Newspaper of New National Era, June 12, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated June 12, 1873 Page 1
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THE NEW NATIONAL ERA AND CITIZEN, I?IIIBII fVKRY THURSDAY MORKINO * WutlaitN CMn D. c. H m Vk? MTiOSiAt BU ABB MUXES COMPABV I F WIS H. DbroLASsT") richard t. greener, > ewtom. john ii. cook, ) H. - ? >< Nm. bu ptr fM>; c; * f?r I?) aM* la ajvaar*. I,11111 FKKOEUICK DOl eLtll, Jt., I ~ rt-otarf, L? k Boi 31, W aaMagtuu. D C. j VOMifUXICA T1 OSS. |j r?i Nt< Sitiotii Rk A m ?.-)! h >14 rnyosilM j P :,?? l?y rormpo?4??U. Wall vrtttn sad ' b< UfM?lr.?G?lMOk?!1oaitlllb?(t*dJjr?f?l?d ] I J , Lilier Train Virginia. fri lb* PtlilMI* Ora<t Dac*rmil?a Oajr u ifea | \ailonal C?m??ary aaar Haoaptaa, T?? cr rrof. Lsn|iUn Delivers on KU??tst Ora. iton lion. R. O. L. Pelff R??4? n Pe*?Speech of Chi. Jthia M. Plntt, Jr ?0,000 ft'raplt Strew Flowers svtr the Groves of qj A merle on Soldiers?Trip Down (he Horhor Ovotlon toProf. Lonfites ot the Soldiers, *' Home?Prolses to Den. Kinder, Sr. N'orfoi i. . Va., June 2, ldV3. j Ca i .r t.ihinrt of thr V'r Xntinnnl Kra an i 1 ^ OOn I0*' Friday mcming ha J come. The ?un, how-1 w< i >er, had not yet risen from behind the ea?t- I ^ rn hills when hundreds of people could have > l'E 1 "cn sr. u wending their way hither and i.'.thi. Tiie music of fife and the rattling , un f .. . < hood In the clear morning air. i . ... . i .-t N ' 7, (i. A. It., had made ; i vi i v i. . -ai;. |reparation for the occasion. [ ^ ? ?' ... . 1 !>.v !?n,t llie members of or' f . . u their gay uniforms were hurry- j ; i r.ud fro to liic several headquarters lo 7V sh:.. various comrades in route for the ! Val. uii.l ( ciuctcry. AI i V o'cioch the steamer N. P. banks of ;; In r whalf with Cnilloux and Mitchell or Vlhn r.'stiaml the Juvenile Cadets in zouave pri -li.,i:e .iiider command ol Capt. Haenall, be .atm iin t . land ai PoltMi.iutli to take on up I'lat; Post; hut the boat being crowded? ra; there heing over one thousand persons on dr b-sird proceeded immediately to Old Point sh c n.i il leaving those behind to come by iui -nether steamer. \t il .'clock A. At. the following |>ost.s of so it, <i. A It and ex-soldiers and sailors, Fr i loii.aii l oi ( umrade dohn Miller, ge . u.n under .. Piatt Post, took up the line (If da mauli f..r the cemetery or band. co Piatt Post No. ... bu Abraham I.ineoln Post No It. 8,0 s'uaw Post \o. Id. ^ol Mitchell Allen Post No. It. t ailloux Post No cJf Hand. tin i oininanders ami oltieecs. luvenile Cadets. ou i wo hundred ex-soldiers and sailors (from ra' the Home i under command of (apt. Wooiliin. KXKKClsHt. r. Near the monument a neat stand had been erected and decorated with bunting of various RaJ colors. In front sat the National school jr lypils who, under the direction of Miss ^ tenner, sang excellent nnd appropriate ^ pieces during the ceremonies. ^ Col. f. Wilson, Commander of ( ailloux ?? ? ca I'ost, on the arrival of the procession at the . platform, stepped forward and called to order j)U j at lea't i/sxi |ieople. Col. Wilson said: "Comrades of the fiiand Army of the llepub- j lit and this \ast multitude of liberty-loving ?r| Americans gathered here to-day upon eonse- ?u crated soil : We meet to-day fraternally and gjr naturally ; not to disinter the bones of any ^ of the falleu brave, nor to mark the resting place of any particular warrior; neither in obedience to.those ranker passions that may govern us in our other duties as cilireDS of ' m( this great Kepublic. But, yielding to those innate and instructive characteristic* implanted in the heart of the human family by frc the creator of every good and perfect gift, do w( we come to do honor to the remains of the patriotic dead ; as they died so let us honor ex toem."' ' Col. Wilson introduced Rev. Win. Lewis, g, who delivered n fervent and earnest prayer. Hon. II. O. L. Paige, then read a poem? vjs "The Sleeping Sentinel"?expressive of the re) mercy nnd good traits of our late Lincoln. nu The poem was patriotic, and bcine well de- jja livered, was frequently applauded by the vast assemblage. r0( Prof. John M. Langs ton, orator of the day, ra; was next introduced. Kvcry voice was ca hushed, every eye was li ved upon him, each t,v heart seemed listening as the sable champion se< uf American liberty walked forward on the an platform. Mr. Langston said: "Mr. Com- t mauJer, ladies, and gentlemen ; It is due to jr( you tii -t that I thank you for the honor which <jis I now enjoy A native of Virginia, there is nu nothing that etfeets her welfare in which I jo am not deeply interested. Mr. Commander, to this da v our nation does honor to hct noble ci0 dea.l. Turning aside from our ordinary em- sio ploy incut it is fit that our fathers and moth- < ei our brothers and sisters, the young man otl *nd the maiden, the girl and the boy, the white nnd the black, those of foreign birth and the American by nationality, should p)s some gathering in the cemetery where our ma dead heroes slumber, to express our sorrow fja and gratitude, while we honor their memory and magnify their heroism." to Xfr T mieia ??!<! !