Newspaper of New National Era, June 19, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of New National Era dated June 19, 1873 Page 1
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THE NEW NATIONAL ERA1 AND CITIZEN, muiBiD tVKRY THURSDAY MORNING At WMkliito* CKr. D. O. *r m NSW NATIONAL ERA ASDCtmiiSr COXFAKt 1 KWfS H. DOCGLAST" I RICHARD T. GREENER, ' Emtoaa JOHN II. COOK, \ f*i ? St *?c*irrtarv P.nnlf. copo?, $2W p?r ,v : ? r>r f In ?<Ituoi ftnCltU HlKUERIf K DOI OLAII, Jr., ncrntnrjr. I B"* 51, W *Allihfcf -o, D C. COMMUNICA HONS. 1 . i KX*l Nl* N?TT<i*t FK4 J -> n t h#M ltd. I( rMpoccitU ^ r.T tV*i 1 J < Air^.'.n'Vr.tA Wrll wrftUa ?<! ! i (timt r.g r-Maonol ttlMM mtill b? fcl v!!j J j ^ Tli4* "ftlHUShtcr-lioiiNe iaif.M * s Np York, June II, 1873. : t r 1 rf *T" ^ \aftnrwl V.rtJ an J J U.'.ov ? 1'crii. l uie h second time to call s the attention of your readers to the New n Orleans 'slaughter houssoase," and in view t . oj iuion given by Chas. \. Thomas, f K.?, attorney-at-law of your city, wherein t h? t .he* an opposite view, eoneludinij tliat fl there i? no reason to apprehend any Injurious e > on?e..uenees to our jieople as the result of t ;!.c dei iion "f the Supreme ( ourt of the United States in tliat ease. Allow me, n Uieily a' possible, to date the ease a.'ain, f and wl.enee 1 drew the conclusions in my t letter of ii.rv lli, mi l I hope to show that | a un.-of ill con-e<pienee? resulting from j r ;Ls : - ti iu that ease w ere not altogether i vpi 1, and that .Mr. Thomas lias not j c ? j.. ' "l ' ?*?! ??? m?- ii > ;ii i i.-,s ' n iiiv" letter referred to, when it is r than 1 I'.'I fcur dissenting Justices?Chief iu,:; (i.e. Mr. luslice Tield, Mr. Justice s.v.r.1., and Mr. luslice Bradley - -also . bared the .inie fc.irs of evil consequences . 11 result from the decision of (lie court. The j -tale of Louisiana granted to a company somp . I of seventeen persons, known as the ButcheC* Benevolent Association of New Orleans, the sole right to carry on the business of slaughtering animals for food for ;ho three parishes of Orleans, Jefferson, and st. Bernard, a territory embracing 1,154 square miles. The company had the sole r':ftht to c vert slauchter-houscs in a cortain Ji.*; t low the city of Xow Orleans. They vere :v t? besides oilier houses?one >;:a??d - u,ht*i-house of the capacity to account! ' v the business of the parishes, and nil |*tsoil* were guaranteed the right to -laughti; their animals on the payment of a tttain sum and the yielding up to the company of ill.- head and entrails of the animals laugbtcred. The eel is entitled "An act to j protect the h.ulth of the city of New Orleans," .vi Certain butchers, citizens of Louisiana, feeling the injustice of the moaopoh which deprived them of their right ' s to pursue their usual business to an advan- j t itigc, sueu netore the Mate courts, anct, < iinally, before the Supreme Court of the I niled States, claiming their rights, as r iti- ' .ens of the United States, under the recent ' amendments to the Constitution?the thir- 1 teenth and fourteenth?the first of which ] forbids involuntary servitude; the second i confers certain rights on citizens of the ! United States and protects them in the I enjoyment of the same, free ffom legislative 1 interference The opinion of the Supreme i Court, delivered bv Justice Miller, may he!' Driefly stated as follows : j 1st. That inasmuch as the act granting j i exclusive rights to the persons named also I compels them to erect a grand slaughter- , house, at which all others who wish may j slaughter animals at a reasonable price, it cannot be said to interfere with or restrict ! the rights of the p.aintifls. 2d. That it has ever been conceded as right ' for a Mate to grant exclusive rights in order j to protect the health of its citizens by regu- i iating and locating slaughter-houses; to restrain the manufacture of gunpowder and j other volatile and dangerous articles and pursuits. 3d. That the thirteenth and fouiteenth I amendnieuts were manifestly made in conse-! guence of the results of the war, which ! abolished slavery and left many points dis- : puted and unsettled as regards the status of a certain claws of persons recently emerged from a condition of slavery. 4th. That the rights which the plaintitls j claimed to have beeu invaded by the State I are not such as come within the original j intent and meaning of the acts aforesaid, and are not the rights guaranteed to citizens of the United States. Now I do not pretend that the decision of the Supreme Court was not strictly in accordance to law ; of that I do not pretend to constitute myself a judge; but, considering that four very eminent jurists dissented, and u their dissenting opiuion give evidence of u-ar* ui uif l'iiu^i'4ut'ui c^ \> uiuu uiaj liow, simply as a logical sequence, I hope 1 j shall be pardoned if I give ovidenee that till j toy fears arc not at onco dispelled by the i light thrown upon the case by Mr. Thomas, i | who has so very kindly, and, I may be permitted to say, rather briefly, reviewed the 1 case In answer to iny inquiries. The decision of the Supreme Court, sifted ' of all the various reasons why, Sc., still leaves the fact patent to every understand- ; m,j that the monopoly is not denied, but atllrmcd and upheld ; although it was shown j in opposition to the health pretense, the ) real extent of territory, embracing three I parishes of 1,114 square miles, of which the j . ity of New Orleans occupies hut a frac<' n, , the art coulil not have been granted Sv.i-.lyl i protect the health if the city of New' '-'rieans '1 lie plaintiff* did not bject to' Uit setting a'.de a certain district, in which j il.e business of slaughtering animals should ' e done, as has often been done in other Mates fur the protection of the health f cities; but they claimed the tight to erect and maintain their own slaughter-; houses on the ground so set aside. They claimed that the art embraced country distri. ts.ol so great extent and distance from tl.e company's ground-" that the business of butchering could not be carried on to same civantage as lormerly, and showed plainly that the act was .n the interest of the few to the disadvantage of the many. " And Mey complain that the busiueas of, aiuling, yarding, and keeping within the Wii.ihc-, named rattle intended for sale or -iajghter, which was lawful for them topur*-e Ik fore the l>t da v of June, 18C0, is made ' >' tht: act utiiawiul for unv one except the 'I a ration named ; and that the business of ' ajghter.ue attle and preparing animal food wr market, which it was lawful for them to ;.