Newspaper of New National Era, April 17, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated April 17, 1873 Page 1
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THE NEW NATIONAL BRA. AND CITIZEN, prsusHrn EVERY THURSDAY MORNING At WMklapu City, D. C. tl TBS \kw national lra ASDcrmr.* coHrABT. i I.KWIS H. DOUGLASS, | richard t. greener, j ki.itobs. john ii. cook, ) j. sella martin, Corresponding Editor. jt i I'M." ? ?r Si HfiiPTInVl ^intfU f j CO |>#r )??r f. ?* . f.)T |lfl, in K '!>*?* ? KF.nK.KIC K imi'bl.AM, Jr., I*nr?tirj,< j ? l*?\ Bot31,WMMi|lM,n.C. I t COMMUKICA 770A S. f i rm* Xtw Sfinoiu ?'.**.!-?* not h f r ?!< ? f ipr*>MM.1 |,y c?>rr?-.-.-n i- nt* W?ll ?rit* ?? ?ni ,< <jMDiunktti?iu ?ill b# |MI| mfittd ! a i.i:tti:r mini oino. j " Cincinnati, April 12lh, 1*73. j Jf T. the Editors af Ott A etc National Era : ^ "Vanity of vanities -nitli tl?e preaeher, I ;ill i* vanity." Yea, verily, and vexation j < 7 spirit. Ktliiojiia stretehed forth her hands . s) onto the l ino of Republican rounder* (yclep ' i tl a convention), and the cry of distress was j i.?l?oiided to l?y the nomination of one of the s >n? 'if Hani. Nevertheless, the fact that he was "a man and brother" had not settle.1 into MM ietion in the minds of a major- ; ily of voters. The liandwri! in? on the wall j T (i. e. ballots) did not contain hi* name often j , id to make hi- " election" sure, thon<?h h he \> ?*i loti.lly 'Valldl/' There is sfc we. J in.', ?ailin ; :ilul "Hashing of tot ill"? . . ;lly, of teeth. The whang- ?>( ?! : . 1:i ii> 'tilit*' 1 h?r il- first born nnJ like >'< :tri"l!ti r Ki. hi, tie' "black hut comely" I "ii.?- i-iii/eu* refuseth l<> he comforted. lit I'olili . iri mi.i ei t ' catch the unwary. It -.Lilt. t? All "I which means to i-a.v that l'eter II. i M (in!, u :i not < hoscu t represent us ill the. j hi < "t'-t.iulh n il < 'invention. Il is more our ; pi misfortune licit his. There arc many ijucs- la t :is t i r.ri- iii that body alfceting our in- fir let -I-, ittiil he was the man of all others to <li sec ami understand tin- hearing they would fri hate ii|"ii ic as citizens of the State. in "Over the liliine" (our German wards) th Mr. I laik was subject to much scratching on a) acc.'iutl i-i hrwig thought a preacher, :t tier- an man pane having designated ltiin as such, dt and mi this : !e lie was scratched for I la in.' a j i. . her. A depositor in Mr. P< I'ltaioah- I. t,'<, this ' uhi]>s:twiug with hi a vengeance." tn Mr. ( l.:ii. sjal, . (hit he is satisfied in having demonstrated I" the Republican party nc that a eoh.ti d nominee does not weaken the on ticket, yt I I hardly think another colored an man in the c. unuuiiity could have pnlledany- hi things, lain- a vole. I'ourteen thousand 'ri 111,'"."!) votes is an indication of some ad strength in a city where less than two thous- re ami ("d,< " ?) are colored. However, the lie- , w: publicans are jubilant over the tact thai they j |.ullcil down the Liberal and ]>eiin>cratic I en majority of November from ">,0oo to less than | eli J,<n?i, and are confident of winning next l an time. The colored voters begin to " kick in ! of the traces'' and ere long there will be many j outside of the Kcpublicnn ranks. vc lly the way, 1 presume that on the priuci- j l>t pie, generally followed, of giving oilice to retired Congressmen or defeated candidates, j lb .Mr. Clark has won bis commission. The | bit only place apparently hiving around loose in i to this vicinity seemed to be tbo l'ost Otlice. | p< There is assurance that no Chief Clerk i would have to run the otlice for more than | (l tbo fir-t week anyhow, under him. j y; The J >< mocratir papers spoke in great j fi, praiso of Mr. Clark, both before and after I <; the election, and many voters of that faith agavc him their suffrage. . u, t obucd men appreciate the courtesy shown rc their candidate by the opjsisition press and th one only nerds to go among them to loam its ctlect. tli The following from the Krminy Slnr of the a | klb needs no comiuent: \ "*iie Colored vote. fri "The independence and care exhibited by ur many of our colored citizens in making up pc their ticket rive assurance of what we inav ?r expect iii a lew years. Heretofore they have m been treated as mere tools to lie used by uti- . M-rupulous politicians as a matter of course. ] 1,1 The day is last column, if it lias not already, j tli that a low lic|>uldieati hummer can liave the | tli cheek to thrust a ticket under the nose of . every colored man approaching the polls, ; and say with brazen impudeme, 'hero's!1" your ticket.' M "The fate of 1'cter II. t lark, whose ability of ami worth should have commanded the votes at least of every Republican, will he a lesson not soon forgotten. We know of many Detn- le ocrats and l.iberals who scratched their tickets to his advantage, and yet with this out- la side aid he runs behind. m, "This is a fruitful subject for reflection, and we think evert reflection colored man will reflect upon it." of A recent change in our "municipal code*' ' "r by the la gislature provides a system of ?1 Mt:Tt:oi'Ot.iTA.\ i:, I in charge of four commissioners ami the d Mayor, tr < The Mayor and three of j ^ the (OWMtMn are 111 mm I >11 and as nearly all the force nmlt-r the late adminis- i j tration are Uejiuhlieans they, in the words of] . a (iermati papi r, "look sadlv toward the dav , * ' is when the new Hoard t ommissioners will I j. take the scepter in their hands and w ill allow ' | the Damocles sword of dismissal to hangover the heads of onr honest blue coats. * * The blessings of the police hill?the Irish club police?is not a very desirable or pleasant compensation for the dismissal of our ^ present excellent corps," in which there is about twenty colored men. We have reason . t i know the full tueaniug of the term "Irish ] . i luh jiolice," and we are well aware of the ' import am- to u- of good policemen. < incin- j J'" uati has enjoyed the protection afforded by ! v., cfliciclit guardians so long, that days of riot- r(. ing and bloodshed cannot I e I oh rntrd undi r any circumstances. I ^ In the tint!* of tlie "Irish club (ailice" i j<( the i?:?-t, wjicncrcr a crowd of roughs dc- J j sired to have funic fun, they would clean out | a colored church meeting, and us we are so j very religious (?i ) we could always accom- (j mo,late them by having one in session. Ir A tiiend of iniiio once went to Mayor s-allin and asked protection for his people, w who had been greatly complained of for rc- I sisting one of the usual attacks. In exten- jjj nation of his friends, he related that they j) had called upon the police, hut were refused a protection. The mayor thought "ni.'gcrs had no right to light white men anyhow." g0 ' In the name of God, Mr. Mayor, w hat theu w are we to do," said my friend. "Why," re- ! aI plied he, "run, damn you, run." However, I think there need Ik; iio apprehensions on p,., that score at the present time, and we \ (.