Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 24, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 24, 1842 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

.NKW YORK HERALD. ISrw Vnrk, Mnndijr, Jxiiimi) '21, 1*44, Arrival of the Itrltnmiln The Foreign IVewa, We give to day in our colum n tb" highly important N'm from England, by the Britannia steamer, which arrived at Boston on Saturday ulternown. By exptea* from R-.atou we received this intelligence, yesterday mornta:; at 11 o'clock, and the pr.a .pal items were sent to oar correspondent* by fnaJa! - o'clock, all over the Southern and Wealeiu Su>a. At halt pus; > o'clock we issued an K\rn.\ 11* n vLt>, nearly thret hour* in utlcunct of retry vifor j . nnd circulated ti?e intelligence by thousands o?ti the city before 3 o'clock it) the afternoon. This nfivs, io tini* important pojit, is highly, d-'rply, singularly important. We a!iitde to the appointment by the English Mi..?siry,<>l the High! Houorable, Lord Aslibnrton, (ii-riiterly Alexander Baring) on n tpecial minim to the I nitre. State* Horn, nm ni, for the netUrmrnt of all the tli'/iuUd point* i.nti n met I led difference* brtw-en thi two count t ie*. This mission, instituted by the Tory Ministry of England, is one of the most remarkable events of the pre.-"nt century, and indicate* the extraordinary posit) t *n tvlii'- i the United States stands in the estiinttton of the British tioveriiinent. The united iie?vKpa|a r press of England, whig and tory. Liberal mid <? i-rvative, approve, eulogise and look for the h 1 ppiest results front this mission. I lie motives which have caused & tory ministry ii adopt this bold, this moral, this highly compliii!tnt?ry conduct towards the Unit'd States, art* ii. if i .old singular. The eotnniereiul and monetary relations ol the two countries, are probably equal o ^200,000,000 A great many of the English notably are holders of state and other stocks, and this intljentisl class have undoubtedly stimulated the appointment. If tl should succeed, it is possible to look tor better, more peaceable and happier times, than we have seen for the last few years. We shall now look, with great interest, for the arrival of the British Special Minister. Thial o? Jonx C. Coi.r.?The trial <>." John C. Cult opens again to day, in the Court of t'yer and terminer, at 10 o'clock. The interest and excitement in th.* remarkable c,:?e have not flagged one iota. It seem* to gather to intensity as it reaches its close. A great deal of lallt was created yesterday, in consequence of tne oisappearauee of " thul Arieer" to the box m which the dead body of Adams was found. We learu that evidence will he produced, ehowing that to no carelessness is this loss to be ascribed. It seems that, some time ago, a watchman, by the name of Burgess. went into the tell where Mr. Miliken had deposited if, under lock and key, and took it away lor the purpose of firewood. Tbis fact will be brought in evidence to day, ar.d di-perse the suspicions that the loss of "that kivei' had oreaU d. IVew tiyitrm of Unnlting. ]?1r K n or? The most mischievous privilege that can be conceded to indviduals, separately or conjointly, as companies or carporations, is the permission to issue the paper cnrrency of the country. It is not in human nature not to abuse it. The power begets the ambition to do it, if itjhad even no pre-existenee. Our greatest anxiety is for the possession of wealth, and as this privilege olFers the most fertile medium tor its acquirement, the facility becomes irresistible. The laws should,.there/ore, carefully guard against the exercise ol a power so destructive to the welfare o! the community ,*by prohibiting its existence. l^et but a body ol men call themselves Hankers, and a thousand pounds of real capital is more than puflicient to enable?them to put notes into circulation representing two hundred thousand pounds ! The original sum may bejwiihdrawn after getting this immense fictitious amount atloat, and the parties may then trade extensively without risking one sixpenae in the concern ! If they pruden'ly carry on n cautious business of discounting alone at bper cent, an annual profit is insured of ?l<l,<tuii' that is ?10,0011 a year arriving from the employment of no capital whatever! Can any system be more monstrous than this 1? Is there any other occupation in society in which so enormous a benefit is ensurable out of nothing 1 Hut should the pnrtira engaged in banking become ambitious of obta.ning r.cnc* more amply and more rapidly than through the medium ol discounting, then an unbounded field is open to the wildest and most rninous of speculations. The law perniusnn* limited issues, and ihc only check is a lo".s ofconfidence ; bet when this occurs, a run takes place; to convert, a rlieapviointment enenes, the bubble bursts, and thousands a'e thrown into a state of destitution who never dreamed of being the victims of such a oal imity! ft surprises me that a system frnught with such mclaiicliofv consenimnces. so freouentlv exemnli tieo, should have been ?o h>ng tolerated The operation0 of hanking are useful in a eomnirrciul state, jf confined to the legitimate objects of deposit, receipts, and payments ; but the moment individual* are permitted uoliuutedly to issue slips paper.intriiisically worth nothing, in exchange for real capital, then an eagerness for gain engenders speculation? the imtillic currency and every .saleable commodity fluctuates, so as to render the result of every w?er< uittle transaction doubtful, and disappointment and destitution overwhelm thousands who have deserved no such fate. In litis nty first public communication, locally, on this important subject, i shall confine myself to the mere outline ol a plan which I have repeatedly urged cn the attention of the govern mew. and leg'sUture in England, and which 1 now have every reason to believe will he carried into effect at the ex|*ration of the charter of the Bank of England- It the subject be found acceptable ?o your readers, I wiM jro minutely into its ratniheatione hereafter. In order tben to prevent all live evils w hith haw hitherto l?een inseparable from the present syeie-iB ofbnnktne, and to render it in future useta.', and tit-* feource of ptosp-rify. I propone that a National Jlnnk be formed on account of the whole Enioo, with a branch<aeoch State, or thn*. a bank be established on eaeh tftate'sseparate account. To be adroinia'ered by to mm ins tonersTo t>e the only batik of issue * To do no private business on its own t*r. ate aero onf, hot to discount for all joint stock lanks iu the gaiue State,in proportion to their paid up capital, . " notes being convertible ondemttnd. litis pyvtem would prod a* a considerable, local revenue, furnish a well-secured, uiuple and untlucItia'iagcurrency, preve tit improvident discount*., and *11 mi-ehievous speculations by joint stock hanking < j.i?l'w.nies, which have hitherto been productive o' mm ieii ruin to (he comucunity, i v and render almoW invariable the exchanres and the prKv* of ail valuable commodities, auid others' confine the general operations U banking to thus proper and l?Cttimatc objects At the desire of his Excellency, the American Ambassador. 1 have Uul this suggestion before (he 4 fovernor of each Stale, and if it be considered as meriting attention, I shall feel tsuch gutificaliosi by betng rendered instrumental to us promotion. __ J'KACO. ! Chatham Thf.atit.?The tpleohid spectacle of ' VoiliMMiMi i.ut to night: let every Uody So and j see it. The production of thin piece fttB' 4,?ite au era in theatrical*. ? rKOM Teats?We have teieivtd paper.' 1 fmrr; Oalvatoo and Houston, up to Jau. 3. ? Vn attempt had becu made to impeach th* Pre. > anient for fitting out the expedition to Mexico, but it lailod, the House rejected the resolution We learn that the following appointment* have been made hy the President, hut had not heen confirmed bv the Senate when our informant left ? Hr An-on Jones, Secretary of State. K. !j. Anderson,ill* pre.