Newspaper of New National Era, May 1, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated May 1, 1873 Page 1
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THE NEW NATIONAL ERA A NIV CITIZEN,, mumt KVKRY THURSDAY MORNIN9 At Wuklt|?M Clt|r, B. c. I TH stw NATIONAL MA AND CITIZEN COHFAXT. I F. WIS ST"DOUGLASS, ) RICHARD T. GREENER. > Editor*. JOHN H. COOK, ') Piic ? or S; girtf'.* copied, $2.i0 p?r ye*r; ^ fit* oj.iM fyr f!A, payable in adtaace. A nm? FRROKRICK DOI'OLAII, Jr., *<*retafy, Tofk R. ? 31,*a*h??non ! C. j COMMUNIOA TIOS S. u lc : t Xtw Nitini KhJ^i toot ho!4 itaelf r?*f >u??bU ( .r ?t ?r? I by corr*?pon.!.%t>t? W*ll written and ut?r?t( r.f rommnrik-ftlt .M will l?# gladly l>< i a (ilnma and Howard. a Washington, April 2.1, 1873. J?> 7b Ikt Editor! of the Xev Xational Era: w The recent address of Mr. Charles Francis la Adams on .Secretary Sewanl, to which you w have alluded in an editorial, while scholarly and able, as all production* from the in Adamses are, yet failed to do justice to Mr. on Lincoln, and vastly overestimated the in- br ilucnif of Mr. Seward over the lamented th I "resident. W: With all of Mr. Lincoln's lduntness and 0,1 lack of the pedish acquired from the schools, in he had, nevertheless, a native }>on hommie?a jot shrewd and accurate perception in his esti- no mate of i haraeter. lie was quick t" detect the value of a man whether he was educated ' 1" or not, and with that original frankness of 1" disposition I >r which he was noted he drew K> them to him, extracted the gold of their lit opinions, and used it for good ends. It is or quite natural that Mr. Adams in his eulogy nc of his friend (to whom, by the way, more than to any other man, he owed his mission I > l.ngland sl.oulil not notice in the lirtlo co which friendship throws afrout a great name, 'r: tlie men of erpial weight in moulding pubiie 'o' i.lfnirs in those dark days of the rebellion. se Mr. Seward was always hasty in judgment, ce and needed the cooler head and subtle brain Wf behind to cheek or stimulate now and then. l,ri 't his lie found in bis earlier and later years '"P in Thurlow Weed?the real brain of New ^al Vork State. He found it afterward in the ( checkings, more frequent than are as yet an known, of his former rival for the Presidency. ,n< Mr. Adams was out of the country for four trl years; be eomiuunicatcd solely with the ^u' slate Department, ami, of course, took it for as ranted that every dispatch he received was the emanation of Mr. Seward's braiu. Such i- not the fact. The original drafts of dis- "" patches, as tliey may be seen on file in the an Department of State, with interlineations, "^a erasures, paragraphs toned down, objectionable words stricken out and "back bone" C0! often put in, are in the unmistakable chi- W? r.lgraphy of Abraham l.incoln, and indicate sl* most plainly that, instead of Mr. Seward u leading the President, the rail-splitter of Illinois led him. None of this is said with a view to belittling the fame, even were it possilde, of one who led so active and useful a rru life. His early career, anti-slavery services, bo and magnanimity (we should rather say pa- co irmusm) in accepting a place under his rival I gave evidence of n superior mind and a true )o ticart. I Jc 11 is last spcecli in the Senate was regarded j as another 7th of March effort, and many j w< thought it would consign Mr. Seward to the same oblivion to which the latter speech sent Mr. \V chster. Those whose good fortunc it was to he behind the scenes from sc 1-C1 to 1 sd:.t and know the various pulleys, ^ drops, and falls ; the lights and other acres- jj sories uscil to make the tragedy of Rebellion go on properly, until it ended in the last fatal ; no -cene?the bullet of the conspirator striking "' down the nwster-actor, and the curtain falling with sombre forebodings?knew well loi that many whose names are scarcely heard an did much of the more important work to w hich we owe the preservation of liberty in America. Steve;.s,Cameron, Sumner, Wade, ua and Andrew, if ever their note-books, be letters, and diaries are published, will tell the real history of the rebellion as it has never been written. gl, It is neither too eulogistic nor impolitic at this lime to say that probably no man oftencr W? than to Charles bumnor, did Abraham a;. an coin go for advice. Certainly uo statesman jia of the time held up before the President a bu loftier ideal of the new America he was su Crining. Not only consulted privately and publicly, Mr. Sumner's opinion was sought t|, for on account of his long and honorable posi- " tion on the Committee on Foreign Atl'airs, on | tu the mostTntricatc questions of international law and the subtlest niccities oflnternationnl an polity. On the very Sunday precceding his a??assi|iation Mr. Lincoln sent for Mr. Sum- sh nor to confer with him at the front. As a matter of notoriety in diplomatic cir- ; j i !es lu re, if not in the newspapers, Mr. I.iu- 1 |,e < olu alw ays spoke in the highest terms of the j aid and encouragement he received from Mr. su ^mnner. We have in mind a Representative from New York, to whom when the question |,j, of Mr. Seward's influence over him was fai mooted to the President, said: "Senator Simmer's opinion lia? more weight with me \ yo to-day than the Secretary's." j qu Mr. Adam* could not bo expected in the j ni limits of an oration to do justice to all of Mr. | in Seward's eotcmporarics any more than we ' ran do him entire justice in a column. His duty was to eulogize Mr. Seward, and he Wl litis ]>erfonucd that duty well. He co.uld, J? however, in a paragraph have thrown a gar- jj, iand on that grand head which looms up jot through all the rebellion?the great face of our ei\il w ar?w ithout taking a leaf from the P? bays crowning the head of the great Secretary. This is what he did not do, and in qu (onsequencc is censurable. As it is not tin possible fur many while men to [ait themse lves in the position of the negro and l'ecl *Q bis wrongs as wronged with him, soil is, to perhaps, too much to ask that the sc holarly sa Adams?the descendant of a line of scholars tH and statesmen, himself the progenitor of ^ sons worthy of the ancestral fame?should ajj >empathize with the illiterate rail-splitter of j ac Illinois, spruug from the "poor while trash" "f Kentucky, educated iu the log cabin and j 'l^ u the hustings of his adopted State, the j ce Uudolph of llapsburg of his family, the kii < romwcll of our histbry. ; lu like manner the habits and tastes and j a' pursuits of Mr. Adams hare tended to make j pr loin conservative and disposed to accept lib- Ai ral issues after they have becu made, rather than to take the initiative in them. We are not unmindful, even while penning this, of c0 his services in the Free Soil party; but we 0n assert that, of late lie has seemed to fear fur se the success of the policy of freedom com- in no need by Mr. l.iucoin and unfortunately all not yet i<ul beyond jeopardy. If in ancient th <luy? it was a sign of disgrace to despair of wi the lie-public, it should be, at least, a re- te pioaeh to-day to despair of freedom?to quen* ca lion whether or not justice will prevail. loc Qrivn. hi NK\ VOL. IV ? NO. 17.