Newspaper of The New York Herald, 13 Şubat 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 13 Şubat 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD New York, Sunday, Vthraary 13, 1849. I hi lirw Yoik I<aoo t?Wo. VII. The numbrr of thie popular Journal, issued yssterda; boruing, contain! rrilium Report of Dr Ai n't H. Sti ? * ' f'irei Lecture ou " Diseases a the Rectum," delivered at the College of Physicians am 8urgtons, Crosby street. Thi* ia one of the most inter eating, valuable. an<l eccentric <liacouraea ever print.,I Dr. Krv, a-'s concluding Lecture on Diseases of tin Spinal Marrow. Dr. Mott'? second Lecture on Tic Douloureux. Reviews of acw Medical Works. Editorial article on " The luring and the Dead." Report of tho operation! of the Chinese Medico-Chi mrgieal Society i very interesting article. C'roaby street Clituijut. City Hospital Reports. Original Communications from several physicians. R port ol Cases at the ' Seamen's Retreat," Staten Island," l>y Dr. Bosaniisn. fcc.fcc.fcc. p d*iice $3 per annum ? single copies 6} cents. Tho bad umbers supplied. Office -1 Ann street, New York. Philadelphia subKrlbers Take Notice. Qlj- No money will, 'rem this date, be taken in pay meui for subscription to this parcr except silver am gold, ar the nous of specie payiiigbtinka. Those are th only terms on which the Herald is sold and subscribed t in New York, and '.he agent is obliged to take this ate; to save himself from further loss on eaclaiige, which bai in one year, on suhscri|>tiona collected lor the Herald amounted to nearly one Ihovtand dollars. This aggregat loss falls entirely on the agent, while the difference t each subscriber would be very trifling. As the Heral is furnished to subscribers in Philadelphia at a very lot price, thia rule will,in nacase ui/i?'e?er,be di p irted fron and if there are any who do not wish to comply with i they will {lease rend in their names at once. O. B. ZIEBER, 87 Dock street, PHrLs0KLVHiA,Peb. 11,1843. Agent for the Herald. Arrival of Box la the City of New YorkIt In Reception, Appearance, and Movement The welcome to him. At last Boz breathed the balm? atmosphere c the Qneen City of the Empire State. Thank Ilei Yen for that," nd God grant him a "true deliverance from it, the clerk at the Old Baily said to the Jur when the man was on trial for his lifeIt was well known all round among the highly r< pectable fashionables in the upper part of the cilj some of whom do pay their vay, as Sain Veller sai of the ship caulkers, and some of whom do not, (al though the names don't appear at present in th> bankrupt list) that Buz was to arrive in New Yorl yesterday ; and many a serious deliberation and dis cussion wa* held over a decoction of Young Hysoi and pale Sherry, whether or no about 200 of the elit should go down to tho New Haven boat in a bod] and escort him to the Carlton. But as it was ale< equally well knowu among the highly respectabli butcher boys of Fulton Market, the market women' highly intelligent cads, the conscientious baggagi smashers, and that peaceable, honest, temperate ant remarkably well-dresoed detachment of the comrtiu ni'y, sianderouhly styled dock-loafers,and chiffonier* that Box wculd arrive in the N Haven boat yesterday and as these latter, influential and independent clas sesof our fellow freemen, generally act upon princi pie?that is, the principle which spurs them at th< moment?it was shrewdly Buspected by the elite ilia these latter classes would be very apt to crowc round the dock and the wharves, and along Soutl street, in such numbers, merely to get a sight o Hot, as poor people eat oysters out of werry despe ration, that the elite delegation, if it went, migh have to leturn without reaching, or even seeing iioz. Therefore, they wisely resolved to send ( Committee of one, with no power to add to hi number (but to take eare of No. 1 if possible) t< welcome Box to the city in behalf of its 200,000 in habitants ; and Mr. Coldsit was chosen for that pur purpose. The day was fine?the air bland?balmy, as t Montpelier May?the sun careered brightly ihrougt the heavens, the bosom of the East River glowed glittered and sparkled in tho sunbeams, whilst on it suiface danced vessels of every shape, size and des 'Cription; th- sc formed one strong feature in th neighborhood of the New Haven dock. On th oli.or hand, the wharves in that vicinity were uau nua.'ly redolent of mud and filth, the butcher boy and ragged little news venders were playing pitel and tosi, shy-at-:he-motty, and happy-go lucky,witl no unusual velocity and with praiseworthy tranquil! it> ,ti3 if no unusual event was about to happen?as i their chronicler was not approaching the dock?:h< beggar'girls and chiffoniers, with their symmetrica lower limb? displayed in all (heir muted Beauty stooped to gither up pieces of rope, rags, and rub bbh, w ith ail ihe grace of untutored and unblushia< innocence, and totally unconscions that their singh petticoat and frock displayed unfashionably larg' rents behind. Whilst the molasses suckers, th< litde boys * ho always lick out empty sugar hogs' heads, and the universal tilchers from coflee bags ir the shape of pretty young Dutch girls, with very large but very eiraight legs, and very coarse bu very short pru.coals, were all pursuing their praise w orthy ami innocent occupations ; the majority o them pleaded and delighted w ith the doings of the day, " they knew not why, they cared not where fore." Add to these, innumerable cadg costermongers, touters for hotels, cab-yer-honors, hack-strs, baggage-smashers, dock-loafers, lazy young clerks, who have been cramming for th< last w eek on Barnaby Budge, Quilp, and Dirk Swi veller, (unul, in sonic of their interesting peculiari tie?, they came near resembling these worthies, ami an alarmingly small number of pickpockets an niggers?atd our readers have a fair sample of th werry promi.