Newspaper of New National Era, May 22, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated May 22, 1873 Page 2
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* ______ NEW NATIONAL ERA AND CITIZEN. All r/*amnnt'-?tioof frr pnblitatjon In th* 5iv 5atjo*ii F*4 matt b# *Hr#m#4 to L#wt? H. Dotigl***. lta*tn?M Utter* from tabncritm* ond jllWll? should tt oddnmi 1 to Frederick IV nglaw. Jr.. Lack Box 31. Tbit pnpor It not r#?poi?ibl# for tht tl#w? eirr#?#nd by ; Corr?apoBdAiti. B#*J?alwrrtE#ra changing tkHr r#?ld#ne##, and d#?iriog ; t?ki*t th# St* Nftftwu Bat forwarded!? th#m, thonld | t ? pnrttcn'ar In writing n* to ittti fully th# n#w aldr##*. nbr?ln( town. connty, ond 8 tat#, n? wrll u tht town. ' If. nod Ptnt# from which th# rhang# It to b? n.nd# ' Att*nUo* to thi? will mi? mwcb tr<raM*. THURSDAY, MAY S2, Wl I . NMlM'RIItER* TAKE NOTICE! We will present each person, subscribing for the New National Eua one year, a fine photograph of Tous?aint L'Ouvreturc. Tlie New Era and Citizen aa au Advertising .Medium. Merchants of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, interested in securing the Southern trade, will find the New En a and Citizen a profitable advertising medium, on account of its largely increasing circulation in the South. Our paper finds its way to all the Erecdman's banks, southern members of Congress, and personal friends in the State Legislatures and State governments, as well as -tin nre encratrcd in developing the agricultural and .material resources of the South, all of whom will have trade, more or lew, with the Xortli, and can contribute largely to swell the aggregate business of Northern houses. WhltcnasliliiK Ibc Dead. It is unquestionably an amiable, hind disposition that prompts mcn^o speak well of the dead, to commend their virtues and to pass over their faults and wrongs with a charitable silence, gratefully to remember the former and endeavor to forget the latter, the more so as even the best founded criticism would be to no purpose, since the dead cannot mend his course nor undo the wrong he may have inflicted. Yet this tendency, like many other originally good ones, frequently works mischief when carried to excess, and cs|>ccially to such a degree, in our judgment about eminent men, as almost to efface the lines of distinction between true greatness and a certain often merely superficial lustre. So long as our famous public men arc living, they are spared by no means tho bitter attacks of party hostility and partizan hatred; they are rigorously held ac- j countable for ull their actions, the most indifferent of which arc put to the test, and when they do not stand it, held up for reprobation without mercy. The moment, however, they arc dead, all this is suddenly changed, and their former antagonists vie with their friends in extolling their merits, " " .v?:_ and throwing a veil uvcr mc? Eulogy, unconditional eulogy, is showered on them, and ho who should venture to take exception to such unmitigated praise would he denounced as attempting to detract malevolently from the splendor of their welldeserved fame. As long as the faults and errors of men, otherwise great, affected only their private relations, without exercising an injurious influence on their public career, they may well be passed over, and silence concerning theni is often quite justifiable, but entirely different the case is when they form the very turning j>oint in a man's life, the tragic wrong which determines and marks the beginning of his final downward course. Excessive ambition of all others is the cause of such fatal errors of which many of the most gifted of our public men become victims, and to which many of them have sacrificed principles, convictions, and the record of a glorious past. The people almost invariably will see through their motives and drop them in consequence, and lucky for them if they die in time not .to outlive the decline of their fame. Everybody knows that Clay, Webster, Greeley, Reward, and ! C'hasc succumbed to the temptation against which, in fact, but a small minority would be proof; nnd everybody, too, knows that Mr. J Seward by his course in reference to Andrew Johnson, himself put an.end to his public activity ; that Horace (ireelcy iliil uot die so much from overstrain as from the crushing consequence of his fatal mistake, and that Mr. Chase irretrievably destroyed his chances for the Presidency when ho ahaudoucd the principle of universal suffrage for the sake of j securing the Democratic nomination; yet, after listening to the orations that were delivered, and after reading the articles in which the press of all shades reviewed their lives and celebrated their memory, one would never suspect that they had at all wavered in their course, compromised away the convictions of many years for a chance of success, and the future writer of history would be led to believe that they had belonged to the small host of heroes who stood by a great cause equally inaccessible to the temptations of ambition and to the apprehensions of encountering the hostility of the masses. Hut this is not the worst of it. This mania of whitewashing and gilding the dead has assumed such dimensions that even men arc put through the process w failings are iu no way counterbalanced by merits which would entitle them to the particular gratitude of the nation. I-alcly Messrs. Oakes Amesaud James Jirooks died, aud while wo give them credit for any personal qualities that inay have endeared them to the circle of their relatives and friends, we certainly do not wrong them iu saying that there i> nothing in their public career to assign them an uncommonly lofty place in the esteem of their countrymen, aud that they are by no means fair specimens of the best type of American public men. Vet, such would have been the impression produced Tou the mind of the uoiniatiatcd by the