Newspaper of New National Era, April 10, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated April 10, 1873 Page 2
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NEW NATIONAL ERA.< Ail f>r fn tt*? Ntw St?i>?L* I I f** trn*""*! t > l.*v *? IT I> r c! ? ; . lfW*r* fr-m ?.?i vriVri k I a?lT*rti-?-r? -h< eM ?Vlr?i.>! f . rr i f. k I> Jr I % P. t *1. TV? r*!*- * *'* rr*P' ' !' f-r * ' '' ? <t|1 ?y : tioriM^onAati. i'- r? ?*>?.> ;r - *V >? ' ?, %ts?l : ! toioir* tfc* Krw Viwt*t V?k f*l?iinl-J t.- th? r. nM V? p*j~lk:al*r ia wrUtnc u- t > ?t?t? fully it- n w *4drfn*, j **br* is* to?rn, (wcutj, .*1 Stat*. *4 *fii m O - town, vcaty, tai It?U fr -a ?.. ? ib< !? ' * , l* coal*. i VtU- w -n to tb'i ? ill *** Di *i tr. uU*. I.7*T? n DOCGL*M %^4 J. SFI.LA M.U.TI* li?tvr.. : THURSDAY. APRIL 10, 187:1. H'RMHIRirns Tiki: AOTMKjj We rill j r. - lit eadi jmt-iii. ub-< rhing tor the ,N|.? N v 11- v \ i. Er..v otic jvir, n Sae photograph of T-tii -.tint L'??i vert ore. m -? ? The klni-mle* of lite Spanish It public. The conservative* <>, Euro;* , >.!: > ! i much oS'cnsc in President tirant' exprc-- ou of hie opinion that "the civilized world i* tending toward republicanism." by their con* duct give every evidence that, howsoever they arc shocked at tfic utterance, they fully . share the conviction and look forward to its yet far distant realization witU, ill-disguised j dread and apprehension, which arc naturally ; increased by every step that 1? ac< omplished ! in that direction. They have given an uti* | equivocal manifestation of their feelings and their disposition in the attitude they have ! atsunied toward the Spani?h Republic. Xoue of the European Oorrrumcnls? with the ex-; ccptlon of .Switzerland, itself a Republic? j have yet formally recognized it, and most of i their paper-, even those which make a pre- j tense of liberalism and advanced ideas, look , on its establishment?the new? of which) thrilled with joy every loyal heart on this side of the occ-an?with marked chagrin. Since, however, it would be evidence of great lack of wisdom and of the consciousness of their own weakness, were they to betray their fears r,t this sudden growth of republicanism, they vent their anger and their grief by pointing out ail the dangers and difficulties that threaten the existence of the young Republic, by dwelling on its inherent weakness, by belittling and calumniating the noble men to whom its establishment is due, and by predicting its speedy, Inevitable overthrow-, to be sure, not ta a spirit of wellmeaning apprehension and solicitude, but eaccringly, with malignant joy over th" crash that they anticipate. it is not to he denied that meanwhile clouds have gathered and storm- arisen on the horizon of the young Republic, and, to a superficial observer, it might appear as if j those prophets of disaster had judged the J situation correctly. An impartial glance, however, is sufficient to convince any one open to conviction that the present troubles, far from originating in the nature of republicanism, or from being inseparable from republican institutions, are almost entirely the work of the arch-enemies of republicanlam ami i . It HUB. tllcC'l: u.c'OD?')SCd ! to each other the Federalists and the- advocates of centralization, yet the Kepuhlicans of ail shades have thus far manifested so tjjuch patriotism, wi-dom, moderation, and j regard for law and order, that it can afrly ' bo cs=unied that they will not jeopardize the , existence of the 1'opul f.- by a conflict that would necessarily result in a division of their j forces, which, at the present moment must prove ruinous to their cause. On the contrary, it i; through the combined machinations of the Carlist- and Aifoasists who, for the sake of expediency, have formed a fusion, which, though probably of short duration, has increased their momentary slreugth; it Is through the intrigues of Montpensier and his adherents, all together sworn enemies of republicanism, that the present precarious state of affairs has ' >. brought about, and those enemies gall?? vhlitional strength from the moral support of the most powerful tnonarehs in Europe, Russia, Austria, the German Empire, and England vio with each other in ill-will towards the republican Government of Spain ; Vi. P r Emmanuel has a particular spite because the Spaniards proclaimed the Republic instead of calling back j Amadcus, and nu enemy even more formal- 1 able, because the nearest neighbor, Is Mr. j Thi ers, who, although hansel! the President ! of a nominal Republic, is as intensely hostile ; to republicanism as Prince. IlUmnrck. He, ; too, withholds his recognition, and, while j during the reign of Amadcus, he kept a most' vigilant watch on the frontier again 3t '.b? j Carlist?, he has actually recognised them as' belligerents. Thus the Spanish Ilepuhdic1 stands really isolated, surrounded by outside , enemies and infested by conspirators. If, j nevertheless, she weathers the stonnagainst i their combined efforts, as we hope she will, j her triumph will be a- glorious a proof of the I strength of republican'-m a* of the wieloni and patriotism of her rulers and pec;de. j The 4 Iv SI Str.iicf Scheme?Its !'? iu?t mill Aiiii'ftepuhllcan Features. The tetter we uude.-T.tar.u .1.. practical operation of the rules which Lave been devised to regulate the appointment* and yocotioaj cf certain rib ' rJisaics !n the civil1 service cf the Govcnuuent, the more thorough'y satisfied wc become that tbs whole scheme le virion*, un'.i t. and asii-ilepubllGur :L;cu;on the vivil sc-rtits scheme >s based on its aristocrat:.: cr anti-Ilepublican ckruaelcr an! operatic u-. a; well as upon th rank injustice It wor1 *o a large da-- . ; , meiitotiCuS and able men and *v i.. ju effect, Hi coa;pct.livc .cuu v?- . . . v.A | Government employment in V.. i.uigt u all but the rich and the r< - .ic ;ts -.1 this city. To the pocr cliizct I :! W e-*, the South, and the Last, un j ... ially to the whole colored population of th. country, the dons of the public offices her.