-cuous assemblage of bipeds that covei vd the dock, as barnacles do a slop's bottom, t catch a sight of Charles Dickens?cf the cverlas ing and delightful Box?as the New Haven hoi slowly worked her way into the dock. As for Boz iuaiself, he was walking thehurrican deck of the steamboat, with his hands buried in singularly unfashionable depth in a coat about thrt times as shaggy as the hide ot a Siberian bear, at which by-the by is not by no means a ccat, whit will lose ra$'c in the streets of New York: cause it ha'nt got any cast to lose. There's no or.e as ves -such coats now, and so w i can't place it any vet I! ;t, barring the coat, which entirely hid bis uti lee and a iittle Cockney hat, vtuck jauntily up< seventeen hares of about as many of Boz's go-1 tween brown hairs (cause it's neither light brot nor daik brown) which hat, like i*am Wellei aee;.n to have an inditeribobiy independent air it- own, b :ng onlike any other that's been se in this c,;y icr the last seventeen years?ba ins these two external luxuries of life, as t news bays call them. Boz was dressed prel much the same as a majority of the male s in this city. He certainly had on a pair of pan! loons (the color whereof we were not close to d cypher) a coat, vest, shirt, stockings, boots, ai cravat. As to a shirt collar, we can't swear positiv ly, or to the br-t of our belief, for no collar was vi ible, save the collar of the aforesaid shaggy cot and an unusual amount of choler among the high re. peeUble ragged gentlemen oh the dock, who I reason of being u< the rear of the crowd could n see Boz Boz walked up and down the protnena deck in high spirits as the boat catne np our beau ful? rapturously, thrice beautiful and blessed rivei he looked to earth?to stream aDd sky?and gave the God of ail the Earth the silent tribute of his i miration, as his large bright eyes, took in at eve new the beauties of each scene. At times his lot |y wife was by his side, silently joining hint in enthusiastic admiration of the beautiesof nature. But as all sight seeing beauties, as well as jouraies must huve an end, at last the New Hav rounded to ofT the end of her dock, and ghd leisurely into her birth abrsst an enormous pile, a plurality of woodpiles, for there are no less th seven of them. On this the ragged exciteme among the hate, boots, andj breeches oa the doi begin mast pvcniscuouely to increase; and the never-to be sufficiently.lauded speeimen-phras*, the pure Anglo Saxon tongue, which hare be han led down to U3 from Hengist k. Hsrea, in their priitiae vigor and native refinement, of " G< 4?a your eyes, Bob; keep your elbows out of t g?or I'll shove you into ths deck," resound' on every aid*, and were as expressively,and grap1 cally.attd uoadVctedly replied toby those to whoi hey w#re addressed. As the boat came close (he dock, the excitement among the crowd w*s per * fectly whirlwindish; they seemed disposed to carry every thing before them with a perfect looseness, as : th? fat gentleman did bis pantaloons, after he was tapped for the dropsy ; kicking, equet ling,44 ecyoagr ing," showing, pushing, bawling, bawling, were ,f practised in all their mme and diversified forms. J All sorts ot cries, like the inside of a lying-in hospital, were heard on every hand. " There he is " ? " there's B z, by G?d!" 44 Which V' 44 Where 1" " Who 1" " Show me." " Let me see " " G?d d?n you, stand back." " L?t me look over your shoulder, sir, if you ^please." 44 See you at the devil firet; can't see myself." 441 say, sucker, don't shove me into this wood pile!" 44 Take your baud out of ray pocket!" 44 Beg pardon, sir, but they 1 crowd eo that my hand was shoved into i your side pocket werry much against my will." 44 There's Boz!" 44 Which T* 44 That little chap with the white face, and the black shaggy coat!" 44 Thre e cheers for Boz." 44 Whor I ?whor? whor? hurr?ra-a-a-a?oh!" The cheers b ?,;.u .1-- 1 i e .u_ j-..: c? 0 iiic ^uuu ;uiruuuu3 ui uic ursi^uci, lur p finding only five or six to second him, he very conJ? tentedly cursed the whole crowd, and whistled, "Hi. e Jim along, I'm tired of waiting!" The boat touched ? the dock, and about a hundred jumped on board. v Mr. Colden was the first. Boz and his wife were >, on the upper deck, end one gentleman, a friend, with them. That friend introduced Mr. Colden finst to Boz, then to his beautiful wife?(for beautiful sue really is). Mr. Colden toek her arm, and they _ ail went on to the lower deck. Here they were sura rounded by about a handred people, some with very clean shirts, and some with highly respectable dirty ,t shirts (that is, a shirt made of all linen); these gai. zers formed a sort of uneven o*long kind of a ring > around Boz, his lady, and Mr- Colden; keeping at y a very responsible distance, as a little dog does when a big dug is picking a bone, and trying very commendably, and with patriotic and praiseworthy f curiosity, to listen to every syllable of a prid vate nature that was said to or by Boz, or 1 his lady, or their two friends. All they could e make out was to hear Boz say in reply to a re4 mark of Mr. Coldcn's in relation to something that had occurred over-night," Yes, 1 was astound ? ed!" These were caught up and handed from e mouth to mouth as Boz's first words, and fullest sen^ timents on reaching New York. And on the dock 3 it was told to the great delight of the loafers, by one s of their respectable fraternity?" I say, Joe, by B G?d, Boz 6ays he's astounded to see as New . York's as big as it is?I guess his mother knows j he's out." The crowd were in high glee?'.hey determined to be happy and blythe as any body, despite their . ragged breeches and empty bellies?they seemed to look upon Boz as one of their body, and they did him honor in their way as well as they knew how, . although God knows the manner and form thereof t was peculiar to themselves. I At last the Captain procured a hack, and told Boz , he n*u aoae sc. p "You go to the Carlton," 9aid Colden. " We do," said Box. t " Nice house," said Colden. r " I'm told so," said Boi. " Do you take your baggage with you 1" said ColB den. , Dickens looked at his beautiful Kate, and smiling, replied, " No?dial's to come afterwards." On this the little party of four went ^up the gang plank and squeezed through the crowd?the wood . pilet?and almost every other kind of piles?boxes, , barrels, bags, coffee, sugar,molasses, rum, unorienta gin, grease, tar, pitch, cotton, cheers, curses, laughs ter, noise, confusion, and swearing almost unprece. cedented. It seemed as if the very devil had let e loose all the demons of disorder on that particular e dock, to give Dickens an unsophisticated notion of life at a New York steamboat landing. Carmen out 9 of number and hackmen had rammed, crammed !i and jammed their horseB on to the dock in such a i, develish state of disorder that to disentangle them . seemed as difficult as to untie the Gordian knot, f So Boz's friends took him and his lady round the t stringpiece of the dock, at the risk of their flopping I souse into the ciss pools that usually collect round the bows of a ship in dock?the hack drove up to . meet them, in jumped Dickens and his lady, and , their escort, and off they drove to the Carlton?Boz , giving one good long stare up at the shabby ware. houses on the wharves, and his lady smiling at the . scene of confusion they had just left. "Is that Dickens that's just druv off in that hack!" , said a long sallow-faced, saddle-headed, slab sided , down-easter, who had been trying tor half an hour , to get a look at Bcz. " It is," was the reply. ^ "Then, by G?d, I think there is too much d?d man-worship about all this," he rejoined ; although he didn't tell any what'brought him there, not as we heer'd on. All that wc know further of Boz it, that he reached the Carlton in safety?washed?didn't shave? (perhaps he did though) put on a clean shirt, and other etceterus, scraped his nails, sat down to a quiet dinner?took a "private drink"?read a few letters . from neatly as many fools?received a few calls from j ditto repeated; wrote a few lines, and went to bed early without saying his prayers, though inwardly thanking Providence that thus far he had marched into the bowels ot the land. So much for his movements. Now, for his personal appearance. All the portraits yet published are unlike him. He has eight or ten different styles of face, and forms of expression. Here is one of Uia nnavarances to the life : ? I jC* -^m^mmmmtmrnrnrnm*-. id- lie is th.rty ye ir* old?at tinier i.e looks thirtyty lour, lie is hitort; r> feet 6^ inches, or5feet7 inches in height; well put together, but not stout; weighs his absnt 128 or 130 pounds, lias a handsome foot, a homely face, and a ss-so hand ; his hair is fine, thin, a" straggly, not bushy, and long?too long; color w en betwaen a light and a daik brown ; his fsaturesare large; has a long face; large eyes?grey co< or lor?very bright at times; they project from hie n brain considerably?language large?very; percep l live faculties, full; uncommon nose, handsome Hoik man, perfvct, quite a love of a nose for a man; * fr o much of a nsse for a| woman; facs was quits ct pale; deep lines round the mouth, looked liked en anxiety, thought and so on; mouth large, very ah -iupe, uneven, not handsome; hia teeth, largi >d and uneven; chin slightly projects- He has n< ny ivhi>kers, except in spots, like an oasis in i d desert. It's very evident that he can't ratte i n- pur of whiskers, no how'a as he can fix it. Lars,? m ti>o large to be considered decidedly handsome; firs io 1 cite for hearing. In short, his face i? like * th?u rand other young English faces, nod a little more like Saunders, the bookseller, than any other in this city, only it shows more thought. There is nothing in it until he becomes animated, and then'the eye lights up the whole frontispiece with a singular expreesion'of benevolence, shrewdness, sarcasm, and deep thought. Mrs- Dickens is a fair specimen of a good-looking young English lady. She is as'tall as her husband, and judging from appearances would weigh more? give him 6 lbs. and beat him. She is of the middlesized English height; a fair, round, plump, peachblossr.m innocent face, that's perfectly refreshing to look upon. Her features very regularly formed; Grecian nose; beautiful eye-brows ; a mouth exactly resembling in shape the bow of Apollo, that rare contour of excellence, seldom seen bat in a sleeping infant. Ripe plump figure, and large lustrous eyes that seem almost starting from their soekets, yet have a deliriously dreamy aspect. To sum up in a sentence, if her figure had been less than it is, she might, with propriety, have been termed a perfect Dudu style ,of beauty. A9 it is, she appears the beau ideal of the beautiful llose Bradwardine. Such are Charles Dtckens and his charming wife; and such is a true, full, and particular account of their first visit, speech, movements, and sensations on arriving in the heart of the glorious metropolis of the great Western WorldSchool Question.?We understand that it has been decided in the democratic caucus at Albany, that a bill authorizing the election of School Commissioners by the people for this city, shall be passed at the present session, but an additional clause shall b? added to it, referring the enactments of the bill to the people, for their acceptance or rejection, to be decided by ballot at the spring election. The Indian Annuities-?The amount of Indian the shape of goods, probably amounts to $80,000 per annum. To supply these goods there were recently forty-six applicants at the War Department. The profits are estimated at25 percent?or$30,000. Vff understand that James Bowen, the President of the Erie Railroad Company, has got a large pertion of the contract, and is preparing; to jsupply the govern, ment with the goods. Mr. Lehman/of Pennsylvania, has also a portion of ]the contract. Free Trade in Ovsters ?The'Supreme Court of the United States has decided against the pro. prietors?reversing the decision of the Circuit Court. This decision allows any body to rake for oysters in the waters of New Jersey, and denies the exclusive claim of the parties owning the lands adjacent. So the oyster trade is open. Go and open. The Ostirelli Verdict.?The verdict of $13,000 given Signor Ostinelli for damages sustained by the negligence of the Railroad Company, is just and righteous in every point of view. It will teach these companies to employ careful and competent engineers, and to take care .'of the lives entrusted .to them on their railroads. Sirgdlae Cask or Firaroieriro.?We refer our readers to a very novel case in modern finance, which will be found among our city intelligence,the parties being two of the city watch. This opens a new seal in the mysteries of financiering, and discloses some startling facta in the march of modern morals. What is the world coming to 1 Harrber ite Co.'s Express.?We are indebted to this line every day for Boston papers in advance of the mail. Orb Riser from the Dead.?We are informed that Waliar !tpnll urill nrparh tn.dnv At thf? Disrinlfa' Church, 80 Green street, first at half-past 10 in the morning, then at half-past 7 in the evening. "Whether this is Walter Scott, the great novelist, who is risen from the dead, we know not. Those who are curious to ascertain can do so by attending at the place mentioned. Core for the Consumption!?In Utica last Friday week, the mercury stood at 77 degrees. Last Wednesday it was down to zero. Chatham Theatre.?This establishment was filled te overflowing last evening, to witness the popular negro extravaganzas produced for the benefit of John Smith. Monday evening is set apart for the benefit of the deserving manager, Mr. Thome, on which oacafcion Shakspeare's play of King John will be produced in a style of great magnificence; also the piece of the Foundling of the Forest, in which Messdms. Thorne and Lewis, and Messrs. Thome, Kirby