Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1842, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1842 Page 3
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cha ttel in the l>u*ti'utiiiu, atro cauii- up iu wrticr, but he mid be had not Htren:;ih eutficient to pro eeedbOMr, and th'ir consideration was poatpoued until Monday next. The remainJer of the day wu eoniumed with private bill*. Haatt of ReprraentattTca Mordav, January 17,184'J. coa?ccTio>i o# the joubral. Mr. Gearum, immediately aber the reading of the journal ol S.uurd.1 v"S proceedings, vtated that ho was named as having moved au adjournment at '2 o'clock. I This w as an error, as 1.. tad made no suck motion. J The journal was then corrected by substituting for Mr. Granger's name, that of Mr. Crittenden, as given in our report yesterday. Mr. Br'irsoh said,that in looking over the report in the *" ' intelligencer, in the vote on the appeal taken by me . u.ieman from Virgiuia, his name did not appear. lie had voted in the negative on that occasion. The 8rEAar.a said it waa correctly recorded in the journal Mr. S-rsRi-rv asked the unanimous consent of the House to take up the resolution submitted by him some days since, from the committee on Public Expenditures, , authorizing the Committee to employ a clerk. Mr. Cave Johrsur said he objeoted to aay thing but the regular businessMr. starchy said he was glad to hear it ; he only wanted to see where the objection Cdme from kkrr.il ar the riimivrt law. Mr. R. W. Thompson asked leave to intrcduce a bill for the repeal of the Bankrupt Law. (Criea of no, no, object, object.) Mr. Welle* objected to the introduction of the bill, or any thing elae but the regular order of business. Mr. C'jthino roae to a point of order. He aubmittcd to to the House, w hethar the first business in order was not under the tlOth rule, which was a* follows: " As soon as the Journal is read, the Speaker shall call-for petitions from the members of each State, and delegates front each Territory, beginning with Maine, and the Territory of Wiskonsia, alternately ; and if, on any day, the whole of the States and Territories shall not be called, the Speaker shall begiu on the next day where he left off the previous day : provided that, alter the first thirty days of the session, petitions shall not be received, except on the first day of the meeting of the House in each week " This being the first day of the week, he asked whether petitions were not now in order, aud whether the House had passed any order which suspended that rule. The SrEAKKR said the rule did not apply under the present condition oi the business oftha House. M?- C.i.u.wn?Thou the Sneaker decides that the Houae has impended the rule. The Spbakse thought it had. .... . Mr. W. Cost Johksor asked if it would be in order to move te auspend the rules to admit the presentation of petitions and memorials. He had a great many memorials iu his possession, remonstrating against the repeal of the Bankrupt Law, which he would like to have an '^SmisiaidTt would not be in order. The first Question for the consideration of the House was the appeal taken by the geatlemau from Virginia [Mr. Wise] from the decision of the Speaker. Mr. Evkrktt said he nad made a motion to lay the appeal on the table, but as he now thought the motion was not in order, as it was not upon the journal, he would lalthdraw it ? ? Mr. Lewis Wu.m?i? moved for a sail ofthe House. as- v ii P. 1U,1 f ,r tliu vpUI mwl YlftVS UDOll thifi motion, which v. ere ordered, ana were aye* 48, noes 151. Mr. Linn asked if the gentleman from Vermont [Mr. Everett] had withdrawn the motion to lay the appeal on the table, and bein^ answered attirmatively, said he would renew the motion. Mr. Evbbett considered the motion not in order, and aaked for the decision of the Speaker, who decided that it was in order. r. Mr. Wan asked what would be the effect if the appeal was laid upon the table! The SrcaEEB said it would leave the decision of the 8peaker as the judgement of the House, and the bill would take its placo on the calendar, to be reached in its order. Mr. W. Smitu inquired of the Chair whether this bill was not introduced while the House was in execution of an order made by twe tuirds, and whether this order was exhausted by reporting the bill, or was it in force until the bill was perfected. The 8rcAata said the bill was reported by a special order of the House, directing the Committee to report tfcoi tho nrdnr must be construed strictly, and wu, in the opinion of the Speaker, exhausted when the report was made Mr. Srn ion laid, that entertaining the highest opinion forthe judgment of the Srcaaea, he could not violate hia own conscience, and would have to vote against his decision. (Roars or laughter.) The vote on laying the appeal on the table was then announced?ayes 103, noes 117. The previous question was then seconded, and the main questain ordered. Mr. Lewis Williams asked what was the decision of the Srcaaea from.which the appeal was taken. The Srasaea said, that when the bill was reported from the Committee, it was read for information, and the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. Wikttutor) had raised a point of order that the bill having been reported, the order of the House was exhausted and,that the execution of the order for the presentation of petitions was the next business in order. The SraAitcn had sustained this point of order,and from tint decision the gentleman from Virginia had appealed Mr. Evkrett asked if the dec'?iouof the svcaaaa was sustained would not petitions be the next business in order? **- 117 wi?o.;, Bpanmflntlv# intnrroiratorv Mr. *? lit. uujcvicu ?? ??i? ? B ?- - 0 Mr. Adam* then inquired of the Spkakkh the state of the quMtion, who repeated what he hail laid in reply to Mr. Williams. Xlr. 1 Atm.ai.^-ThPTi XnT Tpr#*fioh"Tfi?W "fifTHI! the Srk-AKKK be sustained." The SrEAKca?Itia. The vote win taken and announced to be, ayes 90, neoa 118, so the decision of the Svcakicb was reversed. At leaat twenty gentleman sprang to the floor, shouting at thetopof their vaicea," Si-baker," but the Si-kar er awarded the floor to Mr. Granger, who inquired if it would be in ordcrto move that the bill ahould be rej -cted. The Speaker replied in the stirmative. Mr. Granger SRid he wonld make that motion. He did not intend to apeak against time, but he was utiwil ling that a measure wnich It ui brought hope to miny an aching bosom, ahould crumble inte duat, witheat one word being permitt. d to go loith in ila behalf, though he was aware that tnedecrce hud gone forth, and that nothing that he could say weald have any effect to ar"" ,v". "--'"tint. ,,f it n? had auonosed that at the last session, alter the bankrupt law had passed with all the solemnities of legist uion, that it would be at least permitted to go into effect, a > that it m!ght be tested by experience, but scarcely have three months pawed, when, without permitting the law to go into operitioa, members rise in their places and demand its repeal ? And on what grounds he would ask, was it demanded? Not a petition had been presented from any other State than Kentucky, in favor its r. |val, and if thoso gentlemen whose drawers were tiled with petitions and memorials, remonstrating aga r.it ita repiv.1, ware permit ted to present them, they wouhl outweign those in favor af repeal more than a hundred to one. Ha was surprised to see gentlemen ao hloo I thirsty for ths passage of a bill to repeal this law. this creature of a three months legislation; and he was still more surprised to see those who assisted in its passage, the first to clench the nails in its coffin. Krom whence came the demand for its repeal? Did the people demand it? Did the press demand it? Even if the press did demand it, it would be no evidence of popular sentiment for wealth and power might probably exercise an influence which banki upt poverty could not; but tho press reflects the popular opinion, the opinion of the mass, in favor of the law. No, it was only those who were willing to sack the blood of the unfortunate debtor^ ran after drop, that were against the law, and never yet had a law passed for the amelioration of the condition of suffering humanity, hut it had met with tho op position 01 ims ch?