Newspaper of New National Era, May 29, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated May 29, 1873 Page 1
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I 9KE55SSK9S99S rnR NEW NATIONAL ERA \ND CITIZEN, RIUMD tiVKRY THURSDAY MORNING At curt D. c. <r ? Stw StTIOBAL BAA AKBCmtKB OVtAST LEWIS n. DOUGLASS. I RICHARD T. ORKENER, > Editom. JOHN H. COOK, ) fmi: l cr ?r??c*im<.*? Mo(). <-opiw, ft M pw ???r, _ -,pjt* 'or 11" l? tltUM FRKDBKtCK DOt'OLABB, Jr., ~ kwuj, 1-xk En M. WMAirgto,. b C COMMUXTCA TIOXS. in VfV KaTJv-rai Kra r*.>t 1./.J rM(.r.uiU? M 4A r.?m% n>rm^ ?> carrmipo*.!**!* W? li wrltu? *i?4 ^ &: mill t#gU4ij r?o#)T*d , j. he L.??gt?lallaN and taclel|. _ ir 7c : *>< EA tor: of tSf V?r A'ational Era and Cititrx OO all tb< subjeru wbah lead to Ut strengthen enlarge, and elevate the human th -ad there .= none vi great a', that hraneh so c; ..rtsprudencc known a. leg.station for, th ^bar-wood :ay--, 'it i: the noblest work In ?o v. 't... b the Intellectual (.owers of man can be of a- !t rc-emhies most nearly the 1?wcre cfthc Deity." ! iai it was a philosophical maxim oi fiato. as fe< stated m his "Dialogue on Laws," that the c3 cad of legislation is to make men virtuous ; tic cut the impracticability of this a a fundamen- trs tai principle is =o apparent, that we do not ro| hti.ut* toaccapt that another aadgtentcr thi school crt philosophy which owes its popular- rei .ty vb.fdy l i Macon This profound phiioso- his pr.cr riatf that the ea?i of iegi iatioa is the eq weii-hci.'. - of the people. lie The c\ drr.t wisdom of He..Hi < proposition : pu c% dearly eon wL<n we examine the relation j las tcr.t strict. and law near tf. each other. 1 pr< ;. .i ' :c:y .r. .:= earliest infancy was bur- j ;rs ._rtd r.r.d piotected by law. Supported as i 1 :r. .tror.j and slater, oat supports the ivy. is < Xh. ..?! aii its extensive ramiiirations so- an .>;> feel* ii.e morai influence of law. its fro vers c\i:;r:ice depends oa the iaws which chi :aa!ata.n it, ..ad from which it derives the wc aour.-Lramt that .s so vitally indispen .able ' ;? Ut perfo t deveiojtmenl and support. Hy tin the moral eacrts of law our society is meant, no ail the tuoiai influences whhh a well-organ- w) tied s;. >u-m of iaws tends to produce on the reiifiOu- political, commercial, and serial Coi states of a community. . A s ...i- first established through in! i.s, so it has rontinued to owe its rapid and sti marked development to the same cause. In iai :upport of this position we take a retro.poo- pt :.-.e , lan e, and, hy itie aid of history, find At many instances <>t the ed'ecle to which we | CP1 allude. t he Male lit society found in Athens | jUj .a the early pait of the sixth century fur- j no wishes.,n interestingillustration to this effect. ! m< That Oeauiifui city <>f Greece, of which, even j If., at this distant ]>erlo.i history is proud to ca -j*at:, often dwelling with mournful regret ar, < o the utter degradation to which she was | brought hy the introduction of new laws, con- ! se sequent on the iuvasiou ol the t'ersians. Up i to that period she stood forth preeminent | 8X among her sister-cities for tier commerce,her | f i philosophy, and her fine arts ; and ttie indi- be vidual relations of men were better under-' ac stood and more respected in consequence o! 0y the c-xceiience of those institutions of learu- j s<. :ng, which made Greece so lamou- among ja the nations of the world, and all this the ' is tiled of those wise law - promulgated by I gii Solon and his successors. ' en As proof that law was the ..ause of these j do heneficial effects on society, we have hut to . to contrast this condition of Greece before the j de unqucst with that which followed, when new 1 regulations were .established undet a far dif- by lerent code of laws, introducing, as they did, ! lie a new and less enlightened element which { qs uprooted their old institutions, anil so denior- J allied their social relations, thai anarchy ! ex usurped the place of order, the fine arts , Tl shared the fate of her lost liberty, the free, | tw national spiiit of the Athenian departed fur- j lh aver, and Greece from her lofty eminence lit was leveled in t?e dust, the shame of her ' nil pr.Je and the scom of the world. ' mi At a more advanced period we find similar in effects following like cause in one of the : tic greatest Empires, and in her day the mistress j of the world. . j hs Home was most nourishing under Justinian, de Id rourn PAmon * .?*-?! 1-?. -J jutted sad complied, the 4aflue2.ce of which 1 of .1 still felt In the legislation and law of the j su world. Wliile the government of Home was gi -a a peaceful and tranquil state -society at flourished, hut when, as so frequently happened, the laws were abrogated by bad w rulers, or the State left without any, society ! w became corrupt The rapid and successive j changes of rulers produced a corresponding F< fluctuation in society, each in its turn tend- 1 pr utg to weaken the structure of the govern- ; pe ?tut. eventually resulting in that deplorable 1 of ..ud.t.wn commonly known as the fail of the wi i-Icmuu Umpire, clearly proving what v.e gr have already stated?that a good system of j *?ws i, absolutely nacessary to strengthen, j promote, and permanently establish ahcAlthv 1 rtate of society, for the great end and object h< cf all civil government should he to guard j be and g.ve security to life, liberty, and , cc property. w in all countiiei where civilirati-n is in an ' \v advanced state, where learning and manner<- ro have attained to onv degree of refinement, j a( th advantageous Influences of law mu?t be ' ql admitted. . ia But the law luust be good, and the admin- | ca -.tration of it wlt>e, no law being pood which does not tend to raise the standard of society, , be -ad