and Scott will appear, presenting a galaxy of telent seldom concentrated on one occasion. Independent of the superior attraction of the bill for the evening, Thome richly merits a bumper for his unceasing attention to the wants and wishes of the public. A Singular Scene?The Hon. Abigail Folsom, Esq.?'The following remarkable scene recently took place in the Massachusetts House of Representatives:? In the House?Friday, Feb. 11. The resolve on the petition of the trustees of Williams College, was taken up in the orders of the day. It proproees an appropriation of $15,000 to this college. At the early stage of the debate npon this question, Mrs. Abigail Folsom, who is somewhat celebtated in this community, entered the gallery in company with other females, and took a seat at one of the private desks allotted to members and reporters. After Mr. Huntington had finished his remarks, Mrs F. arose in her seat, and, to the great astonishment of the whole House, raised her voice to the highest pitch, as follows :? Mr Speaker? Speaker?(Probably mistaking the voice of Abigail for one of the members) Mr. Thomas, of Charleston, has the floor. Abigail Folsom.?Mr. Speaker, I come here as a friend to humanity?I have much to say?much that deserves the solemn consideration of the assembled wisdom that I see here?[Cries of order from all ovsr the House ] Speaker?The officers cf ths House are requested to preserve order. The Sergeant-at-arms finally made his appearance in the gallery, when the following dialogue took place:? Sergeant-at-Arms?Mrs. Folsom, yon are out of order?if you remain here you must be silent. If you agaia interrupt the business of the House you will be promptly ejected. Mrs. Folsom?May I inquire your name 1 S. A A?I am the Sergeant-at-Arma of this Legislature. Mr. Stevens then placed one of his assistants near this singular woman, with express directions to cause her to be removed from the gallery if she again attempted to disturb the House. Abigail?Abigail?do come to New York, and you shall be permitted to speak as much as you please. We shall get through with Boz in a week. Items prom Mexico ?It having been reported in Mexico that many of the priests in Spain were making arrangements to come to Mexico, where an ntvlum had been offered in them hv ths Msrisnn clergy, the minuter of justice issued a decree forbidding their being considered asbelonging to the regular clergy of Mexico. A conducts of 8795,242 left the city of Mexico on the 8th January lor Vera Crux. A report was current in Vera Cruz on the 20ih ult. that there was fighting in the interior, but between whom or on what account, we did not understand It was supposed to be the commencement of a revolution against Santa Anna's government. The Campeachy passengers who were captured by Commodore Moore, and afterwards released, had not arrived at Vera Cruz, nor was any thing seen or heard of the Texian squadron. Mohmods ii? New Oblb ai*s .?The Mormons hare sent a deputation of eldera to New Orleans? who, for a weed or two past, hers been holding forth in that city. Of their success in proselytinu we are not informed: hat their pretensions are en' eient to work strongly upon many minds. A friend of ours was present at one of their meeting! on lest Sunday week?when the lecturer announced himself as a prophet inspired frsm on high, possessed of the gilt of all tongues and languages. He ehellenged to the proof of hie ability, and, taken et his word, he was addressed in Oermru, French and Spanish, and to the surprise of all, he wat conversant with each ef thoee languages. But he was not to get off so easily; a sou of the Emerald isle being present, hu let off u buttery uf pure Milesian in the richest Barney Brnlligaa style, which completely nonplussed the poor Mormon, and daring the roars of laiishter which his confus.on crea.ed, he scoeff*.-JfoWe Utfli. ! Report of tit* Committee appointed to Investigate the AITaJrs of the New York nd ICrl* Railroad Compan jr.| Thit i? a long report, ef some eighty-two page*, made by Moiri- A. G. Chatfield, Geo. G. Gbaham, tad Wu B. Ma?lat, the committee appointed by the Assembly of 1811, to examine into the affairs of thie eoaipiuy. We give aa abstract of the report. The beek* containing the minutee of the proceeding* of the board of Director* of the company,and of the executive committee of the eaid beard, together with the paper* connected therewith, werefirit aubmitted to the committee. The hook* containing the accoant* of the expenditure* of the company were next (ubmitted to the committee, and with the voucher* rigidly examined. The road i? divided into fire divisions, aa followsThe "Enstern Divnion, the" Delaware Division," the "Central Division," the "Susquehaanah Division," and the ' Western Division " The following are the expenditures down to the let of August last : General expenditures, (16C.163 so Expenses of the Eastern Division, 1,444,63* 6* ' " Delaware Division, 63,613 90 " " Pentral Division, 231,310 83 " " Susquehannah Division, 459,183 69 ' " " Western Division, 317,930 85 Total amount of expenditures, as shown by schedule, 93,566,633 33 The work of constructing the road has been going on rapidly during the past year, end ia now progressing. The amount obtained by the company from collections upon their stock subscriptions, up to the close of 1841, was 31,523 500 50. The present estimates of the cost ef the road, when completed, (net including the cost of depot, ears and engineers,) are aa follows ? Of the Easteln Division, 93,000,009 Of the Delaware Division, 1,700,000 Of the Central Division, 1,300 000 Of the Susqnehannah Division, 1,900,000 Of the Western Division, 3,600,000 99.300,000 The present resources of the company, upon which me luiura prugreii 01 me cunstruulion 01 the road now depends, consists of the email balance of State atock to be issued in purauance of the existing law, all of which baa, in fact, been antici paled and expended ; of collections to be made oa the preaent and future subscriptions to the atock of the company ; of the receipts upon the portiona of the road which are and will from time to time be put in operation ; and of the donations of lands which hare been made to the Comprny. Coatraeta hare been made for the work of construclios, and for the materiala, (except the iron.) upon the whole line of the road, except moat of that portion lyiag between the tillage of Deposit and Biaghamptonj and neg?;iationa are now pending with contractors for the coastraction of the road oa that portion of

