Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 12, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 12, 1842 Page 2
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MEW YORK HERALD. .\rw Y ork. WrdnroUf, .January 14. I >"-4. Circulation of tin Herald. Providence, Jan. 10, lvl'2. JAMEi> GORDON Dennett, Est;? 1 would respectfully suggest to you the propriety ol sending to this place a sufficient number oi copies of your paper to supply the wants of customers, or it such a course is now pursued, would recommend that you give the sale of thereto some person more dispo.-ed to accommodate the public lhau is rhe present agent. I have tried for tnree or four tveek- to buy copies of the Weekly Herald, and have not been able. Ssmetimea lam told that th* copies u! the Herald " have not yet come;" at otlnrs that they *' are sold," \*o. Ve- father persons complain ua much as myself. Can vou do any thing in the premises ? Remarks.?We iliave had similar complaints from Boston, Pmiadelphia and other cities. The osly remedy is to sell Heralds in ?*very city to any no (1lh#?r nl urifnld t h .1F phniidi'S to 1) 11V ? dlld tills We shall do. Tremendous Agitation?He peal of (he Bankrupt L.n?-1ho Nubile Meetlngi The pepu.'ar agitation on the Bankrupt Law lias ,ncrtased wiih?i geometrical force?perfectly appalling. Two tremendous Public Meetings are already preparing to be held?one by the Bankrupts? ano'her by the Anti-Bankrupis. The former party had a preliminary meeting yesterday, and agreed to nt'-et at the Merchants'Exchange, in Wall street, to morrow, at 2 o'clock. The anti bankrup's have a', o called a meeting at the same tune and place. U these meetings take place at the same time and same locality, there will be a row?a concussion of the elements?a sort o( civil war?the continence^ iii-nt of a thorough revolution. We advise both parties to meet at different places, and ut dilFerent times, so as to avoid physical collision, and thus preserve the reputation of the city intact. Let every thing be done decently and in order?present argum nts?but no pistols. It is one of the most excitable questions that ever came up in this couuUy?a question between debtor and creditor?a question between the solvent and insolvent?a question between the iaws ot the dark ages and the benign principles of the present?and care must be taken to keep the public peace. We tremble for the peace of New York, if both parties should meet on the same ground. Let the Mayor, therelore, double his police?call out the military?no very legal act?but to prevent a civil war. We live inmost excitable times. In the meantime our splendid corps of reporters arc ready to give an account of ihe proceedings of boiii parties?and to see that justice be done to the arguments of all?to the unfortunate bankrupts?to the haughty capitalists?to the proud financiers?to the great unvarnished rogues?to the character of New York?to the reputation of Congress?and to the credit of the present age. What is the cuuse of all this 1 Society has thus been reduced to two hostile, embittered camps, by the abuses of the banking sy tent?and the unlimited issue of papet money by dishonest men, and dishonest institutions. The first thing that should be dono by both parties, is to tear dowfl all the shinplaster institutions ; and to hang up all the paper and shinplaster financiers?then go to work cjuictly, settle their own affairs, and get a discharge < ach The Wall Street Moral War against Con. grees?The First Broadside?Big Black Mall. The recent movements made by Congress, in relation to the repeal of the Bankrupt Law, have produced many singular movemen's n. 1 remarkable development* in this quarter. All thi* might have been expected, llat, perhaps, one ol the mostt vraordtn iry developments that ever appeared in any newspaper, or in any country, is h deliberate, elaborate, precise, formal statement or arraignment, or indictment (not a pork indictment) which app? and in the " Courier A* Enquirer" of yesterday. In that arraignment which is contained in two consecutive articles, the " Courier" charges that foreign agent-, or the agents of British creditors in this country have accumulated a secret fund of several millions of dollars, and actually bought and paid for th?' p-nl of tie Bankrupt La v, by Congressmen, at the rate ot'avote. (A capital price, too). \nd in order to give more precision and point to thi? angular?this most extraordinary und monstrous charge?the " Conner" gives, in addiuou to the charge, and immediately in connexion with it the specific na lies ol the members of Congress to wtjom it points as having received the money paid by these foreign agents of Biitish creditors out of the gen tu! fund, in order to change their vet's, and thus to produce a repeal of the law. lo order that we'may not be thought mis-stating this matter, we subjoin some extracts fr >nt the "Courier's'' articl- of yesterday in r Ution to it:? Iler- is th" very fire: paragraph ay a sample of the tone of the whole : The B?i?Ri rr Law The r.-cent vote in the House of Representa'ivi t, il one of the most alarming indications of (A* maal iepiaity of thr hnu that has as yet been brought to light. This ia tolerably sweeping ; bi't here another more so. That the sane body of men should piss a law in July to go into operation in February, and then repeal the same before going in'o affect, anil before th People have ha 1 time to judge ot its merits, is utterly incompatible with honor'or honesty. Il this as-srtioti be true, then are uli who change th ;r vote- d! ;onwt men, in the opinion ol the * Courier." Hut again If this were anew Congress, fresh from the people, there might ':>e it least the shadow of apology lar the propoacd rcj? il, on the ground that thtie had b en a change in public sentiment. Even brib ry and corniDtion in such an event, might be screened by ths appearance of yielding to public opinien. Here is a ilir ( t char not only that bribery und corruption fiu xtn -nployeJ, but also that inrxb r< of Coiigr are so lotto shame that they do i't even to ?;>/.< n- honest r.ut in case any one doubts the dishonesty ol Congte , the " Courier" settles that point thus : ? Dut the spectacle now presented to the American puopie and to the world, faoo r. 4t< m wg yam, offers no ra lient angle wherein charity an t liberality may hang a doubt with regard to Iht rridrmt o) o.irup' <m ispatpaVy ytt-nirj to the inspection of th? public. Thr above are a fair sample of ihe general outlines of the charge- Now for the specifications. The "Courier" after saying tiiat the opponents of the bankrupts arc forei ;ners of immense wealth, and h iv been made tob lievc by men in this country Pi i' by pays-, s fro per ten/ on lite amount id the debts due to them, th-y could buy /A? rtjtrrxl of the law, adJs this direct charge: Th n, il is no', tab wonT-red at, that afnnd of rnormous magnitude has been collected placed at the disposal ol un crup ilous men, letrrmined upon success in their unholy crussda. Principal* ?n l Agents, belli Foreign and Vn< ticsn, are nniteil at one nun in this in famous work. "This infamous work !"