Newspaper of New National Era, June 19, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of New National Era dated June 19, 1873 Page 4
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NEW NATIONAL ERA1 AKD CITIZEN. AilronuBnnbwtioos f.,r psblicttlM In the Niw Kts tnu?t t* sddr?MeJ t., I>?.? H t* UsCa* i?t>ri from laWribri nod ndTertleers should ; ? te sd3 rew-d fo Fred<rl<-k Door'***, Jr., Lock Bo* 31. i | This ***** Is not responsible for the slews ?spr?t?ed by Co rre#p^D4j?#?ts. ?-bwribnrs chsnrfng their r*sld*w**?f red desiring 1 t? hsse fb* Jf?W JUtTOXSt ElU fomiM to them, should ! ? p?rtk?l*r In writing cs to ( ts fully th? new nddrswi, ?xbrw'.cg town, county, snd ? a;e, u well a* the town, county. n:.d Piste from which .'w cbnnff* t? to be ande ! ' Attention to this will ssre much trouble. j i I THURSDAY, JUNE 19, 1*73. i ~ ! UDUDinrnv TAKE VOTKE! We will present each person, subset hing for the New Natioxai. Era one year, a . line photograph of Tou saint L'Ouvreturo. j The New Era and Citizen at un < advertising Medium. Merchant* of Boston, New York, I'hila- , uelph.a, an?l Bait more, interested in securing I [ the Southern trade, will find the New Era ' axd Citizen a profitable advertisin.' me- : , J,una, on arroont of its largely increasing circulation in the South. Our paper find- its way to all the freed- j . men's hank', Southern member- of Con- j ( cress, utid personal friends in the State I.c*"rtUtnres atid State governments, as well n - 1 those who are engaged in developing the agricultural and material re ourres of the South, r.11 of wh in will have trade, more or j j lea?, with the. North, and eau eontrihtite largely to swell the aggregate business of Northern houses. Our Indian l*uli<3 for a long time no event has produced : such a sensation a? the assassination of General Canby ami his companions by the j Modoc Indians, feelings of sorrow, of in- . diguatiou, and of revenge, are loudly uttered on all sides; the extermination of the whole ; irwe nas men h'ikiucihh ucinauuru, uuu especially in tin- lirst davs after the outrage was committed the uninitiated reader, judging from the tone, of the press, might have imogiucd the security of the country seriously threatened, the danger imminent that some million" of savage hordes would overrun and , devastate the I'nited States and slay the in- j habitants as the Hun- in former days devas- ; tnted a large pari ol Europe. It seemed, I indeed, a perplexing ipiestion how tlio great Republic, with all the advantages of modern j warfare, should ntainiaiu iI< iutegrily against ;be few desperate leaders of a gang numbering less than a hundred warriors; the opposition press seized eagerly the opportunity to make out a case against the Administration and to point triumphantly at this result of the President's peace policy. Even now that the offenders have been caught, ns could he anticipated, and none of the gang are left to commit depredations, they clamor | that summary justice be done by handing i over the culprits to the hangman, and many ' feel bitterly disappointed that (Jen. Davis's | hands were stopped when he was just oa j the point of administering such justice. We certainly sympathize heartily with the J victims, jet we hold that our people have j no cause to wonder at the treachery of the Mo dors and to he roused to the very height of virtuous wrath, for after all they are ouly reaping the legitimate fruits of their own 1 deeds, only that, as usually, the eonse- 1 quences have fallen on innocent heads in- 1 stead of on those of the guilty. It is a sad fact that the dealings of our people with the In- 1 dians from the earliest times when the coun- i try was settled, until this day, has been an 1 unbroken chain of treachery. outrage, and ' cruelty of every description. They were 1 hunted down like wild beasts, entrapped by 1 low cunning, cheated, systematically demor- ; alized; treaties were corn luded only to be t broken again as -oon us was deemed expe- 1 dient, and Judge Taney' decision, that the blacks had no rights which ihe whiles were 1 bound to respect, was practically applied to j the Indians just as well. Whoever ventured 1 toe-qress indignation about -uih outrages : was answered that the Indians were natu- 1 rally of a cruel and tr. a. herons disposition, utterly untouchable ; ami, since they could 1 by no nivalis he made to accept our civiliza- . tion, thpy were doomed to extermination in ' the natural course el'c\cuts. 1'oc.r Indians! Thev rather showed sen.- e in refusing : civilization in the shape ami through the i agents it ?a> ottered to them. <inly its 1 worst sides were revealed to them through i hypocritical missionaries, dishonest traders, and a Government, wlio-e soldiers waged a constant cruel war on them. A crude theology, from which they never derived any benefit : the curse of intoxicating liquor, and the murderous bullet to them must appear i the chief features of that vaunted civilization. , General Grant is the tir-t l'residenl who has i deemed it a duly to inaugurate a more hu- j rnnne policy toward- them; and if his benev- i olent efforts are not in all instances attended | by direct success, it ought to be remembered < that evils of nearly two centuries standing t cannot be cured at ouce, and that if the In- t dians are suspicious and hostile, the fault is , not so much theirs a> that of those who made c them so. It is (juite noteworthy that iu , none of the other States on this continent, j where the Indians still abound, we hear of f their inroads and depredations, or of their , treacherous and cruel disposition. On the c contrary, in Canada, Mexico, Central and j - South America while anil red men live peace- | ably together in friendly relations ; but in all those countries the Government and people for generations, on their side, have always treated the Indians in a humane spirit, and have allowed them to participate ia the Government. These so-caiied savages are in this respect just like the majority of men, and even of animals. Tliev will be friendly to