} 'loaln* Kernel or Ihr MUalaalppI I^glilalnrri Yicksbiko, Miss., April 24, 1873. 'o the Eld ore of tie .Yew Xaliottal Era : In the midst of the business of the spring inn of our court, 1 managed to gel a "fun nigh" for a couple of da>s to attend to the o?.ing scenes of our legislature. 1 liad ten an almost weekly visitor at Jackson foi ic tint four or live weeks of the session, got fair peep at a good many members, and ive you the result thereof. A good time ouhl always be ahead for me ?>n my visits, it the closing scenes of the legislature pro pn i rival lift in ?!??* ?%# ? ??? Leaving Vicksburg at 8 P. M., wc arrived Jackson about 11J 1'. M., and, on casting ir eyes towards the Capitol, wc saw it illiantly illuminated, which told us that ere was a night session. Wo hastened totrd thp building and found both branches gaged in active legislation. They remained session until one o'clock, when an adornment was taken until half-past nine the xt morning. After the adjournment, all parties?mem rs and their friends?were Invited to a >tel to partake of a champagne supper, ven by the Vicksburg and Ship Island rilroad Company. Speeches were soon in der, and the effects of the champagne were >t far behind. On Saturday morning the members drifted ward the Capitol with a rather melancholy untennncc, and but little business was uisacted. We got the wind of a grand ken to come off at the closing lionr of Jhe ssion, and we knew that all parties conmed would do houor to the oceasion. It is proposed by one or two members that a esent be made to JIou. John 11. Lynch, eaker of the House, as this would be his rewell to the Legislature, he having been :ctod to Congress from this State. A watch d chain was decided upon, and every unber?Republicans and Democrats?conbutcd towards it. The watch is a boauti1 stem-winder, aud engraved upon the hack follows: "Presented to Hon. J. It. Lytlch, eaker of the House of Representatives of b Slate of Mississippi, by the members jrcof." Aud the chain is thick, handsome, d full one yard long. Our friend, Hon. mes II. Riles, of Panola county, was seated to present the watch, and no one aid have done it in handsomer style. lie is peculiarly happy in his delivery, and his cech was couched in most elegant lanage. For fear I may do the speech iniuse, I send it to yon verbatim : Mtt. Speaker : The members of the House over whom you vc presided so long and so well, with so ich impartiality, and so much of the denair, irrespective of .party, have generously ntributcd and complimcntarily confided the reeable task upon me of presenting to you e gold watch and chain which T now send your desk by the son of one of M ississippi's ceased Speakers. Believe me, sir, it is not for its intrinsic nth, nor for its intrinsic show, but rather a memento of our high admiration and recct for you as a gentleman, citizen, and leaker. Indeed if it were possible to weld into one ntiment, and to emit by one impulse of the ice the sentiments of all, at this good hour, 5 thinks it would be, "God bless Ilon..J. Lynch, lie is an honest and fair man." In parting from you we feel confident that, i matter where you may be driven by the dm of your destiny, we shall always fiud in u one in whom change of place will create change of principle ; that throughout the ig future, as in the past, you will throw aund our interests and misfortunes the lendors of an impassioned wisdom, together th the virtues of a good citizen. Best assured, too, that in all your pcregrilions you will bear with you from us all our st wishes and liveliest hopes. That which men most desire after the hievement of fortune, and even opulence, isters around and about you?a good record, >ry, fame, and history. In lino, trusting, hoping, believing that the itch may incite you to be as watchful of? e, with the eyes of an Argus?the interests d the prosperity of Mississippi, and the ppincss of all her people, iu the grand Uiual of America, as you have been as preling officer of this representative tribunal your own dear commonwealth ; and that e chain may bind you, not unlike Promeeus, to the reck?save that 110 dragon like Credit Mobilier" may prey upon your vires "amid diviner air." And, above all, at in your new and wider field of labor, at the recollections and the high hopes of honorable constituency may induce you to do and to dare." Atlautean-likc to oulder the misfortunes and responsibilities Mississippi, even that of your entire coun' sa flint if ninv hp cniil nP vnn tlint nmnr trine burn9 as vividly upon the altar of your art as the amor domi of a laughing gill. Doubtless we shall not all meet again this le of the All Ilail Hereafter. We will miss u, Mr. Speaker. He it my privilege now, behalf of the House of Representatives, to 1 you a long, lingering, and affectionate ewcll. After the delivery of Mr. Pile's speech our ung friend Hon. R. W. Houston, of Issaena county, obtained the floor and made nost touching and eloquent speech, couched the following language: Mk. Speaker : I see, sir, from the clock, that the hour II soon arrive when you will he called upon perform the last remaining act of your otlid dutv as Speaker, in "announcing the jusc of Representatives of this Stale adirncd sine die. We have been here for weeks actively euged in Legislative labors. A portion of at time we have marked our history with irni disputations on great questions. Many lestions of parliamentary laws were raised d presented for your settlement. Your tics were thus made difficult and onerous, nd now, sir, at the end of all the spirited lelleciual contests, at the hour when we are shake hand* with each other, and say the d words good-bye, perhaps for tire last lie this side of the dark waters, 1 say to iu, sir, that you have given us no cause to iirtnur on account of urbanity or impartiity. And I ask, Mr. Speaker, that that vou cept my profouudesl gratitude for the iiiglied courtesy and distinguished manliness id maikod ability which have characterized iur entire conduct as the chief honored offir of this body. Your native honesty, and uiinnaa nf hoert and imifAPm nolitano.