Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 4, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 4, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Raw Vork, Friday, March 1, 1849. A Novel and S?i>n??lur Hoveiticiit?Fr? arntntcnt In relation to the Board of Broker* | ?the Lunatic Atyluiu?TU? Penitentiary? The tlenurrcctlonlalsand Potter'* Field for Vm'Iou Abuse*?and one of tlte Judges for Abuse of the Habeas Corpus, by the t-'rand Jury. We displace and/mit several articles which ve hid prepared for to-day's paper, in order to give place to the fallowing novel, interesting, important, amusing,serious, and singular document which was yesterday presented to the Court of Sessions by the Grand JuryAt the close of their arduo'H and valuable labors during the p -at term, the highly respectable mem bers of the Grand Ia<juest ol the city and county of NVw York, came into Court and presented to His Honor thr Recorder the lollowing singular but itnportaat document: ? To TH? HoW^ltAllLK 1 IIK Cni'ST OK Sessions OK THE ClTV ?TO CocrlTY OK Niw Yoaa. The Grand Inquest lor the City and County of New York, respectfully pre6cut: That they have, as instrmctod by his Honor, the Recorder, in hit charge, proce< ded to enquire mto and investigate the transaction* of the Board ot Biokers, and upon such information as they have been able to obtain, make the following representations and suggestions relating thereto:? That the repotted sales ot stocks, as published in the newspapers, are general!} correct as made at the Board; but that the} donotalwa}s indicate the truo value ol the atoch*. That the transactions of the Board are oiderly, and that correct record is kept of them by the clerk of the Betrd. That heavy operations are frequently made at the Board for peisons out ol the city ;tud that s iaige poitiou of these areola mere speculative cha: acterThat most of the m-mbeisof the Boar, buy and stll for their own account, both on time and for cash; that some, however,do not, and me opposed to both time ales and transactions lor their own account: and that some even refuse orders from strangurs, unlets good reference be given; alw ays oidtrs from known kjxiculators. That the most ready time operatoi a arc those of doubtful credit. That by a law of the State, contracts are not binding unless the pert) making the sale has the stock in his possession at the time the contract is made. That it is a rare thing lor the party making the time ales, to be in potsi ssion of the stock at the time. That a large poition of tne stocks rejiorted sold, are never transferred on the books of the respective institutions to which they are said to pertain. The dill'ereiice in price being iittled between the parties by due bills. That time sales are made for citizens who are not members of the Board, ar.d that Brokeis frequently suf fer by the failure of their pi incipnls. Ceses have been instanced where some hnve bcei\ ruined in their business and others have lost immense fortunes. The Grand Irq-test have been informed that there are systematic opetations among speculators in stocks termed " hammering," calculated to injure and deceive innocent holders and purchasers. This business is origiuate-l and consummated by a combination formed and associated to dcprecidte soma particular storks in market. To instance the proctss nnd its effect, we will suppose that the intrinsic value of the particular stock to be one hundred dollars per share. A real holder, necessitated to realize, directs his broker to offer it at the Hoard at this price. Then commences the " hammering'1 operation : immediately the same stork is offered on time st99?and at six month* nt 91. This same process is repeated day after day, and the quoted price appears on the stock list as low as 80 or less ! Transactions ol this kind often commit members of the Board for stocks to an immense amount, and thus their let lings become naturally enlisted with those who are technically termed hears. Efforts to produce this artificial depreciation are t times, it is said, continued with untiring industry for month after month, until stockholders ore alarmed, and thecemmumty give credence to statements having no foundation in lJCt.jThue the innocent and uninitiated are prompted to sacrifice their property at severe losses, hales of this aud similar character are confined to, and o muck with the brokers, that fifty and sometimes twenty-five, suffice for a whole day's transaction, in which there are actually translerred some five or six hundred shares ol stock; and finally, at the end of the the stock is four.d in the name* of the same broker I liy whom it was started on its circuitous journey in the morning. The Grand luquest have alio been informod that there is an operation technically teimed "cornering," frequently practised among those who deal in stocks This is effected by a combination, possessing itself of the en .. ,1... .. Urf HOCK Ol nil 1I13H lUliVU, -v.... ^ ban heavy lime contracts coming dun ; ttiui having, in fact, due from ollii rs, that which la not in maikrt, und which can only be supplied by the party making the purchase. This results in enhancing the price much above its real value, and at this enhanced price the stock reposes ordinarily in the hands of innocent purchasers who are duped by the stratagem. The directors ot such transactions are t< rmed hi lls. The Orand Irqucst are fully aware cf the ineflicacy of additional legislation in restraining the speculative disposition of those concerned in the mere exchange of marketable commodities. So long as there are stocks to buy and anil, so long will abuses, to a greater or less extent, exist. The very nature of the article termeu stocks has produced in all countries assemblages of persons, surprisingly shrewd and active, and stimulated by an ever restless desire to gain by fluctuations, to which that species of property is always liable. And to the thing itself, rathrr than the Board of Brokers, must the community look for the cause of the demoralization, the chicanery. the artitices incident to the traffic in stock and other paper securities. The effectual rune J y for the evils to which his Honor the Recorder so properly referred, is. in the opinion of the Grand Inquest, the puriflcation of the moral sentiment which has become diseased by the feveresh and deceased nutrition incident to the undue quantity of stocks of all descriptions w kich hat of late y ears been created. In addition to this, the Cirand Inquest w ith earnestness recommend, and in their recommendation they Hre sustained by the apiniont of practical men, that the lloatd of Brokeis, in obedienoc to the popular will, discourage the practice of the purchase and tale of stocks on time) and that the Legislature repeal the law rendering time sales null and void, believing the repeal would have a most salutary tendency. The Grand Inquest would further state, that while the Board of Brokers are not a chartered laxly, so far at their transactiens