Newspaper of Evening Star, November 4, 1931, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated November 4, 1931 Page 2
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A-2 FORMER MARINE COMMANDANT DIES, Maj. Gen. G. F. Elliott Served With Distinction in Many Duties of Corps. Maj. o*n Oeonrc frank Elliott, V. | II Mar Mv Cnrp* retired. r.mmsndant , of tU# corpa from i9©3 until 1910. one i of the moat dintlnirulfthed living office** of the armed force* of the United State., who had won their fame prior td the World War died today at noon at! hla hoiiw. 1254 Sixteenth Atre’t, here J following a lingering fIbMM. Oen Elliott was In hie Mth year Entering the Marine Gorp* in 1870 ; •a a aecond lieutenant. Ocn. Elliott at the time of hi* retirement had per form'd almost every rraiceivable duty tot an < ■ filer r of the corps. both on tea and on land, and performed them with distinction Hi* promotion to Its com mand came on a hart* of merit and In recognition of hi* bravery and efficcncy In both the Spanluh-Amertcan War and the Philippine insurrection. He was the first rommandant ot Marine* to be re tired a* a major general, to which rank he was elevated by rp'cial act of Con gress. Oen Elliott was born in Alabama, November 30. lfilfi When still a boy he moved to New Hampshire where he 1 heard Revolutionary War stories at ! first hand from hi* grandfather. Un- ! able to participate in the War of the ■ • Rebellion because of hi youth, he ‘ served the Government in a civil ca- I parity and witnessed many of the ac tivities of that struggle between the . States. In 1808 he received an ap pointment to the United State* Military Academy, whence tie was honorably discharged before fulfilling the allotted court-' In 1870 he was tendered a com . mission in the Marine Corps, which * was then composed of hut a few hun dred men. but which he lived to sec ? become almost an army in itself. Served on Old Frigates. The list of his different tours of duty j • float and ashore is a lengthy one. He ‘ mas one of the few remaining officers who had served on old frigates which j were propelled by sail only, and wit ■ nefsed almost the entire transformation ! of our navy from sail to steam. In 1877 - he was stationed in and near Wash ’ lngton to guard against disturbances due to railway strikes. When the V. S. S. Baltimore was l Bent to China In 1894 to guard United States interests during the conflict be tween China and Japan. Gen. Elliott, then a captain, was Marine officer of the fleet and during that tour of duty he performed what was probably his outstanding military exploit, a forced night march on Seoul. Chosen, a dis tance of 31 miles, much of it through •übmerged rice fields, in the remark able time of 11 hours. In 1898 Gen, Elliott was ordered to destroy a well, some six miles from Guantanamo. Cuba, water supply for Spanish forces. In the consequent en gagement he so conducted himself that he was advanced three numbers in grade. In March of the following year he was promoted to major and was or dered to duty In the Philippines. As a lieutenant „ colonel he com manded ft Marine battalion In the bat tik of Novalcta, P. 1., the first major engagement In which that branch took part. His troops dislodged a force of insurgents which a very much larger command of Spaniards had tried in vain three times to overcome. For this victory he was officially commended by the Secretary of the Navy, still later he commanded the Marine Barracks here and was made a colonel and, a few months later, a brigadier general. In which capacity he organised a bri gade for service on the Isthmus of Panama. In February. 1906. he was awarded a commemorative medal through the U. S. Government Board. Louisiana Exposition, for his part In preparing the governmental exhibit. Elen. Elliott was appointed commandant f the corp* May 21. 1903. Honored by "His Boys.” Although he had been more than 20 years retired, Gen Elliott ahvavs kept in close and active touch with the i affairs of the sea-soldiers with whom J he had served so long. In later years i he was wont to refer to generals and colonels who had served under him as fledgling officers in long ago as his J "boys.” An evidence of the affection 1 in which he was held by those who had ! once served under him occurred on his j seventh-sixth birthday, which happened ' that year to be Thanksgiving day. By previous arrangement he was taken on n motor trip and during his absence a i surprise party took possession of his J apartment, Every rank in the corps! was represented, from major general, ! in the person of Gen. Neville, down to j private. A Marine Band Orchestra plavcd and a tribute was read from! Cen., one of his successors In ©flUe. The death of Gen. Elliott leaves only one former commandant of the Marine Corps alive, Maj. Gen. John A. I/eieune.' now superintendent of Virginia Military ' Institute at Lexington. Va. Gen. El- j liott took over command of the famed fighting outfit from Gen. Charles Hey- i wood. Upon his retirement seven years lea ter he became a resident of the Na- ! tional Capital and pursued the hobbies j of travel, hunting and fishing, of which i all his life he had been an enthusiastic devotee Until a few years ago he was j m active golfer, but due to the infirm- ; ities of age plus the effect* of injuries received when struck by an automo bile. he was compelled to moderate his remarkably active life. Cen. Elliott is survived bv his wife. Mrs. Annie M. Elliott. 