^ ive made a deep impression, 1 may say on I tin- members of Ibis House. I shall carry with nic through all time a oud recollection of my connection with this -sembl v, and with you, sir, as our speaker. During the delivery of the above speeches r. Lynch bore a calm, dignified, and manly untenance peculiarly his own. He stood the Speaker's platform?not occupying his at, as that was taken by Mr. Webster durg the exercises?the perfect embodiment of I that was honest; all that was fair; all at was manly; and all that was pare. He is the model of the whole Legislature. Afr the delivery of Mr. ITouston'a speec h, Le st his sol*, blaek eyes over the whole body, iking upon every man Within the hall as t friend, and delivered in a deep bass, but V NA WASH I] : i paiatiu: voic e, the following cxtemimrancous speech: Gentlemen ? M*mbert of the llvute of It eyre tentative* : The hour has at last arrived when we must I bring our labor* to a dose. I presume it is . not necessary for ine to assure you that I am , glad that the result has been brought about, , yet my joy is mingled with sorrow. Glad, in that a heavy burden has been lifted from the shoulders of the people, and sorry that our pleasant and agreeable asao| ciatiou must conte to an end. This is more than an ordinary separation, in that it is not like a temporary separation? ' wherein we exjieet to meet soon again?for there aro many of us who will never meet ; again. To some of you, perhaps, this is, | therefore, an eternal farewell. I You have all been uniformly courteous and ' obliging to me. 1 could not "have expected j more of you. In my efforts to discharge faithfully and impartiallv the duties assigned to me, I may have erred in some of my rul-, | ings, but probably there are few who could have "done otherwise. Whether or not I | have succeeded in my efforts I leave to you. i . That I have not wilfully or intentionally | violated or disregarded any established par liamentary law or usage, is fully attested bv [ | the very complimentary resolutions of confi- j dencc and respect which you all have just i ! adopted. I For your manifestations of confidence ami ! respect, accept my earnest and sincere 1 I thanks. In regard to your token of admira- ; Ttion, language is inadequate to expre?s my j thanks. I shall ever preserve it in grateful I i remembrance of the generous hearts of those | who contributed to it. To you, gentlemen, i t my grateful acknowledgments and continued ] I appreciation are ever due. \ We may possibly have done some things j i which we ought not to have done, and left i \ uudonc some things which we should have j ' done; but as a whole, I feel confident that j j we nave none more good tlian evil. It is ' , my earnest wish that when you all return to 1 your respective constituents you may be the recipients of that response of welcome, "Well done, good and faithful servants." Itest assured, gentlemen, that wherever yon may be, or whatever may be your calling, you carry with you the "best wishes of your late presiding officer. Again, thanking you, gentlemen, I bid you an affectionate farewell. Previous to the above exercises, Mr. Kinsbrougli, a prominent Democratic member, offered highly complimentary resolutions to Speaker Lynch, for his impartial and dignified manner in which he has presided over that body. And after the adjournment the Democratic members presented Mr. Lynch with a beautifully collected group of their riynrtte. The Democratic portion of the Legislature joined heartily in these tokens of respectnot because Mr. Lynch coincides with them in any of their political measures, as he is strictly a party man?but there is a way of treating one's political opponents so as to command their respect anil admiration. Mr. Lynch has this peculiar adaptability, and is held in high esteem by his political opponents. I doubt that Schuyler Colfax ever descended the Speaker's stand in the House of Ileprcsentatives at Washington, taking with him such a high degree of respect and admiration as Mr. Lynch takes with him in leaving the Legislature. ITc goes from the Legislature of our own dear commonwealth to take a seat in the higher legislative body at Washington, still to labor for us with the same degree of honesty and ability which have characterized his labors in the Legislature. One might wonder at the exceedinglyrapid and brilliant success of this young man who has had no advantages in life other than those brought about by his own native perseverance. The auswer can be summed up in one word ?he is honest! j During the seven mouths he was acting as Justice of the Peace he turned over to the | State Treasurer the sum of $4f>0, collected I from fines, &c. When he went to settle j with the Treasurer lie was surprised at the i large amouut to be turned over for such a I short period, and he remarked that very few justices turn over that amount as collected from fines for seven years, instead of seven months! Just before the adjournment a committee was sent to the Governor informing him that the Legislature was ready to adjourn, and inviting him up. lie came and delivered one of his characteristic and manly speeches, reI viewing the course of the body, and giving some wholesome advice. No one doubts but that Governor Powers is an honest and conscientious officer, and appreciating highly the same qualities in others. After the delivery of his speech we were invited, in common with the members, to his mansion to partake of a farewell repast. We found there a large concourse of citizens, and after partaking of the good things which ladened the Governor's table, Capt. Harper, of this city, took possession of the piano, all parties gathered around it and joined in the beautiful chorus of "Home, Sweet Home." And so ended one of the happiest sessions of our Legislature. C i vis. ! Washington-, D. C., April 24, In 3. To the Editors of the New National Era : 1 Is there not virtue enough, moral sentiment sulliciently strong in the community to compel individuals tilling public places of responsibility and character, not to engage in j I forking up as has lately been done for no good j I purpose, disgraceful, yes, immoral scandal, ' detrimental to society? Are editors, or any I other class of men to he permitted to use their | attainments in manufacturing vulgar and indecent allusions, hut so studiously guarded J and covered as not to be within the scope of ' the law, and yet so obviously personal and pointed in language as to make it easy in de! ciding who is the party aimed at ? j