*. nuniui IIUW U1I luvuiniiK u> of imprisonment for debt f.i bis own Statu waf enacted, It net with the most violent opposition,but it bad lived it down. And he had seen aa instance of the influence of the feeling to which he had alluded in the National Intelligencer of this morning, which stated that the Legislature of Alabama had passed a law authorising the redemption of property sold by the Sheriff* within three years from the day of sal?,apon the tender of the pur chase money; and the editor expressed his fears that if such a law were pasted, it would have au injurious teadency iu unsettliag confidence sad impairing contractsMr. Patisc taid he thought the stati-bicnt was false. Mr. Oraxgkb hop-'d not It was much to the credit of Alabama if she had u>osed such a law. In New York the passage of a similar law was resisted for many years, hut at length the people had risen in th: ir majesty and demanded ita passage. It waaspassed, and it also had lived down all opposition. He was no leveller, and d< spised the demagogical efforts to excite a prejudice against the rich in the minds of the |>oor, but the history of all countries bore witness to the fact that money-lender* aft'r ruining business men, by enacting exorbitant interest, would such every drop oi blood in their body if all their demands were not complied with. The Banks were in favor of a repeal of the law, because it weuhl do away with a practice which strikes at the root of ail morality. By tne Njw they would be no longer allowed after sffbtd ing unlimited facilities to individuals, and putting them ujiv unpvriaucrr, auu iur? uou iuc t>nini<?. rn?|j in and nave themaelvea. To these migtit he added thote fraudulent debtor* who were unwilln g to itirrendir their property. He wee in favor of fixedness in our legi* lation, and he regretedthat <: n? of his friends were 1* n 1 % ing their aid to accomplish toe moet tickleinstance ?(legislation in thiior any otlie: reentry, If this hill weatn past in thieeudden. ha would ?ty a I mot t violent manner, what of hop* waa left to tha unfortunate creditor 1? There would be no ch ince to paaa another law lor the next fifty yean. He waa aware that it wat too much the habit to characterise thoae who were engaged in the apeculationa of 1036. ai mere adventuren without capital ; butthla waa not to, a* many men who ware in eaay circunaitancei were engaged in them, and by their un fortunate termination aunk their wealth and enterprise together. He waa not diir>ot<-d to estimate the number of these unfortunate* aa high ai some hard done, hul there were at leaat one hundred thousand of our moil valuable citixens, who had not only placed their ener glea, but their fortune* at risk in the operations of thai period. These men have a ri<h', upon surrendering all they had, to be released from their claims. Do gentlemen reflect on the consequence* of withholding from the pro ductive energy of the nation, the eli'orta ol two hundred thousand business men, say eveu for five years. It would amount to at leaat ten time* as much as all their debt* ai the present time. Now they produce nothing, because thev would not he ncrmitted loi-niov what ther producad The honor. morality .the preaperity ofthecountry dentin ded that toe law ahould not he repealed. There wera thonaand* to whom the rapavl would come a? the deatl knell of every hope They had reaaon to believe tha the day of redemption wai n-ght but their governmen step* in and'laahea the enpol Joy from their lipe It <li< appear to him, without intending the loaat ditreipect ti the limine, that in repealingthit law they were guilt; f a cruelty unparalleled in the leglalation of any couti try. It waa related of an Athenian aculptor that he pur chaaed two alavea over whom he had tne power o flif an l death, Toone he promiaed liberty, inordertoea citr theae feelinga of joy which tha hope of freedot excite* iu I lie uu lu an bieaal; md wbile lite ckjnciaiuu cl these emotions wu warm upon bit feature*, they were transfixed with life-like fidelity to the marble. The other he ordered to he executed before hi* face, in order to catch the expression of terror and anguish that the dn ad of death and mortal suffering excited, and produced a rtatue ofsurjiarsing excellence at the xpenseof the torment* of hi* human tacrifice. Repeal thi* law, and th> Athenian artist must yield to you in the inge unity of your cruelty?for though it* effect* are not traced on marble, they will be wiitten on the heart* of thousand! in the deatructiou of their blooming hope* and their withered expectation*. Mr. MsasHACL said it was far from hi* purpose to dis cuss the merits ol the bill, which they wereubout to re peal, but he would say a word or two iu explanation of the motion he would make before he sat down. It was up warn a o! a weeK unce (last saiurmy wai iwmj when the House had paued an order for the repeal ol this law, and directing a hill for that purpose to be reported on Tueaday laat; but, what by the interposition of points of order, and the calling of the ayes anil noes, or one way or anothi-r, the order rrmains unexecuted up to the present moment. It was known that the law would go into effect on the 1st of February, and if re pealed at all. It was important that it should be done at unce. If by further delay in acting on this bill, the re peal of the law was prevented until it went into operation, at least in some portions of the United States before the intelligence ol its repeal reached them, the effect would be most injurious, and he had therefore, on his ptrt, urged a speedy action on tbe measure. Tttc gentleman from New lork (Mr. Uranger) in the course of his remarks, ha 1 adverted to the course of those who had voted for this measure at the extra seasiou of Congress, and were now voting for its repeal, as presenting an in(tance of inconsistency and cruelty unexampled in the legislation of any country. But he would call attention to the fact that the law w as passed under peculiar circumstances, and its going into operation waa postponed until the 1st of February ensuing, and why was this done 7 For the purpose of enabling the people to pas* upon it. Many votes were got for it on these grounds.Yes, many gentleman had voted for the law on the express condition that it should not go into opnration until popular sentiment in regard to it should De ascertained, and that they should be at liberty to change their votes if their constituents were opposed to the measure. Gen tlemen whs had thus acted, ami were since satisfied tliat a majority of their constituents were opposed to the law, should not be charged with inconsistency or enmity for the course they had adopted. Nay, it wasunj island cruel ts those who stood in that relation, to n the such remarks. So far as their constituents were consented, their numerous petitions for the repeal of this la.v were indubitable evidence of their sentiments, and as to the opinions of the press, why, one of the New York papers had given the names of eeveral gentlemen who, it nl lt ged, were bribed by British capitalists, and their humble servant, (Mr. Marshall) who had not the first red cent in his purse, had been charged with having received for his share one hundred thousand dollars. Yes,he and his colleagues were charged by this newspaper with having received $100,000 eaeh. (Mr. Sprigg said he was not one of them.) He made these observations to show how much importance was to be attached to the opinions of a hireling press on one side or the other, and to explain the motion he was aliout to make. If the law was to be repealed,it should be done speedily, to prevent injurious consequences. It was net, therefore, from any want of feeling, or any intemperate haste, that he now moved the previous question. (Loud cries of agreed, agreed.) Mr. Pkwdlkto* asked if it would be in order to move a re commitment of the bill. (Cries of no, no?not in order.) The Speaker