Newspaper of New National Era, April 10, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated April 10, 1873 Page 1
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TITE NEW NATIONAL ERA, rr?Lii?K> EVKRY THURSDAY MORNING At MuklaftM Cltr. D. C. SKW NATIONAL IRA ICILSIHO. Alt I1TH ITRBIT f.EWTS H. DOt'OLASS, I Fnl?? .1. SKI.I.A MAKTIN, t W>IT#MP?IC or ?cMCRirTt>*? ilogU copim, |2 W p?r yttr; * \ t >pie? fvr 41 l, p*j *M? Id . A,NIM KKKDLRK K IMHOLAtl, Jr., Lock Boa 31aVMkit(k3, D. C. COMMVXICA TIOSS. Tut Nl? NAfioiiAt Ka? 4om r.<( h 44 lU-^f r?*i>oaftlbU f ,r ?ipr?*?M ty eorrMpoR4?*t? W-tll viiUMi *a4 iototMi'-og v^mmoftlc^lloDD will t? gl*J.j rrctifd.J Washington, I). Apiil 5,1CT1. T l\- Fhi r> < f t',t Xnr Xational Era : U c arc an humble member of that class which rejoice- in the birth of every movement aicuiated to do our |>eojilc gooJ. t'eni the a-hes of the I', !, if I CUittn the .Veil Citlifn has germinated. We welcome the sheet, and trust that all those interested 01 human progress, aud es[iecially in the welfare of the enfranchised American, will sustain those who have undertaken so noble a work. Hut to digress u moment. We stood by the C 'I Citi'zrn as lone as there was vitality in it. We were never very sanguine about that sheet, for in our bumble opinion it lacked brains, it was troubled with bail orthography, ..ml miserable grammar, and had too mo' h weakness for ladies' toilets, as though everything depended ujion the cut, ;;t, and make-up of a body, or a skirt follow- j .11:' a w oman's heels four or five yards. If no or,, nr.i i..rv imirh mistaken. Mr. fliiru v . ?hararter in one of Itkkcns' works, is ac- j credited witb saving that?" what a ?mn thinks before breakfast is one thing, what he thinks niter is quite auother." Applying this to our editorial friends of the Crimed < '.turn, thev always left the banquets ami ree,-prions so full of the good tilings under which the tables groaned, that as a return for courtesies, they were forced to write up everybody , and so lost their paper and wasted their sweetness upon the desert air. Rut we have do disposition to disturb the sleep of that sheet, fiahriel has promised to rouse up every thing, and as he understands his gamut, and can blow a bugle better than we, we resign the job to him. The An- I 'iii~.ni comes to till a vacuum. | We happen to know its editor, and can safely say that all the essentials which contribute to make :m editor ate to he found in him. The introduction in the lir?t number of the A'nr fit,-. ,, among the good expressions, gives Us to understand that the paper is not to he the organ of any clique or ring. Now this is clever, And we feel better. The Colored Citizen was given to rings, to extolling, to cringing, simply to get smiles and invitations: and last, but not least? death. If our little friend of the AYto Citizen sticks to the text, and keeps certain parties away from him ; that is, escapes their influence, he a ill accomplish something. There ure several rings in this District. Those alio make them are sharp and shrewd. The more gratuitous attention they expend upon you, the more fried oysters they set hefore you ; the more receptions to which they invite you, the more they expect to get one under obligations; and these exert a controlling influence. A man of Sherwood forest's once observed to a friend who expressed surprise at seeing so many sturdy fellows shooting at the butts, " there are butts everywhere," so with rings, they are everywhere. Vou will liud them in the private house, in the universities, and the hanks. The members compose a class which, under no set of circumstances, represent our people, in fact the jieople don't know them. They have no w eight or status, hut they have a large amount of impudence, and if they are to be accredited with any intelligence, they hide it under a huslicl basket, and u=e it only for selfish and ring purposes. They are always first at public meetings, occupying the highest seats in the synagogue, their bald heads prominent and shiniug, reminding one of the summits of tall mountains which first catch the rays of the morning sun. They are sharp at devising ways and means to ex tort contributions from the pockets of other people, and they never say pay once, if they are to be included. They love the sound of timbrel, and harp, and tlute, and horn, and violin. We have seen them tripping artistically through the mazy dance on the light fantastic toe, and then we have seen them elide noiselessly out into the upper room with their sweethearts and wives, and, surrounding the solids and tluids, eat and drink, and diink and eat, and thanking tlod that they were not like other in. n, while their guests in the dancing hall were thirsty and hungry and ready to faint. Wo have no tight to make with those who strive to advance by legitimate means ; this is all right and commendable ; but the idea of these kid gloved coxcombs, smelling like an entire perfumery shop, whoso antecedents "no fellow can find out," they, followed by a few* old barnacles, who are too mean to die, because it would cost them something to pay funeral expenses ; these, undertaking to impress people with their importance ; these, shaping, fashioning, controlling, giving tone, CTllllIg IIIC IIIVH3 HUU UOUlltlH U1 SOllClTi Hull' Don't you feci sick nt the stomach'? our little editor must he exceedingly carelul; these rings go about seeking whom they may devour; in fact, they murdered the editors of the Colored Citizen. Let us have a lire, healthy (taper .n the .Vrir Citizen; fearleis for the right, and not pandering to the tastes of those who would have it exist merely to enhance their ends. The problem as to whether we are fit for the |iolitical condition in which we are, is not yet fully and satisfactorily solved. There are those who yet question it, and they have influence enough left to seriously retard our progress. Friends we hare on every hand; they can and will assist; but we must ourselves demonstrate that within our own limits we have the element, the intellectual levers which arc to lift us to a higher place, and the AVir Citizen, properly manipulated, will do its portion of so holy a work. Who can fathom the conduct of the passing .Samaritan to the brother whom he found bruised and bleeding. In that one humane act is more Christianity than can be found in fifty pulpits. That Samaritan went down to his house Justified, because be had put to practical use those lessons which he read from the Holy Writings. There Is an immortal something clustering about duty performed which no price could purchase, because its valne i* beyond computation. L'OVYjBTCltK. NMV VOL. IV.?Na 14.