Are they to he permitted to outrage de- ; cency without fear of the rcpiobatiou of an , ' insulted community. I, for one, feel, Mr. j Editor, that if the article in the llepubliran had 1 referred to me or mine, the editor of the lie- , publican, or its supposed author, would liave | been obliged to retract or deny it. .J If the individual alluded to in the Kepubli' can be of such a character us is intimated, why docs-uot this anonymous libeller go be, fore the Board and have the person removed ? The fact that the Board has retained the , party for years and continues to retain, stamps j the foul scandal as false. It shorn that the . j report is not believed; but is raked up from the scum of defamation to satisfy an unholy craving. Does it not argue that such vilifi- , ers are not true friends of the colored people ? Out of justice to ourselves, Mr. Editor, we, the {M>opie of the District, ought to take some action in the matter. My business takes me among all classes of people in this District ( : and 1 have yet to hear anything except con domnation of auch a contemptible attack. As a man of family, with daughters blooming into womanhood, I feel this as an outrage i upon all of us. Not being an anonymous . scribbler, vour mav famish my name if nec1 eseary. MORALITY. TIOIS *QTO>\ D. C.. THTR.SDAT, MAY STATES AND TERRITORIES. ? t LoalaiBM. ? n Olitlal Rcptri *(>kt KIM. Washington, April 21.?The new Or- n leans Rtpnbliean of Friday, received this evening, contains the official report of Cols, j j* Win. Wright and T. W. De Klyne, of Gen. I I.ongstreet's staff, who had been sent to G Grant Parish, Louisiana, to investigate - the !'E troubles there. They say : , j? We reached Pineville, opposite Alexandria, b at about th30 a. in. on Monday, the 14th in- oi slant, where we were informed that a severe sc action had taken place at Colfax the day be-' g< fore, (Sunday;) that from 150 to to 200 col- i te ored men hail been killed; that two white ca men, named Iladnot and Harris, were fa wounded, the former mortally, and that Colfax, or pait of it, had been burned. j th Upon crossing the river to Alexandria, we 1 became cognizant of the existence of a vio- w lent, though suppressed, popular excitement. ' st Numbers of roeu from the Parish of Rapides had participated in the struggle and were now returning to Alexandria. Parish officials ex- < hi pressed themselves as apprehensive of an outbreak in Alexandria, directed against II the colored men and the officials holding i office under the administration of Governor j ui Kellogg. We were urged to procure the i as presence of troops as speedily as possible. Attempts had been made to induce Mr. De pi Lacy, the Sheriff of Lapides, to go to Grant I Parish, and, failing, the person claiming to w have been elected Sheriff on the Fusion ticket accompanied the party that went from ' co Alexandria. Wc left Alexandria at nhont m 11:30 a. ni. Ouring our stay there mounted ot meu wore constantly crossing the river, com- j X ing from the direction of Colfax, and, just as h< we left, a party of 20, mounted and armed, 1 tu apparently, with shot-guns, crossed the river ' at in a body. ! X Having secured an ambuiauce, we crossed * the river into Grant Parish early on the j w morning of Tuesday, the loth instant, and j cc started for Colfax, "distant about 15 miles, P< We found the parish in a most deplorable | state. The crops are being neglected, many J X of the residents, both white and colored, have ; left their homes, and a genera! sense of inse- ' Us curity prevails, which we are satisfied can to only be removed by the presence of troops, j th About one-third of a mile below tho court j co house, we came upon a party of colored men j th and women carrying away a wounded colored i man upon a sled. At a little distance in the ai field were the dead bodies of two colored men. About 200 yards nearer the court | house were three dead bodies of colored j in men, and from that point to the court bouse j he and its vicinity the ground was thickly strewn 1 jn with dead. We were unable to liud the body J n< of a single white man, or ascertain the loss lIt of the whites. Colored women assert that <]e two wagon loads of whites, dead and T wounded, were earned away, but it is per- d( sislently denied by any of the whites claim- llr ing to have knowledge of tho actual loss, th they asserting that hut one man on their side I) was killed, and lladnut and Harris were \ woanded. We may state here that Iladnot m has since died in Alexandria. We send herewith a plan of the court house and its defenses. A space of about 200 yards square fr> was inclosed in a slight earthwork, with a sa ditch inside. This ditch was from 10 to 18 inches in depth, and the breastwork in front -p of it from 20 to 30 inches in height, and was protected in front by 2l-ineh planking. ]e On tho lower side of the court house the a greater portion of the breastwork was com- j1( posed of planking alone, laid in zig-rags, and j? without ditches. r; l'rom what information we could get, we w believe that the light commenced on Sunday, ci the 13th inst., between 10 and 11 a. in., and tl: continued until nearly dark. Of the numbers ai engaged on either side it is impossible for us fo to form any definite idea, though we arc sat- fo isfied that the parties holding the court house tl: were less in number than their assailants. It si; is asserted by the colored people that the as- ic sailauts consisted of parties from the parishes hi of Winn, llapides, Natichtoelies, Catahoula, and Caddo, in addition to those from Grant; // but they were either unable or unwilling, to give us the names of any parties participating cf ill the attack. This information, however, p, will doubtless be obtained hereafter. All p statements that we have heard agree sub- p. stantially in the main particulars. It is agreed that the attacking party was com- p manded by C. C. Xash, and the assailed by a aI man named I.eo Allen; that a surrender C? was d< okinded and refused ; that the besieged ca were given 30 minutes to remove their women p, and, children, and that at the expiration of yj that time the fight was commenced by the j? assailing party. Appended hereto, and aj marked A, is the statement of a meeting be- ta tween Columbus C. Xasli and Col. De Klync. st The attacking party had in their possession a c small cannon, taken from the steamboat s;i James T. Moore, from which they fired bolts, p] a sample of which we deposit in your ollice. s( The besieged had rigged up a couple of guns a(

