Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1842 Page 2
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% mmmmmmmmrnmmmmmmtmm mm dUmm NEW "YORK HERALD. H?w York, IMur.rif, March 5, IMS. TO iin imui nu<cni??ii. The Lantrt now presents the best medium of addressing the medical profession. It* circulation it nearly three thousand copies weekly, and extendi to every section ef the Union. Publishers of medical worki, surgical in strument makers, dentists,be., cannot tind amoredesirable and useful vehicle for their announcements than this popular periodical. Druggists in the city can not in Dy other way so effectively aJdres* country apothecaries, a great number of whom are practitioners, and subscribers to the Lamtt. To physicians themselves who wish to dispose of their practice, procure assistants, or form pattnerships, the Lunvtt affords unojualbd opjortuniticsof extensively communicating with Ch?ir professional brethren. To professional young men desirous of obtaining situations, the same facilities are ottered The various medical ?hools and colleges throughout the Union?conductors Of private hospitals and inhrmaries, be. should also avail themselves of the advantages thus presented. The 1**ettn tw circulates in every considerable city and village throughout the Union. JmnTiiun Tkhmi: ?One square, one insertion, $1 bO, Each additional insertion, $1; per annum,$15. One column, one insertion, $10; each additional insert on, $6: per snnum, $60. Bills stitched in on moderate terms. Three thousand copies rtquiied. OCJ- Tine Weekly Herald will be published this morning at nine o'clock, with all the congressional, local, and foreign news that has transpired during 'be week. Price cents FIVE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE SHIP TAROLINTA. Decline of Cotton?Arrival of the Kings of Wrnssls and llelsrlmn?The Probability of Lord Asliburton being a Panenger In the Caledonia. The ship TaTolinta, Capt. Smith, arrived yesterday from Liverpool, whence she sailed January 24 th. She does not bring us our regular files, being a transient shipCotton had declined .} of a penny for two successive weeks, and was expected to decline still furtherThe money market was in a very unsettled state, and consols had been on the decline. Corn had improved considerably. The moat extraordinary preparations were making for the royal christening. The stories about the domestic broils and qaarrels between Queen Victoria and Albert, and their private bickerings and quarreling*, were all declared, upon the best authority, to be gross falsehood. Very few married couples are diving half as happily as they are. Five of the most splendid steamboats in England had been seat to the Continent to bring over the Kings of Prussiaand Belgium, to attend the christening Tney arrived in England on the 2l?h ult. It is not expected that the Tories would retain power over six months. The Captain of the Tarolinta informs us, that when he left Livorpooi on the 24th of January, he saw the Caledonia steam ship; she had been undergoing full repairs, and wa9 on that day all ready for sea. And it was then generally reported in Liverpool, and believed, that Lord Ashburton had taken his passage in the Caledonia, and was to leave Livpool in that vesselAn improvement had taken place in the manufac. turing districts. It was confidently believed that Lord Morpeth nuu iu ur ciccifu lur Luiunn. Nothing new or important front France or Spain. Lord Ashburton had learnt from Mr- Everett the whole details of the points in dispute betweeen this country and Great Britain. markets. Lufrpdol Cotton Mirilt. Jan. 10.? Our cotton market is very dull, anil prices are Jd. per lb. lower this ' r??iv w - - ? ~ ..*??. iiumru, una tne'lnSrfJot generally has assumed a less active appearance, which, together with a more eager disposition on the part of importers to tell, prices are scarcely tenported, especially for the better qualities of new* Uplands and Orleans, which in several instances have been told at |d per lb. decline. There is a little mare doing in Sea Islands, and prices are nominally without alteration, at Id to Id. per lb. advance on the last public sale of '14th December. Brazils and Egyptians remain dull, but in prices 110 change to notice. The public sale of East India's yesterday went without spirit, and only about one half could be forced oft'at rather lower rates. The total sales are 11,140 bags, of which 1500 American and 600 Surat are on speculation, and KHI American for export. Pay of Naval OUlcers. Fears are entertained by some of the junior officers of the Navy, that their pay will be reduced during the present session of Congress, particularly if the bill creating Admirals should pass. However, we think that no one need be alatmed on this head; there are too many friends of the navy in Congress now, to allow anything whatever to be done at all injurious 10 mm orancn 01 our national defence. The present pay of the officers of the navy is pretty aearlv what it ought to be, with the exception of that grade technically denominated the " forward officers"; and some alteration certainly should be made in regard to their pay. There is no reason wh;' a gunner, boatswain, carpenter, and sail-maker, of a frigate should receive any more pay than thoee f a sloop ef-war, nor any reason why thoee of a line-of-battle-ship should receive more than those of a frigate- They should be allowed eight hundred dollars per annum at sea, six hundred when on other duty, and five hundred when oa leave of absence. They are generally men with families? snd they would then be able to support th?m comfortably by heir pay. I 'The piy of the officers of the other grades is well enough; and if Admirals are created they should receive handsome, but not e.xhorbitant salaries, withou'. the deduction of a cent from the pay of (he juniors. We annex the annual pay of all (he grades of officers in the navy, with the exception of temporary appointments, such as secretaries, cleiks, tec :? Tan Srsio* CurtAii* is thi Navt. At all timai wheu in service, four thousand five hun- i ?lre<l dollars. When on leave of absonce, or waiting order*, three thousand five hundred dollars. All otiiks Captains. ' When in command of squadrons on fcrtign stations, J four thousand dollars. , When on other duty, three thousand five hundred dollars. t When otr duty .two thousand five hundred dollars , CoMMsisorat. When attached to veaaela for sea service,two thousand 1 five hundred dollars. When attached to navy yards, or on other duty two thousand one hundred dollars. Whe i on leave of absence, or waiting orders, one thousand eight hundred dollars. Liunststs. J Commanding, one thouaaod i isht hundred dollars. On other doty, one thousand live hundred dollars. Waiting orders,one thousand