Newspaper of New National Era, April 3, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated April 3, 1873 Page 1
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THE XEW NATIONAL ERA, ' mum EVERY THURSDAY HORNING At wukii(?? curt " ? NEW *ATtOSAL EBA BCILDHW, MR UTH HUIT. LEWIS H. DOUGLASS, > Fn,?,. 1 = 3. SELLA MABTIN, / | r? ot ArtKurtwn: M04U copiaa, t(-M par ;hi; f. r eopltr ft* RIO, parablr l? itnin. ttttiu FREUUICK DUI SLtH, Jr., Lark Bat U. WMktactOB, D. a I?' C0MMUNICAT10SS. !>< x< ,Tfif Kif Nittoiil l>4<ku* net kottl (tft4r r?^*ft*ill? AC i r vi?wt ?*pr*?ws! by corr**p. r.d**U. W?41 wrlf*-* And , gj .tt?rwHnt( >ag>?ikiftoti will h,tf?dlyrM>tlt.] j ^ 1 of Personnel of Ike Mississippi Lffll* , Imtmre 'of \'irKSiilRO, March 24, 1*72. f T.i the Editore of the Xtte Xational Eraj lb W henever I sit to skotch the various metn- J t.TS of the Legislature it kindles within mo j v? a warm feeling for the many good qualities I and earnest friendship of all of them. Tak-' of i:ig them as a whole, a nobler set of men j ?f snnot l?e found in any Legislature in the tot country, and I do not believe any Legisla- of !;ir - n'.rr, to their State better laws than ours w'] do to our ^talc. Xo gigantic ?cbemes, no j ^' robbery, and consequently no Credit Mo-, o.lier investigations are carried on among us. ;'5h In the northern part of the hall of the ! ? House sits a rather handsome member in the J '*> person of "v iio.v. j as. m. mxoM, j cal ?A' 1 aroo county, lie is a quadroon, and J nlt hears the st*!e of an aristocratic Southerner , "PI in his carriage, lie is finely shaped, medium , the - Ire. ami exhibit* superior training in his in- hoi ter. "ii! . u ith other jierson*. He i> a native 'he d .V.itl. ( ariilina, hut wa* brought here as a hei slave l.y bis master in i-l'b His parents 'lft| d.ed when lie was quite young, and though J laves a a general tiling never did feel that 'he their parents would remain with them until death - '..-uated them, set Mr. ]>i\on felt the j of loss of his most keenly, lad though he was j to 1 it their d ath b'e never enjoyed the advan- ' it ta >e of -i hool privileges, but ha*: acquired a ' eas tii r degree of education through efforts of his j hut own. H hen quilea youth be was bound out | fori to eiw a term of years at the carpenter's ; He ' - 1 - . r .1 i?i i if. i::r>ie, <?n?i wai uiixitMi uui ?>uc ui uic uoi s'ivj wot kmc n hi-employer ever had. He is now, in i however, > n;.hM.T in connection with the sla Method t r'j.; .pal ( hutch. When Gen. the Anic- \u Provisional Governor of the State aih he appoint. I Mr. l?i\ ii .-ii tlie Hoard of So- froi pervisnrs of h> <minty, and when Gov. Al- I t orn came int.. oi'i. e he a]'pointed him as one ed of tin: .Tu-t;. -> of the IVare of Ins county. in He filled hoth fit these positions with great pre credit, am! e ive satisfaction to all parties. 1 In lsi I hew., > elected to the l egislature, dre jin.l he tal.e. a deep nSeie-i ni ail matters an< 1 j coming before that body. He servos on the sec Committee on lixeriitive ( nntingent Fund i cor and State I.ihrary. i no He is a line, mild gentleman, hut linds it , he hard work to keep quiet in the gay and jolly ] nie set of gents, by whom lie is surrounded at his th< hoarding-house, lie is held in high esteem : tio in his eountv, and lore;' rnnv lie live to do pre honor to good old Yazoo. 1 To continue the same train of thought j tie which I had iu sketching my friend Mr. I l?Won, I must mention next 0p HON. it. M. Ffl.KV, ho: of Wilkinson couuly. Mr. Foley is u native pot of the county lie represent -. He was horn nie free, and enjoyed much better educational hit advantages than those who were otherwise qu situated. In lsfif> he was employed as a 1 vie teacher under the auspices of the Freed-1 the men's llurean, and performed said service ! coi satisfactorily. j <>f Immediately after the passage of the re- j to construction acts ho engaged actively in the "n campaign in this State to reconstruct her on hin a lirni basis of freedom for nil men. lie to braved many dangers during those terribly ori exciting times, hut feeling that our cause was frit just, and that the future destiny of our pco- ' pv< pie depended in a large measure upou the liri reconstruction acts, no duty was too burden- sh< some for him to perform, no sacrifice too am great for him to make, anil right manfullv did ' ho battle for our glorious cause. When C!eu. ' an Ames became Provisional Governor of the | jol State lie appointed bim as a member of the Hoard of Supervisors of bis county, and bis ' labors in that capacity gave satisfaction to ; all parties. At the lirst election after the ' reconstruction acts lie was elected to the j j\, Legislature, re-elected in 1871, and is now | serving at a fourth session. Tie is looked 1 t),i upon as one of the strictly honest members ' 0f of the House around whose skirts not a particle of corruption ever hangs. He was or- ^ clamed as a minister of tliu gospel iu 18(19, t|1( and now has charge of several churches. In appcaraucc he exhibits a good degree of , Indian blood, wears Ions, black btlir slightly waved, has nose enough for two men, rather j ^ thin lace, but on the whole a prepossessing j jj looking man. j some of our members leave tol.l me tiial if j 1 do not cease dropping in a joke on them, i j)f they will write me up with noticing else but ftt -uch telling jokes as lteprcscntaiire Sullivan tan get oil'. 