those who show them kindness, and hate their persecutors. We rejoice, therefore, that the President will persist in his kind efforts, and hope that he will not' yield to public clamor, but shield even the' offenders from the fate to which popular in-1 dignatiou would consign them. PKoi. Geokoe ii. Vashok, we learn, has ! received a call from Mississippi to a professor- j ship in Alcorn University. This is a deserved i compliment, one which the well-known merit of Mr. Vasiion warrants. We don't know I what the colored school board will do without the brains of this gentleman, foi the use of which he has never been adequately paid, j We should he sorry to lose the geniality and culture of the Professor, but for bis own advancement and for the sake of the greater good he would do elsewhere we shall have; to consent. Prof. \> J. Wilson, cashier of the Freed- : oian's Savings and Tni?t Company, is again in town from an extended tour through the Southern States. Mimed lirhvaU. Hoa. T. W. Cbsu>c, representative of tfc Kighth District in our Legislative A semi!' one of tbe five colored members of the Hou? of Delegates, ha* evinced hi? appreciation > iV.r ?r V , M" ?* . "J the opportunity?which was allowed t escape in the Council?to amend the bili f< the establishment of a Normal School i Washington ?n as to prevent the fosterin of caste in educating teachers for our publ school?. Mr. C base deserves the thanks i the people, colored and white, for this attem) to accord equality to all races in the enjot ment of public rights. It now remains for the House of I)elegat< to adopt the amendment of Mr. Chase. Th body is largely Iiepublican, and that party indebted to the colored voters of the Distrii for its ascendency here. Will it live up t its professions and abolish the proscription i our public schools ? Colored members of th Legislature ought not to need urging tobrin up the question of equality in the enjoyment < public rights. I>0 they not know that the silence on questions affecting the welfare i their rase is taken as an acquiescence in th injustice under which it suffers? We at often told by white men that colored peop] Jo not wish mixed schools, that they are sai isfled with the school system as it is, th; they much prefer the present svstem, an that they fear evil consequences from change. No colored man of any * I an ling i the District of Columbia will openly avo' himself opposed to mixed schools, thong there are some colored men who are ha* enough to sneak around those who contri the dispensing of political honors, and for paltry position try to curry favor by profesi ing not to believe in the "clamor for mixe schools." To this class belong those co nred men who defame others who have con here filled with a love of justice and are /.ea ous in the work wf promoting the advancemct of the colored race in this District at lea keeping equal pace to the progress being ntai elsewhere ; this class is willing that the ra( shall stagger on under a proscription tin fills it with apathy and almost despair, order that a lew of its number may share : the questionable honor of playing the syc pliant and doing the bidding of prominei otlicials in our District. To the seven ce ored members of the District f.egislatu progressive men and women all over tl country who have devoted their lives to tl amelioration of the condition of our race?a looking for any evidence of appreciation the boon of freedom that they may mak An acquiescence in a partial freedom with i effort to enlarge it cannot receive the respc of a noble-minded, freedom-loving peopl nor does it evidence the appreciation of tl blessings of liberty for any race to sit s pinelv down contented with the mere crura of liberty. The chosen representatives of o race in the District Legislature do us a po< tive injury by their neglect to urge the reco nition of manhood rights for the race. Th eflort of Hon. T. W. Chase is the first stre: of dawn this spssion, and wo hope that 1 will receive, as he deserves, the thanks the progressive of onr race. The disgrace proscribed schools should not be tolerate another year. Is there sufficient back-boi iimom: colored legislators to second tl attempt of Hon. T. \V. Chase to turn tl tide of insane prejudice ? Since writing the above the House of He egates has nobly adopted the amendniei ottered by Mr. Chase. On coming up in tl Council for concurrence it was defeated. \\ were not so much astonished at this as at tl fact that Hon. John H. Brooks, a colore member of the Council, should have argue that "it was neither equity nor justice to pi the amendment into the bill. The act < Congress establishes two systems, and the have no right to go to the contrary." Cot gi?ss has not established any Normal Schoi sit all, and if one is established it will b done by the District Government, and shorn be for the use of ail the citizens alike, 1 ordei to come w ithin the bounds of equity ai iustice. We are sorry that Mr. Brooks felt to be his duty to take the position he ha sorry because of the false light iu which places representative colored men in th District, sorry for Mr. Brooks' own -ah sorry because an opportunity for dealic justly and equitably by the colored citizci of the District has been lost through 11 lulluence of a colored man. All around t the schools are being divested of caste teacl ing; Washington, the capital of the natioi lingers in the lap of barbarism, us hoj that we have a few more men like Hon. 1 W. Chase in this District, who dare do rigli Tlie Colored School Hoard and II President. The letter of Mr. Wm. Syphax, ex-truste >f colored schools, a man of unblemishe reputation and one of the oldest and mo' espected citizens of the District, which w irint, is certainly the most remarkable, i veil as the most alarming document y< srinted with regard to the management < >ur public schools. We call attention first t he fact that iu Juue, 1871, the hoard ui ntirt'y out of debt ; second, to the large est uate of cost of the school-buildings over th ontract prices; third to the entire absenc >f