Newspaper of Evening Star, May 23, 1876, Page 1

Newspaper of Evening Star dated May 23, 1876 Page 1
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THE EVENING STAR. PrBLBEED DULY, Sunday* excepted, AT TUK STAR BUILDINGS, Fennsy I vania eeraeF 11th Btrect, BT The Star Newspaper Oonepany, I. m. A?vmAXW, Prtt'l. Tint Evtniso Star u wrrnl by tarrtr-t to aovrtizm a: Xei! CaM pr w?k. or Korty fbnr Cents per month. C?>/Am *ti the coiot-'er, Two l> r.t* each. Bv mad?pottage prepaid? BlTtv Cent* a montn; one >e?r. *?. Tmi Werrt.t Star - rubUsArd oi% ? t2 a year, postage prrpniiL ttrAU tut> tcri] 'iont imariaM, <n nt^/tne* U-Ratei of athtrtinng /Krm.tAft or, uppHratiem. SPECIAL NOTICES. MABONIO ?Tb?> May a?,tn-b y of b\P\ %^7 YETTK CODKCIIi Of Royal, fttl ct ad B-a~r Excellent Maetera wil! be h?-J K ill.f iit'?p-te.'ni? r?f l'Jfi ?t eel %-<d P?. are., 1U ;LMV EVENING. May UU, a. 7* o'C o:k. B> ' rd? r of th? '7>?ucil. nRCl tt J'iHB K>?? I M M ?SOX R?f>vl ft. r-T* l!> MUr\?1l? N \TION*L VETE BAN CLI P. H-' e ? .74 Bud 3i L-Dr it Ru ld'i ? ?Ain-tiLj ? I : he N M10H AL V ETE ( LCt? * 115 be be'.d at tb?lr roMBi n* Tl'KH IAV.Sjv.*! it 7 D ? ir ..shar*. All honorably i\ ti %? (n! ?? 4 >f r* at d Bailors who wl?h to become iml> ?? ( f this club are c. rlia ly Invite 1 to *t |tn< Rv ord- x of the Pre-Vent. B.>s: it A HO i: l? HABPPON ? Rec. Sec. mr ??ONb OP Julmi AB-"lh? r;i?Bi?>ers o ?v?* P1<-N*BB CUCICIL ?nd ? lster Council* Bre rf> iifuM biM .In r. gnlla at the Hell,comer ? hu<i l>-treeta. WEDHB?"aT EVENING.74 h t> slant. at To'c!<?k, si.arp, for the garyse of at tend rg the Qraad T?<rr?rante Me#* Me-ting, to le hell m Ccacre national church ar to_c!?k By enler" hltli A KD S. B?ll li< ^ C. K.O POLEINIK'UN. B S. tn)ll Jt riLAHAL lil'l LDINO ASSOCIATION. The ft rat rionthly meeting r.f the FEDCBIL Bl'lLPmS ASx'KjlA rl >N will be h?M for tb*? Ikjti of (!n?? on *1 (?N DA ? ft\ KNlKUt J ~ II ^ te. Pevte Hall, Na. bl-i 7th street north *e?t at 7S o'ct.K-k. _ Bf rks ft.r anbacria'ioB ti ?tcck f>?h%reBOi?e dollar ic n are row >??? tifv the foil >?iog p!;?c<?-: Arm>t GercdoiIT, Vice Trcsldeut. So. 19017th Btr?(t itrth??lt. Dirt'tC'S. Job. B Blaon So. lilba reet northwo*!. j,u?? kii?arii< Bu. 4?i> l,oni?iiiiie aveanB. V. w fkbcli,>o. 311 Datrett. Jcb B?t nerd. Hall M P OellBt, No 7th "treet ?orthwe?? A B. K<>lly. \\ aahioston Oaa Oo-np?n? OSice. Ct U. l)erieece'>B. corner 9?h a* '1 l> e'reete. Mfiu d Kiimartlzi. No. ?I9 N-w Hampshire ae H Btraiisbergtr, Ho*. ??4 and S?0?> 7ih ?tre#t BCltbWKt _ , - Ar? bIim- at thecffiCM of? J. hn Joy Rdaon. Ni. 711 O afreet n^rth^P't. < t>a?. R. Braver, Ro ttti Lonl<taaa aT?ane. Wm Her.rr Browne, La a*. Bud 4H atreet. MUtcnC. Barnard. No. 4??ti Lonlaiina avpnoe. JAMBS FBASKB PreMdeat. No bU O atreet no;tbwe4t. F. G M1DDLETON Secretary, M-troaolitan Rank. JOHN A. PBaSOOTr Treeanrer, Bo^m No ?>?- Second Comptroller'a Office. bd>SV a ?a/J9Jnn?>l 3A5 EST T. M. 0. A 6KSVICE or at>NQ 1M LIN' OLN HALL BABBATH AF T KB NOON, MAT J 1st, 1376. The ad: nm?d acnnal m-etln# of thia AsbocIb tlon will be b*ld S *Tl" BO AI BVENIN i. J0:h tnatact, at TH o'c'ock. ?*yl7 tr T H B B R 8 T . MILBTBN d ?Ol>A WATBB. S ATT RAL 8PB1BO WATEB8 ob Oratight. ICE-COLD TEA, COB FEB and CHOOOLATB. 144B F*r?*sTLva!iJA AV*NC?, ap'S tT near Wlllard'i. |^?B W WHITMttB, ] Ci*n*vnl Cln>m nnd Co! trtiim Bo 71* 13th ?tre^t, nenr Treasury Department. Dtatrtct Claims, Pension aiid Bounty Claima. a Bpsrtalty. ap? MiKVOlA BXHACSTIOB.?A Medical K'?ay, comprlaiitg aseriea of ItctnreB delir __ at Kann * Mowod of Aaatour, New Tork cd the can-k and core of Premalnra Decline, show ?I ladiBpatably how kwt health may be regained, aTordiag a clear aynopala of the Impediments to Barrtac". and the trea'srsnt of nerrons and fhysl cal defcTllty, betrg the r'snlt of 10 years'ei per fence. Frlce. a cenfa. Addr?* the anthor.Dr L.J K ?hn, ?B<.e and r**idenee, SI Raet Wih ?t., N T apl ? hT'd 1x>OB fT TaTVtX)., BAHBEB8. apis >r 14'JI F street BTBATFOBD riBDALL, 4 #S Loalslana aaenoe, jSnll ta ATTOKNK1 AT kA W. >LEW;e JOHNSON A CO., BANK MRS, frar t/ iota Strt*l aa* ft*nsyiram? ilNiM, Da*|era la Government and District Beenrltle# #or?Iut. Birhange aad Oo!d. s?'pi4-lr ? oAMLRL O. BOUNO, BOTABT PUBLIC, octi7 tt Orriri-tiii Brants SUMMER RESORTS. W I'M BIB BOABD1MO ? Pers. as wlsbiog to O pptnd tbe sno.mer at adBlish'fa and at low rates for g^od lare, ?writs to L S DOAV D* . Principa Institute Warrecton. Va , as this buiMir.* i, i...? open for brardera. my 13 tnltjw tt'ful b!sv ? B . ? A are, snunldVcM^Y cipal P. r I'-'gg T "olldina '? ?*??' ayU tnAtJw t for Washing > rail- X^ifflLX )w opsu Ouir \ ATtOJI ?Asa t? Besirt for WadhiiiA 1 toiilans. T ATI UN, at tb? Bm-Bldgef MoBntaina. in krndona county. Vb.;H Ifce lire of the Washington and Ohio I road.tfters 3nc attractiuna and l- now opsu _ fiTB miantea' walk frcni the dep>t; fifty miles troiu the city. Pars mocntain air and splendid scenery. yleet of frnit, milk, bntter atd eges. nice shade, {.leaaant walks and drive*; Btrerything for health ?rdccinfcrt Terms *?ryrraaonablB. For rooms, term. Ac , addr-s* O. W. WEIGHT, Bound Hill D?p?'t. W . and O. B B.Ta my ?->v* ?|)LI K BlIMiK Bl'MJilT.n?Tvslrt or D iiteti. Bcarder* can be accommo dated, <>a rnaecaabk* terms, at ttie above^ r- ?ideL e. r.stbs KIB8T Mt'HDAV IN , JI NB The attractions at*- Cool, ?ora WMMS ?ir. with a fine park fr ntlng the hoa^e. This la the ?>o?t slevattd 'topping p- mt on the Western Mary land rallrwad. by three hnndrt-d feet, and is within tbr?e honra ride ironi Baltimore Kor pa'ttcnlars apply to JOHN LCE CHaPHAH. Bine Ridge Sum !? ii Post i'fnre.Western Maryland Bailroad. m23 lm ;fa! I^Tlll KTOM HOTEL. CAPE MAT, N J. QftMS J VMM 10( >. 137?. fel! tHARL.ES OI'FFT, (Of Costiae-tal Hotel. Phiia %) Proprietor. #4 Su per dae; $>0 p?r we>-k. my2?-la> | ITU SPRI^GB HOTEL* r manafomtM be* leate to inform th? 'il^rTfur Tie mew managenieM beg leave to inform the BSMroBB (oasta andpatronacf this well f known and popular BCMMEB BESOBT T' *t the Hotel has beea D'?t th^r>n?' If Bl>hed aad remodeled ft ? top to b\,tt^m. A literal patronage ia ?? .licit-d TEEMS MODEU&TE A iply to AMMON A J ACOBT, nrSV lm LI'iz. P-'iinatlTanls. ALLBV HOI*'' m>.l-stly offers pure bvmain air.n:ineral water.(Bnl >f r r BLd f 'l.aly l>eare>, good fare, I lite freedoas. and daily mails to all who( Bate liajrered beneath ita shades, and to any rtnsg er> w bo may come. Terms. 023 per month. City references freely given Addreas, MBS H 8. GOKE. cy!7 2w* Valley Home, via Winchester, Vb. The BALTIMORE AND OHIO BA1L&OAD COM PA N B '8 HOTEL, AT UBIK PABK. Will be OPEN BOB V lHITORd n the 10th OF Jl I- K and tn?.r > IV* H"TkL at Oak la.' d ob the lay OB JCLT. Applicants' for f-.^c s or iLformation addreea the na Barsifned. at Oakland. Garrett eountv, Md. apB<-tjyU JOHN DA1LET, Manager, rera pure 1UTH WW ;lc&4 OPTJCJAN ? Tc it* Public.? My newly Inventad B7e flaae, which 1 Bow manufac tare wltB sight workmes, snrpaeaea"^* any Eye alasB IB the whole world. They can be vaCBlatedby two small screws to rxactly fit the moae wtteout aBy paia or anpleaaant feeliog. They are made of Brazilian pebMe aod the newly dlacov ?red Bnaala ruby elasa For neatueae and tightness tBep cannot be snrpaaaed. Measure takes and order Bll ed In ft'veec minntss ISAAC ALEXANDER 1 2 21 Penna ar . laventor. Pater.t^e and Msnnlactnrer. VBAREUN * CO, J* OPTICIANS, Bo 1 ;'f7 FZBXeTLVAXiA A-*at* ?aaaiae KraaiHao Pebble8p?tac,'ee d?cT lr.1stp fHE GUE1T ANODYNE #ND NERVINE ? K Is t * M STOMA~n 70Sr ; HITTERS. ? It Is an nr>failiug ramedr f ir D VSPEPS1 A and LITE! COafuAlBT ai.J avary smcIbs of 1N DlGBsTION ItlsilMonli cars for HICK HEAD ACHE. It ne'er falia to rei,-.?