|J needn't borrow trouble by anticipating it. i hlv. j. it. iiaun:, i wi ot the I'uiou baptist Church, of this city, to liatdcd mi- yesterday the prosj>ectus of a |ie new hook In: has in press that will he issued I)i at an early day, eutitled - pu NE\ VOL. IV.?NO. 15.} 'Tin: NlV.'IIT OF AlFl.lfTIOS ANr> Tl JWHMWI (II RECOVERY." It seems to be the story of hi* life, wht< ppears to have embraceil many trials, tro ilee, and tribulations. Elder Magec stat bat be was induced to write the work by tl act that, among the 'til,OK) colored Baplis f this country, not a single writer lias y ppoarcd. As be lias been engaged upon >r six years, it ought to be well w ritten ai blc. lie lias enjoyed unusual advantage f travel and study?was a student in Spu eon's College, and at one time took the pri; ira I-atin thesis. Having listened to biin In aire, I hardly feel myself justified in forn ig an opinion of his ability, but I can be: -niiiiHuiv m me excellence 01 ins mcin< >n :nnon upon J.incoln,delivered last April,: ic request of the "Memorial Club." DEru<;ir. I.<:ier from Mississippi. Jackson, Mips., April 0, Is7!. i lie y titers nf the \rtc Xatinnal Era : ftrtnflSsl I closed my porsotmrls of 01 egislature, thinking that I had sent veil ;ctch of hon. j. ii. mokmax, Washington county. Ilut upon rcceirin air paper to-day, I see no mention of bin am almost sure that 1 wrote it, hut ma ive forgotten to enclose it with the other; needs no sketch of mine, however, to ad the already prominent standing of Mi organ, as lie is looked upon as a man in th ghest pense of the term, lie is a larc nperty holder in his county; cultivates rge plantation in cotton and corn, and is st-class example of what the changed cor tion really is of a man in slavery to one i fedom. lie has no further object in con g to tin- Legislature than to legislate f< ic benefit of his constituents of his count id the State, and it is, really, a pecuniar orifice for him to be absent from his p.lac iring the session of the Legislature. lie is believe, a native of this State; was a] tinted a member of the Hoard of Supervise! i (Ion. Ames; was elected to the I.egisb rc in 18CJ; re-elected in 1S71; and, lik nator Gray of his county, will lie rc-elcctc xt fall if he wishes to. He exhibits ahou le-fourlli Indian blood in appearance ; la id slender in form, and very aristocratic i s general deportment. Xo one can be in aduced to him without becoming an earner Imircr of biin; and it is, indeed, a proui collection of mine that he is on my list o irm friends. Long may friend Morgan liv do honor to good old Washington, and t ntinue to shotv to those haters of negr evation, that all we desire is a fair chancel we cau rise in every respect to the levc common humanity. 1 notice that you compliment (.'en. (Iran -ry highly for appointing colored men t (sitions of honor and emolument in tli ale of Georgia. 1'lease remember tha ere are other {States in which the 1'resideii is shown the same recognition of our claim high olliees. In this State he lias aj inted our warm friend, IIOS*. ROBERT H. WOOD, tlie position of postmaster of the city > atclicz! Mr. Wood was appointed une t c justices of the peace of his county b en. Ames in 1808; was elected Mayor < ateliez in 1870, and retained the positio: itil last winter, when, through the con mptiblc combination of certain parties v. it e Democrats, lie was defeated by a sum ajority for re-election. Ilis claims lipoi e party were strong, and lie was loo goo man to be defeated by such a combination nd all of our State officers, as well as hi end, Hon. John II. Lynch, M. ('., dec lited in a strong petition for his ap liniment to the position of postniastc tlie city of Natchez. And through tli inly efforts of General Ames, lie sueeeede getting tlie appointment. Considcriiy ill mis is mi- iiMisi iiuporiani posi umce n e State, save the one at Yieksburg, w ve the President great credit for recog zing the claims of a colored man to it r. Wood is a native of this State, a inai fine education and first-class busincs pacity. lie is an artist by profession, bit linquished it for want of patronage, in my personnel of the clerks of tin >gislature, I unintentionally omitted ti mtion lilt. w. A. IIAKXEY, Hinds county, who is, like the others,: ?t-cla?s business man. Mr. II. is a nativi Canada, but came here in lfTn. He lia: en engaged in teaching school during tin cation of the Legislature, and gives a jeli satisfaction in that capacity as hi es as one of the clerks in the Legisla lure s has held but one political position sinec lias been in the State, and that was eleeto r tliis Congressional district last fall. lb a mild, genial gentleman, and, judgiu; mi his appearance, lie woul l not do an irm to a mouse, but allow it to make it iv through the world like other animals. A certain Democrat of our Legislature, : a- days since, thought lie wouM te^t tin use of justice of the Republican member: our Legislature, by introducing a resolu >u condemning those members of Congre> lio voted for the " salary grab." Imnie itcly upon introducing it, Mr. Davis, lie iblican, made a motion that it be re ferret a committee of three. The motion pre ilcd; the committee took the resolution am ported it back to the House favorably wit a turn Imnil, that those metahert be also cim mned for not mal.iiiy the Cirll J'ijl-'.s bill i ic Here the Democrats were in a closi ace, but the resolution as amended pa?sei luminously! In a previous communication I stated thn lere was a contest in seating the member urn in-M?iu fiMimv, ana mat two IK'tua ats tuoceeilcd in obtaining tlieir seals, as in error in making this statement, am e staunch Republicans of Desoto ?lo no cc their county to be classed as somewha emoeratic, after fighting manfully to obtaii substantial llepublican majority. Messrs nith and West, the two members who, per ins might supjiose were thg two Democrat ho were seated are staunch Republicans id their votes are recorded on our sid< ery time. I am sorry that 1 had no dab mi which to make a sketch of them, eerfully make the necessary correction, u i one wishes to see himself classed with tin "ong parly, and it is the least of my desir intimate anything wrong concerning am rsou. We trust in our next campaigi esoto will again send us a staunch lie ibliean delegation. TION rGTOX. D. C.. THURSDAY, APBH A* iDDRr.SS. DrllTfrd! a! Ilio !'