Newspaper of New National Era, May 8, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated May 8, 1873 Page 2
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NEW NATIONAL ERA|* AMI CITIZEN. All eo??**le*tlo*< IUf paMira!** hi tb* !C?* I*wi?l ' ?*t ??*t t ? !?<(? H DM?U*4. BhiIdni l*tt-r? froa laWrifcm aid dwMwri ?h<nM i ' t i<dr?w?.1 to rr*W<>l PoEtUw, Jr., lock Sox SI. n Mi ?n" * r?p- d?U? for ilk* *kt? HfrtiMil k; 1 jf C ,rr?po?J?nt* 4^S?Mrril-rc cktiflti tb*ir rwlltiCM kid 4t*irii| [ ? u, Mr* U* kit N?m*u Baa forwHil to (km,obaoJJ a t* p*rtlcnUr to wrillcg u? to lUU folly tb* (* kddrw, . -atrying tow?, rcoaly, iM Rial' a* trtll a* U?? town, > . ooaty, aa4 Mat* fr,m rkkh tb* cbaag* Ii to U aa4? Attaattoa to tbia mill aar* mock treat!*. O ? ? .1 Q THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1873. tl _ _ f,-??i U MBMRIHKRH TAKE NOTICE 1 * We will present each person, subscribing q for the Nfw National Kra one year, a fine photograph of Touissainl L'Ouverture. * fc: The Republic In France and apaIn ? The election of Mr. Ttarodet In the Na- " tlonal AwmlOj- for the city of Pans ha* '' teen a -urpri-e In the country n? au lnilication of a degree of strcuglh in the Katlical party that seeuis to have spread terror in the * ranis of its antagonists. Mr. ttarodet, exMayor of J.yons, the very hotbed of radical Kepublicanisni, Ik-longs to that uncompromising wing ot French lb-publicans who fol- ? low the lead ot Mr (iainlfctta, aud, dissatis- ( lied with the conservative system inaugurated by Mr. Thiers and the C rrps.Legislative, insist, drst, on the immediate dissolution of I ' the Assembly ; second, on the absolute in-1 n tekrity of universal suffrage, and third, the ? convocation ol a new Assommy, ?o n.ir ?... uesty and the raising of the state of siege. It cau easily !? seen that especially the | rtrst point, if carried, will jwoduoe a complete ! change in French politics. It will be remembered that the present Assembly was convoked and elected in a time of uuparalleled ^ excitement for the object of concluding peace ' and restoring quia! and order, rather than to lay down the principles oil which the Government was to be carried on. The. result .( was a thoroughly conservative Assembly, in y which main of the old noble families of g France are represented, hostile from princi- c pie, us well as instinct, to republicanism, g consequently opposed to any truly republi- , > an men sure, and though iu those days they s satisfactorily accomplished the task with which they were intrusted, they do by no means fairli represent the masses of the | French people, nor do they enjoy their confi- a lencc. Fvcn Mr. Thiers, good monarchist as he is at heart, not troubled with any sym- s pathetic leaning towards the Hadicals, has to rneountcr interminable obstacles in the j strenuous opposition of the conservative - ... "-.i .-i?i. ,i.? Right, and has been compeneu <.? mu? w ms t] radical I.eft for support. I'nder the circum- j, stances the dissolution of the present Assein- ri bly seems imperiously demanded in order to j, wake popular sovereignty a reality; yet so t] great seems to h? the dread of radical rule, p which, not only to the strictly Conservative, p and the Ultramoatanes, hut even to the c moderate, means about as much as the complete subversion of political anil social order, w that the well-known wishes of the people are ignored and virtually defied by a minority a w* ">se very tendencies place it in antagonism a, with the masses, and the legitimate demand w for the convocation of new legislators is p stubbornly- resisted. a Mr. Barodet's election is the more signifl- j] cant from the fact that his rival was Hc-nuisat, r< the life-long friend of Mr. Thiers, and until lately Minister of Foreigu Adah a, a moderate y Republican, a man of acknowledged ability r and unblemished character. Ilis success tl was considered n test of the strength of Mr. H Thiers and of his Cabinet, and his overwhelming defeat?he only obtained 25,000 votes out of 313,000, while even Baron St oriel, j( the candidate of the Conservatives, received g| 127,000?cannot by any means be accounted jj tor by personal unpopularity, but is simply j and unequivocally a verdict on Mr. Thiers' t< so-called see-saw policv. This verdict is 0 sustained by the result of the election which, iu eight departments, took place to fill vacan- j, cies. Three electod Radicals, and it is expec ted that they will also carry four more ? seats which ate to be tilled by the lltli of y, this month. It is true, that in point of num- w her, the extreme f.eft will yet form but a j minority in the Assembly; its strength among j, the people, however, has manifested itself in p a voice to which no one can shut Ins ears, i( ill fact, matters must roach a crisis unless 0 the Conservative majorit y of the Assembly c are patriotic enough to avert it by resigning c into the hands of the |>eople those powers willi which the\ were vested for a specific t, purpose, accomplished long ago, Instead of persisting in their claim to represent the ? majority, and attempt to enforce a policy p which the nation disapproves. t] The news from Spain for some time has j, been of a threatening character, and many are the predictions of the s|>eedy overthrow n of the Republic, t >ne day we are informed v of a defeat that the troops of the Republican Government have aufi'ered at the hands of j, the ('arlists ; the next, some important city p is besieged by them and is certain to full in their hands ; to-day an outbreak of the Federals is hourly expected, and to-morrow the iuternutionals will have assumed a threatening attitude. All this would look rather dis- ti heartening; yet when we follow the course s ??f events, we find that thus far none of the ft had news has been continued, none of the v alarming predictions heroine true. Not oue u i.l..f er.itseinience has vet been taken bv a the Carlists; they have not gniucil any vie- a tory, an^ their depredations have risen just c a little above the scale of the little war which they have carried on for many yearn, without ji ever achieving a success that might have d endangered the existence of the Government, e .Wither have any of the anticipated disturb- C knees taken place, and, all the surroundiug t difficulties considered, a state of quiet and order prevails, far above that which one ha- , n a right to exped iii a country where so many ti parties are contending for the supremacy. ! o The fact that we get our cable dispatches by ; s way of France and Kngland, whose Govern- it incuts are anything hut friendly to the Span- o ish Kepublic, will go far to explaiu tbeir s> efforts to magnify tbo dangers that threaten ft its stability. Much has been said about the incapacity of the I.alin race to inaiutaiu a c| truly republican governnieut, yet when we c] remember the quiet nnd order that prevailed e in Spain during the long interval between the a deposition of Isabella and Amadeus'accession ? to the throne, we arc inclined to give the p Spaniards more credit for ability to estahlah j nnd preserve a popular government than n they have hitherto enjoyed. r) ?3H-?