it. The organization and pay of the engineer department la aa followa: ( per year and Chief Engineer of the Company, $1,000 ? travelling I expenses. Engineer of the East Division, 3,600 per year. " " Delaware Division, 3,600 u 'J " Central do 2,600 " " " Bnsquehennth do, 3,600 " " " Western, do, 3,600 " Fourteen Assistant Engineers, 3 per day. Of the $3,000,UUO of the| stoek of the Stmte, uuthorised te bs issued,and loaned to tbe New York and Erie Kailread Company, $2 600,000 had, previous to the 23d day of December, 1841, been received by the company ; and it is understand that at the time of the date of thie report, $2,800,000 had been issued by the Comptroller. All the State stock which has been issued after the passage of the law of the 519th April, 1840, and previous to the 23d of December, 1841, has been eold at auction, and bid in by or on behalf of the company, nominally at par. The State atock so bid ia, has, subsequent to sueh purchase thereof, either been sold at the highest market value thereof, at the time of sale, or hypothecated as security for temporary loans. The amount of stoek hypothecated on the 23d of December, 1841, was $766,000, at aa average rate of abont 85 per cent?the debts for the security of the payment of whieh State stock has been so hypothecated have been paid when due ; therefore none of the said hypothecated stock has oeen euner forced 10 a sate at a sacrifice, to sausiy such debts, aor been claimed by the holders at theirs absolutely, in consequence of the non-payment of such debts. * * * * The width of the track adopted for the New York and Erie Railroad is six feat; the wooden superstructure is composed of rails or sills of timber eight by twelre inches, properly secured by cross ties. On the piled road the rails arc secured to the top of the piles by large tree nails, driven through the rails into the piles to a secure depth. The rails for piled road are procured ef the proper length to meet en the piles without waste. Generally they are twenty feet, none less, the piles being from centre to centre, longitudinally, lire feet apart. Upon this wooden superstructure, and in the centre of the surface of this wooden rail, is placed and firmly secured by chains and spikes the large iron H rail, weighing about fiity-six pounds per yard, it is beliersd that this forms a safe and proper road for ail the purposes for which it is designed?safety and speed for passengers, and strength sufficient lor all kinds of freight. A single track on this plan of superstructure was opened?from the Hudson Hirer to Goshen, a distance of -16 miles?on the 23d ofjSeptember last. The road has been used 8b days ; the receipt for the transportation of passengers and freight on the road, and on the steamboat terry between Pierment aud New York, daring that time is $29,6:$ 43, being an average of $313 23 per day. A very considerable item in the resources of the company is composed of the donations ot lands in the counties of Cattaraugus and Chantauque. These donations to the comjiany consist of one lonrth part of 1,700 acres of village property in the village oi Dunkirk and of 50,000 acres of land within the limits of the Holland Land Co's purchase, and they were given by the proprietors to aid in construction of the road. The title to tha Dunkirk donation is now so held that it will be conveyed to tha company in fee, on the completion of the grading for a single track from Lake Eric to tha west line of Cattaraugus Co., by the 1st of July next. The 60,000 acres ars held in trust, to he conveyed to the company on the completion 0f a single track from Lake Erie to the Genesee river, by the 9th of November, 1813. The estimated value of the donations varies from $400,000 to $500,000 Othei valuable grants of land for depots and stations have been made to the company at different points en the line ; one of the largest and most valuabls of which was made by Judge Blauvelt at Piermont. * * The company havnselected the route which passes seuthercrly along the side of the Sbawangunk mountain, from Deer Park Gap to the valley oi the Delaware river, and thence up the said valley to the mouth of the Calico# creek. That route waseehcteda little more than a year ago; previous to that time it was expected that the joad would be constructed upon the route through the interior ft Sullivan county, and in fact strong assurances had been given by dsf ferent officers of the company to the people in the interior of S illi van county, that such interior route would be selected. In consequence of suchassnrancas, and the severe disappointment on the part of the people there, by the selection of the Delaware route, much excitement and bad f'teling was naturally produced among them and charges of bad faith were made. The difference in elevation and depression in favor of the Dslaware route is 1478 feet, and in curvature it is 1983^ degrees; a difference equal to 5 entire circles, and 183^ degrees. The cost of construction will be over $200,009 greater, and the distance a tritle longer on the Dela ware route man mrougn ine interior, j ne improvement in the grade*, the taring in eleration and curvature, will more than counterbalance thoae consul eratioaa. The moat embarrassing difficulty which the company it ob:iged to encounter on thia route, ariiea from t e neeesaary cloae proximity of the line of the road to theDelaware and Hudion canal in eon/cqnence of which a chancery auit ha* been instituted, and they therefore have it in contempla tion to ask of the Legislature the privilege cf run ning their road aeross the Delaware river, and nj continuing it along the valley on the Pennsylvania, about 16 miles. The committee recommend that the request be granted, with such restrictions as will allow the Hate to held and enforce its lien in the atate of Pennaylvania Two other questions of locationa are al-o noticed. The committee suggests aa a means of protection to all the interests involved, and especially tho.