!? ?Iti tnnf- -T< *pr*ar> or Emancli ailon in ih<* W NA WASHIli l?: Von Mill observe that this is ?1ate?l at lac k'on, ami a- I aiii here more on a pleasure '> trip, than on one to write yon a letter, I u- met hit! yon adieu. Civi.a. I,0 l.rtter front Macon. MacoX, Ga., April 7, 1373. ( ^ To t y.iliiort of the A' tr Sationa! Km : it j Pursuant ton call of a large number of the " most influential colored citi.-.eiis of the citv, the Kepublicaris assembled ca nuitsc at tlie r City Hall, for the purpose of hearing an ad: dress from Alexander II. Gaston, Ksq., and transact such other business as might he brought before the meeting. "" | t'n motion, Mr. Tilntan I.owc was choseti '' I're sit lent; W. A. Johnson, William .Tones, 11 j and llcv. I?. .1. I'rown were chosen Vice Presidents. | The President, after thanking them for j the honor conferred, etc., explained the obj ject of the meeting. On motion, Hon. George Wallace ami , Henry Jones, Esq., were chosen Secretaries. ,r The President then introduced to the nua ilicncc Mr. Gaston, who was received with i great applause. Mr. Gaston made a telling speech, and gave some good advice to Ids ._r, people. lie retired ainid deafening applause. On motion of Wm. li. C'^rke, Esq., the v follow ing preamble and resolutions were ofj fered: ,1 Whereas the wishes of the leading Repubj lie.ius of Macon, Georgia, have been misrepresented in a late article of the Maeon Tele*' ; in! Messenger, saving they were op;e posed to the appointment of ( apt. Edwin a lleleiicrto the position of postmaster at this a place. Insomuch as we are made out on paper to he opposed to the confirmation of our distinguished fellow-citizen, ('apt. Edwin ' Belcher, as postmaster at Maeon, Georgia; i- ; and whereas at this meeting, representing, as ,r j it iloes, the vital part of the Republican ' , parly of Bibb county, if is tit to give cxpressinii to our views: therefore be i? V i Jlnnhe-I, That we heartily concur in the e j confirmation of (.'apt. Edwin Belcher as post, master at Maeon, Georgia, and we here ' pledge him our unqualified support. Ifi WiW, Tliat tlie thanks of this meeting lie tendered Mr. Gaston for his able address, i- Ju.vhe l, That a copy of the proceedings of e this meeting lie sent to Gen. 1". S. Grant, (l l'resident of the United States ; Hon. J. A. J. Creswell, Postmaster General; Macon ' JCnfrrprise, and Washington Ni.w Mall j, Eua. a j After spceclies by several gentlemen they - j were unanimously adopted. On motion, tire t meeting adjourned. ! Ti Lom e, President, 'f (J no. Wallace, c IIeniiv Joxr.s, Secretaries. [ From tlia llurhratrr Siiud.y Timn.J ' Recollect ioiin of i'rcdcrlck i?n:;gI lass. To the Editors of the Times : t The account of Fred. Douglass' escape 0 from slavery, which has been going the e rounds of the press, recalls some incidents t of my boyhood life, of which the following 1 is a summary: s lie is one among the first of colored peo - pie I remember having seen. lie came to our house in company with a black man named Kcmond, and I believe Dr. Jackson, j. now of Dansville, Xcw York, was one of the ,1 company also. They were all working in the interest of Douglass and his paper, the Xorth Jj. ,SVi(/-. They wanted to hold an anti-slavery meeting in the Ilixite quaker meeting house, 11 and my grandfather, who sat at the "head i- of the meeting," had no objections to their h doing so, but other members of the society II would not consent, and the meeting was held in the school house at the "centre." " Many of the quakers of the neighborhood atd tended this meeting and Douglass gave them i. some hard knocks for refusing him their meetintr linnan nml mai<1<? "inlinng rntttntviaAnc " , | lie made an exception of the man xvlio sat | at the "head of the meeting." They staid at '*! our house that night, aud the next morning r 1 went aud looked in the bed which Douglass e and Komond had occupied to see if any of the I black had rubbed olf. There were low toned conversations that morning in the sitting room, and I now believe that our house bell came a depot for the underground railroad, e f remember that soon after Douglass was there, a white man from the town of Hush, Monroe county, now dead, and for whom * Douglass pronounced a funeral oration, come i in the night with five "runaways" hid in his s sleigh, and left them with us. They were I secreted, fed, and clothed, and the next night . taken to llochester. One of this party had | been shot while making his escape, and the e wounds lie exhibited sustained the truthful-1 0 ' ness of his story. ! Some live years passed by. I had entered i upon ray teens, and acquired a local reputa- j | tion as a " composition" writer. I had spent ! 1 | much time in writing a story to be read at , | the school exhibition. It was one containing all the horrors o.f slave life which the iins | agination of a boy filled with abolitionism | could invent. The protliest girl and the - best reader in the school were to read the . i paper?the Eeeniwg Star, in which the story ! appeared. She had read, and reread the ' i piece until it was almost committed to j B | memory. She had practiced under my inr j struction, until her voice would tremble, II tears start, and a general choking up occur T; at the pathetic parts, and her face lose itself " ' ill smiles at the droll sayings of Fete or Tip. * The exhibition night at last came, and the - I old red school-house was more than full. llow I watched the effect of my story upon t that audience! Would they cryWould they laugh? They did both, and I was the * i happiest boy on the continent. Friends of * the family advised its publication. What pa I per more appropriate than Fred. Douglass'. ' _ ; I prepared a carefully written manuscript and j called unon that eentleman at his office. Mi bump of self-esteem was very active that day, ' and a constant diet of self-importnnce could : 1 : not have made me more conceited than 1 was j . upon that, to me, eventful occasiou. AdI valuing toward Mr. Douglass, I said: " llow : ( | do you do,sir. I am so and so?from the 1 town of Mcndon, my father is so and so? - and my grandfather is . I have written r a story, sir, and would like to have it pub|t lished in your pajier, sir, as 1 consider it the i most appropriate journal lor it to appear in. Here is the manuscript, sir." Mr. Douglass took the paper, read a few lines, smiled and t said: " This reflects much credit upon one s -o young and inexperienced. J am satisfied, however, that you could improve upon it, and so I advise you to take it home and try. In ' a little while you will feel ashamed of this 1 eflort and thank me for rejecting it. In five l years from now I would be pleased to pur( chase it of you at