} Equal School Right*. GrckaI>a, Mta?., March t>, 1873. To tkt Editors of Ikt .V?ic Xitivnal Era There was an indignation meeting held at the M. K. Church by the colored citizen* of : Grenada on the 2Gth of March, 1873. The colored children have been left out in j . the cold ever since the free-school system has been established, in many places the ( school board refusing to locate schools for them, and instead of the fraud decreasing it I is increasing. The school board has given to the white children of Grenada eight ( months free school, and the colored children j 1 only four months. This is wrong. These ' ; men who do this are pretended Republi- j, ! cans. Katly on the night of the 26th, a large ; crowd of the citizens met at the M. K. Church, : both male and female. The meeting was | called to order by the writer of this article, and after stating the object of the meeting in a few words, Mr. William ltoss was called to the chair by a unanimous vote. Joseph l'hillips was then elected Secretary. It was . then moved that a committee of live be ap-1 pointed by the Chair to draw up preambles >' and resolutions expressing the sense of the 1 meeting. The following name - were selected by the Chair : Alex, l'hillips, Robert Brown, | Gabriel McKee, Amos Kimbnl, and Marcus Gause. Several speeches were made by the friends of the cause. ! l After deliberation the following preamble | ! and resolution's were passed: Whereas the constitution of the State of Mississippi lias declared that the colored j people are free and that they are no longer ' 4 things but people ; | I And whereas it was the intention of the j i franiers of the said constitution that no dis-; j crimination should be made before the law \ on account of race, color, or previous con- ! I dition of servitude ; | ( j And whereas it is plainly stated in said j constitution that there should he a public | t free school in each school district for the j benefit ot the children of said district of proper school age ; < Atid whereas the Legislature of this State <. has enacted a law called the school law, and . said Legislature has said that there should be ! a school or sfhools iu the reach of every i i child of proper school age ; j And whereas said Legislature has created t an office known as the Board of School Dii rectors to carry out the intention of the law \ nnd to deal out equnlly to all the benefits of 1 ! said school law; I And whereas the lloard of School Directors s I of this sub-district has failed to carry out the ' ' law as intended by the Legislature of this j State, by refusing to give the colored children ' equal benefits in the free schools and in many I | localities they have ngt been provided for at y ! all, yet the people all have to pay their tax ; , ' And whereas Miss Fanny Isom has been i teaching a school at Tuskalioma and her school has not been provided for by said s Board of School Directors, nnd that she hns been teaching in an open house and without ( any fire-place or any stove. She has had for the last two months over forty scholars, as 1 her reports will show, with only three pan- t chion seats with no backs to them ; and that i the said Board of School Directors refuse to ? do anything for said school because it is for j ' colored chddren ; ' I And whereas the directors of sub-district j 1 I So. 1, in the town of Grenada, have made j i contracts with the teachers of the white j j schools of this town for eight months and re- j , fuse to make contracts with the teachers of colored schools for but four months. And ! ! this is nil on account of the color of our j ' ' skin, and thereby wronging the colored j 1 children out of several hundred dollars ; therefore be it Jlesolced by the colored people of Grenada j comity, That we do condemn the course pur- j sued by the Board of School Directors of this j county in that they have been, and still are,! kefrauding the colored children out of their just rights. J'esolceJ, That we will do all in our power hereafter to put such men in office as will i deal justly and honestly with the public money belonging to the school fund of this county. Jiciolced, That we know our strength in this county, and that we will use it wisely when wc come to the polls again to select officers, and try to put trusty men in office, i as there are many of our officers that we cannot longer trust. llesolved, That a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be sent 'to each the Jackson Pilot and the New National Era, Washington, D. C. Alex. Phillips, Chairman. Robert Brown, Amos Kimbal, | Gabriel McKee, | Marcus Cause. Words of Ctaecr. The following are a few of the many letters 1 we receive commendatory of the New Na- | i tio.val Era : Vicksbvro, Miss., March 31, ls73. | ; Frederick Douglass, Jr. : I Sir: Inclosed you will lind two dollars and i a half, for which I wish you to send me your I valuable paper known as the Nt\v National ! Era. I hare read it some two or three times ' in the ottice of the Hon. T. W. Cardozo, (srcuit Clerk of Warren county, and 1 am uatis-1 fled that it is well worth the pi ic e. I will here say to all of my people that be-; lieve in cultivation of the mind and the advancement of wisdom that the Xi:v Na- ; tionai. Era is a good instructor. It tells j us of all the duties that we owe to our people and our country. It also speaks well of the young and old men who have so zeal-' ouslv striven to gain honors which all people ! are bound to respect. It also tells us of all 1 the lending items of the day, so that any young man with the least brains can read ana learn inereoy. It is a Republican paper second to none, so you will obligo me by sending me a copy of j your paper. 