2400 Sixteenth i stmt, who is a daughter of Commodore 1 Badger. U. S. N„ and a sister of Rear j Admiral Charles J. Badger of this citv; j also by ■ daughter. Mrs. Harold Reis- | insrer. wife of Col. Reislnger of the pay- i master's department of the Marine Corps. Gained Interest of General. An interesting story is recalled of I how Gen. Elliott came to enter the Mu- i line Corps. While undergoing an oral 1 examination in French, one on which hi' retention in the corps of West Point cadets depended, he was surprised and somewhat disconcerted to tee President j Grant, accompanied by a number of other Civil War heroes, suddenly enter j the recitation room to listen. In the j gioitp wr.s Gen. Georg.' H. Thomas, "The Lien of Chickamauga.” Cadet Elliott failed: was dropped from the class rclls and sought a position in civil life. Not long afterward came notification that he was eligible for the* Marine Corps and that he nas to report 1 lor examination. He passed and was comm ssioned. but for Mine time never! knew from v. hat source of official in- : flucn-'c Ins chance had come, Later i one of his s .periors told him that the I tentative ay* ointment had been spun- 1 S'ved he rp j Thomas But i do net know Gen Thomas,”! Lie- ;t. Elliott raid in surprise. "He seems to know you. though.” rc plird his informant. "He said lie had once been present at an important ex uminfttion in t hich you appeared and j that he ’liked the way that young fel low had failed.* ” LORD KYLSANT IN PRISON Briton. Denied Appeal in Frauds. Begins 12-Month Sentence. LONDON, November 4 V—Lord Kylsant. formerly chairman of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Co and one of the dominating figures of the British shipping world, entered prison today to serve a 12-month sentence for falsifying the company's financial Statements. His appeal against the sentence, which was pronounced by the Criminal Court lost Jun- was denied by the Court of Aupeals today and he was takes to prisou immediately. Former Chief of Marines Dies W A 1 - "■■■■■■ / \ JhL r fyjm m f ,• JJI W wfm H HAWS-Ev/tMC. MAJ. GEN. GEORGE F. ELLIOTT. POOR VENTILATION BLAMED IN DEATHS I Father and Son Accidentally Killed by Fumes in Cabin, Jury Decides. Faulty ventilation of a cabin at the Potomac Park tourist camp was blamed today for the deaths of Homer C. Huglll, 05, and his son Homer, jr„ 34, who were overcome by carbon monox ! ide gas last Saturday. The blame was placed by a coroner’s jury after an Inquest into the younger man's death. Young Hugill died in Emergency Hospital yesterday, less than 24 hours after the death of his father. Physicians at the institution gave the men two blood transfusions each in an effort to save their lives. Although the coroner’s Jury con fined its inquiry to the younger HugiU’s death, its finding was applicable to his father's as well. The verdict was that the deaths were accidental—the cause j being carbon .monoxide fumes created as a result of "improper ventilation.” Responsibility Nut Placed. The verdict, which did not place the responsibility for the faulty ventilation, ; was reached after the jury, accom panied by Detective Sergt. John Fla herty, had visited the cabin in which the Hugills were overcome The jurors were taken to the camp in a patrol wagon. Samuel Tapp, deputy inspector of plumbing for the District, tes ified the lumes were created as a result of ‘ im proper combustion” in the burning of a gas heater. The carbon monoxide created by the heater, he declared, was of such proportions that it was notice able even after tto heater tod been burning only five minutes. It also was brought out that the only means of ventilating; the cabin was to i leave the door or one of the windows [open. All Equipped Alike. The 53 robins comprising the ramp are equipped with the same type heat ers, Harry P. Clark, manager, testified. They are inspected once a week, he added. Coroner Joseph D. Rogers told the : jury both the heater and a cook stove ! in the Hugills' cabin were burning im propejly when he examined them. I Employes of the camp said signs were posted in the cabins, advising S tourists to keep the windows open six or seten Inches when using the heaters. The camp is operated by the j fare and Recreation Association un,l<*r i the supervision of Capt Roy