NEW YORK HERALD. Itw York, Thuratajr, March 3 1843. Our DimcuIfWs villi KukIhikI -Tlie Ittglil ol siartli.-TU? BillUh Prfii The difficulties existing between :his country anc ( rent Dritain seem to be regarded in a very s-rious light on the other side of the water. In France, the leading Journals declare a war between th?' two countries inevitable. In England ail but the Radical pap?re, insist that the so called Eight of Search can never be given up, wi:taout bloodshed. The letters of Mr- Stevenaoo set hi only to add luelto the flime; and it is worthy of notice that the only remarks which the " London Times" and other organs of the Tory Government deein worth serious notice and deliberation, are the statements made by President Tyler in his message, which ihey consider embraces ihe whole subject. And it is certain that if this troublesome question is settled peaceably and with honor, it will be through the firmness, sound judg incut and good senae ot the preeent President of the United States. Tne " London Times" thus goes into a brief history of the right of search, eo called :? The emergencies of the time call up anew question itissettleuby negotiation or the sword?it justly, per haps friendly ?if not, it if probably re opened, and resettled,till at last it findsthst shape in which the giadu?1 acquiescence af the world makes it dax gerous lor any individual Slate again to disturb it. Thus the received Jaw of search had to light its way, to its present state. <duten Elizabeth, In her war with Spain, was able to euforct it on Poland and Denmark, but not on France. Soon lha justice of the principle won acceptance, and during the Protectorate the only question raised by Sweden and Holland was wheihir an aimed vesael of a neutral Uovernmeut, accompanying its merchantmen, was not to be received as sufficient guarantee ol the It gal character of their cargo*. ?Thii encumbrance el tne light of search, the law ol nations has since negatived. In lt>?9, England and Holland, at the treaty ot Whitehall, agreed to notily to all Siatet whatever, not at war with Fiaace, that they should consider as lawful prize any ship trading with any part of that country. This unwarrantable extension of belligerent rights ot er neutral Powers was protested against by far weaker nations?Denmark and Swreden? ainlcouli not lie maintained. Ami iui lame muu vi go uerul prosctiption, since attempted by Napoleon against ourselves, has equally failed to gain adnniaion into the international code. In all thi* history Justice and expediency have ultimately tiiumphed ; but each atep hat been the reault of a struggle, such aa ia now pending be' tween aurielvea and the United States. Law has hud to -jrwotk its way , and so, not only the existing positive law, but substantial justice in anal gy with that law has been claimed and contended for. With this substantia) justice on our aide, even if our precise claim had not yet distinctly received the seal of custom, yet, as plainly and immediately necessary to give effect to those laws which have, we should be justified in demanding its recognition. We should be bound to do so in performance of eur duty to our own subjects, who arc mainly af lectid, and to all the world, none ot which is entirely uninterested in the maintenance of maratime order. This is about the poorest specimen of reasoning we ever remember to have aeen in the leading journal of England. What follows might he considered a little better in point of style and logic, were it not characterized by the overbearing impudence and dictation which uniformly chaiacterizea the Eugliih innrn.ila in hII mutters where their rmtinnnl inlareKtw are concerned. The Times thusBummarily disposes of the question at istae i? On tha ocean nations are not so absolutely independent: they are here joint proprietors?members of a common republic ; all are affected by the behaviour of each?all are concerned in the laws by which all are protected, and to which each must submit. Each state is baund to press the acceptance of laws necessary for the well being uf all; end, uuleas unsupported by the common sense of nations, is justified in enforcing them by arms against any aingle commonwealth which preteadssuch an independence as empowers it to introduce disorder and insecurity. The neaessity indeed must be a plain one. But ao it li. An unquestionable flag is, in its broadest extent, impunity for malefactors -, and the repression of such is, n its fullest political sense, necessary ; and therefore, a right which, if denied, must be asserted unhesitatingly ?ud at all hazards. " Must be asserted?at all hazards"! Very well. And if these are to be considered the sentiments ol that government, as promulgated through their olH cial organ, it ia high time that thia country began to make a demonstration of what it means to assert at all hazards. It ia too late for any nation, however proud or powerful to think of coercing this country into what it does not consider just and right b?iw??? nution and nation; or even by intimidation to make it waver for an instant. It not only can't be done now, but it never conld be done even in the infaucy of the country, as Great Britain knows to her costBut whilst we feel thua secure, a little preparation for probably coming eveuts would not be out ol place. Great Britain is increasing her navy daily and hourly, and with great energy. She is sending dozens and dozens of armed steamers on our const, along our whole line of seaboard, commanded by active officers of her own navy, directing them to ?aterour harbors, and to become acquainted with all the difficulties ol bring ng vessels of war up to the walls of our cities and towns. She is increasing her powerful fleet in the West Indies, and gerarmy in Canada. She is disciplining the whole of her black population in the West.lndia Islands, placing them under tho command of white officers, and endeavoring by every possible means to make them efltctive soldiers. All these movements with many others of a similar character that we could name, may portend little or nothing important. Still we might as well be brushing the rust from off our resources, and rubbing tip our energies- The commander of the Clyde, that Kfrivorl tKo nfKor ;? ?.?. universal opinion and common talk among the British officers throughout the West India Islands, that the difficulties