# > -? en did save from annihilation tbis Republic int when bounties failed to add strength to and al.? lecrtiit the demoralized ranks of the Union i army ' He said'twas then the Confederacy set felt Mire of -tuve-in, but the statesmanship of die l.ineoln and Hotter turned the tide, anil the th< JoO.OiH negro troops that dared and did do chi for their country, an l many regiments with- ia<< out pay, brought vctorv to the Union arms. : ne Here followed a spirited eulogy of Gen. Hut- i t,0 ler, who was the furthest-seeing statesman in ' th< our country. Who in the word contraband j ti,, did toward settling the slavery question what Mr. T.incoln said iu his proclamation of emancipation "Shall be free." Then lie "jinkc of the Confederate dead I To sleeping tliere with their Northern foes? | toes no longer, but brothers mouldering to u common dust. He rose to the height of, kn noble magnanimity- The Confederates, he , ou aid, however mistaken in the cause which j in they e poured, had exhibited a courage and Be determination which he was always ready to j an piaise. They were Americans, and he ad- j gr< mired American pluek even when exhibited ! Co m a mistaken cause. And he was ready to on lay an offering of flowers upon the graves of j Fo those whose lives had been the forfeit of their 1 ?P devotion to a cause which they honestly no believed to he lust. se< After holding the sad throng spell-bound frii tor (.ne hour he gave way, and was followed no by Hon. J. 11. Halt, Jr., in a short address, wi in wrb.eli lie particularly lamented the recent an order prohibiting jMirsnns from garlanding ; Be Confederate grave" on Decoration Day. He wi NEl VOL. IV.?NO. 23 } geil It upou those present if they bad >wer left to lay It reverently upon 0 are of the Southern dead. He wanted i ! able to say when he went North, as 1 tpected soon to do, that his constituen adc no distinction between the graves end and foe. At the close of the ceremonies the va owd joined the G. A. R in "trewir overs on the numerous graves. Captain Wood fin, a noble-hearted soldie tended an invitation to visit the Soldier rare, which was cordially accepted. Comrade John Miller escorted with h mmand Col. Wilson and Prof. I.angston t e Chesapeake, where the latter was r< ivcd with cheer after cheer by the wai >ru veterans. After dining with Cap oodfln, the governor of the Home, the dii iguished gentleman left for Norfolk, vi d Point, where again he was received wit bounded enthusiasm by thousand.. The whole aifair reflected great credit upo e Grand Army. It may be well to sa it nearly the whole concourse was eoi sii people. Ksk i am . I,ynihbltro Va., June 2, 1873. i ike Editors of the Sex- Sational Eta an Citizen It has been my desire ever since the unio the Kew Era and Citizen to be a regional correspondent, but owing to th essing demands of a slclc family I liav en prevented from doiDg so. Xow tlia f head is lifted up somewhat above th ging waters of trouble which well nig owned- me, I make hold to push for th ore, with, I trust, a good prospect of read; I it. On Saturday, May 24, Mr. William J. Wii n, cashier of the Washington branch of th eedmen's Savings and Trust Company, an neral agent, accompanied by his wife an ughter, made a visit to ibis city. Thei rival was wholly unexpected, and, < urse, no oie was prepared to receive then; t, after a little walking about, 1 final! cceeded in securing comfortable quarter them with Mr. It. .(. Morgan's family ving to the want of suitable,|or rather first tss, boarding-houses for the accomraoda n of the traveling public, we w ho happei have friends among such, tube them t r houses, or else see them well cared foi hf?r than hnvo tlinm irn olcnwlioro rhe next Jay after the Professor's arriva Sunday, he visited in the morning tb rst Baptist church Sunday-school, ani ide a few remarks of encouragement, whicl tue were listened to hy about three hun ?d and fifty children and grown persons visit was"made in the afternoon to thi ethodist church, which, by the way, is thi est and largest colored church in this city pable of seating from one thousand tivi ndred to two thousand persons. It wa ilt in 18G7, and cost nbout fourteen thou nd dollars, and is very near free of debt king only some five hundred dollars. 1 and rally was be'mg made at the time c r visit to raise the last amount, and I hav ice learned that nearly all of it, save on ndred and fifty dollars, was collected tha yOn Monday night Mr. Wilson spoke at tb iptist church upon the mission of the Freed :n's bank, hut owing to the stormy weather commencing to rain furiously just as Mr . began speaking, many were prevents im attending. The audience, though small t? a very attentive one, and seemed to L nefited by what was said from the man; pressions of satisfaction. Tuesday morning Mrs. Wilson and Mrs rston took leave of us for home, expressing smselves as being well pleased with thei lit to " Hill City." I am sorry to have ti ;ord an event which occurred, althougl >rtifying to their feeliDgs, I trust did no VA n rl a m nnninrr ofTnnt lira rara fliole vioif - ? 'MVVV "t"7" """ '""l lis was an attempt on the part of the rail id officials of the Orange and Alexandra ilroad to prevent their riding in the ladies r, but in this tbey were unsuccessful, fo Mr. W'.'s courage and persistence the; :ured the desired seats. More of thii on. On Wednesday night Mr. W. again ad issed the citizens, this time at the Metho t church. The audience wa9 in point o tubers a very fair one, and Mr. W. seeinei he in one of his happiest moods. He spoki them at considerable length, and at tht se of his remarks many were the expres ns of satisfaction. On Thursday we visited a " break," or, it ter words, an auction sale of tobacco iere was explained to Mr. W. the manage nt of tobacco as it is brought in by tin inters, which same 1 hope to he able t< ike a subject of at some future time. Or turday we visited a tobacco inanufauon lich contains different departments devotee the preparation of this plant, the consul ition of which, no d >ubt, I think, will provi cresting to some of your readers, 1 defer o, until my next, probably. I tn Sunday night, immediately after u shot moo, Mr. W. spoke to a very large an ince of about elghteeu hundred