even the maladministration of good laws I he > ujjiuivu*, uiiru rria ruing ine progress ot" a ' [1( people. a We Laic innumerable instances in support ! ?.? this view. Histor\ is full of interesting 1 f0 -mi where the effect* of good laws have f0 keen perverted to *erve the saiikh en-k of p, ambitious ruler*. sc Tuki for example that celebrated case of s) tVairen Hastings'maladministration In lirit- st i*h India, where wise laws were so iufa- ln mojsly prostituted as t? inspire the people gt ol ii.ndostan with hatred and fear rather * '.L..U love and reapect The influence wa= ,s( nod The good effect of the laws was de- ; 01 strayed by unwise administration. Directly ' ie ? indirectly the influence here was felt p throughout tins vast empire, and not only hy 0\ ;a?? people of India, hut fifteen thousand unies away across the ocean, In England ' tl Itself, this adverse Influence was felt. The cl English people, free themselves, could not pi v-t tamely down and see the very laws under j hi they themselves were governed so 0j .tused to serve the rapacious ends of one p; ambitious man. la The wrongs of an outraged people found a ei champion W Hindustan. with ?ts vast cities, its gorgeous ( ct p..godas, its inflate swartus of dusky popula- ti ~ tion, its long-descended dynastles^ts stately ' N tt.c,uette. waited s the capacious imagina- V NE"V vol. nr.?no. 21.} Mi tod susceptible mind of Burke tuck tense Interest that, to borrow the word* of acaulnv, "Under the ancient arches of estroinstor Hall, in the. name of the Kncrli people, at the bar of the >.ngll?h nohlea, ' pleaded for great nation* and king* *epated from him by half the world." * j Thua we tee the beneficial effect* of law* i society, when even 7ood law* heciiy adminered produce such unhappy results, and a* e*e evil eonseqticnce* were owing to unund legislation or maiadtnimatration, to are e beneficial effect, accruing to our modern cic-ty seen and feu in the various relation! life ; the result of the sound policy of our v.. Trace the gradual improvement of our ws, note the development and almost per-! rtncss of our system, and observe the good erts on society. The law for the preven-1 >n and punishment of crime affords an iliua-1 it'on to this point, and tfe Snd that taking ( gnirauce of all wrongs or unlawful acts,! i law has a double view, vb: not only to iress me party injuiea, comer oy restoring t i right, if possible, or by giving him an t nivalent, but also to guarantee to the pubtbe benefit of security by preventing or' i Dishing every breach an<i violation of those ; t vs wiiich the sovereign power has thought > iper to estabhih for the government and . i ir.quility of the whole. c f he effect created by puni?iuaent on sooiety ; 1 clearly of a niorai nature, for the great etui a <i object of punishment is to deter men r in offending by their frequent and un-1 t ecked depredations, otherwise society \ mid drift toward degradation. ? This we know. We have not fai to go to j I d an illustration in support of it. We Jo , t t want u mora prominent case .than that; 1 ffch exists in our midst. !' lias not society suffered even in this J'ree untry from the unchecked depredations of i ' nditti as fierce and ImtU-s gs any that ever i * "ested the mountain passes of Italy, or I dked with savage nicin through the deso- ' :e streets of Home? Here in this great 1 public, the cradle ot liberty; here in f liericu in the nineteenth century, in the 1 ntre of civilization, in the heart of flourish- I { cities and peaceful country towns, has " t society been exposed for years to the ; * >st atrocious crimes, and suffered in end- ? is ways from tiie demoralizing effects 1 used by the unchecked depredations of the ' cursed K. K. K. ? l.avrs that cannot be carried into effect to a rve the ends for which they were designed, t :re better abolished, for they only tend to f Libit the weakness of the Government, t le relation between I.aw and Society may i presented in the character of a contract t cording to which one is to yield perfect J ledienre, while the other guarantees perfect < curlty. So when social rights are infringed, ' 6 w is bound to provide a remedy ; and this \ s generally by punishment, for, as the great ^ s r Ma the w Hale says: "When oil'enses grow : < ormous, frequent and dangerous to a King-! < iin or State,destructive or highly pernicious civil society, severe punishment, and even j 1 ath itself, is neoessary. t Not only is this bene%iai ed'ect produced 1 r law upon the domestic concerns of a na- 1 <n, hut also upon foreign affairs, when * lestions involving international duty arise. I The late Treaty of Washington is a high i ample in support of this proposition, i 1 irough this treaty the rights and duties of j o great nations have been clearly defined, i 1 oir national honor respected, their po- t ical relations strengthened, that comma-; I ty of interest so common between them ; 1 ore firmly established, their commercial! ' tercourse extended, and their social rein- s >ns more harmoniously united, in no age, at no time, ancient or modtrn,, is any antiquated or time-honored prece-, :nt been more effectually thrust aside. The tiversai resort to arms to settle questions a similar nature?a barbarous custom united to the progress of a century so dirt in-; tisbed by improvements, intellectual, moral, id mateiial?was abandoned. Law was given the place of aims, and the orld has seen the truth of those trite otds?words used by Richelieu verified? The pen is indeed mightier than the sword." a the vexed questions of international | ' ilicy have been satisfactorily settled by the j i arefui adjustment of treaty ; and, instead i war and its countless evih. we have peace,! < ith a hearty reconciliation between two eat people _____ j' : 1 iaorriblc