-s?- U ) Theki. is a rumor that our old friend, j u illshop Campbell, is to take He v. James 1 d flandy away from us. Mr. llandy has too el many warm friends here to give him up easily.I b Baltimore and Washington claim hiss. I * ( Ilea flar CatarMI Tilulwr dicu Milan. groc It ia preaumd that colored soldier* in the ttc rebellion, who were borne upon the roll* i * *Im ea, and who for that reason did not ^ ^ fceivc the same bounty a* others, have been ^ iformed that they have been placed upon ^ IflKU IWUH? MIUI vuici t uiumcvi 3 M; ? ? " , f Coogre**, approved March 3,1873. Interested to seeing that the colored sol- j iers, their heirs, or legal representatives, ^ btain the full benefits of Gorernment rnu- ^ iflcence, and confident that the passage of . j lie act has escaped the notice of some, we se our editorial columns in notifying these ^ oldiers of their rights. ( * 't; Will not our readers extensively circulate j ^ otice of this fact that all colored soldiers ^ orne upon the rolls of the army as slaves re entitled to the same bounty as other, ten enlisting at the same time and under imilar conditions? , T All our Congressmen from the .-south ! ceni bould take pains to inform their constituents the f the jassage of the act of Congress. IV e folli ave good reason to believe, indeed we know ,, :iat there are scores of colored person-, in ^Vsl lie South entitled both to bounties and pen- . ery ions who fail to file claims for the same. 1 When the late Freedman's Bureau was iscontinued there were transferred to the thefar Department four thousand or more dis- the liarged certificate-, of colored soldier-, who j due ad retelved bountv under certain acts of . .. t or ongresn, and who had allowed their <nsbarge to remain oo file in anticipation of the ^ assage of thin net, to which we call especial P'*'1 ttention. The soldiers in these cases were c a otified that their claims would be settled on ^'u'' he original application; that it would he OVVI ccesaarv, on the passage of the act, only to <n'ransmit from the archives of the late liurcau, ,'lp liese discharges to the Comptroller, when 'uu lic.se claims would lie settled as in original ases. If we are not misinformed, an oflicer *1 f the late bureau received such assurance ,Pe roni the Comptroller. Is this assurance to Pan ic tuadc good ? Are these four or five thous- . J ^ nd discharges, entitling the colored soldiers . f the South to about 1400,000, to be retained ll * a the pigeon-holes of the War Department intil every claimant shall incur the delay 1 P nd expense of proving his right to his dis- e harge V Why cannot these discharges he ,oy arwarded liy the Adjutant General of the ir< Irniv to the Second Comptroller, the claims 's ettleil on the original application, the claim- w nts discovered by information given in books f the late bureau, and identified and paid? f this course be not pursued, we venture the j " ssertion that these discharges will remain !a^' l the Department, and not one-half of these oldiers will ever receive their just dues. The Washington correspondent of the ')r0 loston Globe, in a recent letter to that paper, ma< udcrtakes severely to criticise the adminis- !Iua< ration of the late Freedman's Bureau, and o inform the country that all (alleged) ir- 1 PXl' sgularities in the payment of bounties have j coul een suppressed. From instruction given by lrar hat correspondent, henceforth we are to ex- ! ^ ect iconderful improvement in the manner of! l',al aying bounties to colored soldiers. Of|ter* rmran ?iftru rntnrml caIiIiop will hurpaftiip 1 ! Tllf sceive his money. No scoundrel, hereafter, ] rill be able to personate a colored soldier and j c'ac scurc bis bounty from a paymaster of the 1 Parl rnij). The bounties due these soldiers, t'iel mounting to about #700,000 in Juh last, 1,e' ill at be once (if they have not already been e'lU aid) put into the hands of the needy claim- 10 nts. To be serious, this is a beautiful leory; we hope sincerely that it may be rce ?duced to practice. We shall believe it, uu owever, when we see the good results. ITith reference to the criticisms of that cor- " cspondent, we invite the people of the coun- ocl y to hear the other side, or rather the uc hole truth fairly stated, before reaching a , e bv t inclusion. The statements of that eorresondent are, in many particulars, unfair, un- ?PP ist, and untrue. We happen to know ^res line thing of the administration of the late !ec ureau. The work, thouah attended with IP0'" ifliculties and evils, is now a matter of his-j >ry. Its chief, one of the truly great men j f this nation, struggled honestly and faithfully , q 1 its performance. This statement is true of inei is efforts in aery department of that bureau. 