or tw( us and persons gathered at the Rapt is arch. His remarks produced a good ani ling impression upon his hearers, infusing w life and awakening them to a considers n of the requirements of the times and o en uuiy in tioa, ineir ieitow men. and t( "mtelve*. Yours cordially, W. F. Hronaioii. Virginia, J una 4,lsTd. tke Editors of tht S'nr Katinnal Era am Citizen : U. A. Beckley, of Alcxandtm, Virginia own as a prominent Republican through t the Slate, and lately Assistant Assess?: Fredericksburg, was recommended by thi publican members of the State Legislature d indorsed by the whole Republican Con tssiooal delegation and the State Centra mmittee for special postal agent, (thi ly one Virginia was entitled to,) and tb< etmaster General promised to make th< pointment; bat General Mosby, of guerilli toriety, who botuti of his Influence ii 'uring patronage for his Conservative ends, it able to checkmate, it seems, 0113 wrwunt the Republicans contemplate. For, tbout difficulty, he burries to Wasbingtoc d secures the appointment of one If. Claf ijley, of Salem, Fauquier count)-, a man 10 baa never been identified with th< W N A AND WASHU party ?a known Democrat. There may be ?e , motives of policy in this which Jo not appelr to (,0 the surface ; hut if General Mosby is to 16 , control Federal patronage in Virginia, w* " j suggest that he identify himself teifh the party 1 of in the impending campaign, that all the machinery for calling conventions and mating si nominations be delegated to him, and that ig members of Congress, members of Legis- j , latures, and Republicans generally abdicate | r,: in his favor. ' j Mr. Beckley has been promineutiy iJenti- j I tied with the party ever since Its foundation is . in the State, in its conventions, and in its o j canyasses; he is not the choice of a faction, e* I but of the party, and such treatment is not r- | only impolitic, but a blunder worse than that t. j made by the President in 1869. ?-! If General Grant thinks the influence of a : General Mosby is secured in this way to h | carry the State next fall for the Republicans, j lie will find himself badly mistaken, and n ; worse sold. A man who practically refuses j y to counsel with Republicans in the Stale,: 1- but waits the development of their plans to ' subvert them, is not likely to do any aid in ; a canvass he does not dictate. j We do not hold that men who were of his J stamp should be voters merely, but that they | n must at least make a common cause vith us j n | lie fore they should receive such high recogui- j e lion by the Administration. e We do not dwell on another feature of ^ this case-that Mr. Beckley, as a colored (.; man urged for a position of trust and emoluj, ! nient that amounted to something, should be e appointed to the special agency as a recogniI tion which should have been given, and | should not he put off' with a promise of future l_ coiiiideration. Yours. J. W. Cromwei.i.. e , d belter Iroiii Piillu<t<-I|? Institute lor Colored Youth, r: ? # , ,.>ki.i'mi a, June o, inu. i j Tii the KJitnr.? of the Xev Xational Era an 11 l> j Citizen : \ The twentieth annual commencement of] s j the institute for colored youth in this city | ; was such a perfect .success as to merit an ; * | extended description in your columns. | The public examinations were held at the 11 j institute building, Ninth and Bainbridge sts., 0 ] on Monday and Tuesday, June 2d and 3d. ' : Never has a class acquitted itself with ; greater credit than the class of 1873. There ' j were a greater number of high averages obe ] tained than I have ever before known on an ' occasion of this kind. Your correspondent ^ could not be present at all the examinations, " but had the pleasure of listening to the last two in chemistry and trigonometry. The e one in chemistry was ably conducted by Prof. ? White. The pupils did splendidly, It was 1 a searching examination, and few of them u j failed to answer even one question. The s | examination in trigonometry was conducted " | by the principal, Miss Fanny M. Jackson. j What a tine display it was, and how triumph^ ! anlly the class passed through it! At the close of the examination eight p j prizes, of fifteen dollars each, were awarded e j by the board cf managers. The prizes for 11 English studies were awarded to Annie L. j | Jones and George E. Johnson ; ruathemati- j ft j cal prizes to W. Alexander Merrill and Yir- j, j ginia E. Bolivar ; classical, Joseph E. Hill j ' ] and Elizabeth J. B. Ilamsey; diligence and | i good conduct, Mary Bunday and William i Adger. Among the spectators at the exam-! , ination was Frank Wells, Esq., editor of the j e Keening liulietin of this city, who seemed , delighted at the proficiency displayed. The regular commencement exercises were held in Horticultural Hall, on the afternoon ! , ^ of Wednesday, the 4th instant, beginning at j i 3 o'clock. The hall was filled before this , " hour with a sty lish and appreciative audience, j 1 about equally divided between the two races. ' First in order was the salutatory address in ( Latin, by Annie I.. Jones. This young lady , was graceful, and pronounced so distinctly as , * to bo understood by any person having a , good knowledge of Latin?a rare thing in j r such exercises. She received two beautiful , boquets. An oration, subject: "Trades I nionn," , was next given by W. Alexander Merrill. , The orator spoke distinctly, and pronounced | ' well. He compared the condition of the , j employer and employed to-day with their , state during the Middle Ages. lie main- , tained that combinations are not in theui- , selves unlawful if not made for an unlawful i purpose. The violence of strikes is not attribf utable