two hundred dollar ' Assistant Rrsaisst. i Waiting orders, sia hundred and fifty dollars. At sea. nine hundred and fifty dollars. Alter passing, and found qualified for promotion to surgeon, eight hundred andfifty dollars. At sea, one thousand two hundred dollars. Whea stationed at nary yarjs .hospitals .rendezvous, and receiving ships,nine liun Ired and fifty dollar*. After being passed, and stationed aa above, on* thousand one hundred and fifty dollar*. SttaneoNt. For the first fire years after the date of hi* commission, one thousand dollar*. For the second fire years, oae thousand two hundred dollars. For the third five years, an* thousand fonr hundred dollars. For the fourth five years, one thousand six hundred dollar*. After he shell here been commissioned aa a surgeon twenty yeaia and upward*, one tbouMsed sight hundred dollars. All surgeons ot the navy under order* for duty, at navy yard*, receiving vessels, render vols, or naval hospital*, shall have aa increase ( one-fourth of the foregoing aaaannl of thair raapaoUva annual pay, from the date oi 4Mr acaegtanoe of such orders. All surgeons of the navy ordered to any of the ship* r vessels of the United mates commissioned for see serosa *, shall have an increase of oat-third of the foregoing amount of their r**p? ctire annual pay, from the date ! their acceptance of auch order*. All lurgeona *f the nary, ordered a* lleet turgaonj, thallhavc an Increaaeof one-half of their reipectiee anno <1 pay, fiom the date of their acceptance of auch order*. CHarLtint. * When attached to vettels for tea larvice, or at navy yard*, cdc thouaauJ two hundred Joll ii. When on leave of ab*?nce. or waitinn order*, eight hundred dollar*. l'ao?a**oa( or MaTHiMAiic*. When attached to vttael* for ira ?erv ice, or in a yard, one thouiund two hundred dollar*. ft* M M..T.M Ofa ship of the liue, for sea service, one thousand ona hundred dollar*. When on other daty, one thousand dollar*. ?When on leave of*I>?euce, or waiting order*, seven hundred and fifty dollar*. PA*trd MiDiHieaiay. On duty,seven hundred and fifty dollars. Waiting orders, six hundred dollars. W*KaiyTr.n MtiTiii Mats*. When attached to vessels for sea service, or at navy yards, four hundred and fifty dollars. Whan on leave ot absence, or waiting orders, three hundred dollars. MlDIHlrMKlt. When attached to vessels for set service, four hundred dolltr*. When on other duty, three^hundred and fifty dollars. When on leave of absence, or waiting orders, three hundred dollar*. Bouiwiiiii, Gi'smai, Sailmakebs, C*?rr*ir?i. Of a shin of thu line, for sea service, seven hundred , and fifty dollars. Of a frigate, for sea service, six hundred dollars. When on other duty, five hundred dollars. When on leave of absence, or waiting orders, three hundred and sixty dollars Officers temporarily performing the duties belonging to those of a higher grade, shall receive the compensation allowed to such higher grade, while actually so employed. Sttcli are the several sums paid annually to that noble portion of our fellow citizen* who compose the officers<sf the American navy. And, God knows, the sum received by each per annum, is little enough; yen, too little to enable them to support their station efficiently, and provide for their fami lies in comfort. And whatever else is done Dy our economical Congress in the way of retrenchment, let them naver dream of touching this proud right arm of the nation's defence. If there is any change therein, let it be an increase of force, and an increase of pay. Oitr Steam Fkicatijs.?As there were a few errors in our statement yesterday, we re-publish it to day, corrected. There has lately been a good deal said in the Philadelphia papers relative to the difference in the cost of the Mississippi and Missouri. It has been shown, apparently satisfactorily, by the following statement, that steam vessels can be built cheaper in that than in this city. Navt Dki-artmkn-, Feb. 17, 184-3. Sin ?I have the honor to state, in reply to the resolution o( the House of Representatives of the 14th instant, that the cost of the steamships Mississippi and Missouri as ascertained to the 31st December, 1811, is as follows, viz Mittitteppi. MUtouri. For labor, $139,344 *27 $139,397 '30 " Materials, 175 0-30 90 173,445 39 11 Kuiiues, 1(7.583 84 133.8C7 05 " Boilers, 81 991 31 75 53-3 13 $519,133 57 $653,850 39 Other eapenilituers have since been made, presumed to be comparatively small, but the accounts nave not yet heeu returned to the Department. 1 am, with great respect sir, Your obedient servant, A. P. UPSHUR. Hon. John White, Speaker of the House of Representatives. This is taken from the "National Intelligencer," and appears to be correct. But if the reader will just add up the cost of each steamer, he will find a very important error, in the aggregate, and one too that places this city far in advance of Philadelphia in the cheapness with whieh superior steam ships are bui t here. It will be seen by this very official report that the Missouri actually cost $34,817 75 less than the Mississippi. Rr.kic24ATio.-v of IIeitrt Ci.av?The following letter of resignation from Mr. Clay was reeeived and read in the Legislature of Kentucky cn the 23J ult Washington, Senate Chamber, > Kubiuary 16, 1841. ji To the Honorable the General Jhtemhty of Kentucky: When I U>t had the honor of an appointment as one of the United Slates Senators from Kentucky, 1 intimcted, in my letter ol acceptance, the probability of my not serving outthe whole term of ?ix year*. In consequence of there having been two extra sessions of Congress, I have already attended, aince that appointment, as many Best ions of Congress at ordinarily happen during a senaI have for several rears desiree to retire into private life, but have been hitherto prevented from executing my wish by considerations of public duty. I should have resigned my seat in the Senate at the commencement of the present session, but for several reasons, one of which w is that the General Assembly did not meet until near^a month after Congress, during which time the Senate would r.ot have been fully represented, or my successor would have had only the unceitain title of an Executive appointment. The time has now arrived when, I think, that without any just reproach, 1 may quit the public service, and bestow some attention on my private atfairs, which have suffered much by the occupation of thu latge part of my life in the public councils. If the Roman veteran had title to a discharge after thirty years' service, I, who have served a much longer period, may justly claim mine. I beg leave, therefore, to tender to the General Assembly, and do now hereby tender, my resignation of tbe otfic.e which 1 hold as 8eaator, in the Senate of the United States, from the State of