between this country and Great Bri tain could not be settled without a resort to blows ; and that these opinions had conte from the best informed, military and political circles it England, lie added, moreover, that he, as well as many other British officers, could no rationally account for themselves and so many line, itout vcsstlscf war bting kept constantly hovering about this coast; except that it was in order to be ready for a rupture and to be able to strike the first blew. And in conclusion, he observed, "the rup lure is expected every day, but tot are alt prepared for il .' All this, from a commander in the British navy may mean nothing; but still there can be no harm in our being "prepared for il" also. And we would dispassionately recommend the members of Congress to give over quarrelling and fighting among themselves, and seuouslyand effectively set about putting the counliy and navv in such a nrnud nn?i> lion that it n?ay be able, if necessary to quarrel and figbt with dby body and to conquer every body. St. David'a Dat-?The first of March was cele. brated by the nativea and the friends of Walei^in a moat splendid manner at Niblo'a. Cold water was lhe order of the day. The apatkle of champaign gave place to the sparkle of ladies' eyes, and the only ruby waa the ruby lip of beauty, adorning the -well-thronged seats. About throe hundred ladies and gentlemen sat down to a splendid repast, music enlivened the icenr, and the affair throughout waa rich in the extreme. Ilia honor, the mayor, the president of St. Nicho. las Society, with his lady and daugher, the pr eaidents of other benevolent societies, some minister! of the gospel, dec-, were among the guests. Hoi had been incited, but returned an anawrr express ing regret thai he was compelled to leare for Phila delphia- He aent a toast, however, full of pithanc meaning- It wai to this effect " Cold water ! It was onee employed to d? stroj the world?It ia bow exercised as a means to re suseitate and adorn it." The company broke up about eleven o'clock, truly gratified with the festivities and enjoymenti of tb? evening Niblo excelled himself; this entertainment wat equal to any thing that has been got up in this city for some time pastBask Rorar.au at Faclt.?In consequence el the general use of Andrew's Combination Locks, which WaJsworth Ac Smith have tor vale, few banki or stores are now entered and robbed. Every attempt made to pick theae locks has failed. Ark nearly all the Bank Presidents in Wall street and they will tell you so. ( rrtl Eiclttmcat At tile LMt Averting?Mysterleus AbNUM of tlie Rev. J. .1. Maffit! The announcement that the celebrated itenerant t orator, Professor Maflit, would deliver a lecture on the " Life rf Genius," collected an immense asI femlddge of the lecture-going portion of the com, munity (within the wall* of the Tabernacle last evening. At seven o'clock the house was tolerably well filled, and in a few minutes after we had gained a stat, the last arrival, consisting of two very fat young ladies, escorted by their mamma, who, to speak after the manner of the immortal Boa, seemed like one of her daughters multiplied by two, enj i~- i i j i i .1 r. ?. ?? vtitu uic uuubr, hiiu mccecaru, uy uic puuic o?r iistaoce of a middle-aged clergyman, with a slightly florid complexion, in obtaining a conepicuoin seat immediately behind the platform, where they could i hear and be seen to the best advantage. All eyes i were now anxiously directed to the door of the Commiitee-room, and the audience behaved, we must say, with the strictest decorum, scarce a whisper being heard even amongst the ladies. No symptoms, however, of the appatition of the eloquent MBfiit met the gaze of the respectable ar.d uneasy multitude. One of the Rev. David Hale's deputies, a modest and discreet-looking young msn, decently attired in a blue roundabout, and neat pantaloons to match, with a vest of a sober hue, now ascended the platform, and placed two tallow candles (four to the pound) on the desk. This little incident agree ably diveited, it seemed, the attention of the assemblage, for the universal gaze was now turned upon the youth, whose countenance was thereupon tuffused with blushes, and he somewhat precipitately retired, with an ingenuous confusion, rare to be witnessed in this latter day|of integrity and honestfacedness. Still no Maffit came; and the general uneasiness now found vent in mutterings of discontent, " not loud, but deep," and numbers of the younger males gave sundry exhibitions of the vigor of their heels and tees, which called forth the indignant rebuke of several grave and sage-looking old gentlemen who occupied some of the front seats. It was now twenty minutes past seven, and ytt to the earnest qutry, Where is Mr. Maftitl echo answered Whert 1 The assembled ladies and gentlemen now began to chat among themselves, and an agreeably buzz, like that of a colony of wa^ps when disturbed in their peact ful retreat by an invading tarrier, filled the ear. Immediately behind the reporter's table sat a party of young men destined for "the church," their faces of orthodox paleness, and their shanks in a becoming state of ecclesiastical famine; they were terribly annoyed by Mr. Maffit's non-appearance. "Why is n't he here!" "Oh!.what keeps him!" "If he should n't come!" and then their uneasiness de prived them of speech. That ominous whisper seemed to have been re-echoed throughout the house. "Where is Mr. Maflii 1" "What has become of Mr. Maftit V' was on every lip. It was a moment of intense anxiety. The excitement increased every moment. It was now thirty-seven, and-a-half minutes past seven o'clock. The hearts of the Directors sank within them. Dr. Grisco n, in great dismay, harried to the entrance?looked wildly round?returned?entered the committee-rooms? re-appeared?ascended the platform with a faltering step?the excitement was terrible?"Ladies and gentlemen," the Doctor began, with a horrible attempt at a smile, "Lidies and gentlemen?we are in a very unpleasant perdicament?the Directors? that is?ah! all the gentlemen who have lectured here say that a New York audience is the most de corou9 and patient they ever met?yes, patient, t.a ghastly tmile,) now you'll sustain this good character. (Faint cries tf, Where is Mr. Maflitl) Really, ladies and gentlemen, 1 can't tell?that is?the fact is ?we heard from