# m MIASMaTIO FEVEBB. FEVEBantf AGCE. OOLIO. Ac. It u ? swift and Intertable cara of the DEBILITF. DBPBB8MCN. and HEB1>A'JHB which follow I BDl'B 8TIMCLATIOIT' It overcomes imae diataly all BEBVul SHEB8 ?i>4 removes all traces of a BMbt's DISSIPATION. It do* away with the we of OPIATES and to those addicted to the OFIl fl HABIT, H Is a ale^ant and aerfact sab ?rttnte. curing the Nad elfuti of this drug Bad de Btroyicg all deairs for It. Te b* had at *U Or hit Utt mrn.l GrK*rs. Stn I fat FamrkUi. BELT 9 BITTBBC DBPOT 13 Oa.'O'leB street Baiiiaacre, Md. MA W I. TTLEB, tr-% W HOLEBALE AGEHT, I* BSB mm avert, D.O, EVENING STAR Washington News and Gossip. Oovfrjmwt Receipts To-dat.?Inter nal revenue, WMW !H; customs, *?c*,31* 63. Thi report on the E.nmn mine luvestl. gation will not be submitted to the House b ? fore Thursday. Mr. Alexander Drlxar. the statisti cian, ha? been appoint**! clerk to the House C< mmittce on Expenditures In the Navy Department. Geif. O. O. Howard says he did not nerve as a trustee of the Freelmen's Bank, as charged In the report of the Congressional committee appointed to Investigate the af fairs of that institution. Coicr;R*ssMaw Kaisiy s Sfat?Tbe sub committee of the Honse committee on elec tions, corslstlug of Messrs. Harris, Tiiorup ?on and Wells, have decided to report In favor of Co: grcssmau itilney retaining Lis uit. Tiie Ho*. Geor<;e 11. Boker. minister plenipotentiary to Russia, sailed from Liv erpool on Saturday lu the steamer K issia for New York. Mr. Boker, who represents our go\ eminent as acceptably in St. Petersburg hi formerly In l?ont> !e. returns borne on leave of absence on a short centennial vltiU Sir Howard Thornton, British minis, tcr at Washington, who has a^ted as presi dent of me United States aad Mexican com mission, having formally declined to re reive any compensation for his services, Secretary Fish suggests by the consent of the United States and Britisb governments some fitting testimonial be given to him, a- d the commission will take action toward carrying ont the suggestion. htory ok Secretary Bristow's Res ignation?A rumor gained general circu lation this afternoon that Secretary Bristow had resigned the portfolio of the Treasury d<fartment. At 3:15 o'clock the Secretary was closeted with the Presidentat a Cabinet meeting. Assistant Secretary Conant says Uiat the story of Mr. Bristow's resignation is the sheerest nonsense, and totally un founded in fact. The Sociity of the army ok the Po tomac, General Wlnfleld 8. Hancock, presi dent. bolds Its seventh annual re-unlon at the Academy of Music, in Philadelphia, on Tuesday, the 6th of June. The oration will be delivered by General John A. Dlx, and the f oem hy Mr. Wm. Winter, of New York. The meeting of various corps belonging to the army of the Potomac will beheld June 5th. Tl e Society of the Array of the Cum t er :and. General P.H.Sheridan, president, *?-d the Society or the Army of the Jaines, General A. H. Terry, president, meet in Philadelphia June 6th and 7th. The report of the medical statistics of the Provost Marshal General's Bureau by Dr. J. H. Baxter, Chief Medical Purveyor U. H. army, is now realy for distribution by Congress. This report consists of two vol umes quarto, of about 750 pages each, and is illustrated by lithographic charts and maps, showing as the result of the examination of over a million of men the relation of disease to social condition, complexion, age, height, nativity, occupation and locality, and will i<e of great interest to the mcdical profession tt ronghont the country. Early application by these desiring this report should be made to their member or Senator, a* the number to be distributed Is comparatively limited. A Divide oe *12,000.?Ex Senator Mc I'onad, of Arkansas, testified yesterday be fore the House committee on expenditures in the Indian bureau that la 1872 the owners or the Flagstaff silver mine, situated near the Emma mine, in Utah, sent Shaffer to Europe to sell the mine before a land patent was granted. The mine was sold, the land fatent granted,??nd Shaffer remitted to Mc Donald, then Senator. *12.000, with instruc tions to pay ?5,000 to John Delano, then chief clerk of the Interior department, and *5 ooo to E. C. Ingersoll, ex-member of Con gress from Iliiuols, who had acted as attor . ey. and *2?on to ex-8enator Tuayer, now sjevernor of Wyoming. Delano is to be called t'? testify concerning this and his contract f? r land-surveying, under which ha recslved r2,500 without doing any work. Hail and Snow?Tnt&*reen o/the H'or.n ? Telegrams show that the hall storm of yes terday wa* widespread and destructive. In various localities in the northwest much damage has resulted. In Gayville, Clay county. Iowa, many bouses were demol ished. Hail stones two to three inches in diameter covered the ground to the depth of fonr inches. In Lansing, Mich., Sparta, Wis., and Mendotaand Rockford, III., the storm was severe and destructive. Tue southern portion of Pike county, Pa., also suffered. A furious hail storm swept over the region north of Scrantoa, Pa., Sunday afternoon, and worked great damage to the crops. The reservoir of the Providence Water Company was washed away, and on many farm* the corn and potatoes were torn ont of the ground, while the oats were beaten down as if pressed beneath a heavy roller. Upwards or 400 fruit trees were torn ont of the ground at Mr. Stevenson's orchard, near Waverly, and in Providence, Dunmore, Dickson, Abingdon, Jermyn and Scott the windows were broken promiscuously. A school house at Jermyn was struck and con siderably damaged by lightning. A heavy snow storm is reported west of Laramie City, Wyoming. The races at Suekoi.k Park, New Jersey, closed yesterday. Tne first race was for the 2 4* class for a purse of *1,200. There were six entries. Billy Boy was tne favor ite, but was withdrawn on account of bad ?darting. Lookout won the first beat, aud Slow Go the next three. Time?2.22*,, 2:27*, 2;2x*,2:27 w. The second and last race was free to all for a purse of *3,000; *1,000 for tne first horse. for the second and *500 for the third horse. There were three entries, Kansas Chief, Lady Maud and Nettie. Ladv Maud was the favorite. The tirBt beat, was won by Kansas Chief, the second by Lady Maud, the third by Kansas Ciller, tbe fourth by Lady Maud, and the fifth and race by Kansas Chief. Lady Maud won second money and Nettle third. Time?2:23,2:22 v, 2:27, 2:24, 2:27?. The Fourteenth amendment in Maine.?The Supreme Court of Maine has made a decision by which aii old statute au thorizes overseers of the poor of towns to send vagrants to tbe workhouses is declared to conflict with the fourteenth amendment, of the Constitution of the United States, which provides that no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property with out due process of law, which implies a Judi cial investigation. Judge Walton, who gave tne oplDion of the court, says: "If white men and women may be thus summarily disposed of <*t the north, of course black ones maybe disposed of in the same way at the south; and thus the very evil which was particu larly the object of the fourteenth amend ment to eradicate will still exis'-" Political Co*vehtions This Week The political conventions to be held this week begin with the New Jersey democratic state convention at Trenton to-day. To mo,tow will be a busy day with the politi cians. The Spencer wing of tne Alabama i ^publicans meet" at Montgnm^y: the Call lornla democrat* m?e? in Kan |Tr*nci?oo; the Illinois republicans ?? Snri.,(rn-W; the K?n tUS republicans at T-???