Newspaper of New National Era, March 27, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated March 27, 1873 Page 2
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NEW NATIONAL ERA. 1 All commaaicatloa* tor paMteaftoa la tb? !*** J I** awt t? to Low.* II Dou?la** Bu*Iq?m Utt-r? from abocritor# and odTortlaort LonU ba tilrmo] to FroJ'rtfli Dooflw* Ir , Lock Bo* 31. ThU rap*T 1* ro*porjMbl? far th* rfawt spr***od by Oarrmpoad?aU 49?8?baml*r* <h?nr<nr tfc*tr and lobar* tb* Niw NimiU Eft* f>rw*rd*dto tb*m, ahoaM t? particular In rrritior ua to tt?t? fally tb* n#a ad dram, ?mt racing town, eowaty, and Bute, m wall aa th* town, county, an! Plato from wbkh tb* ckfttft i? to b* mad* Attention to th'.a will aar* rr.o'h tronbl*. LKVU U. D"l"LA3S ar.d J. 1LLLA MARTIV Editor*. THURSDAY, MARCn 27, 1873. NIBSIRIBERS Tt*i: \OTKK! Wf will present each j>.-rv>n, sultseribing t..i the Ntw Nation*At. Era one year, a Una photograph of Toui -aiiit I.'f luvertnre lion to I tiltap llrtoij Let u- u-e a pltiin word <?r two a>. to oiir jaut achievement*, the results of our victory, and the use ?e are making of them. In the late Presidential campaign the liepuhliran* won a great victory. Never before did the power of Republican organization iij>holj the standard of Republican principles with Mich confidence of success, ending in such decisive results. The delusions as to their strength on the part of the enemy were cherished only for their destruction; and even the truths adopted liy them ried from them to their birth-place and natural refuge In the ranks of the atraightout Republican party. ?>reMt names were derided, great characters disesteeined, great disaffection WHS CrUhllCll, Bill! great COIIlllinHllullt were laughed at by tin- | eople who had learned to associate natural unity ninl every form of progress with the triumphs of the ureal party of emanei|iatloii and reconstruction. The fatigue of thnt contest ii still upon us, and the consciousness of victory is naturally aiding our present repose. The apparent powerlesBness of the enemy makes us careless about the use of our strength, and the resources at our command discovered in the late contest have developed unbounded confidence as to our invincibility. Even future dangers are obscured by the rising incense offered by us to good fortune. The pathway to success is always beset v.ith mistakes. Men are prone cither to undervalue a crisis, or else to overestimate it: sometimes they do both, and yet win the bat tie. Certainly we overdid our c{isi? in the late struggle. When approaching the heal of the contest we were charged by the enemy with having too many soldiers, and too good ones, tlu civil service scare began in our ranks. \V< at once got rid of some of our beet friends t( please uui wuisi cueiu.cs. >7>7 m uuu|>k> the sham of a civil service reform so odiouand hypocritical that the few real evils ii pretended to remedy appear to be the onh good left in the present system of appoint inents. Favoritism is now sanctioned hi law, and incompetency is sheltered by rou tine. The measurement of ability to All po sitions is reduced to such inflnitcsimai degree! that a rule of justice would deny any one o the three who may pass, a [dace; and sem then, to maLc a living in trade, where tlx less competent of the competitors would fail and tlieu choose the incompetent for tin service where he would be in greet danger o succeeding. Let us correct this feature of an over-done crisis. Let us reform the abomination o this "lieform," and free ourselves from the disaster of this campaign mistake. Our enemies seeing they were successful ii frighteuing us out of some of our best sol diers, next made the grievous complaint thai we had too much ammunition, ami demandec the abolition of the franking privilege. Ou. officials cheri-liing false notions as to tbeii duty to their constituent* hastily pledget! themselves to abolition, and thus committed blunder number two of the campaign, They forgot that the great body of the people pay the tuxes necessary to support government, and failed to remember that the least government could do was to let the people know sontt-ibiiig of governments! work. It is sheer nonsense to talk aboil! the cost to the (iovernineut wf conveying franked matters. Whoever can gel jw.sta contracts to carry our present mails wouli have carried franked matter in addition foi the same price. Hut what is to he sail about that million of lb-publican voters it: the South who will sudor most by the abolition?the colored men Was it right to shul them otf from free information a- to the ^rounds cf their allegiance to the liepubliear: parly, while their poverty denies them access to documents and speeches? Was it right to leave them at the mercy of garbled extracts, doctored to suit opponents, in regard to any utterances made by their representatives in Congress < And yet we are met today with it storm of hissing and thuudei> <>i reproach against the members who volet! themselves increased salary with back pay. People are beginning at last to see it would have been better that the masses should have had the advantages of the franking privilege ttiau that members of C'ougress should have an increase of salary . .Still it is tar better that salaries should be increased than that the colored people of the South should be left without information. II another scare is to take place about this salary business wo trust it will eveutuate la the restoration of the franking privilege, that thus another blunder of the campaign mkv be rorrected and the utilization of our great victory be made more easy. Yet, notwithstanding these two blimdc-is of the past, wc arc in danger of falling into a more serious blunder in the future. We are threatened with the bhindci ('( conciliation. Our political enem. -? ate beaten, it issaiJ; let us pursue a poller which will make our former foes our ft iends. There can be no objection to tins on the score of good feeling and fair dealing towards the