said it was not. Mr. Spmco asked what was the question before the House 1 The Speaker said it was the previous question. Mr. Sprigo said he should like to say something, but as his colleague (Mr.Marshall) had moved the previous question, he supposed he would have t&submit. (Much laughter, and cries of go it Sprigg.) \ Mr. Roosevelt rose to a point of order, and for the purpose of stating his point of order, he. would ask leave to present a number of petitions. (Loud cries of order, order.) ? ' The Speaker.?The gentleman will state his point of order. Mr. Rooiriii t said he rould not nrpsent his point of order, unless he was permitted to proceed. He had a number af petitions and memorial*. (Onler, order, ordtr) Mr. Tursiy objected to thi* eourte of proceeding, and inquired if it wti in order The Speaker said the gentleman mutt atate hi* point of order. Mr- Roosevelt laid hii paint order waa this; he held in hii haud a great number of petition* and meiaori&li, same in faver of and *ome oppoaed to the Bankrupt Law, an which the Houie wa* about to act, which he asked leave to present. (Crie* of not in order, not in order, from all part* of the Hall) Mr. Turret again called him to order. It wa* not at thi* point in order to present petition*. The Speaker said the gentleman must state his point i order. Mr. Roosevelt said he would send his point of order to the table, ao that it might be read. [Cries of " No no; not in order."] Mr. Turret again called the gentleman to order, and objected to the reading of his statement. Mr. Roosevelt was again about proceeding, when? Mr. Turret called him to order. Mr Roosevelt?You have no right tocallme toorder. [Cries of' Order," and laugVer ] The SrEAKKR?The gentleman from New York will come to order, and take hi* seat. He cannot present pe titiens without the unanimous conseut of the House. Mr. Roosevelt then asked the unanimous coment of the House to present the volume of petitions, which he had in hit possession, representing the voice of the pro pie [Cries of " No, no, object," he ] and which the order of business had heretofore prevented him from presenting. [Order,order.] It was a constitutiodal right of the poo plain Im heard .-.nail iii'-vjects earning within the scope of their legislation. [Cries of " Order, order," and the utmost confuaion prevailed ] Mr. Arnold supposed that when they passed the bill to repeal the law, they would then admit petitions and memouals, that remonstrated against the repeal. (Cries of order, order.) Mr. Everett asked if the Speaker had decided that Mo,., V?rl> t VIr Rna.oui.lll mill,I iocscu..ti?.u .iv? \ not raise |>oiat of order. Tbe Speaker laid be had decided no such thing. He had requested the gentleman from New York, three toveral times ta state his point of order, and he bad not done it, but asked leave to present certain petitions, which were not in order at this stage of the proceedings without the unanimous consent of tbe House. Mr. Calhoun appealed from the decision of the Speaker, and the ayes and noes were ordered on the appeal. Mr. Wise understood the point of order to be this The gentleman from New York (Mr. Koosevelt) had in his possession cert mi petitions, in relation 11 the question before the House, and insisted on his right to pre*ent(them. The Speaker decided that he had no right to present them at this time, and from thut decision the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Calhoun) had taken un appeal. If such was the question, he would vote to sustain the decision of the Speaker Mr. Roosevelt said, the gentleman had not stated his paint of order correcMy. (Criea of question.) The Clerk then commenced calling the roll with tbe name of Mr. Adams, whoinquired if the gentleman from New York had withdrawn hii point of order. Mr. Koossvelt said he had not, and insisted on his constitutional rtght of doing?(the remainder was lost in the uproar of the moment.) The SrKABER said there was no point of order made by the gentleman from New York ; he merely wished to present certain petition*. Mr. Adams insisted that the gentleman from New V?rh #11.1 malsA *b t?f onlur mil h*? riomurwlfsl that the point of order, and the Speaker'* decision of it, be re. ituced to writiug, to that they might know what they ware voting on. The Steak kr laid that the appeal being stated from the Chair, the gentleman had no right to demand thht it should ba reduced to writing, and hia demands would not be complied with. (Great laughter.) Mr. Abam?, then I shall not vote on the question. It is tyrannical and unjust on the part of the Speaker?(loud cries of order, order ! order !) The SrEAKt a.?The gentleman from Massachusetts is out of order, and must take his seat. Mr. Adams (greatly excited,) the gentleman fram Vlassaehusetts Am taken his seat. (Great laughter, intermingled with criesof order ! order ! !) The Clkhk then read the point of order, aud the decision of the Speaker, as it was uken down by him, which was to the effect that petitions could not be presented at that stage of the proceedings. Mr. RootKVr lt said thut was not his point of order.? The most material pait was omitted. It was em as* ciliated. (Cries of order, order, order, question* question, completely ill owned the remainders' his remarks,thouth he was evidently speaking at the top of bis|Toice. When order had been aomcwhat restored by the exertions ol the speaker, he proceeded.) His point w as that he had in hia possession several petition* and memorials, both for and against the repeal of the Bank nipt Law, the measure on which the House was .-bout to puss, and which, owing to the order of business he had hitherto had 110 opportunity of presenting. He took the first opjiortunity of presenting them to the House, aud his point of order was that ine people of the United S?ati * had the geueral right of being heard on all sute Jests within the scope of the legislative functions of the body. This was a constitutional right, of which the ' House conld not, by any set of rules, deprive them. i Mr. Csi.hovv theo wlthJrew hi* appeal. [Cries of ' question,quettiou] The queation was then taken on ordariug the prrvinua question, and the name of Mr. AJama being called he aaid he would not vote until the Speaker decided the point of order,(laughter.) i Mr. MraHiwicTHr.ii. hefore the result was announced, moved to com|>el Mr. A lama to vote, (criet "of no, no," " don't attempt an Impossibility ' too hard headed;'* Itc.) Mr. Adami ? 1 thank the gentleman for hit motion, (laughter.) The vote waa then announced?ayea HI, noea W The main quaatiun, "ahall the bill be rejected," waa i ordered. Mr. SoLLrai inquired ol the Speaker whether he ' might aaaign hi? reasons for being dedfrona of being ext cnaed, and receiving an affirm.itiva aunver, h aaid that he had voted for the Bankrupt lew at the laat leaaian I with thrfeNpreia unlai standing that it waa not to go into I operation until it waa amended. That waa the contract, I and he heldlhe Chairman of the Committee [Vlr. Bor nerd] personally responsible to him, for not having I brought forward thear amendments. I Mr. Btmstan wished to correct the gentleman as to a t falaefact. > Mr. Soi Lena?(with much quickness)?False, what air I Mr. Ti'Rerv roae to a point of order. The gentla nun from Maryland wished to give hi* renaona lor not i voting The gentleman from New Tork need not give 1 them far him. I Mr. D.iisun said he only wished to correct him tc 1 a false fact, and then he would himself correct the falsi 3 inl-renci a he h*.l drawn from it. V Mr t .1 una U/Ofl not ittarn ftkufr (ham wag atx?*V> r i- thin* ? t?l?p fact in exiateltre. (Great lan<hter.)H? w.t? iu favor of a general nyat.m of bankruptcy ? t'miicii Sp waa oppoaerj to the law a* it paaaed, at mnnj ! .f hit rouatituanu wpre precluded front the beiiefita.n vi;ri?a of order, order.) .Hi. i ikht ruse to it jhiiuI of 01 der. Tl't* gt ailemau. instead of assigning hi* reason* for not voting, waa go tug into an argument against the bill. The Srraaca aaiil the gentleman from Mary land mint confine himielf itrietly to tho point he had made. Mr. Sollkr* laid he perceived the House wai unwilling to hear hi* reaiom, and he would publiah them ? ( Langhter, and crie* of ' that'* 1 ight.) The question wa* then taken on rejecting the bill, and it wat decided in the negative?