him on Monday, and he said he would be here. Here is a letter?no, I believe I'd belter not read it now. (A laugh ) I think Mr. Mttftil will be hare after all ; but if he Hnn'i, we'll get a good substitute Please wait fifteen minutes." And ihen(the worthy doctor retreated. The Directors were now hunting in every direction for a " substitute." One man offered to lecture on total abstinence. " It was a line chance," he said, " to make converts?he would take them by guile." But the shrewd Directors were not so easily taken. "We have heard that Mr. Maffit has arrived in town,' said Dr. Uriscom, again addressing the now agitated multitude. " 1 can conglomerate that," exclaimed a tall young man, with an unexceptionable white neck cloth, and ample shirt collar, who stood up in one of the centre pews?" I seed him this day at the wharf." Might o'clock came, but still no MafHt. A vague suspicion that he might have been kidnapped began to spread amongst the ladies. ' He was to lecture before the Odd Fellows to-morrow night," said a respectable green grocer and member of that benevolent fraternity, and w ho was standing amongst the crnuil at the entrance " Oil ' he'a an n#M fellow himself, if he intends playing such tricks as this!" said another bystander- A little man, wrapped in an old blue cloak, was naw seen hurrying through the fag towards the gateway ; and the cry " 'tis he ! 'tis he!" was raised by a score of voices. But alas! it was a mistake?it was not Maffit. Where in the name of all the Saints in the calendar is Mr- Maffit 1 The man who married Captain Shinley has been discovered, but?where is Mr Maffit 1?the Rev. J. N- Maffit? What hat become of Professor Ma (Fit J Can any one tell ns this morning any thing about Mr- Maffit 1 Has he been Burked by the reporters at Washington 1 Oh ! do let us know what has became of Mr. Maffit? Where is Mr. Maffit ? We pause for a reply. Pcblic Schools.?Lictumes on Edccatioh, Arc ?We publish to-day on our lirst page the rest of Mr. Taylor's lecture on the Common School Education of this State, and we would advise all our trustees of public schools to give it a very careful perusal. It is a most interesting subject at this time, when such a clamor is made for a change in the public school system; and of vital importance to the whole community. Mr. Taylor lays open with a masterly hand all the errors,follies and abuses of the Common School System; shows what they are, and and w hat they ought to be; asd if the plan here laid down was strictly carried our, we should have less of mobs and riots, demagogueism, swindling financiers, and miserable mountebank politicians in every style. Mr. Taylor's style of lecturing is very good and full of humor, but at times he is too exciting. We shall report hissscond lecture beiore the ladies, ?fcc. of liutger's Institute to-night in tomorrow's paper if we have room. Naval ?The U. S. ship Colombia, attached to the Home Squadron, will sail from Boston in a few days. Her cruising ground will be betweeu the degress of 3D and 12, north. Commander Frederick Engle ordered second in command of tbo Philadelphia Navy Yard, vico I Commander Gwynn. Fho? Jamaica I.nrJaf IK* Oriui. at Charleston, from K.ugiton, Jamaica, which place ha Uft on the 24 ult, give* the moat gloomy account of the ttate of thing* ia that iilwl, at the time of hit departure, llnaine-i wan nearly at a . ttand, and the greatest distrust and anxiaty appeared to pervade the public mind. Frequent Area and disturbance* were occurring, and every man felt it r neceitary to be prepared, not only in lelf-defeaee, but to rraiit any revolutionary movement. Naws rnom the Ka?t ? Notwithstanding the fog * night belore last, Harnden tc Co.'e great Eaatero 1 Kxprem. and the steamer New Haven, arrived yesterday in good season. From the papers received 1 we clip the fallowing items:? Stbaw SihvUsrrons,CaptainDouglass, willleave this port at 8 o'clock this afternoon for Halifax, with the English mail for March. She takes out eix pasaengera for Liverpool and erven for Halifax, end f 13,(WO letters ?Sottorn 'JVwasrrrjrf, Martk I. Wasp, the custom house officer who i fractured hie leg by e fall, died tn Boston on Tueediy morning. H cd to* Rivaa Oras Asair !?Steamer Tele, I graph has again forced her way through to Albany. We may now consider the river open for the season. City IateUlfcncc. "The Tombs" wu honored with visit from Dicklm yesterday morning. He entered alone and proceeded through every department before it was discovered by the prying eyes ot tke police that Boz was in the midst of them. Either his presence, or the dull rainy weather, created almost an entire stagnation of business, and justices and officers loo ted as languid as they would in the season of the dog days. During the morning David Roberts was caught and caged for attempting to steal a tuo of butter from Anderson Van Vasset l'a wagon, in the Bowery. William Mother Btole a shawl, worth four dollara.from James W. Baker, of 71 Carmine street, and was caught and jugged. Tyler Jacocke, who was concerned in stealing a copper sugar pan from Abntr Mills, of avenue D, and who escaped a few weeks since, was nabbed and sent below. Joist Ballot or the Commo.v Council?Last evening being the regular night of meeting of the members of the Boards of Aldermen and Assistants in Joint Ballot, Assistant Alderman Lee, in the absence of Alderman Purdy, who is unwell, took the Clair, and on calling the roll butninu members auswered to their names. A quorum not being present, the meeting then adjourned without the transaction of any business. At the next meeting a Police Juatice is to be elected, in place of Justice Taylor, whose term expires in a few weeks. The prominent candidates in caucus, are uarrett uiibert of the Ninth. Ward, and Paul Grout, present member of the Legislature,'of the Seventeenth. A Cupola ahd Bell oh the Tombs.?It is contemplated to erect a cupola on the Halls of Justice in Centre street, forty feet in height, and place therein a bell, weighing from 1700 to 2700 pounds ; and also to divide the city into three Fire districts. Should the former object be completed,', hark, from the Tombs a doleful sound!" will often be the exclamation of the quiet inhabitants of the bloody Sixth. Late f?om the Coast or Africa?We have received a file of Africa's Luminary from Oct. 15 to the 17ih of December inclusive. The Slave Trade is carried on as briskly as ever. A small sharp schooner ran into New Cess, eerly in October, took on board 200 slaves and in six hours was off. Matters and ihingu at Cape Palmas were peaceable and prosperous. A letter speaks encouragingly ,.f .1.