partake of the character of auction tales, 1 they enjoy privileges and immunities incident to bodies I corpoiate ulftio. In their sales at far as | those sain pirtikl*f the auction character, the) are subject to no State tax. while auctioneers pay IJ pur ct. The withdrawal of this indireot protection, should the authorities deem it expedient, by reducing the tax cn stocks aold at auction as low as one tenth of one per cent, would, in the; opinion of the Grand Inquest, prove most beneficial. We feel bound to say that the Board of Brokers hat freely otrered us every facility and evinced a disposition to give all required information in reference to it* transactions. The Grand Inquest further represent that they have, in thedischnrgeof their duty, visitedthe Alms Houteat BelUvue,the :.uuatic Asylum and Penitentiary at Blackvvcll's Island, the School at Long Island Farms, and the City Prison. That generally the institutions present a well regnlati 1 and healthful appearance, although not sufficiently commodious to meet the wants of our increased and increasing population. This ii especially the case wuhthu Lunatic Asylum, and ftie huildidgs oc cupied by the destitute children on the Farms. In these many of the inmates are crowded in apartments immediately under the roof, to the hazard of their lives and health. The confinement of several lunatics in one room is revolting to humanity, from the danger of violence of ono upon the other. No reflection is intended to lie cast upon the able and scientific resident physician unJer whose a Iministration the hospitals and asylums present an appearance alike honorable to him and to the munificence of our city government, upon which we would most i > spsctfully urge the necosaity of immediate attention in the premises. The attention of the Grand Inquest was directed to the ci'.v burial place, kuowii as the Potter's Field, by Charges made .'gainst an individual for exhuming bodies interred there, for medical purposes. While we are aware of the a leant age to the c use of science, and of the absolute necessity of a su fficiency of sttbj -cts T""!"",' ' ? vi e ejnnnt nermit. w ithoilt DC tic*,the exhumation ot those, whose remains are interred nt thi- place- against the consent of their friends, and in vioUiion ot the law. The manner in which these poor people are interred, a practice which has beeniavogv.: r >r many years, is not only inviting and convenient tj th" resurrect! mists, but Jirrespeotlul to the dead, and calculated to jn pard the health of those who reside i:. the immediate vicinity of the field. We therefore present it as a nuisance, and ash the proper authorities to make the riqoisite rrlorm. We further fireaent, that the keeper of the sii 1 Potter's Field, on bens brought before the Grand 1 mines' to testify in relation to the disinterment of bodies tun jed there, refused to testily, on the ground that his testimony might tend to criminate himself, and that we deem this cirrumstance just cause for the intcrlurcnce of the appointing power. The Oraad Inquest further present, that it is one of e first objects ot all civil instittr'ions to seenre to every jitizen the rights of personal liberty, at his own pleasure, in such manner, however, that he does not violate th* laws or Infringe upon the rights of others. In every governm' rt. whether arbitary or free, the lust and most important a'tainrnent is the security ol the person troan -v iolence or rk'teutiou not authorized by justice or law. This great security was?(Tecte 1 hy the habrai corpus act long after the date of the wicn.i cha)la of F.ngl uid, and substantially adopted in the United States. By the general Constitution, the privileges of this writ is si enred, at all times, except is cases of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety may require its suspension. Many of our State Constitutions expressly gurantne to the citi zons the right to tiiis writ, as one of the fundamental principle! of the government. Regarded, therefore, and onnreeiiied bv the Grand request, as the gri at bulwark of American Liberty, they feel especially sensitive uvn in Hi! iritrf a*"?' of Ike gorcrnmertt to lottely raerntet the p nee it ici. i ?W<I iril inretled, at to make it a meant oj etc opt for Ik t moil knrdtnrd ojjf.ndert on the pertvnt end properly o/ou ciliieM. fl't hire learned witA deep regret from 'tidenet m'nek hot tome b-fore m. that ill rtckleu tx ertitehmi ter. led to nenlnlitt tkt ifforlt tj our polite, to toretl from 'ke kmdt of jttetice indteid'ialt ttnawtfioo iWy gui'ty of k'g' rffeneet, until that right, designed only t*j protect the citizen from unjust .and unlawful Imprisonm nt, haahecome a shield far depravity and chase. D.i It. ?t? aa thi> doty u, the Grand Inqueat feel a? thmuL they would I neglectful of the internets of soclet) ai d gvo.t goreri: n nt. were the) to (.rmit thi* abutu of s moat sacred : ight to paes nn noticed By unanimous consent of the Oran.l Jury. LEVI D SLAMM,v?mTOn. D Caam, S^ralary. <?rand Jury Room, March 3, 144.]. Tb.a nose of the moot important document* lii i list bee ft r -aen'-d to the no:ict of th ? c< m oani ] for many year.-*, and wo hope it will bo promptly ] acted uj on, by the proper authorities; although we moot con'eaa that it proeenta the most extraordinary admixture of subjects we have met with in some time. Only to think of the highly respectable Board of Broke 10 being [pitched in head foremost, between tne penitentiary ana me lunatic Asylum, wun me h'esurrei tionists on one side, and ihe Potter's Field on the other! Verily, we are fa:!en upon strange timer. Want of apace prevents a lengthened comment on this document to-day. But we wish the members of the (Trend Inquest had been somewhat more explicit in relation to the scandalous abuse of the Habeas Corpus, which they denounce. Who is the "authorized agent of the State government" that has been guilty of these "high handed oflences" described by the Grand Jury? Who is it that has thus permitted the " escape of hardened offendere I" Who is it that has been "wresting from justice individuals guilty of high offences'?" The Grand Inquest say that they have had evidence before them of the truth of these charges. Why, then, did they not publish the name of the offender?this "authorized agent ofthe government!" The aldermen have not the power to grant a habeas corpus. The judges have that power. Of course, then, the finger of pub lie scorn win poini 10 one 01 mem, uiucsb hub >b cleared up. Who, then, is the man 1 Of course it cannot be Judge Kent, or Recorder Tallmadge, or men of their high character and standing. And yet the Grand Inquest, by not naming the individual, have thrown unuecessary suspicion upon all the judges of our county who have the power of issuing a writ of habeas corpus. It is due to theBench at large that the'should be named. For the information of our readers we subjoin a list of those Judges in this city, who are "authorised by the Slate Government" to issue writs