Newspaper of New National Era, 19 Haziran 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of New National Era dated 19 Haziran 1873 Page 2
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NEW NATIONAL ERA ! AND CITIZEN. Ail cvmirai?!mt1oe* fot peblfcwtloa io tha Niw 5at;v*?i StMnct t- to L#?.a H Dn<iaA B* latiara from aaWrib*ra atd ATTtl**T* ibotild < t? to Fr*d<Tl<-ii Doo*1ao?. Jr., Lock Box Zl. II TWa fopor ! ?ot raapooatbl- frr tb* Tlawa wpr??^ tj Zy>!ibrrfUn rhtDffnf thalr *r.d d??.rlnr < l6 h?? tb? Niw ff iTtox At E*a forwd*4 to th*m, ah^nld j j t particular !n writing ca to atota folly th? saw nddraM ! , # xbfw'.cf town, coaitj, and Flat*. u wall w tbr town. ! coonty, a.M ftata from ?M*-h tha cbanf* la to ba mad* * Attention to thla will a*** roach UotiLIa. | j THURSDAY, JUNE ID. 1873. ( tiairBinr.RN TIKE SOTIfE! We will present oaeh person, subser hing for the Nrw Nattoxai. Era one vear, a fine photograph of Tou saint L'Ouvreturo. ; The Sew Era and Citizen at an AdTertlalng Medium. Merchant'' of Bo?toti, New York, i'hila- j dclphia, ami Bait more, interested in securing j the Southern trade, will find the Nrw Era ! aid Crmr.s a profitable advertising me- ( d.um, on areonnt of its largely increasing : circulation in the South. Our paper find-- its way to all the Freed- J man's hanks. Southern member- of Con-j cress, and personal friends in the State I.e"-1 Matures and State governments, as well r.< ! those who are engaged in developing the agricultural and material resources of the South, all of whom will have tTide, more or j le?s, with the North, and can contribute larcclv to swell the aggregate business of j Northern hou?es. ??? 1 Our Indian l*olic) . For a long lime un event has produced such a sensation a" the assassination of (iencral Canhy autl his companions by the Modoc Indians. Feelings of sorrow, of indignation, and of revenge, are loudly uttered on all sides; the extermination of the whole tribe has been vehemently demanded, and especially in the first days after the outrage was committed the uninitiated reader, judging from the tone, of the press, might have imagiued the security of the country seriously threatened, the danger imminent that some millions of savage hordes would overrun and devastate the I'nited States and slay the inhabitants as the Ilun- in former days devastated n large part of Kurope. It seemed, indeed, a perplexing ipiestion how the great Republic, with ail the advantages of modern warfare, should maintain it< integrity ngaiust the few desperate leaders of a gang numbering less than a hundred warriors; the opposition press seized eagerly the opportunity to make out a ease against the Administration and to point triumphantly at this result of the President's peace policy. Even now that the offenders have been caught, as could he auticiimted, and none of the gang are left to commit depredations, they clamor that summary justice be done by handing over the culprits to the hangman, and many feel bitterly disappointed that (fen. Davis's hands were stopped when he was just on the point of administering such justice. TVe certainly sympathize heartily with the victims, yet we hold that our people have no cau*c to wonder at the treachery of the Modocs and to he roused to the very height of virtuous wrath, for after all they nre ouly reaping the legitimate fruits of their ewn deeds, only that, as usually, the consequences have fallen on innoreut heads instead of on those of the guilty. It is a sad fact that the dealings of our people with the Indians from the earliest times when the country was settled, until this day, has been an unbroken chain of treachery, outrage, ami cruelty of every description. They were hunted down like wild beasts, i utrapped by low cunning, (heated, systematic ally demoralized ; treaties were ron< luded only to be broken again as ~oon as w as deemed expedient, and Judge Taney decision, that the blacks had no rights which the whites were bound to re pe t, was practically applied to the Indians just as well. Whoever ventured to o il rcss indignation about -u< h outrages was answered that the Indians wa re naturally of a cruel and treacherous disposition, Utterly uutea< liable ; and, sin. c they could by no inc.nis be made to accept our civilization, they were doomed to extermination in the natural course of event*. Tom Indians! The v rat her showed tln ir sen: e in refusing civilization in the shape ami through the agents it wn- offered to Uicm. Only it.worst sides were revealed to them through hypocritical mission n it -, dishonest traders, and a Government, whose soldiers waged a constant cruel war on them. A crude theology, from which they never derived any benefit : the curse of intoxicating liquor, and the murderous hullet to them 11111-1 nppeat the chieffeatures of that vaunted 1 icilization. General Grant is the fir-t ('resident who has deemed it a duly to inaugurate a more humane policy toward- them; and if his benevolent efforts are not in all instances attended by direct success, it ought to he remembered that evils of nearly two centuries standing cannot he cured at once, and that if the Indians are suspicious and hostile, the fault is not 90 much theirs as that of those who made them so. It is quite noteworthy that in none of the other States on this continent, where the Indians still abound, we hear ol their inroad- and depredations, or of tlieii treacherous and cruel disposition. On the contrary, in Canada, Mexico, Central and South America white and red men live [>eace ably together in friendly relation-; but ir all those countries the Government and people for generations, on their side, hav? always treated the Indians in u humant spirit, and liave allowed them to p.irllcipati in the Government. These so-called savage: are in this respect just like the majority o men, and even of animals. Thev will b< friendly to those who show them kindness and hate their persecutors. We rejoice therefore, that the I'resileut will persist It his kind efforts, and hope that he will no yield to public clamor, but shield e\en tin offenders from the fate to which popular in