-k?: tue Michigan < ? mocrats at Larsw.f . \|ime<oia rep'io ' cm s at St- Paul, >i sM.urt republicans : t Jefferson City ,h" Vow Hampshire re publicans at C"-t-? ?n<* v e Coiori'tort?rn ? crats at Pueblo. ??? rnuraday the Ken tucky democrat.o cuuw-uiiou will moot at Lou is vl lie. The revival miitirus held by lie*. E. P Hammond at Vlneland, N J , are increas ing in interest. Yesterday a large meeting whs held in Uie open air for "unconverted jfopie," snd in the evening Rev. Mr. Ran dall's church was packed with "professed" ore*. TheRtv. Mr Hammond Is being aa ?l?ffd by Prof. W. W. Beutley and the pas tor* of Vine land. THi VifT Point Cadets, about 300 in number, who are to visit Philadelphia, will Mart on the 27th of June In a government steamer. They will be accompanied br the Academy band, and will remain la Pltlla delphla ten days. KTA woman named Ruck, tn Harrlsburg, Pa., yesterday, while uznrortarlly insane, cm in it ted suicide by cutting bejr throat. FORTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. TursDAT, May 23. PEN ATE? Mr. Dorsey, from Co nmtttee on District of Colombia, reportei favorably bill to amend tbe act Incorporating (be joint stock ass elation of tbe Young Men's Cnrls tian Association of Washington, D. C.. ami naked for Its present consideration, but ob Jfct on was mace by Mr. Edmunds. Mr.Merrimon submitted a rosol ltloa In structing tbe Committee on tbe Library to i. quire it. to tbe expediency of colleeiin< and printing the resolves and acts of tin Conti nental ard Confederated Congress. He said he bad found on examination that many o: these acts ami resolves had nev-r baaj pi intfd. T!ie resolution was a lopte I. Mr. Clayton was, at bis own re.jujsf.ex crxt el from service ss a member of the baard of visitors to West Point. The Chair announced tbe appoint r.ent or Mr. Hitchcock as a member of tbe b >ar 1 o: directors of tbe Reform School of tae Dis trict of Columbia for five years. Mr. Conklirg, from the Committee on C-nnmerce, ?eported adversely Sento bill ni|. to improve the liarborof Washington c ty and the navigation of the Potomac river, and it was indefinitely postponed. Also adversely,fjom the Committee on tbe Judiciary, Senate hill 362, prescribing ^n oatbof r.fflee, anil it was indefinitely post poned. Also favorably, from the Commit tee on the Judiciary. Senate bill-.'41, relating to tbe jurisdiction of tbe circuit courts of the United States. 'Ihe Senate then proceeded, with closed ?!(or8. to the con side rat ion of the articles of impeachment against W. W. Belknap, late Secretary of War. HOUSE OF KEPREfiEN TAT1VES Im mediately after tbe reading of the journal, ihe House went into Committee of the Whole on tbe naval appropriation bill, Mr. C>vmer in tbecbair. The pending question was in relation to tbo abandonment of certain navy yards and letention of others. Mr. Lewis, who reported tb^ amendment, advocated it. other amendments were ottered looking to the retention ot all the yards now in use for Kei.eral purposes. The Proponed Claim* Commission. Editor Star: Permit me to otter one or two suggestions In reference to tbe editorial in jour paper of yesterday upon tbe subject of tbe bill now pending in Congress providing for an adjudication of tbe claims of citizens against tne District of Columbia. You ap pear to except to the proposed commission on the assumption that it Is to be a partisan commission. Now 1 do not know whether it Is to be partisan or not, but it occurs to me that if so, owing to tbe manner In which li is to be created, it will In that respect be a good, deal like a popular English drink, for it will be about half and hair. Your ob jection to this commission on tbe assump tion that It is going to drag up out of tbe depths an appalling array of old corporation Cialms and Jobn Pope Hodnet pay-rolls, and alsow them, to tne further grief of the tax payers, is not, I respectfully suggest, at all borne out by the provisionsof the bill. There Is nothing in tbe bill giving this commission power to allow any claim. If I understand it, they are to examine all cialms presented aLd report each case, with the sworn testi mony supporting its validity, to Congress. That body alone wiil have authority toallow the claims so examined into. I presume you do not seriously reeommend the few honest claimants among our citizens who^e claims because they were honest bad a hard time of it before the late board of audit, ar?d i;s curiously constituted secretary, to tbe tender mercies, tbe vexations delays, aid the fees attendant upon suits In our courts. These courts have with great unanimity on various occasions ruled tnat the government of the District of Columbia is a part of the federal government, and cannot be sued. A roan with an honest claim caunot afford to si^nd one half of it in order to save theother half, and that was largely what was the matter under the late board of audit. And it would seem to be but fair that such claira a ,u> bh'.uid have relief with as little expense t the mi eives as possible. In relation toot e braucb of claim?, namely claims for damages to real estate, I think you. perhaps, take a somewhat erroneous view of tbe matter. Of all the various clashes ? ?^clalrrs brought by citizens against the Mstrict, none are more Just or meritorious than thtse, whatever may be the opinion of the District Commissioners and thelrattor ? eys. From time immemorial it has been held in the law courts, in tbe equity courts, and In every species of practice and legisla tion. that when the property of the individ ual is taken or damaged. In the prosecution of any enterprise which is designed for the tfnefit of tbe whole community, it is but jij?t that the community so benefitted should make the citizen so despoiled whole, by a fair remuneration for his loss. This princi ple reaches hack even to the days of semi barbarism, and lias been Invariably acted on for the relief of individuals whose posses sions have been disturbed for tbe public good. So tar as relates to tbe amount of these cialms, I am well assured that the ag gregate is not more than a quarter of a mil lion. Will yon pardon me for the inquiry why in the constitution of the proposed commis sion yon apprehend that It is to be "an irre sponsible partisan body"? Years ago, when it was first urged here that we ought to have no politics in tbe District or Columbia, it was said that if our people weie to place themselves in accord with the administra tion and ignore partisanship, everything would be lovely, and Congress would give us 1 haidly remember what extent of favor able consideration. So we managed to get rid of the Bowens and Emerys. What fol lowed? The "feather dusters!" They were in accord with Congress, and the conse quence was a debt of y2i,00o.000. This was the result of being lu accord with tbe fad era! administration. Tbe administration gave us agents who saddled this debt upon us. 1 do not complain of the debt particu larly. It was what we had a right to expect as a proper reward for yielding up our right to have biennial mayoralty campaigns here. But, Mr. Editor, do you think there Is more danger of one-sided partisan action by a commission appointed by a democratic House and a republican Senate, than there was uader the rule of tbe late "feather dust ei>?" I do not. lam sorry not to be able to endorse your ably-written editorial, but I dou't believe anybody but a knave will present a fraudu lent claim, or allow one; and I don't believe a commission created, as this is proposed to be, of our own people, and witnout any ref erence to any subject but tbe bonest exami nation of the claims of our citizens, will be the objectionable, political, campaign-fund intriguers you foreshadow in your editorial. Faib Play. Jay Gould and e. 8. Stokes?What. the J^uioner Inleiutt to ilo on Kevainiiu/ his Free iio.u ?Edward S. Stokes sleeps in the dis secting room of the hospital in Sing 8lng prison, and yet has pleuty of air, as he does not close the windows. On Friday night two corpses were at