- IV.c'-vnn mtac'.nnenn I h? O..!^ Pn.al Continued efforts are made to introduce horses at Liberia; three had been brought from SierraLeone, and it was hoped tney would not die as all those previously imported had. A cutter of 25 tons was to bedaunched at Monrovia on the 20th of NovemberThe English barque Niger, Merritt, from Bristol, on a trading voyage along the coast, was wrecked near the mouth of Mesurado river, Oct. 28. The first mate and two sailors were drowned. The car* go had been got ashore, damaged. The morus multicaulis has been successfully in* troduced at Monrovia ; also the alligator pear. A Portuguese schooner had been taken by the natives at Berrybee. some distance below Cape Palmas. Several of the crew were killed. There had been dreadful mortality in the Niger expedition. The vessels succeeded in getting up the Niger, and had just landed the model farm, when sickness made its appearance, and threw them into a state of despondency. Twenty aix soon fell victims to death ; and seventy were yet on the sick list, and in a very precarious situation. The wilberforce has gone othe islanl Ascension. Tk. a t ,.W , I.. ? - M.l. ing the arrival of the Albert, which was some distance up the Niger, but unable to come dowu, either from want of hands, or not being able to stem the current, which in this season runs up that river very rapidly. * -Sb p Sa a la, fr< m N'orf !k,had arrived out. When tnree uaye from Norfolk, William Savage died of a chronic complaint. Mr. Savage was about twentysix years of age, and formerly from near Savannan. He immigrated to L:beiiaiu 1840. Dr. Wilson is dead, lie died near Cape Palnaas, Nov. IS. Intelligence ha* *?acheH m fmm Cane Palmas, of the existence ot an epidemic Dvsentry at that clice; and also along the coast, north and south It has raged equally among colonists and natives?carrying off many ef both parties. At Cape P. it has been general in its attack, although exeept in a few cases, the aged and infirm of the colonists only have died. It had gotten into all the missionary schools, and swept away native youths from the Methodist, Presbyterian, and Episcopal establishments, and had only partially ab-ted when our informant left. Indulgence in the too free use of new nee, is supposed to be the cause of this fatal epidemic. The crops promised favorably. Ittcrcstimo LrcTuaa to-hioht.?Ralph Waldo Emerson, of Concord, Mass , will deliver a lecture this evening "On the Times." It will be worth hearing, fonts originality ol thought, and the peculiarity of its delivery. Mr. Emerson is the leader of the Transcendentalism, at the East, and in thia and other lectures the singular view of that sect will be given. We advise all who can to hear hirx. See advertisement. I Albany. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Albany, Monday, Feb. 28, 1842. In the Assembly to-day, Mr. Davkzac presented a petition and proceedings of a meeting of the in habitant* of Liverpool, Onondaga county, in relation to the American prisoner* at Van Diemaa'a Land. The proceedings were read and ene ef the resolutions is highly eulogistic of the course taken by Major Davezac in this mattsr. Mr. Swackmambr presented a petition from New York, praying that provision may be made for the redemption of broken safety fund bank notes. Mr. Townsbnd presented a petition praying for an alteration of the charter of the Trust Fire Insurance Company. Mr. Baker presented a remonstrance from Oneida county against the abolition of capital punishment, which he stated was headed by five clergymen of different denominations. It takes the ground that such abolition would be in direct contravention of the will of God, as expressed in the Bible, and that, therefore, a christian people cannot justlysuppertMr. O'Bullivan's proposition, &c. Ac. On the reception of a report from the committee on public 'printing, quite a piquant and personal debate sprung up. The report was against a motion to print an extra number of copiee of a certain document, and on presenting it the chairman (Mr. Tamblin,) said he felt bound to make an explanation, especially as he had been dishonorably charged, by the supposed he must call him, an honorabit gentleman, of being guilty of purloining extra copies of documents, and felt more bound to notice it as he perceived that there existed an alarming confederacy between certain newspapers and that gentleman, and this attack was simultane out. Mr. Hulbuhd, of St; Lawrence, avowed himself the member who had noticed this subject. He had observed the chairman of the committee on public printing directing more than the extra number, and upon interrogating him on the subject, the answer ne received was that he borrowed them from the Sergeant at Arras. He would like to know if members had a right to do this. He begged, however, to disclaim all intention of discourtesy to nay gentleman. After further debate, the report of the committee was disagreed to, and the extra number ordered by the hense. The Committee oa Banks and Insurance CempaJ nies reported a bill in lavor of extending the charter of the North River Beak. Mr TowksBwd from the minority of the committee made a long report in opposition to the recharter. Mr. T., in explaaatien, said that ha was the only one who signed, bnt the democrats who had signed the majority report did not by any means intend thereby to commit themselves oa the question by so doing; on the contrary they would probably support his resolution, which denied the application. The report of Mr. T , was ordered printed. Tk? --I?* ?AmmUfaa #A wKrtm kit) kffAl) referred the jiTitilim of the AVeetern Riilnwd Corporation, reported in favor of accepting the invitation. Mr. CaavL aakad the nnaaiaanua concent of the house to introduce a reaolutioa proposing to anapead the pay of members on .the occasion, which was objected to by Mr. Simmone. The Annual Taa Rill for the City of New Tork, wa? received from the Senate and on the qneation of iti final passage, me debate aroae aa to whether it wai a two-third bill, the apeaker having ao decided; it was referred to the committee on twothird bills.