Jignatiou would consign them. Fkof. CiF.uKor 11. Vasiion, we learn, ha received a call from Mississippi to a professor ship in Alcorn University. This is a descrvci compliment, one which the well-known meri of Mr. Vashon warrants. We don't knov what the colored school board will do with out the bruins of this gentleman, lot the usi of which he has never been adequately paid We should i?c sorry to lose the geniality am culture of the Professor, tut for his ow n ad vancetut-nt and for the sake of the greatei good he would do elsewhere we shall hav< to consent. i'rof. M J. Wilson, cashier of the Freed man's Savings and Tni?t Company, Is agair in town from an extended tour through th< Southern fctates. NltH firhNla. Ilea. T. W. Chase, representative of the ' iighlh District in our Legislative Assembly, >ne of the five colored member* of the House >f Delegates, ha* evinced bi? appreciation of he forward tendency of the age, by seizing .he opportunity?which was allowed to 'scape in the Council?to amend the bill for the establishment of a Normal School in Washington *o a* to [ re vent the fostering >{ ea?te in educating teacher* for our public ? hool?. Mr. Chase deserves the thank* of the people, colored and white, for this attempt to accord equality to all race* in the enjoyment of public rights. It now remains for the IIou.se of Delegate* to adopt the amendment of Mr. Chase. This body is largely Republican, and that party is indebted to the colored voters of the District for its ascendency here. Will it live up to its professions and abolish the proscription in our public schools ? Colored members of the Legislature ought not to need urging to bring up the question of equality in the enjoyment of publit rights. Do they not know that their silence on questions affecting the welfare of their rate is taken as an acquiescence in the injustice under which it suffers? We are often told by white men that colored people do not wish mixed schools, that they are satisfied with the school system as it is, that they much prefer the present system, and that they fear evil consequences from a change. No colored man of any standing in the District of Columbia will openly avow himself opposed to mixed schools, though there are some colored men who are base enough to sneak around those who control the dispensing of political honors, and for a paltry position try to curry favor by professing not to believe in the "clamor for mixed schools." To this class belong those colored men who defame others who have come here filled with a love of justice and are zealous in the work of promoting the advancemcul of the colored race in this District at leasl keeping equal pace to the progress being made elsewhere ; this class is willing that the race shall stagger ou under a proscription thai fills it with ajtatby and almost despair, it ofilcr that a lew of its number may share ir the questionable honor of playing the syco pliant and doing the bidding of prominen officials in our District. To the seven col ored members of the District Legislator! 1 progressive men and women all over tin country who have devoted their lives to tin ! amelioration of the condition of our race?ar i looking for any evidence of appreciation c 1 the boon of freedom that they may make j Au acquiescence in a partial freedom with n effort to enlarge iteannot receive the respec of a noble-minded, freedom-loving people nor does it evidence the appreciation of th blessings of liberty for any race to sit si piuely down contented with the mere crumb of liberty. The chosen representatives of ou race in the District Legislature do us a pos tive injury by their neglect to urge the recop nition of manhood rights for the race. Thi eflort of Hon. T. W. Chase is the first strea of dawn this session, and we hope that h will receive, as he deserves, the thanks < the progressive of our race. The disgrace < proscribed schools should not be tolerate another year. Is there sufficient back-bon I among colored legislators to second th attempt of Hon. T. W. Chase to turn th tide of insane prejudice? Since writing the above the House of De egates has nobly adopted the amendmez ottered by Mr. Chase. On coming up in th Council for concurrence it was defeated. W were uot so much astonished at this as at tl fact that Hon. John II. Brooks, a colore member of the Council, should bave argue that "it was neither equity nor justice to pi the amendment into the biii. The act 1 Congress establishes two systems, and the have no right to go to the contrary." Coz gress has not established any Normal Sclioi at all, and if one is established it will h done by the District Government, and shorn be for the use of ail the citizens alike, ; order to come within the bounds of equity nz justice. We are sorry that Mr. Brooks felt to be his duty to take the position lie ha l.n-oi.ao nf the fulse Wit in which places representative colored men in th District, sorry for Mr. Hrooks' own -ah sorry because an opportunity for dealii . justly and equitably by the colored eitizoi of tlic. District has been lost through tl iulluence of a colored man. All around 1 ; the schools arc being divested of caste teae : ing; Washington, the capital of the nntio i lingers in the lap of barbarism, l.etusho] i that we have a few more uieu like Hon. ' , W. Chase in this District, who dare do rigl: Tlit> Colored Mchool Board and I President. I The letter of Mr. Win. Syphax, ex-trust ' of colored schools, a man of unblemish reputation aud one of the oldest and mo 1 respected citizens of the District, which t ' print, is certainly the most remarkable, well as the most alarming document y I printed with regard to the management I our public schools. We call attention first ! the fact that in Juue, 1871, He Board u " entirety out of debt ; second, to the large es 1 mate of cost of the school-buildings over t ' contract prices; third to the entire absen 1 of a report or the trustees on the cause of I > financial mismanagement; and, lastly, to t 1 fact that Superintendent Xewton's report h never been published. These are serio charges, plainly and authoritatively state ' j and should he promptly answered, if posi " hie, by the guardians of the people's mone 1 j and of uhat is far more importance, the e<! There has evidently been in the color ' School Hoard, us in the white one, "son thing rotten in the state of Denmark." 