C Mont ; gomery superintendent of the United States Park Police. • AKRON BACK AT DOCK; SETS WORLD MARK Cat l ies 207 Passengers for Biggest ' List Ever Carried by Any Aircraft. By the Associated Press l AKEHURST. N. J. November 4 The U. S S. Akron, giant of the world's l airships, was b.tck at her dock at the j naval station today with a record as ! the world's largest carrier of passengers. The Navy’s new st sir cruiser proved her carrying ability by taking 207 per ■ s~ns a’oft for a 10-hour ride yesterdav Thai number was 38 greater than the largest number of persons ever before ;to go rloft in an aircraft the DO-X. a j tlving bout, having carried 165» persons : for an hour's flight over Lake Constance three years ag >. Despite i‘s showing, however, the Akron remained a " probationar, " nw-m --j her of the Navy's equipment. The ru>s I of tiie Navy require a six months' trial period for all emit, l KING SPEAKS TONIGHT Senat r William H King. Democrat of Utah, a memmber of the District Committee, will speak tonight at the . hrst regular meeting of the Business High School Pa rent - Tear her Associa tion. at the school building. Ninth street I r.nd Rhode Is'and avenue. His subject will be "Schcol Affairs “ Convening at 6 o'clock, the associa tion will elect the following commit tees Membership. Social. Library. Music, Publicity Student Aid. Building and Grounds, Ways and Means. Pro gram. Magazines. Health and Legisla tion. —— - --- Girl Flyer Down in Africa. BUI.AWAYO. S. uth Rhodesia. Africa, November 4 P». -Mis; Peggy Sr.hman British a via Lit. who is flving from j England to Can? Town, spent the night in the bush <ic». here last night after making a forced 'anding She plans to * leave tonight lor rißapve, i THE t\ EVFNT; STAR. IVASHTXGTCVSf, T). C.. WKPXKSHA Y. XOVKMRER 4. 1031. HOOVER AND GLASS CONFER ON FINANCEj Series of Talks Between Re-1 serve Experts Quiet Rumors of Drastic Moves. A series of conferences revolving about President Hoover and Senator Car ter Glass, Democrat, of Virginia, yester day. served to bring about a bctler un derstanding of the bipartisan emergency economic program. The President called Senator Class to the Wihte House from his Lynch burg. Va„ home to go over his ideas and plans on the financial situation. A j fairly general understanding between Mr. Hoover and the Democratic spokes man on baking legislation was reached. Meyer Visits Glass. Later. Eugene Meyer, goiernor of the Federal Reserve Board, and a group of the beard’s experts called on Senator Glass at the Capitol. Earlier in the day, George L. Harrison, governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1 conferred with Glass. Senator Glass said the various con ferences had no relation and the Fed- I oral Reserve officials insisted no imme diate new steps were in prospect. Senator Glass Is a co-author of the Federal Reserve act and there was some speculation on whether Federal funds were to be mads available in any way for the un inncunced horns building program. Accord Stills Rumors. Glass has opp sed opening to any extent the doors of the Federal Reserve ! System for the rediscounting of new paper, and the fact that he and the President found themselves in general accord quieted speculation cf any dras tic move along this Lne. The day's round of conferences was taken as fresh evidence cl the inten- I tion of ths administration to seek a united front in dealing with the Na tion's eroncmic situation, in accordmce with the bi-partisan understanding reached at the White House parley last month. U. S. AIDS INDIANA IN MURDER CASE; Col. Woodcock Expected to Attend Trial in Connection With Slaying of Agents. By the Associated Press. FORT WAYNE. Ind.. November 4 The Government lent its aid to the State of Indiana yesterday in the prose.- cuiicn of George Adams, crnvlcted Fort Wavn? bootlegger, who last July 22. shot and killed two Federal prohibition agents when they sought to arrest him. John Colvlron. assistant United States attorney general, and Oliver M. Loomis, district attorney for Northern Indiana, j conferred with local prosecutors before opening of the trial in Allen Circuit I Court Col Amos W. W. Woodcock. Federal proh bition director, planned to! attend the trial. The trial is on an indictment charg- i ing first degree murder in the slaying j of John I. Wilscn. Another indictment | charges se-'-nd degree murder for the j shooting of Walter N. Gilbert Prosecu tor WaltT E Helmke has Bnnounced j the Siate wiU ask that the death penalty be imposed Oilbcrt. a Cincinnati agent, and Wil son. working out of Indianapolis, were killed at a rendezvous a mile south cf Fort Wavne, where Adams had agreed to deliver a load of liquor to them Oliver J. Gettle. another agent, and C. E. Green of Portland. Ind , a Fed eral informer, also were present. When Adams realized lie was caught Gettle said, he drew a gun and said. "I'm