by fastening lengths of gas-pipe on rafter f0 timbers, blocking up one end with a pine plug, 0| and drilling a toucli-hole. One of these was y, bursted while trying it, some days before the j, figHt, and the other has not the appearance c? Ol UCIUg USeU. n, Some time during the afternoon the he- w sieged were drawn from the light and from y< their breastworks into the court-house. One I end of this building was without windows, tl nor had the besieged prepared loopholes. A ei colored man named isaiah Atkins informed w us that Mr. Xash had forced a colored man w called Pink to come to this end of the building and hold a pine torch to the edge of the roof until it caught lire. It is our opinion .,] that few of the colored men had been killed up to this time, but that when forced by the Ore to leave the court-house they were shot down without mercy. The position and con- It ditiou of many of the bodies go far to prove e< this. Under the warehouse, between the court-house and the river, were the dead bodies of six colored men, who had evidently rl gone under for concealment, and were there o! shot like dogs. Many were shot in the back of the head and neck. One man still lay with hi-hands clasped in supplication; the le face of another was completely flattened by z< blow- liom a broken stock of a double-bar- tl ri led can, lying on the ground near him ; X aotli-r had been cut acro'S the stomach with re ., aniic, after being shot, and almost all had T nun three to a dozen wounds. Many of b' ihem had their brains literally blown out. It ' is a's. rted by tbe colored people that after ! pi the fight 114 prisoners who were taken before j tc the burning of the court house, were taken : j? to the river bank, two by two, executed, and . ci hurled into the river. We caused to be buried | a in tbe ditch, near the ruins of the court house, in the remains of 54 colored men, three of whom ' u] were so badly burned as to be unrecognizable, i o< There were inside the court house the cliarred l bones of one other, and five bodies we "gave j gj to their friends for interment elsewhere. We j ?| saw, also, 12 wounded colored men, two of' tl w hom will certainly die, and others of whom j are very uuniteiy 10 recover, we are in- <j formed that since the light parties of armed tl men have been scouring trie country, sur- ol rounding Colfax, taking the mules and other c< property of the colored people. b Since writing the above report we have i oi seen on hoard the steamboat the colored ' ol man, Leo Allen, who commanded the parties holding the court-house. He assure* us that j di not n single colored man was killed or j r? wounded until after their surrender, and that . ei ihen they were shot down without mercy, j vi We will obtain his sworn statement hereaf-. a: ter. On our return to Alexandria yesterday j tl we were again Implored by citizens to have I H troops sent there at once a? the only means j t? I of averting a disturbance. j 31 \ ery respectfully, b T. W. DE Klvse, ? Col., Assistant Adjutant General. n William WRIOBT, h Col., Assistant Inspector General. u AL 1 1, 1873 Col. De Klrne make* the following report i an interview wnn 1 .1. >a?h, who is said ~t have commanded the attacking part*: Shortly after our arrival at Colfax, on the lorning of the loth, a message was brought > me that Mr. C. C. Xash desired to see le, :ind that he would meet me out beyond !ie town. I accordingly went out to see im, and met him in the open fieM, about alf a mile above Colfax. Several gentle? len belonging to the parishes of Rapides and rant were present at the time. On raeetig Mr. Xash, I informed him of the purpose ir which Col. Wright and myself had come lere. I then told him that 1 had been told v a colored man, named John Miles, that, i tho morning of Sunday, he yXashl had :nt in a flag of trace, and that Milea had >ne out to meet it; that Xash said: "Ho 11 Leo Allen to come out here ; that Allen Line in company with Miles, and that the Hewing conversation took place: Xash?What do you depend upon doing in lere ? Allen?We are doing nothing more than e were before, standing still as we've been anding. Xash?We want that court-house. Allen?We sent an answer to Mr. Iladnot ; Calhoun ; didn't you receive it? Xash?I want you to understand that Mr. adnot does not command this company. Allen?We're going to stand where we are itil we get United States troops, or some sistanec. Xash?Then go in there and say to your :ople that I advise them to get out of there; give you thirty minutes to remove your omen and children. I asked Mr. Xasli if this statement was rroct, and he replied that he did not reember the reference to Mr. Hadnot, but herwise it was correct. Upon asking Mr. ash if he proposed prosecuting any further wtiiities, he responded in efl'ect that he did >t, and would use his influence to prevent )} violence by his followers. I asked Mr. ash if he was acting as sheriff by virtue of commission from Governor Kellogg, to hich he responded that he not received his immission. but had seen a notice of his aplintment to the position in the Xew Orleans 'publican. Uuring our conversation, Mr. ash stated that after the colored men got to the court-house they displayed a white ig; that Messrs. Hadnot and Harris went see what was wanted, and on approaching u uuuillug HL'n) SIlOl. J. HIS IS UelllCll l}T lorcd men. Mr. Hadnot was shot through e stomach, from aide to side, and Mr. Hari in the back, under both shoulders, tt Immense Meeting sf Colored Citizens? rite Massacre In Grant Parish Denounced. .New Orleans, April 22.?There was an intense meeting of colored citizens held ire to-night to take action on the massacre (; rant Parish. The massacre was demnced as a causeless murder of men acting ider the law and summoned as a posse to ifend officials, all of whom were white, lie State administration was warmly inn-scd, and the President and Congress geil to sustain Governor Kellogg and save c colored men from the wrath of the emocracy. Ex-Governor Pinchback and ntoine made speeches declaring that the assaere had united the Republicans. New York, April 25.?A special dispatch am New Orleans to the Times yesterday ,ys : Governor Kellogg sent the State militia to angiapahoa parish, installed the officers of at parish, scattered a mob who had colcted, and restored order. He has purchased steamboat, armed it with a twelve-pound iwitzer and organized a battalion of cavalry, tended, in case of necessity, to run up the vers and bayous which, at this stage of ater, will enable them to penetrate almost rery parish of the State. He has directed ie Attorney General to prosecute McEnery id others under the usurpation act, and also r treason. lie has