?that is buying up inernbc rs of Condtese : lor the ' Courier" adds W,- knew that they relied for success solely upon the use of money. and when it was publicly said that, if Dl psmiy, * .iiri YUUIJ UP ji imin ?i -ii UII?- unit m i thousand dollar* a piccu,we ill.I not think that a *uihCi<*ot numbei of member* could be lound who would dare to vote in January for the rej* :>l of a Law for the ui ?s?ge of which thi y had voted in July, and thus leave tho public to infer that their vote* had been purchase I by gold. Wvdid not bclieTc we aay, that even th< boaatel mm of one hundred thousand dollar* per vote, would be *'ifflci-nt to Induce such a sacrifice of self? tuch aoopen exhibition efcotrup'ion. vVtU?if this be not n direct charge that all ihnve who have c ianged the:r vote-' have hi n p>ii 9 100,000, then we don't know what a direct charge Hut l.n n*d lately after the "Courier" dm hes ti e natl th u ' ? We know not, as yet, who the utou are that c ml t ti. <t be p -rsusdod, bec?u*u we h iv? not had tune to o<> .? the recent vote with th.)'. of las'. July. But satis.i 1 jwe sr. , that millions ofH'dlars hsve beon plar . t o' t*-<di-po 1 of the Foreign Agent* in*thil country to 1 e, a L repeal o( the U uiki upt Law, an 1 that thia euoimuoa tun 1 vs ? intended to he applied to corrupt certain Members wf Congress, we (ball take cap*rial oar* to place before tin- People the names of ail who have changed their votea aioce July. This wan evidently written belore the arrivsl of ille voir on inr iju~aiujii 111 una cujr; anu, uuTeiurr in order to make the thing rery clear, "Col. Webb, ol the regular army," as soon as the mail atrtvee, publishes the names of the following members as hemp the inen above pointed out, in immediate connexion with this nu'nstrous charge. Here are the names he gives, to which we add the sums he charges them with receiving Charlt-t Ci. Ferria.of New York, $100,000 Tho?. J. Campbell,of Tennessee, 100,000 R L Caruthers. ot Tennessee, 100,000 B. 8. Cowen, of Ohio, 100,000 J 11. Cravens, ol Indiana, 100,000 Garret Davis, of Kentucky, 100,ooo A. K. Sellers, of Maryland, 100,000 C. H William*, of Tennessee, 100,000 A . Young, of Vermont, 100,000 $000,000 To this Mr. Webb adds "7V* entire delegation from Kentucky Therefore, wejsuppose we must add their names thus ? KcttTurav Delegation. Mr. Boyd, $100,000 Wm. O. Butler, 100,000 Mr. Green, 100,000 T. K. Marshall, 100,000 Mr. Owsley, 100,000 Mr. Pope. 100,000 Mr. Triplett, 100,000 Mr. L'uderwood, 100,000 J. B. Thompson, 100,000 $000 oco 900,000 Affgr*'?ate black mail, $1,800,000 Here, then, according to the " Courier's" arithmetic, we have nearly two millions of this " vast fund;" but there must, by the same parity of reasoning, be a large balance in the hands of somebody. Perhaps tkal'n ?,?. k.s n^rl Iw a1m...Lss.? TU? vttai a i? dc uscu lit mc ocnair, auu uiocwurrc. a. nc " Courier" closes wilh the following advice What is the remed) ? " Aye, there'a the rub." We do not believe that mei who have been bought at the rate of " a hundred thousand dollars per rote," as it was the boast of certain individuals that they could be, can be easily driven from their purpose. All attempts to change the action of the House of Representatives should be abandoned. Let the members of that body consummate their inlamous work; the day of reckoning will most assuredly come, and the renegades who have been tampered with, if such there be?will, beyond all question, be placed in their true colors before the people, and their names|held up to an infamy as notorious as thnt which attachesto the memory of the traitor Arnold Let them be left to their fate. Awful?awful?indeed will that fate be, if the " Courier" tells the truth ; and its advice is followed, for it says:? Let the/act#, in regard to the immense sums of money collected liom foreigners to luy the repeal of the Bankrupt Law, be all placed before the Senate; let committees be appointed and agents selected, ?o trace t/ie ute of thin > normom turn; let the pleas which members of the llousu may make for their sudden change of opinion, be carefully canvassed; let their past and present habits of living be examined into; 1st their former and present associates be ascertained; in short, as they are few in number and have placed themselves in a position which is prima facie evidence of haviug hern tampered with, Ut every net anil movement of their licet sittfe July lent, be fully traced and thoroughly canvatred. This would doubtless lead to some funny discla sures, if followed up closely?if every ? act ami movement" of those eighteen Congressmen, (including Tom Marshall and his nine associate delegates) was fully traced and exhibited, since July last. Heaven and earth, what an expose there would be! Hu* would it show where all the money went to 1 We doubt it. Put here is the close of the argument:? The very idea of a grave and important lew being passed in J uly, and repealed in January, by the same Congress, without even the attempt to give a reason for inc repeat, armies corruption such ns our worst enemies have never dared to charge upon the country. Can any thing be put in a more lawyer like manner, in a stronger position 1 Yes. For Mr. Webb, after inserting the above arraignment ol eighteen members of Congress, as the first or leading article of his paper, in order to do away with the doubts, which many may have, as to whether CongTess did receive the money or not, scatters all these distinctions to the wind, with the following endorsement, over his own hand and seal .? We do believe that ?uch political bribery and political corruption have been and arc at the bottom of this disgraceful proceeding ; and we do not hfMtn'e to say, that in our opinion, the member of Congress who could be thus seduced from his duty to his country,to his own conscience, and to his unfortunate fellow citizens, ? at dishonest and dishonorable at ij hi had openly received a bribe in dollars and cents. This caps the climax. We expected to see some horrible commotion or ourbrcak in Wall street about this time, as soon as we saw the result of the late m -vements in Congress in relation to the Bankrupt Law ; but such a stupendous mine as this, we never dreamt of seeing sprung, and that too immediately under the tloors of Congress; why it is worse, ij possible, than the celebrated mine laid by Guy Fdwkes to blow up and blow to atoms the members of parliament in England- We are so astounded with the stupendous nature of this charge by the "Courier" that we hardly know in what light to regard it. It appears to us to be a new species?bat a most magnificent species?of moral war breaking out, as usual, in Wall street. But instead of simply charging a daily newspaper with levying black mail on an insignificant scale, we have the arraignment of a Congress?rcpre.