2 ' part of this odium can possibly attach its* ' to the new members of the Iioard appoint ' in April last. We believe they have eudt , vortd to do their duty, and are succeeding > fur as they can, when not hampered by t 1 unpopularity which attaches Itself to th< t , through the dogmatic, autocratic, aud -pii s ful policy of the president?Mr. Henry JoL -1 son?an individual who, representing a spec interest, should never have been placed the Hoard. Mr. Johnson is unfitted by tra s . ing, education, or previous condition fr< -1 properly conducting anything but some poll 1 , cal machine, and he is fast giving the impri t sion, as we understand he has distinc r stated, that the entire present Board w - nominated aod appointed by him, and w > be controlled by him. Before the people . advocate of mixed schools, in the Sem 1 committee he declared himself and the pt -; pie in be saiisuea wun uie scuo<.?is an id r nre. While this Is most naturally true as : > as he is concerned, we emphatically deny with regard to the people, whom be in nowl represents. He already boasts of his pos - to appoint or remove such teachers as plea i or displease him, regardless of their fitnei i and it remains to be seen whether t remaining eight members of the Board a TltF. XEW NA i the [a. ecu of I be I?i?trict *i: bis tviic to j | this extent. i The whole gist of the matter, however, tfrs in the fact that the present system of appoint; ing both white and colored school boards is radically wrong, and anti-Bcpubliean. In the present Territorial Government the pop. ular vote is eithcir neutralized or made a nullity, and by leaving the appointment of trustees in the hands of the Governor, and making them responsible to no one, not even to him, the very ineentive tr efficiency and care for the public good are removed. To bote of these evils we are weeded for aw bile, but a solution of them, we arc eertain, will come soon. Through a subsidized press, cheap tinsel, veneering, and a systematic villlflcation of those who do not agree with him, and who have no opportunity cf placing themselves in the right before the Board, our Tweed "the little" of the School Board, is rapidly demoralizing the only school facilities the colored people of the District have. Were he not unconsciously sustained by the Secretary of the Treasury, having a sinecure in the ; Department, anil did hp not delude the Governor by pretended efficiency a? a local poii- . | tician, he could not hold for cne hour any . i local position of honor or trust in the gilt of the colored people. j " Ve Gods it doth arn&z? k' .. m.;n of Such a feeble temper should, So get the ?iart of the mr?it o world, And hear the palm alone It i? only the double-deaiing and small-! | minded men who fear the investigation of their deeds. If anything were desired to ' precipitate lite discussion of mixed schools [ and bring abouf a dissolution of the colored ; schools, it would be found in the retention of ; Mr. Ilenrv .Tohnson a? president of the 1 Board. It is useless to shirk the respon. j sibility; the new Board represents the people , j to a greater extent than the old one, they . j are more responsible, and they are evidently | trying to perform their duty; they are only : hindered and misunderstood because the prcs. ] ident endeavors to be at once president and ; | Board. The sooner he is removed the better I it will he for trustees, teachers, parents, and i ! scholars. His unfitness is shown from the i following facts, which can be amply sus tained : He voted for the appointment of one t teacher and then before the arrival of that - teacher stated to the school that his intere est in them would cease with the outgoing p i icaciici. .il.il imcucui kuoiuuiii ./i biuuvi e | interests! lie has persistently told, wrote, e ! and circulated falsehoods about certain if! teachers who do not suit his royal whim, I always, however, privately or anonymously, o j Instead of trying to promote the good of all t | the schools, he has expressed his hostilily to , i some, showing himself an injudicious and e j prejudiced manager of public interests. We i- | call attention to these things, and ask trusis | tees and parents to pause and consider foi ir j themselves how long they will permit them i-1 to go on. If the education of the children if ! worth nothing, nt lea?t let us have a liepubis j lie and not an absolute despotism of inconv k I petency. e President O. O. (Inward ^ | Delivered the Baccalaureate sermon to the ^ i members of the graduating class of Howarc '? | University on Sabbath evening last, givins c I as his theme, A Plan in I.ife. He began by e saying that, when he looked back over hii 10 own experience and saw how many mer w ho had had plans of life had failed to accom plish them, and how many with no plan ha< 11 drifted into success, he was somewhat in |e clined to question whether or not one sbouh e j have a plan. Yet, in view of all the circum "j | stances, he believed every man ought t( | mark out for himself a course of action to bi ' pursued. If it were maintained and efl'ectei J? I something, so well and good ; if not, evei | then the man had done his best. ^ ] This idea he illustrated by many signa j examples from the Scriptures, from pubii< ",? j life, pay ing a glowing tribute to his late asso lP ; ciate, (,'olonel Eaton. : He concluded his discourse by enforcin; ln j the above idea with appropriate arguments i and advising the members of ttie class to hav '' i a definite hope of salvation as one of the plan s' ! of life, and exhorting them to high and nobl j* J deeds. "s j Mr. Frederick Doi oi.ass, who was oi '' j the platform, was called upon to introuuc " to the audience Miss Mary ( arpenter, whor JS the Rev. Dr. Rankin hail escorted to th ie pulpit. Mr. Douglass did this in an exceed ingly happy and effective manner. He sai he had been a resident of Washington onl 