1 mud confess that 1 would not . c are to get him after me, but the boys know ^ that it is only done l.v way c-f a little 'eason' So one tan enter the House without see-1 ' I an ft little fellow who alwnvs l.n*v at ,. , 1. /sf ! bj U??N. Jt^. i. eFCUI W, re] I Madison county. Hero you have one, who, tin- moment you .peak to liim, lie closes to liia eyes ami shows his teetli. lie came into ca the Mate in 1 m> and engaged in teaching,! Sa hut did not continue long in that occupation. I It would take a whole letter to give you ft ' list Of tllC dlltclt'M positions he has held, I with comments on each one, for the last lire * in years; so 1 will merely .state them without t at remarks They are as follows : Commissioner . pc of Election in ISCrs; Justice of the IV-ace I (1 in JsC9; Alderman of the city of Canton in j 1609; Assistant Assessor of Internal Ueve- ! tiue in 1SC9; assistant editor of the Col- j ' red ('ititem of this State in 1869; was elected \V to the Legislature in 1809 ; was a candidate j ini tor the United States tsenato against levels en n ls'O; was re-elected to the Legislature co iu 1S70; was appointed Aid-de-Camp, with the L? rank of Lieutenant Colonel, In 1871; was promoted to the rank of Colonel In 1871; was appointed one of the Trustees of Alcorn M University in 1871; was correspondent of the New York Tribune and other Northern j journals in 1S71; was appoinUd to fill a I of vacancy as Elector in 1872; was appointed I va to till a vacancy as a delegate to the Hula- i Ei deiphia Convention in 1872. It would take ] some persons their full three score and ten 1 Jo to Gil all these positions, hut .our friend Mr.1 fcpc'.mau does it with great east in the short! space of five year*. < | en: One or the tt-mUrt of whom it gives ma l of pleasure to write Is ' F? NE\ vol. nr.?no. 13.} HO*. B. KEM>BICK, Amite county. He it * lire of Lou* iana, vu held there as a slave for man; art, sod was lx-ought to thia SUte a faw ; tars before the war. lie waa denied all' hool privileges, but lias made some pro- 1 ess iu educational matters through efforts , his own. lie was appointed a Constable his county by (Jen. Ames, and was elected ! the Legislature in 1371. lie is a member the Committee on Library, and attenda to 1 i duties faithfully, both as a member of vwiinnuicp ana a* a iscprosontauve. One of the members whose appearance is ' ry striking u mow. m. t. rintiw, Hinds county. The style and appearance ' Mr. Kishcr reminds one of Theodore Til* [ 1. lie is classed among the carpet-baggers our State, but exceeds the most of those | 10 delight in making this fact a stigma upon ] inkces who come South in every quality ; itch makes up a man. He is a man of (In- . ed education, great perseverance, and omplishcd manners. Could Mr. Fisher ( aside his exceedingly mild and conserva- , e republicanism and become a sound Kadi- | , he might fill an important pluco in the , iks of our party. Hut our leaders do not areeiate his stand on questions affecting ' , ; vital interests of the party. We hope, I t tvever, that he will take greater hold of 'j i root in the future, and give us the full ! , icfit of his tine mind and finished educa- .. a. ! j; \mong the list of preaching members in House is , HON. II. 1*. JACOBS, \ Adams county. Mr. J. is always anxious t be seen and heard on the floor, out finds t difficult to be heard, while he can very illy be seen. He Ls a native of Alabama, c escaped from that State several years he-; 1 e the war with a wife and three children. 1 traveled the most of the distance from j f (bile, Alabama, to Indianapolis, Indiana, j e t horse and wagon, hut finding the anti- j very sentiment in Indiana rather weak, he ; ( (Ught it best to push forward toward Can-, < i, which he did, and thereby saved himself i ^ m the pursuit of his master. n le came into this State in lsdfi, was elect- j ' 10 mc legislature in IHO'J, and re-elected j a 1*71. Hp is, by profession, a Baptist i acher. j ti appearance lit* is rather tall anil well j \ ssed. Ilis features may be called line, j 1 1 be wear. a strong goatee on his chin. He j 1 ins to try in his manner of speaking to j i lvcy the impression upon you that there is : r subject which you might bring up but that. r is perfectly familiar with. Towards other s u he has nothing but kind feelings, but if v ire is any one he injures in any of his ac- a ns it is himself. And 1 believe he would \ :fer to injure himself than another. One of the mildest in appearance and gen- I manly in habits is t 1iox. O. \V. ClAYLKri, r Bolivar county. Mr. <1., 1 believe, was I ' m a slave in this State, but has every ap-: ' trance of one who was raised in refine- j int. I do not believe he cares to show . 1 nself at all times at the front of exciting | ' estions, but he takes a calm and deliberate j !W of all matters. He was a member of ' s Hoard of Supervisors, I think, of his ' anty under Gen. Ames, and at the election 1*71 he was elected by a large majority the Legislature. His constituents have plicit confidence in him, and will return i u to the Legislature next fall if he wishes i return. Were I a strong believer in fore- i lination, I would certainly say that my ;nd, Mr. Gaylcs, was foreordained for his sent calling?a Baptist minister. His ene garb goes to make up a preacher. He is jrt in stature, well built in circumference, rl has an exceedingly mild countenance. There arc a few others whom I will sketch, d will then wind up with the clerks?a ly sci 01 ooys. Until then, yours, Civia. ' _ i Letter (roiu Ohio. 1 Cincinnati, March 23,1S73. j, the Editors of the Netc National Era : ^ Vour readers will pardon rue if I indulge t is week in a somewhat lengthy account the ( ci.ARK KirniCAKY circi.k, lich celebrated its fourth anniversary on i : 21st instant in a niagaificont banquet j anged at the hall of the club, i'lie members and guests, numbering In all i out thirty-two jausons, took their places t the table at 10 o'clock 1*. M. Senator I*, j s S. Pinehbaek (who had come here especi- i J v to be present with us! occupying the ! | st of honor at one end, and our worthy j i esident-olect,George II. Jackson, the same j 1 the other. When we had fairly begun the work of!, struetion before us, wo were surprised by i e delightful melody of the " song without < >rds " coming from the vestibule of the hall, ' jerc Professor Charles Jefferson's brass . d string orchestral band had been stationed ; the committee without our knowledge. The following programme of exercises wa-!' adered: First toast.?" Our Retiring Officers ? True j 1 the" faith reposed in them, we have no j i use to regret our choice." Response by I i rauel W. ('lark. (Valedictory.! j1 Song?Samuel Jones. j' Aria from " Martha ''?Orchestra. Second toast.?" The Incominz Officers? recognition of your ability wo place you , 1 the helm, promising our undivided sup- i1 rt." Response bv Oeorge II, Jackson. 1 naugural.) t > !>ong?J. W. Jones. " Hail to the Chief"?Orchestra. |1 Third toAst.?"OurFourth Anniversary? 1 ith gratitude for the past; with conscious ' :omp!etenes? f >r the demands of the pros- | 1 t, we look to the future for hopeful eu- 1 urageiucnt." Response by John S. Mc- 1 lod. Song?W. ii. Berry. Dialogue (Quarrel of Brutus and Cassias)? 