*ye*97,noes lit. Twenty member* sprangto the floor, but the Seriaaa aid that the gentlemen were not in order until the bill wa* read a second time. iiirji ictia h ifcoiiu uiuv, uuu op ! ? was a broadside of " Mr. 8rs akkh !" delivered, but the chair aligned the floor to Mr. Lewis Williams, who moved to recommit the bill with instructions to bring in a bill to |>ostpone the opera tion* of the act until the first of March next. Mr. J. P. Keknev beggeu permuaion to iuterrupt him, but would only proimc .for nit acceptance at a substi tute, wbat he had written down, which he woul 1 tend to the table to be read. The amendment proj>osed to suspend the bill until the 1st of May,and diiected the Committee on the Judiciary to bring in a bill to amend the act in auch particulars as they may deem necessary . Mr. Williams accepted the modification, and moved the previoua questiou, (general laughter.) Stop, atop, Mr. Skkakkr what would be the effect of the previous question? The Speaker, to tut off the instructions,and bring the question on the engrossment of the bill. Mr. Williams?Then 1 withdraw the demand for the previous question. Mr Stanley sugges'ed to his colleggue.to modify his inattuctions by including banks, which he acci pted.butt the amendment having been read, he desired to inser the words "expediency of" before including. [General liughti r,] but tin n withdrew liis request. A great number of gentlemen sprung to the floor, but it was assigned to Mr. WiiLLra, who moved tho previous question? [Cries of ' That's righj?that's my motion," ^c.] The previous question was tbm ordered, and the House decided, ayos 111, noes 99, that the main question should be put. The main nuestion was on the engross mentof the bill, which was ?lso decided in the afliima live?ayes I-J4, noes 98. Motions to read it a third time on Wednesday, and then on Tuesday, were negatived, and it was decided in the aflirmative, that it should be read a third time " now." The Clf.ee read the bill a third time, and theprcvl oils question was called on the passuge of the bill. Mr. J.C. Clashf obtained leave to be excused from voting on this question. With much warmth he protested against tho hot and indecent haste with which the bill had been hurried through, before he and others could have an opportunity to present the iudignant remonstrances el tlmr IllllllllUIIltl against it, beneath which their tables groaned, and therefore he did not wish to vote upon it. When the honorable rentleman was excused the House was convulsed with laughter, as it thereby diminished the rote by one at his own request against the passage of the bill. The final passage of the hill was carried in the adit mative by a majority of 191 to li A reconsideration was moved, that it might not be moved hereafter, and it was negatived under the opera tion of the previous question, which was moved upon it Mr. Arnold then moved to amend the title of the bill by adding the words," it being the first important act of a public naturo which has ever been passed without debate." Mr. Wise|ro<e to a point of order. He said the proposed amendment was in no manner descriptive ofths bill but was (inconsistent with its character?in the next place it was indecorous and insulting to the House, for it asked the House tocast a reflection upon itself,and in the third place It was not true in point of fact. The Speaker decided the amendment to be out of order, and the previous question was sgain called for under which the title of the Bill was agreed to, and the House adjourned at half past four o'clock. Mr. Arnold having first ?sry facttiuu\ly, or ironioally moved the "previous question," on the motion to adjourn. Baltimore. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Baltimore, Jan. IK, 1841?9 A.M. Mr. Editor? 1 have looked at a late Cincinnati paper this morning. It contain* nothing further of the riot. It is stated in the same paper, that a mob has taken place iu Lousville, Ky., and that the concern ol Lougee, ia that city, has been demolished. The resumption bill was brought up in the Legislature yesterday, argued at some length, and laid At. . ^ a- v_ a.i a. .i nni c. i on une idDie, to oc ukcb up to-uay. ine opoaHei of the Home, J. C. Le Grand, hat been tomewhai indisposed. Totey, the abolitionist, hat had i hearing, and wat remanded to prison, to await further investigation. The annual session of our Citj Council com meneed ye.-terday. Hit Honor the Mayor, sent ii a very neat communication, in which he, like Cap tun Tyler, recommends an excht quer bill for thi improvement of out much complained of cur rencyTheir continues to be a laaguidness in bnsinesi f almost every description Flour has declinec to $'? 97\. The grain market is without change. 1 quote exchange on New York at 34 a t per cetr premium; Philadelphia 14 a 1? discount; Virginia 24 a 34 discount; Railroad Orders 14 disceuut The weather, thi? morning, is lair and very pleasant. Yours, Twist. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald ] Philadelphia, Jan. 18, 1842. Clone of the Investigation si gainst the Late Unitei States Bank Officers?Decision of the Recordri Against Them?Held to Bait Each in #10,000 U Appear and Stand Trial?Jaudon Committed? Further Prosecutions?Fire?lectures?Stocks. After closing my letter yesterday the examina tions in case of the late{oflicers of the United States tfank was continued, py inc witness, nr. laymr reading the minutes of a meeting of the Hoard, helc January 3;), 1810, at which the claim of Mr. Jamlor to extra compensation, aa the European agent oi tha Hank, were discussed and diaal owed. By a re port of a Committee made at that meeting, it ap p-med that Mr. Jaudon received a salary for thirty months'services, tqual to $81,000, beaidea tome expenses credited to him, and claimed an extra compensation for procur.ng loans to the Bank amounting to $67,910. The cotton speculations of Mr. Biddle were next referred to by the witness, by which it seemed the Hank sustained a loss of $611,'190 97, besides an other lo>s on cotton exported by another authority from Mobile. A detailed report of this matter is unnecessary, as the public are a'rexdy acquainted with the transaction. A resolution was pas.-edat the meeting of the board at which this mutter was reported, declaring that the large loans made by the officers ef the Bank in 1837, 18:18 and 1839, were unaulhorieed by the Board and in violation ol the rule* of the Bank. Mr. Campbell, counsel for Austin Montgomery, aakid the witness if the receipts ami charges referred to, on the other examinations before the Recorder, were left in the dr.iwer of the caihiet until made np in packages! He replied that some were charged on the day of their date, but the reel remained in the te'ler'a drawer, ae eo much cash, until made up in package* The packages endorsed by me, said the witness, were put into my handhv Mr. Andrews In reply to a question from Mr Brewst- r, the witness tut-d tha' Mes.