his feet, and his rest was broken. He Is aiHtcted with asthma, and the prison physicians say that his life would scon be ended were he locked up lu a cell. Mr. Chas. W. Brooke will go to Albany to morrow to argue before the Court of Appeals for tbereleaseof Stokes. Tbe prisoner hooes to be free this week. In speaking of what he may do when be secures bis liberty, he says: ??Some persons think that It would be pru dent for me to go away from New York, on account of Jay Gould's ruffians. There was a time when my life was in danger from these Scoundrels. I didn't fear them then, and I don't fear them now. Tney are notoriously oowards. Tney came to me with queer stories, and then reported to Gould and Fisk all that I said. Tne bullies were always r ady to sell out to tbe highest bidders. They so workel upon Risk's mind with their false It corcocted stories that he really believed I ti tended to attack blm, and he arm d b 1 ru se i. If FisK bad been removed from the evil influences of Jay Gonld and his ruffians h Isk and I never would have beeu enemies. I ra going to stay In New York city, attend quietly to my business, and shall go out of town when I feel so Inclined." Under tbe sentence Imposed by Justice Noah Davis, Stokes* term will expire on tbe 2.;th of O *to ber next. He has been in Sing Sing prison since November I, 1873?[X r.Sun, 2MI. Th? CoKHOLIDATIOIf COMl'AXy The Cumberland Civilian, referring to the ru mors in relation to tbe legality of the char tor or the Cumberland Coal ard Iron Com pany, says: "It seems to us that this must place some gentlemen in a most awkward position. This charter was Introduced by a member from Allecany, and after tbe ad journment of tbe legislature that member and one or two other gentlemen sold this charter to tbe company, which has since been working under It. If It Is a fraud there has been a swindle perpetrated by some body. Tbe entire f*ets in the ease will doubt, less be developed, and we shall endeavor to DISTRICT INVESTIGATION. ! A Report Submitted to the Committee. A Partlznn < ampnlarn Docnment. 8erere Arraignment of Dimtrict 0//tcialm anil Their Indict went Recommended. ANOTHER REPORT. The District Vommi?HionernShould not he Meld HeMitonnible for the Wrong Doing* of the Hoard of Audit. The report of the Committee on the Dis trict of Columbia, charged with an Investi gation Id to the affairs of the District, has t>een prepared, so far as a portijo of the committee isconcerned, by Chairman Back ner. It was read to the fall committee on .Satnrday lasr, and ordered to be printed. It first quotes the preamble and resolution adopted by the House on the 31st of January last, ordering the Investigation, and pro ceeds as follows : By the terms of the preamble and resolu tion It will be seen that the scope of the lu qulry intrusted to the committee Included Mie action or the District Commissioners since their appointment, in authorizing work ro be done ou the streets and sewers of the District, alleged to be unwarranted by law, ard thereby adding to the debt of the District several millions of dollars, as well as the conduct of the board or audit and its subordinates In auditing aud certifying to this alleged unauthorized debt. Tne two lines of investigation are, in many respects, distinct and separate; but both involve the construction, to some extent, of the act of June 20,1?74, by which the Commissioners were invested with the executive authority of the District, and the board of audit was authorized to examine and certify the then tloatlug and unfunded debt of the District. It Dfed hardly be staled that this act of COLgress a as the result of the conclusions of the joint committee of the two houses, ap pointed in the Forty-third Congress to in vestigate the affairs or the District, and es pecially of the board of public works. It abolished the then existing government, composed of governor and le^lslatl ve assem bly, aud the board of public work*, which was to some extent a corporation, independ ent of the District government Tne second section of this act authorizes this commis sion? ?'To exercise all the power and authority now lawfully vested in the governor or b jard of public works of said District, except as hereinafter llmiui, and shall ba subject to all the restrictions and limitations now 1m posed by law on said governor or board, and shall have power to apply the taxes, or other revenues ot said District, to the payment of the current expenses thereof, to the support ot the public schools, the Are department, and the police, and to the payment of the debts of said District, secured by a pledge of tne securities of said District or board of public works as collateral, and also to the payment or debts to laborers and employes of ihe District and of the board of public works; but said commission, la the exercise of such power and authority, shall make no contract nor Incur any obllvUlon,other than sr"h coi.tracts and obligations as may be tucessary to the faithful administration of tne valid laws enacted for the government of said District, to the execution of existing legal obligations and contracts, and t} the protection or preservation of improvement existing, or commenced and not completed, at the time of the passage Of this act." By the third section of th* act -the con trol atil charge of the work of repair and improvement of all streets, avenues, a le.p, sewers, roads, and bridges of the D strict ot Columbia," was given to an ..ffirer of the englLeer corps of tne army, to r>e appointed by the President, ,,.->u'joc'. to 'he general supervision and direction of the said board ot commissioners." The power ?-?nd autboritv thus given, and thus limitnd, constitute all the power and anthoritv vestel by law in tne Commissioners, touching the subjects with which your committee has been charged. It is not the purpose of the committee to enter any critical analysis or the extent or limitations of the authority thus vested In the District Commissioners. It will be sufficient, in view of the facts ?ubmit:el iu the testimony accompanying this report, to ascertain clearly what they had not the power to do, rather than attempt to deflue the exact boundaries of fhe'.r power as pre scribed by the second section of the act. And we think we can say, with almost abso lute certainty, that under the limitations imposed upon the Commissioners,they had no power or authority to make any new con tract whereby they could bind the District to nay therefor in 3 65 bonds, or in any other firm of security. They are expressly pro nlbited from "mating anj contract, or In- I currlng any obligation," except such as may ?>e necessary to the "execution of legal obligations and contracU existing at tne passage of the act, and to the preservation and protection of Improvements then fin ished or commenced aud not completed." The contracts and obligations must not only be legal and binding ou the District or oh the board of public works, but they must have originated and been in force on the 20th of June, 1874. But how were they to be 'xecuted? By authorizing the issue of the obligations of the District, bearing inter est? By the issue of Its bonds, or by a contract to issue its bonds? Unquestion ably they had no such power under the provisions of tills section, and they had no other. If any of these contracts or obli gations of the District, or of the board ?f public works, could be satisfied by the funds and revenues of the District under their control, or if the improvements, either completed or uncompleted, required protec tion and preservation, they had power and it was their duty to apply the funds of the District to these' purposes. But it Is is clearly beyond the warrant of their authority to incur a new obligation on the part of the District, to be satisfied by the Issue of its bonds, for contracts not in existence on the 20th June, 1874. and eutered Into by said Commissioners after the pas sage of this acL And it is this which the Commissioners have done, and thereby In creased the debt of the District much beyond the amount estimated by the joint commit tee of the first session or the last Congress. Ills a matter or no Importance by what r?me this exercise of power by the Com missioners is known?whether it is calledau "extension," "enlargement" or modification or a contract existing at the passage of the act. There cau be no dispute about the Uiing Itself. In the reports of the engineer it is called an "extension," and as described in these reports, as well as in the answers of the CothmlcBloners, what is called an exten sion of a contract Is, to all lutents and pur poses, a new contract and a contract for new work. To Illustrate, we refer to page 408, printed report Commissioners, 1H75, and It appears that October 23. 