- arc as cil'ectuallv closed as Ibi-J are to t certain class of rebel?. All those living u ti t ?:.<>vh > are not fortunate enough to (- -r - mean.- -nilietent to enable them t<? vi-.t end -io in Washington till they null a?.<-'no tin* tv-1 suit of the ccb*i?tlt2ve cxamuau. -a .hieh all minor applicant: for pi t; c? me t, I arc practically excluded. Tie poor hoy, poor woman, or poor middleaged inar., who docs not live here, -tr.ud no chance against the more luvored >vh have had to study an i m to pay tin specc ol teachers wh bno . what the ; Citll Sarvies Hoard require. 1 "Tactically, therefore, the appointment^ rt.u-t go to those ; who have the money ft,;..! can ati'otd to spend weeks or months here, Traltia? lor the ex-1 amlnation the result, or who resides hacapannanentlj. Is a system which worhi soeh great injustice to the distant applicant j Jast, lair, or republican If th' re wet'- any probability that t rnor . frtnpnt/nt, honest,andf.tlthful c!asi of cle;..trould he secured to the Government, th.s ' i ivroug t > poor soldier*, their widows or or-. phans, and other do ervi*: applicants, might ; he tolerate'!. Hut we have no evi'lenec that i -tieh i? the fact, except) the aaaertion of the ' Board of Examiners ; and, considering the fact that the dignity, and importance, and | probably the existence of the board would end it they had borne different testimony, we j do uot think it entitled to much weight. If j the system has wrought such great good athese interested gentlemen declare, is it not strange that it should he limited to the mere ! subordidate* of the Government, its boasted advantages stopping short with chief clerk', j and cutting them ail off from the chanr. of promotion to the head of a bureau'.' There has been a precious bowl raised by j the Independent reform press, which is play-; lug second fiddle to the Copperhead', liecause the President ha-, in a few instances, departed from the Itlttr of the civil service rules, though he ha- carried out their spin', j a- he declared he should iu hi- last inaugural a. --age. Mr. Curtis, who iuvented tha details of the scheme, ha- taken offense at this exercise of the discretion the Constitution not only invests him with, but imposes ) a- a d'./_e, and has resigned his position a' li- ad ei the Advisory Hoard. Therefore, it . is claimed that the system i'dead. We wish it were. Hut it did not depend for life upon . G. W. Curtis. We have no doubt the spirit i of the plan will be carried out by the President until he discovers that the whole thing j is a biimbmr as be will sooner or later. 1 Ilii whole character and conduct assures us j hat lie will not long permit the appointing power to remaiu in the hands of a few irre- ; sponsible nten, acting in secret, unknown to ; the public, and yet holding the fortunes of hundreds and thousands of people in th?ir hands?people who they ran strike down or build up at their pleasure. Time and his , sound judgment and inherc-nt sense of justice | will remedy this evil. Killing the Goose that the Golden Egg. Through the influence, and at the dictation of the Chicago Tribune, a violent free trade and " reform " paper, the farmers of Illinos are doing some very stupid things. At their recent State convention, held to devise some remedy against the exorbitant and-ruinous freight charges of railroad companies on agricultural products, they seem to have lost sight of that object, and to have contented themselves with an assault upon the protective policy of the country. At any rate, they almost entirely overlooked tho real cau^e of their complaint and expended their efforts mainly upon a proposition requiring a repeal of all duties on certain staple articles in the hope that they could induce the railroads to give them cheap freights, and thereby secure high prices for their wheat and corn. They embodied their notions in the following resolution : Ucrolred, That we are lr. favor of the immediate repeal of the protective duties on iron, steel, and lumber, and all materials which enter into the construction of railroad cars, steamships, sailing vessels, and agricultural implements, and that we urge Congress to take immediate action for this purpose ; that cheap railroads and cheap ships are necessary to cheap freight, and that we invite the'railroad companies to co-operate with us to that end. It; lead of complain ..f the- railroads for their extortion, they propose to form an alliance, "offensive and defensive," with these grinding monopolies, against the present protective tariff, innocently assuming timt the railroads arc unwillingly xorcea into tlicir high freights by the high prices this tariff compels them to pay for " iron, steel, lumber, anil all the materials which enter into the construction of railroad cars," ,vc. Perhaps these verdant Illinois farmers have been made to believe so by their free trade tutor of the Tribune, but w e think it would puzzle their silly heads to point out a single railroad which doc not charge its customers the very last cent for freight the v can ex- i tort. As the price of wheat, or corn, or coal, or lumber goes up, their freight charges go up accordingly. They, and not the farmers or producers, are the gainers by a ri-o in the market. When t orn is worth a dollar a bushel the farmer will gel very little tnoro | for it than when it is fifty cents. Thov regulate their taritf of charges by the price a commodity will bring in the market to which it is to be transported. Xo one with I an ordinary amount of practical common sense will believe that a railroad will transport a bushel of wheat, a ton of coal, or a thousand feet oi timber any rheaper in a car that cost; tlibni twenty-five hundred dollars than in one which costs them four thousand dollars. Hut the absence of commou sense and clo=e observation Is more strikingly exhibited j in their supposition ttiat the repeal of the taritf vu "the articles they enumerate will i cheapen their prices. The truth is '.hat ?! : Is no? an art; k- :a the list that is not much cheaper than it would Lave been if we I were dependent upon (he foreign manufacturer for liit-iii. Alt intelligent men, and ail men vrho read and judge for themselves, rather than take their opinion? frcm freetrade theorists, knew this. And the farmers of Illinois ought to know it. They ought to know, too, that if Congress should obey their wild " demand it would throw at least three hundred thousand men engaged la there various branches of industry out of emp'oymci.t. Jroci consumers of agricultural products of cur farms, tuey would o" n.