a report of the trustees on the cause of th inancial mismanagement; and, lastly, to th iict that Superintendent Newton's report ha lever been published. These are serioti barges, plainly and authoritatively statec ind should be promptly answered, if possi lie, by the guardians of the people's monet m l .if u hat is far more importance, the edt atioual interests of their children. There has evidently^ been in the colore school Board, as in tlfe white one, "soni( liiug rotten in the state of Denmark." X >urt of this odium can nossiblv attach itsel o the new members of the Hoard nppointe u April la^t. We believe they have eudea 'ored to do their duty, and are succeeding a dr as they can, when not hampered by tli tnpopuiarity which attaches itself to thet hrough the dogmatic, autocratic, and spile ul policy of the president?Mr. Henry John on?an individual who, representing a specie 11 terest, should never have been placed o: he lioard. Mr. Johnson is unfitted by train rig, education, or previous condition frot iroperly conducting anything but some polili al machine, and be is fast giving the iiupres ion, as we understand he has distinct! tated, that the entire present Board wa ominated and appointed by him, and wil e controlled by him. Before the people ai dvocate of mixed schools, in the Sen an ommittee he declated hhnstlf and the pc-o le to be satisfied with the schools as the; re. While this Is most naturally true as fa; he is concerned, we emphatically deny 1 ith regard to the people, whom he in nowl* -presents. He already boasts of his power > appoint or remove such teachers as pleaM r displease him, regardless of their fitness nd it remains to be seen whether th< tmaining eight members of the Board ami T1TF, NEW NA j the patent* of the DUtrtct ai<. bis tools to j f j this extent. r ,e ! The whole ,gi?t of the matter, however, iir= I F* in the fact that the present system of appoint- t 'c : ing both white and colored school boards is t radically wrong, and anti-Bepublican. In t e the present Territorial Government th* pop- f ? ular vote is eitheir neutralized or made a p >r nullity, and by leaving the appointment of I n trustees in the hand* of the Governor, and ii ? makiDg them responsible to no one, not even t lc_ to him, the very incentive to efficiency and t rare for the public good are removed. To ? 1' boti' of these evils we are wedded for awhile, o l" but a solution of them, we are certain, will o come soon. Through a subsidized press, h ;* cheap tinsel, veneering, and a systematic fi Js villiflcation of those who do not agree with ( w him, and who have no opportunity cf placing t ' themselves in the right before the Board, our t ? Tweed "the little" of the School Board, is v n rapidly demoralizing the only school facilities w ie the colored people of the District have. V.'ere * z he not unconsciously sustained by the Secre- r tary of the Treasury, havinga sinecure in the r ir i Department, and did he not delude the Gov^ ernor by pretended efficiency as a local poli- r IR j tielan, lie could not hold for one hour any n ** local position of honor or trust in the gift of g '' the colored people. , v i " Vo Gods it doth arnar? .. u:..n i,' " I Such a feeble should. _ a <i So get th? ?tart of the maestie world, j a And bear the palm alone j n li i? only the double-draiing i.nd -malt- n w ; minded men who fear the investigation of ? h their deeds. If anything were desired to e ' precipitate the discussion of mixed schools jl and bring abouf a dissolution of the colored a ( schools, it would be found in the retention of s. | Mr. Henry .Tohnson as president of the Hoard. It is useless to shirk the responj. : sibility ; the new Hoard represents the people le I to a greater extent than the o'd one, they 1- | are more responsible, and they are evidently ; il j trying to perform their duty; they are only rt hindered and misunderstood because the presle ident endeavors to be at once president and ;c ! Hoard. The sooner he is removed the better it i it will be for trustees, teachers, parents, and j in j scholars. Ilis unfitness is shown from the i in following facts, which can be amply sus- ! o- j tained : lie voted for the appointment of one at | teacher and then before the arrival of that i il- | teacher stated to the school that his inter- 1 rc est in them would cease with the outgoing j ie ! teacher. An excellent guardian of school i le j interests! He has persistently told, wrote, re and circulated falsehoods about certain ; of | teachers who do not suit his royal whim, I p. ! always, however, privately or anonymously. ! 10 | Instead of trying to promote the good of all ct the schools, lie has expressed his hostility to j e, I some, showing himself an injudicious and | le ! prejudiced manager of public interests. W'e u- ! call attention to these things, and ask trusbs \ tees and parents to pause and consider for ur j themselves how long they will permit them si- I to go on. If the education of the children is g- i worth nothing, nt least let us have a Ilepub- j is ! lie and not an absolute despotism of incom- | ik! petency. j * President O. O. Howard ?' Delivered the Baccalaureate sermon to the members of the graduating class of Howard j University on Sabbath evening last, giving 10 as his theme, A I'lan in I.ife. lie b"gan by 10 saying that, when lie looked back over his 1P own experience and saw how many men who had had plans of life had failed to accom'* plish then;, and how many with no plan had at drifted into success, he was somewhat iu!e dined to question whether or not one should e have a plan. Vet, in view of all the circumstances, lie believed every man ought to ' mark out for himself a course of action to be ! pursued. If it were maintained and effected something, so well and good ; if not, even u then the man had done his best. - This idea he illustrated by many signal J" examples from the Scriptures, from public life, pay ing a glowing tribute to his late|p | date, Colonel Eaton. lie concluded his discourse by enforcing in the above idea with appropriate