Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1842, Page 1

February 13, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH] T?l. TU.-IO. 330 ?Wbsli 1D9S NEW LINE OK LIVERPOOL PACKETS. To nil frou New York on the iaih, and Liverpool on thelith tf tack motUM, ft 1 || ft rltlrVi* Tmt ? Ship ROSCIUS, Cmud John Collin*. 45th Not. Ship tfIDDONS,Captain E. B.Cobb.nSth Dec. Ship SHERIDAN, CapUin F. A. Depeyater, 95th Jan. Ship GARR1CK, Captain Win. Skiddy,95th heb. kbom liviapoal. |? SHERIDAN. Captain K. A. Depeyater, l?th Nor. Ship OARRICK,Captain Win. Skiddy, 1Mb Dec. Ship ROSC 1 US, CapUin John Cotliua, ltth Jaa. Ship SIDDONS, CaptainK.B.Cobb, 13thFeb. llieaeihipa are all or the firat claaa, upward* of 10MtoM,buill in the city of New Yorh,with anch improvement* a* cembini mat *peed with uauaual comfoit for paasenger*. Every hi ha* been t^oo in the arrangement of their accommodation*. Thi price of MM?*ge hence i* $100, for which ample atore* will be provided. 'Enete ihipe are commanded by experienced ma*, ten, who will make every cicrtionto give general aatiaiae ttoo. !*9cilhcr lh? captuins or owners of I hese ships will be responsi ble for any leMeqs, parcels or puciciigexflent by them, unless rs * fulir tails of Iftdme sro?i{?e? then fir. The ships of this line will hereafter go armed, md their peen Hit construction gives them security not possessed by any othei but vessels of war. For freight orgw*?e,ap? r,to ^ *t.. New York, or tc WM. It JAS. BROWN k CO., Liverpool. Lettere by the packet* will be charged 191 cent* per aingle *h?et: M cent* per ounce, and newtpaner* I cent each. lay FOR NEW ORLEANS LOUISIANA AND NEW YORK LINE OF PACKETS m m m Fee the better accommodation of ahif-pcr*, it i* intended tc deapetch aihip from thi* port on the lat, 5th, 10th, 15th, 90th an* 95th of each mouth, comineaciug tiie 10th October, and eontinaing until May, when regular daya will be appointed foi the remainder of the year, whereby great delaya and diaap porntmeut* will be piWveuted durin: the rummer month*. The following *hip* will commence tim arrange mint Ihio YAZOO. (Apt. Cornell, lom yet. i??t. Ship OCONEfc. Caut. Jackson, 15th Oct. Ship MISSISSIPPI,Caj?t. Hilliard,?0thOe?. ShIoLOU4SVlLLI<LCapt. Hunt,25th Oct. Ship SHAKSPEAllfe, Capt. Miner, lit November. Shit) GtA.STON.Caut. Latham, 6lh Not. Ship HUNTSVILLE, Capt. Mumford. 10th Nor. Ship OOMULQEK, (.apt Learitt, 15th Not. Ship NASHVILLE, Capt. Dickinson.;iOth Not. Ship MEMPHIS, Capt. Kuight, 15th'Not. Ship LOUISA, du>t- Mulfonl. irt December. These ships were all built iu the city of New York, exprrssW forrnrkeu are of m light draft of water, hare recently been newly coppered and pat in splendid order, with accommodationi hr Aiencera unequalled for comfort. They are commanded by wperienced maiterj. who will make erery exertion to girr general satiafaction. They will at all timea be towed up and down the Minilitppi by iteainboaU. Neither the ownera or captuna ?f thsseehipa will be reeponm ble forjewelry, bullion jirec ious i tones,sileer, or plated ware, oi for any lettera, parcel or package, lent by or put on board { them, unless regular billa of lading are taken for the lint, am theTalne thereon expreaaed. for fr*i?htorpM.i?^it08 fc cf) ? ^ JAMES E. WOODRUFF, Agent in Nep Orleans, who will promptly forward all goods to hia address. The a&ipsof this line are warranted to aail punctually as ad rartwad, and great care will be taken to hare the goodi correct It meaaured. ]81y jr M mM Tbeshtpsof thia line will hereafter {care NewY ork on thi wmk! h.t?.. th. i?h }?*??! ? harr,. m.-..kip oneida. ijjjjtwcb ijjjarf, Jamea Fiiuck. C l?t November ( 16th Dccembai Shin BALTIMORE. flat April f 16th May ** Cart \ 1*1 Auguat I 16th SepUrabaa Edward Funk. f let December f 16th January hio UTICA I l?t May I 16th June C?t < let September \ 15th October Fred'k Hewitt. \ let January f 16th February nSS ahipVTNICOLAsi l.t June t| 6th July Cant \ Ut October j 16th Norembei j w Tell (let February ' 16th March The accommodationi of these ahipa are not surpassed, rota Mahm all that may be required lor comfort. The pnce of ca Wo Dualize ia $100, Passengers will be supplied with arsrj raqiSnteTwith the exception of wines and liquors. floods intended for these Teasels will be forwarded by thi sabacnbers, free from any other than the expenses actual.yt n caned oa them. gf 6 Tontine Buildups. " NEW YORK AND NEWARK. Vara reduced to MS cants. f ram the foot of Courtlandt street. New York. (ETerr day?Sunday a excepted.) Lmti Nit Von. Leare Newark. At tAMVAtV TJV1. At 8 AJM. Atlk FM " * lift .'at. 7 2 T da ? < ON SUNDAYS. Fare reduced. from the foot of Liberty atreet.dmflT. Leare New York. U?ti New Fruajwiek. At A.BJ- J r M* D? * Nsw Brunswick, H eents.j fi&Eftt?w?. *SS2: Ik, far* in ths Tl A. M. train from New Brunswick, and 4| 9 M train from New York, Km been reduced between * wCw York and New Brunswick to 50 centg. " and Rahway t* 871 TW*fbd*del^hia maittm* paeeee through New W tekfoi "afchVi's.'OT'fetSi N.w, ?iAi.^s fan?r~*who procure their ticket* at the ticketoflke.ro OUT* a wry ticket gratia. Ticket,.ire received by theconductoi only co the day when pureka*ed. nil " STATEN ISLAND kERRf. of Whitehall ^^^TSSeamer STATEN JSLANDFrR hrarei Suten (eland Leave* Whitehall At I o'clock a.m. At o'clock a.m. " "a " " "I P.M. "9 " f.K. tt " " H " ? , II ? * | " * On Sunday there will be two boat* to run. The lait boat leave* Btaten l?land at > o'clock, r. m. 09 COR shrewsbury?FALL AR ^^SMB*RANOEMENT-The iteamboat OSIRIS SESaHSBLCapt. J. C. Allaire, will commence runningot Saturday, Sept. 95th. a* follow,:?leave F niton Market slip fist River, every Saturday at 10 o'clock A.M., Tueaday Wednesday, and Friday. at 8 o'clock A M. Returning, leave* Red Bank every Monday morning: at It 'clock A.M.: Tuesday,Wedneiday, and Friday, at half-pas' If o'clock P.M. The boat will run an above until further notice, navigatloi and weather permitting. 09 Itn* T. POWELL Ik CO.'R LINE. Aflfl Afll FOR NEWBURGH, landing at CALE d^^^3*well's, west point and cole 9E3HE3ILSPRlNO-The steamboat HIGHLANDER Cast. Robert Wardrop, will leave the foot of Warren itree Blew York, every Monday. Th> 1 'Jay and Saturday afternoon' at 4 o'clock. Returning, the Htck a-ivcr will >e.,e .vewburg! very Monday morning at o'clock, ami Tueaday and Fnda] nftamoon at I o'clock. For freight or pasaage,apply to the Captain on board. JR. B. All bajntagr and freight of every description, ban] lilll orerecie, put on board this boat, must be at the risk of th wnara thereof, unless t bill of lading orrsaaiptis signed lo the same mas SfA&LINE FOR NEW ORLEaSb. &&?