-ccssily Lecome producers. Cannot ' ers understand the calamity this - . i be to themselves n- well as tc the < ferativci thus deprived rf their present lucrative- employment? V.'e .car not, and we fear, too, that a home market, built up by c.or manufacturers, where they dispose cf nine dollars' wot lb of their products to every dollar'-: w orth they dispose of in a foreign market won't convince them. H'e will theref >ro w .i-n no iiirther words on them. \> ii vi/ an may he thought eil' the extra | c-mj. nsalion act of the late Cangress, it i- j ligi.t that the r<- jmusibilitv for it should :-c J pi., . ! . sadly where it belongs. The orKcial i.. .. - that a r.mjoriti/ of the Demo- j crate- .ni i.iOers of I ongrt tc run J j'or tnc ?., c, and tlir.t a majority of the iiepublican members of Congress tcted against it. But either party might have defeated it, and ) .t would have been defeated hut for the votes I of member; of both parties whose terms of j o.lioe expired on the 4th of March. Neither ' j arty can, therefore, be held responsible for j it, and each uiust have an etpi&l share of credit for the merit or odium accorded to the ' r. t. r." the fiual verdict may be. ' fcuH. W. Cossley, IAq., of Wyoming Territory, la In the city on a visit to his friends. Mr. Costlcy hai proroa Uiuwlf a rerj energetlc and successful pioneer In the far West.1 He Is the proprietor of one of the largest cor-' rals .n Wyoming, and !s doing an extensive business. THE NE ?1??????? The irrtlrt Bureau. jl Thcugfc the .Signal -en'. e Ka- J Hrpti in existence many frar', tbr ? ! ^ I?' which it h*? heer applied within th. la-i int month- .nvest urn .t ?.tb a, novel interr-t, t new importance ;( an.I > a-tly enlarging .1- practical useful- ' uc-v to the country. The value ef tve predictions of "Old Probabilities'" to farmer* ' and seamen can hardly be ovcr-c<timale'l: ' and intelligent men in all the walk* of life axe learning to rely upon their con-ccUies"-, and, as :ar v necessary, to arr-.oge movements accordingly. Xow anil then,; however, a man tarns up who refuses to ae- i cept ''Old Probabilities" as his prophet. But he is pretty sure to suffer for his infidelity, j Boston, almost the last place from which ' wc should have expected such obstinacy, has recently furnished a signal example of this truth and of the danger of rejecting the ; teachings of science in the person of the ( owner of a steam yacht. Neither he nor j hi- captala maM adndt that a hwd-lahbaf j of the army, stationed in this city, j forete'i the weather in Boston as well as ; they could. .So they resolved to put to ?ea 1 in spite o; the storm signal* warning them of au approaching gale, nnd the advice of other seamen having more faith, as the daywas exceedingly pleasant, the wind fair, anil the barometer indicating no sign of storm. That night, however, they learned their folly at the price of their lives. The wind suddenly rose, a thick snow storm came on, and the next morning at day-break the yacht w as wrecked on Thixburv beach, and ill hands perished. We arc sure our readers will be interested in a description of the organization of this important institution, and its mode of operation. A correspondent of the Boston A Jeer- . titer tells the story so weil, and the subject itself so well deserves to be everywhere understood, that we shall freely use it for the benefit of out readers. As they already know the Signal Service Bureau is a military institution, and "Old Probabilities" is a distinguished army officer. Wherever there is a military post all over this broad continent, there is also an observatory, all linked to gettier by electric wires. Tiiercen employed at these stations are all soldiers under military rule. Three limes a day reports are received in this city, the headquarters of the bureau, frcra aii parts of the country, and three times a day they arc sent all over the world. Every day, in addition to the 1 probabilities" telegraphed to the public prcs3 of the country, bulletins are sent to the press in every city and village of the Union, and also to every well-known scientific man in Europe. Ever;,- day fifteen hundred charts, recording, with absolute accuracy, the slate of the weather ail over the country, are printed and disseminated abroad. Every day, from stations on the coast and shores of the lakes, seamen arc warned of apppoaclilng storms. These observations are never remitted, day or night, Sunday or week days ; and by pursuing this steady, uniform, never-ceasing course the Signal OiUcc has already thrown a flood of light upon the obscure science of meteorology, and its development has received rn immense impetus. Atmospheric movements can now he traced, and the law of storms can be understood. The Signal Office ha- not ye;,our correspondent states, attained to the dignity of a public building, and still occupies the modest private house where it begun, near the Observatory. In the lower story arc the "offices of the principal officers and library. In the upper rooms is a rare collection of aii sorts of delicate instruments: barometers, instruments for measuring the velocity of the wind, for detecting the moisture of the atmosphere ; the photographic apparatus, representations of all varieties of cloud?, telegraphs?and ail the appliances of motion science?in a word, requisite for carrying; on meteorological studies and observations with complete success. In a little room adjoining several clerks arc kept busily engaged in writing bulletins and despatches. The men connected with the Signal Service are all poorly paid, and are very inlellijeut, and able to make their way in any other vocation, llul they d > not sacrifice comfort and repose for mere u.