going to kill you.” Gilbert then j fired, a "cording to Gettle. wounding i Adams in the neck and the bootlegger i proceeded to kill Gilbert and Wilson, firing several shots into the latter’s br>dy after he had fallen to the ground. The agent said Wilson was unarmed Gettle escaped, he related, along with Green, by running to cover while Adams fired at them Adams fled and I was captured several hours later. Attorneys for Adams have announced j their case will be based o na plea of self-defense. Adams was on parole from the Fed etal Prison at Leavenworth, Kans.. at the time of the shooting. He is 35 years old. Prof. Henry F. Tyler Dies. NORTHAMPTON. Mass. November 4 isl. —Prof. Henry F. Ty'. r, 88. first faculty dean of Smith College and for more than 35 years head of its de j partir.ent of Greek, died suddenly last night. At one time he was instructor of , Greek and Latin at Knox College, t Illinottb EXCHANGE PARLEY! STUDIES CURRENCY Maze of Regulations Ham pering European Trade May Be Cleared at Prague. By Cable to The Star, PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, November j 4—Having registered comparative prog- I ess to the extent of a formula limiting , currency requisitions to the individual j territories of the participating coun tries. the delegates to the Foreign Ex ' change Conference here were prepared ! today to tackle further tangles in the maze of governmental economic and financial regulations that have brought European trade to a disastrous stand still. Representatives of the Central Euro pean and Balkan Central banks as well as of the Bank for International Settle ment at Basel, under whose auspices this conference convened yesterday, are meeting under the chairmanship of President Vilem Poposil of the Czecho slovak National Bank. Exchange tech nicians are here from the central banks of Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Greece. Jugoslovakla, Austria. Poland, Rumania and Hungary. America Is Affected. This conference directly Interests Americans, for American exports and 1 imports, tourist traffic abroad and gen eral dealings with foreign countries are affected. Admittedly the conferring bankers W'ant an early return to unrestricted transactions, but they do not see how this can be done unless creditor coun- I tries advance foreign exchange. While | the amount required will have to be | estimated. crcH country w ill probably j state its needs to the Bank for Inter- ■ I national Settlements, which is ready j again to act as an intermediary. On- of the subjects of these conversa tions is capital flight to creditor coun tries as a contributing factor in for eign exchange tightness in countries operating under strain Another sub ject is the effect the fall of the pound had on gold exchange standard coun- i tries whose currency was based on ! pounds. Payment Means Scarce. Europe's main difficulty with foreign I exchange transactions is that there is jso little exchange. There are more than | enough commodities, but means of pay ! ment are scarce, and where there are ! the means of making payments abroad. ! there are new difficulties in making j transfers. j These difficulties accumulate and * [ other countries are not able to make foreign payments because weaker coun tries cannot make transfers. The re sult has been a tightening up on all payments. Even a sound country like Czecho slovakia has b en obliged to enact cur rency and security restrictions. Some weaker countries are holding their cur rencies only by extreme effort. Currency restrictions usually take the | form of Government control, with the central bank*, and a few agencies con ducting all exchange deals. Residents muss turn in their exchange holdings. Seme countries are competing for ex changes held by firms having branches in different countries. Individuals find it expensive to travel, for rates are artificially maintained. Many Ameri i cans have been forced to leave their j currency with frontier officials includ | ing even the dollars they had brought ! in. Must Protect Currencies. The Bank for International Settle ments called the conference because its duty is to help protect the currencies j of ail of its members. Conditions now are just the opposite of ideal. Behind the exchange stagnation is incomplete world readjustment to the new level cf commodity prices.

