Newspaper of New National Era, May 29, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated May 29, 1873 Page 2
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/ NEW NATIONAL ERA A N I) CITIZEN All t?r pnMlontlon In th* fCtw N atcjwai kA* nauAt t* nddr ^*?d to I?wi? R DongU** Buslnaac l#tt*Tt from nbnrrib^m ad d *dT*rti*ar* ?hon!d t# ndlra? 1 to Frod?,nrk Jr., lo"k Roi SI. This p*f?r i? not rt?pOMlt>l* fee th* t!*w? *ipr*???d by CcrrMpond?t? ?ob#crib?ra han?i lh*ir r??id*no?, ad3 tc bar* the Ntv Nation A i En* f,rw*rdadto th?rn, abonld t* ptrtleviAx Jn wrttin* r,? to ttntn felly tk? n*w addr*M. t>*n, county, and St*t?, ? wall ** th* town, rcuttty, and 8t*t? from which th? chnnfa ic tc aand* Attention to tkii will mnch trocbU THURSDAY, MAY 2?. 1873. I RU RIRERN TAKE XOTU E! We will present each person, snbv r bing tvr the New Xatwnai. Ep.a one year, a hue photograph of Tou'-eiut L'Ouvreture Tbr ,\ew Era and Cllliru an an Idterlblng Medium. Merchants of Hoston, Xew York, Philadelphia, and Halt.more, interetad in sec uiiog tlie Soathern trade, will find the Xew Era and ( iti/kn a profitable advertising medium, on account of its largely increasing circulation in Uie South. Our paper finds its way to all the f reedman's banks, Southern members of Congress, and personal friends in the State Legislatures and State governments, ti- well as ?'? ?.? those who are encaged in ilerenipiur; .... agricultural and material resources of the South, all of whom will have trade, more or less, with the North, and can contribute largely to swell tiie arcrcgatc business ol Northern houses. s Senator Cntpriilrr In tin* Colored I'eople of Jiew OrlrauM. Senator Carpenter in* speech in the rol<.red rarn In New Orleans, said to them : " l'ot do not want to proceed upon the theory thni you need any other moans of protection thai anybody else does.'" The assumption thai colored ir.?n dr .irc any other means of protection than anybody else does, i? one doi warranted by any fart. The above remarl of Mr. Carpenter has recalled to mind hit c*. ident disiikc to Congress passing Mr. Sumner's Civil Rights bill, a bill which gives ui the scree protection as other men have. Mr Carpenter ran but know that the denial o the right of colored men to sit on juries works an injustice toward them for whicl they have no means of redress. In the ma jority of the courts of the United Slates Noith as well as South, the conviction of tlx colored man is sure to follow his ariaisnraou for alleged crime. The jury is packed will 1 != rxot.v his nrei his enemies, nit juust ? . udiees of ea-te, and the consequence is tha injustice is more often done to the colored de fondant than otherwise. No, Mr. Carpenter we don't want any means of protection dif ferent from anybody else, but we are in wofu need of the same means of protection a Mr. Carpenter has for himself, and as ever; white man has. a white man goes to tria charged with crime with no presumption o his guiit based onhi?rare oreomplexion : thi jury is not composed of men who have beet taught from youth bv proscribed schools? where they have schools at aii?that he is o a race whose rights are entitled to no respect as is the case with the colored man on tm before a court of so-called justice. No, tin white man has the advantage of a trial In men unbiased by prejudice, which is the es senee of the jury system. This is just qui of the means of protection that the eolorec race wants ; another is positive law, doins away with the general custom?which ha' cry=talized into law?of invidious discrimiua tions against colored people in the enjoyment of public riglit=. Mr. ( arpenter tell- ui that we must get over the idea that we neei -pecial protection, it will be a very hart matter to get over that idea, so long as w< are specially marked out for outrage by tin tcob of superior numbers and of superioi ability to injure us. We have known it to b< "" " " "v to p-neciallv protect white men it this country, ami white men too who hat all the advantages of wealth, position, am education. Wo have seen the houses of oui Cabinet otficers surrounded by squads of sol diers, for tin sole purpose of protecting thei: lives from the assassin. Their lives wen sought, or supposed to be sought, because n their fidelity to the Union ; they were living in a community ooinpo ed to some exten of enemies of the Union. They were sjieeia objects of hntrc-d, ami it was necessary t< specially piotect them from the wrath of tin haters. So it is with the negro of the South and for the same reason. We a?k?in behal of the colored people?Mr. t arpeuter to d< what is in his power to give us the saint ratatis of protection as others enjoy, and w< tan assure him that when that is consummated there will be no longei need of am special protection for the colored race in the United States, (live that race Equality before the Lav.-, and the colored man's claims upon the natiou are at an end. ?:? .. ?i A Ciisln In I'ruat e. The news liom France is highly siaitiing. The result of the late c-lection to vacancies in severul department", nearly nil ol which elected KadicaN, seems to have stun 1 terror the Conservatives of nil shades, unci the Assembly, whose ma jority expresses the opinion; ami 'sentiments ol only a minority -f the Frenc h j^ople, could not fuil to see that if event- were to take thei: natural course, and the principle of popular .overe.gut;. should be vindicated not me:civ in forte, but also it: spirit, there would ; oon be an end to their rule. They, therefore, combined acinus! Mr. Thiei - and his Cabinet, who, supi*rted by the , lnt<l -taked everything on the definitive proclamation of the Republic demanded In the nation. After seme daysof stormy debate, tlic Government wo* defeated, uu<i Mr. Thiers and Iris ( ahinet tendered their resignations, which were aciepted, notwithstanding the strenuous opposition of tl.e i.eit, end a -uccessru to the Presidency appointed in the person of Mar-.iial Mc.Mahon a Rnnaparti-t and Conservative of the deepest shade This course oi ti e Conservative minority in open defiance of the outspoken will ot the gieat nia -re.