-tin, hut bc-ru-.e they are animated by the true spirit 01 p.-.forming j faithfully whatever ta-k 1= as-'gned to them | in the army to which they belong. The rpirit j oi me general r.nii cnui omen-, n-, .11 an armies, extend" to. and takes possession of, the humhlest private in the ranks. The printing of the charts and maps is carried on in a building separated by a yard from the house; the roof is adorned with ail sorts of j quaint signals and weathercocks. Apart from it" more scientific investigation", the bureau, as we know, is abie to perform the practical service of predicting storms with proximate accuracy. When other Governments have followed our example and established similar Institutions, the climatic condition" and atmospheric movements of every part of the globs will be reported in Washington and other centers at a given moment three times a day. The bureau, then, will J be infallible ; it will liav s power to stata with , absolute accuracy what the weather w<l he for days In advance. Senator I'lm-iiback. The Hoc. F- B. 3- Pincfcback reacted ins; heme ic New Orleans en the evening ?f the 23tu ultimo, and was met by a large n*ruber i of personal aad political friends at the uepct j and escorted to his residence, where, iater I In the evening, an immense crowd assembled for the purpose of serenading him aad of: giving evidence of their appreciation of L'm. The masses of the Republican 1 arty la the Sate of Louisiana are in full sympathy with 1 Senator Pinchbeck, Governor Kellogg, and the recoguLzed State government. Wt have ! assurances to this effect from'ereut parts ' of the State of Louisiana. Senator Ficchback, on his way u New Orleans, found no difficulty in se-urdig for; himself and wife decent treatment on the! railroads from Cincinnati to New Orleans, since, to our knowledge, colored ladies and ere compelled to ride m cars inferior to the- freight cars on seme erf our Northern railroads. This fact marts a -tep towards the o? our c.vil rights. By a letter frcin an impartial observer tn New Orleans, v?e lcatn that peace and order are bei&? fan restored in tLat t.ty, raxes arc being paid, and the Kellogg covernment bids fair to be a success in every particular, -ave one, and that is In satisfying office cken. Glass \ arn and Glass Fabrics. Of all the material* out of which a soft, strong, pliable yam, and fine, durable, flexible cloth could be sir; Je. most readers, a* we certainly should, would sappoee yle't the most Improbable. But there seem* to be no doubt that this is one of the achievements of modern science and ingenuity. It is asserted w ~w nation a bar. a cwupWituo has been discovered jy M. Brunfaut, of Yionoa, '"Kit of which may . y ma le a curled, frirxled yarn that can bo woven into th*1 most delicate. beaatiful, j lonble fabric--. It Is claimed that the thread of vara surpasses in rlccness not only the finest cotton, but even a single cocoon thread, and that they appear at the same time almost as soft and clastic as silk lint, snd beautiful to the eye. These smooth thread- arc now woven ;n textile fabrics, whiih are now made into cushions, carpets, table-cloths, shr.wh,, cut!-*, collars, and various other articles, and they may be tt'od for weaving the figures in brocaded s.ik , >r velvet. As n mate rial for fancy drc'sp,, tape?try for covering furniture, for laces, embroidery, etc., it is thought that this glass tis-tie will at sorc.r future time occupy a very imminent place. In softness the glass yarn almost approaches siik; and to the touch it :i like the choicest wool or cotton. It also a rcmRtkablo -trenatb, remains unchanged in light and warmth, and is not sltored by moisture or arid'. Another great advantage over other textile fabric" which it necessarily po?e--ses is that of being no.nill flsnilTiib 1 e and incombustible. The composition of this ida^s material is peculiar to the inventor. The spinning requires extraordinary dexterity and constant attention, and is =aid to be very trying to the sight. With a wheel of the diameter of five Austrian yards, one operative is able to spin three , thousand yards per minute, all of the most uniform and beautiful quality * ilaine or rorcigu "Market is the Qnesllon. The question of a ]>rraeitn\ tarijf or fret trade involves the other question of a .V>wc or foreign market. With free trade the market fcr our agricultural products would be in Europe, four thousand miles away. The protective policy of the nep'ibl'cnn party has already made a market at home for much the largest portion of these products, though still at a ruinous distance from the pro-1 ducer in many portions of the country, j But that policy is bringing the market nearer to him, and is every year increasing his profits by saving to him the cxhorbitani charges of transportation railroads now impose. Every year new factories arc- springing up, and every factory becomes a consumer and makes a market for all the farming products in its vicinity. A continuance of the present policy of protection to car cwn industry will in the end create a market1 at their very doors for aii farmers can raise? for their wheat and corn, oats and hay. Then they wiil not bo compelled to pay ffty cent; to a railroad company for taking a bushel of corn from Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois. or Indiana to Boston, while they receive only tvcentj-t'iru ccrJs for all their labor and expenditure m raising. To abandon protection for free trade would not only check aii manufacturing enterprise, but would destroy most manufacturing establishments now In existence, and would remove the : o-lrt vl-A.S- firv* r\T.f OCT?V--?ls1 *! ? ? > 1 r\rrv-ljTC?t<5 tn r~is. ! rope when they had short crop* and were compelled