Newspaper of New National Era, April 24, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated April 24, 1873 Page 2
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NEW NATIONAL ERA AND CITIZEN. f I* An friMMaimltM |.?b?k*t?<Mt th? Viv W?TW*Al ft i ?- ;%t b* Ad-lr*?4?>i to Loari? H. Dowffoo*. Bogota* Uluri from tabacrites* aod ^mtinn tUonlJ hi oddraa??d to Fr*W<-k D>vig!oM. Jr., Lock Bob 31. TMa papar ! oot roopowlhlo *c tho tho* upr?id by Oorrfudiili. ^hhrnbri rhangtug tbalr r?a?dooc<w, aad during to h??? t%? Kr? 5?tt?ru Boa focworlod to tbra, ahoold ho portteoUr to writing u to atotc hilly tb? o#w oldraaa, rmbrarlng t--wn, con at y, aad Stata, *? wall aa tho town, r owoty, and 8Uto froaa whUh tho cbnag* U to bo mod* Attmif'oo to tKi? will mt? Otfk troabla. ^ *?tnov\AV A DDTT Oi 1 1 11 L IV^A/A 1 , /\ k Ul Li av. AIRMRiniRS Tim: NOTICE! Wc will present each person, subscr bing for the New National Era one rear, a Ana photograph of Touissaint L'Ouvcrture. ' * . Mr tdantN on Mr Seward Xho oration of Mr. Charles Francis A Jams, on the occasion of the Seward memorial, is an effort too able aud prominent to be passed over without mention, especially since it will be read and noticed all over the country. From a literary standpoint it may be called perfect; every line shows the accomplished writer and scholar, and especially the picture he draws of the state of the country and of the political parties contending for the supremacy previous to lsCo. Mr. Seward's ehar<- in the politics of those days is so vivid and faithful that it can l?e said to range among the best achievements of the kind. \fr. Mr. Adams' iniimnic anjium.K.u., ...... Seward, and hit warm friendship for him, enabled him lo do full justice to all the groat qualities of the deceased statesman, and lend a sympathetic touch to his work quite in harmony with the occasion on which it was given to the public. Indeed, the whole description given of the party strife which finally resulted in the slaveholders' rebellion, ol Mr. Seward's early career and of his glorious services rendered to the came of liberty, deserves high, unconditional praise, and will be readily assented to by every reader not biased by party prejudice. Not the same praise, however, is due t< that part of the oration which treats of Mr. Seward's course during the war. Mr. Adams' affection for his friend and his desire to show his merits and achievements in the brightesl light, led liim to underrate those of othei great and good men, who, in those eventful days, devoted all their faculties and their energy to the service of their country. By saying that Mr. Seward saved the nation, Mr, Adams claims an amount of glory for bin alone which, in reality, is due to all those men, and could never he due to any one mac exclusively, since a rebellion of such gigantic magnitude required the comtAfol efforts o all the best and ablest men of the nation, naj could he overcome only through the co-operation of the whole loyal part of the nation In older to cost a brighter light on Mr. Sew ard, ho becomes unjust towards Abrahan Lincoln. Certainly everybody will admit th? fact that in learning, refinement, genera knowledge and understanding of foreign af fairs, Mr. Seward was vastly superior to Mr Lincoln; yot it is just as true that Mr. Lincoln, through his earnest devotion to th( cause of the country, and his practical goo< sense, made up for his deficiency in some other resi>ccts, and the more bo as he was singularly free from all vanity and conceit and always ready to follow the advico of his official friends without denying them the credit of it. Wo do not see, therefore, whj Mr. Adams should make out a case of sc much self-sacrifice and abnegation of all legitimate ambitious aspirations on the part oi Mr. Seward. According to him, one woulc think that all the honor due to Mr. Sewarc was appropriated by Mr. Lincoln; thougli there can he no doubt that the people generally knew very well to discriminate between the two men, to appreciate tho merits of each of them, and to give him credit foi them. The weakest pai t of the oration is nudeniably that which treats of Mr. Seward's course during the administration of Andrew Johnson, the epoch in his career of whicl most of his friends prt>ser\e a painful recollection nnd about which they observe a charitable bilence. Here it is that Mr. Adams, in his zeal to vindicate Mr. Seward frou every blame, grossly deviates iroin me iruio, Since lie cannot controvert the fact that Mr Seward stood by Johnson to the last, that hr literally followed him through thick and thin even when that individual was swinging round the circle ; that he threw his whole influence in the scale in his favor uud did lib best to prevent conviction in the impeach' ment trial, he attempts to whitewash Mr, Johnson. While admitting that he wa* "sadly wanting in the happiest totalities o! his predecessor," he does not shrink fron saying that lie was "readily uionlded to tin very same policy which had been inaugurated by him." We challenge Mr. Adams to explain, satisfactorily, the similarity betwocu Mr. Lincoln's line of policy, who, in his honest respect for tho law s and the will of the majority, never resorted to any decisive measure without lliot souudiug public opinion and ascertaining whether it would meet the wishes of tiic people, and that of his successor, who, though elected as a Republican by Republican votes, yet made it his object to restore the Democratic minority to i>ow?cr, an object which to accomplish he did not mind whether lie resorted to legal or illegal means, even a tuuj> J'tlat included, provided that he could have found willing tools to carry it out. Mr. Adams, however, does not stop there. He goes so iar as to charge the tieonle?thouc-h indirectlv? with ingratitude and fickleness lor allowing Mr. Reward to withdraw from public life w ithout any demonstration of their love and appreciation, though he must well know that it was the fatal mistake Mr. Seward made in sustaining Andrew Johnson, through wbicli he lost a large part of his popularity. If, instead, he had assumed a position of resistance?like