Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 1, 1842, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 1, 1842 Page 4
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.NEW YORK HKRALIX Vrw 'work. I .< -.'la., February |, IMS). The I^oli.?k Wuii.i Hkhaui for ibis week, will published thie morning al eight o'clock II Mill contain the latest intelligence in a cheap form, tit to be wut to the country?particultrly the able charge of Judgt I -mi iii the case of Colt Price two cents per copy Statistic* of the I'nltrtl States-1* ftb. We g:?e to-day the tir*t portion of the national etat.srice, taken in 1*K), and embracing the aggregate production, capital, and value of manufacture*, commerce, minea, fisheries, and agriculture ol the United States. TSfeaae valuable tables are just competed at the State iVpartment, Washington, ?nd we believe we Imve received the first copy ot the general result. They will form the basix ot a relorni in every de |MrUnfiit of economical and pol.ucai pnuosopny and will be ?>f immense use in al our future dis<iuitnuoos on trade, commerce, and agriculture(,rrnt Literary Movement. We are making preparations, and will be ready to beg c on the 1st of May next, to start a great literar*rv movement, connected entirely with American thought and society, by the publication of several Magazines, or Periodicals, embracing local and ee rieral literature, science?light reading, mechanic) ?philosophy, and every species of writing connected with the progress ol the human mind on this con finentWhen we get into our new building,at the cornei <-t Nassau and Fulton streets, our arrangements will he onsacha scale, that we shall be enabled to carry out the ideas we have formed for the advancement ol American l.terature, beyond any thing that has yei been imagined. As a part of this plan, we have al ready begnn at this establishment, the publicatioi ol the Ntw Yoag Lancet, which has been conduc ted wuh each talent and energy, that have already placed it, in one short month, in the van ol every other medical periodical ol the country. A gradua ucnerati/jiiion of the same nlan. exiending to every department of literature and science, will embract the following new works.which we intend to start in the course of the present year. I. A monthly or weekly magazine for literature imd the ladies L. A similar magazine for gentlemen?com pre bending a racing calendar. 3. A law periodical, weekly or monthly. 4 A magazine, weekly or monthly, devoted to practical science and the arts, including the steam engine. 5. A commercial magazine, devoted to com naerce., banking, and political economy. 6. An agricultural magazine, devoted to the prac lice and science of agriculture. 7. A religious magazine, devoted to the progree of religion, the rise of sects, and the movements o (tod upon this latter world?including also educa tioo in all its brancheeThese only form a very imperfeat sketch of the project we have in view. All these periodicals wil be started, on the same general principles of untiring energy and independence, by which the New Y?rk Lancet, a medical journal, has been raisec to its present eminence in a month. Their intellec tual and business operations will be arranged on the same system by which the New York Herald hai attained such eminence and influence among newspapers. Competent editors will be appointed, and contributors always liberally paid. A higher order of intellect and genius will be cultivated through the whole range, than that which mark the present race of periodicals. At present American literature takes the lone and character of Engliah reviewe, tc an extent that emasculates the mind on this conti nent- This will be avoided in the new system. The great error and defect in all attemptato estab lieh periodical literature on a permanent footing ir this cenntry, have principally arisen Irorn the warn ola comprehensive sy.-temofpablicaiion. conducted on the exact and methodical principles of business. The cash system on which the Herald has been conducted so successfully, presents the germ ot a plan of operations that can be carried out to any exten( in literature, in science, and in art. There is intellect and genius iu this country, of every variety anc extent, which only require to be called out on busi ness principles, to create a new literary and scien tific age, that will outstrip any that has preceded it. and throw Europe into the world of antiquity. The literary and scientific magazines that are now befor the public, are some of them conducted with taleni ?but they are isolated etforts, without beiug govern ed by those principles of good sense in the management that can ensure permanency and profit to the proprietors, or general creditto the age. By great effort they may hive a few thousand supporters this year, and in the next, fall otffo a few hunored. These are onlya few brief viewa of a plan which hae long moved over our mind like the dove over the great deep?a plan for the general and comprehensive advancement of every species of science, art, and knowledge, thatj can raise human nature above its present level, and eivr an impulse to the age in this hemisphere, that will yield fruit for the next fix e centuries. To carry it o ji gradually, slowly, surely, perfectly, we have all the means inour hands?buildings, machinery, capital, experience, and soolness. To assist us, we shall call forth the youog and struggling geniuses, that are as thick in this lamf as blackberries in summer. Prepare for he fainre The following are now issued from this office Publications, By Jamti (tobdok Bbskett, 21 Ann titer:. New Vosb He*ald ?Published every day of tlie week?faodaya included. Two cents per copy. For s year of 3fi0 daya (except New Year* Day and Fonrth of July, on which it is not psblwbcd,) price $7,? Wmili Herald.?Published every .Nsturday morning, price #3,00 per year, or til cents per copy. I>ollvm Wbeei.t Hesai.o?Published every Tue-diy?price 91,00 per annum, or two cents per copy. N?w Yoek L.tnorr? A Medical and Scientific JouibiI, onnuiaing sixteen paces octavo, in small ype. Price #3,00 per year?<>4 cents per ejo*le copy. Mom T? ane* ros News.?We ara aca.n under ?bh.