to buy them, r r destroy it altogether. _ |"Old t itizenn" i s. Xetr Co.iicr*. | it would seem, by the way, that the Washington /Wy Republican criticises gentlemen 1 who were not born within the limits of the j ton miles square devoted to the use of the General Government, where assembles the collected wisdom of the nation, that those gentlemen forfeit all rights pertaining to American citizenship. by coming into this District, and in somewhat the same way that slaves became free if carried by their owners into a free State do free American citizens become slaves by moving into this District, j A few days ago a number of gentlemen held j a meeting with reference to matters pertaining to the colored schools in this city ; those gentlemen were not natives of the District of Columbia, ' at, according to law, they were citizens, and most of them tax-payers in this city. For daring to meet and express an opinion : u a question of public interest, the Rqr.iHi an, evincing the Southern spirit i of hate towards newcomers, denounces them a- "demagogues, who should he severely condemned by oar colored people." We hope that the good sense of the colored people of Washington will prevent the uttering of any condemnation, on their part, of men,

no matter from where they may eorne, he- j cause they see fit to meet and discuss ques- j tions of : ablic interests. Without going j into the merits of the questions discussed at! the meetiug above referred to, we claim that the gentlemen had a perfect right to ! meet and to do any and everything that they j did. It can be of no benefit to the District j of Columbia to have lt? leading journals l.??nniti.nta 11 >t2 nnct- ri! ,or, a V,n^o.,=o I tbey take an interest In public aCab-s here i and give expression to their opinions. If the Ilfptiblknn wisl.r. t to array tho old cut!- j zens against the ne.. comers, we think lliay j make a good beginning by denouncing new comers fur taking part in the discussion of public matter-:. k ble:::u <?f r.i iti: iiint; Sense. ">Ve hope the Cincinnati Gazette is correct in thinking a portion of the Southern people are beginning to distrust the honesty of their , Northern Copperhead friend?, and are getting I r. little anxious to be rid of there. It will be a fortunate day for them when they learn | that the exaggerated and wicke I reports of the ! rascality cf " carpet-bcrger-," and the idle-j nets of the freedmen which they and their allieshave tent aii over the country, have* had i no other effect than to injure themselves by j beeping away industrious, rnterprizing settler-, and a vast deal of much-needed capital, j There are ?oute indications that the?e stupid slanders nre condemned by such Southern men a= have any practical common -.enss left, and cue of them i= the groans of the Charleston, South Carolina, .V?vr?? an rid rebel or-1 gin?over the serious injury these rnUchkv-, out and lying stateoeoU have done to tbs South. In it" distress of spirit at the result of a course it hat done so much to encourage, the -Vctcs declares mat it 1? rather itard to hear South Carolina spoken of as a doom', j State, and Charleston a deserted city. The Southern people must tha.o the responsibility of thit condition of things with their dishonest Northern supporUn ea allies, for they Lave contributed their full share towards in venting a:;i l:?s-n.mating the laW hoods .vL'rh Lave done so murh to i.e-p Northern men fro to settling among tin-ru. It becomes them, for their own sates, to undo, as far as posslhlc, the e\:l thev have done. W The CSroTiidt, ci lut iiouua;., uas a suggestion as to what should be doa? with the vagrants of Washington. We Ija the plan proposed, viz., to arrest the loateri ca our streets and put thera to work on the public improvement*. We Lope the Leg'-latu.e will look isto this matter. . L ?! I? A . tUrntlon :-Outer >11111 lirr One The 3m public -rJer : .be vtar Chamber Council, forcourte?y culled .1 "Board >i of EramJnrrs," hnaV'en i'sucd to the men and he women who are applicant* for public employ- of mcnt. The*e unfortunate rr presuming lad: > n and gentlemen wiil do well to study this or- we der very carefully, and to demean themseltrcart accordingly. Th<y will Icam from it that '*: they are to b? treated as a parcel of unruly thi children, to whom it is necessary to apply the jot most arbitrary and rigid rules to keep them It within decent bounds. i'-ey wm any m-t ithst tho examiners a-sume ail wbo compel-- ro' for an to bo utterly destitute of prinri- a : pie or honor, only needing tho opportunity to col report to any trick, or imposture, or fraud that may increase their chance for an appointment. ^ Xotfc.'ng is left to their integrity of character, their persona! pride, or tiieir self-respect, un If they hail antduateii from State prison, no wl greater distrust of their good faith and h snor 1 s could b? shown than a ih - "Order X?>. 1" jC of the finied of Examiner' They are as fbllows: to 1. Every candidate is required to present , fa' himself punctually at tin1 time specified n J"j his notification. G( 2. The examination . : 1 commence at h!1 o'clock A. M. and close at 3 I*. M An in- ~o< terve.l of Aftern minutes wiil he allowed in the middle of the day. i Candidates will b i-c;i<.;ltr.