your own price, with the privilege of |mhliching it under your full 1 name, flood day, sir, give my regards to . your father and grandfather." With a heavy heart and trembling bands, I took the manuscript, rolled it up carefully, and then with a "good day" bowed myaeifout of the office. My hopes bad been crushed, the greatest efe fort of my life had been rejected, rejected by i a "nigger." Dclilierately I walked to Main I street bridge, looked sorrowfully upon tlie waters, and then dfopped ray story of slave * life into the racing torrents. " A change c came over tbe spirit ot my dream." From a u; red-hot Abolitionist to a copper colored y Democrat was a natural transition under the circumstances. Hut Itouglass was right after II all, and couldn't buy that story to-day for " lots of money. Your* truly, \V. C. (j. niklrlct or Colambln. tpril iuih. 1^5, fo r?v riciiap.p tirmtxd'.e tmr.eskk. ^ et no of tlio first public acts, fellow-citizen*, m of the martyr ITesident, Abraham I.incoln, lis after lie n-siirued tbe position r.f Chief Magis- 0l! trate of the nation, was the incorporation [j] into his fir-1 annual message of a rrcommen- of dation, afterward adopted hv both Houses : of "That the United ( s ought to co('jierate with any State which may adopt e'' ijra-lunl abolishment of slavery, sri\iiisj to "" such state |*cuniary aid, to be used by such fr! Slate, in its discretion, to coni|ieiisatc for the inconveniences, public and private, pro- m: . duced hv such a change of system." '? * en Some of you, doubtless, may remember* u] bow assuring, if not completely satisfactory, sti this anm.imccmcntjaj?j!> the greatjiarty of lla freedom. It had jflKren its first victory, and as yet knew neither its power nor the r,.", mighty changes, under God's providence, it tin was destined to effect. The majority of the tin i States had declared in favor of "no more extension of slave territory;" and only their gj(l .constitutional obligation, intensely ningni- ?i i fied, kept them from being even more pro- rc< nounced and radical. Northern men?Re- sw publican* and Democrats?had become thor- or i oughly disgusted with flic domination ati<l cili exactions of their Southern masters. Not am i only was fealty to their merest caprice de- c|,j mnnded ; but they were forced by fugitive- 1 |>v slave laws and kindred legislation to be the tin i slave-hounds, the political scavengers, tbe j f.rt active emissaries and forced apologists for a coi system foreign to the genius of the Govcrn1 merit, repugnant to the laws of God, and a ; cot continued outrage upon the negroes of the j ; country. Hut a little while before aboli- i wji iimii>is ami negroes nan oeru iiiiinncii, ami i on| Tohn Urnwn, the Aniolil Winklcreid of" our wh liberties, grasping tlie tyrannical spears of a t slavery into his own gallant bosom, hail died : for that cause which his life couhl not hasten. ' Emancipation of any kind sccmeil a ccnturv oil', anil, therefore, these first words of * Abraham Lincoln,notwithstanding they were '" tainted with "colonization" and "compcn- jn j sation," words hateful alike to the negro and abolitionist because of their continued recur- \r rctice in the mouths of the apologists for slavery, filled the hearts of every lover of ! his country with unfeigned joy. j s h On this occasion, fellow-citizens, I shall j ,.\i ! not detain you long with a review of the | xh events which followed the message. Some l sti | of those whose good fortune it lias been to j i address you on previous anniversaries, have i "j dwelt upon them in an able and exhaustive j soi manner. The events themselves are historic, i yt and to many of you familiar. I shall speak ('p|, only particularly and briefly of the immediate j event which we celebrate to-ilay. j Mr. Lincoln, it is well known, was an c anti-slavery man from convictions of utility l!al rather than from instinct; politically and pecuniarilv, rather than ethically and morally. 1 " While his great heart felt, in a degree, the degradation of the negro, and compre- c bended tiie abject condition of the country before the civilized world; while his political n'c sagacity foresaw the coining catastrophe, ho ' never, it is safe to assert, would have ? walked with such intrepidity up to the great ' responsibility of tlie act which we are celc- |. brating. and (be greater one which followed l's it, had it not been for the untiring vigilance, Pa tlie continued perseverance, and tlie indomi- . table determination of Sumner and Wilson and Chase and Cameron, who surrounded a him, and < ireeley and Phillips, Andrew and -y' Curtin, who, at their respective posts, assisted in the glorious works of regeneration. cai To him, who is now the honored Vice Sa President of the nation, Ilenry Wilson, of j s',! Massachusetts, a man sprung from the hum- j 1 blest ranks of tlie people, is due the credit I of introducing and working through Congress jJllr the bill which jirovided for emancipation in j e" tlie District of Columbia. Even in this bill j art was embodied the principle of compensation, |. paying, however, only loyal owners. Eur j j" nearly three months it was debated, hulleted between the two Houses, amended by euljo- ' " nidation schemes, and finally passed on the '(,r 11th of April, 1802, by a strict party vote of le:l t'4 to 4-1, thus "establishing a precedent for Poi general emancipation. 1'?' If you have followed the rise of constitu- I,al tional liberty in England, traced so accurately l,a' and described s? calmly by the masterly pen le'| of Ha'' n, you will notice, without the aid c"' of l!l:o stone, the value of a precedent, j 'i'h, "illegal i roelamations," against which w" 1 d Coke protested, or Clarendon lamenti g the precedent of Lord Bacon's trial, ",(J or the Five Knights pleading for the privilege of the twit of habeas corpus, or ! wo Hampden refusing to pay the ship-money, ?PI or Charles I. tried for his life and losing his ''.v head, or the consummation of the "(Ho- 'av riotts llevolution," all alike show bow im- ?ca portant to the Anglo-Saxon mind is the value am ofa precedent. This bill was, then, the precc3 dent which the leaders of the itepublican party sought to establish. Few of us may ^et know the terrible suspense which hung over the country and weighed down the hearts of the leaders, when day after day rolled by j after the passage of the bill without a response from the President. Should he veto it, a majority of Congress, not daring to j break so soon, and at such a critical june- j ture with him, would have retreated and j