arguments, | lJ and advising the membersof the class to have 11 a definite hope of salvation as one of the plans ' of life, and exhorting them to high and noble il deeds. j Mr. Frederick Dorm a:s.s, who was on ! ^ the platform, was called upon to introduce j to the audience Miss Mary ( arpenter, whom 19 the Rev. Dr. Rankin had escorted to the j lc j pulpit. Mr. Douglass did this in an exceed- j 19 ! inglv happy and effective manner. He said : j lie had been a resident of Washington only i n -1' i for a little while, but (luring that time there j f >e j had been many pleasant occasions which he I ; would ever remember with satisfaction. Rut ' " none could exceed the privilege, nay, the ' , honor, which lie would have in presenting to 1 the audience the distinguished writer on ' Prison Reform and Convicts, the friend of hu- c e inanity, Miss Mary Carpenter. Her presence ' <1 made his mind go back twenty-seven or s 't j eight years, and compelled him to remember e | that when he tied a fugitive from his na- ' is ' tive land, and was received as an exile in 1 't j England because he dared to attempt to own c if | himself, this lady was the first to welcome 1 o | him, through her efforts and those of others ' the ransom money was paid which enabled 1 i- hint to return iu safety to bis native land, to ^ ie plead the cause of the oppressed, and her 1 :e kind face and sympathetic voice wer* among r e the last he saw and heard in England. a e Wilberforce, to whom President Howard had j is referred, ascended to Heaven, as it was said, i is with the fetters of 700,000 ransomed cap- ! 1, tives. Among his most active coadjutors j ^ - | was l.ant Carpenter, the father of this I s , , lady, lie welcomed Miss Carpenter to an s i- 1 America such as he never had expected to u see. It was in free Washington, in this free ( s d j church which knew no man by his color, in o t- the presence of these students from the r o neighboring University, and the President of b If that University, whose heroism on the battle- n d field had been supplemented by devotion to k i- the educ-atiou of a race, that he welcomed i s ,s I his most excellent friend. | c e I Miss CaKpfxter said she really was not! t n fitted to speak this evening, but could not' n - resist the temptation since there were so n i- many things to be said and so much that sbe t il had seen since her arrival full of suggestion. ' ji u Addressing herself more particularly to the e i-1 colored people present, she spoke of the deep V u | interest the English women had always taken 1i -1 in their emancipation and advancement, n -1 She remembered the Joy which spread i 1 y j throughout England when, in lejr,, the free-: d s dom of the Colonial soil as well as that of w I j the mother land was maintained. Xot only n a l in the efforts towards emancipation, but even v, e I in the struggle for the maintenance of the ; p - I I'nion, she and others had felt a deep inter- i a. r est. When she viewed the innumerable graves it r of the loyal dead at Arlington and liamp- il t ton, Virginia, she felt bow dear had been the d ; price at which the race ha>i t-een ransomed, di r and yet she could not feel ihat they were gi t unworthy of tne sacrifice It only became , them to remember at what a price they were ei ' redeemed, and so to conduct themselves as di II ever to justify the r friends. One of the p< tional ERA AN irst English r-otiiou to visit our aborts iu a j ubtic rapacity, she should carry bar*, with ; ler the most lireiv remembrance of the brift, proCTPfM, and advancement in educaion which t!i--? ejiored people of the country rad mode. She had visited the school of ienersl Armstrong, in Virginia, the Pre la-ii r_, ni2!i >>choxl in tni* cut, una me Inward Univeraitv, all of which had filled i*r with astonishment to ?ee both the fleet and the aceurncr of the work of educa'on.and in some cases the abundance of the icilitiea. Education was not all. She had ften thought how hard in those terrible dnya f slarerr it must have been to sustain the iurden without the help of Christ?how comorting must have been the soiaees of the hristian religion! To this she would bid hem look now in order to meet with paien.-s and meekness the ttiais of freedom rhh h were before them. Their education ;as to be obtained for dissemination. They j .ere to be the educators, in turn, of their own ace, freely trivine what they had so freely j eceived. At the conclusion ot Miss carpenter's j emaiks, she was introduced to several emient persons present, and expressed her I reat delight in being in Washington and ; dewing the rapid strides the city was inak-j ig, and thp change that Freedom, Liberty, : nd Equality had produced here. Her trip to troorican had been a very pleasant and .rentable one, and she should carry back such information with regard L our praxes ?. ?? 1 ? Arlington. There i- unquestionably to be a desi>erate , tl'ort made in the next ( ongress to restore ; \rlingtnn to Mrs., or nay her its value. V combination has been organized to agitate I he subject, and one of our city papers, eiftirung to be par esrfllence the llepublican organ lere, has enlisted zealously in the enterprise, vhile various correspondents are using their rositions to create a public sentiment in favor if one or the other of these projects. The Htrtubliran members of the "Arlington Rintr" vill be content with an act paying Mrs. Leo or the property, while the copperhead and secession element of the country would he satisfied with nothing less than its restora.ion to her. It is quite probable they won't hitik it prudent to take that position openly .vhilc the government of the nation remains inder Republican control. But that is the >hject at which they are aiming, and the one vhich will be accomplished if ever they are estored to power. The main, and, iudeed, the only argument ised by Republicans who are supporting this proposition to pay Mrs. Lee for Arlington is :hat the Government will thereby secure an mdisputed title to the property, and forever put at rest all claims of Mrs. Lee