Kentucky, to take effect on the 31st day of March, 1Mil ; and I request that the Genet al Assemtly will appoint my succeasorto take his seat on that day. Ihavenxfd that day to allow me an opportunity of assisting in the completion of some measures which hive been originated by me. I embrace this occasion to offer to the General Assembly my most profound and grateful acknowledgement for the numerous and distinguished proofs, by which 1 have been honored, of its warm attachments and generous confTJence during n long series of years. I have the honor to he, kc. H. CLAT. Sic.xor De BEc.ua' GnatVD Coivceht.?The programme of Signor De Begnia' grand concert, to be given on Friday next, the 11th inat. ia now before u?, and it gives fair promise to be one of the most brilliant musical entertainments eTer presented to the New York public. A very numerous orchestra, composed of the most talented performers in the city, has been engaged. The Signor will, it seems, perform with the orchestra and all the singers, the , grand >crtia and finale of the Fanatico Oae of the principal attractions will be the appearance and 1 performance of Maddle. Melizet, a young lady of great beauty and the highest order of talent. From what we have heard of her, and from the high encomiums pronounced upon her merits by competent | judges, we predict for her a rich harvest of fame. | Madame Otto will also appear, and sing a new aria | o' Bellini. Mr. Twosouski plays a new and bril- , liant fantasia, composed by himself. Mons. Onpigne ] will likewise appear as one of the solo perform- ] era. But enough has been said to induce all the ] lover* of music to attend the Signot's grand con- < cert. i Sad AeriDEJsT.?Yesterday afternoon, a man by ' ihe name of Richard White, who waa tending the 1 all at the main hatch of the packet ship Switzerand, at Pier 19, East River, was precipitated into ' he bold of that vessel, a distance of 22 feet, and so ' langerously injured him that slight hopes are enterained of his recovery, lie was conveyed to the < lospitnl. 1 Fuauku* Thcatiu:.?This house, having been ( mrchased by some of the temperance people of this ity, will be dedicated to their canse, this evening, >y the Rev- Dr. Kirby. The house, onthisocca- 1 non, will be crowded. Tub Weathib?Bathing ?Nothing can contribute so much to the comfort nnd health of no individual this hot weather as one of Mrs Carroll's Hatha. Do in 25 Courilandt street, and try one ] without delay. Chatham Tmbatse-Mr. llield, who has been I engaged at this llnu?e, made his first appearance ( last evening in the character of Charles the Second, ? in the play of that name. The house was well filled ^ and after the peiformnnee that gentleman was called <i out, when he made a short and appropriate addrem. Jemmy Twitcher, a* usual, convulsed the audter ce ^ with laughter. This evening th; brlla offer four favorite pieces, in three of which Mr. Sefton take a * part. In the fonrth. The Lady and the l>evil, Mr. [ mriu appears wiiaiove, will DM.Thorne as Z?- I t phriiu. Sach attraction for one erraiaf'a entertain- I nf-nt bear ample testimony to the enterprise and lib-1 i t r Jitr ot the manager I? aiw?y. [Corr**poi>4cii? ol Uie Herald.) Albaj?y, Thursday, March 3,1812. In the Assembly, to day, Mr. McMitmay presented a petition from th? representatives ol N. Myers, praying for a release by the State of all lands belonging to him, escheated to the State. Mr. Davizao presented a remonstrance agains' pacing any law requiring hawkers and pedlars to Inkh nut n lip f>na*> in arpH (imp TKerp la h dffD game being played in relation to this matter' It is well known that pedlarH have for sale a great deal of good ae well as bad jewelry, which they offer much cheaper than could be obtained of the regular dealers. This course is highly dissatisfactory to them, and certain jewellers in this city and elsewhere, have got up petitions in almost every town in the state, praying for a law which would, if enacted, cut off entirely this honest and industrious class of citizens front their means of livelihood. The game, however, is well anderstood here. Mr. Towksekd presented a petition from the city of New York, praying that the Independent Treasu. ry system might be adopted as the financial policy of the State. Mr. Stetson presented a petition from Clinton countytremonstrating again.-t the infliction of a direct tax, as proposed by Mr. Comptroller Flagg, unless, at the same time, provision is made for the consttuction of the Ogdensburgh and Lake Champlain railroad. Mr. D. R. F. Jokes called for the reconsideration of the vote of yesterday, by which the petitioners from the Helderbergh were taken from a standing and referred to a select committee. Mr. Palmer, the chairman of the select committee, is from the heart of the Helderbergh, and Mr. Jokes said that he made his motion on account of the committee being interested in the matter. After some debate, the vote was reconsidered, and the matter referred to the judiciary committeeThe House then went into committee of the whole, on the bill to change the mode of appointing Bank Commissioners. Mr. Swackhamek submitted as a substitute, that the office ot Bank Commissioner be abolished, and that the Banks be required to furnish monthly sworn statements to the Comptroller. Mr. S. took the ground that the public good would be better subserved, by the adoption of thissubstitute. There were already,he contended,too many officers, if gentlemen would examine the B.ink Commissioners' report, they would find that they had been of no service to the public. The #J5000 had been uselessly expended He went on to show where banks had failed, and the public been shaved, in spits of ths Commissioners, and those officers knew nothing of it until it was too late. He argued at length in favor of his substitute, mainly on the ground of the useleeeness of the office, and the saving to be effected, and the advantages to be obtained from its abolition. Mr Simmons said that when this bank inspection had been first adopted, if he had had a voice he did not know but that he should have been in favor ot the one proposed by Mr. S. But a system had been adopted, and he did not believe in legislative speculation or experimenting. The mere change, might give a shock to public confidence. He alluded to, as in bad taste, the habit prevalent of never mentioning a bank without coupling it with the term corruption, and this too without tne shadow of proof. Mr. Gsout folUwed in defence of his colleague's amendment, assuming the same position and argument. |Mr G. also went into a review of the banking system of the State, of the present situation of these institutions, with comments upon the inefficiency of the Bank Commissioners' Report to meet the end for which it was designed, of