1872, contract No. 582 was given to James W.Walsh to grade llih street east, between Pennsylvania ave nue and H street north. Between 1 December 7, 1*74, and October 23, 1875, six extensions ot this contract were made by the Commissioners, the first or which is to finish the grading on Uth street east; second is to reset curbs and relay brick loot-walks on this street; third Is to do a large amount of resetting curbs, laying cobblestone pavements, constructing sew ers, Ac., on llth street east and betweeu Pennsylvania avenue and Massachusetts avenne; fourth is to lay a macadam pave met f on tame street between Pennsylvania ami Massachusetts avenues; fifth is to grade set enrbs, lay brick foot-walks on 4th street, between M and O northwest, and N between 5th and New Jersey avenue; and the sixth is to lay brick foot-walks and set curbs on llth street, between O street north and Massa chusetts avenue. No one of these six "ex tensions'' has any reference to the original contract except the first; all the others are in fact new contracts, reqnlrlng a different kind of work, and several of them In entlrtly dif ferent localities from that or the first?arad iie 'n llth street east-and as maoh as a mi'e distant therefrom. And this is hut one of many of snch extAislons to be found in the Commissioners' report of 1875, from pages 3^<; to 418, both Inclusive. Also, in the an swers or the Commissioners, pages 166 to tu. According to tne answer of the Commis sioners (p. 142 3) they have expended the sum of 92,034334 ot In work on these new contracu, and they In every Instance obll rited the District to pay the contractors In 65 bonds, authorised under the sixth sec tion of the act to be issued sxeluslveiy for debu Out bar the District and the board of public works at the time of the passage of 1,325,000 00 550,000 00 1,030,000 00 the set or Jnne 2e, 1FT4. These eon tracts of Use i'ommi>?loDfri, by whlcS new work wm auUiorlnd under the name of ?it?n?li)3i| and by which they agreed that the contrac tors cbould be paid therefor In JM bonds of the District, seem to your committee to have been without authority or warrant of law. If there were any doubt of the correctness of this construction of the act the ctrcum stai ces attending the passage of the act and contemporaneous with It cannot fall to re move It. The object of Congress Is apparent from the terms of ?he act Itself. It was to put the late District government and tie board of public works in a coarse of bank ruptcy, to make the Commissioners the as signees and trustees, and to audit and land all the outstanding obligations of th<> Dis trict. The arrangement was temporary and provisional, and the terms of the act afford conclusive evidence that Congress expected to frame a permanent government for the District at the ensuing ses sion. Large appropriations of mouey were ma'le by this act, and an unusual rate of taxation was authorized to be levied from the property of the District to pay the over due demands of laborers, employes and others, in order that the District might be extricated from the financial embarr issmeut which the reckless and unlawful manage ment of the affairs of tba board of public works and of the District had entailed upon Its government, and thcucefortn to be run on a cash basis. It was said by one of the members of the joint committee iu the Senate "tnai the idea of the bill was to lift this bankrupt District out of Its present distress, aud for that pur pose appoint a temporary government and a board of audit to audit the accounts or this District, which for three years have never seen the tace of an auditor.'' The chairman of tte joint committee on the part or the House on the day the bill passed this House said:?"The District is, In a sense, utterly bankrupt. They have no means wherewith to carry on tbe government any longer. Their treasury is utterly exhausted. Tuey have no means to pay current expense*, much less to pay their debts. It is proposed to cbacge this government, aid for the purpose of carrying on the government here ad interim It is pro posed there shall be three Commissioners ap pointed by the President,and that they shall take charge of the affairs of the District and perform the duties now vested In the gover nor and the board of public works, except as limited in tbesecond section. Taese are lim itation*, it vnU be ?ten. placcl on thc*e Co/nmLf nonets, .wc/i as will, in the opini'jnof (he commit tee, protect the people from any further incurrintj of tUbts." Again, be says, the bill provides also for funding all the floating debt. Then It is pro vided that the sinking fund commissioners shall, when this debt is audited, cause to be issued a bond bearing 3 05 per cent. Interest, payable in fifty years, and that the various forms of Indebtedness may be funded la that bond, and he gave as a reasou for fixing upon this bond that the committee have fouud that in some of the contracts of the board of public works an allowance of 25 per cent, had been made to tbe contractors In the prloe of their work, on account "of the deprecia tion of the securities in which payment hail been made. Taking this Into considera te ?n, the committee had come to tbe conclusion that the 3.65 bond would make this as near right as possible." The report of this joint committee Is In har mony with the remarks maie In each house by members of the committee on the pas sage ot the bill. After enumerating the in debtedness and means of payment of the District, it says, "of the foregoing indebted ness under the provisions of the bill, the fol lowing items may be funded at the option of the bolder or creditor ot the Dintrict " Auditor's certificates *1,900,$36 59 A mount due or to become due on in complete contract*, eatimated..... Claims for damages on acoouut of change of grade, and for property taken lor btreets, es I Sewer certificates outstanding.. Amount paid under sewer tax assessments 509,uw? w I Total estimated that may be funded ?8,30i> bsG *>3 They state i'urthe'r in this report that the I District treasury is practically exhausted I in all Its departments, and they recommend tne appointment of a commission to man as;e the affairs of the District, ' unler limited I and retrained power*," and the raising or a committee to report a permanent form or government for the District, and submit the I - a me for Its action at the next session of Con gress; ard in reference to the indebtedness of tne District, this report says tbaU ?? Believing that it Is due to tbe people or 'Le District mat all the debts created b/ the hoard or public works aud by the District government should be adjusted, they have recommended that these debts be funded into a bond, payable nt a remote period, and tearing