-r*4e .u the parishes before that day, Is . made by that net unlawful for them to|>ur?ue alterwaids, except in the buildings of the ' in [any, und upon payment of certain prescribed lees, and a surrender of a valuable Portion ul each! slaughtered. And t NE^V VOL. TV?VO. 91 1 hey contend that the lawful business of latijng, yarding, sheltering, and keeping cattle g ntended for sale or slaughter, which they j tl n common with every individual in the com- j c nunity of the three parishes had a right to \ t< 'ollow, cannot be thus taken from them and > a [iven over for a period of twenty-five years tl o the sole and exclusive enjoyment of a cor- tl loratlon of seventeen persons, or to anybody P dse. And they also contend that the lawful j it ,nd necessary business of slaughtering cattle n ;nd preparing animal food for market, which , g hey and all other individuals had a right to { ti ollow, cannot be thus restricted within this tr crritory of one thousand one hundred and ; it ifty-four square miles to the buildings of this j orporation, or be subjected to tribute for ! o he emolument of that body." ; n They complain that many of them shall be j p hligcd to give up business in the very remote j a mrts, and they will be confined, involun- j e: arily, to other and less remunerative pur- : tl uits. They complain not that the State has a cstricted the slaughtering of aDiinals to a o larlicular district, hut tliat it has set un a i ei ompany with exclusive rights to do such j msincss in the district named. And this n nonopolv the Supreme Court of the United | States maintains, and just here do I put my ; tl (articular question. If it is conceded that c he State may graut such exclusive rights to : y :ompanies for a period of twenty-five years, j s nay not other companies be granted sole and : e xtlusive rights to the injury of our people? j t quote from the dissenting opinion delivered j w >y Mr. Justice Field, and concurred in by r hree other of the Justices. lie says: ! e " If exclusive rights of this character i an w >e granted to a corporation of seventeen per- b ions, they may, in the discretion of the Legis- I ature, be equally granted to a single indi- t ridual. If they mny be granted for twenty- n 3ve years they may be equally granted for a L entury, aud in perpetuity. If they may be t (ranted for the landing and keeping of aui- i rials intended for sale or slaughter they may g ie equally granted for the landing and stor- c rig of grain and other products of the earth, a >r for any article of commerce. If they may r re granted for structures in which animal a bod is prepared, they may be granted for e my of the pursuits of human industry, even r n its most simple aud common forms. In- v Iced, upon the theory on which the exclu- t sivc privileges granted by the act in question I ire sustained, there is no monopoly in the most t >dious form which may not be uphelda In view of this opinion, with such forcible c statements as those I have italicized, I may iie pardoned if I still have my doubts whether t Mr. Thomas' argument has "completely dis- ' posed of my hypothetical case." Mr. Thomas s says : "The existence of unjust laws in the 1 southern States discriminating against the a negroes thereof, was the evil to be remedied 1 by the fourteenth amendment, and by it such ? !uvi are forbidden," and in the very next sentence he says: "Tho restraint of trade imposed upon the butchers of Xew Orleans is not a deprivati m of property within the meaning of the law relied upon." Which is really conceding my position in effect, and the reason why I fear the result in the future. For siuce the Supreme Court has decided that " the restraint of trade imposed upon the butchers of New Orleans is not a deprivation of property within the meaning of the law relied upon," or, in other words: the rights which the plaintiffs claim to have been invaded are not such as are intended to be secured by the amendments to citizens of the United States, not coming within the meaning of the law; then I again ask, what shall prevent our enemies, when in power, creating such monopolies in other trades and business pursuits as will deprive our people of the right to pursue many remunerative occbpations which they now pursue and gpjoy ? Will the Constitution protect the black man ' where it does not the white? When we apply to the Supreme Court of the United i Suites for protection from such odious and < unjust legislation, will it still be its opinion that the States have the right to create such monopolies, and that the rights which we t sue for as citizens of the United States arc i not such us come within the meaning of the ' law? and will we have to return to the 1 Legislature to redress our w rongs ? i If it is answered that in our case the 1 amendments arc ample for protection, then I 1 shall but repeat my second question. Have i wo, colored