-rs Boland, Lppincott, Piatt, Henry, and Kali-ten, were the Comm.ttee on the State of the Bank, March, 183d and be produced their report made during thai in?nth? In this report, the committee sta'e notes of th? Bank and Branches to the amotu t ot $3,282,>00 had been cancelled and burned by tlicw,and among the rest, t* n post notes, dated in February, ail on the sirne day, and made payable to J. Andrews, in threi day* after date, lor ?40,OOl) each, were cancel lei and destroyed. In a rta ement made by tk< committer, these post notes were marked " not is t-n-d " The Witness said he n>-ver s.iw ihein, and kni-w nothing of them until he saw the entry upon tne statement referred to. The first time he knew any thing about them, was when be discovered by a charge made in reference to them, that the Bank appeared to be paying mure notes than it had issued Mr. Patterson, the first Teller of the Bank wai next called and sworn, lie stated that he entered the Bank in 1816. and bad continued in it until th? present time He referred to the entry of nolei burned in Vlar-'b, 1836, and stated that the wordi following a noiie- of the $400,000 named in that report, "not issued," were added after the tenth o that month. About the clots of the old charter, I paid the $100,000 to Mr Andrews, and took his re ceipts for the several items that made up tbi amount. I kept the receipts and other memorandi i? my drawer until the entry was made, aa s< iducei cum. ne naito mi mf lime inm cc wm k, " in? to bandit over to the Prendent. He brough the poet note* to nee, and told mi 10 charge them ti the note account of the parent bank Mr. Patterson said that he did not know tha these notes were issued, aa he never hud any thinj to do with them. He could not say what becaim of Mr. Andrews' receipts for this $400,000 Thi notes awcre made t( cover the amount of these re ceipts which was all paid out within three month befo.e the close of the old charter. There wa? m entry of the items until the total amount was mad< up :ind recorded 1 don't know that <ny scare] was made for these receipts. I looked for then without success. Wh n Mr. Andrews hrought these notes to m? i he wared until I m.tde an entry of them, and the ook them away witk him. 1 do not know whetlie ' lis obtained the memoranda ami receipts, nr not I discovered at one time thnt the Rank appeare to be paying more notes than it bad issued, but ' do not recollect tha amount or lime. I msntione ilie discovery to Mr Andrews, ?nd suggested tin , an entry should be made te eorrei.t this apparer .. rrror. My impression is that Mr. Andrews g( th; whole of the ?4tH),0t)0 referred to. Mr Jaudon wai Cashier of Ihe Hank in the early part of l&W. I had a conversation with Mr Hiddlr about a year after he resigned, about theae $400,000 and again on th* same subject about utrrn munthir ago. He asked me respecting them, and appeared to be ignorant of their exiatence. He did not say he kuew nothing about them exactly, nor do I rec llect precisely what he did aay. 1 nerer spoke to Mr Jaudon in reference to theui. I think 1 told him Mr. Andrew* g t thia amount, aa he aaid, on hi* (Mr. Biddle'a) orders. He did not deny?but I cannot give the detail* of our conversations. 'I ho cr, s*','xaniinatinn of these witnesses was conducted principally by Mr. Cadirallader, the counsel of Mr. Jaudon, and elicited the|fact that the only ticket or memorandum an which money had been paid, a* stated on the previous ?xauiinations, Connecting Mr Jun (on with these payments charges to pernian nt expenses." was one which authorised a payment to Mr. Frazier, Cashier *f Ihe It ranch at Louisville, and that this payment was made under a resolution of the Board of Directors 'I he extra compensation claimed by him while I agent in Europe, which was first dishonored hy the Directors, was subsequently recognized hy them and theanaoiiHt placed to his credit The rest of the cross examination was chiefly introduced to establish the proposition that the acts for which the defendants were now arrai-ned, were In own to and approved by the Board of Directors, and had also been published to the Stockholders at their meetings, hy various committees, beside* Using entered in the account books of the Bank, and thus placed within the observation 01 all who dea'red to inform themselves of the condition of the Institution and the conduct of its officers. Here Mr. Cadtvallader eloied his examination of the witness. Mr. Read then called the witness' attention to the monthly statement, 1st .May, IKIti sent to 1'larrisbtirg, and pa ticularly as to the amount of b ums and permanent expenses of the month then set down,and compared them with similar charges in several succeeding months ; the object of which wa. to show that these published statements compared exac'ly with the accounts on the book, and that the losses showed a piogressive increase. I!y Mr. Meredith- The settlement wi h Mr. Riddle as to the sale ol the Branches wrts final By Mr. Kan*-?1 know the sums receipted for by Mr. ttuntup never reached his hands. Mr. Brewster was about asking some further questions, when the Record) r inquired if the doi. L_ .1 I.I ... ,V"VO " H' BCU IUC V|1'|?-CA?UIIMMUUU , "r'"8 "" wered in the affirmative, h* replied that the prosecution need not proceed further, that he had made up his mind as to his c >urse,and if the parties had any thing to say he would now hear it Ma. Cadwalladkr said he was the junior counsel, and it might he expected that he should speak; but be did not wish ts take up the public time, and with the exception that the defendants withdrew the proposition made at the commencement of the investigation, assenting to a binding over, he had nothing to cay. The Recorder then read his decision in the rae, as follows : On the 6th day of January, Austin Montgomery caiae before me; made the necessary oath charging 1 Nicholas Riddle, Samuel Jaudon, Joseph Cowperthwaite, Thos. Dunlap, and John Andrew*, with a conspiracy to cheat and defraud the stockholders of the United States Hank of Pennsylvania. Process was issued aud served, and at 3 o'clock, N. Riddle, S. Jaudcn, and T. Dunlap carne and desired to be bouud over to Court forth with. This was refused. Theytlnn catered bail in $10,000, for their appcarauet- on the 13th of January, for a hearing. 'I he following day Mr. Andrews sent to inform me that indisposition prevented his personal appearance, and entered bail in a like sum. The next day Mr. Cownerthwait came in custody, and entered hail iu the former case. > On the 13th of January, the defendants all appeared. J. M. Read, E>q , counsel, with N. Hui| die, on behalf of his client and the other deland. auts, asked, after the first witness was sworn, ' and before an examination had been entered into, to give hail for their appearance at the Court of General Seasions To tins preposition I requested . to be informed if the defendants admitted or conceded that sufficient probable cause existed on r it-LioU ffnuml KinHinv ttvpr 1 After consu'tation with his colleague?, he ret marked that the defendants were willing to be bound over, but denied that sufficient grounds existed, and was unwilling to eoneede tneir exist cnce tor the purpose desired. The counsel for the prosecution were willing , that the course suggested should be adopted, so far at their elients were interested, s 1 then decided what I still bpvs reason to bslicve is correct iu law, that no magistrate can legally bind over any person or persons charged with a i criminal offence, witheut probable cause being eiI ther admitted or conceded by the party or parties defendant; or its existence being proved on oath t by the person or persons making the charge. The i necessary pre-requisite for binding over is probable cause for the act,and a magistrate cannot know of the fact without its admission, or due proof. The oath accompanying the information on which the warraut issuca, has partly fulfilled its office on the decision of the magistrate to grant the process, the reiidue of its duty is to protactthe magistrate in the exercise of hi* prerogative. The next step is to ascertain if the charge be j well founded ; or in other words, if there exists probable cause for sending the party^chargcd with r the offence, to trial bv his peer. > In the case o| the United States vs. Unrr, " Probable caua " is defined to be " a case made on l>y proof furnishing good reason that lb? crime alleged has been committed, by the party charged." See ensAof IT ft V e Hurr. i It was to ascertain this, to inform nay conscience of its existence that I required this hearing to proJ ceed To omit doing this, would have been act ing contrary to nsy duty, taking for granted that whicli J. I did not know, and whicli was neither proved nor ; conceded In any case, but especially in one of this magnitude, such a course would hare been ' culpable. I bare thought it proper to ttate my views thus at large oa this point, so that if I have arred in I judgment, or in law, it may be corrected. What was stated at the beginning