-enting 17,(XKJ,<n-,0 of people,?on the awlul charge that they have actually been legislating during the extra session for the purpose of forcing or extorting from Hi i <1.1 A Bankers, or European merchants, or stockholders, or their agents in this country, or from some one, a fund amounting to several millions, to_be distributed oti a grand and liberal scale, according to a systematic programme, among the members of Congress, also much per vote, or per man, or per capita, in order to induce those members to vote for a repeal of the Bankrupt Law. This is black mail of the blackest kiad. All this, it must be recollected, is a distinct and separate matter from the general feeling in relation to the Bankrupt Law. The repeal of that measure?if it is done?is a simple question, easily understoodBnt this charge in the "Courier" is altogether a new matter; opens up a new field of enquiry ; represents Congress in a new and unheard of light. It represents it as a Bandit's Cave, where the members are like so many brigands, laying down their plans how they can contrive to rob the world at large?and this country in particular?on a grand scale. We wonder how many caucuses were held before the price of a vote as given by Webb??was decided upon ! We suppose they commenced at $ 3000? perhaps less?and increased alter the Treasury was found to be empty. But seriously ; this charge is one of the gravest and most important that ever was brought by a news pape r ui nuy vuc n ;.hmm a uniuf iaim OflVruiUiy, since Ihe creation of the world. How irue or otherwise it may be, we know not?have no means of knowing. But this we do know, that ii such charge appeared in any London or l'aris newspaper,the editor ami proprietor would be had up before the llou?e of Cwmnionsor the Chamber ot Deputies and made 1 to prove the truth of what he states, or be punished accordingly. And we trust that Congress, if it hafl any regard to its character?its reputation at heme abroad?any regard for truth or morality?any regird tor virtu- or honor?any re.;ar.l for the country und th' in -11111(10118 ??t which it is the leading feature ?any regard lor nil that is to man, to huntuntty?will instantly take the proper measures to ascertain if titers be any truth at all in this charge They owe it to themselves, anJ th honest portion of the members owe it to their felio v countrymen, to take this step, and that too immediately. Thus is no vague and groundless arraignment Here is a specific statement made out ; the list H the names charged with being bought over is < .s en. sibly givn, and ihe actual sum of money alleged to have been r-ceived. Cungross is organized undei the Constitution to give us pood luws, inculcate virtue and sound morality. But if such are its act! mid uses, we shall be b-ttrr without a Congress I."iik at this matter in any light and it presents but tw stroug points?two bold fi atuiea. The char./ t iiue, or if is not. in either case ait immediate at. thorough investigation is necessary. If it be hi;I. this be shown md pr<w d It it is tru-, (La i.n we it U high time that this wan proved urn -u o*n to the whole country. \V- await the action of Congress ta th - ma"-i w it 1 nnviety. The War Against the Luiut?Brtaking up of the Medlrul Cllqnea?The Freedom of the Press. The arguments of counsel before the Court of Chancery in the case of the " Captain of the deck," versus the l.nncrl, will be heard this day or to-morrow. We will give a full report of the extraordinary proceedings the day aftsr. This is one of the most interesting cases ever sub- ^ niitted to a legal tribunal in this country. A medi cal journal is established on independent principles designed to draw oet the struggling professional j talent throughout this country, which is at present j ground down to the dust by the insolent intolerance ^ of sordid, grasping, and tyrannical cliquta?it sets out with a determination to bring the teachers in the ^ most prominent schools properly beiore the bar of public opinion, in order that they may riceive ^ the due reward of their works, and accordingly it f enters on a review of the labors of an individual ' who at present occupies a conspicuous position . amongst the professional men of the country.? J Immediately on its appearance, it gives evidence ' of its independent character, and is assailed with r all the inherent virulence of a selfish, arrogant and monopolizing cUqur, who, in their efl'orts to crush it, ^ trample on every principle of equity and overthrow the foundations of a noble public institution. j In the present case an amiable but overrated in- ^ dividual has been jaded on to a course which will , tally test the principle whether a public lecturer can interdict the publication of a review of the discourses which lie has sold to the public, because he is led !j to believe that such publication will interfere with , his anticipated pecuniary profits in bookmaking. The Express characterizes Dr. Houston as a ^ " liltrury baiuM," because be reports and publishes the lectures of the " Captain of the deck," while this ^ very Plxpsess a few weeks ago made an elaborate defence of its own conduct iu reporting and publishing the lectures of Dr. Sparks. Whilst the Express is perfectly justifiable in reporting public lectures, P Dr. Houston should be "locked up in the Tambs," and is to be regarded us a " rascal" for doing the very butne thing ! Consistency ! thou art a jewel! But whence, we would ask, is this extreme ( nervousness?this frenzied alarm, exhibited by the " Captaia of the deck," respecting the publication of " a review of his lectures, which are now for the first lime presented in a tangible form to the profession ^ and the wot Id 1 " The Captain of the deck" is little versed,tobe sure,in the mystery of book-making,but " the tnost intellect of any of the gentle- 1 men of " distiuguahed scholarship" about him,might be able to see mat an analytical review 01 ine more- ^ said lectures on " the Operations of ^Surgery, with ^ feurgical and Pathological Anatomy" in a popular Medical Journal, was the best advertisement in the ^ world for "the book." A man of such profound philosophical and scientific attainments as the "Captain of the deck" is universally supposed to ' possess, should desire, above all tilings, such an un- e( nunciauon of the elaborate work which he might