of habeas corpus, and who are called by the Grand Jury? " Authorised Aofwts of the Goverxmert." Judge Lynch, Judge Oakley, " Kent, " Ulshoener, " Jones, " lnglis, " Ingraham, " Niah, " Tallmadge, The Recorder. And if the Judges of the Supreme oourt?Cowan, Nelson and Bronson?were here, they have also the power. Now we ask which of the above ten Judges do the Grand Jury allude tof Is it the first 1 Is it the last > Is it one of the middle names, or who is it that they do meanl If these charges against the " authorised agent of the State Government" are not true, the Grand Ju ry ousnt not 10 nave maae mem. nui on mnr oaths they present that they are true, and therefore injustice to the remaining nine honorable Judges, they ought to have named that one out of the ten " authorised agents of the State Government," who they say has been guilty of the charges they make against him?because we. put it to this community ^ whether, if the charges made by the Grand Jury | cau be proved, such a man is fit to be the " autho- j rised agent of the State Government" ttny longer 1 | The community will not be satisfied without hav- , ing the name of this man. Who is it 1 What is his i name 1 We know who married Captain Shindley 1 We have discovered the whereabouts of the ltev. J- , N. Maflilt. But who is the " authorised agent of the < State Government" that has committed the offences 1 charged against him by the Grand Jury! Trial Trip or the Museum?Yesterday morn- ' ing the new steam frigate Aliseouri, of two thousand tons, and drawing sixteen and a half feet, made an ' experimental trip. It proved highly successful, and ( both vesiel and engines equaled the anticipations of the most sanguine. On this trip she run down to Staten Island?then j several miles up the Hudson?then back again to j Staten Island?then to the Navy Yard, and fired a t salute ot! the Battery. 1 She run from Staten Island dock to the Battery, a t distance of about seven miles in twenty-six minutes, \ against an ebb tide of one mile and a half. I Her average speed by the log was twelve and a half knots per hour, and her average pressure of steam eleven and a half pounds. Her maximum revolutions were seventeen nnd three quarters with \ thirteen pounds pressure, and with wheels set at ! twenty eight feet. Her consumption of fuel is found to be one ton per hour, and she can therefore carry enough for twenty-five days c msumption ? We believe the Clyde burns twenty-ei^ht hundred pounds per hour. Kvery thing v orked uncommonly well and easy, and in one week's time she will be ready for sea. She kept steam remarkably easy, her fire doors having been open most of the time. We think the result of this trip, will, for the future, silence all remarks discrediting the ability of our sh p builders nnd engineers, to produce steam ' vessels equal, if not superior, to any in any other part of the wide world. It matters not now to the country, whether the Kamschatka was a failure or not, as we have in the Missouri, a war steamer far superior to every other war steamer atloat,in point of speed, and in point of strength. As a sample, we want none better. Cost ok our War Steamers.?There has lately been a good deal said in the Philadelphia papers relative to the difference in the cost of the Mississippi and Missouri. It has been shown, apparently satisfactorily,by the following statement, that steam vessels can be buift cheaper in that than in this city. Navt Dekartmen" , Feb. 17, 1843. Sir ?1 have the honor to state, in reply to the resolution of the House of Representatives of the 14'h instant, that the cost of the steamships Mississippi and Missouri ascertained to the 31st December, 1811, is as follows, vis .His tour I. Mistiwppi. For labor. *119.314 87 *138.387 80 " Materials, 175 OKS ft 178,<4$ 38 ", 167.583 51 133.S67 05 " Boilers. 81 ?Oi 31 75,538 S3 ? *.mrt ?T mo - 1 ? Other expendituers have since been made, presumed to be comparatively small, but the accounts have not yet been returned to the Department. I am, with (treat respect sir, Your obedient servant, A. r. UPSHUR. fc_llon. Joiiv Whits, Speaker of the House of Representatives. This is taken from the " National Intelligencer," and appears to b? correct. Hut if the reader will just add up the cost of each steamer, he will find a very important error, and one too that places this city far in advance of Philadelphia in the cheapness with which superior fleam t-hipsare bui t here. It will be seen by the official report that the Missouri actually cost $;M,817 75 less than the Mississippi. Shad i* Market.?This delicious fish is in market. Prices high, of coarse. Mild Weatii**.?Yesterdsy was a warm, lovely day. The thermometer at Pattinsou's t?fr, at 12 o'clock,was up to seventy-four degrees. Navigation Iis now open for the season. Ohio If ivtn ?The Ohio river at Cincinnati was II ? J-..:? r rtn in r.Mriirui tOllUlMt'll IUI 6HOH uu ? ifc?nv.a tli<' 25th ult. CiT* We are pleated to find that Mr. Bradley, one ef the eloquent counsel for McLrod, hat commenced practice in thia city. {ky- There haa n< t been any elopement in Baltimore of the daughter of a Hank I'retident, at ttated. An elopement in eery humble life occurred ; but that wai all TantiBLK Accipwrr.?A terrible accident, and singular pretervntion of life occurred laal night at quarter before 11 o'clock. Ac the Irish Mutual Helief Society, comprising about three hundred, were about adjourning a meeting they had been holding at the Mali in the third atory of the large atone bu.ldIng at the corner ol Congress and Water streets, the tl or suddenly gave way, and carrying with it the door beneath, precipitated about one half the number te the lower door, which wan occupied by J- L Kiddle dr Co , Auctioneers,completely demolishing n arly the whole ofthe interior of the building. We re olid to state that no person wan killed, and hut t I mo, we believe, were eeriouely injured-?Bontun t I Cow- Mart/) 1. I?lph Waldo Inwon'i Mrit Lecture an 'The Tlmri." Ralph Waldo Bmeraon i? a young men of very respectable taleut Hehaa very aesiduausly studio41 the work* of honest hearted 1 homas Carlyle, a ith w bom he hat loog carried on a paternal correspondence. But Mr. Emerson hii not. after alh a very clearinsight into that complicated organ, the human heart; and on the aspect of ''The Times" he has looked with au anxious, but somewhat bewildered eye. Mr- Emeron is a sincere man. He is a man after Carlyle's heart. But he has not yet found out the nature and sources of all the evils of which he complains?the craving appetite?the importunate temptation?the agitating passion? the corroding care?the restless discontent? the shrieking despair?the blind uncertainty?and all the thousand ageneiet of evil by which conscience is defiled, peace broken, and the sunshine of Hope itself overcast with lhick{gleom. Neither does he seem to know the remedy. Mr- Emerson's lecture was attended by a not very numerous, but a highly respectable audience. There were a great many