Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1842, Page 2

January 8, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW VORK HERALD. w York. s.11 nr<th y, .Tninmry 8, JS-|t|. Tlio Sunday Ilirulit Will be published lo-moirow morning ad u.-ual. li will contaiu, exclusively, a report of the exciting scenes which are daily taking place in Congress. The other Sunday papers have no means to get up such intelligence. It will also contain a full report of the moral, curious andexcitiug scenes which *re expected to take place to-day ut the Surgical cluuqut oflhe University Medical School, held in Stuyvesant Institute. Here the intolerant attd tyranical Faculty of that School will probably attempt to exclude the representative of a free, intelligent and independent press, from the public assemblage of a public institution, chartered by the legislature, for the public good. All the medical men of the city will be present to see the issue of this outrage on the liberty of the pre.-*. A full account will he given in the Sunday Herald to-morrow, together with nil the various news of the day and night, including the foreign n?-ws expected by the packet ship England. Price two cents per copy. Neat Hewn from Europe. Tiie swift sailing packet England, Capt. B. L. Waite, is now daily expected from Liverpool, with four days later intelligence from Europe and one mouth later D'-ws front China. Captain Waite generally takes the .-hort route over the Atlantic, and we therefore look (or him every moment. Our news collector will have an eye directed to Sandy Hook. The Pipei-vvkhs Bhouoht I'r?Licextioitmiess or tiu: Phe.?* ?It will be recollected in Wall street and through, u' le Siate Prisons of the country, that, during the pipelaying entente which took place here, previous to the elections of 1840, the " Courier St Enquirer," one of the organs of the Pipelayers, charged Col. J. 1). Stevenson, who made the first exposure of the frauds, with being "branded on the fact rr? a perjurer,'" and that he had procured money from an Insurance Company to corrupt the members of ConUreas in relation to the pilot bill. .Since that remarkable instance of the beastly licentiousness of the Wall street press, nothing h is been said by that journal till yesterday, when we find the following equally remarkable disclaimer of the atrocious charges [From the Courier St Enquirer. Jan. The charges injurious to the character of Jonathan 1>. Stevenson, in relation to the evidence given by him on the examination into the alleged election frau Is of 1838 and, and as to conduct in regard to the pilot law, made in the Courier aud Enquirer of -27th October 1810, were made without any personal knowledge on our part ol their truth or falsity?hut at the time of making them, from information, we believed them to be true. As now advised, wo believe that these charges arc without just foundation, and should, therefore n< verhavo been made, and we esteem it projK-r that they should be considered as withdrawn. From this statement it now appears, that the conductors of the " Courier," James Watson Webb i \r Co., have taken back every libel they uttered i against Col Stevenson?eat up at one mouthful their i gross calumniations?and, of course, give in their adhesion to the truth of Col S's statements, and the affidavit he then made. This singular conviction, and revival, " as now advised," has no doubt been produced by the additional evidence furnished bv i James L. Glentworth, and thus, in a remaikable way, has been established the truth of the terrible < frauds committed on the ballot box in IS 10. i It seems that Cob Webb was brought to his bear- t ings by a legal process. A few days since he made i the inquiry through his counsel, "does Mr. Ste- t venson want money or public reparation!" To i this inquiry Col Stevenson, with a manly and frank t generosity of character, replied, " Tell Webb, if 1 i were to receive from the hands of a jury $10,000 in I damages, I would give the money to a public insti- I tution?because my sense of propriety would never i permit me to take a dollar of money that ever came < through the hands of a man who hears such a repu i tation as Webb. 1 want pnblic reparation to my \ character?nothing more." On this being reported 1 to the proper quarter, the paragraph copied from t " Courier" was prepared, and a bill of costs amount- t ing to t$lb0 made out. 1 Ou the bill being presented to Col. Webb, he asked i " will you take my note for the amount!" "Not t exactly" was the reply?" it must be a check or t money." The check was given?the paragraph i published?and all parties are satisfied?Col. Ste- t venson, with the reparation to his character for truth | and honor?and Col. Webb that all Col. S's state- t meats were true to the letter < And thus ends one of those ,-hockiug cases of Ii- i centiousnees of the press, which political intrigue engender in public nlFnirs The other case on the ? carpet is that of Charles King of the American, who ? rendered himselt equally amenable to the laws, bat g who is ob-tinate enough to let it come before a jury. ^ The result we shall soon know. The damages are laid ut Public opinion and public tnorais are coming right by the natural progress of events. ( Rejoice and be glad, sous and daughters of men! ( c New P\nk Note List.?Tuompson's new Lank Note I-ist, comes out, we bohu\ ?, 'o-day. We notice that the shin newspaper, hi*, h i- conducted by the proprietor and agent of the Jacksonville Shinplaster Lank, (rates of-having ;h poor lj percent), ( attempts to discredit this new ' and characterises it as being published by " I .ra." There is a reason fur this attack. A few |days c ago, Captain Morgan, the President of the Jack- 1 sonville Bank, called upon Mr. Thompson, and '' asked lum?" W? w? w? won't you put in the v Jack?Jack?Jack?Jacksonville Bank into your ' list?' " Xo," replied Mr. T. " I shall quote no i! banks that have been broken, and then set revived; I'll have nothing to do with any shinpldiiter concerns. 