-jntion' to H.irnd-n At Co and to Mr. Mullrkrn, of the He .trier New Haven, for Boston papt rs in advance of lb? ma.I. To the former, also, for Albsnv papers. __ 0*sk?al Pattcbsow, or PtiiLAorLritiv ?Several of our corrt eoondenl have made allurimna u. iv: ^ excellent and honorable man, in a way that we do not ap(*ro*e We know General Patterson well, and move worthy citir*n does not exist. We trust ?hat no oorrespcndem will take any such liberties hereafter. Eari v Lira o? J. N- MArriTr.? We are promised, by a nctiool-boy aasociate of the Rev. J. N. M stilt, a foil and philosophical history of the early hfe o that distinguished saint and orator. This pteoe of b ogMphy will be rich and interesting in the extreme. It will give a personal hutory of the ptooe orator through his youthful trial*, and Ins early atiwgle with the devil, the rl'sh, > nd the world, anld he emerged forth a? th? aceomi liA -d divine he now ia. A? Arrnn.-Wr saw yesterday a copy of " Hohmiahead'a Chronicle* of England, ffcotLnd, nod Ireland," published in London in I.V77, and det irated to Laird Burleigh, fie prime minwter of Qncen 1 Itznbeth It is a Isr^e octavo, or rather <|aa o, lull ?f plate? and illustration*, and just SB 5 yea s o'd. Hie pretsce and contents are printed in II oman letlrro? the text >nl body ot the hook in <Jrr.mar. or old English. 1 h owner wishes ro tell it far (Vl'ectoraot l.brsne* and literary curioettx* ( .j* h<wc the barpaa. O^a.osa Wia?i ?..Uj,,r s,,?? ^aed through I hilidefkirdb ?n hi' "Ay o Wa*tintton, on vn day last 0 ,*4 feck tohiuV Coll'* TrIU-Thc Ual Effort -Court of Oyer and Terminer? Ihe Two other Murder Caere. Notwithstanding the protract' <1 and exciting nature of the late trial el Call, and the nature ot the verdict, rendered in the dead of night of Saturda) and Sunday, so excited and diseased has the mind ol the populace of this city become on the subject, that there was a perfect inob of people trying to gain admittance into the Court of Oyer and Terminer again yesterday morning, under a vague and coafused notion that Colt would be present, and that he would be tried over again. ?'n the arrival of Alderinnn Purdy, to complete the (iri'anr/.-.iion ot ihr Court ut u niinrfpr mat ten. r? ~ -f -* - t i""? ? John A. Morrill rcae and said?" If the Court please, in the case of John C. Colt, we are preparing a hill of exceptions, and uffidavit* in relation to the jury ; and they ask till the next term of the Court, March next, to prepare the necessary papers. We have all been exhausted in this cause, and some time will be required. Jrdoe?The Court, Mr. Morrill, have alreudy been spoken to on the subject, by Mr. Selden ; they are willing to allow you a fortnight for that purpose. 1 The crowd then dispersed. In the libel case brought by Judge Noah against i James Gordon Bennett, Mr Morrill requested some I further delay, as he had been so occupied with Colt's trial, that he had not time to prepare himself i for the othtr. The District Attorney said he had no personal ob jrcuuu iu mis cduaf gtuuguii iu me ncAi icnu?at the same time i.e wished to dispose of all the business on hand. I The Court said they were ready to try that, or any other cause that was ready. I Finally, it was postponed for a week, i The respective trials of Tappan and of Adams, for murdering (heir wives, were postponed to the March i term of the Court. The Court then adjourned. ' Highly Important from Philadelphia?Progress of the Bank Revolution. ' We received yesterday afternoon highly important tiforrnation, showing the progress of the bank revulsion, which has now decidedly set in upon Phila' delphia. A terrible state of excitement prevails in that city, which will no doubt soon prevail in Baltimore,Mobile,New Orleans, and every other "suspended city" in the land. These events are the natural results of the dishonesty of the fiaancial classes?their errors and their rogueries. We annex such extracts as are important, relerring our readers to the postscript in this day's paper, ' for the events that took place in Philadelphia yesterday. [From the Philadelphia Chronicle of yeaterday ] Res us niK PateaiTLVaNia Bask.?On Satuiday lait the note holders of th? Bank of Peuuiylvania, commenced a run upon that institution, whicn was kept up until the time oi closing the door*,without abatingpn the least from a perfect flood. The cause waa that several? not all, ai has been erroneously stated?of the Banks refusing to receive the notes of the Pennsylvania. The first movers in this step were the Northern, Liberties, the Mechanics', and the Commercial. The Farmers'and Mechanics', the Moyamenaing and the Penn Township received the notes of the Pennsylvania Bank throughout the day. At the time of closing the doors, we were at the Pennsylvania Bank, where a great crowd of persona had congregated both in and about the building, but a'l left by degrees, uatil the place was a perfect blank. AH inside the bjildtng at the time ol closing, had their notes changed and departed in quiet. The Bank stood the run nebly, and we believe were it not that to morrow istke day on which the interest on the State loan should be iiaid. the institution would continue to redeem, but, unfortunately, under present circumstance', it is considered advisable not to redeem any more of the notes, and I the Pennsylvania Bank will, doubtless, remain closed to-day. Tl... i..r,?.ll.n 1.^ 1 J I, ? mjo imvt mi?mvu ** *> vvkMucu i??V r * euuig, HUU WUUIU caution the public holding note* on the Pennsylvania Bank, not to make a hasty sacrifice, as the affair* of the institution present a favorable condition. The interest on the Stste debt which becomes due and payable to-morrow at the Pennsylvania Bank, will not be paid. It will be allowed to go by deiault for a few - days, and then paid. One of the reasons for deferring this payment is the very heavy premium on specie?IS per cent?and the interest must be paid in specie or its I ' equivalent. ! A meeting of all the banks was held on Saturday creniDg, at which it was decided to receive eaoh others' 1 notes un deposits, etc. Had this determination existed | for the past week, the present state of affairs would not Lve lieen experienced. The Directorsof the Pennsylvania Bank were to kold - a meeting last eveniug, (Sunday) but the conclusion to be arrived at, we are assured, would not vary from that 1 mentioned above?the bank net to redeem its notes,and [ the interest on the State loan to remain unpaid for the present. This interest amounts to eight hundred thon' sand dollars. I [From the Philadelphia Times.] lU'tso* thk Casidkn Baitx.?Nick Wat of Redke.miisg None ?At a matter of history. we recotd the following lact. There was a run on the State Bank at