- of the nation, and proclaimed as if it were, m voices of thunder, -hows how utterly unscrupulous they are, and r are very little whether they plunge the country into c ivil war or not. It now remains to be seen whether the people will take the outrage meekly. Smaller transgressions have lost his crown to more than one French monarch, and in this instance revolution would he entirely justified as the last resort of a grievously wronged people, that are cheated out of their rights by comparatively small factions. Uufortuuately the issue would he rendered extremely doubtful by the power which McMahon is wielding through the army, whose idol he is said to be. Great events are quite likely in store, and a few days more may bringwtartling development*. v ''YMMg 1< n to Ike !> ? ! !l" * home week!) ago we wrote an editorial on the above <ubject. It has been copied and commented favorably on by several of our eotemporarics. We know it meet* the view? of many young men, and is thought favorably of by some old men. We are not surprised, however, that one "Old Man" shauld feel somewhat aggrieved and reply io our blast. We have not the article at hand as we write ; but we think it spoke appreciatively of the labors of those who had at heart the real good of the colored peopie. It only requested ?ome who had survived their usefulness, ami others who had never been of any ase, (ant: we cOuld name them if necessary,) to stanc aside and give the young men a chance, We expressly stated that the honorable eX' ceptions still survived through the {'rand olii law, "the survival of the fittest," and metelj called on the young men to come forwan and take the places which are now waiting for them. They are doing it, too, and w? guarantee they wiii maintain them. (fur correspondent, who, we deeply regret should havie misunderstood u?, begins bj telling us he is "one of those who traverser old Ohio, praying, singing, and speaking o the wrongs of slavery, and the blessings o freedom." Very good, and we certainly grant to him the honor of having "done wcl in his day and generation." We clas* hin with the honorable exceptions mentioned ir our editorial. But no, he will not be s< classed, and in the very next paragraph, bi , a transfer of terms w ell known to any studcn r of logic, and apparent to any one who vvil look at the context, classes himself with h: associates, or ail old, and then proceed I to take all of our negative charges to him self. While we are not unmindful of mail I of the work done by old men, wc yet rernem her that from our earliest recollection man; who claim to be before the country a leader-, have been doing nothing but re ^ solving and quarreling, belittling each other making a great cry with but little wool We purposely avoided names in our article ' and shall continue to do so. Our criticisu should not have hit any one who did not de serve it. The editor may not discuss botl sides of k question in the limits of a column lie must be positive ami have opinions. X j. editorial is written which, if the argument were given elaborately p-c and con, niigh not extend to a volume. We are indebte ' t? one or two old men, we gratefully acknowl edge, for much inspiration. We still arc ope; ' to receive their sympathy and encourage ment, and know it will he fully ace or dee They, however, are the very mc.n who woul 1 most gladly repeat our blast, feeling onl too eager to shift the weight of respon ' sibilities upon our younger if not abler shoui ders. There are some, though, graspino ! ignoraut, elderly men, who not only ar j jealous of the young men who have sprun to the surface in politics, law, and literature aye, and in theology, but who strive in ever j way to keep them hack. While we simpl j. adverted to this fact, we laid our ?trr? upon the call to the younger men. P "Old Man" grants all we asked excef 1 some examples of "lack of judgment." Wei ~ we shall not argue this, because it woul require names, which we have resolved nc j to use; hut "Old Man" may recall them his political life extend hack fifteen years We hope the generous-hearted and able ol ' men may long be spared us to kindle our aii miration at their native ability, and to gai j knowledge irom their ripened judgment Wise and thoughtful, they are never old, bu ' always young. Through magnanimity an encouragement, they have discovered th fountain of perpetual youth, or have taste of the real elixir of life. I To the other class, unprogressive and sell I ish, we bestow little respect. Byattemptiu, to crowd back the young men, they onl imitate Dame Partington with her broom, v. he Sidney Smith tells us, essayed tiie stupendou ta6k of sweeping back the Atlantic ocean Far be it from us to foster a clan-nishnes j of age or color. On the contrary, we wel come all the aid? to progress, wintrier the come from the " Most potent, grave an reverend seignors," or those whom the ho blood of youth incites to noble deeds ' Young men in history have been hpard from The young colored men will be heard fron if they have the opportunity. If the latte ' he not given, they propose to take it or mak 1 one. "Yoi'no men to the eront !!! " > Davw Dudley Wield, the eminent crim inal lawyer, in an able argument proves tha j emotional insanity ought not to shield ; # criminal from punishment. Mi . Elisba llarns, secretary of the N'ev York Prison Association, in a recent inter esting paper, shows that a great ma jority o . criminals, about bO per cent, he states, an , addicted to the habitual use of intoxicatin; drinks, and that a large proportion of crimi is committed while t'se perpetrators are unde their influence, has led him to the conclu sion that alcoholic liquor tends to incite crim< and is responsible for it in a great degree and, consequently, that without the use o this exciting cause there would be much les: crime. Physiologically, he accounts for thi f on the ground that alcohol taken into tin i system inflames the passions, as other stimu , lauts do Dot do, end when drunk immoder ateiy Arcs them to such an extent as to over LUiiie uitcuuuicii u ptrouM 9 uuu per sonui ccuiroi, to iead him to commit somi violent act against himself or others whicl his whole nature would shrink from were hi sober, in proof of this he cited a number o , cases brought under his own observatior . during his tours through