for a Civilized Land. 1 ~ I tiVLose neat l does not shrink back with i >rror and disgust, and whose blood does not IJ >11 within his veins, when he reads the ac- 1 >unts of such horrible butcheries as that hich took plat e in Grant Parish, Louisiana. : 'e have heard and read of some of the hor-' >rs and inhuman butcheries which llorae was 'customed to experience, and we have fre- j lently read of fearful tragedies in heathen ' nds, but when we come to hear of such useless and unparalleled slaughter in u nd bearing the name of Christianity on its : ' >som, we are horror stricken, We had ' >ped that Fort Pillow slaughters were over, 1 it it ?eems that the Colfax runo-acre was i 1 parallel scene. ; I It was the meanest and most cowardly act 1 r a strong force to attack a weak party, 1 ree them from their place of security and 1 iteher them in cold blood. The butchery' ' cms to have bceu prosecuted m the most locking manner, men with their great knives < abhing and rutting on right aud left, walk- i g upon the dead, and with the stocks of their ! ins beating out the brains of those thai,, ere not yet dead. Who cau imagine the . pth of tho malice that is still .u the breasts I " these people f From these facts we may i am lbflt 44 a ii?r :.c c. ? e*'ii ?> . or all the hitherto dominant party has. been 1 erpowered and put down, that demon-like i >irlt is still in them; and all they need is ; < le power and they would again hind the 1 tains as tight as ever upon the African peo- < e. The fact that fire thousand negroes j I ire been murdered in twenty-seven parishes ] ' Louisiana since the close of the war, i1 -ores that the democracy of the South is no , I etter reconciled than it was when the North ! id South stood face to face in battle array, i 'e learn that colored persons have been i >ntinually disappearing from various loaali- i ss of the South since the close of the war. i ow, what ia the cause of these things f rhera lies the fault in tfceee matters ? "Which ' V NA AND WA8HTN '* the gui'ly party? I* the black mtii such in oJen?Fve hemg In the -south that he canlot be left alone? Doe* he create "rah disurbonee and violence that no one c*n live leaceablv with him? Fact* prove the con* Tmrv. Doe* it not suffice the white man of ;he South to hnre kept the colored man in rhain* two hundred and fifty year*, to have 'educed him to a state of degradation, to tave inflicted upon him all manner of torture ind suffering, to have taken the reward of >ur labor and the labor of our father* to in'rease hi* wealth, while we ourselves are left n poverty and wretchedness ' Ought not ! i hese things to he sufficient to satisfy the nind of any hut a demon? No, these are tot sufficient So long as be sees a colored tereon breathing the pure air of liberty, ia-. | >oring for his own household, having prop rtv around him, and attending to bia own, msiaess, be is not satisfied. Do these peo > ,ic imagine that God has created one race to ^< >e domineered over by another and be a con-,i ?nual prey for il ' Instinct should teach hem bettei ' 1 Says one of the assaiiiunts at the Colfax . I uassacre, " We shan't have no more trouble ,.! vith the niggers in Grant Parish, and 1 then a? clean a job is made in every parish , i u the State we shall begin to have some j' iuiet, and nigger* will know their place.' 1 would ask wherein has the negro ecerbeen I i disturber of the public quiet? There are 1 in citizens more quiet and law-abiding when , 1 hey are not disturbed ; and in evert instance ' I there disturbance ha* been made in the ' mjuiij, tut- u^Kit-nnui nun uu ine oilier sure. : 1 ii h11 thp Ku KIux outrages the cause can be 1 i raced to some of their former oppressors.! 1 [he assailinnt says " the niggers will know ' I heir place." This is an expression we fre-: 1 uently hear among many of the whites : ^ ' ' f.nt.i." their plar(t" and I would like, to know i 1 vhal they mean by it. What particular I liace has the colored man more than the ! rhite man ? What place would the white 1 nan assign him ? lie has all the rights of > itizcnshlp, eligible to any of the offices of ' he nation, has the right to liberty nnd the rnrsuit of happiness, hence what does the j I .outhernw (and not only the Southerner, for < re have heard the expression In the North,) I nean when he speaks of the negro forgetting 1 lis place? We think the interpretation Is I his, that while they are constrained to ac- ] nowledge the negro's natural endowments ' ind his susceptibility to places of eminence, 1 hey would nevertheless desire to see him a < ew degrees lower than themselves, and are ? lever willing to set him on a perfect level ? vith themselves. This seems to be the ; ' leaning of the phrase " know their place." \ ' [ know not how others may view this kind I >f spirit, but as for myself, 1 think it a good j I ign of low breeding and ignorance, and | f liows a want of good mother wit. This j1 pirit which has been nurtured in the breast j' if many has led to the horrible butcheries of 1 jrant Parish. : It was a breach of inconceivable in justice 1 or the McEneryites to endeavor to over-| 1 hro-.y the legal authority and butcher -ouie I ' hree hundred persons iu cold blood. We 1 ;now not how justice is to be arrived at in i 1 <uch cases From the statement of the same j1 icrsoa as quoted above, the assailiants would kin carry out their hellish desires in a simi- < ar manner throughout the whole South ; yea, 1 nay I not say wherever there is a colored man ireathing free air. Oh, the blood boils and j' he heart sickens in reflecting upon these j1 hings ! " Because sentence against an evil: vork is not executed speedily, therefore (It j 1 lecms) the hearts of the sons of men is fully j iet in them to do evil." How long shall hese vile monsters m the shape