1 mean to publi^-h a correct and honest bank note list." On receiving this reply, the Jacksonville financier returned to Little Biddle, and reported progress?hence the attack 111 the Sun. Mr App! gate, the printer in Ann street, had a similar sc -ne with Mr. Thompson, nad told him knowingly?" Mr. Thompson, it will be for your interest to treat the Jacksonville bank right." " 1 certainly shall treat it right," replied T . " and put it down among the broken banks revived for a season " Mr. Applega'.e looked blank. These revivals of broken banks are too much like the revivals of s me sinners? it begets back sliders of the very worst kind. Take rare of them i Hahsdkx A* Co will plea-c accept our thanks for Albany and Boston papers, in advance of the mail. Ilarndcn's Express is invaluable. Hotel is Richsiosd, Viroixia.?We call the a'tention of our readers to Fred. Boyden'is card, in our advertising columns of to-day. It will be seen he has put at rest the slanders of all those, interested in telling all the tales they could invent about extravagant charges. His terms arc as moderate as the other hotels have heretofore b. en in Richmond, and rotn what we heat, the people ore beginning to find ; out that good living, clean beds, and good attendance, are a little better than they have been accustomed to, for the last half century, in Richmond ; hence something must be resorted to by the baconand-greens and apple-toddy landlords, to break dow n all interlopers and friends of improvement. Mr. Ke\ ?f.r ?We would refer our readers to the advertisement of this artist, in another column of our paper to day Mr. Keyser is favorably known among the musical world, as a pupil of the great composer r^pohr, and those who have heard his brilliant notes on the violin, will acknowledge he do?s credit to hie ma?lro. We would recommend all thes? desirous of engaging a good teacher on the vio'in or piano fort-, to embrace this opportunity of obt miiug one I n terms arc moderate. Love's Libor Lost.?The p etical attacks of t o '* Evening Post" on I'M war the roller; t ? He is charged with the crim of being the t - 1 of Gleatwoilh, in his distress Tb,* is ' burglary" at least?particularly as the amiab'c eh r got all the fees, instead of the counsel. La Tile LrgUlature-Plrat uTCinrnti. The Legislature of New York begins the work cl reform in the bert and boldest spirit. They hive much to do in order to replace the " Umpire State' in its former elevated position, before the pipelayen laid its character low in the riu?t, and reduced it public credit 20 per cent below par. The followit ^ is a brief rtiume of their first move neni:? Ljeumlatuae or Nrw Yomt?Wedhesiixy?Th" Returns from the Hank of America, of unclaimed dividends, was laid on the table. Mr. Hunter a. vnoticeof his intention hereafter to introrluce a lull, changing the manner of appointing the Hank Commissioners. Mr. Foster then introduced a bill to repeal the law of last year, vesting in the I'ank Commissioners the appointment of Receivers to bankrupt institutions, and restore it to the Chancellor. This bill was immediately committed, debated, amended, reported to the Senate, and passed, 17 to 11, when the Srnate adjourned. In the Assembly, the Annual Report of the Superintendent of Common Schools, was luid on the table. Notices of bills were given for repealing the New York Registry Law, the law reorganizing the Court of Sessions, and the law of 4th May, 1S40, for the better regulation of State Prisons. A bill was reported by Mr- Toivnsend, and committed, relative to the interest of money. A resolution relative to the public printing, was introduced and referred; the object being, as we infer from Mr. Swackhamer's remarks, to get rid of the Slate printer. This is the right way?the bold way?the proper way. Let there be no faltering in the great work? and the great body of the honest people, who elected the present legislature, will hold them to their pledges and principles. The people at large care nothing who has the " spoils," provided they are given to honest men. Thurlow Weed with his $69,000 a yearm-u.-t march?Noah and Lynch must march ?the Hank Commissioners must march?und Governor Seward himself must inarch?all in due order and with respect and decorum. It is said, however, that, to all these reforms the Governor will interpose the veto. Very well?do so if lie chooses. If he gives one veto to a law, he will have t? gi;-e twenty?for we are persuaded that, should he take that ground, the Legislature will sit till next November?present him with the same principles, under every species of modification, and try the question whether a pipe-laying governor can control the popular voice of New York, or the voice of the people is to prevail! "Little Veto" will have his hands full. Glorious times in Albauy ! X. B. We request our correspondents at Albany to write by llarnden's Expicss,and we shall pay them liberally for their labor. Ttie University Mcdlcul School?Its Surgical Cllnl?|iic?Recent Comluct of Mm Faculty, The Surgical L'linique of the University Medica] School opens this day, for the first time since the commencement of the year. We shall, as usual, send our Reporter to obtain an account of the proceedings, although it appears that the Faculty have resolved to exclude him because he happens to be the Editor of the ImiiuI. l?ut we will test their right to close the doors of a public Institution against the public press, not before the members of a class, but before the assembled intelligence and good sense of the Medical profession of this city. The recent conduct ol this Faculty is marked with n degree of injustice, and ingratitude, which s exceedingly unbecoming. We have expended tpwardsof ttjt.oOO in actual outlay, for the procuring md publishing of reports of opening lectures, pro:eedings at the Clinique, \'c , of this establishment, whilst all the sums paid by the Faculty for advertisements in our paper have not amounted to more than :?'30. We made this expenditure cheerfully, and without solicitation, because we regarded the organization of this School, as a gratifying move ment towards a loudly demanded revolution in the system of Medical education in this country. And jur exertions in favor of the School have been repeatedly represented by the Faculty themselves, as laving been most advantageous to the interests of he institution Of three hundred students, collected "rom all parts of the Union, the Canadas, and West Indies, at least the one half were attracted to the :iew College by our gratuitous and favorable noice?. The Professors have again and again declared hat th? Xnr York Herald had been greatly instrumental in raising their school to its present elevaion; numbers ot the Students themselves, especially "roni the remoter parts of the Union, have informed he Editor of the lAincel that his reports of the Unique which appeared in the Herald, were the neausof br.nging them to New York. And now let us reverse thp picture, and study the onduct of this Faculty towards the press,whose eflii'-nt services in their behalt they had themselves o frankly acknowledged. We find them coolly ticking aside the ladder by which they have ascendd to prosperity?we find them turning round, and n direct violation of the terms of their charter, ex'luding from tlie-ir Institution a gentleman fully enitled by their own laws to attendance on all the ourscs ot lecturer delivered in their halls! And all his, because in the discharge of his duties, as the onductor of a medical journal, he undertook to re. dew their labors as public teachers. The Editor of the f.'MCtl was as properly entitled o attendance on Dr. Mott's lectures, and those ol he other professors, as those gentlemen are to ocupy their respective chairs. And yet, because the Iditorof the lAtnrrt, in accordance, too, with the ermission of a Professor, though it was afterwards withdrawn, thought proper t# exercise his undoubtd right in bringing that Professor properly before ,e public,the Faculty presume to violate their char r, trample on their