Those newly enacted governmental emergency measures, by w'hich means they are making foreign payments, are doled out for necessities. To tide over the readjustment period, thpre are various suggestions: 1. Creation of a clearing house under t the Bank for International Settlements. 2. Bonded warehouses for exchanges on the old barter basis. 3. Creation of an exchange pool by creditor countries. 4. Loans of foreign exchange to the central banks of borrowing countries. 5. Tariff changes. GANDHI, IN LOINCLOTH, TO VISIT KING AS POOR MIGHT SEE HOOVER ________ Calls Self "a Beggar” Without Other Apparel and No Conveyance but His Legs. By (he Associated Press. LONDON. November 4.—Mahatma Gandhi today was firm in his decision to wear his loincloth to Buckingham i Palace to see the King, i "Would a poor man in the United ; States change his dress to see Presi- I dent Hoover?” he asked in answer to i a question whether, out of deference to I King George, he would don trousers, a I tail c.aat and a high hat when his I majestry receives him tomorrow. When it was suggested that a poor man in the United States m.ght change Thanksgiving Proclamation Aid for the unfortunate wps urged by President Hoover vesterdav in proclaiming Novemocr 25 as Thanksgiving day. He urged the people throughout the Nation to minister to their neighbors in need, “over this Winter that they, too, may have full cause to participate in this day of gratitude to the Almighty.” The presidential proclamation said: • "We approach the season when, according to custom dat ing from the garnering of the first harvest by our forefathers in the New World, a day is set apart to give thanks, even,amid hardships, to Almighty God for our temporal snd spiritual blessings. It has become a hallowed tradition for the Chief Magistrate to proclam annually a national day of thanks giving. Sees Cause for Gratitude. “Our country has cause for gratitude to the Almighty. We have been widely blessed with abundant hirve-ts. We have been spared from pestilence and calamities. Our insti tutions have served the people. Knowledge has multiplied and our lives are enriched with its application. Education has advanced. The health of our people has increased. We have dwelt in peace with all men. The measure of passing adversity which has come upon us should deepen the spirit ual life of the people, quicken their sympathies and spirit of sacrifice for others, and strengthen their courage. “Many of our neighbors are in need from causes beyond their control and the compassion of the people throughout -the Nation should so assure their security over this Winter that they. too. may have full cause to participate in this day of gratitude to the Almighty. Designates Thursday. “Now, therefore. I. Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, do hereby designate Thursday. November 26. 1931. as a national day of thanksgiving, and do recommend that our people rest from their daily labors, and 1 in their homes and accustomed places of worship give devout thanks for the blessings which a Merciful Father has bestowed upon us. "In witness whereof. I have hereunto set my hand end caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. “Done at the City of Washington, this third day of November, in the year of our Lord. 1931, and of the inde pendence of the United States of America the 156th. “'Signed> “HERBERT HOOVER.** I m MHWMH mmmm MMMVMMMMMMMMMMMMMMHMWMMMMM_ M MMMMMMMMMM | Happy to Get Back to Civilization TRIO OF MODERN ROBINSON CRFSOES REACTED FROM LONELY ISLAND. 9 v ■■» $ S i i • j The three survivors of the yawl West Wind, who were shipwrecked on the lonely island of Cocos last April, browned and hardy after six months of life spent like Robinson Crusoe and dressed in clothes furnished them by Navy men, are •shown below on the deck of the gunboat Sacramento, which rescued them, as they arrived ih Balboa. With hand loan ing on the rail is Capt. Elmer J. Palliser. San Diego, Calif. Next to him (in white), Gordon Brawner, Springfield. 111., then Paul Stachwlck, Huron. S. Dak., and with the spyglass under his arm is Quartermaster J. R. Micholfelder of the Sacramento, who discovered the men on the isolated island. —Wide World Photo. Upper: Rude hut on the island where the castaways lived until rescued. * —-A. P. Photo! NAN BRITTON'S SUIT APPROACHESIURY Four-Hour Limit Placed on Arguments in Writer’s Damage Action. By the Associated Press. TOLEDp, Ohio. November 4.—Fed eral Judge John M. Killits set a four hoUr iHnit for each side to give final arguments today in Nan Britton's SSO;- | 000 libel suit against C. A. Klunk, Mar ! ion, a hotel operator. This indicated that today’s entire ses sion would be given over to the sum mations and that the case would not be given to the jury before tomorrow. The case, based cn Miss Britton's i charges that her character was defamed 1 in the book “The Answer to the Pres ident's Daughter," which Klunk alleged ly distributed in his hotel, is being held behind locked doors by order of Judge Killits. It was understood attorneys for Miss Britten rested their case yesterday after she took the .witness stand to give cer tain rebuttal testimony. I his clothes to see the President if he had another suit. Ghandi replied: *‘Wel', I’m a poor beggar and I hive no clothes except my loincloths, which are all alike.” Asked whether he would walk or ride to the palace, he said. "If'wishes were horses beggars