&&& w TW^ubacribers bereave to retuMitKeir thanks for the ps hiiism* you have hitherto eitrtided towards the Star Line, am elicit acentiuwetiou of a portion of your freight to New Or leans,in this lime,'which will be taken at the very lowest rate, tha following ships, which will gucccedeaeh other andssi wttkly SOLON,Captain Oeo. Buckman, RUS8EL GLOVER, Captain label Howes, ECHO. Capta<n A. A. Wood, WINDSOR CASTLE, Captain S. G. Glover, and other ehipe of the same claea, to 1 ollow each other in quid succession. For further particulars, apply on board at Pin Street wharf, or to ?LOVER k MeMURRAY. *14 100 Pmret. cor. South. NEW YOKE AND LIVERPOOL COMMERCIAL LIN1 OF PACKETS. }& at m M SAJLTNtTTO AND FHOM LTVEWoOL WEEKLY. OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE, r No SI South strett, New York. IE eubeenber.iD aan >uncing hie arrangement* forthe yea 1849, appear* before hie friende with vcntimrnte of emcer respect for i>, able support he has received for many year fie likewim, wulwa to call th* alteation of thoee inteadini to send for their friend* tn England, Ireland, Seotland. am Wales, that they can at all time* be accommodated by thii in*,.by weekly opportunities from Liverpool, > well a* hi nil the well known different linee of packet shipa sailing t< and from Liverpool, on the lit.7th, ilth.lttti, and95th of Acl month, throughout (he year. It M aiway. mo in* atudy of th. aubernber to hate th. migrant* ahown eirility and diapatehcd without delay; am thorn*, who Mud for their frieu<l? may re?t ati?A#.l th*tVr#ri ca>? and diligent attention will J giWby uE LiriUio A?*nU to thoaeMat for. at wall u ail who may embark ^S?tl 3Own; and ahould any ?thoae. wnoae mm .g? ha. i ?n paid em bat k. the money will he refundcdwithont any charge Tw aobrenbor feeto a plcaeure 10 making known the different (a by which hi. paaarngeft came out during the laat year wnich ha* girea general a .tiafaction, aad that ne ha* conaider ?ly extended and concluded a* arrange menta for the yeai .following i. a li.t of .Sip. Fairly^ Kobinaon Ship Oaceola Childi a ? FreWkfo WiUnn " St. Cloud Emeraoi r" R^Sell-< RuKell " NewVorf, N,?? ? wiwir-uJOTrr Hnwta " Waraaw Oriflthi " Wilaon " O.wtgo Woo. riJtnt ChaeTer " Orrao Wellan. U 1^, Ingereoll " Talbot Storj M Harill# Allen " N. lUmpahira Hardinj M nttaki Emaraon " Panthea Uoodwannoi ? i ahamian Law " Kobt l.aac Treemai > -rentic* Honk urn M Virginia luatoi a Tyrone Spear Europe Bateheldei Walee Wait* * S. Jrukin* Beymoui ' Weatchaater Ferri* . fbanWore .hip#, and their respective eaptaiiM. are all wal tad favorably known in the trade Aire* paaakg* from the different parte of Ireland and Scot and can al.o he aecnred, end draft, fimii.hed for any amount Wyabtt at th* National and Provincial Bank* of Ireland, ant yir reapertir. branchea. and alao on Meaara J. k W. Rohm ' dh4<5i' ,r* P1UJ' u' rharge. throughou "or f irtbar particular apply tn . HlRDMAN.il South afreet, J. k W. ROBINbON, It (lore* Piaitaa, M rid Ne. 1 N'ptune ai, Walerieo Dock, Ltvarpoel E NE1 NE) Olurlu Dickens en Anserlqne. Je te Mine, mi Je la Ji-unease ! Yiena iur cei borda cnaua de tea portrait! ; Viena aujourd'hui, amont de la Sageaae De la vertu redire lea attraita. L'Aeiericaln au banquet de aea fetoa Ne ta voit point d'un regard etranger ; T? l'enrlchia de tea noblea conquetea, Et de paja to ne fait que ckanger. To neviena paa entouru du cortege Que la naiiaance utile avec fierte ; Et e'eat aaaez que le talent protege. J L'auteur qui aait montrer la verite. Viena aur lea paa d'une upouae adores ; ' Que aa beaute aubjugue lea eaprita : De vingt auteura que la ceadre aacree A aon aapect celebre tea etrita! * I Soiale aoutian de laclaaae ouvriere, Renda-lui plua douz le prix de aea traraux -r Que l'artiaan peurauive aa carrifere Libre ct content en deplt de aea maux ! Le anonde an jour honorsnt ta memoirs Deoernera aea prix a la vertu ; > Et 1'induatrie, & l'ombre de ta gloire Ne verra plua aon eaaor abattu. Out, tea ecrita. peintre de le N ature, Sunt d?gaget de fiel et de poiaon : > Du Nouveau-Monde oilre noua la peintsre ; Ote a notre age enaeigner la raiaon. Le Ml Frsnijaii, favorabla tu Genie, D'ua rain enceni n'anivre point l'autaur; II l'encoursge et tepand mr *a vie Le double eclat de Tor et de l'honnear. Lm ! je ne puii corriger l'injuitiee D'un peuple ami qui te fait boa accueil; Ainai que moi, croia le aana artifice Poor menager son caeur et aon orgiieil. Jules Autoixe Fkowtw, Profesaeur de Languea Modernea, 71 Beekman atreet. Bob! Bass! What a buez about Boz? Like what there waa about qnoa*? Brought about by vile paper money, i By the voting of fools, There ere made such vile rules ; They rob our poor hives of the honey. There * look et that lad, Trotting home with rich dad ; Having under each arm a bound novel; Yea, that is the solace, Of the luxurious palace, While the Bible scarce graces the hoveL A Macnanic. f New York, 19th;February,'1842. , * Home year* pa?t a pap^r-nsoner, tax-eating g**t, in England, made a bat that ne would set atl the people in London talking about one ward. Soke paid the wall-eha kers to chalk np that queer, outlandish word. Of couise, the people were enquiring what it meant The Home of the Inebriate; Oo to the Druukard'e home ! Stark Poverty ia there ! Desolate 11 all the roam? The walla are dank and bare. No fire upon the hearth. To ahed its cheerful blaze? And not a remnant of the worth, Waa theira in better daya The bed ia thinly apread, With tatter'd raga and torn? His wife and child were better dead, r Than haggai d thus and worn. A broken chair and etool! The fragment of a glaas! ' And shatter'd pane* to let the cool , And nipping night wind* paaa. , And now a wailing cry? Enongh to chill the blood; It apeaka so loud of agony? The famishing lor food ! That mother'* heart will break, Beneath its load of care ; No sympathy is near to make Her sorrows light, or share. Where are those bright hopes now, That kindled in her breast, When joy was mantling o'er her brow. ' And gave to life its zest 7 Alas! they all are fled. The wreck too plainly tell; For smiles, but bitter tears are shed, And hope's aad requiem knells. t When flower* are in their bloom,? An iacense fills ihe air? Their ?weft* but moek that blighted home, If they e'er enter there. The lark *inga in the *ky,? The robin in the wood,? They meet no echo, but a I Within that drear abode. The day i* nearly done ; It brought no balm to lorrow ; Ferhapa when comet again that tun, To them will be no morrow. r He aita a bleated thing, Hi* eye* in vacant stare? A* if tone unseen devils ring Their hiaainga in hia oar ! r He grasps a bottle's neck. Frail vessel! it i* gone ; And like that ahatter'd human wreck, It* usefulness is done. He moves not, nor he heeds The wretchedness around; Nor reck* he of the heart that bleeda In misery profound. Now thou may'at enter Death! Thou hast no terror* now? > Gladly they'll take thy funeral wreath, As once the bridal bough. Loek there ye happy crowd, , Who throng in pleasure's ways ! 