sustained his veto. Should he sustain it, ' the policy ot the Administration was determined at once to he in favor of freedom. It was after nine o'clock on the evening of the loth April, 1882, when Senator Sumner, being no longer able to restrain his pent-up anxiety, called on Mr. Lincoln. He was received with that cordiality and respect which Mr. Lincoln always manifested toward him. 1 "Do you know who at this moment is the j largest slave-AoMer in this country?" he j asked of the astonished President." "It is ; 1 Abraham Lincoln, for he holds all the three | car thousand slaves of the District, which i> ' lilx more tlsrin any other person in the country j the holds." ' I wh He then pleaded with the President for an< his si. iture to the bill; showed him the the \alue . it as a precedent to the country, ma and, a stimulus to the anti-slavery cle- wrc i nt . : the Republican party, as au act of elo .-tii i to the suffering and the holy, remind- sin tog liiin of his own humble origin and the l*>s i m si u hich slavery had thrown about his ear- pre 11 da; . 'l'heu w arming w ith that enthusiasm to 1'ir w : i. h our great Senator is so noted, he stu said, " iVhy, Mr. President, I cannot see has how ; i dare trust yourself to sleep, to-night, life contn.i uding yourself to your Maker, and i fori remembering that you have it in your power I hill to free three thousand human beings! Su]>- I ma jiose you should die to-night, do you think pol your spirit cokild look back upon this great yat act of justice unperformed and feel that \ An Abraham Lincoln had done his duty?" The | Xe next morning, fellow-citizens, as if in re- fou spouse U> thi-i grand appeal the dashing i thr wires sent forth the message of the President evt approving the bill. 1 pre While this hill via priding; Mr. Sumner j um made that well-remetntiered speech on The ; sen Hansom of Slaves at the National Capital, ' Th not deigning to acknowledge, even while J vel willing to j??y, the validity of the master's i my claim to his slave, it was the captive un- , not justly held in slavery who was to he ran- ere somed, not a slave released from a r/uau legal wit bondage. i the " Pay ransom to the owner? ' !at! Ay! fill the hag to the brim. 11 , Who is the owner? The slave is owuer, jAnd ever was. I'av hiiu." cm After the passage of this bill Frederick j ia | Douglass, the finest specimen of negro Intel- ' of i lect and manhood our country lias produced, si" sent Mr. Sumner the followlug letter: j wit "1 trust 1 am not dreaming, but the events j 1 i taking place seem like a dream. If slavery > wil ALE . IT 1R73 really dead in the District of Columbia, to lb, hi, more than to any oilier American states- wb an, belongs the hoaor of this great triumph \ol 'iusti.-e, liberty, and sound policy. 1 re- *h ice for my freed brother*. and, ?ir. I rejoiv? bat r you. You have lived to strike down in bin 'ashinglon the jsiwer that lifted the bludg- the n against your rwu free voice. I take are Hliing front the pood and brave in. n who mo ire co-operated with you. There is, or the ight to he, a head to every body, and *? e liether you will or not the slaveholder and the e slave look to youn? the best embodiment tha the anti-slavery cau-e now in the councils " a the nation. May God sustain you." firs tsuch is a sketch of the event v. hi. h we eel- - 1 rate to-day. I shall not speak of its im- Hi* rdiate effect, of Fremont's i>roelamation of win edom.of Ilutler'skei 11 [*'" ' ' "wBttlWtlll piM war," which helped to solve one of the Me. .ist difficult problems of the ITesident's sub- th ijuent proclamation which decreed general hail i.ancipation, nor of the brilliant success ri'.v lieh followed ; all these, together with our tow anrgles to be recognized as soldiers, are a ripe rt of the nation's history. Si short has I lien the transition period, so rapidly have we wer irelied forward that few of us realize, until igm minded by a recapitulation of the events ists cmselvcs, the vast difference between aga e Washington of ISt'.ff and the Wash- on j ;ton of to-day. The broad aveuu. s over 1 lieh we have passed in jubilant proces- is r -a were then ploughed deep by the licrce try i eels of artillery ; the tramp of armed men full sounded in the halls of legislation ; traitors -ho .niiitii in mo secret recesses 01 tne i apitnl tieg raised their unabashed fronts in the coun ami s of ttie nation. The sounds of the buule h'.ni il tlie drum were familiar to the ears of and Idliood, and the negro, as a slave, h.ited tout those who had wronged him, dreaded by of r ise who loved the Union more than lib- par. v, crouched in his cabin and prayed for the the ning day. j .. j rite nominally free negro was in a worse j>() | idition: owned by no man, lie was yet a iah: without testimony in the courts, X bout the right of free transit, he possessed w"" ly himself?a poor possession, indeed, 1??'' ere all else was denied. It was at such p'e.'i itue that the port indignantly wrote? i we ' hap i lien first I saw our banner wave v% j >ove the nation's council-hall, j jlaV( leard beneath its marble wall , j,' w e clanking fetters of the slave ! (lu, the foul market-place I stood, id saw the Christian mother sold, . . id childhood with its locks of gold, jc-eycd and fair, with Saxon blood. J ' stro hut my eyes, I held my breath, i ''he id gathering down the wrath and shame heet at set my Northern blood aflame, j s oil silent, where to speak was death." 1 "''r ..... j w In knew that truth would crush the lie, dm' nohow, sometime the end would be: 'jv'' t scarcely dared I hope to sec "on e triumph with niv mortal eye. t'" it in Sow, under the auspices of liberty, all is mged. The mover of the District emanci- i an,j Lion is the Vice President of the 1'nited ; i n,; ites ; the successful leader of our armies | |IU( ough the dread struggle is the able Chief s(ru igistrate. Washington is no longer the ! s(10 amp," as the able Winthrnp describes it. | awa is no longer a reproach to Congressional : pern anness. The tents have faded away and i socj negro cabins have given place to stabler | (.ast uctures. The city is no more the jest of l phm s foreign diplomat or the caustic writer. | whe spacious avenues and broad boulevards, the public buildings and grounds, its private j,v . lalial residences make it worthy, under aj1(| ; present policy of improvement, to rank jjeC( 111 the capital cities of the world?with ult, ris, London, and Iferlin. Hut there are wbii later advantages than the material ones. xv|, 5110 longer walk with timid step and down- (,i,| >t eyes, but with a firm tread and upward m<? nee take our places in the body politic, sl,p, iring the simple duties of the citizen and uati more responsible ones of oflice-holders ;m,| 1 magistrates. In the court-room, in the c,jU. y-box, and in the departments ; in the islative halls and in the walks of trade we p|ie s continually seen. Instead of the little t|,e lool-houses, barely tolerated before, and which a few, amidst discouragements it alive the torch of knowledge, conimo- 0p ( us and even elegant stuctures are provided i0W( the rising generation, taught by colored |?.a, icliers and presided over by a board com- mj,p led of colored men. Politically, we are a w|,jj ner in this community such as no party or mor ties may safely ignore. Socially, we com- | e favorably with the majority of our white rj,,i, low-citizens for the advantages we have p|,c ioyed. In thrift and industry the negro cj,al o would starve if you freed him, who uld bask in the sunlight all daylong if left all,| himself, has laid by from his savings, the mt.t. ilest sum of four million five hundred |,i,? lusaml dollars! That same negro, who ?p,.