Camdea, oa Saturday last. A dense crowd gathered round their ol| fiee in church Alley, and whole streams o( old women, rough looking countrymen, and damaged speculators, were observed pouring into the banking office, anxious to get rid of their "Camden notes," at all hazards. So dense was the crowd inside, that so far from one's having time or opportunity to look at the note* you recived, you were hustled out u ithont exactly kuowing at which end of hi? person your head was fixed. Thv Fsnsitas' a.vd Michsk i' Bawb ?This Bank was the first on Saturday last to throw out the notes of the Bank of Pennsylvania, and refute to receive them on depovite, although at the same time she was indebted to the latter in the sum of ninety thousand dollars. [F">m thr PHilsd l|<hia Chtooiclo ] Thk Baisk Excitkmkut?tin Crisis ?Saturday was another day ot excitement in Philadelphia. Explosions, and rumors of explosions, among the financiers, were the order ol the day, and the theme of conversation at every corner and meeting plecv, and umong all classes and pursuits of our citizeus. Around the doors, and la the inside of those Banks which ei joy Vast public confidence, crowds of petons assembled, arged by curiosity, while others commenced running them to redeem their notes. Panic tnd excitiment, fed by different rumors, was the consequence, every body expecting the Bank doors to be closed ; but happily- all wrro disappointed, for that day at least as they contiuued to do busin s? until ihree o'clock. They must lie wil'tilly blind to the signs of the times, who do not see that the crisis of Bank financiering It (art coming upon us. The most indulgent and forbtaring of our citiiena have loat all conlidi uce in them, and arc l>cginniog to be convinced that procrastination and delay only makea them worse instead of hotter. Their high-handed rule ia paat toleration ; the conduct of aeveralof them within the laat few duya baa tieen contemptible, and well calculated to excita the atrongeat indignation againat them. Ad inaulted and plundered community, jaded and worn out with palliatione, delays, and aubterfugta, are rising to the vindication of thtir violated rights. Tbedaya of worihleaa Banks are numbered, the Jiml of the people has gone forth, the hand writing is upon the wall, and wo to that recreant nstilution that doe* not perceive the fatal revelation. (Krom the Pniladelphix Knquirtr.] A* Impobtait Bisk \Ukiimi ?The Uanaa of the city and ceunty of Philadelphia assembled by delegates on Saturday evening laat at the Philadelphia Bank, and oiganiied by appointing J. KKF.D, Esq. President. Josit. Josh, Secretary. Thcr- were in attendance, delegates from the following institutions : The Philadelphia Bank. The Mechanics' Bank, farmers' and Mechanic*' do. North America da Commercial do. Wecern do. Penn Township da j Manufacturers* and Mechanic.-.' do. Sonthwarh da The following Banks were not represented, in consequence of not having received timely notice :? The Bank of Northern Liberties. The Moyamenaing Book. The Kensington Bank. 4)u motion of Mr liundas, rf the Commercial Bank, i an arrangement to the follow ing ctfrct was agreed npon, u' to the decision of the respective Boaida, at special meetings to he held this morning : I. The Ranks to iaauetbeir own notes exclusively, of the denomination of 1241 and upw ards. '2. Ths Banks to make daily exchanges with each other. 8 Balances to be settled weekly, or ofleaer, at the op tion of the creditor hank; to be paid in specie,or nptd the 1st of Mirch in commercial bills not having mora than H day a to run after the 1st of March, not exceeding SO days to run; to he approved by the creditor bank, and guarante dby the debtor hank. t A satei y fund is also to ho netted tkna - - the banks oflar??at capital are ?lon.nno each, andthooeof amaller capital, t.toooo earh.ia the banda of Traatec*, each bank t<> chooae ouc truster, and the takola to form a hoard. The above aumato be in specie, treaaurjr notaa, or equally aatiafactory necnritjr. On the defaoh of any bank, the tm?t era to bnae poorer to convert tko aeewrity to au*h en extent aa to pay the defalcation; and ,tko defaulting bank *o be thereafter car I tided from tke arrangement. 4. Tare iuim aperia feyweota era tK* III / JkifiHt? [Humbug.] Aftrrthe adoption of a few further reaolutiona, not of (fellera] intrreat. the delegate* a<lj ruraod. tTe may a Id,that the Bank ol rennayJrania waa not re praam ted. hnoai Sn-TA ljRn?nA.-Wr have date* to the I e| tiilxr- There ir a lurilier coofinnaiion ot the complete (ieetructioa of the forced of the rebel i ii.irrfp, who in hi* flight had been able to reach loco t 0111.;* w.-y to Bra?.I. The soeernment were 1 Lojirr ot ov nakrit; him hi lore he left tha * ?? T..>- !f? xt"" /lee ?t Ct'ucrt to-nijjbt. See ad v r i-enieo( i Cntkjr street laigiaal CUnlque. The excellent Ckniqut connected with the old Croaby atreet College,was attended by an overflowing audience yesterday, about one third of which was composed of students belonging to the school at the Sluyvrsant Institute, who name to reap at this establishment the advantages of wtuoh they h*ve been so unceremoniously deprived by their own preceptors. The cases were of a very interesting character? aninnoal th?m wnrn a**vt*ral nf nf the PUT. hernia, and other important surgical diseases ? Great judgment is shown in the management of this t'liniquc. The cases are grouped, and after a few practical remarks on the general nature of the particular affection, the Professor points out the peculiarities in the several instances before him, and describes the appropriate treatment which the various sorts of the disease demand. Dr. Paekek's style, as a scientific teacher, is familiar and practical, without being disfigured by trivialities and vulgarisms, whilst all his operations are performed with a masterly hand, although he is not a great adept in the science of parade. The lAnctl ol Saturday next will, as usual, contain a report of thia Cliniqut. By the bye, it is an interesting fact that a great number of the country schools have eatablished CKniqutt, and with great success. And yet the school which set this movement a-going, has suddenly come to a stand-still, and by an almost incredible suicidal movement abolishes its CHnique W? trust the good sense of Drs. Mott and Patti?ox will induce them speedily to re-establish the Clutiqut?that all the members of this talented faculty will forget minor differences and go