Newspaper of Evening Star, May 17, 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of Evening Star dated May 17, 1873 Page 3
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AKTER ALL. ?.<b. the oM trieinfc ?re the truest Alter Atl, Tti'iifch the face *>e not the newest, Atter all. When the fev^r-heat is highest Or the chilly tide :? nighest. Over a.I we see la* reaching Ot th.- h?n<l? who* loving tea?*Vf*~ Ktii (T- n* lof ano tra?! .in<i itM, W>r The ? ? arv soj! the ti??t After all. > r k a:! the -ting* of malice Atter all? Thete a kb jc\? 'W>*|> in Life'* ehalioe Alter all! >! ?" the?hadnw? then [?ur"iw ns? Ai?l ih> ?':nbeams ne'er com-' to iuT WVe Our fei t p*%i by the daisies ^hall onr ?onl? ne'er count Hi? pr?l*?? ? >h, there i? M.ju- to*. ?oiue rent, For the v rv hhi! the h? ?t After a I. Far better 'fcaa the old or ?iowe#t, After all. I? the loving Fri? nd.the truo*t, After all. fiver calm? and afaitnu He *ees u?i, I'row the danger, too. He free* u?; Ami amid our faithless serving Ktep a watchfulness un?wervirg. And he show* a? perfect Ke-?t, For the \ery soul the best After all. Ol R H AIR. (Fit m tkr DtU-Uit I'ntrmitj Magarint.] The ni? derns, no less than the ancients, con tinue to hold a beautiful head of hair in high estimation. All persons are proud of it. It is an object admired and coveted by all. It is ?nil considered an important qualification in n.atdv beauty, and one 01 the very essential? of in ale comrliTx -s. The interest taken in the |> ?ir at the present day is >bown bv the enor m. -i? sum- which are annually spentin western Europe and in America in hair cosmetics, and in articles of the toilet connected with it. po, shed Frenchmen and fastidious F.nglish gjeii i.. ?t w a va?t amount of attention on this portion of the toilet, to the occasional neglect ? ?<'tne of its other equally imi>ortant functions, lu France, the number of barbers, coiffeur-. p*rr; , i rrs. triseurs. etc., that displav toeir signs in the streets of Paris, testify to the ex treme -.i.terest devoted by the population to the c inal covering on their heads. I .ropeans, nevertheless, mtst yield the palm to those whom they designate as savages, for so' even th^Frencb can vie with the natives of New Ireland in the ornamentation of their hair. According to Cftptam Keppel, the?e aborigines 1-osse** a vast quantity ol hair, which i* frizzed - out and colored white, black, and red. The nen part their hair in the middle, and present cue half ol their heads covered with a jet black Mixture, whilst the other half is of a bright red or white. The crews of the boats were painted uniformly, and it must have been a curious ? >tht tor a crew to aiq.ear all black from one side ot the ship, and then, rowing round the vessel, -uddenly become white or red. The hair, though unsusceptible of expression under the will, like the mobile portion of the face, aad though popularly regarded as a para s te growth rather than as the essential part of the body is capable of being affected bv the stronger emotions ami passions. Most of us l<av< experienced the sensation popularly de > s. ribed as *'hair standing on end," or seen the ^ partial ereciion of the hair 01 women and child ren under similar circumstances?not to say witnessed its representation in sculptures and paintings. As lor the elects of fear, grief, or anxiety, on the hair, we -hall -peak more of them hereafter. Now let us consider the purposes Tulfi'ded by the hair and its formation. Hairs are api>end a*es or the skin, contributing to its defence, like the scarf-skin. of which latter, indeed, they may be regarded as modifications, suited to a special ?se. The hairs cross the skin like th perspiratory and oil tubes, and resemble both in the extent to which thev are prolonged into - it, the downy hairs, like the latter, being limit ed to the superficial strata; the long hairs, like the tonuer, extending more deeply, and even p <rcing it altogether, so as to roach the subcu taneous tat. Within the skin, each hair is en elo-ed in a -heath or tube, closed at its extrem Ity where it support* the root- of the hair, and constructed, like the perspiratory and oil tubes, of three layers derived from the skin. These are a lining of scarf-skin, a middle vascular layer, and a protective or tibrous layer. These sheaths or hair tubes, as they resemlde the per spiratory and oil tubes, so also do they imitate thtm in function. Each portion of the skin is organized for the production of hairs, with the exception of the palm or the hand a-ad ~ole ot the foot. On the greater part of the body the hairs are short and fcne, and ui wme instances they scarcely rise to above the level of the skin. In others, as in the scalp, the eyebrows, and in man the whis kers and beard, they grow 10 a considerable length. The length and thickuem of the hair are regulated by a law or Nature, the hair of the head being always longer and finer than that of the beard, and the latter longer than the whiskers and eyebrows. When hairs are lett to their natural growth, they attain a cer tain length, and are then thrown off by a pro ce?- analagous to the change of coat in animals their place being supplied by young hairs whicn grow from the same tubes. This tempo rary decay of the hair happens also happen, when it is cat off. The length of the hair ot' the heal in woman ranges between twenty inches and a yard, and its weight to between six and eight ounces. In many instances the length far eveeds the aboye, ami the case is known of a ladv in whom it measures two yards, and trails ou the ground when she stands erect When the hair is fre quently shaved. it becomes more persistent, and lucrease* in strength and bulk. It has beeu calculated that the hair of the beard grows a' the rate of one line and a half in the week. This will give a length of 6>$ inches for a year, so that an old man of eighty would have shaved from his chin T, feet of beard. This is by no aaeans surprising, when Mr. Erasmus W.lson tells us in his treatise on ??Healthy Skin," that according to Eble, there is in the Prince's pal ace at Eidam a pain ring of a carpenter whose beard was nine feet long, so that when engaged at work he was obliged to carry it in a bag, as a lawyer carries his briefs. Moreover, we are told by the same authority, that the Burgo . meister. Hans Steiningen, having on one occa sion forgotten to fold up his majestic beard, trod upon It as he ascended the staircase lead ing to the council chamber of Bruun, and was thereby ttirowndown and killed. The shape of individual hairs is cylindrical for the smaller kinds and oral for those that are longer. With the view of ascertaining the thickness ot hair, Mr. Erasmus Wilson made a aeries of curious experiments. He measured the diameter of 2.nou hairs taken from 3* per sons, and tound them to range between i-y?M aad 1-400 of an inch, the mean being l-MITto I-40Uof an inch. He then measured 136 hairs take* from the heads of three South American chiefs and one New Zealander, and he ascer tained the thickness of the hairs of the South Americans to be about the same as those from English head*, whilst the hairs belonging to the Cntleman from New Zealand were somewhat icker. averaging about the 1-330 of an inch. To oar surprise, we learn that the hair of the fair sex. who are so much superior to as in point or delicacy and .ensibihty of feeling, is as a rule coarser than that of the dark sex. In children it ia naturally liner than in adalts. Great diversity is discovered in hairs from the same head, and even in the diameter of the same hair, and one tested by Mr. Erasmus Wilson was perceived to range between 1-500 and 2-3J0 of an inch. Flaxen hair is the finest and black the coarsest, the mean thickness of the black being l-4uoto l^yjo of an inch, gradually de creasing to 15% to 1-400 in the flaxen. The beard produces the coarsest hair, each tube in a dark man averaging 1-300 of an inch. Few of us have any idea as to the number of hairs we possess on our heads. Mr. Erasmus Wilson can tell us to a nicety. He observed on inspection, in a square inch on tha scalp of a brow a-haired man, 744 pores, each pore being supposed to give passage to one hair. The sur face of the scalp presents l-? square inches, which would yield W.&0 hairs. The calculation refers to thin heads, tor in otten many, if not all, pore* girt passage to two RPrs Beckoning that oalyhalf the pores in a head should give passage to two hairs, we should find l,lltf hairs Br square inch, or 133^*20 hairs on ft medium ?d. whib*, If we calculate two hairs on each pora, we shall arrive at the conclusion that those who own luxuriant hea<is carry on them ?* ?f*"? 