minority. It is our duty and their duu that they reap ail the public benefits of our victory. Itut neither sound principle U"r good |M>licv will sanction the conciliation of our enemies at the e\pense of our fticuds. In the laic contest our enemies fopght to win; had they won, I bey would have been too wise, not to say too biltur, to have thrown awav their victory. True Republicans everywhere would have been made to feel the weight of"proscription even to the |>oiut of |<ohtieul annihilation. And tin: coii red Republican esjxi ially?and all colored men are Republicans?would have (?ecu virtually robbed of their ballot or of rbeir maubood in the south by being compelled to vote the lleinocratlc ticket. The colored people stood (irmly by the Republican party amid great perils and at considerable sacrifice. '1 he newspapers conducted by colored men advocated the election ot J every Republican nominee from Gon. Grant down. They del this unselfishly, they did it unconditionally; and now in the hour of victory they naturally and praiaeworthlly look for recognition. Let us refer to one instance : Xo taste U violated in saying that the Xsw X ATrojc a I. Kra was authority to the mass of ita Southern colored readers, and tliat it never abused that authority. Xo journal did more srith like force and ability than it did to bring about our great triumph, and it would only prove a deficiency of selfrespect did it not look for some help from the party, after it has assisted in putting the means of help in the hands of the present Government. liut there is another aspect to this subject | of helping our friends : The masses of the .Southern colored people are poor, the franking privilege has beet abolished, and the civil service stands in the wav of their advancement. What is to hole | then) to their allegiance to the party unlesi tiovernment help to send them means of in formation through such an organ as ours' | We tru-t that liberality to foes will not bio out the recollection of the fidelity of friends Fiankly, we need help, and ought to have i from Hovommerit. ' ft Truth That Haw Ult. ' W hen commending tl?e President's inau gural address, we did not dwell in particula ( on the expression of his "conviction that th | civilized world is tending toward republican ' Win," and that the great American Ilepuhli | is "destined to lie the guiding star of a! ; other countries." This opinion is one in it | self as correct?nay, a truism in the eyes c j the citizens of this Itepublic, as entirely i i keeping with the well-known seutiiuents c ] I'resident (iraut, who himself is one of th truest and most unostentatious citizens of it ! as it is perfectly proper and natural for th President of the United States to utter it o such an occasion. Indeed, no man hut on deeply imbued with love and reverence f< j republican institutions is fit to be at the hea i j of a Itepublic, unless we consent to considt | Mr. Thiers the ideal of it, who, though h ' \ had sworn to maintain she Republic, boldl | advised his countrymen to return to the gl< 1 ted fai t that republicanism is growing wit marvelous rapidity, and it is also admitte L that our form of Government, our institutior 1 have served as a guiding star to other ni ; ' tions. All the Republics of the New Worli - j in South and Central America, as well ? i Mexico, bare been called into existence h ! the glorious example of the United State , and it is not overrating our influence to sa that it has been instrumental in the estal lishmrnl of the French and Spanish Ri public. ) Yet, self-evident and simple as all th 1 is, too self-evident in fact, to call forth an > particular assent among us, the uttcranci t of the President seem to have produced f considerable sensation in Europe. The Loi - don Times devotes an article to tlieir discu , sion, or rather seizes on the opportunity I - vent its wrath on republicanism, to point 01 - the beauties of monarchical government, ar i to demonstrate to its own satisfaction, : f least, that there can be as much liberty at 1 much more happiness under monarchic i rule as under a republican Government, i , j the same time we are ihfonr.ed from Ge ; many that several conservative papers ai f making a great noise over the President prediction that in the course of time n > nations will adopt republican forms f government, as if bis words contained c > indirect declaration of war, and a virtu summons to the people to rise against the . roval benefactors, their chancellors and Gel . marshals and throw them overboard at tl t first opportunity. Some of them, in the I servile zeal, declare themselves in favor r bronking oil' diplomatic relations with Wasl iugton! This, of course, amounts to nothii at all, as far as practical consequences a concerned, yet it is significant as a manifest; tiou of the dread w itli which liepublicanis is looked upon by the European Conserv; fives, tf Queen Victoria, at the opening Parliament, or the Emperor William, ai tl assembling of the Diet, had dwelt on tl I blessings of monarchical government, ar [ expressed the opinion that some fine day , would extend over the whole civilized at: 1 uncivilized world, none of us would have bet 1 particularly astonished, and much less won! r have taken offense, or thought of going to tl 1 trouble to refute it or to show its absurdit; , We should attach no more importance to . than to a professional advertisement, an [ think it as natural as that Mr. Ilostetti . should tell the world of the marvelous pow< , of his hitters, or Mr. Ayer of that of h , pills; in fact, not sufficiently interesting I ; be made the subject of a leading article. . . is simply the truth in the prediction of tl; I President, and the consciousness of the in . jKnence ol all tne monarchical anil conservi . tive elements of Europe to stem the growin I tide .if republicanism, which has called fort I this storm of in.liquation. \? hiI> the Lum of Sinter). Minister Sickles telegraphs to Washingto > that a law for the immediate