might ride, but I ; am too poor to afford an automobile." He w r as reminded that sipce he will be an official guest the government would orovide him with an automobile. ••Well.” he said with a chuckle. "It's about time the government gave ms something.” FEDERAL EMPLOYES TO CONSIDER SPLIT Vote on Quitting Federation of Labor Called After Row Over Classification. ' Continued From First Page.) i tion board will have the last say as to what amount of wages shall be paid. All the work of wage boards and the time taken in hearings will have no | effect on the personnel classification board, as the latter’s decision will be : final. It is believed the intention is eventually to eliminate wage boards. "The Bureau of the Census recently issued a classified index of occupations. ! For instance, it divides some trades into j from 75 to more than 100 classifications. It is understood that the wages of each classification of a trade will be fixed by the board and, therefore, cause a disruption of nil trades. The Executive Council sees great danger in such legis lation and recommends that the con j vention take a firm stand against pas- I sage of the proposed bill.” "Adding further emphasis to the extraordinary proposal contained in thej Executive Council’s report," said Mr. | Steward, "was the fact that the Na tional Federation of Federal Employes, to which organization personnel classi fication has from the outset been the most vital issue, and within whese ! jurisdiction are to be found more than 1 80 per cent of the employes who could j possibly be affected by classification j i legis’ation. was neither given an oppor- i tunity to be heard by the Executive Council nor even notified of the coun- ! ell’s intention. "A reading of the section quoted from the executive council’s report j furnishes conclusive evidence that the ! person cr persons who wrote it lack even an elementary knowledge, not only I of the legislative history of Federal personnel measures, the present status of Federal- personnel classification laws, but also the effects of proposed legisla tion." President Steward immediately got into touch with President Green and pointed out to him that the council’s report on the subject constituted a violation of the autonomous r ghts of the National Federation of Federal Employes, and that the executive coun i oils report on the subject of the pro posed classification bill had violated every principle upon which representa live government depends in that neither : hearing nor notification had been ac ! corded the organization most vitally affected. President Green stated that 1 he was unaware that the matter com plained of w’ in the‘council’s report, that it had t_.n prepared by employes l of the American Federation of Labor supposed to oe familiar with the sub ject, and that he had been given to understand that it was entirely ac ceptable. Explains Position of Unit. In explaining the position of the Na tional Federation of Federal Employes President Steward said: "Th? essence of personal classification in the Federal service is the payment of adequate rates based upon the work performed, with the establishment of I suitable systems of Increase and promo i tion . j "The National Federation of Federal 1 Employes from the date of its incep tion has advocated personnel classiflca , tion ns the foundation upon which the sectring of proper f»a.v end working con- ! 1 ditions for the Federal service must, of j , necessity, be erected. Personnel classi fication is also highly important from : the standpoint of proper administration. "The issue was not of our choosing Everything possible was done to avoid it. The decision having been rendered 1 by the convention, its conclusions seem to be inescapable A careful study of the entire situation indicates clearly that a continuance of affiliation to the i American Federation of Labor by the National Federation of Federal Em ployes will mean simply this: That we' shall be contributing of our time, of our effort and of our money, to uphold an institution that is not only working against our best interests, but doing so in an arbitrary and unintelligent man- ! | After exhaustive study of the enthJl situation with ali of its implications jte ' unhesitatingly recommend thatJhe ! National Federation of nioyes withdraw its affiliation Jrom the \ American Federation of Lxtor and function In the future u Jin tnde ' pendent unaffiliated organization." K-1, BIGGEST BLIMP, WRECKED BY WIND Navy Craft, Delivered Month Ago, Torn and Control Car Damaged. By the Associated Press. CAPE MAY, N. J., November 4. Navy officials today inspected what re mained of the new $250,000 non-rigid : dirigible K-1, largest of its type in the world, to determine definitely the ex tent of the damage done when a strong wind smashed it against its hangar en trance last night. A ground crew of 60 sailors was ma