Grant and Stanton?no doubt that the people would have appreciated and rewarded his services just as thsy acknowledged theirs, and that in case hia physical strength was equal to the task, be might have been appointed to any high office under General Grant's administration. Mr. Adams would have acted wisely if he had thrown a veil over this page in the life of a man whose great qualities and whose sendees to his country will he gratefully remembered bj posterity, notwithstanding the error of bis later dars. Louisiana. The exercise of the elective franchise and obeying the sheriff by acting as deputies > under him in Grant Parish, Louisiana, consulates negro usurpation, according to the Liberal papers of the country. The brutal niwt cowardly mossaere in Grant Parish of colored men by white men was in obedience ' to the teachings of such negro-hating journals fc as the Xew York Tribmt and other Liberal n ' leaders in the country. Enraged beyond Is self-control at the negro for preferring to n support the epotfflcan party rather than a p party the strongest nod most influential elc- n ment of which wal~ composed of* enemies to d ' the advancement of his raca the Liberal or- K gans and leaders throughout the country have h been printing and declaiming against what W they falsely alleged to be the attempt of the it Republican party to make the negro supreme it ' in the South. The New York Tribune has a ! d correspondent In South Carolina who through e : it- columns attempts to fire the people up to t< a relentless hatred of the colored people and f ' to inspire a war of races. This U Liberal-! c j ism. The argument of the murderers of the | f ; negro is that the negroes are ignorant and I b I n? <st Ko aiiKluwutad Prhrv llhrnnt nf th# : ??- " j-N*-"-- J ? - f i black man to gain knowledge and to struggle n i out of hU degradation enkindles a flame of. n hatred culminating in the most barbarous $ : outrage*. Men of the so-called superior raee 11 for mere party gain emulate the oxample of barbarism, and with all the savagery of bru-! tal and ignorant whites perpetrate deeds that sicken and appal enlightened Christendom. When it suits the purpose of the Xew York TriUunt to declare the negro as hopelessly ignorant and degraded, it docs so, and when It attempts to make him responsible for the blot: ' on civilization in Grant parish, it avers that he has fullknowledge of the questions affecting the legitimacy of the claims of the rival governments in the State of Louisiana. The Tribune speaks of the negro in Grant parish as follows: Is it not natural that an ignorant and degraded people, like the negroes of many of the remote parishes of Louisiana, should iufer froin the recent transactions at New Orleans and Washington, that the purpose of the' Federal Government was to deliver the State into their hands ? They cannot have forgotten that during the campaign the Adminis- j tration leaders were careful to array them against the white population, to frighten them with the prospect of a revival of slavery if the ! old slave-owners ever got into office," to as- j sure them that the cause of Grant and the j ' cause of the black man were identical, and i that the re-election of the President would ; : elevate the colored race to place and power, and put their old masters forever under their : ' tion the black man's party, created by these ' representations, was defeated at the polls. ; They know that it was nevertheless immediately installed in power by military force. They hnote that it is sustained by the President in defiance of laic and of the remon- i strances of some of his own warmest friends. < What is more natural than for them to as- , sumo that they might do on a small scale ' what their leader Kellogg had done on a large 1 one? 1 Can a people, who have just such know ledge i as the Tribune tells U3 the negroes have, be 1 justly denounced a3 so ignorant as to deserve 1 massacre and extermination on the ground ' of their hopeless ignorance nnd degrada- 1 tion ? | How base is the attempt of the Tribune to 1 lead the poople of the country into a belief : that the Republican party in the late Presi- i dential campaign in Louisiana were careful < 1 to array the negroes against the white popu- ! ' lation. There is not a particle of truth in i 1 the assertion, and that claim cannot be used " to justify the wholesale slaughter of colored I men at Colfax. The four million negroes of : the South acted and voted in sympathy with 1 5 the white people of the Xorth and with a ! ' goodly number of the white people of the ! South, they were thus arrayed on tho side of ' the white people of tho country and with tho < i white people secured the success of the : ' Republican party. The argument of the ' Tribune is simply a justification of political assassination, and belongs to an age of bar- i ' barism. The colored men in the courthouse at Colfax were there as the sheriffs ^ posse, and were officers of the law under a ' government held by the Supreme Court.of ' the State to be the legal government; they ' were there to execute tho laws notwith' standing who might be offenders against " them. Under the constitution and laws of 1 Louisiana black men are eligible for just j such positions us they were holding at Col- j fax, and the l'aet that they were acting in i ' accordance with law, is a sufficient answer 1 to the fuleliood of Liberal papers that they were attempting to exterminate the white ' race. The truth is, that the whole affair was maugurnieu uy me i.merui Mctnery' itC'i for political capital; ami, us the pc-o' pie of the South, prior to the rebellion, were ' led to believe tbat the Democratic party of the North would give tberu substantial aid ; and comfort in the event of their striking at ' i the life of the uation, so the McEneryites i ure led to the belief that the countenance ! and support of Northern Liberals w ill be j ! extended to them in their murderous warfare 1 against the negroes ; and in this belief they ' are strengthened by the New York Tribune, and journals of less influence. i f Alleged Decline of AinerUuit ( ?mi merer. I We have had on our