111 for a little while, but during that time tlier Pe had been many pleasant occasions which h would ever remember with satisfaction. Re ll" none could exceed the privilege, nay, th honor, which he would have in presenting t the audience the distinguished writer o Prison Reform and Convicts, the friend of hi po manity, Miss Mary Carpenter. Herpresenc ed made his mind go hack twenty-seven c st j eight years, and compelled him to remcnibt ve I that when he tied a fugitive from his n; as tive land, and was received as an exile i et I England because be dared to attempt toow ofi himself, this lady was the first to welcom to ! him, through her efforts and those of othei a-* the ransom money was paid which enable ti- him to return iu safety to his native land, ( be i plead the cause of the oppressed, and hi ce j kind face and sympathetic voice were anion he the last lie saw and heard in Eoglam he Wilberforce, to whom President Howard ha as j referred, ascended to Heaven, as it was sail us j with the fetters of 700,000 ransomed ca] d, tives. Among his most active coadiuto: li- | was I.ant Carpenter, the father of th y, | lady. He welcomed Miss Carpenter to a lu-1 America such as he never had expected I see. It was iu free Washington, in this frc ed church which knew no man by his color, I ie-1 the presence of these students from tl <o I nei*liboriii2 University, and the President elf | that University, whose heroism on the battli ed field had been supplemented by devotion i sa- the education of a race, that he welcomi as his most excellent friend, he Miss Carpenter said she really was n gin fitted to speak this evening, but could n< Le- resist the temptation since there were ! in- many things to be said and so much that si ial | had seen since her arrival full of suggestio; on Addressing herself more particularly to tl iu- colored people present, she spoke of the de< xn interest the English women had always take iti- in their emancipation and advancemen is- She remembered the joy which sjirw tlv throughout Englaud when, in 1b30, the tre 'as dom of the Colonial soil as well as that '111 the mother land was maintained. Xot on an In the efforts towards emancipation, hut evt tte in the struggle for the maintenance of ti 10- Union, she and others had felt a deep inte ey est. WWen she viewed the innumerable gravi far of the loyal dead at Arlington and Iiam; - It ton, Virginia, she felt bow dear had been tl Ise price at which the race had l-een ransome rer and yet she could not feei ihat they we i?e unworthy of the sacrifice It only becan is, them to remember at what a price they we, he redeemed, and so to conduct themselves i nd i aver to juatify their friends. One of tt TIONAL ERA At first English roiacd to visit uur -Uorc5 in a public capacity, ahe should carrv back with her the mn?t lively remembrance of the thrift, progress, ami advancement ill education which th? c dared people of the countrv ha 1 raede. She had visited the school ol General Armstrong, in Virginia, the Preparatory High School in this rity, snd the Howard University, all of which had hllec her with a?toni?hment to sec both the extent and the accuracv of the work of educa > rsrv a~>A tVo oKun.linrP nf thl facilities. Education was not all. She hat often thought how hard .n those terribie dtm of slavery it mum have been to sustain the burden without the help of Christ?bow com forting must have been the solaces of th< Christian religion! To this she would bit them look now in order to meet with pa ticnee and meekness the tiiais of freedon which were before them. Their educatioi was to be obtained for dissemination. Thei were to be the educators, in turn, of their owr race, freely riving what they bad so freelt received. At the conclusion ot Mtss carpenter'1 remarks, she was introduced to several enoi nent persons present, and expressed he great delight ,n being in Washington am viewing the rapid strides the city was mak ing, and the change that Freedom, Liberty and Equality had produced here. Her trip ti American had been a very pieasaat am proutablo one, end she should carry baci me.-1j information with regard to our pre gross. Arlington. There i? unquestionably to be a desperat effort made in the next Congress to restor ; Arlington to Mrs. Lee, or pay her its vnlui ; A combination has been organized to agital j the subject,and one of ourcity papers,clain i ing to be par txrrUrnre the Republican orgu | here, has enlisted zealously in the enterprisi while various correspondents are using the 1 positions to create a public sentiment in fav< i of one ot the other of these projects. Ti j Republican members of the "Arlington Rina j will be content with an act paying Mrs. L( for the property, while the copperhead at ; secession element of the country would 1 j satisfied with nothing less than its restor i tion to her. It is quite probable they wou j think it prudent to take that position open j while the government of the nation reraaii 1 under Republican control. But that is t! | object at which they are aiming, and the oi j which will be accomplished if ever they a | restored to power. | The main, and, indeed, the only argutue I 1... n.-l,r> ?r? snnmHInotl , | un ii '_? I-"- - -ri "? I proposition to pay Mrs. Lee for Arlington , that the Government vvill thereby secure , undisputed title to the property, and forev . put at rest all claims of Mrs. Lee or li ! heirs for its restoration. There is somethii , so abhorrent to the people of the nation . thr thought of restoring that sacred spot . | the widow of one whose treason has so thicl | peopled it with our country's bravest defer i ers, that this plausible argument is iniluet ing the minds of some candid men not in tl : Arlington ring. The possibility of its restoi tion and the consequent desecration of t r graves of these patriotic dead, is blindi ' them to the real merits of the case. ' The claim of the Government to Ari.ngt 1 rests not on what is technically known as " tax title," but on a much stronger has It was acquired by bidding off the estate a sale of property to satisfy the demand of t Government upon ihe State of Virginia its proportion of the i75,000,000 asses' ' upon the States, pro rata, at the beginning s the rebellion to meet the early expenses ^ the war. Virginia having decided to go w 1 the South in its effort to destroy the Gove j ment, refused to pay its proportion of t tax, and the Government resolvingtocoll r it, seized and sold at public auction the . lington amongst other rebel property towa liquidating it. Some of those at least who are in favor ' paying Mrs. Lee for the property repudi ^ the idea that Mrs. Lee has any legal or mo ^ ..loir,, In v.it nrwi tilnre their fldvnc! L' | of the measure on the- sole ground of ex