citizens, certain rights guaranteed < to us in the Constitution which are not guar- ' anteed to white citizens? If so, ought we not I to call at once for another amendment which I shall secure all alike their equal and just < rights to pursue any calling allowed to citi- 1 zens in the several Stales? I trust I may not seem over anxious or ' fearful of the results of this case, when I see i my anxiety and forebodings of evil conse- I quences are shared in by Mr. Justice Swayne, 1 who concludes his dissenting opinion in the following words " I earnestly hope that the consequences to follow may prove less serious and farreaching than the minority fear they will be." At least one other case was lost before the 1 adjournment of the court by the same objectionable line of reasoning as to the protection afforded by the amendments to citizens of the United States, that of Myra Bradwell, plaintiff In error, r?. The State of Illinois. I believe it will be well for our people in the Sntlllitirn Qtotoe ?a *? ~ ? nil ?uch schemes, and prevent, if possible, ! tho granting of special and exclusive rights I to companies, thereby setting a precedent J which may he turned to their dieadvantage when their enemies are in power. SAMCKL R. SCOTTKO.V. Ltlier Iroiu .lllliitkippl, Vicksbl'Ro, Miss., June 9, 1873. j' To the Editors of the Xetc Xationa! Era and i Citizen: < ?ur misfortune in losing the election in ' this State in 1988 is the cause of our hating 1 an election annually for all the important j offices. It throws us la the "offyear" of! all the other States In the Union. Our constitution provides for election of State officers, clerics, and district attorneys quadren- . nially, and for all other officers biennially, i i These were elected in 16G9, an "off year," ( and henceforth we shall have to braTe our ,< own contests alone and without the benign i influence of our sister States, while they are . In the midst of theirs. ' | V NA' A N I) WASHING All (Mu-tiu* are weary of tlie?e yearly ?trujr- in le?, and our lcgUlatore endeavored to remedy in lie matter during the la?t pe??ion, hut they in JU1U uui agree. i ne iie[MiBiicaus wauieu ; ?u ) ?o amend the constitution as not to Lave : pa n election again for those officers who hold m< reir positions for four rears until lets, but i sei be Democrats would not agree, a- their j lis roposition was to hare an election for them hi' I 1876; and as we have not a two-thirds tei rajority in the House, It was impossible to pa et our bill through, and we would not agree pa ~> the proposition of the opposition; so the , th latter stands as it did, and we are still left w< t these yearly struggles. sei Our contest this year promises to be one th f great effort, and all parties have com- a? rent ed to strain every nerve to carry their j th oint. There is one or two qualifications j 9tJ II parties will insist upon in our next Gov-, of rnor in addition to his Republicanism, and j Cr bat is, he roust be a man of acknowledged i <*)t bility, aud with sufficient courage to carry Ih ut the principles of the Republican party in ta cry retpcct. j CO In continuing my pert minds, I will here i Ja ltroduce my friend, ! mi a. A. DAVEXPOBT, ESQ., lie clerk of the Chancery Court of this ' ounty. If you can picture to yourself a ! 01 oung tnan in his twenty-fifth year, small in I wi li?v? 1?:? - ? i U* UUUM-, l-'i V-"' " V-UUI^ICAIUUf CAJJrt*3??iVC j yes, a few scattered grains of hair on his op lip and on the extreme end of his chin, I 80 rhich he boasts of as a moustache and goatee, I uj ather round shoulders, with a slow and j or lderly walk, and vou will have Mr. D. He i he raa born in the neighboring county of Clai* a iorne, hut was removed to this county by his ar iarents during the war. Having to struggle n> hrough life for his own maintenance, he has se ever enjoyed the advantages of a school in iut for a few months only. What he oh- w ained in that short period has been put to tL nofitable use, and he has made good pro- as ;res.s ever since. Ilis ideas generally arc al lear and matured, and his friendship sincere tL nd manly. He speaks in a spasmodic man- ct ier, makes severe and threatening gestures; nd when he gets warm over his subject his ai yes swell, his veins become full, and every ol icrve in his body seems to be aroused. He tL rields a wide influcnco in the county, and tl he people would indorse him for almost any u] msition he wishes. We have always worked hi ogether in political matters, and doubtless tr lways will. One of the leading Republicans M if Adams county is ai wm. m'cary, esq., ai he sheriff and tax collector of that county. Vhenever a colored officer fdls his position icceptably, it not only reflects credit upon limself, but it also brings it upon his people md the party that gave him the position. 1 dr. McC. has filled the position of sheriff' ind tax collector of Adains, the county in vmen tne city of Natchez is situated, for tl learly two years, and ho is now regarded as e, me of the best sheriiTs in the State. This g >osition is one of the most difficult in the a state to fill, having to do with the varied A luties of the different courts, and tlfe collec- C| lion of taxes for the county. Mr. McC. is a tl superior penman, and possesses first-class ! g business qualifications. lie is an octoroon, a ;an balance two hundred pounds, anil is a lative and to the manor born. c He is exceedii .gly dignified aud aristocratic j n his bearing, aud opposes strongly any dis- q Linction which characterizes the colored peo- tl E>le as a different class of American citizens. a He opposes all measures which exclude white a lien with as great earnestness as he opposes a ill measures which exclude colored men. <3 He is highly respected by all the citizens of n tiis county, both colored and white, Demo- a -rats and Republicans. Many of the richest n Democrats in his county are on his official t bond. a One of the rising young men of this county a is no less than the personage of my own t deputy, b A. M. DORSEV. ESQ. 11 Mr. D. is a young man of about twenty- g three years of age, and wields a vast influence among the young men of this city. He is t short in stature, but finely shaped, and has a D l.t? t 1? 