own order, ant)attempt to conrol a tree end independent press. This institution is about to apply to the Legislaure for a grant of $20,000, but assuredly such con!uc*. as that on which it has been our duty to eontnent, is anything but calculated to advance their respectability and worth in the estimation of the mblic and the government of the Jrtate. Such arntrary and unjust proceedings iudicate a spirit too nuch akin to that of the dark ages ot monkish inolerance. This is not the way in w'hich a public n-titution should seek to win favor in the eyes of ill men, ndvance the great interests of a uoble cience, and carry out the important purposes and lesigns, for the attainment of which it ha oern irganized. The reign of monopolies in scieuce and ducation, as Bellas in other things, is over. No mdy of men can be permitted now to make inrrhandise of public education lor their own excluive benefitWe trust that this establishment will speedily rejam the ground it has lost, by the return ol the Faulty to that independent, just, and liberal course which can alone sustain any popular institution We have ever been friendly to the school?we are -till its inends?but we will never lend our influence to any Institution which assumes an attitude hostile to the general good, but, i n the contrary, will unhesitatingly place it in itstiue position before the public. ?vlr Mavxivg, a pupil of th? celebrated Pacini, adveriises to give instruction in singing and on the pianoforte A !? ng residence njNaples, and a scholar of the best masters, together with his own superior musical knowledge, entitles Mr. Manning to the notice of the musical world. His terms are adapted to the times, and his references are of the first order We invite attention to his advertis-ment. J"Mall Pox?Swveral ol the medical students have recently been sick, and one has died of small pox or seerlet fever. A nnmbcr of them are (juite ill uun these terrible diseases, which are on the increase in thts city There are many of our citizen? afflicted at present with the scarlet fever We advise all to k< sp their feet dry and their h ad cool, and avoid all unnecessary exposure. Sis Charles Paoot?This gentl< man, act ompa nied by a large suite, including six servants, arriv- < at Albany on Wednesday night, in rntdt for Kington, Upper Canada. Raised ?The blockade of Carthagena - 1 1 iJ- gg^ Cmgrru. The Senate was occupied during the greater p"rtinn of its session on Thursday by the continued debate on the Board < f Exchequer, on which subject Mr. Woodbury spoke fur two hours. In the House ri Representative an attempt was made by Mr Sal'.oa-tail, the of the Committee on Manufactures, to ol tun authority to take testimony respecting the ration of lite Tariff Laws, which originated a brief debate on that absorbing subject, without leading to any practical result. The New Treasury Mote Bill was taken up in committee of the whole House, and an explanation of its- necessity revealed thehmkrupt condition of the National Treasury. Mr. Wise took occasion to move an amendment to provide that the proceeds of the sales of the public lands should be applied to the discharge of ail the liabilities of the government, and that no Treasury Motes should be issued so long as there were funds arising from the sales of the public lands. This amendment was undisposed of when the House adjourned. Arhest ok the U. S. Bank Financiers?Ups and Downs ok Like.?On Thursday morning last, Nicholas Biddle, Samuel Jaudon, Joseph Cowperthwaite, John Andrews, and Thomas Dunlop, were arrested on a charge of conspiracy to defraud the stockholders of the U.S. Bunk, and carried before the RepnrHur itf PhilaH^lnhin fnr PYAmionfinn On HTIiiim day next this extraordinary examination will take place, aud they were liberated on a bail of .510,000 each. This isthe "commencementof the end" in the corrupt banking system. Here ia the finale of the once greatest bauk, and greatest financiers of the United States, whose word was law in Wall street, and all the monetary world. How inscrutable are the ways of the Almighty ! Here is the legitimate end of a banking system, conducted and founded on wrong and erroneous principles. A general bitternesejof spirit exists in Philadelphia, that will close in some fatal catastrophe?some universal disorganization of society?some bloody revolution of classes 1 against classes. Better, much better that no bank I had ever existed, than to see such men arrested as 1 criminals?brought to the bar like felons?and their memories covered with disgrace, Getter, mu;h better that no bank, neither State nor .National, not a solitary bank, had ever been chartered, than to witness the shock which society is about to receive.? Shocking! shocking! shocking! The bankingsystein has been the ri ot of ali evil. Credit has operated like the great Tempter 4when he first entered I.Jen. Cred.t rnn mad has been the apple that Brought le.itti into the '.voriil and all our woe, With loss of iiden. A broad, deep, universal spirit of bitterness is over all the society of Philadelphia, that wiil lead to terrible animosities, and terrible times. The banking system has produced this'awful state of things. And yet this evil is only in the " beginning of the end." Look at the sovereign States covered with debt, with little to pay it with, and all Europe looking aghast at their insolvency and despair. These are also the fruits oi a corrupt banking system?of suspension of specie payments?of a credit system ?running to riot. A corrupt newspaper j press, which supported and advocated a corrupt and rotten banking system, and which imwtabiy concealed the truth from the public, has led the neople astray? flattered such amiable and accomplished men as Xicliolus Diddle, till they are brought to the verge of disgrace and dispair. And in the face of the se awful disclosures, we see a Judge on the Criminal 1 Bench of New York, denouncing that Independent 1 portion of the press, which warned the public of such calamity?which expostulated with the great | and small financiers oi the day?which honestly ' tried to prevent the Great and the Little Biddies from ' pursuing a career that invariably ends in ciscredit, disgrace, revulsion, revolution and ruin. ( \Ve are only going through the career which the unhappy repubba-it France did in the first stage vf j tier existence. Credit?unlimited credit?credit run to riot, ruined their moral?, their religion, their government, their country?their all. " Woe, -roe, wee to Jerusalem! Woe, w*e, woe to us." Fanny Elssleh's Reply to Mm- Simpson.?The war lias broken out in a very pleasant quarter. The great danseu*e and the manager are at sword's points. The last shot was tired by Mr. Simpson, to which Mademoiselle Fanny returns ihe following broadside in her own handwriting A CAW. Mile. Elssler begs to apologise to the public for troubling them with a discussion in which they can feel hut little interest; but as their good opinion it in all matters a great object to her, she will o.ier thp following remarks