developing and placing before the people of the Stats a plain, clear and full account of the situation of the banks of the State. Mr D. K.F. Jones followed in opposition. He feared that if. as this amendment proposed, it was left to the officers of the bank to make a report, their interests would be too powerful to enable them to make a lair reports lie would much rather have it left to Bank Commissioners appointed by the people's representatives- The legislature, who might be supposed to be disinterested-. Taking this view of the case he must vote against his colleague's amendment. Mr. Loomis thought if by retaining the office of bank commissioner, and by obliging every banking Corporation to publish in the county a monthly statement of its affairs, it would subserve the public interest much more effectually, than by the adoption of ihe amendment proposed by the gentlemun from New York. At present, the bank commisioners visited the various baiiks twice or three times a year, and examined their books made up from day to day by their officers- By the plan he proposed, if there was any thing suspicious in the published account $? daiieaTo" it, and thus ifie bank commissioner directed to an examination of it To this add the right of any stockholder to examine the books of the bank whenever he might choose, and the public would be fully satisfied. The debate was continued by Messrs Towh?ej?d, Swackiiamf.r, and liorrMAx. Mr H. said this was a fine loop hole upon which to hang a speech, but as gentleman were going to adjourn over to go into Massachusetts to-morrow, he would be brief. He thought the reason which had made the bank commission a failure, rniglit easily be obviated, if gentlemen were serious in this. The whole care of the bank commissioners had appeared to have been to take enre of sick, rotten institutions, by letting them down carefuMy on that supposed bed of down?the safety fund. Take away this, certainly, and the object of the gentlemin would be attained. As to relying upon the sworn statements of a bank, experience had shown the value of.a bank oath. Mr. H. characterised such oaths as unworthy of belief. The question was then taken on the proposition to abolish the office of bank commissioner, and it was voted down. On motion of Mr. Tambliw, the day of the election of the commissioners was fixed for the fourth April. After some further propositions to amend, in which the remainder of Mr. Swackhamer'* amendments were rejected, the committee rose and reported. in ine riouse, mr. s. renewed bis amendment, , abolishing the olHce of bank commissioner, and it was again rejected. The report was than agreed to, and the hau*e then adjourned. \ The Senate, have keen occupied during the day a with the general orders, mainly private and local j bills. f To-morrow morning, at seven o'clock, the mem- 1 hers of the legislature depart for a visit to Spring- j field, there to meet the Massachusetts legislature. <j The rail road companies, have extended their invita* ] tion, so that the members may visit Boston, if they ? choose. This has been a beaulitul day, and the a prospect is that to-morrow will be another, and if ( 10, a most pleasant jaunt may be expected. 1 Gave Umiicai. , Dxkccrs or tiii Deep.?We learn from Captain f Budd, of the ship Manhattan, arrived yesterday f from Amsterdam, that on the 7th of Feb., when in . lat 42,16, long 45,25, while lying to in a severe gale j From the North West, he shipped a sea that washed i overboard Edward Carrington, second officer, of b New York ; Thomas Bowser, of London ; Andrew J Nelson, of Massachusetts, and Hugh Curfee, of fc New York, seamen, and all were lost. The violence p >f the sea was so great, that the bulwarks, on both 0 sides were carried away?decks swept of caboose, j, :aboose-house, quarter boats stove, Arc., and filled f he forecastle and cabin. f The weather was so severe that Captain B. deem- J id it the most prudent course to bear up for a South- c ;iu jiaompjr. Ei.tcnoif 15 R(K Hsm*.-Charles J. Hill, Demo- ^ :rat, has been elected Mayor of Rochester, by a matority of 270. Strawberries ash Cream?In Philadelphia yesterday. Yorifl Braham ?Young Braham made hia <Ubut as a vocalist in Boston, on Monday evening last, and was very favorably received. The How Martin Van Buret arrived at Charleston on the 27th ult. Paceet SHir Oneida will sail this morning for Havre. Another Steamer ?Captain York, of the Indejendence, reports seeing, when in latitude 36 30, Ionfitute 73 46, on the 22d February, a British steamer landing for Bermuda. This was one of the British Vest India mail ateamen from Halifax lor Bermula. Shad ?We yesterday received from Mr. B ogera i Co., of Fniton market, a vary line shad?the fmt re have seen this season. It was brought with nany others, in three days from (\:rakocke Inlet; ad they are for nala in all the markets. The flavor if this shad was mat anenoeptionable Fast Dav In Massachusetts?Thn Governor ?*s appointed Tkarsday, the 7th of April, as lha laaaal Fast?Boston Courier. Aforth 9. MMEBBSB Carlisle. ace uf the HeraM.] Carlisle, Feb 21, 1>42. Tour to the H'ttt?Herald?Twenty teeond Ftbiua ? ry?Influence of a Candy Girl? Aristocracy ? A Strut It'a I ker? Collect Named After Bo*?Em bryo Lawyer*? I.oaf em?Barrache, Blood and J Pedigree?lloepita'ily and Good Breeding?Three Familie* Excepted?Neto Hotel?.Veto Preacher? Home?Thu.ika?Jlietorical Societiei ? Lecture. t Dear BcRnriT? * i Happening to be storm-stayed at thi* place, 1 con- I eluded to present a couple of letter* of introdac- i tion I bad to the commanding officer at the milita- '1 ry past near this town, and another to one of the c ? -a! r * ? -ill I I...;.. 1 iirci ciuzeai ui lav viiia^r, ?uu umng mv? ?? ?? some things truly characteristic. not only of Car- 1 li.-le, but alto of many other American towns, I think 1 them worthy of a letter by themselvss. I would *