offered a large reward r evidence that will lead to a conviction of lose who were engaged in the recent niasicre at Grant parish. The following is his tter to Attorney General Field, directing m to prosecute McEnery for treason : New Orleans, April 23, 1873. on. A. P. field, Attorney General: Sir: Many citizens of the State having implaincd to me of your failure to prosecute ie persons who, on the 5th day of March, 173, organized an armed resistance to, and irticipatedin an attack upon tho constituted id legal authorities of the State, whereby ie lives of several citizens were sacrificed, id as I am advised that the persons who immitted that outrage were guilty of the ipital crime of treason, and having informann in my possession which implicates John IcEnery in the crime aforesaid, and belie vg the State can establish that he nnd his ders aud abettors have continued to niain in their treasonable organization and are ill projecting and levying a war against the ommouwealth, and that the recent masicre in the parish of Grant, if not directly auned and ordered by this man and his asiciates, was the result of their treasonable its ugainst the State government, I therere direct you to lay before the grand jury ' this parish such proof as may be furnished iu looking to the indictment of the said ilin McEnery, and any other person impli,to,i Lv,ti. t.i.? <v?. I--., ?oi > ell'ort in this prosecution. If you meet ith any illegal or unwarranted opposition >u will report the same to me immediately, inclose herewith certain papers signed by le said John McEnerv assuming to be Gov nor of this State. Other proofs and papers ill be furnished you, together with names of itnesses. Very respectfully, Wm. II. Kellooo. The city is quiet and orderly, and tlia peole aro paying taxes fast. The Recent Manaacre. The following letter in the Xew Orleans epullican is from the pen of a highlydeemed citizen of Grant parish. lie writes i a calm, unimpassioned manner, which cares with it a sense of conviction of the truth f what he states : Grant Parish, April 17, 1*73. Editor Republican : The causes which d to the unparalleled butchery of the citi:-us of the parish of Grant by the citizens of le surrounding parishes of Rapides, Winn, atchitoches, Sabine, Catahoula, and the mote parish of Caddo, and a few citizens of eusas, seems not to be fully comprehended V either the press or the public. Interested, as I am, in the agricultural ursuits of the parish of Grant, and unwilling > permit the perversion of truth for the purj?e of justifying the greatest outrages ever unrnitted upon any civilized community by people claiming to be civilized, I deem it, i justice to the murdered dead, imperative pon me to give you a true statement of the .currence. Retrospection back to the year lsbo will both the immediate and remote causes r this most fatal blow to law anJ order and le future labor interest of Louisiana. Mr. D. W. Shaw, a citizen of the parish of rant, and lor over thirty year# a resident 01 ie pariah of Kapides, ?ae appointed to the fike of sheriff of the parish of Grant, and >nfirmed by the Senate, wm cororoiaeioned y Governor Kellogg and gave his bond of tflce, and had entered fully upon the duties r that office. James Iladnot, a fusion legislator, with a Dzen or more of hit frienas, armed with volvers, visited CoHhx some time in the iriy part of April for the purpose of intertewing Sheriff Shaw and the other officers, nd ascertain what they intended to do about ie claims of other parties to these offices, iadnot said to Sheriff Shaw?'"Are you de'rmined not to surrender your office to C. C. 'ssh?" In. reply, Sheriff Shaw sUted that e held bis office by virtue of a commission r Governor Kellogg, approved by tha Senate, nd if the Govern or wanted him to surrender is office to any one, the Governor must commoicate with hint in person; that he in 3RA. : ?a .60 * year inadrnnce. 1 B Copiw tV>r ?l<->. . tended to hold and discharge the duties of ] his office until such an interview was had be- j tween his Excellency and himself. f dim ITadnot, as he is familiarly called, re- t plied: "Hold yourself in readiness, Shaw. n Yon will find out in a few days that wo will , take not only your office, but that of tax col- v lector and parish judge." The parties here t separated, and two or three days thereafter n Sheriff Shaw and others were "permitted to ? read a circular letter written by Judge Hut- 1 0 land, calling upon the whites throughout the 0 surrounding parishes to rally to the assist- ? ance of Jim Hadnot in dislodging sheriff [, Shaw and all of the officers appointed by Gov- a eroor Kelh>gg. Upon this information Sheriff , Shaw and his deputy commenced summoning , the people, but before they could be fully j, collected about the court house Jim Hadnot, ? with bis command of some 200 men, made a upon Sheriff Shaw near the court house an ^ unsuccessful attack. Immediately after the ^ discomfiture of Hadnot, Sheriff Shaw dis- j ? patched a messenger to Governor Kellogg to j] send him assistance, which would have beeu (| given, and would have reached Colfax in time ~ j to have prevented the massacre had trans- j( portatien been furnished him, so 1 have been ? loiormea. Uadnot, alter his discomfiture j j, with Rutland, and others, excited themselves p to secure a large force from the surrounding j., parishes adequate to carry out his purposes,' sj while Sheriff Shaw was restricted by the lim- a its of his own jurisdiction to the parish ofj(.j Grant aid. This necessity involved a p i large colored force, aided by but a few Law- al abiding white citizens, as well as colored. ,j Uadnot, with his followers, returned on st Kaster Sunday, and renewed his assault upon n] Sheriff shaw in his off, o with over four bun- ri i ered armed men, mounted anil well eqt;it>|H'd .? in every particular, against about one nun- ' dred and fifty badly armed citizens of tbe par- i t| j ish of Grant, who manfully and successfully j ! resisted the assaulting mob, without the loss of a single man, from about 10 o'clock in the ,j morning until !> in the afternoon of that dav, 1 w i when they capitulated, because of the tiring ! (.j ! of the court house by the mob, who violated j ! the capitulation and put to death every man ; ^ ' within the walls of the court house, in order, ( | T presume, that no tongue might be left to 1 ' i unfold the horrors of the tragedy. Mr. I>. j I W. Shaw was the commissioned sheriff ami ' | in the discharge of the duties of the otliee. i j Is there, then, any palliation for this butchery T [ by Hadnot and bis followers? If there is, I i would be hut too glad to know it. i ciial- i lenge contradiction, founded in truth, of this : statement. 