1 Dash down the cup last ye, so proud, Should fall on evil days. ) Ilarrlslrargtk. I [Correspondent e of the Herald.] > Hsrrisbl'rgh, Feb. 10,1842. The Bank BUI?Prnmylvania LegisleUion?Grand i Bail, fyc. <J-c. [ I have just time to inform yon of the progress of | the Bank Bill. Being reported to the Senate yesh terday morning, it was taken ap without being rer ferred to any committee,and passed committe of the k whole without amendment. An efTort waa then * made to bring it up on aeeond reading, but failed.? r It was manifestly the desire of the democrats to induce the whigs by some means to amend it, so that the odium and responsibility of its passage might be , affixed to them?they having a nnjority in the Sell nate, but being unsncceasful in this, and underatandi. ing that the Governor was opposed to an immediate and unconditional resumption, and would not sign the bill if passed, it was this morning moved to refer it to a select committee, which motion, after giving rise to much angry debate, prevailed. Two II thirds of the members of the House who voted for * tbe bill were opposed to it, and expected it to be amended in the Senate, and all parties in the Senate look upon it as a bill of abominations. Some of its I sections are absolutely child-like and foolish; and when I think that "such" are the produetisns of Pennsylvania Statesmen (T)?and to such men the interest of a great commonwealth are committed by a too confiding people,?When 1 am forced to discover through their acta, their deplorable ignorr ance of political economy, and the utter incapacity * of many to discharge, with credit to the State, the " duties of the stations (hey occupy, and then look at I the State as she really is?contemplate her on the I very verge of bankruptcy, I tremble as a Pennsylva| nisn for the result. , Sitting in the lobby of the House the ether day, I ? gazed with pity, with regret, upon the scene of Gladiatorial and party strife before me, and as I listenl ed to the trifling debate?the would-b wity repartee, r aitrl ikan ilia aitamnf at plnminnm and nralnrv .... u ?v r' ? " l"? I [ I asked myself the question? , "Do chattering monkeys mimink men, t Or we turn aprs,out.monkey them ^ ! The other night we had a grand masquerade ballVll the ?lite of tha Capitol were there. The evening ' pasaed pleasantly away, and all were highly delighted. The "Herald" was not unrepresented,aod you shall have a graphic (if 1 can make it so) description J of it in a day or two The revival of which I spoke in my last continues j to increase. The weather continues cold?office! hunters are still plenty and to spare. Politicians [ are still wild, scheming and visionary; but, bless their souls, the ladies' hearts arc aswarm, and their | eyes as bright aa ever. Yours, in haste, H. r Faeis Yi'cat*!*.?We have received Caospeschy I papers to the 17th ult. The people generally are stated to be ranch dissatisfied with the terras ef the late coaptation concluded with the Mexican comi missioncrs?indeed thejr ere opposed to a conaex[ ion with Maxico on any terras. Cora. Moore, who wee ia that city, has taken poeseeeion ef the Yaca tan navy, as his saperior force weeld enable him to do, and hold in the eveat that Mexico shoald apI. prove the late conrention for n re union, w ro, N YORK, SUNDAY MOI Th? Ksvjr. \ Should the Secretary of the Nary take thit tnatt terinto ennaideration, obaervethe oaie with whiel it could be adopted, the benefit that would ree ault froea it, and the economy of the ayatem( f cannot conceive that he will net purtee it, natil a eeaaplete Naval Academy be authorized. life deed, It la believed that it would meet ell the wanfaj of education, and dispenae with a mere expoaaiv* eatabliahment. There is now a Ceartnodore and a Lieutenant in charge ef the eatabliahment, and two or three profeaaora. lnatead of the eighteen worae than uaeleaa profeaaora onboard of ahips, reduce the nuaaber to eight, qualified to inatruct midakipmea in thoae branehes propoat d, and the annual eonapenaation would be reduced from more thaa tweaty to leaa than ten tlieuaand dollars, while the advantages to the atudent would be incalculably in created. A still greater reduction in the ex petunia re mtgni ?e ensnrea-ey ueiutwug wuccr? to iMtruct i* nearly all the atudiea, they being already under pay; and a further advautage might be derived from tbie arrangement, by thoie officers being able to introduce the beet discipline in the school. At this school, all the midshipmen should be obliged to study when not at sea. It is ascertained by experience, that three years sea service will qualify an attentive midshipman to perform the deek duties of a lieutenant; sad no more has ewer been required of them at their examination. The other two years of his five years probation, passed in the echooi, arranged or proposed, wool! give him a far different education to w iat is enjoyed by our officers at this time; who, for ibe most part, have tocatehit as they can, amidst the confusion of a noisy steerage. With their present industry, they would 4earn as much at sea, as they do now, and haw all the advantages of a well regulated schoel on shore for two years besides. This employment on shore would prevent many ind aerations of youth, so apt to be indulged at the age of mids, when left without resiraiut upon their inclinations, in our large eities. Tne effVct upea their morale would not he lese beneficial than upon their education, and it is the duty of the Vary Department to tsdee care that the first impreseioee of the youths pUced under their control, shouldbe as free as possible teem contamination. it is believed that the greatest advantage would result from keeping mids at their studies the two fir?t years. By that time their characters would be formed, better grown and mnre able to perform and learn their see duties. When such regulations for the appointment and education of otids shall hive beta carried into effect, the whole service will feel their advantag in the elevated toae that would be given to it. Petty tyranny, and oppressive conduct, ever the companions of ignorance, would rive place to gentlemanly deportment and general intelligence, as savage cruelty is absorbed by civilization. Nodisposition to attribute an uuusual degree of ignorance and tyranny to tha gallant officere of our navy is intended bv these remarks. I would sooner add to their honor than enbtraet from their merits. But in a eorp of a thousand maa, aome reprehensible characters will always be found; and it is my earnest desire to see that number diminished. To strike at the root of the evil, seems the only means left to cure it; for it ie shown by the records of courts martial, that when an officer is found guilty of cruelty in its worst forsn, he ie not dismissed the service, but left to run his base career over and oy?r again. When the beat plan is adopted, that may be in the power of the department to make the most efficient officers, means should be taken to keep tbem so and get the most service fr. m them. To the best officers, promotion and distinction a-e their idols; and without them, indolence, indifference and dissatisfaction will take the plaee of energy, enterprise and esprit de oorps. Some uniform system should be adopted by which the deserving eould