or her ieirs for its restoration. There is something >o abhorrent to the people of the nation in .hr thought of restoring that sacred spot to he widow of one whose treason lias so thickly peopled it with our country's bravest defend>rs, that this plausible argument is infiuencng the minds of some candid men not in this Arlington ring. The possibility of its restora:ion and the consequent desecration of the graves of these patriotic dead, is blinding | :hem to the real merits of the case. The claim of the Government to Arlington ests not on what is technically known as a ' tax title," but on a much stronger basis, it was acquired by bidding oil" the estate at a ;alo of property to satisfy the demand of the Government upon the State of Virginia for t= proportion of the f 75,000,000 assessed ' ipou the States, pro rata, at the beginning of be rebellion to meet the early expenses of he war. Virginia having decided to go with he South in its effort to destroy the Governuent, refused to pay its proportion of this ax, and the Government resoivingtocollect t, seized and sold at public auction the Ar-; iquidating it Some of at least v. ho are in favor of laying Mrs. Lee for the property repudiate ho idea that Mrs. Lee has ant legal or moral :lairu to payment, and place their advoeaey

>f the measure on the sole ground of expeliency and magnanimity. To avoid the dan;er of the estate being restored to her it may lossibly he expedient for the Government to ivert it by the payment of u speciiio sum of nouev. llut on the ground of magnanimity t would be in reality but a reward for treason, ind, therefore, an unwise and mischievous xpenditure of the people's money, llesides being a direct encouragement for lisloyalty hereafter, it would he a most dan- i rerous precedent. There are hundreds and housands of Southern men and women who lave quite as strong claims upon the Gov-! rnmeut for damages as Mrs. Lee, and the mynient for Arlington would bring the whole i warm down upon Congress, year after ear, until the last claim were paid. If the Jovernrncnt have not a legal title to Arlingon, we are in favor of .securing one at whativcr cost. The graves of our soldiers in this lational cemetery must not be exposed to he risk of being plowed up or their remains hrown into the Potomac by rebel ownei-g. ["he question of title cannot, therefore, be oo soon settled, and the public mind set at est upon the claims the "Arlington Ring" re preparing to force upon Congress. l>e lawure. There has heen some talk in the papers 1 bout Delaware being disgrace^ as though he has not long ago reached that level when ; ueh a mild term has lost all force in con- j lection with the condition of the smallest tate in the Union. What can be expected f a community that prefers to live in ignoI 3 ance rather than that colored people should e educated ? Ls it anything strange that aurder and kindred criine9 should go impundied in the midst of such barbarism or inanity ? A white nian murders a negro, his ounsel pleads insanity, an insane jury tries he wretch, declares him sane, justifies the mrder on the ground of self-defense, with o evidence save the word of the defendant 0 justify the acquital. The verdict of the itry in the West-Turner case is a license to very white loan in Delaware to kill a negro, that comparison can he made between this iry of Delaware and barbarians that does ot place savages in a more favorable light ? "his action of the jury was performed, no ! oubt, to convince the world that this is a rhite man's country. With what pride, then, ' lust white men view this example of their ondrous superiority! Not satisfied with rogress in the arts, science, < ommeree, and 1 griculture, finding themselves contested 1 1 these elements of progress by other civil- : 1 :ed nations, they taK^u step ahead (?) and ! emoustrate to the world that they can and o excel in murder and diabolical outrages sneraliy, and all in the name of law. lias not the time arrived for actise and lergetic efforts to thwart the growing ten ncy to barbarism on the part of a large >rtloD of the people of the United Stataa? , D CITIZEN". Thu a serious question, aud affects whit< and black alike. Ii dot s not mi if op to &reu( that all thr striTrr that w" are rnnstanth witne?'ing is but the result of ciril war there was that which was behind the lat< rebcllioa that is the real foundation of th< barbarism of to-day?slavery. Its effort stil lingers, and to destror it is the work to whirl the enenrv of the good people of the rountri must address itself. All hatred anil pro scription on account of race, color, or pro s'ious condition of servitude must lie erndi cated, and the doctrine of the Declaration o Independence fully acknowledged an ! ac cepted. Tbe Seed and lis Fruit. "Whatsoever a mac soweth that shall h< reap" is a truth which has frequent Il!u?tra tion. A cotemporarv tells a story to thi" ebect under the head? PROMPT DEALING WITH A SAVAGE. In the Oregon Indian war of 1855 ani 1S5C, Uuhi, the most conspicuous chief o the Yakima*. a large and powerful tribe it Washington Territory, was one of the prin cipal leaders. After'several months of light ,ng, seeing the hopelessness of the contest he came in and delivered himself up. * lenera Wright, who commanded the troops then it the field, as soon as the fact of the cap ture of Ouhi was announced to 1dm. di rected the prisoner to be brought before him He then said: "You have sceu the suu for the last t.ine I am going to hang yon. Yot that you luvi fought against us in battle, but because, be fore the war broke out, you murdered Imiiai Agent Bolen. You nn.