-snt Speaker of the II our* t< i?e Secret iry ol the Treasury Crt- G. W. Iloecklev, Secretary ot War and Navy. i (J.* W. Terrell, Attorney i reneral i Aan IJrichain. Treasurer i A C Hyde, Clerk of thn r??*t t 'dice Department. IpjiI U-?r.t??i fr f 'nll??lnr r>l i h? i ..pi i : ? ... , .. ? on. I A company from the vicinity of llutewville, who . lud been <>n nii eacnraion mime eighty or .1 hundred inih'N rn the interior, returned ?nd reported tliNt tli / discovered no Indian trails, and thai no appre 1 hen-holts need entertained of th?ir predatory ex 1 iiimuiw at present; nolwithatandinz ail which, ten ?>r fitte-n hornet wereMolen by the fnd.uii? from the ^ yard of M*j. Hrigham, in the city ofAustin, on the t nijr'it ol the 15.h mat ' 1 fn the Houae of Representatives. or. the 17th, the t ? om'fittee oa finance reported, and rrcntntnrn led I th? pn~djre ol n resolution m .king gold end *i!v-r ? 4?io:ie reo tvthle in pavm-n*. 01'r'! r >1 c?!?jr > ? s ; 1U0.11M i l.M I'URTANT FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA STEAMER. TWKWTV FOl It DAYS LATER Appointment of a lirltlxh Special Itlliilater to tlie I'lilted Stutea ? Lord Aahburton ? Arrlvul of Charlea Dtekena ?Opening of t'-.e Krenrh Chumhrra?-M peeeh of Loala Hlilllppe?Jfo I.ater from China?Iinportiint Movements In thr Cotton, Noney and Corn market a, iU. Oil Saturday afternoon, at five o'clock,the splendid steamer Britannia, Cap' Hewitt, arrived at Boston. With limillu uniMrt/int intellioenne from line land. The dates are to the ttU inst from Liverpool ?3d from Loudon. Lord Ashburton hns been appointed on a special mission to settle th* Boundary Question, also to arrange ihe important question of the right ot search- Wc understand that this distinguished statesman, formerly Alexauder Baring, of the great house of Baring >.V Co. has a vital interest in preserving the peaceable relations of < freat Britain aed United States. He has also a vital interest in the preservation of the credit of the States?and in raising the depressed American securities to their former elevated condition. The number of passengers by kthe Britannia are ?K Charles Dickens, with his amiable lady, is a passenger in this vessel, aud intends to remain here a few weeks, to seethe country. Lord Mulgrave, a distinguished literary man, the author of many works of great merit, is also a passenger. He intends to make a tour of the United States. Many other distinguished noblemen and gentlemen of Kngland are preparing to visit this great country?and a vast quantity of emigrants for the Mormon country, are converted and coming out. Captain Bailey, who, at the last accounts, was at the point of death in Liverpool, has rtcovered, or nenrly so. We conceive this news is highly important. The efforts of Kugland to preserve the peace of the wot Id, nod to settle amicably all differences, are praiseworthy in the extreme. The news to our cotton dealers and flour merchants, is also favorable. There was some improvement in tbe general stale of the Money Market, although great excitement existed in relation to the state of affairs an this side of the water. The house of Nicholson A: Co. had failed, the leading houses, however, still stood firm. Lord Ashburton's intended visit to this country is to look alter the interests of those interested inAmerican property, himself and house being among the most deeply involved in American securities upon London 'Change. He is said will be charged with a proposition by which an arrangement may be made to relieve the stock market from its present embarrassed positioB, and consequently to lighten up the markets generally. Notwithstanding recent transactions here, the best feelings seem to exist on that side. Mr. Motley, Jr. is the bearer of despatches to out government, front Mr. Everett, American Minister at London. Mr. C. F. Shaw, Mr. J. A. Taylor, Mr. Batterly, Mr. Toombs, Mr. Solomon Hopkins, Mr. Lee and son, Mr. Bradbury and lady, Mr. C. S Stewart, Mr- Kelly, Mr. A. Sheetland, and others are passengers. The election in Mississippi, on the repudiation principle, had made a great sensation in England. The Cotton Market was msre steady than at the previous dates; buyers came forward freely. The demand was promptly met by the holders, and pri- i ces improved an 1 8d. The pricee of grain had improved in some degree, 1 and an advance on tlour had taken place. The Queen Dowager is said to be convelacent? t but some of the papers express doubts of the fact, ( and suppose the announcement made to prevent any , gloom being thrown over the approaching festivities t at Windsor. The Great Western reached Bristol on the l(i:',i of j December, having made the voyage in 13 days. , The lloseius on the 15th, alter a passage of 15 i days. The Caleilonia on the 16tfa, in 11 days from Halifax. The Acndia on the 8ls?, in the same time. There had been several frightful railroad accidents in England attended with extensive loss of lite. The boisterous weather on the linglish coast had prevented the packets from leaving at their ap. pointed time. The England did not sail till the 18th. There had been several shipwrecks on the coast. The French Chambers were opened by a speech from the King on the 27th nk. Every thing was quiet at Paris, and the redaction of the army was t progressing J The news from Turkey and the Hist indicate further disturbances. Tliere has been a change of i ministry at Constantinople. There is nothing later trom China than has been received direct atthis port. I RngUad. | Loan Monrem ami tiie U.eprese*tatiox or lVnus?The Liberals of the city of IMiblinhave determined to bring forward Lord Morpeth as a i candidate tor that city, in the place of the late anti- i able and lamented Conservative member Mr West, I who died last week, ufter a vecy short-illness, li 1 they had sought the whole empire through they c could rot have found a man more likely to succeed, ' or more deserving ?f success. The Message of President Tyler had been receiv- a ed and read with mne'i interest and satisfaction Its ) pac.fic tone caused an immediate rise in the funds \ The Liverpool Chronicle remarks in reference to t the sentiments expressed at the dinner given to Lord % Morpeth here, that "ihev will go lar to nutralise ' the irritation and bad teehng engendered by a few ? thank heaven they are hut few !?puny and malicious scribblers on this -ide of the water, who de- ( light in repre-enting the Americans as being every r iinng that is mean, dishonest and infamous " n Tor Pni.t F*\u#?The final and l sevised statement ol li If Smith to the treasury is Vo the followingeffect " That he wiis introduced so long back ns lS*2tHo ' Kiipallo, SoUri, and one or two of their associates * Tint soon alter, brooming entangled in accommo- f dation bills, he was tempted to 4 borrow' an exche- i quor bill o! All***), in order -Co raise money to meet t Ins acceptances. " That a speculation was entered into by ilnnallo F and kis friends, which, if euocessful, whs to have I extricated nil pnrti"s from tlmir difficulties. But it ' proved most unforlomte, and plunged them into nicre??ed perplexity an<l trouble ? 4 Tliat apparently it lav in his power at any time ? to secrete and misapply ahnost aay number of hills, 1 wanting only the signature ; and liy a simple fnrjery, to turn tlirni lut. good aad \slid exchequer 0 >ille u 44 That no person of rank or pablm character, v whatever; was in :tny way mixed up in the trims- ,, iction : the parties being himself, Solari, llapallo, t tad another individual, whose office was in Ba- ti ugli-all stret !,ut which place they u-edto meet and tl concert their plant- " ?< ti.. i. - - - ...