Newspaper of New National Era, April 17, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated April 17, 1873 Page 2
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NEW NATIONAL ERA AND CITIZEN. All communication* t r publication la th- Kitt?u Da* mn'tbf to U*ii II. DOOJIM*. t?lt*r? from inl?rib<n an?l ?d*#r1io*T* ihoflM lit *'14raw! to thmgtaa*. Jr., b*k Bo* 31. Thi# pnp?r it not twpttlMt for th* Yt*wn ?*pr**t*d by I OArraapotlMb. iWr rwMtno*, m4 dotirieg to fear* tb* Kiw Kin<?U I?** forward** to th*m, HoaM ! b? pnritcaUr in writing u* to ntntn fully th* n*w *Mr?M, abrarin( town, cwnty, and Stat*, m wall at th* town. ; countj, *o4 Stat* from whb-h tb* chang* la to b* mad*. ' Att#ntM>o to thit nlll Mtt much trouble. THURSDAY, APRIL 17,1873. MBHRIRERN TiKE XOTKE! We Mill present each person, Mibscr.hing } for the New N ationai. Era one year, a j fine photograph of Touis*aint I.'ihiverture. | To Our Friend* A number of gentlemen conucc ted with the : Xtw Citizen*, published iu this city, to-j gether with the propi ietors of the Xew Xa- | tioxai. Kka and their friends, have organ- j ized a joint stock company for the purpose of I carrying on the business of printing, publishing, anil book-binding in all their branches. The Xew Xatjo.nai. Kka and the Xew Citizen have been consolidated and will be published by the joint stock company. An organ through which the colored people of the country can be heard, published at the teat of government and at the fountain-head of political influence, as well-as on the s|>ot where the leading minds and prominent friends of progress and liberty more often meet than any other, can hut be a valuable aid to the crdored people of this country struggling through diilicultics out of the darkness and enforced ignorance of two hundred and fifty years of a, cruel bondage. Every member of the race should feel it a duty to support a journal devoted to the highest interests of the race. Vou can build up for yourselves a respect that will be lasting bysupporting an ably conducted journal. This should be done. The company publishing the Xew Xationai. Era and Citizen* will spare no ellbrt to obtain for its columns the best thoughts written by the ablest of our race ; it will allow no opportunity to pass for using these columns for the highest interest of tha colored citizens of this country. The colored people should assist in making the l'rcss au instrument to be used in the work of their elevation. The capital stock of the company is >"J0, 000, in shares of S each, l'arties wishing to purchase shares cau obtain all information by addressing Frederick Douglass, Jr., Secretary, Lock Box SI, Washington, I). C. Itrokeu linages. It is one of the painful experiences in life when we discover the objects of our deepest love, reverence, ami admiration to have been unworthy of our devotion, destitute of the noble qualities that we ascribed to them, and lor wiiusc sukc wc nau crccicu auais iu uiviii iu our hearts ; when we see those whom we worshipped as heroes of virtue, magnanimity, and disinterestedness, stained hy falsehood, cupidity, and low passions, fallen from the lofty position to which we raised them, lying iu the dust like shattered idols. There are few men who do not carry through life the melancholy recollection of such disappointment, and just the better specimens of mankind, the confiding, the enthusiastic, the loving natures, those of an ideal turn of mind are those who will he least spared in this 1 resjrcct, while only the suspicious, who supirose every man prompted hy low aud selfish motives, will escape it altogether. First 1 love ends hut too frequently in such disap- 1 point men t, which, iu many cases, will leave an indelible impression on a man's disposi- < tion, and Arthur t'lennam, who foun-1 the ! object of his youthful passion, his ideal of lovely womanhood, after an interval of 1 twenty years, a fat, silly, ami garrulous old ! lady, does by no means represent a single, 1 isolated case, hut the experience of thous- 1 ands ; and he may he called lucky who makes ! the sad discovery early enough w hen feel- 1 ings and powers of nllection are yet fresh, 1 to bestow on an object more worthy than : the fallen idol. Thus, also, a man has often 1 to look down with pity or contempt on turn whom he set up in his youth as his model of virion ml,..,,, I,. nno,,1 n< ivmu, f.Oorn Jay, was once the highest point to which his aspirations rose. As witli individuals, it is with parties, classes, and even whole nations. 1 The man whom a people made its standardhearer, its leader a few years ago, nray lie in the dust to-day, a broken idol; yet it would be ( unjust to accuse the people of ticklcncss and ingratitude on that account, as is often done. ( On the contrary, the people are generally persevering in their aiiectious, and usnalh their appareut desertion of a man has been caused by his own failure to come up to the i standard of excellence they gave hiiu- credit ' for. | The case of (ieneral Fremont furnishes a , vary forcible and sad illustration of such a t failure. He was emphatically the first love of the Republican party in the days of its ^ eari> yuuin. 1 m- . ami iiiivanuus j pathfinder over the Rocky Mountain.-, the j antagonist of slavery w as then to our eyes j a true hero, a champion of liberty, a repre sentativc of ail that is noble, for wc invested j him with all the high qualities, gave liini ' 1 credit for the loftiest aspirations that we love j atod value in our best representative men. It ' was certainly not the fault of the people that he could not maintain the high position to a which their generous eiror had raised him, : 1 and even when he fell rathci below the aver- j < age of comuioii mortals, the Jicpublicau press !1 generally obscrv vd a decorous silence, I prompted eliietlv by regard for the feelings I J! of Republican-, for the sake of the affection ? we had once lavished on him. There was | " even an unwillingness to believe in the ( u charges that were made, and on many sides j r it was thought that (lenera! Fremont was ; * luoie of a victim thau a vietimi/cr. To-dav, 1'' however, there is no longer room for such 1 deception. Fremont, in company with sov <> eral notorious swindlers, is convicted of a dis-,' graceful fraud by a French court of justice, j