gentlemen, with fine phrenological devalopements, and tastefully arranged heads of hair present. JJThere were also a fair proportion of handsome ladies, with classical features, and sparkling ,eyes. The lecturer was in good voice, the audience were very attentive, and looked as if they understood every mellifluous sentence that fell from the lips of the speaker?that they rt ally did understand them?Q E. D. For a formal report of this lecture we have not got room We will give a few specimen--, by which those .of our readers who choose, may judge, to some extent, of Mr. Emerson's style, bis meu'til calibre, anil ine worth ol his discourses * * * * * " In the brain of some fanatic?in the wild hope of some mountain boy?in the love-glance of a girl ?in the speculations of some mad theorist?is to be found that which shall constitute the limes to come, more than in their own organized and accredited oracles." **** Look at the actors of our times. Among them surely are men to admire, aa well as men to condemn ; souls of as lofty a port as any of Greek or Roman fame ! Men of might, strong minded, honest-hearted, and of persuasive speech, of subtlety, looking on the past, aud drawing the beeorninglesson for the present. To be Bure, there aie also fragments and hints of men, bloated promises of men ; great men, a*ain, but with some i iw iu their composition, which neutralizes their whole force. Here is a Damascus blade cf a man, laid upon the shelf in some village, to ru.-t and go to ruin. And how many seein not available for that idea which they represent ! Meantime, there comes n6w and then a bolder spirit?1 should rather say,' a more surrendered soul?more led by God, and so much iu advance of his fellows. *?*? ?** But we are not spectators merely of our "Times" but parties also, and have a responsibility which is not to be declined. A little while this work of wonder and compassion is allowed us; but as the talor system moves onward, and certain stars appear before and others go out behind, so is Man's life. The great men of the Past disappear or fade snd tarnish. The gods of the last and former age have fallen from one sky, and many another star has turned out to be a planet?only are a few the fixed stars which have no parallax uow and for as ! ******* To-day is a King in disguise?to-day always looks trivia! to the thoughtless, in the face of an uniform experience that all good, and great, and happy actions are made up precisely of these blank to-days. But let us not be deceived?let us unmask the King ss he passes?let us not hear the most wondrous promises without defining their tendency. ******* What greater fame can any epoch ask of those to come, than the acknowledgment that it did not deep in the errors it had inherited, but put every ;hing to the proof 1 ******* Our forefathers'went to their graves tormented vith the fearofSin and the Day of Judgment Oue listemper is distrust of what we do. A great perilexity hangs over this generation. This ennui, for vhich we Saxons have no word, works terrible haroe. The young American even before he gets nto his jacket and trowsers, says?"1 want somehing I never saw, and I wish I was not I Never vere care and uncertainty to legibly written on he brows of any people. But what is the cause 1 it is tho love of gieatness?the contest between the leficient actual nmd the exorbitant idea. ***** I am not afraid of our Vice. It curie* and iwesrs, asd brawl*, and wallows, I sec the end of it. But our Virtue sometime* make* roe ashamed. So sour and narrow?so dim and blind?virtue so rice like ! (loud applause.) ? * ? * Verily, Ralph Waldo Emerson has in him the soul of a poet, if he lacks the saber gifts of a Reformer. And no affected retailer of sparkling common places is he ! Now that Professor MafHt? the Rev. J. N. Maffit has again come to light, we prescribe to him punctual attendance on Mr. Emerson's remaining lectures, purchancc he may thus jet some insight into the rirtues of Modesty and Sincerity, and pick up some of those old-fashioned but queerlike and unfading graces. City Intelligence. Tnn Butcher Shops Triumphant.?Samuel J. Bookfctaver, one of the free and independent salesmen of the necessaries of life, defeated the Corporation in four coses commenced against him for selling meat, which were heard before Justice Bell, last Tuesday. Three other verdicu were given for other defendants by the jurors selected to decide. Arraichmzkt or Somes and IIawkiws.?These two worthies were arraigned yesterday in the Court of Sessions- Hawkins pleaded not guilty and was remanded back, but Somes being unprepared to plead, he was not called to the stand. In the first notice given of the arrest of Somes it was stated that he met HawkingsatMr. FishMaat'a commission of nee, wnere ne inaucea nun to enter upon tne crime for which iheyare now in prison. The association of the name of Fishblaat with that of these scoundrels might perhaps have led to a supposition that they were intimate with him, and daily visitors at his place of business. Such is not the esse, however, as Mr. F. has had no further connection or communication with either of them than in filling an order given by Somes a few weeks since for the purchase of some merchandize, which he performed in his capacity of broker, and for which Somes still owes him his commissions. We have made special enquiry on this point, and satisfied ourselves that MrF. was entirely unacquainted with the character of these rascals, and also that in the payment made for the merchandize he purchased for Somes, good money was paid to hint by Somes at the time. A Mysterioc* Affair.?A man named William W. Purdy, the husband of the woman of Rested notoriety, was arrested yesterday by oliicers Sweet and a house in University Place, kept by himself and associate as a place of prostitution, and finally committed to prison in default of bail for $1000. The circumstances of the arrest are as follows:?< to Wednesday, Mr Francis Turner, of No 2o<i Walker street, came t? the Police office and made an affidavit, that on ihe evening of the 2.?th of February, he entered the grocery store kept by Mr. Fowler, corRer of Division and Christie streets, where he found the prisoner Purdy, a man named Black and Mr- II. Napoleon Bonaparte Crandall, a contractor, in dispute. Crandall was addressing himself to Purdy and said, "Purdy I won't hit you, you are loo small a man, and I don't want you (o hit me ugaiu." He then took Purdy, (who is very small) in his anna and laid him on a settee in the room. Immediately afterwards Black commenced an assault on Crandall, and struck him several times in the face and finally blacked one ot his eyes. In the course of conversation. Crandall threatened to go to the Police Office and enter a complaint against Purdy and Black for the assault, when Purdy said, " I will hive satisfaction of Crandall?I will muider him, or he shall murder me." Turner left a few minutes alter, to get an oyster to put on Crandall'* black eye, ant) when he returned Black and Purdy were among the missing- He remained