on, as they began, heart and hand in advancing the great interests of science. We would much rather see such riKuncEu men advancing mail rcirvgiauuig New York Express?Despicable Meanness.? The New York Express, yesterday, copies from the Sunday Herald, without any acknowledgment, the whole of the elaborate and verbatim report of Judge Kent's charge to the Jury in the case of Colt. This able report was taken down on Saturday la9t, and written out, by our corp* of reporters, in time for the Sunday Herald. It teat the only correct report given by any netespaper in the city. Yet the New York Express had the ineffable meanness to copy it from our columns, almost word for word, and ascribed it to their own reporter, when it is well known that neither James G. Brooks, nor any person in his employment, is capable of giving a correct report of any speech?any charge?any argument. They have attempted frequently to give reports, in rivalry with ours, but have failed in every instance, while they have the unparalleled insolence to depreciate the reports of the Herald, at the very moment they are pilfering them from our columns. The contemptible meanness of this conduct in the conductors of the Express, need only to be stated to be despised by every impartial mind. These miserable drivellers in the paper line are always decrying the accuracy and energy of the Herald, in every department of our paper, while they vainly try to imi tate our system, and to tread in our path. But thay fail?and hence their utter bazeness and malignity. Samivcll Vellkr-iana.?This delicious, amiable, placid, agreeable, funny, curious, philosophical movement in society is still on the advance in Boston. According to the last expresses from that quarter?both by Harurien and Adams?and also by the devil, we have the annexed important intelligence :? Prs sewtation or Tlatk?The service of plate from the passengers of the steamship Britannia, was presented to Capt Hewitt,this afternoon, at the Saloon of the Tre* mont Theatre, by Charles Dickens, Esq. The occasion called together the friends of the gallant Captain, and they alane constitute a host,to witness the ceremony.? The plate consists of a pitcher, of the Grecian order, unique in ibrro,chaaed in a superb style of workmanship; twopilver goblets, and a salver, U match. The pitcher .intl thu Snlv sar Kadp llisa inurrintiAti wa nuKliak a fan <lays vines. They were manufactured by Measri.Low*, Ball fc. Co., and do great credit to tbi* celebrated establishment. On presenting the plate, Mr. Dickena said, that himself with two other gentlemen had been appointed a committee in behalf of the passengers to present to Capt. Hewett this service of plate. It was no mere formal ceremony, but was intended as a real testimonial of regard to him by whose skill, great personal care and hasard, and constant vigilance himself and some four score others had been enabled to cross the wide Atlantic in safety through no common perils. In presenting Capt. Hewitt with this token of regard, he wished him health and prosperity in all his future pursuits through 1 f?. We regret that we are unable to obtain a copy of the address Tor publication. It was a beautiful offhand effusion, and was received with great approbation by a numerous andience.?Boston Transcript Dickens aiked the first man who boarded the Hiitannia, and welcomed him toAmerica, "where Bryant lived ? This soundsa little like thestory of the Scotch iieaisnt c>rl. who arriving at the turnpike gate nearest Glasgow, knocked and ii.quired "is this Glasgow?" and being answered yes, asked "is Peggy in?"?Button Wondtr. The idea of permitting Dickens to make a "quite humorous" speech without reporting him, is a piece of the most atrocious barbarism,that has been enacted in a week. Dickens is the Shakspeare of that species of modern literature which has sprung from the daily newspaper?the police report?and the idea that he should be permitted to make a speech with out a reporter, capable of down, it* a disgrace to the whole newspaper pre6* of Boston ? However, when Dickens gets to New York?it he evercan get away alive from Boston, we shall take care that justice shall be executed with mercy, with aoine mirth in solution. Sk.noh De Beg.vis Discovered at Last.?We understand that this distinguished miuntro has beeu discovered, after a very long and thorough searchlie has been quietly engaged for several months past, in giving lessons in the theory and art of music to a few tashionable ladies, who ore brushing up their musical studies, preparatory to a tour through France and Italy. The Signor always shows himself to be a man ef taste and refinement?but we rrHlly wish he w 1-ave his fair pupils to their own labors for a while, until a concert,on a grand scale, can be got up- It is time to have such a thing Lecti-re otv Music at tiik Tarerkacle.?The New York Sacred Music Society have engaged James F. Warner, of Boston, to give a lecture on music, with illustrations, this evening, at the Tabernacle. In connection with the lecture, several pieces of music will bc'performed, taken from Ilandel, Haydn, and Mozirt. The Society have put the pr.ce of tickets as low as twenty-live cents, in order to ensure a large sale and a large audience. They pay the Rev. David Hale, for the use of the Tabernacle, 3 ?0 or 8<h). The services cf Signor Watson are also engaged,to criticise and blow up the lecturer and the vocaluts, but whether he gives his valuable services graii* or otherwise, we have not yet ascertained. The interest of the lacture and concert will be ol a three fold character. First?the lecture is addressed to the mind and intellect, which will cause intel lectual pleasure, a avuliinrnt half of heaven and hail" of earth. Second ? the concert, or pieces of music which are addrewed through the ear to the heart and affections; this forms a pleasure allied to the heavenly mansions entirely, nnd has nothing earthly in it. Third?the criticisms or &ignor Watson, in the New World, which have a big broad touch of the same feelings which actuated the gentleman who first entered Paradise, with hia violin nnder his arm. and, looking askance at live when she was plucking an apple and a couple of freah figs for breakfast, played the reel of ruin and made her dunce out o! Kden into a state of Misery. (hi the whole, to night will be a great nijlit in phdoaophy, music and criticism ?s??, let us all go. Chatham Thsat?c.?Notwithstanding the inukmrncy of the weather, this popular place ol amuse, merit was tilled to overflowing last evening. The new p>.;e of the Mechanic and the llueenmet with great success. The scene is laid in London in the i\t-eathcentury The pi< ce is got up with gr at ta-Ke and magnificence, is full of excitement, and tie unities well preserved tbroughoi t Thise*<.? am*i the same p> -s, with the s,>ectacle ol Undm*. a e 10 berepea'-it, w-iih the additii n of Thereue, sff t ie (Tphao of ?'