! Jiencv and magnaniniitv. To avoid the rt tt e ger of the estate being restored to her it n ^ possibly he expedient for the Government t, avert it by the payment of u specilio sum money, but on the ground of ruaguauin it would he in reality but a reward for treas v and, therefoie, an unwise and mischiev expenditure of the people's money. e besides being a direct encouragement lt j disloyalty hereafter, it would be a most d p perous precedent. There are hundreds i 0 thousands of Southern men and women v have quite as strong claims upon the G eminent for damages as Mrs. I,cc, and p payment for Arlington would bring the wli r swarm down upon Congress, year al ,r year, until the last claim were paid. If j Government have not a legal title to Arli n j ton, wo are in favor of securing one at wl j ever cost. The graves of our soldiers in I ip j national cemetery must not be exposed w j the risk of being plowed up or their reran j j thrown into the Potomac by rebel owm Q \ The question of title cannot, therefore, :r | too soon settled, and the public mind set ? j rest upon the claims the " Arlington Rir j" | are preparing to force upon Congress. a Drlati are. i, p. j There ha? been some talk in the pa| rs ! about Delaware being disgraced, as tho is j she has not long agoreached that level w .n such a mild term has lost all force in c to nection tvith the condition of the rma ie State in the Union. What can be expec In of a community that j.refers to live in ig ie ranee rather than that colored peopie she of be educated? Is it anything strange t s- : murder and kindred crimes should go unp to ished in the midst of such barbarism or '<11 sanity ? A white man murders a negro, j counsel pleads insanity, an insane jury t ot; the wretch, declares him sane, justifies ot j murder on the ground of self-defense, i ?o no evidence save the word of the defenc ie to justify the acquital. The verdict of n. | jury in the West-Turner case is a licens je every wane man in roeia*are mam a uc p What comparison can t?e made between :n i (urr of Delaware ami barbarian? that < i. not place savages in a more favorable lig id i This action of the jury was performed, e- ; doubt, to convince the world that this of white man's country. With what pride, tl ly must white men view this example of t in wondrous superiontv! Xot satisfied 1 le ! progress In the arts, science, commerce, r- I sericulture, finding themselves conte us in these elements of progress by other c p- ued nations, they taw^a step ahead (?) it demonstrate to the worid that they can d, do excel in murder and diabolical outri re generally, and all in the name of law. le Has not the time arrived for active re energetic efforts to thwart the growing is dency to barbarism on the part of a 1. le portion of the people of the United Sta f D CITIZEN. i TVu u a scnoua question, aud affects white i; and black alike. It docs not suffice to argue t j that all the savagery that we are constantly jj, witnessing i? but the result of civil wnr; vs there was that which was behind the late " r rebellion that is the real foundation of the cn barbarism of to-day?slavery. Its effect still ju ' lingers, and to destroy it is the work to which ,js I the energy of the goo?I people of the country th must address itself. All hatred find pro- j'1 | scription on account of race, color, or pre- o'j ! viou? condition of servitude must !>e erndi- m 1 ' cated, and the doctrine of the TVclsrat:on of ? i Independence fully acknowledged and ac' . eepted. sf The Herd and.II* Fruit. ' J "Whatsoever a man soweth that shall he rt - reap" is a truth which has frequent lllustrn- tl j tion. A coteraporarv tells a story to this 0< , effect under tlie head? 1 r* PROMPT DEALIXa Wild A SA> wt. rj In the ('regon Indian we.r of ISio and K 1S3G. Ouhi, the most conspicuous chief of ' the Yakimas, a large and powerful tribe in Washington Territory, was one of the jirin- m s cipal leaders. After several months of lighting, seeing the hopelessness of the contest, he came in and delivered himself up. General r Wright, who commanded the troops then in o: 1 the held, as soon as the fact of the rap- I - ture of Ouhi was nnnottnred to him. di- t] rected the prisoner to he brourht before him. j ' He then said : "You have seen the sun for the last i.mc. d I am going to hang you. Not that you have h k fought against us ;n battle, hut because, t>c- tl fore the war broke out, you murdered Indian u Agent Bolen. You an^two other Indians ^ 1 killed him, and yet the moment before you had been smoking with him. This was not t! | war, it was the act of a dog; and you shall i ; die a dog's death." e Young Ouhi was stretched up as a warning \ e ; to other Indian chiefs that murderers would , ;. be punished. * c 1 THE SUilTU.. . i-1 Captain Wright, of the 12th infantry, who v n | was killed by the Modoes at the same time a i with Captain Thomas, was a son of this old t ! Indian lighter. f ir Ouhi had surrendered. lie w as a prisoner -j ir j of war. lie had a right to be treated as le | such. If guilty of murder before the war he- i I r,, ; gan, on requisition front tin' civil authorities r ' ! lie should have been delivered up for trial i ' and punishment. General Wright took the ? id law into his own hand, and without even the ' bo | form of a trial caused his prisoner to be hung j j up like a dog for an otl'ense over which he ' ,* ' had no rightful jurisdiction. There was one j 1 I | Indian less. 15ut all the living Indians were f ly j taught a lesson of treachery