-neves tiir 'oi.n amount talir.rated to be " about dJAUl.tMJU; but it is doubtful whether u sunt w r>t CW.tHKi it* or not included in thi* total"lie mil maintains tbat this whole amount has , lio n >*?--. !, troia tor.- to lira*. in gambling tr?n?- ai action* on the >tt*.k Kvrbance." t? Si-n-ui ro Tor I sirF.u ?Lord ' Aehburton's appointment In* btrn favorably rereived in commercial cm ',.,, aDd given a tone of confidence to the hold* rs of state storks. 1 lis lord ? slop'* appointment wih be acceptable to the Atneri- ti< rue-, as the Me*rs. Haungs l,,t>e tieen formally tu ye a i * in >*t extensively engaged in American affairs, and, m fact, the agents ol the American government in inoneiit iry operations. Ilts lordship i* be. ides a etti/.en of the great Itepublir, and one of 1 fl the largest lauded proprietors, too, m the State nf !"' IV nnt-ylvaiiia His talents as a man of busiuess are '' wrll known lie is one ol the largest household- ,,f -is in the United States, and Lady Ashburton (late I'* \1i-s ningbam) is an American by birth Well -r-< d m the hi*tnry and talue nf s'ate bonds, and i me peculiar structured the American constnu Ti on, lie will b* able to pre** upon the attention of *u .e American* the necessity ol punctual provision l i t ie public engagement*. '1'he American* them- r -ive* . 'e the , eatcst * '?!' reM hy tha dt*tri*t with , . , i 'he ' - - ' ' o'<- <? Up?e. - the* u* thereby deprived of one of iheir principal means of supporting their own prosperity, und, nni?l their credit he restored, their trade aud manufaclures niUft be in a depressed condition. But a satisfactory arrangement of their diflerences with this country is, in the first place, absolutely necessary, is a prelude to the luture happiness aud welfare of the Union; and this important objec , we trust, will now be accomplished.?Loiulon Morning L'hiof Kiom the I.oadon Timet.] it i*,vcs us much pleasure to announce, thai the Right Hon. Lord Ashburton, at the request: of her Majesty's government, it about to proceed to the United States on a special mission, with the object of settling all existing differences between that country and our own. His Lordship, who will sail in a lew weeks, had been asked to undertake this service, and had consented to do so, before the President's Message had been received, so that the mission in question, whatever b# its character or results, has been had recourse to, wholly irrespective ni anytning contained or ommeu in inui iincumrm. The step itself, we think, is a wise oik*, inasmuch an the introduction of new elements of irritation contingent upon further delay,might eventually render aii nmicable adjustment unattainable, and involve both countriei in all the horrors of war. We do not know that any great expense will he incurred by this mission : but, even it there should, the vast importance of its object, which cannot possibly be overrated, is more than sufficient,terminate h.iw it may, to warrant the expenditure of <1 much larger sunt than is likely to he recjuired Nor is it a trifling merit on the part of her majesty's present ministers that they have thus undertaken an enterprise which, be it successful or not, is manifestly adopted on the most rational data, with the best possible intentions. Two things, at all events, are clearly demonstrated by the appointment of this special mission?in the first place, that the conservative government, instead of imitating the whig* in prosecuting a series of speculative political experiments, are steadily addressing themselves to the repair of such practical evils as, by engendering a want of mercautile confidence, operate injuriously upon British commerce; and secondly, that Sir 11 Peel's ministry is intent, by all practical nivalis, upon maintaining the hlessingHof peace. Neither must it be supposed that Lotd Ashhurton's mission necessarily implies any deficiency in the instructions or powers of the American minister at her majesty's court. Those instructions and powers, we have no reason to doubt, are of a plenary order; while, from the known discretion and ability of Mr. Everett, as well as from the very short period during which his excellency has beeH in this country, the presumption is that, for various satisfactory reasons, it has appeared that the disputed points between America and ourselves had better he entirely #i/immift**rl In I lint A utitillrIIIn unit itlH Whullinirtllli Cabinet. The appointment of a special ambassador from this country is, of itself, a piece of marked respect to th U. States (.> jvemn ent,{which can hardly fail of being duly appreciated, and ot paving the way for an amicable negotiation. A friendly intercourse, too, between our special envoy una the leading statesman of America, dictated by a cordial anxiety to complete an infrangible bond oi amity, cannot but be attended with beneficial results. Alt thut both parties contend for may not be immediately secured; but, by reasonable concessions, like ly to be yielded without dishonor to either side, the main points in dispute may be so reduced in importance as to reuder future surrenders more advantageous to each other than a dogged adherance to mere unsubstantial punctilios. The selection of Lord Ashburton for this delicate mission seems to us, upon the whole, to be deserving of commendation. liis Lordship is, by universal acknowledgment, the prince of British merchants. With immense mercantile interests, extending over the whole world?interests which, while peculiarly identified with America, cannot suffer interruption in any quarter without incurring a serious iniury in their entire ran^e, his Lordship has the advantage of proceeding to the United States, not only with the highest claims upon the consideration of the trading community, but with a direct personal concern in the maintenance of general peace Thus, while the independence and integrity oi Lord Ashburton place him above the suspicion of yielding to extravagant demands, which he can well afford to resist, his Lordship's large and intimate connection with American commerce may naturally be supposea to deter him from all such petty sucklings as may obviously tend to interrupt it. The Noble Lord, moreover, is thoroughly acquainted with the whole question touching the right <>l search, as affecting among all nations, the perfectly compatible interests of humanity and trade. That Lord Ashburton's appointment will be acceptable to the U- S- Government may be fairly inferred from Afr. Everett's concurrence, and we certainly augur front it the most auspicious results. Ileaven grunt that we be not disappointed ranee. The whole of the persons accused of having taken part in the attempt to assassiuute the royal hikes, as well as those charged with being concerned in the cemplot in which the attempt is said o have originated, have been found guilty, with the exception of Frioul. tfuenisset, the principal Colombier, the owner of the wine-shop, and Just Brazier, are condemned to d eath. liufour having, no doubt, confessed, is sentenced to deportation tor life, with Augustus Fetit mid Jarrasse. Hoggio and Alallet are sentenced to lifteen years' detention ; L luuois .aid Houcheron to ten years. Dnpoty is condemned to five years* iffUntion, and Bazin undergoes the same sentence ? Bouzet, Considere, Martin, Fougeray, mid Frioul are acquitted. it is understood that the life of t^uenissct will be .