table for a loug time an admirable speech delivered in the House of Representatives during the last session of 1 Congress, by non. Wm. D. Kelley, of l'enn' sylvania, in which the question is discussed whether we shall "builj or buy our ships and steamers?" We need not say the question is treated with great ability and marked intelligence, for Judge Kelley never meddles with a subject till he thoroughly understands it, and that be is one of the very ablest men in Congress. Judge K.'s speech was drawn out by a proposition before the House to repeal the present law prohibiting tbe registra-' tion of foreign-built vessels when owned by j I American citizens. I The proposition was desigued to encourage j tbo building of our ships and steamers in : ] foreign countries, and would be, of course, n ruinous blow to American sliip-builders, as it would remove our ship-yards almost en- j tirely from our own shores to the banks of the Clyde aud the ship-yards of other portions of Scotland. It was prompted by the . a prevailing idea that our commerce, the little ~ that was left by rebel pirates, has been rap-' idly declining ever since the rebellion ended, j " Tlvia idea, so industriously circulated by the ; " I rebel democracy and lue other ciiaiupioos of tlie free trade heresy, iu the hope of daiu- , c aging the Kepublicau party by charging it!'' with the responsibility of our commercial i s ruin, Judge Keller proves to be without foun- r dation. 1 He declares that "the commerce of the 8 American people has rever grown In a quar- * tcr of a century as it has in tbe last tea years," and that " though we are yet only ^ seven years from the war which nearly!a swept our shipping from the ocean, we are n again marching on to our old ascendency In : tbe carrying trade of the world." He also , states, upon tbe authority of the official sta- j e tistics of the British Customs Commission, and from our own Treasury statistics, that " for the last lira years our exports hare in-j creased in greater percentage than those of; it Great Britain, and that our Imports from ' v< THE NEW NA >reign land* burr alio increased in a greater ti itio than hen." From these important b ict? he makes the deduction that it can*t be e tacy yean before both our experts and irn- J ort- will meed thoae of o*~^reat com-1 lerrial rivnl, and that " our commerce is n>>t ' , ccnuing." In support or this opinion J uagc c idler points to the significant fact that in the d ist five rears we have built over ttccnJ-j-fre , i ioustnd miles cf raih oad, and that the enin- f igs per mile of all our railroads have steadily " j icreased rear by year, as irrefragible evi- i ence that the commerce of the country has * normously increased in that time. In reply r 3 the possible suggestions that this is not r iyrefjn commerce, he asks what other name t an be given to the transfer of a cargo from \ 'ortland, Oregon, to Xew York, there to I e shipped to a foreign port, and rice versa ' ( Having shown that so far from our com- 1 aercc having been annihilated, as the tne- i aies of protection and Republicanism are ] triving so unscrupulously to have the people I (elieve, it is rapidly on the increase and i n a fair way to overtake that of Great Brit-;, tin, he lays down the sound, statesman-like, ind patriotic proposition that the ships which i larrv our commerce, shall he built by those I vho feed on American produce and wear i American manufactures, of material gath- i ired from the wealth of our forests by Amer- i can laborers ; that they shall be built by tl.a I lid of coal mined from the bosom of our i ,'arth, of iron smelted from ores from our own ' nines, and by our own ship carpenters, i narhinists, workingmcn, and ship builders. He insists on the same protection to this i ;reat interest as that which has been emended to manufacturers with such advanageous results. With such protection hp las no doubt of the speedy "revival" of our nmmnroo if such a Inrm can bo nronerlv ipplied to an interest in so prosperous a con- ! lition as our commerce has already become. Many facts are given in this instructive .pcech to show how rapidly ship-building, ispecially iron steamships, is increasing, and ,vhat magnitude it has already reached. But ve have space for no further ^comments, nor ire more necessary, as we have given enough :o show how little foundation the free trade Copperhead clamor about the ruin of our comnerce and ship-building interests have. l'onng Men, to the Front t The adage which was once so common, if; aot so thoroughly axiomatic as to gain uni- | versal credence?"Old men for council and i young men for war"?assumes additional notoriety to-day, when the old men arc j quarreling in the council chamber and the J young men are kept outside the door. While i the young men are willing to allow much to . the school of experience, many of them are ! the followers of Locke, and believe in the ' doctrine of innate ideas. They believe, to ; continue the comparison, that experience and j wisdom do not always spring from length of; years, nor does ignoranco appertain to youth as a necessity. They dare assert that, as Lher# are those who would never be men, lived they to be as old as Methuselah, so there are some whose minds are as well filled, whose judgments are as mature at twentyfive and eight, and their energy as decisive as though they were in their tenth lustrum, j Conscious of this fact, it is the absurdity of; folly for the young colored men of the country to sit idly by aud see tho grandest opportunities slipping away, the best cases lost by default because of the lack of energy displayed by many of our so-called leaders who bave been longer on the field. With some very few exceptions, honorable as they nre rare, they have done well for their day and generation ; but with regard to the needs and [JUHLj ui mc ui'gruca w uio presum iiuui iuc) are as innocent as babes. * Men for the most part of excellent temper and good working capacity, they lack that which is the handmaid and often the indispensable auxiliary of knowledge and all effective work?judgment. Unconscious puppets often, they dance to unseen