the State. Met | naturally most peaceable and kindly in dis I position had become so demonired by liquoi as to murder even those to whom they weri greatly endeared, while others had beer guilty of arson, theft, assault, and othei j crimes, who, when sohc-r, were most free fron I criminal intent. Alcoholic drinks are ofter resorted to on this account, he stated, b\ men who desire to perpetrate some foui act i to nerve themselves for the occasion, anc j enable rheiu to do what, even with a stron. ' inclination, they would not have the courage ; to undertake. Thus, he 'said, a well known I murderer in one of the rural counties or tire .State, found it necessary, as tic coalesced before the execution of the sentence, to fortify ; himself for the act which he committed, and be stated that during the night preceding the murder he drank several times, deliberately taking just enough to keep his determination up to the requisite point, while being careful i to avoid intoxication. As a negative evidence of the intimate connection between drunkenness and crime, the speaker cited a ' number of instances wherh the suppression or curtailment of the liquor trathe, and consequently of drinking, had been followed by u great diminution in the amount of crime committed, as under the operations of the prohibitory law In Maine and the Metropolitan exkise latj in this city. From this fact, 1 that habitual drunkennes is so largely pro THE NEW NA! Iductive of crime, and docs so frequently, 1 to aimoet invariably, lead to the comuAsioti of thi , crime, l)i. Harris argued that the del.Iterate ue u?e of liquor, when its nature and the effect ot it will produce L? understood, was in itself an criminal, a= much so as if a person should in in any other way put himself into a condition tit | to perpetrate a crime, or even to drift into p" such a state. And lie also held that he who at ' sold the dangerous liquid, and thu? aided to ha i place the man in thi? dangerous way, was lo< . j equally guilty, if not even more so. of Thi= , ioee relationship between drunken- en . not- and cnme he thought calied for legis- sit . lation in regard to the liquor traffic which Y I would tend to destroy so fruitful a cause of, co criminal actions, and demanded that men th should bo educated thoroughly as to their ty . duty in this respect both to themselves and tw their fellow-men. And instruction concern- th I ing this fact, he believed, would aid greatly foi in checking intemperance, as lie had in his th | own experience found it to do when he j w] brought clearly before convicts the evil j up results of intemperate habits. ' The papier was warmly commended by th | those present, and remarks were made at its j an j. close by I>r. Parker, Dr. Mason, the Piev. as j, Mr. Willett-, and others, who treated of the th various injurious effects of alcohol upon a , man's mental, moral, anil physical organization, all of which they claimed were affected, and their powers impaired. All held that aE any indulgence producing such evil effects was greatly to be reprehended, and should re I be repressed. tr , fri s Ml** .Mary t:nr|?cnte?, ?u 3 of Bristol, England, who has already been in mentioned in these columns, and who visits ;D this country for a pcrsopal observation of our J methods of education, reform, and charity e" - has just given a lecture in Boston on "The fa Social Condition and Elevation of India." ur ' I Miss Carpenter was invited to make this \y ' address by a number of distinguished ladies | . and gentlemen. The principal journals in | Boston speak in the highest terms of Miss ! . Carpenter's lecture, which included a sum- j ti< mary of w hat has been done, especially for j ;n ' the "education of the women of India?a very | - ] 11 important enterprise in its bearings upon the j ' social progress of that country. Mis3 Car- j 9t b penter, after the lecture, exhibited many i lb u sketches made by herself of scenes in India, | on the Bed Sea, and elsewhere. She also j at 0 showed a testimonial she has recently re- J.. ? ceived from Scinde?a large tablecloth, most ! t elaborately embroidered in gold and silver, tc ,] and inclosed in a beautifully carved box of w , India wood. It is understood that we shail sc soon have the satisfaction of listening to Miss a Carpenter in New York. * Among the many trans-Aliautic visitor IP* ' who have of late years favored our country f d with their presence and friendly suggestions j ei >" upon various matters pertaining to the pro- "j '* gres; and happiness of the race, none have ^ deserved a more cordial welcome or a more . ' respectful hearing than the excellent lady e named in the above paragraph, which we j " have copied front the columns of the New j ^ '> York Tribune Miss Mary Carpenter, of ] ^ i' Bristol, England, is no youthful aspirant for i' fame or seeker of fortune, and is in no sense iS to be classed with those who conte among us I from England or elsewhere to address popu- > j' ' lar assemblies in Igtture courses. She is j e '> commended to us by more than thirty years ! al of earnest work in the cause of education and j ^ ll of universal philanthropy, and her visit here 'f is but a continuation of her beneficent mis' sion to mankind. Her sympathy has not J been bounded b\ race, color, condition, or a! ' country. The same spirit which led her to rf 11 advocate the freedom of the slaves of the 01 West Indies, to cooperate with the Aboli- P1 't tionists of this country, to visit the prisons d of England, to write and speak for the incar- u' e cerated, to tread the coral strand of India? 