-purrd. Speculations diller as to the fate of Coloiuluer and Brazier; soin- assume that they cannot be executed if Quenissel be spared ; others aver tiia: they will be guillotined A protest against the condemnation of M. I?up<>ty, editor of the Journal du Fetiple, wus in progress of signature among his political friends Might hundred names were s lid to have been already affixed The leading topic in th? Faris papers of the 2Jih and i">'h ult , is, ol course, the late judgment of the Uourtof Feers, in solar as the editor (l)upoty) is concerned. Their language is, however, comparatively moderate. No execution! had taken place The National announces that the sentence on ?'ueiiissel, Cokimbier, and Jus'.e Brazier into deportation, had been officially announced to them. The conviction ot Liupotv was considered as a violent attack upon the freedom of the press. The King ef the French opened the Session of the Chambers on the 2?t!iult. with the following speech from the throne: ? "OrnruMitv, TeicRs. an? DurvTiRI,? "Sincethe clone ol your Uit seasiou, the question! ivbicn excited in the K.ast our Just solicitude here -cached their term. I huve concluded with the Km jercr ol Austria, tho Quern of tircot Britain, the King if rrunia, the Kmperor of a convrntiou uhicto> mi uiumittn mieuunn ci the powers to naintain the peace cf Kurope, and consul,date the tepose if the Ottoman cinpiie " The (treat burden* imposed upon the country have dready experienced consul! raldo reduction). It would lave been my lively wish that u balance shouil hate >een immediately re eitablilhe 1 between the expeuditire and revenues of the state. This it the result which i ve must now prepare, end which you will achieve vitliout weakening our military organization end w ithut deferring the execution ol those works which are o increase the national prosperity. " A project of a law will be presented to you for contrncting the principal linea of a greater x> stem ol ia>l oads calculated to insure those rapid and east commadcations with all parts of our territory, which will >rove a source of force an! riches to the nation. "1 am endeavoring, at the same time, by negocirtions irudently conducted, to extend our rommeirial.rclnions, und to open new markets lor the productions of our oil and of onr arts. " Such labori honor peace, end render it stable as 1 ruitful at the same time. I have reiison to leckon that t will not be disturbed, receiving fiom all the pow ers he most amicable assurances. ' 1 have taken measures to prevent any external comlicatiou from disturbing the security of our Alrican ossessiona. Our brave soldicis are pursuing on that , and, hencpforth and forever Kronen, the course of hi it noble labors, in w hich I am happy that mv sons | iave ha<l the honor of concurring. Our persevtmoce hall complete tha work undertaken by our courageous ; rmy, and Franco will intioduco into Algeiia her civiUalion as the conspuui nee ol her ?- ? " O "" / " The f>nntioi;il laws and otlnis, having (or their Vjcct to introduce Useful improvements in thr public drum titration, will be presented to you immedi its ly. "Whatevermay t>?-tl birrdensofoursituation,France ' >011 Id m| poit ti.i-in without ditliculty if faction did not | ncc.isuigly obstruct the court* of her powerful active y. I win not dwell n, no the intrigues and ciim?a of he faction*, hut let in not forget, gentlemen, that it if ' hat which debar* inn coiinti y from fully enjoj ing all he blessing* which Provhlcnca bat conMired upon it, ' nd which retards the development of that legal and pa I itic liberty which France has at last achieved, and ot Inch I make it my glory to ensure h?r the possession. 41 We shall follow up this tusk, genth nun. My go 1 eminent will <lo itnlnty. It will maintain everywhere i ad constantly the authority of the law*, and can*.- them I > be respected, i.?it u ill inspect them itself. Your loy- I I support n ill aid me. In enlightening the country w ith . rseveriDg sincerity w ith regard to ita true interest.we ' tall strengthen by its support. and by your union keep \ itire,the sacred deposit of older an.I public liberties t hicb the charter has confided to us. Future genera >na w ill reap the fruit of our endeavors, and the gi uti- | le of our country will be our recompense." The speech of the K ng excited very little ai'enui in Pari* The aspect i?l theChsmber was vety i >ol?indeed ihere w ere not more than one < r two embers who were lout! in their acclamation*.? 1 if? whole afl'iirof tiie opening went oil in an nniirilly eontlire manner? no feeling displayed on tit- j rt of the King, nor on that of the Deputies, kpaln. Intelligence ha* been r*cei?ed Irwin Madrid to the I It lust. Hr a decree ol that da'e, the Itegrnt had ! inpri - d the whole cavalry of the royal guard, the h'-i rs of which id] belonged to noble lainilie* ? j hn-r corps ar* to b- repla>'d hy two regiments of t tnt'v and two-4, ,.y( whicb very aigoifi-| naui'11 <, i -. r- ,*,. . itf<( were called j the regiment* 01 Mm Constitution <>t Kspana, and the othersof Sagunto and Pavia. it had be?n resolved that, hereafter, the guard of the Palace, should be intrusted in turn to the ditferent corps of the narrison. Aoartrnents were preparing for the reception oi the Infante Don Francisco and his family. It was exp'cted that the municipal elections both in Madrid and in the provinces, would be carried by the Democratical party. The Ministry had prepared a municipal bill,which wasscid to be extremely liberal, and no doubt war 1 fig mi?J that it would meet the approbation of the Cortes Several other bills, eijuully important, were also on the point of receiving the sanction of i the Cabinet ; and among them were one relative to I the cottons oi Catalonia manufacture, and another regulating the corn trade. 1 Madrid journals of the 14th December, publish a 1 despatch Irotn the Captain-General of Cuba, an- , nounciHg that fifty negroes employed in a manulac- , *_ .u . :..i 1 i 1 ? I.?J L_.l ,u?. UJ k^. ' Miry ill uic ibiuiiu iinu rcvuuru, biiu uxai u uau utm t neceesary to send a detachment of troops against them to reduce them to submission. They defended themselves obstinately with such arms as they could put their hands vpou, anil the result was six killed and ten wounded. Order was soon afterwards restored. We have intelligence from Madrid to the 23d ot December. Nothing further of importance had occurred, except a somewhat serious difficulty between the government and the ambassador as to the manner of presenting his credentials The former insist that he should present them to Espartero the regent, and the latter being instructed to present them to the tfueen. Austria. The Freach journals contain a letter front Vienna, stating that the commercial and financial crisis having compelled the undertakers of railroads to inform i the Government that they must either suspend or delay tneir labors, the Austrian cabinet, which attaches the highest importance to the termination of the railroad between Trieste and the Danube, has come to the decision to aid the contractors. A disarming lias consequently been ordered on a great scale.? Thirty thousand horses are immediately to be die no6ed of, and the sums arising from this sale, and from other? connected with the disarming, are to be exclusively applied to public works, but especially

