Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 15, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 15, 1842 Page 2
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NKW fQRK HERA1 \i \v l'ork, Katorilay, January 1"?, 1814, J. X. Mwlllt's Kiiat l on^rrialonHl Sermon. We published yesterday, a fall nn4 accurate verbatim repart of the tirut a .imon preached before Congress. by Protessor Malti', of the Methodist Church TOM *er mon was furnnhed exe/utive'y lo the Herald,by our admirable Washington reporter. I; is the first * rmon of Mr Malfi '* that ever was published verbatim, audit is quite a curious a id nor el article As editioa of the sermon in a snail pamphlet, or irsdsn, avi 11 be published to day at this oltice, printed ou line paper?price bj Ceuts per copy, or $1 pel hundred. To our Plilliwtrlplttn suhsorlbrrs Tub Philaotrruia or the Hshald, thankfnl for the very liberal p itronage whiah has been extended to his establishment, hopes, by unremitted attention to his busineas, a continuance of the some. Within the iast two \ ears, a perfect s> stem has been established for the distribution oi the Herald to subscribers in this city, ami it his no*- attained a permanent circulation, and an inilueuvc which, i'is believed. isouly surpassed by unt paptr now published here. Those w he wish to be supplied retrul it Iv. will pleaao leave thei? names at the cilice, V> s7 DOt K STREET, opposite the 1.\ 'han^e. u hei i ingle copies, both ol the Weekly an 1 Duly. Ill iv '1? " be obtained. tJ. il. /iKBF'.R. 87 Dock street. Agent for the Herald. The N?\v lurk l.uiicvt? Ho. III. The third numb' r of this papular medical journal will be published on Monday morning next. It will contain a ureal variety of original and interesting matter, reports ol lectures, the surgical cUmijue of the Crosby-street Medical School, l)r. M'Kenzie's mode ol operating fur strabismus, editorial articles respecting the war against the Lancet, a word to students, tec., tec , tec. Price per annum, to be paid invariably in advance ; single copies t>4 cents. The fourth number will contain an engraving of u new ana improved apparatus for treatment of curvatures of the spine, invented by a distinguished physician of this city. The Kxpectetl Flare-up In Congress If the expected lltre-upiu Congress, caused by the declaration of a Wall street "morai war" against the integrity of Congress coupled with charges of block mail, preferred against eighteen members by name, at $109,000 per head, should not be received this morning, and appear in our second edition, it no doubt will come to night, and appear exclusively in the Sunday Herald to-morrow. ? e ... n ,i?.-u .t,..:, Tile ons- t 01 \v an sirrci, ui^ui, also the pretty broad insinuations let off by som" of the speakers at the meeting in the Merchants' Exchange, must produce s >mo action at Washington, otherwise"the country and foreign nations will believe that the American Congress can be bought and sold "like cattle in the market"?if not at $52,725per head?yet at glOO.OOO each animal, including head, horns and heels. t?reat times in th*se latter days. No wonder Joe Smith succeeds in Nauvoo. The "Cnptnln of the Uerk" versus the j "Lancet." The argument of David Graham, Esq , on the part of the complainant, was heard before his Honor the Vice Chancellor last evening. Mr- Graham spoke for upwards of two hours, and matntnine the broad ground thai Dr. Moll's Mures u-ere his exclusive private property, ami that neither Dr. Houston nor the Students hail any right to publish, nor in any way of the notes of theie lectures. The affidavit of Dr. Houston in reply to the allegations contained in Dr. Mott's bill was read, but Mr Sherwood, the learned and able counsul of Dr. Houston, was obliged to defer his argument till this _r i ?l!ty, 111 consequence 01 a prior unu gt-uuntw nignurmen!, which required his attention shortly after the time at which Mr. Graham concluded. To this postponement his Honor kindly acceded, and the final hearing of the case will be given this day, at one o'clock. As the case is one ot the greatest importance and of vast interest to the public, we will publish a full report ol the Chancellor's decision. Mokb Richmomds?The democrats in the Kentucky Legislature are about entering Col. Dick Johnson for the great sweepstakes of 1S44 Good. Col. Dick Johnson has the same capital as General Harrison had?and why has he not as good a chance 1 Crime?Judge Noah and District Attorney Whiting are at is*ne about the amount of crime in this city, as compared with former years. Noah is good at tancy work, hut Whiting is the man of fact. Tor instance?who credits the story of the "colored light" expresses in the lottery business \ War with Ekolahd?Creole Question?To he unsettled poiuts with England, we now add the Creole question, one of the most excitable of any, in the South- We have now the following knotty points to quarrel about:? 1. The N. E. Boundary Question?Maine and part of New England. 3. Canada Burnings and Revolution?Western New Yolk, kr. 3. African Sei.mres?Crrnmcrrinl Seaports. A fit at* M.hfa?TIil Hi mi liatintr StatPf. A The North Writ T- i ritorjr?Weitern State!. # Creole C>?e?Southern Sutci. Here is a* pretty a kettle of fish as ever was eaught on the Grand Bank, and if a war with England can't be got out of so many questions, we shall give up slop, and try " enough" at once. At.btsv Raimioad ?This concern is fast asleep? yet it is the project that can best counteract Boston Empty.?The pockets of I'ncle Sam, who stands up like Jeremy Diddler, saying "pockets to let." Navu. Ii?til>j?acp. ?V. S. schooners Flint and Van Bunn, from Florida, arrived at Havana on the 28th ult. News of the total loss of the sloop of war Peacock, one of the exploring expedition, was received here yesterday. She was cast awav in Columbia tiver All the officers and crew, and the nautical instruments were savedWe learn that the government have purchased the ship Grand Turk of New Bedford, lor a reciving ship on that station The Steam Frigate Mississippi was quietly |yinir of Vr if ( jwiIm ilf f!i?? !.?jf unrvnnnfu If is uuul "S tt' " ^W",V ? ,,,V " * * -VVW-...W. *? '? "*'? that she will prove * spb-nd'd failure. Rrasr rporTiiK Wat.l tructr Cress?Not one of the Wail b:reet pr.nts attempted to report the Bankrupts' ureat meeting, but the Express?and that was a miserable affair. The Courier tried and failed? the Journal did not attempt it. The Herald aloue gave a full and compb te rep irt, as it always does. % Erie Ran.road.? A p.