music, moved themselves by hidden wires. The convention was the favorite resort of the leading negro of ten years ago. He convened and resolved, resolved and unconvened?read his own speeches, was delighted with his own frothy rhctori", and really imagined himself a great man. He talked eloquently then it must be granted, because he spoke of his wrongs : but when' the war overturned the edifice of slavery "Othello's occupation" was "gone," indeed. The number who have survived and held their own under the new order of things may be counted upon ono hand. They survive through that grand old law so much combated hut ever true?the survival of the fittest. They alone give character and reputation to the negro, rbey make for him a fame which begets , respect where his wrongs only excited pity, j rhe field is comparatively clear now sorue of ' the older hacks have fallen by the way or lie spavined at the roadside. The question is, < will the young men of color throughout the j country resolve to begin now to take part in | public affairs, asserting their claim wherever j it is deuied, maintaining it wherever con- j tested, and show that the young may be safe n counsel as well as good for war? There are some who arrogate to themselves wisdom because of their years', just as some j squally absurd people think they are wise oecauss they never went to a high school or | ?n flrndpnu'?mpn TTenvon save the mark! ivho pride themselves on having ncversiaked .heir thirst at the fount of knowledge. It is lot our purpose to disparage ngc. We emcmber what Cicero has written, so de- j ightfuliy, of its pleasures; what Cepbalus ! .nd Socrates thought of it in the He public.! >Ve look "toward sunset" with reverence ind respect; but it Is with a reverence that uakes ua conscious of our own duty. The | lOung men are now studying, working, 1 ome, alas! Idling away their time who jt >ught to be tbe active, earnest men in the 1 icxt Presidential campaign ; yoaugmcn who ire to control the destinies of the race, dany of them arc cf marked ability aud leddedly energetic in character. Not so ( lucnt, pur hups, as their fathers, they arc noia thoughtful. They ure found throughut the country. We feel tiiat, if like Iiodrick Dhu, we should put the whistle to our j ips and blow a stirring blast, they would pring up in every part df the country { eady with voice, pen, or muscle to do : heir share in noy honorable work. In pint we do this, as young men ourselves, rilling to blow & blast which, would that the j oun;r meu of. the country would hear and eed! Young men, to the front! Young ten, rouse yourselves ! Take the opportuities; make them where they are denied! . Quit you like men be strong." Young men, to thb front ' J lid Citizens Terms# Xew Citizens ' Atsls There are always two sldsS to wery story, I is said, and there certainly must be to this 1 txed question, which as periodically at tional era and scks the resident of the DUtrict of Colum-1 nat la as the agne, chills and fever, or kindred tha pideraics. The new citizen has been heard. | upt ?ow, let us attend to the old citizen. He wei vrTTTth most solemnly that he is not half rig! o bad a tea* a* ha is painted by aspiring pre arpet-beggera on the one hand and certain ' qui letuagaguea on the other, who wish to climb j ma nto power on his shoulders. He depones ; est urther that he has ever been ready to receive ' ] '!ca?.mtly, treat hospitably, and marry n?r into his daughter*, if possible, the stranger vol vithin his gates, who accepted unmur- ma ncringly the viands, the straw, and the oil to 'dered him. Having known what Washing- ; lav on was, he appreciates the more keenly ; Tb hat Washington is. He is anxious that of lis pearls should not be cast before swine; i by onsequcntly, he must eiiner oo carcim v., lis pearls, or take note where be throws , wh hem. All this he considers eminently just and ere proper, and we think so too. lie says it is Mf sarely possible the average ' foreigner" may bir lot enter our handsome citv determined to Th lo his duty quietly and effectively, and then inc vait until the lapse of time and a consequent in ippreciation of his labors has dawned upon thi the mind of the old citizen; but he expects th< id ovation at the depot. Banners and music ! th< nust mark his triumphal entry. The scalps " j if the murdered "old residents" mast dangle j cn From his chariot wheels, their wives and ;hildrcn must inarch as captives to deck his j ha "Itoman holiday." We think there is much j la< truth in this averment of the "old resident." j Cc It is the great mistake of the world to im- sr agine it is not appreciated ; to think that ; T1 jealous eyes are beholding us, and gory hands 1 la' tearing down our fair reputations. The ot "old resident" expects respectful considers- an tion, and he should get it. He does not look la to be ignored, and ought not to be. Thera tir is much that he is more familiar with than C< the new comer, and may assist the latter lil greatly. It is a golden mean?not recrim- is ination whieh should be sought. He who la tries to breed antagonisms is an enemy to co the progress of the race. Instead of the re mass of the "old residents" being opposed as to the influx of strangers, they cordially wet- ci come them. True, there are a fevr isolated and uninfluential examples, assisted for the er most part by some who are foreigners them- ge selves, hut who use the partisan cry so much at that they really think they were born upon m the soil. He who cultivates friendship re- Je ceives friendship ; he who smiles often, (sin- th cerely we mean,) meets smiles. al If you would make me weep, you must at weep first yourself, said the Roman poet, sti So say we. Docs the new comer wish recog- is nition ? Let him deserve it and show that <jt he is worthy. lie will be recognized. Does sa the old citizen require respectful considera- re tion? Let him always welcome worth, in- is dustry, and truth, and he and his shall be th blessed in the welfare of the whole. til P< Common Nchuols. SI It is to he expected that this journal is interested in the schools of this District, and especially that it will at all times watch opportunities to advance the fortunes of the ^ colored people in this regard. so If any really need the best educational fa- pi cilities, surely it is safe to assert that the pi common schools, more than any other single means, have contributed to the greatness and 0j