and sentenced accordingly. We do not mean s to enter upon the merits of the case, we v neither attempt to palliate nor to magnify ! s hi* guilt, nor to lindout whether he w as used f as a tool by adroit sniudiers, or entered ou 1 I' those fraudulent transactions with the full j o knowledge of their criminality ; at all events j n the sad fact remains that the last vestige of | f< that ideal Fremont is gone, which, us we j it now discover, wa* only the creature of our ^ imagination that we identified with a man tl who in reality bore very little resemblance , s to it. His full does by no meunt redect'on a the Republican party as such, since Fremont had entirely disapjieured from the political w stage, and other und better mtu have since i it accomplished all and much more than be Pre ever promised ; yet it is with a feeling of sor- niai row even more than of indignation that we effr look on the shattered image, whow destruc- in | lion add* another addcning disappointment his to the many which (all to the lot of those who j sor arc not yet ready to believe in the general > Pre depravity of mankind. ' ear I mir Political Transcendentalism. | by t)nr neighbor of the Chronicle seems to we iiavc adopted, in letter and spirit, Hie doc- j trine so sedulously advocated by Trumbull, ,cr Schurz, and other "Civil Service Reform- l''n era," after they had procured from Presi- ? ' "* *l?ss Ai.rtAinlmont f'e\m \AJiHrtt1 ' ^ ^ ,.T.? V..a..V J- , pff( reatom, scores, if not hundreds, of their (^ dependents, and had despaired of still fur- ^ thcr controlling the {patronage of the Gov-' ^ ernment for their own benefit. When they . had utterly destroyed their influence with the President by their insolent importunity, * their noisy clamor for more of the " spoils of ^ office," and the absolute waut of principle, . j tliey suddenly discovered that to reward men for political services by appointment to office, or to prefer political friends to political enemies in distributing the patronage of the Government, is a demoralizing and . dangerous practice that must be at once ^ abandoned or the Government must cease . to exist as a Republic. The Chronicle, in an j|j article on " Civil Service Reform " as means rea of averting this great calamity, after re- j capitulating and denouncing the Democratic doctrine that to the victors belong the spoils, thus warmly gives in its adhesion to ^ the opposite, or Trumbull and .Schurz, doctrine : ' " The Republican party has endeavored to the break up this narrow, corrupting, and mis- Sla erable policy inaugurated by the Democrats.! ^ President Grant has taken the lead in this ' good work, and has done all in his power to "es throw around the civil officers of the Gov- anc eminent the same protection in the enjoy- em ment of their privileges during good be- jjc havior, that the military and the naval officers enjoy. It is true that the President lau has met with much opposition, especially in sufl enforcing competitive examination for ap- pie pointments or for promotions, but he lias nevertheless persevered." on 11 is not long since the Chronicle condemned ^ the civil service iu good, set phrases. Hut f that is " of no sort of consequence," as old (j. Stapleton would say, and it is not to that we ^ intended to refer. Our main purpose is to ask the Cbonicle one or two questions. ^ They are? evi First. Where would it draw the line he- , .... . , Sl'h twecn appointments for political services and (( u those made without any reference to polili- . cal opinions and antecedents ? t Second. Does it believe it anv more im- . . in 1 portant that political friends of the Ad- ^ ministration should fill the otlices of Auditors, Comptrollers, Assistant Secretaries, ami other mere clerical officers, than that v chief clerks and all appointees of a lower , J grade should be ? SISS Third. Does it believe that the " baneful n)o, spirit of partisanship will cease to exist .j while the President and members of Congress, Governors, and all other State ottiews are elected by a party exclusively for politi- rj(,j cal reasons ? wjt Fourth. How long does the Chronicle im- j|la agine the liepublicatr party will exist after Itepublicans are made to understand that ar(i politics arc to he utterly ignored in the ap- j poiutmeut of postmasters, collectors, land .j)e agents, clerks of every degree, and all the (jra minor offices of the Governmentsc|t Perhaps the Chronicle looks upon party (j0j organization as a national curse, and is yearning for a political millennium when the frol " lion and the lamb?the loyalist and the tea disloyalist?shall lie down together." Put tryi we fear it will die without the sight. Parties 'rj will continue to exist, and all wise states- f.Qt men believe it important that it should he ajr( so. One class of men will continue to act with one of those parties, and one class with .j another. It is the duty of every man to ...nnn.l 1... nil l.n>.n-ol.ln ...nn?a <1... no.l,. whose principles lie approves. To denounce tj the practice of distributing the otliees of a nes party among the men who placed it in power 0j us demoralizing and dangerous is the vcrriest j,et nonsense ever uttered. It would he quite as its senseless to condemn the people for electing fr(|| tieneral Grant President for services to the 0f , country, or for electing members of Congress because they are ltepublicans. This or sort of political transcendentalism may do e well enough to preach. Hut it will be many long years before it can be practiced. The 1(1 j( American people always have and always scj( w ill prefer unite to sentimeut. con George W. Curll* and Civil Sen- (,as, Ice "Reform." v lit*low will be lound the letter ot Mr. ' [ieorge W. Curtis*, to which we referred last veek, resigning his position as a member of l'lt [he "Advisory Board of the Civil Sen-ice w'" West New Brighton, "iu New York, March is. n,a( Mv I)kaK Silt As the circumstances un- Ii icr which several important appointments jjrj lave recently been made seem to me to show t]1(, in abandonment both of the spirit and the etler of the civil service regulations, I re- l"al -pectfully resign my position as a member of mat he Advisory Board of the civil service. In sclu >o doing I beg to assure you of my wannest ^n, visiles and of the continuance of my most tamest cfl'orts