in reply to Mr. Simpson's card -relying with confidence on their impartial judgment. In npp nring on Monday last, MIIp. Elssler had a twofold obj-ct in view?to remunerate the theatre from any loss arising from her illness, and to enable the management to pay up the salaries of the artists that are withheld in con sequence of the thcatie closing for two nights. It was therefore the more unpleasant to her to sea it advertised, agsinst her desire that she nppeared under "solicitations,*' when such was not the case- leaving it to be inferred that she was paid, when she was not. Again. Mr. Simpson has no right to complain o( " loss,*' since Mile. Elssler undertook the < ngageinent against her inclinations, and only at his earnest and repeated request. Siip alsi^feels herself justified in doubting the fairness of Mr. 8.'s statement, believiug lie includes in his sum total of loss tufiof kt did nut make on tie off when perhaps no really attractive entertainment was offered to the public. Such a method of estimating lost nay serve Mr. Simpson's purpose of complaint, hut does not in any way compromise Mile. Elssler. There is 110 desire on the part of Mile. Elssler to prolong a controversy into which slin has been driven by | tr) ing to serve Mr. Simpson, and therefore l egs to close I it by making the following proposition Tnat if Mr. Simpson will pay the aforesaid s ilaries to the artists and | mechanics attached to the theatre, "who are little able I to bear the loss at this rigorous season of the yaw," I Mile. Elssler hereby hinds horsslf to make g. 1 I vitt j cent ol loss sustained by her. Aeior Mount', jan. i ui, is*-.. We now wait for Mr. Simpson's reply to t.i? ia.-t . proposition. What say I Alter we receive that, , we shall then deliver our charge to the ury?and ( receive a verdict as soon as possible. The business must be despatched, because Fanny has taken the j whole cabin of the fine bark Louisa, now at Phila- | delpbia, ready to sail for Havana on the 12th in at. The ImiIUI corpi sail from this city under Martin? ( f*y!vain remains here to dp.nce on his own hook. Arrivals at New York, in 1S-I1?We have re < ceivi d from Mr. James Thome, boarutng officer, ( the following very important statement 01 the commerce of this port for the last year. It exhibits the | number of arrivals from foreign porta only, none from ports in the l uited States- If the latter were i incl uded the list would be increased more than two- i fold. Annexed is the statement:? Koreion Arhiv w.a IS 1341. Aircrican? Ship*. 433 Hamburg? Shirs, 5 " lUrkt, 133 " Bark*, 7 Brip*. Set " Brifr*. 3 Sthrt, 343 Dat ia . Shis*, t Britiih Sh i?. IS ' Bark*, 1 ' St*?, 7 " B-ip*. * " Uatk*. j? " Schr*, 1 Brig*. 111 Ami nan?Ship*. 1 * Schr?, 91 " Barkf, \ Kr?nch Ship*. 3 " Brig*, I " Bark*, 7 Norwrg'n- Bark*, 4 ** Brip*, 19 11 Brig*, 3 Brtinrj??Shi**, 10 C o'.omb n ? Brig*. 7 Hark*, 3t " Srhr*, a " Brip*, 11 N*apolit'n-R*ik*. I " Schr*. 1 ' Brip*. 3 Spauiah Schr*, : Piu**ian?-Ship*, t Swrdiih?- ship*, 3 " Ba-lu. I H.rkr, It " Bript, 3 ' Brigs, .3 prrtup'*??Schr*, 3 " Schr*, 1 (9?noe?e? Brip*, 1 Sicilian Shin*. t Biar lian?Brigt, " Bark*. 1 Vrnti'ln?Brip*. 3 ' Brig*. 7 " Schr*, J Schr*. 1 Hay lian?Brip., i Dutch Bark*, 3 Sardinian?Bark*. I Brie*. 3 " Brip*. 3 " 44afii?U, 9 Italian Brip*. I " Seine, 3 (?re?k Brig*. I Total, <1.118 It Laem that three-fourths of our commerce with foreign nations is carried on n American bottoms. We cive in addition the number ol passenger* arrived in the same time, in comparison with the number in Hk):? r*??rs !? R? \nr.t t \i ni: Tear i t N*w York. is.o-p'nrripn? Cabin, * 4 *34 Do do Slrr ap*. 33 779 *1.103 total. 1841?-Fi.rt iju?I. abiu, -.041 Do do BUrri-pf, jjaj??8" 831 total. 3,1*8 ra*?. npris from Umneilic Port*, by **u ? 1*40 7 490 I 1811 ?;?c 1 430 lncnai*. ItRoti Krirarr.?The " American" calls the new fi cal plan, a " sword-aad-pume power." Th s is ay the ancient Greeks formed their ;id,?ctiv*s. A P OSTSCRIP T. WnthlnKton. |< orrrrpooileDce of the Herald.] Wahiii.iotoi?, Jan. 6, 1812. Prospect Improving?Mr. Clap?Condition of Partus?Stories of the Courier's Correspondent. Affairs are beginning to assume a brighter and more cheerful aspect, both in Congress and out Members may be deaf to the voice of principle, of duty, of patriotism?hut they cannot close their ears against the demonstrations of the wishes and expec tations of the people. The torrent of public opinion which is flowing in from rhe northern, eastern, and middle States, ia favor of the general features of the administrative liscal plan, is beginning to produce its effect oil Congress, and the chances of its ultimate establishment, with some modifications, aie hourly increasing. Tiie whigs have thrown of! the domination of Mr. Clay. The spell of his power is broken. He stands now, like a Malay, with a creese in hand, ready to run a muck against friend or foe, but a rush ensures his destruction, lie may strike down a few friends who have perilled their political existence to subserve his ambitious schemes, but he can do no general or permanent mischief, except to himself. Most of the men who, at the extra session, yielded a willing, blind submission to his mandates?who permitted hirn to regulate und control every thing, and who obeyed his iujunctions without seek ing the motive or looking to the consequences, have rebelled against his authority, have shaken oil' their allegiance, and are about prepared to do their duty to their constituents and the country. In the Senate his effective force will not amount to more than eight or nine, lathe house, the number has not been ascertained with precision, but it is supposed that forty-five will be the maximum. From preeent indication?, these men will resist every measure of the administration without reference to its merits?appropriations, and every thing else. What portion of the democrats will cornbine with the Clay nteu, tor factious, indiscriminate opposition,remains to be'seen?enough, no doubt, to impede the eusy action of Congress, but insufficient, it is hoped, to defeat any important or salutary measures. The bankrupt bill is in no danger whatever ? Tiiere is an unquestionable majority against it in the House, but the Senate will not consent to its repeal.