emancipation < the slaves in Forto Rico passed the Spanis Assembly last week amid great entbusiasn 1 So the tirst blow has been struck for freedoi by the Republic of Spain ; and nowTor Cubt Four million colored freemen hi America at ever busy in putting the grinning, hideous threatening skeleton of a alave behind ever despot'- door in Christendom. These gbastl relics tell of spilt blood and lost treasure i ' our own country, and their reflected shadow j under the gaslight of gilded saleons as sunie the form of a coffin across every ty rant's hearth where slavery still exists. S that, as was prophesied before the war, th slave in every dynasty of the world was al ! ready half free whenever Republicanisfi J should wipe out its foul anomaly| The tenia, and blood, and 4 roan a con | net ted with our war are regarded as atouei 1 for by the abolishment of that system whicl ! everywhere and under all circumstances wii 1 be as dire a cuise to the master as it is to tin I slave ; and now comes the blessed fruits 0 ! righteousness ? the calm, sweet joy of seeim our own good example copied by other ua i lions. When slavery fell in this country ever; I form of Kuropean oppression felt the shock The British workman awakened by it sprung j to bis feet and " went for'* Hyde Park am ' got it." Hyde Park was the arena where hi made- a conquest of the ballot. Italy felt thi same awakening influences and uniiied itsel into a nationality. Hungary, too, in her dis taut retreat felt the eflect of ourfreedotn ant ' came forth from darkness and desolation intt the light of imperial cojiartnershlp with hei | old oppressor. And now the reverberation reaches our continent to cleanse it entirely of every relic of Kuropean barbarism. If slavery falls in Porto Rico it must fall in 'Cuba. It has already received it? coup dt 1 grace in Brazil. S~W NATIONS i2,007,600 year, and the annual product is, as before stated, 19,292,173. Xo doubt this has con'iderablr inrrea?ed sime the census was taken. . The Skir correspondent deduces from the pro^re-s we have already made in manufac turing industry and from our [<*cqfiar posh tion, the conclusion that Washington po? THEN] The R 1c hwonder*. An invitation to visit the fair city of ?kl mond, Vs., was gladly accepted by one the associated editors of this journal la week, where he spent a moat agreeable at profitable time. The Davenport House was the place of 01 entertainment. To find our people takii root in the soil through business is alwa pleasant, and when they conduct busine like other people, it is exceedingly eucoura ing. Wc hat e few really good hotels in at of the cities of the Union, partly becau there are not travelers enough of our race i support such establishments, and portly 1. cause it is hard to keep a good hotel. If ( hotel be good, our people grumble at t , prices, and if it be bad, with low prices, th I | grumble at the landlord. But Mr. and Mi Davenport have managed, by tart and apj _ j cation t> business, and through obliging d , | positions, to keep a really good hotel j i moderate rates of board. We con.mend it i our friends. t ] A conference was held on the oun.ng j our arrival, in the interest of the Xr.w N TIONAI. Era, at which most of the leadi colored ritizens of Richmond were prese Nearly all the members of the I.eg'slati belonging to our race, the leading employ of the custom house and post office, ani large number of the business men were pr ent, to the number of about forty. It v gratifying to observe the unanimity of set II menl in respect to the necessity of hav some one journal which should devote its to the discussion of those questions wh for the present, and that through no fault j. | our own, peculiarly affect us. on this s ject some crude views have gained grou I It is thought by some that if we do not m ' tion the word color, that there will be colored people, and that if we pretend t the inhabitants of the Union are all one col that colored neoiile will be treated as thoi 1 it were so. The fallacy in this view lies j 1 here: namely, in the belief that men c 'r erergainanythingbyapreten.se. The o ie way to break down color distinctions, is - the weaker color to keep up distinctions the stronger color finds out that it must c ciliate the whole of that color before it win one belonging to it. But as long as 1 can be drawn off from our interests, one 19 one, under the thin sham that, though white friends may be white, yet we must be colored, though every fashionable ho 19 every theater, every church, every couni house, on the other side, by their prose ~1' tion, proves we are colored, we shall be pi ing the part of the ostrich which hides head while it leaves its hinder parts to e* kicked. A strong endorsement was given to ls New National Era as doing a mi: needed and highly appreciated work in is way of education, reform, and advancem a among our people. Afier satisfactory arrar a" ments were made the results of the con , ^ encc were made known to the leading Hep ^ iican officials of the city, and we had pleasure of pleasant interviews with 1 Mills, the Collector of the port; Col. Earl ^ the United States Marshal, and Col. R I Burgess, the Collector of Internal Revet each of whom showed their interest in work by subscribing liberally toward the r" culation of the New National Era. Tli [b gentlemen are deservedly held in high est< 9 by those who are associated with then 1 their respective offices. A rousing demonstration was gReu in First Colored Baptist church?that old elii around which clings so many historic ? j dents. From It went forth in the olden t many a poor old slave with the praise? God on the lips while anguish devoured soul; and from it in the last days of the < ^ fedcraoy rose up the wailing cry of des] among the slaveholders when they saw ? cordon of fire closing around that was melt the shackles from the limbs of e\ slave. At this old centre of piety and so m activity we spoke to three thousand |>eo j. The subject was "Kducational Ageucie and seemed to create no little interest, many things were stated and dwelt u not generally known among our people specting colleges, trades, and politics. ^ spoke again the next evening at lies. W'm. Troy's church, to two thousand mi I j At each meeting the New .National 1 found new friends and subscribers. 