in- rt tend presenting to the public. Before the publication of his lectures in the London Lancet, Dr. Elliottson was not worth a hundred guineas a year. In a year ^ or two after that publication, his professional income i'* was ?10,#(i0 per annum. ct The statements of the Courier respecting what it designates the " disgusting exhibitions at the surgical dinique" betray a beastly ignorance that is almost iucridible. True, these surgical operations are disgusting to the noa-professional eye, and any g thing but agreeable to the surgeon himself, but are they therefore to be abandoned?is the science c(, which teaches their performance to be abandoned ! ^ I By the bye, our amusing, exciting, curious, tickling history of the attempts te control the reports of ^ the dinique, arc yet to be given. nc The Express describes Dr. Houston as "a foreign jn adventurer,yet fresh upon our shores," a literary "ban- M dit," " a rascal, who if in London would be lodging be in New gate, and who is one of these men, who, be- dr cause they could not commit their rascalities with- aa out incarceration, have left London or Dublin for ce their country's good, aud take up their incidence ?r in New York." A "foreigner!" Who ever heard th of such distinctions in science! Science it, of no wi country, and her true follow ers and friends, wher- il ever born, constitute a wide and diffusive brother- hi hood, which no artificial boundaries of sea, or Bi mountain, or river can ever separate. A " foreign- to er !" Not a day passes in the course of which the " Capta.n of the deck" dot s not boast that he S? received hi? education in the very schools which cc this " foreinn adventurer" has recentlv left. Who at. were Hervey, Hunter, or Astley Cooper I Were sbr rn Charles Bell lo arrive on our shores and commence 'h lecturing or practising, he would be only a " foreign ci adventurer." Pshaw! All this opposition to the l.uncet, has, as usual in such ca.-es, resulted preeminently in its favor. It is now established as an independent journal. Orders for it are daily pouring in from all quarters of the Union. All the most distinguished and liberal lutdi- ^ cal practitioners in the city, approve of its course; u-id the attacks of an interested clique have onlygiven it a twelvemonth's start in the attainment of public favor. hi Nor Si.v Exopoh?A man named Sylvester Fox has just been caught in Rochester forging checks tor small amounts in that place. Church and Ball ( were to have been the sutl'erers. Vox is " respecta- j bly connected." ' w Nl:w ThIAL to the ReV. Mh VaX ii.lndt.?Tile |(, Rochester Post states that a motion for a new trial is to be made by Mr. Van Z indt's counsel. We should think he has had trial enough. ( " ir The Mexican Schoolers. ?It is now staled that the two schooners detained by the Coilecter, will be jj repast d and permitted to sail for Vera Cruz. Certainly?who objects I Let every thing be done at- p| cording to law , and then build and sell as many vessels to foreign governments as tiiey can pay ior in ' cash down. Give no credit. If Mexico, Texas, ^ Greece, Russia, or uny other country want vesse's l( built here, let them do so according to law?it is ^ so much clear profit to the country. New York Sacred Mmlc Society. '' Nenkomm's splendid oratorio of David and t ioli- 11 ath was produced at the Taberracle last night to an immense assemblage. There must have been two t< thousand persons present. While we con?ider the e mus e of this composition exceedingly beautiful, we 11 are unwilling to assert it even approaches Beet1 hnvpn'fl rrranil overturn nt f h- M,. lint nt I ll.v. ? I c. Some pa??ages in this orntvrio art- truly sonlstirring, fi r.nd at times we are carried away in a vertex of en- d thufias-m by the sublime sounds which salute onr e ears; but as a whole we cannot rail it a composi- a tion of superlative excellence. The orchestral de- c partment was very defective, and this, in a <wat a measure, detracted Iroin the actual merits of the oratorio. The instrumental performers were very few; double, aye threble their number would have been barely sufficient to give effect to the music. The few there were, however, did admirably. It could hardly have been otherwise with lltll naleaderand Mr Keyser as first violin. In relat;on to the choral department we do not teel at liberty'to sneak- I' cone-ted of nmiiteurr, who lent their an! in belialt of the society; otherw ise we might sny that it did net come up to our ideas of harmony At times it was singularly at fault, and the grand hymn of the Shepherds was irretrieveubly to-: by the discord occasioned in ttu counting time Mr. Hrahain rang the music ns if it was wri'ti n tor him; so the ease ntid confidence he manifested I ni .in to his astounding powers, llis cadences n? 1 tiuv were extremely beautitul: indei d we Inst a':jh? ' , i the veteran, and thought it w tsihe rich, full vo r e I oi youth wc were enjoy me. Hisaolo, "Oh, forthe rescue ot my Hiher's land V* wa? given with great t t lb ct, and nuiik u ep into the fee lings of h:s audieace. I hi-? solo, w.,t| tTriumphal March of the j ''f 'It**, we rou?ider th* gems of th* tOmpo-itton. Ir< h rong und Mint I*. arson were very good in th-ir reepective spheres-, n-ither of the vcifs, t hoe' ver, were equal to their parts. The rest of the I pi rformets acquitted themselves very well, and wc nnoi but congratulate tins ^oc?ry at the Micce' lick list night attended their cxerfu ns. We wish r h'-m all tlr >-ncoiirag ment tlieit I.nWaW n- der- * things so richly deserve . a POSTS (Tin P T. ftj The mail, south of Washington, did not a? ive here lest night. Washington . [Correspondence of the Herald ] Washington, Jau 10, 1812. The Ranlartipt Law-Mr. Clay's Position? Kxtra Session and President Tyler? Correspondent of the American?The Navy. The extraordinary demonstration in the House of Representatives' on Saturday, on the bankrupt law, iu-1 piuuuuru j;rnrrui cousif million ailiuug lib ri<*nd.s, and universal astonishment in the minds of ill who were not in the secret of the movement Hie act is without precedent in the history of our ;overnment, and if the design is consummated, the English language will be searched in vain for adeluute terms wherewith to express the scorn, the ndignation, the contempt, with which every rightudging man will view the inconsistency, the ca>rice, the folly of the whig party in Congress. The epealofthe bankrupt law will be most appropritely followed by the repeal of the distribution law,