1T ~ t not boast of having a drop of Anglo-Saxon y blood to course through his veins. His edu- c national advantages were obtained in the a mission schools taught here by ladies sent' t down from the Xorth. He can write a fair r ipeech, and delivers it with unusual grace ' for one of his advantages. And if he con- I tinues as he has commenced, he will soon i extend his influence beyond the limits of his t city and county. c Two years ago while in the heat of the r canvass, and while the people were centering V upon certain persons for certain positions, I r told them in nearl3' every speech that what- t ever position I might be selected for I would J employ our colored young men as my deputy c or clerks. I did this not because of opposi- a tion to white young men, but because our c colored young men have so few opportunities 1 and our white young men have so many, i Two weeks after I was sworn in I employed t young Horsey, and he was sworn in as my \ deputy. He has been faithful and honest, li and has an ever watchful eye to my interests. 1 And as he and a host of other friends in this v and other counties have an egotistic idea e that "Civis" ought to he promoted, he has ! r announced himself as a candidate for the ' position of clerk of the Circuit Court of this c counts'. I do not doubt but that he will ' t fully succeed, as two years experience in the ' ? office lias given hun a fair Knowledge or the business. A few other young men are arrayed y against him in the battle, but Mr. D. is not { the man to be hoodwinked out of a position which he already partly holds. He is also an alderman from the Second ward of this city, and stands preeminently high in the Board. One of the most successful business men, and still one of the leaders in the Republican party, is JOHN H. RAYMOND, of Hinds county. Mr. Raymond, as you are doubtless aware, is one of the owners of our staunch Republican organ, the Pitt. He is, in appearance, small, rather stoutly inclined, and has a handsome face. He hae somewhat of a cradle walk, but never takes the time to count his steps. In business transactions, in appearance, and in his general deportment he bears the stamp of a genuine, thoroughgoing, and refined Yankee. He came here > TICtf CITI HON. D. C.. THURSDAY. JU !aCo or luCid, km a Justice of the Peace this county in 1-6?, and became interested the Pilot in 1SC3, I think. Under his rewd and business-like management the per has risen from a minimum to a msmith sheet; and while the Legislature is in ssion it is the largest weekly paper pubhed in the country. Mr. Raymond and i co-partners have had all the odds to conad against in establishing a P.rpubli-an per in a Southern city. The Democratic pers in the State brought all the influence ey possibly could bring to crush it, but they ;re wofully disappointed, as their inuendoes rved only as profitable advertisements, and e Pilot to-day is one of the most successful wspapers in the State. In connection with e paper there is a larze book-binding and ttionery establishment?as large as some the largest establishments in St. Louis or ncinnati, and by far the largest in the ate. All of this is due principally to Mr. rymond's indefatigable energy and business ct. He is as familiar with almost every unty of the Slate as he is with the city ol ckson, the headquarters of Lis establishent. The editor of the paper is T. H. WHIPPLE, KS* , Hinds county. Mr. Whipple is a roan v, ho ill measure three feet in height or in eadth! There is a laughable and tricky rig about him while in his editorial chair, much so that one feels, whenever he calls ion him, that he is getting ofl a good thins i some of the Democratic editors who have ien attacking him in their last issue. lie it perfect match for any editor in the State id he wields a trenchant pen. The Pilo ay be regarded always as expressing the ntiments of the Republican party generally us cuiiunais, except wnen it disagree: ith "C'ivis." Mr. Whipple at the helm o te editorial chair and Mr. Raymond (as wel i Mr. Kimball, of whom I will write soon , the helm of the business department, an< le Pilot "will never endanger the vessel'1 irgo." Mr. Whipple has had vast experience a 1 editor, having been on the editorial stal papers in Chicago and Cincinnati, and 01 le New York Herald. His connection will le last paper, however, has had no effec pon his political principles, as I believe hi is always been a staunch Republican and i ue believer in the equal rights of all men [r. Wilson is a man of exceeding refinemen sd finished education, and is an honor t< ay community in which he may reside. C'ivis. Letter from Kausus. Denver, June 7, lsi'3 In the Editoiof the Yeir Xational Era an Citizen : Well, another instance lias been added t ie many reasons for securing, by law, th jual public rights of all citizens of th .epublie, without regard to race or eoloi . pompous individual by the name of Job i. Stevens, who supports a gold-heade ine, has just come to this city and opene le "Denver Theater" for the public entei liument, and happened to sell, through hi gent, two reserved tickets to two respectabh nd it so happened very light complexionec