obituaries in the first papers of the country. No doubt that the intention in these and similar cases was good enough, but the standard of true worth is virtually lowered when gilded copper is made to pass for pure gold, aud we canuot wonder when other nations, who judge us mainly by our press, consider us rather too lenient in respect to the moral worth of our public men. Orn welcome lady correspondent "K" from New York city, favors our readers again this week with one of her charming letters. Wc have the promise of their continuance. L'Ouvreture robs us of a choice morsel in his thoughtful and well-written article. We are glad to hear from hiin again. The new contributor, Miss II. C. llav, wc also welcome. Orn old friend, Col. (loo. M. Arnold, is to l>e the orator at the decoration of eighteen thousand graves of " unknown" dead at Salisbury, North Carolina, May J<>th. Civil Right*. We present elsewhere in our paper accounts of the passage of civil rights bills, and also attempts at their evasion by men who think more of prejudice against color than they do of freedom and human rights. The negro has been fighting his way up through rebellion and the intricacies and dangers of reconstruction, gaining sometime* through real appreciation, fautoftcner through fear or a tardy sense of justice, those right* which always liclongcd to him by virtue of his birth, his services, and the protection due to every subject from the State. Much of the unjust feeling of proscription against u? we must live down by ?n earnest pursuit of the noblct aims ; Ijjr striving after learning, wealth, ami political j>ower, convincing our detractors and contemners by the hard logic of facts, if philosophy and reason will not assure them. Hut much of the objective work also must he accomplished through our own unaided efforts. The gallant fight made by our determined friends one year ago failed for two reasons. First, because of the supreme indifference of the ina-s of the American people to the richts of any one except themselves; and Second, because the colored jreople were not thoroughly aroused to the importance of the question. We sent in iietitions, it is true, to Congress. Our letters and speeches v.crc read and heard. The attempt was a good one, hut it lacked that spontaneity and that united strength of purpose which resolves to demand all, and always ends by attaining some of the good aimed at. We have rejoiced at the recent passage ol civil rights bills in Xcw York and Mississippi. We hailed their passage not without sonic misgivings, feeling conlident, as subsequent events have proved, that they would he resisted. We have felt, and still de thiuk, that they all have weakened the general cause, while at the same time they seem to benefit the particular cause in the several States. The grand mistake is in leaving such matters to the States. Have we not fought this doctrine?insidious and pernicious, disrupting and fallacious?of State rights long enough, from the foundation of the Constitution, through nulification, secession, rebellion, and reconstruction, that it should, I'roteus-likc, meet us at every turn, in a slightly different 6hape? Whenever anything was to be douc in favor of the maintenance of the Government, or to carry out the plans, good or otherwise, of loyal white men, | the supremacy of the national authority wa: amply sufficient; hut when the negro asks for the strong arm of the law to make bin respectable as far as it constitutionally mnv do so, he is told, with a deprecatory air and : legal nod, that "it is contrary to the doctrines of the rights of ihn Stales." Wc arc shown the horrors of centralization and class legislation. They exhort us to wait and b< patient. We arc advised to let this eleeticr be settled aud something will be done. Tw< contending parties declare themselves it favor of our rights. One succeeds, aud it: Congress remands our claim to the next The President out of the kindness of liii heart?and we believe tl'c sincerity of hii intentions?speaks a good word for us. Thu: far it is a word and nothing more. It is big] time wc realized the fact that, until we an men in our native land, free to go wbcreso ever we will, enjoy the same rights as othe: men, irrespective of our previous condition our Minister residents, our Consulships, Sen alorsliips, and Representative positions scrvi I only to aggravate and annoy. For ourselvei wc arc free to say, wc do not believe in tin average honesty of the Republican party oi this question. They do not believe the ne gro himself is in earnest about it. Wc as ! sure them, however, that he is ; that hi begins now, if never before, to know hii ! rights and to dare maintain thciu. Tin | numberless indignities to which colored gen tlcnien and ladies are subjected throughou the country by reason of the do"\i! of thesi rights, arc at once mean and unworthy of tlx republican form of government which w< arc supposed to enjoy. If State lights staui in the way let us march over it. Wc ougli not to compound injustice with the arch enc my of freedom in this country. We ougli not to seek in the broad volume ot'ourconsti tutional rights the exploded dogmas of sects sion. The Congress of the United States should dare to be as explicit with regard t< the civil rights of the negro as it would be ii case of the political rights of a Kossuth or i llouard. When Senator Sumner was ae cuscd, during his debate on civil rights, o favoring centralization, he grandly replied "1 am in favor of centralization, of im pcrialism?the imperialism ok iuhao rights!" Our colored representatives arc too oftei trammelled by party tics and official patron age to help us effectively in this matter Some, at the expense of popularity and posi tion, have maintained their manhood, and wt honor them for it; but wc believe that th< colored journalist may, holding himself aloo