for the success of your admiu- a">'1 stratum. can: Very respectfully and truly yours, unti Geo. Wm. Curtis. i mus His Excellency the President. The significant feature of this letter, as our y eader* cannot fail to observe, is that though ; con dr. Curtis very bluntly gives as his reason , j,jaI in resigning the President's alleged "aban- s]10 loiiineut of the letter and spirit of the civil ' w jK ervice regulations," he still not ouly ex-1 tjia| >resses his warmest wishes for the success ' new if the Adiuiuistraliou, but pledges to it his ! cpy nost earnest efforts. It is quite clear front1 alllj his that Mr. Curtis does not attach very ; pe j rreat importance to the civil service scheme, ' a s, uuch less consider the efficiency, honesty, j|,e ml success of the Admiuistration dependent 1 jn? ipoit the rigid execution of the civil service i sjet| ules. If he did he is false to his own con- ciue iclious and false to the country to continue ?etj, lis most eaiuest efforts in its support, alter ~tun, hus publicly telling the President that, in his ,naj. piniou, both the spirit and letter of the uoj 'reform" had been abandoned. In tltis respect the inventor of the civil ( ervice rules?uot the scheme itself?diners ridely from the Xew York Times, which W olemnly declares that failure in this "re- lure iinn" (borrowed from China) would he de- toge rat to the President and a victory to the *em tfice?eeking jioliticians. Its abandonment ?ho takes no change in Mr. Curtis' friendship { the jt the l'resident, nor does it abate his faith prin 1 it or his desire for its continued success, .'or does he seem to agree with the Times hat the President's henor is " publicly j l'| taked" to carry out this "reform" in letter : it be s well as in spirit. dent We believe not only Mr. Curtis but the an a rbole country will take issue with the Times Prof 1 its declaration that "probably nothing the i else' THE NEW N sident Ii.ii ever done has tuade hiui s ay sincere friends among the people as bi >rts toward abolishing political influenc xditiral appointments"?in other word< effoits in behalf of the so-called civ v ice reform. The test of friendship in tb :sident"? case would of coarse be a nest, practical su|?port of hixu and his ai tislration. And that could only be show their role*. Hut it would puzzle the Time. imagine, to show that he had gained ?lc vote at the polls, or that a single men of Congress among the self-styled "n ners" and the self-constituted champion .his jsrrticular "reform," was won over i support of his administration by h >rt* to enforce the civil service schemi the contrary, the more earnestly th isident favored the measure the iikk ier the "reformers" became in their opp< on. knd among the [>oople, if a voter was no1 1 then induced to support the Kepublica ididate for President under the mistake ief that there was really some "savin ce" in the civil service rules, it host hii ce as many among those who oppose tern that places uniepentatit rebels on th lie footing as Union soldiers and othc al men?giving traitors an equal chanc h loyal men and women for public en yment. Such a system will never be po| r except at the South, and will never ad 1 strength to any administration or part ich supports it, when its operations at ly understood by the people. .\itllonal Nj'wteni of Falutalior iixly-seven per cent, of the population i ! South are unable to read or writi very denied the colored people all oppo lity, and deprived the poor whites of a iire to learn the mysteries of the alphalx 1 the multiplication table. And sine ancipation the supposed vulgarity of put schools, crowded with colored pupils, an ght by Northern ladies, has been an al ficient bugbear to frighten all white pe< in the rural districts away from then that ignorance among the poor whites the increase. Lightning whisky melts I tiality the money which should be pai private tuition, and an unreasoning preji e burns down school houses, runs o chers, and waylays the children of colore UU1S. Vherc this is not the case another class i Is afflict Southern communities. Tl ool laws are defective; school sliperit dents are, in the majority of cases, incon ent or unfriendly, or else the school syi 1 is made a mere political machine and ru he interest of demagogues and rings, t ibed by the county school boards, tl; aibers of which are appointed to do tl :y work of reckless partisans. Cor does this enumeration exhaust tli alogue of evils. Some States like Mil dppi, being destitute of credit in tl ney market, depend npou their counties t iC a school fund, and this fund is unt on! qual as to the amount raised, but prccar as to its continuance. Some counties at i enough to raise greenbacks to pay u h dollar for dollar, and others are so po> t they cannot print the script as a met tnise to pay. Other States like I.nuisian so heavily burdened with debt that tli ool money is the last item audited an nisi iuiKi exnausieu, linn yei wmi iocs wbacks the superior officers under tli ool system got, last year, three thousan lars apiece per annum, while teacliei re compensated at the miserable rate i 11 thirty to sixty dollars per month ft riling in leaky houses without tire, all ing to teach children without hooks. "liese are hut a few of the defects of tli itliern school system, others of which hat ady been stated in theso columns, wliei uy more arc yet to he added. ,'hc question which arises to the lips ( ty intelligent reader is, can no reined found for these evils on the soil tvhei y seem to grow in such rauk otfensivi s? We answer, no. The tide of bciiei ace which swept a great school of con cnt and trustworthy teachers South is i ebb. Those who at first were willing n the novelty of the work and the romanc the change, to teach, under great ban ps, in the country, have become so hatei iufeebled, or proud, and they have sougl ployment in the cities where their ssrvice in deiiiaiid. The people in the countr ise to lax themselves for the building ( ool houses under a system they despisi I the teachers who accept the inferior at imodations of the country are, in inos es, worse than no teachers at all. fhat, then, should be done to save or itutions from the wreck threatened b i flood tide of ignorance which arises t height of sixty-seven per cent, of tli de Southern