A number of bill* of a purely local and private eka aeter. were then taken up and pitied. On a bill to amend the charter of the Whitehall Bank, Mr- Loomii inorrd an amendment prohibiting voting by proxy, for more than half the amount of stock owned by any person to doing. A con siderabla debate aroee on this proposition, involving the discussion of the various opinions on the matterof banking and bank reform. It is evident, that these institutions hare hut liitle to expect from the present legi-latnrc. The bank, to which this bill refer merely a-ks to ba allowed to change I he day for the election of directors Pending this discussion, on motion, the House adjourned, after having transacted a larger amount of real business, than on Hny day during the last ten days. The Senate to-day, pasaed the New York Crim nal Court bill, and the. a took up the bi'l to reduce the capital of the Dutchess County Bank, in the dis cusslon of which, they continued nntil the adjournment. The debate took a wide range, b ting mere a discussion of the policy of the banking, than an examination into the merits of the point at issue. It is immaterial, however, so leag as they have an opportunity of indulging in their propensity to talk. A large number of ladies gree:ed the Cajiitol today with their preseace. the weather being fine. As u-usl, it had the effect of drawing out the speech makers. It is understood, that the bill providing for a direct tax on real and personal property, will be introduced this week, as its detail*, it is said, are now nearlv complsted. This will afford a fine field, to indulge in professions of dsmoeraev, love for the people, and politics generally. Of its passage, I do not think there can be any doubt?its necessity is so evident to all, that there can exist no sound objeciionto it. The committee of wxys *'' "ooanj xxrill it in I lr sa 1 uv rnnAvt et (ho ma mm I i nrl ,? and in connection with the tax bill, a system or Elan, upon which the internal improvement* of the late are to be conducted nnder the present admiuiit ration. There i* to be a meet in*, I hear, in one of the ward* to-night, of the democrat* to expre** their " indignation," at the courae puraued in regard to the removal and appointment of the various minor officer* about the Capitol, Ac. It ia in bad taate, aad can certainly be of little avail. Cave Ulciscar. Albany, March 1,16l2. In the Assembly to day, Mr. Weir preaented a petition from 250 citizen* of New York, praying for the repeal of the law known ai the market monopoly, Mr- Swackhamer presented a petition from merchant*, mechanic*, and other* of the city of New York, praying that a law might be paated to provide for the redemption of broken bank netea, and to make a penal enactment against over issues. A petition wa* presented from Conrad Hardy, praying that a divoree mig ba granted h?m f rom hi* wife, Abbey^ The petition was read, and aet* forth that he is obliged, from the peculiar circumstances, and want of pecuniary means, to take thia method of redress. That his wife has repeatedly left him, and is n:wiu Canada, from whence she tends him word that she never will retnrn. A remonstrance was received from 800 citizens of the county of Otsego, against the State extending any further aid to the New York and Erie Rail Road. Several remonstrances were also received against the abolition of capital punishment; also the usual number of petitions for a law to suppress licentiousness Mr. O'Si LLivAir, from the judiciary committee, repored the bill from the Senate to repeal the New York criminal court bill. Mr. Seymour introduced, pursuantjto notice, a bill to restrict the liabilities of the safety fond, &c. On the reception of a report from the standing Committee on Public Printing, a debate was drawn out, consuming more time than the whole expense of printing would amount to. Thus it ie, these questions of economy almost invariably cost the people twice asjnuch as is proposed to be raved. On a motion to take up the New York Criminal Court bill, without suffering it to go through the ordeal of the Committee ef the whole, Mr. Simmons said, that he observed many members on this floor very anxious in regard to this important branch of the machinery of legislation, whan any thing like a favorite measure was coacerned. The mead* uf itili mil aid not J?r? * submit it to tins ordeal. They dare not do it, because it was passed by their opponents, who, of course, must be all either knaves or fools ; and, because a few soaplocks of Coenties slip demanded its repeal, it mutt be done. He (Mr. S-) considered its repeal unconstitutional He hoped the majority would not skulk from the consideration of this bill in Committee of the whole. Mr. McMurrat replied, that the language of the untlnman fream ITs.aY trifl in rliflfartmt from what he generally uied, that it must denote the shadow of argument he relied upon to sustain his position. The gentleman chose to stigmatize those who had aake d for the repeal of this Taw as soaplocks. lie, therefore, stigmatized as such, a majority of the mof-t respectable of both partiee, the Corporation of the city, &c. Mr. McM. went on to show that the law was looked upon by the people of New York as illegal, &e , and that great inconrenieace resulted from it. He charged that the|reasons which induced the passage of it was not to benefit the people, but to reward political partisans. He contended that the regulations ot the Courts, as they stood previous to the passage of this law, were fully satisfactory to the people of New York, and they had desired no change. ? There is no reason why time should be consumin the discussion ol this bill in Committee of the whole, it has already passed through that ordeal in the Senate, and is considered certain to be vetoed by the Governor. Mr O'Sullivais replied, that though he did not believe that the majority were afraid to meet in debate the giant prowess ef the mnjirity. They were not to be defied into a discission of a subject which was already sufficiently understood. He said he had never benrd any argument urged in favor ef the bill; and he was informed by gentlemen who were members of the House at that time, that both this and the Registry law, generally known as ths Siamese twin bills, were passed through the exercise of those high-handed proceedings of legislation, which it