of the present inquiry, 1 now repeat, that I bare no desire to do any thing by word, or act to prejudice the case of the defendants?a conscientious belief in the correctness eftkc course pursued, alone influence me in its adoption?this desire still remains with me. Lest, therefore, I should do what I desire to avoid, I have deemed it best neither to collate the strong facts in the case, on which the decision in regard to it rests, aor to sum up or express an opinion on the character or weight of the testimony | adduced n support of the charge. It is only necessary to say that the evidence has created in my mind a" goad reason to believe that the crime allsged had been committed by the persons charged " With this 1 shall content myself. The law points out a means to revise, correct,overrule, or confirm this conclusion. Like the humblest rit i/en, the defendants are entitled to a fair aud impartial trial, and if any aet of mine, consistent with the duty of a public officer, can tend in 'he remotest degree to this end, it will be a cause of gratification, not only to myself, bat to all good citiz"ne. If th-y are innocent, they will be arquitted ; if guilty, puni-lisd. 1 ? - - L 4. i. aAawanflon . I I here may ne niner.-, wnosn I- in i with the propeity of the Stockholder* of this IJank. require scrutiny?but at they hare net been i called upon to answer, and I consider thai it it no I part of my duty to originate proceedings, but simi ply confine myself to the case before me?those i who feel that ju-tice has been disregarded, have a > mode whereby to vindicate her lawt, and their * rights. It is therefore ordered, that Nicholas Bidd'e, Thomas Dunlap,John Andrews, bamucl Jaadon, I and Jo>?ph Cowperthwaite, each enter into a separate recognic ince, with two or more good and sufficient sure-ties, in the sum of #10,000, for their ' appearance at the nresent seaeion of the Couit of (reneral Sessions for the City and County of Phi ladelphis, to answer the cr.nae of which they thus stand charged. i Forthe convenience of the parties, the Recorder I said he would continae their recognizance until to day st ten a'eleck, at whieh hour he would meet > the parties at his office to receive bail. In conaei quenee of a death in the family of Joseph Cowpcrthwaite, he requested to enter bail at once?and did f ?, Mr. Hulings Cowpsrthwaite, and Abra1 am I Carlisle justifying in tha required amount. At th* designated hoar to-day, the parties ap' peared, and severally justified in bail as follows: ? 1 Violinlaii Rid,tie Messrs Pom Ili.MI r>nnd P ' 2. Riddle; fr Thorn** Dnnltp, M> **r*. N Fra" zierand J. W. Perrit; for John Andrew*, Mciiri JamcaTyaon and K. Shaw Mr Samuel Jaadon 1 wai committed to the euatody of an officer, and an hahea* eornua immediately iaaued by hi* eoun*c| ' in hi* behalf. I I am very credibly informed to-day, that new and p further proaeculion* are about to be inatitntrd againat other officer* of the Bank. The work ia ? but hegua?where it i* to end, Hearen only know*. ? Thnre wa* quite a deatructlre fire in Camden, n oppoaitetbia city, l*?t night. A large eoach mail ker'a ahep wan destroyed. q The learned hlackamith, E. Burnett, and O. Brownaon, are to lecture here Chi* week. Both , will have good admirer*. The bu?tnc** in itock* tir-djT wa? light, at a farr theradrance in State firea- Re * d Jamaica ? Bv the brig Nortl -dp , 8 I o >rt vm?tH?v from Jamaica, ?** a d fi> rif the Kmgaton Journal to W ?r. >' Tl.c Fri'i^h brig Jolly Tar. from i*, it wrecked on the Jnnrdeina >t e'ew, and pert of the cargo n*vr ir-' rt'trn, Jan. 18 Kxirteiol a l<?ll?r Imim L u< J . 1 uLit'jHi.i'' commanding thr Florida Expedition, to the Secretary of the Navv, dated "Ki? Hiir*wo, Dec '?i 1841. " 1 ani happy to nay the health ot the command i? improving. The aick li?t h?a decreased very much although we have had fire deaths within the month, and among them we have been called upon to lament Midshipman Nilea, a moat promi?ing young officer, whoae ripening Ulent wa* developing the promiie of great future uaefulnea* He died and wis huried with military honor* at Fort Sim iimns. on the Carleosahatchie, having received from the officera at that noat every c< mtort and attention which the kindest feelings could suggest." IHtvcas: K. MacRxv, Eaq , ol l'dyetteville, N. C., has b-eu appointed bearer ot despatched from government to the United State* Minister at Mexico, on the subject, as it is said, of the Santa Ke expedition, which was captured and butchered by the Mexicans He ia likewise Hearer of Despatches from the British Minister nt Washington. Mr. MncRey arrived in Charleston on the 11th instant, in the steam packet Gov Dudley, and left on the rail road on the next day, for New Orleans, where he will embark on board one of the revenue totters, for Mexico Baltimore Amei ican, Jan IK. CourrTEHrniTBa Axki?tIb ?A notorious counterfeiter named William regor, was arrested early this morning, on a warrant issued by the Recorder, and sent to Reading, the acene of his frauds ami depredations. He ia reptesented as the head and front of alarg? gang of counterleitera?Phil- GazJan. 18. The House of Delegates of Virginia have passed a bill which provides that after a session of ninety days, the pay of the members of the Legislature shall ba reduced to two dollars per diem?BaitAmer. Jan. 18Naval.?The Norfolk Beacon of Friday says? We learn that the U. S. sloop sf war Levant, Commander Fitzhugh, has been ordered to the Spanish Maine ?n special service, und is expected to sail immc diatcly. WTbe U. S sloop of war, York Town, Capt. Aulick, was at Otahcite, Sept. 30, for Callao The U. S. frigate Columbia,Capt. Parker, (of the home squadrrn) dropped down ftom the Navy Yard at Boston, o:t Thursday last, and is ready for sea. 8upkeme Court ot the Unite* State*.? Saturuav, Jan. 15, 1842.?No. 6, Merit Martin et al. plaintiff's in error, vs Leasee of Wna. C- H Waddell. The argument of this eaute was continued by Gen. Wall for the plaintiffs in error, and by Mr. Wright for the defendant in error. Nnalral and Theatrical. Park Theatre.?Mr. Simpson's benefit last night at the Park drew an excellent houie, better than any preceding it since the departure of Md'lle Els sler. We were pleased to see it, and hope this will be the precursor to many more. London Assurance was played with much spirit, and Mr. Williams's Dolly Spanker was better performed than on any previous occasion. He forsook the clownlike [demeanor of his previous performances of the part, and assumed more the manner of the timid gentleman. How is it possible that the gay and dashing Lady (iay Spanker could ever have fancied an idiot for a husband] Vet this has been the idea conveyed by Mr. Williams's previous representations of the character. Last night, to the satisfaction of every body, he altered his manner and obtained much applause. Mr. Braham's Farewell Concert ?This gentleman's Concert at the New York Lyceum last night was brilliantly attended, and never did a performance go off with more eclat, iu spite of the indisposition the great vocalist was laboring under.? Previous to his opening song Mr Braham informed his audience that he was suffering from the effects of a very severe cold, and although he felt unable to do justice to them and his own leputation, he would brave a storm, if lie might come in for a portion of their kind indulgence, for any inefficiency on his score. This announcement was received with inucli good feeling on the part ot Ins assembled admirers, and every song, with one or two exceptions, was honored with an encore. Beyond a doubt Mr. Braham was laboring under a very severe cold, a calamity which befel him a night or two ago, when crossing the ferry to give his concert at Newark. Las t night he evinced much hoarseness in all his songs; theellect of his great Brigand Song, from Fra Diavolo, was somewhat marred by his inability to give utterance to the sweet sound of that grand composition. Nevertheless it was received with much&ppl iuse;of it from any body el.