1 . Ilandy, B. Harlan, Jr. "Sheila of the Ocean "?Orchestra. Fourth toast.?" Literature?The product a well-spent leisure ; it improves and elates the masses." Response by Lewis D. is ton. I Declamation?" llanty Tim " ? Samuel J nes. Aria from " Martha "?Orchestra. Fifth toast.?" The Progress of Bspublinism?The hope of the downtrodden and pressed the world over." Bee pons* by >ter H. Clark. ( V If A1 WASHING Song?Charles T. Graham. 1 * Declamation?"Drifting"?A. S. Thomas. i w VTaUa?"St. PaulOrchcatra. 1 er Sixth toast.?" Art?The offspring of na- ) o] lure, beautiful aaJ sublime, ita blessings are ei manifold." Response by Churle* XT. Belle.:!* Song?J. E. Goggiu. > 11 Dcclaiuatjon-r'T'tngen on the Rhine " -rJ.; it; Edmunaon. ptt Seventh toast.?''The South?The name s St that once excited terror and visions of horror m when uttered, now arouses hope and drcarus 1 of of happiness." Hcspooso by William II. j wi Jones. i H Song-Charles \W Belie. j wi Declamation?" Brutus' Oration "?Wm. | H B. IUss. j tl " ShcpherdVQuickstep "?Orchestra. | Eighth toast-?" Absent members?There ' lie Is many a heart wakes up fjom its home tluiti th lay fast asleep in it. Ii^apooae by Solomon i re M. Kelley. j gt " Home, Sweet Home "?Orchestra. nil Xinth. toast.?" Our guests?Ever we!-! po :omo in our midst your presence encourages ' ori is." Ilesponse by Hon. I*. B. S. Pinch- rig >ack. * " Auld Lang Syne." ou The officers of the Circle for the ensuing Gc car arc George II. Jackson, President; ! iVin. It. Boss, Secretary ; John S. McLcod, bh Treasurer ; ('. W. Belle, Corresponding Soc- frc etary; S. M. Kelley, Honorary Critic; C. ' >. McLcod, 11. Harlan, Jr., and J. E. Gog- op [in, Executive Committee. i cal (>f the speeches that of Mr. McLeoil was ' lartic&larly distinguished for its eloquence, j Go dr. P. II. Clark's for its information, and n? hat of Mr. Jones for a thorough knowledge an if the resources of the South. 1 Mr. Pinchbaek made a lengthy and able be] tlort that would have gained for him the shi ligliest regard of every individual present, ' ad they not already been his steadfast i wli -ir.ri.la c?v?nal nf H.om ??t.rwvl ? i - ? "OH" auu ??ompaninns with him in childhood. V olunteer toasts being iu order, 1'. If. abi lark proposed "Old Cincinnati," and re- die ounted some graphic incidents of the days 1 then every colcred person west of the Alle- die hanies was reproached and scorned as a th? Cincinnati nigger" if lie dared to reply to ?ni in insult from a white man. ye: Mr. Pinehback gave us "Gilmore's High pn School," from which lie derived the only two cie ears of schooling he ever received, and I.. ma >. Huston offered a toast to Hon. P. 15. S. th< 'inchback?the man who stands pre-emi- gn lent as the political representative of our in ace? the man who organized the first negro oui ogiment, (tho Native Guards,) and demon- Go tratcd at Port Hudson that the black man sh< rill fight?the man who has first, last, and eip ill the timo upheld by talking, working, and J oting the interests of his race. tin The dialogue between Messrs. Handy and wc Iarlun was an excellent performance, and ha dicited round after round of applause. The nn icting of both young men was far superior to wb hat of many amateurs who have had special pri raining for the parts they assume. rig On Monday evening the Circle gave a com- pu dimcutary reception and ball at a private th< tall, to Mr. Pinehback and wife. tri The constitution of the Circle, written out tin jy Prof. C. W. llellc, on folio post and an 'ranied neatly, resembled more the work of t lithographer than the manual production of hat gentleman. It is worthy of remark that of the many ;xcellent pictures on the walls of this room, ucluding photographs, chromos, pencil-draw- To ngs, and engravings, only two aro the proluct of others than members. The organization is wicldiDg a powerful in- .-? luence that is felt far beyond the limits of ?.* his State, and inspiring many young men y( vith an ambition to imitate the noble examdo of Peter II. Clark, whence it derives its lame. sIi By the way, Mr. Clark yesterday received ge lie compliment of the highest vote cast in jallotiug at the county convention to nomi- f' iate candidates for the constitutional convenion of Ohio. wl As the only colored man nominated in the co itate, wB are anxious that he may be elected. ^ iVe are sure no other could so ably represent is in that body. ' ne The Cincinnati Enquirer, the great Demo ratic organ of the West, says : " The nomination of Peter H. Clark was a . eal triumph for the colored element. The colored voters in this county havo held the W valance of power for four years, and, although T1 .hey have essayed repeatedly to obtain some ? ecoguition at the hands of their white allies, . hev have obtained stones at all times, initead of bread. They made a push yester- w< lay, and secured the nomination of Mr. un "lark. Mr. Clark is somewhat nearer identi- js led with the white than the colored race, but ( u ic is a man of more than ordinary ability. 1 if we have a colored statesman in our midst, w' .hat man is l'ctcr 11. Clark. Ho has labored tli ong and faithfully in tho cause of his race, Cs md it was proper that he should receive this -ecognition. It is doubtful whether Mr. , i,'lark w ill keep up with his ticket in the race, jr Tor many llepublicaus who are willing to ac- th :ept the colored man's aid are averse to ex- pe tending favors. They have 'prejudices.' c0 He will doubtless be ' cut,' but the canvass will thoroughly test the sincerity of the Ee- w< publican party in this county." , to THE KENTCCKY LEGISLATURE Stl seems to be getting along finely, and revives Ca the hopes we once entertained of its becoming civilized, and having communication [>(ienod through its iuterior before that of Africa. Notwithstanding w hich some few reck- ) le.