nd then the whigs in Congress may as well be buied, for they will be dead for all useful or practical urposes, thereaher. If they give up these two iieasures, or either of them, for they are indissolu>ly connected in their passage, they give upevery hing. They abandon the whole ground, and stand elf convicted of a degree of vacillation and corrupion without a parallel in the history of legislation The merits or demerits of the measures have nothng to do with the question. No manifestation of he popular will lias operated upon Congress in reition to them. If they are inexpedient or wrong in rinciple now, they will be no less so, when, after nature deliberation and full discussion, they passed oth houses. Neither reason nor reflection will ave any thing to do with the repeal. If accomltshed, it will be an act of passion or pique, utterly ndefensible in every point of view. Every sagacious man in the nation foresaw the tiachiel which has resulted to the country from the ncalled for, impolitic and absurd extra session.? Aery sagacious man predicted the destruction f the whig party as its inevitable consequence.? ut no one supposed that at this early day, Mr. 'lay would rrpudialt, that is the dainty phrase now, re action and policy of the extra session, and adlit the necessity of undoing what was thenachievi. This he has virtually done through his partiius in the House. The movement against the bankipt law cornea from him. No man knows better tan Mr. Clay, that the distribution bill could not mc ween carrieu mrougn uongress, except Dy conectiag it with the bankrupt bill. They were linked aether like the Siamese twins, and the late of one upended upon that of the other. If the tie had en severed, the death of both would have follow 1 as a matter of course. Let the bankrupt law be pealed now, and the distribution bill shares the ime fate, just ascertain as effect follows cause ? here cannot be a doubt entertained on this point, he thing is clear as the sun at noonday. And :t Mr. Clay, with a thorough kuowledge el the >nsequences, instigates their movement upon the ankrupt Law, with a view to coerce the whig ;nators into a position of uncompromosing hostility wards the administration of President Tyler. His irpose is to have the repeal bill pass the House, and en to hold it over the heads of such of the whig mators as have manifested a disposition to fall in ith the administration, and endeavor to settle the irrency quesfioa. We shall see what success atnds his sinister management. I Whatever evil grow out of the extra-session, it j ould be born in mind .that President Tyler is in j i wise responsible lor it. He is guilty of all agency | that piece of supreme and unspeakable folly.? t r. Clay forced it upon the country against the tier judgment of the whole party. Mr. Tyler was , cidedlv opposed to it, but lh? poor compliment of ( king hi* udvice'was never paid him. On bis ac- 4 s.-iou to the Presidency lie found the thing in pro- j ess and could not arrest it. Neither the tax upon e country, therefore, nor the^de molition of the i big party, growing out of the factious violence of r. Clay, and the absurd course of the party under s dictation, is to be charged upon the President, it this matter is too well understood by the people need argument or illustration. The course of a majority of the whigs in the aate 011 the fiscal plan, is to be inferred from the mediatory speech of Mr. Evans, of Maine, id it is not improbable that the bill with some edifications may be carried through, hut every Lng is in the greatest slate of confusion and extement. Tiiere has been attempts to procure the removal Mr. Skinner, one ol the. Assistant Post Master eneral?, on the allegation of franking violent partiin papers. The movement was prompted by an ipertinent clerk,who ought himselftu have been reeved long ago, and who will probably get his rserts if he lubricates further charges, agaiust his iperiors. The New York American is congratulating itself i its precious bargain of a correspondent at this ace, speaks of him as "free spoken, honest, un u. i i ii? XT -Li- : r l: 1 I rtini irniicws . mn is iciiroiuii|4 anu Rightful. " Free spoken" the man is, no doubt, jbody more so. The veriest drab in Uiliiugngule mid not scold more volubly, or ejaculate ridiculous unders and absurd epithets with more freedom or orse taste. " Unbought" he certainly is, but only ecau.-e ihere was nobody to purchase, lie was a >ng time in the market, but the administration ?uld not buy him up. He was hanging about (he /hue House and the State Department, we underand, almo.-t from the day of General Harrison's laugurralion up to the opening of the present seeon, imploring for office of any sort. Poor devil; lis voracity was such that he grasped at every line, from the mission to Bogota down to the pettiit clerkship under the government, lie was backed p by some members of Congress, but alas! his tetensions were set aside, notwithstanding the otent support he had secured, and now he is strain, j igto avenge the slight by abusing President Tyler j nd his administration. There is a vast deal of this ' >rt of unbought patriotism extant in these days, and re whig press has put a considerable portion of it t requisition. The Supreme Court commenced its annual session 3-day. The entire bench was present, with the xception of Judge Thompson, who is expecttd totorrow. The Report of the Secretary of the Navy will oon be the subject of discussion m Congress ; and, rom the spirit of the times, it appears there is much oubt concerning the issue. The Report itself has ( very where met the approbation of the people of I 11 parties, and classes ; but the speeches and ' asual remarks of politicians or demagogues who re hound to indiscriminate retrenchment, intimate u intention of thwarting the noble efforts of the secretary, and of exposing us yet longer to the aunting arrogance ol Great Britain. E Hurts have iceu made and with great success, to spread a prrveri-ion 11 the Secretary's intention", to this eflect, hut the immediate design is to increase the Navy o half that ol Great Britain, at an annual expense if twenty-five millions of dollar*. Certainly no one vlio rea l the Report, could so understand it. le exprcs-ly says, after enumerating the souudest rgumnts, in lavor ol increasing the Navy; "It lieoc views be not altocether deception, the policy i increasing our navy without further delay, is tbvi?u:. Hate fur it shall be increased, the wisdom >f Congress will decide." Aiiain he. says: " It is etter to havp no navy at all, than to have less than notinh. I am aware any great increase of out ?uval p: w r cannot be effected in nuy short time. propose it only as the object at which our policy mghc to aim, and toward the attainment of which rout measures ought to be steadily directed A:i innnal appropriation, a* liberal ai Mu intuit* oj tin i'reumry trill nUotr; will, in a fttn years, aecom*l?s|l all that is desirible. In his tables rf estimif?? Ik Secretary promises to carry out MlMtynificent