from the arena of politics, see a little mori clearly the importance of the demand, anc strive more independently to attain it. liver) bill passed by the States serves to relieve tin National Government of the responsibility broadens the mocking smiles of our enemies at its ultimate and remote triumph, and encourages our pretended friends to shirk the issue. We wish to continue the policy of this paper, committed unequivocally to the de maud for civil rights, from a sense of the jus tiec of the claim, from its necessity in the preservation of our self-respect aud manhood, and lastly, from the political prestige which it will give us. We arc neither at O'Connell and his nine men demanding Catholic emancipation, nor the live Chartists clamoring for rcj>cal; but we can foresee tbe cfl'cet of the united demand of the colorc-i ucwspai?er press throughout the country foi tins, it their cilort3 be seconded by the representative leaders, and their hands lie upheld by the colored jieoplc. Set- Among the most prominent questions submitted to applicants for promotion in llic Pension Bureau, was one icqtiesting the ajiplieant to give the scientific names of the different bones of the human body. A successful ausweriug of that question would be incontestable evidence of ability to jierfonu the duties of a clerk. If all our Department clerks could answer such question* the United Slates would undoubtedly have the best civil service in the world. It has been intimated that questions as to the best treatment of corns, buuious, and ingrowing naiii will be submitted in some future examination. This information is given gratis. Aspirants will make a note of it. Si'usciunioxs are beginning to dock in from all quarters, tiixteen from !St. Louis through the influence of our old fricnu, Willis X. Brent, Cashier of the Frccdiuan's Bank, and five from Howard University, through the efforts of Dr. D. 11. Nichols. THE NEW NA Oar Duly In Onrwltci. The colored people of this country owe it to themselves to stand firmly united. The v necessity for such union is not our fault nor t our wish, but it exists, and we must acknow- \ ledge it and act upon it. The demand for o recognition of our rights before the law should ii be made in united voice, expressing no favor c with compromises of them. We cannot r afford to fritter away our strength by accept- t ing small recognitions and yielding larger t and more important claims to await the grow- s ing of a sentiment that ncrer comes so long I as we arc seemiugly content with what has v already been granted. Our demand is that, c every thing tending to continue and strengthen ! a feeling that is bom of hale and prejudice against as, so far as law can reach, shall be e abolished. Our representative men mast be r held to strict accountability to the end that c they make every exertion at all times to for- j c ward the interests of their race. A colored .1 member of Congress must remember that he t not only represents the people of the district j1 sending him to Congress, but that he has a i constituency made up of all his race so long c as they stand in need of efforts to secure to t them the recognition of such rights and < | privileges as are enjoyed by other citizens of. 1 the United States. Whatever disabilities hi3 \ race labor under attaches to him with the same force as to them. We cannot be divided with profit to the whole. The col- J orcd citizcu of Massachusetts cannot afford ( to fold his arms and rest in the security of 1 his rights in that State with a feeling that he ' has nothing more to gain; he is not sccuro t in the possession of his rights when the peo- j pie of his race throughout the country arc t denied the same recognition as he enjoys. c The colored race needs a policy upon which : all can unite; a policy from which it will not * swerve until the end sought 13 attained. We t have in the ballot an effective weapon with < which to fight our way onward and upward ; J j it needs skill in the haudling; every ballot should he cast with the single purpose in 1 view of such amelioration of our condition as > will make us the equals before the law of any <1.A T1,A AS.JU.i. m iouu. lire lauuiujuj nuu ma) j i . our suffrages should fully comprehend our : < . policy, and earnestly and sincerely acquiesce ! ( in it before our confidence shall be extended | i , to him. We should insist upon it that no |: . man, who, having secured our votes in the 1 . past and having failed to use bis influence i . and power in the work of placing us in the 1 position we rightly lay claim to, shall in the i 5 future or at present be regarded as trust- ] , worthy, and that our influence and vote shall i ! always be used against him, notwithstanding , upon whatever platform he may stand. If , such a firm resolve should be made and ad. hered to, not a few members of the present Congress arc occupying positions which it | will be impossible for them to reach again. ) We have time to organize and perfect a j i policy before another Congressional election j ) takes place, and it is our imperative duly to i doit. Shall it be done? i T. Morris Chester, Esq. * A few days ago the city of New Orleans for the first time iu its history, witnessed a ! colored man practising at the bar of its court, j The case in which this colored gentleman? T. Morris Chester?was retained was mur-' dcr, as counsel for the defendant. lie I 1 acquitted himself in a manner to win the j ' congratulations of many of the white mem- j hers of the bar, who for the first time bad ' witnessed a colored man occupying such a position. The effort of Mr. Chester on this case was one that will go a long way iu unsettling the opinion prevalent in the South of the black man's natural inferiority. Mr. Chester's ability cannot be attributed to any ' admixture of the blood of the white race, lie is a black man, and he demonstrates