take this opportunity of informing you, also, that < I lure taken ample notes of my tour to the West, 1 of which you shall hara advantage on my return, I to add to the rich stores and ample resources < which have made the Herald the pride and glory, 1 not only of the United Stater, but of the newspaper ' world at large. Wherevei I have gone, the news- I boy has always been beseiged for the Herald, and < after his stock of that paper is exhausted, his "oe- 1 cupatioa'? gone " i This is the eve of Washington's birth-day, whieh 1 is generally celebrated by festivity and rejoicing I throughout the length and breadth of the laid. It i would have been observed in Carlisle by a ball, i had it not been prevented by the influence of a wo- I man, and ysu know nearly all the mischief in this i world is directly or indirectly caused by the fair i sex. As near as 1 could learn from ths conversation of the young men, whose acquaintance 1 had made at the hotel, it would seem that a certain Miss , a daughter of a lady who1 keeps a mint-stick shop in an obsure little hamlet called Westminster, in Maryland, is on a visit to this place, and baa been accidentally admitted into good society. Aa upstarts are always the greatest sticklers Tor preserving caste, and avoiding coming in coutact wiih the lower classes, this young lady i gave out that she could not attend the ball in question as there would probably be some mechanics' daughters present, and even some young men who made an honest living by honest labor. Now,there is a great emulation, it would seem, particularly among the women of this town, as to who shall be the most genteel, and no sooner was tbe above piece of intelligence noised abroad, than every lady in tbe town coincided with tbe mint sitck giil, and declined attending the ball which was to be polluted with the presence of such monsters as mechanics and others, who actually worked for a i living. Thus it has come to pass that the birth day i of the father of his country will pass by unnoticed, ' in eonsequence of the superfined delicacy of algirl. whose fine bonnet was purchased by the sale of i frum'five to six hundred sticks of candy,retailed by i her own pretty little fingers. Her origin should be | no objection to her, but as she is so critical of the pedigree and occupation of others, she gives just reason for the inspection of her own. I There is a prodigious quantity of false delicacy and refinement, ignorance, vulgarity, and aristocracy .among the first circle in this pretty little village. 1 he criterion of gentility among them is aeon icuipv tur taiiioi, miu iiuiicbi luuasiry an geoeril. 1 Those who form the first class are generally as I poor as a parson Vcow,with neither intelligence nor | education to support their pretensions to respec- i tability, "nor even that propriety of conduct which i characterizes it. For example, 1 saw a young lady | who wears ringlets, and a lead colored bonnet ar.d i dress, and who is called the belle of the place, promenade Mainetreet seven times in one aay, and it t is said the Railroad Company contemplate employ- i ingher as inspector of that part of the track situa- , ted within the limits of the borough, as the could attend to superintending the repairs, &c-, in con- i nexion with the important business of spinning \ street yarn and beau catching. i This is the seat of a collrge named Dickinson, in ] honorof the author of the Pickwick Papers and llarnaby Radge, and I presume he will pay a visit j to the institution which has borrowed his name j The Faculty are said to be very suitable men, ex- j cept the President, who 1 should judge to be an i astonishingly inferior sort of a man. Tne students i are not a set of a ere soap locks; 1 am told, by those < who kuotv, that there is not an idea among them i fi.r every dozen. There are, also, thirty or foriy t young bucks connected with the college in the < capacity of law students, the one half of whom < should dc plough-boys < My old friend Captain Sumner, of the army, with | whom I served as a volunteer in Florida, in '37, is ^ a great disciplinarian, and has his men in a fine ] the other officer*,are all perfect gentlemen. l"o'ver- i head a little incident, which is so good an illustra- < tion of this part of Pennsylvania, that I must relate | it. A young lady of the first quality, visiting in i the place, accidentally discovered, in one of the petty officers, a distant connexion of her family, 1 who had been reduced by misfortune to ihe neces- j sity of serving his country as a soldier. With that t kindness cf heart which always bespeaks the true j lady, she spoke to the young man as an acquaint- t anee, and in consequence of it being made kuotvn j that some of her blood flowed in thu veins of a ser- | geantin the army, she has bera lowered one rung ( on the ladder of society. This is democracy?this a is republicanism ! ! The want of hospitality of the Pcnntylvanians i is notorious all over the Union. In this place, evan altera man has been invited to the house of one of these gentry, if they do not find bis acquaintance will add to tneir consequence, they do not hesitate toj shut the door in his face, should he presume to repeat the visit on a general invitation to that effect. This, I am informed, has frequently happen. . rd, and has added not a little te the reputation of those who have dene so, for the test of respectabil ity here is pride, and contempt for supposed inferiors ; :>nd the question which is the touchstone j to everything is, "What will Mrs. Grundy aay V' There ise standing committee, whoee duty it ie to I inspect the credentials of all who offer for admit- u aa ce to memb rrship of the first circle, end to expel ti ill unruly or incompetent members. n These parvennes are at once the disgrace and p ?est of many of our towns and cities. It is possible c hat there are some sensible people in Carlisle; but g rhat it eall ed the best soeiety is certainly the worst ri [ know Judge Gibson, resides heie, and hit family tl ora an exception to moet of my remarks on Car- v isle society. I would also except David James, 2sq., n distinguished member of the bar, whose laily practice has indeed impeired his constitution, must also exeept a friend of mine, who contributes greatly to that polish and smoothness of 1 urface which 'add so much to the pleasures and c' injoyments of life. From his diminutive figure, 1,1 ie is nicknamed by his enemies Jlanty Jim, but all * r ho know his worth, would scorn to treat him with j* lisresnect. With the execution of the above iSm hi amilits, I think I hare given you a true and faith- C ul description of thia town ana it* inhabitant*. *' 1 would recommend all my friend* who come " iere, to stop at the tew hotel of Mr*. Charlotte ' dcLaughlin, at No 41 North Lother street. Thi* '? * a branch of her Union hotel at Harrisbnrg, and *' las just been opened under the most favorable analice*. She ha* secured the inestimable services f J?a O?1?y barkeeper, T?s J. J?d?n as ^ iostl?r, and G, A. S?n?r as chief cook, and i* ' m-pared to supply all the want* of travellers and ? then. "j Tbe vacancy in the second Presbyterian chnreh ,fc ias been supplied by the election of Rev. H *c Ibaugh, formerly a dentist, almost uraaimouily "J le has been very successful in arousing quite a c> pecial interest en the subject of religion, and urge accessions are daily being made to the hurch. A historical society hat lately been formed here, f which Mr. E d Sh r, i? founder and prssilent, and L G. 15?d?y secretary Tbe reading oom it in the brick building near the corner of , 'iit and Main streets, and the subject of the first nurse of lectures is the history of the four kings. iuch is the