ami had faith by QS ! the great white chiet, wlucn tney nave te, ! mem be red and practiced too faithfully, and j 1 | which in less than twenty years brought the | ! ne j son of General Wright to an untimely grave, I re 1 with many others equally brave. ! But Captain Jack will probably be shot for . i the practice of had faith in war in no way j ' i ditferent in principle from that of General . i Wright, for which the latter is commended | is ' by some people. ! an | "Mr. Lincoln once said during the rebellion ,er ! that under the operations of the law of Di| vine justice we might be required to pay in j 1 ier j blood, drawn by the sword from the veins of ! our own race, lor every drop drawn by tbe j in | lash from the lacerated backs of our slaves. to I This foreboding of a clear-headed Christian , j statesman was fearfully realized before the - war closed. It would be well fur generals as ; id- , well as statesmen to bear in mind that God is ! 1C- just.? Washington Daily Chronicle. his ! It would seem that for every outrage contra ! mitted by an Indian savage, the lesson had he j been taught by the enlightened race ; and ng | that the savagery, brutality, and treachery of the Indian arc but imitation of the white on j race. It is high time for this nation to pause i a I and refiect upon the hold barbarism is gainlis. j ing in this country, not so much by the acts t a of untutored savages as by the deeds of a ; he ! race that boasts of its enlightmcnt. for | ted' Throat Cut Tor I'rutfctlisg hit t of! Daughter from "Social" Equalof. "XS On Monday last a throat-cutting scene oej curred at Culpepper Court-house, Ya., the his particulars of which are as follows : ect ! Francis Bryan, colored, was walking down , \r_! one of the main thoroughfares of the village , I with his daughter, aged about seventeen, when two white men, named respectively : I Jameson and Williams, made an assault j of j upon the girl and attempted to carry her oft" j aje j from the custody of her father. To this he . j resisted, when Williams drew a knife and cut his (the father's) throat from ear to ear. 1 if)" j The scene following was indescribable, pe- j tbe injured man's blood spirting over an_ ] his terrified daughter, who freed herself . i from the clutches of her would-be caplu-v: tors. They in turn, for fear of the ex: | cited crowd drawn together on account of . of the occurrence, decamped from the village, ,ity and up to yesterday at 11 o'clock had not ' j been overtaken. ' j I)r. Lewis and other physicians say that ou* i Bryan's injuries nre neces?arily fatal.? ' Chronicle, 12th imt. for | Such villians as Jameson and Williams are an-1 loud in opposition to equality before the la a-, tnd | and are encouraged In their total disregard rho : of human rights by those who claim to be ov- ! of ti e best class. The easy escape of the the j villians goes to show that the sentiment of lole 1 the people of Culpepper county leans towards , fter outrages of this character. We print the the above for the benefit of the future historian ; I i. i- ?in . r .........? ,i.? ii MR- | li W C1iU6litc III Hijjuiwiiiu^irniH W. I-V.J lat- | century. this i ' [ t0 Umarf LlDS | As we go to press the news comes to us e''*' ' by telegraph that the ex-rebels o! I.ouisiaua are proposing to join hands with the colored 1 ** people by recognizing aud respecting their equal rights. This Is exceedingly good, If true, and it certainly is in accordance with the highest political wisdom on the part cf the rebel classes of the South. We of course /ers cannot be expected to give the movement our entire endorsement until the telegraphic hen i report thereof -hall have been authenticated on- i (,y pr actical demonstration hereafter. I'ntil Uest then, with that jealousy that becomes men ted set to watch over the liberties of the race, ;no- we caation our people to beware,and rememmld her the promises of the Greele vites last year, hat and the large number of colored men murdered un- because they did not vote for Greeley, f.et in-1 these rebels of Louisiana throw open the his school*, the public places, before acting with lies them. You have taken them on trust before the and they have cheated you. rith _.i iant Tb? Appointment of Mr U 1> lie Becklcf a hytclal Mnll A(?al lu e to Vlrflala. gro.' this Postmaster General Cresweii has done an j0M excellent thing la appointing Mr. Beckley, lit? a colored tuan, a special mall agent :n the no Stale of Virginia. This appointment, urged a bv Frederick Douglass, is a killing contraMD diction to the mischievous allegation that a t,?ir rcbei guerilla chief has to-day more power in vlth tl*p appointment of the agents of the Governani] meet than the men who, in the Held and st,,j forum, have been the faithful and indexible ivjj. friend* of the nation. We accept this apan(j pointiueut not only as a good one In itself, and l'ut M ' recognition of our class In the work iges of canting on a common government without regard to race, color, or previous condition fcj,,! of servitude. Postmaster General ( reswell tea. will have the best thanks of every intelligent urge colored cltiien of Virginia for his prompt tea? and impartial action in this matter. 4 SliHWie. The body of the late Osborn P. Anders r., e hero of Harper's Kerry. Is ?till !n iu!t awaiting buii.il, ind the funeral cvprris remain unpaid. Will some one of the ramittce explain why this is? The colored people of the I):Mriot of <Y>nibin assumed liie responsibility of liijuiit nr the expenses and decently int. -.n_ 0 remains, and think they should attend t ,e matter nt once, and relievo Prof. A. M. reen of the embarrassment and annoyance beine dunned by the tin lertaker f >r I oney. Ii OTtCR. Simda> Gazrtlt. There are in the District, a? rlsewhrre, t 1 of cormorant* who hang out at all public cetings, charity occasions and private parrs, eazcr to serve on nuance committees, irry subscription lists, or jass the basket, mov K/? ml frnn> fhf? CPPMs'lV "contributing. The lat?- ?urvivor of Ilsr;r"s Ferry was t!ie ocra?iou of much cheap icteric an 1 hut little practical sympathy, bile a wanderer, poor ar.il in ill health. In jatli, to our disgrace let it he s.