the black man's ability. The New Orleans Ket publican prefaces his address to the jury with the following remarks: We publish below the remarks of T. Mor\ ris Chester, Esq., delivered in the Criminal 2 Court, on Tuesday, in the capital case, of 13. i ' .Jamison, 11. West, aud H. Brown, for the | t killing oi Isaac Walker, which deserved the | . attention of the large attendance in the First j . District Court, and received the praises of the members of the bar who devoted their time * to listcu to it. llis whole conduct during - the two days which were consumed by the s trial was au evidence of an education which j should be the envy and emulation of every member of the bar. Ilis early studies gave 1 him advantages which shone brightly in cont trast with the ell'orts of some who have had . only a local education. The Attorney Genp era! and district attorney took occasion to congratulate him, and in private expressed : their high commendation of bis maiden effort. - A continuance of the labor Mr. Chester has devoted to this case, and an extension of his erudition, will place him in the front rank of the New Orleans bar. The Secretary of the Tbeascky and | Civil Service IIefobm.?The Secretary of , tire Treasury lias no desire to prematurely , annouuee his proposed plan for the rnodiflf cation of the civil-service rules, but those who arc aware of his ideas on tliis subject I cannot sec wherein objection to putting them , i by Uic Civil Service Commission. The pro- j ! position of Judge Iiichardsou that the record ' | of tlic clerks who tire candidates for promoj tion should he considered and have full , i weight at the time of examination is a just i and fair one, and appears to meet with general favor. For a reform in this connection of civil service the Secretary of the Treasury ' has the most perfect plan, which is calculated to satisfy nearly all classes, that could he conceived, and which the Civil Service Com- * mission could not do better than adopt. Judge Kicliardson stales tbat he has been i accused of attempting to break down the ' ' civil-service rules, hut this he lias expressly l striven to avoid by liis proposed modification, i I and while lie reuews, perhaps, one or two of ' the best features of the old system of appointments, lie improves on the present system in I vogue beyond comparison, and gives the i nearest satisfaction to all classes that can < well be arranged under the demand for so- I i called civil-service reform. ' ? i ' 1-- .vrlr.n.l...! 1.. I , crul correspondents in the .South who warmly I , commend our articles in regard to bounties i to colored soldiers. ( If our friends will assist in circulating this I journal among the people, we guarantee i I good results and renewed interest each week. ' We are seeking information of value from ' . all parts of the country, to be disseminated , among our people. We invite correspondence from Boston southward and westward; 1 assured that there are many persons in these 1 cities, young men and old men, able to wield I the pen vigorously and skillfully in the collo' cation of facts or the brief discussion of ques- 1 tions interesting to the people of their < 1 locality. ? itg" We call attention to the conununica- ] I tioa of Charles X. Thomas, Esq., on the ! 1 * Slaughter-house case. ' TIONAL ERA AN: Memorial Day. r ? 2 Certain rebels in this city, not satisfied I ( rith the "unpleasantness" occasioned by heir treason in 1S61, propose to meet the c eterans of the Union army over the remains if their gallant comrades and add insult to j ^ njury by reminding them^that the spirit | n reoeiuon u not erusnea. mat id?'" ebcls have a right to strew the grave* of j heir misguided friends no one questions, mt the selection of the same day and the anie cemetery chosen by the friends of the ; ,'nion for doing honor to the memory of those i rho fought and died in defense of their! ountry, can but awaken a feeling that may ead to dire consequences. We hope that this proposed interference if rebels with our exercises at Arlington will ncct with such opposition as shall forever letcr them from repeating it. Is it not uough that the Government has pardoned ind rc-tored them to the full enjoyment of heir rights as citizens, instead of hanging hem a.* they deserved? Docs this pardon-' ng carry with it a right to the traitors to : :onstantly flaunt their dag?the emblem of: heir treason?in the face of veteran defend-1 :rs of their country? We think not. We : lave been patient and forbearing heretofore, ve must be so no longer. "The Supreme Court of New York has ust decided that the fourteenth amendment >f the Constitution of the United States does lot prohibit boards of education from estabisliing separate schools for colored youth, rhc Supreme Court of Ohio had previously riven a decision to the same effect. The lecisions in both cases agree that the equaltv of rights guaranteed by the fourteenth imendment docs not imply that white and c :olorcd youth shall attend the same schools c my more than it necessitates the attendance ^ >f the two sexes at the same schools. IVhat the amendment plainly guaranties is hat the two races shall be provided with ' qua! public school advantages.?Educational c F<cportcr." t Exactly so, and the public sentiment must , jC educated up to the proper point, or wc i 'hall have just such evasions of the law. t fhe board of education would have the 1 iglit in the abstract to put all the red haired t :hildreu together, or the Irish children in separate schools; but there is no community \ n the United States which would tolerate ; such an action. Wc know that negro haters ; will evade the law when they can, but still, j we wish the positive law that some well- ] meaning white men may be justified in carry- ' ing out their wishes. Law often makes pub- j lie sentiment, as well as public sentiment i molds the law. Tlir Chief Jusll<'tsl)f|i. Wc hope that in the appointment of a , Chief Justice, President Grant will see to it , that that exalted and powerful position is filled by no enemy to the progress of the col- ( orcd race. Our rights and status while in the transition state from slavery to complete freedom arc no doubt to he frequently passed , upon by the Supreme Court of the Union, , and wo have the right to insist that no man who entertains feelings of hostility or prcju dice to the colored race shall be appointed to a scat in that Court. Ax a meeting of the American Iron and .Steel Association, hold in Washington ...?