111 d everywhere obse-ying and thinking how to ''' improve the conditions of human exi-tc-nce? | lias led her to ceek our shores. To welcome ! al 2 i such a friend of humanity amongst us is not ! e' )" an every day privilege. Her knowledge and ') experience, learned in the school of earnest 8 work at home and^abroad, cannot fail to be 'a of service to the true men and women who s are laboring in the cause of human improve- I " | meut here, and in every way her presence 1 V I among us will tend to increase and strengthen j 1 the best elements of peace and good will ' i between us and the country from which she m ) comes ns ; Miss Carpenter is the sister of Rev. Iius- of 11 j sell I.amt Carpenter, who visited the United B r ' States and preached in various Unitarian j bj e j pulpits twenty years ago. She is the daughter I at of the Rev. I.amt Carpenter, who though gl I long deceased is still freshly remembered by ' a? r i all whh have taken any interest in the his- lo t | tory of Cuitariauisiu and advanced religious Ci a | thought in England, for he was in the front te ranks of his denomination. Few of ns can v | now properly estimate the cost of being a ';i . Unitarian in England fifty years ago, nor, ,f indeed, what it costs even now. Only those gli e j among us who tool; part in the early struggle in t | for emancipation ir. this country can under- ci f i stand the fu; ions bigotrv which assailed that al . JJ) filiated sect. It required heroic devotion to . r . | truth, martyr-like adherence to conviction, Uj e ! unquenchable love of mental freedom, and a ci , | peace within which no storms from without f i could touch or disturb to lie a Unitarian in ^ _ ! aa,v ;t )nentv.fiVP 5 | i.ugm..", >..?? ? - . a I years ago. It was about a? bad to be a Uni- I as j tarian as it was to be a Jew. la the noble j Pc qualities of mind and heart essential to fidelity to unpopular truth Larot Carpenter was j ^ preeminent, and his daughter, in renouncing J is j luxury, ease, and idleness, traveling over 1* : land and sea to ameliorate the condition of. ! mankind, but follows in the footsteps of her ; rc I father. | pi ' Speaking for our newly emancipated peo- ! bi ' pie, we lift up out no longer fettered but free | ^ : hands and give her welcome, and wish her ^ everv ;ucccss during her sojourn amongst us. j 'j ?wsss ' V Au litampie Tor While men. 1 - m | It is thought to he a very extranrjinarv , thing tbat Messrs. l ain anil Itansier, colored . members of Congress from south Carolina, rl( 1 should have nominated white boss who e\- *?' cplled in the competitive examination for ; West Point cadetships. It is to be hofied i PI that the time will come when such a circum- cc ' stance will excite no attention. These Con- w ! gr 'sn.en show good sense, it a sense of jus- e' ! 1.. on.l if ?!1 their i .nd trHI }.e et | equally lair, half the troubles, if not all of i Pe 1 theni, in South Carolina, will disappear. ^ There must always be two parties to a conI filiation.?A'e:r York TriLunt. The abote comment of the Aeic York t Tnburu upon the action of Messrs. Cain and Ransier by implication blatnes the colored | people of South Carolina for the existence of | feelings of hostilities between the two races ca . j ?colored and white. " If all their kind will' ?' j be equally fair, half the trouble, if not all foi ! of them, in South Carolina, will disappear." is i The Editor of the AVi York Triiutu knows an full well that the troubles in South Carolina th as well as those throughout the South, so far af as the ran are concerned, arise not from tin any unfairness of the blacks, but has its ori- Sti j gin in the diabolical wrongs perpetrated by du j the white race in the days of slavery, upon an , the colored people. The colored people have A I alreadygonefurthf-r.undertbecircumstance;.' wi riONAL ERA AN secure the frit,udship of the whites in hav<. the white- to briu.; aVmt r-'tmant peace in tbe lute rebeli.onisUU-. All er the country whareTer the white people " in the majority, a* are the colored people South Carolina, thev give the colored man e go by, make him take a back scat when litical honor- are to be dispensed. Here, the Capital, in the I?epartments a mere ndful of colored clerks is all that is alwed the colored race. In the appointment Commissioners to Vienna, the colored ele?ent of the United Slates i* entirelv lost ;ht of. In the State appointments of Xew ork the white majority have forgotten their lored allies, and ?o in all the States where e colored people are largely in the minori. The Tribune savs there must always be o parties to a conciliation; that is true, e colored people have always been eager r peace, but have found none because the e other party to the conciliation ? Ahe lites?were not ready to conciliate save iGn t)jf? Koaia aP *Vt? r>Alr>ra^ man'? ttikanJoil g his claim to freedom and equality before e law. ifessrs. Cain and Ransier have set i example to the white people of the North well a~ the South. Will the Tribune urge em to follow it ? Howard InUerdt). With regret we ieara tliat the efficiency id usefulness of this institution are to be ipaired during the next year by a necessary due lion of *25,000 in its expenditures. The ustees of the University, believing that the ends of education in the country would stain such an enterprise, organised almost the beginning a broad and comprehensive stitntion : and during the last year, to some :tent, they have been compelled to borrow nds to support it. This policy is deemed iwise, and will not be further pursued, 'halever good can be done nest year by a aching force commensurate with the income ' the institution wiil be done. The reduc>n above indicated necessitates a decrease its teachers as well as a withdrawal of 0,000 a year directly expended in aiding ruggiing young men and women to educate icmselves. Very many whose prospects for education id usefulness were bright will experience tter disappointment. This is to us a matr for sad reflection. These young men and omen are earnest and faithful in efforts to cure culture. It is no fault of their own lat they were in days past, by the combined nvers of a nation, kept in ignorance ; that ley are the offspring of fathers and mothers igaged in a daily struggle for life, and table to do more than escape the clutches poverty. Having secured an insight into le value of knowledge, they turn aside from s pursuit '-adiy discouraged. I? there not some philanthropist or wealthy ian or woman in the country who will giad;n the heart of one of these souls thirsty ir learning? The interest on a single thouind-dollar bond will accomplish the result, ow many there are in the country who raid spare it without the least injury; with ss effect upon them than the time, effort, rid cost to us in making this statement, heerfully and gladly, however, we conibute our mite. The friends and patrons of Howard L~niersity will feci renewed interest when ssured that every effort is being made to organize and conduct it on a sound, thorJghly economical and business basis. Its resident, General Howard, (a man devoted > the best interests of his country, conspicsus in his endeavors to treat his countryien as himself,) is struggling to secure eniwmciit. lie grows gray rapidly under the urden. Careworn from continued anxiety id effort, his mind is daily and vigorously cercised in evolving plans for its success, oubtless the command and management of le "Army of the Tennessee" cost him less bor than this enterprise. He deserves the .mpathy, interest, and generous aid of a ateful people.