1*5,380 individual hairs. ?f?color human hair ap(>ear to b? refernble to type and to climate. If we pro ceed towards the north the hair b?eom?sli?l.t*r while if we proceed to the south U iU hues, these difference* being connected with the aaount of pigment in the scarf-skin. The Caucasian variety of mankind, as we behold in the inhabitant* of Europe, has hair of a ?'nut brown. running on the one hand into yellow and on the other into black, long, soft and uih delating," whilst the hair of the Mongolian variety ? black, stiff, straight and sparing, as we observe in the natives of the East Indies, China, and the Laplanders and Esquimaux. The hair in the Ethiopian variety Is blaok and erie?. and accompanied by a black skin, as in the negro. The American Indians, who pos ?res a copper-colored skin, hare black, stiff straight aad spare hair like the Mongolian race, and the Malay variety, which includes the in habitants of Malaeca, the East Indies and the Pacific islands, is characterised by tawny skin, and black, soft, curly, thick and abundant hair.. As a rule, the complaint we usually hear is o a deficiency, rather than an excess, of hair, but when the latter event occurs, it is sometimes exceedingly disagreeable to the ovner. In their fwlition. the little hairs yowiny on the skin all over the body are color ~ ww*piTfnt, but uDtler the influence* or'^row th^^1ttl? akin, they are sascepti ki^l^d Alc CIt*ot Scheo * *? __r, w * accounts of rase in whichJhe entire body was covered with K' !7 theec2e of a soft, woolly hair like a poodle dog. hlack, I'uring the time of the embassy to BurmaS in a man was met at Ava. who pietcly hairy from head to loot. On his ftee <an and bom the hair ?u eight lachee loaf, and on his breast ai d shoulders floor or fire in ches. This man bad a daughter named Map boon, who-e face also was covered with thick, sdken. brown hair. It wai especially does a>out the rar?. which were scarcely visible. The hair over her ft rehead vu brushed no a* to blend with tLat ot her head, the latter being dressed according to the custom of tae country u la Ckinoifr. 1 he beard was pale in color, and soft and silky. Mapbnon's manners were good and modest, her voice soft and feminine, and her expression was not unpleasing when the fir?t repulsion wax conquered. It is said that her appearance rather suggested the idea of an agreeable woman masquerading than of anything brutish. Her neck, bosom, and arms were, too, covered with a tine pale down. Tue lady, notwithstanding the peculiarity of her aspect, had tonnd favor in the eyes of one min at least, for she was a wife and the mother of two bojs. The youngest of these, only fourteen months old. wis evidently taking after the parent, and promised to continue ic a third generation the freak of nature carried out in two previous general 1011s. Other instances of a similar nature are on record. A French phy sician mentions the case ot a beautiful damsel, with dazzling fair skin an?l deep black eyes, who, on recovering from a tever, found her per son oveispread with a "goose skin," and, to her horror, at the end of a month she was covered trom bead to loot with hair an inch long. During the reign of Maria Theresa of Austria, a woman served in the army for many years, attaining tlie rank or captain, and she was noted lor the luxuriance and beauty of her moustache. Such esses might be multiplied to any length. Tbey are tar (torn common in England, and some of ear readers may recollect having seen or heard of a bearded woman who was ex hibited at shows M>me years ago, under tlie name of Julia Pastrana. It was a complete illuytiation of this kind of phenomenon, and the hair on her chin was quite equal to that owned by some men. Cb? mical analysis shows the hair to be com posed of a basis of animal matter, of a certain proportion of oily substances, of the sa'ts of lime, which enter into the composition of horn, of sulphur, and of two metals?manganese and iron. The constituent* of hair of different color differ somewhat; red hair contains a reddish colored oil, a large proportion of sulphur, and a small quantity of iron; fair hair, a white oil with phosphate'of magnesia; ami the whitehair of the aged, a con>iderahle quantity of bone earth, or phosphate of lime. According to the latent analysis, fair hair contains the least car bon ami hydrogen, and most oxygen and sul phur; black hair follows next, whilst brown hair gives the largest pro|>ortion of carbon and the smallest of oxygen and sulphur. The white ness of the hair appears to be derived from a diminished secretion of the follicles. When the coloring pigment ceases to be produced, the hair becomes gray or white. When the j*>wer of the nervous system is re duced, the formation of pigment is the tirst function that suffers. When grayness shows | itself in the hair, It indicates a want of tone lit i it* producing organs, and if this tone could be restored, the hair would cease to change. Dr. ? Copland says, in his "Dictionary of Medicine,' . that in some cases with which he was ac <|iiainted, the hair grew white in winter, and that it gradually darkened in summer, when, moreover, it sprang up from the roocs in its original color. Mr. Kra-mus Wilson found on occasions premature gfayness amenable to | treatment, when caused by Illness?especially in neuralgic or nervous complaints?and in certain instances he was enabled to restore the hair to its pristine hue by internal remedies. Much has been said or'written as to the possi I bility of sudden blanching of the hair, a fact which is admitted by some physiologists, and denied by others. The believers appeal to evi dent facts, whiNt the unltelievers say that emotions of the mind can have no direct effect on the hair, that they can onlv influence it through the general health, and that when such changes have been observed, they mu*t be attributed to a cessation from the use"of hair dyes. When doctors disagree, a layman must : not venture an opinion. We can only say that Mr. Erasmus Wilson, formerlv a scoffer, became converted from some facts that oc curred with his own knowledge, and he relates some cases in point. A lady, who was exacting her intended husband to" arrive by sea from the north of England, on hearing of the foundering of the ship which carried him. swooned, and on the following evening her hair, which had l?een a deep brown, became as white as snow. Subsequently, the whole of the white hair fell off. and another crop appeared, which wa> gray, and lasted for many years. Her whole system underwent a revulsion; the fountain of life seemed to dry up, and the verv color of her blood exhausted." The instances ot'Mary <jueen of Scots and Marie Antoinette.both of whom became gray with grief in a short time, are recounted in history. Henry of Navarre, on hearing that the Edict of Nemours was conce ded, was so incensed and grieved that in the course of a few hours part of one of his moustaches whitened. It is also narrated that a young Spaniard of noble family, had prevailed upon a young lady 01 high lineage to grant him an interview under the bough of a tree within the garden of the King of Spain. The lowers being be trayed by the barking of a dog, the gentleman was seized and imprisoned by the King's guard. He knew he had committed a capital oftence, lor which prompt death would be the swift pun ishment, and he took to heart his impending fate so much, that on the same night he turned gray as one stricken with years. The jailer being moved at the sight, stated the accident as a prodigy to King Ferdinand, who thereupon pardoned the venturesome wooer, saying he had already been sufficiently punished for his fault. We are also told that a banker, during the panic of W2S, became gray in three days from intense anxiety, which is not very surprising. But what is astonishing is that a gentlemen 40 years old, who was married, in the possession of a dark head of hair, on his return from bis honeymoon, had become so completely snow white, even to his eyebrows, that his friends no longer recognized him, and even doubted his identity. The happiness of matrimony seemed to have a verv unusual effect upon him. and the wonder of the bride may be better imagined than described. Mr. Erasmus Wilson does not attempt to explain the mciut operandi of these changes, which may be attributed either to electrical action or chemical alteration in the blood itself. Some men, in their old age, have a return of this dark hair, just as some individuals have l*en known in velv advanced life to shed their teeth. It is recorded that a man named John Weeks, who died at the ripe age of 114, had re. covered the original hue of his hair some years before his death; and that Susan Edmonds, In the 95th year of her life, regained the natural blackness of hers, as in her youth, though it be came gray again previous to her death, which occurred w hen she had numbered 105 years. The consideration of gray hair naturally leads to the consideration of hair-<lyeing. The prac tice of artificially changing the color of the hair has descended to us from remote antiquity. That it is common with us may be inferred from the innumerable nostrums continually advertised, as well as from the appearance of the beads and beards of some of our acquaint ances. We may rougbly divide the methods employed In dyeing the hair into two. The one, which is founded on the rational means of res toring the color of the hair, consists in supply ing the materials employed by Nature for the pigment. Sulphur and iron, and perhaps mag nesia, appear to constitute the pigment in ques tion, iron being found principally in the darker hair. Availing ourselves of this knowledge, we may darken