January 10, IS 17, Mr. David A. Wells, now the great free trade light, said: "I desire here and now, uncquirocally and unreservedly, to declare that, in the Ilritish sense of the word, there is no free trade in mc. From my earliest childhood I have been taught the value of the doctrine of protection, and it has been my fortune to sit at the feet of that great teacher of political economy [Henry C. Carey] and learn from him the great principles on which these doctrines arc founded? the complete and universal harmony between all the producing interests of the country. In that faith, I am as strong to-day as I ever was." Philadelphia Press. StifW'c are indebted to L. II. Patterson, ( Esq., for a copy of the constitution and bylaws of Typograpical Union Xo. 101. l'r rloil lea Is The June number of Harper's Magazine opens the forty-seventh volume under most brilliant auspices. The number contains sixty-seven engravings, and all its illustrated articles, with one exception, relate to our own country. The May number contained a very pleasant sketch of a yachting trip among tho Azores. In the current number a beautifully illustrated article, by H. D. Jarves, on "Cheap Yachting," gives pen and pencil pictures of the interesting localities about Buzzard's Bay. The beauties of cheap yachting are graphically portrayed by the writer, who shows that the expense of a delightful yachting trip "need be no greater than that of ' board at ordinary, unfashionable watering places." Through Mr. I.ossing's pen, and the kind- , ness of Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet, of New York, who has placed in the artist's hands his rare pictures from the celebrated Lord Ltawdun collection, we have a very interesting paper entitled "The Marquis of Hastings in America." Fae-aimilcs arc given of these picture, which give accurate views of Boston and N'efrr York a century ago; of the Bunker llil! battle-licdd just after the conflict; of the burning of Cbarlcstown ; and of other scenes and incident- connected ^with the lie volution. Miss C'onstaUce F. Woolauu contributes a very entertaining paper, excellently illustrated, on the "Wiuc Islands of Lake Erie." Among other things, she tells the thrilling story of Beall's privateering expedition. A very characteristic article, giving the details of a tour in the Harz Mountains, or "Toy-country" of North Germany, with no.arlv tbirtv novel illustrations of character mid scenery, is c mtributed by Ilenry Blackburn, fonnerly editor of London Society. Charles X'ordhoff answers the question, ''What shall we do with Scroggs ?" by advocating the conversion of Alaska into a penal colony, under military rule. Whatever may be thought of this project, no one can read Mr. XordholTs cxi>osition of the evils connected with ourjpresent system of prison management, without feeling convinced of the necessity of some immediate and thorough reform. Another installment js given of "itecollectians of an Old Stager," in which further instances ate given of the prevalence of gambling in former tunes among Congressmen and other prominent men in Washington. Miss Thackeray's "Old Kensington," and 1 Wilkie Collins's "Xcw Magdalen," are con- 1 eluded in this number, and two strong short 'lories are given?"A Song in many keys," by the late Miss Caroline Chcsebro, and 1 '?bb and Flow," by Harriet Frescott Spof- 1 ord. Charles Keade's serial, "A Simple- 1 ton," is continued. I Miss II. R. Hudson contributes another ' sscellent illustrated poem, "To-morrow." Poems are also given by Bayard Taylor, Wil- I lam C. Richards, and Carl Spencer. ( The Editor's Easy Chair, thought uot yet i D C IT IX EN. esumed by Mr. Curtis, ^contains some Tery rwreful and useful reflections suggested by be four-hundredth birthday of Copernicus The Editor's Literary Kecord is a valuable ntical summary of recent literature. The Scientific Record, beside* a compre tensive nummary of scientific progress, rought down to the latest date, contains hirty separate articles of great ralue and uggestireness. The Historical Record gires a complete lolitlcal summary, and important information elating to the issue between the Western armers and the railroads. It also contains i comprehensive review of the Indian Quesion. In the Drawer "Our London Scrap-book" s continued, with pen andj pencil sketches if the London Haymarket. The Galary for June contains several artiles of striking interest, of which the first in irder, if not in merit, is a spirited sketch of Jeon Gambetta, the ardent French Kepublian, who is spoken of as the youngest statesaan in Europe. Another article which has i peculiar interest in view of the sanguinary endency of the age and the tendency of uries in murder trials, is Dr. Coan's essay on he Value of Life ; an arti< ie full of thought ind sound philosophy, but unfortunately ather too abstruse to be popular. The tverage reader will be better pleased with Jr. Burroughs's light aud entertaining arti:le upon the pleasures and benefits of walking tut?an amusement Tery few Americans arc iddicted to. One or two short and very >retty tales are clustered under the title of 'Gascon Stories.'' They belong to that [uaint, simple class of legend which passed urrent for generations among the French >easantry, without being written. One of hese wc find very like one of Grimm's Fairy rales. "The Sweetheart of Monsieur Brisiux" is a very well written love story, with he unsatisfactory ending now so much in rogue wuu story writer?. -.