enthusiasm ef the members that their !" nvestigatiens are some times continued all nigh*, ind the business of the society is always attended o daring the day. There it alto a b atch of the V (,-aiety on the Corner of North Hanover street, on ? he public square, next door to the first Presbyte- ? ian church. This ia under the superintendence of , f. F E o, m d is carried on with great success T" ind profit to all concerned. It is whispered that . ho city authorities will suppress these uselul insti- ^ utions, inasmuch as tha member* are injuring thair ai :ye aignr, ana &re atiapectea oi originating achemea ' if finance which may add to the dermgementof the iurreacy. ? A moat able and eloquent lactam waa delivered J ast week, for the benefit of the Alait fire company, , iy Dr. Jamea Noble, one of the moat eminent aurjet n* in thia aection of the State. Hia anbject raa "The pleaanrea of the tocial affectiona," and te treated it in eneh a meaner ae ahewed ha waa a t< lerfect maater of it If a haa a clear and ringing 'oiee, and hia ennneietion ia remarkably dietinet, 1 ad hia performnnee thowa him a man of tha great- ? nt acqoireaaeate, and the moat refined intellect, v rhile the node el moral a of which he ia n diaeiple, a of the meet anexceptionehle hind. The lecturer ted evidently experienced the truth of ell he de C art bed with anon a depth of pathea, and power of g xpmaaioe, eod the moral force of the lactarr, tl lacked hy the haillianl example of ita author, can- fl at hot hare a meet aaletnrv a fleet ee hia aedieece. 01 For the present,edlee, ?a ! Correspondence of the Herald. | Lexiroton, Ky , Feb. 21, 1S42. Uke Haratd? Ttmptraam mtul Mihlary MnvtmenU? Law and I^adtn?Mttlica! Flurry? Tht Bar-Bankrupt Law. Iames Gordon Bennett, Esq.:? Sim? Permit me to return vnn mN (hunks for the ill itriiciion and amusement I realize in readisg your lopular Herald?popular, however, ia too laoae a erm to apply to it. If you do not receive a rapid ncrease of subscriptions from this quarter, it will ony be for the waut of the^eed ul- On the opening >f every mail you hear on every hand, " What does iennett Bay T?Let me see the Herald?Here, I'll tive you the Journal, and Courier, for a look at your tlerald." A stranger would suppose, from the 'agerness with which it is sought fur, that it possesrd the virtures of the Like of Rijurenecenee. Our iltlecity has been rather dull this winter, except in -evivals in the ehnrches, and the constant ringing >f their big bills ia about the only exciting thing we tear, (alwaysexcepting when we receive a Herald.) rhe temperance cause has nearly swept every thing >eforc it and those who still hold out would, no lonbt, willingly join in the good cause, if Professor VI. would just lay low and keep dark. His taking in active part is a great injury to the cause. It would be better for hiin and A. S. E. and others to turn their attention te raising the funds for building their ultra church over the canal, which will, no doubt, be an upstream business. Tomorrow there is to be a grand temperance procession and speeches from two young lawyers. The military are to be addressed by the Rev. Toot Davidson.? Judging of his every action by his temper, he is a suitable person to speak before bristling bayonets. But it is, no doubt, a hard matter to bring our tempers under the subjection of the religion of our meek and lowly master. If he would obtain the commission of adjutant or serjeant major, he would be at home. If g late Colonel of the bloody 421 was still in command, he would, no doubt, obtain it upon application. I think since you have had Lexington correspondents, the said Colonel has not as many witty tales to fell as usual The law class of Transylvania give a grand select ball to-moirow night, at the Pheaix, to which I am invited, so you see that law and medicine can be friendly. 1 anticipate a perfect galaxy of beauty. Among the first, Miss E. P. with her beantiful face, and intelligent and smiling countenance?Miss M. D. S. with her queen like carriage, aud the Misses L R. and a few others which could be named.? Alas ! no more the beantiful form and expressive dark eyes of Miss E. N will be seen in the mazy dance?she hasgiven np the world and her vows to Cod, and may he bless her. A few days since there was a great Hurry in our medical cla?s?II a student called upon Professor ? , after his lecture, for an explanation of certain matters. The reply given was a pistol shot at, but without injury to H. The Professor then, thinking that he who shoots " and runs away nay live to shoot another day," gave lea bail, II. in hot pursuit with hia hickory, with which he belaboured the Professor" mightdy." They were then separated. The students took sidee, except myself, and it was supposed at one time that Professor Dudley would have had more subjects than he could use out of his own class. Our amiable and intelligent Judge W'coley is now holding his annual Chancery term. It would be difficult to speak in sufficient terms of praise of his talents as a jurist?his firmness and aff ability as a judge, and his address as a gentleman. His bar is compostd of a great diversity of character and peculiarity? samples of moderation and petulance?fire and smoke?tact, talent and pettifogging. A few of them f will notice:?First, It. A. ST commonwealth attorney, a pleasant looking gentleman, one whom the ladies would call a sweet and captivating young man?his words are dulcet and flow with a murmuring sweetness even when addressing a jury, and his natural smile shows him possessed of great philanthropy. He only lacks greater powerof lungs. M. C. J. stands at the head ot our bar as a counsellor?not eloquent, but logical in his reasoning, he lias great influence over the mindi of those whom lie addresses. He is now the acknowledged King >f Babylon, and respected accordingly?he is a fine ind exquisite waltzer. R. P., a gentleman of no >rdinary talent, but his delicate health prevents him ailing that stand at the bar which he would otherwise do. I should not fail to mention R. N. W, lecidedly the most impressive speaker, and would liepute the title of head of the bar if he had more nergy. The petulance, smoke and pettifogging of he bar 1 will not mention. One of the bar has wooed and won at the shrine of Hymen, an heiress. He was treated with a grand rA/ra>"??'