-,i<l. h.s corse ieets with the same treatment. We retnemer liim in 1 *0-1, stealing through our cities icognito, not safe then although the clouds f rear were ri-ing. In the little room of the ". I'. A. he talked to a few of us, who with co enthusiasm of boyhood had assembled to o Idin honor. We desire to express our invest by staling that a subscription list is ere by opened at this office and headed by tie writer of this, to remove the above blot p< n the good name and patriotism of the hstri t. Have we any who will not i >nribut: to this? Ssi?* The famous Watkins (Hen, located at Vat kins, Schuyler county. New York, which ias become one of the most popular summer esort in the f'nited States, and is annually isited by tens of thousands of people from 11 sretions of the country, will?with its wo Mountain Houses ?he open this season ur visitors on or before the 1st of June, rhe entire Glen property has recently been 1 1 1? I?l?. | r ?- l'o of I'h !s. lelphia, who have made important improvcnents?nearly all the staircases, bridges, tnd railings having been renewed?and the lien i in a mueh better and safer condition hau ever before. These gentlemen will .orsonally supervise and manage the (lien md its summer hotels during the season of INT.", nttd spare no time or expense in endeavoring to make it nu attractive and pleasant place of resort for the public. The VVatkins filen ?manifold as are iti leetiie charms ?is by no means the only fca:ure of interest pertaining to the romantic surroundings of the village from which it lakes it name. Seneca I.ake, one of the ajost beautiful sheets of water in the world, with the magnificent views which the highlands around it afford, Hector Falls, twoand-a-half miles north of Watkins on the past shore of the I.akc, and the Havana filen, wjpirh has heen visited for several years past by great numbers of people, are well worthy the nttcntion of tourists, ant will be hailed with delight by all student and admirers of Nature. HouL Xollcs-i*. L. M. Aicott's new book, " Work.' i is the old, old story nil over again ; but s< charmingly told, so bravely lined out, -t earnestly and truthfully written, with tin ornnt snnl n fission of the nlilhnr rnni,in< through the whole like a golden thread, tha we accept it more in the light of a new real ity than a time-worn, shabby, sorrowful, bu never threadbare fact, dating a far back a woman herself; and love it for what It isa tribute, a grand, good tribute to hundred of noble, fiod-serving mrn ami struggling faithful, working women. The characters are so true and life-iik that We seem to have met them before, air get well acquainted with them at once What a provokingly odd, yet perfectly na tural, eiri Christie is, and as wc read on loving and trusting her, we are sure that sh will love and be loved, suffer herself, an make some one else unhappy, as per author it scorns that all grand natures rati no mor get through life without treading on an un neeessary heart than a thunder shower cai subside without scattering a few rose leaves though we do not grumble so much as usua in tliis instance, for the owner of the bruise heart takes with him before thn close of th hook more respect than would seem possib! when we recall our tirst impressions. An that dear, delightful, busy Mrs. Wllkins, ho' we enjoyed meeting her, never out of plan with her unique "bunnit;" she keeps one' faith alive in humanity?may her shado' never grow less while human souls sba need to he saved, and human bodies strengtl I.,, a ..in . ,C O.o . ... V. ?1 .. David ami Mr. I'owcrj, loug may the lattc flourish, and broad be tbn mantle that sha fall from Ins shoulders; and the former, <jr be hi' memory and bright bis crown. 1* >o dear, old Ifcpscy, who has known the woi ship of labor that was idolatry, stirs ?u hearts with more real sorrow than we woul like to own. We read the book through, an ! then turned expectantly to the inscriptioi We were right, it read to " My Mofher"how we knew such would he the case * canuot tell, but it was eminently fit an graceful. Rnd we felicitate Miss Abotton h< latest, best, and truest "Work." Publish) by Roberts Brothers, Boston, and sold Washington by R. B. Mobun, corner i'eni sylvania avenue and Kleventb streets. Ttn.luly number of Tilt (.aiaxi.w.i its uncommonly varied and interesting co tents, comes to us a day or two earlier thi usual. Its light tone, adapted to summer, strengthened by several substantial articb which should be reserved for the cooler day when one's energies ure not absorbed in tl waving of fans and pursuit of mosquitoes. The leading article, " Views Abroad," 1. longs to the picturesque and very clever seri j of character sketches which has made X Albert Rhodes so popular with Amerlci readers. This skeb h Is drawn ia 1'aris, the studies of the French painter?, and a.lxu lis to several scenes known to very lew trs clers or readers. We ore introduced to t volatile Itobeiulau artist and lite living mo eU who cant their daily bread by p">s.ug any required character of history, mvtholog or romance. The " Wetherel Aila.r ' becomes use : my?terura? as It proceed*, unl it U dnhcult Imagine how the author can ever extrka hi> character* front the labyrinth Into whl he hat led them and us. Mr. Tburlow We contributes a most interesting article up the last v isit paid by the Marquis of Lafu ette to America. Another striking artic by J. M. Winched, who was in charge of l New York 7\m? Jiuicatt of Corretpondeo Iat Washington during the war.deacrlhea thr s tails paid to President Lincoln In the teat when the existence of the National Oovei tneut seemed to hang upon a thread. In the interview# Mr. Lincoln appear* in three d linct character*: a* a Military itrategi*?, J> | . dial Mini i !'< !' : hi. Tin* -l 'i .? ? jM.wrorfully wrttrn, r.n'l th* rs n*v I fht upon th< !ii of r r.r or :i? -oo ri? yvoil* mf n of rn'xlorr. trmo?. I.ndv Blanch Mur^hv, : <!i /hfr th? '.ns;]i*h 1 :r! of I"V-irorn.i - t;'.r , t -'idnlilo n: ! mo';, r r' > *. *nr t, jttr llic honilinr'?f " WpvlTlnt:-.' " !ua Honri Ilrowno jro?onra nothrr ' tv min'i charadcr In hi- i? -si .:r-o?" .nd thmjufril mnnr.or. " A >o'f-a.