-s men pretend to bo willing to wager on " it. The other day that body passed an appropriation to pay for the tombstone of a col- . ored jiorter who died while in their employ, !'s sud a school bill was brought up to provide 'D i system of free schools for colored children, 1 to be paid for by certain taxes collected from as colored people. While the bill is far from perfect, and equally far from being satisfactory or just, it is certainly somo indication of 1 advancement, and inclines one to believe D* iluil Kentucky will eventually become one of the United States. Dkpl'Qii. 1 . I * Equl Rlghta. ! Dtllftn' Before Ika Jndlclarjr Committee la the iemie chamber aa raeeda>, in ' laat-t a Lerfi IIamber mt Pereeai Being 1 1 Pnmbc Tbe.s?m?, k. J., March 20, 1ST3. j ci GerUlemen of Ike CommiUte : ! oi In tha world's progreas ci vilixation and hu- pi uanity travel band in hand, and right and I lb justice are twin litter*. Revolutions ia dy- | te last lea, kingdom*, and empiraa tend to the to jvarthrow of injustice and oppression, and 1 M trs bat the natural and legitimate result of ! m ihe eternal fltneaa of thing*. If in lha phvsi- te :al universe ooa law la auapandad or should b; oaa*c to axiat the whole system la attended > hi TIOJv m/-\vr n r\ mu 1 'ri m ? * * iuif, L>. KJ.. intmuAl, AFKI1 ith upheaving* and convulsion*. Ju*t no * iih the laws which regulate. go rem, and a ictrol mankind?If tyranny, injustice, and ? Dpression obtain the ascendency, the in- A ritable tendency will be a disruption of the a )dy politic and social fabric, for these arc .e antagonisms of justice, right, and equal- v r. Having thus premised, in illustration of j] lis fact the late re hellion in the United ni ate* is proof positive. All thanks to Al- ti ighty God, who "rulelh over the destinies 01 nations and doeth the goo-! pleasure of His ill among the inhabitants cf the earth, for pi e has brought to naught the counsel of the pi icked and made the wrath of man to praise im" in the adoption of the 13th, 14th, and . ^ th amendments to the Constitution. j ' Yet it is a source of deep regret and morti- i te ation that there still rests one foul blot on e escutcheon of the nation ; that there is a ' lie of the past still overshadowing this ^ sat and enlightened Government in the dell of civil rights to this new element of tli Utical power?the newly-enfranchised col?d citizen. We are entitled to these ca hts. First. Because we have purchased them by tj, r sweat and blood. The history of the af iverntnent clearly indicates this fact, second. All class legislation is incompatii with a republican form of government and ! e institutions. Third. Proscription is in its very nature ' posed to citizenship, both in its etymnlogi-' 1 and political sense. pr Fourth. The position we occupy iu this pi ivcrnment?in the body politic?renders it f*1 cessary that these rights should be guar- ^ teed, protected, and secured hy law. of Fifth. If we would maintain our consistency cn fore the civilized nations of the earth, we l,e raid grant these rights without delay. sixth, and most cogent of all, is that men tli io are governed by the same laws are enti- j Sa d to the same rights and privileges. i P? seventh. The American people are law-1 iding, even though opposed to tlieir prejn- ta ? sti in conclusion, you can never conquer preju- vc e by conforming to its requirements. We I)!' n appeal to your sense of honor, justico, il humanity. Is not the long series of aii trs through which wo have suffered op- th ission, injustice, and wrong quite sutlltci nt to satisfy the most obdurate and inhu- 3J n ? And as you cannot make indemnity for toi : past we do most earnestly hope you will th e us security for the future by putting us possession of all tiiose rights common to J" r white fellow-citizens. Then will this tq( ivernmcnt be what its founders intended it ofl Duld be?a Government of liberty and so lality. in fine, the objections to our capacity for y, 5 enjoyment of these privileges are not pli 11 founded. It is true, all colored men do ve not arrived at tho same seal* of moral d intellectual elevation no more than all lite men, but common sense dictates proety where education is wanting. But civil pr hts is a matter of law, social equality rely a matter of taste, aud tho history of 'J", 3 pajSt shows wo have more to fear from in- da ision than our white fellow-citizens. It is oil 3 poor and dependent that aro oppressed "I d proscribed, not the rich aud affluent. ^ Tours for the right, to Wit. E. Wai.khb. Y ?- ? or I,i ttcr from triiansas. ^ Pine Bluff, March 22, 1873. the Editors of the New National Era : jIn my last you make me say "15 lbs." to pt halft of rotfnn inst.-nrl nf 11?o on/1 or sew National Era" instead of Xatiunal df a. I meant the fund raised to place the ^ dioual Era, published by Dr. llailey, on a p, in footing. bl We now have a civil rights bill in force G glitly different from the one introduced by natoi Dawson. It passed both Houses iu one y. Most of its provisions are like the other, m s in reference to schools it requires that n< good schools shall be kept for colored as lite. Iu case no provision is made for the lored, I suppose they are entitled to the w nefits of the white or mixed schools. The T< nalty goes to the school fund except at .or- w y's fees. g[ As soon as the bill was signed by the tl jvernor, the boats from Little Hock to Mem- fa lis refused to take any cabin passengers. ni hoevcr took passage had to go on deck. io prophesy is that it was a very bad move, ju d many Republicans are joining in the cry. H amounts to this : We want his votes, but i do not want him to have equal privileges less he has them alone. The sin of caste yet to be repented of. I still hear men Jjj oting Scripture to show that God made c( lito men superior to negroes and cursed hi c latter through their supposed progenitor, C innau, the son of Ilam. We are making a strong eii'ort to get a anch of the National College located in it is part of the State, handy to the colored ti ople. The one already established is in el nnection with the University in the north:;t part of the State, and, although open tj all. there are about two hundred whits n -lJent and but one colored. The Araeri- 01 n M--ionary Association came into pos- % ssioi; i several school properties built by p era and the Bureau. These it proposes to e 10 toward the Normal College. In all P