to trades unions, since in countries where these do not exist strikes are more ) violent in their character than where they do < , exist. This being the case he argued that | " thpv hlinnlH rpffMirp sflnptinn r?f , philanthropic heart." . Martha X. Matthews next read an essay ] on "Homer and Milton." Her manner was . somewhat affected, hut otherwise she did , well. The two master pieces of the great ! poets, the Iliad and the Paradise I.ost.were j critically examined. Milton, she said, excels . i a* a poet of morality ; Homer as a poet of . nature. Homer wrote for Greeks ; Milton , I for the world. Homer's gods and goddesses [ | act like men und women, displaying the ]! passions, frailties, and propensities of ordir | nary human nature. One of Milton's great. | est triumphs was displayed in |*rforming the f difficult task of representing the conduct and , conversation of two perfect beings. Homer's poem was founded on the meagre traditions of the Trojan war; Milton's on the account of the creation, fall, etc., given in the Bible.1 Milton's characters, although without the ' range of human observation, are as distine-' | tive as any in Homer. Ilis language is very : . perspicuous, and be it, indeed, the greatest of English authors. The genius of Homer was peculiarly original, and, next to Milton, he is the greatest genius that has ever lived, j Before the sun of Milton, all other stars pale. The young lady spoke very distinctly, and as i a reward of well doing, received a beautiful floral offering. Daniel A. Neil next gave us an oration oi which the subject was " Success and its con- j ditions." Among other excellent things, the j orator acid, " 'Tis not in mortals to achieve success, bat we will do more, we will deserve it." If a young man starts without money or influence, he is more likely to be successful than he is If he has both of these. There is no royal road to succeas ; all must travel by the same troubled, straight, and narrow path. Every young man is, at least to a cer- i TIO^ CITI (fQTON, D. C.. THURSDAY, Jl' tain extent, the ahaper of hU own destiny | The young gentleman's gesturing and man net were not luilicIenUy aainiate 1 far the ; delivery of ?o good an station. Practice will make him better In this regard, no doubt. May he not only deserve but achieve success. "An English Version,' ?r>.m the Lai.a 01 Sallust, was given by Mary W.IIowe. She spoke distinctly, and had quite a pleasing manner. This was a comparison between Greek and Roman glory, and a disquisition upon the downfall of the latter. Its account of the causes which led to this latter?extravagance and corruption?sounded almost as if it might have been intended as a description of the last eight years of our own national history, and should be a warning to us as citizens of the republic. "Is the Republic a Success?" was the subject of the next oration, given by George W. Johnson. He spoke of the rapid growth of the republic, and prophesied for it a glorious future. The success of these States, he said, furuishes incontc-stiblo evidence of the excellence of a republican form of government. The oration was most excellent, but its rendering would have been improved b_v greater distinctness of enunciation Alice C. Bowers next read an essay entitled " Rocks whereon the greatest men have oftest wrecked." The young lady, daughter of Mr. Thomas Bowers of this city, is pretty and pleasing, and delighted her audience by the loud and distinct reading of her essay. Sham success was eloquently compared with true. Said she: "Many a noble life has gone out in darkness, because it was not satisfied with that only frtie criterion of success, an approving conscience." Like all the rest of the young ladies, and several of the young gentlemen, Miss Bowers received a MUU nrii-uu^t'uril liat*nuv HI !1<?Vers from her friends. Next in order was u dialogue, " Never too old to learn," by a class of boys in the preparatory department. These youths were bright-looking, and gave their parts with as much spirit as could be expected in the presence of such a large audience. " Rrcad Making as a Fine Art" was the subject of the next exercise, an essay by Felicia Ramsey, she said : " Many an acrid editorial, many a despairing sermon, has owed its origin not to any unusual display of the depravity of human nature, but to the frantic efforts of the stomach to digest a heavy, sour, or poorly-baked piece of bread." She spoke of the intimate relation existing between body and spirit, between mind and bread and beef. She deprecated the contempt for household labor now so prevalent in this country. IIow the human race is to be taken care of in the future is becoming a matter of serious import, unless we are left to the birds of the air aud the beasts of the field. We are coming very uear the latter, certainly. As the ship after a long and tempestuous voyage glides peacefully into some land-locked harbor, so does a man, when the cares aud troubles of his daily labor are over, turn with pleasure to the comforts of a well-regulated home. In view of its importance, let us enunciate the noble principle that labor is not in itself degrading. This was an excellent production, but it was not read with quite enough animation. The next exercise was an oration by Richard