of human jeings stalk through the land with their | rands dripping with innocent blood ? Ail these things are the relics of slavery, ma it trill tai.e generation* to eradicate ihe |1 ivils; yet some are so presumptuous as to , iayitiias been beneucial to the black man.1 Vlay I not endorse such heresy till I can be j iersuaded that good can come out of hell! It will take more than this generation to dig >ui all the roots of slavery ; yea, more than he nest tbrc-e can do. Had it not been for j .hat accursed institution, the South might tolay have been the garden spot of America, j rhereas it is the scene of continual dread . tnd bloodshed. The very soil has been :ursed on account of slavery. But we hope the Soutk's future will tell a setter story. We look to the time when the dace where the black man has boc-n bound will. se the place of bis triumphs and dominion ; j tnd in the language of Cicero, let eternal iustice, which is the basis of ail human laws, i oe meted out to every man. (i. M. Elliott. j Letter (roiu Nlutuippl NTcksulro, Miss., May 1?, ls73. To ike Editor- of iht AW Aiatiouai Era and ' Citizen : i From a short editorial notice in the Eba i f the sth instant, I judge that a person in lackson, unknown to me, attempted to ''go ; 'or your heathen Chinee"?"C/n's I wish he writer had couched his letter in such lan- j <uage as becomes a correspondent for the public press, so that I might have known his . easons for attacking me, as sometimes these ! -ejoiuders serve to sharpen one's quill by s-av of a replication. We are all anxiously waiting to have the , leciftlon of our Supreme Court ou a test case under the civil right's bill which passed our Legislature ai us recent session. i tie most >f our leading lawyers, sho are also leading [democrats, contend that the construction of the bill is in violation of our Constitution, end they were quite willing to have the bill passed upon by our Supreme Court. Aii of the proprietors of hotels have retorted to a contemptible dodge by hanging out signs that they no longer keep public tiotels, bat that their houses are "for the accommodation of selected guests sad personal friends!" And the proprietors of places of i public amusement generally give notice "that no one will be admitted but tbose who have special Invitations, and a contribution will be expected from dl who accept those invitations towards defraying tbe expense of the entertainment!" Can the devil in his regions invent evasive clauses more adapted to his cause than the above ? And yet these very men, who arc tbe bead and front of all this InTidicis distinction, are hard st work 1 TIO^ CITI QTOy, P. c., THTRSDAY, MA to-day endeavoring to impress ttae more unfortunate and laboring classes of the colored men thai they are our best friends. In faet, they are now sounding around anions some of our leading colored men to get them to accept place? on tbefr State ticket, with the hope of dividing the Republican party nest fkll. But they are too well known to he trusted; and tha only way in which they can gain the confidence nf the negr > is by joining hands with him in laboring in the ranks of the Republican party Toomuch ka-> already baeo done to palliate these men, who at heart are haters of the doctrine of equality before the law for all men. As in the past few years the moment they declared their intention to join the Republican party they were placed at the front and rewarded with some of the best offices in the gift of the people. We are willing to oSer inducements for all < men to come and Join us, but a man fresh from the heart of the Democratic party ought to go through a probationary service before being placed at the front of the Republican : party, it seems that, notwithstanding we have demonstrated our capacity in every respect in maintaining our position as a citizen if this Government during the rapid strides ! it ha* made in the la?t twelve tears, yet we \ ire left to fight inch, by inch for the last re-! maining right that is kept from us. When Lhe question of arming the negro was sprung j ... 1?uuf uwnu ?m- icuciuuu, ?'linr of our timid citizens thought it would have a j tendency to weaken the cau-e of the Union ;; but were it not for the. assistance of negro' troops our country might have been rent1 asunder. When the qucstioii of emaneipa-! tion was sprung, some of our timid citizens thought it was premature, and it would be | langerous to emancipate four millions of hu- ' nan beings by a stroke of the pen, and that ! they would be wards of the nation for a quar-' ter of a century ; hut the negro to-day is as ] prosperous as any other citizen, considering the condition from which he came, nnd the sxliibits of the Freedtnan's Bank will show t ils frugality. When it was proposed by old ! Tliaddeus Stevens to reconstruct the South by placing the ballot in the bands of her loyal j :itizen?the negro?our timid citizens thought \ the ballot would be a dangerons weapon in 1 the hands of the ignorant negro; but bis- i tory shows that he has wielded it for the ! protection of our country at all times. And ' row, when we ask for our last remaining! right, there goes up a terrible howl as of days of yore ftoni our timid citizens about social j 'quality! Why, Mr. Editor, there is no class rf persons in this country who have demonstrated their love of social equality as those white citizens of the South have. 1 see a practical demonstration of it for two or three generations back whenever 1 look in the {lass. And next winter, when the bill is sprung in Congress, ami the old howl of social equality is made by the Democratic members, let Pinchback, l'.ainey, Lynch,! Ransier, and others stand up as living raonu- j ments of the social equality these haters of! civil equality would have, but to which tee | are opposed. And when our civil rights shall I have been attained, not only in this State, J but in our entire country, it will be acknowledged t?y all classes that the negro will he as j welcome a guest at our hotels, places of I amusement, and public carriers, as any other j