hair by conveying to its bulbs bv means of the absorbent power of the skin one or more or these materials, as may be required. They must be applied in a diluted solution to the nair glands, on the same principle that we are able to stain the bones of young animals by the administration of madder with their food. When iron is administered alone, it has the de sired effect by mingling with the sulphur of the hair. When the Dair is so far blanched, as no longer to possess this last substance, it must be supplied artificially in a separate form. Iron has this advantage, that it is beneficial to tlie system, and that its use can scarcely ever be hurtful. Bismuth, lead, and copper are fre quently substituted for iron by fashionable hairdressers. Most of the h>ir restorers sold in shops owe their coloring power to lead, which, combing with the sulphurof the hair, under the influence of the oxygen of the atmosphere, ob tains the desired effect. Leaden combs exercise a similar action. The long-continued employ ment the last named metal must necessarily prove injurious, and U ?U<1 to bftYt caused . colics, and even palsy, though these latter cas$4 > do not seem to have been well authenticated. | Some people have used it for years without any apparent evil result; but the risk is certainly there, though it may be somewhat remote; and at any time dangerous symptom* may set in under exposure to the hazard. Electricity has been tried to restore the color or the hair, by the daily bm of magnetic brushes. But the process is so slow, laborious, and uncer tain ia its results, that fow persons have the patience to have recourse to it. The other and beet-known process for chang ing the color of the hair is by the application of eejjnwy?ya. ThoT acton the fair mostly staining It. just as silk and cotton and wool are made to change their hue. Thesedyesdo their work In a few hours, ?M? minuU*- Tb?7 ???*? of different salts and preparations of Iron, bismuth, lead, silver, and copper. Also some vegetable sub stances are employed, such ae pyrogalllc acid, and the Juice of tae walnut, the wortleberry, and the betel-nut. These and asaay other ar. tides have been tried,with more or less success, to conceal the ravages of time. Much Ingenuity has been bestowed in the preparation of hair dyes, and great improvement has been obtained in their results. We do not often see now a human head of hair passing through a grada tion of tints, as we did formerly, beginning from snow-white roots and ending with purplo black tips. Nevertheless, even tlie most skil fully dyed head cannot approach nature, and can scarcely fail to be detected by a close ob server. The carting nature of the hair is attributed to a large proportion of oily substance, which prevents the absorption or water. The effect of dampness ia destroying the carl of the hair is well known, but it Is not so well known that the state of the hair participates ia the state of the general health. In many instances strong curly hair becomes straight if the possessors bo out of health, and the condition of the hair with the* to M great a tart m the condition of the tongue. The state of the hair depends mach on that of the general health, in perfect health, the heir u fall, gkwey and rich In its hue*, in consequence of the absorption from the blood of a nutritive Juice, containing its proper proportion of oilv and albuiainoas ele ments. In persons out of health, it may lose its brilRancy of hne, and become lank and straight, from the presence of imperfect juices. In oth ers, again, there may be a total abeence of such nutiiuve elements, and their hair consequently looks faded and dead. Climate exercises great influence on the curl ire** of the hair, as may be illustrated in the difference in this respect between the natives of the north and of the south, the long lanlrr hair of the former, as compared with the frizzly curlsot the natives of Africa. Even Europeans, whore beards were soft and silken at home, on reaching Africa found them to grow tempo rarily crisp, strong, and coarse, resembling horse-hair. This effcct, which could only be ascribed to the extreme dryness of the climate, ceased on the trave let* returning to their own country. No doubt this is the cause which, operating through thousands of year*, ha* changed tl>e negro's hair into a coarse wool. hair is not the less useful because it is ornamental. It Is a bad conductor to heat, and keep* the head watrm in winter and cold in sum mer. It wards off the effect of the sun; and we flrd negrots exposing themselves without bead covering to its burning rays in tropical cli mates, without the slighest injury; and some tribis of wild Arabs, who wear neither tarboosh nor turban, sre said to rely solely on th??ir busby heads of hair as protection against sunstroke. The moustache is a natural respira tor. defending the lungs against the Inhalation of cold and dust. It is a protection of the face ami throat against cold, and is equally in warm climates a safeguard for those parts against excessive heat. The moustaches of blacksmiths show by their color the dust which the^r stopped as a natural respirator, and wliich, if inhaled, would have been injurious. The moustache Is beneficial to those who follow the trade* of millers, bakers, masons, to workers in metal*, and even to travelers in Egypt and Africa, I when they are exposed to the burning sand* of ! the desert. Full beards are said to be a defense | against bronchitis and sore throats. It is a**erted i that the sappers ami miners of the French army, who are noted for the size and beauty of their beards, enjoy a special immunity from affections of this nature. The growth of hair has been recommended to persons liable to take cold easily. It is stated that Walter Savage I. ant lor was a sufferer from sore throat for many years, and that he lost the morbid dispo sition bv allowing his beard to grow, according to the advice of the surgeon to the Grand Duke ofT iscany. The writer adopted the same course for tbe very identical reason, and with fair suc cess. Buthe is bound to state that he has seen individuals with long flowing beards, whom tbOM; ornaments did not save from attacks of bronchial and laryngeal disorders. Let us now turn our attention to the greatest calamity that can befall us with reference to hair?that Is, its partial or total loss. The loss of hnir is unpleasant in the young, and more in females than In males. The former, however, I seen to be less subject to it than the latter. If [ the tall be limited to the beard, the visitation mar be bearable in a young man. though the slgfit of a cranium as smooth and shining as a billiard ball is not a pleasant spectacle. But when not only the entire scalp is laid bare, but j the eyelashes and the eyebrows and the whis kers and the beard disappear also, it is no com mon affliction. The annoyance is great also | when, instead of a total 'fall, round white patches of the scalp become denuded, making j>eople fancy that they are caused by some dis agreeable disease. This is sup(?osed by the public to l?e caused by ringworm, because ring worm produces similar effects. Mr. Erasmus \Vil*on t-ays that in these instances the skin is ! healthy enongb.and that the evil arises from | the nerves that supply the skin. Under the*e circumstances, he advises that the part* be well brushed until redness ensue ami a warm | glow be produced, an<l then the patches should be well brushed with a warm tooth-bru*h, dipp-'d in distilled vinegar, morning and night. Though great pains are generally taken in dressing the bair, they are often misdirected, through sheer want of knowledge. Mr. Eras mus Wilson is of opinion that by proper man agement not only might the color of the hair be preserved for many years beyond the usual pc rk-d of such change, but also that the hair it- 1 self might be retained to the end of life. According to Dr. Copland, among the print'i- 1 pal causes of premature baldness may be reck- 1 oned anxiety of mind, extreme or protracted grief, unexpected and unpleasant intelligence, flight or terror, great mental exertion; severe, repeated or continual headaches; eczema and other chronic eruptions of the scalp: excessive hemorrhage; mercurial courses; an hereditary predisposition; adynamic fevers, and too great | sacrifices at the aftar of Venus. The hair falls from the atrophy and wasting of the pilous fol- I licles, or from their impaired or suspended vital action. In the latter case, the evil may be ar rested or averted; whilst In the former, it would I be almost hopeless to attempt it. When the i baldness is complete, and comes in youth with- | out apparent cause, there is probably some vice inherent in the constitution, unless it be in- I herited. in which case the vice must have ex- | isted in the constitution of the progenitors. Now for the treatment of the nair. Let u fiist say what is to be avoided. Masses of hair pomatum must be particularly eschewed. The him of greasy matter excludes'the genial action I of the atmosphere from the hair, and relaxes the texture of the skin, chokes up its perspira tory pores, and damages its functions. The rancid grease acts as a corrosive