there for a short time, when Crandall left, and ha? not since been seen nor heard frmn The suspicion is that Black and Purdy have laid in waiting lor Crandall, and committed some personal injury upon him iliat haa prevented his appearance sine? that i,me. He was a contractor ontheCroton Water Works, and also extensively engaged in other pub lie works at Governor'! Island, Sec. On the evening mentioned ha had a larga ami unt of money in hi ixKsrmion, and during the fight about S9R that was in his hat, was scattered about the floor of the room. Purdy had recently beea in poweaaion of ? houss owned by Crandall, at the corner of Church and fyeonatd streets, which he had occupied as s pise? ol prostitution and resort for fsmale* of infa i mous character. Black has not been arrested. Tbii Purdy in the *M?e person who prcfetnd the charge against Magnus and Franc, formerly ol tfie Police Office, and on whose coapluint the Mayor dismissed them. It has since been shown that at the time, Magnus and Frame was at hi* house at Harlem, the " virtuous" female inmates who were so highly insulted, were of the same class as those with whom he has lately associated. Pmall Potato* Thieves-?Michael Morton for stealing a piece of beef from Charles and CornehuKent, of the Fulton market, weighing 60 lbs , was locked up Peter S Folk and John DooUn, were stopped by private watchman Robert Collins, on rwcrJo u owoninA nn Biianipinn t\f Kfpolinff ft quantity of copper, found in their possession. fhe copper and the thieves are at the lower police office. Two black fellows namedWilliam Soles and Charles lUnkin, were arrested on Wednesday morning by Mr-John Helms, for stealing a quantity of iron hinge", valued at-?6, from the ?tore of Isaac C. Van VVyck.No. 1 Coenties slip, and both committed. Win. Henry and Jacob Williams, two blacks, stole a cloth cloax from Sainuel Waterburv, No. <?0 Beeknran street, and was arrested by Mr. Yates,and committed. As Alleged Wall stbeet Broker ih Troi ble ?At the discharge of rheWatnh yesterday morning at the Lower Police Office, Mr. William Max presented himself from the tombs below, where he had been caged over night, and demanded a discharge from durance vile on the ground that he was one of the Board of Brokers of Wall street, and being ?urtounded by the bands of brotherhood that connected them, he contended that confinement was point blank false imprisonment. He presented the most exquisite specimen of the shabby genteel that has graced the walls of "the Kgyptian for days past ? His seedy black coat, buttonless, gentedy pinned from waist to collar; his shrtless neck graced with the remnants of a "once was*' stock; nis tattered nantaloons and airv boots, with hat. the nap of which had scattered to the winds and lelt the body like an ancient wool one; his air, his gait, his leer, hit knowing look when summoned to the bar would been a scene for Dickens rich and rare. His eloquence when to the J ustice he replied, in answer to the heinous charge of vagrancy, was filled with proofs so strong, so undeniable that mercy was extended to his aid, without delay, and in consideration of past offences, including all that futnri y might present^ Judge Mataell ordered him to John Brown's jurisdiction until shad season was passed and gone. Another Suicidf.?The Coronerheld an inquest yesterday morning at No. 52 Elizabeth street on the body ot a woman uamed Julia Green, aged -17 years ,who had committed suicide on Wednesday, by taking laudanum. She had been in a desponding state for several days, and on the above inornir.g purchased the poison at the corner of Grand streat and the Bowerv, with which she destroyed herself. Dr- Guion was called in as soon as it was discovered that she was sick, but his skill could nolrestore herTheatrical*, die. Par*.?" Charles O'Malley," and the " Fiscal Agent," have been played to thin houses this week. The latter farce is very tolerable, and will soon be :n the wallet of Oblivion. Mr- Barry's benefit was, we regret to say, anything but what he deserved. Olympic.?The new "Richard No. Ill" has had a successful run. The wit is somewhat inecrutable in some parts of the piece, bat it " tickles the ears of the groundlings," and fills the manager's purse? profitable wit. Chatham-?As UEual, filled every night. In the drolleries of Sefton, the galleries and pit have for gotten the loss of Kirby, who is doing the heavy tragedy in Albany. By the bye, Sefton made pretty much the same extensive tour as the poetical quaker Dr. Mett?why don't Jemmy Twitcher pome out with hi* book 1 Franxli:*.?Turned into a Temperance Hull. A portion of the late members of the Treinont Theatre Company (says the Boston Transcript) have engaged Lee s Saloon, for the purpose oi giving a series of musical and other entertainments. The following are the principal performers: Messrs. Plumer, Cunningham, Fenno, Curtis. Sarzedas and Wall; Mrs. Maeder, (late Clara Fisher,) Miss AFisher, and others. Pianist and Musical Director, Mr. Maeder; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Ostiuelli; Director of the Stage, Mr. Surzedas. Madame deOony and Mr. Knoop, assisted by Mr. Uerwig, gave their farewell concert at the Melodeon, in Boston, on Wednesday evening last, before a respectable audience. Brahnm, the younger, made a great hit on his first appeurance in public as a vocalist, at the Melodeon, oil Monday evening. Efforts are about to be made to re open the Tremont Theatre. Messrs. Child, Cieswick, Field, Stockwell, and others, have taken the matter in haad. United Btntea District Court. Before Judge Betts. Mabch 3?Twenty-four petitions for bankruptcy, in wbish the twenty days required for advertiiiug had expired, were called up and motions made tor decrees, no objections having been offered. In the ease et Stephen S Clark, W. Whiting obtained leave to file objections on behalf of a creditor, and it lies over for a day or two. Similar leave was obtained by counsel in the case of lloraee Janes, and also in that of Thomas P. Bo gan. William T. Palmer was opposed by Barry & Way, on the ground that in contemplation of bankruptcy he bid paid over to Joshua A. Lane, a debt for the purpose of giving him a preference over the general creditors ; and also denying the constitutionality of the lawThomas 1). Lee, physician, was opposed by Wm. L Sinters, also a physician, on the ground that be is indebted to said Simcrs $2,218 75c., on which a judgment was obtained in 18-10 ; that said Lee assigned his property in 1639, but paid a judgment to another party, which was obtained subsequently to the one ufttSimers, presenting the appearance that the assignment bad not been faithful, but means kept back, lie also believes that the petitioner has not made a full statement of all his property. The questions of law raised in the casa of Augusta Zarega, were argued by Mr. Pattea on behalf ef the petitioner, and by Mr. Joachimssen for the opposing creditors, Messrs. Henshen &. Unkart. One of the points was in relation to the constitutionality of the law. The Court decided that in its opinion the law was perfectly constitutional ; that Cengreas being vested with full power to frame such. Another objection was, that a commissioner of bankruptcy under this law had no right to administer an oath to the petitioner, his authority not commencing till after the petition had been filed. Ou this the Court will give its decisiou to-morrow. Another was as to regularity, which stands over. Another, and a most important one, was as to how far the bankrupt law affected a foreign creditor, oroae residing out of the United Slates. The Court directed thatthi^ question should be argued before it on Monday morning. Several questions were a^ked and replied to by the Conrt. Should the Judge be unable, by sickness, to attend on the day a petition ia returnable, it will lay over without prejudice. Personal notice to^ creditors will not anawer ? The petition roust be published. in relation to advertising, Judge Betta stated that he had written to the Supreme Court, but no answer had yet been received. The law states that the fust notice shall be advertiard twenty days, and the second notice seventy. Until the question is dr-cidt d whether the publication shall ba daily or a lest nnmber ol times, Judge Thompson and himself thought that in the city the principle of advertising daily should be adopted, and it will, for the present, be pursued. Out of town notices, where the parties reside, have been ordered, thus far, thieetiroes. No regulations have been adopted as to such for the long notices. The party filing an objection has the light el choosing the commissioner. The Court will give its opinion whether a creditor c\n file objections after the first notice has passed and a Decree of Bankruptcy granted, an an early d?T Central Sruioim, Before His Honor the Recorder, Judges Noah and Lynch, and Aldermen Bollock and Bali*. M tacit 3.?The Grand Jury came into Court, and made a presentment, which was read by :hc foreman, Luri U. Slamm, Esq. It will be found is another column. Simon Frazcr, who was convicted of forgery it the second device, in passing a $3 note, purportinf to be of the Hirer Bank, but whicb hat been altered trom the fraudulent issues of the Nortl Hirer Banking Company, was sententenced to fin years imprisonment in the States Prison. James Webb, a boy, conricted of burglary iu tin second degree, in entering the atore of William 11 Tnwnsend, corner of Wall and Naasan streets, sat stealiag money and oihcr piopeity, wns sentenesi to the States Prison for two years. John Colder, eonvieted t f an assault and batter] on a woman in Crosby street, wns sentenced t< serm dars in the City Prison. Augusta Comers, for stabbing Syphoia Sing, cot ner ol Grand and Delaney streets, in January lasi was sentenced to imprisonment la the City Priso for serm days. Van Renasoiaor Martling, who wns indicted ft stealing $45 dollars in bank notes aad spec it, frm Clark Ma*<>n, of TJ Uanai oireei, o? i?o ? la*I, vu discharged oa aeeaant of no wnna*i< appearing again?t him, ho having been eonfin< during two term* of the Court, without being orde i ca *nw. { P O S T S O k I P T*"| Washington. [ Corns ,>ondence of tho Herald.] Wa?hi?otow, March 2, 1R12. Tho Senate?Nomination of Mr. ' lay?Gen. Scott and tho War Utpartment. The morning business of the Senate was not of much importance to-day. Nearly the whole session was consumed by Mr. Wright, in a speech supporting his amendments to Mr. Clay's resolutions, and replying to Mr. Clay's yesterday's effort. Arrangements are in progress here, in connection with the politicians in several of the States, to bring Mr. Clay out for the Presidency in the month of April. He is to be nominated by a State convention in New York, about the middle of next monthNorth Carolina is to follow suit, and several other States are to fall in as early as practicable. The object is to commit the wkigs to Mr Clay, and to take advantage of the present organization of the party. There seems to be some doubt as to the candidate for the Vice Presidency. It is rumored that Mr lallmadge isto be the man; but this conflicts with another rumor, that he is pledged to support President Tyler. However, Mr. Tallmadge is a man of extraordinary versatility, as well as ingenuity, and he would have no difficulty in maintaining two an. tagoniat political positions at the same time. The affair of General Scott's claim for extra pay, which was mentioned in a late letter, ha3 awakened the attention cf Congress, and called out Mr- Albert M. Lea, ex-chief clerk ot ex War Secretary Bell, and who acted for a few days as Secretary of War, during the interregnum between Bell and Spencer. Mr. Lea, in to-day's Intelligencer, "assumes the responsibility" of having reversed the decisions against General Scott. But Mr. Lea's newspaper tlourish does not drown the charge, nor does it prove that General Scott reelly originated or executed any thing worth double pay, had he not been forbidden by authority paramount to even that of the Presieent, the great authori'y of law, to take such double pay; neither does it prove that General Scott was not, in fact, paid twice as much for being ready to fight and for not fighting, as he could have demauded had he fought, and bled into the bargain. At present it is only the treasury that bleeds, and the General pockets the difference. The negotiation his friends so boast of was about as hard as to gain a young lady's consent in words after she had given it in actions. It was previously well understood that such an arrangement as he consummated was to be made; and to well understood that the Cherokees were somewhat chagrined, it is said, at the delay and suspense created by requiring a technical adjustment, the reasons for which they were puzzled to comprehend. Mr. Lea tries to smother the true question under the circumstance that the commission to General Scott was not recorded in the War Department; that hence it was not known to those whose unfavorable opinions created the difficulty first encountered by General Scott, and that the moment the commission appeared the objection vanished. Now, in answer tothi3, here is the first opinion of the Attorney General, and a clause regarding that every commission, which will be found in the second one, by which it will be seen that the production of the actual commitsioa made no sort of difference with the official law adviser of the Department:? First Opinions. Extract from the decision of Attorney G rural Felix Grundy, dated December did, 18 18.?" General Scott is a military officer in the regular service and pay of the United States; and on the 6.h of April, 183s, General Macomb, his superior officer, by bis order, (which was strictly military, for no other could be ^issued byGeneral Macomb),directed him to repair to the Cherokee country, and there to discharge those duties which properly appertain to him as an officer of