-odigmu* popular effort is nrakiue here in favor of the Erie Kailroad. No harm tu this Go ahead. The Rarxiro Sr?rE\t ?All seem to be coming out gainst the banking system?the bankrupts at the Exchange, and Little Biddle in the Sun office. Apropos?How goes Jacksonville shinplasiers about these days 1 Apollo Association ? This valuable Society have just published a beautiful riv zzolint, called the "Artist's Dream " It Contains fine portraits of Michael Angelo, Raphael, L-onardodi Vinci, Rubens,Rembrandt, Reynolds, Ace In the foreground is a painter's easel, a statue, and the artist (his head resting on a table) asleep. The design and execution ate alike admirable. Lord Morpbtii ? This eminent man is going south. We advise him not to talk at all on the subyet of abolition. Car*da ?Wnen Shr Churios Bagot gets into the saddle in Canada, lie intends to ride down all the ultras. A complete revo it'ion tiny be expected. The Rev Mr I'icar >.vr?This saint ins bo en lecturing here fir several evenings. He is no great affair?all ribbon?n > reason. Titr (i?i:\TnT Ko\rrh Vtr?ArnoIJ, ?'f t'".? Hoow of Rrpfit'-nta'ivpd. Divic Crocket wa ot<Iy M "cireuiiurttincf" to him, I Ul^lUjr lunp.irlaiit from War on Texa?. We jjive our readers to-day, the annexed private (:crte-|p 'iidi-nce from M- xico, reei ivrd by h U'e er rival from VeraCruz It developeH a singular state nl i't th- M- ai ait government tovvaids I) h Texas Hud the United States. From these details, and from the uudiviui-- d movements of Santa Ana, there i.hi be no doubt but an attack >vi 11 be in.ade on T> via at no distant day , and if so, the war will a iiti:i i - till the Anglo-Saxon race plant their standard on the heights ol Mexico herself. Mexico, Nav. 1,1811. S'.rlc/irs of I1ir Diplomatic {Corp* in Mexico? The Jirilith Minisltr?French Minister?Santa Ana. Dear :? 1 addressed you a few line* on the 15th u11., intending to bav e written to y,.u every week, but have tailed to do so, not ?o tnneh for the want ot matter, for there is an abundance in market, but because we hare no direct ci u veyance to tha I 'nited States, the only : nc being that of the New York Packets, wnich is by no means regular,as you are aware. Mr. Pakeiihum, the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Great liritain, near this court, passed some handsome encomiums o n the New York Herald, a few days since, when I had the nouor of being his guest, that would have flattered \ou, all of which 1 had nated in uiy memorandum book, intending to give them to you in lull, but unloriunutely for us both, 1 bare lost the hook in which iny notes were made; ibis you may say was owing t?> Carries sues-, but it was no such thing ; I went to nigh mass lost Sunday, at the Cathedral, and while kneeling in fervent devotion before the nlta , I had my pocket pick d of my note book, a few cigars and a New York Herald? and am thus thrown upon the resources of my memory, always fragile, for many interesting auecdotes,historical facts, aud Diplomatic juggle,which would not have failed I > interest your numerous readers had I been permitted to have given them in full ; in f.ict 1 m.?y consider inyiell very extreme 1. fortunate if Sun I a Ana does not send n.e to trie "Patyu de Nsranjns," (erimiual prison) for Laving noted too freely the opinions 1 had formed of his itortrnnenl-niy oulv aalvation it, that I kept my notes in Greek Stenography, and Col. Viiary is the anly man in the country, who could deaypher them, and he is politically opposed to the saint and kis government. I have been pretty regularly dined by the Diplomatic "Corps in this city, for a week past Of all I have gleaned some information,the which was duly noted at the time, but my notes are gone ! Mr 1'akc'iham said that your money market articles were the best published either in Europe or America ; 1 noted that as a big expression, hut true to the letter- lie said the Herald was assailed evt ry where, and especially, by the Wall street clique, not for waut of morality, aud because its proprietor and editor was a foreigner, and cross eyed?nut, ihat you, General Jarkson aud Captain Tyler had wrecked Major Jack Downing'* " Two Follies'' and atu< k in tba mud Old " Nick" with his big Pennsylvania " waggons,"?that the modern system of" linaciering," in the the United Stutes, was more fully exposed in the Herald than uny other paper; hence the persecution,or war, waged against you, and that you deserved great ciedit for vour euergy and 14 go-ahead plan " The French Minister, Count de Cypres, is pos scssed of a large share of "tact" and gentlemanly deportment lie is both hospitable and communicative, when among friends, or those who speak fluently his language, and are introduced to him under favorable auspices. This seems to have been aiy good lack, and 1 am greatly indebted to the Count for many interesting anecdotes. He still chuckles over the victory gained by the French over the Mexicans in 183!) ; for although the Mex ivatis persuade their people that the t rench got ttie whipping, yet the resprct paid to the French Legation since, and the studied protection offered to his " nactonales" by the Mexican government, are proofs that those who govern, know full well how the matter stands. Ilo laughs yet at Santa, having Inst a leg, hiding behind a gate nost ; and has at his fingers' ends the suit coiumeneed by St. A. against a Mexican Colonel who dared expose the "Saint," by publishing the facts connected with his victory at Vera Cruz in Dec. 183!) ; nor does the Count forget that Gen. Tornel, one of the Saint's actual Secretaries, acted as hi* Attorney in the prosecution. Mr Ellis, the worthy representative of the U. States, is quite a diplomatist You can never know of him what is going on; and altnough I can but approve of this reserve, 1 roust express my chagrin a' being wholly unable to bring him out. Nothing can be known of him, nor have I been able to ascertain what is going on or contemplated with regard to the pending difficulties between the two countries It is conceded on all sides that the present commission in Washington will expire before half the claims are adjudicated. The Mexican government, while S.inta Ana is in power, will never renew the convention, or consent to its heing extended cvrn a few mo iths I had a curious conversa tion with him in relation to thi- and other matters, two days since, which I think may be well worth publishing. You shall have it iu my next. Yours, Vkilli. Mixico, Nov. lO'li, 1811. Interview with Santa .4na?his Opinion of the Unilril ? ?/.- if-.,..,.., the Santa Fr Pi isoners. Dear Dennett? My last letter wag under date of the 1st inst., leav int; off with the Deplomatic Corps, at Judge Ellis't the worthy Representative of the United States ; I vra- hurried at the time, and kept no copy of my letter- My nest diploic 'tic dinner was at the Spanish Minister's. This " Diplomatic" is so much at home here, that h speaks very frankly with ihose who speak his language, not so much mi, with those who speak it badly, and quite on the reserve with the French- lie believed me to be a native of "Castile," and permuting him to remain nod rtlus belief, 1 gleaned from liiin inncb interesting information, which shall be given hereafter. The d .y before yes'erdav 1 was presented to General Sasta Ama ; it not being cu-uwnary with the President and heads i f department to give dinners to any one, however distinguished The favorattle atispiciea under which I was presented to " Napoleon 2d," together with my good fortune in b? tng able to conveise in Ins own language, engaged us at once i i a conversation of great apparent interest to him, touching the recent revolution, by which he had been again seated in power. From the history of the man, it was easy to discover his "co/e foiblt" and with a little "s ift siwder," as Sam Slick would say, I soon gained his confidence, and the conversiiioii turned upon tne all absorbing qu->tiou with him ; namely, the position ofTexas. with regard to Mexico Carefully avoiding the mention of "San Jacinto," (for this he cannot b ar to hear.) I ventured to say, that Texas would, at no distant n..rt.?l t-nd. HVttr to iu ike l.iwstor Mexico iirnoer ihat the character of her people would warrant such .i conclusion, and tiiat 1 w-as under the imprt-seiou, the true policy ol M' xico, in its present distracted and enfeebled condition, would be to_ recognise the Independence ol that Republic, and lix lunitsto h< r boundaries. He answered with great vehemence and apparent firicrriiy. never, no never, would he consent to the recognition of the In lependence of the land piraies ol Texas, (<?