citizen. We have had a case under the civil rights' j bill in this city which was taken before our | city judge, but he decided against us. In March last John G. Saxe lectured here, and one of our colored citizens applied for a ticket, but was refused. lie took the case before our city judge, and our side was ably argued l.y 0..1 listrict attorney. But the judge, who is an old vacillating and wiry politician, who, I r..u sorry to say, was elected bv Republicans, thought he would take the case under advisement, and he kept it under advisement for six long weeks, when he was almost forced to render a decision. And after giving notice that he was ready to decide the question, he read a manuscript of about forty page?, I should judge, as it took up nearly four columns of our daily papers, passing upon the bill, with a view, I suppose of instructing our Supreme Court how to pass upon the case before it, and decided that it was novel in its character, and intruded upon the long-established custom of this people, &c., dec., and dismissed the vase. The colored people were indignant at the manner of his decision, as the bill was the law of the State, and his duty was simply to decide whether the defendant was guilty of a violation of the law or not. We felt that gn indignation meeting ought to be bc-ld, and with but one day's notice, about six hundred citizens assembled in our court-bouse, and passed resolutions of the strongest character, and requested him to resign. orn POLITICAL CAl'LDBOX has commenced to boil, and warm tunes may he expected in this State until next November. Chief among the candidates for gubernatorial honors are General Ames, one of our present United States senators, and George Powers, our present Governor. The mloreii neowl*. hs u-wll ne the tnrnt uhita men, feel * sense of obligation to (ieneral Ames which is lasting. In the troublesome times 01 IsC'j he took th.* helm of State and carried us safely to victory. He protected us from all manner of dangers, and displayed the stiffness of a West Point ramrod. He showed conrage, he showed stability, and he showed true manliness toward all cur citizens, irrespective of color. And since be has been in the Senate he ha-> proreu himself a true friend of humanity, and an earnest advocate of equal rights for all men. Our colored citizens feel all the ui?re attache.1 to him because of an effort made by a certain elA?fi r.f nur i>iii7*nc in drive b.m. as .1 wapa from the Mate. He U the moat hated of ail men by the Democrats, simply because they cajsnot manage him. He is like (Jrant, immovable in his principles, and unyielding in his demands ; and those are element* of sure aucces*. Governor R. C. Powers, w ho is the other chief aspirant for gubernatorial honors, is much milder than General Arr.es?milder in almost every respect. He is as pliable as Amti is unyielding. When I use the word pliable, however, I do not mean to say that Powers would yield a principle to the Democracy, but he would go further to compromise with the opposition than Ames would. He ie a mild, calm gentleman, and doc: not show much Sgftt abcat Km, tfcortgk we do cot JAL I 7 FN Y 29, 1873. know what the contest aught develop in hun. . Tie is largely engaged in plantmg in the State, and I do not really th.nk he rare* whether he receives the nomination or not, as he would be just as satisfied seeing the beautiful white bolls of eotton thickly scattered over his plantation as to occupy the Executive Mansion. The candidates for I.ieulenant Governor are all colored men, as we have decided that this as well as two other positions must be fliled by colored men. At present they are Colonel B. K. Bruce, the present able sberid of Bolivar county; Hon A. K. Davis, one of the leading members of the Legislature of Xoxubee county; Hou. Charles Caldwell, the able Senator from Hinds and HankiO counties; Hon. H. K. Keveis, secretary of State ; and I do not know but that certain circumstances might bring out Colonel >. J. Ireland, of Alcom University. In my next I may commence a few personnels of leading men of the state and outside the Legislature CTvis. Letter trout Philadelphia. Philadelphia, May do, is?d. To the Editor: of the Stv \atioual El a and C itaen ; Discreditable as are the periodical punishments at the whipping-post and in the pillory, one of which our sisterState, Delaware, gloated over quite recently, we think we could be willing spectators of such a scene * if the only criminal present were the party j who conceived nnd nnnilwl our loit ovKlKI. 1 tion of public canvassing. The Republican parly in this city nomi- ) nates candidates for the positions of .Sheriff, 1 Register of Wills, Clerk of Orphan's Court, j c City Treasurer, and City Commissioner next r month. Ambitious politicians are actively '' laboring to secure votes and thus secure the | ' nominations of their favorites, as we nomi- ' nateby what is known as the Crawford county 1 system. The slate pavement in front of the | s "row"' is marked by the heels of countless c hosts where diurnal consultations are both loud and deep. One of our colored politi- j cians, who holds a small government posi- ' ' lion, who had doubtless promised all his immense constituency's support to a prominent candidate for .Sheriff, conceived the brilliant plan of appealing to that constituency , , through the medium of their grosser appetites. I The city was flooded with complimentary tickets for a grand promenade concert to he | given at Liberty Hall