populationEducate it c rse. But how ? Let the nation take th :ter in hand. 1 Great Britain they have what is vailed th tish schools. Government makes up wha people are unable to pay, and by tlii a earn the right of supervision, and ii ry eases absolute dictation in thos aols. We can do the same here to th aite advantage of the people and to th ired safety of the nation. A llepubli not afford to have this large per ceot. o atored people within its boundary. W t conquer these evils, or they will con r us. i'c are not unmindful of the so-calle stitutional difficulties in tiro way of ou 1. But after all, recent events hav wn that our Constitution is very fleatibl in we desire to make it so, or at leas t it is patchable when it really needs ' piece in it to cover the genius of our in rtions. us set ourselves to tlunkini working in this matter, and it will no ong before a wise statesmanship will fim tluiiou for all constitutional difficulties se events are not lessening but incteas and danger is looming in the distance lonal bitterness, which has not yet beei :d, and brutal natures still untaught, to icr with reckless and rapacious, all ven rs who an- matin? use 01 tneir nine ;e up au amalgamated tin eat which ran lie contemplated without alar.n. Iiart of American Frredmu. 'e have for sale a fac simile of the signa s of the President of the United State: ther with those of the members of thi tie and of the House of Representative! voted for the thirteenth amendment ti Constitution, abolishing slavery, in fineli ted and illustrated chart. Emancipation Day. tie emancipation anniversary in this c its lug observed to-day by the colored res4 ?. We have been Lindly furnished witl drance copy of the oration delivered bj . Richard T. Greener, which will be founc where. ATIOXA.L. ERA AN "' Thr J?bB? llopbla* i'u??. * ?: _ f I The most striking and honorable coodilkaj ,t j imposed by Mr. ITopkins upon the trustees of f II this fund ij. that they shall never make any '? e distinction on account of race or color or pre- ,' n vious condition, in tlic ailmiti istration of either i l_ the college, hospital, or asylum, lie has I n j taken Gerard and Astor for his models as 1 f large-handed givers, hut he become* his own I a model as a re baker of prejudice and pros crip- I j. tion, and as a benefactor to the needy. One < reason for this, doubtless, is, that he gives I while he is in nossession of unimpaired and , I 0 | unbiased {acuities. Neither relative, doctor,, I nor priest can, at present, invent for him a < , I codicil which shall, under the assumed names I of justice, fame, or religion, steal from his . 1 ,, j will the verv soul of philanthropy, and put in its place the skeleton of vanity or of fear. I In another respect he has taken Pcabody ' w i for a guide. He gives while he lives to pre- 1 vent people from committing tlie sin of pray- 1 B iug for his death, but he outshines Peabody I T in the brilliancy of a munificence which dis- ' u ; covers black and white alike. While making 1 j humanity his heir he takes the trouble also j ' j to make its acquaintance and shakes hands j 1 ;r j with it in eordiiil recognition of brotherhood. ! ' ! In trying to benefit the members of every j1 raee he begins in time to test his own plans | ' ! to prove the correctness of his methods, to j ' j instruct amMrnle his agents to a point be- j ' .. fond w l'ivrtHBLrtbe alienation or the mis-1 i applications flPfunds becomes an impossi- j I I bility or a disgrace to subsequent trustees, j1 j Then, regain, Mr. Hopkins has been wise ! beyond his predecessors in muniflcence in ' I : locating these Institutions within sight of a : A ; great city. Humanity is always the better ! i j for being watched, and the wiser for being a I r- ! watcher. These institutions are to be situa- i 11 i ted in a populous part of the city of Haiti- j i 't more, the grounds to be adorned with the ! ] e | most approved style of landscape gardening, | > and the buildings are to equal, in model and j < d arrangement, the very best in the world. , i 1-1 These facts prove Mr. Hopkins to be a dis- 1 >- j coverer in the domain of charity. The pleas- i l. j ure given to every person of taste and the I is j stimulus given to the better instincts of : o humanity in looking at the buildings and id : their surroundings and in thinking of the ini mates will be new features. The easy access tL - " | to til) murivi'is nucic wuicij and choice exercised and economy consulted, will he a great improvement upon the jf I old contract system under which the refuse ie | of markets were shipped to country villages. ' But the most hopeful results inay he looked >' , for from the sight to every passerby and 3" ; from the knowledge of every inmate, of white n and colored "people, being treated exactly the >r same. < 10 ! Proscription against colored people is i 10 ! scarcely less an evil to the white man than to the colored. The whites weund their i lf' hearts often to soothe their pride?they are i '* many a time as unjust to'their own couscicnlfi ' ces as they are to the poor colored man when > 0 ' they turn hiiu away from hospitals and asy- i y i luius. r- I Mr. Hopkins' example will tend greatly to "e j the breaking dow n of the tyranny of fashion i ? i over the better feelings of the people; and i ,r ! beginning in the hospital, asylum ami col"e i lege, the equality of all worthy people i a j may, by and by, even roach the church, and ie if, through these institutions of Johns IIopl' kins, this result should he reached, in addi- ! ie ; tion to his title to an apostleship of human1(1 | ity, he will be honored as the first great " i seourger of modern unclean spirits, rs | '' I'i ogress at tiie Soutli. >r I d ' From time to time we have published sonic j of the facts that come under our observation e j touching the temper of the Southern people e and the progress liberal and patriotic opin e | ions are making among them. In another I place we have briefly referred to the proof >f; given by the Texas Legislature that the y ! efforts the Government is making to buy e back their favor is producing very rich fruits. - 1 Since that was written, we have come across r- ; the account given by Hon. Wm. P. Frye, a i- member of Congress from Maine, of his obit ! servations ^nd experience during a trip lie 1 j, 1 made South since the adjournment of Cone j gress. To he sure, his trip was not an cx- ' 1- I tensive one, though he entered upon it with 1, \ the intention of traveling through most of it ! the Southern Mates. But his experience of 1 s j Southern life and the character and disposi- ' v ; tion of the people made it so unpleasant for )f|him that he went no further than Peters- 1