<? Anglo Anuiicano*) while he, Santa Ana, was permitted to d aw hi-word to tiecontraiy; he would not only exti run nnte them, but he w ould chastise the " Gnbieruo del Norte," (the Goverinent ol the United States ;) aliening, therefor, that Texas whs not only peopled by the United Shales of the North, hut upheld and protected by that Government. " What, said he, emphatically, *'is Texas 1 What is the United States f Texas whs nothing at all, and with regard to the United states, it would not take hint long to march hii army to Wa.-hington, and plant the Mex can ! ' ag on its capnol " Tit s, I find, ts not a new idea with hiin, for he held a similar language in lstti. with the French Minister, Hsron Dill iudis, and the British Mini ter Mr. I'aaenham ; wnich, 1 am inlorined, was intihfullv communicated at the lime, by the American t onsal at Mexico, to Ins government. Here I interposed and s id, the friendly rela'ions ex s ing between Mexico and the Uniied S a'eswere such, owing to the probability of a speedy termination of all old mailers in c introversv, under the convention of IK59 th it a pretext wi old be wan ing to fl"g "Uncle Sam," and moreover, that it was not an easy matter now, for the Yankees warn d fight tiitimn To this he said, with a sne?%?the Government nf the " North" boast of its bravery, x run-, morality, ,<nd liberal institutions ; but it Wash " p ij t" (ciihII) " Wi'tress," said lie, "how Mexico had prov. d her-elt more than m match tor th it great na i >n ; f??r whirh she was manufacturing President, by th> inflaence of hard cider, anu "pieier, ( l eaning Coeii Skihs, tor he had f rgo'teD the nauie.) M xico b\ ihe greain<ss ot her sons, had rained a signal victory over the "Grand Republics 4.v?. v., in iM-jiH niHcy, and sortie would d<>. in arm*. wh? n-\er a o occasion pin*-Died it-elf " Here I teutured to n?k him what ihe victory wis, he a In ed 10 "Oh!" mid he, " Mrxieo curried ?ll the controrrried points, in ihe cele rated Treaty of Amity, ire., of 1K12 and this too, cter several year* nego'ution "We knew" tie a.'ded, " that ih'" N> r'D Ann tie m* wniiinl our hatd do|U a, *nd we -old th-in at the hi rhest price, al prtriu una* mlritlo, 'dm! ih it after tine, carne the coiivru hod* ot I**!"4-!> ( r the ?Hj raiment of the pr> nudei claimk 01 ? i * r.a < f tne United Sutei on M-xic.?. lor spoliut > and robberies of their property, mn nnl-trea'in n' of tin >r pers ?na; "these"' *a d I.e. "?c .utiitL'i d t" o'tr li'niif, for when w w r liar.. . ??ed l>v " " Gov. rnment <>t ihM N r h," in |s.i<, we n <1 upon principle* we d..i s. : .ik> We Old uot, theit l ?re, submit, the tirst Convention to Cangreas for ratification, alleging therelor, that 'hw King of Prussia, whom wr had selected as umpire, would not art a* such, becanse wr were tie irons to have the Prus-tan charge here, sent to Washington. and to obtain in a aecond negotiation, better Ci nditmns, which we were sure to obtai non the eve of a Presidential election; and we were not mistaken. Our trinmph was complete, for the matter was so managed as to enable us to decide on every claim ; onr aommisaiuners are instructed, and the w hole matter is well understood " This, "well understood" puzzled me,and I inquired 1 It l - ... ' I . I i -r. . . . C I. now mm oy wnoiu 11 was understoodin which nr gave a sarcastic smile, and said, in that consists th?' victory ! I understood it, and was not willing to press the inquiry further. Here ends my third lett r. But for want rf time,1 would willingly finish with the President and all the diplomatic corps in one letter, but it would be too h ug ; I therefore eotne to the determination to divide theni, and to run the risk of conveyance, which is by no means secure ; 1 keep notes, howevet, and when I shall have finished with these great folks, I will analvze the government, and give some statistical information, which cannot fail to interest your readers. This country abounds in resources, and but for rhis great abundance it would be now annihilated. Withihislact its rulers are unacquaiut- 1 ed. and they must consequently err ' P. 8. I lias'en to inform you of the fate of the Texian Santa Fe Expedition ; it has fallen into the hands of its enemies, by the strong arm of Mexican 1 valor. treachery " It seems there was an " Arnold" in the camp, arid great insubordination ? The poor feilows are now on their way to this city on foot?and barefoot. When they hrnve, we will see they be provide d with all possible comforts ? Meantime it will be gratifying to their relatives and friends, to know that tlie diplomatic corps resident here, will unite to a man, to prevent a barbarian butchery ?f the men, and Santa Ana will be compelled mn/git* lui to respect the code of civilized warfare. Mexico will pay dear for her treacherous victory, or I have mistaken the character of the Texans. It is reported, that seveial penceuble American citizens, who resided at Satita Fe, have been shot, and if true, " Uucle Sam" may have work alieHd. Vrille. Albany. (Correspondence ol the Herald.) Albasv, Wednesday, Jan. 12th, 1842. It has been, far some time past, considered that the Regency would bring forward Col Yoo.vo as the.r Candida e for Secretary of S'ate. This, of course, has aroused the jealous spirit of the other branch or faction of the party. Accordingly we find in the "Atlas," of this morning, a long aud labored article, which, after eulogsing the Colonel to the skies, takes the ground that the reward proposed ? be conferred on h.m, is by no means commensurate with bis merits, and that it would be unjust, as well to him as to the country at large, to Clinliil. kim In ill. ?l,...i,;.?,?.u ..!/ Tki. is but a tingle move in tbe cauli on* and dot p game that is being played, and bow it will terminate no one can predict.- Tbe r. sail of the election* can alone determine- An attempt was again made by Mr Looms, to-day, to have the lime fixed upon which the election should be made, bat after an unsuccessful motion to lay the matter on the table, it was (tiled, for this day at any rate, by a successful motion to adjourn. Mr. Loomis will doubtless ca.l the subject up to morrow. In the Assembly, to day, a great deal of business i has been goi.e through with. Mr. Gkout, from the select committee, eansi.-ting 01 the New York de- | leg at i i n, to whom had been reterred the petition , of the Common Council of New Yoik, ia regard to 1 the Rgistry Law, reported a bill to-day repealing 1 the Registration previsions ef the law. In pre- ; tenting the report, Mr Ghost remarked that the original tone and manner of the report bad been 1 greatly modified, teas 10 have the unanimous con- 1 currencc e Hie committee. Upon ibis, Mr. Wald- 1 win said thai he ehjected to it. Mr. McMvkhaY, man elospont speech, explain- 1 ed and defended the bill >lr. McMumkav is a ' r< ady debater,and notwithstanding a sort of lisp- 1 ing delivery, he is a great faror,te, and always finds an attentive audience, His speech to-day, 1 although snort, was au utile and eloquent effort. ' Mr. Baldwi.t rose and s.ud.tnat he iud.lrom the 1 outsst, been opposed to any change in the Registry ' law, and when tho nine came for fin*l uc ion in | the prem sc.