on the 8th of May. , The industrious manipulator and several of his agents, on representations that the better classes of the colored people would he pres- I ( out on that occasion, had sold numbers of ^ tickets to the numerous oflieials of our city, and doubtless by this means obtained various amounts of money from the different candi- j dates. The evening of the 8th came. Lib- j | erty Hall was in a blaze of glory. A motley ! crew of w hites and blacks, male and female, for the most part denizens of the "classic ^ localities" in that vicinity, had there congregated. Jig dancing, the mazy waltz, the state-', ly quadrille, the sipping of champagne, the ( guzzling of viler fluids, the gormandizing .of 1 solids made the affair far from monotonous. . ' The aspirants were on hand in force and we are informed they w ent home persuaded that , their money had not been spent in vain, and ' that the suffrages of the representatives of 22,147 colored people of this city had been j secured thereby . Whut words ran sufficiently stigmatize this degenerate son of so noble 1 a sire? What madness could have induced the owners of the hall to rent it for such a ' purpose is beyond our comprehension. Now ' that the affair has excited general comment, ' ' some of them loudlv denounce it, and char- ' acterize it as an insult and libel upon the | intelligence and respectability of our people, ' and desire to unite in a call for a meeting for ' its condemnation. ' Our Board of Education have recommended. I to the City Council an appropriation of flf- 1 teen hundred dollars for the building of an 1 addition to the James Forten colored school. ' In view of the tact that in so many of our sister cities colored schools have been iegis- ' lated out of existence this Is no evidence of : progress. The passage of the Civil Ilights Bill by the next Congress will obviate its necessity. It Is much to be regretted that some 1 of our well-to-do philanthropists have not been more solicitous in the matter of ubtuin! ing proper school facilities for colored children in our city. Were it not for the great work which the Society ol r nends has done in maintaining the Institute for Colored Youth, our children would not have secured any other than a most meagre education ; and the work of this institution has been much retarded by the superficial character of the instruction imparted in the public schools. In striking contrast to our paucity of school facilities, our neighboring city, Camden, with a population of 20,045, of which hut ."2'i arccolored, has been recently amalgamated w ith j several adjoining townships, thus increasing ! its colored population to about 2,500, has one colored representative in the Hoard of Kducation, and three -chools employing eight teachers. The largest of these schools, un; der the prinoipalshlp of Wm. II. K. Annstrong, and located in the eighth ward of f that city, is really a model school. In !#</'>, an unt lassified school with but out teacher, I it has increased under his management to such an extent that in place of occupying a dingy building, illy ventilated and miserably furnished, there has been built for it a neat, four division school, w ith all the modern improvements. The average attendance dur ing the last winter reached one hundred and ninety pupil*. The Board have 1a contemplation the erection of an eight division school ' in the sixth ward, to the principalship of which we hoj>e to see this promising young man promoted. Camden, though in the State of New Jersey, which is facetiously assigned a place outside the limit* of the United States, Is a live city in many respects. Besides the col- t ored member in the Board of Kdocation, Mr. JacobB. Thompson, grocer, in March, ls?2, Mr. Joseph If. Flail, a builder, was elected a member of the City Council from the eighth ward, and his constituency numbers more ; whites than blacks. Deaapsey Butler, Ksq., Is a large real estate holjer, and Mr. Charles N. Robinson, a rising young man, Is universally respected. Many Philadelphians have ! expended considerable money in land and houses, atMBg whom are Henry M'ntcn.' ZRA ; w ;? u in _ : p SO a fear in ativano# lti ? r? (^piit>? fV?r 910 M. Baxter, I... t'r-ruwell, Cm. H,' e Wilson. and I. Whipper Purnell,, lhe#l?st ..f " whom n"W holds three hundred building lots n tnd several houses in the heart of t amdcu. g< Minton's interests, as well as Baxter's are tc 'ar front inconsiderable. Its contiguity to ai Philadelphia, cheap rents, iheap ferriage * md cheapness ot lis inn nuke it a desirable J"i esidence. Farms have given place to rows of 01 louses, large firms are locating numerous ?> uanufaetoriea, and everything shows progress g; ind thrift, xylite an interesting disrussiotj la ins ai;sen on the question of colored ? h.x>ls, A ?nd a strong supporter of Grant n the late si ampaign has written several articles iu de- yi "ense of the separate school system, ,u view | hi >f the proposed action of the Board in bu.Id- tl ng the new school houses in the sixth ward, vhich have been ably combatted in the Cam- vt len Republican by Col. Saunders, of Greeley ! tl 'arne, who justly argues that the day for sepa- h ate schools is past. ni Isaiah C Wears, Esq., at the Civil Rights lemon-trati 'Q in Now York, ou the evening a| <f the 15th inst., expressed rather a "happy ei hought" in these words : " It is complained hat we have no more great men. We don't j fr ieed them. We have improved so much hi hat all ate great men ; all the great men ' B rave been ground up for making great rneas- la ires." However axiomatic this might be io j he world of politics, in the greater world of lUsiness our country possesses not a few | le [iants. c* The Pennsylvania Railroad's steady iu-1 * rease in importance, wealth, and stability, . 