a low rate of interest, and as pre liminary to that funding they think it es sential that a careful audit or these claims should be made by responsible officers of the government." The intention of Congress cannot be mis. taken. All claims then existing agaiust the board of public works and of the District government were to be adjusted, audited, and funded into Ihe3.65 bond: and as to the luture, cash was to be paid and no more debt incurred. ... , To tbe board of audit was confided the ad justment and auditing of the then existing indebtedness, and the Commissioners of the District were intrusted with the executive authority under limitations that left tbeni without power to add to the indebtedness of the District a single dollar. They had power to execute existing legal obligations and contracts, and to preserve and protect im provement*, whether flulshed or unfinished, but they could not Increase the moneyed obligations of the District, or agree to do so; but in this regard, they were lim ited to the use of the revenues of the District, and to such appropriations as Congress might make for such pur poses. It has been by exercising a power nowhere given or necessarily Implied, but in direct contravention of the whole scope and meaning of this act?that of making new contracts on the part of the District, and agreeing to pay for new work In 3 65 bor.dB, that has increased the debt of the District so much beyond the amount esti mated by the Joint committee of 1*74. There can be no dispute or controversy that Congress intended that the valid con tracts of the board of public works should be completed, and that provision was m*de for auditing and funding tbe claims growing out of tbe completion of this work according to the terms of these contracts. The esti mates for the completion of these contracts were made by tbe deposed governor, and tbe srm believed to be sufficient to cover this anticipated expenditure was put down at ?1.325,000. Buttbissum was ouly an esti mate, and may have been purposely under estimated by the governor, both as to tbe number of the incomplete contracts and the amount recessary for their completion. Neither tbe Commissioners nor theeoglneer can be held responsible if the work needful to finish these contracts required a larger expenditure than tbe sum estimated by the Joint committee. Your committee made no exception to the increase of tbe debt of the District, growing out or this expenditure. Whether more or less than estimated, the claims growing out of tbe completion of these incomplete eon tracts were provided for and required Is be audited by the board of audit. It was not a matter over which the Commissioners had any Jurisdiction, except to see, by their en gineer, that the work was done according to the original contract, and that the measure n>ei.ts were honestly and fairly made. It is the rew contracts, the "extensions" and mod ideations of old contracts, the authoriz ing faud the contracting for work to be per formed, which the board of public words had not contracted to do or authorized to bs done, that we condemn. And In looking over the two reports of 1874 and 1875, made to tbe President, we cannot but oome to the conclusion that this "extension" of contracts never occurred to the Commissioners until afier their first report was made, and proba bly not until after the adjournment of the l&at Congress and Its failure to provide a permanent, in place of the provisional gov ernment of 1874. It ts worthy of remark in this eransctlon tbttt in the first report or the Co.mnis?ion erso' the District there are but three "ex teLelnc*** mentioned as having been made bv the Commissioner*, aud In each case the "extension" la but a substitution of another party, In place of the original contractor, because of his failure to contract. So far as we comply with his have been able to discover from this report, then Is no ?-?-w or addition to the old contract of the board or public works, and this power of sabetltn tidnwasexercised under the terms of the contract, and In e by advertising tbe ; It further ' In amm oaee, probably in all, r tbe work required to be dona, ?an from this report, and ales he engineer, that the eomp>s tlon ot tbe contract* of the board of pob'.i - worka wm estimated to cost *1,721 ...TOll, which were payable In 3 6.1 bond*. It la aUo stated that there are contract* of doabtful obligation, which, If complete!, are payable In 3W bond*. amounting to *l*4,4<w?4. Tbe sum 01 ?54?^3 23badalteady been certified by the board of au<ilt,oo ac count of tbe Incomplete contract* of me hoard of pubLc worka, making altogether 317,106 K? a* tbe actual, estimated and oontlngent expenditure on account of tbe completion of tbe incomplete eontracu of tbe board of public works December, 1*71. and showing the cost of thia work. Including me contract! of doabtful obligation, to b* *l lJ9 0?'."J0 1r excetaof meeetimate of the Joint committee. Your committee bave failed to And In me reports of 1ST*, either ot the Commissioners or ef tbe engineer, the slightest Intimation that any olber etpendi ture would be re<jnlrrd on account of the con tractsofthe board of public work* than we have given above. The Commissioners ha t, at tbe tlmeof making tbla report, been inof flie Ave or six months, and they certatnU bad bad ample opportunity to Inform them selves as to the pn?b.**i?le amount or expea l 1 ture on account of tMa contract work. It was their dnty to report misinformation to the President, and they performed t>il* duty In giving the above figures. In the same re port they state that? The District 3 6.3 nonda issued to I )? cumber 3. 1?71. amounted to *.,?)<<,is 73 Cert ill rates issued con vert I hie Into 3 ?>5 boids, but tot converted.... 1,770 3> ?,-Js,727 i* 3 ,117,7 <7 4t< District unadjusted claim* before I the board of audit 10,006 .11 which would constitute the full amount of tbe Diatrict 3 <3 bonded dant when certified and funded. The time within which alii claims could b? presented to tbe board of audit had expired some two mouths when i their report wan made, and under the act of June *i, 1*74, no other cialma could be pre rented unless Congress should extent me time for their presentation. Aa to claims growing ont of the contracts of the board of public works, mere wAa no further time given by Congreaa lor their presentation, so that me Commissioners had It in their power, wim reasonab.e certainty. to ascer tain me probable amount of the 3.65 bonded ^*11 waa made op of certificates converted Into bonds, certificates Issued but not con verted Into bonds, and unadjusted claims presented to me board of audit, and alto gether aggregated <10.0(Ki^UWi. In the re port of me board of audit (p &'?* Ki- pof-j nart 6) tbe same reault la reached, and after giving the class and amount of each claim or the audited and unaudited debt authorized to be funded into 3 65 bouda, which correa ponda exactly with the amouuta given by me Commissioner* and stated above, the audltora say mat "clasaea 4 (con tract-work) and 5 (general claims against tbe District) will probably be diminished when audited, but by a continuanoe of work under contracts, No. 4 will be ultimate!) Increased." Thia conclusion Is greatly cor roborated by a communication of me Com missioners, addressed to the chairman of the District Committee of the House of K pre sentatlvea of the last Coiigreas, bearing date the l^m of February. ICS. In wnlcb they ask. among other appropriation for the fiscal year ending Juno ?0, 1876, the aum of three l-uudred and sixty-five thousand dollar", interest on 3 66 bonds-thas ahowlng ma' they estimated mat the District debt In 3 ?.5 tKjuds would not exceed ten millions or dol lars. (See vol. X, Cons Globe, 13d Coug , February -'2. 