-, lie |turposed to express himself more 1 at lung'h on th<- subject. Mr. O'Svllivas rejoined, that he had been un- ' der the irapre.-srmi tout the committee were unani- I nous in favor of the rep at But from the gentle- ' anil's dec arutinn, just made, it appeared he was * mistaken. Bet. r,- proceeding furibor, he would ' remark, paraphrasing the oiatiou of Mark Antho- ' ay, thai he came not to enter into ,.ry len. lbsned 1 explanation or delence of ihe hill, for the subject 1 had been considered ,,nd debated eno gh already, * but to bury the bill, not :o abuse i " He could J , I Ml? III hm opposition to ttic repe.,1, us hi- two colleagues, wbo with bnu represented itie wins; 1'arty of tbe city of New York, on the floor ol this House, were decidedly in favor of the rep al. aud with mm* slig ,t exceptions, concuried entirely in the r<-port. Major UaVksac a,.id,thai were he born an American. it should be his itrongest exertion to procure the repeal and removal of l his degrading * iguta on tne character ot the city of New York, liuiaeiti7.. M ai he was by choice, by adoption, u claw against whom the bill wis most i specially aimed, he felt huuse'f urged 10 double exertion. He continued at s me length, in an enthusiastic strain, and with the violent gestnlulion aim veheiuence so par ticulariy his i liaraeteristic, amid thu uud oraiors ot ice House Mr. OVulli van to-day, aecord-ng to previous notice, introduci d his bill abolish ug c pnal punishments, and concurrent resolutions recommending an aiuendiueut ot the Constitution, so as to take from the Governor the pardoning power, in certain cases. Thu bill proposes that .ill crimes, now punishaolc with dealt*, shall be puoisned by tlieinNic ion of solitary conlineiuent tor lile 'lbe essvict shall be considered, immediately after his conviction, to be, so tar as bis coui.-rciiw.:* w ith societyare concerned, in every respect tit ml. The resolution lixoposes to submit t" the people, at thn ensuing fall election, the propriety o ?u amend og the Constitution us to deprive ttie Governor "I the power of pardoning any convict convicted of any crime now punishable w ith death ; nut if any material facts or tcs lutony shonld be developed in re* speit to the innocence of tbe prisoner, then the Governor-hall order a new trial. It reserves to the Legislature tbe powerot pardoning the convict ntany time niter the rxp ration of twoiityd years, by a vote ol two-th rds. lln h matters were1 referred to the committee on tlio Judiciary. i ne ?urij ci <> ruaie i iikiu uiiur wis Drought on the carpel again uvdLy by [hut iiulef.itigahl rapreseutativs of (he mechanic*, interest, Air VVkik.? ile called up a >r seusideiM ioc Ilia resolution au ho rising th standing on Slate Prisons to Ti.-it . he frnona. Soiue dcliat e v, a> had on a proposition to sand three only ol the couitni tec, an a measure of economy. Tbs ainraduu nt was withdrawn by the mover, aud the resolution was adopted by u laige vote?tua yeas and nays having been called. I he annual report of the Leathers Manufacturers' Hank of the city of Mew York, in relation to balances and unclaiw-d dividends, was received, and ordered, together with s-unlar repoits f(om other banks, to be printed. A gieat many lulls, resolutions nnd notices, ainnly ol a private nature and of no general interest, were introduced and acted on Mr iJorrMAts said, that ihe committee to wh. iu had bee.i delegated the duty of examining the AcCount, had not, (rem certain ria*<>u?, examined those that relate to the liquidate on of Safe y Fund Hanks. In o.dcrto relieve the committee from any deliraev that might exist, he ofT red a resolution di ecting them especially to examine those accounts. t he hill changintr the mode af appointme nt of Hank Receivers, was again taken up, and Mr Looms advocs ed the till ; when, ou motion of Mr. o'.-u lli van, and in order 10 gne a gentleman who wes la lormg undi r ail otipressive Cold, an op port an t y ol bniut he.ird an the subject, the hill, i.f ter a strong opp.isi.iou, was laid ou the tab.e anlil to morrow. I'here were a good many visitors to dav, whom i nbservsd a bevy of New York lames. Mr. McMubkat was very assiduous in his nttentieos 10 them ; end among other saies for their wants and enjoyment, I ..hrrved he tarnished them with a copy of the Mew York IK raid ; in the pciusal of which they a veared to d< r re a va-t deal more graMu-at on th 11 in to the ilry proceeding* of the llnu*e. In the Senate but 1 ttle trail done. Mr. Foster reported in tavrr < f the b.ll changing the Binde of appointing Hank ContmietiOHur* and reducing the number Che report* of the I'mon ard Greenurn h Hanks of the city of New York, relative to balancer and iincU mod dmdeod*, were received Mr. Fvkmaji introduced a icrie* of reaulution* relative t' the Hankrupt Law, ard rrqtiei tng our Senator* and Representative* in Ci<ngre?? to v< te agaimt it? repeal It a e ;trcmi ly dou t ul w liether thi-ie reiolu torn will pa-* At tiny are concurrent, they will lie on the table for one d?y Mr Root ? reaoliitiona tveie laken Up, in cmn nilteeof the whole, but the coiumittea ro?e witi o ;t final a?t?"n. Cam Ulc icar. A Blow I r ? Letw. en the Postmaiter General ( i dud tlie liailmad Comparice, POSTS C K 1 I T. PUIladr 1 pui*. |(.'orreipoo<rau? uf the Herald.] Pmi.ADCLPHiA, Jan 14, IS42. CiimimU Examination Against Diddle, Jaudon, frc ? Appearance of the Defendant*?Their Counsel and thi Cause of Their Employing Those They Have? The Prosecutor* anil Counsel?The Recorder? Stock*?An Oul'jreak in Reading ILnbroad Stocks, Jf-r. Or. The examination af the witnesses and other investigations into the criminal prosecution, now twMiJinir u<r*iriat Mr. Nirhnlaa B-ddU? Mr. (!*ar. perthwaite, Mr. Andrew*, Mr Jaudnn and Mr. Dunlap, create* an excitement and interest here ( greatly beyond what I bad snppoaed it would hare ( dene, considering what had already beceine public in the matter. Yesterday,f>r *ome time before the ] hour named for the defendant* to appear, the Court 1 rooaa wa* filled, and every favorable petition to nb- ? tain a view ef the great accused wa* occupied, by ? tho?e deiireu* of watching the countenance ef the , "greatest financier of the age," under the various i ibade* the case might assume. Considering how ^ great and universal the aufTering that ha* flowed , from the improper act* of these men, there wa* much less of exultation at their present criminal position, than might naturally hava been expeeted I All were grave, and looked on more m.sorrow thai J in anger. < Mr. Piddli was dressed in a aurt ut overcoat, buttoned to the chin, and looked, at least I thougkt lie did, muck mure depressed tlixn either ol his fellow*. lie occupied a seat immediately in front of the Recorder, between hi* couucel, and nearly in the centre of the bar. II* spoke not, that 1 saw, toany*ne; n*r*miled, a* you know i* *o natural with him on all occasion* of meeiing with hi* acquaintance*. He sat (till, though it wa* evident there wa* raging within snch a storm a* visit u* only about the equinox There i* a horror came* < over those who have been well bred, in first