1c The business men oferilor were interview .* the uext day with very satisfactory resu j There are numbers of such in liichmc The colored men are seen on the right i ^ of the counter?behind it. Here are tr found tobacco factories, groceries, stab o and other honorable businesses conducted lt colored men, and their number is increasi Altogether we are thankful to the liichmo ip c ers for their hospitality and general kindm and feel refreshed by our trip. We have b invited to speak on the 20th of April?at versary ratification of the fifteenth ame ment?and think we will do it. What Sot ern city speaks next'.' Washington HaiiHlact mliig I diiHtry. n )f A correspondent of the Slur,w ho ev id?r li knows what he is talking about, has l. nished the readers of that paper with s( n facts as to the extent of the maniifaCtui t. industry of the District, which will be t e and instructive to most of them, we do s, not, as they certainly are to us. lie stai y and proves from the last census report, t y the annual manufactured products of n District of Columbia exceed those of eit s of the fourteen States and Territories of Union, which are as follows Annual Product of Industry. 0 District of Columbia ?9,2y2, e Arizona 135, - Arkansas Q Colorado.. 2,b52j Dakota. 178j Florida 4,685* * Idaho 1|047* d Mississippi 8,154, (i Montana 2,41/4, I Nebraska 2,738, New Mexico 1,4?&, e Oregon. 0,877, f Utah -'.343, i Washington Territory 2,851, J Wyoming 7C5, This table does not inclp.ie statistics f mining and quarrying. As a further proof of the relative itnpi , ante of Washington as a nianufactur i (xiin!, he states the interestteg fact that o i three cities south of u-?laaiitville, RJ : uioud, and New Orleans?eqwal Washing f in manufacturing industry. It is ahead . j Nashville, Memphis, Mobile, Montgotn* I Atlanta, Augusta, Columbia, Chariest , Savannah, and all Southern cities exc ! those above named. i j The entire District, according to a con lation from the census, hue 952 mauufact iug establishments, usutg .4 steaiu engm i ) with an aggregate of Tfb horse-power, ! water wheels with 1,104 hense-power, i ploying 4.C85 band", who receive a^ waj every a-1 van I age lor occ'iuuig a . nn'-' important manufacturing centre. Au gu*.ta, (<ia. i he says, makes ordinary musiin a standard article of the quality, and can' e ma'?? " ^a,t enough for the demand. Th< ^ water power above Georgetown Is vast, am the climate is suitable. If steam is wanted ( umberland coal averages about i'.fio i> ^ Georgetown, when it sells for ?l.du per toi in Baltimore There's any quantity of gooi j truck soil all around here for vegetable sup " ' pke*. Ii three mills were -tarted on cottoi " i yarn .ir cloth of any standard qualities, ther . is no reason why your whole water p?owe to \ w"Ui'' not be taken up in a few years. Whei j such industries take a start, they arc u?uall_v f . to greater *r less extent, like John Ilam . I aon's oil of vitriol experiment. The mill j owners linally get so much work that the n' | begin to put on aiis, and a smaller eoncer " ' ' commences on the next lot. By and by pec pie discover that there is plenty of room an J' ^ profit for more mills, and before they realir it customers come from other cities to giv them ail as large orders as they can till. J ras | was exactly so at Columbus, Georgia. Mi ltl" | Younge started the Phmnix Woolen mil 11" there, and he was afraid sotnebodv else woul ifelf start one, too. Xow lie has a big firm, a 'r J. office in Xew York, has competitors using tl " | same water-power, and is begging capitalist u '* to start the same kind of mills all around bin n ' because he refuses orders every day. Tl c" sure accompaniments of these mills are coi sumers for the farmer, grocer, and butcher I at feed ; machine shops, wagon factories wooi ' en-box and jute-bag factories, and ureehai *, I ics, who, more than any other class, are pe inanent residents, nuv iur ensu, uu they go, leave no debts behind them. J ^ present, cotton passes us on the way to Xe Hampshire and Maine, is made into musl there, passes through the jobber's hands i the Washington dealer, pays several ham lings, freights, and cartage, and we, po< , dupes, foot all the bills. If we lacked a vantages it would be different. But we hai our ^ . - , .. every one you can name except labor, whit will follow enterprise, and we are sure tl . ' Washington dealer would rather sell i '. home-made musiin of the same quality ina< '''? here, for the same profit, at less price, ths take the trouble and expense of getting ' s from New York. 1'e The Chronicle and Senator Plncl the hack ich the The Washington Daily Chronicle iu nqti ent ing the dinner given in honor of Senat ,,c. Pinchback, in the city of Baltimore last wee fer_ takes occasion to criticise the remarks rub- Senator Pinchback in an undeserved mannc t|,e The Chronicle does not like the advice j)r of Senator Pinchback to his race, to uni -er and organize ; professing to see in this som usjj thing unrepuhlicati. Mr. Pinchback does n lue desire organization for the purpose of makii oul. claims on account of race, but because of tl cjr- fact that in order to obtain recognition of o