'n ias served to publish far and wide the name lc if Col. Thomes A. Scott, and to his master P1 nte'lec^ much of the success of the Amerl. m an Steamship Company in their efi'orts to hi evive the foreign commerce of this port is no c< loubt due. On the morning of tbc'dild inst., cf he steamship Pennsylvania, owned by 'ennsylvanta capitalists, built of Pennsylva- al lia iron, wrought by Pennsylvania mechanics, | r" ailed majestically down the Delaware, the , want <:ourif of a line of noble vessels. , a day each one prove? j f,< ' A vessel as goodly and strong ami staunch j w Vs ever weathered a wintry sea." ul HSN-naii-IUN. Ci l.etler Irani liltunni*. I'lM: 15l.rn-', Akk., Miih 14, 1*71. Vo the Editors of th Xeir XatiotKil Era and t 'itizen : ' T Alter a long and weary session our l.cgisature finally adjourned on the "4th ultimo. ! Mo bills of moment were passed and signed | hi xoept the civil-rights hill, the new common in chool bill, and the normal school bill. My , ? he latter we are likely to get a normal school {{ or the training of colored teachers. This I t| vill be a normal college, as a part of the tf ?tate I'diversity. The one in connection j tl villi tiie I'niversitv lias been appropriated |> >y our white students, partly liecause of tiie ,,| 'parse population of colored people In the lorthwestern part of the State, where it is f,, ocated, and partly by the larger number of a. vhitos who were appointed as beneficiaries. ti rhis one will he located toward the south- ol >ast part of the state, where the iHtge-t ai najority of the colored people live; and on ol his account, as well as the dis|>osiiiou to ,ji dueate the two race- -eparately, it will In: ;c eft mostly to them. ai Over three liepublican l egislatures have |(1 seen (it to legislate for separate schools, shieh in cities work hut little hardship; but lt n the country districts it creates the ueees- o litv of twice the^iuinber of schools in most g lownships The people, young and old, u shite and colored, work and play together; tl ?ut when it comes to matters of schools and ti ;hun hcs, the line of demarkation is drawn with inten-e rigidity. We, who see the evil n all its deformity, think it best to make tbe { a 'test of it, as tbe general mattei of education u . an be furthered by so doing. \V a wish to p net the free schools well established even if f'' it does cost more. The hope of this part of h the country is sound phv-?ical, mental, and moral education. a We are much disappointed in mo?t of the H colored teachers who come from the northern v States and from ( anada. They do not seeru I' to have any kindred feeling with the natives, h hut hold themselves up as superior, and soon a come out as politicians, caring nothing for d the educational Interests, hut all for the votes, n Of the many who have rorne !n the three ^ years past, only one has acted in a nianlv a and true manner in this region. a While we uote the improvement of the people, which, considering all things, i? quite f encouraging, we must tiot he blind to the hindrances, cine of which is a strong caste feeling among our colored people. 1 will I' instance a case. Our county has a majority ' of colored citizeas, but very few with even a 1 common education ; yet an offer was made to * have apiiointed two out of three supervisors, u simply because of this majority, when there v is not a competent colored man for the posi" " tion in the county, and hut little projierty ' held by them, in man. other ways is this shown, when Ik Iter men?strong Kepuhlicau whites?are plenty. ( lannishness Is the last 1 feature we who have espoused their cause * uud labored and home for them want to see. 1 Caste and co'.orphohia w ill be a rock to split ^ on unless it is guarded again it. We must 8 take the man or woman fas the case may bey without regard t<> color, or our system is a failure. M. W. Ma nri>. j Letter Iroiti \orf?llt. X?K>oLK, V*., May 21, ls7i. J To the Flitori f the V'it Vaf. nil F.ra <tnl f If there i- nnv on. thing more heyoiid lij*t < of a demand on the t.enertl f<o\ eminent f.>r ' a liberal system of education, it is that our ? cbililreu should l>e i>ut to trades. The eoUJ , ored mechanics, w ho were made so under the ! rrjime of slavery, are fast dying off; Indeed, ' while living, they ar? driven to labor for a J mere pittance. The most piteous pleading jof distressed widows who lost their husband* ? during the late war, fails everyw here in ob- <" taining for their children apprenticeships. ^ It would Ije too lengthy and tedious were I , tr. i r.f/ven, vr.n ? r. ic \ at ovti-Tvf m*f> hftVf* to hare onr j outh apprenticed at the Norfolk navy-yard "Kiatij'aaUoru" </ for nothing 4 when a colored boy la the kubjert- When * he la not caught on a quibble, he W pronounced to be la bad health, (a the mean- . time the aald card la be.04 filled w'.tb white , apprentice. two-thirdr 0! whom?abcnld an s RATES OF ADVERTISING TRAS81EST ADVi.SHil VJ iUTLBi ?# iuMTtivc. |-*r ??n??rf t Th# ?p*r# #f ten lihcn Br? kr tyi-* a ;i fr!v?rtltln? ?jUAr? In ?M? pN| " i Ani ?(>*<-* !# *? thin t#n linr* i* ? *? r* ? ?|ijll fcjuar# \ H ??tvfrtl**mvTit? occupying . 31. r of tr?lurQQ ar** computes! t?> u * -v *' A.J. #ru?#rocni? ln?#rt#<l for ? i??? tin;# < u '01 ill 10*1 MIITINC, *11 It* 'r*n*hr?, dr.n? wl-.l. i, itrh. 'lntrr* to rn all part* ?r th* vui.tj *lo prern pt Ir tUrndrtl to l tor triftt't* In th* Mintlirrp Mai** ? nt i.pO it i*lr eitvwruafeto gi\* it* thrlr or !