neuvering the 237-foot airship into its hangar on its return from a flight to Lakehurst. when a sudden cross-current wrenched it from their control A door ! of the hangar caught the big bag and | tore a large hole in it, through which ! the helium gas started to seethe. As a safety measure the remainder lof the ship’s 300,000 cubic feet cf , helium was released. As the gas roared from the valves the huge deflated bag was whirled away by the wind and ripped by a barbed wire I fence nearby. The control car was damaged slightly, but Lieut. Bailey and two student pilots i who occupied it at the time escaped ! injury. The airship was an experimental one. ! with many unusual features, and was | used for training pilots. It was moved ■ here from Lakehurst along with sev i eral blimps which were'crowded out of j the hangar there by the arrival or the ; new Akron. The K-1 was delivered to the Navy ! about a men'h ago and had flown 20 hours. EUROPE PONDERS JAPAN’S MOTIVES IN FAR EAST CRISIS (Continued From First Page.) matic circles regarding the Japanese motives. Is Japan simply trying to uti lize tho present psychological moment, when Russia is economically hard hit, the rest of the world is in the midst of a terrible depression, Nanking~and Canton i are unable to get together, Central | China is devastated by vast floods, the i League of Nations is hesitant to act alone and the United States is hesi i tant in backing til t League—to realize its long-standing ambition to gain con trol of a!l M nchuria? Or is Japan merely desirous to pcse as the world’s champ. on against. Soviet Russia in order to occupy a better tac tical position when the League Council j meets 12 days hence. And what will Russia do? Russian j experts in the European chancelleries j all agree that Russia is o: st reluctant to enter a war with Jay->i now , 1 but that, rn the other h. nd, Russia I can never consent to Japanese occupi ti"n of North Manchuria or to Japanese control of the Chinese Eastern Railway. May Appeal to China. ! It Is su"g.' t(1 that it would be good diplomacy for Russia to to be in i vitsd to send an observer to the next ! council meeting. As the league has al ready invited an American observer. It w.:uld be difficult to refuse a Russian. However, it is considered tint Russia’s theoretical contempt ror the League will prevent it from asking thus to be repres?: ' t-d. Russian diplomacy will, therefore, it is feared, renew its efforts to convince the Chinese that they can never get real help from the League or the Occidental powers and that China’s only chance is to cast it 3 lot with’ Russia. The question whether the Council will next meet in Geneva or Paris is still undecided. Japan seems to prefer Paris. lii Paris Premier Pierre Laval could be played against M. Briand. and the Parisian press has revealed itself to be almost entirely pro-Jap anese. Stephane I.uzanne, one of the in fluential editors of Le Matin, cables from the United States that American opinion considers that China Ls deca dent, while Japan represents order and civilization. Americans, he says, re gard Japan as the exponent of erder in the Far East and Franc- r; the exponent of order in Europe and they want France and Japan to work together. _ (Copyright, 1931.) ACTION BY RUSSIA IN ORIENT FEARED Peace Hopes Darken as China Tells League Japan Im proves Positions. (Continued From First Pagei rosentative at the October mfetlng of the Council announced that Japanese troops would not be withdrawn until Japan had negotiated an agreement with China on certain "fundamental principles." Di Szc said Japan's attitude violated article 10 of the League covenant and the pact of Parts lie reiterated that China never would agree to negotiate "under pressure of military occupa tion." He supported his charges that Japan was consolidating her position In Man churia by a memorandum detailing the purported activities of the Japanese army to strengthen its position. SAYS SOVIET MENACE FABLE. Is vest U Charges Japan Created False Situation to Keep Troops In Field. MOSCOW. November 4 (VP).—The newspaper izvestla charged today that Japanese militarists "invented the fa ble" of possible Soviet interference in Manchuria in order to rover plans for an extension of their own occupation northward "at least until November lfi." when the League of Nations Coun cil meets again. The militarists hoped, the newspa per said, "to weaken the resistance of other imperialistic powers by the pros pect of a conflict with the Soviet Un ion. a conflict much desired in im perialist circles in Europe." Declaring Japan's first explanation was that her occupation In Manchuria was made necessary by the threat of danger from Chang Such Llang'a aol diers, “who became bandits,” Izvestia said: "Such an argument proved quite In sufficient, even In the eyes of the League of Nations, and a new one wag needed. Fable Was