-nes a. Carwiu by J (I Sxtt. I W*athe* Hvk add at the Wrrr.?Yesterday ww a muggy, rainy, oppressive day. It ianow very probable that we shad have ao severe weather this winter. Last Saturday the thermometer was ap ta 66j in the *hade, and the streets as dusty as in mid summer. We are not alone in the possession of such mildness. All over the country it appears that the same prevails. At St. Louis, last Wednesday week, the weather was warm, clear and mild as the month of April. The grass was springing up, and the buds putting forth. Every thing on the face at nature betoken spring. Latest irom Venezuela ?We have received tiles of El Sjglo to the 7th of Januaiy. W# firwl in /xnn nf lh?m that Hm Holiness the Pope has sent a Bull to the Archbibhop of Caraccaa and Venezuela to authorise for ten years the marriage between Catholic and Protestant. 44 Thus," ays ?1 Siglo, 44 the orthodox ean marry the heterodox without any scruple of conscience." This important Bull was granted by His Holiness at the request of the Prelate of Caraccass. Strangers can therefore marry the beautiful young women of that country without changing their religion. Albany. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Albany, Saturday, January 28, 1842. There has keen an interesting debate on the bill to provide for the improvement of the Chemung Canal and feeaer, whieh developed the contrariety of opinion existing in the ranks ef the democratic party, as to the course to be pursued in regard te the internal improvement policy. Mr. HorrxAs'i peculiar, and in my humble opinion, just views on the subject, do not appear te be concurred in by the whole of his friends. There are some who, while they profess a strong desire to change the policy of the State in this matter, and to retrench and reform( yet when any local improvement, in whieh they constituents are directly interested or concerned, their patriotism is tied, and they care not how or by what means the money is raised, so long as it is lavished on their pet project. This is the case with the Chemung Canal bill. Mr Hathawav, from Chemung, took theground that it was impossible to raise money at this time, no matter how good the security might be, at six per cent, and by the amendment offered by Mr. Horrmas, restricting it to that rate, the bill was utterly useless and unsatisfactory. Mr. H. depicted the inconvenience and sufferings of the people along the iiae of this canal, from the fact of its useless* ness. H ned the House to beware, er their might hear music from that quarter, not quite so pleasing as last fall. Dr. Taylor, of Onondaga, in reply, quoted the money articles of the Herald to show the effect an emission of a seven per cent stock would have upon the other stocks in market: Ho would support Ms. Hoffman's amendment. Mr. Hvlbard, of St. Eiwrence, remarked that the majority came here preaching retrenchment and reform, and a change of measures, mod it was but right their practice would bs the same. He had no doubt those interested in the completion of the Chemung Canal, suffered under all the inconvenience depicted so eloquently by the gentleman from Chemung. The people of the section of the Bute which he had the honor to represent in part, had for years past been suffering the greatest inconvenience, from the wantof means to get their produoe to market. They asked last year for the small appropriation of 15,000, to enable them to carry on the northern railroad. From the want of this road, thousands of dollars worth of prodace was unable 10 be got to market. Their lead and iron mills were rendered useless, and millions of feet of lumber were unable to be got to market. Yet they knew the State was in debt, embarrassed, and therefore they did not press their claims. Mr. H. contended that if this bill was passed, the gates would at once be thrown open to lavish expenditure, and irretrievable ruin to the State would be the result. Mr. H. spoke farther in support of Mr. Hoffman's amendment, arguing that it waa unwise for the State to increase the debt unless means were at the same time provided for its repsyment, even if a resort to direct taxation should he rendered necessary. Gen. Hcmphssv, of Tompkins, spoke at langth in opposition to the amendment. His arguments were the seme as those adduced by him yeeierday. He took the ground, tbst all the financiering and study of finance as a branch of political humbugs#ry, wai mere humbug, and useless. Money, like water, woald find its level, and the rate of interest was regulated by the demand and supply. He denied that this bill proposed to issue a 7 per eeut stock. It only proposed, incase the money could not by an> mean* be raised at.six per cent, and ai it tru necessary that the money should be forthcoming, in that event a re?ort might be had to seven percent. Mr. H. spoke at great length. Mr. Reddington of St. Lawrence, Mr. Baker of Oneida, and Mr. Caryl of Otsego, spoke in support of the amendment, and their arguments were to the same purport as Mr. Hurlbard's. Mr. liort man then rose, and spoke until the committee rose and reported. His views were the same as those offered by hiin in the debate yesterday. During the progress of the debate numerous motipns were made to rise and report, but a determination was evinced by a majority to bring the discussion to a close to-day, but tbe want of dinner was too strong for some of the members, and the motion to rise was at length successful. In the Senate, after along debate, they refuted to concur in the joint retnluiion#f the Assembly, rescinding the joint resolution of 1840, in regard to the printing of ISO extra copies of documents, kt. Mr. Kboades offt red a resolution proposing to print all original bills, as a matter of course, which was rejected. Mr. Root submitted a praamble and resolntion (reciting the Governor's Message) iu relation to the journals. Tba General will thus succeed in getting the message of his Excellency on the jour" nals iu some shape at last. On Monday, it is probable that bis resolution will be stricken ont, and and one of strong censure to the Governor substituted. Thus willdrep, it is to be hoped, ibis useless waste of time, whieh has characterized the proceedings of ibe Senate for tbe past wet k Mr. FaANKLin's resolutions in regard to repudiation were then taken, and Gen. Root debated them until the hour of adjournment. Cave UbciscAM. Boston. | Correspondence o! the Herald. | Bosto*, Jan. 28. 