-e,would have been considered a masterly performance indeed; had Mr.Braham been in good voice, his execution would have been faultless. We cannot dismiss this notice without cording our high estimation of the " Miniature,' which wns honored with an tnrore; the words show much ingenuity, and reflect great credit on th? writer. At the close of the performance, the ap plause evinced tire satisfaction aflordedthe audience and likewise added another flower to the garlanc which already entwines the glorious fame of tht King of s?ong. Disastrous Fire.?Last night,about tan o'clock a fire was discovered in the extensive Coach ma m?*nt nf Mr. V^nnkrvpr. frnnt ing on the river Delaware, in Camden, N. J. II was, to all appearar.ce, extinguished at the time, but abont one o'clock, this morning, it burst out again. At the time we write, the building ia one complete sheet of Dime. The frame blacksmith shop adjoining the main building, is also in flames, and there does not appear to be a hope of taring them, the firemen directing their energies entirely to save the surrounding property.?Philadeljihui Gazette, January 18. 0CJ- Tiie Inmates or the Deetoh's Prison bej leave to acknowledge the receipt ot a sumptuous dinner from the hands of our worthy Sheriff, to whom we tender our sincere thanks. By order, Ira Steams, Chairman. New York, January 17, 1K42 CITY DESPATCH POST. Principal Older, 40 William (Street. The public are respectfully informed that arangcmt nis are on the eve of completion for the establishment of an eflicient local Post. The proprietors have placed ample means at the disposal of the agont; the most trustworthy lettsr carriers have been engaged, and a system of complete check has been arranged,so as to ensure despatch, punctuality, and secarity. Branch Offices. -Letter-boxi swill be placed through* out every part of the city, at short distances, and letters under two ounces weight will be delivered three times a day for three cents each. Option will be given eiinrr to lire mc irun in 111 . nn 11 uai-tmiu. Post Paid L*ttks? ? Ltftess ?o be delivered free, mull have a free stamp affixed to them?an ornamental stamp ha* been prepared for that purpose, which may be procured at the principal office,or at those store* which will be advertised hereafter, as authorized to fell them. The charge will be thirty six rents per do/en. or F'd.M) per hundred. Parcel* not excer ding or.e pound in w eight will hechaiged proportionality. Uucaid Lktts as.?Letters not having a free stamp affixed to them, will be charged three cents, payable by the party to whom they are addressed,on delivery. Rigistrv?A system of registration is airangedfor letters which it may be desiied to place under special care. They must be specially de|iositeil at the principal oilier only, and the charge will be six cents or two free. Stamps to be paid in advance. Dnrm n -A special despatch will be ready at nil time.* for any letter or small parcel rrrpiiring irstant delivery?at l.i J cents per mile?application bring made at the princinal office. Respectable parties who are desirous of having boxes placed at their stores, are requested to make immediate application at the Principal Oitiee, as the list of names will bs advertised. ALEX. M. QRF.IO, Agent. The above is strongly recemmendrd to public support, bv ? Messrs.? Messrs ? Goodhue, k Co. W C Pickersgill, St Co.": J is Mc.Call, It Co, J?? J Fslmar, J W & R Leavitt, L M Hodman fcCo. Moaea Tay Ur. Belknap Out fee, J Preacott Hall. Prim-, Ward It King, E K Collin* k Co, I" OfficeAct al. W O Bull, k Co, t low* It) AHSten Wilmerdieg.' o. John Audubon, F. R 8. Brown, Brothars, k Co, W. F. k F.C.Havemeyrr, Hall Brothers, Warren k Brintnall, J Haggerty and Sons, R. D. Morgan, CrinoskCo, Morris Earle, Smith Thurgsr k Co, Young", Hitter fc Co. Wad?worth k Smith, John Johnion*" Son, Adam*. Petrie It Co, 8pofford,Tile*ton fc Co. PC* W Pell It Co, Skdvctiow Ps-sts.?During the recent trial ofthi Rev. Mr. Van Zant, at RocheMer, the Counsel forth< prosecutrix gave the name of Seduction Pantaloons t< t hose opening down the Iront. Cant our neighbor Dr Sherman get ont some Anti Seduction Lozenges?If h< could, snamake them as effectual as his Cough, Worm and Headache Ler.enges, which do certainly cure thosi complaints sooner than any thing we know of, he woul< do his comtry some service. Tne Doctor's otllce is*1 US Nassau street?Agent" at 110 and 773 Broadway ; 7" Kast Broadway, and 1S8 Bowery. I)r. Sherman wishes the public to understand that h< ha* no connection in the store 400 Broadway. ftty-Bowrar AMrHiTnr.*rar?Sweeny, the unapprosch alilc banjo player, kept the- audience in a roar of laughtei last evening, with his uniq e negro estravagsnrss. Hi is a perfect original in the Kthionisn line. The new en tree, called the Four Quarter* of the Globe, is a magnifi cent affair. Many new performances come off to night in which the whole compsny. ron?i?tisg of thirty activi members, engage. Deluding the highly talented am classic Rieers fs-nilv. There will be a day performtnci here next Saturday afternoon. Vuit SUmmI'* 'i r)*l {CT* AI?o, hi* L'-Mer ol Explanation. ii published I i monno?:in the - Daily Mail. Extra," ntticn of the Yiukee Nation, No. 31 Ann?tu?t, (opjioiite the New World)- price 3 cclita a rO| j . 07- Chatham TMssTiit.? The attractions at this tin- tre remain undiminished. ntd 'he nightly crowds (li.il aksemblw in it, fully testily to its popularity. A ve-ieil bill ii oliV red fur ttiis evening. consisting of a new comedy, written expressly far Hill, to displny bin ]>eculiar abilities, entitled Joeh Hoi sert'tish. The amusing in.ei InJii cf New Nntioi s Hill as Majar Wheeler, and the Melodrama of the Maid and the Magpie. Mrs Thorne .iE Annette. Kirhy ai Henry, and Johnson, ('. Mestsyer, ami the utli< r choice lavontei of this establishment, in I aiti well adapted to their respective abilities O7- WinTia Coiscasts? Niei.o'i.? The public a re ]> ctful 1 y informed that the next giand Promenade Concert will take place on Kridsy evening, 'diet iust , when a choice selection of music will be given by Mies Jane Bloman, Signora Kranceschene (?ari?. Mr. Sit.1 lair, and the celebrated German Band. The Ptoinenado Saloon will be decorated, illuminated, and thrown open, with the grand Conservatory, where thousands of rare and choice plants are to be seen in full vigor, and the whole enlivened by the performances ol the Gerrnsn Band; a species of entertainment very delightful, and no where else to he met w ith. Doors open at 7 P M. Concert to commence at 8 o'clock. Tickets AO cents. Programme of the Concert in future advertisement. Q&- A ws mi is Miuciim?Let it be ri member?J that this is the last week of the Indian warriors and their sipiaws. T. G. Booth, the comic vocalist, gives a variety of sue cimeus of his humorous lowers. The Albino la.ly alio appears, and sings a variety of songs. The Pneumatic Railroad model is one of the most simple, yet beautiful and extraordinary inv. ntions of the age. Che cars are kept constantly running, and apparently without any motive power. This is tui nearest approach to j-erpetual motion we ever witnessed. The endless variety of curiosities contained in this establishment is well worth the repeated visits of every lover otthe curious. The magnificent views in the grand Coimorama alone are worth double the mice of admission. We are glad to perceive that hereafter there will be a day performance every Saturday afternoon. {fry- "The Victim of Chani i.ri "?8.1 oleman has published a second edition of this |>o| ulai t>noU, which is no less suitable for the Indies' table than for the victim's attentive perusal. For sale at 14 John street, 1(17 Broadway, and the book stores generally. (K7- Bowerv Ami-hithkatrf. ?Crowded i.ouse* aro the older of the night here. The audiences are large and fashionable, and every person appears delighted with the talented and diversified nrena and luestria* perlwrmanci s. The whole ent< rtairmrnts ar? finished by ten o'clock ; thun giving families and children an opportunity U> retire at an early hour. To night an unURiially rich bill of entertainments is presented, including the performances of the laughter-provoking