1 also io branch gave greater anxiety and received atu' lore attention than that for the payment of aunties to colored soldiers. Kverv effort the ,as made to obtain honest men for this duty. T t is only just to ?ay that nine-tenths of the at 1 ounty agents proved to be such. News- ^ aper correspondents seeking for sensational race ;euis, careless too frequently as to the truth and f the information furnished them, may re- J? ord in the press of the country the false aud owordly utterances of their informants, but Hon lie sure and swift pen of the impartial his- thei arian will fully correct such record. j'"'' With some misgivings we venture to con.ratulate the colored soldiers on the anticiateJ rapid, sjieedy, and honest payment of " tieir bounties. From appearances the officer liUH l charge of the bounty work has ample force t his command, in this city, and the pay- ulu' lusters of the army are to serve him in the 'll,n arious cities of the South. This seem"" to ot 1 e an auspicious beginning. It is to he j to ' oped now that the irregularities anil com- ; """ laint? in this bounty work are at an end. ; Cht j friei Vfaalti-A I'ollo. j I Heiotoforc the colored people of the couri- ing ry liave lived, by sufferance in the days of i evi< lavery, by a kind of toleration since our eu- w hi -auehiseiiient. Weighted down by wrong, ingi re endured hoj^fully the burdens placed , mix poll us ; released, we bare straightened up I to t s well as we could, and now tind ourselves 1 the; little stiff and cramped from our previous will onstraint, but strong and thoughtful. T We have always been divided on the sub- j stra :ct of the best course for us to pursue; a j Sch< ivision, though not a great breach, existing ' tain ven on the attainment of our civil rights. : chil )n this late issue we are now probably bet- wht pr unilfit] than ?vf>r Ufnrt* I Whether we are to sink ourselves as we ' aiac lay amid the white population of the rouu- 1 the rj as fast a* we beeouie educated, thrifty, \v^ r wealthy, or always remain a distinct class, j den triving by the utmost to attain the highest ' larg 1 learning, wealth, and influence, making thrc ur complexion, which was once a badge of1 Gov ervitude, a mark of honor, is the question j v >r us to tlecide. j Tlie negro, as a class, threw away the j like hances of preferment in the last campaign,; our boosing rather to remain with his friends \ palt ven in adversity, than to obtain question- and ble honors with bis former enemies. How- colo vtr much the worldly-wise may question the | colo olicy of such a course, its wisdom has been for i emonstrated in the sense of security which on c ow pervades the South, consequent on the the election of President Grant. Undoubtedly in tl te time will come, and that not very far dis- but int, when negroes, like other American he i itizons, must look out for their own inter-j boy its. Masntlme there are Important issues of tl efore the country and before the District, on to It hich we must hare an opinion. Who shall 1 negi THK NEW NA1 tie a polkjfor tis? Where art the Be- A| *, thoughtful, earnest, aelf-sarriflciag, will spring to the front And tell us elv what we ought to ik?? It is none too i for the port we are to take in the affairs , ^ le nation. If the influence of voters is to , . ounted in otficee, anil that i.? the wsjmir te fellow-citizens reckon them, the ne- - ? a 9u0,(wu have gone quite cheap. By change in the District government, the j p red people have l*en shorn of much of (_'0 r political power. We are atill numerous Si ever, and would be efficient if only organ- A* and united. Let us organize and unite, p? the country our 900,000 vote# is but a yjj 11 proportion compared with the mass of , Po >rs, but a balance of power thrown into [ er scale. Let us consolidate that vote ^ wield it for the real good of the race. ===??=?===== ' Reaping as liaey Sewed. he Htj.Mtc, the monthly magazine re- j tly started in this city, has an article upon P* country press from which we make the iwing extract: Pe 1 Lt When die last t'ongress abolished the em of free exchanges, and the free deliv- ' of |>apcrs within county limits, it struck lie main support, not merely of the Pelican party, but of the Republic itself, ; j^j we shall "use our best energies to have le provisions restored. The tirst week of j.-c session shall not close without the intrc-! j1( lion of a bill for that purpose. Xo paper ht to advocate the renoiuination of any . igresstnan who refuses to It this justice.'*' ; i'hatevc-r wrong has been done to country ! Hi ers m abolishing "the system of free es-1 ?u nges, and tlie fiee delivery of country er3 within county limits," is due to their Ti i course uj>ou the franking privilege. All i r the country they took up the cry from New Vork Tribune, and for vears thev ! zI e rung the charge* on the "Franking es use," the " Franking Swindle," the 44 ranking < tutrage," until the country has f10 n made to believe that the free matter jn( ried by the Post Office Department was ^ only a terrible tax on the people, anil a ne rnright robbery of the Treasury, but that (jc ras bringing bankruptcy upon the nation. cjs 'here was not one of them that ever con- t.x [ ended to publish a siugle fact to sustain ye ir wild assertions as to the cost to the ,eminent of the free matter transported >ugh the mails free. If they had dune 1 the country would have seen that the >le thing was a miserable fraud and hum- P1'1 , and that it really cost the country aP hing. They contented themselves with s'r unsupported assertion that it was an out- ha pons and ruinous swindle, and that the a" ject must bo "reformed." Congress took in at their word at the last session, and an hibited the transportation of all free 1,11 ter through the mails. The law was le general, and has reasonably and justly ?l' editors of newspapers, prohibiting free hanges and also free delivery in the c'f nty where published, as well as all Pr iked matter. 