olored citizens?G. Allison and If. C. Ilil laving bought and paid for their tickets diu ig the day they proceeded to the theater i lie evening at the proper hour, peaceabl IIII (juiv.11^ , in i.Miiiiuuii ?>iin uuiei tiiiieu: nd presented their tickets respectfully fc dmission. At this juncture of affairs M: tevens appeared and told his door-kcepc ot to admit "them niggars on them tickets, nd in a pompous, insulting, and overhearin ranner shook his fist in their faces, and to! hem that he didn't want them there, "n< ny of their kind, and that if they bothere .ouud there again, he would put dayligl hrough them. Moreover," said he, "I don lelieve you bought them tickets," and b nmediately followed them down to E. , landerlin's elegant barbershop, and wet ato the bookstore next door, where tl ickets had been bought, and asked the sale aan if he had "sold tickets to two niggars. le answered in the affirmative. Mr. Hil tho was standing at the barbershop do< lose by, was then called by Stevens ar sked if that was the man who sold him tl ickets, pointing to the salesman Mr. Hi eplied in the affirmative. Stevens then sal 'He will pay you back your money." M lill replied that he did not propose to tai t. Stevens then, in a menacing manne old Hill to goto "h?11." Hill replied, '-y* an please go there yourself." Stevens th< epeated his threat that if Hill, or "any of h :ind came to the theater again while be w, unnina it, he would put daylight throuj hem." Of course such conduct broug rohn A. Stevens before Justice Saver, on tl harge of "abusive and obscene ianguaj ind disturbance of the peace." The cbarg lught to have been "abusive and threatenii anguage." But these things are always p n the most favorable terms for the whi nan. The case, however, was pretty wt entilated, and Stevens' witness?his doc :eeper?had hard work to tell tha truth, b t finally came out. And after the cas rhich was so clear and transparent in all i ispects, went to the "Justice" for his jud nent and to show his learning, he sai< 'There was no doubt that there were prov :ations on both sides, and that he wou nake the fine as reasonable as he couldifteen dollars and costs." The abused parties propose to bnng su n the District Court for damages. It w inough to live up to the highest pitch. Tl ighteous indignation of any keenly scngitrv omprebensive mind to see this John j tevens, as he sat there at the table of ti 'Justice," with his feet irreverently cock tp, reading, or pretending to read, a new vaper with as much pomposity and air of i lifference as if nothing had happened or w joing to happen. When the trial commenced, he drew Lute If up to the table In a writing attitud sharpened his pencil, threw his gold-bead MJif full length on the table, and then pt ended to be writing short-hand, with t ippnreut purpose of frightening some bo rith ltia overwhelming legal acumen. I! is General S. E. Browne arose to the digm md power of Lis legal lore in the little th ie Mid, I could plainly discover the gild' damage of the pompous Stereos fade, droe ^AL I ZEN. KE 19.1873 languish, and vanish into thin air, ay, melt away lit? the iceberg before the summer's sun. Such is ever the power of solid sense , over vain, pompous, an 1 superficial preten' tiODs. Oh! how long shall these things be * ; These outrages, unjust, unkind, and uncbristianltke discriminations and imiigmties to worthy colored citismi, some of whom have done signal and patriotic service in the nation's late great struggle against "all her enemies an 1 opposers whomsoever." Surely the?e things, of themselves, ought to appeal strongly to our National Legislators to pass, without delay, the Hon. ( harles Sumner's Supplementary Tivil Rights Bill. The means i are slowly but surely at work to accomplish ; the end. Mind is ever shaping matter. The ' free-school svstem, general education, is the | great hope of the future. I would that every colored family in the Ilepublie would faith1 fully and earnestly inculcate in their children a disposition to acquire knowledge, money, 11 and real property,; for knowledge is power, money is power, and real property is power; " nor am I less mindful of three other and higher powers?Justice, Morality, and true I Religion. And now, that we have an equal i chance in the race of life, let as see to it that I we make all our energies and movements > bend in that direction. Let us take care that 11 none of our people degrade themselves by panucr-s 10 uieir o\>o aaa uuicn vices. i.ei i | u.s continue to labor for a genuine fraternity i among men, ami a real equality before the ; law. H. O. Wagoner. i The .Negro Vote lu Virginia ' The Confederate soldier* ware never more devoted to the cause of secession nor truer in their devotion to the South than the negro has been to the Republican party. ]' | Rut will the party get the undivided negro J vote in November, is a question that should ' | present itself forcibly o the Republicans of ' | Virginia; and, in order to understand the * ; question propounded, I ask, has the party? a that is, its elected and accredited represen: tatives?done justice to the negro? This ' i question is first to be answered, because the ' j negro, in his circles, is debating it. When I ; parties are spoken of in connection with 1! freedom, the negro admits that the Republi1' can party gave him freedom ; yet he regards B j his transition just as we all do that of the II Israelites. It was only necessary for a few negroes that might be named to have advo' cated the claims of Mr. Greeley to have turned 11 the negro vote from General Grant. Par| ticularly in Virginia the tenacity with which | Prof. I.angston held on to Grant only pre| vented the leading colored men of this State from throwing tiieir influence into the Greeley scales ; they believe that the inexorable ' I decree of God?not God in man -settled the I fate of the negro