be promoted, and not permit their laudable aspirations and hopes to wither and perish in subordinate ranks. Much may be done to increase promotion by introducing mere grades into the service. Take iko number of officers supposed necessary to bo employed and divide them into double the number or grade*, and in avery ten or fifteen years, even in pease, au officer may make one step upon the ladder of promotion, whose rounds are now left to rot twenty or thirty years at a time without being U9ed. Ye god*! at the very best, it i* an awful ladder toelimb. Beside* the benefit that would ensue from the introduction of more grade*,to make promotion* mere frequent, the discipline of the service would be materialW improved by it. Numerous grade* are a* essential to the preservation of discj>lineas laws and a proper execution of them Officers of the same grade performing various duties, some commanding, others commanded, will never succeed in preserving order and securing prompt obedience Where the junior captain* are enterprising, intelligent men, and the senior a timid veteran, whose energies are dried up by time, there will never exist thai implicit obedience to orders so necessary under all eiroumstances Rank is absolutely necessary to secure strict observance to order, especially when the senior officer is not sustained by superior character. In the Army, where discipline could bs dispensed with as safely as in the Navy, it is there found necessary to introduce all the grades above a captain ; and yet the senior captain of the companies could as well command the whole army as the senior captain of the ships can command a squadren. Bui neither could succeed as well as generals aad admirals It is the unconquerable nature of man to be insubordinate among his cqasls, and it is only to be overcome by the introduction of rank Tke want of it in our Navy bat been the toarce of a great deal of mischief and evil from the hard fought battle of John Panl Jones to the recent difficulties of the Mediterradesn squadron. Admiral being the title of a naval commander in chief, there is no reason why it shonld be withheld from the eommanders of oar squadrons It is irreconcilable to the general intelligence and lfberal views of the American people to be governed in this ease, solely by prejudice ; when submission to reason and the establishment of the rank, would prove so benaficial to that arm of our national de. fence, that should be ever ready to prevent a f? reign foe from treading upon our soil. But the rank should not be lost for the title. Should the title above be the stumbling block, then establish the rank under some other title. It is therefore suggested that the commander of a fl -et, commander of a division, and commander of a squadron, be substituted for Admiral, Vice Admiral and Rear Admiral. These titles wonld designate their rank and duties as well as Admiral,command the same respect and obedience from all subordinates; and receive from foreigners the distinction ever claimed by our officers for our flag, but rarely granted by the superior officers of other Navies, and neverexcept in eonrtosy to the individual. The proper example of obedience in the superior .grades, would have the most beneficial influence upon all inferiors; and the imposing effect of high rank on all military bodies, would spread its advantages over the whole service. A further division of the Captains is recommended Commission some of them Post Captains to command liners, Ac , while the captains would be the sole commanders of frigates; leaving the commander,nt they are,to command corvettes, ,Vc., it is proposed to commission the senior Lientennnts to be Lieut. Commanders It is now only a brevet rank, and much good wonld result from its being made permanent. Besides'the additional step in the ladder of promotion to oheer on the junior officers in their usty, it is necessary for them to hold a superior commission to those under their command, for Ihe same reason that it is necessary to have higher gradea than captains. The lieutenants highest oil the list, are selected to command all small rasiels, and to be executive officers of all othera. To perform such duties in a proper manner, be should be invested with a rank superior to those over whom heia placed The executive officer of a ship has all the orders of the commander to execute amongst officers of his own grade, be sides the discrettooary pewer necessarily granted him for prompt action. His arduous duties in ihe gear-rat supervision of the whole, being so different from the other lieutenants of the ship, be should always be sustained and rewarded by a superior commission. As soon as mids are 'passed for promotion, commission them navigators or masters, and oblige them to make one ernise a? such before they are promoted to lieutenants Under these arrangements the navy list would then present about 3 eommaaders of fleets, 6 commanders < f sdivision, 18 conmanders of squadrons, 33 post captains, 40 captains, 100 commanders, 100 lieuirnant commandars, 400 lieutenants, 100 masters, and mids to fill vacancies. Then a mid that would enter at fourteen, the mean age, at which th-y should begin, would be qualified, and promotod,at the age of nineteen, to master Taking five per ceat f -r the aver age diminution, he would be a lieutenant at 22?a lieutenant commander at 38-a commander at 46 a captain at 60? a post-eiptain at 68-a commander

of a squadron at 74-a commander of a division at 78-and reach the top of the 1 idder at 80 - just in time to have a good tumble into his grave, sad long after the infirmities *f ags have readerrd bias useless to the service. Yet under the meat favorable RK H INING, FEBRUARY 13, 1 . management, without a retired list for tha aged, "and incapacitated, or what ia worae, promotion by 1' political influence, promotion could not be more j than 1 bnve atat> d. It ia folly to say that at such ah age ara capable of commanding with success. Whera history shows that one old man tendered brilliant military services, a thousand hara failed for tha want of energy, though Martng in their younger days. The law of nature ghat enfeebles man by age, and lamentably rapid in fhelifeof a sailor, is toe well known to be disktused here, or denied elewhere. The youthful Enterprise of Napoleon was more effective than *11 the combined wisdom of the old generals ef Europe, and the only man that ever made a re apectable stand against him in his yennger days, Was the yeaeg Arch Duke Charles. Would as old maa of eighty?aye, sixty, have acted the part of a Perry on Lake Eritl When his ship sou Id no longerconteud with the enemy, he jumped With a few men into a little boat, while canaen rdared and balla showered, boarded a fresh ship, brought her into action, and won the victory. No old mas could have done it. Men that have aahieved tips most brilliant actions and were the boldest aavpatord when young, have been the most timid and wfvering in nge. 'lis no one's fanlt. 