'a' ,nd now they raise a more furious outcry tin a they did for the prohibition of free matThey ouly wanted to make a little capiat the expense of members of Congress. n= ;y didn't stop to reflect that they were an noting for legislation that must either be tial, by giving exclusive privileges, and refors wrong and uujust, 01 that it must ral general and impartial, afi'ecting all classes ally. It will be hard for them to satisfy t'? public that they have any more right to five exchanges free and send their papers c.r< within certain limits, than the people e to send petitions to Congress free or ;ivc free the agricultural reports, Patent Pa ce reports, and the various other public 'I1' uraents printed at their expense, and of as clfl :h public benefit as a country newspaper. w? think, therefore, very little can be made he above suggestion that the country press ose the nomination of every man to Con- tl? >s w^io is not pledged to restore to them exchanges and free delivery of their pa- n0 *?a privilege denied to all others. Pri Colored Srliooh. he col.nod schools, under the manageit of a hoard of colored trustees, have i attained a high standard of discipline as instruction, in both of which they will iparo favorably with the public schools of and other cities. With few exceptions 'al teachers employed in them are colored, eoi be unqualified success of these schools pa be capital of the nation cannot fail to ex- ,1 ( a beneficial influence upon public opinion 1 >ughout the country. The capacity of the '"r ', not only to be educated but to manage W control a -ysleni of education, has been er demonstrated beyond a doubt. This g0 dissipate- many false theories, and will f outage and stimulate the efl'orts ot mil- ; _ s of our newly enfranchised citizens in wi r efforts to rise above the ignorance of re< r late servitude, and to qualify themselves 0p ?ducatiotrfor the responsibilities of their ? ..n.;.;;,., /-v.,.i.e. 1ol jn/r-juvu. ? V??/? . ca k'e wonder what the Governor's idea of lnl lifii-atiou i-, with regard to the newly j;t anehiseJ. \\ itli our present Governor, 4.1, high officials generally, the "the better : an liGed" stand a very poor show for offices ! jel rofit or trust. There is rather everything j jp leaden the effort* of the really ambitious sj, I aspiring negro, when he sees the mean-! m( and most truckling politicians the bosom ! flv nds (about election times) of those in au- m! rity. The very success of these schools, ! pp iruiscd by our worthy Governor, is a^tand- tw argument again.<t their existence, and an ! vvi lence of the supineness of the politicians tei > pietcud to represent us. At our meet- frc i the latter tell us they are in favor of th; cd schools, then climbing breathlessly to j,r he Capitol, or hastening to Georgetown, ch r tell our rulers we are jierfeetly satisfied cn i the schools as they are. ex he negro is not half so anxious to demon- , tc bis capacity to control a system of i >ols as he is hare the opportunity of oh- ' cit ing the best school privileges for his ; th dren. This can only be done effectually ; nu n all of the public schools of the District stt consolidated and the hone of contention coi >ng the colored people of the District? le^ Colored School Hoard?is abolished. Is fot -hington any better than Boston, Provi- fot ce, Albany, PoJtland, i'eoria, and other j to 0 cities v, litre the schools have been 1 lar .wn open? But let us not blame the tin ernor. j tin ihat docs he know about the colored: [tie ? We do his bidding. We follow iQ( sheep those who constitute themselves leaders and his advisers We staler. ry men to gain the Governor's ear, it 1 they, unmindful of the good of the th< red children, or the dignity of thej " 1 red voter, throw away the opportunity ba equality in order to maintain their hold tio >fiice. The negro may sit as an equal in th< Senate, in the House of Representative*, an re Council, or in the House of Delegates ; en he never will be really reepected until Mia its in the school-house with the white ur< 1 and girls, who are to be the citizens an' re New America. The white men aaad j Co >arn thi* lesson of -quality more than the , fot ro. 'act FIONAL ERA AND Vr*HI?llMH Ut (he Rest riaval ; A 1 fr* i ["be total appropriation* made at the last tori; aioo of Congress for the expense* of the tabl vernment for the fiscal year beginning We i.r 1, 1*73, smount to 178,399,847 26, as a b low*: was flan*. i 5,334,<>00 00 bee nsiocs. 30,000,000 00 lass eislatiTe, etc., etc. 17,002,184 80 iuci nsular and diplomatic... 1,052,466 00 ,. ivy 22,112,018 50 | Ul>D my 31,192,953 85 ofs rtiflcatioos . 1,899,000 00 met vers and harbor* 6,793,400 00 bill Utary Academy. 346,071V)'.., st Office, (from its own revenues and from the co" rreasary) 32,476,767 00 . *ch ndrv civil . 30,299,900 66' Ca* lotal 4178,599,847 26 For the present Oscal vear, which wiii end ! is . ne 30, 1*73, the appropriations for the exD%e of the Goyernmeat amounted to M9"of l 9,755 59, as follows : : Jre nsions #30,480,000 00 i the gislative, executive, and judicial expenses 18,671,673 84 , tval service 1 *,206,7X1 63 insular and diplomatic ex- I E"? penses 1,219,050 00 j Cot ilitary Academy 320,101 32 ol t dian service...'. 04 irtilications 2,037,000 Of' 1 ??t Office Department, vout mei of ita own revenues and from treasury) 29,'i^,341 si rray ...'. 2s,C8j,615 32 vers and harbors 5,598.000 uo y ndry civil expenses 20,148,413 90 3.-,i iscellaneous 7,129,042 49 j acc ??? Gei >tal appropriations for 1872 j 837 and 1373 4107,449,755 59 as 1 But there is for this year a deficiency of " 1 1,574,094 59, which will make the total penditures of tlie Government 8179,024,- old 9 59, or a little more than the appropria- ant ns for the next year. This amount don't j 'lude the interest on the public debt, which ' ^ over 8100,000,000 annually, nor the sum cessary to pay the increased salaries of Gei mgressinen, the executive, and the judi- ' 0l try. Even with these items added tiie penses of the Government for the next wri ar will very little exceed the present. ical _ ont Important Railroad Decision. a'Ju At its recent session in this city the Sueme court of the T'nited States, in a case VPa pealed from the Supreme Court of Wiscon- lie 1, involving the question whether a State .Sen s the right to levy taxes for the purpose of i ling the construction of railroads, expressed ing o opinion that they are public highways, do\ d that it is just as lawful for the State to ohil pose taxes for their construction a? it is for the b purpose of building a wagon road or any chu her public work. In the judgment of the bee iurt, such tax is not prohibited by that put; tuse of the Federal Constitution which kill ovidcs that private property shall not be son ken fot public use without just contpensa- live m. If railroads are public highways, then higl e> are under the legislative control of the f:hu ate, and may be regulated as to their man- to i ement and freight and passenger tariffs in the v manner and to an3" extent that may be -j manded by the interests of the public. vjCl This decision reverses, in principle, at any f-ei te, a decision rendered not long ago by the mf>] preme Court of Michigan upon this ques- ( n. The Legislature of that State had thorized townships and cities at their dis;tion, to issue bonds to aid in the construcn of railroads through them. Many of 1 Btn voted such aid, Issued their bonds, and is e id them out to contractors, who received (,'c em in good faith. The Supreme Court deled that the law authorizing these bonds pYe is unconstitutional. It of course rendered pol b?i worthless, and was practically an act a=a repudiation, as it justified their repudiain by the township authorities. The cision of the I'nited States Court may t right this particular wrong, but it will 1 ^' Bvent such frauds hereafter. ; ls 1