1875, page 1604.) 1. it will also appear from their report of is"4 that they pasaed a resolution to the e:r?jct that all coutracts thereafter gtvea pat shall be awarded to the lowest responeible blddei ? after due notice by advertleement, and tbt right reserved to reject any and all bids, and daring the year 1*11 they faithfully maintained this resolution by advertislnti for proposals for all new work to be done under their authority. The system In vogue under me board of public works had been condemned In strong terms by the Joint com mlttee, and thia resolution was carrying out the recommendation of that committee 1 luring 1*74 they also declined to furnish any materials, such aa enm stone, brick, sewer pipe, Ac., to me contractors, another reform ol the vicious system of me defunct board of r WithTuchravorahleshowing and salutiry reforms it is not a matter of surprise that Congress did not maks ^aste toch^ge th form of temporary governraent tastitu^ed the act of lb, 4- But no aooner badit >n?r?? adjourned, after having made }.0Jrai appropriation of over a million of dollars for the general purposes of the District, and provided for me semi annual interest due ou me 3.65 bonda on me 1st of August, 18.;>,than an entirely different policy began to be de veloped. Old coutracia, mat had been com pleted. as appears from the report of the au ditor of public works, for two or three ye*? wer6 t46xt6nd6d." New work was cootrtct ed for to be paid for ln3 65 bonda; newer-pipe and curb stone was bought and paid for. J the same security, and out without advertisement, on theaaaae vl clous, expensive, and corrupting system that had prevailed under tne board of pujii'. WThV'bonda of the District, with the guar antee of me government, expreasly author ised to be issued only In payment of iijefrt ednees of me District accrued at t^e Passage of me act of June 30, ls.4. tbua became a means of payment for work doae_ a-id mate rials supplied on contracts that hai uo ex istence until me year 1875. Contract No. 5>-, which has been referred to heretofore, af fords a striking example of me manner In which mis con tract-ex tension was carried on during the year 1875. It appear* from the testimony of James Patrick, (p. 48,) Dr. Blake, (p. 53.) and the statement of me coun sel of me Commissioners William Biraey, (PP. 65 and 66,) and me re)K>rt or me engineer accompanying mis report, mat thia contract waa reported to be "comrlete" by the engi neer ortbe board of public worke, February 28, ls74; that noming was done as to this contract in 1874, up to toe making or their report of that year; tnat late In this year Mr/Blow, one of me Oommlatlouers, agree 1 10 give the finishing or tne grading of tnla cciT'ract to Fitzpatrick at 20 cents per cubic yard In 3 65 bonds; that tae engineer of the District was of opinion that me work ought not to be done, becauae there was no nece?si ty for it; that Blow's contract was repudi ated and tbe contract was afurward given to one Wm. Huaaey at 30 ceats per cubic yard, nowithstandlng they bad the written opinio j of their attorney mat toey were under uo legal obligation to recogc ize the assignment of me original oodtract to Husaey. ft fur ther appears from me engineer's repoit mat me estimated ooat of mt original contract ^grading 11th atreet east) waa *15.000, and the alx "extenelons," made to Huaaey. of thia contract, embracing new work on mi* atreet. aa well aa ten or a dozen othera in different parte of me city, amounted to *106,410 ?5. Thia la far from being an exceptional ea?e_of Illegal '-extension:" in otner words, of their ma sing new contracts for new work, aad binding me District for their payment in 3 65 bonda. Table No. 1, referred to in tbe answers of the Conamtasiooara.oon tains manyot auab "extenaiona'* made In 1875. no one of which seems to have been alludod to or reported to me President In their report of 1^4. All these new contracts were given out without adverUaement ana without compe tition??ome to aaalgneea, and othera to partlea that, from all thut appears to your committee, aeem to be ?trao**? J? the original contracta. Many of thaa* are rw ported to have been "complete," and other* ? abandoned," by thesworn atatemsnt or me engineer and audiUtr of tbeiate board of public worka. And arter refaclng In 18.4 to enter into eontracu, or to carry on tlieoootracu.ln i?T5 they purctiaaM and paid lor In 3.6* bonds materials to be used In executing the* oonUacw to the amount ol over now having on hand material* of toe ea tlmated valne of ?104^6113, much of which ItSmsto have been paid tor by discounting tbe^boeda at the rate of 70 eenta on the doi UAcoording tome tables acoompanylng the anaweraof me Commlaslonera. the ooat of tn^se "extenaloos" amounts to me sum of *?> (,34 334.04, which baa made an addition to me debt of tbe District, unauthorised by Corgrees. and unwarranted bv any fair and reasonable construcUon of tne aetof Jane ^We need not reply to the argument made by the Commlaslonera that theee extaasiona were neeeeaary to the "execnOoaofexlettng legal obligations,'? or to the piaees ietl >a and protection or ImprovameaT Ineomptete. The exiaUng rouid only refer to the daecribad in the eoa tract board of pa Mm worts. Ill wae required to be dona bvahis? Moo" la erljti asaat jthe^MMsag imr the act, there is no rule of law or principle of tlon that would Include In tbli obligation the paving or the eMewalk or carriageway even tt IM ram* itrfrt. much less Um imllai or ib? |?Tlr| o( ? dlRMot itmt or ? w*lf ? pened unrt, and i(?v?b racb a em ' 1100 were slinwahle wti#n doU*c<i itorm ft u>? authority to Mj tor tblt ' modification" or "extension" In tbe boode of U;? District.' Do inev infer Um povtr to ircresse tb?> debt of the District because tbey hs4 no cash r?*onrcf5 with wnirti to pay for Uil? work, end thai, therefore C iii|is? awt h?w iDtradod them to use a iwarlly u preeslv limited to tbe rending of existing In debtedness to discharge and ?atisfy a newiy created obligation? There la no doubt that Uwy had amborlty, and It wastbelr duty to pwii ve and protect th? improvements of the District. bat ?? ilwy that tt results from this a-lmtttad no?n that tbey had authority to nmlraet for the payment of tbc labor expended la tba preservation and protection of these in provssnents in ibe bond* of tbe District. Oa tba contrary. Hie abMcc of any aocb town. In tb? art of 1R74. la eonela alva of tba Intention of Congress. They could only use Uie reran taa of (bo District an I such appropriations aa Cohgrea* might make for tbi? pur pore. Nor do we aee any reason or pro priety In the attempt of Uie ('? >mmI??lousfQ lo throw any part of tba responsibility at taching to Ux.^e contract extensions upon the engineer of the District. He asams to have acted In all thla matter nruler tbeir control ar.d supervision It la the (\iaala ?locer*. and not the engineer wb > mate and Hirn these cot.trart*. It la Utey whocontract aa to the character ami ktnd of work and tba place a here It la to be done. The engineer ta reaporslble for tba measurement of the work, and determines wite.her the o>?u trac tor compile# with the contract made by the CVmtalasiooers, hot the reapo lslbility of author'etng the work and flung the terraa mo>le of the |>a - Tie it belong to I tie < 'oinatli Bloc era. The engineer may have t si led 10 ?e* Uiat proper and suitab.e malarial* were n*?d. aid hla men ?it rem on ta ar.d e* umatea maj have Iteen It c.trrect. but thliitoM not rnctt tlie objection that the t'ommN^ioQen had noaulhort*y ?oc*Mra<*t i.w tiie?? exten alona, and to pay f ?r the work spec fi*d in ihese extensions in the o ?