-e oj the state, the propriety of providiag for the appoint ment ia such manner as the Legislature shall direct of state directors or commissioners, who shall b< associated in the direction of the company, wit! such powers as the Legislature shall deem propel and necessary for such purpose, and just and reason able towaids the company; nnd whose duty it shal be annually to report to the Legislature the traasae tions of the company, the condition of their finan ees and affairs,the progress, sitnitioa and prospect of the work, and such other matters as may bi deemed necessary and proper. It is deemed tha such measure would inspire confidence in th< company, strengthen their aredit and improve th< value of, and increaae the subscriptions to thei stock. A Dwreavtxo Arrx*L?If merit deservea patron age, if energy and induatry deserves encouragement and private worth sad talents deserve a reward then don Mr- J- H- Kirby, of the Chatham Theatre desrrve a crowded house at his benefit night, oi Friday of this week. The entertainments will b found in another column. Albany- r Albawt, Thursday, Feb. 19, IMS. r This it certainly the strangest weather. Yester- J day and the rirer was covered with ice, people " went landed ia cloaks and overcoats, and blae a lips aad red noses were very preraleat. To-day, again, the tables are turned, the ice is disappearing, jj the air is genial and mild, and erercoata and such 0 gear are at a discount. In the Assembly, to-day, Mr. Davbsac presented ' a series of resolutions, adopted by a public meeting [j at Batavia, Genesee eeunty, in relation fto the pa- (1 triot prisoners at Van Dieman'a Land. Mr. D. ai entered into a long review of the interference of jj England ia the affairs of other nations,and challeng- w ed an instance in which her subjects, when thus at taken prisoners, were treated as pirates. He moved the reference of the petition to a select eom- J mittee. p< Mr. Tamiliit said, this was a most delicate sub- ai ject, and should be referred to a committee who a( would be like to understand the whole matter, and he therefore moved its reference to the judiciary committee. These patriots will find a strenuous B< and ardent advocate in Major Davesae. an Mr. Townsano presented two petitions from at New York, one praying for a repeal of the usury aj, laws, and the other in relation to the Leake and Watt's Orphan Asylum. Mr. Hathawav presented a petition from " Joe Fykes," praying for the speedy completion of the lai New Yorlt and Erie Rail Road. This " Joe," I jj0 believe, is somewhat as a correspondent ef the New York Commercial Advertiser. P? The House went into committee of the whole on tu Mr. Towasend's bill in relation to the rates of in- pa terest on money. Mr. Towssud went! into an explanation of his . bill. He maintained that this bill should not be 110 opposed on account of its being an innovation?all tw improvements had been originally viewed in a si- j0 noifar light. Mr. Townsend then ea ered into a nreview of the hisioryr of money lender?, and usury, from the earliest period which he had been able to sei trace legislation on .the subiect, back to the 12th ret century, showing the various shapes and gradations the system had assumed. In alluding to the charaoieref the petitioners on this subject, that they ev were mostlv merchants, end business men. bnt that be the people of the city were almost universally in cji favor of itj end, that, out of the whole of hie largo circle of private acquaintance, he had found but tel one individual, and that a broker of the emalleet wl kind in Wall street, who was opposed to the pro- it posed modification of the usury laws, and he did not dare argue the question with him (Mr. T) Mr. T. entered into a long argument to sustain the ha position he has assumed, that the rates of interest pe should be governed only bv the laws of trade. 0fl This was the ablest effort of Mr. Townsend this ce session, and agreeably surprised his friends. ro Mr. Lelahd opposed the bill on the ground that co by freeing the lenders of money from all restrie- du tioas, it would be placing the people completely at the mercy of the Sbvlrehs. He believed that no dr maa of business could afford tc pay more than 7 per )e, cent, interest on borrowed money, and the lender m, would be amply rewarded at this rate. Mr. Le- an land argued, that to guard and protect the people Bj, from extortion, it was essentially necessary that some legal restrictions should be adopted. 0f Mr. Simio.ns made a long and very able defence iQ of the bill. V( Mr. Looms rejoined in opposition at length. 8u This debate took a great range, from Adam Smith, a, Dugald Stewart, to Jeremy Bentham, and back' co again, involving almost the whole science of poli- w; tieal economy. The debate was continued until de near two o'clock, when the committee rose and ]e, reported, without taking question on n pending mo- aI! tion to strike out the enacting clause. After which fr, the House adjourned. pfl In the Senate, to-day, Mr. Funic ah introduced a bill, providing for tho raising of money to prosecute the State works. The sum proposed to be ^ raised |wss $3,000,000. A long debate was drawn ja out on the repudiation resolutions, but it amounted pll to?talk \ This was all of general interest that ?d transpired in the Senate. A number of local and wj private bills were acted on. ov Ex-President Van Buren arrived in town yester- gr day. To-day he visited the Assembly chamber, accompanied by his son, John Van Buren, E?q. He appeared to be enjoying good health, was in fine 0f] spirits, and looked very benignant while shaking ef hands with the democracy of the House. j j There are a great many candidates for the miner m offices, to be vacated There are a number seeking ]ej for the post of State Librarian ; but the most de- he serving and likely to be successful one, is Mr. jjn Hehrv C. Southwice, of this city. Mr. Southwick is an active democrat, and in every way qualifted for the office. He is also a poor man, and bis Wl appointment would give great satisfaction to the 8t) democrats of Albany. to Mr. Flaco, it seems, is making sweeping work so in hi* reform in the Comptroller's department. No lest that five removal* of clerki hare been made al- ' j ready; The Evening Jt ureal of yesterday makea 1B considerable outcry on account ef thej removal of a 0j Mr. WiLton. If, aa it taid, thia individual changed lh hit politics for the purpose of retaining hit office tu under the whig administration it it no more than m just he should be removed. The Temneiance Reformation it still proceeding. r0 Something like a half dozen reformed drunkards u. are to leeture this evenieg at the hall of the Capitol. . Cava Ulciscah. jj, Fa.DAv, Feb. 11,1842. Jj In the Assembly to-day, Mr. R. F. Jonas present- a ed a petition against the repeal of the law for the ap- in pointment of an inspector general of sole leather. 