taking a criminal stand in eonrt, that is unequalled, und wbich the strongest nerve* cannot resist or con ceal. An old criminal lawyer who sat besida me , yasterday remarked this,as be closely watched the i changing countenance and wandering eye of each ( of the defendants in this accusation?hut especially of Messrs. Diddle aud Jauden It excite* *ome lit le surprise to see Mr Biddl* , aad Mr. John M. Read, his counsel, now cheek by j jowl, especially with those who know ttie political , relations of the gentlemen Mr. Read has ever bee none of the mast determined opponents of the I 1 bank and it* insnagement by Mr. Biddle?he has, prebab'y, next to General Jackson and Col B*n- I ton, done more than auy otker to bring the iniqiri tous doings of the " Monster," in its most hidtons 5 prop*itioiis, fully before the publie gaze Mr. R. ! was, f*r several years, the U. S District Attorney J fsr the easern district *f this State, and lor no considerable length of time, in the last tea years, < has his pen been idle, on the matter of th- bank'* abuses, hut with the skill of an experienced angler 1 ha* he bran continually drawing the fancied forgotten " fair baaines* transactions" of the concern ' in the light of day In banking matters, in fact in J all matters that require thought and great labor. .vir jicnu ? wiidcui a rival in mc legal proies-ion in thu city, and ha* few if any superiors in the t country jtiei* never flowery in debate, and rarely rloqumt, though always strong uad logical. If but allowed a position to place hi* battery?if any ' position of hi* premises are admitted?he hits- 1 riably carries his pouit by storm. Subterfuge and 1 finesse are no weapon* uf hi* It is for the above ? very essential requisites, in a case like this, as well 3 in forIws party position, that Mr. Head occupies it is aupposed, the official relation to the great firanrirr ti at he now does. ear y retaiuing Mr. I * R , Mr. Biddle was w<sc, and ? fl'-c ej two impor:ant objects?he secured an able lawyer, and took s from his oppouents the very strongest speke in . Lheir wheel. Mr Meredith was chosen for his moving elc- g gnence, his acknowledged abilities as a lawyer, and for hisleomtnanding political position There I ire few abler men than Mr Meredith, when he lays n himself oat,and in national political influence, he probably at this time possesses more than any other " in this city, belonging to what was the whig party " Mr. Cadwallader was retained, probably more F Torn his known warm personal sympathies fcr the j, parties reused than fcr any other cause Not bet 4 bat he has talents, and those of a v ry fine order h toe ; yet, whether these would have been sufficient Tcr his present client* to have called him cut ol f the civil line cf btitiness in which he generally travel*, to the exclusion ot Mr. Dallas, Mr Ran " da I, D P Brown, and come others, who are more frequently engaged in criminal practice, 1 much [ question. J?hn K Kane was retained for?devil me. If 1 I knew what. Not that he 1* without a very clever hare of talent too. Hut then he has pract iced lit- ' tlcrecently, and never much criminally His abilities would not compare * Ph a hundred others as an advocate, and a* for political influence with his 1 par y, he is a democrat, ha bar not much lie ia a warm friend of Gov Porter, and if it is thonght probable that a pardou will ever be required in the pending matter, his influence may nut have been miscalculated. Per the pr< locution there is St George T Campbell, who appear* for Mr. Aastiu Montgomery, an old gentleman, who in the decline of life, seems in a fair way, fcr the firsttiuie in his life, to ?i ve himself an extended notoriety Mr. Campbell is a young 111 an of much tact and intelligence He was a pupil of the Hon. George M Dallas, and though possessing a harsh voice lie still has much af his preceptor'c style of eloquence He will not tail to da hnu-elf, his client, and justice it.-elf, if it should point tc conviction, full justice. Associated with him, or rather as the coui set for another prosecutor, ( Mr. Henry Hern) against the sme defendants, is Francis Brewster, Esq. Mr. R. is a shrewd idiii, end apt in his profession He is most remarkable far his cheek, winch I think is a little harder than any other 1 ever looked upon In his examinations of witnesses he is irresistible; in bis declamation rapid; in repartee, with court and counsel, ready; in his logic tolerably smooth, and id his jokes mast prolific. Unequal to seve al others engaged in the trial, 111 point of ability, he is nevertheless the mua, were I a defendant, whom I should nine fesr than any other, after Mr. Read, that the prosecutors could have employed '1 he Ki curder, who is to pass upon this accusation, after investigation, is a young, amiable, clever gentlem <n, wi h a foitune large enough .0 place him above all improper influences, and with talents | sufficient ?o keep him str. ight through the ca?e. 1 He is the ?on of on* of the best men that our city . ever had; ami, like hiai, ha.x a heart overflowing , with gcidneii and compassion for thr iiistortune*. , as well a* the follies and frailties f hi* kind With , the most determined desire to do the right rigidly, , he still has cause tn feur the unconscious Sapping* , of tbii enviable trait in his nature Tnas tar he | evinces a high determination to do his duty. j Such is a hi ief and hasty sketch of these parties, | their coansel, and the court. | My letter to you last evening was up to the caling , of the fir?t witness, Mr laylnr. The meeting of the Court is so short a time before the starting of the ro ill, (less than three qu irters of an hour,) that bat little opportunity is afforded of writing out math other than the sub-tunce of what transpires; but as mui h as this you shall have. Afier 1 c'osed my letter yesterday, the examination of Mr. 1 aylor 11 procta led substantially as follow* : ? To a series of questions put l 5 Mr. Bkkwstor. Mr. To) lor stated that he first entered the Bn.k el the Units I State* as a Junior Clerk, in 1827. At that time, he sail, Nichols* Bid lie, E?q. ?a> President of thelnstitu tion, aud rentiaued to hold that olfice until M ireb, IHJ9 Thomas Dunlop then her sirs Fiesident, and cotitinai U in office until April, IMl, whi n he was succeeded by Win. Praytea. Mr Drayton sontinued in Uiat office 'ill August of the same year, when he whs succeeded hy the present lucuiyihent. Jams* Robertson. When I entered the Bauk, eoininui d the witness, Wm Mclivsin was 1 Cashier. He contiinwd in that rapantv until J-<ly or ! September, lsj',1. when he wa* auceecded ay Sitnml JeiHtn Mr. Jandon continued in ottire until the Nil of ' 1817. when Joseph Cowperthwait whi el, cted. In July, l?4#. Alexander LaMaer suereided Mr. Cowprtthw it, 1 and retain) d the otAce until nccerded hy m in April, 1841, when I wai np(>omte l temporarily. In thi f nlow in* June I w?i perm inently appointed to the office, and till hold it. John Andrew w as I ?t Assistant Caaliirr in 1W7, and cant in ned in otfice until June, 1840, when the otfice w a? abolished Joseph Cawperth wait was'Jl Assistant Cashier in I8J7, and continueil to hold that |K> ition until appointed Cashier, in plum of Mr. Jauilon Thomas Dunlap itirceeded him, and remained until appointed Put idem in 18:10. Alexander Lardnar waa the next incambent. and remained in ollice ?n il made Cashier, in June 1810, whi n the aOire *?i abolished In cntnplNnce with the inatii. ti?na of Mr. Brewster, the witneaa bow piodiired the uiinnta hook ol the old Cut ted Statu B ink. and read the record of the in.etiijgc of Directory held January 7, 18-Jt. A warrant was iaceived at that rnnetinff Irom the President ot the U >ite4 State*,Mr Monroe. ap|sointing Nirhola* Biddlr M inn-I P. Eyre, and athara, Directors on the part ifthi O-veinment. At the same mee'niK N. Biddla mat unaaimousiy elartc ' rrpaiarnioi in* onn*. Mr R?