1 will endeavor from this out to get all the young men in this city to subscribe for it. Yours truly, Henry H. Cooowis. Plaikfield, X. J., April 3, 1.473. Frederick Duuglats, Jr. : Dear Sir : I have been a constant reader of the New Xationai. Era since the campaign of last autumn. I am now fully convinced of the ability of its editors. 1 emphatically commend that journal to all persons desirous af becoming familiar w ith the ' political issues of the day, and I enclose to you 12.SO. l'lease send the Xew National Era to my address for one year. jesse t.awson. Rome, Ga., April 2, ls73. Frederick Douglatt, Jr. : Dear Sir: In reading your paper, the New National Era, I lind it to be the paper which should be supported by every colored citizen of the United States. A. J. Hiooi.nbothayi. ?Acock-fight in %church yard, with a deacon looking complacently on, was a scene , witnessed m Parf\ Ky., the other day. V NA WASHIN( Pfmonnrl of (be Mississippi LffIslatare. VfCKSBt'HO, Mi.ss.( April 1, 1S73. To tht Edttore of the Xetc Xational Era: Were I to attempt to give you sketches of all the member* of the Legislature it would run through a long series of paper*. But when I undertook the task I thought I would extend them through the seasion, so that our boys "might see themselves as others see Ihcui." The session will now close on the 10th instant, an J my sketches will probably close with it, so far as the members of our Legislature are concerned. I would l>e glad to give sketches of all the members, but I ' have no data from which to write, and must therefore omit many good subjects. In sketching our Senators, X unintention-' ally omitted one of the most affable members of the Senate in the person of HON*. MARION CAMPBELL, of I)c Soto county, who is a fine, amiablelooking gentleman. I do not know Mr. C.'s intivo State, but he luxuriates in the fact of being a carpet-bagger. lie is a man of tine education, of acknowledged ability, of Irre-! [tronchnble character, and enjoys ereryqnal-! fication to make hiin one of the leading men of the Senate. lie enjoys the full confidence of his constituents, and, doubtless, they w ill teep him in the Senate chamber as long as 1 fie w ishes to remain there. Mr. C. seems to jp a man about twenty-seven years of age, | nedium height, stoutly inclined, with a full j noon face of solid flesh. lie does not enjoy he glorious fact of having negro blood to ' ourse through his veins ! but he is, neverheless, a sound liadical, aud stands squarely ipon the principles of the Republican party, i 1 lie has a dignified appearance, and is a warm 1 ulinirer of men of ability, of character, and ' >f moral standing. To return to the House, I must mention a ! ellow-countryman in the person of HON. PHRY HOWARD, >f Holmes county. Mr. H. is a native of south Carolina, but came here many years ?cfore the war. He has held several verv mportant positions in liis county under np-1 j >ointnient from (Jen. Aines, and was elected 0 the legislature in 1871. He fills places on : lome of the most important committees, and ' s a valuable member of the House. In apicarance he shows a predominance of Anglo- < ia\on blood; hair of the finest quality, < olor of a brunettisb caste, prominent fore- < load, expressive eyes, nose somewhat Ro- ' nanish, with a mouth that looks somewhat vicked. He is of ordinary stature and has a < ine carriage. i Among the most solid men of the House i itands 1 HON. J. M. STONE, I if Madison county. I am sorry that I am ; rot able to give a somewhat lengthy descrip- I ion of Mr. Stone; my slight acquaintanee ' with him prevents my doing so. If any one i ;oes into the House and was told to select a i nan who has an appearance of an Englishnan, he would select this subject. lie has 1 very calm and cliild-like expression ; wears lorid checks, nnd full side-wiskers. He came sere with the army from one of the Western states ; and in addition to his musket, knapsack, aud carpet-bag, he brings a sound and well-cultivated mind, an unblemished character, and energy and perseverance second to no man. lie never gives an iota of his time to trifling matters, but devotes himself most earnestly to such matters as will redound to the material benefit of the State. He represents a strongly Republican county, and, judging from that, I suppose his sentiments accord with those of his county in favoring advanced principles of the Republi lu every Legislature there are men who, in all of their actions, exhibit certain traits of character; some for ability of a high order; some as mere niediocres; some for ability of a low order, and some who appear as though they were horn for dandies. It does not always require the colors of the stars and stripes on a man's back to make him a dandy, but his style of acting can make him more so than the color of his habiliments, and we have such an one iu our Legislature in the person of HON. F. If. WADE, of Yazoo county. Mr. W. is a young man of about twenty-eight years of age ; light-brown complexion ; line features, but his face rather deeply pitted with the marks of small-pox. He is of medium height, but rather slender in form. lie wears his hat tipped on the side 1 of his head ; draws his shoulders up as far as lie possibly can while walking; slings his feet diagonally, and manages every nerve iu his body to form a complete dandy. He uses his tongue so nicely that one would think that it was soaking over night iu sweet oil! j He is, however, genial in temperament; and j a warm admirer of ability and character. He came into the State in IsTO; was elected to the Legislature in 1S71, and represents one of the richest counties iu the State. 