to railroads. Algiers. The French Minister of War has received from (ieneral Bugeaud a dispatch, dated Algiers,, Dec. f?, containing the intelligence that seven tribes on the banks of the Tafna have been sent to the mou'h of that river to convey their chiefs to (>ran This news was announced to the Governor General, in a letter from Colonel Tempourrc, commandant of i >ran, who, with General Mustapha aud one huni... i?i ,i ?i lies at a distance of twelve leagues from that town- J Colonel Tenipourre had also sent word that Ben llatnmeai, Abd-el-Kader'a Kalifa at Tlemcen, had been completely defeated by Ali Vamani, who is ( allied to the French, and had been forced to retire ( towards the frontier of Morocco with only 250 horse- , men ; that this regular battalion had been so much i dispersed thatjthe men had disbanded and retired to 1 their homes; that all his baggage hud been pillaged, ' as had also been the town of Ttemren, by the Arabs, and that this place had been completely evacuated by Abd-el-Kader's adherents. Gen. Bedeau had s-nt word from Mascara that the Beni Greloaf and the Beni Zerouet, on the right bank of , the Chelif near its mouth, were in open revolt , u?ninet the Kmir. i General Changarnier had made another sortie < froin Blidah into the Atlas, and had brought in some prisoners and cattle. All the Sahel or hilly coun- | tries between Algiers and Metidja was perfectly 1 tranquil?natives continued to come over to the French in Algiers, and some had reported that Ben Salem had been again defeated by Ben Diaf, Kalifa of El Mokrani, who is the chief of the Medjana, and allied to the French. Lieutenant Pelle had re- 1 turned to Algiers ftom a razzia among the tribes of 1 the east. He had brought in 800 sheep, and 1,800 j cattle, and had killed 20 Kabylea. Russia and Clrcassla Intelligence has been received at Constantinople i bv way of Trebizond, of a victory gained by the Circassians over the Russians; the most signal and ' decisive, it is said, that has occurred Bince the beginning of the war. A large expedition, consisting of thirty thousand men, had been disembarked on the coast, with a view'of destroying the grain, which had been collected by the Circassians after the harvest, when a storm having suddenly risen drove the ships froin their anchorage. The Circassians, availing themselves of the opportunity, HS?ailed theni^ fiercely on every side and the Russians, separated from their stores, which had been carried out to sea, were compelled to commence a dii-astrous retreat through a country consisting entirely of mountain, forest and defile. With the exception of two thousand who escaped to Anapa, the whole of the thirty thousand weie killed or made prisoners; such are the accounts received from Trebizond. Further details of this tremendous disaster of the Russians are eagerly expected here. Turkey and the East. By the Levant mail, we have advict s from Constantinople to the 27ih. Alexandria to the 25ih, Smyrna the 29th, and Athens the 30ih November. 'i tie armuacnts Mill continue at the port? without any rational cause being assigned for such demonstratum*. Jealousy of Greek intrigue, and a vague apprehension of the future, appear to he the only motives fur the Sultan indulging in so much unnecess try expense. Khri srew Pachn is living in a retired manner, and apparently is not desirous of again entering into the councils of the portr. Selini Pasha, with an army of 3,090 men, has forcibly pacified the Marbuites of Lebanon ; but the I treses retired into the mountains and defied him. The chief features of the advices brought by the Levant mail were the change of ministry at Constantinople, and the appointment of Izzet Meheniet Pacha to be Grand Vizier m succession to Raouff Pacha. Accounts froin Athens had reached Malts, announcing that thfl King of Greece had declined the mediation of the three power* to whom the Porte had addressed complaints, declaring himself the head of an independent state. According lo the Turkish accounts, the number of troops concentrated in Asia amounted to 900,000 men, who were for the most part directed towards Adrianople, 8ilistria and Sophia. A hostile movement on the part of the Sultan was daily appre- e bended It was indeed rumored that the Turkish t lleet would direct its course towards Greece in a c few days. 1 ] The.lournal Smyrna of the 9th ult , announces, e I nmAmm J.l. H . * V ....... uui? urjiKunuo isi, iiiii i?r rnergeuc niftlsures taken hy the Turkish authoring, had put aa t fiid to ikwlMlitMi With which r^yria was vt;tted a during the last two months Kedschid 1'aslia, at t< the head of a strong Ottoman force had arrived at ? /.able, in tunc to prevent the victorious Christiana n front rt sorting to cruel repfsals against the Druses, *' and to repress all further hostile ntovenients on * either side. Troops sent from Damascus replaced in that posi- t tion those commanded by Kedschid Pasha, part of n I which occupied Deirel-Kamar, and the rest returned tl j toBeyrout. The Pasha of Damascus succeeded in <f < saving the Christians of that city from the fury of the tl 1 Mussulman population- Detachments of troops pa- l< trolled the streets day and night, and maintained c public tranquillity. _ _ fj Several Musaulnten, convicted of having burnt ? two Creek churches, had been sentenced to the gal- 0 leys, and to the payment of the costs of their re- ? construction. _ The 1 ireek patriarch having inter- ti ceded in the favor of the offenders, had obtained a n remission of the first part of the sentence. On the P ??d November, an English war steamer reached front Malta, with orders for the British to evacuate Syria. All the officers, detached here and there c throughout the country, had in consequent*, been ,, immediately recalled. o The park of artillery landed from the fleet, and *. the rest of the main til was already partly r- em- ! barked, and the final evacuation was to take place ^ on the 4ih, The English station before Beyrout was toconust only of two steamers and a frigate. The ( I rench had a brig and a corvette on the coast, and the Aostrians a corvette. The latter, however, were tl ca)?? iHiiag aiiviiici vctfri ui war, w;ui Ml. de AdH- " bourg, new consul general of Austria in B<-yrout, on 01 board. l-'iom ligypt we learn thai the new tarilV of du- n ties hia been put in lorce in Cairwhich authori- o /en the exaction of 9 per cent, interior duty on ex > ports, and 2 per cent interior duty on imports,whilst u un additional U per cent, import and export duty '( must be paid at Alexandria. tl " The cotton crop ot. Inst yearmy? a eorre?- l'c pondent, "has been very small in conse <|uence of the great devastation of the \ile, and it in expected in that that of this year will not tie much more abundant. owing to the Mme cause. Of TJ.tMj bales ex- ar ported la?" v? ar, 2d,83i) bale* have g>me to Liverpool th :1->,12I to Marseilles. and l?i,3H9 to Trieste: and there >'? only uuw remains iu store about 1,593 bale* more O.ify a lew bales of the new cotton have vet arrived ,h in Alexandria. ' Market*. j? Losoo*, WrrsKir*? Ltesiso, Dec. jgf ? The fund* ?c lisvu recotfic.l the depression of yesterday, and a good th leal of business ha* been transacted at the better pi ices, an The careful reading of the President's Menage, and the v. atisfsctnry tenor ol th?* speech of the King of France, cr caused this reaction. Consols for the account closed w ; Three per Cents Itednced, H9J to j{; Three and a a) Hilt per Cents Hediiced, PC to J; F.xchequer Bills, Hi to a< premium 1 Long Annuities, (expiring Jan. A, DtdU,) tal PI'; and Bank Stock, 105 to 160. Ci Justl.efore the close of the foreign market aeveral pr buyer* of Mexican stock ap|>esred, and the consequence w on advance of neatly one per rent tipon the former price of closing 27| to OT. The other stocks nn ? era steady, but few birgsin* were made in them Spa ra tilsh Aci Ives left off to J: Portuguese Five por Cents ni .'to 5 I,; Ditto Three 1 er Cents Iff to in, Dutch Two k sniintlaii per Cento 01 {to Mj Breilfixti Ot to 0* erd ? t .Ifian pv'i to I0IJ. *? Vain*! , Dee. SI ?The Kn<luh Kuudi haee shown incraasod hrmueta to-day, and toward# the close oi bullnets a lartber rise of fully > per cent took place, Con?ol? for the opening being latt quote 1 at 39, to r. The Three per Cent* R-duced to t?