^is-n other Indian killed him, and yet the moment before yoi had been smoking with hiru. This was no war, it was the act of a dog; and you shal die a dog's death." Young Ouhi was stretched up as a warnm to other Indian chiefs that murderers wo;h be punished. i HE SUiIT.1 .. C'aptaiu Wright, of the 12th infantry, ?vhi was killed by the Modoos at the same tier with Captain Thomas, was a son of this oli Indian lighter. Ouhi had surrendered. He was a prisone of war. 11c had a right to be treated a such. If guilty of murder before tbe war he gan, on requisition from the civil authorise he should have been delivered up for tria and punishment. General Wright took tin law into his own hand, and without even tin form of a trial caused his prisoner to be bun. up like a dog for an otl'ense over which hi had no rightful jurisdiction. There was om Indian less. But nil t!ie living Indians wen taught a lesson of treachery and bad faith h' the great white chief, which they have re membered and practiced too faithfully, ani which in less than twenty years brought tin son of General Wright to an untimely grave with many others equally brave. Hut Captain Jack will probably be shotfo the practice of had faith in war in no wa; ditl'erent in principle from that of Genera Wright, for which the latter is eommentlei by some people. Mr. I.ineoln once said during the rebellioi that under the operations of the law of Di vine justice we might be required to pay ii blood, drawn by the sword from the veins o our own race, for every drop drawn by tl> lash from the lacerated backs of our slaves This foreboding of a clear-headed Cliristiat statesman was fearfully realized before th war closed. It would be well for generals a well as statesmen to bear in mind that God i just.? Washington 1'aily C',"0:iirle. It would seem that for every outrage com mitted by an Indian savage, the lesson hai been taught by the enlightened race; an that the savagery, brutality, and treacher of the Indian arc but imitation of the whit race. It is high time for this nation to paus and reject upon the hold barbarism is gain ing in this country, not so much by the act of untutored savages as by the deeds of race that boasts of its enlightmcnt. Throat Cut fur I'rutcciln* id Daughter from "liotlal fqual tly. On Monday last a throat-cutting scent ot curred at Culpepper Court-house, Va., th particulars of which are as follows : Francis Bryan, colored, was walking dowi one of the main thoroughfares of the villag with his daughter, aged about seventeen when two white men, named respective! Jameson and Williams, made an assaui upon the girl and attempted to carry her ol from the custody of her father. To this hi resisted, when Williams drew a knife and cu his (tiie father's) throat from ear to ear The scene following was indescribable the injured man's blood spirting ore his terrified daughter, who freed hersel from the clutches of her would-be cap tors. They in turn, for fep.r of the ex cited crowd drawn together on account o the occurrence, decamped from the village and up to yesterday nt 11 o'clock had no been overtaken. I)r. Lewis and other physicians say tha Bryan's injuries are necessarily fatal.Chronicle, I'Mh inst. Such villians as Jameson and Williams an loud in opposition to equality before the law and are encouraged In their total disregari of human rights by those who claim to hi of the best class. The easy escape of tin villians goes to show that the sentiment o the people of Culpepper county leans toward1 outrages of this character. We print tin above for the benefit of the future historian it is evidence of Virginia progress in the lOtl century. Ur ware A- we go to press the tie?'.i comes to ui by telegraph that the ex-rebels o! Louisiana are proposing to join hands w ith the colorei people by recognizing and respecting thei equal rights. This is exceedingly good, i true, and it certainly is in accordance wit! the highest politicul wisdom on the part c the rebel classes of the South. We of cours, cannot be expected to give the movement ou entire endorsement until the telegraph! report thereof -hall have been authenticate! by pr actical demonstration hereafter. Cnti then, with that jealousy that become.-, met set to watch over the liberties of the race we caution our people to beware,and reniem ber the promises of the Greeleyites last year and the large number of colored men murdcrec because they did not vote for Greeley, Le these tebels of Louisiaua throw- open thi schools, the public places, Itfore acting writl theui. You have taken thern on trust hefon aa<l they have cheated you. . - ?i The 4 ppoint ineut uf Mr it IJ Ueckley is Special Maall A(eul In Virginia. l'ovtmaiier General Cresweh oa? dune at excellent thing in appointing Mr. Ueckley a colored tnan, a special mail agent ,n the State of Virginia. This appointment, urge-: bv Frederick Douglass, !? a killing contra diction to the mlacbievou-. allegation tbat rebel guerilla chief has to-day more porter it the appointment of the agents of the Govern' coent than the men who, In the field and to rum, have been the faithful and indexible friend* of the nation. We accept this appointment not only as a good one in itself, but as 4 recognition of our class in the work of earning on a common government without regard to rare, color, or previous condition of servitude. L'ostmasler General ( reewell will have the best thanks of every intelligent colored citizen of Virginia for his prompt tnd impartial action in this matter. 4 MinmvTb" body of the late Osborn P. And'. ' the hero of Harper'* Kerry. i? still in t! ; vault awaiting Initial, find the funerai expe - ?rs remain uuptid. Will <?rnf one of tl . rommittee explain why this is? The colored people of the District of ( lumhin assumed the responsibility of li.p 1 ilatinr the expenses and decently intc -.i , the remains, and think they should attend . the matter nt once, and relieve Prof. A. (ireen of the embarrassment and annoyan of being dunned by the undertaker for I " money. Ji sticf. f ?^undni (it 'ft. There are in the District, a? elsewhere, set of cormorants who hang out nt ail pulf meetings, charity occasions and private p ties, eager to serve on finance eommittec , earrv subscription lists, or pass the bask. that they tnav he relieved from the uecrs1 of contributing. The late survivor of liner's Ferrv was the or. asion of much ohe rhetoric an 1 hilt little practical sympath | while a wanderer, j>oor an.I in lit health, j death, to our disgrace lei it be said, he > or - meets with the same treatment. We reim i * ber him in 1 ~0<>. stealing through our citi j incognito, not sate then although the < b>u ) of war were rising. In the little room of t - 1". 