1'i.antkk. i I'1 Suiilli Carolina In A Xtw City In the Sstilb. The South has nlivnys dreamed of having | a great city of her own?a Southern metropo- | ( lis ; if not a New York, at least a Boston, i p, which has pride in other things beside bulk | ri ! a real provincial capital, with a provincial' p S nrisloi nu v.Btslie fancied she had it when the 1 national capital was moved from 1'liiladelphia ! to Washington. W ashington was tbe goo-1 tl | graphical heart of the country, and it was l( thought it might become the Paris or the e Berlin of the South, if not the London of the Continent. But there were two obstacles, | tl both of which proved insurmountable. In the flrst place tliero was slavery, and in the sec- j p ond Washington was ?00 miles from the sea. I ,, It lay far inland, up a circuitous river?a very I p noble river, but not a harbor inviting to the 0 shipping of all nations. j But now a century has gone by in an ex- j ceedingly short space of time?in fact, since tl| 1860. Slavery is passed, and tiie most etlec- .. tive motive that ever moved human effort has ? r? ill urn ucKio mum, l,uw,TOii t| strung. There is to be a cotton crop of 3,000,000 bales ;?two thousand million (| pounds of cotton a year, and increasing on that. There is to be also a new seaport, or a seaport rediscovered after being forgotten for a century, because, although it was known to the Government, nothing led to it from inland, and, consequently, it lay unused and almost unknown to ships. It seems now, '' therefore, as if the South might realize its old dream of commercial importance ami have a " city of its own, not equal to New York, but rl shortly challenging Boston. Citizens of the a great metropolis can afford to help her build ' a competing emporium, since they have quite outgrown any feelings of jealoasy, and may ' J. even rejoice at such wholesome competition : as she can set up. , There is one reason why the splendid bar- [ ,! bor of Port Koyal has attracted so little at- j . tention heretofore. It is situated half way between the long-established ports of j Charleston and Savannah, both of wlpch i ,* have railway connection inland, with old J steamer lines to New York; and it is only recently that the harbor has been perfectly j ' buoyed by the Coast Survey Board. Now, j a however, under the late i'rof. A. 1). It ache, | ^ it has been thoroughly furnished in this I respect; and it is officially announced that it ] * can be entered by "any vessel yet built, j without a pilot," the only direction necessary i being to sail in and out bv the colored sides , of the buoys, which every sailor under- ' stands. , ' The late completion of the railroad front . | Port Koyal to Augusta gives a through trunk 1 line of communication to Nashville, St. Louis, Memphis, and all the principal dis- j i tributing points of the South, at the same | j time connecting with the ports of Savannah ( / j and Charleston. And there is this remark- ' } able fact to bo observed, that the South- 1 ' | western trend of the Atlantic coast, below 1 the capes of Delaware, gives a much nearer j I line of transportation from St. Louis, the j 'great centre of the Mississippi Valley, to j | Port Koyal, than to the northern shipping i " i ports of New York and Boston. While j ti | freights may be lower over the northern , [ I roads for the home markets of the Lantern | j States, it must be much cheaper to take the j southern roads for all products intended for ! ' foreign markets, as the following table of '! | distances clearly shows : St. Louis to New York, I,I'd miles; to j ^ I Port Koyal, 040 miles : Louisville to New i York, 908 miles; to Port Koyal, 75.'! miles; Memphis to New York, 1,34.5 miles ; to Port . ' Koyat, 727 miles ; Cincinnati to New York, , i *01 iniles : to Port Koyal, *00 miles. ; Cincinnati is the point from which, going ' West, the distances favor the Southern i route. This little table may do a world of 1 I good for the brcad-and-nieat eaters of the v i North. It says to the great consolidatingand monopolizing railroad hut- which govern our table", "ItedU'C tour Ir1111* or you Io??trade." Here, certainly, are the priucifal rondi-1 ! tions, now first realized bv the >outh ior the i building up of a n.-ij city ou ilieir own de- lightful coast. It need" only enterprise and ! I perseverance to succeed ; and all should hail I the project as a very iiu[>ortant part of the I [ grand work of Southern reconstruction, m | which the South can hardly fnl to receive the j cordial coo|x ration of Northern capital and ' Northern skilled labor.?.V. 1'. 7Vibu?e. j \>%* Vork. ' J I We present tie low the c losing remark* 0| ; our friend Win. H. Johnson, the effective (j \ campaigner, in his report on the civil right* , t j bill, a* advocated in the New York l.egi*la-, j ; tare. It passed by a vote of do to 11 in the j j i Assembly, and 114 to 3 in the Senate. We j ? i are net so sanguine that with the passage of, 1 : this bill all " legislation for the colored man , ' I u uvkii wrill map Ko naltrv fiflv dollar* I * fine will deter wealthy negro-hater* froco in- t suiting respectable colored people when in i search of food, shelter, or recreation. Still f we feel thankful for the bill, as another inor- ' sel toward the loaf we are asking for: j Legislation for the colored man as such ' ( , ceased to-da*, and he, a* an element of strife,' I passes quietly out of polities forerer. This, I my countrymen, is a fit and proper sequence ! to the complete and triumphal success of the i I Republican party last autumn, under the ' I RATES OF AJifERTlSING. TSAS3IEST iDVESTlSISO KATES, >a?!nwrt?o? tl tab*pqc?at )M#rtk?s ' A Tb* ?p?r? t?* Hum Brvrin tyf? cocatitstaa an a4?rtialoc aqaar* :n th?# r*P*f Any ?; v? >? than t#o Iloaa i?r barf ad the rat* of a ft I qaar# AU -Krv^ )+m than a qaart*r of a ?< ! inn ir* -ap?t*d by tb? A ???rv *? >*?? -en-rt^d for a !?*atin? than fhr** BOBtli ra rfe*Pff?ri tran*t*et rat#? caderohip of Grant, I>ix, Kobinsnu, ( nuking, an.l Cornell; and whilst wo chcerully acknowledge our profound gratitude 1" hoae Democrats, who. iu their individual uajesty, rose above party and erted their integrity and indejendenre l>t oting in accordance with justice and the <i atcs of their consciences for civil right-, we evcrtheless feci called upon through a -itro t en?e of duty, and in oliodiouce to truthlul ui^suiMi, m j?nni ine nonorot thi- | a??ag f the civil right* hill to the groat UcpuHkuii artv, marshaled in thi? part. n!.ir in*tatsi o, y the Hon .tamo* W. Hasted. in the llou-o-, nil Judge W. H. HobcrUon, in the St nat?. Ill honor i* iluo, and I foci confident that ou will gratefully accord :t, to all tin IJcuhlicans in the House (except the one ho?re mentioned.