J. Warrick ; subject: " The future of the laboring classes." The term " laboring classes," as popularly used, was defined. There are two theories in regard to this class ?the theory of protection and dependence and the theory of independence. Experience has proved the school of dependence to be n poor one. The poor have tried it and experh r.ced its blighting influences. They must he encouraged to avoid the paths of vice and cultivate those qualities which lead to virtue and excellence. The public press, although not a means of the highest culture, is, nevertheless, a powerful adjunct in the work of improvement. It is useless to attempt to suppress the spirit of independence which is Snding its wav into the councils of the masses. In order to encourage the best labor, the laborer should he given a share of the profits. The speaker closed with an eloquent prophecy of the future prosperity and glory of the world, when employers and employed should live together in perfect concord, and striv* for each other's improvement. "Coal and Iron," an e?av. was gUen by Elizabeth J. B. Ramsey. The essay opened with a fine description of the formation of oal, which is generated only where trees grow out of swamps. A description of iron was also given. The essay was mainly descriptive, and was very finely read. It ended with a poetic view of the subject of how much the home and fireside owe to coal and iron. "Charles sum tier" was the subject of an eloquent oration by Spencer i*. Irvin. Il was 1 a glowing eulogy upon the great statesman,! and upon the system of civilization and high intellectual culture which gave him to hu- j manity. The speaker referred to Sumner's [ early advocacy of peace, and finished with a , line tribute to this noble cause. A little j more animation in delivery would liavc* been ' sn improvement. Jfext in order was au essay entitled "Genius vs. Freak*," by Virginia E. Bolivar. She spoke very well, and ridiculed the idea that every smart hoy is a genius. Genius is ! rare, and performs its glorious task- with the aid of the most untiring industry. As a [woof that genius is not indolent, she in-tanced Scott, who at the aire of sixty-five recommenced his labors to pat oil'a debt of seven hundred thau-aud dollars, ami in three years, produced thirty volumes. Genius will go victoriously onward while a truth remains to , >e discovered, or a \ ictory in science, art, or etters to he won. Miss Bolivar received several handsome boqucts. "An t-ngiun version: ararcus cato tt? atalma," was given by Joseph ? Hill The speaker's voice was well modulated and his nanner animated. HU rendering of the Roman's Impassioned denunciation* of treason was very fine. He possesses a bright ace, and one which augur* well forthefntnre )f its owner. The one hundredth p*almn wsu well reritad >y a class of girl* in the preparatory department. These little people locked pretty and nteresting. , sAL ZEN. SE 12, 1873 "Mens agitat Moleni," with the vale torr, was given br George K. Ju!.n?on. 1 beean with an allusion to the triumph of >1 idan at Cedar Creek, and praised the Jai le?s iluinr and a fi?ilvnf thp cnvalrv c eral. ITe then divide 1 minds into twocla* the active and the passive. The repress; tives of this active prim ,ple are ?een in i gion, Science, and literature. I.uther. V le v, and Fox were given as examples of i the religious world ; Horace in literature, Columbus id discovery. This was a very oration. The addresses to the board of m agers, teachers, pupils, and audience a very much like all such productbrns. Xext in order was the presentation of diplomas and the address by the prim i| Miss Jackson spoke as follows : "Alas, dear scholars, the tleetiog ye glide away, and the time has come for I to leave us. Your respectful deportme ' the diligence and industry with which ; have pursued your studies, have won approbation and esteem of the managers t teachers. We shall miss the familiar fa of Alice and Mary and Martha, of Jose George, and Richard, of all of you. but y duty awaits you and vou must go. Do i seek the distractions and vexations of pul distinction too soon Your character a ! culture will ripen best in friendly obscuri and since we wish you to aim at solid exr lenee rather than at show, we shall distr ( the honors that are gathered too earlv : | all know the cost of high attainments in 1 ters, science, or art. Prefer the approval j one sensible person to the applause of ma nwii ?> b seuu you ioriu 10 tnose who ne you to bless them and to be blessed in letu May you see " golden days, fruitful in golc doeds." Thus passed away the rounucncement |s73, and never has the Institute known i more delightful occasion. Sot a break j curred In the harmony of the exercises. '1 i praise bestowed upon every feature of I ' entertainment was very grateful to teach ; and taught, and to none more grateful, i , by none better deserved, than by the pr : cipal. Certainly, if this world has a blessi to bestow upon high Christian principle, nol self-abnegation, untiring energy and devoti to the cause of her race and humauity, should be the portion of this lovely and gift woman. " Praise to the face is open disgrace saith the proverb, but if you, Messrs. Edito will pardon it when bestowed upon one your number, I will say that the. only thi needed to complete the pleasure of this oci sion was the presence of Mr. Greener, whe excellence as a teacher, high talents, and fl intellectual culture will cause him ever to kindly remembered by his pupils and the ma friends whom he has left in this city. If you will allow me, I will end this let by a little criticism upon your clever pap As some of us anti-?lavery people used say when some w ould-be friend of the rs would attempt to write or speak to them a would continually remind thorn of invidir distinc'ions," There is loo much colored in il My desire for the Era is that you may ma it such a paper as every race and class in t community will desire to read. While would not have you neglect the interests your own people, I would have you prove the world that colored men can edit a pa| that all men will