was always in the power of a numerical majority to exereisc. Thulujslatore had recently repealed one of these obnoxious bi.Is, and he hoped th s would immediately follow it. To use the words of an epitaph, "They were lovely in life?in death let them not be separated" r?ir u o weru on 10 mow inn me bill wu passed directly in opposition to the expressed will of the people. Mr Swacxiiamcr hoped the motion would prevail. He hoped the gentleman from Essex would hare the privilege ol making five speeches if he chose, and each member of the minority one ? When the diicus-ion}come np, he would assure the gentleman that he should have as naueh of soaplocks, juntos, >.Vc . a*|he could desire. He hoped the minority would be allowed to make as many speeches on it as they chose. Mi. HoFrMAN, after alluding te the wide range the debate had taken, said he had no objectiou to ita being referred to a committee of the whole if an early one was selected. He would not agree, however, that it should bo put beckon the calendar, where it could not be reached until so late a day at the heel of the session that discussion could not be tolerated. If gentlemen were serious in this matter, let them give it some such direction. The debate wat protracted to considerable length, in which, although the question was merely a motion to commit, extended into a discussion of the merits of the bill itself, attended with actual political recriminations, and the like The result was that the bill was committed to the committee of the whole, having in charge the resolution of Mr Loomis, known as the "People's Resolution." On the taking ap of the Election Law, the question of agreeing with the report of the committee of the whole on the General Election Law, Mr. liOlT ODjecicu 10 iMc cH?n|;ing ui inc nunDcr 01 voter* in a diatrict from 5(H) to 600, a* moat of the citie* had incurred the expense of making map*, which bj the change would hare to be inenrreil again It wa* ?oamended. An amendment offered by Mr. Palmes, proposing that convicted felons who should present themselves to vote,*hould be obliged to answer all question* addressed to them, whether the answers wonld criminate them or not, was lost. The discussion of various amendments was continued until the adj >urnment. The Speaker ha* been obliged to 40 home on aeeount of sickness existing in his family, and D.\ Tai lor, of Onondaga, wa* chosea Speaker pro (em. until Mr- Chatneld's return. In the Senate, the proceeding* were confined mainly to action on private and local bills. The bill in relation to reducing the charter of the Dutches* County Bank, was also taken up Ma>1 Tot hm v* is to deliver a lecture oa Poland this evening in the Assembly chamber, and will, no doubt, hava a large auditory, as hi* fame had reached us before his appearance among us. The enterprising manager of the Amphitheatre has engaged Mr J. H. Kiaar, from the Chatham Theatre, to perform hi* round of character*. He plays Claud* Melnotte, in ths Lady of Lyons tonight, and from the fame that has preceded bins, will haven crowded house. POSTSCRIPT^ Washington. (Correspondence of the Herald.] Washirgton, March 1, 1842. Proceedings of the Senate?BIr. Clny? Important Decision In the Supreme Court. In the Senate, this morning, titer the presentation of petitions, and reports from committees, numerous adverse reports on private claims were taken from the tfthia fln/t ".M The bill to establish a board of claims, to examine cUiina against the United States, came up in its order. Mr. Wsight remarked that it was a bill of much impoitance, and likely to lead to discussion. Us therefore called for the special order of the day. The ordere of the day brought ap the resolutions offered by Mr. Clay on the 15th ultimo, which were published in the Herald of the 17th, and Mr. Clay addressed the Senate for more than two hours aad a half in their support. This is Mr. Clay's last "great speech," as each of his efforts is successively described by his obsequious admirers. The Kentucky sen it or is certainly a remarkable mas, and yet there is a great deal about him which, not to be profane, may be called humbug. In the first place, he never rots his fame upon his permanent policy, but is always startling the public mind by some great question or system, which is for the time his hobby, and piv^ujr. Hia last demonstration is the "home league," with which he hopes to catch the friends of what is called "domestic industry,*' as if that time should be confined to the labors of the loom and the spindle; not include the natural arms of the millions who toil in all the other more numerous departments of human exertion. The consequence is that while he pleases one class, he offends or alarms their more numerous competitors, and thus loses more than he gains by these baits for popularity. This must ever be the effect of those acts which address themselves to classes and coteries instead of the more patriotic aid comprehensive exertions which seek to protect and advance the interests of all upon fair and mutually advantageous terms. But my object now, is not to discuss these ques tings but to call attention to the little dramatic expedients by which the great disappointed, seeks to attrct attention.** At sixty-six he is as eager for applause as a chill or a woman. No fading coquette practices at her toilette the arts which the Senator employs to retain the favor of his wavering admirers. lie is like an actor who cannot perform to a thin house. He speaks for the nation through the galleries. Mr. Mafiitt cannot be more solicitous for the approbation of the fair, than this almost eeptagenarian Senator who plays high fantastic tricks upnn the very brink of the grave. This usual plan of letting it be known when he is going to epeak( is to rise on Saturday|and move an adjournment, so that it may be buzzed about towa, aad even proclaimed in Baltimore that he is to epeak on Monday. Another plan is to employ certain active old ladies to circulate the important intelligence through all the saloon* of fashion, while the obsequious politicians spread the momentous news in the taverns and boarding houses. Again, the numerous letter writers are put in motion, and they disperse the intelligence to the four quarters of the heavens. That the Kentucky Senator is about to make some mysterious movement, and save the country for the