strength of the American people. aj In these schools, conducted according to 61 the most improved and vigorous systems, j3 lies the destiny ot this country. They are ti< the great manufactories of American citizens. They should, therefore, be adapted to the al work of making us one great people. w Xow, that the Legislative Assembly is y about to convene, we desire to call attention to the anomalous condition of school inter- a, ests in this District. ,,, We have two separate systems of schools for white and colored children, governed by two boards of education, with nil the ma- ul chinery incident thereto. The spirit moves al us to inquire why this separation. The un- p, masked reason for it is the foundation of our al objection, viz., exclusion on account of color. w While the system exists, our children are rt daily learning well the degrading lesson y of exclusion. Quick as others to perceive p( wrong and insult offered their God-given images; stirred hourly by indignation and e, resentment, they are most happily condi- sj tioned for moral aud intellectual develop- j, raent. On the other hand, in the hearts of j;l the white children of the country, inflated j, from the beginning with an odious feeling of superiority on aecount of the discrimination, 9j American prejudice is fostered and nourished. These children, preparing under the s| influence of earnest Christian civilization, immediately for prosperous life in this world, and ultimately for happy eternity, will he u compelled to unlearn many things ere they ai reach that state. Like Ginx's baby, it were r: better were they all thrown over the bridge while young. In the interest, therefore, of the highest good of the youth of our nation, j WC aSK our .LUtlnc-l r.agifiliiuin whnhhi un. discrimination. : ? In the Northern and ?astern cities, where j 'a the question has been carefully considered, I c* and where prevail the wisdom and experience 'lD of our greatest educators, the precedents , ss are against odious discrimination in the com- j !"r mon schools. Last week the city of Albany, New York, was added to the list, its hoard i P< of trustees having voted to admit all children [ sa to the schools without discriminatian. ' w The colored people of this District, inmak-: tii ing an appeal last year for common schools, ] were met with the objection, that there was ! 01 no authority to abolish the discrimination, j 61 When similar efforts were made before Con- 1 u gross during the last session, it was repeat-, tc edlv asserted by those who understood the j ?( purposes of the organic act, that the Legis-! tl ladve Assembly lias complete control of the P' school system of the District. Then, we : v< call upon our legislators to act promptly and ' in faithfully in wiping out this last vestige of e! slavery. At least arrauge so that the col- w ored members of the Legislative Assembly, j b the distinguished colored offices s of the Dis- w trict government, the able colored member ? of the Board of Health, and the members of m the new Board of Trustees shall not be mor- . i? tided by the feeling that their children, for m no good reasoD, are excluded front the rights, cl privileges, and facilities accorded the chil- al dren of other worthy citizens. With this in- ti timation that wo are not asleep on this suit- at ject, we rest for the present. X (empnlsery Education. p There is hardly a subject upon which publie sentiment, in all civilised countries, has undergone so marked a change during the present century, and is still making such steady progress, as in regard to the duty of LLfc Male, 10 pi&ce euiuttwuu uu? wuit *v vrilhin the reacA of all tiu people, tut of jompelling them to avail ihtmvelvet of lu ac benefits. Primary education la beginning to o< be cooiUcred as much a legal obligation as b< t kientity among the leading minds of other m > CITIZEN. ions, as well a? <?ur own. They beliere t ihc virtue of the people is dependent >n their education, and that, as the public dare demands it, the State has the same tit to enforce it as it has to take private ipertv for public use, or to enact laws rered By the general welfhre, though they T work great hardship? to individual interi. :n our own country the perpetuity of our xiblican institutions is believed to be inred in this question, and the people of ny of the States are giving practical shape their convictions by enacting compulsory rs upon the subject of primary instruction, ev have been strengthened in their belief the vast benefit of compulsory education its results in the various States of Europe icre it had been fully tested; a.? in Iiadan, icre, under its operation, prisoner* ur i&sed from 1,4*26 in 1354 to 691 in 1361. images were augmented, and Illegitimate ths diminished in the same proportion, lefts decreased from 1,009 to 4C0, and the ligent were largely diminished. Its effect Switzerland is declared to be to protect s rights of the child, whom It Is the duty o( ; father to educate, the law being based on e sound principle that it is no invasion ol private rights," or the rights of a father tn force his duty to his child. Among the States of the Union whicii ve, within two or three years, enacted x~ enforcing the education of children, arc mnecticut, Colerado, Maryland, Massachu tts, Michigan, New Hampshire, and Texas lere may be othpr States where compulsory ivs exist, nut whether there are or not her States will undoubtedly follow the ex ,iple of those we have named. The J.egis ture of Illinois enacted a compulsory cduca .r, I"... " Oi?