1'. A. he talked to a few of us, who wi - the enthusiasm of boyhood had assembled ' do hhn honor. We desire to express our i terest by staling that u subscription list . hereby opened at this oilier and headed - the writer of this, to remove the ahnv b! 1 upon the good name and patriotism of t ^ nistri-t. llaie we any '-.ho will not < t tribute to this? 1 i Svj" The famous Watkins (lieu, located Watkins, Schuyler county. New Vork.whi has become one of the most popular suuui resort in the I'nited States, and is annua ^ visited by tens of thousands of people fr< p all sections of the country, will?with 1 two Mountain Houses?be open this seas for \isitors on or before the 1st of .Tut r The entire Olen property has recently he . purchased by John I.ytle ,v Co., of I'h: s delphia, who have made important improi 1 merits?nearly all the staircases, hridgi and railings having been renewed?and t I (Hen i in a much better and safer eomliti thau ever before. These gentlemen w personally supervise and manage the (it anil its summer hotels during the season 1*7.", and spare no time or expense in emh j i vortng to make it an attractive and pleasa f . place of resort for the public. , ; me \\atkin? itien?manitolit a? are 1 seenir charm" ?is by no mean" the onl\ fi i turc ot' interest pertaining to the roman 1 i surroundings of the village from which takes it name. Seneca l ake, one of t most beautiful sheet* of water in the wo; with the magnificent views which the hi? a land" around it afford, Hector Falls, tv, f and-a-half miles north of W'atkins on t e east shore of the r.ake, and the Ilara j flieii, w^ieh has been visited for sevci e years past by sreat numbers of people, i s well worthy the attention of tourists, a s ! will be hailed with delight >?y all studer and admirers of Nature. ????? i Hook \iillriH. d ! ? L. M. Alcott s new book, ''Hork. ' ! is the old, old story all over again ; but charmingly told, so brately lined out, earnestly and truthfully written, with t 1 great soul passion of tiie author ruuui a I through the whole like a goiden thread, t! i we accept it more in the light of a new re ity than a time-worn, shabby, sorrowful, 1 g never threadbare fact, dating as far back _ woman herself; and love it for what it ia tribute, a grand, good tribute to hundrc 1 of noble, Hod-serving mr a nnd struggle faithful, working women. e The characters are so true nnd iife-ii Q that we seem to have met them before, a e ! get well acquainted with them at on; , What a provokingly odd, yet peifectiy r y : rural, girl Christie is, and as wc read r j 1 loving and trusting her, we are sure that s p -.Till love ami be loved, auflei henoll, a t make some one else unhappy, as pprauthc it .crms that all grand natures ran no riK j. opt through life without treading on an i. f necessary heart than a thunder shower c subside without sratterin a few rose leave , though we do not gmmbln so rnueh as usi in this instance, for the owner of the bruis heart lake-, with him before the close of t hook uiore respeet than would seem possit l when we reeall our tirst iniprcssions. A that dear, delightful, busy Mrs. Wilkin >, hi we enjoyed meeting her, never out of plat with her unique " bunnitshe keeps out j faith alive ia humanity?inny her shad< never ?row less while human souls shi need to he saved, and human bodies strong! j.' ened bv a cup of tea. David ami Mr. Powers, long may the latl ttourish, and broad he the mantle that sh; fall from bis shoulders ; and the former, ' be his memory and bright his crown. 1'? dear, old Ifepscy, who has known the w< ship of labor that was idolatry, stirs o hearts with more real sorrow than we woe like to own. We read the hook through, a! * then turned exDe< tantlv to the inserinlin i We were light, it read to " My Mother" 1 how wo Knew such would he the case i r cannot tell, hut it was eminently fit a f graceful, and we felicitate Miss Abotton h i latest, best, arid truest "Work." Publish f by Huberts Brothers, Boston, und sold Washington bv It. B. Mohun, corner 1'en r syl.atii.i avenue and Kleventb street,. Tin.July number of Til t f.Ai.txt, w. I its uncommonly varied and interest,ng co j ter.t,, comes to us a day or two earlier tin usual. Its light tone,adapted to summer, . stri ngthened by several substantial art.el which should he reserved for the cooler dai j when one's energies are not absorbed in t t uatlDg of fan* aud pursuit of mosquitoes. , The leading article, " Views Abroad," I i long, to the picturesque aud very clever ser; , . of character sketches which lias made \ Albert lthodes so popular with Auierh reader*. This sket h Is drawn ;:i Paris, r* i . , ..... .......v. vi uic * rsucu paimers,ana aum. I |Ot to several s<ea?? known to very jew tra elers or readers. We are introduced to t volatile liobemlau artist and tlie living mo i els who earn their dally bread by po?iug , any requ rcd character of history, mvtholog ! | or rotnanee. 1 The " Wetherei AtJa.r ' becomes au j mysterious as It proceeds, an! it Is difficult i Imagine how the author < an ever extriea i his characters from the labyrinth into whi he ha* led them and us. Mr. Tburlow Wei 1 contributes a most interesting article upi i the last \lslt paid by the Manjuls of I-afu ette to America Another striking artiel , by J. M. Winchell, who was in charge of tl : New York T,mu llurcau of Corre?pondea Iat Washington during the war,describe* tbri visits paid to 1'resldent Lincoln In the tease when the existence of the National Gover meut seemed to hang upon u thread. In the interviews Mr. Lincoln appears in three dl tlncl characters a* a Military Strategist, DiphiMUit, h4 t Mlflcto> UMirtietoli * |x.wrrfully written, r.n'l tf.--,xs new , ght P? ;.[x.n the lift of one of ir" r-r?