| 10 J; New Three and a Half per Ceuti, OS J to jj U&chequsi Bill*, 1-to 14 1 premium. The approach of the Jauuarr dividend tend to create a feeling in favor of a lite, and the account* from the I nunulacturing diatricti are rather better. It waa alio < ie|>orted in well informed circlet, this afternoon, that < Lord Aihhnrton would proceed on a special mittion to i the United State* at toon at hit latter* regarding the Kxchequer Bill Commission had keen brought to ater- i mination. I The coupon* on the Active ttock up to the l*t of Ja- i ntlArvlHdl will Ha mt nrt' and tlm Thri>? nor ('Ant 4 r. i tire Stock given for the same in exchange, which stock, by the decree of the 21*t of January, in alio made ?pe daily receivable in thapuichase of the property of the secular clergy at par. Thii was settling day in shurea, and was a heavy one, the bargains of late being generally for time; and hence in many case* this sort ol investment bears a fictitious value. The jobbers state that this course of dealing is resorted to to obviate the delay aiising from the inability to transfer the shares immediately; hut it is a poor ipology for encouraging a species of business which,by sreating excessive fluctuations, generally ends in the ruin of those engaged in it. Money was tolerably pleu:iful, and therefore the settlement Went off comfortably, [ireat Western left off 87 to 88; do x"w,tl to 5; do Fifth* 10 to I; Brighton 3f?g; Black wall 11 } to 12; do new 7}; Birmingham new 'JO; Manchester tiinl Lauds 70 to7l; do new 20; Midland Counties 8i; South Kastern and Dover 2*2; do new 10 to }. Jan. 3.?There'was not much business transacted in the funds on Saturday. The almost unvarying price of Consols for the Account (to be settled on the 14th inat ) was 89} buyers and sellers. A feature deserving remark as showing theconGdence of the public in Exchequer Bills, is that the premium upon large and small bills hai advanced to 17s. India bonds have touched As. premium, Hie highest value that has been attained for a considerable time past. B ink stock has advanced to 106}. In the past year, Mexican Bonds have fluctuated beween 32 } and 31 |; Brazilian between 40 and 74}; Portuguese Five per Cents, between 39 and 34 }; and Spa nish between 17j and'Jijj. Ail the foreign stocks have shown a buoyant appearance. The market for Spanish stock was buoyant on Satnrdev. The value of the Active Stock is us nearly ns possible the same as it wss at the commencement of last vear, and that, too. after a fall to 17} The bonds (opened at 26 to }. Mexican bonds for the next settlement nearly touched 30, a higher point than has been attained for a very long time past. The , li> lu.,.l ...I. ,.k ?ill I.I....,? >1... I ,t _f A ... il . i will he, we am ataureil, shortly advertised. Chili and Mexico will then be the only dividend pay ing state! of the whole of Sooth America. The last price of Mexican ilonds waa '10 ; , hoth, for money and time. Spanish Stock closed at 35 1 ]} Austrian at 109; Belgian at 101}; and the Dutch Two anda-llalf per Cents at 5li, without the half-) ear's dividend, j which was in the course of payment. Some idea of the fluctuation of Railway shares, occasioned chiefly by speculation, may be obtained from the extreme prices of two principal lines, from the flrst ?f January last to the present day. The London and Birmingham Shares have been at 183 and 144, the latter without the new shares, and the Brightou at 34 19 to 19 3-4 Losuox Cohn Etrmsdc, December 31?The supplies jf Irish Oats are very large, beiDg about 3,600 quarters. Of other kinds of Grain and Flour the arrivals arc mote rate. Wheats of good quality reach Monday's prices. O.her kiods are dull. Barley is a very slow sale. Oats rather cheaper. Beaus, Peas, and other articles unaltered, with little doing. Asrivals?English Wheat 2,090; Birley 7.6-10; Oats 5,370 ; Irish Oats 36,330 ; Foreign Wheat 3,390; Oats 1,310; Flour 3,410 sacks. Statf. and Psoivkcts or the Cotton Market. The circular ol the Cotton Brokers' Association for the year 1841, which is now before us, stTords us an opportuuity of offering a few remarks upon the present condition and future prospects of this important branch of manufacture. Before entering upon these, however, we shall endeavor to bring before out readers, in a succinct form, the principal facts and figures which that valuable document presents to our notice. The total import of cotton into the United Kingdom during the past year has been 1,341.649 hales, against 1.600,41)9imported in 1840, shewing a decrease in 1841 of 458 740 bales. The stock in the ports on the 31st Dec. 1940, was 464,050, and on the 319t Dec., 1611, 549 660; being an increase in tho stock oh hand of 75 610 bales. It is estimated, however, that, as a set otf to this increase of stock in the ports, the quantity at present held by " the trade " is less by 40 or 50,000 bales than at < a corresponding period in the past year. r The deliveries for consumption have been 1,146,730 bales, or an average of 33,053 bales per week against t 34,734 in 1810. This, on the face of it, is a falling oil'in t the consumption of 3673 bales per week, or 10] per cent. L Tsking into consideration, however, the diminution 0 above mentioned in the stock held by the trade, the con- ; sumption is estimated to have beeH 33,000 bales per week, t being a decrease of 1734 bales from that of 1640, but an ? increase of 3640 bales upon that of 1939, which is stated, ,i however, in the circular,w e submit erroneously, at ooly 1300. The imports iuto the port of Liverpool durin. thojyear 1841 have been 1,161.949 against 1,416,266 in th. year preceding, being a considerable decrease. The tock on hand, in our port on the 31st Dec. 1941 was 129,830 bale* against 366,141 at a cornsjicnding period in 1840, being an increuse of 63 689 bales held in Liveri <ol. Tho features which have moat strongly marked the ransactions of the cotton ma.ket during the past year tare been the gloom and monotony which have per raded it throughout, and the almost total absence of exensive fluctuation in prices which, with one or two rifling checks, have kept steadily declining, to the ex cut ol }d per lb. for " ordinary'" American, and Jd for middling" and belter ^unlities. I.orig-stapled cotton, if all descriptions, has bean of. ull solo almost f-om the >egiiiHiug of the yesrte the end, owing, as the circular nlormsua, to the want ol d. mind for ti e liner numbers >1 the yarn, tjea Islands, alter sustaining a temporary , ise in January, owing to reports ol" a failing crop, dedined afterwards to the extent of 4j.l per lb. from iheir ugliest point, or 3J.1 in the year. Eg) plians have fallen 14 per 11). ami (Ul sorts of Itra/ils are I'd pi rib lower, he demand for neither one description nor the other laving amounted to "briskness'' at any period of the | rear, In Kast India cottons, however, the transactions ( lave lieeu unusually heavy. The imports. owing to he stoppage of th.- markets of China, and the increased iroiiuction of the article in India, have exceeded those >f last year by upwards of 60 000 bales , and the conseluent reduction in price below their relative value has irought them largely into consumption, the deliveriis or the trade during the last five months having av raged 3 XX) bales per week. U|>on this statement of the transactions of the year, , he w riter* of thii circular remark that" there have ? >oen former years where the fluctuations have been note mai ked and more sudden?when commercial credit 1 tai been more leverely shaken, and when the pressure ? ipou claise* ami upon individual* hai been equal and >erbap* more intense ; but fnr magnitude of losses?not j none but in all branches?for depreciation of fixed ca- ] lital, aud for the extent and deration of suffering, there > no parallel to be found. Of the causes of this state of hings, that which lies nearest the surface is, the mis- c bievous facility for tailing money afforded some time H ?st by joint stock bank*, by which mills and machinery < d a vast extent have been prematurely called into exist- I nee, aud the pioduction of every species of manufac- p lire stimulated in a mosttxtrav agant manner. To these \ autcsmay he added the finaiicialembarrassments of the r ' 8.,the intcrruptien of the China trade, 4? the long train if evils const quent upon a succt asioa of insufficient barefts." 