__________ Pa I i rij) EUcct of Exorbllaut Freight Lh Charges. I i."9 I pol to the ruinous consequence to the agri- j c?'u iturai interests r.f the West, of the exorbi- i ?f ' it railroad charges for transporting wheat, rn, aud other fanning products to our ,nt> istern markets, for the purpose of showing ; t'u" ? absolute necessity for increased facilities ' P?' shipment of merchandise between the 1 I'* est and the East. The necessity for cheap- ' tr'e rates of trtmsport of freights is, indeed, ; ?fl self-evident a proposition as to need very PaF v facts or very little argument. But we | ^*r< 11 give another illustration of the hardships '*el ulting from the outrageous freight charges ,ila' the leading railroads, it is the experience , put a i'hiladelpiiia merchant who states that a ,"r' r load of corn was shipped to him from the can terior of Iowa, via the Philadelphia and Pro ie railroad aud its connections. The freight thu arges, commissions, and other expenses, lounted to 52:13.70, and the receipts *223.70, ; iving a deficit of i 10 to the shippers, in addon to the value of the corn at the praut of 1 ipment! Another consignment to another irchant, from the same State, netted there ten e cents per bushel, for which, however, je< I jst he deducted the price of the corn at the cor ace oi" production. Allowing this to hp apt enty cent- per bushel, the shipper was re- ' ton irdcd tor his enterprise h> the los? of tif- oftf ?n cents per bushel. With these facts con- cat ntiiig us every (lay, need we be surprised mai at the Western farmers should find it more ; arti ofitable to burn their crops fur fuel, and the uuor so loudly for uiote railroad- ami less son ashing exactions from those which already nuc 1st : j clei - to." Bar Postmaster General Crcswell has otli- Obi illy stated that the franking privilege cost ?tai s Government five millions of dollars an- t4, ally. Congress, influenced thereto by this I the itement ami the horrible clamor of the Eni untry newspaper press, abolished the privi- l*n ;e at Its last session. The appropriation clei ' the expense of the Post OSce department Br i the next fiscal year, when the law ceases t exc exist, should have been fire million dol- tins 3 less than for the present year, deducting arti t cost for new mail routes. But instead of ad st it is more than t\ru miUita eijkt hundred are ujauJ dollar* greater than when the frank- j tari [ privilege existed. j 745 - ' pre The rebel merchants of New Orleans, who lias been hoastimrlr declared, would resist C s payment of taxes to the bitter end, to the but Kellogg tsurpation government," seem to fort ve been frightened at the norm of indigna- net n excited by the wholesale murder by j the sir brethren in Grant p*ul?b, Louisiana, ; Ian d have wisely changed their minds. Gov- tiot tor Kellogg, assisted by the United Stales con thorities, is taking the most vigorous rnea- tioi ss to bring the assassins to punishment, Dei d to enforce obedience to the laws. The will lftx massacre will prove a bad operation Fre themselves, as well as an Infernally brutal will I par CITIZEN. Itraal StkMi r?r Ik* District. 'e see hy the procecdine* of the Tamil Council Inst week that a bill for the m* iamcat of a Normal School for the city of hington has been introduced. Micli 411 ?s brought forward last year but i not pressed because of the fart mning known that Hon. Lewi* II. l>ougwould more an amendment making 3 school opeu to studenu without destine i as to race, color, or previous condition errltude. We hope that such on amend* it will be insisted upon to the present The school* of our country are now tbe 1 muge Oi prcjuue.* ?? ? ? - ? >red citizen. Once eradicate from the ools the teaching of proscription, as is the e when distinction is made in the enjoyit of public school benedts, and a tV-rmldablow wiil be given to the nonsense that t the bottom of many ot the d.thcuities ing from the assumed natural superiority he white over the colored race, if chilli are to be educated at the public expense re can be?we insist that there should be 0 discrimination against the public to tbe riment of one class and to the exalting of ther, and to tbe friends of justice in the ineil we look for such action iu the matter he Normal .School as will place nil classes a exactly the same looting in the enjovit of its benefits. MaMarhnsells nod (irergla. lassachusettc, with a population of 1,477,, had a criminal calendar in 1809, of 2,526, ording to the United States census ; while irgia, with a population of 1,184,100, had criminals?a little over one-third as many Massachusetts in proportion to population, s probable that tbe difference is largely 1 to the greater numlier of offences and ater diligence iu enforcing the laws in the Yankee State. Several grains of allowe must, therefore, l>e made for tbe followeomments, of the New York U'.rhi on i matter: "his ,able shows (hat while in Massachuts one person in every 177 is a criminal, in srgia there is only one criminal in every 00. Of the native whites in Massachuis?the stern and immaculate descendants the Puritans, whose pedigrees are all tten down in James Sas age's "GenealogI Register" (4 volnms, "vo, 2,500 pages)? person in every 046 is a criminal; while the native whites of Georgia? descends, it is supposed in New hDgland, of Enh convicts, highwaymen, and transported sons sold to the colonies for a term of .rs, like Charles Reade's " Wandering ir"?only one in every 4,083 is a convict. tincest Georgian. u the single crime of murder, without tuknotice of arson in the way of burning vn school houses for the use of colored Idren, Georgia criminals would outnumber convicts of Massachusetts. In Massasetts the killing of a black man is as lious as the killing of a white man, nnd lishment is sure to follow. In Georgia, to a black man or a Union man Is to do icthing quite meritorious, in Georgia, to i on the stolen labor oi the .siave was the lie.