| uld not and could not learn if given the p iiortunity, graduates from yonder univers- t|,e j in the arts, in medicine, in theology, and |K,r . , i...? ,a ...n am malting Ills III llUCUeC, i | ej, rning, anil energy felt in the Sdlith, j ,,*ref oDg those who believe intelligence, re-; erjn unent, and culture to be the prerogative* i wj(| a white skin. All tliis has happened ! fusf. ause? j ,itsi ?"In the sun I hum A free tlag floats from yonder dome, u?it And at the nation's hearth and home, |H>^( The justice long delayed is done. cipj, Xot as we hoped in calm of prayer, j j, The message of deliverance comes, Hut heralded by roll of drums i a 't On waves of battle-troubled air." | "Xot as we hoped; but what are we ? \ ''"jAbore our broken dreams and plans j j/ God lays with wiser hand than man's ,I1R The corner-stone of Liberty." 1(jl "Hejoice! our Marah's bitter springs Are sweetened; on our ground of grief j ^ Hise day by day in strong relief, j The prophecies of better things ." ^ ^ A'hile the events our memories we M i never forget those old champions of, ston ;rtv, men of the noblest purposes, of fron rarest courage and statesmanship, 1 the 0 walked these streets, shunned of g' 1 despised often, or in yonder Capitol and mdered apparently in vain their anathe-' erpi s and arguments against " the giant thei ing. We can never forget "the old man >1 ijucnt" battling for the right of petition, t>> It king at last like another Chatham at his the t of duty. The intrepid Giudiugs, who the phesied emancipation, has been gathered pros liia fciianrwli nl<l lt?i Vl'-uln 1 rdy and trustworthy as hi* own Ohio oak, cum i (tasted from the active arena of political lego . The gallaLt Ilale, a roe re wreck of Iris the mcr noble self, walks amidst his granite The Is. Meward, much misunderstood, often neiti limned ; hut always true as steel, though ham itic and diplomatic, rests in the church- ings d at Auburn. That noble specimen of j wen lcrican native ability?the poor boy of arils w Hampshire?the successful editor an I The ader of a great journal, the active philau- inlti opist and abolitionist?always our friend, nii-.t n when most aspersed?is sleeping in his ceut mature grave, gladly freed from the cal- wlik nies of jiarty strife and private misrepre- to n. itation. The grand "old commoner" ciliz arldeus Stevens, our anti-slavery Machia- case li, is also gone: he who fought the cne- foun with lire, asking no quarter and giviug of v ?e; earning all the resources of bis gen- bees us hut imperious nature into the conflict \\ h slavery. All arc not dearl nor out of not : battle. ' Some arc with us still to stimu- of tl c and encourage, not so strong, (lerbaps, havi body, hut valiant in intellect. ]i rhe able Chief Justice, the dictator of our the ini'ial policy, whose early tabors in Ohki nesi never lie forgotten, rierrit Smith still com .leading for freedom of thought in matters dun religion and for prostrate Cuba. Charles A nner, "last of all the greatest," is still em; Ji us to-day. 1 no I I sat by his bedside a few days ago and It [nesstd, with feeling* I can never describe, low ]RA. Ac - . ^AJI r? \4* %r inn.lvmrf. a4 ? 5 l,?r 51(>. *r# r jnti nt ar.t] tmooniplainins fortitude w.ih >la\ h ho lw>r>' hi-t Miflennev My n,mil, in- lunLirilr, went back Ik that xtonnv |?t?ti-*-1 whi en the battle rased hotly anil the omi- Lain :jut> were m lincijuaily balancei). I ?.iw nir u, in imaeinatioTi, -ei/ins the wcn)vn? of jinrt anti-?l.ivery cru-ndo froin out the tcrv - n n->ry of the Coontitntion, donning the ar- hrol r oi'rectitude of iHirpose, and holdius ah?ft , e. lui'ii", r rcc<i"in national, anil M.iveri i .in," charging into tlio thickest of tub carnage: lii? " snow-white plume." Ik i i n t of Navarre, vou over conspicuous It i hove tin- rank* ?'f war." Hi* clarion note the t alanm ! tin- enemies of freolni, coming sola ! >< n upon the uncertain blast of Webster. rci o were the blows which fell thick f.i-1 gani WW t'rannv showed its (mil. A- I N ed U|hhi him m that sick chamber, so chat ik. so utterly prostrate and feeble, an 1 thou iiilht of that unswerving integrity which I made him always faithful to us an integ- ' < ear grander than his noble voice more liiin( ring than his massive intellei t, and of o; r than even Irs c< nsuniniate scholarship, freei It how unworthy were the partisans who bnth e even then attacking him unheard ; how lit dile was the action of some old Abolition- neetl who were joining iu the hue and cry j cost inst him, assisting the pack as they swept t > a ifter the weak aud suffering man. ' right 'hank (.Jod the reputation he has earned not eared too high for the attacks of the pal- Imm and presumptuous to as?.iil it success- done i! Hut if all of his wliitc fellow-citizen* he (I uhl forget his incstiinahlc services, the our ro, always grateful, ever warm of heart whic generous ot purpose, will ever remember " ] with the deepest reverence and atfeetion, j Imih! could there, by the minutest search, !>. | love id a black man so lost to e very sentiment at al latitude us even to bather a thought dis- ,\l igiug to him, or assisting, by faint praise, hind clamors of his enemies, we would j slum it in every honest hand a whip, ash the rascal naked through the world," o celebration of this day, fellow-citizens, j were Id he complete did it uot compel us to j Ho le ; beyond the inspiration of music; the tin- ~ suros of memory; this glad procession once liavc wituessi d ; lliese joyous laics and py hearts to the stern responsibilitii-, "do h freedom and its corollary citizenship of tl c devolved upon lis. Freedom, it is true, anil i orth everything of and for itself bevoiid value of the advantages it brings. With philosophic He Toci|uevillc, I believe is the intrinsic attractions of freedom, : iwn peculiar charm, ipiite independent olj ,|? nciilcntal benefits, which have seized so lurc ng a hold upon the great champion* of |a,t , rty throughout history. They loved it j ulati tuse they loved the pleasure ot being aide | j|?. | peak, to act, to breathe unrestrained im- j utati the government of (Jod and laws, lie i |, seeks freedom for anything but free- j hitlii i's self is made to be a slave." We are ami I lg in the midst of a great social tevolu- j u,id It is an upheaval analogous to that of j force French uprising of ITS'.