fortieth time. Not long since a regular notice appeared in one of the Philadelphia papers, that Mr- Clay would make a great speech on a particular day,, and entreating the good citizens not to fail to take advantage of the railroad cars to eajoy se rich a treat. The day before the Senator is to speak,a number ef etraage faees are always to be seen at the hotels, who have come all the way from the neighboring cities to hear aa ef fort whicb|they have made up their minds before band to admire. Yesterday, Mr. Clay seemed to be ia great anxiety l*?i he heuld not be permitted to bold forth to* day, and thus disappoint the audience which had 1 -I J f? SW. ee.e.le. dccu ui umuicu up iur iuc vviuivb* It is a pity the Kentucky Seaater could mot print hit face, hii voice and hia action, aa well aa his worda, which are flat without these aecompaniBents. In one r^pect his eloquence is demosthenian, for it eonaiats almost entirely of action. People who hear him with admiration, are astoaiihed at the emptiness of hia printed apeeches. No distinguished man will leave bo little behind him. Read all that he has recorded, aad it is astonishing how little it contains. Mr. Clay's eloquence dies with the echo. The fact is, that with all his talents, he has not a logical, well balanced mind, and it has not been improved by study. No publicliman has read so little, or is so ignorant of history and political science. The proofs which might he cited are absolutely ludicrous. A few years ago he talked about the Chancellor of the Exchequer in England " throwing np the srab>," confounding him with the Lord High CUanceller. Of English history he has read comparatively nothing, and the most familiar British classics are a sealed book to him. In applying the phrase from Shakspeare, on one occasion, he said? " Our withers are yet unstiung" ?and laughed quite^ heartily when he was corrected. Mr. Clay is a magnificent political actor, and when he leaves the stage, as it is said he is about to do. a Ions time will elapse before another nerfor Bier ao accomplUked will appear upon the Metropolitan board*. A question of vital importance was settled in the Supreme Court to day, no less than the unconstitutionality of the laws of the free States, by which fu. gitive slaves are secured the right of trial by jury. The Judges were unanimous in the opinion that all such laws are unconstitutional and void, though the decision was of couse confined to the case under consideration. Mr. Justice Story delivered the opinion of the majority of the Court in aa elaborate and very ably argued paper. Chief Justice Taney dissented from the majority on some points, and delivered a separate opinion, in which Judge Daniel concurred. Judge M:Lesn differed with the majority in other points, and read a separate opinion; and Judge Baldwin gave a brief statement of the grounds an which he differed from the other members of the Court. But, notwithstanding this discrepance of opinion on minor points, there was ao disagreement as to the result. The entire Conrt came 10 xnc Fame conclusion. The case, upon which (he principle haa been settled, was brought before this Court from the Supreme Court cf Pennsylvania. A citizen of Maryland was indicted tor taking and carrying away from Pennsylvania a slave, contrary to the statute of that State. The defendant was tried in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, pleading not guilty. The jury lound a special verdict, that the defendant did remove the slave from Pennsylvania, and restore her to the custody of her owner in Maryland- By the law of Pennsylvania, passed in 1826, such an act is made felony, punishable by fine and imprisonmentThe case wae taken up to the Supreme Court, and there the dicision was affirmtd, pro for ma. By a friendly understanding between Pennsylvania and and Maryland, the case was brought to the Supreira Court of the United States, that it might be adju dicated, and thtu settle the question between the two States. The opinion of the Court is, that Congress, under the Constitution, has the exclusive right to legislate apon this matter, the concurrent power of the State T- " laturM haina aminanrlaW mrnmnl rtivkt In enact auxiliary laws to assist in carrying the intent of the Conatitution into efiect. Thia decision ia of the very highest importance. Thia ta the first time that the Supreme Court has been called npon for an exposition of that clause of the Cenatitation which declare*, that alavea escaping from their masters into either State shall be given np, Arc. Thia clause contains a positive ungual fied recognition of the right of the master to take his slave wherever he may be found, and the I1 Court decides that the owaer has s right to seize or recapture his slave in any of the Sta'ee of the Uuioa, whenever it ean be done without riot or violence. And further, the Court decides that the clause which aaya the slave shall be delivered up to his owner, contemplates some other remedial process than that capable of being exerted by the owner himself, therefore as the legislation of the States will not be adequate and uniform, the powers with which the National Government is clothed must be exercised to do justice to the owner of the slave. This decision will have a most ralutary effect in .v.. ;?-J:- -L- v ' ivj.natiiig me iiivv uuiaii j inufv iilvu?o VI IUC BDOll* tionists, and in quieting the just apprehensions entertained at the SouthHouse of RepreaeMtutl-rcs?Quackeryland Legislation?