10 Mr. Swackhammeb, presented a petition relative -p to the redemption oi broken safety fund bank notes, gl Mr. S. remarked, that the petitioners request the ap- oi plication of the safety fund to the redemption of the notes of the broken banka. Mr. S. urged thia as a c< matter of justice to the bill holders. le Some half-dozen members had leaves of absence tl granted them for periods of time varying from six to y twelve days. Thia has [been the case for the laBt l week, and, unless some measures are taken, the House will eoon be without a quorum for the transaction of business. ^ Mr. HorrMAN called the attention of the House to J< this fact to-day, and the adoption of Mr. Swackhamer't proposition must soon be a matter of necessity. ? The House went into Committee of the Whole, n, on Mr. Townsend's bill in relation to the Rates of tii Interest. This is Mr. T's hobby, both at this and the last session. di Mr. Stkoxo, of Wayne, thought the laws against c? usuary were too strong. Every legal gentleman at knows the difficulty oi getting juries to convict a man under the law on account of the penalty. The oi law was, therefore, but a dead letter, nod ne con- ct sidered it a scandal and disgrace to suffer it to re- in main on the Statute book. The remedy against ni usury, was to make the penalty leas severe, but the in visitation more certain- The punishment was so at . severe that convictions were almost impossible, especially in some quarters where it was looked upon as a venial crime. At to the bill in question, be did M not think it furnished the remedy?it went to the th other extreme, ar.d made the penalty as much too to light as the present laws are too sever*. He thought, ?"* however, that it might be amended so as to effect r* the object. . d| Mr. Loomis coincided with tbe views oi me gen- ? t'eman from Wayne, in his opinion that ail that was If necessary was to enforce the laws against usury, * w hich the penalties of the present law rendered im- ?? possible, lie hoped a bill that would carry out these b< views would be shaped and brought up for the re- h< consideration of the House. h< Mr. Hon mam was of the same opinion, and to ef- at ' feet this object he would move that the Committee rt rise and report progress, which was adopted. Mr- P< 11. then moved that the Committee be discharged ni frnin the further consideration of the bill, and that ai , it be referred to a select committee, which was also tl agreed to. ts ; A communication was received frem C?1 Young, et announcing hia acceptance of the office of Secretary pi 1 of State, and expressing his acknowledgments? tl " for this unsolicited expression of legislative confi- c< dence." fj Two applications for the uee of tbe Assembly h 1 Chamber, to hold meetings in, were received to day e< ' One from a Methodist Church and the other from tl ' " colored citizens" to hold a meeting to raise means n ' to sustain " The Northern Star." a paper recently p 1 started in this city, owned and edited by colored 11 1 person*. Both applications were referred to a select r committee. g : The House then went into Committee of the ti ' Whole on Mr. Loomis' resolution to amend the d ' Constitution in relatien to the increase of State r " debt, generally known aa "The People's Kesolu- u ' tion." p " Mr Loomis remarked that this resolution re- jj 1 quired a two-thirds vote, and as there was searcely a f that number present now, and he did not wish to ad e drese empty benches, he would therefore move that ii r the Committee rise and report. The motion was a withdrawn in order to enable? e Mr. Davesac to express his concurrence in the a motion of Mr. L. Mr L. then said that before he t renewed his motion again, he would submit en p , amendment?pendng which, on motion of Mr. a Hoffman, the Committee rose and reported pro f< ' gress. The resolutions with amendments were' tl n ordered printed, and made the special order for t e Tuesday next. A message was received from the Gorernor, qn* n rutting the action taken by the State of South Caolies. in the matter ef the Virginia controversy, nd hmo the protest of that state against the law of ?ew York in relatiou to the trial by jury offugitive lavea. It waa referred to the judiciary committee nd ordered printed. Thia haa been emphatically a bimneia day- The eneral orders were then taken upon and a large umber of private bills gone through with or acted n in Committee of the whole. In the Senate, Mr Root presented a petition of 200 citizens prayirg that no change be made in the resent State Prison Syotem Mr. Root said it gave im great pleasure to be the medium through which lis petition was to reach the Legislature, believing 3 he did that the present system waa the best ana le only one which should be adopted to maintain ur prisons. He believed in the maxim of letting ell enough alone. The resolutions in relation to ate credit and repudiation were taken, and Mr. hekwood addressed the Sanate on the subject in a ieecli of two hours duration. It was an able and oquent effort. The bill changing the mode of aptinting Bank Coramiisioners was next taken np ida long debate ensued which continued until the Ijournment. Cave Ulcucae. City Intelligence. Citt Watchmes detected as Exteesive irmoLAas.?1The stores of Messrs. Cutter and Co., d John Hays, having been robbed of dry goodn different times during the past few months, d recently of a large quantity, a complaint is entered a few days since at the Upper dice. The mysterious manner in which the burgs had entered the premises in pursuit of their di?> nest calling, had excited muck, interest on the # rtjof the above gentlemen, and thev therefore e? itted the management of the busineas to officers rkerand Hilliker, two of the moat active and rewd policemen of our city. By diligent atten* n they discovered the burglars and robbers to be oof the city watchmen, named John Sinclair and hn Kennedy, who had been attached to the Third strict watchhouse for a length of time. Upon irching their premises, and a ttare they had tied in which to drpctit the good*, several hundred liars worth was discovered, consisting of almost ery variety of dry goods. Sinclair, in addition to ing engaged as a guardian of the property of our :izens,has also been in the employ of Messrs. Cat* r and Co. for several months as a cart man, and lile enjoying these responsible situations, has, the Bame time, been almost nightly robbing his ployer, and violating the confidence the public d imposed upon him as a protector ot their pro* rty. Too much praise can hardly be given to Ficers Hilliker aiid Parker for the industry evia* d in the detec ion of these worse than highway bbers. They are boih in prison to await final mmitment, and the severe punishment their conict deserves. Broke iiu Leo a Btcown time.?While Mr An* ew Howe, proprietor ot Washington Iiall at Harii, was dnvins down the Third avenue, yesterday orning about 11 o'clock, and when between Sixth d Seventh streets, his hoise took fright, and runng against an awaiog post at the corner of