- KnoHallt mfn of mndrni t:mr?. hr l.nijv Murphy, a ?Ia elite- 'Jix Knglish ' nr' "nrii-.n-To, rentribafes i a1!'' n* ! I'nir'i ?a, -inthe hen-l " of " \V Mr. !as ti> Ilrnr. Browne j -o?r>nts another s; <v ' roil mm') .f r In I i r""" jj4 r<* thou-hlfnl manner. A on a , .. a moral. It ikwn bow K tion may he hillei by a ti:' ;i.'' . bit of Mn<!rmoo*tnt;'v-r -a r.r < .. j#,< ir- neglect. " My Pipe ami 11 1 < . : ( bright story of n ?? < !> ' , ;-.n t, a professional la?iy-k:'ier -?-< . efu. tv lesson from p. marrie ! c< , :t- Uio >r- poem* ? " timl one !>v M \ jn, np the well-known net, ... ?y, IV is soon to appear a . . . tr r of in public lecturer. An .r. *ry criticism, another ::p t; . . tts; ni. | Roma actor, Ctoml* aster's nan o? In.lian warfare, an. 1 < ar. Be. ,uv. f'.ana Pi.ntnlpfp thf? hn?K* r. o [1C The deimrtments of I ..era: > . iau th Humor, wl.'.eh Iblloir, are un n m i- . ad, 1,1 . IlAKi'KllS MauaZINK bo . .-!:h ,n* a timely paper b. \V. If. i;. . lad "Jack Aihocv/' ixpoilfig the pectiilat sp' * tatiniis and demora'i :. ! :. , :_-3 l0? sailors arc subject in our i.. fin I article i< dmctoriitlaill; . ustr ted. Ac Illustrated arti.-i .rda and Kiubletus," ( > il !C. \V :* . novel and interesting. i at .j aprrtyo* ot the Fourth. V rai lion rentiers ? , a n ' the I "Signers o: the l> ar:r oa. "v I tains twenty-tbn o j-< in' , handwriting, llv etc 'im ' otB its - . .. characteristic It ttcs, so lea on lr form the be is of a very enter! ti: cla r by Mr. I.ossin^. This -.r -jneluded in the August : tn.'n A series of illustrated i r, ro of tieneral Sherman s r -n: t cs, j , ami the Hast, written b\ the (, ct iiJdo-enmp, < olonel ( . Am' nn id, - juu -j, in this number. That part the t'rsi c> which relates to sicily s \ o nientrd hv Mr. Junius Hen:. ih autifully illustrated paper n " .Ls j j Sictllians." Kmilio t'astelai, the >pan.-! :b ; an ( leader, continues in this n:;m' - jelive and eloquent exposit m . i' - ' bll1(, can movement in Kurnpe. If - s a ( series of papers on the [ iaee i ; :ed i ,h? I | Herman races In modern re. -1 i a l(l i laruc portion of this ; -i ;. I. . to ,j ' the philosophical -v.ti Kan nd I Fichte. oI | 1 lie progress <>i Ituss .hi , < ?Qj tral Aula, the peculiar f< rture of the ; o Icy i parried nut in thishr'Ili nit . rreer ' r.-; st, and the commercial n-pi ! 1: < A .. es" , I tion, constitute tiic sufoce;-:.,alter "i ' rtl* | Kant and nblv considered contribution by 11' Thomas W. Knox. ph. tied" He i i' lev | in Asia." I The "(lid >ta*?'r" continue. t StI irig recollections, deaiin; tli: m'dhi aiy 11 I with example* of evtemporn:: sic ,0 j ell'orta in ('nngrc -< '' I). It. < 'aslleton roninouu . . it* i esting character--bet' h, entitled "W ta n? Failure " and Mi o Fin' M. u? iul a .erv humorous storv,"Tie ii . ' .Mai I MrMumiy'a CMmnlon." ? hsrlts Rt da, ,ut in thi-i iiumher, bring to Id. .i ni . ti ero I ot his ?torv, " A Simpleton," end :m 1 j liini to African d.anion.-, v.l is<^'i | troduccs J.ord TtnJcastcr n- r cf lt" | IEo-a, tnu* holding with ri t bewildered vision tin- pr-isj.o : >ch | Arden denouement ol il. i >.t "Cjig ami pathetic char&eU . ! Thp poetry of thn numb.. by 'a* Bayard Taylor, Kate i'ltnni . < i 'r?. fj M. It. Briac, Trac_. Robinson Miss ' ? if' i stance I . Woo.son, ml M..> it i ?a| iusou. Miss Brine's pofin. i? vn ' ba >r | Brook," is n< con.parded bv ve- : fui irf; illustration. n The editor, il dcpiirtm nt < a? aa usual, including a contr!! .tion : i. Or. ' * Samuel Osgood lor the "lis. ( h -, 1 an. la' exhaustive ot v ,erit hi ; :< *', * " very eoapltts "Historical Record," tnd ?n 1 i entertaining * lldilor's Druvvir " lie tid, Tut: in Mos.i.i.v M, >W ' contains A Roman II ... I.i. II. an >, r.; :r, Bonaventura, u poem I. i 11". -y, | tiunnar, u Xon-p II -II rth )w Buyesen ; The President 11 1 . '1 1'kj i ?James I'arton ; The S n .in'/ H a ; ?n. ? >. B. I.athrop ; An < Jul t -h . i ? Mrs. I ynn l.inton ; In.p: - I. I, I ; ? t'ella Tha.tei ; i.du a! i bt ' Dale Owen; The Fibnd'. Bui , ? r),| John (' . Wiiittier; If" - J. !.n W. Deforest; The. Amateur - , . .? en I'alpli Keeler; Kirly < <na M n<i >r, Martyr* Trautis l' . .1. s i ,r. (?lovr -Albert Vtlwltr, Jr. , Utei re, ur Art, Mu-.r, l'oliti<~*. ild Ttlt of iutcus 'led it .1, send time* called bigotry, is not nfLon j tt- j?,n tratcd than by the following, wh. h w* jd ? from a so-tall- d f'kri%tniri journal. >Vo *'e charge nothing for the advert.?met. t , cn nd a lack of tlifc Christian gra -s : fr " Mr. .J. Stuart Mill, who hrj ist i{',r. W ed his n' rount, would have 1n a remarka de in writer of Knjjllah if his innate --:!>ou v . :?n_ ne?s and abounding si-lf?-? n(M< n :e had t ot made hiiu u uotor. . literary priz. Ill* 1 philosophy,' eo-ealled, * is thoroughly c unchristian ; Lis sentiments dar.nglv in > jv1,1 ous and outrageously ...1. A- . ru' of n- Parliament he was a s'.v.-. ir<-, ;. it an insolence to, and routempt -, t: - at ? contervatis party, was we. k-.o..: lie death is no lots to any t :. a **"* rani, hut anus'le .nil le , an 1 a r: ? f?, ous je-r?ori. The sooner tli - ' < of h?- thought' who a^rre with 1 in > to tl e law* plate, the better w.!! ;t ta-! .: ' . Ur and Mate. We can we i . >.o ' ! crew of them, an 1 shall hi- : ' .; i ure, whether one by one a 1 ~ Ir. ' calm satisfaction. ? Clan -i II Ed " an i.1 u Pereuual, ,l* ; K. V* . Tompkins, fis j .... * Hank, has retumt 1 fr?>i.-: . h* Philadelphia u . t > .11411.' I . It . ;c .. .3 ill Alexandria to an appreciative v. . ' le< ture i* spoken ol In hi4l ten re Jamea W. I'urnell,' f; i . > - t0 city aollcitlng subscript ons t> th : ^ ^ the Banneker Hotel Company, - u; cL , Our friend William Li \ VI :.-. 1* ed pronounced a Prime of H-rtts /. * >u , loo a bit? who have v.? lie 1 hote <* y. Knou .Springs, Va lc, Johu II. ( ook, ' ,4 va of this Journal, 1* about -* ce elite* in the We?t, and will t .1. ' ' * lit the same time to faring the \ y ,\ \ ?. A >a Kka ano (itut.s to the *ttv . " 0- frleuds <>f progress in that s. II- * la luafew da>? for i'lttsbury, I ' '** s- land and other cities. FriernN *" a meat n those localities make . 'i '.

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