-Homeopathy and Thempw nlonlsm. In the House of Representatives to-day, Mr. Samfox Masox said the restraints of party discipline were broken up, and they were all left to co-operate for the public good. During the late Presidential contest, coonskins aud reform, retrenchment and hard cider wero the watchwords and the emblems of the whig party. The democrats were not outdone in the cry of" Retrenchment and Reform,'' for they roared and bellowed like bulls of Bason; put the " restrairts of party" prevented that co-operation to which Mr. Mason now patriotically recon. ciles himself. Mr. Mason admits that politicians had " given up to party what was meant for mankind," but the.magician of the White House has happily dissolved them into a patriotic maw; yet their adhesion is not genial. They bellow in unison, " retrenchment and reform," but they administer it in small doses?so small as to be invisible. The political doctors distrust each other while advocating the same mode of treatment, and hence their practice amounts but to an application of homeopathy Ia iUa Ka/J?i nalitir* Tt matt Ka that |Kava ? ? - ? ? * iu Hit l/WUJ m/ wv >u??Mtviv aicaiUUU^BI them quacks of another sahool?the Thompsoman. steam doctors; most assuredly they make Uncle Sam sweat The homeepathic maxim is limilia similibus curantur, or that diseases are cured by small doaea of the medicines which produce the same morbid symptoms in a healthy patient. The German physician Habemann came to this conclusion after haying made all the healthy poople he could dose with bark as feverish as malaria could make them. Thus, too, the (political doctors, after having produced dis* ease in a healthy nation by their favorite specifics hold that their nostrum, in small doses, is the cure for the evils which their specifics have produced in robust subjects. But the first discoverer of the ho* myopathic principle was not Habemann, nor Paracelsus, but a sage whose fame has been cherished in our nurseries, and recorded in those familitflines:? " There wis a man of Thenaly, And he wu wondrous wise. He Jumped Into e quickeet hedge, And aeretched out both hie eyof ; And when he aaw hit ey ?a were eat, With bitter critf eud peii He jumped into ent th?e hedge To acretch them in again." Thin was homoeopathy; the wondrouaijr wiae man of Thessaly having found that a quickeet hedge scratched oat eyee, saw clearly that by another quickset hedge only his eyes could be restored The legend does net, however, tell ua that he took a small doae of thorn. Uncle Sam has evidently imitated this celebrated example, lor there can beno doubt that he has jumped into the quickset hedge of political quackery to scratch in all that the quickset hedge of political quackery has scratched out of both his head and his far more precious part, his pocket; but as the faculty are one part Tbompsonian, one other part professing homcenf pithy but adopting Thompeonian practice, while the rest act on the homoeopathic principle, his recovery i? questionable, mere are some wno advocate political homoeopathy without knowing it; they obrf-ously (imagine that great abuses can be cured byunall measures of abuse, which they mistake fer positive improvements'; or perhaps they hold that the "reform" fever is to be cured by administering the millionelh part of a grain of reform. This is in the strictest conformity with the doctrine of Habemann, that the virtue of the remedies increases with the reduction of their magnitude. The recent "practice" of the ' doctors" of the House of Representatives has been a strange admixture of Homoeopathy and Thompsonianism. The Homceopathista maintain the aatonic theory in reformation, (waiving the question whether what theT contemplate is reformation) and that efficiency belongs to the smallest conceivable division or solution of it. Of this character is the recovery which contents itself with the saving the fraction of tha salaries of two humble clerkships. In legislation, for the last few days, thehommpUhic practice has been seen. It has been administered ia the smallest fractions of the smallest particle; but the Thompsonians have sweat Uacle Sam without compunction. Of the hermaphrodite practitioners, to whom allusion has been made, John McKeon is a distinguished professor : he prescribes retrenchment of email fractions of a dollar; but by drawing his per diem for nx weeks while he was attending to other buaiacas of a private professioaal nature in New York, ha proved that in practice he ia a Thompaonian. The operation of these two systems in the.Houae of Representatives may be worthy of farther investigation. Thompsonianism sweats Uncle Sam to the ainonot of 82000 per day for sessions of three hours duration?(242 members at three delegates at the same sum?the Speaker at double compensation, and the cletks and pages will give greater gross sum ; but this may suffice)?that subdivided give $6G6 and a fraction per hour, and 8*222 and a fraction for every call of the ayes and noee, which occupy at least twenty minutes. What the* are the records of the practice 1 Yesterday the homeopatbista agreed that the Secretary of War should report to them why and wherefore General Scott had received some extra allowance on a certain occasion; this morning they spent forty minutes in making some verbal amendment of the journal and hence, presto, they became Thompsoniaao, and sweat Uncle Sam to the tune of $444 and a fraction, which would not have been necessary bat for their own irregular practice yesterday. The House next' went into Committee of the Whole, and while some of the learned doctors were preparing a prescription on the homoeopathian principle?the millioneth part of a grain of reform?they were dererted by their compeers, and a call of the Houie was moved ; but an the call was objected to, the ayes and noes were ordered, and, according to the Thompsoaian practice, 222 drops (".Benton's") were sweated oat of the suffering patient. The hoiurpathic legislation to-day was the passage of a resolution, instructing the Committee on Commerce to enquire into the expediency of establishing a Marine Hospital at Memphis, Tennessee, and the adoption of an amendment to] the Civil and Diplomatic appropriation bill, regulating the publication of the public advertisements, and the printing for the Executive departments?the advertising to be done in the newspapers having the greatest number of subscribers ; said this was an almost invisible grain of legislation, but it was poseiiively ill that was administered. This day, then, the Thompsoaiaas were dominant, and the patient was steamed to some pur* pone; and how long he will survive under this treatment the experiment will demonstrate. Of his pro greet future ??WMT ?Mfl ya. Baltimore. [Cerrsspao4ence of the HenM J Baltimore, March 2,1842. Mb. Editor Oar city at pre teat ii in a state of eoaaiderable Mtitoaut ia reference to the da| r eciated earren* tf. There ittai to eaist a low under carreat whispering, strongly indication of nob or riot. Last night aa soon as darknesa drew ita mantle orer as, groaps of persons could be seen ia eloee oonTersation at the street corners, which to say the least of it, seeasod nnasaal. Boys toe, inch aa constitute the necessary ingredients ef aa oat