iese rights it is necessary to make a combined < ,f_lu fort to that end. We find strong opposite jn to our advancement based on race, color, ai previous eonamon or servuuue. uui muu tl,e ued degradation is demanded, and stroi ircii combinations are made by the white race uci- prevent the consummation of our desire ime become free American citizens. This is tri , Gf of the Republican party, to some extent, the WP" as 'be Democratic or Liberal llepu on. lican party. This organizing of those inin pair ca' t0 'be black man's interests necessitat the organization and unity on the part of tl t0 black man, and Senator I'inchback is cc erv tainly right in urging upon his race their du eial 'f> stant' united in an eilort to secure f j,1p themselves, tir-t the rights to which they a ,s >> entitled by citizenship anil their huraanit; as after these are secured it will he time enouj pon <bvide up into parties. The Chronicle pn rc. oil an expression of alarm whenever ai We proposition is made to the colored people Dr organize for the purpose of urging theirelain ,lv but utterly fails to urge itself the full reeogt _KA tion of citizenship rights for the colored pe pie of the country. It is no doubt well ktwv *ed 'b0 editors of the Chronicle that here, the Capital of the nation, the black citizen >ud. proscribed in schools, public inns, and in t side Dovernment Insane Asylum, yet that journ , |je maintains a silence on the subject of our ci 1pS rights, and only speaks when it is propos I ky that colored people organize in behalf of tin f)1/ own interests. The Chronicle says: lf,j. " When Mr. l'inchhack says tliat the c< ored people should stand up for their cons 9-,s> tutional lights, and unite against ull who o een pose'them, he takes the true position?o: ini- consistent with a proper recognition of t nij. unity of the American people. Separate < . ganization beyond tins, having in view t ' establishment of claims because ot rare, wrong, and on reflection, Mr. l'inchhack rut see and admit the fact." [n_ Mr. l'inchhack does not desire separate < ganization beyond the purpose of standing i for our rights as human beings and citizer fBeing denied rights as a race, our claims t mr- recognition 01 rignis are mane in me name >me a race, and when, in the distribution of offlc 'ing or political honors, the colored race is i iew nored entirely, and thereby the ban of pr scription placed upon it, it is right and pr les> per, in our opinion, to make a claim for p kRt litical honors based on race when the deni the of offices and political honon is made becau her of the race of those who arc ignored, the ii ? The Second Sober Thought. 273 bince the adjournment of Congress and tl 410 departure from the capital of the profession 234 sensation manufacturers known as corre pondents, the clamor about Credit Mobili 4^3 and other "frauds" has ceased, and tl 624 [ people are given an opportunity to look ovi 758 1 the field and ascertain what all the outci ifgij was about that so deafened the public earf the last few months. The consequence 387 the discovery of the fact that the whole thic 01S is the result of a conspiracy to damage tl '^2 Kepublican party, having but the &m?ie foundation in truth, anl only given even U temporary consequence it attained by ti course of certain weak Republican paper ,rl* Sow tbat the storm ha* blown over and tl ^8 sky become clearer, the motives whit n'y prompted the terrific outcry to which we ri c?>" fer are seen through, and Justice is beginnis ton to be done to tbe vie tuns of the cou.spirac; ' It is understood, at last, that they have dot the Government no wrong, have t iolated r ??? ' official obligation, hate, with harjly an c: ePl . ception, even transgressed any rules ol pr< ! priety, have betrayed no trust, hate eotumi j ted no murder. The conspiracy, as a polit ur" ! cal scheme, has therefore proved a fatian es? The RepabUcan party has received no Injur; IS j and probably few reputations except thoi sm- j of the authors of the-,c libeU have been s I? ' rioualj compromised lL ERA. . p lll< krrlne*. I i . . 1 ! And now, here come; a voice trom the j Sooth, said to be the voice of a colored man , finding fault with Governor Pinchback for ( not presenting his credential; to the United ( .States Senate at its extra session. Surely ( _! Pinchback wanted his seat as much as any ( t j one desired him to have it. Wherefore, ^ _' then, this bickering i It is not difficult to ascertain the source of ^ the inspiration in this case. False friend , . and open foe lute combined to make the colj ored men of Louisiana throw away the fruits ; of the greatest victory they ever won. In j short, the demagogues who have studied the j j colored man's weaknesses are at w ork to j make the negro tired of success, tlrcJ of progress, tired even of himself. This is no new symptom in the political ! disease of our people ; th,-> bickering is i chronic. Ever ready to make an advance of | confidence upon a white man's sincerity when . . he professes to he their friend, though he be j infinitely beneath them iu brains, character, (and influence, they are almost invariably j v I distrustful of a colored ruan who rises one j j, inch above them .a power ..r position. The ^ ideas entertained by other i-eoplo a* to the j j methfxls of success are inverted by their e j mere notions in politic-. A Herman ->.-.\s: e "If I can get a German in hgh position, that | is one -tep toward my gt ftin, there myself, r_ or if not of getting to that particular spot, at ;s j least it will assist tue to get nearer to it." j j But our bickerers say : "If a colored man gels a ; to the top of the hill before me, 1 will never ,e get there at all." ^ It is a painful l'ai t that n .