*. In civil strife j was lay not he so bitter, though the riots ot what v York may rival the mobs at Versailles, llot the barbarities of Andersonville ami with by vie with the atrocities of I.a Vendee; intel in the social changes there are some in- maki ctivc parallels. I.ike that of ITfi'J the pear: tig current of our revolution has swept p, y many harriers anil landmarks, not con- j etulii plated at its onset. The lowest strata of ety lias been upheaved. The rocks ofiMr a e and pretension have been riven by tin* | who idcrbolts of war. Amid the over- i *jou lining waves the lord anil the peasant, j am- < negro and his master, have struggled side was i iide. In the effort for life, hatred of class | H, ilitfereiiee of race were forgotten, and it 1 (),.,( lines the true American, as it behooves j well earnest ucgro, to see to it that the calm j of it h succeeds the storm and the safely j || It lias dis|M>r8cd the peril restore not the 1 jiersi lines and old places. New land is form- 1 |,.,i | and new elements are concentrating and j carei living uie new American -ml upon which (p. t ve ami foreign, .lew and (>enlile, orthodox yiol.i radical, Mack ami white, -hall stand [ temp ?f n The equality "I all classes" was what |,v ? revolution of ITK'.i proelaiined through , j(V aristocratic lips of Mirabeau ami re- norv red in the fierce notes of Daliton and t-|o*e espierre. A terrible demand to the ears ,,f he aristocrats, in whose estimation the from st class, the tins ehit, ranked with the jt it of the lield; a menacing cry to the urtio lie cla-s, who fawned upon those | le they spurned the herd helow, hut no |,|,tiu e terrible nor menacing to the Fram e of i j., I than the demand of the negro, "I nil (p,, , Is, as the supplement of freedom," is to 1'liaraohsof America to-day. Out of the [ (,iU |j igos of the French revolution, equality oP u?,st enship, with all ils attendant privileges j j, (p rights, remains attesting the value of the pp. Ssant demand, and showing that the mitil id and treasure which it cost were not it in vain. mi,| ur rebellion was opposed to defend alone ! pp. | integrity of the (iovernruent. Vou reinem- I |'rllln Mr. l.incoln's letter to Horace Urcelev. | Valm ters and resolutions w ere useless. The , pIH, it moral forces of Hod's kingdom, gath- |iro|j g strength for years, hulfeted our armies ; uj, r i alternate defeat and partial victory ; eon- I (j,?, d our timid counsels; thwarted our hellish j At gns until the moment when, thoroughly i ?ton aliated and almost disheartened, they' ed in one grand onset combining the pur- mum of a revolution in the magic word eman- y ition and hurled it at the enemy. ladie he edifice seemingly so strong and im- , pur. ;nable before, crumbled into the dust, 1 from the liastile of slavery emerged the I ro to take his place as a soldier and a j " ;en. How well we performed that first | j?p , I leave it to tlie historian to record who 1 \t-w its the wori'lrous daring of IVrt Iltidson, sjon, glory of the charge at F<>rt Wagner, or he , heroic deeds of the army of the James. p,-. |, ow well we shall |rerform the duties ol in" s citizen is the mote ditticult task to decide, cont; is tar we have stumbled on, taking our wide in reconstruction, assisting in maintain- weo. throughout the south lire guaranty of a mcut ihlican form of government. the u [rich of the work, I grant, is crude. The . kaell ies may he rough, unslia[>ely and not u?e < r the most approved <|U:?rry, with which j tin: ll foundation lias been laid, hut tin: cement ' one ! and intention which hinds them together cut the scojio of the design liberty and | the u ilit*?will enable those wli > come after by 1' II to build the jarrfe t structu. e. I Jn averjr was not the best sch ?ol in which I doub arn statesmanship and become skilled in I know intricacies of iiuan e. The peonage ot j lire northern negro was i.ol the most aje | j^bl ed academy of manliuesa, independence , nuulc thrift; yet from both of these have trful ntoa me luc'jii' iit ii' jtn statesmen ami j j,ro|.< ilators who, for six years, have controlled coiiti lietliaief of the s.x southern states. both y have been maligned by a clanish press, (;a tier race nor color blind. They were I a*toti ja-rej by a lack of money ami the bleu*- j takin of manufactures and commerce. They ir,t? i ; liimlereil in their work by the torroor- i slant of |>arty and the t.riors ol Ku-Kliixistn. ! y bail to grapple w ith one of the iuom ' eate problertvs of the political ei ono- ' ?a problem wh. h England ban for rix j t? urie- lie en attempting to solve ? one essay Ji Glad*tone has thus far essayed in vain prove lake prod in live consumer* and worthy not p ens out of a conglomerate ma?s, in this impo ravished with the delights of a new- when d freedom, demoralized by the ravages a fan rar and im|<atient of salutary restraint same iu?e so long trodden under foot. ! and 1 'bat < anniug, I'eel, and Gladstone have ' copie accomplished for Ireland, these graduates discu ic plantation and the negro jm-w and car lar ol e very nearly perfected. lias c t the "face of'the results of their work ; in fifty light of their success; in the very dark- gagi-i i of their blunders, 1 challenge an honest j.rodt porison with those of England or France <*v0. ug any of their revolutions. day, s an evidence both of ability for gov- wouli n? and docility in being governed, 1 ask is, tb irightcr chapter in history for the negro. : the a ; is the anxiety alone for the future, f?i- to it citizens, which makes me thoughtful to- 1 mink ATES OF ADVERTISING. TRARSIEXT ADVERTISIKO KATES. ..... f1 *o * n - 5 * !?*- t*n Iibm Brtvirr tjp* c cititatM ?r. i4r c |VM m t> li ^ yr* i- tittn lea lia*? l? flared of * fol I ?dmitaoerory!' t ?. th*& * ,o?rt r f e * r* r bf tb? ,T;?r' r"r * ? * th** thr<* tt. r.t ? . I tlc*ire that we nttr'a nn<] manta n I independence of thought ami aeti n h will make us, as a rare,a jMiver hi tin* I ol our birth. I desire that wo sh ill loo race au.l principle better than null .r io?. There is no line of apost ; ?iin parties, ami, if there wen-, it ? .-n when Abraham I tncoTn w I*' I by Atiilrow Johnson. 