Besides, the President has a voice too in the matter, and it is hardly to be supposed, that he would assent to the repeal of a measure, before it has been tried, which he had made the subject of a special message to Congress. In respect to the Land Bill, there is more uoubt. The condition of the treasury is a strong argument in favor ofits repeal, and it is possible that this will be made a condition precedent to granting supplies. Has the editor of the Courier and Enquirer been inoculated for stupidity?after having the disease, 1 which, by the by, is an epidemie among the Wall j street editors, in the natural way?or is he going I orB7V that Iia nArmifa Wia Waohinrttnn nAP?odr\/in<L ' ent to impose upon him such known, palpable falsehoods 1 Why, they are making his paper more ridiculous, than Webb's former exploits iu running away from Duff Greenland getting flogged by proxy. There never was such an absurd issue of blundering misrepresentation, of idle conjecture, of speculation, without probability, purpose or object. But it is one or two of the misstatements only that are entitled to notice. < The story of a cabnl to procure the removal of the Vfr. Wi :?ster, by getting up an issue of veracity be:>vern the President and Mr. 'Ewing, respecting the :ircumstances connected with the explosion of the ate Cabinet, and calling upon the Secretary oi State to speak the facts, is a fabrication throughout, so far as the President's friends are concerned?a mere shallow device of a would be mischief maker, who is powerless for good or evil. No such purpose or design has been communicated to the President, or entertained by any of his friends. There is no wish or expectation among the recognized friends of the administration to sever the official connexion between the President and Mr. Webster. The understanding between them is cordial and thorough, and their personal relations are of the most friendly and confidential nature. So much for this misstatement. The rigmarole about a declaration of the President of the constitutionality of a baak, a letter of rs IT i> r. i .u~ ?r LTt-ij. > uii ncusarmcr, miiu iiic tunnrcuon ui ivir. Silas Burrows with the matter, is more absurd still, f that be possible. The facts, out of which the Courier's correspondent has concocted such a cir um^tantial story, are as follows:?Gen. Solomon If an Rensselaer, of Albany, while in this city in Ypnl last, had a conversation with President Tyler m the subject of a National Rank. The General, a liUpidated old man, never remarkable for quick ipprehension or perspicuity of mind, misunderstood >r forgot the tenor of the conversation, and in aleter to a friend, elated his errsneous recollection of f. Mr Burrows, who has been importuning the 'resident for office ever since his accession to lower, obtained a copy of this letter, aud posted o this city in the hope of using it to extort a com ' ance with his wishes. He exhibited the copy j the President with great nfV-c.'ation of myeery and secrecy. Burrows did not intimate his lelief of the accuracy of the statement, and the Presidtnt supposed the object to be merely to show tow easily an old man might be mistaken, and how posed the President was to misrepresentation, ven by those who had no design to do him injusice or falsify the facts. On no occasion has Mrryler expressed the opinion ascribed to him by Genv'an Renssalaer. The story is too absurd to gain ?ne moment's credence. On the question of the constitutionality of a National P.ank, the President ias been consistent, uniform and decided, ever since lis first entrance into public life, lie has never had \ doubt on the subject, nor has he ever hesitated to avow his settled csnviction that no power is vested in Congress by the Constitution ts create a corporation of the nature of the old monster, which is now dead and ready to be buried, at Philadelphia. The agency of Mr Burrows in the publicity of a perversion of the circumstances above related, would be most disgraceful to any other man, and we doubt whether the public will think it particularly creditable even to him. It had beeu understood that his chance for public employment was pretty good. We shall see whether this little affair will promote his wishes. TWEKTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS, Second Session. Senate. Thuripiv, Jan. 6. The IUi?knrpt I,tw. Mr. Heudersou presented a prtitinn fr?>m business men of the city of Nc.v York, against the postponement or repeal of the Bankrupt Taw. Mr. Poster presented a remonstrance from New York of a similar character. Mr. Clat presented one from New York of a like character and in like terms. Mr. Kino ?Is it a printed memorial 1 Mr or ay.?A printed memorial. Mr. Kino ?So I perceive. Mr. (teamen presented a like petition from the city of New Vorlt. The cimstrlasn koat>. Mr. White presented resolutions af the General Assembly of the State of Indiana, asking a further appropriation for the National road through that State The Peesideivtial Office, Mr. PiiaLrs presented a resolution from the Legislature of Vermont in favor of the oae term principle in the Piesidential Office, and instructing the Senator.-of that State to support a maasure to prtvent the re-eligibility of the President. He also presented resolutions from the itme body, with the earn# instruct ona in relation to the mode of electidt the President and Vice President,and in favor of taking the election on the name day throughout the United States. The Tarii r Mr. Phelps also presented resolutions from the Legislature of the State of Verraeat, in favor of ? protective tariff Varione petitions of no peh.ic importance were presented end tcrertl hills in re- w lation to private claims were taken up in their or P1 der- c< Law of CorvaiOHT. w Mr. Clay in puraiunce of notice given yeatcrday aaked and obtained leave to introduce a bill to amend ?he Law of Copyright. It waa read twice and referred. >*< The Sixth Day'* Debate on tub New Fii- ? calitt. Mr. YVoodbukv resumed the debate on this sab- "{ ject, and he commenced by observing, that parlia- ni meatary eourte-y required that the report and bill ^ should be referred; but he nevertheless, thought ?<l that Wits a fit occassion, to discuss the leading prin- M ciples of the plan, as the discussion might be highly c* useful to the committee. He tben for two hours advocated a return to the Sab Treasury system, ae 'jj shadowed forth in 1837, aud opposed the President's plan as inadequate for the purposes content cu plated. He diernesed the conetitutional power ef i,c Congress to create a paper currency and to deal th in exchanges, aad avowed that he preferred Trea- foi sury notes as evidence of deb', to Treasury notes tr? for circulation. As a regulator of the currency, ?' the Beard of Exchequer would be powerless for , good, but it might be productive of evil; but if ? such a regulator were necessary, the States or n0 large commercial districts or cities, could accom- xf plish it better for thi nasel ves, than it could be done mi by the general government. Having givea this de N< bate at such length hitherto, we deem it unaeces- sti. sary to follow the honorable gentleman through all his reasoning At the conclusion of hie speech, Jo' Mr. Evans obtained possession of the floor, and J the Senate then adjourned until Monday next. ? Tr House of Representatives. ^ Thobsdvt, Jan. 6,1841. i Mr. Dean rose to present a petition, but ce^ Mr. Andrews objected to its reception. f0[ Mr. Dcsa said ne was sure the gentleman from Kentucky, nor no other gentleman, would object when they were informed that it was from an old soldier, who wes a( worn out in the service of hie country. bil Mr Andrews objected to the presentation ol petitions until they were regularly in order. Mr. Dean said he would then move to suspend the