< .. , it, 11 >ti la, *t* . lamming board be iMiiini:*- mo.lilii ,. t,r.i Ttkim&m to ,*.t ii|??n tack cms -would r.r ? *'?! out. After ail, wo have *n. cede I u rtting in one colored apprent., f, wh > had pn oe himself to be a Daniel Webater moat. It would aeetn, aieo, that no colored ater-bov?water-bearer i? allowed in anl. White boy* perform thia o.f. , i. . aly in ?er\ing white men, hut thev a; a pually require.! to do the ?atno hv -lured ings who muster by hundred*. We havj iborsd hard, but have failed to , t <:i f r.t ,nd thia aolve* the question -n apprent lips. The Executive I omnuttoo for th.s rrd, of which a colored man is *ecretAry, axe performed the r who'.- .hit* i-vivicn, tese matter*. Curtis' "Civil r*ertix-e lief, am" ja tx eto on tha hope* of our aspiring y. U. to te perpetrators of the above deeds fall beind it for protection. I et it be full? applied, lodifled, or aet aside. We should base ourjust quota .u'u.e, bar. ?, pprcntices, laborers, overseers w-tur-botr s, Ac., Ac. The matter becomes alarming when > ? ? 1 um our standpoint. ?>ut of the ilx "i uudred colored mechanic* lorn, I.etc ci &<? til, the uext decade must end with tl.a ,st that now breathe, according to our itio. My faith lu the American people Joea not ail me to believe that the day will ueve~ nue when expatriation or forced emigration HI not show Itself in some fonn or other, i which case no one could calculate our iruicut. It is to be regretted that, iu the rocess of reconstruction, the Mute governient and the ( overnmcnt at Washington tve failed us iu the above particulars. Of >urso we expect nothing from our l?emoatic Mate hut a suspension of the public ee schools, us that is a fact to-da>. How loniulo'.is and unfair!?the Mate goes c. > equal school system, ami the ( mted tales requires equality of scholatships, witli knowledge of certain rules to lie recited Tore being received as an apprentice ! I it ouhl seem to he a joint connivance at out iter demoralization, Itut i must iu.i iu nling expression of all 1 may thmk. oa the ihject. "VlKMINiA." Letter I'rom >eu Jerset. ruiNFIEUi, N. J., May , I., Is . ii thf AVi/nrs ft'iff .Vie* ,\ I/ t.'t t I'.'i I 'itizrn : The colored people of New Jei -v hwvs sretofore hecu rather dilatorv about expi*., g public sentiment relating to then pool l 1, industrial, and edo ation.il nleretls ut following the good example of some o! icir sister-States, they have at lust come l > le eonelusiou that it would t?- nnli. ioii-. il l 11 to assemble in a collective lio.l v at .V ? runsw'u k, Middlesex . ouutv, on tl, I lay [ June, I'd o'cha h m. The call for this eoiiveiiliuo heats id iL: Mowing, viz: fallow -citizens V\ . a ; {ain railed upon to meet in ?tuts; s "iiv. ij uU In take into c.>iisiderul...n . tine iuiiU*ii r public policy ailecliug oui bc-.t intere.ta ad of vitul iiuportauce to us all hs citi/en* r this < Qiuiiiotiweullh. I lien: air in ny HP-Mtioiix of liii|M)itauri- other llian out poht al intercut* that demand itnmejuite n t on, ml among tlicm arc the pursuit* of taborrofessioual, inechimical, un-i agricultural "Our educational iritnests neolftur foster ii( care, and the e*tahli*hinunt utnl support f proper facilities of inforiiialiou and lLa eneral diffusion of seiitiuicul" nini view* [>011 all question* u.Ie. Img to a* t ilizrit? <>\ il* Stutc vhoubi receive oui -aiiievt n'.w.on. "IHU.O Mk.N. " f tllow citizen*: J.el u* tube u..am: a rtlon and select a* our rrpie Hul.evU i lec ; men who have tl.e intere Is of the pe . le ut heart, whose deliberation, xhaJieileut redit to the olate, prollt to the pe-.ple, u.'.'i onor upon themselves. "Each ward of cities, incorporate i town*, rid villages shall he entitled > three deie ate* an ! alternate*, to he elet ted hy lha oters of said town* and village* ut a meet 14 called for the purpose on .1 he.ore the ist Tuesday lu .May. Polit.ru. cluh leagues nd societies *hall he entitled to . t.1 one elevate and alternate. In no r??e tha i u on-resident represent a wurd . .ty .r village til citieeus of this and otherl- tales interested re Invited to come and sit with us, hut no; s delegates. " N'. 11.?Papers friendly w I pleu*.r pub sh the rail." o.vk a mono 1 s. The call for this convention was d .. irompted and urged hy our ind.iat.giib.a ownsmari Bev. John I>. Mugwell, e litor oi he New Jersey State HtjinKh an i: -, Mfagwell is known throughout the ,>tat- m a aan of profound ability, an orator an 1 able rrifcr, ever ready to take up an 1 l.scues st .11 event* any question affecting the nterev 1 if his race in all the relations of I com i-vi to i.ioh'1 The long obscure and benighted eve-, and Ulterate nnnds of the colored people of th. 1 data are now apparently opened, and the, iow comprehend the cauae of their grr,ranee rhey are now saving, "How -hail w.- obta 1 redrc*e from this nialadrruni-tration ?" Jims. [,ah?. Tin.sc.a a Makkikp Woman >vs .. fw.p Tiiiski.no.?That she ?a, 11 ?er> iretty girl at sixteen. That she had, or could have had, a great many good rterv ri.sl all her 1?,W frieml. ?.r live ve . rs ><r han tbeyaar they are. That ?hr bar a rer\ ine mind. That if hi r huibaml had ? te<l >u her ailvire he would tx* a r.i her man I j lay. That people think t ?i muih ! th onk* of that Mi?? ? , a h<> would not alled harninoine if ?hr- didn't make bw-'l: ip. That her mother-in-law 11 a very trj.t.,; gucnati. Tliat hei K'rl* ire prelt.rr than lira. A.'? (jirl*- That ;he w u!J hie t ino?r where her hu'harnl n*nd?h.r even :.r. vhen be stavv out. Tliat her ehleat *ou akex after him. That he in goto/ to throw linwelf away on Ml" > ra^?. That Mitt v-ra^gi set? her tap for him, am) !.<J all the ourting. That her .ervant girl. are tha rorat ever known. That ?he ha* taite in lre??. That the ha* a good temper. J ha; he pitiea old uialdi. Railroad* will make town*. !o the If , , if Blrdahoro", on the Wllmlu/ton A kealn. iaUroad, eighty-three huiUSogt were ? acted luring la?t year Every teas tuuat, in a meature, he aton* k the world. -So heart w&a eve. wa.it m ti. tat moid &r> that which w?- hear wfth.a a.??m?.

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