1 It pu' party command* our votes, out of for the past, ami beeau- it has u i ed far us our I.,:Iit* as Am SricJUt citizens, nerds our continued i onii dim e I .1 honored rhief magistrate h e shown I s ituile with regard to our e;\ 1 rights by nimendin.; it* incorporation tnto the 0Te law of tiie latnl. ot only do the principle* of p.irlit x h?, bat the mi th in.-. with thna, and _;li Abraham In ransonietl our j hie botlies at the expense nth- own | ? life, he left us as i 1. - ex woithv t' elf our uufettereil min is ami a !.' 'x pinion ami judgment, willf xxh loin xvonM tliiler little from that of tie lieve me, fellow citi.i us, xxhxx I is a new baptism t>f inanli *J i p.-nt t of unconquerable resolution im:\nh I ?sert every xxhere ami at all t.n t - . * ami privileges as Ann" I. ant - n-. for the most favoretl of us, but for the blest a determination to rehulse the igihjue* who would betray ami f >n;i : r. , ley blaek ttr xx bite a purpo-c of in alitir xxliite fellow citizen* in all the arts by li life is made, in truth, a -m. ess. Iloxv tan he expect th itothe - I for him, sow for Itiui, ami, at ii . .ill, him, who for himself take lot lift .1 I?" ioxt all, a et iamtmitx of inlen I should us tooether a gospel of Unitx xxh h i.l resound from everv pulpit ami till the mis of every journal wli eb represents i in the past in our -late o. pnpila ' xxe t*ivcn to eonveiitions a'i I resolution-, t us niixv devote ourselves to to erious work of consolidating our inthiand wielding our i i>t power, t us determine lor our lives wimn . I the work of men while \v.- he ir the form lem, since those lives are n : as vapor lo nut pass away." Iliokra llcpitlaiiuDs. I.Miuif IIy .1. H. LNHKOiin. III! M. I.ailgston, I >11.? deliver, 1 1 l? ?at the ]>ethe! M. I . < lunch on M street veiling on the subject of'"lh. ken Kep- . oiis." lie commenced !?\ saving that ast year had mhi nianv e tabli-h I i? joils hlokeli all to pieces. II had to-day reading the defense of one ?>f tin -e m< n 'ito of high standing, a personal liiend, toward whom his sympatic,*-s went out, vet on hl\ ing dovvn the doeuinent ! u ad to eontess tliat that man's n putati >n entirely broken down. I.el ns consider reputation is. Io the fir-t pl.t e it s mere notoriety: nor is it svnonvmo; character, which is the result of all tl e leeturul and moral elements whieh go t 5 up the man, hilt, like the personal ?jinee, it is different in en h indiv hi il. iine requisite for the foundation of an ring reputation is a broad uiteih * re. His idea of a statesman, a law\cr, professional mail of any hind w.i ore not only knew all about his own prole but who eoiild tall, inp lli idlv tip. n jtlicr subject, and liis idea of a Sen il 'i ( harles Suiniier. lie ipioled a rem ul. une one, as given by tiracc tin.-nv. "I, it was a beautiful thing to ?. Mr. I lout coming into tin* Senate, a rcpre ntativi itclligence end i111< ji it \ ; and 11 i b id le second r? ?j11i-if? , which i ui,< 'iity, Mini and political. A laek of the l.i'h(oraee tJreelcy to abandon hi- brilliant a* and bao.ight him to an untimely ave. lieu went illt?? the Hihji <t ?>t 11? 1 redit ilier revelations, and "s aid that the att to defend those implicated ou the score leir ignorance of business mattei was ? means creditable to the tic-ulal < \\ a ran it one that will appear probable w Inn Ivscrutinized. A public in.hi sb<>nld I . I' ll ll!l<|l|f-tin!lfi| 1111 I if. til it, - till sbiifiiiiti" investigation, In- hotild ? mn i 'ii into his most j.i iv .it? |" ! n il Iran ns. putatioii is a tiling of ;i \rr\ ?It*!i ^ ate rc. While it takes years !<? InnM it up, lost by a Hftiki^It* in* :tti and < n I \ nere breath of < allium v. Tin .\ (I by reference* to the cases ? { ?, i. , t| lebl an-l Judge Micrmaii, of i >li,o. 'i I beautiful sight this worbl rail { i < u> it of a man whose course, through a Ion ' lias been steadily onward and upward, , with bis bead covered with silver, lilts with a bright Iiojn* of immortality, leaves his good name as the b? t j ? leritage to his children. lie then ijiio,. I the llihle and Sbaksjs'ate to -how tl. ft of mi unblemished reputation, and d with an exhortation t ? bis hearers t<? I by the lesson atbud?-d them, and I < I eputations that vvaibl stand i * * % -1 Hit ? ..r^?; <1 1 i HI- Ml I I It'IK- i ? I J . in wan moved, arid hein:' ? ? .f#y t Wilkinson in ;i l*ri* I -j < ? li, \va- j i I imou?ly. collection was then fak n in ai 1 th s' nifikin# fund toward 1 i.!< n / a v. , di.? Wmkfvjtu,, l'!t/oni<lfy 't>', , t f Lend Fire*. . II. C*. Hoi ton, of Cohan? < <<;!? ? , York city, Htatcn that on a << 4at'J A. M., on I'll tiling In ? .i.?r . . mid a wooden table on lir? 1. n !. . iccn occasioned hv the ia\ ; ' m<> unwiiichfcll upon a ?;,!? 1 !i lining water. The ll e?k terv? ! a i a ! .. h contracted the ray < and ?ct hi.- ' ' I. 'J'he author aN?? al!u l? K I-. i of I.aclantiu*(A. J>. :'-o, who n a* ?t-? ISC of glass globe., hlh d w:!h v. aid'. in^ fitci; while I'iinv r? mm#ml- ' >f hrli-Crt for the Ja poo; of ? tul'j./ Icsll of Hick A- t ? the l.t" Vlr. Harm -, of < oru ti it, I in this country sonic live % - ?i * ?-r . ! isc of lenses for the j tirj ?> e ? lillV. resjiect to fires oc- a-i wie-I l-v !-u- -, licit tliere arc many example*. It ii n that vessels at sea li iv? - a hy the l>uli--eve riMW m4 t > l>ct*ecii decks. Tin -e w< re f--m. : convex on one side, lilt; for....i | lenses. In con>c(|uenec of tb. :rty atnl danger, their use ti n ' i litieil, anil thick platen of -la .1 sides, have been generally subsliliii I. |>taiu hcoresby ami l>r. h iiic u-> 1 t> isli the native* of the |>olai re- n< g block* of clear Ice, ami rutting tic 01 llic fi>nn of lenses, with which tlirv ly kin-lb 'I tires. -S-itn/ifir /Iwn-i... Dor* laulil Milling I'.i) ' 'enty years ago the 1st" Mr. (.1 i, , r.d, 111 the |<a|M-r loumleii by loin, to : that gold tinning, oil till- whole, v. rofitable, and that it even te iiicd 1 irerish, rather than to eriri- h, a - < mtr . t it is carried on. At a lab- meeting uera' club ill t >ak! ni-U, I al.l -m-?, thidea wa? advanced b> Jh. t. >. t ai:, us arguments, liavmg - - 11 - \t- n- v d by the |h>?, have revived tl.: o'd unon. J>r. < arr affirm* that 1 very -i r gold that has been dug in I a'iforn a ost from one to one and a half dollars, thousand i?ii|ilt, he estimates, arc ei 1 in mining in that Mate. The g >M let of the Male for IsTt ?ra? eJn.i'si,Now, if you reckon labor at i'1.00 a l>r. C'arr calculates the miners' wag- s J come to |37,'*??,<** . llis de.lnctii u at the difference between ibis >1101 ai -I ctual gold jwoducl rejrescnls tin- I ic community that t- suits from id >Z

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