1 promised in my last to sketch some of the j clerks of our Legislature, as they form as good subjects for sketches as some of the best of our members. The chief clerk of the House is HoN. II. W. W ABB EN, ot i.eake county. He was a member of our last Legislature, aud Speaker of the House, but was defeated for re-election in 1371, as his county is about evenly balanced. He is ! a native of Massachusetts, hut came into i this State as au officer iu the anuy. He is 1 quite a small man ; wears full red whiskers ; I very line looking ; dresses iD the latest stvle : I and lias every apjiearauce of a well-bred, dignified gentleman. lie manages the business of the House with great alacrity, and brings to bear his great natural ability adorned w ith a finished education in all his transactions, one of the minute clerks of the House is *H. SI M NEK, of Holmes county. He is a young rn?n of about twentv-six years of age, has a pugilistic head, flue Roman nose, and a mouth which always discharges words in self-de- i fense. In dress, it appears as though he consults Scott's latest styles before ordering bis suit. Mr. S. is a native of Nashville, Tennessee, but attended school at Cincinnati. He came into this State in 1870, but has held no offices, other than the one he now fills, which lasts daring the session of the Legislature. He is a man of fine mind, and enjoys intellectual feast* folly as mach as ha does athletic sports. His brother Is ofte of the five colored sheriffs of the State, j and fills his office with great acceptability. I / TIO.N 1TON, D. C.. THURSDAY. APRI The warrant clerk, or the clerk who gives the members vouchers for their warrants, u no less than a little wee-wee man in the j*r on of MAJOR *1. M. M'LF.OD, of Claiborne county. The whole legislature is interesteJ in this brother of Tutu Thumb. They wish his health to be good at all times ; they wish him to retire early at night, so as to be at his post early in the morning ; they wish him to be regular at his meals, so as to be in a fine humor at all times ; they wish him to be treated in the best manner possible, so that he may feel that every member is particularly interested in Ins welfare, and woe be unto that man who dares deal a blow at the right hand of our warrant clerk i Mr. McLeod is a native of Georgia, but was taken West by his parents when he was quite a small hoy. He lived for several years in Cincinnati and bt. Louis, but came iuto this State in 1871. He is a man of fine attainments-, of excellent business qualifications? j as good as there is in the State?and of firm and steady habits. In appearance he is " a little wee " fellow, but not " with a little yellow beard." lie exhibit? a predominance | of Anglo-Saxon blood, has a handsome face,' ami a little boy of ten years who wears short pants and vest that fastens to his ; jacket can exchange suits with our friend McLeod at any time, notwithstanding he is a man of nearly thirty years of age. MR. W. If. FfRXISSt, of Hinds county, is numbered among the j , clerks of the Senate. Mr. F. is a native of t i the State of Xew Vork, but came here in j ' 1870, and was at first employed as a deputy 1 j in the office of the Secretary of State, and t for a short period was clerk of the Circuit i Court of this county. He has been one of ] the clerks of the Senate for the last two : sessions of the Legislature. He is a first- j class clerk, and were he of the dominant i race his services would be in great demand. 1 lie is about thirty years of age, short in stature, has a fair mixture of Indian blood, ! fine shaped head, but eyes so small that a ] person has to put on glasses to see them. He was a student at Dartmouth College, and 1 while there he ranked among the first. \ \ Another excellent clerk is J t MB. W. H. SMAI.I.WOOIl, I r of Ilinds county, lie is, I believe, a native of Canada, but came into the States when j piite a youth. He came here in 1870, and . was elected assessor of his county in 1871. \ Mr. S. is, like mv other subjects, a man of ( excellent clerical talent, and also has a good ' rcademical education. lie is rather English in appearance, still adhering to his side wliis- . kcrs. He is of dark brown complexion, pro- j maturely bald?being only about thirty-tivo 1 years of age?has fine features, but smacks ' Iris lips while In conversation, as though he | would like to devour a piece of cako. He is i a well-built man, and has a dignified car1 i riage. Mr. S.'s talents ought to command a ' wide influence in the State, and doubtless with the proper direction they will. < This winds lip the personnel of our Legis- I lature. Taking it as a body, aud it would ' compare very favorably with any Legislature of any State in the L'nion. There is less . corruption with us than any Legislature I i know of. Our members are honest, capable, 1 and devoted. Nothing that benefits the 1 State is left undone ; and, doubtless, as soon as we get a little more settled, steps will be < taken to relieve us from the unenviable position into which the Democratic party threw us thirty years ago by repudiating her debt. Were it not for the mountain of iutercst that has accrued on the bonds repudiated by the Democracy, we could assume the original debt at once and liquidate it with case ; but the owners of the bonds are unwilling to make this compromise, and we are left in our prc=ent condition. I woui I be glad to give you sketches of Messrs. .Sanders, Bell, Johnson, of Iliads, Cm oran, Everett, Heese, et a!.; but I have no facts from which to write, and rather than to write what I do not know, I shall write nothing. I know, however, that all of them are men of fine minds, devoted to the interests of their constituents, and arc honors to our Legislature. Several persons have requeued me to take the State ; but I am afraid that this would consume too much time and space. After a little respite, however, I will see what can be done. Civis. Allinuce .Social Union. 1'lainfieli?( X. J., April J, laid. 11. the Editors of the -Vcic Sational Era : The Alliance Social Union gave their second reception on Wednesday evening, 2d instant, in the lecture room of the Mount Olive Baptist Church, as a complimentary memorial to Miss Fanny Throckmorton and Miss Frances Stubbs, prior to their departure from our city. These two ladies have been faithful workers of this association ever since its organization last autumn. Their departure has caused much regret to every member of this Union. The exercises conslcte.l ... = , ~.?l ?,1 ! strum; n .al music, orations, declamations, anil e--uys. Mr. Wm. E. Williamson presided, Mini Mr. Jesse I-anson master of verei;. men. The opening address by the presi?1 nt was an elofjueut oration on cultivation ol society, which he handled in a masterly