-v ruuiwiu Mibi" is an ingenious story, showing the rouble a self-appointed detective may get limself into. We commend it to the atten,ion of inquisitive busybodies. An article upon "The Man with the Iron SJask," review s the immense array of books ind essays written upon this subject within i century and a half, and patiently labors to wove that none of them are correct. The ooetry of the number is as good as usual, rhe scientific and literary departments are lull of interest, and constitute the best fea;ures of the magaziue. The Atlanta Monthly for June contaius: rhe French Imbroglio of 1798, by James Parton; Moods of the Rain, by G. P. LaLhrop; The Three Mary's of Sharpsville, by C. A. II.; Two Ways, by Constance F. Woodson; The Hare and Many Foes, by Charles Dawson Stanley; A Surmise, by Louisa Bushncll; Danish Society and its Revival, by Clemens Petersen ; By the Shore of the River, by Christopher P. Cranch ; A Chance Acquaintance, by W. D. Howels; The Missing Leaf, by J. T. Trowbridge; The Summer's Journey of a Naturalist, by N. S. Shalcr ; Miss Mehctabel's Son, by T. II. Aldrich; A German Baron and English Reformers, by Robert Dale Owen; Recent Literature, &c. Our Young Folks for Juae comes to hand filled as usual with the very beet reading matter for the young. I'crsunal. Sojourner Truth is on her way to see President Grant. Mr. Samuel Lee has returned from South Carolina with an addition to his family?a wife. Rev. Mr. Waring is successfully filling the puipit oi tnc >iuetccntn-strect Baptist church. Major Beam, of the Howard Law Department, promises us still another now of the Slaughter-house case. Drs. Freeman aud Dorsoy, by a mistake of types, were credited last week to Howard University instead of the Harvard Medical School. Dr. J. W. II. Hacks, of Philadelphia, delivered the recent address before the national order of Love and Charity. It is spoken of as an able effort. Prof. Geo. B. Vashon has recently becu appointed to a clerkship in the Treasury Department, after having passed his examination with great credit. Chief Justice Chase bequeathed ten thousand dollars to WUberforce University, Xcnia, Ohio. This university is under the control of colored Methodists. Mr. John Paine, of Albany, New York, has begun a suit against the proprietor of the opera house for ejecting him and his wife. Another test case for civil rights. Mr. T. L. O. Lambert, a young colored man of acknowledged ability, has received an appointment as mail carrier in the Post Office Department of the city of Detroit, Michigan. Honorable John H. Lynch, M. C. of Mississippi, was in town last week. He goes to attend the convention of Southern and Southwestern Congressmen which will be held at St. Louis. Prof. John M. Laugslon is to deliver the address on Decoration day, the 30th inst., at Hampton, Virginia. He proposes also to extend his visit to Norfolk and adjacent cities during his trip. J. S. Morris, Esq., Attorney Central of Mississippi, has our thanks for his able argu incut, tn ic George Guuuell rr. the Mate, delivered before the .Supreme Court of that State, during the April term, 1*73. John P. Green, Esq., of Cleveland, Ohio, is justice of the peace for Cleveland township. He is a graduate of the high school of that city. Mr. Green is of the law firm of Green and Holden, which now dissolve*. Mr. Audrew Otis Evans, A. Ii., Harvard, 1*70, was awarded the first prize for a dissertation on the subject Caveat Emptor, in the Boston University of Law. Hons. Geo. Hilliard, Chas. Theo. Russell aud Edward L. I'eiree, Esq., were the judges. There is a movement on foot to get up a testimonial to W. H. Johnson, Esq., of Albany, X. V., for his exertions in favor of the civil rights bill just passed, which received his attention throughout the winter, and until it was signed by the Governor. An excellent idea. Flifper.?Henrv Oasian Flipper, a colored boy of Atlanta, Georgia, has been made a West Point cadet. The Sun says of him: " This is the son of 'Flipper,' the well-known negro boot-maker of Atlanta. lie baa been at school here for five years, and has studied Latin and Greek, and the first aix books in geometry, and at this tuna stands first in the class. He is tall, stout, intelligent-looking, and converses very well. i " r [ Martin K. Peiany, the veteran editor, African traveler and explorer, and major during the late war in the T'nited States service, assumes the editorial charge of the Vim:-aary Rtccri, representative Cain's paper. The major is a man of mark, and determined to be heard from. Cadet Smith, of the I'nited Stale* Military Academy, we learn from a private letter, is progressing admirably in his studies, and will graduate next year. This young man, ' for the indomitable grit he has displavi d while at West Toint, deserves success, and . he will get it. Such boys cannot he crushed ! out bv eolorphobia. Kcv. I>r. Crutnmell.of New York city, ha accepted the rectorship of the >aitit Miry'. Protestant Episcopal church ot to:,- city. i?r. Crummeil brings learning, long experience, i and piety to his work, and wo do not doubt i that under his ministration the congregation : of Saint Mary's may realize theii intention | of building a commodious house of worship. Miss Eva F. Miller, who is a o]. Iored school at Milford, Delaware, being obliged to pass the school of on< Wils -a, was I actually knocked down by this spec.., n of | Caucasian civilization. Wheu arrested and 1 held to keep the peace, this champion of white man's rights swore the girl assaulted him. There were at least ten righteous men in that town, and Wilson is held d. bonds. Hons. James H. Piatt, Vuginia, Richaid