irritant, in ducing scurtineas, and at length actual disease of the scalp When this decline of the bair is noticed, the doses of oil or pomade are In creased, or some advertised nostrum is resorted to, and naturally in vain. The hair is certain to decay under such treatment. The hair bulbs I wither, and grayness and baldness ensue before their time. Of the oleaginous compounds used for the head, the best are olive and almond oils, I veal suet, and recent bog's lard, perfumed with I some aromatic essential oil. I Frequent brushing of the head is beneficial, I as it increases the action of the skin. Mr. Eras mus Wilson says that the head cannot be brushed too much, any more than the horse s coat can be too much groomed. By combing and brushing, grooms not only produce a fine I coat, but improve considerably the healthy con dition of the animal. Thus the more the scalp be brushed, the more healthy will be the skin and by a reflected power, the general health o 1 the individual will greatly gain. The hair dressers, like other professors of more scientific I pursuits, seem to be divided in opinion on this subject. One party advocates hard brushes and constant brushing, on the above grounds. Another party, on the other hand, recommends soft brushes and moderate brushing, alleging that the contrary practice tears away the root I of the hair. Mr. Erasmus Wilson, admitting that there is a show of reason in favor of the 1 non-brushes, considers that the bruahers have the best of the argument, and supports their view of the case. The object of brushing the head ia twofold?the one being to smooth the 1 hair, and the other to excite the vigorous action I of the skin. It follows that whilst surfaco brushing should be done gently, so as not to I tear the roots of the hair, when the skin is to be I acted upon, the brush cannot be too hard and penetrating. Therefore Mr. Erasmus Wilson considers that the pros and cons of the ques tion are pithily summed up in the axiom of a hairdresser of Bristol, who says that "The head I cannot be brushed too much, or the hair too I little." ! To preserve the hair in health, it should be daily well brushed; It should be washed ouce a week in soap and water, and occasionally one of the oils or light greases may be applied with advantage. It the bair shows a tendency to weakness, proper attention is required to arrest the evil, otherwise premature baldness will fol low. These cases are frequently far from being as hopeless as people imagine. The fall of bair may be arrested in many in stances by adequate internal and exter nal treatment, and new hair may be pro duced if the roots be not utterly destroyed. I The bair should be plunged into cold water morning and night, then thoroughly dried and 1 rubbed, and afterwards brushed until redness I appears. It is said that when the skin does not become red, but remains white, dead, and shin ing, the case is hopeless, and then further ef forts are useless. On the contrary, when a healthy glow readily occurs, the case may be said to promise well. In mild instances, gentle stimulants should be daily applied after the I above ^roce^ suc^ fu; win operate mod- - irately on Ihe skin and excite a tonic action without clogging the pores. Of this kind are strong rosemary water, or a weak solution of essential oil of rosemary or garden thyme, which may be rendered more ac tive by the addition of a little ammonia or al cohol. The skin of the head may be moisteaM with any of these lotions whenever the hair la dressed, and its action should be assisted by the nse of a clean hair-brush- Strong black tea, with a little tincture of cantharides, has been said to be very beneficial. The occasional em ployment of a bland oil, impregnated with oil of rosemary, or origanum, or mace, is often of service, when there is dryness of the hair and poorness of the blood. In severe ablation* more complete, and the preparations used considera bly stronger. Mr. Erasmus Wilson pointed out long ago, that the local treatment of weak and falling bair and baldness consisted In the principle of excitation or stimulation of the skin. Those who profess to restore hair have recourse to different methods, all pointing to the same direction. An old lady who practices the art of bair restoring in London, is said to place the patient between her knees, and then to begin a system of pommeling, pinching, and rubbing every part or it until it is effectually stimulated another administers blistering powder: and a third nsea fluid Irritants. All take different paths, and in their ignorance of the philosophy of medicine, each one believes himself to be exclusively right, because he aohieves em pirically what the physician accomplishes scientifically. One of the most favorite Ingredients in the Scifics prepared by hairdressers is eanthari , or Spanish fiy, orcantharidine. its extract, which. In reality, lusmsms some ef the proper ties attributed to it Thisdrn? has been recom mended for the purpose by someeminent phy sicians and surgeons, assong whom may 6e ranked the celebrated Baron Dupuytren. Dr. Copland has found Peruvian balsam, mixed with six or eight times its quantity of mm greaae, of great service in promoting toe growth of the hair. Essential oils, immonU, croton oil. Norwegian tar, juniper tar, iodnrated and phosphorated oils, have all been employed for the tame purpose; all thene anbstauees tending to imrease the actien of the skin. The ha'.r, moreover, should be cat frequently, and kept short whiat under treatment. The ordinary method ot hair cutting isof iittle avail rt medially. Usually the Ions hairs only are trimmtd. whereas it ia the short, weak hairs that should be cot, that their stem mav rece-ve more aap, and grow op stronger and thicker. Some require lopping off near the summit, others on the surface, whilst diseased or with ered hairs require plucking altogether. This plan la practised by a hairdresser named Wil i.ams, in Mouut street, Grosvenorsquare, whose method. according to Era?mns Wilson, has pro duced the happiest and most remarkable re sults. This liaircutter told Mr. Erasmus Wil son that there would be enough work for all his brcthienot the scissors if hair were cut prop erly, t ut tben there would be an end to wig making. This system tends much to prevent the exienrion oi "graynet-s. and, comhiaied with jca;t.i(>iis plucking, is capable of correcting completely the disorder. In order to render it generally popular, we must remark, the sca'.e of charge s should be reduced so as to place it within reach of tbe multitude. No external treatment In the severer cases of hair calling can be successful, unless it be ac- | companied by proper internal remedies, taken I under medical guidance. The digestion will ! have to be attended to: and tonics, such as quinine, strychnia, cod-liver oil, the various preparations ot iron and phosphorus, will have to be employed to build up the constitution, ar.d repair any nervous exhaustion. Fowler's solution of arsenic has been found to possess extraordinary properties in this respect by Mr. t Hunt, F. K. C. S., as stated by him in his j '?Guide to the Treatment of Diseases of the Skin." The discovery of this peculiar influence ; of this powerful medicine was niade accidentally \ on an elderly man, who was l?eine treated tor a disease ot the skin.aud who had become par- I tisllybald from natural decay. He had taken arsenic for six weeks, when he called the sur geons attention to the surprising tact that his hair was growing luxuriantly on the bald por tion of his scalp. The hair was snort, but healthy and thick. Mr. Hunt tried the remedy on one hundred and sixty patients, and though it occasionally failed In elderly people, it w as i invariably successful in young ana middle-aged i subjects." The effects were apparent after six i or eight weeks, but the treatment bad to be I continued for many months before it could be left OH". Here no" outward applications were j required. It has been asserted that wearing a beard often causes baldness, as it is alleged that the strength which is spent in promoting the growth of the hair on the chin leaves so much less to assist the growth of the hair on the scalo. In support of this theory, those individuals are pointed out, who. possessing more or less luxu riant beards, have lost their hair early. But it is not proved that those two circumstances are in any way connected together, and it is im possible to ascertain whether the same individ uals would not have equally lost their hair, had they never exhibited those ornaments on their chins. This is one of those theories that, like many other physiological problems of far great er importance, must remain unsolved for the present. Attention to the rules we have re peated, and to the observations we have made, will do more towards the preservation of our hair than any doctrine with reference to our beards. Esrth'a Desliny. The time is coming when there will be no n.ore shipwrecks, when ocean steamers will not sink or disappear, and when coasters need no longer fear the dread lee shoie. It will not be this year or next, but it some time will be, it we can credit a recent article by Professor t Winchell, of Michigan. It appear*?or rather , is, though it does not yet appear?that the ! waters ot the earth are drying up. The earth Is cooling, the water works'its way deeper and deeper into the crust each year, and in the course of time it will be soaked up without evap oration: ocean and atmosphere alike will be ilraw n into the cold embrace ot" the earth; which will be left a frozen desert, floating through space throughout all time, like an empty ship in (lie Arctic seas. Ills theory is that as order came out of chaos by the cooling of the exterior of the melted masses, so this same process is to con- I tinue to the end. He finds confirmation for this ! in the present condition ot the moon, which, un- ! doubtedly, once was what the earth was. but it has gradually cooled otl to be "a fossil world, I an ancient cinder suspended in the heavens, ; once the se at of all the varied and intense ac tivities which now characterize the surface of the earth, but in the present period a realm of silence and stagnation." Other heavenly bodies show other stages ot ' the process. Sai urn in its ring condition is the freshest; then Jupiter, where watery mi?ts are beginning to gather in a vai>orous envelope, pro