- rflttra Ortn Rllt fhft SimrPm I >urt of the State ?the same profound am >eral tribunal that has just declared that i unconstitutional for a woman to practic< w in that State?pronounced the law un institutional; a decision that is as just anc asouable as one would have been setlinj tide a law compelling parents to feed an< otlie their minor children. All measures designed to advance the gen al welfare of the nation ; contribute to tin moral happiness of the people; give vitalit] id stability to our institutions, and pro ote virtue and intelligence, are proper sub cts of legislation. Children, as well a; eir parents, are endowed with certain in ienable rights, among which is the right t< i education. This right, as experience ha1 iowu in this country, as well as in others not always safe in the hands of their lega iardian3. I.aw-makers have found it neces ry to legislate for their protection in nianj spects. Compulsory education everywherf a duty law-makers still owe to them, and erefore, to society and the country. Tin ne is coming when this will be the universa ipular sentiment. Iiall llie I>o 'trlm> be tini vrrsalij tpplled I The Boston Globe universally condoium ie Indian I'ence Commission business, am mounccs "the foolish and fatal peace polici i strenuously upheld by lias tern philanthro sts toward the savage banditti of tin ains."?Exchange. If tlie Government were to adopt tin iinion of the Globe, and give it universa vplication what would become of the South n Modocs. If it is just to abandou wlm called the peace'policv of the Administra on, and exterminate tlie whole Indiau rac( ;cause the Modocs have proved treaelierou id murdered Gen. Canby and Dr. Thomas hat penalty shall be inflicted upon Souther: iodocs?the whole rebel population?fo leir recent treacherous and brutal assassin tion of more than.one hundred unarmed nc roes; who have murdered more than tei lousand innocent, defenseless loyal citizen i various Southern States ; who have com lilted untold outrages upon men, women ad children all over tho South ; who havi arned a thousand school-houses, and wh re still pursuing colored men and wonici ith a ferocity and inflicting upon them i ifinement of cruelty never attained by tin lodocs? Will the Huston Globe and* othe apers who have howled themselves hoami jmanding not only that tho Modocs, bu ren peaceful and friendly tribes of Indian-, rail be exterminated, what fate the wrote he nserve who have brutally murdered om undred loyal citizens to every one mur ?red by frontier savages ? We hope to sei le Modocs punished, even exterminated nee there seems to he no hope of civilizim rem. Hut if all Indians arc to bo put to tin vord to avenge the murder of Gen. Canhj id Dr. Thomas, strict justice, or similar jus ce, will require that all rebels shall he j.u > the sword for the murder of ten thousam id more of innocent loyal colored anil whlti tircns, and their other innumerable crimes Kt-rp 5tilil. or ReslKii: The f '',/oin.it thinks the ci*ndeuuialioii bj clerk of the act of the late Congress it rgely increasing their pay without alio In easing that of clerks, U impertinent, am forms him and theut that if they are noi itisfied with their pay they are perfectlj ee to resign and go home, or '"go West,' i they choose. It justifies the increase o ty for members on the ground that their ilaries were so small that men of capacity ould not come to Congre ss, wholly forget eg that when members were paid fcs a daj iring the session there was a far highej dcr of talent in Congress than there ha; ,er been since. It applies quite a diifereni ile to clerks. Good pay is not necessary > secure good clerks, while it is to .ecun >od law-makers. Clerks ran take whal ley are offered without a rnurruut, or gin ate to some one who considers his labor less doable. There is not more than one clerl i one hundred who has been able to *&v< tough from his salary to get out of towr ere he to resisrn. And vet he is coolly tolc jr the t'KroHirle to "keep still, or resign,' hile member* of Congress, who were al ady receivin,' on an average ten time* oj uch pay ilaily, are justified in adding lift] it cent. to it on the ground that they wen at receiving enough salary to secure first as* ability and enable them to live respect jly! Our neighbor's ideas of equity, oc >is subject, at least, dou't seem to be ex:tly fitted to a Itepublicari atmosphere, or are they exactly sound, for, if a bighei ilary is required to secure first-class Cooessional ability, is It not equally necessary secure first-clavs clerical ability in the apartments? l.n.- -J r illlnoU Justice lo Woceii. The Supreme Court of Ilnnou, :a an opian of "learned length and thundering >und," has recently solemnly declared that, cording to the constitution! of that Stale, > woman can practice law within its sacred Minds; in other words, that Illinois wai ads exclusively lor sua. and that women have no ritjlit? there which men ar<- l>onn.t to tl respect. <; Tbt case came before this august body on g an appeal by Mrs. Blarkwell, one of the o best lawrers and ablet law-writers in il "the State, from a lower eourt which c nied her the prtrttege of practicing law in tl it. That court also decided agtin-t her, as o 1 we have stated, when she appealed to the s , Supreme Court of the United States. But v tliat tribunal has declared that it had no j ight h to iiiterfere in the case. Iler onlvhope now, e therefore, is in the legislature of Illinois. s I The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania hat 1 j Just decided that the word "freeman" don't .5 mean iromjn, thereby destroying their prospect of voting in that State. But that is not so senseless as dedying them the right to ' earn an honest living by law or unv other * respectable calling. , ( liangc or Tune. Not long since we copied from the j lican of this city an editorial article very , strongly commending the policy of protection, ( . and justifying its opinion by facts showing its < advantages, especially to the South. Last ,week it gave utterance to the following , thrust at the doctrine : : The protection organs are bceotn.ng ' alarmed at the growth of tho free trade feel- ' ' ing in the West, and are just now printing 1 I ingenious articles to convince them of the j ! folly of their ways. The Philadelphia Xorfh J American, for instance, assures the Mississippi valley that it is destined to become the 1 seat of a great manufacturing industry in the p future; that