j II. Caiu, Aionzo J. Kansier, South Carolina, have made their appointments of cadets to West Point and Annapolis. Those appointments were made on the competitive exam;- : nation plan, resulting in South Carolna iu the I appoiutraent of two white young men to We?t Point anil one colored to Annapolis t In Mr. Piatt's district a colored young man ! carried away the prize. Edmonia Lewis is very busy at her studio i iu Home. She i3 engaged upon a statue ; Abraham Lincoln, for the Central Park ; j John Brow-n, for the Union League Club, j and the poet, Longfellow, for Vale College, i We are rejoiced at everything we hear that tells of the success of this modest but gifted little artist. Ilalf negro and half Indian, she , is wholly a lady, and by slow and steady j effort, iustead of lobbying with Congressmen : for jobs, she is making sure progress m her ; art. | Our young friend and subscriber, T. W. J Napier, formerly of this city, now clerk in 1 the Post Office Department, Washington city, is on a visit to his parents and friends j in Nashville. Since leaving us a few years ! ago, he has graduated from the celebrated ! "Howard University," taken a law course in connection with said Institution, and been admitted to the bar. He has bought a home for his parents in their declining year , and j is manfully working to pnv for the same, before he settles down to the practice of his | chosen profession. Young men who thus i honor their parents, will be an honor to any j country, race, or clime. Would that we could chronicle many more . uch examples.? I B'ashiillf Bulletin. J Andrew W. Jackson, of Spiuigiicld, lib- j j uois, was elected an Alderman from the ; Fourth ward of that city at the last municipal 1 election, on the Kepublican ticket, and, not- ! withstanding he 13 universally recognized in the community as a high-minded and houorablc gentleman, and intellectually, and in every other respect, equal to any of liis fellow members of the Council, he has been insulted by being placed ou but a single o>mmittcc of the Council, and at the fo >t of that i committee, while every other member is { placed on two committees, and every othei , Republican member is chairman of r com- j mittee. Mr. Jackson is a colored man, which fait explains the whole matter. feuJ: things have happened in other places. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. ThoMIS S. BrilON an I G?1 Wii tfurc.v, i^-i ? . ? V. n.i. :oit'.n. D. C rAil oaiiuuoi'^li"a3 t- imtt?it ?u ti.? Pi?tri' should b<? s??nt iu by m'-ndny arising of C4th werk The husk.s of emptiness rustle :u every wind; the full corn in the ear hold? tin its golden fruit noiselessly to the I.oid of the harvest.? Ti'r.tUm Rev. .James Handy lias been appointed to a charge in New Orleans. So we ."hall lose him after all. Wo hope he may gain a?-1 many friends in the f te.iccnt city as he has lo re. "That mail only is truly brave who feats nothing so much as committing a mean action, aud undauntedly fulfills Lis duty whatever he the dangers that impede las way." The District Committc' met en T: lay j evening last and elected Mr. Jo.oph Wil- | liams president, and Mr. Jo ej.h T. Settle secretary . A judicious aud slaong %c1ect. ii: Now for work. Wavland Sr.MlNAIlY. ? The < xinan.itions at this very excellent institution will commence to-morrow anu continue Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of nc_t week. Friends of the institution are invited to attend. Ou Thursday evening 'if next week th< celebrated Ifyers sisters, the famous colored California operatic singers, will give a concert in Lincoln Hall in this city. They ari highly spoken of by tin- l'rcs- of oui large cities. Go and hear them. The ball of the hieelsior tal < lull was a grand ?ucce:..i. The spocrhc.i of M's-m. 1-cwis an?l savoy were very good. 1 he hill was crowded, the musie was of the he t, the *u|>|? r w.ix wcIImuvi I, arid tlie rhi t, not to omit anything, was ubiquitous '] he young men ar<- worthy ot all prui-r foi the r are bestowed upon thc.r gin t . The planting of "hade tree .0 thu kly in some of our street", ami thu cultivation of the grx*s plats, wall make Wa luiigton 111 reality a garden-int. Already it begin to show the wisdom ol the policy of improvement. We are to have an I'nt-r <Un Uit in Massachusetts avenue, which is to be planted with the American l.inden. The iirst exhibition of the colored icliciola took plaee last Friday in the Sumner building. This it was the teacheis who were exhibited. Fcirral of the white who were in Tiled HIM to < Timl. By * strange coincidence, tome of the colored dignitaries were there, some of whom "'Jes dropped in." The report in another column ia from the lUpMuan, and hence "official." The president was in hi* happiest mood, making some six neat little speeches. District Cot noil- A communication from Comptroller Baker in regard to moneys paid out to the colored schools from July 1, 1871, to May 11,1873, reads as follows: Total for salaries and contingent fund for ! Washington schools, >3,21?. 10; for com-< pletion of Wa-hjsgtoo school buildaig*, ! for CieonrrMown *<-h<v>U, ia!ar,<? and c-r>n?m?fn! fun<?, il-,-'";. I pavm'ntto coW?<l *cli > I'. 3!&I,! ?f.^5. Mr. Rroftk rf tlir P/^rr ,r* Ta that th"re i? -till du? f> th? tr#t?UTv f the col .red hoed*. Id! l.:.. The Suni-i/ V ' / (wiz /' .* a;r exceedingly l^imtiag?adiMytcwfc If il Jnwaal and merits Ihi- patronage it r- . ? from tl> commercial men f ]>. t. I 1, side, an excellent family ii. if . is tenN carefully csp I, and * t.:ras w.h.?\ n and wc constantly read it there can be no hesitation in pre n: to tiemost fastid: at- <f .1:, . t.uu v Then the t :ri ulat 1 t the .' 1 ' - v v lar^e and list. ith a.,: , .. . j _ uclusivily h .? accs, 1 u l. it t the gem : ?! reader. It give* m J ii MI I Mkl (Mi record for a iouri al so po;1 Jt iag. "Washiugtoiiian" in I. r to the P' tj-rm if l.t'j r. :! a p'.anation. Wc do not tlvak ; n . - - \ry,a* uo one supposed him to h.r. my;!'