ducing rain; then the earth, as it is; and then Mais, which is entering ui*on the decline of the organic phase and where rains are infrequent and cold is encroaching. Last of all is the earth's moon, as already described. The reason why | the moon has become a desert before the eartii is, that it is forty-nine times smaller, and hence ceols forty-nine times quicker. If any one, ' therefore, can just find when the. moon "began ! to cool and how long time the operation occu- j tied, he can make an easy calculation as to the ? angtli of our future and the value of 99U years' j leases. The theory does not precisely accord j with the idea that we are to oe destroyed by j heat, unless that be interpreted in the negative sense at destroying us by leaving us, and the present condition of the Atlantic Ocean, or even nearer home, of Connecticut river, does not seem to imply imminent danger of a lack of water. Still with such a prospect, even in the remote future, men can laugh at the raging waters?especially since many of them forstai ling tbe disappearance, have already adopted a substitute tor it is an article of consumption and dailykneed?Hartford Courant. What to Do in Caw or Accident. Prof. Wilder, of Cornell University, gives the following short rules for action in cases of acci dent, which will be found useful to remember: For dust in the eyes, avoid rubbing: dash water in them; remove cinders, etc., with the round point of a lead pencil. Remove water from the ear by tepid water; never put a hard instrument In tne ear. If any artery is cut, compress above the wound; if a vein is cut, compress below. If choked, get on all fours and cough. For slight burns, dip the part in cold wat?t; if the skin ia destroyed, cover with varnish. Smother a fire with carpets, etc ; water will often spread burning oil, and increaae the danger. Before passing through amoke t?ke a long breath, and then stoop low; but if carbolic acid gas is suspected, walk erect. Suck |>oisoned wounds, unleae your mouth is aore; enlarge the wound, or, better cut out the part without delay, hold the wounded part as long as can be borne to a hot coal or end of a cigar. In case of poisoning excite vomiting by tick ling the throat, or by warm water ana mustard. lor acid poisons, give alkalies; for alkaline poisons, give acids?white of egg is good in most cases; in a case of opium-poisoning give strong cottee, and keep moving. If in water, float on the back, with the nose and mouth projecting. For apoplexy, raise the head and body; for fainting, lay the person fiat. ?A Noveltt is Mi bder?A singular mur der was recently committed on the railroad be tween Cork and Limerick. The conductor of a night freight train noticed that tbe speed of the train was suddenly slackened, and went for ward to the locomotive to aee what was the cause. He did not find the engineer or fireman there. The train was at once stopped and sig nals were placed to warn approaching trains. Tbe engineer was discovered lying near the rails, with a fearful wound in his head, from which the blood was flowing. He was unable to speak and died shortly afterward. The fire man was soon found running along the track. He said that a quarrel had arisen between the engineer and himself; that the former had burned his hand, and that he, in anger, had struck the man who was now dead. There were traces of blood oo the locomotive, and it looked as if a struggle had taken place in it. The weapon which the murderer used, together With tame clothes, had been burned -In the lo comotive furnace. The murdered man was merited, and a peaceful and trustworthy person. The fireman had hitherto borne a good reputation, and had been on good terms with the deceased. Not twenty-four hours before they had slept in the same bed. Treatment or Lcvatics.?In a recent pa B:r on the overcrowding of lunatic asylums, r. Williams, after speaking of the failure of the remedies proposed, advocated the Gheel system, in use in Scotland. That is to say, he would permit poor people anxious to have the personal care or insane relatives, to take such responsibility, subject to certain conditions of fitness and certain proper guarantiee to restrain tbe patient's liberties. His experiments In thla direction have, he seems to think, demonstrated the feasibility of this method of relieving the plethora of asylums. Yhb Fatal Hemlock Experiments at the New York state lunatic asylum have resulted in proving the great value of oonium?the hem lock of the ancients?in the treatment or in sanity. The concurrent testimony of the cases in which it has been tried is that it soothes and molifies the motor centers, operating on the motor tract as opium operates the brain, thus quieting and renovating the whole mus cular system, and acting Indirectly as a tonic and nervine. It is lew largely used In casss of epilepsy by New York physicians. Cobtobal muBMUT is rarely Inflicted in the schools of Russia and Germany. In Prance It is prohibited. In Switzerland school whippings are left to the regulation of the ssp arate cantons. In England there is constant and vigorous whipping, and in America the custom is dying oat. Jon* Cbi?a*ab lessens the horrsrs of the "iaaafis!; "sst.'a zsasxss There Is a (roving tendency in tbe niMl Spulatien of tola country to gravitate towards e town. Many an old farmer, who hu spent his strength and energies in tilling the soil ac quiring a competency for hie faailv, feeling tbe infirmities resulting from over-labor mealing upon him. and the wife wbo has shared with him his tolls, wishes to give up to one of h>? Font, perhaps, the care of the homestead. He feels that the task of riding several miles to church, in all weathers, has become trying upon bis powese ot endurance, and he finally e .uclndes to bny a fcou?e and lot in town. | Children of farmers we know are continually pressing townwards, seeking employment less laborious than farm labor. These hare all been accustomed to a plenty of room. Their means will not permit ot' their buying large lots at city or village prices, and it conse quently becomes a matter of importance to theci to know how to make the most of their space. Old city residents are realizing a growing rural taste; a yearning for fruit* and flower*, and trees, arid shrubs,?living and growing . aound their own dwellings. Their business die- not admit of their living to the country, and they do not know how to live there if itdia. | so they desire to have a? much of the " rm in . urft'' as is compatible wi'li their limited space. 1 Wo feel that we shall do all our readers of moderate means, who live, or wish to live in town, a favor by publishing the following 11- | Initiation* of double cottages, from the second number of Tick's Floral now in press. It stnVes ns that thev are singularly well adapt* d to narrow village or city lots. We particularly lancy the one represented in figure 2: " In Europe, double, or what are called semi- i detached cottages are quite popular. In America they are seldom seen, and yet they poetess advantages over the single house for certain lots and circumstances which may make their consideration profitable. While they possess these advantages, snch a? the exposure ofthree sides only to the cold instead of four, the saving ot heat, especially If the chimneys are placed in the center wall, &c., I design only to reter to what is considered the main ad van tage? their adoption to small, and particularly narrow lots. City and village lot*, we believe, are not usually more than from thirty to thlrty-tive feet front." We will make an estimate from the first figures. Suppose we build a single house on a lot thirty feet in width, and make the house twenty feet front, which is narrow enough tor front "room and hall. Ten feet of lot remains unoccupied. For the drippings of the eaves, .Sc., It is usual to locate the house about three feet from one line of the lot. Perhaps the per son owning the adjoining lot also builds