: ts i! the University no distinction is made * regard to color. *j The Colored Orpliaa Asylum and Normal o istiti.ie at Helena, under the Friends' care, w prospi-rous. Mr. and Mrs. Clark arc do- 0 g a noble work there, and deserve some ? ilp from the Stato, which they are now CJ king for. We Lave heard that one of our railroads ' a is laid a track to within ten miles of this 1 ? ace. The old planters down the river are 'j g tarlv all opposed to them. j tl M. W. MAKTI*. ; * nthSlavery Nni< Meeting In B'y- 1 J andoite. j, t Wr*KDom, March 20, 1573. [ ? 0 the Editori of the Sett Sational Era : a The colored j>eople of Wyandotte and vi- I nity met en matte, at the A. M. E. Church, | J ) Tuesday evening March IS, 1873, for the i irpose of signing some petitions sent to! <i lem from the Cuban Anti-Slavery Commit- ? e in New York. The meeting was called ^ 1 order by the Itev. J. C. Owens, after which t r. C. Patterson wss elected Chainnsa of tbe t eting, and J. C. Owens Secretary. A lea-1 * r from the above-named committee was read f the Secretary, and the object of the meat- ? g explained by the Chairman. Mr. Patter-1 4 ALE L 3, 1873 on. the Chairman, made a short, brilliant, Tl? i nd feeliug speech on the occasion, which I'f as followed by Mr, Owens, the Secretary, ifter which the following resolution- were j j. fiered and unanimously adopted: ti n < Ires', That wo, the colored people of the ] f vandotte and vicinity, feeling thankful to ?tanr ,!mlshty Ond and the goof! Union people of -ays : ie I'nited State* f r our own disenthrall- Krr lent and enfranchisement, heartily synipa- to La lire with the oppressed of C uba and every struct ther land. made R'toht f, That it is the duty of every eel- i-bt" red man prevent to sign the petition now enste tfore us, especially those who have felt the at;ag ressure and curse of slavery. ' soon Ruche I, That we, the colored people of I and g "yandotte and vicinity, unanimously sign f iet\ t le petition and forward'it back to the" com- | nud si ittee to be sent to the President of the L'ni- j maun d States. -t con.sci Messrs. Daniel K. Williams, 1'. Johnson. > the G Pope, and others made a few feeling re- j the p* arks on the occasion, and the following j agaim solution was offered and adopted: pic. Rttolccd, That a copy of the procoediogs of Vol .is meeting be sent to the Wyandotte (7o- j leged (tc and the New National Sua and the j ?o loi ansay City Journal of Commerce for publi- j treat \ ition. j to sov A great deal of enthusiasm prevailed j with a roughout the meeting. The meeting then j to brii tjourned. In ' C. Patterson, Chairman, time t J. C. Owens, Secretary. j variou Preparing for Defeat. and in power The Democratic politicians of Virginia are ; a weal ,nic stricken. More than six months in ad- | iug th ,ncc of the next general election they a;o j use th eparing for defeat. Knowing that the pco- not th 0 of the State will vote them out of office, most I ey have set to work to extend their terms j The all instances in which it is possible to give i centur eir high-handed proceedings the least color j war, v legality. The Legislature is the conveni- torial t instrument, and Governor Walker ap- power ars to be willing to render whatever as- us, tin itance he can. The Republican minority pie wi so small that it can only protest, and from beyon e proceedings in the House of Delegates on and in turday last it would seem that even this 1 or privilege has been denied. j The Legislature, is at present engaged in j , '? 1 enterprise which, if persisted in, will cer- i n, .??.j i/uu^ uuudiw, me uosigu uuiug 10 iure* ill the action of its successor, wliich will c,llanc ry probably be of a different political com- ^ .1"'! exion. The constitution of the State pro- _ . les that tho couuty judges shall be elected lu?j . ' tho legislature, tho two Houses meeting d voting in joint session ; it also provides ' ,' at tho Legislature shall meet on tho first :? , ednesdav in December of each year. The .1 rms of the county judges will expire on tho ,. st of Decomber, and the constitution con- !lon"r mplates the election of their successors by o Legislature then in session, and they exten< ist be commissioned by the Governor then j !"""alu office. The politicians,.however, who are ' " iwiliing to risk the chances of a popular ?ctiou, are determined that these hundred f"'n ll ices, which will become vacant during tho v ?"! ssion of tho next Legislature, shall be filled 8 ,.el' the Legislature now in session, and that ? e new judges shall be commissioned by a ' Pani| ivcrnor whoso own tenn of office will ex- ('one ' re before the judicial term begins. We P? ubt whether such a legislative absurdity c'alr:'' ,s ever beforo bceu attempted. Kven the * al Houses of Kellogg and McEnery in ?xlelV luisiana would be ashamed of such a fraud. Paniii In order to get rid of the constitutional ' ovision which requires the Legislature to "ltluor net on the tirst Wednesday of December a Powcr int resolution was passed postponing the . era Deting of the next Legislature till the first !n *v.1'1 ,y of January, 1874. We do not think that Lmt , tlicr Pinchback or Warmoth would rocom- ^ounti cud the abrogation of a constitutional pro- : sion by a joint resolution. They may not lel : great lawyers, but th'-y are too wise lican suggest such a proposition as that. crlm,c et this is precisely what the Virginia Sol- the is, w ho claim to have inherited at least the The aditious of great statesmanship, have done, on the ne constitution has been suspeudod by a eritlci: uple resolution, and the election for judges of tin now going on with all haste. The Kepub- way: :ans asked tlint their protest against those For occedings might be entered on the journal, not on id permission was granted. On the next to spr ly one of them made a strong speech in op- advise isition to the outrage, which so irritated the tuted i ajority that they threatened to have the ofit.d otost stricken from the record, and proba- fill Ex y this has been done. In the meautime must i ovoruor Walker is said to be preparing com- iug he isslons for the judges as fast as they are he rui ected. ture s We are of the opinion that these gentle- press .n will not get much for their pains. The pressi :w Legislature will be elected at the time und n id manner prescribed by the constitution, tion ii , will meet on the first day of December, as ing to le constitution declares it shall meet, aud than ill proceed to perform the duties which de- tonini live upon it as a legislative body, among j tcnlio hich will bo the election of one hundred i Tin >unty judges, whose commissions will be | this, gned by the Governor then in office. All j the-ri lis will bo done w ithout any reference to the has n ct that a majority of the" members of the ! direct ew legislative body may be either Demo- j the n ats or nepuoiicans. me mguer courts win coat a icide which election is valid, and what to "gi idges are entitled to exorcise the office.? ' been altimore American. \ this si Senator Suiuner. tk>n*c Senator Sumner's ailments are of a serious at not of a hopeless character. It is very utc^1 ear that he has never at any time fully re- '"aj*c f )vered from the injuries resulting from the . rutal assault made upon him in the Senate ? , hamber by the irate South Carolinian, fol- J1, " wing the delivery of his overwhelming ; reech, entitled "Tile Crime Against Kan- V'.