h.muij ... and was loudly applauded by the entire a .semblage. Mr. Jesse Lawson read the roll-call as " the sign in rhyme," which created considerable amusement. Miss Frances Stubbs sang in a most characteristic manner, " out in the gloomy nightMr. Wm. E. Williamson delivered a declamation, " dare and do dialogue by Mrs. Martha Jones and Miss Ida Jackson?' the penguin." Miss Ida Jackson sang " my heart is on the the sea ; instrumental music ensued ; a credential for Miss Fanny Throckmorton was read by the secretary and presented to her by the president; essay by Jesse Lawson on societies : sont? bv Miss Frances Stubbs? " come all je boy? both far and neara recitation by Mr. Edward F. Maynard?" the lovers"?which caused great laughter and applause. Instrumental music, addresses by Messrs. Samuel G. Gaines, Ilenry M. Kias, James Maynard, and Jesse Lawson relative to the credential presented to Miss Fanny Throckmorton. The literary exercises being terminated, the guest intermingled with the association, and did ample justics to tbs abundant supply of refreshments and luxuries of the ?sason. Jcass Lawsox. [AL I L 10,1873 The First Blood of I lie ?ar-\o? ! EllHttorlb, but Another Hero4 Srrap of History. It wa? repeated in the telegraphic columns \ of the fhipatch, what has often been said be- , f ire, that Ellsworth's was the first blood shed ; in the late civil war or rebellion. This state- , ment has jiassed for true so lone that it will be rather hard to correct it so as to prevent , its repetition. Hut we will do so. i Ellsworth was killed at Alexandria on the j Mth of May, HiJl, the day after the vote was ] taken upon the ratifies ti u of the ordinance ^ of secession. Two days before?to wit: on the ni?ht of the ii"Jd of May, l-''l? n I'nion , man was killed at Fetterman. Taylor county, | West Virginia, (then Virginia,) by a Con- ] federate, or rather a Virginia soldier, belonging to the volunteer company which had been ] marched thither the previous week from Falmouth, in Marion county. This company was a part of the Thirtv-lirst Virginia regiment of infantry throughout the war. The man who was killed was a violent Union man, and resided in Grafton, a town three miles front Fettemian, both towns being on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. He went armed to Fetterman, marched up to the sentinel who killed him, and when challenged, replied by a shot which went through the Virginia soldier's ear. Whereupon the soldier shot him dead upon the spot. The writer of this article saw the soldier at I'bilippi a few days afterward, and was one of the number of persons who was curious to see, and did see, the hole in his ear. There arc hundreds of persons iu Taylor county w ho can substantiate these statements, ami it would not be amiss for some one to undertake the task. It is well to be right even in small matters. It may be replied that Ellsworth was the first soldier shot. But this does not give his case any advantage over the other, seeing that lie was shot by a private individual. According to the Northern history of the war, Ellsworth was murdered, ile certainly was not killed according to the n -ules of war; whereas there is no doubt the f jthcr uiau was killed by a soldier, who sim- v ply performed his duty as such in doing so. I n So that, looking at the matter as we will, it j nust be conceded that the Union man who 'ell at Fetterman?we have forgotten both , c lis name and that of the soldier who killed j ? lim?was the first man who was killed in ! v Virginia by a soldier, and consequently his rr vas " the first blood of the war" in the sense ; n which that averment is usually made as to j j Ellsworth.?Richmond (Va.) Dtipttck. j> A t oBRF.sfoNl'KM" of the lirooklui y.ajle s vrites in a lively manner on the great ques- r ion as to which are tha cleverer, men or wonen, and, of course, reaches no conclusion: f, In all ages a set lias been made against ! h dever women. Take all of Shakspeare's ! * icroines. They all seem to be pretty much v he same, affectionate, motherly, tender? v hat sort of thing. Take Scott's ladies, and * ither writers'. Kacli man seems to draw I roui one model. An exquisite slave is what d vo want for the most part; a humble, tlat- J ering, smiling child?a loving, tea-making, h liano forte-playing being, who laughs at our n okes, however old they may be, coaxes and I wheedles us in our humors, and fondly lies to ; o is through life. There are many nioro clever , t women in the world than men think for. Our j v labit is to despise them; we believe they do . c not think because they do not contradict us, a ind arc weak because they do not struggle ' ind rise up against us. A man only begins I :o know women as he grow s old ; and for my ? part my opinion of their cleverness rises evory '' lay. When I say 1 know women, I mean I c know 1 don't know them. Every woman I aver knew is a puzzle to me, as I have no a loubt she is to herself. Say they are not dever? Their hypocrisy is a perpetual mar- j vel to me, and a constant exercise of clever- 4 ness of the finest sort. Every woman man- ' ages her husband. Every person who manages another is a hypocrite. Her smiles, her > submission, her good-humor, for all of which wo value her, what are they but admirable ' duplicity? We expect falseness from her and order and educate her to bo dishonest. > "Should he upbraid, I'll own that he pre vail; say that ho frown, 1 11 answer with a smile." What are these hut lies that we ex- i pect from our slaves? lios, the dexterous performance of which we announce to be the 1 female virtues?brutal Turks that we are. I doubt if we get tho most of women by en- 1 slaving them, as wo do by law and custom. There are some folks who would limit the 1 range of woman's duties to little more than a kitchen range. Others like them to administer to their delectation in a ball room, and permit them to display dimpled shoulders and flowing ringlets. Jtut in whatever way we like them, it is for our own use somehow we have women brought up; to work for us, to shine lor us, to dance for us, or what not. It would not have been thought shameful of our fathers, fifty years ago, that they could not make a custard or a pie, but our mothers would have been rebuked had they been ignorant on these matters. Why should not you or I be ashamed now because we cannot ; make our own shoes or cut our own trousers? We know