three feet from the same line. The result is six feet of gloomy, damp, shaded space, with a fence in the center, entirely unsightly and worth less; in fact, worse than worthless?a nuisance. On the other side of each house there is a piece of ground only seven feet in width, which will be almost entirely taken up with :i walk, leav- ? ing little or nothing for grass or flowers. We will supiose that two persons owning ad joining lots, agree to build a double house; or that onej?erson, owning l?oth lots, concludes to build double and rent lialf, or that some one has a married son or daughter he would like to have live very near, so that he could play with the children "on tbe gra-'s in summer, and tell them stories by the fire in the winter. In the tirst case, they' might build a house something like that shown in the first figure, with a light fence between the two lots. The houses are just as much separate as though they were six feet apart, and with no windows facing each other, as is often seen when houses are built separate, and occasionally with an ugly board screen between. The result is that all the ground not covered bv the house is together, leaving full ten feet," enough for walk and grass. Now take the other supposition, that the two ; houses are occupied by those who have no de- | sire to be fenced away from each other, then the ground can be laid out somewhat as shown in the j second engraving, leaving ten feet on each side . of the house, and an almost uubroken lawn ot sixty feet in the front, making a really pretty | place, far better than could possibly be made i with two detached houses on the same ground, * There is also some saving in the costot build- I ing."?Rural Homr. Phoenician Voyagfri in Month Amer ica. The fact that the American continent was ( well-known to the Northmen long before the j voyage of Columbus is now admitted by all | students ot early navigation. It is possible, we j might say prolikble, that Irish and Welsh voy agers also anticipated Columbus, while there are traditions of Tartar invasions of the Pacific coast. The Abbe Brasseur de Bourbourg thinks that a great continent once rose above the j waters which now separate Africa and South America. It was sunk by an earthquake, and the West India Islands are unsubmerged peaks of the teriitory thus overwhelmed. A Kio .Janeiro correspondent of the New York H-.raUl > savs that a curious, and. if confirmed,an im portant discoverv lias just been made in Para hvba, Brazil, in the shape of a stone covered with inscriptions, which was found by a slave, on a farm. A copy of the inscription was sent | to ltio Janeiro. Senor Notto, director of the , Bio Museum, has pronounced the characters to i be pure Phoenician. The inscription tells ? bow some Phoenicians of Sidon, apparently j exiles, and of both sexes, sailed from their native land during the reign of King Hiram | Thev left the port of Azionbager, coasted along Africa, and after about a year, landed 011 tlie j Brazilian shore. The inscription, which con tains eight lines, is partly taken up with a long account of this voyage, and partly with Invo cations of the Phoenician gods. There were two Hirams, kings of Phoenicia. One was the ally of Solomon, B. C. 980 to 947; the other, a t weak prince, reigned from B. C. S58 to 652. Which of the two was the sovereign of the vovagers does not appear. lienor Notto declines fully indorsing the gen uineness of the inscription until he has seen the stone. He says, however, that he thinks it to be a veritable antique, since there are only six men in all Euroj?e capable of forging such a writing, and they are above suspicion. If the (iiscovery bas actually been made, it is of the highest archaeological consequence. It proves that a colony ol Phoenicians of both , sexes actually landed in South America. If 1 they remained there, their descendants would have contributed largely to the peopling of the southern portion of the Western continent. A Shabby Piecbor Business.?The N. T. Star notices with regret and indignation " the expulsion of a number of young ladies from the Pennsylvania Dental College, notwithstanding the fact that they bad regularly matriculated and paid the fees demanded." The editor is glad to learn however, that the parties ag grieved have determined to prosecute their cause in the courts with a view of obtaining legal address. These ladies (we are further 1 told, were expelled at the request of a majority t of the male students. Shame on them. They ( deserve to have aH the teeth in their miserable ; heads pulled out by a vigilance committee of | feminine dentists. 'But what right had the professors to exclude them because a major Fty of the male students desired their expul siim? Inerasibi.e Stamping Ink for Linen, &c?Professor Bottger gives the following for mula of an ink for marking linen, &c., that he maintains to be entirely unaffected by chloride oflime, cyanide of potassium, caustic potash, or acids. Digest coarsely-powdered cashew nuts, for some time, at a moderate temperature, in a closed flask, petroleum naptha; then allow tbe exceedingly volatile solvent to evaporate. After marking articles with the resulting syrupy liquid, moisten the place with aqua ammonia or lime water, and the mark will instantly as sume a deep, permanent black color. Shocking Death oh a Steamer?When the steamer Tropic, belonging to the White Star Line arrived in the Mersey from Valparaiso, a short time ago, the bodv of a colored man was found In the hatch off" the hold. The deceased w engaged with other men in coaling the ves sel at Rio Janeiro, and It is supposed that he was asleep in the hatch when it was battened down, ana was suffocated. TnrrntATi-KB or the Air in Making Bctter?Recent experiments indicate that the best temperature of the air, as well as of the cream, for rapid churning of butter, is from 54? to 99?, instead of the average of fi6?, as gen erally taken. A cellar, with temperature regu lated by means of a thermometer, seems most suitable for the purpose, especially in summer. Detection or Adultrration or Coffee ? When burnt grain, or any other substance con taining starch, has been substituted for cofi'ee. a dilute solution ot caustic potash,shaken with a small quantity of the powder, Altered, and further diluted, yields, with a solution of iodine, the characteristic blue starch reaction. ? room, blind BBGQARhadhis eye elghtsud denly restored in East Saginaw the oner day by being pushed. bead over heels Into a mud Suddle, but showed bis ingratitude by chasing ie man wbo did it round half tbe blocks In the city. _____________ r ^""Bummerhaven" is the euphonious pet name bestowed by the western press upon Day ton, Ohio, on account of its 530 bar rooms. VOlrls under ton rears of age are not re quired to work more than fifteen boars and a half per diem in the mills of Lawrenoe, Mass. KTTbe Brooklyn ladies bar* been attacked with the mania for sculptor! ng, ana tbe head of the family, Instead of being coaxed for ne w bonnets, is urged to send home marble,mallet-, and chisels. VPresident White has ordered the beet boa* Blakie ean build for tbe stodents at Cornell University, upon their promising to dieoounte nance betting and pool-selling la every form at the national regatta la Springfield la July. VWben Caleralt hanged Mrs. Cotton, at Durham, be remarked she was the last on which he showid "put a night-cap," though be would like to bar* ended bis eftcial life with applying his "noble art" to a newspaper reporter^ VJustlee Dowting wants 110,000 from the New York Sun for saying that be opeaed oeart, the other day, by asking a prisoner for a "ehaw" and weand up by adjourniag to tbe ftwwt room to take a drink. PROPOSALS. PS?S*Jg W?'? f each Month ia esttmated at rs^OM lie. at Oat and Corn, to weigh IS aad M lbs. to the boahsljM JOB lbs. of Hay, lt?ow? as arise Tim MhT.aadflLMUlb*-of Straw, all to bo of trsl-clas* merchant amequality. Back bid naacbe accompanied br a written nar kntee,signed by the bidder or bidder*, aad acorn peteat surety certiied to b? each by aoaae officer or other pereoa known to the Quart* naaatar% Pa part UiwMa;k> mmmwt(mum?U tx \Ef. SS'.i'.SS %> SUSV^S' lata or oywini bid entered iato tiee < i will L _ ?d to the i Bidden are invite full information M MttliCAtlOO to this JESSR.*. pBOPOBALS FOB IIIIIABT WOBK. in daplica**, wf? a r ? ? K??T DlF?IT?tT. Briiir or CoyuTarcnon mt Brr*r?. , _ .. _ >* *?H iilwro*, D. C . April ?, 1<3 ^ B-eled Pr ^?*|? to furnish iuahrr. and ?th.r fur the flerai year emtio* f?r * 1;C<; Will be received at thi* B'ir, aa until ! J S:thS *7th DA,,r or *?Y at "bicb tin? tbe bide will hf opened. .h? >ro>M**1 Bu" t"? addree~d to the "Chief of .Co?traction aad Repair. Navy It*. ? artupoB, aad muet be indorsed "Pro MPf" .for the S>fT."ibal they may be distinguished from ordinary boaine? ie4t?r*. ,k:',rirent rmnutm. tn* /art.'unr, tk, rr-m-mt af [/J. J.'?"*>i **r',''' for <*rriu* at trrTnl ?<jrfT.? ten. >?r.'o? t*?rr t (>/<? ta ?ni'Ht tUf ijaarfT' """* '** yarf/er ir4'M .?? Printed ?chedules for ?arh r!*?*ea a* parties deal * tmBttW to till for. together with ir-?t met tow b> bidder*, g'vieg the f rm* .f pr^p ?