the eet, threw him out of the wagon and broke one his legs above the kn? e. Mr Jacob Warner was the vehicle with him, but escaped uninjured.? ery fortunately, Dr. Molt was passing at the in* int, and he immediately rendered all the medical d necessary. The singularity of this accident insists in the fact that about eighteen years since, bile Mr. Howe was driving a horse and wagon unr Cato's shed, he was thrown out, and the same g now fractured so severely broken as to eause nputalion necessary below the knes. The present icture is not of such a character as to cause a sup* eition that amputation will be necessary. The Lost Bov Found.?The body of a lad named llingham, aged about eleven years, who has been issing from his home for nearly three weeks, was und last evening in the East river, at the foot of er No. 11, by a man named Kavrn. li la suppoo! that he waa drowned by falling from a small boat hile picking up oranges that had been thrown erboard from a vessel at about the time he waa at missed. "Suobty" Caught Again.?Bill Simmons, alias ibin, or "Shorty," waa nabbed again yesterday, by ficer McGratb, charged wiih stealing two peices crape, worth $8, from Alexander S. Leonard. No. William street. The crape was found by officer tGrath, at No. 1 Nassau street, where it had been ft by ihis notorious rogue. He was deemed in the ight of fashion, with beard a la Hum, covering 3 thief looking phiz. The court and jury should ve him the full sentence of the law this time. Robbing a Countryman.?Yesterday, while the agon of Mr. Ira Scott, ol Pennsylvania, waa ending in front of Colburn's Hotel, in Washing, n street, a bag, containing twelve dozen woollen cks and a dozen raits was stolen. Officers Dando, Stanton and Tompkins were soon on the ert, and shortly afterwards caught two men, naed Bob Sandford and George Rossiter, the latter whom confessed the theft, and also that seme of e stolen property had been sold at Gunn's, in Ca> arine street. Tney were both committed and the oat of the articles recovered, The Brooklyn Murder.?The body of the man und in the burying ground of the aims house at rooklyn, under mysterious circumstances, is said be that of Jacob Patches, who is supposed to lve been drowned while landing from a boat on ong Island, some months since. There are a imber of rumors in circulation tending to implicate person in Brooklyn, who has heretofore stood fair the community, but we hesitate to give publicity them until further circumstances transpire. All Sorts or Rooues?A man named Ellis hayer, stole a pair of pantaloons, buckskin shoes, oves and shirt, from Le\i Peck, No. 40 Bowery, i the 5th inst., and was locked up yesterday lor aal examination. Cornelius Sullivan was caught with two new ipper kettles in his possession, supposed to be sto* n. Officer Bliss " pulled" him, and the owner of le kettles can find them at the lower police. John Spelman stole an overcoat from the ship ictoria, belonging to James Miller, of No. 166 ewis street, and was caged. James Flynn and William Roach, two rolish boys, raised a show case in the store of Benjalin Waterbury, No. 177| Broadway, and stolo two lirta and three pair of gloves. Caught by Prince shn Davis, in the act, and jugged. Dan Wright, a colored rogue, was stopped, on riday nigh), with a shawl and a quantity of new Dtiery in his possession, by one of the city watchen, and committed to the Tombs, where the or* cles and rogue may be seen. Case or John C. Colt.?Monday being the last ly allowed for the preparation of the bill of ex ptions in ihe case of Colt, it will then be returned id argued in the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Boarding School Burned.?The large building l the Bloomingdale road, opposite Bnrnham's, re ntly occupied by Rev. U. T. Huddart,as a boardg school, was entirely destroyed by fire on F"daj lorning, about one o dock. Loss $10,(J00; fully sured, and supposed to have been set on lire by i incendiary. Thr Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltiore Railroad.?The fourth manual report of is valuablt imurovoiaeRt hss just been published, gether with the tub-report made by the itw Di ctora. We take pleasure ia noticing the latter, I peeially aa it embrace* a mast emphatic centra- I ction of the miserable slander which baa been in I rculation in relation to the loans of this corpora- I on. The Beard tay that thty have carefully ex- I nincd the stock an J loan ledgers, and find, with- I it a single exception, that tbe account* in the I >oks of the company, under these reapectire I sad*, are entirely correct, and that no loan has I en created, or certified stock issued, beyond the I count of the same contained in said books. The ceipts of lai-t year amounted to $608,868: the ex- I enses to $307,938? a large portion of tne latter I iving been appropriated t? permanent outlaw s. The B iseta of the company are estimated at $5,925,230? B is liabilities to $3,082,640, in addition to the capi- B d stock, amounting to $2,818,330. Thai, with tne B spit:11 stoek added, the company bsufit still a sur lus of upwards of $24,000. This rtnd is one of le moat valuable in the Union, and to the trarolling immunity, is still indispensable. Its management nderita present officers, has been efteieat in the igbest degree?The arrangements throughout are ammendable?the President is known to be one of M most estimable aed honorable men in our eons innity; and Mr. Aahmead, tha agent for PhiUdcl hie, is n perfect model ia his line? active, affable, itelligent, and untiring. L ,,, I It seems wrnderfal to as, that the stock ofThe teat line of travel, between Philadelphia and Bal iniore, the only line indeed?should he so sadly epreciated. The cause may, however, be d??co ered in the monetary demngemebls of the times, rhich will render it difficult for iti<^?-'?opa?y to ay the loan, which cornea due inl<7"e i7t0,000. But we are informed the*,h?7 will be ble to armaga it in a satisfactory wdf * B? Hoard sy that they are determined, from tho "et P"** , I tigs of tbe road, to set aside semi *nnuM7b'.,<>'r*' H am a* a sinking fund, to be increased WJ&? r'" I eipts will warrant, and to be p edged W? >D H dditioeal security to the loan-holders, and* mode ->r n speedy liquids ion of all the debt* of thd com say. Should the increase in the receipts t' I ext four years bear a >y proportion to those orf" oar preceding, it will readily be seen, that J1'* I be stockholders can receive a reasonable pr %0D I heir investment, large ism caa anaaally . ff rl I ?ide to liquidate the debt*; after preserving*" I rork ia ate praaent admirable state of efficient*