manry ?altl> >ugh b> ad loaned on the b?iom ol I Ji-u,, reposing hi- soul on the soul of immortal I love that throbbed in he m lator'i boaom?although I he aaw the glories of the tianafiyuration when hea- I ecu was let down wnh its atranre bewildering I splendor, on the niountaiti'a top?although he lie- I gered with wonder around the cross?and although I he soared like an eagle into the apocalyptic hea- I veus, and gazed in apjii* u,.t?n the Lamb on jtlouut I Sion, and aaw the rast New Jerusalem lighted by I no earthly bum, or moon walking in borrowed I brightness?yet when he would describe or detine I the eternal aud incoinprehensible Clod, in the lan- I guage of men, he used an ait ribut only aa the beat I description of an eaaeace?God it love, tie could I no more. The attempt to bring iufiuity down to I mortal comprehenaion is vain, and alwaya ends I fruitlessly. except in the lesaons we thua learn of I our own ignorance, impotence, and folly. The mya- I tcrioua power in whom we live and mora and hard I our being, can only be knowu through hia attri- I butea, aud the communications of his spirit with I ours. Yet if we tahe any single attribute, aud look I at it with the design of lurestigating ita properties I or comprehending its na* ure, we may tgpk our in- I telleclual powers to their keenest action,aud carry I them out to their nlmml limit iK? u?nlt ill ??? H plan, with even a It*?* appropriation than is grant*- i innu.ily to the war department. Every one wil atliaif, that we should have a navy at least sulficien' o protect our traders in all parts of the world, and the 500 millions of American property afloat in every see, and be also ready to prevent the landing of any maritime force upon our shores. That we were not 30 prepared, in the recent quest ions of difficulty with Great Britain, when our shores were daily liable to invasion, every owner of property on the Atlantic coast was fearfully sensible. Shall we still continue unprepared, until we learn the folly of it by dear experience, and the enemy have again destroyed onr capitoll Every day's advance in the arts show how increasingly important navies have become, for purposes of natural defence or offence. The history of every modern nation shows that much more has been accomplished by navies than by armies Sinoe the grand Spanish Armada roused England to naval enterprises, " chivalry liaa been launched upon the seas," and there it ahould be kept. The United States is possessed of the moat extensive and exposed coast, and tha most active, widespread commerce of any nation in the world. We should therefore have a navy equal at least to any other power except Great Britain ; yet we know it to be the shameful fact that not only Great Britain, but France, liussia, Turkey, Egypt and even Halland, each have navies in actual commission superior or eqial to ours. Can it be said that we have not proportionate resources to support a suitable navy! With a thriving population of seventeen millioua of people, an inexhaustible soil, a cheap government, no standing army, and merely a nominal debt of small amount, can it be presumed that we cannot easily increase and improve our navy in proportion to the demands of the times, and the efforts of other nations 1 Is not our ntaratune and coast property worth the little proportionate premium of insurance which a suitable navy would cost 1 If not?if the people, through their representatives, parsimoniously refuse to aid the navy Secretary in securing safety for their property?then let it remain as it is, a tempting bait for foreign aggressions. The Secretary of the navy now asks for only twe or three millions more than last year to accomplish all he proposes for the present. Tbis sum is not to be given to foreign countries for rail road iron, or cloths,'or silks, but is to be returned to the people for tea-stores, for beef, pork, flour, cotton and j woollen cloths, canvass hemp,(timber,Arc.?to educate the sons of sick and poor for an honorable pro- < fessien, and to sustain and train up hundreds of honest native tars. TWBKTT-SKVBVTU CONGRESS. Second Session. The First Sermon of the Rev. J. Jf. Haffltt, Chaplain to the House of Representatives. On Sunday morning last, the Home of Representatives was crowded at the usual hour for the commencement of Uiviae Service, the rumour having run through the city on the wings of the wind that the eloquent and distinguished Chaplain to the House of Representatives?Professor John Newland Mattitt?had arrived by the Railroad cars on Saturday evening from Baltimore, to enter upon the duties of bis Chaplaincy. Many members of both branches of Congress were present, and inhabitants of the District generally, but the display of ladies was very imposing. The number, however, will doubtless be greatly increased on Sunday next, all doubt having been removed of his arrival The Rev. Gentleman entered the Hall encircled in the ample folds of a rich blue cloak, and proceeded to the Speaker's chair, where a temporary reading desk was placed, where be knelt down for a few minutes and was eviden'ly engaged in aeeret prayer. He then commenced the service by fading a chapter from some part of the New Testament, after which h- made a prayer, but all this part of the service was gone through in so low a tone of voice that we could only hear an occasional word, and therefore are unable to give the readers ?f the Herald his devout supplications. The devotienal exercises being over, the Reverend Professor took from his pocket a manuscript sermon, which to avoid the possibility of even inelegance ofdiction,he had doubtless been induced to prepare, by an announcement that the Reporter for the HerahI would be present to secure a full report for the beuefit of mankind, but that intentioa was nearly defeated by the too gentle accents in which he commenced his address. His introductory remarks were wholly lost, but it may suttice to say that he was understood to express the minglad emotions which be felt ou being placed so unexpectedly in the prominent position ot Chaplain to the National Legislature. He then read his text fmin the 33rd verse of the 11th chapter of St. Paul's Epistle to the Roman's :? () the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knmoledge of G''d; how unsearchable are .His judgments, and Ids torn* past finding out. After craving the prayers of his christian friends Tor the Divine aid in his arduous labors,he wa? understood to say,?and if we li.ivc not done the liev. Profe-sor strict justice, it must be attributed to the difficulty* we found in heariug him?that these words were the outbre .kings of a heart overpowered with a'l ineffable view of the different points in the character of God. The Apostle had taken a survey of