in America, and that he is 0 j to enjoy equal civil and political rights with e ! all other men in God's own appointed time, e The negro believes that it was He who put ' it Into the hearts of the legislators of New n York to pass a civil rights bill that Congress <3 failed to pass. It is fair to conclude thai '1 the faith and hope of the negro is llxed in '* Him who holds the destiny of nations in Hi.' s hands, and that their acting with this or thai !i party is simply to further their own politics 'i aims, as rivalling other races. Ascendancy ' i then, is the chief object of the negro vote r* ! being solid. And, if I understood l'rofessoi u | Langston while canvassing this State rightly y we agree that when the solidity of the negrc t, vote fails to obtain that devotion sought foi >r a division at last must ensue. The policy o r. the Administration daily teaches the negn ;r voters in Virginia the abstract idea of coloi " supremacy, and to which the chosen repre g I sentatives of the negro attached to the Fed d j eral Government lend their every effort am >rl cry to their constituents, it is not time fo d ! you to enjoy equal civil and political rights it I the white people (old master) will no 't j respect you; yet ignorant white men fil ic | some of the most important Federal position! J. j in the State. These are the views enter it i tfiinprf hv thf> intellicrpnt npt/rn in this Stnto le i who have seen the negro heretofore votini s- j as directed by their representatives. Th " ; negro vote in Virginia has been as solid as 1, | anywhere else ; he votes against his era or ' ployer and landlord, the juror, the judge, th id | press, and the bar. But for no bette ie | friends than they, and in many instance ill! against his own elevation, because of preju d,! dice. r.j The mouths of Hamilton, Morgan, Steven* ie Tassiter, and a host of similar politics r,' lights are closed against the elevation of th >u negro. However, I hope thev will soon :n | like Union Leaguer, Olympus, Depugh ils ! Pulaski, and a host of equal right leaguers as : join with Boyd, Beckley, Wilson, Cartel ;b | and Teamah, in their indictment against th ht1 rings in uprooting the established whit lie j man's party in the ranks of the Republica je j party. That the party in Virginia may bf es ; come what it is in New York?in favor an rg 1 practice for equal rights?then, when th ut | party is defeated, it can retreat, as Geners te i Anderson's 'little band did from Sumtei ill with colors flying?in the Gubernatorial elec ir- lection in 1609?one-fifth of the vote bein ut counted for Walker & Co., which defeate e,! Wells and Harris. Our party leaders shoul ts ; not forget this lesson taught them for the g-1 inconsistency in advocating, where the negr 1: | was stroag, the adoption of the riaute o* where the whites were stronger their rejei Id tion. Ifone-Ufth put the State into the Cor ? servative's control in 1369, under the bannr of true Republicanism, what will Wise do it he runs, as disaffected Be publican- are sol as citing him to do in November, for Governor tie Certainly the greed for office has occasions e, a greater disruption in the party than exLste \. at that, and hundreds of disaffecte be office-seekers, who voted the Republica ed ticket then, will not vote it in November s- hence the necessity of having the colore n- j vote solid for the party's success, as There is a class of white Republicans wh have controlled the negro vote in localitie< n- and who, It is rumored, have pledged it I le,' General Wise, and he has -.gniiiaJ his wi ed Ungness to run on an independent ticka e- I am not disposed to under-estlmate th be ; power of tbe disaffected. I trust tha gentli jy men who Lave made up the slate, will n< ut General Wise holds an ail vantage that tfc ty negro respects, he is an old Virginia gentli at man in the fullest acceptation of that tern ed I against whom nothing can be said that car >p,' not with truth be said about tbe gentlama 3RA f a.&O * r+mr inftdmne*. \ 5 C opipn Ojrtl". who head* the slate; lie belone* to the former ruling class ; h;? word is h.s bond ; the negro respects dignity, and it may he iust as hard for the negro to lose respe, t for this class of men as it for white men to 1 isr their disrespect for the negro's right? Can the party get the negro vote sol d against h.m? In my opinion that depeud* entirely upon the action of the Federal Administration in recogn?z;ng the negro vote of the country and their proper recognition m this State in the dispensing of the patronage. The negro in Virginia is without schools in almost every locality ; the schools established by the Walker government are mere shams ; he is not allowed to vote in many localities onlv in a separate ballotbox ; nor do he sit in the jury-box ; excluded from all those privileges enjoyed by white men, and not an effort made to relieve him of the torture of the whipping-post and chain gangs by his representatives (?) Not a negro holds an office in the State by General Grant's appointment, nor under his administration, while the negro vote is to the white Republican vote what ninety is twelve; the party will not get the undivided negro vote if it continues to disregard the wrongs done him. the leaders have as much influence with the President as Colonel Mosby, and use it for the good of the whole party, I then the party (like the Uniru array) will gather strength quicker than by playing ! policy to catch Democrats. Kskiam Letter from Philadelphia. PHILADELPHIA, June lo, Isii. To the Editors of the .Vetr Sational Era and Citizen The annual pilgrimage to the seashore, | the mountains, and the mineral springs has already begun, and the gay devotees of fashion, the idle lotos-eaters of society, are ! already