. ??ey uics uie loving pair. Great preparations ire now making under the bankrupt law?the judge of the Kentucky district has.now made that simple law very complex by hia rules. They are about iliree times as long as the law, and a certain Judge told me, a few days since, that before the fear was out, hia rules would fill three octavo vourr.es. Couid not the law be amended in the first ecuon1 It would give great ease to certain execuora and ^administrators in these parts. Some of hem are great philosophers and judges of human lature. If you wouid visit us, Bennett, you would >e treated well. A. W. with his pleasant, open :ountenance?J. C. with his true Irish hospitality, ind even Owen Glendower, and a host of others, vould give you the right hand of fellowship, for tic pleasure you have given them. Medicos. Guayama. LCoireipomlencc of the Herald.1 Guayama, Feb. 15, J842. Important Order from the Goo. General. ames Gordon Bennett, Esq.:? Dear Sir? An order from oar Captain General was yesteray put in force, which requires that all passener?, from whatever part of the world, shall hring rith them a passport, or they will not he permit;d to land. This order extends to supercargoes nd agents; who, unless they are provided with a assport, or are enrolled ea the vessel's papers, annotlaad; and, la this latter jease, will be oblied to leave in the same vessel in which thay arived Forthe benefit of many paraona coming to hia Island, I beg yon will give this notice in your aluable journal. Marine Court. Before Judge Sherman. Thoma* Murray, v?. Jean Detail ?The plaintiff hipped on hoard the French brig Arsak, at Ro* belie, hound to this port, aad back. Thinking ith one of hia distinguished townsmen (for he as born in Dublin,) " where liberty dwells, there i my country," he left the brig on her arrival sre, and brought the present action agaiaat the aptain, to get posseesion of hia cheat, which he rera contains clothes and money. JYhen the vesil was ready to sail lait Monday, the plaintiff was rrested as a deserter, and carried oa hoard, but llowed by a writ < f habeas corpus. The mate line on shore with him, but instead of conveying i m before tha Marine Couit, left him with the o? sers, and then complained to the Mayor against te latter (Messrs. Johnson and Howard) for mak- 1 ig a false arrest. The Captain contended that i [urrtv hftd thinned for IV.-w Vnplr <es*el Knnlr ochelje, while the counsel for plaintiff contended I let being i British subject, and not having perinallj signed the shinning psper, he eoald not be dd. The Jury could not agree, and were dis- isrged. For plaintiff, Mr. A. Nash. Mr. Lockwood for efeadant. Court of Common Plesm. Before Judge Ulshoeffer. March 4 ? John Giant vs. Eleanor 7Vneaetf?This as an action for slander, in calling the plaintiff a ief, robber, and other hard names?the damages id at 92000. Thedefondant, who is a smal lcolcg old lady, sat in eonrt with n pretty daughter ;?ide her, and is wealthy withal, started (In con- 1 jction with Mrs. Glass, his mother) the plaintiff . id her sen-in.law, named Rich, in business as iron nnders, corner of Riviagton and Lewis streets, fhether he was murdered, committed suicide, or 1 loped," is unknown, but certain it is, on the 19th < una laa* U 10K ?n JWpftlv diiffsnptrpd. and Kan aimt ten heard of since. The defendant wu then dcrout of clneing the foundry and getting back her oaey, bat wa? apposed by pljintiJ, who wai de- , rous of baying Rich's ihare. In their altereaou, the defendant thinking ihe had a fall right to icrcUe what some fnity old bachelor* would proibly designate that dangerous weapon " a lady's i ingue" let loose epon him in the manner spoken < f Glass is represented to be of an excellent chaletar, and not to hare been much disturbed by the i rensations; still he thought it well enough to put le stopper on her unruly member, particularly as i te defendant sued and broke up his establishment, he jury guru a verdict in faror of plaintiff for 1 [|00 damage* and 6 cents costs. ' For plaintiff, Mr. Mulock?Messrs. Cowles and ITella for defendants. Skifwbeck.?The schooner North American, jptain Coston, of and for Philadelphia, from Tinier .Sound, laden with oysters, was cast away en |?9h inaUnf. iat am A or alAmm wane ffWdh ffhl The Bankrupt Lnw. 17?w Yen, March 4, MM. To J-txcs GoBDON B*miett, E*h :? DsAkSia? The papers of thv roaming inform un that Judge Bet?a has decided that the Bankrupt I>aw is constitutional, Cor the reasoa that Congress is invested with full powers to paw a Bankrupt Law. This decision was not nnexpected to ine, but the reav>n as* signed by his honor is by no means satisfactory. I am on? of those who believe that the law is uncons'itutienal, and with vour nprmi?j;?? * ? !? briefly state my reasons for this belief. 1. Congress is prohibited from pissing any tx pott j facto law It is alleged, however, that this refers to criminal laws only. I am not satisfied of this; but admitting such to be the case, it proves that the spilitof the constitution is directly opposed to laws having a retro-active operation. Every argument in favor of the prohibition of tx vott fatio criminal laws, is equallv cogent against the iuatice and propriety of all other laws containing the retrospective principle. The constitution prohibits the States, in their individual capacities, from parsing any law impairing the obligation oi contracts. The framers of that instrument considered the inviolability of contracts a matter of such vital importance to the well being of society, that, unwilling to trust the States to pass the requisite laws on the subject, they determined to secure this great object, by taking from the States all power to interfere with, or impair, the obligaI lion of contracts Will it be said that this power, thua taken from the States, was bestowed upon Congress 1 Show me the pat?age ia the constitution in which it is conferred upon that body. The power to pass uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcy, does not include authority for making those laws take effect upon pre-existing contracts There is not the slightest ground for the supposition that the operation of those laws was intended to be different from that of all other laws; and as it is quite evithat the spirit, if not the letter, ?f the constitution, is hostile to retro-active laws, we are irreeistably forced to the conclusion that the present bankrupt lAv is cnconstitut tonal. 