*irin now called upon the wi?n-aa fn pta 'nr. crrtain paper a ? bioh IihH hern namnl|in hn anpparna. Mr. Taylor then mhihitnl and read a lir^r nnmtwr i.( recripta and lonae memoranda, of which the f lo* n( al hough no! literal ccpiea, will conrry the pure rt:? , Thi Crat paper a rtreipt from NichoU* Li I President. to the Caahier of the Bank, date I M y A ' 1 |H#B, for $30?0, f>r " miacellanrnua exp. I art." Ap mark waa ni on thia n r? ipt. 1a the worda. -V a p. | .anient cxpenaea," aifned J. A? whtah tha witbtaa laid < i ood lur J. Andrew*, cashier. The p. m il walkings ' u this end the other papers are generally abbreviated, C. p. e., atae ling fur the quoted above. Anoihtr receipt of the lame (late, tinned N Biddle, wai for $S.%00?for eapenses to and from Han iiburg? called " miscellaneous ripeniti,'' and m-rked at the Ant. The third was a receipt ft on N. Biddle, aama date, for $1 600, "Miscel eip" Same murk. Fourth?A receipt from N Biddle, May 7, 1636, far $6 060 Miacel cap. Same mark Kiltb ? A memorandum, signed by N. Biddle. May 16, 1636, charging certain "expand* at li arris burg,'' amounting to $1,311, "permnn.'Bt expetices " 6th ? A receipt Irom N. Biddle, dated April 3d, 1836, for $6000?' nusrallansous eape.ncrs." 7th ?A receipt from the same, dated March 31, 1636. for $3 ?" miscellaneous eapenses,ilh the usual taaik in pencil. Oil'?A receipt from the same for $5096, dated April I'.', 19e>6 for' mire laneoui expenses " 9th ?A recept lrom the same, dated May d, 1636, Tor $100, marked "charge J. C."? J. Cowjierthwart Cashier. Vr. Brewster here asked the witness if the foregoing lasers wi re enclosed in an envelope. He replied that tie did not find any over them, and proceeded to tho read ng of other similar docam nta. The Huh paper was a receipt fiom J B. Wallace for 110,not, dated March 39, 16:6, " in full lor prulsssioual , ei vices, to date." and Mirt.d e r. .1 a I I ltli. A receipt from Joseph \fellTain for $10.0*0. dard the umi' day, and also -'ill full for piofetiluaal aertic< a to date," with the umo pencil mark. 8 e'Jth. A receipt from N. Uiddle, without date, f#r t MOjOOO, far ' miacellaneoue expeuaea," aud marked c. p. ^ 13 h. A receipt from the lame, dated June 13th, 183*, L 'or $6000, for " mia. ex p.," marked like the rest. . 14th. A Bill fram Matthew WiUon fc. Co. againat Mr. kli-llvaiu and othera for the Bank, for running rxprctaea v :e and from ilarnaburg, amounting to $3,468 40. The t hill waa receipted in full, and bore the uaual mark, ' 9 p. a. t Isth. A receipt from N. Biddle, dated June 30,1030, for c $6,000, ' mil. exp." I*'h. A receipt from the lamr fer $4 3*0. dated July 1*. la36, "mia. exp " and markt de.p. e.?J A. 17th. A receipt from the mme lor $1 476 03. dated July 23,1836, for" mia exp ,"and marked an the othara. 8 18th. A receipt from the aame far $lh*0d, dated July e 23, 1*3(5, fur " mia. t xp.," with the limn mark 10'h. A receipt from the tame for $60. dated Aug. 26, ls?>, for " mia. exp.," aim uaik. 30th. A mcmoraaduan dated August 30.1836, crediting War. B. Reed with $3,000 tor provisional aervicea, rrn4' red to the caaimittee to inquire in'o the expedieney *f locating a Branch at Erie, marhi 1 c. p e. 21 at. A receipt from N. Biddle lor $3,*30, dated Sept. 2P, lo38, for " miaa. eap and duly p. e. 22(1 A receipt for $670. from the tame, dated Oct. 8th, c 1838. for ' mil. exp ," aud marked like, the rest. j 33d. A reaeipt from the aame fur $1.8*0, dated Oct. 18, j 1836 tor mia. exp., mid muiked c. p. e?J. A. 34th. A memorandum aigaed bv N, Bi Idle, dated Oct. , f*h, 1838, allowing $1000 to W. W. Frazier, on retiring ' from the office held by him ia the Btaueh Bank at Louia- I rill. , being aix moutka' aalary, maiked aa the othera? I t. p. e. 1 28th. A receipt from N. Biddlu for $3,000, cated Oct. i 24,1 34, for mia. exp. 28 b A raamorxadum aigned by the aame.dated Oct. ( 26. 1838, allowing $1,2*0 to certain retiring effieera ol the Branch Bank el Kentucky, bring aix moatha'aalary to ech. maiked c. p. a. aa the othera. 1 27,h. A receipt from the aame for $2 500, dated Octo- ( Jet 27.1834. " Mia. exp.," c. p. e. i 3*th. A receipt from the same for $800, dated Not. let, 1836 " Mia. exp.," c. p.*. 8 20th?A receipt from the lame for $1,600. dated Nor. 1,1836. Same aocount. The witnera laid he coald not ^ iwear positively whether the m iking in pencil on thia g taper waa in the handwriting of J. Andrewa, Caahier, 30th. A receipt from the aame for $611. ia of the lame ' late, for the same account, and hearing the aame murk, 31?t?A receipt from the same for $391 SO. Nov.8, 1836 tame account and mark! C 3id?A memorandum signed by N. Bid lie, dated Nov. j 18, 1836. directing the n;inol$874, to he credited to the ^ igency at Mobile, forfthe expenses el a dinner given to he Directors of that agency and msrkedc. p. e. 33d?A receipt from the aame for Sill 33. November v !3,1836, for " miscellaneous purposes," and marked like w he ethers. 1 31th?A memorandum signed by the same, dated Dec. ii 9, 1839,directing $600 to be credited to another of the c Centucky Branch officers, being six months salary on v etiring. Charged to the usual account, and bearing the n isual mark. I 3*th?A receipt from the same for $300, Deo 3, 1836, 11 1 mia-exp." P 19th?A receipt from the same for $600, March 15,1937. h 1 mia-exp " 1< 37th?A reaeipt from the same for $1009, April 6, 1837, t] ime account and mark. n 38th?A receipt from the same for $400, April 13, 1837, |, lame account and mark. d 39th?A receipt from the anmc for $6000, without date. :> rhemarke- p. e. J. A. was dated April 16, 1837. 49th?A receipt from the same for $300,April 30th 1837. l< lame account and mark. 0 4l?t?A memorandum, dated June 31, 1837, giving vi >1340 as a gratuity to certain officers. Charged and o narked like the others. p 43d? M? morandum. stating that the sum of $60,341 11 iad beea paid to certain individuals as premiums on xckaagaa, from May II, to Oct. 13, 1837. Charged to xcharge aocount, and maiked in pencil J. C Cashier. f 431 ?A similar memorandum, staiiag that $100 had ' >een paid to C. McAllister, as premiums on Treasury rafts. This was marked with the witness' initials by lim. 44th?Anothor memorandum of the same character and or a similar amount. 44th?Still another memornndnm of the aame char- ei icter for $110 marked by one of iht clu'ks In the Bank, ei 49th?A memorandum, dated Nov. 10, 1837, $33 60, mid as premium on specie d in one of the b tranches by person hrreiu named. 1 47th?A similar mumoiandum of $1,630 "6. paid as a iremium on specie. The further esamination of ihc witness was lie re post- >' toned until this afternoon at 4 o'clesk. * For; a o'clock P. M, " The doora of the court r.