better, we can get tailors and cobblers to do that. And it was we who made the laws for women, who, we are in the habit of saying, are not so clever as we are. As I grow older and consider these things I know which are the stronger, men or women ; ! which are the cleverer, I doubt. V? *v Type-Selling Machine. A pair of machines for setting and distrib- I uting type, novel to this country, are at work in the composing-room of the Christian L'nion, , So. 27 l'ark place. They are strongly con-1 structed, simple, and accurate in operation, ! and may best be described by follow ing the types through the process in both machines. Beginning with the distributer, the type, as taken from the presses, is laid in "takes" in an adjustible case, before which sits the"' operator at a key-board. A lever lifts the first line of the matter to a platform where it is pressed steadily to the left by a spring. The operator reads the line and touches in order the keys corresponding to each letter, ' striking each off from the "form" and opening at the same time a passage through which each is guided. A series of fiat tin tubes, just large enough to hold the type, is laid horizontally below, and to each of these, by a series of diverging grooves, opened or closed by the action of the keys, the types pas* singly, all the A's to one, all the B's to another, and so on. A spring bottom announces when each is full. This is one-half of the work. In the composer the filled tubes are arranged vertically nun iu two sets, one perhaps for Itotuan, and another for italics and small caps, for each of which there is a key-hoard. The operation of setting is just a reverse of the other. A key opens the bottom of each tube and drops the proper type, which is guided by one of a series of converging vertical grooves and set in position in a horizontal groove before the ' operator. A gentle impetus controlled by a treadle and eccentric pushes to the right the ; line of type as fast as it is set. This is "justified" in any lengths desired by a second operator, whose "form" is automatically lowered for him as each additional line comes along. Six composing and eight distributing machines are used in the office of the London Timet. The common rate for the former it 4,500 ems an hour, and two composers will 1 keep three distributers busy if necessary. As the tubes and grooves are fitted to the types, a change of font is, of course, impos- ! sible with a single machine?that it, for tineditorial page of the WorUl, for the news columns, and tor the local items, respectively, three machine* would he necessary. The coet of a pair (compoeer and distributer) is about riftfa?tr. r. h>?. ?A Waterbury (Conn.) church member Who wears thick boot* was kindly remembered ' in the minister's prayer. ERA. s Aft 1 9* ftO n y+nr in Riimnr#. aV I S Copipn lnr?10. arc ri Srudtor (handler on (.ItInk With- ti n In One'r Mraoa. r*u whe iHtrintt the discussions in the Senate on the increase of salaries, >enator ( handler r;i inJ J-onator John A. I.o^an had quite a lively colloquy, anJ our 1 u_: Michigan man fr,1B1 jot ihe better of the suck' r v-nator entirely . ^ ( It i? well known to well-informed Michigan . nen. that the sound doctrine which Mr. nre L handler preached to tlie senate. he has practiced all his life, to wit., the principle of Ilalj, iivinn within one's means. When he was poor he practiced it rigidly, made ro sney, and t , t, aved it; ami a' ' e aays, if his sole income ( rt, was hit Congressional salary, no nut- inf,.r ler what others spent, it would cover his ex- u penst-s, and so it ought every other nuiu. urj?1 The theory advanced by Logau, Matt Car- ; j, venter. Banks, and others, was the Governnent should provide spending money to pjftn latisfy everv spendthrift in Congress. That jas? f .lie salary sliculd equal the expense? of the ^ nan whose income from private sources al- , ows him and his family the fullest latitude , ilIuj n luxury and {lalatial splendor. Such non- q-^o lense Mr. Chandler fitly rebuked, and read )t. t t short lesson which ought uot to be lost t-0j e ipon thousands of individuals iu private life. wj,lt The following is the dialogue, as we ttod it jt cn eported In the Rrpubltc; oetti Mr. Chandler. The Senator from Wiscon- ^rH lin says this is a practical question, and it is, (|jrm lir, a very practical question. It means bus- ?UIt , uess. It is not for me, Mr. President, to ,,, t|, iriticisc tlic action of brother Senators or of t|lat ueiuhers of the other House. It is not for w!la| ne to say what the services of individuals j uut , iere are worth. I have no doubt that in the t;,)vc stimation of most of the members of tin* . ance >ody the pay they receive is entirelv inade- . (unit luate; but I have never known a vacancy ; free,| u this body that had not at least one man j t|lat villing to fill it for the pay. In my own ?otts itate I think there must be at least fifty men au,i vho would be willing to sacrifice themselves I frora o take my place; and 1 presume there is uot | y|ai), inothcr state iu the Union that could not j t(, ?. urnish a largo number of men ready and ; rilling and anxious to take the place of every | jeriU uember of this body upon the compensation , ^UHI, hat we now receive. I islan Mr. President, when you come to the cost tj,ev if living, it is a mere matter of taste. Tlwre , ras a Quaker living in Philadelphia a few tf,an ears ago, a liatter. and one dav rather a 1 - > . ough mail came in to pun-hint' a hat, anil triuu nquired of thu Quaker if he roultl nut takf a ' j- >r e( lollar less than ho n-ked. Saiil the (Quaker, win ' As I live, friend, 1 canuot." With a large | u,u ued adjective the man turned around, and \ al \p aid, "Then live cheaper." That was his , ,(tesponse. Said the Friend, "Thee can take Haiu . hat; thou art the tirst man who has undertooil my secret." If a man will live within j lis means, he can in all probability, whatever j le gets, and whether you pay 4',000, or j 7,500, or 417,500, does not interfere nt all p,, rith the expenses of living. A man who I (vvjpp rill not live upon 45,000 will not live upon } tpe | 7,5oo. lie will not live within his means if ^,.tp, ic does not live on 45,000, And what is toay tha compensation that we receive ? Why, up)u, dr. President, our duties hero occupy about anj , jur aud a half months in the year, certainly ,ielec lot more than live months at the outside. ralp, >'or that we receive 45,000 a year, or a little to ?