if it will only wait and watch it ; , is certain to cone out all right and be as great . as Pennsylvania. The question naturally ' suggests itself, how many millions of dollar's will"be legislated into tbe pockets of Penn" sylvania monopolists at the expense ot the 1 > people of the Mississippi valley before that ] blessed consummation is reached. t Wc are curious to know what has wrought ': this violent change in the opinion of our - versatile neighbor, and led it to adopt the 1 free trade nonsense about a protective tariff j f' putting "money into the pockets of monopoi lists" (manufacturers) "at the expense of the people of the Mississippi valley?" ?vc. There -1 must be some substantial motive?no ruean i ? some substantial reason?for this sudden ronr! version from a decided protectionist tc a vi > 1 lent "revenue reformer." These reasons may -1 have the same remarkable effect upon our j1 3 I mind as that of the Republican. If its conver- ' | sion be genuine, therefore.lt ought frank!v > to state thera for our benefit. j - - - J. Sella Martin. ' j I.ast week we adverted to the change in the name and ownership of the New .\am 7 tional Era. The Douglass Brother) have , ' conveyed a number of their shares to the ' representatives of the Citizen', so that : hereafter this journal will be known as the New National Era and Citizen. We regret in this connection to state that by this i . : change we have lost the invaluable services j ! of Hon. J. Sella Martin. Contemplating a ! resumption of ministerial duties and anxious j 4 to make way for younger men, who enjoy his ] | j highest esteem, lie retires from the position [ ! of active editor with the promise of furnish2 i ing us with assistance now and then from a | pen which never moves but in the interest of 2 ! his race, while the lines traced by It are i 1 | always watched and read with interest, i; . | whether by our friends or opponents. It i- | t | needless for the editor-in-chief to exprc-s i . | his sense of the loss. Mr. Martin's friendly 3 1 relations with all of the Douglass name, his 5 | transparent honesty as a laborer in the cause ' of his race, and downright candor, his fcar2 j lessncss, independence, and energy arc ill r I qualities not likely to be combined at a tr.o. ment's warning. We are not without hope . j that he may be induced to change h!= mind. 1 it we cannot teach the two races t<> live 1 | peacefully side by side, the disasters of the " i South have but just begun ; and vvc certainly , ! shall not teach "that lesson by elevating the B one merely in order that we may plunder and } ! oppress the other.?A*. 1". Tribune. j | The TVilune, in the above, is correct. i>no i j race ought not to bo elevated in order to i> ! oppress and plunder the other ; equal and r j exact justice to all races will hasten the end s I of the difficulties in the fjouth. The fact is, I : that the party whose organ is the Xew York ; Tribune is laboring for the elevation of tii , rave that persistently denies the right of the t black race to equality before the law ; the . j race that burns school-houses, that drives s | instructors of colored youth from the country, i that robs arid outrages humanity on account , : of race, color, and previous condition of r- i , vitude ; that considers it u crime that tic- i nation has recognized the black man as a | _ j citizen and voter. The only race that op- I t! presses and plunders in the South is the race j of ex-slaveholders and rebels. The black j I ; race Is a peaceable race, as certainly cvi- I denced by tbeir conduct during the rebellion, I when the majority of the white men were in I the rebel army,'and murder and rapine could have been perpetrated with comparative iin- . ' | punity as revenge fur wrongs Intl.ctcd uj on t ' J them when defenceless. They proved to he I "! noble, and we exult because of it. Contrast ' their conduct with the worse than barbarism ? ?| of the white race at Colfax, Louisiana "Pay or Mane.'' . J The Marquis of Bute, (ought there not to ' he an r there ?) one of the richest noblemen of Great Britain, wo see it stated, has . j recently refused to grant the tenantry of his 1 r | estates an extension of time for the payment ' f 1 of their rents. The tenantry represented ; t : that the unprecedented rainfall of the past ' r I year had caused u.e crops of potatoes and J , j turnips to fail, and that the wheat and barley ' J | bad been damaged at harvest time, and in 1 view of these disasters they begged for a ( poslp-aieuieatof thep>ay-day. Tb.sheaillcss ' . ami mercenary nobleman posaease* a domain ' j and an annual revenue larger tban many ol 1 , ' onr States ; yet he refuses even to extend the ' 11 time for payiug their rent to his hundreds of . tenants, though the dcntructioo of their crops puts it literally out of their power to do so. j They have, therefore, only the other alternative?evictiou and starvation. Pethapa it . ; would lie hardly just to say that this Is a fair specimen of the conduct of the liritish artstovracy towards their t-naritrv and dependi \ ents. but it U not unjust Ui assert that such _ | proofs of tyranny and inhumanity Is far more frequent than is credible to the "ruling . classes" there as elsewhere, especially at the South among unreconstructed rebel*, who , still cling to that title. Wa admit, in another column, contrary to the policy of our paper, a communication which I* rather personal. We admit it solely because we know the writer to he an earnest ' young nan, friendly to Improvement and 1 j progress, stung somewhat mlo retaliation by r | the retorts of hia critic. We intend to avoid . In our paper the discussion at personalities >; Mo man's grandmother shall be disturbed, i i nor his sweetheart maligned because he does i' not agree with us. The tame freedom of 1 :ioni{lit we demand for our?c'vcs we nhail rant to other*. We are willing nlw?-. s to ivc both side-i a hearing, provided the bounds f propriety are preserved. Fiut we are de-.iedljr unwilling to runkr ourselves the vchili-s of abuse, <-r the t?a?tf-p.?;>er ba*k<" ,f lie .'Ofiiiniinilt. Our purpose ' ? to ed t jn j?en, man!y oum^eoij* j ap-er?one which hall advise f. irle?sly as fir is ?.tir juJgnr.,ar? rarrsnts?attack falsehood ,nd sham, ;alesltatinjiy, beins tlwrtv rctdv to n know I ?!ge error* .