* rs a speech which, in our opinion, taking all in all, has no e.jual among the produc- ' .** 1* ons of American statesmen. Had his life aded at its close, that speech alone would 1 V ave made tho name of Charles Sumner im- rJiVj tortal. Long years after its delivery, al-' lough listened to at the time by the writer . ni~y f this article, he has read it over more than ! IV ; nee, for the pleasure of the perusal, with ! ?'8V'C reater satisfaction than that experienced in j sading the orations of the old Grecian and ; fiT? s, iornan orators in their native tongue. It has i ? '; ver seemed to him as complete in all its .* arts, and at the same time much broader I ?u 111 nd deeper, and more lofty and far-reaching ( yrm1a lan anytiiing found in the ancient classics,; dth a style so perfect as to be unnoticed, nlv as a* medium on which to freight over-: 1 ' 'helming thoughts. We are aware that some ! i*in f his intimate friends think some of his ! ther speeches superior to this one. And it j Th jay be so, tried by the standard of a more j nouni apable criticism; but that is not our opinion. I deflei We sincerely trust that Mr. Sumner's health ] chani lay again rally, and that, under the benefl-1 A i cut smiles of a liivine Providence, he may negle et have many years of enjoyable life among the rateful countrymen, who can never, in jus- j Sevei ice to themselves, lose sight of his great ' ents, ervicee. Lhd they know the intensity of the ! sirou uifering he endures, and bow bravely and j than ncomplainingiy he bears it, remembering iu , have riginal cause, and knowing the purity and gage-eauty of bis inner life as it is known to us, wish be last particle of feeling of asperity, ocea- of eoi toned by recent events, would be obliterated, lad* ,nd he would be borne up by tbe prayers of ( while . nation for bis restoration to health, and cants hat the golden years of his life may be ' eithe TOwned with comfort. ' ' for a Tbe Legislature of Massachusetts could not I advai IU LUC DUU B Ijicaici LiClllL UIIU UJ UliUUI- | U?WI oously expunging from her Journals reao-1 Uvea mion that rests like a crown of thorna on ' abou heir illuatrious Senator's head. Better for 1 eelve here to do it tliemaelvea than to leave it to; to dt >e done by their children after he ha* pasted 1 have o hie final haven of reet.? Work. CknmitU. forta ? ? give ?The bell used on the first steamer that caus< er tailed on Lake Superior It doing service than ? a house of worship la a Michigan town, of ap :ra. i A a? ' ? - *n I .50 a year in adrftncf. * it \ r? Copi#i ft*r ;* 1 i *. n"? or l.radiMK Journals on At oiiiinrnt Matter* and Events n1ie<' the I TI?. .1 rwH'iUMi. th.it 0 New Y ork Ecmng /W cite * the ae- label 'f the railroad coui|>anies with regard to ' *t!a! " >?til cars as tlie most intolerable in- with e of the insolence rf eorperatier ?. It that that mien-letti. in the modern table, is said '''"h. ye spent his day - in the artificial con- a''i' ! :;on o; a man, who. as soon as he was i . . became nta-ter of his maker. Our leg- l'! w rs have emulated the example > !' Frankin. For years past they have Wen ere- ' t0 lr: various kinds ot corjjiration- which, us *}u- ? cs their have breathed the breath ot lite JW e>t well upon thetr feet, tuni round and ! i"'nhe authors of their Feint;. Thev rage a; hake their fists, and threaten w ith all C0"1P er of revenges, the very power by w hose j " ' nt alone they live, as if thev, and not ' have ovemraent, were the rightful"organs of. arf' A; eople, and entitled to their wu v even j "hoi! st the interest anil wishes of tlie poo- "tip!. ? hand! . these corporations ha\o been s,i privi- the ei and petted, have beou allowed to go on j '|cp>' ig without restraint of law, that they )timo ' v:th the Government, as from soverdtgn | ereign, and menace the entire nation j P a ' 1 disarrangement of its affaira, in order j 'c ag about their private ends. I t*'ie 1 view of pretenses like these, is it not j curse' hat our statesmen should take up the j wor^' is questions involved in the granting of, . -^n ate privileges, as among the most \ital j ""P"1 iminent now claiming attention? The j uP?n wielded by a few n;cn, who represent j es.1 % 1th almost fabulous?a wealth surpass- j "boo at of the mightiest inonarchs, and who . J'11'* eir positions for their own purposes and '"hnr e public good?is nt this moment tlie j '',u'01 "ormidable that can be conceived. esteei old slave power, which cost a lialfj i"'1^-' y of agitation and a live years' blooilv j ?''i r 1 ras hardly more audacious and dicta-1 lla in its palmy days than th s capital j ll,an.v has become, or soon will become. l ot j S'"P * crefore, be warned in time, ami grap-1 0UK''I th the danger before it shall have gone j "leen: d our ability to avert its filial abuses a?;ra;T1' ought on a terrible civil catastrophe, j 10 SPANISH KM A NCI PAT ION. j Host'in Olube sees in tlie abolition of jn thi. v in Porto ltico by the Spanish Asseni-j* .,cn l indication that the hour of Cuban | clinnii :ipation is not far oil, and p-\v* this com-1 ed in it to tlio insurgents: I a|ia|i hatcver praise is due to Spain for free-' brand c slaves of Porto Ilico and for thus coin- [ mcc tin g herself to the policy of human free- J other. :he fact should not be overlooked that ' ablc <] struggling republic of Cuba is due the 1 , jtv , praise of having set the example; and j struct not been for the course of the revolu- i of the y government of the island in liberal- I truste e slaves as fast and as fur as its power j with t led, we doubt very much whether tlio shall ipatiiui law for Porto ltico would have ' s, hr>ii 0 promptly passed by the Spanish As- j labor y. It is also a matter of Just satisfac- place* 1 the people of the United States that tempi own national example in abolishing ofine. y, as well as by the friendly and earn- ami it lercession of our Government with the loser, h power, something has already been owards accomplishing emancipation in . ."sessions of Spain, and there is an en- j ;ing prospect that inorc will yet be j An id. Our Government lias done "well to I jt|>t v 1 a cordiai and carlv recognition of tlie i'.' di Itepnblic, and there is much to ho w v for the future ol' ( uba from the friendly Tel.