co rules, so that he might be enabled to present the petition, mi and the vote was announced?ayes 100, noes 62, which gt| was not two-thirds;so the rules were not suspended. rp( The SrEAKEn then called ujion the standing Commit. r taes for reports. j The report of the Select Committee on the Contingent WJ Fund of the Heuse, was made the order of the day for Tuesday next. ?5' Tise Tarivf. , ; Mr. Saltonstali., from the Committeo on Manufeo- ' tures, reported a resolution to authorise the Committee * j to send lor witnesses, and take testimony as to the operation of the taritf laws on the manufacturing interests of the country. " Mr. W. C. Johxsox suggested to the honorable gentle- . " man from Massachusetts the propriety of committing ' ? this subject to a (elect committee. He would cheerfully f . rote for such a preposition. ^ Mr. Saltoxjtall said the Home had referred this sub- ; jtict of the Tariff to the Committee on Manufactures, ami yei they were at competent to take this testimony as a select ass Committee. The information asked for was absolutely oil necessary for a proper understanding of the (object so as poi to enable them to legislate correctly. They could uot its touch the tarilf, without affecting great interests, and it wa would have to be remodelled in consequence of the ex- dis juration of the Compromise Act in June next, eren if the ths condition of the Treasury did nst cstnpel tham to it. del This necessity to remodel the tariff render J it proper to tha hare correct information that they might act ander- jssi standingly. The best mode of obtaining this inlormatiou we was to summon before them intelligent and practicsl ado men, well acquainted with the operation of the law* on tiei he various branches of the manufacturing interest. ft I heCommittee were not without precedent for the course tuc . y had adopted. By a retcrence to the Journal, it foe would bo perceived, that in 1917, a similar resolution wos mci offered by the Committee on Manufactures which was cou adopted, and in pursuance of the object, a vast amount of deb information was collected, which wa* laid before Con- met gross. The information was deemed indispensable in leci the opiniou of a majority of the Committee,and he trusted of t the resolution would be adopted by the House. mei Mr. W. C. Johnson said he had foreseen from the mo- giv ment that the gentleman from New York (Mr. Fillmore) sur moved the refercuce to the committee on manufactures, met the occurrence of the present state of alfairs. His pro- ditc phecy had been fulfilled. It was then argued in favor of fun he reference that the committee on manufacture* was the icquainted with this subject, while the committee of woi nays and means were igaeraut. And what wa* sceu nov low ? ^Why the very committee which it was alleged up I ^as so conversant with the subject, was asking for au- real hority to collect ioformatiou, which they said was in- the liepensible before they could act. They must act in the oft lark if the House did net permit them to s nine with bor- lenj owed light. He was willingthat this authority should Tin >e conferred on a select committee, but ha was unwil tod iug to refer to a committee identified with a single in. and ereat, this subject, which was iiitimately connected tat] with all the other great interests of ths country, which larg :oncerned the cotton, the rice, tha sugar, the tobacco espi indgrain growing interest* of the Southern and Middle of tl states, and the pork and beef interest of the West, prei These, which comprised four fifths of our whole popula- the ion, were to be lost sight of, for the manufacturing in- pu' erest, which was nartowed down to less than one roil, oil ion of persons. The gentleman from Massachusetts > tad shown them that a similar course to the one now jf[i iropoied was pursued in 1337, an/ w hat was the result 7 Um? 1'he tariff of Ibis, which those who built up ran away y rotn at the first blast from South Carolina, and the com- no iromise act followed. He was opposed to any course y hat was calculated to preduce similar results. wai Mr. Habersham, as oue of the Committee on Man ufac- y ures, expressed his opj-osition to this resolution, aud sur a us convinced that no good could come out of it. If pay nformation was wanted to enable them to act, informs- eve ion on the whole subject was necessary to enable tbam he' o act correctly. This would require witnesses from T Louisiana to inform them of the operations of the tariff vidi .a w? on the su<ar interest: from Georgia, on the cotton sho nterest; from South Carolina, on the rice interest; from the die Northern States on various branches of manufaa- sue lures, and from the West in relation to tbair great inter- of t ists. All this coulJ only be done at great expense, and V t would be ueur the close of the session before the w it- cou lesses could begot here, without allowing them uny issu Jme for their examination. elm Mr. Wise said he was absent when the vote was taken age in referring the subject of the Tariff, but when he M leard that it was referred to the Committee on Manufaa- trib ures. he w as content; it w as no victory over him. And said vhy 7 Because be knew the matter would stand openly he ' ind fairly before the country. If it had been referred to one he Comtnitb e ol Ways aud Means, the game of humbug M mght have been carried on, and a heavy an-1 oppressive gen ariff 11 w passed under the disguise of a hill for revr nue. cou The gentleman trom New York, (Mr. Fillmore) on liis did notion to reler the subject of the Tarilfto the Committee as t in Manufactures, declared that the revenue bill was (Ian lassed at the last session, and that the only step now thei lecessary was towards protection; and the House, fol- y owing out this suggestion, had, by a majority of nine, to t eferred the question to the committee on Mantilac- pr? uros-, and now there was a hold move made in favor intu if piolectioa per ?e. He preferred this, as he pre Lav erred to meet his enemy in the open field. It bad hut itrengthened him on this question with his constituents in b ? ihe fioin Massachusetts (Mr Haltnnstall-. ka. is had been well remarked by hit frivuj from Maryland M Mr. Johnson) bad referred to tire precedent of 1827, the ner rear immediately preceding the parage of the bill of T ibominutions These were the precedent* aaduhe prin- ros? :iple? upon which they were to he thrown back. PrereJen'sund principle* which hrd nearly involved the rouutry in civil war and bloodshed. How long would t take to acquire the information called for in this reto ntion ' At laaatone or two month* ; and yet the urgen'iei of the government were preiairg and immediate. T Phere wa? scarcely an article upon which duty would a 36 la.d,but would involve conflicting interest*. If the investigation u a? gone inta, it would ne >>ri ex parte one ; a '* hey had the manufacturers almost at their doors, while ban ;hc agricultural and planting interests were scattered , >ver thousands of miles A high tariff of protection