-5 bjuOa of U>e District Another 'arte item ot expenditure daring Ihe *f?r 1k i la ll e Mitu oi a sc^ i??, made on account of repair* t? wool and < tncreie pavements. Th* authority to aid this aum tothecebtot the District la derived from section n of the contracts of the board of pa fo lic works. Thla a retina la In these worda Ninth. It la further agreed that if at any time, daring the j>erlod of year* from tbe oomplettoa of urn contract, any part or parts thereof shall t>ecome defectl ve, rrom improper material or construction. and in the opinion of the aai<1 party of Lb* flrat part require repair, the said party of the ?? sond i?arl win, on being notified therrsjf, imme diately Mmmeiipe au<l complete the aam* to tbe satisfaction ot tb<> party of trie flrat part; and In case of failarw or neglect of tba said party of the seoond parly to ao do, tba stmf shall be done under the direction and orders of the party of the flrat part, at the expense ot lite party of the aecotid part. Theconatruction oy which tbta large ax. reudltnre is now Justed ^eem< nevar to l>ave occurred to ine Co?*mlaatoaers until tha adjournment of the la*i Cougresa. Oa ihe contrary, there la very eonvmctng evi. i!enee, In tbe report ot the eng^e*r accom panying and making a part of aieir renort ol Iwcemher. l#7i, that they did not a*edaay such sum to make the repair* ol concrete pavementa. and that Uies upon the revenues ot the Dialrtct au prlatlons by Congress to pay for the i needed for the year 1*75-v>. In thla report of the engineer, made a part of the report of tbe Commissions, amoi g his estimates for the year 1479 will be found tbe following. K' imtra of wood pavementa, which are to be charged to contractor* and requiring a advauoe by District government .....*31,629.42 liepairs of ooncrvte* to be cnargtsl to contractor*, requiring a cash advance byfDistrlct government. U,MR.f? R?paim of wood pavements, on which the term of three years has expired, or will expire,during fl? cai \ear (I$i9),,.,,..'>.>90 so And for the year l?t*'> the aum of *l*tt,2l7 S3 is estimated to be ne<*??aary, to be expeaded for the same purpose, and with the same statement that H was a cash advance by tba District "to be charged to con tractor*." la the statement heretofore referred to. aent by the Commissioners to the chairman of tbe District committee of tbe House, and to be found in the < oiM/iexxtonal R*corft of February Si. 1S78 (vol. x. pag? 1UH), they ask an appro priation of Sl.974.fett, and among the items of this sum Is *109.^17 83 "for repair* to wood and concrete prvement* per estimate of en gineer." Congress appropriated tbe sum of *l.**ih OuO instead of the sum asked, oot spe cifically. but for geueral parptnes. Your committee are of toe opinion that these facts aflord convincing evlaenoe that, as late as February, 1iJ7V theCommiaalooers construed their powers, as to repairs of these pavements, as the committee oo, and ttbal they could only be paid tor in cash aiid oot of their own funds. Instead of using tbe moLey thus appropriated on their own esti mate and at their instance, tuey seem to have discovered that they contract for tba payment of these repairs in 3.t& bonds, and instead of expending *1<H,J17 53. tbe amount estimated at d demanded, they have made repairs exceeding *HOf ,(iOO in amount, end paid lor these repairs in 3.?;5 bonds. Your committee are at a loss to comprehend where they have fouod authority for thla large expei diture for this purpose In hoods. We repeat, that we do not question their power and dutv to make these repairs, under the authority "to protect and preserve in provemect*.complete and incomplete,'' bat ihe work or repair must be paid for in oaah and not in bonds. Bnt it is said by the Commlasions that the ninth section of tbe contract, as quoted above, contained the ob ligation of the contractor to keep his work In repair for a urm of years, aud on failure and notice tbey had the power to make tbe repair* and charge the cost thereof to tbe contractor, and inasma< b as the second Mo tion of the act or June -M; 1874, gave them the power to execute existing legal obligation*, tbey could do this work for the contractor,, pay for it In 3 05 bonda, a^.i then sue the contractor for Hi delineation. Conceding for the mouigbt tbe cor rectness of this couktruction of tbe law. where do they obtain the authority to issue tbe boods or the District in pay aent for these repairs',' But obviously there Is oo ground tor this construction. ir the obligation Is between the Dlatiiet ILUl lb? contractor, that obligation la that that the cor< racier shall keep tbe streets improved by bim In f^Dair.attd the Commis sioners would enforce theJoontraet on tbe part of the District by suing U>e contractor for bla failure and obtaining a judgment against blm. But, according to their con strnctlon, tbe District mast, oo tbe faUtsre or tbe contractor to do his duty, execaM mo obligation on its part that had no existeooe until such failure, and the District must pay for the coat of repairing first before there Is anv obligation to be executed or enforced. We think before tbe Commis sioners undertook to Increase the debt of tbe District **00,000 by such a construction of ibis act, tbey should have taken the opinion of the Attorney General or some eminent attorney, especially as it was evidently an afterthought with them that tbe statute gave them this power. Bat there is good reason to believe that much of this repair work has cost tbe District rroaa 30 to 40 per cent, more than tt was worth. There la much testimony (see testimony of John Grant, 8 K. Scbarf, and 8.8- Dant) ac companying this report to tbo eflect that tbe resurfacing for whicb they paid *140 a square yard, with twenty per cent, added for profit and personal labor could have been done lor 75 to 85 cents In bonds. No one was permitted to bid for tbe work but tbe panics who con tracted for it, and tbey fl xed their own prices. The vicions systsn of macing contracts ao strongly condemned by tbe joint committee or the last Oingreos, and impliedly by tba order or tbe Commissioner* In 1874, was car ried out. as to tbe whole of Ibis repair work, and instead of opening it to tbe competition or bidders, after due advertisement, tba whole MOO,ooo was divided oot between three sets of contractors, and chiefly given to two. But these are not all of tbe reprehensible features attending this repair work. Of thla sum #^06,000 the sum or *<?,96213 was paid to these contractors In cash, for preparing the mad-bed for the concrete re*nrfkee, and taking up tbe wood pavement. Hot out of the money which tbey bai In tbe treasury unexpended, and appropriated by the last Congress, for tbe cxprsas pur pose of making these repairs, bat by sailing tfce 3.C5 bonds of the District In ttMjMcjpK at seventy cents on the dollar. We can haidly conceive of a mora unwarrantable exercise " ? ar power, or a mora anJ?M flabie abuse of tbe Important trusts com mined to these officers, than la to be found la tbe axe eutlon and paying for this "repair work." But It aeema to your committee that tbe Commissioners are not alone responsible tor the large and unexpected lnorsaes of the debt of this District. Tbe board Ot audit, If Mi equally guilty of a violation ot tbe law de fining their duties, ate certainly partici pants with tbe Commissi oners In ths wrong perpetrated on tbe people of this DlstnetTrt would be a waste of ilase to attempt to Stoow won id be s waste ot time to attoospt to mow that tbey only had authority to exam Ids omt certify tbe onrunded and flosiing debt of tte ?nistiTot and of tbs board of pottle wovtn. ? By tbs slztb sseUsn of tbe aet, this debt Ir classified 1 sto elsbt classes-tbe three first ot which were evidsnced by sewer eeM^H certificates of the anditor of the public works, and MtoMM and cosnpiroUsr of

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