2. Judge Belts, however, has asserted that the bankrupt law is constitutional, because Congress has power to pass uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies. In his opinion, then, it can make but little difference what those laws are, and what they are designed to effect; so long as they are " uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies," they are constitutional! Is this correct reasoning I I should say not. All powers conferred by the constitution were intended to be exercised within the limits of reason, common tense, and common justice; and any law passed under an un warrantable stretch of these powers, is as unconstitutional, as though the powers had been altogether withheld. Let me illustrate this by supposing a case. |Suppcsc Congress were to pass a law that, from the date id the act, all debtors, rich and poor, without the payment of a cent to their creditors, should be forever discharged from their debts. Would Judge Belts, or uny other man in his senses,1 deny the unconstitutionality of such a law 1 I think not. But why would not this law be constitutional 1 It would be a "uniform law on the subject of bankruptcies," which Congress has express authority to pass. The reason is obvious?it would be an uawarrantable exercise of the power? an outrage upon reason,ljuslice, and common sense, and thtrtforc, unconstitutional And this is one of the reasons why I consider the Bankrupt law unconi stitutional?the power under which it was enacted. was abused. The abuse, to be sure, was not so great as in the case I have surprised; but still it was an abuse, and for that reason ihe law cannot be considered constitutional. The question may be asked, whether the power has, in point of fact, been abused. To this interrogatory I wouldl reply in the words of a distinguished lawyer, Theodore Sedgwick, Esquire. In his recent speech at the Exchange, he observed "What does the constitution say about the matter! Why ,it says that Congress shall have power to paaB uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies.? Where are you to go to find the meaning of that ! Why to old mother England. Uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, had long been known when our Constitution came into existence, and there were three fundamental essential principle* recognised, wot owe or which caw be focwd iw the prksewt act. In the first place, as to the character of the persons who were to be affected by this act: they were to be traders, merchants and bankers only. In the second place as to the character of the proceedings, and who began them: it was a proceeding by the creditor, for the purpose of winding up the debtor's estate?of arresting the progress of an insolvent, and compelling him to divide his assets among his creditors. And, lastly, a consent of a portion of the creditors was essential to a discharge of the insolvent. In no one of these three fundamental principles, does the present Bankrupt law resemble any one of its predecessors. In the first place, it is aa act atiTfctiag the whole world, except the bankrupt coxporatirma. * ??? Then as to the character of the proceedings Bv I....... 1 u. .1 1: m *T . B . ' nnuiii ur^uil s 11J IHC crrunurs ! 1\0[ 81 all.? With a few exceptions, the creditor is to remain perfectly passive, and allow ie debtor to proceed to a surrender or not, as he may see fit. Then again, as to the consent of the crediters. No such consent is required- To be sure, ?he creditor may go to a jury*-but on what 1 Not on the q"estion whether the debt was improperly contracted, or whether the person was a gambler or a reckless spendthrift. Such a Bankrupt Ijaxsis equally a stranger in England as in this country." It appears, then, that the present Bankrupt Law bears no resemblance to any of its predecessors, and, consequently, is not such a one as the Constitution contemplates- The interest of the creditor is almost wholly overlooked, and the whole design oj the framers of the law, seems to have been, to sponge debts in the most summary manner, without the slightest reference to the character of the debtor, or of the conduct of which be may have been puilty. No distinction is made between him who is stained with fraud, and the unfortunate who has been upright in all his dealings. It matters not that you can prove the fact of your debtor's having wilfully cheated yoa, and of his having secreted pro perty which no can receive again the moment he is discharged; it matters not that you can establish to the satisfaction of any jury, that he has defrauded the widow and the orphan, and appropriated trust funds to his own use; the law, miscalled the bankrupt law, throws its protecting arm around him, equally with the poor but honest debtor^ wht wuuiu vmuijr ymj CYHJ UUIIKI UC uwci, IDQ WO( lammts his inability to do justice to hiscreditors ' Will any man say that this law was cot enacted uc der an abuse of the power to pass unifotra laws 01 the subject of bankruptcies! Is it not the height o absurdity to call such a law a bankrupt law, ant then argue that it is constitutional, because the power to pass a bankrupt law has been given t< Congress! Admit this principle, and all ourdeares rights may be invaded, our property taken from us, and even oar liberties abridged by the ualimitet abuse of powers conferred by the Constitution. W. H. W. Cltjr Intelligence. Cramdall ItrruascD.?Mr. H. N- B. Crand&J! who, it was supposed, hsd been seriously injure by Wm. W. Purdy and a man named Black, a Fowlei'sgrocery store, corner oi Division and Chrii tie streets, on the 25th of February last, and wh has been absent since, returned yesterday mornin ts the city, he having been confined to the house < a relative at Harlem, in consequence of the appeal ance of one of his eyes that was bruised at the tim he was assaulted by the above persons. In recore ing the notice relative to the arrest of Purdy, in yei terday's paper, it was stated that he was " the hui band of the woman of Restell notoriety." Th expression might possibly he construed to conve the impression that he is the husband of the indiv dual known as Madame Restell, whtn, in fact, 1 was the husband of the woman named Ann Msr I'urdy, who acquired n?toriety in the " Restell pr< recutita." The character of Purdy has been fully exposed of late, as to tend materially tochanj the tone of public feeling relative to the abov named trial. Poi.ica.?No business of any importance w iransacted yesterday at either of the Police Office The city has been unusually iree from crime I the past several days?and the officers have thei fore turned their attention to clearing out the hout of infamy used as the resort of blacks and whites various parts of the city. Slavs Tradb.?Tha aathorltiea of Cuba ha anpiaa me unci on Muuin ?j tber importation of ikvri fro* Africa ; a late i^B rival of nr groea kai been Niwd, aad a rimilar fa^H w*it? aaj lakitqtMt landing?the deapatch^H rrmeli for Africa ) effaetnally atopped, and -uppreaaioa of tki< illegal and iihnui traffic therefore kettuidtrtd aa Anal Moat Of the plfl tera aided in obtaining thia rraalt, deeming it their intereat. H Wur I?dia Royal Mail &rzAMna*?Aa it afford, important information to ournumerou* dm. we mention that lettera cm he aent by H Clyde, which ia to anil from this port on the lOth^H any of the Hritiah poeaeaniom in the Writ Ind^H [yttrra ahould be therefore forward") to the 1'j^H office Agent.No. 7 Fine threat, on orb* fare the^H Altera to nil other placen (hnn the Bhtiatapoa^B aiooa mat be frapni f ia New V.ork; letter* aU> B be forwarded to the Pacific Ocean by Panama. I