1812. " Boz" in Bo* toimr-lht Ten Dollar Dinner, $x.? Elder' h'no ftp and the Hon. and Re r. Abigail Fol som, E*q.t K. A. A'. " Ho*" is now the lion of ihe town. The ten dol lar dinner ii to come off on Tuesday next, after which it is said another one will be got up on the democratic principle, This is right, and will give hie true and genuine admirers an opportunity to honor his distinguished talents in a rational manner. The ten dollar affair 1 presume U got ap by what is called the " Boston aristocracy," which is another name for vanity and pride, empty heads, and traders oa "harrowed capital " True geniur is seldom found among those who are the leaders of the ton ia this city. Fine cloth and an apish affectation abound here. Talented and plain common cense men never make fools of themselves to-day, that they may know hew good it is to be twitted of it to morrow. The democratic dinner will no deubt be more in aecordanee with the feelings of " Box,' who is well aware that he is nothing but a man, and no more worthy to be feasted and paraded about than a seoie of other men. However, let the getters ap of the dinner on the ten dollar scale alone. " Box * will do them ample justice, 1 have nodoubt, if be ever writes a book about Amcriea. 1 will guarantee he will remember " Box-town." The " Knapp excitement" has declined amaxingly during the past week Another case of insanity lias, however, occurred, in the person of a lady, who has been put into the hospital. The " Hon and Rev. Abigail Folsom, K?q , K K K " has been at her work again of late, among oar arm-siavery oretnrrn, wno, being non-rasitants, were compelled to adjourn their meeting!, in erdar to get rid of her Abigail will preach to-morrow forenoon at ' Winchester Hall '* The infilMs, or Fiee Knquirem. hare g anted her the nae of thia place in their charity, because ahe can get no other TIvy mj the ia a Christian fanatic, bnt they are 't illing to let her hare a hearing. Abba Kelly, the fair Quakeress, ia alto here, and held forth on Thursday ereaing at the State House. These he nmen are going it?the devil getting alarmed at last. The theatres and cirenaes hare not prospered much of late. I really beliere the people bare become disgusted with them The lectarss and reii ginn are all tbert?. Temperance likewise is oa the use ; Captain Parker, ?f the frigate Columbia, one of the HomoSonadron, heads a temperance Ust on hosrd his vessel. If aoy thiog of importance turns up. p?? shall hare the firat now*. < *eodby? L , r POSTSCRIPT. W?ihlB|t?a> [Cbit>i)i?d?ne? of ths Herald ] WAtHiROTow, Jan. 30,1842. Pathionablt IntelllKciioo? Assembly Parties and Gossip. The Congressional week having ended yesterday, Mr. Adama will have time to turn himwlf for the storm of next Wednesday, as the House will not be in session during to-morrow, and next day; 'the funeral of Mr. Senator Dixon, being postponed until t iimhiv J A recurrence to the fashionable events of the past week will perhaps give interest to a letter.? The gay season is now at its height, and the great number of fashionable persons and beautiful women who are gathered here from all parts of the country, give additional life, spirit and ornament to the many reunions both by day and night. The fashionables of the city of Washington manage their entertainments of all kinds, balls, soirses, levees, conversazione and dinner parties, with more elegant display, more tasteful discrimination, more graceful hospitality, and more unostentatious kindness than any other people in the same situation in the country. The assembly on last Wednesday evening was one of the most splendid and brilliant balls ever witnessed in Washington. These balls are given now every fortnight, at the new assembly rooms, which have been very handsomely completed since the inauguration ball. The principal dancing room, which is the largest in the country, was blazing with lifrht. SViH Kcinff urn)I wantiUtn/4 iUara IB fin tmnllf from the wax candles. The supper-room is attached to the ball-room, and in opened at an early hour in the evening, and remain* to until the close; by this arrangement the dancing Is not interrupted, and there is no crow ding at the table. On entering the room,after nine o'clock, the dancing had commenced; and a single glance at the company satisfied us that the llite of the metropolis were present. The ladies were all elegantly dresaed, and some of them supurb; and the gentlemen, fresh from the cqfftwrt of Palmieri, looked well and were all ready to do the agreeable. The foreign Ministers were all present?we also observed two or three members of the Supreme Court, and a large number of the Senate and House. Lord Morpeth was present ss an invited guest, and looked very happy while dancing with Madame Bodisco. The style of dancing of my Lord, afforded amusement to some of those who are not old enough to remember the steps of twenty years ago. Lord Morpeth entered the room on the arm of Colonel Seaton, the Mayor, and expressed himself agreeably surprised as well as delighted, not only with the atmosphere of every thing around him, and the attentions he received, but also with the unparralleled beauty of the American women, and the (handsome manner the ball seemed to go on, without confusion or any visible machinery. A friead, whose aquaintance is almost n niversal; and who, like one of Dr. Warren's heroes, desir*i to do every thing for every 'body, walked the writer about the room, pointing out the most distinguished ladies present, and at the same time indicating their peculiar style of loveliness, which a man must have been sand blind not to have observed himaef. " You see that tall, stately girl, in pink crape, dancing with the black-eyed navy officer 1 Well, that is Miss W , of Philadelphia. She is niece to the member of Congress?him, you know, who wrote " Inchiquire's Letters," some twenty years ago. She is one of the finest women?use that word in the English sense?inWaahington?graceful, amiable, accomplished, and full of good sense.'' " Who is that very beautiful woman on the arm of Mr. Granger 1" " She is from Delaware?a namesake of that famous chevalier, who was " without fear and without reproach; a most charming person, as well in mind, as form and face?and there is her daughter, more Hebe-like, but not more beautiful, and hardly more youthful looking than the mother." " That fair haired girl, in pink antiu, trimmed with fur, is Miss W , of Washington? n gentle creature, and always dressed in capital taste. She is one of our best wsltaers." " Come over by this other quadrille. 