> and all the Republican !*cn* tor*, who stood as one solid phalanx from rst to last in support of the |ia?sagc of the ill. Acknowledgement is also din- to the dicer*, reporters, and attache* of both louses for courtesies oxtomlod to mo le two months that this measure was being ushed through the Legislature. Lot us. now, -llow-cttizons, since wo are fully enunciated front the demoralizing influence of uut?t and invidious laws based upon i-olor and revlous condition of servitude,got" <rth new ly vlied in the habiliments of corn pic to citizenliip, to the faithful discharge of every duty nd obligation. Let. us, as beeoiu? s in. t and tizon?, firmly, yet discreetly. in cverv ca-o isist upon our rights under the constitution nd laws of our Mate. Lot us at the -aniline temper prudence and forbearance with recess; knowing our rights, wo iua\ justly inintain them. Still, lot us In- jealous of the glits and prerogatives of others, and wo - an ml will refrain from doing any a t which lav bring the blush of shame to the faces id' lose dear friends and noble legislator.* y\ ho-o nice* and votes have thus emancipated us ; either will we, by any imprudence, tarnish to good name thai we, a* a rnee, have alays maintained as good and law-adidiug tizens. Let us depend more up-m our good induct to regulate the treatment and fare vat we ore to rei-elvo #!?.... - ' * dilutes, or ordinances. All of which is most respectfully submitted. Wm. II. Johnson, i liairman. (Iiiipter ls? .In let ti Provlrts r?rth? Pmtirllnnarrllljfiu In tlirlr I 1*11 and Puhllt- mollis Passed April Vth, I s7 ; three-filth-; I , ,n., resent. The people of tlie State of New \ ork,rc| rented in Senate and Assembly, doen.n l ? follows: Ski TIon I. No citizen ol tins State shall, v reason of inee. eidor, or previous eoinli* ion of servitude, be excepted or cxelilricd 'urn the full and e<|ual enjoyment of any a. unniodation, advantage, facility, or pi i\ i go furnished by inn-keepers, by common irriers, whether on land in water; by li[ tiHeil owners, managers or lessees of thcares, or other place* of amusenient ; hv triis cs, commissioners, supcriuieiidi uts, i. achrs, and other ollicers of coiumoii s? hoof, and uhlic institutions of learning, and hv ccniejrv nsgoeiations. Skp. The violation of any put of the rst section of this net shall he deemed a lisdemeanor, and the party or parlies Molting the same shall, upon cony ictioii then f, he subject toil tine of not li-< than I ' \ ollars, or more than live hundred dollars Ski'. 3. Discrimination against any citi.vii II account of color, by the use ol the word white," or any oilier term in any l.i'.v, statte, ordinance, or regulation now existing in Ids State, is hereby repealed and annulled. Sw. 4. This net shall take ell'eet iinlneiately. Hau nan. That Caldwell Kerf|illun. We deem it our duty, in behalf of the pernio of Leavenworth, to say to the uewspaers that have copied the f.'ommrriW.i notice f ex-Hon. A Caldwell* return, that the arval of Hint gentlemen was not the signal for ny unusual gathering of citizens, tin the ontrary, the throng about the t'liiou ile|>ot as no larger than is usually congregated fere wheu the morning trains are due. Irowds of citizens did not call at Mr. Caldrcll's residence during the day, to express elief in hi* "innocence of anything wherein lie teuchiiigs of right had been violated;" ut on the contrary only a few intimate riends called. To represent that our <aliens turned out in large numbers, and eordilly received a man who had been chased out f the United States Senate for known to?i licity in a score of disgraceful bribery tranxctionx is neither decent nor Jn-t. The peoilo of Leavenworth are quite willing that Ir. Caldwell should sink unharmed into oheurity, hut are unwilling to he dragged into a endorsement of Ids guilty career. A pubic reception of Mr. ' aldwell would In revived almost as an o|>en and outspoken enorsement of |>oiitirul corruption, Leaven rortn noes not desire, ami m ilia r I n -la (.'nerve, a reputation of that sort. In * Mr. Caldwell purchased one tlion-arid opies of the ('omniT iil'i edition eonlainill!' he advertisement of his arrival to sprt ,vl ver the country as a sort of healing alvo irliis wounds, we think thi di-nial |? i Urn lit. Causas is no longer the '"Happy I tml" of orruptionists. l.-trmvmrth / ??< Massachusells. A mass meeting of colored iT/'-n- ?:i eld in the Twelfth Baptist ( In:; t., It m a protest against the mas- c r in I. ma t was enthusiastic but earm-st. < .* \\* tuflin, Esq., J. It. Andrews, la w.- ITavih ri, Isq., John J. Smith, ami otic r. m id' [leeches. J. It. Smith nod la w.- Harden i . i ietners of the Mnssachu-clls llm: . |;. entatives. Boston is about to introduce on, ! rts in her schooN tin-art of [ lain ewintr on buttons and -larch nt; tort an I ollars might he added w.thout detriim Til. rhen teach the bo\ to hla k 1 , 1 ' r.o lat'-i. Arizona. Gen. ( rook appears to t.a\ <mi it eace in Arizooa. H - < am;* ,m. .U... tpache* ha? not been all'vti.. : 'J\ amenta and garden eeeda ; t?ut ha- em ja r < vering ami ootiaiatent. 'I he rati n in who lave juat surrendered to li.Ki have been mono the moat veneiimu* ami tucaUji nown to the white*. It' they go i>u the rfterratiou* jirejmred for them, aj ng th neddliug of rum-selling white -ettliTs, ami lehave themselves, Arizona ?.11 be comparitivelT nale and ijuiet. >u. h a 1 o-iuoiu.n .n if a tirm policy will he a great n. r:U s tprv. Da.MM- Dbkw 'a (peculation w hen be gn e . f_ ,l_ ..ft I large nuiu o, >u , geological seminary appears to have stirred he business emulation of his stock-mam pulling rival, Commodore Yandcrbilt, who has atelv given half a milium dollars to cstabl.-h i Methodist university in 'I e. We lave no grudge against the fortunate State tnd fortunate sect which receives tb.s boost y. day the gift do great good :t> many other raya, and especially in educating youth o disrelish the brilliant gambi.og of Wall itreet, by which so many are dazzled and beguiled to ruin. A Memphis |.a|?t, sjieakun.; if the gift, aays it is the first donation bellowed on the -South by a citizen "f a Northirn State. Probably the edit or has forgolt- u ieorge I'eabody, or do the Southern people oust tapoo considering him an Koglistiraau? 1'iTTHRL'Ku managers refuse front seals -u the Iheatrts to ladies ?ho do up the r ha.: 4 a ssodr.

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