the aimy of the U. S. On tne 23d of May, 1938, the Btcty. of War authorised General Scott to eater into arrangements with the Agent of the Indians for their removal. On the 23th of June, 1938, he was directed by the Secretary of War to superintend the removal oftho Indians. It is understood that General Scott faithfully discharged all the duties enjoined on him. He now charges eight dollars per ' (lay for the services redered under these, orders, in audition to his pay and emoluments as a major general in the army of the United States; and the question you ask me to decide, is, < whether he is lawfully entitled to the claim thus preferred by him ?' ' Whatever difficulty formerly existed relative to extra allowances or compensation to officers of the army, immstomc to be obviated by the proviso to the act of 3d March, 1833, which, upon a proper construction, in my opinion, forlidt the allowance of Ihe claim now under corn-deration That proviso declares 'that no officer of int- army snail receive any per cent.,or additional pay, extra allowance, or compensation, in any form whatever on account of the disbursing an; public money appro priatcd by law daring the present session, for fortifications, execution of surveys, works ol internal improvement, building of arsenals, purchase of public supplies of any description.' Had the proviso stopped here, it might have been in sisti-d thatits whole operation was confined to appropritinns made at the thou session of Congress; but the following general and comprehensive expression is added:?' Or for any other service or duty whatsoever, unless authorized by law.' "It appears to me that Congrpss intended by this sxpression to confine military officers to their regular pay and emoluments, and not to permit them to receive extra allowances or compensation for services which might not be considered by them in the strict line of military duties."? Executive Document 133, 3d session, 36(5 Caff reel, page ,a'J9Sccovd Orivioit. Extract /ram tka Dtcition af Attorney General Felix Grundy,dated February 15,1839?I have the honor to ac knowledge the receipt of yours of the 7th in tant, enclosing General Scott's letter. All the views and arguments presented by him, were considered before my opinion of the 13d of D-tcember, 1833. was given; except that the fact of hia appointment by the President, as commissioner to make arrangements with theCherokees for their removal, was not known at this office. That fact produces no change in my opinion. The proviso to the act of the 3d of March, 1835, operates upon the claim set up by General Scott, acting under such an appointment, as fully as if ha had acted without it. Such I am of opinion, is the fait construction of the act of Congress ; nor do 1 see any reason, in the nature of this claim, why it should be exempt from the full operation of the proviso of said act.? Executive Document 133, 3d See lien, 'AIA Uongi en. page 1141. Mr. Lea s >ys, Mr. Secretary Spencer knew nothing of the matter. We ask,then, was General Scott paid previously to Mr. Secretary Spencer'e coming i into office 1 Did not Mr. Secretary Spencer sign the order under which the payment was made 1 Surely a gentleman of whose abilities, great as they may be, Mr- SecreUiy Spencer did not think well eno ugh to continue him even in a place subord'nate to the high one he held a* a stop gap and whence he utter<d his oracles,?surely this same Mr. Lea was not to guide Mr. Secretary Spencer blindly in a question of ao much importance and which had been so gravely weighed by the fird law officers of the 1 mdIt is said, (but we have not yet had time to look into the entire case, and can therefore only speak vaguely.) that some years ago General Eaton rejected a decireion which had b-en made by a recent See. preceding him,an Mr. Substitute Lea did Mr. Secretary Spencer, and who, like Mr- Lea in the case of General Scott, had favorably reversed a previous decison against a claim by General Parker, the prei sent chief clerk of Mr. Secretary Spencer;?so all . Secretaries do not deem tbemselmea bound to be led by the nose, thus, i! A* does; especially when they smell a rat. By the way, aaCongresaseemd spoeed to look into these matters, and wish to try every body, why not take a glance at this very claim of General Parker, which, it is rumored, was never admitted till Mr Secretary Spencer lately mounted the ' throne of the Vice-Royalty, and, having first made the old General his Prime Minister, next acquiessed i in this obsolete and long and frequently repelled 1 claim. Such is the rumor. We ask, can it be dis, provtd I We give the assertions as they have been I for some time current in conversation, and we I should be pleased if Congress would clear the J Secretary and hia chief cleik, if they are unfounded, because many people bel eve them and e now is the time to give all such animadversions a quietus. This is the question: Was General i l'aikertrying,for some fourteen or fifti en years, to get a claim which he set up of some two or three r thousand dollars for extra allowance?and trying n fe vain 1 Did he make his attempts through the accounting officers of the mvemm n?? iKrnn >K /tiff..,. t, ent executives, through the courts of itae country, ' n and even through Congress, yet always fail, until, (r with (his very claim pending, he obtains the higher eit place under Mr. Secretary Spenser, and within 8 a month of that gentleman's induction into office, 'j aleo obtains the very claim whiih, ever since 1828, r had been rejected 1 Pertinacity in'pursuing a dirpnted claim, and in seeking piece, might not have I M??BBS? I seamed ao strange in a persou with whom fortune had dealt severely; bnt < Jeoeral Parker has had. I thay say,few kicks and many coppers; while brav j officers are bearing some twenty oounda weiuht ofl wood upon their thigh?, an the sole reward of me- j ritorious eerricff, and are compelled to say to j themselves, aa Paddy said to his dram, " By the powers, honey ! you get ail ths bating, but none of the baif !'