-t evidence of gentility. Fn Massasetts, to steal the property of another is all down the vengeance of the law upon thief. "he difference between the uuuiber of coals iu the States of Massachusetts and jrgia is a difference ouiy as to the ideas of rality entertained by the law-makers and i ts of the two States. Queue? of (lie Xeuspuper Cress. "he ? reat influence of the newspaper press very day felt and acknowledged. Judge nni W. tscofield, of Erie, the ahle and nuar uongressman-at-t.arge iroin i'enuvauia, has recently saw) that: "The daily as rules the country. Xo statesman, no itical party, no corporation can stand inst it. The newspapers cannot he reed, except for a short time, of some great re." Ls an unqualified proposition, lb.-. *l?teat is utterly without foundation. There ao country in the world where the newsier press has less influence, except when ii ij it, than in the United States. So Ion" as press stands on high moral ground, and he champion or the people's rights, both itleal and civil, it "cannot he resisted" n "for a short time." When oil the side liberty, humanity, and equal justice it is tost omnipotent In its influence. The very dligence of the American people render* newspaper press of our country almost verlcss for evil "except for a short time." evil influence here, as in all other couns, is just in proportion to the prevalence gnorance. '1 he- absolute failure of such K-rs as the Xew York Tribune, the t hicago tune, the Philadelphia Preen -all leading [tublican organs before their defection?to ke the least perceptible impression upon die sentiment by their opposition to (<en. int and their suppot t of the Democratic ididate for President, is overwhelming of of the utter impotcucy of the press in t country ej -[,t trA.-u right. linerlran stud llriilsh TarlMs lie difference between the tailrts of Great tain and the United States will he of inpst to our readers, and ought to he a sub I of reflection by our law -makers. Acding to a recent English publication it .ears that only seventeen articles iu all ae under the notice of the custom house cers of Great Britain The?e are beer, ds, chicory, chocolate, cocoa, tollee, fruiU, It, pickles, plate, spirits, sprui e, sugar icles, tea, tobacco, vinegar, and wine. Of r,e, pickles and playing cards produced so til a revenue that in fact the whole revei came from fifteen articles, (if these uiti> vinegar produced the least, namely, 2, and tobacco the most, namely f <o,&73,, or 34 per cent of the whole. Spirit* ads next in productiveness, yielding 327,717, a little more than 22 per cent, of whole. The whole revenue collected in gland last year was t'2o,21i,923. In the ite-1 States five hundred and sixteen artii arc- taxed, against seventeen in Great tain. Every duty in England is specific, ept l!ial oil toe essence ot spruce. In i country there ore one hundred uikJ one dc- which are charged with specific and valorem duties combined. Tea and cotice both charged with duty in the British Jf, and yielded toother last year 417,242,of our money, and both are free in our sent tar.tr. - ii. ien. To*. Korea, formerly of thi* city, now a resident of Ohio, promise* to be a ridable candidate for Governor before the rt Copperhead repudiable convention of t State. He Is the political heir of Vaiilighani, and inherits all his agrarioua uois in regard to the national debt, our res traction laws, and various other <jue?ts dear to the heart of the Copperheadnocracy% If uoraiuated, the Republicans i alwaye know where to hod him. like ink Blair, he ha* no concealments, and i prove a troublesome candidate for hi* ty, though a representative man. A Frufc ( MfrMlM. Tbe Chicago Tribvns, which has door more V to disseminate, sad keep alive, the Credit Jo? Mobilier slander than any other paper in the mei I'nion, except its recklesaa Xcw Vork name- cori sake, and which baa !>een especially vindir- !>or live in it* aseault* upon Schovler Colfnt, nor seem-* to have become ashamed of it* di?- 7 graceful caurse, so far, at lea?t, as Mr, ( . tod is concerned. In noting tbe suggestions of h'"' the Baltimore Amrri.ai, that the Uepubii-ans of hl? district send bim to ("ongress as an cdu evidence of their faith in his integrity, the tow Tnbvut practically admits that its .barges against Mr. Colfax were talse mi l umlirioua. 4<)r It approve* the recommendation of the .!>?f?- jp? roa, and says, "one incidental result ot hi* Cut election, which ho could gain by the largest ' !U majority hU district ha* ever given, would be ?. to give a crushing rljsly to tie Crei.t MoUitr we, dander." An honest confession, it la -aid, sell is good for the eoul. This confession of the <'h Tribune, that it has beeu guilty of slandering Mr. Colfax, we hope will be good for it, and lead to a confession of all its sins of the suae Tui kind. bra - - a- _ i ver Cwlored Clerk* In Ike War Ike-, Col parlment. * * ortli It is a matter of common remark iu this ' city that no colored young tncu have been a"'' permitted to entei and remain in the War jfi , Iicpartment as clerks. There Is apparently, | in this Department, a strong and well devel- hail i oped conservative teeiing, which refuses us j 'l| fair recognition, nut presence is tolerate.! |iu only in the person of ancaseuger or laborer tut! Not cyen in the frcedinan's brunch of that era Department, w here the entire force is engaged in labor connected with colored people, is a J'" i single colored clerk to be found. j The colored people arc a part ot this ..teat gen nation, eugaged largely in the hard labor of j and its development. Sharing the burdens they atti also ask to enjoy the blessings. As the : .jir State of Massachusetts demands and prop- ' wo erly secures representation for its citizens in" pre | every department of the Government, so it j I'"' would seem that the colored people, compos- ] M(,^ in# one-eighth of the entire nation, should ti?