either on the rail or awaiting the ! departure of some later train. imagination has pictured to u-> u most glu! rious iauut, aud autumn finds us at home ; again, wearied by our toilsome tramp through j the sublimity and grandeur of the Vosemite ; j bewildered and dazzled by the gayety and j brilliancy of Saratoga; surfeited by the billi ing ami rooing of the newly-wedded so j numerously congregated at Niagara; op| pressed with a slight cold, a present from ; Mount Washington; enthusiastic over the | invigorating effects of a drive round Bate| man's Point; shuddering at the thought of the rough handling Branch's surf accorded us; and awarding Cape May the palm for quietude and comfort. Alas, however, 'tis ail imagination. Autumn has not yet come ; Philadelphia still contains us. Fancy hut amused us with a | dream, which, during its continuance, was i pleasurable, and which, though now departed, is not forgotten. | Mr. J. W. Purncll, of this city, is now iu . | Washington on a trip of pleasure, but will, , | no doubt, forgot that fact, and combine husii ness with it by soliciting subscriptions to the , j stock of the Bannekcr Hotel Company. . i r.ast Monday was inspection day, and the 11 militia marched forth with all the ardor ol I; those who enlist for a patriotic cause to that i part of the park called I.andsdowne, thereto !! be reviewed bv Major (.moral l'revost. r The ^colored troops fought bravely during I the war, and ou Monday last for numerical , I supremacy at least, and came near having as r many muskets as any other brigade in the fl division. The eleventh and thirteenth regi > j ments marched well, and made a tine show r | the former in their rouave uniforms, and tin _ latter in their swallow-cut coats, tinsel, He . I But the twelfth regiment, under the commam j' of the valiant Colonel McKee, reminded m< r j of those cartoons in Harper's sometime siun | of the militia of Hayti. It was a motlej 11 crew, I'm sure, and almost rivaled the furuou: j i troop that Falstalf mustered. The wore s feature of a parade here is the . j which the fair sex congregated in the lowe | portion of our city have for following tin g "soldjers," as they say. No sun is too hot e | nor do they care for the showers of .Jupitc , , 1'luvius, nor does distance deter. Thei r motto seems to be " Semper paratus," am e ' they are ever on hand to keep step to th< r | strains of " That little German hand"? bu 9 ! then the stigmal . I Major Stokeley, after having broken u] 1 the gambling-bouses and policy shops, tbosi ! iniquitous sinks, has turned bis attention t< ,1 the amelioration of poor humanity in th e lower parts of oar city. He made his firs ! visit to Alaska street?it used to he JJedfor street, and bad a national reputation? abou i( a week since. Amid the s<juallor and more . depravity that stood out in tat relict'* rnuc e was attributed to a Rev. Mr. Ingot of the A c M E. church, who owns an tsOO^jouse an u gets a thousand dollars per unnum rent fo >- it. This house, from cellar to attic, wa J filled with those who will lie in God's acre e and of all sexes, conditions and colors. This son of Mammon i? never belie r pleased, except when grinding money fror I the poor, at rates worse than usury, tba g when at revival meetings, where he is cot d tinually crying, "Go down, go down an d keeps it practically in his every-lav dealing* ir Some years since, when the platform of th o street car was the only part colored peopl were admitted to, a gentleman was comin from the northern part of the city; it was 1- bitter cold day, and this Shylock was ridin >r also. With chattering Hps he proteste if agaio-t the injustice of the distinction on th i-' plea that he was the owner of tifty-thre ? houses. Ten years have come and gone d his property hac nearly doubled, and with a d income estimated at mere than one thousan d dollars a month, this Gadgriud is yet tjllin a b.> coffers by making ?-core?#f human being ; moum. Hi* boose, like the owner, is tottei <J ing, ami "what a fall there will be, or com tryraen," and what a grab there will be b 10 that little Tammanr, of which he was oni i, for the spoils. Is this one of the great cler o ' <-al humanitariani, one of the noble beaco 1- light* by which misguided laymen are to b t. guided? from ignorance, unury, and hype. ie crisy, good Lord, deliver cs. Tl.e newsp* t- pers generally have paid the Rev. Meekl >t Divine their coinpliments. The couferencs ie it is understood, will investigate this brother1 s- actions, and there is no doubt but that the 1, i will eooslgn him to a place bevuud the pos ?- sibillty of doing harm to the noble Church.n i the place of social ostracism. So be it RATES OF ADYERTISIRG. T11ISIES? IDYERTrgiNO RATCTi Om? umrx. in. *-r saar*. I iaaart.-va Th# ?p*r# rf ??? lfh?* Brrri* r Ivp# roMtita an a-lvertialbg *?|uar*? in ? .1* Anr ?p?rf 1m? tbin ten Ilnf^ !i ??c*dtatr% of ? full ?<)uir* Ail ftUvfTUd<rnKnl-? Orrtlp> i T H . > * U.*Ti H ;er of mr luiun arc coio^uw i by tb? iqiiftr*.^rfinarrt^i f?>r h it** '.;nw thr*? month* ar*char**<t transient -?tf? iOI Aid 1001 MtflTliC, in ait U* l r*r,r).fi, d'>Dt wi'.h nrhlnf** s<h! patch Order* from all \ ut?of ? .-.rr) v.-IJi prompt?*- aticnfr-d to "ur In II .* South* Slate* % i!' flnj It t > their *U*ntaca to (ire ua i .*i< . v . -r . . han Ibllla. etc . rt. Not long ago a certain g. ntlen in, s > an J. .late for the nominating convention tor representative front tha s.vth district, thought he would have himselfacrena!