was ' jpposed to the great interests of the south, and also to Har he interests ol a portion of the manufacturer* them ()0:, lelves ; for it was well kaown that tha manufacturing ' nte; en ha l a war in its own members?the small capi- ?ls :ali?t against the. larger capitalists,who are content with bei: he present fixed and moderate rate of duty. But tha five thousand dollar men were ten time* as numerous a* nor !hc fifty thousand dollar men, and they coulj control the pah rotes and givo the direction totliis matter. This horde i?f small manufacturers sprout like furgii on the ho; bed v,n of protection. H? would oppose with the most deter- is r mined efforts this attempt to throw them hack upon the rOT principlet and precedents of 1828. Mr. Tii.i.iecHiiT thought the resolution waanotlia ' hie to the imputations attempted to hothrown upon it by on I the gentlemen who had opposed its adoption. Insta.d .. of i tinning atilt agaiast the other great interrsta o( the "e country, its (fleet would he to enable the Committe* of pet Manufactures to avoid coming in conflict with thoae groat interests. He was proceeding to demonstrate this jiosition, w hen six Mr. Fillmors inquired of the Speaker if the morning for hour htd not expired. (Srvkrsl toicrs. I hope so.) Mr. Aim o hoped the gentleman would be permitted to close his remarks. wb Mr. Boyd called far the orders of tha day. ?e( Various bills from the Senate on the Speaker's table, ~ were reed twice, sad roferre 1 to appropriate committees. 8n< IvrssssL DxswRiems. on. The Senate bill to authorise the allowance of drawback on goods export?d in the original package* to Chi ar< huahaa fChewcwa) or Santa Fe in Mexico, waa read a to firat an I second time. Mr. Klovd moved that it be referred to the Committee on Commerce, with instructions to amend it so as to ex- no1 lend the same privilege to gooJs exjmrted to any part of the British provinces. Mr J C. Cuisr said this subject was already before tvi the committee. ? j0 Mr Floyd said he was aware that there was a motion to inquire into the expediency of such a measure, but such a resolutioa had not the weight of an instruction, ' and wss seldom heard of after it h.d been lent to the j, Committee. It was a matter af great importance to his 0r State (New York) as well at the States of New H imp- ., shire and Vermont, and as he was anxious that it should . receive the prompt action of the House, he thought the amendment he had offered the beat calaulated to reach that object. all Mr. J. C. Clabk said his colleague from the Oiuida CO district seemed to suppose there was n disposition in the re committee to give this subject th > go by, hut he could mi assure him it was not the case, and mat thn committee w| would, at aa early day,bring the subject before the House . for its action. J Mr. Caass hoped the bill would not be emberreesul . by attaching new subjects to it, the only effect of which J*' would be to endanger its passage. The question was then taken on the instructions, and w they were nogstived, and the bill was referred to the wl Committee cn Commerce. to A communication from the Post-Office Po| ailment jju withthe eitimstri for the service of that department for t) a ycar 1*42, was refei red to the Committee on the Po-t ^ office and Post roada. , A communication from the Stata Departmcr .git ing Kr ollstoftho clerks employed in that offtre; aad auc'h-r, th '} ?w??? ith a e?i>r of an abstract ol thd returns were alto ap opriately referred. Mr. Fillmobs then moved that the Hoik.- go into a immitteeofthe whole on the itata of the Union, which a* agreed to, and Mr. Horsins ?u called to the chair. The New Tarssrav Not si Bill. Mr. Fillmobk moved that the bill to authorize the ue of Treasury note* be taken up, which was agreed , ami the bill wa* read. Mr. Fillmobk said, he had but a few remarkito make explanation of the motive* for reporting it. From it* larscter, being a mere temporary expedient, it was not cesiary :e go into an extended discussion of it, or of e cauaec which produced the deficiency it waa intendi to aupply- thia might be reserved until a subsequent II was reported, authorial** a loaa to aupply the defiency: or when another bill which had been reeomended br the Secretary of the Treasury, to increase e tariffof dutiea, was brought in. Krom'the report of e Secretary 'of the Treasury, it would lie perceived at the deficit in the Treasury, for thu expenses ?f the rrent year was estimated at upwards of fourteen mll ns of dollars, and means were auggeated by whioh ia deficit might be supplied, being te extend the time r the balance of the twelve million loan, an issue of tasury notes, and an an increase of the tariff. When a subject first came beforethe Committee of Ways and i-sna, a majority were decidedly averse to the issue of M isaury notes, and came to a resolution to report a bill fl extend the time of the loan, and instead of treasury tea, to add an additional five millions to that loaa. tar that hill *k- * ?? ..|iv>.?u, IIII DTtrciirf V ide another appeal to the Committee for Treasury >tes, but having taken it into consideration, they were 11 unconvinced of the necessity for them. But he >ught it would best subserve his purpose* to send the Eument which had been placed on their tables this irmng to the Chair, that it might be read for the in nation of the House. rhe correspondence between the Secretary cf the easury and the Committee of Ways and Means was n read. gg VIr. Fillmore, in continuation, said it would be perived that the anticipated deficiency in the Treasury ' the first quarter or the year, was $3.743,4M, and the estion arose how that detieienoy was to be supplied.? t by the revenue, or by the loau that was authorised the last session ; for even if the time for its redeemaiity was extended it weuld take three or four mouths negotiate it in Europe before the proceeds were availla to the Treasury. The Committee had therefore me to the conclusion thst if the credit of the Go v train t was to be preserved it could only be done by an ise of Treasury notes. He had always been opposed to 'easury notes, ami would not now be in their favor there was not the clearest evidence of their Jispensable necessity. His opposition, however, is not from constitutional seruples, but as to their exdienc.y. Some of those with whom he acted, howev, had constitutional doubta, which were principally awn from the posthumous work of Mr. Madison on the oceedings in the convention. He thought they should far to the constitution itself for its meaning, and if that is doubtful, usage should settle it; and though Mr. expressed himself strongly in opposition to TresstWy tcs,y etjwhen he was rresidcnt,he again and again sanened the iasue of these very Treasury notss. As to the pediency of the measare, if there was any other mode which the plighted faith of tho nation could be pre-* ved, he would most cheerfully go for it. Vlr. Dsvti, of Kentucky, said he was one of those who sterday voted to lay the bill on the table, and briefly ligned his