| to .. ,..c vc the examination room for a short time, after ' cai having given up each paper before proceed- *'j ing to the next ; but no cand iate will be aliow;-J to quit the room until he has given up ri> the paper on which he is engaged. m< 4. N*o candidate wiil, on any account, be']"1 permitted to exceed tho time allowed for "1 eaeh paper, and no otlicr paper will he given e0 him until the expiration of such time. Can- th didates arc warned to pay attention to any ' >' instructions on this subject which may appear |c on the papers given to theta. ; itt! j. Each candidate is required to write i.'s cn answers on the paper furnished, and to sub- co scribe his name to every sheet of paper which j?' he uses. no C. Any candidate who is dissatisued with pr the pens, ink, or paper supplied to him, may la apply to one of tho examiners ; but any one -]u' who is accustomed to use a particular kind of pen should bring it with him. ] th 7. Candidates nre warned that any attempt th to use books or manuscript s, either in the ex-: h' amination room or elsewhere during the hours of examination, wiil be regarded as ad'ecting ; th the moral ciiaracter of the candidate, and as de rendering it necessary that Lis certificate j c? should be refused ; and any candidate copy- ^ -Irtcr from '.ho T)HT\OT% rtf .IHOther. OT DOniuttlQg ! bis own papers to be copied, or rcce!v!nz or : th giving assistance of any description, v.iii ex- j pose himself to the same penaily. j a. Each candidate will leave Ids address, at ''' li.e close of the examination, with the Secre-' ^ tary of the Board, that the result of the ex- _ ainination may be made known to him. I != " - | Abolitlnii of tijo FrnnUlns I'ririlege. r(!: rei After the thirtieth day ..i June next, os S(, out readers have been informed, '"all 'arts . re and parts of laws pertaining to the transmis- ! ;0 sion by mail of any free Matter cl.nt.'o.yjfr" pU will cease to operate. After that date the Qp franking privilege will not only become a ' ro thing of the past, but no free matter of any \\ kind can be carried through the mails, cot ! r.11 even the "exchanges," which have become ; v.l so necessary to new-paper editors Postage : ,-,n must then be paid on then, a- on everything else, or editors must dispense with their va'- ' V uabie aid. But wo wlii state in detaii precisely what is included :u the act repealing' the franking privilege : 1. All mail to and from th; 1'resMent oi i Vice President. '':ri |>i 2. Official comimiuication to and from , Cabinet and bureau oihcer-, chief clerk? or "" franking officers of cerii of the executive de.- f>v pariments. ( ' 2. Ail letters or printed matter to or from members of Congress, Secretary of the Senate, or the Clerk of the House of Hepresenia- " lives. : f"! r 4. All "exchanges'' between the various newspaper establishments of the country. 2. All petitions from the people to Cor.. ?rps- ' ,t. it All I. I ....KII.V. : au itiiti i.iuiip'iiiiuni. I " f()| t on* from and to the Smithsonian Institute. ^ 7. Ail copy-right matter K> the Librarian of j ; Congress. fc 8. Weekly newsprpsr- now sent to actual ,p subfcibers within the county where publi-bed ,li 0. Notices from pontouten to publMten 0j of the refusal of subscribers to :ake their on- j,r pers from the post otliee. pr 10. Dead letters which .t? no., returned w. to the writers. itl 11. Medals, cortiucnus o, thanks, or other g. testimonials awarded by Legislatures to their rr. soldiers. 12. Under a special act of Congress, passed some years since, all maii matters t? and from m Mary Lincoln, widow of Abraham Lincoln, of during her natural life. Q The franking privilege ,s a v.v possessed by f0. the President and Vice President, members pi of Congress, Secretary of the Senate, and 'a Clerk of the House, members of the Cabinet, cn heads of bureaus and their chief clerk", post- ct misters for cilcir.l ccrr-tcunicctlcns only, and ip Mrs. Lincoln. iQ Hereafter farmers obo .v.y. the agttcul- tb tu.-sj report", those who desire the patent hi Office reports or any other puVti . locuments Q, must be at the cI writing to Washlogtor. for the-., and paying the postage on ibem. The law work great injury in many other rc-pect" But It '? too iate to help it now. ' " " ' in fcr Opposition to the (ducntir . col-' 0[ ored children '? being made In the South ^ even ?h?re the colore.! people are !n the rK majority. The re:;, ly 1> !c their own hand?, vand me are pleased to Dote that the colored 0f ' citizens of Grenada, Mli'lssippt, have given j.i j the oidoiaL, harm" charge of the schools, , , to under ti.eir pi-.ccs will -e -?j - M plie<l hy other and more honorable men. v, | Hut wloitil pupli know thf4r strength at the,'and i; it u-e ,t ii. tl,' rigo*. r .t?on. The ballotthe w upon of the cllitea a( i to he u-e-1 in tiybi:::^ fraud or niu-tVe on t gj the part of i tr f 1 ur tt LOu.: . U- i.u i .Uj.*g ., COtDpimaenU to the hi L . .. if j A-' . j; I.sgy-.ature. It avoas .ts wbi nguesi so to... the- Leg -lature now in ses?ion at the ca[ ,.ai of the Slate agalijt any similar that hu? assembled in this aouatfy since tbs rhscuvery ot America m by Columbus for stupidity, for uselessness, fr i for depravity, and for all those qualities which Jt convert bones* men lalo rogues and sensible of men into asses. Ims proud d.suastioti, the 01 Dtnoc-ji declares, cannot he wrested from d. the State- of hlissouri b? an, of her sister fa I State. ' lie g 1 . ? < ?! Rlglili In ?! ?*. o! n'c i I th? fi. lowing from j .ss.) Pile!. In this'eitv we huie v t " / r: fir that the low an?l ni^n?k>nfrl 1 either ?e\, if white, have any iii.' j loving the privilege- "f public j : do know that respectable colore-1 ; r a t accommodated in many of r p is, and when they 'eea arc io-.d.. ! v nre denounced by one of the 'ead'iig I imtU of this city a? forcing c ;uali:>. j a question with its wheth-r the wli \ opls of this community prefer a -eru .. . "m with white debauchee* and r -nV eat in a -nom with re*; . 'v '. ; " lor: | j\ Ailrtlilnaofa firhjJmllrr Peace, y W. Wood, of Canton, under the ..; ri_-!. t ~ c. v, which we give in full :n lhi? . <ue o; tlie y to, presents some points, until j- y touched by State legal opine . . i * lieh wc wi-'h to public at tor t r. The titer, in brief,is lliit: Twocol-re ! v .:t , notoriously bad character, r ei ; i printed themselves it a Cnutoti r> ... J demanded that tueaU .ho..!.! ' - tied t; them in the same room and at :!: - ! bles with respectable white tor- lie. " ; refused, they left and rornn' ::r. I ; !, - e Justice Wood. Ilwas-hov. rs !.. ! . irrc'.t, a reputable color, d i., 1.. 