-! It the papers, advertised, you know, an ion i! a night in queshoo about one d< mi of the jo t office clerks, and double that number uf curious impertinent*," assembled t lis elegantly furnished man*, n to u to the di?eu*aIon of the great question* . fthe 'ay, and to hear the band p!a> a- nc'i. Thev heard neither. The band nevrr gratuitously, and the wouiJ-be representative is . -f W. 1. - nUMVUI Mil Ul Wtwr ? ll.CIl IU 1 : Ilayne ami C lay anil Krederk k Douglm-i great. They did hoar, however, the nw-t fulsome bit of speech-making to l>c conceived of?at about ten cent* a word . ye*, tbote was about oue hundred words, aaJ ten dollars was the amount ?from a learned divine and politician. There is nothing like sticking to one'* legitimate calling, as Mr. Sumner said to Mr. Stanton, particularly ,t it 1* as good a* claimed to be This district is the riches, m I u.o-t uiUvatcd in Philadelphia, and would demur a! I the idea of having one . harlot in succeed another. In thy phaetou at the seashore. thy drag at the park, thy exquisitely furuished parlors, and thv tailor's tilting out be thou content, hut let not thy "vaulting ambition o'erleap itself." And thu? runs the verdict of I the sensible people of Phila>lelp!iia | On the Oth and 7th instant* the Ilyers ; Sister* concert combination gave a coneart at one of our largest hall* That they are ' one of the tlnest troupe* before the community is beyond question, for the U'lianti and the general public have so accorded. Like your opera troupe, they m, t ?,lh poot success hero ami it is to be deplored that the (esthetic taste claimed by the people of this citt did not take a practical turn on these occasions. We cannot account for ,t The fact shows for itself that those people who I should be the chief motors of cucoura^emeat were tlio ones to absent themselves. Tho concerted pieces were given with a- nice precision and with as fine t ilVct as those of the Koston Quartette. M, Vtimi Ilyot .. a clever artist, and Mi Kim's I, ; .1 'lienor voice reminded one of Osgood over wliotu the critics were unstinted in thfii praise. They remain here to rehear e, and tin , they prosper in the future S. Morgan Smith, of I'hila !? !j lo.i, I, c? jt finished a successful season it the Surrey theatre, I.ondon. Mr. Smith i< much admired on Albion's fair shore, and hi- render n.n of sueh parts us Hamlet, the strain it, nn l (iambia in the drama of the Slave are Hp,>kna of by the press of that country u ; cx cellently done, lie seems In have merited the success he has everywhere met with, not on account of novelty, as Ii.i Aldridge had heon acting years hafore, hut he, an te of real i talent. Mr. Smith has hi u i ,li eiple of Thespis for si\ years,at h a-1, and lias play, t altogether in Kurope. Two base hall clulis, the I eiiti umal and th? Institute, are contendin for supieiuaey, producing scores tliut villluiioin as to run fai f into the twenties. What of the \lert ?cd Mutual clubs? i Mr. facob K. I'lutl, ol ( li a., ,, I,.-It for home on Thursday night lust Mr l'latt has ; been with us nearly four months, and hail 1 endeared himself so closely that his leaving i wns a matter of universal regret , We understand that Mr. (irceuer had a >ri v i??rj luicrvH-w v>an ? ?iu ?>i iuu ; ! representative men here, among whom were | Messrs. Whippcr, Wear, Ncedhitn, Crom well, ami Adger in relation to the New N . i tionai. eka anllt itizen". j The regatta of the Schuylkill nuvy too* ? ' place on Saturday la-t. All tyle-i of-hells, j barges, gunwales, and outriggers were s I atitered, and myriads of people lined th<t ' river's hunks to witness the contest t' Hamilton Moore, Esip, has returned from r Europe after an absence of thirteen years. e Mr. Moore was connected with one of He. , Majesty's bands as cornet player He is a r thorough musician, ami will prove an invalr uable addition to our home ri , ,i< a! a-sor *3 . . 1 j tions. e It. W. Tompkins, Emj , of Washington, t was here on Saturday and Sunday last. The eyes of the whole country is on that p . ignorant, prejudiced, behind-tl --time State e ' of Delaware. What do you Ihir.k of the 0 moral insanity of those, twelv 1. n who a! e ! as jurors 011 the West trial ? t1 The commencement exercise, at f.>ncoln d! University take place on the 17th, Htb, t and 10th instants, at Oxford, Perms.Ivania d A large delegation from here .% ill be r,u hand, h mostly of the Ptcsbyterian fo! 1 , j ron.: Han'-V* j-IIax I l.elter from Trias. ' ualvkoTox, Texa , Jane u, it";. ' To iKe KJito" ' / tkr Xew f.'r-i nr.l C'Jiun r The Galveston 1 .nut .? j ' 11 \.uO n lished a fictitious communication u sucla/ n asking why it published ail that -!ojf about 1- the ".New N'atio.naI. Ema's" stat d ing that no one wanteJ to hear They i. replied they did so by request, ami pr ifu.sed e '.hat I should never more be - ri .n the coi e i.-mna of the Time*. Th.s v. .1-, prophatis. g 1 The Time died with that .vtuc. The estab a lishment of thj paper was the bo. ie,t p a e g of impudence I ever h'-ard of. Not at s ied d with monopolizing all the o-t.-es in tl-- g. i e of the (>arty, but roust start a paper and de e vote it to the abuse of the negro in order to make .t pay : I don't o<-i;< . n tne? i?..n,. n In Repuhhian- There .1 no pu; - her* o' <1 that kbutci us, M> they thought to reap ? g rich reward .n th.? lioc, well thay w hadn't sen-e enough to e<i t a j'rrnt new . f paper. I- I'. M. ( lark *ay? the Iki ; .o'uhel a y complimentary notice ot hi appointment here. You never knew any thing about hire 1- A man who wr.tet newspaper nol etolhirn o self and gets other persons to .py '.hers e ought to at leat keep hie mouth shut about >- them. Otwrt'. ' A poet oftice has Just been established at -T Jamestown, in \ .rgmm, the rirst that was ever known, and exactly eight generations ' after the place ?a> founded. ' ' Boy, what's become of the hole 1 saw in y our pants the other day T" (Young America, carefully h.? unmentionables.',. "It's worn out sir."

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