**'??. of guaran le^an.l of Certifi. a?. , : guarai,:, t?. printed r. rni? of ofer. a ill b- f ir. ,?he.l t > ?u. li p. r-, ,n* a* Jeeire to bid. on application to tb. C >inm ?mlant? rd the res p. cm e Sa?y * ,rd?. an,! th,*r fallibe kanln on Apflicatien to the tf^r^an 1 lie Comrieodant of earli Na?y Tard. and tbe Purchasing Parma^er fur each Stat in. will have a ropy of tbe schedule* of tb other > ards. f.>r exami r ation onlv. in order that p?*r? ti? who intend t<? bid na) liid?e wb^th. r it i? d-?iraM? to ni .ke apc lica tioo for any of the rla*?~a of ih>?e yarde Th>- proposal* mu?t b*- for the whole of a <-!.,??, hut be D>'oartinent reeer*?? the risht rodn.-r it,. ah !? cH??, ^bould ? h>- inter?-t of jh ? <; \-ri.m nt ?H*iw jlihfire the Mii-atl<'ii. f th-contract. A'l i( plirati n* f 't informal i.'a, or for the <-Kamination ?f ?an |>b ?, mix be mitde to tb- Cwi?mau<lanta ot ;be n*r?H'tiie rard* />??/? ttr o/eft irtit be ra?ir*>f only from Mrti'i ip4o I" bina frit dralttf ta, at mmm/a- t*ri > of, tk? mr i'/? fwrwtnA. The narnnt'>r? mu>t be ertill, i b) the Collector of Itit* rnal Berenue for b? dietrict in whi< h the) rttid The contract will be awarded to the pervin who nni,e? the lowest bid and Ki>ee the guarantee !>? imr?l b> law , the Na\ v 1> r?rtm. nt, however, re *rv?f ?ne ri?ht to reject the |ow.?t bid. -r any * ?lf 11 n'*^ deem exorbitant U*d>T th> rT<? t>ions*f r*< / offbn | ipptifrt/ MarrhS of nay p?r>o? ir*u, ""0.*' *??'""? ?'? toaie.i t tot 9* t T3 lWill Mt?i ,-ticft 8iiretie? In the full amoant will ??? reumred to Rtun lh,,|r r-?p..n?!t.ility miMt be certi led to tbe ratiafaction of tn? Navy 1> partmeiit ^M'tb'haleecnrity, twenty per centum will be ?ltbh.ld from the am<>ut;t of the LilU until the con ractx "ball ha\e been completed, and eighth net ?entmil of the amount ot each bill, approved in nplicate by the CommaMdante of the re?pe<-tiTe Tard*. will be paul b> th< Pa\ma?ter of the atation b-M-.enatcd in the contract, or, if none i? ?p.-iti?1. >y th?- Paymaeter of the atation neareat tbe yard ?here tbe arede|ivere,|. within ten day? after be warrant for tbe ?ame ahall have been pawed by he Secretary of the Trea-nry. The claer<ee of tbi? Bureau are numbered and le?i|ftiat> d ?? follow^ No. 1, White Oak L. t>; No. I, White Oak K-el | riec>e; Ko. 3. White Oak Curved Tttnber, N.>. 4, A bite Oak Plank?Oregon Pine P?ck Plank at Hare Island yard, X" 7. Yellow Pine L<'/r??Oregon Pine Logs at Mare Inland yard; No. 8, fellow Piue I. ama?Or. (Ton Pin. B am. at Mare I?land vard. V'. 9, Yellow Pine Hut Timber; No. 11, Whit* Pine i .'?'5,*' 12, White Pine Haat Timber: No, 13, ' ^"d pi?"k' .Board;? Swgmr Pine Plank ind Beard* at M^rr UlaiKl yard, N... IS. White 1 lah, F.I in. B' ?ch?% lute AMi ari.i Re,lw.H,d at Mare Hlaiid vard; No. 16. White Aoti o>r?; Nn 18, Bla~k ' A aluut. cant , Mnpl.', Ch'-rry; K-. 19. L ^nat rni:l*r; No. 2u. L . u?t Ti.-naila N ? ?. Hla.-k *pruc?. N . 24, WhiteOak Sta\.^?tid Heading. No S. I.igniinivit?.; No. 32. Wrought Iron, round and <jnare; No. SS. Wrought Iron, flat; N .. 3t, Iron, Mate: No. 35. Steel No JT, Iron l?pik.?; No ??, ron \\ reugbt Nail-, No. .W. Iron Cut Naila; No. 4J. jead, pijw-, sheet: No ?3. Zinc. Bo 44. Tin; No. 46, ?.)d. r: No. 48. L ? k?, Hinge?, B"lt?, of Braw and Iron: Bo 40. Hcrewe. . f l.r.i?and ron . N SO, Filee. *o sl. Anger?; N62, T<>. i? f..r ahip atore*; No S3, r>K>l?|i>r u?e in yard and ali-.p-; No S4, Hardwar.-, fo.S6, White lead, N57, Zi'ic Painta: N ? 88. '. I. re.l Paiata,Dryeia; N" sy. I,inaee<l Oil. I'artii-li, Kpuita Tii'p.mine; No <3, Sp- rm and Lard Oil; No ?4 Tallow. S -ap, No 06, Fi-liUil, No 18, OlH?e, N". 69. BriiHh<?.; No 7o. Dry O "?ia for up lolateriug; No. 71, Stationery, No. 71, Crucible*; ffo 73. Ship Chandi- ry . N 74, Acid-. N > 75. K ??in. 1'itch. Crude Turpentine, H" 77, B' lting. Packing; Jo. 7*. Leatti r. pump, rigging, lacing. N" 80. Junk, 82, Bellow-.. No. ?j. Anthracite Coal, N ? 8fi, ivnii bitnnniiono Coal; Ni 87, Bituniin a- Coal So. 8ts Charc.-al; N-. ?>?, W ? d The followirig ar? the claoe*, bv the number*, re jtiired at the re?p*-ctive navy vardx : KITTCRY. N >?.1,J,3, 7, 9.11,13, IS. 16. 18, S, tl, SI, .35, J7.19. 12. 4'!. 44. 45. 48. 41*. Si'. 51,52. &i. 54,59,tiU, 63,64, 3, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74. 77, 78. 87, 88. CHAKLKSTOU N. No?. 1, 7. 16.?. C. 33. 34, 15, 37 , 38, 42, 43. 44, 8, 4W, 50, SI, 52, S3, 54, Sti, 57, S8 , 60, 63, 'A, ?5, 68, V, 70, 71, 72, 7?, 74 , 75 , 77. 78, 8S, 87, 88. BROOKLYN. No?. 1, 7, 13. 15. 16. 18. li, 14 . 32 33, 37 , 38. 39, 42. 3, 44 . 4.8, 49, HI. SI, 52. 53 54. *>, 57, 58, j?. 60, lit, 4, 6i, 08, 6y, ro, 71, 74, 74, 77 , 78, 80, tb. Hi, 88. PlIILADKLPlllA, Noa 1, 3, 4. 11, 13. IS, 18, 32 . 33 , 34 , 37 . 38, 39, 43, A. 48, 49, to. 51, 53, 54. S6, 57, 58. 59, ?U, ?, 64, 65, a. 69. 70, 71, 73, 74 . 77 , 78, 85, 86 , 87 , 88. WASHINGTON. N<8?. 1, 3. 4, 7, 12. 13. 15, 18, It, 32, 33 , 34 , 38 . 37 . 38 !>. 42, 43, 44 . 45, 48, 49 . 60 . 51. 53. 6?. S8, jfl JO, 63, ib. 69, 70, 71, 73, 74. 77, 78, *5, 87 , 88, ?J. NORFOLK. No*. 1, 2. 3.8. 9. 12. 13, IS. 16, It, 19, 30 . 23. 24 . 32. (3, 34 , 35. 37,38. <9 . 42 . 43 , 44. 46 . 48. 49. SO. 62. S3, -4..**, 67 , 6*. 59. 60, 63, 64, 6s, 69, 70,71,72 , 73,74,75, 7, 78, 82, 85, 87 , 88. MAKE ISLAND. N '<i. 4.7, 8, 13. 15, 16, 18. 14 , 32 . 33, 34 . 37 , 39, 48, \9, 50. 51, 52, 53 , 64 , 56 , 5<. 5a, 69, 60, 63, 64 . 65. 68, W, 70. 71.72. 73, 77, 78. 87. ?i. m3 * 4t ? FFICE CHIEF QUARTERMASTER. THIRD DISTRICT, DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST, Philadelphia, Pa., May 8,18T3. . . GOVERNMENT SUPPLIES. Sealed Proposal*, in triplicate, with a copy of thi* idyertiaement attached, are invited at thi* Office until 13 m. on the 14th dat or Jcm*. 1873, for tbe 5 ~.ry VU1}? follow Iu* named Mippliea at poet* in the Third Military District, Department of the East, [roin July 1,1871, to June 39. 18<4. at *ucb timea an l in *uch guantitie* a* the Acting Aaeiatant guartor aiaoter* at tbe aeveral porta may require, cuppiie* to be subject to the unual inspection, vii: >? , AJ BALTIMORE, MD. 163,160 pound* Anthracite Coal, more or leea. 133 corde merchantable Hard Wood, more ?r le**. S2.560 poundH Oat* ( well racked,! more or lea*. S1J20 pound* Hay,(baled,) more or leea 14,400 pound* Straw .(baled,)more or lee*. _ . . AT FORT MrHENRY, MD. T* be delivered at cocb poinu at the poet* aa tb* Acting Awiataut guartermaeter on duty at Ibe time may designate. )76r<>rde merchantable Hard Wood, more or l?-i. I604M) pouuda 0at*,( well tacked,) ?ore e." l?s*. IW.|?W p. uml? Hay,(baled,) more or leaa. L?^,W0 pounda Straw, (baled,) more or leaa. .. _ AT FORT FOOTS, MD. [B cords merchantable Hard Wood, more or lee*, rr8f5 pound*Corn< well Racked), more or lee*. ),396 pound* Oat* (well sacked >, Bore or lea*. 10,660 pound* Hay (baled). or lea*. 17 J80 pounds Straw (baled), more or lea*. Tbe oat* and corn to be clean, well tacked, in good atroDg aack*. The hay to be timothy of a good quality, free from weed*, cut in season, well cured, and bsded. The straw to be of good qaality, clean, long, and well baled. Bid* for each poet should be made separately. Bid* will be received and contract* executed sub ject to the usual conditions. Bids to be add reused to the undersigned at Phila lelphia, Pa , endorsed "Propoaal* for Supplies it a* the caee aaay be. C. 8 SAWTELLS, Quartermaster United State* Army, ml4-6t Brevet Brigadier General. PROPOSALS FOR FUEL. Dtfot Qcaktekmastkr's Orrici,! u , . ? Wa*Hi>GTos, D. C., May 8,1873. < Sealed Proposals, in duplicate, with a copr of tnis kdvertisement attached, will be received Iroa re iponsible parties until 14 M., Jlnk 14, 1873, to de I'Ter, as required, during the ttecal year commem ng July 1, 1873, at the various office* and officers' luarters in this city and Georgetown, D C., and at Fort Whipple, Virginia, about 4t0 cords of Pine Wood, sawed and split and in the atick,400 cord* of Jak Wood, sawed and split and in theatick, and !^00 tons of Anthracite Coal, white ash, red ash, or L>ykens valley, of aire aa may be called for. free rom slate, dust or dirt, and to weigh 2.240 pounds to be ton and about 60 tons of Bituminous Lump Goal, kll tbe Wood and Coal to be of ftrst-claa* merchant able quality. Each bid moot be accompanied by a written guar antee, signed by tbe bidder or bidders, and a compe tent surety, certified to be such by some officer or ither person know n to the Quartermaster'* Depart nent,to the effect that in the event of the acceM ince of such bid at any time within ten (lo) day* af er the opening of the bid* the necessary contract rill be entered Into, and that in caae said party or ?artiea oSering shall fail to enter into contract a* fforeaaid, he or they guarantee to make good the lifference between bis or their offer and tbe next oweet bid. Theloweat Aggregate bid will be entertained. Proposal* will be marked " Proposal* for Fuel," and iddreastd to the uadersigned. Bioders are invited to be present at tbe opening. Full information furni*h.-d on aeplication to thi* >ffic?. WM. MYERS, Brevet Brigadi?