be interested in. To this, it seems to me that too many of yt editorials should not be upon the one si ject, the subject which I hope there will nothing to write about in a few years. H< ing that this criticism will be received in t kindly spirit in which it is made, I rerna very respectfully, Axolo-Saxon. Letter from Mlxalssippi. VicK.stsi no. Miss., June 4, lei J. To the Editor* of the AVic Xational Era a Citizen : The devil in your establishment sometin makes me responsible for violations of t king's English, after i had done my best keep w ithin its bounds. lie once made n say?"I obtained a furlough to attend to t closing scenes of the Legislature," when had no idea of using the prepositiou "/? Others might be mentioned, but i hope tl hereafter wheu gross errors occur, your go readers will sometimes "give the devil I due." Our political lories are marshaling the selves daily for the light in the campaign nominations. The campaign in this Sn Deiore ine nominating convention comes Is always the most disagreeable and hardens oar nominations, if tolerably fair, i equivalent to election, and after they i made the strife between parties in our rai ceases, and all enter heartily into the bat against our common enemy?the Democra Would that that day would soon come, as I contemplation of the struggle between p ties in our own ranks for offices makes i stand aghast! But all are going into it w cheerful hearts, and very few, if any, In upon his opponent as a personal antagoui I told you in my last of the two leadi candidates for Governor, without mention! those who are called "compromise can date?." Among these are Hon. George Brown, Judge of the < irruit Court of t district, a man of first-class ability and great deal of legal lore. He is a native Ohio, and was a promineut politician wh there. He now owns a large plantation the eastern portion of tins State, and shot the contending parties compromise on h our State would have for its Governor a ru who fears no one, and one who has the coi age and ability to sustain it. Another third candidate is Hon. H. Mi grove, our present Auditor of Public i counts. Here is a man who has had t destinies of the State for the last four yet more in his hands than the Governor. T Auditor the most responsible office m tl State j and when Col. Musgrove took everything was anarchy and chaos. Hut has (teadily guided us through turbulc streams, and be is looked upon as the be?t all our Slate officers. Should cur convent! compromise on hira we would have a flr class Governor, and one who would ve seldom, if ever, commit a blunder. He U a giant's specie, both in siae and in bra. When he was passing a crowd around t capitol gate not long since, a man .-a "Good heavens, what a foot that man has t meaning Co! Musgrove.) "It would laki ERA J it renr in aiU nnoi*. * SOopkNiflirSIU. die- whole aide to make him aji.riIiktN. He lie must wear uumber twelve-.' "Ye*," re- ! hor- plied the Attorney General, who wa? ?t.?udmt in^ near by, "aaJ he wear- a numt*r twelve ;en- hat, t k>!" -es. And another candidate .? UoO. Greene i . sta- ( handier, one of the judges of a circuit dis eli trict in the lower pail of the State, lie is es- also a luan of line mind, and ? 'uUl make a t in good Governor if elected. This tills out the , and list of aspirants for Governor, but of all, , line Geu. Ames is far ahead, ami has the leading &n- men?both white anil colored?working for i ce hiin. There is something magnetic about i him ; and when the times here were bitter . 'I''* and trying Gen. Amea was found true olwajw. | j ial. I aiu ready to wager that ho will )>e nouil-11 nated by acclamation. ars I promised in my last to write a few more 1 s rou per?ounth, and I may he pardoned if I com- j ? nt, mence with the leading officer in this county, 1 I I'OU GEN". CIIAS. E. FCRLONO, I f the 0UJ. s),erl;f. He has a full corporation uud | < md ?ears a military air. His face blooms with I i"0* health and has a countenance serene with : 1 ph, jH'rfe. t success in political life. When his ! 1 1ur present term e xpires on the tirst of January t B0' next, he will have beeu Sheritf of this county t '''c for six long and successful years. He rolls in<' along in a bachelor's life, hut ought to be I t.V, tarred and feathered for not sharing his l.oun,f,l '> tiful means w ith some lair maid. Of all the us' shrewd wire-pullers in the State, Gen. f ur- i wp | long stands number one. And when he I el* 1 uudertakes to w..rk foi himself or a frieml uo ' of sacrifice is too great for hiin to hear, ami no t n.v burden is too heavy for him to overcome, r '?d He is a native of New Jersey, served in the a m- army during the full term of the war; served ii 'en on the start' of tieus. tioseerans, Ord, and ; Smith ; was engaged in nearly all the battles n I front Fort DoneUon to Vicksbuig, and was o 1 ;i i?land "ut as brevet < oloael, and u now o 1>(>" Brigadier (ietieral of State militia. w Another individual who is a perfe. t mat> b i t "e j for mv last subject in political wire-pulling is o ers OOI.. 11. K. UKIL'K, ' d 101 j the slieriif of Bolivar county. Here is an c individual who would take two or three skins a "8 ! of a beaver to make him a hat. The expau- j I. | sion of his heart is so great that it appears as i p though his forehead was dove-tailed in front. I h ll i But ah, Messrs. Kditors, that head is uot | a ;e"' | large for naught! The brain within its in- j c | closures is more actively at work than the h ' < busy ant around its hill. Col. llruce'.s j ii ra> ! career in the Mate has been marked with ?f J complete success; and if one wishes to ex- j h "S | tract a genuine smile from him, just hand him I tl :a" \ a slip of paper with the words, "Bay to the w >se | order of 11. K. Bruce," Ac., Ac. I o lle Ilis llr?t position in the State was ser- J 'ie geant-at-Anns of the Senate of 1*7"-71. He ' n n.v i was afterwards appointed assessor of real and i h personal property in Bolivar county, was ter elected sheriff in the fall of 1S71, nnd lias; s fr' complete control of his county'. He is '' to j respected by all classes of citizens, and his l ? jiiieiKis in tiic state? arc a legion. Jfe is a ! 