Invented. "The fable was then invented of a Red danger in Manchuria through the Interference of Soviet Russia, on the side of China, in the conflict with Japan and the provocative story of as sistance rendered by the Soviets to the troops of the Chinese Gen. Mah wag manufactured. " Witnesses' were mobilised who 'saw with their own eyes’ how Soviet mili tary instructors, transports and armg were moved to the aid of Gen. Mah. "It Is impossible the Japanese gov* eminent could have believed these ru mois because' It has at its disposal or ganizations which could have proved their stupidity. "Notwithstanding the declaration of acting Commissar of Foreign Affair* Karnkhan. which left no doubt of the absurdity of the rumors, they were widely echoed In imperialistic circles and readily accepted and circulated in the press. Le Temps, at Paris, had the impudence to assert that ‘Tokio knows well the value of a declaration or the Soviet government whose whole policy constitutes a continuous nega tion of the rights of civilized nations ’ Says Britten Impudent. "Mr. Britten, a membpr of the Amer ican Congress, showed phenomenal im pudence by declaring: ‘Russia ia mobil izing vast military forces while the w’orld is sitting on a volcano.’ "The Japanese military clique whl h is preparing an extension of its occu pation of Manchuria, hoped it cou'd succeed in weakening the resistance cf other imperialist powers by the prosne-t of a conflict with the Soviet Union, a n l? ch desired In Imperialist circles in Europe. "The position Li quite clear. Instead £„£**** Manchuria, the Japanese military clique is preparing an exten sion of the occupation toward the north. ™. ing an argument to serve at least ' un . tU November 16. when the league returns to consideration of the Sino- Japanese conflict, they And one in the °* S°r iet interference "and the slander about concentration of Russian troops °n the Manchurian frontier. western incendiaries con- S I "«‘ h * lr ork - They will leern In S«Sfi‘' S3WS the Wind wUI W REPORT NEW TROOP MOVEMENT.* 7 . Japan to Insist on Recognition of Ah Treaties in Reply to Geneva. TOKIO, November 4 (A>). —in offic al cirejes today it was said that ton will .insist on China rcccznlrinD' *i 5..» °< »;i JSi SSEfBkJK ing the treaty of 1915, when she rr phes, probably tomorrow, to Aristide Briand s proposal for a new arbitration pact between the two countries Japanese troops advancing ’to the Manchuria 61 Bridge ’ south o{ Tsltsihr.r, Slmt'nT "Ported in Mukden ff hot? I R ' n *° News Agency today f?(J?i m» ee i n rf met machi »e gun fne from the independent Chinese armv commanded by Gen. Mah Chen-Shan. Troops to Guard Workers. tflehrvv»n?^«f 1 reports also said a dc tacnm nt of Japanese cavalry had de for Taonan. Manchuria, sup po.-,cdlj on orders to proceed to tho Nonni River and reinforce the troops thereof the* Sl?** repatr cr3W sc " l u t the Japanese-operated South mi !^o hUrian Ra ?i wa y- Chinese machine gun fire was said to preventing the cr ” h ™ workl »S on the bridge* While Geneva dispatches said League over eS th» e , Vid ? nCLng fresh alarm over the Manchurian situation" with t!?™ re £ ei ;? 1 ' of „ neWs that Japanese tiocpj had moved on Tsltsihar reports were received of a clash north of Muk den between Japanese troops and Chi nc>2 bandits. This occurred at Tou tackou. Commenting on the Geneva reports, the Japanese war office said League ciicles apparently had misinterpreted Tokio’s communications announcing the dispatch of 500 Japanese soldiers to the Nonni River Bridge. Moscow Assures Tokio. The troops arc proceeding to the bridge only to protect South Manchu rian Railway eng neers sent to repair it and will bo withdrawn as soon as the repairs are completed, the Tokio foreign office said. • Geneva dispatches -eiterated League fears that Pussla may step into the Manchurian argument, but Tokio paid them scant attention. Japan has been assured bv Moscow that the Soviet has no intention of entering the imbroglio as long as Japan remains within a rea sonable distance of Japanese railway zones in Southern Manchuria. U. S. AWAITS REPORTS. Consul General at Harbin Keeping State Department Informed. Possible further action by the Amer ican Government In the Manchurian situation hinged today on confidential reports to Secretary of State Slimson from George Hanson, consul general at Harbin. Hanson for several days has been gathering first-hand information in the northern area, where Japanese troops have been reported moving nearer the Siberian border. State Department officials look upon the Russo-Japanese aspects of the mat ter as extremely delicate and are fol lowing developments as closely as they did the earlier Sino-Japanese phases in Southern and Central J^anchuria. Should an open rupture threaten, the United States would not hesitate to act. possibly by invoking the Ktiiogg-BMod anti-war pact. „