1 ,.n ; mauls iu MOM of the stalls of the front i |] om of the same restaurant, hence there n, .n ms case, nt icr.'t, no iiiscnnunnt: n account of color. The magistrate summed v the subject in well-chosen language, and . rv properly found for the defendant, he- *' use, from the known bad character r.f ; ,v,i in >men, they had place 1 themsolve- ! > e pale of society, an.l were not pro; r p. r- ,ir ns to he seated at table, or ii the .11110 Dm, with respectable MM an " gentle-1 ;n. The decision would have 1 eon the 'a me had white women of the same class of rn ifortunates been the plaintiffs or State's j, tnesses in the suit. In other words, white ( urtesans have no rights in this connection ' at may not properly be granted to th -e of ~nek skm. This brings out in hold relief, hi e exact construction of the civil rights law ! r.t r which we have all along contended. The . w Is not a social equality law, and its worst * amies are unable to make it so, when :t " mes to practical and legal test. Wc I ve tely earned a little unexpected notoriety, | | ' rough the aid and assistance of some of the , wspapcz friends in our State, because ;vc oposcd, as private citizens, to abide by the u w of the laud, and because wc personalis tl deed a man's or a woman's status, as reriled respectability, not according to he f* lor of their faces,"but in accordance, with ~!eir morai and mental condition, it seems '' at there is such a thing, even in Missis*'.]., as a fair and unprejudiced magistrate who rees with us that social standing is not conicd entirely to the Caucasian race, and that c bad of one color Lave no superiority or k pth of degradation over the bad of another c! lor. The logical sequence is, that the g' c?i one race are no better than the good of ' other race ; and the application is, that the 1 .il rights of the one not above or below ; e civi! rights of the other. Sgg !? . ... C( .-oi'TilKRef papers arc beginning to ume t e removal of Jed'erson Davis' disabilities, j , that he may be sent to Congress.?.*>- | Q| *n0(- . lo And why shouid his disabilities not be re- i pi reed? There are as bitter rebels in ( on- c< ess as be Is, and I be disabilities have been " moved from thousands as maii-ruarit and i lentless. Congress, in numerous case", ! Si soped exceedingly low to "cdncilia'e" ! ? < beis; the Court of Claims seems disposed imitate the example of its creator, and the '1 bite mind is being gradually prepared for n; her and still greater and more humiliating pi ncessions to the rebel spirit so rampant. S1 hat will do more to r. ne-iliale it than the fU inesty of Jefi1. Davis? W repeat, then, Vi tv should hi- tliMbilitlee net be ramoved, J< id why should bo not be sent to C a. ,? " ui ?.1 v. Iitiiuiu Rppublirau tKsaeialliiii This organization met in tin- e.t> on j y evening, the 7lb instant, and from the | ir't manifested at !hr meeting and tlx rnest letters read from Uepresenlativ ail, Stowell, rjener, and Senator !.: ?'< w Of id that the alive to the great f fore tbcni of obtaining c ontrol of the gt. at p >mruonwea!th of Virginia. With -u, ii .-n- ol gctie and earnest llepublieans as l'i. tt. 'J owell, Sonet , I.ewD,Smith, atidt 'nl. It. U . ughes in the lead, we c an confidently leg. p - success. Wo take from the Washington a -pvWi. (i? the proceedings of'.Ice mee ting .! y oadin . They will be founel elsewhc: . > of the Iowa papers are pnbl-l ins it'sties to prose that 'the principal nuni { r the: low prices rd farm products d . big ' e past two year? has bee n the iinioi n-e crease-in their production. The creation | manufactories 's the very thing t<- remedy ? at evil bv dimitil-hing produce-s and in- f<. easing consumers. They want . note ' versified iabe-r, rno: man Ufa t-r.-s .end *' ic crat'.ves tore.ake a market for their -itrpiu- (l oduce, and to save themselves from their ts esc-nt dependency on railroads. If :n this si ly they could double the number of those other pursuits than agriculture,they would j, id a demand for ai! they ra'-o at good prl fr s, and at li.eir very doors. ' .. ' --T Kb UVHVAtl for tfin r/a > mr UMifod a' ore Utterly, . .barged with ino. - br.idous J' lasses, or pursued more relentlessly '.f ur t en. Ilartrarift, the iiepubUcau candidate r, r Governor of Pennsylvania, was by the biiadtlpbia P- . hut he was overwhelm- ' gly elected, and from that or soroc other use, the I'rt;4Is co'.r cnc of his warmest b liogists. We hope this approval of Gov. artranft'- Gubernatorial career <ioo3 not B dicr.te a disposition to turn hl3 bach jpoc f. le party v.hlch sleeted him, and to unite i fortune with the KicClurc-facrehead- si urtia faal oi "Literal i."publican ' *' ,c*uttes | | _ The Miiuaer Portrait. We has., been assured that the a< t::n ' I * ,e Board >f Trustees for Colored scho'.. rescindim; the resolution of th old board o derinjr a portrait of Hon. Cha . r.ner it ie <tninrier School Btailrtloi.'. was to feu be- ' lljs.: 't UnS found that Swll H rfSO'utiOU I as Illegal; and further, that the .o htion ' ihe rcbool funds do not ad nil o -ech an (p'-odlt ire a? v.ouiJ be r.--. e,-u-> to carry it the resolution. It has also nr.. to our aouleii.^e that tire :ueuj*.er- 'I board f >t.r.J5 to :< In'i V. r lb ji, ... i ' j; 2?. 1 T^t . .1,/ i?/. ... j*. . i, . ^< Ti' ;or - wOiiaet It..- above pu?>o-e. We we f ad to know tLi - ii <0, for the rea'.ou f_ .at a relie ve* tie colored people of thi* ?>; >- t 'at fro.:: t.* 'tigrr.a thai woo'.j 'a- ^a?t uj^>n t ieu. oi insrratit.. !e : ti : noblest J a n '.be ?? : a. t ; -tati aa-i ja !i t Kmji HRtiuril II. Ylliilele). I '1 hi* gentleman 1* '.uv of tie H<-; I tsraber* of tbe Hou*e of llepreeeatatlvet a ota Georgia elected by colored voter*. a idgfog hlra by hie action* hereat the cao.tal i: f the nation, we feel eoaSdeat that bl* col- 0 red conetltueat* have J?*Uy p.aeeJ coad- ^ sat'* !n hijn. He l? not of that cla?v that j .il to rctaeuiber alter arriving here that the) a ave a coottltaeacv beb'.ad thee, that it de- b i I the ix'.re.?o of the rights and pri'.'ilej'ji 'Amortou citlrsr H'a f-.i! u iirtuou.t .. > Mr. W luteley will trnpsilv ur^e tfcr adoj *ion f - hinra-, szi aJni!.. ;!.? !.: jh*>; ' ;hr i wrll a- *,f .5 1 .i tit.