80 far. the association of cotton brokers, comiriaing amongst their body the most influential and inelligeut portion of the trade, of every shade of party, ppearto be agreed; and we recommend their opinion J1 0 the serious consideration of the " League" politicians, U vhosa |>ertinaciouily deny that over production or the lisconduct of the joint stock banks, or snv thincr. in fact. ut the want of their own favorite nostrum, have bad o ny part incautiug the existing distressed condition of lie manufacturers of this district. We feel hound, however, to state, that whilst the as- . ocintion at large appear to agree npon these as the imledia'.c predisposing causes of the peculiar |>csitiou of lie trade which is under their no'ice, there are indivi. rials amongst their hodv who l an to the impression d aat the evils under which they labor arc attributable f< > the " naitow and exclusive iiolicy of cur commer- /j tin iff,'' and who loek forward ' to our manufacture* ssuming their wonted activity , and after awhile re,, a nig their lost ascendancy" only from the adoption of more" liberal" system?from the adoption, in shot!, f a free trade in grain. Amongst the memhersof such 11 association, it isnnlmal that there should lie n jor- ' on entertaining such opinions. But it is gratifying, V evertheleas, to ohserre that a commercial body , so im- II ortant lrom the vast and intimate knowledge they must ?] oi(esa,ofthe wordings of the present system in the ( ottou manufacturing districts, and of such unimpraclnle respectability, are prepared, although differing with ach other upon tiie general commercial policy whioh i besi fitted to advance the permanent interests, not only .! f their own tradp, hut that of the entire kingdom, to limit the existence and the mischievous tendunciesof lat recklrss and improvident over-uroduction. fostorsd . y the farilitus afforded by joint stock hanks, which e liavo ever maintained us the giant evil which has j'_ educed the gn at hulk of our present commercial sufTing. . With raspcct to the prospects of trade generally for w te present year, the assovi ition all n Js <ta lntle infor- ^ latiou, restricting themselves entirely to an expression |( f opinion with respect to the probable prices ofthc raw ^ itterial. Theae, they anticipite, are not likely to sus i( tin any material advsnce duungshe year. Krcmactop I American last year umoouting to 1.63a,000 bales, rest Bt itaiu receive.! !Krj .?*) Hales; and with a crop this ^ ear estimated to be lrom 1 900.000 to 'J,000,000 bales, und js still increased supply of Hast India cotton, a great intilv .. x.-i... i? ?? i? ?? ? i" ?upply i? coniide.rd to be large caougli ?o keep ? >w n any speculative operation* for higher pricri. Aidg to these (acta,or rather pmbabilitiei, tho fact that a ock yearly equal lo aia Viiinlha'cmiiaapUn i? already ro the country. they arrive at the conclusion that the | liitiny low price* are not only fully Justified, hut that # i apprehension may reasonably he i ntrrtained that ny will fall even lower ftill before the clo*e of the ^ tar. w However desirable it may he that tin* anticipation | oubt he realiieJ, in part at least, anJ that the raw aterial ihould not l>e advanced above iti j.ut v alue by eculative opera'ton* ai ha* been too much the emu .hit J g the paat few j ear*, we inint eonf. ?s w ar , urcely aaitired that such will not tie the can- ,'uring .!!l e prcient year. The stock on hau.l is c> large id the proipect ofthenext crop ii very (lattei ing, hut ' e are aatiiiied that the ability to cuniume ia alio it.ea*ed. and that a few week" active operaiiom in trade .1.'! ill apeedily overtake the mcreaaed supply. Wore thi* I, however, we ihouhl not anticipate any thing b. ;10ml V <t> ady demand at steady rate*; and thia expectation, . king into consideration the ceitaiu prospect of a de eaac.l growth being the result ol the unremunt rative icea of the paat year, i? ceitainly fully warranted. , , We liave mill onr fear*, however, that the spirit o( ernlstion may, on the oeraiion of a revival of com tV', rclal demand,obtrude itself upon our markrta for the w material,transferring the lienefi .to which the. homt fiif.cturer i? entitled, to the fori ign grower; and )* ing, aa w< do, how \ att an amunnt of our pelt iuf- ,, ingi II to be attributed to the effect of the high price* 1-, tortod from til fo' their cotton dorlntr our rece-ut years L,' 1 of over production, by the jobbing, kite iyiug spoceinturs of the United glairs, aud the amall portion of bcneflt which ha* come beck to u?, in those ) eere, in the *hefe of increased demand for our manufactured product*, we ranuot resist the opportunity ot cautioning our friend*in the cotton manufacturing district* against being drawn into the encouragement of any materially iucreased dee mauds tinon them for the itanU ? s--1 ructuie. * Steady" mum betbe word fer the future, if we I iu not with to see another more disastrous return to the it ate of ruin and suffering out (of which we arc jort emergiug.?Vrrrpotl Chroniel*. LivaarooL Marrkt , Dec. 31.?The brokers hare y? almost too busy with their aunual circulaiato attend much to the selling of cotton, to that the market has appealed quieter, a fair demand has been experienced, add fully 3 600 bales have been solJ at full prioes. The stock )f cotton m this port is 429,930 bales, varying but iiUlo from the weekly statements of the brokers'circular Weekly R? tort.?The impioved demand from tk? rade noticed last week, has beeu actively followed up .his, aad thete has also been extensive business dene on ipeculution, both in Surat and American descriptions: he lormer readily command the extreme quotations of ast week, n hilst the latter have advanced }d per It. gelerully. Jm. S ?About 3,600 bags have been sold, at lirm ?lealy prices. The business consists of 401) Hurats, at 3 d to I 31; 160 Pern am 7(1; 100 Marunham 61 to i 3d* 10 Egyptian 7JJ to 7jd; American 3d to 7-J. On Saturday 3600 bags were sold. LircRroot Corv Eiciusot, Dec. 31?The rates of luty lor the ensuing week are advanced upon Fo. eign iVIieat to 233 8d, on Barley to 16s 41, on Teas to Us >er quarter,on Flour to 14s 2 4 4 per barrel, and reduced in K) e to 6s per quarter ; those on all Colonial produce emaining unaltered. We have to notice but a limited fresh supply cf Grain rom any quarter, and the arrival from Ireland of Oat* neat and Flour is also very trivial; of the latter article, towever, about 16,000 barrels are repoited from Canada uid the United States together, within the pait '.brae luj a. No aales of Bonded Wheat or Flour have taken plaee in the spot, and the only transactions reported since our ast are two or three cargoes of Mediterranean Wheal, told to arrive at previous rates. 4 LiraarooL Cory Market, Monday Jan. 3.?We have his week had moderate supplies ot British grain, Ac.; >ut the arrivals from foreign ports amount to 6630 quarers of wheat, 1076 quarters of bean*, 770 qrs. of peaa. ind 9,040 barrels ot flour, and Canada there ire repotted 2,760 quarters of wheat, 10,000 bar-els of flour, together with 2,600 quarters 01 ;>eai. IVith ?..rv triftino l ii < - ? / n nunc*ri,?ii tueae tfrcmi he present entered under bond. The rate* of duty on foreign wheat aro advanced to 23*. 