'Tis constitutional with man: and the very few exceptions to if rate, is bo rem*, on we tnuuiu nui gmru ?g?invi its The efficiency of the navy calls for a remedy, ami Congress, in justicetothe country, shoald hear. Acre is no consideration to justify us for imposing tmties upon old heroes, that age has disqualified .flcin to perfoim. Let aa are be fixed upon?say I Hpty?at which all officers ol the line shall retire Aim the service on half their sea par. Age is Bnorabte and this would ho an honorable retired at, effected without harshness, partiality, or political induence. It would not be extracting all the 'veod from a faithful servant, and throwing him upon t?e world in his old age; but fairly providing for him when he can no longer serve with bis wonted ability. Such an arrangement can scarcely meet an objection from Congress, or the efficers. Without it, the officers will he on full pay, and, at that age, ae&rly all ofi'dnty by general consen', but subject to be disturbed. With it, (hey would be sure ef undisturbed quietude at an age that their constitutions are illy tit to contend with maritime exposure. or their nerves with ocean dangers At that age they should wish to retire to rest and comfort, from turmoil and hardship; and the government should wish to have men in the fall vigor of life to perform the arduous duties unavoidably devolving upon a naval commander. To such a retired list should be added all that are physically or mentally disqualified to perform their duties. This retired list would be or incalculable ad vantage to the whole serviee in accelerating promotions?the idol of military men ?the soul that animates them in every enterprise. Then the superior grades would bs reached when all the powers of man are most able to aeive with distinction. The supply, care, and encouragement of sailors will now be considered. Such means should be adopted to famish men when required, that our men of war should not be subject to unreasonable delay Our largest ships are sometimes detained several months for a crew, when otherwise ready An erroneous policy of keepiug but few plaees open for enlistmsnt, has been the principle cause of it- The rendezvous for shipping men have lately beea increased, but not sufficiently te meat the wants of an increased flotilla. Wc have now aboht ten stations for the purpose, which could be extended with advantage to twenty. Portland, Portsmouth, Boston, Nantucket, New Bedford, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Alexandria, Norfolk, Charle?toa, Savannah, Mobile, New Orleans, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, {Buffalo, Cleveland and Detroit, could supply men useful in different capacities; though not more then hnlf| of those stations are at thie time put in requisition. Those ci Jes that would not supply sailors, conld furnish steamboat men, landsmen, and boys, not less necessary in their way, and in time would become sailors. As soon as Igpdsmea ere skipped, and cent on board a receiviag ship, they should be put into classss with seamen; learned to knot and splice ropes, strap blacks, bend, reef, and furl sails on deck,then perform the same aloft; learned tha names and use of the ropes, practice at. the great gnns and small arms, and in one month they may be detailed fur a cruise, more efficient in the duties of a seaman, than they are now when discharged from a three years' cruise All other trades and professions are taught with care, but men in our Navy have always been left to learn without instruction, and or*, when they choose. If he ie satisfied with I being a lubber, no care is taken to learn him?if anxious to learn, who will take the trouble to show him unless obliged 1 A landsmen, being familiarized with some of the dnties of n sailor, before his head becomes confused with the great variety of duties, iif whst is to him a new world, he will tak# nridit in rnHkincr himanlf l lailrtr aa mnnn ai he gets to sea. But lend him oa board without previou* or future instruction, and he never will be aiai'or. There are men that hare been ten rear* on board a man of war without learning the dnties ot a sailor, simply beeause they hare not been taught; while the merchant ship qualify them in two or three years, that they may profit by their knowledge. With proper care and attention, pur men of war could teach them eren sooner than the merchant ships; and it is a serious loss and wrong, that it is n< t done. Instead of constantly drawing from the merchant service, we might assist in supplyingtbem. This system ef instructing landsmen in the duties of a seaman, joined to the apprentice system of boys, which should be enlarged, would create a numerous class of seamen, always preferring the man of war service. Sailors, once accustomed to the wholesome restraint, and regularity of tbe s* rrice, always prt fer it. With attention and encouragement, Americans soon become sailors, and that na ional characteristic makes our resources im persontl, as inexhaustible as it is admitted we are in maieritl. Every man of war in commission should take, as part of her crew, four landsmen and twoapprentice boys for each gun, drilled as proposed, and in a few years we would not be under the necesti* ty of having a single foreigner oa board our ships with double our force. Besides the four landsmen, two boys and one marine to each gun, three able seamen for the same, would make an efficient crew for any man of war. At this rate, fifty such ships a?the Delaware, a ninety run liner, would require but thirteen thou and and five Imndred seam, n, and we have eighty thousand employed in cenamismerce, one half of whom would be forced oat of that service in the event of war, and supply ail the wants of a navy that could cope with tue British flsets. With a considerate policy, there will never be any necessity to submit te injustice, or suffer a foreign power to lsnd upen our soil, or even approach our shores in a belligerent altitude. The greatest injustice practiced npon oar man of war sailors, is that of a nigh and uncalled for tax ( upon all they wear, and their tea, coffee, atigir aid . tobacco. By this means, onr government obliges 1 them to pay tbe disbursing r.fli trs of the ships, andsave to theTreaiury,the salaries ofthose officers ?a poor compensation for tbe injustice done the sailor; and a poor remuneration for the long de- j lay. of our ships, which so often occurs for the I i want of men; who are restrained from entering a I service where they are so heavily taxed. While all other Am.-rioan sailors and citiz ns are purcba- ! sing nearly all their groceries free of duties, the I menof-wartmen are compelled to pay the pursers i fifty percent on all thev use. by whom they must necessarily be supplied, and twenty-five percent i .A oil th?