-it where >< . have ; j large majorities ite squander their power by ie . spending a part upon mere political vanity, j j. j for ambition is too noble for such natures as t0 j we speak of, and the otherpart we giveaway j. ; to any mau who has low cunning enough to j. inflame our jealousy against a colored rival. ! r. We seem to be very patient in wailing for j ,n professed friends among the whites to wear j out an odice, hut we are quick and hot in j w temper if the old clothes are offered to any [n but our particular selves. t0 This miserable disorganizing tendency does ]. not come from the novelty of oflice-holding or among us, nor even from a good sound desire j. to hold office. Where our people have held ,e office, where, in fact, they alone couid hold h office, if they so willed it, they give all the ie big offices away, while they jump from one is little twig of position to another, yon; in and Ie year out. in What's tue remedy? It is simple and It complete in its powers of cure?take a large dose of self-respect. . T ni nj f?ol itnt vvn n:sr, iot u; realize J- that we have a future ; let us have confide nee In truth and fidelity and principle. It is ah c. idle fear that any man will set higher than or his own abilities carry him. If men are k helped forward who appear to have no abil0f ity of their own, rr if they get on without ,r help when seeniingiy greater abilities are (. c united against them, take it for granted that te in both eases appeatances are deceitful. A e_ correct analysis of the power may not be ot readily ascertainable, yet the power is there; ]s^ and it is always safe to tie to such power. Iie Xor should we fall into the opposite mistake ur of thinking that we can get something that we can't take. It cannot be done. If we do not possess the power of winning we will lose, no matter who else may win. n_ Why not, then, make this the golden tuie of our political conduct?to give our greatest asj sistance to the one who, in the nature of t things, must have the most sympathy with us. Recognition of Colored Men ^ (leoriflii il- The President and his Cabinet have comes menced to redeem their pledges to our peohe pie, made on the stump and elsewhere, that ir- they would recognize colored talent and dety votion to the party whenever practicable, 'or John F. Quarles via ., some weeks ngo.ap re pointed to n consulate in Spain, and wittiin y ; the past week Edwin Bel-her, oi'Maeon, has <h been appointed to a tirst-class post ottlce in its that city, while, more recently still, we hear ay of the appointment of Benjamin Boremon to to a like position in Charleston, is, Surely these are encouraging signs of u li- friendly feeling towards our people on the o- part of Ihe Administration, cn The first named gentlemen are trom a in Democratic State, and it speaks well for their is intelligence and fidelity that they have been lie able to command the influence of the Ilepublal liean part of their delegation in Congress for ril the securement of such positions. Xor does ed it speak lc-s favorably for the delegation itsir self, that they were willing to lend their influence for the purpose. There seems to be si- none of that narrow-minded b ar prevailing C- among many so-called Republicans in nonyg Republican States, w hi< h prevents them from [1P strengthening the colored wing of the party >r- by giving members of it appointments out of he deference to the feelings oi proscription ^ among Democrats. So far Georgia leads Congressional delegations in the practical ,r. exhibition of Kepublican principles. And Up if this policy is pursued by the wise and iml3_ partial Republicans who have helped to ob or tain these honors and emoluments for their 0f colored constituents, it wiil not he iong till Ps that state is redeemed to Republicanism. Every one of the meu who aided Messrs. ,0_ Quaries and Belcber,should he sent back to 0, Congress when their terms expire, as a mark ^ of appreciation by the colored people of ial Georgia. se The intimidation, coercion, cajolery, and political debauchery by which that State vva? snatched from cur grasp bore with them the propl.ec.es of final d.master and defeat to the meu resorting to them ; and the brave band ue of noble colored meu like Belcher, carles, i -P ICVi.. l -.f, anil ll,. .1?. n,l.? ai 1U1UCI, U.?*, V.~?, ? .??v, a- | naked lite iUeir in the la.?t campaign to >end er j to Congress Whitely and his colleagues, are ae j furnishing the first evidence of the approach* i n ' ins fulfillment of these prophecies. ry j or The Fouler Wurstlug to Kougliu." Is | The strongest and almost the only arga-] je ment against the commutation of Poster's ,, i sentence to imprisonment f r lire, was that' ie ; his execution ?> necessary*:** a w arning to ie j the Mew York rough*, winch a as ba?ed on the i assumption that the death penalty has a ie j stronger influence in preventing the crime j ^ ' of murder than any other kind of luinishmeiit. There was evidently a flnu conviction .u the ^ minds of those who so earnestly demanded y Foster's execution that the certainty that he ie ; would be hung would strike terror to the lo hearts of all New York rutliaus, and stay for t. a time, at least, the hand of the a-*usim. j j. But the refusal of Gov. It. , t . interpose In his be hail, and the absolute certainty that j. be must sutler the penalty of the law, nor e_ even his ignominious death on the gallows fi has seemed to justify these expectations. ie On the contrary, as the dally reports of crone e. In New York show, so tar from either of these considerations having any salutary in lutncc on the minds or hearts of the outlaws of that uty, murders seem actually to iave increased since. Almost every tei. jraph despatch bring* us one or more murder* >r attempted murJcrs there, besides various 1 >thcr crimes. On Sunday week, according io a New York paper wh.ch keeps a re. >nl ' sf crime, a young mnn waiting for a ear n the upper part of Madlaou avenue wu- assaulted by two men. He escaped, an.j umping on the car, appealed to the conduct <i snj j?ssengers for protection from the rutrimes who followed him. His api>eal was in sain, the cowardly passengers being afra.d to interfere, while the brutes drew their ( knives and attacked him, cutting off one "i his ears and otherwise injuring hiiu, until he succeeded iu escaping frotu the car. Il.s assailants again overtook him, knocked him down, and robbed hun, doing their work with utter disregard to the existence of policemen or passengers, on the next day three drunken men attacked a tJcrtnan . iio,.n keepver, knocked him down, bent fun tenibly, fatally stabbed bis wife and a nt- glii. i who came to his assistance, then, leaving the saloon, stabbed a man who was passing, nod finally made their escape, leasing no trace to their identity. The same mght a gang of roughs attn. ked the passengers in a borse-caron Third avenue, and a lively skirni- t ish with revolvers took place, dining which i the conductor and a passenger were shot, atid the roughs escaped. Iu addition to these , nets of violence, there w as an unusual amount of thieving, issuing of forged railroad bonds, and other crimes.' Of course, no man com-j mits a murder with the assurance that h will . suffer death for tho crime, lte expects to j escape detection, or to be acquitted or par- i doned if tried. The certainty of Imprison- | nient for life would be quite as likely to deter him from committing a murder as the death i netiakv. The Nes York roughs ar. giving the most convincing proofs that the existence of the law making murder a capital oilen-e has very little influence in arrestiug their pas-iions. American AVoolcn Manufacture*. 