8 l.on Barley to Ids. 4J., on peat to I la. per quarter, and on Hour to 13s 3d |>er barrel. Since this day se'nnight i i few parcel* of free foreign havo been taken for nhip men', to Ireland; but the trade in wheal hus been ol a limited character, and prices generallyhave declined Id per bushel in flour. There haa been little done at barely previous rates. Oats and oatmeal have commended little attention, though both articles have been offered oa rather easier terms. Barley and beans have been sold only in retail, and must be quoted Is per quarter cheaper. Some pa"" eels of foreign boiling peas have found buyers at 42s tea I ' Us per imperial quarter. Inthe early port of the wf' two or three cargoeaof Mediterranean wheat to arriv> f changed hands in the previous currency. No further transactions have transpired. Static of Ts?df. Maisufactukks, dc.?The Liverpool Standard of the 31 it Dec. say a," the improvement which we noticed in our last, in the feeling of all partiea 'conlected with the commerce and manufactures of this dis riot, continues, we are happy to state, to animate our raiioua msiketa. The arrival of the New York pack ;t ship Independence, with accounts of n generally farorabie natuie with respect to the prospects ofbuaneas n theUBited States during the ensuing season, addod 0 the pacific tone of President Tylrr's message to Congress, has infused considerable considerable confidence nto the minds of parties connected with the trade of hose impoitant markets; and b; tides the proipecta. ihich present themselves on every aide, of increased lemand from foreign markets generally, the position of he Bank of England to afford facilities for, or at least to efrain from contracting tha operations of our merchants, s viewed as highly favorable, when compared with lU Kisition for some years past. The transaetious in our cotton market, throughout the week, have been of an animated, and, at the same time, 1 steady and healty complexion. The sales on Tuesday tmounted to 4000 bags at full prices, including 600 AMiean, taken on speculation. On Wednesday the market vas fully supported, and the sales reached 5000 bag* for ousumption, and 1000 taken by speculators. The sale* esterday were 6000 bags, at the full prices of former nsrkets during the week. The Manchester Market, during the waek, has partsten of the feeling evinced in the market for the raw meerial. In Yarns a trifling advance has beeH obtained ipon the tow rates which have recently been quote,'.'and i further advance as the season for active operation* sets generally anticipated Inthe prices of Cloths no ciisible change can be noted; all dascriptions, however, re more firmly held, and the same' an'icipatiOD if iaulged ia o: a speedy improvement in prices, and in the c'ivity of the diniand. tv. are un* .le to stab iat any very extensive orders the United States hive been brought by the Indolence. It is probable, however, that many .might withheld until the departure of the Acadia s'eamer, hich would leave Boston on the 18th, and might ho cteil to reach Liverpool within a few days ot toe aril of the Independence, and would thus alio * time i. he purport of the President's S|>eech being generally ,nown amongst the American mercsntileclasses. Ln-KHrooL, Jan. 4.?We have little to repoit upon the late of commercial affairs since our last. On Fnday tho nnual circular of the cotton trade was published, and ts discussion occupied the attention o( a great portion of ur men of busineas. The leeling with which it has boon eceived. although not one of a very animating charaoer, is yet on the whole, cheerful with respect to future irosnects. Tho sales on Friday amounted to jCOO bags t full prices. Saturday being partially kept as a hobay,but little was done--the sales only amounting to 000 bags, and prices unmoved. The sales yesterday vere 4000 bales at the full rates of the past week. The tme want of transactions may be noticed with reapoef o the trade of the manufacturing districts. The accounts from the United States, brought out by lie Acadia arc of a satisfactory character. A gocd feeling is to future business, is generally entertained by comtercial men. The principal part of the'goodsjrenuired fer e spring trade, have already gone out, to arrive at aa atly a period as ]>os*ibl? after the 1st January, whoa a eduction of tho tariff was to come into operation, tow dditionsl orders have arrived, however, by the Aoadia ; nd it is expected will continue to arrive, although not o any great extent, for another month or tix weeks lilt. BrXXETT:? As you arc noted fur correcting nuiiy errors and ransactiona, 1 would call your attention to un a flair it the NaVy Yard, Brooklyn The writer of thif paw on board the new sieumta lowfinishng at the Brooklyn N tvy Ynrd,aBitgc 'ump, attached to the steamer, stamped " Maesies 'atent, London,"'with the English coat of arm? :ast on the top the pump in In Id relief. la it not Lphatne,that our conductors of the Navy should! go o England to get so simple a thing as a Bilge 'ump, when we have so many mechanics much oaierior to any in foreign countries? And th-n to haoe he English crown purported by the unicorns in bole elief on board of an American frigate, and th..t nounted in a very conspicuous place. Oh' Amwit. Ohio Rivch.? At Cincinnati, on the loth met am lie river was in line navigable order, and clear ot ce, weatlmr pleasant. Snakes.?A man in Illinois recently found a new f snakes among the rocks, containing one thousand tven hundred of these reptiles Coal ?The thermometer was Jat twenty-eight egreet below zero at Quebec on the ldth iast. Ahasud River.?The river has been fallih^ uriogthc last week, but is still sufficiently high >r the boats of the usnal size, to this j>U:e.? lit e Rock Gazette, Jan- 5. Catching it as vol' can ?VVr are lulormed that ir merchandise on board the Roscius, which arved in this port from Valpiraiso, consigned to >:..i.~.^ ii -c 111..1-.1.1-l.- j > iwuaiu tu i iiiiaurijuiirt, w?s rtu.-vnea on Wednesday, by Charles Mixter and G. O Hnvey,? try bring holders ofn<>in? "Planter's Pank Bondi," idoreed by Alsop,which hr lia? repudiated? Be?ton 'ourirr, Jan. 21OCT-Cm* ihim Tm>ik .?For several tvfel?, poia ira, eostnmers, machinists, and other at lifts su ached to lis establishment, have been engaged In prej... atioaa r the grand dramatic spectacle of the Spirit of io Waters, which will W produced this evening, at an amente coot, au J in a at) le of magnificence never snrused in any theatre. The scenery is entirely new om the pencil* of Messrs. Grain and Smith, ai :i.,ts of tahlirhed celebrity?the |>ro|ierties, trophies sad nessea, have been prepared expressly (or tliir. piece, it It mi t regard to expense, ami fiun the ^reat att? ntioa iat baa been paid to the numerous iehear?a(* -tha rength of the cast, and the inci eased fore* engaged fa? le chorusees and ballet, we may antisiputr the < oniploto iccess of this gorgeous and interesting drama. Thocs every indication, that its ja rfoi mancn will ho ilnesaed by an overflowing and enoe. In ad'itiou to ie speetacfe.the |>opu1ar farce of tho Midnight How, performed lor the first tirnu in this tin atr> . and Dieond and Whitlock appear in their Negio estravcinzaa. DO Bow i at AwrMlTKKsTaa ?This is the last sink it one. previoua to the company's departure for Coi?e. This being altog'ther the most finished and Is. nted company in Arae~rica, tin y will dotihtleta prodaee jrfat excitement in Kngland. Quern Vic. her lord ill bald**. w ill \ nut and he tilled ? ak admiration. All nro|Hi will du hkewiie. and in a (Vw yean the company ill retain, triumphing in their Till of gold, glory and adneaa. The rnil o( horici is beyond doubt, the moat ghly tr? ined in the world. Master Girdner will kataki the uati m, with his uuoqualh d riding and turning a mrrset, al .trhting on hi< horan while at full spe-d, a it novei ai'i'.ompliihtd on the other aide the AtUntio. le family have already performed before. Um owned heaJa with great mcceas. All the world and d his wife, w ill flock to the Amphitheatre during, the ly two week* thoy will hare thi opportunity to do ao me will certainly he a day je rfoi miince on *>.itarday einoon n< \t. A great bill ia preaentpd to-night, Ik idine the nnapproarhablo Sweeny, ami Mia* I.WJ JQK Cot rt?'? Blow |fh r P\i: romnjol' to [ii- hie irictiil* ?) it ?hall !? m hummr?wr )iom W<-know of no individual more worthy tt^noBl in Mr. Cotter. Wo havr no donht it will ho a busr We write thia notire mere!) to remiud thoar who y have rurftoltrn the night. Kit, kirn) r?-adore ,do not d?'. Thii it th? night and tin lam night yon wig re therlra?'tre md titiifaotion of enjoying a hu* lh tkr lire lt'lief who ttro In the hnlut of|eiry 'tr tb? 11: at fht Wathinjtcn. S>?ll go, t