Hweenj , the Rivers Family, and thirty talented members, male and female. On Saturday ulternoon next there will be a day performance. We are informed that one of the most magnificent and stupendous works of art ever exhibited in tliis country, hus recently arrived from F.urope. It is u model oi the city of Dublin, the construction oi which took the proprii tor twelve years. He bringa the higheat testimonials in favor of his model from Mr. Brady, the forqier Lord'Mayor of Dublin, Daniel O'Connell, M. P the Dukeaf Leicester, the Dean of St. Patricks, Sec Ice. We have read these testimonials, and learn Irom them that this piece of mechanism occupies area of nearly three hundred square feet, and that while its geographical cor redness has been fully proved the most minute attention has been paid to the undulations of surface ; the plan of the city and its environs were then laid according to scale, after which the models of the various buildings, bridges, docks, be. were erected. It is said that the artist hus been so minute, that any person who resided in Dublin at any time within twelve years before 1340, can not only discover the street, but can point out the very house in which he lived ! Dr. Shfrmais desires us to say he has no connection with the store 4.M) Broad way, corner ofOrand street. Many have been induced to believe otherwise. Dr. S. has hut one otlice in this cit v, and that is his old stand, 106 Nassau street, one door above Ann street, where his celebrated Cough and Worm Lozenges can be had, which cure the worst cases of cough in a few houra, and are remarkably pleasant. Dr. S. has agents 110 Broadway . S-inds' Drug store, 273 Broadway and 77 E. Broadway ; lt?S Bowery, 211 Bloecker and 227 Hudson street ; 68 and 130 Fulten street, Brooklyn ; Redding, 3 State St. Boston ; Burgess, 29 South 3d street, Philadelphia. 0rj- Amkricav Muispm.?An immense auditory were present last evening to examine the vast amount of curiosities collected here, and to witness the intensely inter esting penormancee 01 me inunin warrior* ana ineir beautiful Squaws, who remain thia week only. The great improvements daily making in thil establishment, evinces a determination on the part of the new proprietor, to leave nothing undone w hich can conduce to the comfort, pleasure and satisfaction of his patrons. This is decidedly the Museum of the United States, and the perseverance for which Mr. Barnum is proverbial, will render it a place of nightly resort for both citizens and strangers. We are particularly pleased with the plan of the Manager to give a pnformance every Saturday afternoon, as families and children who cannot well attend in the evening, will find great convenient# in this new arrangement. f'HiLADKi>rtiiA. January 17, 1S4'J. Messrs. Pea?c aso Sovs.? I have heard and experienced the efficacy ef your invaluable remedy of Horehound Candy for coughs nnd colds, but its superior efficacy in cangrcned gums and eaoker c-f the mouth, 1 was advised to employ a pill manufactured by an established quack of yourcity, for a remedy lor a disease that only increased I by application of this profound fraud. After employing . one stick, and one stick ouly of your candy, the mouth was cleansed, the saliver, formerly bitter and disagree able. Hawed with healing viitue, and my wife and child ' ren ware relieved speedily from a disease that if neglected, would terminate in nil the w oful horrors of cancer, , perhaps universally, through the frame. There is no I trusting to any medicine for colds, coughs, or asthma,in the general opinion, equal to your candy. Yours, lie. COEN. P. g.?I obtained the candy from your Agent, G. B JBMmt, H7 I) SOk street. C. C. WONKY MA It K KT. Tuesday, Jnn. 18?6 P. M, 1 The Stock market to-day was very firm, and price# ' generally rose. Delaware and Hudson 4 percent; In, diana dollar bonds ]J; Illinois ]|; Mohawk Railroad 1 -, Merchants'Bank fell j. The rite in Delaware caused the failure of a broker, who has been very conspicuous in the street, both from the extent and skill of his operations as well as from hie unbounded liberality and high sense of honor. The Delaware stock has been fatal to him, a* well at to nearly all r that ever dealt in it. It it familiarly called "the saw'* by the brokers, because it cuts both ways. The eccen trie movements of the stock arise from some of these who preside over the company. The stock has recently fallen from 113 to 85, and kas risen again to 97. The fall grew out of the fact that heavy sales of influential holders produced a panic, and the recent rise was owing to the speculative purchases of certain parties, who are feaiful of attracting the attention of the legislature by toe great a fall in the stock, morn particularly as the State has had to assume during the past year upwards of VMl.000 of its credit loaned to companies. A Joint resolution has been introduced into the Senato of Michigan, which directs the Attorney General to give notice to the holders of her bonds, that the State re serves the right to contest the pavmeut on those por tions for which she has received no Consideration.? The Houso of Representatives in Tennessee have adopted a resolution in favor of the repeal of the Bankrupt l.aw by a vote of &d to Id. It is certain to pasa the Senate. The Nashville B inner e*t presses the firm be lief that four fifths of the people in the State are adverse to the operations of the Bankrupt Law. The bankrupt hill will, in all probability be repeal ed in both Mouses of Congress. Its fate under the hand of the President is uncertain. The broad principle on which th ' bill is based, that of legalising a violation o contract b' twoen man and man, voluntarily euterod into in good fsilh, is undoubtedly unjust and immoral When a person enters into busineas or speculation on the pro perty belonging to another person, it is for the hope oi earning monuy for him'clf if successful ; w ell knowing that if unsuccessful, either the loss must fall upon the creditor that trusted him, or his own future earnings must bo devoted to reimburse him. The present law steps in and declatea that the lost must not fall upon the operator, for whose benefit the speculations were entered into, but upon the unsuspecting creditor who was to have derived no benefit incase of poflt.? Thl? in the operation of the law, bread caat. To remove the liabilities ofdelitoranr the claim* of creditor! beyond what prop* rty remains of desperate "peculation*, ii to re move the only cheek upon extravagant operation! or en couragement to the prudently induatrioui. The plea that molt of the preaent dehtora were rendered unforti nate hy the gambling operation! of the hanka which ware beyond their control, ia rendered nugatory by the fact, that thoae very inititutiona on which the blame i* thrown, are exempted from the action of the law We have received the rejmrtof the f'omptroller of thn State for the year IS41. It ia in every reaped an unlortul , nate document at thia Juncture, inaamuch ai It ia of a atock jobbing character. It thowl a weak d?aira to make ? the financial ntfaira of the Stale appear to better advan J tage than the plain facta will warrant, in order to pro , pitiate rapitnliata in favor of future loans?instead of ! dignified document, representing the state of affaire^n an | impartial light. It ii calculated to injure the credit of r the State, became it cornea before the capitalist ea en in terc!?ed party, deairlng to make the beat bargain It ?an? ' conaeepiently It awakena suspicions, which Ha ponrile argument! are calculated to confirm. A large portion of the document ia taken tip wi h criticising the able report r of Mr. H"fTmnn mnde last year. We do not tee how the ' legislative reports of Mr. Hoffman are connected with the account* of the Comptroller. That officer hat to ettend , only to the correctness of hit own statements,without ; wandering into the affair* of the Legislature. There ia ? a qnertilou! diapmltlon running throngh the report, to prove that the liabilitie* of the State are not liabiUUaa

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