>r correct mistakes. Itewhohas otuelhin? t- say ?lia!l tin ! -;v<* with ute who wishes to ttir. is i ! , i ' orne other journ.il. tt c . !!{> the f .!!?.?*. :r..r inn Joy (iaxti'. , adding .- - >:. :. i.\ '. . rhile "Cordelia" wields 1t: '. irit ; on. eenis to art on the priori; i. f tht Irishn..:. it Donnyliro 'v far: whenever -bo seas , irad slic hit* it. Such letters ire valuable. Hiey assist in forming i b ?: >.. nt.t r; iiicwiwt and him.b, . .real.. naretricious are hurt. '1'. .- r. . be*. >ur little switching-w , pi. r.l >n : "Cordelia's letter-. vl. !i . . i .. . . 10 much favor and looked fur so >mvi junday nftcr Sunday, arc as able as tl.ev struthful. Her aim, it will ' seen, :s to .. pose error; and she doe- - > in a -> k : . tail chaste manner, w tl; ring : h.er letter- any chartt- tci- other than tb .? the masculine sender. Her attack" ire 1 .1 fearless, and open, w ith livi;.i!!.i! argon; :. ind correct ideas. No fabrications : no cow ardly attacks upon any of Ihe fair . * , he Iter criticisms aro up.ni men and thin;-. Tl be-t evidence of the groat - . -be i.a achieved as a ictter-wi .tor itnl ur.-.li-t .the desire to read licr pv in t ons, and a. long as she keeps within tl ,: !< of ' ; cious Journalism ive shall cr i.t.r.i, -1 - ..'. edge, by publication, h.-r cr.'r t ~.1. . use the pen forcibly an.1 v. i olorril Palriitprs. Wo iters plea } ami ... 0. . ;d y interview, 0:1 Saturday last, with FrcJcr. .'. Ifarkett, Es'T, of ilicl.itfn i, Yt.'g'a'.t, v.! visits Washington to secure a patent 1 n . valuable improvcni. nt 11 til ir: : ? rjc:. taing. Mr. Hackstt was % tiave until tb rebellion > f I id. As the distance between us and slavery grows so docs the inventive genius ,.f negro begin to dove ' .; it-' If. The bit.' frosts and chilling -nov. > of-'ivory had vv nigh destroyed it Free .m. it 1 -spring 1 ' . came none too soon. Tin* Salil'iern Qiitsllmi We print in another column .n article fro:, the Washington lit]'r'i, .1., the Souther:, question which places wb it cv r id.m.o the;, is for the sad condition . !, uth ' ' day just whore it proper . *t it L!i<; don; of the boasted super.. >r ran . What .ei u; tagonhtn tliero Is between 11. ra . . at ti South was caused !>y the inhumanity a:, i brutality of the whites towards the blacks. At no time have the black i been the repressors iti the South, unless tho desire to ho free is nyerrssion. We take the following from the ' c "mn'.t Post Office Bulletin : Coi.OXEI. Robekt li vI.I v th: m*iji;.;;nan, a colored man, has heeu npp.. utccl a Special Accnt for the l'i.*t Office Dep.u tmer.', with headquarters ut ( Inciunati. lie has been in office three month- and > ur opiiii' > is that In one ycajs' tine !.. will make tii best Special Agent in th rv N' t l.kthe generality of that > I . .it-1 whsl individuals, ho is quietly ili.iujr I,; .! it\ and sr. I'ullv examining the workin - a tl. tit serviee. The trouble with th - majority o Special Agent i ,'th th<\\ ?.. i lumen that politics h. < th; ..11 to :i. -ur . , and, as politician-, tie . rr. .mahb' f app; elate the want's and requiri m. r.t . of the [ j-. lie. Sonio of thrm are * bubb' ' wh h v. : intend to prick. ft-a. Hannibal, Missouri, Ouhesi 1 New Voik city, and WaaUsgtOO at plaining because th. a - bo d ; ..., not paid. I'rrtiKllcitls Tin -Mat nmiiber // / \ q i.m closes th<- f<i|tj--:Ub s id. . A g.'an . the index of this . iia -,\ :i athly nua. hers show ? that t ii' ir- : lr hundred cugrtivir.; ai! i > i'd; matter. In the . a.ino .rii. ' in i . . i,ii: l.ymau Aide it gives a ? . !,.. italnhig s. ription of the variou- ' :it,s f "Life nude tho Ocean Wave," botli vegetable and mil real, with thirty tecum! - an 1 heu'.tifn! cagraving-. This arlii 'e fitly .'.lioWj an 1 supplements Mr. Nordho;:. n ' on t! " ' ; -eau n the April number. Mr. Wirt hikes < attributesa ? .\ It h . antoine Wlertz, tho eccentric n;ti-to ' Lir .* bis paper be log illustrated by en. vicg. rorn this painter's m t r ture.s. In mi e*ha stive j r.p . Vicuna, .?i'. Momma If. < onwav g . ., .a .-.Is V?t ity'.c, he notable fealn."' f tl. : c. thing Exp.al.. jn, and of \ uiiiU'.et. rils, art ?s',. eiies, n.usNai ente.'_. ; u. ' ; i:, rk A > , . : - I,;.;.-:. .. in the yacht' ltun.hler, ais'.r.y ti.2 Azores at. l Cauary Iiimds, .th cLarcctct tic lllustrati-ins. *1!! t ry ntir:.-'..ve ;<? many reader'. Tht.i nfc a < I uiely an 1 ...iuabic coLlt.motions from L. II. ilou "The Present tnd Future of aiil !. tn Eugene Lawrence, ?n "fJe ie. i and .* Bishops." Mr. Lawrence t' ' '? an eloquent nv'.c w o. .he conflict between '.lie Cciic'.r.ns aal their ait bishoji,of wliom Merrn'.'. . :f' : . :.t nterval?is the prop ?cl vi< > ,t. The unanimous rcpoilof the L . >.vu.i Library Committee 'the j. . t I . lernatlonal Copyright La-. > icjrintei a this number, tin.* pr ?erv!ii?- ri a a. sot fonn for reference, th" r 'mpg'ehtniive an I coticl.ivi.- . !' :.? subject that has ever I- !! | i.t- i It -hov 5 that the object of the i.i* of c ; . ght, as !t Lea n the Constitution, U n- t tin ; r lection of iuthora, hut the en ourayi ut icier in end which earn. be re ! ' y cul-acc 03 the price of b k?. Tl. average prht if aevetity-fivi- I ... -h ' .< ) g.vcn ii.CO, while the siveia, pr.-.c of A:n?r'.as epirial* of the saiuo ii only $2.40. The i - <ort conclude* "that no forui of internet lopyrtght can fairly he urged up-nit ? ipou reH?oim of general equity or ! nlionat law; that the ado; t. n au? ; - > or the purpose whicli has he. n iu. l before u wpuld he of very ! b: .I advauUge to k manr?an niiil.Aaa _? c. ... - l .. .'A lot only an uoijut-ii.'-uab^' and ixttnaaeal ojary to the hhIi - BttiMlt cca-. .erned In produc a/ bock*, tut a t'.adtrsa;! A th? d.tfm. D ;>U and to the e?u? of un rarial t-Jurai.ou , ilat bo jdan for the (.rueit'.oB of foreign ? ;hor? ha* y?t txevu dev.aed which . uu un!?? ,be support of all or nearly all wb? proteit a bo faTorabla to the genera' obV : a v?w;

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