>, l burg. He states that the utmost poverty, ' i- I neglect, anil prejudice still prevail, and that |' it ! the people are far behind in improvements, j | and in their methods of liviug. The hotels j ir i arc foul and unwholesome; the cookery bad, i y I and the entire atmosphere tainted with shift- 1 o ' lessness. The prejudice against Northern i e j men is still deep, especially in social rela-1 >f tions. Mr. Frye speaks of one gentleman ! < e ! (a Maine man) who has lived in Petersburg- ' I twelve years, next door "neighbor" to an j1 e I "F. F. V.," of most a^ure blood. It chanced j I it i that the houses, of the two were identical. < s For nearly twelve years the two families had i n j lived side by side, without the slightest soe eial intercourse, till, one day, recently, a 0 | daughter of the aristocratic Virginian stuin- j I l- j hied into the Vaukee's house by blunder, j c 1 She soon retreated on discovering her mis-! ' f ; take. On reaching home her mother re- ! ' e quired her to change her clothing and he ' - 1 sure not to put on the habiliments desecrated i' j by the Yankee's footstool, until they had I * d ; been washed. j 1 r < ?_ ) j p 4 Merited Appointment. | c e j Ceo. IV. Mitchell, Esq., who has, for the , 1 past two years, filled the position of Tutor in , a ; the Collegiate Department of Howard Uni- , " | versify, was appointed Professor of Latin by = ' the Board of Trustees f t that University on 1 | Friday, the 11th inst. j j ^ : This appointment i-. a just recognition of | ! the ability, and a manifestation of the satis- j , * | taction with which Mr. Mitchell has per- j * ; formed his duties in Me past, tie ts quiet,, 11, and unassuming, but one of the most earnest ( I and progressive voting men of our day. 1; | We are pleased so see that Howard I'ni- , > ! versity is beginning to iitel a ienac of ber , duty to recognize talent aud worth wherever 1 j . they are foutid. . _? urorporalioii ferllHcnlei. - j Messrs. Lewis If. Douglass, James Storurn, I ' ' and Itichard T. Greener yesterday filed in , 2 , the oitice of the Itecorder of Deeds a certin- | s I cate of incorporation of " The Xew National ! j > I Kra and Citizens' Publishing < ompany," the . f capital stock of which is flxed at 820,000, : i with the following tru-tees: I.. If. Doug- j t lass, B. W. Tompkins, George D. Johnson, j, I It. T. Greener, John II. Cook, Charles K. , ' Douglass, and P'redeiick Douglass, Jr.? j . ( Ijailj/ Morning Ckrouicle. r 1 OsyWc are indebted to Hon. X. P.Cbiptnan < I for a copy of the ninth census of the United 11 ' States. 11 D CITIZEN. Wliy NprHr I'njmeiit la >?I II kUOiesl. Tlie country is favored every few days bv ionic of the little political economist* who nauagc the "great dailies'' of our connner:ial cities, with a wise and learned disserta.ioo, setting forth the reasons why specie payments have been so long suspended, and the way their resumption can be certainly tnd promptly brought about. Hut no two >f their plans are alike, and no one of thriu bas been considered of enougb importance to attract general attention. All of them together have done nothing to hasten the Jesired result, for it seems further ofl now than it has at any time during the last three )r four years. W'c believe all hope of resumption ought lo be abandoned wmie ? <- ranmu. such vast rjuantitics of foreign products, and to send abroad such immense sums in gold to pay for them. Xo sensible man, even though he makes no claims to the title of political economist, can doubt that if we paid to our . ">wn manufacturers only one-half the amount we yearly send abroad, that we could resume ?pecie payments within a year. Look at the startling figure*. From the middle of IsCJ to the last of June, WJ. flie generous I n.ted States paid Paris the enormous sum of two ! hundred and sixty millions of dollars. This iomewhat staggering amount was forwarded n gold, on account of jewelry, laces, silks, gloves, crapes, n.eiino., hats, human hair, and miscellaneous toilet article?. This very respectable bill does uot include the gold forwarded from our shores to the French metropolis for wines, works of art, gentlemen's garments, ami fabrics from which to make the same. There is not a single . item in the aggregate of the two hundred and sixWr millions which couid not have been produced at home, or been readily dispensed with?and that, too, with great benefit, not only to the purse, but to the health of the ; consumers. So long as our people prefer to j enrich foreign rivals at the expense of do- ' aiestic industry, so long must gold be trans- i rnitted abroad to settle the balance of trade ! against us, and so long must specie payments ; be suspended. I.otv I'rleew mill I tie Kemetly. From tables published in aa Iowa paper ! to prove that the principle cause of the low j price of farm pioduets in the West is the over-production, it is stated that 110,000,-; 000 bushels of corn raised in six Western ! States in 1 ST 1 brought only ?J,000,000 more than did the 273,000,000 produced in 1800. j In 1800 the price averaged a fraction less j than CO cents a bushel, and in 1*71 just 3oV ; cents a bushel. The railroads are not wholly j responsible for this great difference, and they j may not entirely remedy the evil. Hut they can help, and a home market will do the ! rest. That can he made by protection to j home industry. Front 1800 to 1*71 the producers increased much faster than the consumers. When the reverse of this is true, j the price of corn and all other agricultural products will go up to a point that will fairly remunerate the farmer for raising them. Free traders would convince Western farmers that if we manufactured nothing they could find j a market abroad for all their products. Hut | how much profit (lo they imagine they would ] receive on each bushel of corn trail-ported from Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, ilte., to England, under such