- i niir.l Stat-' i. M: t'ir > . ? r In- r ':r. ! .Vi.. at'rr \ ' fthfiil - .p?ln' urs.i'... r. -V -t at *hc national mp'.t-.. f; >nr vl ti > att*m' ; '>'> : ::i r..attcr? ? 'v ft -tr.? too v iy ? :h rv. '?i ' ?t. t'i, and '.lin j.ut;'-. ' : ?c ?.-,!?rv job Mil. T: = n 'i ... "( frill .vi... i. . ' : ip DP'. Oji, f;r "J. . " v.-a , ,U ; i> Lani- tocmMr neat. Mr. Chan HMlf an a! !. , 01 lent, at ' - .' i . rate. nr. I ? --r.:r. ! . an 1.:* i- ... mici! i W To-,, j . .. - ? i Mr. t hah'i II ' "i -i'-.' in, '*! o . - . - ;:e, ,'il ' " ' >1 ->rr.i. '?:nt.? . . : r :i : 1 . ill . :.i i lot. ! ;i! . i. - INrntli. Iia> tonntri t it...,,. ... 1 t. ! . ken r.t'i i. i,n"t : I n; - ... borer*. : :i. I, - i i M . ran-to tli .. r.t i- tl>. . isti-cri'v ju 1 ttwt |Rlt Jellgbl : i V'.V ii firey," ho no: I I'.u' . cnt,to r'nv .it . i - oil'* *"?j : v Ma' to ... , . ll'jcr (il. ?in, v,l.o i.i- ,. . - ...ili . . ,1 - . tlon I'l i'Si- . or i . . . . V . . M he once ^'ve> '?. .. i : ; . : luse Uic '-at.* virr.t"; 1.x, x. .;ei .. . t "EHanjrowan"?tV.t ; . t v_ Ii elate, au'l M.'.OBC 1 i". I. ndlorillsni to ' 'has ' . I. 4?racli ha- -ust '. o i;n - : ' . Iriu, ir nationality,i|; :ai inca, men* il l V.a:ir;. in . v L thlr.o-,"! c . .' '. .. cniiih society. i" ' ; 'i lie:NMtjjr 'hit with whld . 'ateHtet, t .. "iiment, and tr.ii* . or. < lit sviiipithy ' ike 1.: 1 il .a ct Ir- iirIi'onn<l pen: . ' el in l.nqli'li I.trt'Klouhl rather say, to ;..'.t tor nglish landlord. Hii -j,; it: :i \ ;aracter -ometiiscj rc: lit:: r: . -Mr. Jo.'..-. . Clarke's representation : Dr. Ollapol mvcrtlnr Iiliciolflui; . lit :. .1. nu estate In iiu.kin:Inub the 9 at once juts on ? . r.t'.. -.0 : used to i 0 a qrcit :4ht t. :c Mr. I Hi presiding- 0:1 cm:- < - - - f v.-. ilebrafion, whoa, ' y *!, e-ity sj i .-riptinn of tl. * lata ! : ' 5>at with brass butt'n tvi. .... - 1 the venerable ' . -..! > ;. i . inherit number > f v rs . .| , , >rt the Jar.rcst fitniiiy ;t !.av.:, >ur?e to pnr;-I: -< ' 1' T: ii -ib'p.j . ith which Mr. Disraeli admaotjlMd and ;e-.?.c 1 tl;.' hapje r. ;!{.' at f tl.> 1,. > . ire; ii; sprue:!-' enm-lv <.f the imption that a beur ' f?? of 'it-' a j . . r>ti and labor was ? .11 worth nut ti i- n .i:. ldurnn. 0 i'-r the ry of b< :o,< p.ibli !> cr.ted at the nye id 7 > w ti. ". ur?-.;ab!v I.; diarrd, blue -wall .v j-,'l .1 ; tl;; I* tr.t repudiation of ?l a ,-ti . lnbty ?rsons in London, new-pap r writ, ri - .1 irhdihe, who tried to link tit.! :r< 1. tup lidirnlon-i?u"i ti;: ' .j. >. rtbrti. ne will.hi ., ic.'ititr . I 1. t I.. l.tia.a'ii hkb rendered latin iu] rfluous. Inouooi Arrii'- , 'la - !. icmaire d abac!. v fa t tint a , . : i;.i iu : Im ha I actually b( -tried with Innthyon pri/r, -;. . ; : . i v. "1,".. . . lis sitrrular r- : .. had boon lied aft< r . 1! he' c u tta oiise, where they pi r v v. lit la a im to j ar .1 I 1 : '!.! : a tnt even -n Sin-tav-. ilowit-r thai . Mr. I?.-rai Ii v I a' ?? willing to 1 n-tltot; hint-elf th<' chatm . r the i'Oiintrt - ju.r. - ; at. 1 v I the I s'agitation became pubi - > ?t "i . i > viinii ate and J..;. . I r things. \( . J)'- r t '! I r!. .. ling was . \ .plly n- : 1 ;!.t ' ij , .r. i * 10 Lnchsh laborer in the midland ands ilhrn countries wnt? tint another C-rydon :n nclisli Arrad;.., j | . ..ry n . to. though, hke th. -lu-plieid I .y in SrPh i dnoy'.s tale, ho would : -. r oM. --ti 1 V' 'i-i'tiv ( < ... Oilliiii of a t'l.tgiie h|ihU-iuiy. 1 lie t!. .1 : . tl 1 t : ti !n IV. < : .'I nr.: i .n he I ' i n, nr. r.i:lin ' tlx- . ' f . i. m nt to vm < Main tbciiatun .. ! sense, in tin ! -on ' ;,j loci, forty -ri - r.. i u J ' i:1 ; h >r the virt n of ' ruM-r ej.i-'en c. 1.. rst np|icnra[i<" ti j<Ml nee iv * . !!a^r ^itualr l .'.mo , ' > fr.-t nho. . vel of the I'ln :.r. 1 i.taiiiine, .a I,out 1." iHrn.ic ; j ; s in . ick'.il, of whan . 1 I. "Th? vUltn/' ?y? the I.ond'.r. "lQn oil / ... luMish v'iinges, v.t * ,>.1,. . i, but It ? * ? welt ?u|-i '1 > j urc on. the hiiN, t.ti'i t! ; L - v . . . . om ench other, freely ex;. . i to . rj'l wiml. 1' r: t FtOl'V 'f ' 1 re of the two per- . v.-1 , ! : ' en Itifkcil W >1. ,I. .' U :il hi* i.'.'.r. tory ? . :.t.< w. thy the . ? i!?.1 .It. The:' i ; . 1. ti '.rou.l.t fr' ., it fcoowa to exist either to A Ml ' -*% tenia in tl." Tin:;' ' ' of ir.e 'i.e y or. nt*. .-.kc-i * elze-l a few i.'.o: r.ft'.r' j!m t ?the work of ?" ' ' . " " .-.era for i* orlnj; sl."rp nr.-.'r? the lie r":tr ti e y?. Whi.'* time oi.. yl he l.rvlii.- ate.", i quantity o.' human hone . The other be had also been attached toon after rerao** J ion." horr- .n hocce wH'h I." r.-l f. i neighboring cavern la which Socka wan Lclterc'l. >?ow. the c /.irt.f v. .at the pla e ?in v.Lt-.r. the .a La i he.. ww the s; -.U etc the -iv. i ?L- . le'l firoco ac attack of ; lagoo which bad >ieoj. jlatcl bom ftba . ?-i the district ,rtv-.ears be|.,:< t ' ti-V*2 .; ..... .1 '?.* ...* ' ;iarte : ' **.. 1 . 01.. CM'-'I .*. Ft. :, walliswr, nr. i Arabia. The recast out rent, in For II 1. : : 'U.I., r. f v.;. fc . ,i; i ..e , u;i. f t!. *.?' 'If - " , ' .'I '1.1 "oi . Ion believe* ti nt *. ' the ret- . r.we-l If-, or -/si. " Intilan* In lit*- I uil. t stats ? fhfc - . I.Ou. /. -. . . .u.r . i ad bj cMadUeg tl tabtaaof if. hat out -i'le <ft- ' t -y. t. . t. Jn. ?.r >: Ic a t!.. I i. t l - .1 . u?5 i.fci. U ie>? (Uii - J ! . *\s i far as thf t-t \.':r*t:on f 1' i ar: erneJ, ore poor authority. a.:. . eta isftdo t'< tax* a i. iKtux'. be Ir.a. Ibk tb.ijf* .cl. -r _ . o La.e put dona '.be. : Lew a-, they hoj j*r. ed to cum In OUf-O '<i their r<- iu beiitic report* i " i within il.u I.a , v. if b * - w !:i . . ily ap; I'-x'it.atpr the re ai ;:t 70. 0 . . v. be Indian Territory; > ii r:r . lid tie 'states east of the i.i.>?. ?.;; .; u tlic Terrltrriei f Jtaa'ta, i:nlc?. ant Idaho; ~i, 'a \V. - a " ' rcrrltor'M n previously oen; - OkCA' n il?e I'aeili.. *io;? .. ndiau populate it .. tv. z-.'r i that ' ' awe than *,&> are !ne'u * 'i v.r* .s ,o?ti!e basil'

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