. i'eclin toward ih?. parties mcnti >? !: "Your readers nv. ' .1 , ..ui th;nk tlvit in mv la-: 1 11<.r ira:: ait in "< r delta's" characters, rr r. - .1 ? m> mmhI dhmncl toanv gentleman wh? mm 1 gave, nr from :t ordi. . h assures nre ti-.a- no p r- . . . -t ? 1ictench d :i the letter (' nr g- '.itar. Il.dlr'. Back 11.u.-. r:t" illv t. i with the Fiecilman's Hack. are my ml-, some of them personal. M Thomjkins, Johnrcn, Fleetwood. A rusta, and Butler I respe. t hi -lily . 1 lie;. > .1 e, socially, some of our tea.!: s, . : . They arc educated md retai, 1 vote ntle men. kind, genial, aud h"?[ tal i \ and nr. contributing much to overthrow the 'old citizen dynasty in the T)i*tiif of t lam! 1." They contribute, to mv 1 .a- i-il kin . . ! ! more to make it plaaaanl for strangers ing this city than an\ 'titer -itn ,r ~enucnicu. CGMMUSICA Tl U.\ S. [Ta? Xi* National Era i. frt fl?W> ilprc?<d by < : Writ* a . iQtorcflttn^couaBUDii AtioiiA w i I bf k .! Vtiiat lllc Icgru i !.< lliiri*. |i. Sonic one willing f r x:tli..r. |. said that "horctofi.ti the .-.dorr ! \ . ; . the couutry have lived by suth r.iin n the days of shivery, by a hie * < : t ' v our enfranchisement." Touching the quest: 'ti ? ; i,.n, tin* ? of the <le.u! past. an.I when referred t.> ia merely done to remind both <<p; .< : and oppressed of what was. And even though w. w.: ugh i. t! lone, dark, bloody year of t'.-? < x:-ter. . . that curse at the iiu-ic\ : \< . nm.wcar now willing to forgive anl forg. only that in the our rights bet we the law shall, under all circumstances, be n , 1; that no distinction in eon*equeu of i a e, -he, or previous condition gen-vat ; and that the negro hall tak 1 p'' .nth a shops, factories, hotel.*, teainb.. its, opera houses, pnRmfouo, .1. partiMBta, army, navy, Congress, like I. . m-. fottunat* n ghbor, the white man. No ono i< foolish enough to believe that, with all the opportunities at hand, m rj negro will become a great man; this is out of the order of thiugs. The Anglo-Saxon race never reached such a point. If some negroes, like -onio white nuoi, have simply < apa< it v enough t > make themselves protieient as valets, why ! t them pursue their ailing. Notion.; i -it- million-*. in the eye- of -eusihle penpV, Ota-In < to menial on ujiations. It is fat l>.-tier to be great in . mall thing., than -aiall in gr>- tt out liut bv no a.bitraty rub- < 1' puhli. ctitiinent compel e.tle i black <o white to l?- servants, when they tin m>. !v> - feel that tin have the ability to t i e high' r; .aid if tin . take an upward flight, ! t .t our hu ,n- -< and piadc to ihcer on s>t-h, to extern! tinhand of sympathy, and thu el l auotln i mid another to the long i. 1 of n at names. Why, at this p<>. h in fhi history of u ih?. a.?..i i .. . .. . ?.ice a/.uu.-t tho negro, not cvn the iuo* i antagonist!'- o!" Ins oppn "i ? > mild nnswrr. u? take lint it glanee at tl. pa f. From the hou: th- tils I inslallm ut ofbl.u h? huoh I at Iwmtatown, Yiigiuia, to tlie moment when, by pi> tarnation, the.! rl - >'mlanti were made fre e, tin y have In i a t perpetual source r.t ivi ilili an I power to tin Aim ri i.i people. Aral -sheii the two "i tin countiy divided upon tin <pi -sUon-d shivery, the U' gio in tin' :s ,uth, althuu-'i panting tor h;s freedom, did not coroti.i' an ovi ;t . t, and that line of In-tory . < v t ? L iviiltcn which will narrate the murde..?.? of del- n clets women and children, consequent upon the absence of the lighting tiiah.jtl i.i tl army of the Confederate Stati. . And in th North, where lie was in. ulle?l, rnoiibi !, mmdcrd, hung from laiuppo ti, n h. h ale ' extremity, when God and man u.i d to have forsaken bint, he never rai 1 1 li: < r iu opposition to law; h Wa-> patient, t.-us1 in'/ ra th' liual triumph of jn -.ti e; and to plove h.s sincerity, !i OR-rcd h: ;. ? t j the country t > help maintain i.i ; and ord< r, and the n-.uav battla-bcld . .! ... i. .< !1,u attc.-,t Ins d: , 1": I.*". !: . . mm conquering arm. Wc arc, therei n , 1?. i t i. a Jew fact*. First. Wo u:u a v< ry -or. durable and ini(xrftant ;>: rt of the jieopli; of tli.s country; next, w- are from proof upon pr higher than O a upon IV1; 11, anions the truert tucnd.s of tie- lt> , uhl.. . Again; We have from our unrcqu.teti lo.l contributed nidi.on multiple 1 by million*, and the vast amounts of money have augmented the ai.dlli .m l nolo, lb : country formula hie. lit view o! tlio >. i I ..< ... tlii to gro been, it i* full time lb it lu. b'.uus to n<t alrout to hi- lulu talus .s to amount to among die pohmal filends whose pole y, principle-, and t kel h' has adopted and voted. All h;>L. !. I Uvu p .ul ;?H'I ?. ii .filial a . puipose .1 * in vain l?> all* nipt l'? i ompl. Ii anything. One union:; tin: lir*t steps nei i ssary for us to take Min;' to our future jolit a! 1 . to harmonize mitiin^ differences of opinion, if atiy, and then orcvii/e and unite. It .? not eaaenlial thai we iltwrt party in or?icr to <Io these. So, remain iu the party; but w must have the parly undcrsuud that we .utend to do a little of the dictatiou ourselves. Just no long as we arc *atisfic'i to remain at the street-door of the party and not *i ? into the parlor to occupy ?om? of the vacant chatm in that room, we will tit 1 ourselves jostled from the pavement by impudent, audacious fellow, whose only rceommendation can be expre- cd iu two words, viz: brans, check. There is visionary about this. Annually we go to the polls like sheep to be slaughtered, and by some potent political spell we deposit our ballots, :n ten cases out of a dozen for men who care no moie for us and our interests, after bi.og elected, than if we were simply predestined to exist and act only in the use oi some u'.li' -

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