the economy of Grace, and bright gleams of the divmu perfections broke through the veil of tlesh upon his soul,as the sun bursts penetrate the morning vapours la the commencement of his theme the Apostle inquires. Hath Hod cast away his people ? The answer comes back, God forbid. Hut ail! his people have fallen?nud their (all has been like the gush of ten thousand fountains of life to the surrounding world. Yet,even now there is hope, for the people of the Lord chosen of old ? They shall be restored again. Recalled from ibeir , - A ... .'W ill m.l. .. .. -il*. : ' " 4"| - ? ? - " .? of the Cherubim of Hope shall wave over them, ( and l ng forgotten joy* shall coiue bark to their bosoms like youthful icmembrances : and the hiesscd spirit of inspiration seals the irrevocable promise, that, as the temporary casting away ot the ancient people of lied, hud heeu the reconciling i of the world, their reral should thrill Christen- < dotn with moral * nsations not iti like lift from the 1 dead. Wonderful people ! Selected from the mass i of mankind in tbore early year.', when the earth i looked out like a virgin from herdiluvian baptism, I and continued,to up the presnnttimv, win therin the i sunshine of Almighty Love, or in the gloom of an i overshadowing curse, a standing evidence of the faiihfulne sand power of God. W tnderful people ! whose ruin is balm to the earth; whose reinstate ncnt will impart new vitality to mind, as if life had descended upon the pale dominions of death, and had overcome the palsy and torpor of thegraie! The Apostle for a moment contemplates the grafted branches of the wild olive, standing in the ' original tree, only by laith. He points to the ie- i I cent traces of the severe knife of judgment, which ( had for a srason, cnt olF the ancient branches, and tenderly admonishes the nesphytic world, t.-?/>< not high mindti, but jftar. The goodness and severity of God and the Gentile world, were placed in the opposite scales of a mighty balance; when one fell the other rose; hut the glad time predicted that should w itness both ri ing by a reflex action together; the lifting up of the one wonld be the elevation ol the other. The Apoi le as the lover of his own kindred, hails the promise that out of his own beloved Xion, the Deliverer would come w ho should turn away ungodliness from Jacoh. He foresees th* time when a groat nation, on whoae mind the moral darkness of unbelief had fallen, should once again be called within the circle of I salvation; he cric* out?aaJ so all Israel shall b? | saved. The eye of inspiration hers dashes over j the world, Jewish and Gentile all included, and . finds that all alike, atone time or another, have ! been shut up in unbelief. And why T That the ever blessed God might have mercy upon all. It | . .i._ r?i... .. n.. n...A i . is I lie i n i iii - s mo o"? m??viiiiS oaioio urn salvation 'which clothes the Apostle's lips withthe words of the tent ? Otkr ilepth of tlir ilfVt both of the tri'dom an J knouledgi of do,I. limn nmtarchaMe are hit judgmtn'*. and hm tray* paM finding oat. In illustrating this fine passage we will contemplate the Nature, the H'urk*, the Hard, and the Juiigmtnt<i of th. (treat God. 1. First, his Nana and Esence, Oh the depth ! God is pavilioned in the clouds! At the very thrs stiold ot the attempt to draw aside the cloudy drapery that invests the character of Jehovah, wo are arrestrd by a voice from the most Holy Place, sayins, shah than come but no further. What a ast distance separates Ha from his throne! Caist thou by searching fliul out liini ' Const thou find out i if Almighty to pctfreturn.' It it u? high as I Iran n; tua-d tJum do: deeper than lldt; what ran.d thou know 'Jni mtaturt t'uieof it longer thanthe earth, mid broader than the na 111a aame? l eiiov aii ? startles us The Jews thought it too sacred to be pronounced with base loitewal organs, and too gnat 'j la c mi rchonded by <lu?t and ashes. 1 AM rilAl 1 AM, repels tlw ptoud enquirer into th pature and essence of tiie Great God. Yet afar oil o e roav conteiuplaie that w ader of wonders, in a universe ol wonders, the nature of the sublime Greater. John, callel by way of eiomenc the dtrine, ?! thfl'lg ' he ha 1 more than any one else, he> n c >n 'Vi wit' e -1 of the ve of divinity hi hit be the same?it will end, on the one hand, in laying our life low in the dust, and nn the other, in infinity. Contemplate his wiadom, and we a hall find it infinite ! Hie goodness, or bia pewer, or hia bolinesa, or hia justice, and lo, infinity ie their measure Naturetells of God?but pointa no weary wanderer to the boaona of eternal lore Nature ia eh quent in praise of the wiadmn and power of her creator? yet none of her toic-i have ever apolten of hie resence. The loud organ of the winda of heaven? the deep-toned thunder?the rnuaie of the blue watere, or the babbling breoka, leaping in white and playful ripples over tbe shining pebbles, have neverarticulated one word to indicate thair knowledge of Hia nature, oifto initiate us into the myateriesef Hia unrivalled perfections. The extent of oar intellectual power-second only to those bright spirits who bask forever in bin smiles?iatoo limited to comprehend the exhauatlesa, because unapproachable, subject of uncreated?undefined Deity, He noet by me, eaya Job, and / ire Him not. behold I ao forward and he it not there : aiul backward,'bu! /; cannot perceive Him. The poverty of human language as well as of thought and conception should abase us iu the dust The words we use to express the actions of the Divine mind toward us, are but the puling expressions of our limited nature. They all point to our ignorauce, and are utterly iuadeqnate to express the action of the unfathoincd founiain of intellect in its mighty radiatious over the empire of mind. It we wc say that the Lord is " grieved," " angry," "pleased," "provoked," " reponts" him clan impending judgment?turns again and calls after the moral wanderers who are scattered like sheep over the mountains of sin and delu- , ion?can we for a moment felicitate ourselves t"at our expre-s ons have done ius ce toourtlnd? I No. No. i'he condescension of that GoJ it the only reason why the red thunder bolt* are not oat an the wiDgs of the storm to avenge the moral wrong we do our creator ?very time we express the motions of the inetiabla mind, as we clothe the iction of our finite passions?cndeavoting to wrap eternity in the drapury of time. The great scriptural lesson which we woald learn on this part of Bur subject is humility. Every preat view of God, teaches this lesson. Abraham, I-aac, Jacob, Giieon, Mansah, and other ancient saints whenever they saw the covenant God, clothed in his angel restment*,?s he walked the patriarchal earth, were either overwhelmed