11 n<' quadroon, a native of Missouri, I think, and b us wej?iis ut.out two hundred and forty pounds. ll In addition to his position as Sheriff he is the Superintendent of Education for his county, i '' 'ie and a member of the levee hoard, liis jiosi-1 a * j lion as Superintendent of Schools hns been I ' " j marked with great ability and success, ami b lo j the schools in his county are. in line condi- 1 ,er j tion. Ladies who have a fair education And ' i sonic experience in teaching need not hesi-: h 'ur i tate to api>ly to him for a position ; hut young X l^" i men must bring their diplomas from Yale, ' 'Jfc ; Harvard, or Ann Arbor. Friend ilrure is " I always a welcome guest at "C'ivis' " domicile 'ie when passing through liie "burg." h in' j In these personnels, I am giving vou heavy ' " men?heavy in influence, heavy in weight, i (' and heavy in pocket. And another two!1' hundred and forty pounder is t * I COl.. S. J. IKKl.A.NU, h nd ' of Al corn University. Here i-. u man the u i moment he approaches, you can plainly sec w tiiat be means business. |. r iknwd manage- ? j ment in political maneuvering these three j c t0 j subjects are about par. Hud Col. Ireland 11 ae j managed his affairs for the last two years , 1 'ie j with an eye to his individual success liis in- " ^ ! tluence in the State would have been second , 01 ' | to none ; hut he bravely defended (iov. Al- j h iat i corn when the majority of the party had dis- . ti 'od | agreed w ith him in some of his appointment* j '' 'J'*i : when tie vva- fioveruor of the State, (iov. | c" Alcorn was ( ol. Ireland's steadfast friend, " an,j |ie fep that if Alcorn went down tie. 'uf would go down with him. While certain " l'c parties might condemn him for this action, yet there i.? ccrtainlv something comuienda- " st' hie in the sacrifice. He is, however, rapidly " tre i gaining ground, and when lie enlists in the * ,re tight in the coming campuigu he will do h service commensurate with Ins ability. He, w as ."sergeant-at-Aiius of the of ls7o- | k" 71, cativu-sed the State thoroughly in tsij'a j '"* w ith Coventor A! iru, speaking m several of a ar" the mo?t dangerous hu-Klux i ounttes, and is * "lr now superintendent of the business atlair* of j' ll'' Alcorn I uiversity. Hi- wu- fleeted foi the J Sixth Congressional iiislrk I la-t tall under a f *' most thorough canvas* of the entire deduct, ti n' roiu[Ht*>iri^ aixleen or seventeen counties, ut 11 hi* own expense, anil had several exciting ' joint discussions hi- l>cmocratr upjio- ^ ^ * nent, in which he always catne oil victorious, t Col. Ireland ;i a genial, magnetic com- " ' ? panion, full to overflow lug with fellow-feeling ' for a friend, and loves to enjoy good com- ri en puny. He u one of the finest looking men t in the state, hut has a deep trick in lo* I 1 laugh. Though my good Colonel aud I may be * "" battling on different -ides .a our own party 1811 for nomination* of our favorites, vet 1 am tllr h.tppv in the thouglit that both of u- w.ll la- o found vu the at imp logelhet lighting oar e * common enemy?the iJemocrat*. j 1 intended eketching two other friend* in (; this communication. but niv apace i< tilled , ? i i . i /. ' i. and I must f.av &0/111 n-,x. ( ivi*. " lie ???.. tl bia There it a belle in Washington who can V it cfjnverne glibly in five different language-, n j1(, but she cannot bake a Joai of bread in one. I" ,nt A drunken Toledo man wrote on the |J wall of ha cell, "Jug not that ye be not ' ?f,Jugged." ' * 00 The most beautiful inelempeychoai* U t- when we see oumelve* entering Into other*.? * ry OatKt. of A Hartford photographer take* photograph* ... m ten sec on I* ; he takee theto from hi* rtTal'a , he ioM' p . A* uo roda are ?o 1 High a* those tijat hare ; juat been mend.;J, *o no inner* are ?o intol- w eraiit ay thv-.e *.ho have .i'.ist turned saluU.? tl ea Cotton " ; ??11,11? .. If RATES OF ADVERTISING TKASaiESI AEVLETIilS j EATESi '.>?? ikMiliOR. f#r $ Tif #f tfn llhf? Rffrl-- t.( !.? tc an jfcivrrtlsmit * tnnre In ?hU \HV ?(?c? lr?l tiilli Ul> IIOfH : < ? s \ : * of a full aqu%rf AH advertoociif?yir< Irs??h*nn .*r. tire f ?H?mn arr coni|'iit?*l ??> !?>? -jiinri* A fv#*itl?ruirut? !n**rtol f? r ft If*s tim# t,. u t!.r*? month! arechartf.M transient rn'^? JOB ABO BOOK PViMTHC. . - ?. rune he#. done Hi::, t .:nvw* *t?.i Ui-.?: h. irotu #11 j-4.:;* . 1 ?ii? !? * pr< rv i attend# I to * ?ur filet**# tn Ihe Ko?itb?rn - - lfln?t!tt? l?iM" * '. *nt?g- to |iw 1 ? >: r.ri 1 * * lv han !bUi.?. et?- . *. Illllrr S?i re I. BY A. (I. Tin* waniug of the bt'.hl i!.< fading ?>i the fairest dowers, tin ->: all lustre, the blighting >f hit beauty , life: mi 1 ?ha.acter. are thev ail of the b.uer &n<i sweet, the |g?;n-tl<.n led !" pleasure-, which, ever ..... .. . t :!. Jestioy of our lives, " play - {r 1 . > r>ur fate." From the "Llopiau" v. i i ; U. Id.;.,, fancies aurl blooming intake;v la which we too fondly linger, the thin, delusive ve.l Is >uddenly lifted, and face to fa with all;, grasping the thorn* and e:u r.nt, r.r. . th indonbted blasts of life we invariably come As we look out upon the landscape '.in, ... inv spring day, we see where broken clouds, 'porting in the sunshine, r.