* WOr TVi. Jaa. # A n.v <h. nil ra A ra inateadof making them salaried officer*, ? every honeat purser deairaa. Puraera art furnished with money to meet all the demanda of tha abipa, with permiaaion to uae aa much aa necessary to purchaae artielea Tor the crew, which are served to thrm aa the commander may deem neceaaary, instead of money; and it ia on auch artielea, and under three cireumetaaeea, that the crewa of our el.ip* are obliged to pay aueh high dutica. Should pars* ra hare their own intereata more at heart, than the aailor*', they would chooaa to purchaae every thing for the I sailor*at the highest prises, which would tnhance their profit*. Though boand to the Weat Indie*, ] where augar might be purehaaed at fire aenta, he would prefer giving twelre cent* in New York ? i Even without it* being done, the ability to do it, t ia a cause of great miatrnat and diaaatiafaction 8 amoagit the aailora It ia an error with which no other nary ia embarraaaed; and th* aooeer we rid a oura of it, the better for both officer* and men It p ia eaaily accomplished by making purser* salaried c officer*, and furnishing the supplies to the crew at t coat. Parsers are not lea* anxious for the change |j than the sailors. In fact, the whole terries would * bf ao much benefited by it, that erery one would be pleased at the reform I [To be Continued] t I I Wilms WaTaaa.?'The Ohio, on the 7th inat at t C nc nnati, owing to the late heavy raina, wasagain I rising very rapidly. In 4H hours it roae thirteen fee'. ' TfteCuyahoga waa high on the5th?'.woalesmbeats t broke loose in the river, and tried to get out iato 'he < Lake, but grounded in winding. i ^T"i'*ib^BBHBSB5SSSBB5B5BBS5E5c?3STu^m"m"'m ERA 842. Baiikruj-/t Lilt SOUTHERN DISTRICT OK NEW YORK. Edward O'Reilly, (of lb', firm of Rvilly k Tuggart,) ti be declared bankrupt M?.rch 9 , Oilea 8. Briabiu, weigh er, March SI ; John Plr.,u, provision broker. (and ua ?m of the late firm of Pl'.tt it Prdgeon,) March 10; Joaep! Brewater, hatter, do; Lemuel Brewater, hatter, do Goo-lea O. Hall, r^erchaat tailor, do ; William Robimoi agent, April S3 ; Matthew W. McClieaney, clerk, Marc 34 ; Frederick. Moore, March It; George J- Weateot deutiat, Marhh 17 ; Iaaac Hewlett, clothier. March 10 Robert S. Watson, public weigher, da ; David Peter M not, clerk, do ; James Bradley, merchant, do ; Thomi L. Frame, farmer, March IB ; Benter M. GidJinga, me wheat, March 10; Isaac A. Dusenberrv, and Thomi Duienberry, (under tha firm of J. A k T. Duaenberry March IB ; Moaoa Bean James, broker, March SI; wi liam Freeman, butcher, March 10; Samuel Fitz R<ti dolph, clerk, March 34 ; Richard Oahley, real estal broker, March SI; Thomas Chatterton, clerk, March h NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Richard L. Lawrence, March 4; Parley Basset March 7 ; Charles Smyth. March ; Willalm Jackavi March 7 ; Benjamin S. Lawrence, March 7. DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT. Silaa Mason, March 4 ; William Storma, do ; Erastii Osgood, jr., do ; Benjamin Hoaie, do; Richard 8. A. urns, do; Koiwell W. Bailey, do ; William Faulknei do ; John Kinney, do; Willard Dsnielson, do ; Danii Packer,dej Stephen A. Packer, do ; Silas Tiffany, do Timothy Tlngley, do ; Palmer O Phillips, do : Lyma W. Foster,do; George Dixon, do; James Fuller, do Peter Lenman, jr., do ; William H. Hills, jr.,do ; Charle J. Cooley,do ; Sidney Risley.do ; Jonathan W. Hookei do ; Merit S. Gilbert, do ; Gilbert Andrews, do ; Cyru Latham, do ; Chauncey Herrick, do ; Benjamin E. Pai mer, do ; John Haskell, do ; Lucius Parsons, do ; Eras tas Avery, do ; Erasmus D Foot, do; Edwin M. Dol uear, oe ; raruon a. Joan son, ao ; ueorgo vveou, ao Carle* Burgess, da ; Samuel Almy, do ; Nathan Whee ler, do ; Oeorge V. Ladd, jr., do; Augustus L. Cbsm berlain, do ; Nathaniel Phillips, do ; Clijab Arnold, do William Buck, do ; Adam* Perry, do ; Eraitu* Williams, 3d> do ; Jarne* Bottom, do ; Parsons Brainard. do Ralph Nelaon Kingsley, do ; Daniel Greene, do ; Peleg Anthony, do ; Justus Chollar, do : Sylvanus Sheparu. do ; Ebenezar Hoakin*, do ; William Culver, do ; Richard Shrpard, Marah 16 ; Matthew Duty, do ; Jeremiah D. Root, do ; Cbarlea Bull, do ; Calvin Merrill,do ; Samuel G. Chatter, do ; Silaa Amlrui, do ; Charles G. Arnold, do ; David II. Hutchinson,do ; James W. Storey, do ; George Wheaton,do ; George 8. Carle, do ; John G. Pitkin, do ; Wareham Griawold, do ; John C. Wiliey, do; Lathrop Manning, do ; Leonard R Griawold.do ; Samuel Loomis, da; Simeon T. Potter, do ; Edwin Barnel, do ; WiUiama H. Grimea, do ; Lee L. Keeney do ; Joshua Carpenter, do ; Aaron C. Andrews, do ; William Harris, do ; Norman Goodwin, do ; Chauncey Cornwell, do ; Stephen Hirt, do ; Obadiah P. Waldo, do ; Uiram I)ngg?, do ; Orvill Case, do ; Lilburn I. ii hum, do ; Alunzo E.AIden, do ; Gilbert Clark.de: Ralph Terry, do ; John Burnham Terry, do ; Ralph Cowles, do ; Charles Cowles, do : Curtia Elmer, do ; E i miii D. Coot, do; Samuel R. Muredock, do ; Horatio Case, do ; Andrew Jerome,de ; Russel Brown, do; Miron Merriman,do ; Eli Horton, do ; Henry A. Steel; do ; Noble HiU.do ; Hezekiah Oris wold, jr, da ; Nathaniel Stevens, do ; Luther Monson, do ; Horatio Ames, do ; Edmund O Freeman, do ; William L. Wood, do ; George Milea, do ; Waltfer Pitkin, do ; Sylvester Wiley, do ; Julius R. pond, do ; Lorin Pease, do ; Daniel Manville, do ; Lonzo M. Smith, do ; Homer Wilcox, do ; Thomas Mix, do ; lata* Mix, do. MASSACHUSETTS DISTRICT. S. G. Williams, March ! ; Nathaniel Bryan, do ; Benjamin H. Norton, do ; Charles Earl, do ; Joaiah B. Clough, do ; Joshua Hersey, jr, do ; Nathaniel F. Comings, do ; Oliver Bryant, do : Lucius Doolittle, do ; Joseph D. Annable, do ; William Pecker, do ; Robert Rogerson, do ; George H. Jillson.d* ; Joseph Hartshorn, do ; William lngalls, do ; FranciU Allen, do ; John C. Hayden, do ; Henry B. Williams, do ; Borchart Meyer, do ; Hezekiah Blanchard, do ; John Bawin, do ; John Wnite, da; Peter Dunbar, do ; CharUa Edward Keith, do ; Luther Foote, do; Joseph Prescott, do ; George Domett,do ; John H. Simpson, do ; Wilder S. Thurston, do ; John Fisk Allen, do ; Benjamin Brown, do ; Oliver Libbey, do ; Nathan Lynde, do ; Oliver B. Goldsmith, do ; Oliver Ay res, do ; Rodney Sibley, do ; William French, do ; Joel II. Walker, do. DISTRICT OF MAINE. Aaron D. Lowell. March 1 ; Daniel D. Chase, do ; George II. Rendall, do : Eli Webb, do ; Charles Farley, do ; Charles Goodwin, do ; Frederick W. Hannaford, do ; Robert llsley, do ; Chnrlet Baker, do ; R R Robinson, do ; William H.Dyer, do Ezra Carter, jr., do ; David Stackpole, do ; John Edwards, do ; William Willis, do : Samuel Wait, do ; Calvin Whiting, do : Tobias Wilson, do ; Ralph Clark, do; William Gotham, jr., do ; Solomon Hawk*, do; William P. Leavitt. do ; James M. Ingraham.do : Joseph L Stoddaid do ; Erastus Hayes, do ; Mark Walton, jr.,do ; Nathan Plumptoa, do ; Charles W. Holmes, d* ; William D. Penley, do ; N. F. Detring.de ; E. M. Wildaga.de ; Joseph P. Bradbury, do ; Joseph A- Dunn, do ; Albert Alden. do ; John Lindsey.do ; John T. Foster,do ; James B. Cahoou. do ; A. It T. Shaw,do ; Churchill & Carter, do ; Jos. R. Bra: zier, do ; J. M. Waterhouse, do; Thomas Hammond, jr., do ; Charles F. March, do ; James D. Kidder, do : Franklin C. Moody, do ; Moses Springer, do ; Nathaniel Baker jr., do : Alexander H. Putney, do ; George W. Sherburne, do ; 8. R. Lyman, do ; Mark L Libby, do : Elias M. Plimpton, do ; w, W. Woodbury, do ; Daniel F. Emery, do; Elijah P. Park, do ; Thomas E. Went worth, do ; Joseph H. Lambert, do ; Jcre ReeJ, do ; John Mathewa, 3d, do ; Frederick Davis,do. Mori Trouble is U.vstxr* Texai ?A few week* ago we published a chapter, giving the particular* of the troubles between the "Regulator*" and " Moderator*" in Shelby county, Texas After a few days' war. during which thirty or forty men were massacred, peace was proclaimed. Recent advice*, we are eorry to say, announce the renewal of the difficulties. The Red Lander, published ut St. Augustine, of the 13th ult, given us the following itemsDuring the early part of the campaign a man named Humphrey* was taken by one of the parties, and ie>erely whipped for stealing horses. Afterward he was charged with being one ef the persons concerned in the murder of C. W. Jackson. He was again taken by the same paity, cariied to Lo gantport, and handed, as is atated for that offence. It appears there is but little doubt about the guilt of Humphieys, in relatioi to the horse stealinc, and it is quite probable he may also have been engaged in the outrage upon Jackson and LowerKinf P ihfi A<*<*iiPPinii><i ralut, A aKnuo a anmnanv f wtlve armed men, of the regu'ating party, went to the houae of a Mr- Went, residing near the 4ttoieaque, and net finding him at home, left a note with air family, commanding him peremptorily to leave the place by the 14th. or he would be dealt with according to the code of practice now in vogue in that county. Jn addition to all thia, we (have the annexed pa* rigraph from the Naichitoehes IKrald " We are raally wearied in recording the outrage! upon our law* and citizens by Texi* marauder* We hate it on the authority of the Hon; A M. M. Up?haw, Creek agent, that *ome citizen* of Tcxa*, well armed, cro(*ed on the aetth aide of Red Hirer, and killed two Indians?a man and wo man The other Indiana m.ide their escipe, but th irfproperty waa all destroyed. A short time ago, a company of about aixty or eighty Tetia- a well armed, creased Red River above the mouth of the False Ouachita, and scoured the country between the Ouachita and Red rivers, committing depredations upon some of the houres of the Chickasaws." That a most deplorable slate of society exists in the north eastern section of the new republic is painfully evident. Late from Mexico? Barbarous Tke.a meitt or ritE Texiai* Captives asd American Pmisosers ? We yesterday had an interview with a gentleman |iu>t arrived from the city of Mexico, who inform* as that ninety of the Texian captives had reached that plaee, some da> a before hra departure. They were brought in, in a moat wrctcned condition, having been marched barefooted and almost naked, from the place of their captnre. Amongst the prisoners waa the son of Gen. Leslie Coombs. The charity of the foreigners in the city furni.-hed them some necessary apparel So far from receiving humane treatment from Santa Anna, aa reported, they were chained in pairs and were compelled to work in the streets as common fellona. Our informant assures us that the resident ministers of foreign countries, had interfered in an informal manner, to arrest this disgraceful and barbarous treatment, without < success. Young Coombs waa extremely ill; his constitution had proved too frail to endure the cruelties to whieh he had been subjectedThe accounts of the treachery resorted to to caplure the exp-dition are confirmed. Mr. Kendall had not reached Mexico; he waa expected daily in com pany with about 200 TexianeMr. fclha, our miniater at Mexico, had demanded roung Coombs aa a citizen of the United Statea; >ut that a week had elapeed without his receiving my responae from tho government. We have read a number of private letters that peak of the sufferings of the captives as most aplalliug. There has been no clemency shown to the itizensof the United States. The general belief in he. city was that nothing short of force would meiorate the condition of the prisoner, and that all vould be treated alikeBesides these, we have been favored with the pe usnl of official documents, detailing the circumitancea of the caDture of the rxoedition and the mirth of the prisoner* to Mexico, which exhibit a refinement of treachery, a hardihood of peifidy and in excess of cruelty, arrogance and rapacity on the part of the Mexicans scarcely equalled by the barbarity of their forefathers towards the he'pless aborigines whom they subjected to etrery species of tort ire, and slaughtered In very amusement.?N*tc Or tmi Bet. LD. rrtMVmOMMi saaggggj 1 1 Incident* and HoHkona or thi Ktcihit.? > The Utiee Observer of the 7th ineUnt, her the fol lowing * A guard of several men hare been employed to protect the bridge from flood wood during the night. At midnight, a heavy rain, accompanied h wnU thunder and lightning: at half-patt three a t, piece of float wood etruck the bridge?a tremendoun ; i'rath, tuccecded by the cry of the guard for help, I waa heard, and away went the bridge, carrying k* with it two of the gnard, who had been unable to r make their escape. The timbcra floated rapidly ' down the carrent until they atruek Miller'a bridge, I half a mile below, which it did with great force, a. when a part bilged under water. John MeGoe, a te young mau of great daring, made an extraordinary t. leap, and tucceeded :u tavin;; bimaelf?Unfortuaattly, Mr. George Woodford waa npon the linking end of the bridge, and in imminent danger of being crushed With great pretence of mind, in an ia? J| atant, be tore off hid overcoat and dove deep into tho water, patting entirely beneath the timbers, and aot riaing to the turface until he had pa ted both bridged. Not having been abla to free himtelf from . hit boots nail other earmenf. I>? t 1 r ? 