>i ; receive some consideration in evi-iy Jopart- the merit. If the principle is good for Mussa1 chose Its, if her eltlien* need the emoluments and the incentives resulting from power uud place, surely the same opportunities ought nee to he accorded us. We are in duty obliged to call attention to this lack of interest in, ami respect tor, merit *j in colored men ; this disposition to exclude mal tbcm4rom practical opportunities for cleva- ; 1 lion?from ail facilities for obtaining expo-1 1 rieucc in the various avocations of public life. (jen - ? - tun The Daily Republican has some conscience, Tin apparently, or has been stung Into decency. It publishes a facetious account of the con- "I?* teraplated improvements at the Capitol lies- p|ri| taursnt, by Downing, fictitious, of course, Tin I iu which the editor of this paper appears in arui I company with Frederick Douglass, frescoed " | upon the walls. We are free to say we have our eyes on the Capitol and hope to got there some day; hut we scarcely expect such a 'I double liouor as being there, whether in person or in fresco, with so distinguished a per- ,ju_ sonage as the late editor of our paper. There big! : is more deceuey in this second attempt of the thai Republican, tar more humor, and, w hat is bel- ' ''0l? ter, the hones of our grandmothers arc not ! disturbed. Meanwhile, iet Downing pacify pe( the "South. I risk ' ' -? - """ ; pen : The Su/ulay Chtoniclt and the llani.buiv i prci j State Journal advise colored parents to uive | ] their children the benelit of trades. This is ; ' ! good advice, and we hope it will he followed. ' j The difficulty in the way is, that it is almost bet ! impossible to find employers who will accept a colored apprentice, and the out- ",'e . rages under which the colored race have pi,,, 1 struggled for centuries in this country have mid left them without the means of opening es- ( : tablishruents for the instruction of their youth ; ?j 4 rpv _ _ 1..I C it.. 4 tii iraues. 1 in: uuvice ui me two paper* above mentioned is like telling a man in the water, with his hands and legs heavily ironed, 1 to strike out manfully for the shore. Will t)_, the proprietors of either of the above journals pm accept n colored apprentice. : mi i . . ? I hop is^-ceueral Arae-i is talked of us randiiUte lor the Governorship of Mississippi. The ' )l;l colored people of that State would do well to t>el give hiiu their support. He has shown him- and self to be true to the elaiius of justiee for that J',"' race, and al>ove that narrow prejudice which j(( | too often governs the feelings of the prom- out J iuent office-holders in the South. The fight met ' against him on the ground of bis not having : _ ' been horn within the limits of the -state J "' should meet with the scorn of all who desire ' \ ! a good officer, and who believe iu tbu right of; the citizens of the I'nited States becoming cttl- *J><1 /ens m whatever State they may wish. ( Harvard is to have the hnglish "coaching" j ^ system for tlio boat crews this veat. The ' ,irjl| men ate to practice iu a barge with tt cos- j win sw a'ui to note faults of style, Instead of going mal i at once into "the shells" as heietafore, and ,"''1 having "the how" steer the boat. Tliey are t(.f to iiiactise orer the old Meacou Course, Kit; which will allow "coaching" from the shore. ' ?'? May the "Itah ! *Kuh! 'Uah!' which for four VI''1 years awoke the echoes of old Lake t^umsig, ^ ' again lie hear J triumphant this year at ^ ixpriugrield, with the Magenta, ax it should ax he, in the van. ^ dea "Til OS, for sixty years, had lio-lhe'a mind j j(ie' hecu warmed and inspired by hi* loves. Hr? m?feeling for woman was a subterranean heat grei which fertilized hi* being, breaking out at times in dame* which will ever he a beauty aud au Illumination to muukind, and which 'J 'were sometimes a terror to himself. Not a of c wornun of the tnany whom he loved, and by l^e each one of them he seems to have been beloved in return, ever complained that she had tnu ! been trifled with or wronged."?(iv H pro Calctri. , tim | tha of 11 will he seen by reference to our ad- u''t vertlsing column* that a tlrst-cla** boardingi bouse has been established In Trenton, New j w Jersey, for the so onrmo<Utioii of the travel- the ing public, in this house there will be no *uf discrimination made on account of color. The proprietor U highly recommended as a gen- eop . lleman having full knowledge of the requl- pal aite* for a Brat-clan* boarding-houae. Trar-' Pro ' elera abould ma ke a note of thla oatablNb- (!'e ?ha , rig! " " * QiV W'c are obliged to reject the letter tent u? rori Croat Jackaon, Mtaelaalppi, attacking our eorreapobdeat "Civla." We do dot publiah it, becauae it attack*, without aaatgnlng ?uih dent reason*. a gentleman wboae letter* loot have received wide commendation. We ofn would gladly bear the other aide. If there ie T one, when the writer preaenta It wltbuai >ou ' malice and penoaallt v. J tannenntt "** Jamea flelda .Veedham, Eaq., of fhlladel- 1 phta, baa declined an appointment at Aaalatant Caahtar of the Frwedman'a Bank at ?a, 1 Charleiton, South Carolina. ' five lion. J. I" < orltin. I 7c to If the following fr<Mn the AnctutUi 1 mat tf MmMm. Wi liavn Many to I 1 a* Mr. 1 i?rKn ... I - ., I mapanilcnt iftki Stwl ork T* ' n I nlv rpf"-r; t" h ! nj but da n. I lint : 'ho gentleman uh i rfc,- . i?, is the jiresrnt Mote super.ntenlent il?. instructi'.in for Arl.ausa*. He * u in C'liillicoti.e. ill.',., ,ii 1- in I v. fnrtv years of a^e .u M ,r, h. ti . . cation attained in the - h.> s : . n, and nniftiz li < In ! m i - tver.- . i nhnse hum aland i. >ui mount. j"iiu >i. i .ings: .1, (if law in Howard Iniver-ir ; ie, lab- president of 1 iberla ; ~H ,n. H libcrt H'hitehnrne, . H..ridiii;: ; < j,. igstoo, of Kansas ; I'rof. <;> J; ... the Korean of Mri Mira, an i n- inv >:?. i> arc of t^uai note. front t h... . ->tl,e hlt to I.ouisvili.-. Ken . >,. ml tm ool until he hail viU' I en .?^ii at; io University, fron> .vI.,, h hi graduated 3. Among the ,cradu?h . ./that > ,; . 1 the names ol' II.in i M Waia.