circumstances Cowardice. While the New Vork Tribune has a special ; agent traveling through the South for the | purpose of taunting, through his correspondenec to the Tribune, the colored people for ! their lack of an education denied them by i law, the colored people of the State of Delaware are vainly supplicating that State to tax them for the support of schools, ami to allow them the privilege of enjoying educational facilities. The New York Tiibuue may rave god attempt to incite the Ku-KIux against the col- j tired people of the country; the State gov- j crnments may throw obstacles in the way of | the colored man's advancement, it will he | to no purpose against the irieprcssiblc desire and determination of the colored rare to ad- j vance. As prejudice against the negro is dying out, the New Vork Tiibuw takes the ! field as the champion of hatred and oppression, and by its highly-colored and cxagger- j ated accounts of the negro at the South gives ; aew courage and strength to that kind of feeling exhibited by the Legislature of Del- ' aware in its refusal to allow colored people tchool facilities. Trouble In l.niiiMisuiM. Telegrams from Louisiana tell of a difficulty in Grant parish, Louisiana, between the | McLnervitea and the supporters of tins legal government of that State. The reports come through McEncry channels, and are -<> colircd a? to put the blame foi disturbance upon the colored people. We piint in another :oluinu a statement of the matter made by in impartial observer. The Texas Legislature is composed of a irecious set of "conciliated confederates." rhev have recently shown their appreciation >f tiie efforts of ( ongress and the Court of L'laims to conciliate our "erring brothren" jy rejecting a resolution to invite President J rant to visit the State, and adopting one extending an invitation lo Jeff. Davis. Our alters have evidently not stooped low enough yet to satisfy the demands of these ex-" lords if the lash." Xothing hut au absolute subnission to ail their requirements, the pay* neut of ail their losses, and their restoration ;o the positions thev forfeited by the.r rebelIon, will induce thciu to OJtraU us, even. This lar the only visible effect of the reseal of the franfcinx privilege is the demand jy the railroad companies of a Very large in;rcasc of the price they now receive from the Post Office Department ti.r the postal car service. Couhl there he any stronger proof :hat they do not consider the free inattci they UC uow trabSjiortiug foi the department ot luffkieut consequence to effect in auy way :he value of that sen ice? If the repeal of :he franking privilege doe. not effe t a sating :o the department iu railroad charges, where ! the remarkable "reform" we have been promised ? Ur John l( (-/ink wnrlijl sixwisili. * * > unanimously elected Trustee of Howard L'niiersity, al the recent meeting of the Board, Mr. ( ook'a reputation as a scholar it Oberlin College, of which he is a graduate, ind his honorable connection with the Freeduan's Bureau, give evidence that the interists of true education and the proper nianigerueut of the affairs of the University will >e well cared for al his bauds. ftajr< >ur young friend, Mr. lieury O. Wag>ner, lectures to-night, in Baltimore, at l>ougass Institute. Subject: Alexander Hamilon. The (' nnrrllrul Klrrlloit. cxnt Itfi I Thodgh the l!ej'ubli< aus lost the Governor hotrs* ami one ''ranch of the legislature at the ing " election held in Connecticut Inst week, they "'^'l }>m\c re-elected their three camlhkitt > for ,t , ri, C?Jligre?* bjr au increase)! averay m.-icriM u The only question touching national j? iwas the Congressional vote, 'this prove.1? 17.. .'ratio., ol l'r. - '' "" "" VJI'l. ilcnt (.r:uit retains the confidence "f the -j I( people or Connecticut, and that the ISepub- i.Ivai lican party is relatively as strong as it was '~ at the last Presidential election. I. >cal .Sis- ^ (Mites and disaffection* were the cause of the ,,.r defeat of Haven, the ISepuhlican candidate !' u dc.n tlovetnor, and the loss of one branch oi the j ctit Legislature. New Haven is bitterly opj> -.1 to every candidate who isn't the enemy of j,r , Hartford. And Hartford is bitterly opp -cd surd to every candidate who is not the enemy of ot i New Haven. And so they stab < ..bother ' " at every election. The result of the eh t m, ir oil the whole, while not especially !'a\ rable i.p;? to the Republicans, by no means unhcales a large waning confidence in the Admini-trui. u ou . . , tin4 | the part ol the people of Conucctaut. , " tionc St-NAtoK A looks", of Missi-si(i ' hen. dressed the Legislature of his Mate .1 u a from days Hgo, and in the course of hie speech nien drew the following comparison of the j>eop!e S'10'' of the North with the people of the South Wo need to wake up here. We are too #,h1 sleepy. Too slow. There is a marked con- i.'" trnst in the people one sees at the North and jj ',1 j the South. There every man is ou the keen ( run, brushing past you hurriedly, and you j^'J.1 pause to wonder what is his important er- a rand. With his short-tailed coat and busy , " ' bows, lie hastens through the crowd, uud keeps ou at a rapid pace. He Is pushiug bis iA' J own interests, merely attending to his own x j\ business. 1 ou puss- through the country nud mark the well-kept fields, the whitewashed fences, and evidences of industry , j" " thrift, and prosperity on every side. Here, the fences are disfigured with signs for patent medicine Uteu, (mostly Northern quacks,) A and at the depots you see a dozen men louug- evcJ.', ins about with their hands in their po< kets, moving slowly around, with nothing to 1I0. 