-jr ice of the United States with the new "XI . That it will bo forbearing and con- Shot-l te towards Spain in the new exigencies thing ch she is placed may be safely assumed ; tempt would ho too much to expect for this place y to look on patiently in the time to stone ind behold Cuba overrun and oppressed "N r old tyrants working through a re pub-. docks instead of a monarchical form of gov- j ing be nt." * j trace PRESS AS AN All! TO (JOVKHNMKNT. j CXtdU Ilartford Cuurant has a sensible article I p' ",u 1 : uousense of this style of newspaper ! " on which attempts to guide the affairs rai : world, and points its moral in this P* tales it must be noticed that the press does , ily attempt to intlueiicc public <ipiuion, j ead news and discuss measures, but to i a" 1,1 i and dictate in all the acts of the consti- i ?w'.'r Government, as if it were an actual part ! ' ! eclaring who ought and who ought not to | ecutivc offices, what measures must ami i , e3 not be carried out, and, in fact, direct- '.J?.'; iw the uiachiuerv of government shall i from day to day. What the I.egisln- i ? "u.r hall do aud what the Kxccutive, the , "J" , knows anri aava evorv mornin-r. uv- 8??". ng not merely an opinion upon policies ' . , len, but laving down the course of no | '.r i every detail of Administration, assuin- j .w"' know n great deal better what to do j j." U| the officers who have been specially ' " issioned and are giving their whole at- pi. m to the affairs of State. I J'?1 a ' ire is something very eooiicat about ? K1 There is a young gentleman in an up- i al'' ver newspaper office, let us nay, who | , ot the leant doubt that he in capable of; "r '' ingall the affairs of the Government in ' 'A " tost minute details, lie takes off his | J? . md lights his pipe, and calmly proceeds I ; " overn" every night. He may not have j .laY| within a thousand miles of Washington j / eaSon, and yet ho knows a great deal V. . ' than Congress does how every cjues-' ught to he decided. The other day, a } '' r two before the ttli of March, he no- i V' j? that the Senate laid aside the ( aldwellj J.r,J 'j ind went at public business. He disap-. r,?!.. d of this instantly, aud he read the I , . . ors of the United states such a lecture 1 ? their neglect of duty, upon their attempt! j' '". ,'cr up and pass by the Caldw ell iniquity i ,n bey w ill no doubt remember it to their days. He simply "scathed" them, that Jj.r.'_ * ,11, and let the public see what lecrcants lliey were. wo"'' course, lie did not know that the betia- u" ,..,i unn.nitfiii - .... I vurct: lat the Caldwell ca*e would consume |h0 :i time, and that if it was taken up it 0 I consume ail the morning hours of the r ,ul1' in to the exclusion of necessary public "j10 '* ess, had agieed to let it go over to the Piace session. Hut al! the same he rebuked or,'r' enate in his best style. * a just possible thai if the press keep* ^ ' i the exercise of authority without ,u- 'lun'' .tion or responsibility, :t will by and by 4 *ec en its real j?ower,and lose its legitimate ! w nee. If it respects no authority but i . the end may be that the people will lie- j i/mic > doubt its omniscience. ' ,'i TRAINING MECHANICS. recta e l'hiladelphia Eimiaj Ttl'i/raj/h uu- that ces a scheme for supplying the existing in th encies in training young men for tue- are i cal occupations : port, ;ic?i m wi. - ? -.ti '.-.' in .? me maue ct to train the youth of the country for two 1 following of mechanical occupations, the t al cause* < ondu; < to this neglect. Parse ho themselves are median* *, are de- j ?. * that their -on- -hall !>e anything ei*e nio?t manual laborers. Their ambition is to to u< their hoy* attired in broadcloth and en- we w 1 in "genteel" pursuits. They also unrei them at an early age to ha in the receipt lore ne salary. The consequence is that the be lc are sent to commercial colleges fir a our >, and then join the gtcat army of applt- the i i for clerkships of one kind or auotber, othei r to secure emp ajment at a fair salary Voui yemth with scarcely any prospect of its neigl Dcemenl to a sum sutficieul for a man's (ail, untie*, or to w aile the best years of their only in subordinate, almost menial, position* uo n. t mercantile offices. The boys litem- la th< i share this parental ambition, and grow fare anls* the trades by which their fathers earn been enabled to secure Ibeta a com- To e bid Using during their childhood, and to equa them a good, plain education. Another usua l of the failure of the bomc-oduraled me-1 cei?( lc supply la the want of a pr?|wr evaicm j and ipreohceabip. I Bo b ATES OF ADVERTISING. T31ISIESI ACTZRTIf ISO EA7E5. nm ?,pf }?? . . . ... .fi ii ^?*nt i??*r:K>a 7 k >f?c+ of | * !Icm Hr#T ? * ta iJrr la IS? p*p*r ' pata !m? IUb !f a i cUr?f<I tu? rata of ? fo'' :* ? ^r.aritr frf f ' tra b* ib? * , :?r arti??m*nt? r ? Imt.'a* tbta thraa acta!' ?r*~l tram**** ?~ ,tk'u\-l the ad ; :< of iudi .weysteni tie ianir himself is a strong opponent through rades union*. He srcmi to liavi an idea it is hotter t> limit the ?wp;lv >. skilleil r, and that bv preventim- i >rc than a I proportion ofap.prent.- r arisen the number of journcyim t he a hicveliiuitatiao. He lo*c? s .hi ... the hut it is imp..ssiblo ! > cstn' at . < the stion than that nflorde 1 ?. ?h f-mand, ,hat if American me. h w. r, a\a the demand will he tille ' hv th t?..v orkracn from the other i. lb A: ; an.i that, in r? f.i-'t . t .11 1. - > n. trn trade?, he is Ian going t',. wn.ploy that should support them in . onit". rt t > :tier?. Again, av.de f: .1 tl - resllicthe apprenticeship -y-'em - defective, isc there is nd ?ti?F"c:ent ]. >v.?. n t clling lads to serve out th. liroc f . 