A Good Sign We take the following extract anil cement from the Baltimore Arnirican, and are > wonderstruck as the Ammican at the tone ' the Democratic press of Baltimore and oston. When such sentiments as expressed the Gazette and Post become general nong Democrats, the country will have ided into the path .that will surely lead to i glorious a future as the most enthusiastic ver of his country ever imagined for it. annot our Democratic friends work the matr through by the Fourth of July, 18TC? "The Democratic party, in all matters persuing to the civil rights ot the colored ople, has a good deal of tho chameleon laracteristic. and takes its color from the irrounding political atmosphere. Who, for stance, could imagine the Gazette of this ty, which holds itself as the repository and ithoritative exponent of Democracy, prai*g the colored men of Xe > York for being esolute as well as dignified in insisting ion the privileges of citizenship which the vil rights law affords,'and declaring that he very orderly and lawful way in which or nrrttir.ap tr? Tf>~t thp maffpr will win fr?r icin a hearty sympathy and encourageent?' We should no more attempt to im;ine such an utterance from our city eotemirary than we could picture the awful distst of our city Democracy, or the scene that ouhi take place in the vicinity of Baltimore id Iloliiday streets. Yet the Boston as much an organ of the Democracy in oston as the GaztlU, lia= fought iU battles uch longer and with at lea t quite as much dlity. But the Yankee Democrat is surmnded by quite a difi'ereat political atmosicre from that which hi? Maryland colahorer eathe?. and shows very different colors hen he talks about the civil rights of the ;gro. The 1'o.i not only uses all the words e have quoted, but is unable to see anv mod reason why the colored men of New ork should be refused citizens' rights, hey have done much to deserve and no ore than their white brethren to forfe.t lem, while the recent demonstration in ceijration of the final passage of the eivil ghts act was as orderly, imposing, and irnest as has been witnessed in that city r many a day. There cannot he difference lough between the representatives of the dared race in Boston and New York to nrrnnt nnliti^al r.r r.thpr <)ietinrtion and tr. [elude the colored men of Boston from the ijoyment of the full rights accorded white lople would be to invidiously discriminate jaiust minds and characters that arc ornaent= to any State.' There must be a wonirfully purify in 2 effect in the New England mosphere upon Democratic perrept.on." - Jgg Head. Reflerl aud Suggeal. In the intelligence of the colored Amerin, in large measure, lies his destiny, rery legitimate means or measure, therere, calculated to contribute to his culture, to be used. Educational facilities are icng the obligations of government. In is connection we desire to call attention to act, heretofore mentioned in these columns, at there has accumulated in the United ites Treasury a sum exceeding #700,000, e colored ?oldier* on bounty claims, settled d awaiting the discovery of the claimant*, large portion of this money, it is believed, ii never be called for. In many casee D CITIZEN. ? claicutite have died without !c~a! reprcseata- ma! Uves ; iLi otL<_:-, they Have become scattered <^oe and hare entirely lost sight of their claims.' dew Serosal other ciaaaea micbt be nnmed m ^ of tl likely to contribute in swelling the aggregate j a* l of this accumulated fund. te?t This money ought not to lie idle in the -tar Treasury. A law should be passed by < on- pris gress directing the investment of a large j one portion of such funds in T'nited >tates bonds, the and the use of the interest at least in afford- ! con ing additional educational opportunities for V colored Americans. Bv this means, fifty or ruei more scholarships might be provided at each tba one of our universities?Atlanta, Fisk, Hoar- j law ard, and Wilberforce. in this way most vai- the uble use can be made of the money of such noil claimants without any injury or inewovan- pol ience to them. tot May we not hope that the manager* of a 4 , these institutions will at once begin syste- the mark edorts to accomplish such a result. 1 We labor sndet the disabilities resulting j wit from a hundred years' deprivation of advan- i poit tages firr mental development and the acqui- asp j siiion of wealth. Justice dictates that every j toll facility should be given u? to retrieve the anc losses of the pa-t. : hoi j are tn Inslotere Verdict. cha ? . ah It is by no means a rare occurrence ibat ! common sense and justice w ill revolt against i ; the verdict of a court of ju?ti< e ; yet they ^ were hardly ever as flagrantly, as knowingly 1 * defied, as in the ease of George Francis Train, when all the parties representing the majesty of the law?judge, jurors, and conn- ' se'l?outraged justice, outraged t'ueir own , r'" j convictions, iu finding a man deranged about ] . e j whose sanity and responsibility no one can ] *m : entertain a reasonable doubt. We do not ^ ; feel any sympathy for Mr. Train, and, taken . a* a. a public character, we consider him a particultrly disagreeable one. Eccentric, vain, ' *a without any earnest convictions, lacking tact * ri and taste, he never was looked upon as a man whose support could be desirable or beneficent to apy party with which his whim ' would prompt lam to go; yet uobod;*- will . I deny his perfect legal right to indulge these j1 ' propensities to his heart's content as long as j they do not confTict with the law. Greater j .'q men than he'gave the lie to the record of a ^ life, and were, nevertheless, raised to the ^ clouds in funeral orations and biographies, ^ I and a man's right to be vain, eccentric, with- : ' . ... .. - ? anc , out tact, ;s ns little questioned as that to , ' . ma I use had grammar, or to dress tu tLe mosi 1 . .. , ?