1 There is too much leisure, too much sluggishness, sleepiness, too little activity, energy , . , , . , 1, cm u everybody seems to be very tired ; very . much worn out. Everybody gravitates t > a J town, Towns arc good in their place. Hut .ut\. what we waut are farms, farmers, niunufac- e'|' torics, and skilled artizans ? advancement, p,( activity?rort. tion ; liviu; The "Liberal Kcpublicans" are ta-t go- own inc "to their own ulace." At the l iuciii- our ( nati election last week these hybrid politi- " clans voted generally for tlie Copperhead candidates, as we have no doubt they did a New Hampshire and Connecticut, and as u . believe they will in the end ever* where. They belong with the Democratic parts, and the best service they can render the llepubli- The can party will be to act openly again i t hereafter. It is time for them to throw on ^, their disguise and boldly take their position j, in the ranks of the party which has all tln ii so sympathies. | actioi i - cluus fisajr-Our friend, William J. Hardin, esq., of Jjljj',''1 Denver, Colorado, has received, through the ,.1,11,1, influence of Hon. .1. It. Chaffee, the ap- Mr. 1 pointmcnt of weigher of gold in the United hurt States mint at Denver, which is a deserved recognition of the valuable services of Mr. Hardin during the past eight years as an \\, earnest worker for the Republican cause. me b _____-i-.ii fcayThe Toussaint I.'Ojiverture photo- ' graph which we offer foi sale and as a pro- ,|ls.,,, mium to subscribers for the Ni w National donl.i K11 a and Citizen is spoken of by W< ndell of rai I'hillips in a letter before us as a lineiy exe* 'l>ri' euted photograph, as well as an excellent ^ , ,7^ 1 portrait. We furnish this photograph with , hildi or without frames. and < ? ? ? the c .1 .lltlliier) O.idge. taxe deilltl UtglmiluK of flic aasi-ull)' .1 sunmritl ?;l their (!> Vnrla In til* C?sr. I lu The following, from the New Orleans - '"vi" publican of the 12th instant, which was re- "'"lit ceived last night, throws some further light """" upon the cause of the difficulty, which, it seems, has culminated in bloodshed: tame The steamer, St. Mary, which left Colux ' on Wednesday morning at daylight, brought a" 1 down to the city quite a number of gentle- ,a men who were witnosses of the recent tuiiiult u"no ,. . . . . ... tr, ll in iirani purisn. nicy report everything . juiet at the time they left Colfax, ail the at- v" tacking parties having disbanded. ('apt. It. W. Shaw, sheriffof the parish, w'"t' with his deputies, was in charge of the courthouse, and there were no apprehend an of !' further trouble. specn Measures have already been taken b. the '"-.p authorities here, State and Federal, which will insure peace hereafter. The following statement of the ditllcultir- then at Colfax has been prepared by some of the "",r party who came down on the St. Mary In view of the misrepresentations made of ' the recent difficulties in the parish of firunt, and in justice toourselves, we deem it proper lin to put the public in possession oi the facts. ' " Everything appeared 'juiet in the evening of the 31st of March, when rumors reached us wh"'l that a body of armed men intended, on the ages, following day, to make an attack on Colfax, 'heed take possession of the court-house, with the 1 public property therein, rapture the otlii in ' appointed bv (iov. Kellogg, who were rjuitrtl v 1,1 r;'! exercising their duties, and put the ap- ' ' poititees of McKnery in their stead, and made ' * threats of a more serious character agiin-t *l''' '' our Itenre.icntaLive. Win. Want not ..tier went prominent Republicans. cned Our sheriif, Mr. Shaw, immediately took .1 such steps as the emergency seemed p. !'j l: quire, by deputizing good citizens to aid in " J protecting tlie public projterty and keeping the peace. On the morning of the 1st of April . .v SHALL BOiiV qi AMir.u At.s, male supposed to be twelve in number, weio re. bad., ported on Calhoun plantation, in tl. : direr- 1,1 tion of Rockford; and another Irody, a? far as seen, seven in number, hearted l?y one <?. " " W". Scarborough, brother-in-law of Rutland, j" anuetl, came in by the way of bayou iMrro, v on the road leading from Colfax to J.ecroix r," '1' ferry. A third party, numbering sixteen, armed and beaded by James Hadn c.une !i directly to the store of P. Bruiland, situate r00 about 300 yards from the court-hnu.-e, but Ir',lli made no further demonstration than sundry '' ' threats against the aforesaid oitie.-i - and r 0 " zens. A respectable body of citizen-, undet '! ^ the guidance of the proper authorities, ser>ed as a wholesome restraint to their further proceedings, and about 4 p. in the whole body 'shed disappeared. ' 'node Fearing a second advance, and for the " further securing of the peace guards were N'"' " placed at interval* where danger war appro- ' " bended. About < o'clock \V. It. Itutlaml, with faniilv, moved aero** the river without ' 1 tlir it or hindrance, th 114I1 >v.!| kn mn to '' ;1 tlie prime movers and co-w ?ri, :o with II 1 I not in these, as well as other triruhles that have afflicted this otherwise peaceable ami 'f"1 ' orderly parish. 1 .Some time during the night some person or " person*, without the knowledge or cousent of 'p.''1'1 the authorities, entered the house left by the said Kutland and committed some trifling w:,"t depredations ou some articles of clothing, *'ll?l leaving furniture, and article* of value, to- !"w a gether with a box containing the emhalmed !>u,.< body of a child, entirely unmolested, the '' ' truth of which can he established by \V. I', robes liarveil, attorney-at-law, from Montgomery, ' onte who was deputized by the c.ti/eris of Moot- a.' gomery to inquire iuto the existing difficulties. ^ OS lilt, SECOSli PAV an,i , following Mr. W. 1.. lliidiardson moved Id* with eifects across the river, in view ol all pre*- boy, eot, and unmolested. From the 1st to the fa mil 4th instant todies of arrued men were seen a den hovering around, keeping the people iu an a t-xi ... d Mate, many of whom from torror ), , t Llicir luHIM") .lll'l Mo V I to th<- c . for mutual protection. On the mornf the Mh an armed party- wax discovered it; on to Smithfirll < Quarter a fr om ti.e ti ll or I{o< kf.rd. Wtiil" ii .iiK iivi r ti a part of ?lt -.line hody pax>r 1 down , .... o > of Kavoii I>arro, thre. niib. ?'p nt i olfax, ami Ihere tiot and k.! 1 o.J < i... \l. Kmni in prei'iic - oft. wife .mi !>' i n, h liciti.; unarmed and i h . f ] uly l?r~t ui> nli 'tHil . nil ire I > are al *iio a piffi e of timtii r ikirtin;; ||i. j d and within a half inile of Sniithfi . | ter?, ni'muted an 1 armed, when a.h wax suddenly- check I by x, advancing ill tbie . out; ::i nrin^ to Mank them, and thereby ; - . retreat. The move v x d - oy. r i barely .n t n.e to -nve l!. r wh r from rapture. They IJred it x li, and made a ha?t\ : t by 1 lie font mi n and a tew n. \ I iir paity, rexultitii; ai tin- -of two pixtoN, -nldleb.i I tlie itiuie day n .mail rtv ^iimnm-m, ii ?ii n w i - iv -entativo tY 'in W mi, ..i. IV CVIupoSetl of ill' ii It .11 Vi , ,;i,| ; 114 parishes, (iii tl. 1.1.1-parish are much no n-c.l II.,".. f orriii4 this .