1 There is probably no branch of American I , industry which has increased more rapid'y and derived more positive henedts ft. in the Republican policy of protection than w oolen ! manufactures. It is true that there has been t a wonderful progress iu all kinds of manufac- j ture3 in the last ten years. But it seems to admit of no doubt that in some of the most important kinds of woolen products Atr.eri. an ! still, stimulated and encouraged by a protective tarid", has proved even superior to the best foreign. At anyrate, this is claimed to be the fact by those familiar with the subject. It is asserted by competent judges ! that in the whole range of fancy cassiraeres, ; including the mixed goods of silk and wool, j in style, taste, perfection of manufacture, ! and strength of material, we now excel tiro English, and nearl}-approach the productions of France. The same may he said of the whole range of flannels, colored and plain, i and of the "Esquimaux" ami ".Moscow" beavers, which have been imitated from The Germans. In the low cost piiots, used as substitutes for the beaver, the English are without a successful rival. In all the grades of woolen shawls which can be fabricated of American wool, wr successfully vie iu quality of fabric and cheapness of price with [ Scotch, who are confessedly at ti>.- boa t i f this branch of manufacture In the clas of ! all-wool goods of light weight, also, ma,I. o all varieties of colors-known as -.a,; ui - and cloakings?the fabrics are now sold in th country cheaper than any similar good - a: j sold in Europe; and this, notwithstanding i the difference, so far as the? price of labor concerned, iri favor of foreign manniactuu Double Halation. The fact haa been commented that | Congress not only increased the President's pay to fifty thousand dollars and made an appropriation to meet it, but aUo made an ?ppropriation to continue the forrnei salary of twenty-five thousand dollars. The -nine error is made in the legislative, executive, i and judicial appropriation hills, in regard to j each member of the Cabinet, whose salaries are raised to 810,000, Judges of the Supreme Court, and each Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, State, and Interior Departments. Their increased salary and the former - .rv are appropriated in each case. Hut, of cun?, neither of these officers w ill take advantage of such a blunder, even if the double salaries could be legally paid to them, of w hich there may he some doubt. The same act aim makes an appropriation for the riulea.e of members of Congress in one part though it abolishes it in another. We refer to the matter as an illustration of the proverbial carelessness and blundering of Congress the last day 01 two of its session. A Cokkf-spon'Ise.vt from this city has been amusing himself with sketches of our Solons. He think* Mr. Sumner stand- at the Lead | tliern a- u scholar, and lie is undoubtedly I right. Scburz Is jet down among the lirst as ! a "ready writer" of speeches, without pro| found thought, solidity of judgment, or comprehensive knowledge. Morton has noerpul as a party leader and vigorous thinker. Itoecoe Conkllng stand-, at the head as a general debater, an elegant scholar, a graceful rhetorician, find a statesman of iarge vieivs ; he edd> to the dignity of the Senator tl.c graceful courtesy oi the accompli shed gentleman. Buckingham, of Connecticut, stand-, very bign and is always trustworthy and up- i right. As a lawyer, Tliurman is tint in the Senate, Is thoroughly trained, and i.is opin- ' I Ions carry great influence. But his strong i parte prejudices sometimes give col t even to l his legal opinions. Kdrnucd*, o! V ennont, is the vigilant sentinel and persistent critic i of everything that comes up, at. i U regar3rni i a. a chronic objector. tH'"i - "l.'-- x. , Tut tar of .Saturday states that the total appropriation* made "at the last session <.f Congress exceed the amount of lite previous session ahout Cfty-four millions of dollars." We tbiui. the Xtar might safely have omitted the "fifty" before the "four," , and . Mine considerably nsarei the l Our iiupre-sion it that the appropiiult a- for the present tiocal year (ending June 30y were only a fraction over 191,000,0.10, while the i appropriations for the year KTS amount to : only a little over ?195,000,000. i Or alt those who were in the adminUtra- , tion of president I.incoln 'in 1*01, only Vice President Hautlin, now in the Senate, Chief . Justice Chase, Montgomery lllair, and Gideon Wells are still living ; and only Justice Clifford remains on the bench of the Su- t preme Court, of those wlu composed the | court at that tune. Messrs. Sumner, Cain- 1 eron, Anthony, Hamlin, and t handler are 1 the only members of the Senate, except Vice i President Wilson, of the Tblrty-scXth Coo- t gres.s, now in public life. t Ilrilierv find < orruptlnn. Only a little while a?o charge* r.f hr i/frv nil c rruption were rxcr; f-ln-jiy rife again " be col >rcil legislator' of tlie South. Ur.f riinatoly many of thee charge* contained t, > Mi;h tmth. I na*c I to the -ght of i.irg" urn- ( money, tmeTf.erien.