1 must have a look at that stylish and high bred looking girl, with whom B , one of the Philadelphia members, is dancing. Thit is the daughter of the late Secretary of the Treasury. Is she not a graceful, glorious girl 1 See what an intellectual countenance? what spi aking eyes?how natural her manner, and how lady like her carriage?and her sister, though less diilingut in air and bearing, is exceedly pretty." "Those two girls in white, tv's a eit, on th? right of that quadrille, with sparkling eyes, and such laughter loving faces, are the Misses B , from Alexandria?mighty nice girls?and see how well they dance-" " Is that ptliit girl, with the pi nk wreath in her hair, dancing with the tall man, with the moustache, Mia T. " Yes?she is thought handsome; but I remember the day when her mother was far more beautiful." " The lady uex< to her is Mrs. H , a woman, always cheerful herself, and always anxious to make every ore around her happy." " That dark eyed, intelligent looking girl, on the arm of Mr. W., of Tennessee, is a namesake of his, from the old North State. She dances admirably, and in fact is accomplished in all the ornamental as well as useful branches of education. There is Miss , of Salem ; Miss W , of Baltimore? the lady ot one of the Virginia senators ; Miss M?, of Tennetsee ; Miw, a belle, from LouisianaMiss S?, a beantifnl and graceful girl, from Virginia?but it is idle to talk further ts you. Is it not altogether the most magnificent collection of beauty and fashion?of handsome dresses and tasteful decorations, that ever blessed your vision V' " Undoubtedly?and there are many ladies here whose names you not mentioned, that seems equally entitled to attention." " True?but their i turn must come hereafter." Lust tveuing the White House was thrown open for the reception of the acquaintances of the family. The rooms were thronged for a couple of houts, and all was life and animation ' Have you heard," said a lady, " th it Mr. Van Buren is about to come to Washington 1" " No?1 have not. How soon is he expected 1" " In the course of two or three weeks. His sen. Smith, is shortiv to marrv the rich Miss J of Albany, and Martin, junr., is to marry the pretty Mi* B****, of (hie city." " I understood that Madame La Blanc was there r " tihe was?and just as handsome and fascinating as ever. Mie is an extraordinary woman. 1 do not know that I tier met her equal, taking every thing into consideration. I have seen those that were more regulaily beautiful?others that had as much grace and charm of mannor?and others still who were as clever and accomplished, but she unites all these attributes and attractions to a degree that has very rarely been paralleled." "Tell me of something else connected with the besides your favorite?others were therr, 1 suppose 1" "I noticed the lady of the lata Minister to Spain, I the ladv and daughter of the Secretary of War- I Misa W of Lexington, the Poetmaater General and family, and, in short, all the world el Washington. There waanoroom for supper, or eatertainment of aoy kind, and no mnaic or dancing. The belleaar d beaux were rcattered in ail direction*, in group* and parties, and manjr were around the beautiful silver vaae pteeenled to Mr. Webster. Judge thought it would have looked better fill d with apple-toddy. A lady with a wreath of while o ee, was surrounded by a hoot of admirers, who a em d to be of all nations, aa eho addiesaed them in all languages. Colonel B of Ken* tacky, was her escort, with the law Minister fmm % * Spuin, and the Hon. Mr. J ; and the beautiful Mm 15 , fram Baltimore, on the arm of Colone S Thia weea is expected to be uncommonly gay. A party in Preaident'saquare, and a marriage at the President's; receptions at tbe White House, and a party by lha iuet>s at Kennedy's; a large party at Genera] Jesnup's, and another at the Postmaster General's. Baltimore. >Corr?f osd sct of the Herein K BtLTiseee, January 31st, lbUL Ma. Epitou? A row took place yesterday among our fireman, so disgraceful that language is inadequate to its die cription. An alarm war given ia the afteriMe, for the purpoee, it ia presumed, of getting up % fight. The different companies aoon anet in Market atreet near Gay, and after arming themselves with brick bata, stones, sticks, clubs, fee., went to work like ao many tigera. Not leaa than three thouaend peraona were eolleeted in the atreet, tome to leek on, and othera to participate in the mob. It wee really a meat diagracefnl ?cene. Variona were the cut heada, broken noeea, tee. The paramenia were literally atrewn with brick bat*. The interference of the police, with aanch difficulty auceeeded in quelling the rioters. Another fire took place laat night ia Howard atreet, which destroyed a dry gooda store. I am not aware of anything rery new or atrange just at thia time. Flour continue* at $3 62i- The market* generally are rery inactive, and buaineee ia dull. Money ia alto tignt, commanding from 1| to per cent per montb, in the atreet. The weather continues delightful. Youra, Twist. Philadelphia (CerrcspoeCcaceer the Hsrald.J Philadelphia, Jan. 31, 1812. B<ink Kxcitement? Injunction on tin Bank of Ptnatyh eemia?Run on the Moyame lumg Bank? Folly of * the " League?' effotte to pay the Slate htereet dr. We are atill in the midat of great confusion, doubt and uncertainty, in reference to our baaks,and the currency. Thia morning, a* on Saturday afternoon^* the Bank of Penaaylrania was besieged by a crowd '* of many persona. Thia iaatitutioa, you know, atanda on Second atreet, and haa a yard in front. ? Neither the doors of the bonk, nor the gate leading t? it, were opened. A notice waa potted on them. that aa injanction had beeo applied for oa the part of the Common wealth, aad that a motioa to appoint a receiver, to take charge of its ssseti, woald bo heard on Monday next. Of course, aatil that tiiao it will remaia closed, aad the State