-cu?.it on " i- i ? n.-j .. i moral. If ?hotv< l oir n oct'.in may ho iwi!Io.l hy i hit of un'lonion?trfiilv.-r ?? -.r o: yoi J?<1 nojlort. "My I'lpo ami II I < ' i ;?r bright ?torv of n ?ei A profaasinnnl Udv-h". -r re??' < tfu. leA?on front a married ccp-.r;;,-. .' tint poem? lind one bv M -- \ _ in, the well-known art:; --. ay, ;a *oon t > ap|>enr e..;n it: * r of public lecturer. An .r; .- upon - -mry rriticiini, another up . If - . cat i Unman actor, General ( uiter' ruar of Indian warfare, anil < art Jlens.m'* .Uttion?, complete the holy o?. Tlie dojmrtmeiits of T ..era: > r. .ana Humor, wfclch follow, r.r-t r. 1 <vl. ll.vHi'Ki: -> Maoazivk !' . .itis .a timely paper by IV. ii. ilidein e- lad "Jack Afthore," expoa.'a., the t j,p. tation-and Jemr.ra': i. - inX.u-n ich sailors are subjeet in our t. :r ; flu article i< characto-lst! ali. Ac illu-trated article on " N .rda and Kmblcius," by ii !C. V. W .. . i? U"\el and interest t:_. i . e'v aprapo* of the Fourth A in. ration render-a ti !. 1 the I**Wnwan of the DeclarM ." oat.ain< twettty-thne _/ ' ji?' handwriting, the .election t om eharaeleri?tie letteeo, si'uy- 1 leh form the ha i< of n \cry entcrtai: lit. da by Mr. l.o?*in^. This -if ' on| eluded in the Aut;tl?t niintbeA series of illustrated p ti of General Sherman's recent I f v. 1' ope and the Fast, written by ti e Ger.er.-f titlde-camp, t olonel .1. ( . And tin id, - jttu >-: > Tl?l oirf . It,., lirot ,-V which relates to Sicily i- \ . nhh >'.? . mciitnl hv Mr. Junius Henri B; '-' au* lifullv illustrated paper on " .L* Sicillians." Kmilio Castclar, I he -in. - i;.| :*n |<ii|rr, continues in this number uci live nn<l eloquent exposition of t!r Mican movement in Kurope. M m s* series of papers oil the place en; e l hv .1;* (ierniau races in modern rev cut rti, "i I a j largo portion of this ir-t a,ti.h i. la: .to | the philosophical system " Kan: nd j Fichtc. | The progress of Muss uu ; . ? ?q! tral Asia, ?ho peculiar feature of the ; o ley . I carried out in this brill iti! i trerr i . c r.qm st, and the commercial a-pee of r o A . ?tI j tion, constitute tiie MibJertHUttFl of a I rtlj liant ami ably considered rnatrihntlon by ! Thomas \V. Knox, entitled 41 Rn?dan i' . Icy j in Asln." ' The 44 Old Mager" continue, i sting recollections, dealing tli: = mouth I: aly ' with examples of oxtempora:. r sic efforts in (,'ongre . I>. H. Cusilcton ?r' i esting character-sketch, enti'.ii-ii "VV ta ' Failure " and Mrs. I'mm. Mi . :i, . isi l,a very humorous story, "The i; . o ihit; * j MeMiirray'a Conversion. ' ( bul. . |{e. da, ' j in litis number, bring to til. sense, ti c ; eru I of his story, " A Simpleton," i ml I: h -res ~ | lilm to African diamonds, v.h ?.? la* i iroducrs l.ord Tailcaster o. ;t: of ' liosa, thus holding widen ti, i .' bawildercd vision the pro.pci .1 an F . )cii ^ I Ardcn denouement of tic i . ,ug and pathetic charade; ' | The poetry of the nun.be. . i uy ' i Bayard Taylor, Kate Putnam <)~zr>\ Mrs. ' j M. II. Print, Tracy liol. tr.oo M i. < iu* stance i . \VooDon,.7n?i M..> Frnniell. i'.ahinson Miss Brine's por-ia, f)".vrt ' v 'fce s Brook," is accompanied bv . \r-\ 11"" t fui e Illustration. The editor, il <!r|i.irtr,i-rii-. i exci h iu n usual, including a rontr't.at>>n f- >n Or. ' Samuel Osgood tor the "Kio < he'r," an ' exhaustive summary of s> lent.lie ;.ro. ?, a ' , very complete ' Historical Record,1' irel an e i entertaining ' Iiditor's Drawer " e ' d The An.ami< Mo.vriii.v 1 : J? y, t *3, v I contains A Itoman II'lid.iy II. Jau s,-. r.; , 1 liouaventurn, u poem Klh-u I'< ;n. . 1 -y; > 'tunnar, u Norse unman . ii .tn. .r u < rtli w Boyewi ; The President al i . . . 1 i pkj ?James Parton ; The -Sin in1/ H a p ?n; ?(J. P. I.athrop ; An '?. i Lugl-h ilou i ? Mrs. I.vnn I.inton; Irupti- ricl, a; ? Cella Tlia.\ter; i.du at i W it. ert ,r Dale Owen; The Friend'. Tl-.i , : , ? John <i. Wlnttier; flomat John r VV. Deforest; The Amateur -?it| ? 0 Ralph Heeler ; Karly ( >na :.at M. jj-i r, Martyrs Francis I'aikman ; Mies i. . e'a r. t?lovi -Albert Web-tur, Ir. I Art, Music, Polltirs. -- - ! Id Till, spirit of iuteus.'lcd little:. js'1 : limes called bigotry, is not often belter i is' trated than by the following, wbr h vie rjJ trom a so-called ('hri*/iriri journal. We e ; charge nothing for the advertisement of > til 'd a lack of the Christian gra s : r " Mr. J. Stuart Mill, who has just gon ti d hi* account, would h ive been m in writer of Kogllsh This innate 1 .-out 1_ ness and abounding self-con fideuce had i ot made hiiu u notori'.'n literary priz. Ills 'philosophy,' so-called, wasthoroughivsr.t. Christian ; Li* sentiments dat.ngly m ? : . >v'' ou* and outrageously w ild. A? toer. of n- parliament he was a s',;r..! 1 ! i-<-, n 1 Vs m insolence to, and eontemj f.r, t -sat ^ conservative party, was we . kt.own Ilia death is no loss to anybody, ft he .. t a 1,4 raul. but anuahle iuflJ'-i, and a . ,ers> ous [>er?oii. The sooner th -* ' :s of lie thought' who agree w.thd ni . to ' xe place, the better wdlit lie for b <ti. ti e < .. oh and A late. We can w eii a: the ....-jio ere w of them, and shall I. ..* e* ure, whether one by one 1 ? [r. calm satisfaction. ?C'.xr/y //. " an ib Hcrioual. W H. W. Tompkins, Ks^ .ot the Fi . .... i'? v" Bank, has returned from ? ;? he Philadelphia. , Mis. MattlC J . iio. .c,.,.,. .3 Alexandria to &q appreciative avi -<* ' le? tare U spoken of In hi4l: ten < ,re Jaxnea W. I'urneU.of PhiiaJel; i. a, > - to c'l-v ''Hcitlnjj subscriptions 1 - >. .. ^ tV.,. U -L II . . ' .t? "*v 'i '? ? v., eh Our friend WUihttu li A Vi I* ed I J>ronouueed a Prime of Uo?t* ov fc* on | looablet who have v?!:e I hi* ho:- i -i ij. Enon Spring*, Va. le, John ii. (look, ** ha of thi* journa'. ia about vl* t -* ice citia* in the Weat, and will t " ? *' ee the name time tobr-.og the Ni:-.v N *t; on Eka and Citizen to the atu-i i : n- , frleud* of progre** in that viH '1 *" ? In a few .lav* for Pitt*bur., I' ( *' l?- land and other citie*. Friend* f ' *' a tueut n thwie localities make . -i :

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