<om were clo-ed until a p \ w uiinutes before four. Tho crowd in and about f, Lhe doors was grea', on he opening of which the tl house was immediately filled?too excitement appearing even (treater than yesterday, t n the strik- v iiiii of four the Recorder took his seat. The par f lies, ex'-ept Mr. Biddle and Jaudoa, with th-ir 1 respective counsel,were in their places. Afterthe * lapse af n few minutes the Recorder announced his (i readiness to proceed. At the instance of Mr. v Brewster, the defendants were called, and (Biddle t tud Jaudon having come in) all answered to their p names Mr. Brewster then commenced to question Mr. ? raylor, whose evidence wa-i n..t concluded last light, when the counsel for the defeudants asked lime far some consultation. ' Mr. Cam pbe ll (aside) ? What does all this playing oil mean 1 t Mr Re ad, aftar some time in consultation, aak- a d for n copy of the oath and the warrant en which p heae proceedings were loan ed. The Recorder said he would order copies made 1 >ut; and ordered the examination to proceed. 1 Mr Taylor then commenced read ag various terns of account en slips of paper similar to those v tamed above in last night's proc edings Several p >f these slips had the name of W. B. Reed en hem. q The business in stocks today, were of limited * .mount The principal feature at the Board was K he sudden fall in the priee of Reading Railroad, vhich fall from eertain bite tbe-hiter operationa * imeng brokers, from to 22 asked. Mr Elihu * ^banncey, formerly President of the company,was it the recent electian lef on', at which runsnrsays ti fie hrcsme piqued, and threw the whole amount of n lit stork in the market, gome 1.5' 0 shares. What imnuatad to about the same tbing, he s?ld to thsse who for some weeks past hive been selling ghort, has supplying those whom the company or its " ?e* at expected t<> hare the pleasure of - applying at i hmd-ome profit The sales for the past few , weeks hare been on speculation, at high prices ; it is sean, wben a parson is desirous of real- (, iziuj on hit stock, the price is found to be some four or lire dollars less than what it hud prerinasly seen selling at. The late lottery system was not a v circumstance to that matured by these brokurs. * Philadelphia. 11 [Correspos'lesce ,>f tlit M rsld." J, Phii.adelphm, Jan. 14,1842 At {four o'cloak precisely this afternoon, the e*. * tmination of the chares aja nst the ollicers of th" s U. S. Bunk was resumed before Recorder Vattx? j Mr Taylor the witness under ?jut tint on yester- ?> day was called to the stand, the Court I louse crowd- 1 ed in > very part with nnxu-us and curious apecta- {, tors Mr Taylor's testimony yesterday consisted in f a statement of the commencement ana termination j of the term of" service of the various Presidents, i C: shiers and assistant Cashiers of th>* Bank, togeth* ? er with a statement of various sums drawn from the ? I ite institution nnrl receipt'-;! hy the ollicers, ' s?'aurtr for iwhnt "drawn, winch has long 5 mice ?M*e*n madr public, and eeery body knows ( lull well was expended in sbtaining their late j r haJter from our S'ate Legislature It may , be well to add that some ot the .sum* were drawn ? to pay expenses and sa!ari?s incidental to the | business of the Bank, all of which was examined ? (no doubt originally directed to be done by the ' Board) and afterw ards approved by them. MrTay J1 lor continues ts-d?\ a simil '.e eccouut, and among ' th"' sums paid to diff-rent n d vulnals were several large sums to William If. Heed, a member of the . I.egislature of ike Slate at th tinie the charter w?> r obtained This said Wm B R?ed wa? the late j * t arney General of po >r,w- k < id< 5 vernor K i ner, t o von see pipe-laying in ni of its branches is not r confined to your city nf Goth m We have all read ol Judges and Legislaton in slden time hej#g accessible to those ? who appeared in golden array: w arc sorry to c be eotnp^lled to adind that King G< id is ri< h em ugh < to find admission into nd anion /11.ore mo ti rn conn- tl ils It i? possible that mi ig th- r* voiuijen there g lived som-of whom their flattering, fulsome pana- 11 i rials might be excused t r tying of tli-m th t King George wis not rich enon li to buy them p This looks pretty on pap- r, li -te many oth? r thin s, J] but th- persons <>f whom en h n.>u~ i,<- ni iv have n been said, had the adi antate I living about half a ? "nuiry ai4r?f ana w Biimc wnrn cunning put ?? ?nd knavish actions, and other npurionn coin, ^aaaed I ? .urreut with an unsuspecting people; but if we may | u > permitted iu try ihe tune of some person* I .heir known recorded actions, coupled with iha if their near connexions wiio live among i ind whose lives have been a w< ne of boasting heir great virtue and integrity, while the ir actios a'hen exposed to light, show an entire desti .atit-t very principle w hich constitute* ?ood tn< p.such . dotation ol taith when and wiorever placed i hem, liability to and eagerness lor bribery, disr jard el' old friendship-1, and whe.i and w h*-;- ver i tuthority, tyrunta and knaves Mr. Taylor's stat nent of the various amounts paid out h. the ofl ers, continues up to the pre.-ent moinent, and it ikely to continue lor some hours to come?all t vhich, thus far, we know to have le-en pa.-.-ed upe md approved by the hank lorn: since, ?,rid go t ihow, what! Ttiatthe hoard aud.- ockholders gav arge sums of money to procure their present eh a. er; and if it had proved a fortunate sp< < ulatior ilr- liiddle and others would have remained <?oc it leas*. It is in vain we talk upon this r-ibject:very body understands it. Cat*. Baltimore. [(.'srrrapmiilenfe ul the Herald.1 KAi.Ti.MOhE, J .ID. 14, W2-!) A. M. dm Editor? There is nothing new or of much no'". Th? ;reat, grand Court Martial, of which m< n'ioa ht >een made heretofore, rendered ;ts decieimi y estei lay in tha case of Col. Jame* L Mnguire, honora ily acquiting him of all charges. TheL'ctureo he Learaed Blacksmith,delifered last evening, a#V cry fully attended. He .a'tempted 'o prove tha here whs no such thing an native talent or genius 'What man has done, man can do," was his mat o. He repudiated and laughed torccrn the uotior if lucky stars nod all such hobgoblins There tisno lateratian to note in cxehungea, ana be produce market iaat a stand. The folks at Annapolis are not woinl-rsu.- in Stati flairs. The weather this mornig is clear and tol rably sharp Respectfully yours, Twist. TWESTY-SEVRVTII CO\GRF.SS.| Second Session. Senate. Thursday, Jan. IS. The Bamkfct r 1. aw. Mr. Hurtieotsr pre.-eni. il the memorisf of sad Iry persons in the city of New York, against the epeal, postponement, or alteration ol the Biukrupl Law. Similar petitions were presented in great numbers rom New York, Baltimore, Harrisburg, and athei ilaces?but principally from New York?by Messrs fRERTISS, Kl.HR, MaROUM, T.AM.MAPOF, MlLLEK,, Henderson, Buchanan, Lehi.ien, Mbriica, Woodbridoe, Ci.av, Walker, and others. Mr. WouuBRinr.E took occasion to suy that hs leprecMted as much as the petitioners, any i-.terfer nee with the Bankrupt Law; ami Mr. \Valeks uade some remarks on the Canaritutioaal newer ol JongresB to extend the provisions of the Bankrupt .aw to other than traders. Several unimportant resolutions were r> ceitAl, ind several private bills wer<- advanced a staoe. Mr Preston introduced the bill of which he had icfore given notice, to abolish th- office of Commiaary General of purchases in the Army; which was ead twice and referred to the;:ee on Miliary Affairs. The Board or Exciirqt'in Mr. Benton resumed the debate mn the Xtw Final projet of the President, aad spoke for i?, > hour* n opposition to a currency of "rau- <-.ud lamp* tlack." In illustration of his argument Ue dwell on his faorite topic, the history ot Great Biiiuin in tha dayn if Sir Robert Walpole, which wan u -cribed by the listorian Smdlet as the ag* of interested project*, nspin-d by a venal spirit ot adventure, the natural onsequence of that avarice, fraud, ai d profligacy rhich the moneyed corporations had introduced. I 7o the whig times of Sir Robert Walpole he said Ins country had gone back?1< the most cnUmitoms eried of British history?the period from which all ler present calamities date; and au lu-i.oy was phi* wophv teaching by example, lie wished these hings to be known, that tha foldes < f one nation nay be a warning to another. 