3 they are hound. As - v-n n they acquired a knowledge ot the trade the. nxious to earn journeymen's wages, ar. l v regardless of the dcht they owe the : ners for the know ledge obtained at the e ij they strike out for then>e!vcs. V; ill mployer follow up his runaway appren he will, in nine cases out ot ten, tiud h. wasted, because the magi rates w ill a. some frivolous pretext as a sufficient for the lad's defection. This leads to vila?employers arc far from anxious t > tpprentices.'aud ronn v of the trades are J with a uuraber of only half-tangli' nen. y scheme wlii. li promises to jl.i . th.. taut matter of the training ofmeehaniv a better basis is therefore of the ureal alue to the community. Technical Is and rolle-es promise to do much in irection. Tnev tend to sl.ovv that all is honorable, that all laborers are to bo tied, and that those are most worthy of n who strive to attain the nearest to tion in their respective callin is. They 1 means of education independent oftho of trades unions, and tliev obviate of the disadvantages of the apprenticeyateni. They turn out workmen thory drilled in the ditlereut branches of uiies, and wilt provide adequately it the sometime threatened extinction American mechanic. ill is at present before the l.cgislatut e establishment of such mi institution State. It has passed the llou-e ntnl ding in the Senate. I'ndor it a Me s' lligh School is propose.) to ho found which the youth of the ('01111 -nwralth be Climated and trained in the various lie* of science, lent nita-. md ; r .-1i. .i' lilies, as they are conm-eh-d w 111 e;|. Ii It is to be located within a reasonllstance of sonic manufacturing town i ind is to be properly adapted to the in ion of youths in the theory nil i practice different trades. Power" is given the ea to make arrangements or contracts he employers in any of the trades, as he within reasonable distap< e of lit I, to have pupils perform the manual required hy its rules nt their simps oi i of business. The Mil app-n- to ate nu institution that cannot but prov stiiuahle bcliclit to the t miiioiiwcalth, is to he hoped that the S nab w '! o time in putting it upon its pa -1 A Viwll In NeliiiN(?|inl. office I of the Ih'itUh telly, all hi isited the battle-ground of the t riium, rrites t.> the St. .lohtt I \ !' I' tiph : ic town is almost de-ci t. .1 and in i urn Imles mid dents are to be seen in anytluit remains standing; very little nllias been made nt rebuilding; the reminds one of Pompeii, nothing hat wulls and rootless w reck- o| lion-, s. othing wlintever remain t' the tine they had here, their destruction havn-ii so complete us to leave vary little of them ; one would h ii dlv In I rutin . ded so far as they did, a- the cgoim-l i lover and looks quite natural, a- ;f ii ever been disturbed, t if the old barami hospital the only portion -t.iinlin. irts of the wall at int. rials, all telling of tlie bomhardiiieiit. be Malakotl tower is situated on a hi.I d the dock yard, commanding the town nrroundiiig country. A |s.rtmti of tinis still standing, and ill-lde is (In; loiuli i Admiral w ho defended it. I he -airing earthworks were blown up, and ttetil of them it is quite imp i- tide ? > a the tight is tin llcdiin, where, so man v poor fellows fell. In front i elect-1 (disk to their memory, w Inch is in a very mate ?i repair. 0 the left of the Malaknli', mi l nearei man, is the Maiiieloii, a lursp: earthcommanding a very go ?l position. O"[> the side of it I picked lip-ever.il | .-a cl ami parts ot a ritle. he next plaee visited was the halt >f Inkerman, the two-gun battery, and raveyurd on thu way. The graveyard 1 as good a statu of rejuiit as oie too! I t. Some of the walls have h en pull. I len down, and the natural ron-efjner ey are filled with sheep and cattle of the iiionuiuents tluit have heen hi iai?; of u cross or had a tro? > on them ht-en defaced. We tnti?l put that down ihatiimedans, not Ilus* inn*. The o'..- rected at Inkerniati t-i the Ire/li-h, h, and Itussialis is ipnte p< rh- t. tin eld where the armies eucaa.| I at seen the remains of cool .i~ uteri-.. n bottles, ete., scattered a1 >nt In . aons. Im twoguti battery which (' (sitfv and wrhem thu hardest light.ug to . , still exists, an 1 ill very . i .idle slope leading to it, where t'. Has came up in such fori e, I picked up ipherical bullets and u itusMaii hullo, were not hurried in the ground a one 1 suppose, but lyiDg 'juite on thcsiufii small hushes. It is ijuite a rare uce to pick anything of tin: kind up, auhahitauts are constantly digging nr. I 1 g for such relies to sell. The trench' 1 the town arc very distini '!, r.. 4.J U!i follow fur u 1 'II;; W.iV ; in r. they have been ti!! - J unto torrri ft roai naning. ho otticcr vixitc-d the licid I! .ij^iava, e occurred the faniou* o'.i-!. of l!.o - > red. An obelink mark a the pi .re, r ond obeiiik and a small grtiv. yard to'.' e many of the t:i hundred fell, he town of jiaiaklava in mi.*.! ?:. ! ii-ally inhabited byGreeka. The barb.: Ite land-locked, the smallest , e.? ' , . d >ut the heaviest atorm, 1.1 . v in what ;n it would. It waa oii too ,tra our vcaaeui got ao much hi. ?ch d ah . t gale of November 'Si. 'IL - ii tow going to convert i* i \ iit which with verr little defer.?? ?v.-i'e : impregnable, the entrance beiug at luudred . arda wid. with a alvarp turn -ght directly after entering." lealouav ia at once the meauaat m 1 unaccoaiitahU of vice a. V. hat iicio:..'a i we rhall have, inevitably ; aud what mil au>i uaxi uui, ?< >; ?ua.. IIC'V. v.:! oy u>ou. If wo are lovely, vro shall b I; and if we are unlovely, we .bull n >ved, no matter wheUieT any one takt . place or not. Jealouav ?; Ujo ??alth, voc.al imp< Glance, or the lie; p.iiesi re, U alike unaccountable an i aboard. own hoove i? not lowlier be<-*tHe y ibor'e le two vtoriee higher. If be should and have to give up his earriape, it would crowd the oiunibuXa little u. o:e,an 1' . leans provide you with a vehicle. \Vha tit in human nature that makes <mr j . eetrn poorer because our neighbor . > iX roeat duck and drinking < ham pa* nvy the love heetowed upon another lly Idle, llearta keep their a -ouut* lly with tolerable falrneiM. We ?hvll r?i that of which we are worthy no mere? what la our ow n, by virtue of our d* ?:?, %t* can take away.

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