laterest due tomorrow will aot be paid. So far fiom this injunctioa being opposed by the bank, it is belie red that it waa courted by it. As for the two or three days ?f the past week, our brokers aad business mea are in stata quo, from the fact that they are afraid to touch aay description of our paper currency. The " league" that has beea noticed as farmed between the banks, t? payout their own notes, sad create a safety fund, has had but little effect on tranquiiizing the fererishaefs in the public mind. This safety fund, if created, at the best, is bat to protect the banks themselves, while the eemmauity is left jest as exposed as before. The want of confidence is just as great as previous to announcement. Indeed, i think it is greater, for it is aa admission from the banks, lhat they are unworthy of credit; and that each will aot take the others notes, unless security in the shape of this safety fund is raited. To raise this safety fund the community see, also, takes from the security wkich the Beaks held to meet tkeir bills in circulation. Inn word, the Beaks secure eack other at the expense of the bill holder#. Greater consternation, 1 never before saw in thin e'ly. All business seems to be relinquished, aad the subjedf of currency and bank failures, is the *ngroesiag theme of all classes. A prettyjemart run has been kept ep all day on the MoyamensiagBank; it, however, met all demands to the last. That it will be able to do so to-asorrow, is doubtful. So we go. That the d?1 is at a game of tea pins with our banks is now certain. There have been several meetings of the officers of the Baaks to-day, the object of whieh, wa? to obtain moans from them to meet ? he State interest. As yet, nothing has been accomplished. At the Stock hoard nothing was done of any consequence. Giiard notes are telling from 26 to 89 per cent discount for speeio Currency is at a discount of about tea per eeat. 1 do aot know, whether the " league" arrang*. meat has been affirmed by the several Boards of Directors or not. The West Branch Back is broke. A question wss decided in our District Court oa Saturday, whieh may be intareatinr to iht mar. can tile community. In the case of Shoemaker and another, against Thomas in which an action war brought on n prom ssory note made by tbo defendant, an affidavit of defence was filed, in which ihe defendant claimed the right of defaulting a certain aaaount above legal interest which the plaintiff* had charged the defendant in some previous transactions, which werecaiirtiy disconnected with the not* sued upon in the present case. The metu^ceme before the court for urgumeet on Satur^B^wben it was decided that theusuroua interest charged on transactions having nothing to do with tho note on wl.ich tl.e present suit wus brought, could not be made an off set on the plaintiffs'.claim,and judgment was ordered for the plaintiffs for the full amount of the.'r demand. For the plaintiffs, Mr. Hopper; Mr. Ingrabam for the defendant. 'I be daughter of Hon. Jos. K. Ingersoll died at Washington on Saturday. John M. Scott, mayor, ruiu r says, has been nominated to the judgeship declined by Mr. Binney. Msschsnts'.Hotel, 31st Jan. I<stl { 7 o'clock. Monday Morning. | 1'ittiJrnt anrt JHrtchrt?//toe* / Ptsniylin's : (Jewtleissv?1 directed the Attoiney-Oeneral, oale tnrday evening, to adopt proper lugs! measures to secure the Public Monies dtpositf-d in the Bsnkef Pennsylvania, as well the interests ol all who are in any way creditors or debtors of that institution That officer will apply to the Supreme Court, at the earliest possible moment this morning. for an Injunction, and the appointment of a Receiver to take churgr of all the asset* of the Bsnk. Yeu are now apprised of that fact, aa,] directed not to open your doors tni* morning, nor pay out any of vour monev. or transfer anv nf vour ?rli far ,rr mw. pose whatever. When the tame are placet) in the custody of the law, the ri(ht? of all parties will he tally guaranteed. Respectfully, David R. r?T>a Resolved. That in pursuance of the direction of the iovcrnor, the Bask is hereby closed. Jovtrii TaOTTira. Prriident. Monday morning, 9 o'clock, Jan. 91, 184J. Arkansas Hive*.?The liver haa ri.?en some mm or seven feet, since oar last, and is in fine boating order. It came to a stand yesteidav morning, aM is falling a little, hoi it ia likdy that the late rant*- wLM swell it again, and Iteea it at a good stage for s>im weeks ?I.ittle RaekOarrtU', Jan 12. Mortality of Boaron i.ast tear?The general annual abstract of the bill of mortality lor IStl. has beea printed ; by which it appears that the ? hole number of deathadaring the yettr was nineteen handled and nineteen?aoder one \ear of age there were 966, and under two years, <>32. Among the various diieatee which occasioned death, there were of eonaump'ion 266, lung fever 84. scarlet fever 87, hooping cough 87, measles K7, old age 55, stillborn 186, email po* 67, deltriam tremens 5, inf?j>tic dtseaaes 106, intemperance 23, tinknowa 68.? ffnsjsn Tranter if >t Docile Mcmik is Ricimnip ?'The C<hsmIcr of Satarday nji Jsit a* our paper wu ftotag to preaa (12 o'clock,) we bear tbit a nan by tha aaaaa of Fletcher Ilea k ha* ?hot another, Carter Walla, at kii room, over William Wallace a itoae. aappoted to be mortally woni.ded. Ilealh ii ma dUtely afterward* west down the Alley laadiagby Wallace * at*re, and. with a hatchet killed a woman by the name of Delia Ilarria. Her bead waa split epeo, and oee of ber arm* cat elT. Heath was not arreated. He ia probably inaaae. I**ToarA!?r raos Ywata.1 ?It appear* ad? vices from tbi* republic, th?t it in again to breiwr a part of Mexico. The repoi t? of the result of the negotiation? between that iioverimient and the Meiiean Comminatoaer, are now confirmed, lie re-union with Mexico is fixed on a solid boa*. The terms of (he compact ate mi eh, ihat^tbey are approved both in YncaUn anH in Mexico, anc tfive ihe former the advantages of l?oth independence and the Federal Conatitntion. The people generally expressed exceasive joy on ?he occasion We pity the Y icataai for this movo-Art. > That they v .II he titrated by .Santa Ann*. we do not entertain a <i ubt. No mentioo la madr < i die Texiao 'hot which had x-en oH I heir coast. Bri>oan Dxith is toe Ak?v.?Cel. Alexander 3. ;amniioirs of the 4th rrgiiurw of U. S. Infantry, lied in tb ?.;:,y yesterday II- entered tit- ten ioe c law,

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