i nr tjfztsj,4 " uu?ht b' CUriat, aa? tba afcet 7 ui'on ii, c<>ofi w 1 [m tun world tahgbc by pagan or uuchri^uab ad?i-aloa io <-?ata Lad> and oeutlcuiaa c?b'? tta?*e'?r??ati>*i raitowa' Hall >i. coi/d for > i.ia Lectura. It bvptiat-oaoboh - mma vvif.t*jlr a * f1 v * bi -oa sun hta.1? . ' ,pe* 3- tfc<' y,,a"<f Pao?t??' MWatatar^. Aaaociattoa w> i bold Ita an..uai at^-tick. Hon Senator Ha Kit is trill prcai da 11 * m* * *? adrtr.a.nj b, u u kar.aio,w ilbj'n. of k^?a. and by Ma; u-n 9n?aitD ai5.^-*."^"?ti 'Jbair. aal ibkit g b) the children of tha t? ia lat b'ti? >?. fsSfr^r*' atr* ?,oioc4- rt\ O- ,7 th,jl 1>q ibofa lbuiiob f'-r th? i ftj o ^iihugtob, ipto nted ia f?ra"?l^eof mfr ted l .-brn212.1 ??s .2l' ^' to t uuiab illegal womb* In tha IXatrlct of ('otun.l ia an.l i.Tr other f rrf*it" / a**4".!"*1*4 *" "*' ?n tba i'o'tnu t?r keoiu1 in the p??t oriie^ De^<rtia-ui Baudmob da y,tbe 4thiMt at s ci??ck p ni lor the 1 urpoae at arxaaiamg aad c naulutiaa. uk. '' .l!."' hch-oiho as ocx. iatlun.-Tha ??a>n i maatlug of tbi? Aa?oclation will b? bald at qaoan a Abal'a Ball * (traet. a. ?r 7th. on mobuat BTBNIflo' arch ?th, at 7 a clock. The nan ber of ahnraa la limited to 1 s#r>. and ho were anbtcrlbad fur at tba flrat monthly ?oetln* 8 aba art be ra or atbar* ?lahln^ to takaatock ara iarlted to attaad. CerUbcataa aad aoaatltatlona inady far l*a?a. ***? c w. mqbbi8. Secretary. [nf-raim or t^rwuma,roy ? ?. rf^pawmbbobbb-s boticb. ~~ hs88bs. b oolmtbib ft co.. ,.??. ** atraat waat. aaar Peaa'a a*e , lj# attentioa of ear old patreno pwhlle.ln ga^aral thai we bare now en rtv?/.. .<!1r {"f1""**" ?r* arayarad to offer mdeaeneata to borrawera that have aeeer beea afaaaaaat?01*-*x*re,>'' bartiaa wlahlag large rvmm*, with gooi aalaa far raiaf ?rl*ata offiaa coaaectwl fur all coatidanuil dutldt-m. Money adraacad on e*ld and Bilaar Watrbaa. s?25?c,^ubd?jat rw , j*w*lr'' ^ * '!" ?> Boada, BtocAa, Scrips, Governaeeat 8acarltiaa. mr *ffm niafta by day or weak oa marabaafttaa a abject la eale. w b -Arraa^aiaenta hare beaa naada by which araoAa daaoal tin* aropertr with na *a reoaira Ibe eaae at aay arfaclaal ctty of tha c aioa *4 rOFB ahp a-habp stbbst fe ?1 tf rpKBIB ' tbkbd ' tblbs^ " Fine Tarlaty of shabFtbbbs far aala by tj4 thod p. hobilav, mb x-dt bead Mtb atreat. i^issolbtiom ov pabtmbbftfllp. Botioa la hereby gi tea tbat tha Arm hereof are aaljtlag aadar tbe naaae and atyle of dbitbb ft kbfl waa diaaclred by Mataal coaaaat oa the 2Mb Jtlaao. 2j>* i4'1 ?> aoadacted by i>bo. w. bbiybb. It* ^ bmpkbabcb geocebt btobbt" a. . tatlob ft co, ra?ared their Tarayaraiua Btora from Capital Bill to the aid ataad foraaarly occnatad ?y 8 Dneall, coraer of Mtb aad i atraats, Pirat Ward, are prepared to aapply their fr.aoda aad the public yenerally, with riRI family cbocbbib8 ree fraaa tha tm*u or ttrell ef laeeeei. mh s v t" 0'i.sjf,j{"tobw4,rii,'t,"a " ' ? or " aoihti w 41 tib a every city. town, coanty. aad State of tba ubiob. to laaraai for tbia work. Thia blatory aaa aanonaced ona year ago. bat owing to tha m,*faat? Of tba OeveraaMht to an pare t? It, ita pabllcailoa was delayed. It will now be leaaed. aaabridged. aadar the auparrleioa 3f Gaa. iak1b. It 00 a tain* a fall aad ofllaial '*poaa of tba latiioata uachinatloaa of t&a aecret anaailea of tba Ualea For atartllnc deaalopaaata aad thrilling ndraatnrea.tbla boak aallpaea the faaaoaa exper.eacea of r onche aad > Idac 1. Tba marvelona aar rati ree of Oeaaral Bakar ara all atteetad by tae higheot ?dclal aathorlty. It will coatala tha oaly ekcial ilatory of tha Aaaaaalaatlan canaptrw a. a fall BOOTH, baa aarar yet beea plaoad before tba pa bile. The warfc alao fally axpoeea tba aafarlaae i rate in by whlrb Praaidanflal aardona ware aad irt ao readily abtalnad at Waah|ngt*a tb* aiaraia of tha Matloaal Capital ara thoroughly raatllatad. aad thare ara aaaaa Hum revelatloua coacarniag haada af deaartaaeta uawbera of c<<n?raaa. female pardon brake ra. aad Itetlagaiahad military cbaractera. Foralrcalara, eaavaaaiag aambare. and all other ia'armat'oa. addrwaa "l. o babul. Peat Oft oa br* be. 990, Philadelphia.*' tbta wark will ba ready for deHaerr aa tba lat 4ay af Mar if b.-Maaa hat thoea thoroaghlr aoaearaaat wtth tba baalaaaa. aad with gaod refeiaace na to character and raapaaalblilty. aeed apply. mhl lm hffl cohgbbbbmbb tbaymlbbb ii wait or thumbs that will btabh bailboad bsaob. boa Id pnrchaaa tbcbkji, tal1bb8, i.tniBB' bmp mm* BftTGHBlaB tbavblimh bftob. ftp.. be., At tha praetlaal aad eztaaaira Maaafaatory af jamb8 b. topha* ft co., 87*300 bkybhth btbbbt, bast bidh, omh mqoh a both odd fhl lows' mall. Traaha, tc .promptlraad thorough repaired. feWdt ' iobt mmcbitbd-1?? j?l? mbw maple *wobthebs pboduce company. fa 1k 3i' 3s0 l> at.. m 10th and 11th at?. ohtsioiah's hahh boob of pba0ti0b 4?ffbabch tatlob