0 u? i ctiuc mien IX* ,j haunted by (hi* wonderful feat; but atthi* moment ; he secured floating planki, and placing himself upn on them, waa carried down the stream at a rapid : rate near half a mile, when his raft struck upon * * quantity of lodged brush and float wood On t'aia '? pile he eudeavored to sure himself; but in getting * upon it, be lost hii p'anka. The horror of his situation may b* imagined. Midnight darkness prevailed?he waa in the midst or a rapid current, surrounded by floating ice, end a heavy rain was .' beating on hit bare hand; he feels the p ie beneath him giving way; in a moment all is di-snlred, and ; again,he is compelled te swim fur lift-. Becoming. greatly chiliad, he finda his strength fist failing ; him ; he is borne down by the flood ; one effort more ; he mnkes for a tree ; wi'h the utmost difficul y he reaches it, and climbs into its branches.? Here he commented calling loudly for assistance, and fortunately was heard by Mr. lingers and oiherr who were in search. Lights and a boat were procured and Mr W. was released from bis perilous situatiou. Seldom is recorded so remarkable an escape f.om death. The Mohawk Courier of February 10, gives additional particulars of the lessee by the flood at Little Falls ; and adds? And here most willingly would we close the chronicle of sad events connected with this unparalleled outbroak of our Indian stream; but alas! the loss of human life must be added to the painful record. Among the number whom this sadden winter flood surprised away from home, was Mr. William dehaeffer, a worthy farmer of Oppenheim, aged about 55, with his two sons, Walter and Harvey, lads of 12 and 14, who, while icturning from a short excursion to the west, were doomed to find, within some seven miles of their home, a watery grave. The low rround, known a* "Morale's Flats," about one mile below this place, was mostly inundated daring the flood^ ana the hollow made by a rapid little stream uniting with the river at its eastern extremity, probably contained, on Sunday even** iag last, a depth of ten or 12 feet of water, extending q >ite across the turnpike, and rendering it extremely difficult to keep the road, especially after dark. It wasthrongh this dangarom pais that Mr. Seaefferand his sons sought to drive their horses * and wagon, about 8 o'clock at night; w hen running oflTthe left bank, the boys were heard te scream, and the father to cry for help, and after struggling for a few minutes against their impending doom, all three aank, to riee no more onthie aide of dark eternity. The family of Gideon Johnson, living near, were alarmed by the neise, and despatched a messenger hither for assistance; hut long before it could arrive, the ease waa hopeless. The corpses of unfortunates being got out, a coroner's inquest was held by Henry M Heath, Ktq , on Monday morning, which resetted in theusnal verdict in snch cases. The eight was painful to behold. Here, with half open eye and mouth, expressing deep anxiety?with arm* and hand* fixed aa in the act of driving?the hapless father lay in the icy arm* of death; while the poor lads were extended by hie lids, the emotions of fright impressed upon their frozen and bloated features. But the afflicted wife and mother of the deceased! Who shall describe her anguish on first hearing the melancholy truth, and afterwards compelled to re the depth of her bereavement? Heaven kelp the widow aud the childlesa, and be her comfort in thia great distress. We learn from the Oxford Time* that so sudden and nnexpected waa the rise, that whole flock* of aheep were caniad away by the current We have heard of one or two instances were cows and other stock were swept off, before they could be rescued. At Canajoharie, a< we learn from the Radii, on Friday morning the building* attached to the distillery were washed away, with 400 or 500 hogt, which were taken down the stream A miller by the name of Wilky, went among tha ice to procure wood, when the water came in aueh a torrent tkrt he was swept away in the mass, in full view of hi* agoni ed family. SrraxMx Court or tiii Uxitxd Ptatc? ?Feb. 9,1842? No. 6 Merritt Martinet al vs Wm. C. H. Waddcll. In error to the Circuit Court U. Stxtnn I for New York. Mr. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion | of this Court, reversing the judgment of the said Circuit Court, with costs, and remanding this cause, with direction* to be. proceeded in according to law and justice, and in conformity to the opinion of thi* Court. No. 19 Hyde At Uleisi* rt al vs. Booraena & Co. in error to the Circuit Court of the U aited Htutes for East Louisiana Mr. Justice Story delivered the opinion of this Court, reversing the judgment of tie said Circuit Court, with costs, and remanding this cause, with directions to that Court to dismiss the suit with costs for the origiaal defendant. No. 81 Edward Prij.g,plaiutiffinerror, rs Commmwea'th of Pennsylvania. The argument of thia cause was continued by Mr Meredith for the plaintiff in error, and by Messrs. llambly and Johnson for the defendant in error. Feb. 10 ?No. 30. Mara-nak Knight, assignee, &.e. vs. The Hrigg Attilln, Ate. On appeal from the Cirouit Court of tho United 8ta a* of Pcnnty!va. ain. It having been suggested to the Court Ih it the matters in controversy bad been s^ttLd between toe parties, this appeal was dismissed No l"? Tho United States, appeil n', vs. John W l,?wet al ;?nd No 19. The United States, appellant, va Heirs of George Atki'ion.et al Appeals from the Sii|>eriorCourt for Cut Florida Mr. Justice Catron delivered the opinion of this Court affirming the decrees of the said Superior Court in the-e cases in all respects No IS The U States, vs John Breward; and No. 19 The United States, v* John M. Hanson, et al Appeal from the Superior Court for Ea.-t Florida. Mr Justice Catron delivered the opinions of the Court hfirming the decrees of the said Supreme Court in these cases, as respects the titles of the claimants, but directing new surveys N'o 31 Edward Prigg, plaintiff in error, vs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The argument of thia cause wus continued by Mr. G Johnson for the defendant, and concluded by Mr. Nelson fur the plaintiff in error. Buinoc GF leic AT Niaoaba Fali.S?At* Iuci diht.?The river below the (trout cataract, presents at this time a most singular phenomenon, being completely bridged over from the foot of Ta)le Rock to a distance of a mile and a hal', by an arch of impacted ice, of immense tbieknrss whieh has been crossed dai'y by travellers and visitors for a week past, in perfect safety The ice, broken into vary fine pieces in its passage over the Falls, baa risen np below in ?nch quantities and with sack force, that the mass has been eleva'ed na less than thirty- fi re feet above the aummer level of the river, and frozen aolidly together by the showering apray, presents a firm mass, with occasionil fissares several feet in width, and of great depth. So permanent seems this wonderful barrier of nature, that a small building has beea erected on it and occupied as a grocery. O.i Monday night last, a soldier lost bis life ie attempting to desert fr >m the Canadian side below the Fall* In order to elude the sentinel, he procured a cord, and essayed to let him??lf down the precipice, between Table II <ck and the Ferry?bat the breaking of the cord, dhshed him lifeless 01 the rocks and ice below ? Birffalo Com. Ftb 7. Vassal Fouxdcred asu Livis Lost.?A small sloop, understood to be lha Hector, whieh left here on Tueala* for York River, aunk at 2 o'clock on the same afternoon, off Back Rivar, in a heavylrale from W.N. W. The captain and a boy were drowned; one man waa taken off the a'oop by the schooner Golden Hunter, which vessel provideetially was near when she sunk. her beet end anehert, and had her anils Wown I m*J.?Norfolk lit raid, It**.

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