11 detailed minaiey the bubble institutions of the age to which he re rred, and the consequences whi< h resu ted from hein, and asserted that our arlni n siration stands o-day where the British govrriim nt stood 120year* go. Corporation credit exhausnd. public credit . as resorted to, and the machinery of >>n exchequer f issues becomes the instrument , i c.isa'.ing and lundering the people ia both countries. At the close of the Hon. S nator's remarks the port of the Secretary of the i'reaf-ury was referred > a Select Commutes of nine A id the Senate ien adjourned until Monday. House of Representatives. 1 aoaiDAr, Jsu. 1J the one hocs rulu?the t?eam uv n?t?- bin. Mr. Qabrat Datii gave aHh?that ha tvaaKnft sa ally day introduce a matian to amend the rules by reitablitliing the one hour rule. Mr. Fillmobk a?krd the ur mimou* consent of the louse to introduce a resolution to tlx .1 :u take the 'rensury Note Bill out ol the comm.ut the whole. The resolution being ot jrcted .?, Mr. fillmobk moved a suspension of the 1 el# t, and the ras aud mat t being called on that r result rat announced to be yea- 119, nays bi?so two-thirds ot voting in the affirmative, the rules Mere not sui* ended. Mr. Fiilmobk moved that the rules hr mkpeaded, ?i the purpose of going into ooniimute of tho whole SB he Treasury Note bill. Mr. Khctt said be had a proposition to which he could ask the unanimous consent of the House, asks bought it would tend to accelerate the pioa i - ?s of the nil. It was, that the question be now taken on the aavral amendments that have been or may be Ul'.o ed to the ill, in their order, permitting the member off' ring them o make a brief explanation Worn the am n lmente Fere disposed of, tho result to he lepened to the commitee, who could take auch order on it is wss deemed roper. Mr- Stanly said the brief explanations would be peeches ottwo hours in length. Mr. Wise objected to the n-eolutiun : when Mr. Rhett said, he had no other object than to aacellate the business of the House, ami he thertloie would vithdraw the motion. Mr. M Kat then suggested that the House w.l-ht come o an understaadiug te sonfine gentlemen in Iheir rensi k? strictly to the amendment pending until it is disosedcf (cussof agreed, agreed) Mr. Fillmsbe approved oi th? suggestion, an 1 asked I be unauimsus consent ot the Ilvii-e 'o go into commit) se of the whole on the treasery note bill. Mr. Adsms objected. Mr. Kill mobs moved e suspension of the rttl?-?, which . at carried, and tha House went committee, Mr. lopkins im the choir. Mr. J. It. lnnrasoi l, who was ent tl d to tli floor, inuired of the chaii whethir the iju-slion i-in! debate (ere to be confined to the five dollai ataemlm. at of the entleman from Teunesaee (Mr. Ainsld] The Chaibmsn replied in the affirmative,sn<! suggrktd that the question had better be taken on t' p.-ndilf mendment, so as to bring the bill itself befotc the com- ' liltee. Mr. Asnnwi-Does the Chair d-cide thnt the quaeon is or. tho amendment of the geiitkn an lium < naasee7 [Mr. Arnold ] The Cmaismsn?That is the question. Mr. ANuevws?Then I appeal fr?.rn that decision. 1 i uf ifuimiw n ... men caaeii uu ma ] t < i I .-.nd tU eoisiott of the Chairman was sustain. J. Mr. Ahsoid then withdraw his amendment. Mr. lvoi acui.1. thrn erquiied ol be Cbaii v. Int *U he question tlna before the Committee. The C**iRw*!t?The emondm.nt of the gnnilemaa on K. nturky, [Mr. Usois?oud] Mr. A.kuktw's?I appeal ftom that <b cision Mr Wnus asked for the j s? an 1 nay, (Several oieea?Withdraw the appeal.) Mr. A*oitr.w* aaid he would not v itf V " jtj aBj tkod for t> Uer*, bat only liv tiauig in the ?'hrmativa, key were not ordtred. The dacifion of the Chair an then smtUiited by.a irge majoiity. Mr. Bsovson ?aid, for the purpose of opening tip tha ihole subject, he would move to strike out 'tie enaetng clause ot the bill. This would p.tve gentlemen an pnot(unity af disaussing tha whole question. Mr. laurssoLi. then tooh the But. and eat sse I hif nten'ion of offer ng,an amendment, sinch wa- necessary o (five effect lo the *m n m.i.t proj j.ed I the genie nan from Kentucky, (Mr Under wood,) an ' ho weald tnbtace thst occasion to any that t!.e court ptusuad iy that gentleman and si m? other* i. ihn. bill, had Vcited in him pietism utile < nioMins *s li legar.'ad t at a har'dngor of relief to a suffering Tcr- ry? lilt suhtM|Ucnt events in th'- If -me, and m ' . sittoni vith the members had chilled thittirtpe li ppearinces indicated, one |*>mon of the II. u<? g.i .r .1 loan . nd the other for Treasury Notts, while It..; were da- " lating the t|u.stn>n, the Treasury would e?lika he long eared animal in th" fable, (r int tt < .1 ulty af -hoo*ing between the cliff tent I 1, Is01 p- .. nder? f? wished to justify the camto put ued 11 l.c Cotnnittee ol Way sand Meant tn rem ,0., to ' - ill, and aid that the desires of the Aim. 1.miration u ? ri? .lis retarded, until they found themselves wbl. 1 e infu'nee of a sterner rule, the rule ol uecas-i';. , ohviatlf itTi/suly. Under these circumstance* wit was tha luty of the ''ommltteeto thorns lv t and the c :untry'? o taertlire their own preconceived o| tnios? 1 preja lice>. stut he hoped that th" maj nt> ol the 1'. w ould I did the majority of the Committee. 1 . ;ard ta he constitutionality of Treason N' tes, of b soma tad doubts, he h> Id it to be a e itti nit r. . find a ,i tee in the ronititution which Raw- aut> to pay he debt* of the General ?o?eiuin, nt in * h; t tapowi to iifue Treaaury aotea wm -at alto font. ; act f 1813 waa ngned by thu Ka.h-r of the ( i 'itutio* iimnell?lamt-a Madtaan ; and i 'i t i tilth. , u & da i larutory proeiao thut they -*e .1 I..- nte.l f>r r' e par1 ant oldebiaand bairoaine n i.v.Tht) liat been <M> ided tohe promiMory noteibj .in t-iot. i o: ;|, preaaa lourt. In addition to their Tain- > pr'nii-- y notra, hey poaaa*the addi ioral vain. t,f 1 . . ,v?l t.y tha ovemmant in pay meat of ita rrvenae. Wen. 0 1 ?ujgiat of, inatead of an apoligiat fo: .the >t i.o'i -would II the attention to their applicability to daabte urjtoaeol u?e a currency and u? ?i inraaticnt Thit wa? not the tim to lm|ti:r , it W?# hamal adminiatratlon of the j v, r. m. iodacad ecea?i'y for the neaame. The c. u.ttty w j .and it ??? their duty to relit vc that tl.i!,,- ltr. lia 1 ofentted to be a * big, timi to w, to..,- md hill nd be contidered tbe true Intrrtataot hit j-.'y baeed l> >1. the intervetaot hie country. (t'Jr eei-'ty right

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