reasons for it. He did not deny the power the Government to issue Treasury notes, lor the purle of borrowing money, but they had no power to ue them as a currency. The object of this emission s that the obligations of the Government might be charged by this paper, instead of gold and silver, i only media recognized by universal law in which its can be paid. He thought it infinitely preferable it the time lor the loan should be exteuded than to te this Continental paper money. They might as 11 call themaeives the Loco Foce party at once, as be ipting measure after measure of the past Admunstrai. lr. Wise said if he understood bis friend from Kenky; (Mr. Davis,) they were fast becoming the loeoo party. He said that gold and silver wete the only iia recognised by universal law by which debts ild be paid, and that the government should pay its ts in no other. And what follows 7 Why, ifgovernot must pay its debts in gold and silver, it must cslt its revenues in gold and silver. But the argument | ne gentleman irom Kentucky was tnat it ttie govern nt has net the means of paying its debts, it must not e to its creditors the eridenae oi the debt; and Treay notes were nothing more than the acknowledge at of a debt, and ii they become available to the ereir as an evidence of debt, that was an incident of their ction, and a perfectly legitimate one. lie considered issue to be a high tariff or a funded debt, and he aid say to his constituents that fioni the indications v before him, he thought the present debt would run to forty or fifty millions of dollars before it was ared. He considered the difficulty in negotiating loan of last session was occasioned by the want aerve indicated in not authorising it for such a ;th of time as to make it a proper investment, ire wss nothing gained by skulking and striving eceive their constituents. No man who was honest direct in his purposes need fear to avow them ae people of this country. He was in favor of an en-j fed publis service in many ol its departments, anffl sciaily in the Navy, and he was far paying the debts lie Government. As a commencement to remedy the sent state, nf our financial atfaits. he would set apart < . . A% f* * ' ' ' h'". ' . " . A i. "' - IU *4. 1' I Ir fr?. - at, and waiting the action of the House on this bill. Ir. Wiss ?Ann I, sir, have been waiting on the Trcay since the commencement of the session. Neither nor mileage had he received; and sooner than lose n the onc-lourth of one per cent on a treasury note, ivould wait till the clase af the session, he amendment of Mr. Wisr. was then reml m l nrn. eil that the proceeds of the sales of the public land* uld be applied to the discharge of all the liabilities of government : and that no treasury notes shall be ?*(1 so long as there were funds arising from the salce he public lands. Ir. Aruoi.d commented on the singularity of the rsaofthe gentleman from Virginia, in advocating the le of Treasury Dotes, while at tho same time he dered he would not receive them for his pay and mileIr. Win; denied that he had made the remark stilted to him by the member from Tenn< ssee. He [ he would wait until the close of the session, before would permit himself to be shaved of a quarter of per cant od a Treasury note. [r. Abkoi.d sat I it amounted to the same thing. The tleman from Virginia had money and credit, and Id aUbrd to lay back , but what sort of a situation it put those in, who were in the same predicament he government, with neither money nor credit, ighter) and who depended upon their'per diem for ir dinner. (Oriat laughter.) !r. Fu lmoik said he had hoped, upon his first appeal he gontleman from Virgiuia, he would not have ised his amendment, as he felt convinced, if they got i a discuiion on on the repeal of the Distribution r, the bill would not be passed until the dog days since the gentleman had felt it his duty to perstver^^^J is amendment,he would object to it as out of orde^^^f ing no relevancy to the l ill under consideration. Ir. Willi s said, as it was about tho time to go to diu^^H he would move that tho Committee rise. VH his motion being put, and carried, tho Committs W and reported progress, and the House adjourned. PhllndtTpIila. [Corn of Die Herald.J Philadelphia, Jan 7, 18d2 he business iu stocks to-day, 1 was informed bJ r ker, was not to any great amount, but ihowed rtber falling oft' iu priees. The stocks of all tha ks that were brought into the market, showed teline in price, aud the stock of the Mechanics' ik and Pennsylvania Bunk, reached a lower tit than ever before. Pennsylvania State five* > declined one dollar on a share, the highest bid and this, too, in the face of the Gover- ^ I 's assurance that the February interest wiuld be d. What all this bodes, is more than 1 can di- , e. It is very currently reported that the money lot in the possession of the Pennsylvania Hank, the purpose, where it has usually been. 'he truth is, the tone of thu Governor's message the subject of a resumption, is not salisfaetoryMfl should have been more enu^atic as to an earlj|^H j ..... i.< ?r at ... v, ..j ili.n .... v... ipoa the ridiculous and ruinous proposition of per cent loan, thrown into tbe market Mid sol<^^| whatever it will command, to pay the "rolie^^ uc" of t>l,700,0U0 Has the Governor an idea iat amount of this stock he would burthen the jplc withl Certainly not less than five million, I probably tan million?and this to pay the banka e and three quarter millions. No, no?the people ) taxed oneronsly enough now, without a resort any such policy as this. The matter can be ichcd in a less expcn>ivc manner, and I doubt t that the people will so express thcm-elves. w believe that the present debt of Pennsylvania II ever he paid now, and if ten millions arc added its amount, on such terms as the Governor proses, I ain certain that it never will be. rherc are some other parta of the document that <' mora sensible and just. In the matter of the sal* the public works, and applying the proceeds to e payment of the State dent, his remarks are jucioua, and should be promptly responded to by e legislature. So is also that part of it which ludes to the propriety of tullering our numerous rporationi to decrease in number, llis remarks spacting the Canal Commissioners, however well I rited by the men, are in toue undignified, and I holly out of place in a Governor'" me sage. Such paragraph would have done w< 11 in the columns I a partirin newspaper Ilia allusion to i.icinil aof the Slate ate al.-o extremely objectionable. I he system should have been anll'm-d to die, as I ?ra? tban useless. He might have recotnrnonddfc J hat encouragement he pleased, in reference to H ilunteers, and no one w< uld have complained, H it the ridiuulous system of calling on! the militie H a nuisance to ail respreiable citizens, and a bur* H en too uuomua to bear, considaring to whom thu H eat amount of fines fsll With th<- r. ,ru, ihat H c sa Is of 'he n'ssarr se-m to have beta 10 let * H

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