- ! in the nf'a' ? f run, i:n ru.' of legi-lai -n. ni. l a'rr. 1 elpl.'<- in the han.l- or tr: k>ter?, m.anv ur i-e.-j. t... : .1 rrsdv -a . .. .: i ..at no willing an aid to th: hew - . ,mip inn .nti'ii.!. .1 t J.lun.l. r ll. .r M ... . VV ir.t hear ? ? mi..-h of thee thin,;, r. 1" r iap> in. ?t "f the >! it. - !, ,. V :i nnhrufitej, or I n.ru i ..nr j r. u earned In-tier, an.I ha. ,r.t. ..It . tatharay of r. f.nii, 1 that the unletter I .! to ha< dropped ' * h' n ;! 1 :i ii itiiu rn. -'at I: .v . i' liven i,th\c n.i!.r- ,i.| 1 j hi ! ( hen mi l ompt to accure ^pati n ih ? <.. ..la. akc Daniel Wpb?tcr'- >.! :. i n i ukidr -that auiciilf i>.. - . a .v. ippr.ir that tin' ri1 ; . . hp invciti^atO'l vnat : - iu< i.i..-! i; t l" h.s guilt, b\ resign in:;. 1 . i .t ; j i' hat innocence unulii Uu -la. il. >f investigation up ta tl. < v I erdict. Wo ate ; t drawm.; .... . .. he average nsuulibilii v . white aa.1 ! '.. iirruptioi.i.its, still Ifi-t ire we -ech.n >\cuse on eur s.ile. W iliuj.ii v. -It t. i. f the-e parallel (MN do not suggest i'.t. . onfiruiat'Tv of eur th. e? iha. wh m l >lacl. men are j >rcti> much tl . - .. un.l i he same i irei'.ru-tanee- H have i . \ rh hat the colore,1 man ? a-:n:i -cut whit ta >eu he e. We hold Unit, >i: !.. , ImiMe ?.:U. - * . , rinu-f 11 I.'IV . )| ira the interi-ts .1 lii whole r. I:ut t fact Still 101111.111 I tli.it II i . the .South would have e vrr 1 i i white ii.'in hit! not bribed i, i We bwt |Imn pwaant latn>tlpufec u [ at r.n end forever to the tearful t i-.ij t to vkkh our people lutvi bet d Mibjecti .1 I making it dangerous fi r a-viraid t >t >:: to bribe them. Coiitrrrssioi.a! jii.tlee. fiesides lurreaKti:.' tie .. . j .. i.ereatte sml for the past term fif* \ j ;.t (. n jressmcn added fifteen per nt. the . .ries of all the employe's of th. t : ; iali two years past and in the fut A ti.,. a ;niploves were previously paid ; ,?. r try on an average thau . 1. : t. > . ;!. r departments of the Qovc ,u. ? :, I ; they tre only employe 1 en nn uv.-i f . 1 four inontlu In each yi nr, < :r 1 r? r.'.U tee llOW unjust it thil diaer: r:.l i f r themselves and the"; . ! ., ,:ul : ' til the employes of ti ' ther d : . tn ntji : the Government. WI.de t! . i !>. some two-thirds of ti e yen: m l j i? their regular busine - wit!; ut inter, opt u 1 "? ihr'i short att n lai, i. "ti ( ;i - eh iL > ,n the departments must reman hoi ti. tear ronn I, sutije, t to the h':'h p . enfliviu . ivhleh i one of tin: feature ..f life it tl N . tioual Capital, and give ail their t o t i ti Government. It striae. in that : t_.m iesimen honestly believe 1 tl. it t my m l ti. employes could not lii. re ; nblv a thi prevSon-; salaries, thev w'.il fe. m; !c i extend the ruie or -it' <\ . 1 t. .*>?. t partnmnt employ hi i . u ?,; hi. than th vonnertv I v. :!i t t iitil firnli'i' ilitaiil 1 lie Hoard c.i t'.vii . . . I. '..iii.,u 1 iepi.rt.ii that the etui t 1 v. he.lt... rli.v.in thi.-. h.r, .ii t tl.-.t 1 in,', 1. in 1, [W l. nt .llid faithful ela-. <>i . loir I. H 1 appointed llian under th 111 ; .n t' hups tlii . hid Ui t , t i.e Ii . . abil more weight til the I. t.liinliy ' . In disiuteresii-d witnesics upi'ti tl.it |. int. the heuds ul' .li'pailinen: niii hiire iu-, i I clerks mil others who have u pnicti i knowledge as In tin' iJUHliliatiell i, etlici.-n I. arid fidelity ?'t' lie' se i ivil -.-r\i<o appoint, are a., silent uj < n the ul.ji it." U e u.ll r. wour reputation hi it pri.pl..d lh..t i tin >; tlemcii were called upon I'm their opiui >us i the pn ini-es it would ti i u>!tiu that > confidently expr. m il .. tin Meant It v. itn he e\|iceted, of course, that the Board would glorify their own work, i ? it. wi-e wmt!>l interfere ..-riou 'j with tl : vocation. teiiitlui -l'lr? I I'inf hlmclt. We .lento eonaUeimble ;..i..- title m to iiti neeouat ol the uu.gpill.pnt reccpt given fioir. i'.m hhur>. and ! .;?!. I.y th colored eitupiis of Baltimore . it week, lot which We ate indebted tl. ti. Malum' .. . and Am'." nn it w..s t? t ' n. political value, t.ringing lice of the proiu inert white lie; an > ol t! State, many of whom w re 5.1 r.r, n . \ ? o colored men that the-, nr .- 11 in the hah of meeting. And the ., a Llou.oei* sheet, frankly nay ,: "'iher: t . vld-.tu, ever, been seen in Uistt more ao .sett'-la,, of colore I ineu po.ineai.ng the -nut': high degree of intcdl got. : and iuitn.it. >n u- th. out held last night in honor c f the J. , ,Ulan* Senator-elect." Tut ietter of i're??Jent ??nut t > rt-soieeary Houtwell, on n . ppting L.? r ?._ .lil honorable to hlrn in it .j t j Mi. Boutr-eli. It exhibits the k.;oi..? .hutin.te: snd the strength <.f L.t Itmlship for tho": who have I roved thi.tnsclw < honest, co::.j eteot, n.i'J faithful. Ilo . er. * attention from the pledge it gives the . uutry that the Snanclal policy so xu..i eisful.. p ?ue>' for the last four years v..i. oe j ot,a I i:i th . future. Mr. secretary Jh.ha. J .... has dedur: i that he ion-, let s h .. it. ontinuc that poh' . -o th- <ountry ir.ty .civ upon that point. TilKkl. veins t.. I, - n... .louht j , > the Mrth-piace i <vn. f( ll el. rut, as there has L.-eti u i<-; r i t > Homer's. Acc.rU.u_; to the I?oi !.. ->. i lour rial asserts tl at I..- ' ' x. y ort. The New \ .? ' ' ( <- >ny L. was h >iii .n t. nn.: i. i t*K..aJt. u.-% Prt4i ?u> j he- s?u> i. o . Cuio. slid a Mieh.gan paper -.ay s h v.a-. ;n ._ aoutrn arouua; wnur en* i i.; . ; : if he mru* ever Wti at all. *11? - IX l M ! /ait) claim* to htiow alt about !! itnJ lie.lare* that Mr. Ilmln ?. bora in the L'uiledState*,ewrji ot. ' r. I wear ;iromi of lun?. it .? aaut that ?'? ru->r HeiiJr. k , ot I . liana wa? in this city !*?l week for the j i.; [A?ae of arou?lni{ the Dem<* rati ao.j Lite: . Republican* In i'ontrre-i t-> a ?cuse of u.. rnportance of an effort at otvanuatloo. lis leaire* to link the name ' Democratic" an t an another campaign on fa!?.? j r?Wfi*ei it Ull be of no ava'l.

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