-. , , - , ren ; hideous style. Neither would nnv one tiave ., . ' Wil ventured to question i.i- sanity on tnat arcount if, through those peculiarities, he himself had got into difficulties, instead of having * ^ given occasion to others of becoming entani nPI gled. Mr. Train had published and eircu- ^ lated something very offensive, according to .. , ; ^ , , tioi our present standard of decency and morals, whereupon Mr. Comstoek, in his laudable . wai zeul for the suppression of obscenity, had ^ , him arrested and presented on a charge of . to t publishing obscene literature Tne case ap- ^ pearcd simple enough, and Mr. Train's cou- . viction seemed hardly doubtful, when, to the ^ consternation and dismay of his necusers, lie showed satisfactorily that the objectionable passages were literally copied from the Hible. Here was a great dilemma for the prosecu- ,r f tion, To sustain the charge and convict Mr. Train would have been as much as an indi| rect admission that a book for which divine inspiration is claimed contains, nevertheless, ' I much that is too flagrantly obscene to allow > 'IV its republication, and such an admission re- j,na J quires a great deal more moral courage than 'oc i the average of our people is capable of. ?ln 1'nder the circumstances, it would have been the fairest course to withdraw the whole Pul charge and let Mr. Train go, but be was not a'r to get off so easily. He bad reached just his mischievous object, entrapped the prose- r,i| | cution into committing a blunder, and thereby , incurred a much higher degree of animosity , '* | than if he had been the author of the objec! tionable passages. His motives were to be ^ | punished rather than his actions, and his long detention in the Tomb= looked rather like an ' [|UI ! act of revenge than a means to secure the i j ends of justice. Mr. Train's counsel neither j J''" (seems possessed of any degree of moral1 courage. Instead of meeting the issue hon- '1 estly and squarely, he most hypocritically and " against his better knowledge,entered a plea c>< of insanity, and thus himself furnished a handle to the prosecution by which to get out of the e ' scrape. A most cowardly and" hypocritical J.'A farce was enacted, and judge, counsel, and i a:'r ranged for the sake ol -aving the divine rhar- "J5' 1 actcr of the Bible. Mr. Howe, Mr. Train's i counsel, in order to save his client from in- ao' ; careeration in a lunatic asylum, to which the judge's sentence conhne- him, has now set aU< out 011 the task of crowning his work by em- om 1 ploying the same witnesses who obligingly ao' : swore away Mr. Train'; reason to swear it ''re back to him. and thus to complete the mock1 ery. We shaif -ee how the prosecution and the - ourt will manage to escape from the ' Tartar they have caught. Of course the idea j ha-, of si.utting up in a mad-house a man whom ' t0 ' nobody honestly can believe to be insane? era ' no matter how erratic, eccentric, and dis- htsi agreeable he may he?is too racn-.trous to tie ; U( entertained in earne-t ; hut whatever may wb, be the end oi this affair, the hypocrisy, the err* bad faith which have characterized its man- "0il ' asementfrorn its beginning to its end, will be t the same, and only help Mr Train to a kind ,Vf-' of martyrdom wliii 'n be couhl never have ',T0 achieved but for the blunder of hi autago- ' vpl iiiists. mis " " - mi: How tu iilll Hie Ktpubllr ao Pari). .yr. The civil- ervice ruie , which are the legacy 10 1 left to theeountry by George W.( ustis upon t0 k his retiring from public life, nr.- admitted to hate been especially designe 1 to put an end ,|rto ihp r.r i .ep ivh . b hs, nrf.-. u'Apti 0.; bflL year*, under evert admiaistration.of filling the P offices with .is political friends, and to reward lo? men for their fidelity to the principles u[.on r"J which it came into power. We thought a more ingenious scheme could not have been invented to alienate the mass of the people i from the Republican party by excluding them from ah the benefits ol the v., Tory they had v won, and thereby to de .troy it, and throw the den Government .nto the Lauds of it-, disloyal *'n opponents. hot But Mr. ( urti. sui ceswot seems to have Brc improved upon Mr. Curtis' phut, if the state- i aisi tncnU in regard to h.* viewsare weil founded. 1 tell The original rules left the President the dis- V cretion of deciding between those w ho hail r*b passed successfully through the competitive risk machine, and select a loyal man instead of sha appointing an unreconstructed rebel who this happened to stand bigheron the recorded the nes examiners. of I j Mr. Sheliaharger, howesep, who has and appealed to the people ui Ohio to send him ' L'nl IV v. UU^I C?1 ?Utc -iv n ? > a If^uUlltK.J, is ??* for taking this privHegc front the Preeideut, the and appointing the competitor who Hand* con, i the highevt without any qualification or con- ant I ditioos. whether an unrepentant rebel, a met 1 i^muit Copperhead, a man of the n: st bt.'.um' !c principle*, or one ijiviDR uo ovire of any other qualifications for the duties 'j be position to which he aspires than such , , , , . . . Nation ire developed by the exam.nation an.I , ified 'o bv some friend. The man who '.J ^ ved our prisoners t<> death in a rebel . i t. . 1 colored on must l?e appointed in preference to ^ ^ who lost an inn or a iej in defense of ....... . the nejji t mon, if he chanee to answer better the , ' ... ... , P *rt of I undrums of the cxamininsr board. .. .. ... ..' . .... "i everv re ran tall Mr. >hellabareer and all . tber ,, nbers of the Advisory < /ivil-servlee l?oard. : ^ ; t tee dav ?ueh a rule becomes the fixed ^ of r Republican administration that dav ' '' ? ? ._ now ca! doom of the Republican party is pro- ( meed. The fact that the rule that no 11' ' arrange itical appointment* arc to be made-except ~ ~ "* ^ he higher office* of the Government, make* j liaerirainatiou agaiu?t the great mass of people both odious and insult .ng. , " * , . , - . . , , . the edit he rich and powerlul are to be rewarded ^ h the high othces of the (ioversiuent, for . . . . . . lice har it.ral sc,-rices, while the people, v. tin onl> . ire to the minor positions, are insuitinziy /! " i that their political services andsacr.mcs '' I expenditure^ constitute no claim to oil* e, r rever well qualified or deserving. 