with tear, or abased in tho deepest huiuilition of soul. Mansah, after he had seen the couateaance of God very terrible, cried lut?We shall surely die, because see have teen God. The Prophet Isaiah, exclaimed, after having seen the Lord *st//ing|ufxm a throne, high and if ted up ?IVo is me for I am undone, becaause I am i man of unclean lips, and 1 dwell in the miosi of upeo lie of unclean lips, for mine eyes have seen the King he Lord of Hosts- And in the prophtt Daniel, luring his exalted spiritual communing with his naksr, there remained no strength; for, says he, ny Jomliiwss was turned into convption, ana I reamed no strength?a hand touched me ?I stood tremding We learn a lesson from God hitaaelf in the lispensationof the law from the Mount?one of the vildest, grandest scenes of terror and majesty hat ever astonished nature, opened on Sinai. An iwfol crown of cloud surrounded the mountain, oiling billow above billow, toward the heaven* ; vbile, like a mighty brand in the centre, the mean* ain was altogether in a flame. The hoarse and leepening thunder, like a trumpet, long and exleedingly terrible, blew the peal of terror, and itartled Israel gathered around Its base. Did r he King of Eternity then disrlose to man hi?, iatare and his essence I No. Jehovah renaiaed in his paviliou of thick darkness ? lis Will blazed forth awfully, palpable/and disinct in the perfer' law, and in the gleaming ires that suwt their unearthly glare upan the sur- I ounding hills?but Deity lay concealed. The Ireadfni mandate was?(inye not up into the mount, ir touch the border of it let not the priest and the ptoile brink through, to come up unto the lAird, lest he ireak forth upon them Even the inhabitants of Heaven, whose spiritual nature has never been ainted by sin or companionship with earth, and inable to climb the heights or fathom the depths of he great lirriiviTE, whose nature and essence, nust ever ftmain, as in the beginning, incompreicnsiblc and iuapproaehable. How then shall man, i being hut of yesterday, a fallen star, aspire to hat which the bright spirits <1 Paradise cannot ctru : now uku mc uw niti 9 upcin c?na iuum upon Jod and live, when angel and arch angel veil heir faces under their wing* in his presence, over* vhelmi-d by the inc-flalde effulgence! And if all he harps and voices ol Heaven peal out the magliiieent response?Hcly,, Holy, is the 1 x>rdL God of Hosts; Ueaven au 1 l.arlh are full of Hit (lory? \v hat should he the language of fallen man! What th<* response of mortality and sin! To us he Great Eternal set-in* to say, a* Jesus said to Mary at the Sepulchre? Touch me not. But he of food cheer. God hath withholden nothing that ia tcccssary for us to know Although we are not , permitted to analyse His iufinate nature, we may 11 our terrene darkness feel ufter Him and love Him ' oo; an<l he is not far from every one of us By aith, he may be known to the helievsr. By the path of repentaace which lead* directly to Chriat, u:J to the exercise of ? jiving faith upon Him, and jy " prayer ardent" which " opens Ho.iv?in," we nay approach so near the terrible, yet gracious lied, who spoke on Sinai, that with Thomas, we nay he constrained to exclaim in rapturous cer* tainty, My Lord and my (,'<>(/. 11 ?Secondly, His works. Wcwha stand in the midi-t of the woikuiat-ship of God, are also the works of His hauds. The very power which we have to analyze nature, explore her heights, and depths, and distances?for all that is wonderful, spirit-stirring, and sublime, we derive directly from God. S\ e shoul i first, ih<-n, regard ourselves #? creaiures s'anding in the I rout rank of his works, at the head f nnnnmbt-rcd tribes of animate life. Wc know and feel Cut we have a reasoning, immortal soul?a blast ul the Divine breath?the "Divinity that stirs within us." Yet this epitome of tins "gnat first rau>e" understand.* not so much as itself We know not what our spirit is. We oiu'. timcs almost question i s origin?whether from heaven, earth, or meu. We know- but Utile of its substance, powers and Where is thie strange, busy principle, that actuates and informs this wonderful piece of workmanship, so that it ca? freely move ofitse f, and be sensible of pleasure * and pain, honor and disgrace 1 Who can discover the source ol hi* owe i leas, m- how, by reflection, they are brought up by the mind into the result of reason! W here begins it to c mpare, distinguish, and eoucl'idul Who knows by wuat secret mechanism the passions anil affections are moved, or how all the notices of things past?the images of sight or hearing?are traced upon the memory, or take up their boditnent in the brain! Well might David exclaim, " He (ire fearfully and wontltrfuHy mule." In the arcana of nature the ' Sam-- d.fficutirs exist. We are c nfusi-d in (ae multiplicity and endless variety of matter. And although at time* the veil may be thrown aside, and si me of the secret workings i f curative power in the wonderful phenomena that alternately alarm, astonish, and delight us, h.trome tangible: yet we are lar from Comprehending even there. V'v e suppose ourselves comp-tr-ut to the deveiopement of canse* and effect*, w hen suddenly an unseen baud throws dilficuliifv in our way ard a thick palpable cloud settle* d?\vn upon the mind. Perplexed, bewildered, and rnnlniitidcd, we sire up in despair under 'be humiliating conviction, that we had dared ton much, and I it how ver correct our conclusion*, \if aiiip but in part and pmpUrrird only in part. It Cannot he d' r.icd fl at a b- auty and fitness, soothing ami enchatiti:-< to the finer perceptions of our nature, arc npreu.l ovar nil the visible work* of God. The eye of man i* delighted in roving over the creaiiun, aid through the inlet* of-fhe aenie |the mind drinks in the impressions o[ heautv and grandeur which are visible wherever the Creator hath rhnped matter i itoforni* of exquisite Invelint ss and pi rfecti >n. Go out into thu fields, around which the everlnsti g mountains have drann their lino "f sentry and observation, fringed with the forest drapery. I,ct your eye take in the expanse of pain and mountain and river, and sen the m'>a w'lite ca'arac1 leaping from rock to rnck down I e l ie i f t ,e precipice, dashed into feathery clouds of foam, as if the pure element was lei down IVom a region higher than the earth. Look abroad on a'l thia scene of ceaseless echoing action, relievsti by quiet lo oks, in which infant angels mi^ht lull their silken eicliJi to sleep, and scy, if an eloquence do#? not plead in your bosom for the ere stof ef this wondrous diveraided picture. AtccuJ that aky-pointiug peak, which divides the storm ?h u 1 a- it marches on to i! waery de!i; ej no in op?m at reck look fnr . ,vn wbro the r, lii'.i ?tiric aihss'j n I I