-r, .. l auditor of the United ?i.ite- Trea a . -tier Mtrquart. Attorner General V ska ; W. II. Voung, IVofe-s >r oh. i i_n -ity; h'rauk ( arle\, lYes.dent II iu , lege, Indiana, and many other- . ud high either a- tea. her- >r n n :ial position*. Liter graduating he returned to I. -u . I taught for -"ine t.ine, and was then red a- clearing hoti-e clerk i ;! 1 . Ohio Valley, iu l nrinnati. [e came to Arkansas in HTn i- a d. d reporter, and ha- been engaged on t!. lie Itock Urpxhli,-in uio-i of the time sin i< married and ha- tlnee children A. ugh tie nearly fort, rear- obi, ! ret and mother an I ten -,-ton and br lire all living. He b.i- actively b> en ed in journalistic I d I.av.u. ed. Colorr-i ('-'t::fii for a number of ve.it, . cinuati. n manner and beanie be ea->, in ' itlemanly and retiring In c.m.er-a 1 writing he -hows lb. i?di*h of -oh I limuunt-. He was elected to the h. ;h aa : tornble po-ilion he now holds la n , . ?v? thousand majority, and in h:? eh : tru-t, the last ve-t go of ca-te r ludiee has di-nppeared from Ar . .u . itlcH. His has been a life of toil, and utious devotion to duty ; an I in hi* ? there is a le soli for the ri -.n ; .otic. . i. H e look foi many needed t ban woe kino of this important mlioe, and ,\i bin is the man to earrv them into ear . the late meeting of the -dale lie^r.i I. sided with ease, and if - praetle.il si;.;. , is will have great mlluenee in social: ded nmondmeut- to the school : i-? What Tito} Jiav tif ? *. 'Ins Xkw Nation y i Inv iMit'iTni . ,es even an improved ipponranoo ni ,td i-.'tte under the m u muii i emi nt. It. .triune iur ii >1111 11 ill" I in' 111111 ' I I i ii on our neighbor i t the is c?. , tly written run/1'. t, . and shows vu: ; niul decided skill In mini in r <?f treatment i Capital must lie careful liow it regard, nognms alike. S. ir,e shutv iiliilav i no in order The Jir/mfi.-j. ai l / . onirh come ill t 'r their share of these as tig journalists. The blow s are well given. 5 spear pierces between the cracks in the lor. \V e congratulate the colored people the District in having >uch a journal to resent them. It ought to be well supted.?Simifity G'tl/it/. 'hi: "Ni.vv Kka am> ? rri/t'.v."?The ve-namod paper, published In tins c;t>, tlnues to be well-conducted and adtnirablv d with current news and original matte. i!y creditable to its proprietoi s. We learn t it. T. lirecner, I.-<j., has rci cntly bci r. aged as one of its principal editorial tors. if we do not mi -take the aulhor*hip ome of its arte les of the I -t instant, csiall> that * ?>ii the War of Wares." wo nothing iu ' avue that he wields an able , and Is capable <>1 vindicating, bv both rept and example, the wisdom a, well a .ice of tbc enfranchisement of I,, r.| ;i my 1' 'i ? . ' here has hecn a uninii pcil.ap, ?,r i.4i ter say, a marriage, ,u \V ashinglim. l he ( il l/.I N coin luiiiri.i that he belonged t . New Kit a N ationai., of course ; and ver.iu have embraced each other, and :lged their troth to lik. together in h ino. I in love. So mote it C./. 'ui;. in it Ueii. I.re l.ul Willi a \?kio' dien. Fit- Hugh l.ee .lined the .the. da, ;he Ail ill i I ii lion 1 talile In Washington with Senator I'inchha'k (colored.! bu occurrence being remarked upou pr.st udial b, f ee - fHaads, he hM "Gantiei, i'inclihaek didii't d'-turl* rue, and i ie my Jiieseme wa-li't d.-agreeable to i ; i accept the -illlatioli Ve see the above u cvc.al ol out e? riges. We don't believe it. We cannot ieve that a brother ol l,i n. I'uht. K. l.ee. I one who bad bitiistdt -erv I with d!s tiou in the same i a use. would so debus character and sully the gloriou, name he rs by eating with u virj mean negro wboae chief glory it ia to hata the ivh.te c. f he did this thinv he . i iks tsi tier than tliW'k-nfi better than n uei(ro. bin Hrrnl't. Ve caii easily believe th.it the editor oi /Inut-l n tillable in realize tie? tidings I sentui:elit- of n mail who "verve I will, inction" i>r even fidelity in the armies ol South. 'here are ruauy iu*t -u. I. (salr. is, whopaint astonishing intiest in the .South I It* heroes was ir l i! si Triable till the was over, when there was a chance t> so money by trying t > keep alive the bitter noriee ami strifes of the struggle the) fifed with such adroitness. The tharacoffieu. Itobert K. I.ee and Ins brother V i Hugh never depended, nk. t!.at of cm. n>l Stephen*, upon the simple accid.rit o: si. We ttomler, upon the name loaic, if j. I.ee shoal.I be caught dining ? tu the lid chief, if lie would >rne<jueutl> l<? as il a soldier, ami entitle'l to the i rM t O! base infidelity to the South as lirotbei phens. Ourh ipi tor the South is in the th ol the fools. v\ hen her people learn niitate her soldi.ts, then w'.ll the held 11 I] Up lav of the peculiar genius Tour friend phens anil ciariv others of h.s like he . n -.. i - . C lour (I igNlliM I ? be foundry, the factory, the workshops very kind, are cloved against us, whether y are public or private. Our whole female lulation fomi no part of the many thoyvIsof workwomen that crowd our thorough:s at the clove of every day'? labor. We P'ise to aid in the creation of a public sencut, by comment ing at the fountain bead, t will modify, and tbat early. If it dues remove, this terrific grindstone ostran. 1 have no anvietv about danger to Uepublican party from these crilfisrue. ould have fear rather for it* principle* If ?e criticisms <lare not tie u. ide. I aru e that nothing but an abandonment of it* iciple* will ever change the settled conliou* of the intelligent voters tot whatever >r) of State and nation ; that the vigorous, riotlc, progressive Republican party u> the per custodian of the people's litiert.es and nation's honor; and this being true, 1 11 hew to the line of political and civil iteousness, no matter li./w the elope dy in face.?ItaiaK C. If ran. ? Chrv tvin Iir. ov is rut Morxi.no. - TttK iMui/xrccy i{4 the Western atau-? !n the re<eut local tiooa. The party hai been &?!cep for a { time, hut thev now hear th? vweet te!:* aorolng. ? AJctrl,.?/ tiey'll turn over and go ?leep a.;a a het.? Annapvlu OuiW/e. luJ we fail to *e< where that -weeping i done ia thu State, tor even In lh.? sreer) >unty, the I>eiuo*rath. stronghold yhio, Ave colored mm were elected to il office*. and Mr. Godfrey'* total vote i let* than the Ik-ruo tulic majority ?a* year* ago.?C?hua (Ohioj J -w iai.

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