[ iver 41,000 a month. It would be very hard vaHS o satisfy my constituents that 41,000 u month tpat ras not as much as 1 could earn. I think I Tavl ould earn more, for I do not believe there is SU|,p , man in this body or in the other House who las made one half the pecuniary sacritiee that yjrliave made in occupying a seat m this body; -pnyi ,nd yet 1 was perfectly willing, entirely williig. aud have been continuously willing to t.,,nr iccupy the seat for the pay. jn p, Mr. Logan. Will the Senator allow me to p,. a ,sk him a question ? jaw Mr. Chandler. Certainly. (|ent Mr. Logan. Please state to the Senate cn,ti vliat your annual expenses arc for living aI?| lere in Washington city. prj?( Mr. Chandler. I do not think it any be Senator's business. [Laughter.] ij,ta Mr. Logan. I do not think it is cither; |Urlp jut will you not give them approximately V p.lt., Mr. Chandler. I live within my menus, w| p. ind it is nobody's business how much 1 ?,tna ipend. tlisgi Mr. Logan. That is true ; hut you spoke lnatt ihout men living within their means. anlj( Mr. Chandler. I cannot tell how much I tpe tpend. hand Mr. Logan. Do vou think it costs von m 520,000 a year to live here ? a|[ Mr. Chandler. I am not here to be ques- ,|loU honed. I spend what I please at home or p |?. ,n Washington, and it is nobody's business. "j Mr. Logan. I know that; but if you had ?j?,i no income but the 85,000 salary how would >] you get along? uous Mr. Chandler. Then I should live within the 85,000 most certainly, and would iu all probability lay by a little. [Laughter.] >( Mr. Logan. The point I w ant to make is, that inasmuch as you are not dependent on ?>j that, you want to require poor men to live within their means, within the 85,000, and you to have an opportunity of living on ? . 820,ono or 825,000 it iou desire. That is . about the dilteiencc, is it not ? ? ] Mr. Chandler. J have always lived wilh in my means, and I always expect to do so. i?| Mr. Logan. Kich men always do. ?i Mr. Chandler. I was very willing to come fron] here and occupy a seat on this floor at the (l? salary which was then prescribed by law, and Hp(); am willing to do so yet. chet Mr. Logan. Would you not have been ij,aj willing to come if the salary had not been ' anything at all ? [ Laughter. | | were Mr. Chandler. 1 might and i might not. { w|JO [Laughter.] iiut 1 consider that the average ,erj, Congressman is well paid. There may be here ! and there a man who could earn more money [lu,t man lit- m cuci ui a lut-iuoci vi i ciu? have no doubt that my distinguished friend from Illinois could earn ?20,060 or ?2o,00uat his profession ; hut the average Congressman ; and the average senator is paid all that he is ! worth for the service that he renders, and if i a moiety of both bodies should conclude that "'if they could not possibly a thud to remain with low> the salary, and should therefore resign, l do "'ig not think the countri w >uld sutler ff.*ugh- love ter.j "ie true Mater) in in hit. i ovei t all Possibly there wax in/re congratulation tow over the abolition of slavery in I'or to Uico togs than the fact deserved. American newspa- car, [>ers hailed the passage of the emancipation ' Am a> t by the Spanish Cortes as an evidence thai that the new Republic was bent on following him out the principle offrceilom to all men under lane its rule to its legitimate end. It was contl- sigh dently predicted that the neat thing done dial would be the extirpation of slavery in Cuba. Lak Hut if we compare the circumstances existing itlar on the two islands, we shall find that freeing sa.u the slaves in Porto Iiico was a comparatively stra small matter in comparison with the ts-k of cou! emancipation in Cuba. 1 Iiub l'urto Kico :? only about one-lwellth of the mut sire of Cuba, but it ban nearly one-half a* ing much population m the latter, ? bile the lite: number of its slave population scare-ly ex- Can ceeded thirty thousand. The whole island of c is divided up into email estates, upm which wou the great majority of laborer* are and long kan have been free. It will Ire an eaay matter, ply. therefore, to transfer to the same condition the the few newly freed men, while there la no that waste land upon which thev can squat and . how live in idleness, the only alternative before the them being to work or starve. In Cuba, on 3 th the other hand, only one-tenth of the land is says under cultivation, and that chiefly in large "I estates or plantations, where a very conipli- Ins! cated system of labor aod machinery and a and large amount of capital are employed. The rout planters allege that, under these circum- doll stances, any k.nd of immediate emancipation prie will for a time throw the labor system of the taps Island into confusion and destroy production. Bur The number of slaves is somewhere between efte 34o,0do and 374,000, although the Spaniard* a* p pot it much higher. So shameful has tbt hem slave trade been kept up, In spite of Spanish deu laws to th* contrary, that It ia said fully on*- sue) ATES OF AJ> f E R TI SI N G. TKAirsinrT adveatisiio ratebi wwrtio* per qur* ti 43 ?d Tft *9p*r+ >t ??o !fn#a Bfn+t typo r?t?t tataa ta *4v t :a Oil! p+p*r f }* ? than t?n !in?i } fh*Tf*d lb# r?t? of fa 1 . than a qaartar of ft co'.ara ^ anpcfftd Krtf?i, ?owt-*J f r a -m t sc* ttftfi thf#? ?OB'h? bar**} ratM. I of the Altve* n^w at work on the su^ar te* in the iilnm) are native* of Afrit a, reas i! S;-? n hail l-rcti able to keep her I :n the matter, not an Aft ;can negro of th?tn fifty-eight year* of age ought to ' o .. nutoiicre i>n ner | lantal;'ms. fn tl til me the \*|]nf of a slav < V i- 1 ji. 1 i- '0 a bead f.rtv vears ag<> to ?1, even rd.OOOnf late'venr*. It i- said that native Africans or their p-irr de- m ant* a? a general tiling, the n!v a' ic-hxl . tI rer- that can he had in that cKnttt?ti e >e Indians. who were nnmer his n the of Columbus, having t een so fee! lo as e exterminated in a century, an ! ti e les of nil k'.uds tn-dav t <ing n an -ilv ior in bodily vigor and endurance thou.li in