-il. el th cone be ore us with shifting shadows tliwse.i h) ,treats of sunlight, odIv to las followed h, >tber shadows deal ngon tin I on i ll (.stance them into one ; liki hrok a clouds lu iiav .lav sun are the coma. ? ... ..draus o* ife ; Intermingled Joy and sorrow make up he retrospect as far .s* we can -oe, and .ago- with a melancholv glory the hor.-on if the dim, distant future. I'asi experiences .re but luoiiiiineats, only recordiug for us tininiversul psaliii of life, strikla . the '.ev-nott .f which draws in all the chords of each iu iivi.lual existence and attunes ihcin to on.. onciMtlulit strain. iln'V spt sk .T the Stolen ' 1'euates" of hope and t>?v e -eppianted by he skeleton of disappointment tn i doubt, ecaliing our aseeut up the rugged steep c'. mbitioii, when for one briel turning uh..L nto soinc bnwei of plr.i-.uc ... lost "the icaee ol years seeking all.. the rapture n aouients." We never found " Man " with ut " Maraliwo blindly net. lied forth ur hands for the (trapes ,.f l-h.ol,"und a tide red into the " valley . ; llj. i," while he reeurreuee of each new ti n ei v . i even.i lily mirrors those preceding, tint I the arkness ol the " It might have been " beontes submerged at the dawn of the A. tlia lid 1'r.sclil, and the iu> iinay of vestciday eeomes the experience of to- In. !> uly we luek the deceitful "apples ot So, lain," at way . opine, always slrlv ins;, we ate just u* sure I. lwrays disapisante.l and hailled, notion, ontes when it should, and even fulfilled opes are empty easkets, and with nettles astern! of roses as ourerottn. The theme of life's conflicts i- exhaust's* as are the many foes whieli constantly tirongour pathway for contest, ami nil v.e ith hearts attuned to the diiine harmony f truth shall accept the message of the list, which, from the sacred shores of t<e esarel, reverberating on tin- -mtoiiud.iic ills has echoed dow n through the centuries What I do thou knowest ma mov, tad thou halt know hereafter." Thru in the last wests of our unrest, blighted by the rerord f our griefs and exiled hopes, w e shall not sten for birds in \uin not shall the raluhow e less bright because gloriously (.nilt op o; ars. Sweet are the it ,rs of adv, t -uy , w eh in *d is the spring enlivening i v which \ ivIfJ?: > ml sanctifies the whole of life ! amiable idecd are the Ian els it wreathes tor - a: row. "t'luuged in the dame, temp. ,-d u the I rook, polished by lotig u11rit:> it must the lade l.e etu it may receive the I d of the raver," or from the jeweled toll flash bati. i the viitorinu'* sunlight a tab , mui hod lousamN. lint tLrte me tioohi aii<I <i> <1 I. , tie road lUlilighl llll.i eoli.e , win:* it ,i either the blinding d.irkiu -- <.! I hi n.ghl o aZ7.1illg glory of the noonday ; there >tr? uthedral* where the luellov. onsL.rii !.gh treatliH through the |>aiuteil window* u/uJ, rokeu by the fretted walla ;ifi I reding, fulli poo upturned eye* of dev .t. .I worshiper? iith hallowed radian, e, when the ev o urniug taper emblem* the dimly define I vat ver-preaent Holy I trie , there .ire hire uci i our live- too terrible to he ailed iturjlight, no iuajiiring to he railed 'iihue., too lighty in their halt un*em e to ha ailed rleetiug ; they are rrli .1 ... memo , allowed by eathedrul light* , when we nr. er there nocalurnitr i? so gi i> to . night, no glimmer ing hope iitei* hut i ouie* auhdued to tht- mellowm- it. eVer-varting ulisdc ; tin* li>/hi < : tl. ? rent-1 Hill lietel heroine l.lllu- 1 A I. . lemory Ia*t*, perhap* 10 Ion/ u- w hat ut earthl) vlaion ; liut it in l.?-tt?-i to hat uch grottoes not liiiill l,t fan-* ol it..; iu? ginatlon, tail in tlii' toimy i tit! is oi l..'j, han that all Our lii tort *ho . I v.-. * cklf April dut lull*; unit OrKuulif. >ifi(f tin* 01 tin .ttf c*r.?li luendiuent I; our national ( ?,i.-.utut.oh, rhltli *erured u - .0 tlo .t re franrbiae a fireman's j.. . ..Ii* ' priv. *ge we have been segregated mil i . }< .-> ,p into every t on.ritable f-?. t. ?i . an I action leader* at every r.jii-rivaMe pile'*, roin one dollar lip to oi.e In.injr I, in. 1 uotli rig has been Hi rompli-died lit us tfiat ron " tuce* in any decree toward or nuriioii i ation. There are mam anion/ u- who have ield tlieiuaelve* hIiom- all |*n< , basin/ heir whole political cour-e upon the proud nd dignified platform of prii. In f. hev have diguifled themselves, and ? sr m heir actions would go toward I, added diglity to their fellow*, lint what i an he tew accomplish a* a/a.n-t the mant " Ve have lieeu divided in 'i'ld'e sanctuary re have been divided in the great temph rhich waa erected an a monument to the fra ertial love with whii h our heart- hate heet. ndnwed, and which, when we hate hii.shed ur career of usefulness to our brother* < n arth, dt* u* for a habitat.on and fe'! a-h.i i the greater tempi? above. H' li?? j<*r utted our outride di>.?.on? to ?.,ik .o; > and nd a plan- at our loroeatic ljr.,,J?i: and 'hat ha? heen yainfl for ui indiv dually o: i the body jvil.t T Instead of exercising tie eleetise fr?n< hue for the bvuelieenl jrjrone for * h.rli it * a intended the enforce jeut of a "freeman's will"- we loo often ervt-rt it to base and -elll.h ends. We jo ot propote to arraign any out- i or the pa?t, ut only &?k that all iuv unite and make one rand effort to redeem the j<a-t and ttiumJce ie future with the light and love of iotelllent and fraternal cooperation for the common r>od, and all may yet he well.?Kltcal " father, did toueur Lave tiuolher wuo eeidee mother" No, mv boy; what oesesses you to auk ?u' h u question T" Because 1 ?*w in the old fainllv Mlhle here sou named Anna Itomlril. l-? un t >at lari't mother, for bet name u -saiiv Bitb."

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