-sue >11 1 . .1 by -oine of our iueii, an.I -tut 1 !. . f erely came .11 cuiupiuiy.with vim.' 1; ;. Montgomery t. ti...ku .- : charged as fiavin; . I II-:. UN SI'MIAV , . It.. -lil is , 1 .. all 1m ly ol in uin.' 1 ii. a i. 1. < 4-.1attl.ns tl.p 111 Icrcil a I an 1 . .. ....- I n.araii ' i'l lioggy lav ... - ii ii..* 1 . :ati in. Here a sharp . r.ihct tin/ in tlic rout ?>f Ii. ontii ? 1 ail I, mcipitatvlyMTOM b.-. u irltb wh 1 - not fully known, K av a; i a,I on it wu- ;ai l, 11. -1 i,' 1, .. K; notoriety. slioulil bo bona .11 11. . .1.1 ,-..l . t! . irenccs took 1 la v on 1!. | 1 mtat. o.l by the defender-, 1 . i anil families. To j -t . ; 1 ' f .r tlio unwarrantal ' .;m . cable ami inotfen-ive ; . 1. : i is neees-aiv to r. :t > ; :: conceivable ni. l .in'.: iously circu'.at ! thr< .1 I 1 v. complUh tho ] . 11 j o. riinijnication I.-, tie. 1. ; civ cut oil, thereby . : t! e time to dis-'-miuato I ,-e : 1 \ oports of tlic r own want ti an.11 ; anil we submit, in all con- >. lc publican* 1 f 1 pma . b highest common ili< n 1 . tin n: : anil forbearance shown 1 . n; i-.i i na :. in our mlilst, wh 1, w i. i;-; ily, I ii act and on thcii own i: : m, I. ;, ' -.arish. On a thorough iine-ti u. . let-, winch wiil spe iv ta. ' | . 1 e statements iv. 11 lie alum .lit- v ] II. < 111...1 -1 M:, ii. 11 jli: \N 1 I.nv U II I i V\i U villi, K. II. I 1 "Vi i ll , ( HA . s\llWl.i.\", liitiio.ilioii of tailored t bli Iron. I1I1.1I tin- I... : o .1 ii. l ail. H lilt ..1 [I., C,l> .III I . Ullt> el \ nietliino to procure lit n-ver .il : it II of til;' l.0"i - '.It li" i' I) 'II .ill ' cs ri'lntin^ i<> tin- r.luc.ili.'ii of I rcn ia Mr. Hickman'* itlucKliDiuil olorril people an' . iitit! I i have tl" en I'lliic-.iti'.'l, ami l!u' |'l .n | i "J' .1 ' lickntau's I.ill, thou.'h t.illiri^ some I hit of eveii-liainli'.l iiis'i. e, yet woulil have nrr.itI\ latter tliau tin- presi lit lack enal jnovi i'.n what.-vet lor eihifatm cllillltvll. ' arc < oii!i I. lit that a -> am I til| iil fail\ our l.i'L'i latino to make "in proy or ia\im: color. I p. >|?ti- for -ctiool | u, an.I i'lliicalmo their > liilJrcu at 11 / I'Xpril l", Will II -llll ill c\l-|'in!ill . rerable conspijii.'iic. -i. Wc 'orion-li I if the present ili- riuiii.alioii on :. ne'e aiuI color will hear lie teat of trial !. the I'liito.l States I otirt-i, an.I if Hip lature fails a^aiu t > ilo aiivtliiiio t. nvai 1 .lino separate - li -.l. v . the c lore ' ri'li, we helieye the col. i'o.I -iplc v. uialil to try to obtain justice tlir uia'i ourts of the I *liiti*.I Stale, by tpnileriii i to tluiiP aulliari.-cil to ria .au t I .iiiliti" pa blip h ."l . 1. 11 i n cliililn ii. r |ieo|ile | - to . in hone t. |. fair |>lay. la i ihein, then, f.<r i lit , put theui-elye, in tin- place . I !' oil people who aie 'ei ha.:' to -tin a better condition. fin", have ; lil the Stale to tax th an ami in th.i . >1 a.eoinmo.lalioie for their eliililra-ri, the State lillelill rein-an.I tell < then. X theiiixelm-. fhevieply, justly, tic st power of the stale i, har. l v a : :. IP eolleetioti ..I lax-*-, ami ive, . in iio b-.ail powia, . ailliot lav otirscli > , es, lie; taxes re. ic I ' an the pool - people, who aie I C.i . than mil* s, not i'.Iu ate If . . h.I.In li, ami nblie school i stem w i .|. . .- I lor tic il purpose ofliaviiio the r'. '. ami stmru; the p ...r tin I in il. their ehil that education which i, in -arv to i : f .r . iti/.eiiship .ii a fn-n -late. Wh, demand of it, in oui j .? rty, to I urdrti unable'] ami alone e answer is a Miilh.-ipiit on , ami ti..- in . fails to let .1 turn 111iii from his in.u-.ti " is matter . > not nerlv no < In.-lian, 0 to il.? as he w uhl I done bv, but I kiti^ In those hum t .input". ,li 1 -b . ir play ami the protection of w.-akm < 1 characterize the a tint. <-f Ino-t sayNor is tl.ii all , li.- a bl.ti.l, pre fool who taduftn free gorarfeimt lit- hi -t interests of tl. - laiuii' tv . i In; lives by plain in / to - a ice in the voter, v.! . will le-lp si. | ontrol the ilestiny el' our State. V. that many it not most the Item liera on opp.. i .1 I ? ,i;. h a pole v. an : 1 .peal to them to not let tl i n, i, I, stupidity of tbejr party fin-n I !: - tit tin; st.vmu . ! th vile wrot.o I e on their party ami our ; late I t. >'-j, Wiluiii.vt i., Dj'la'jir .4 *ll? < -?< I it I Ooilji<'. : ha I u t. -.1 tioin . '< ' l Idling last week. she *. In-1 ' . <lnpo<: i .-he was alone in the worl-l, and ! . 1 IP to whoui she totihl tuni for nympath nstaiicc, lienro we diould hut her hook, ois unmarried and had no manly ieli she could your her ?n!ti rin^s, th . re oujrht to invest in her hook. She 1. . I fed a literal educate n and could ta h lite i nati. ; ?' oul l not .n c : e refine t > jiay her t .vi ilollan lor a -he wanted to take .a rout, a learnr t tiet.nan pro! .or, < a, It wc niUst no? Jetlin a 1 ad li-t- tied alt I.lively, and h re ! : . tli, "What 1< JTOU sat Mil ' ti started with i !ou l v. i and v. jd? her ri^nnrol. When she ha I fuwe went an I got a roll ol payer :. . it into a speak i.. trumpet, pla I I It III our cat ail I ' I t per to |.r< e I. e.ult hur t a Id.mi I ye--. 1 in her ffa'I' s to make h r It diesr I. She n;pd I am atom* in tie* world.' " I. I*t fil.ll. * the -h.hl. k'lervliec to l re no! a!oi,? . tn Etil.n a:, i till han t lathe; . \r h III leall t n ii not .lt.?. i .11 tl. fate. W to |?ro|x?-al-." <>I*! hix man ahe nai-l in a low tout tin: t'?|> of lici voice, " I don't rrtryou, I want to t la*t *ent> nee v,:i howled. " \\ a cook," wo I l.tii lh ein:ir)o i ihieu the cmiIuiij;, and -I. would:. ? ^nod-lookinif a wotu hi a* you n " > Ave luinute*. She'* vert jealou ooki d at in in de-iKiir. t..itl.-tin. t.. i flhout her and idling - ? a ({Ian ni(>^ the exclaimed. "I d? beli.M ee hundred imund?-i were let oil a. i. that MmbM '11 d- il '. 1 - ... id ho 1 aoniehodv wax kuot k.n^ at the do. i'.unir kernel! <"it and -I.i:i. :.. | 11.. a vehemence that await at- I ..ur o w who vau rletji touul enough for u wlr i y. When the wo (jooe w e indu e d .a uoiilac lauith. she im't hkeiv to 4 d ik any moro.?F ajaro.

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