>r General, U 8. A., P'lttt Dep?it Quartermaater. PROPOSALS FOB FOBAUE ABO STRAW. Depot Qc*ettEMastee1* OrrtcE, I WasuiseToa, D. O.. May 8,1873. \ Sealed Proposals, ia duplicate, with a copy of thi* idvertieeinent attached, are Invited from reeponsi t>le parties until IS M.^ixe 14,1873, for furnish iug all the Corn. Oats, Hay aad Bye Straw required At this depot during the lacal year ' f July L, 1873, to be delivered in each quantities aad at luch time* aad places aa may be directed by the De PROTOSALS. piu>ri>?AL ruivtmiu. Hka?v<Aires* Itim Cmn, U a*tts viiiii'? Orru ?. _ . _ _ I, If). Sealed Pr. posAl* *H bs rwiiol M tbia . til S?V|.?ft r m <?f THI'EdOlT. ?h? IS'ti <Ut of June next.f?r fc. tk* Ciit>4 (Mmh Mi ni" ?>rf? ftaral * ear awdiiut the Wh of J??' l(C4 'he I off win* HiiHlm. la be delivered ?t the ?-ffice <4 the Mirw Crp?. Philad< Iplna. Pa., Irw >4 t? ik* fntt.d Slates Tlie d-lnerr of th' article* Ixroaai^ within trtrrt; tirf Ik' firtlr* ^Mirttt; to t< Mh?r?4 nitKm nt- t.ih* fr.?i date of c?rirt Tin# office niwrve* th. right to ?<-<-?-*? bids f?e the wit..!?-. a part. .?r en article ?>f ? class, as mi m d-elU' d ti*t Ivr (kr lutrlMt i.4 II* U.HWIIBril. CLJffiS No I li.nv t ard? -k? Mii< k>iw), til wool, M titrtw ?Nir. ?< scl"edgr,> to ??fh 8 i iino* to tlir > ard.iindtf" woolSted.) with ? tut?- *i?-Wn frl> nl|>. 3.4vo )?Th dark Mi* K- rw> .All wool. M Iwkfl ? ide . (rlrllMI* ?f *? l?e>t<e, > to ??ljk Q < me e* to tlie > ard. i tndtrfo w.wl dyed.l with % hit* woolen wit <J|?. tard* dark Hue TwiU-d Cloth, all wool. M Inchta *id<-.(Mi-lniiiT? of ?"?l?"4i>,?l?wn|N ZZ ounce* t<? tlw yard. Indtg" wool 4r?d,l with white w'wlrti *1'"ilf vsrda ScarM all wool, M inch's wide, tex. Itiaite of *el*edge,it? weigh M ounces to the yard.(cor hiueal 4tel,l?lth ?klt*w??l ? u eel* edge. CLAW Mo. I J,tM- Tarda (IArk blue Flanne , for overwacks, a I Wool. 4 | ndl*o w? I d)ed. St inches wnle.,ex clu*ixe<>f selteitge,1 to weislt 12 ounces pet yard. w??h white woolen iritodfr IIAtkl ) arils daik blue Flannel, tor alurta. all wnnl, < indigo we..I dyad.) C ia? he? vUr.inrkam of w-i- > edits.) to weigh < oau- es per raid, with white w-x-lca selv.<dge 1.M ktaj Blanket*, all w<*4, to weisk 4 pounds fAcfc.t.' t? T (M l"ii|j im) t t-et widr, wud fr?? fr<? iJU1 pair* w.? len S-ck*, three urea, properly mado of |.?d fleece w<?4. witb double And twisted > atii. to ?Fi(b 3 p- und* pt |i?ra P*ir?, free fr-'iu ?rre*ae. CL \SS No. *. 4.010 yard* white Linen.for pant*. 9U ruches wide, to ?n?;h IS ounce* pet > ard 6 tk?> ' Ard? whit*' Linen, fol >liilt*,4wrh<? wide, ' to weigh II onncea per ynrd. yardaCantoa riaitiiel.f r drawer*, S7 mrlxw . w ide, to welch 6 uiu ea |ier yard ?,iWyarda Cotton Tickiun.f r oodaack?,3l incite* U lilt* ? LAtn Ko ? ?an riiif-rtn <"ap?, r'te,-\. i pt p mT 'na 1 *A' P'lup ua. led ?ral-.l. I .all th ap- d. And i in vtiea IB c ire limferen.-*. IMP Faiicue Cap*, wtth be mat* of M?f? cl"th,( iudtf" Wool dyad, with orwaiuauta. 1 JWStocka. 4t1 Fatigue Cat Ornamenta CLAi?> a? 4. ISOirroM Button*, (eacie ? 3V " Jarket Butt'U*. >ea?l" ) 25 " \'-at itilttona,(eaitle.l 1 .liv aet? K|v<ulelie Bullion yard- V--II w Binding. 3^ tut *? K"dCord. 10 Sword* for miiaiciaaa, complete. 8" t,i? for aerK* anta. <-omt4rte. 12 a>runia. rt?iH' (e. I.* Bait<-r Drum*. l?i Snare lirum 11 ad* kaiDrtitli C- rd t*i *el* Truin Snarea r. hwxwood It F [feW pain Dr?ti ,k>. ?tV pair* Cr-wrent aod Meal* Strap* 11 {word BrshhardB, with ??ilityi St ii u <i&i?Et. ra.v^.assi lon? *>r h wM?, awd w inch fii. U Sword Srat^ard*. with ??? Ions by U 1? wide, and ?. ii aw fart UH H ;?y^M^k a I *?. t 5UV fartridf CUU Waiat B> lla. 5< gwor<1 Fr<<f>. Mi fart rid Ke l"VM fu *erfeMM? mm Knnp*a< k*. 411 Wniat Plate#. (With the pri*ilege4?f t icnaainc any I Uw abort ijtiauiiiiec, not to e*c?Mtl ne-1 Itir*l I CLAKi Ko m. F' T m^kine aud triniming the f.4L>wflf article*, Tii: Watch coat*. I'nil rnt c. At* for ?er*e?i)t", t rp. taI*, mnaiciaM, and pt It ate* Fatigue c?at* t.>r ?ergeant-. c.?rp <rala. muaiciOM, and prit At"A. Woob ii pantafor *- rfeaiit?, c irporaU, muatciaiM, at>d private. . . Linen pant* for *erc?*ant-. c irporal*. ?u?iciaii?. and pritate*. FlAtmel *hiri?. Linen *liirti Iirawert. F.aiinel Bark*. K-d And Blue Jacket* for B T?. B* d Sack*. The tliot e-nwtitioned an irle* um*t conform to th? ?. al- d itiilirl pAtteiua ill the o(Ti>wof the yuArter n.1*1 el. Marine C->rp?. Marine Barra- ka. aeliiiif toa. It C.: AaaiatAnl VfUArtenna-ter a ofllce. Ho ?JrfbSjutli Fourth atreet, PbilAdelahia, and at the Maruo Barracka. Br??klyB.K'-w York.and B -M"it, Ma*-a< liu*elt?. where tln-y can be exaiuiii'^1, and whenever t tie art it lea tiaiu?t ale.te, or any portion of thetu, aliall be con>idered a* not fitllv cour*nninc to rami'li-*. they will be rejected, and the contractor w ill l?e bound to furuUli "thera of the required kind at once, or the unartennaater w ill All the deficiency at the expense of the aontractor Paj menta will be litAile up-ill accepted d.-|i*eriea, witblioldinf ten per cent from the amount <4 It rat account rendered until aec lei deliver? is made, wad from antouuf of second account rend-rej until tlurd delivery k mid' . a'id ao on until contract i* ctta nlated. A ruarnr.tee,?i|rned by two praoni, whnoe reap .n aibilitt ll.UAt be certified to b) a f ntted Bfatea ilia trlct jtide**. district attorney, or oollartor, muM accompato each proposal, otberwiae it will not be considered. . . Blank form* of proposal can be obtained upon application at tht* office: tlie office "f the A**i*tant ytiartermaater. Philadelphia. Pa.: h* "HI"1 ??f th? Aasiatsnt yuartermaater. Marine Btrrackt, Brwok Ivn, X. V., or the command lug officer at B<ati>a, Maas. K< wspaper* aut lien fed to publish the above will *ond the paper coutainiuf the tirat insertion to tkaa office for examinattoB. Tlie bidder's plAce of l>n?lneas or mAaufacturiac e?tabli?hment must l?e at at-1 in the prop->*al. Proposal* to tie indorsed on the envelope, " pro P-h-aI* for Supplies for the Marine Corps," and addre*sed to MAJOK WILLIAM B. SLACK, n.3 1aw4w QaArtenuASter C. B M. C. ALK OF OBSOLBTL AND iINSKRVK'Ki ABLE OBDNANCK AND 0IU> KANCE STORKS f . 8. OkDXAItCk Agivct, , t'lHt or Hoitstos ash tiEKKSK 8t?., f Ailrno us &rtem* ,( P. O. Box 1911,)} New Yon, April 17,1(73. I* Sealed Propoaals, in duplicate, will be rwcelrad at this office, for the nurchaae of Ordnance wad Ord nnraciuf Cannon, Small s Stores, emi>raciu( Cannon, Small Ar Leather work. Le>ad. ACoat the rarioua Ar Forts and Depots in the United State*. Bid* will be opened at IS o'clock ?. oa WED NKSHAT, the S^th dat of May, h$71. for stores located at posts in the fol low me-named States, to wit.?Connecticut, Delaware, Indiana. Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts Michtfan, Mis souri. lew Hampshirs. Mow Jersey. Mew York, Ohio. Pennsylvania, Rhode I*laad, Virginia, and the Di*trict of Columbia. Bid* will he opeaed at IS o'clock. M., on THURS DAY, the lSthday of Juue. 1:173, for stoma located at Posts in the following named States and Territo ries, to wit: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Mianeaota, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina. Oregon. South Carolina, Tesas, Arizona, Colorado, Dakota. Id^io. Indian, Mon tana, New Mexico, Washington and Wyoming. For list of storos la detail, location, terms, Ac., tee Catalogues, which can be procured oa appli cation at the Ordnance OSce, War Department, Washington, D C., at this Agency, or at any of the Arsenals or Depots, and Commanding Officers of other posts will furnish, on application, information as to w hat stores on hand at their respecttva "?fori " The Department reserves the right to reject all bids which are not deemed astisfactory. Prior to the acceptance of any bid. it will have to he ap proved by the \\ ar Department. Terms cash Ten per cent at the time of the award and the remainder when the property it a~iimr*d. Thirty dayt will be allowed for tn? removal of the ature*. Packing boxea will be i barged at prices to be determined by the Department. Bidders will Mate explicitly the Pott where the stores are located which they bid for, and will gtvo the kinds and uuantltiea thev propose to purchase. Eliveriea will only be made at the varioot Posts re stored Proposals will be Addressed to the U P. Ordi Agency, N T. tP 0 Box 1911.1 and should be e?. doraed " Proposal! foe Purchasing Ofwolete and Ua tervioeahle Ordnance and Ordnance St >rea," with the names of the Arsenals, Ports or I>ep<*s where stored, and the namaa of rttAtet or Territories in which the stores proposed to be purchased are lo Cltfd. By authority "f the Chief nf Ordnance, S.CftlSPIN. Brevet Col U.S.A., aim M?jor of Qrdaanoe. Proposals for wrouqht and cast ? IRON WORK FOR THK MKW JAIL, DIS TRICT or COLUMBIA. New Jail, DitTkictor Corrupt a. Office of Snperintendeot. May ?, UfT WHOVUHT ANU CAST I ROM WOKi Sealed Proposals wIR be received at the of theSaparintaodent until ISm , Jim T.I furnishing,deiivsring,Sttiug, and pitbMi the Wrought and Oast-iron Work aseshll the prawfags. iticrlkll ts ' called for in the fchednl Iron C- Iuumisf All scaSolding rsantrsB by the contractor; to ptrt ths work la pUse will be famished by the Ooearn stsnt trss of ehstfa, tat will hs spected by the oon

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