* Tnere is another point worth noting in the case sf General Parker. If he really failed with the department and the court?,and finally made his appeal to Congress, where he also failed?was it in order for General Parker, or for the l> >partnaent to look into hi? casa any further 1 Is it not ; usual for a failure with Congress to close such a claim forever 1 And it may yet again be asked upon the allowance in question, was not the General actually sued in 1822, as a defaulter to the United States, and judgment given against him, after carrying the case up to the Supreme Court, for the sum covered by this allowance 1 And while actually under such judgment as n defaulter, did he net enter the office, in which his claim has been allowed I It may be well to fin I out whether these reports can be sustained; lor if they cannot, we should be glad of a chance to say so. To return to the starting point?General Seop'g affair?perhaps another question may be set at rest in this connection. Pethaps it may he settled, ere it.. c .L- ? J- ?L?I 1UV ui mc iimurr cnu?, wncuicr uujr one person can hold two offices at a time in our country; and, if so, hbw many more?where is he to stop 1 The fair inference is, if a man is paid for two offices, that there are two offices for him to be paid for, and hence springs the inquiry. It is surely very important where a citizen offers himself for the Presidency that his sentiments upon points so vitally affecting the dearest interests of the republic should be early understood. House of Etpnnsutlvea The first business disposed of in the House of Representatives to-day, was a resolution, fixing 11 'clock as the hour of meeting, from and after Monday next. On the vote being taken verbally, the noes appeared to predominate, but the ayes and noes were called, and then 123, having the fear of publicity before their eyes, voted for the resolution, and but 22 against it. Mr. Taliafero had the moral courage, however, to give notice that to-morrow he should move a reconsideration of the vote, and if he failed in that, he should move that the Standing Committees be discharged from the further consideration of the subjects before them. Mr. Geittrv aext reported a private bill, and made a motion that the House go into Committee of the whole upon it. A) this bill had, perhaps, no better claim than any of the 600 others which await the disposal of the House, the motion waa not assented to. The report and the motion were both out of order, a rigid adherence to which would possibly facilitate the public business, bv saving the time consumed in fruitless efforts to force measures out of their proper routine. Mr. Summers then called for the order of the day, and observed that it would be a va*t saving of time to go on regularly. Up to this point the House had consumed thirty minutes, which, .it the ratio given yesterday, cost the nation upwards of $300. Hall the morning honr having been thus consumed, that portion of time waa taken from the business portion of the day, and for an hour the report of the Retrenchment Committee occupied the House. Rabelais, that truest of all historians, relates that Gargantua, when a youth, found.employment in setting cows to catch hares, in carrvinz water in seives. in fiihine for whale* in tea cups, in shoeing goslings, in hunt* ing for needles in haystacks, and such profitable and pleasant occupation*. What Gargantua did in youth onr " Congressmen" are doing this session?that is, their pursuits, if not exactly the same, are of a similar business-like and philosophical nature. On a resolution to dispense with the services of the draughtsman to the House, as reported by the Committee of Retrenchment, they pleasantly and appropriately detailed the necessity of dkr.iemiUK with the postmaster to the House and the profit to result to the country by each member ' fetching and carrying" his own letters from and to the city post office. In necessary connection with this subjeet the debate was made to embrace the anti-republican practice in which certain membets indulge, of employing persons to clean their boots, and wash their shirts, and cook their food, and darn the holes in their stockings, and do other useful "charing." Just imagine Mr. Caleb Cashing, who is now too much of an aristocrat to do any of these things, with a " bib and tucker," a slop pail and a scrubbing brush, proving his sterling republicanism by " doing tho chars" of his boarding house before he proceeds to the Capi tot to ao " ctiaring oa a large scale lor the nationMr. Gordon would grace the boot-hole admirably Mr. Morgan as a scullion would be unique- Mr. J G. Floyd up to the elbows in soap suds and, anon, rinsing soiled linen of yesterday's wear, in a "bed gown" or " knocking jacket," would be a spectacle t > gaze upon. But oh! Phoebus! look upon Mr Smith, or Mr. Hopkins, with spruce mob cap, and be-spectac!ed nose, darning a stocking or restoring e stray button to a shirt wristband. True, there &r< many blowzy cooks in the House who might rea sonably he mistaken for that fire-proof, begreasec biped?but contemplate Mr- Fillmore frying eggs, 01 trussing a turkey. Great geniuses are some of ou statesmen. This useful and intellectual debate exhausted, th< resolution proposing a reduction of the messenger of the House was agreed to, and all other questions relevant or irrelevant are left as a legacy to th< House to-morrow. The Speaker presented several Executive com munioations, and then n letter from Mr. Thoma Allen, who had been instructed by a resolution fron the House to desist trom making any further pro gress with the printing of the compendium of th cen.-us, until it can be ascertained whether Mr. Ai lea or Meesre. Blair 3c Rives shall be paid for it.Mr. Allen, in his letter, snubs the House for ignorao and impertinent intermeddling with business tha does not concern them. " I take it for granted," h i ays with a contemptuous smile, " that the House c Representatives, in passing this resolution, suppos that I was executing a work ordered by that House. Tk.i'ai mind-vour-own-business sort of renronf. hi he cond> scends to enlighten their ignorance by it forming them that he is engaged in the execution < a taw of Congress which admits of no suspensioi except by the concurrent action of both Houses an the Executive, or of two-thirds of the two House independent of the Executive. Lamentably del cient in the learning of the primer of legislatic rust the House have been when it ;>aseed the ret lotion with which Mr. Allen deals so cantemptuou ly. That wise legislation, though, coat the counti $7."3 73|, according to the statistical table who; basis has been expounded. The reversal of a decision of the chairman, committee of the whole on the civil and diplomat appropriation bill, after two days debate, and a d bate on a proposition to preaenbe to the i*ecre:a of State the papers of the largest circulation in ea< State, as the medium of publication for the la' and advertisements of the government, conaum the residue of the day's session. Thu?, then, the necessity to meet earlier, by tl faithful chronicle, is made glaringly evident; for is too much to expect that such a mass of legialat i can be disposed of in three hours ftiuch longer, must be admitted thst $2,000 in per diems have be j istly rarned by thii day's labors ; though it is j pvseible that a cynic might be found whoie unifo response, if questioned as to the great value of C< gretsional terrices in these daye, shall be thai,of nam, the aged porter of Orgogho's castle, in t Fi.sry Qutin? " And still the answer was, ha could not tell " Bask Frances Starto*.?Accounts from t vessel onntinue favorable. She is gradually d charging, only about three hundn d tons of I heavy gooda remained en board on Tuesday. 1 weather continued mild, and s New York nenoo waa alongside prepared to take rut the hardWr k.c. The aleamer Boston arrived here yesteri with a cargo of g >ods from ker. -Bof- Amrrvo