7's-y j,i a Ion scornfully told that they mini take their ; prosper inces in a scramble with thost who wage 1 1 .\,w loody fouryeara1 war to destroy the <lov- ways, a meat, and that othce-seekiui;. except nng the high and powerful, is a disgrace- t-J.'. business. That is civ.l-t.ervice reform. of labm mcnt oi ffltf Economy- our pub ? tion of "nerc ore times and circum -s which tendon uer a liberal expenditure of public money wisest economy. We beiiev now is the 'l:r c,and that the circumstan es exist in this "ut : t thai will justify our District Legislature ' tv. r.o t liberal expenditure of money, to enable |'le Board of Public Works to carry forward *QS ;; ,r t system of improvements that ua; 'f"Ctady done so much to honor and beautify '" * 001 ;shington. Such an net of wisdom, in our ,i.n Dion, would be the passage of the deti'-ieucy ^ l'[i" now before the Legislature, unit <? passe,} iju't crr. tin article wa- written, r. we hope pics, it nay have been. ; lostrtou ts our reailers aie aware, the obie.; of i bill is to make up to the Board the loss fraiik in shape of discount upon the four million intf.oi. lar loan, ani amount* to three hundred !t'au^ 't usand dollar*, it will place this urn at :,VrP ij disposal of the Donfd of Fuhlic Work. evPrv 1 In connection with the appropriation! truth <> do by Congress, and thwilrt thnt will be '^r dered by the assessment bill lust parsed, ' 1 enable the Board to prosecute this wort ! ?ady begun, and begin -nob neve improve- j io nt; a , the public convenience require | .j., Ve know that some of the members are ! ,ullniCR| >osed to the deficiency bill, and would j^ow , e preferred to vote an absolute appropria- : ,,(|ier r, i of $300,000 ; but this is a matter of no J jj t of consequence to the tax-payers. They ! rjot aut 1 nt the improvements completed as rapidly ,nPn(" hey can be done without being burdensome ; rll=t f hem. it will hardly be claimed that it will tiiP;r lI( more iturdensome to call the $300,imxj inst it) _jt.% legotiatiug this $$,000,000 adrjh iewi, thuu fiess ( ) rould if called by some other name. Hither, nertaiui i any other reasonable aid that may be re- ,,( vvj,j, j red to complete our magnificent system ?| public works, will be approved by all true ,ir,njf... ads of the city. cannot Krlreiirlimenl. _ of mot i [ he, people of this District arc burdened are inc heavy taxation, resulting from vast and ommwi gnlticent improvements and nn expensive 1 The I al government. Very naturully they he- white to seek ways and means for relief, in had to midst of efforts for retrenchment, it is oui em .per: rpose to reiterate and press a suggestion .the den eadv made to that end. * women iVe have in this city and District two <ep.;- rai-ed i e systems of schools for white no i colored the -or ldren. If has been stated again and again orahle it our schools, conducted as the, are, cot Quakc-i i people more than would ft single system >bippe there is any doubt on the subject, we conlrih illenge serious consideration, and are pre- v>L> it cd to prove the statement. We ran liow Thill.? it the aggregate expense of ttie District N flenera icriasarily increased many thousand dol- 1 contra, s hy these two systems of schools it ; ?! ;"sq : to expect to decrea>e materially the bin- ! is upon the people without < utting oil ' I >rjr dollar needlessly used. The best and ( rnanent interests of our I?isti ir t require an " i 1 ir' l'1 Lieut common school yystem ; an rernmcnt officered by men ol ability with " compensation ; a Board of Tublic Works ' ,U> r' h power to make needed and judiciou >rovemcnts : and especially a Hoard of ^ ^ ' aith with authority and means to reach I . ' 1 control the r.anita.y condition of our eijy. " this machinery the people can well 'eru"1 ,* . officers >rd to sustain ; but, m our opinion, econ- ^ y, consistency, an?l justice demand that V (, L' one cent be apeu: in tolerating an uuju t ' judice !'eadeL eleyent l.utiur sirlkm. tymput ? rebels, ri.e strikes of laborers during a year ; o for the mo-1 part resulted in se vere i . - May the strikers, and in not a few Instances to m?? by plover. The str.k e .U New Very 'try Other ; i year involved a direct i ;o the 6::-S-' 1' s interests ol" that city o; 44,00* , XX/. fr.cnd ich was about equally divided betr. n i"M> ' J ploy* uu 3 employer. The strike of the ftieiub ; iicr-> and irou worker of Wales, lasting infamoi irly three months, during which time there P'jlf' ft CO,000 raea idle, who In-; ,n v.hat ti."y ohaid have received ;.,r their labor ea<h Indeed ?k r?Xi,0G0, which 1 ibasbroa/h: .ntold lottery ery upon them elve? and families Th lers have ion il.000,000 ir. xr.y while ir Unions have only contributed i7i,<XXi and ted .heir need*. The end is that the men ha < man . i fo to wort at pretty ruueh the same wive. ^ , ?m this showing it is pretty ev lent that i u, u. , ke in not the ver> heat *a> to adjust the r (Ijj ^ eren. es eonstantlv arising between en.- {; j(. 1(J yer and employe. Our laboring men must p|0ier k up otiier relief from tin- wrongs thev ?,.rv ( lure. We are of the opinion that the eo- r ,a.j, , rative plan will prove to tie the .neat anil 4f-<i c ~?'' blil.f 111 be Uuspitalli) ui I'rut liifutr. ' on f of V'e learn front u orrespon.ient i'ro..- ( p^,ce rthodi- island, ihat the Hampton ji(. jj ger- wire refused acoon.i..-, int.on in '.he Cij A ( els of that city because of their /lor ; and ,u. ^ ^ iVldenee r la.ais to he a Christian city, and 0f tf,e ri ) feel* more than ordinary pride in Its n-1 igen/ e and refinement. Titf Vhen Union soldier* were escaping from again o el prison* black men ami women at the ?