intellect > to the tiftniih ud e ther ual races. :re, then, are MM of the oh-iac'.es to ;<liatc emancipation in Cuba 1!k sugar tcr*. w!io arc mainly Spaniards, are r.ioTops which bring them in front o $75,ut>0,0i\> annually, and they would to keep at it. And yet these mcu know feel that slavery in Cuba ;< doomed, hotno Government has declared again-l ho Creoles or natives are almo-t wh d'.v mancipation, and the insurrection, tu h they sympathise, is freeing every slave n reach, while the slaves generally are ng demoralized as workers. The plant as their recent meetings in Havana ine, see plainly what it must all end in. tltev want to make ir n t > ;>. And ey hesitate, an l surest tins plan and and send their remonstrances noamst ever plan may he uppermost at M i-It.J. there is no prospect tor anv permanent mutant in Spain, and in the even taint" the warring tactions lies the opp >i y for the Cuban patriots. They mean 'in to the whole slave popu atom, and is one reason why American sympathy out to them so stronglv. With l nrl. t Federalist insurrections cropping out the Pyreueos to the Mediterranean, the -id government can -pare few soldier i nd to Cuba. It is dilticult to obtain resnews front the insurgent-, whoarocoug in theVulutu interim- and waging a lla warfare upon the spaui-h rule of the d, but the tenor of ailuirs nolo ales that are inch by inch encroaching upon the *s territory, and gaining more ground they have since they commenced the,: lion live years ago. It i- only m tho ipli of the patriots that there is an v hope lilllliipiUIOtl III! 11 (j:l. Till- slavelioldei s never lm ready tor it until it is forced tlieiu, mill they exert ton iiiu. li power ilJriil to trit e any hope that the abolition iverv will overcome li.uii that suit. u >rc .t mrri.-Liii. fouitmtlve SoiiIIiioii. ote mill Davis were in ( uiigrcss m hl<, le Taylor anil lass were candidates to :'residency,) mill occupied u room to r at the Willaril Hotel. line evening, d by the same fireside, Mr. Daris i. a I 1 from a political letter of Hen. Taylor, madu running comments for Mr. foot. T tat ion, which the latter thought w .re sr too friendly for a Ilemorratic Senator ve expression to in the heat of a e.iuIn fact, he intimated quite Irmulv lie thought Mr. Davis, at heart, was a or man; that spite of his professed ort of the Democratic nominee he would tlv rejoice oyer lien. Taylor's elei lion. Davis had mmiied a daughter of lien, or, and this little eircumstance, Mr. e suggested, was at the hottom of h s ague's coiHpliiiieiit of the letter, adding, s iiupctuouH way, that it would douhllc-s very nice tiling, after all, to he i .ii-iuof the President even a W'Tkg I'rcsi. Mr. Davis could not I.rook this surc intimation of treachery on his part, retorted in severe language, one word ;it]o 011 another until tin- "grave mid rend" came to lilows. The noise of the all aroused other I ' >rij?l ssiiu-ii, who ed into the room and .separated the coiiints, admonishing them of the shame It would attach to two distinguished .tors from the sumo ."state indulging iu 1 aceful knock-down. This view ot tieer naturally brought the two to terms, like the man and wife who "argued" (ucstion of "rat or inoase," they sh >k Is and made friends. teally," said Mr. 1'oote, after a mile around ; "really, I kIioiiIiI not have ght of such a thing as striking Mr. Davis hadn't passed the lirst blow." Vruyouuot mistaken!'" urged Mr. IVivi-, ogeticallv. tideed, 1 hiii itol," retorted the ini|><-1t is my impression you struck liisi,' iled Mr. D. ill no, it whs you." S'o, It whs you." Hut I'll ttctar it whs you." t\ud I would swear it wiisn'l I'on Ui'l strike first. ' I did ?"t strike first." if on did." I didn't." Vou did." I didn't." IVeU," .aid k'ootc ut l ist, 1. n I< i -1.:. i his seat, "there shan't he nnv ?fi-.jmt?> who struck first thin tune," and m luce dealt Mr. Davis a stinging hlow on the :k, which resulted in anot.,.r niuoutr , but for the interference of in ilual ii a ad?, it have been going on until o a, for both 5 "game" ull over. The question as t . struck first being thus settled, notl. r. jus grew out of the matter, ivp. ,u.i. .. er party preferred to liuv It matt. ied up us speedih Us p / I'oururr-Journal. father llurke a* a Joker. to the ilcpat tine ot I ill. i m ke to hurnpe, we nut\ n-hearae tie- h ' D% anecdote, wli. h -how th.it li uished iKirniiiii an inherit-! the tr li.-h fur a juke, ami, ai it c .11111 to n- thr . h prior of hi order iti lititrhnil, it . > tale : When the Am.-, att h.-.hopa a ii. r to the Koriiufi coute <1 -ome year a.; her liurhe tuet one of them .it t^u'-ei, 11 on hi wav to Dublin. 'I h y in.. 1 ither, comfortably eeato I .,1 a tir-t-i . ami Father liurke, liti'hn r that t! email wraa very anxious to ko .w .rii .? 1 . f ll.n / iitthfri L hillv tu. I.li'.l 1 ' . ? "" ? ? Ithrough the window all tin- i.om Ir I, tome near at hand, otlmi barely o t, but utill all there. There way th-rit'e < HUieway, the Hock o! Ca<ihe , th.ee of Kilkarney, the Muckro** Jlead, rney (.'aatle, and uhlnee of n vu 1* oi te?everything, in abort, whi tl : nger had ever heard of, or Father Hid remember. In time they arrived ilin, and eejrarated with asiurau..ev ual eateein, the American buhojj thankhi* conijiauion very heartily I r h.i j.oie??. The hisboji of dined a.th diualCutleu that even.ny. in the course onveraatlon the cardinal ;y <. i han he ild have t.ine to via.t the J.aa' v of K.iley. "Oh, I'*e yven them," ?u the r "The Giant'* atweway?o//. ,t< cardinal. "Oh, I have aeen thai, and , and that," eaid his lord*hij>. "Theu long have you been .u IieUnd?" ! ?': 1 cardinal. "I arrived at Queens: na iaafternoon,"(aidtheb.?!iof>. "Snake*; ' i hia eminence, "where have you b< u traveled with a ia<*ii internment a {meet, who ihowed me tica'. alien:. described averyth.ng f interest tii taya^ the Mafcotk. "Ill btt - . ar," aayVCullcti, "that I know wh . , . ?t wan. There' only one man ia Jrciao 1 ible of playing such a trick, ll'a Falhc. ke, and he'll he here to-night." And r a little while In walked burke, a-i annpkln*, and there w?i an expoae uud a rty langh. The reverend father-is evilly 6on roUltur. l.otiy may he live :u >!? S. y. H\rU.

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