>'d ra\ ; of their l.ves guided ih^tn on their way, ant'.cipi red their scanty provisions them, and fair raci i without solicitation, hut with an eager- agonirii a that was evidence of their appreciation negroes the service* rendered by the Union atmy answer I of their own devotion to the cause of the forced i ton. To-day in the city of Providence win. f colored people are compelled to walk and streets tired and hungry, and refused ac- hand ; I ituodalion .n public places, though abund against ly able to pay for it. Is th s the- ratine- the Uud it of the "aupenor raca?'' wrvutii fVhnt They Say or I t. I?- st jtaj- r J and edited uy turn in thi* country ;* 'Tes N't* \r Er* akd( itizkx.' It not on.'/ credit upon tijr t'n"e,I"!n conductit it can l>r proudly pointed to by every person -n tbe country ns >in example ntrllitence, erudition and ability of ro. >11- h i journal merit* the vup:lio race it represents, and should be family."?-van/jy Xivk \ MioKAi Kra, of V>'?.n^-4 iiiorly Frederic , imu^lass' piper, ha; icorporated ?.tb the (it z'n, and .? led Tut Vn. \Aiiti\Aj t.R.i ,\Su Tiie editorial -tad onu-r the new 111, lit V II,-.-:-* ' 1 * li I 1 111./(lac 'i. tvreener, and John H. ( ook irj number issue I under th.s new niout display* rou> ierabie .a orial dspur iiuou:, .m i although soxe ew stutf arc ouiy tr,.u? th?.r " proai-i?," '.hi tr work mpare* ver s favorLh that of utany who have grown old rofe.**iou." r .1 : journal founded bvllornce Greeicy, r enumeration of it* exrellcncie as 5 lu?e<- for the ensuing year, leiiem industry revokes now, a a.larzc share of ihe Trili n-'t attention vre**<?, the trial*, and th want* of duetive classes are *11..i.e.1 with , ar,-are. Tbc pronto oi initalltaial r-?a\in:? contrivance Ik. deveiopt oar resource;, the of he lands for the landless, the utiliznour vast mineral re our.-es, the exof facilities for bringing producer and er together, r cv.o from this pap<-. e*t attention an I en arar-ment." not one word nb . ' protection. theme of the rage ..I t kappa .e :u*sion of which v.e retr.cntl-.. t ruse up Prof P. rry. f Wt'ilrtn; Cc rhe ::n of om; -den balanced } ? of commission politics, the T . 1 hut:.; . si Hight*. irrespective of rme rtativ' oior. Independent of partir.u t'cs. i in if- devotion to iiepublicau j.riai!endeavors to fulfil tho ideal of it* .? founder. IPt; e Greeley, a-, the c ' oi that national |ioliry to which tk uti.n of the in ton * oniric, lent the n.l fearl. enemy of wrong, whether e-puldi.-an party or in any other, it J. * ronvi. tion to the extent of it s aURt ,n its new* column- it renter.ben er* have n right to see both Me-. ot -ontroversy, and to ^et the -a itoie f every questi -n. whether t teils for 1 t the i.oiir ii . : > ,.- , *he of the paper." imment on thi? we m, Tin Xrutin and Lot. i;:an\> . rhiiadclphis /' ft: print i i long cooiimi from Mn. i?r Wilson, Mrs. John Mi?s t uolme I.* fount, and lioreJ . <>f city, stating that . i. Cole ami .Mrs. Delia (hew were uin/ed p. make "an amii ibie urrungctvitli the Wotunn' fetiteuiiinl ComWith hivouhu .pail the. express teiition of continuing their " unwaver otion to the country, au.i our read participate on equal condition* in ali ng to hot greatness an I glory." Ail h is excellent, and quite in accordance nit we would hate expected horn the ippendcil to the remonstranre. We believe, however, that either Miss Mrs. ( hew hud othei than the hast yes in dolu^ what they ', and we lined to question the wisdom of the ni.'Htion. fact reminu-. patent to ever, one, the "Woman's t enteiiuiul Committee' i much pre to allow the general itlOU of the colored ladle-. In 17*0, th hotli of the lievolution, the white of that same illa-trious Philadelphia i fund for th. r elief ot the ooldiei tar. 1 lent) in". i m tin- list of the.r name. .till known .n thu ( its - Weed, i.. he, Mi t all, Mon.s n, and may he found the .J. uted by Phil!;., u colored woman, we are not mistaken, was the same vVheateley complimented ?o highly by ! Washington for her poetry . Let the t he seen between the Philadelphia of cl thi i'hiladclphia of isTJ I lie Inilcpentlt'i.I Prcsn. .udi'ja.iJ'u. ; i..octal P.publi-css ,* every das furnishing the out.ii .onie oev, prool of ;ts claim to ties. The last it has given ,, ,n unanimously accepting the statement ..iter rebel, Wade Hampton, regarding trie I.on oft oluinhiu, South * arolina, Kieme to the testimony of Generals n Logan, Howard, anil other Union He i la ma, contrary to ail h'?lory the ev.deuce of these ollicen, that the .mops burnt the city, and the "ind''t" or "Liberal" paper* accept -h.s h bom luveution The truth is, the by of thesi men > now ail with 'be from hatred to i . ...."U. < rant. r have.; :vek. who was tie ted iaut ti;" P.< publican . aided by c. few :ii::ae reforu.'-.?, La {.roved fail's reform t..ovc:..eut, ut.u oM out LL by appctntia th* uotoxlo ;i Tan. Iciiic ' and plunderer Cnuriici:, ? roi the Ptlli > Board of the it;., and the i? (/ ?V Mi.tsull, ut; editor of tire Gatiitf, and fr.rureriy keeper of ca book ?tu;e. -.:{ ei.r.teadtr.t ol ?o.;tc he bft ' oraa - a.em tool of the gambler, f5*u. Wood. Tiiu. do'x? eJorci" . . ta.tiit rt- a Je&l'.y xn the elected to arty.I cut ' ex;, th' it ,-frc.r;. .t of Terr ale1 a _ ?-? ? ?^ l colored u.en li i.u the uaiiir, ntt< ndatit on an inva d wb.t" utan ie -aim* wrtiou, an, not allowed to (he Uiuwind-rooin ar w.ih h.? ex/; ? tin rou?taiitl> -t"oil .ri ne?t o. b!? >- on one w, the Sen i.rjgitu.d railhe objection i . h!iji being h.s raca or. 'th.- - at:, rt. .ed i.ot. mil t.ou again*! the f.ogl&nd Ha..liiipanv. lint care, with the s;ai..e-" the re'iiiai ol a ^ulfiern italroau j> to uilow thi . ..o.ei i.lhrt* as or a?e of iiepresenlallve', to ricie .a tee h (.'ootrreMwueri Hooper, a.lh whoa traveling, ml ie.t,t a dor- exh.Ul.oa iohie i^aai.iie* of Hie white .Viae a"). I'.clm.lti J Inquirt li*? ver the ghoat of "negro tuprriuacj," re* like a madman Q\er the trouble it ite? to the "white fltan'a pfcrtj" in a t w .th tha r.egro. to a recent Iviue it igljr Inquire< "What <1<> we ,we the or the m? ;j who lead theui We i 'Xothiag!' _i lODibki Lav heeu on u?! We accept it, and hope to lut how f Bv meeting the ! .-.ue fa riy arelt ; by olutching at each hoetiie !i> recognition the deed of enmity the word of fiiend-diip , hv calling licwl* of i<C'e to account to the Coaet of 197 V

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