Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 11, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 11, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Mrw York. Friday, Marcli U, lM*. To Medical AUvcrtUera, The Lnnrrt now present* the beat medium faddreMuiR the medicm1 profe**ion. It* ciiculahon it ne?ily three thousand copies weekly, and extendi to every x clionof the L'ntou. Publisher* of medical work*, lurgical in Matrara ,1unt?*^a L c /.oniml fill 1 a m Off Jf'tfi" rable au<l useful vehicle for their announccsntuts than thin popular periodical. Druggists in the city cannot in ay other way so effectively adJresa country spolhecaries, a great number of whom are practitioners, and subscribers to the Lancet. To physicians themselves who wish to dispose of their practice, procure assistants, or form partnerships, the Lancet affords uneejujlh d opportunities of extensively communicating with their professional brethren. To professional young men desirous of obtaining situations, the same facilities are offered. The various medical aahools and colleges throughout the Union?conductor* of private hospitals and infit raaiu-s, lie. should also avail themselves of the advantages thus presented. The Lancat now circulates inevery considerable city and village throughout the Union. jtsviiTiiisc TrsMit?One square, one insertion, (1 M>; Each additional insertion, $1; per annum, (IS. One column, one insertion, $10; each additional inserton, V*; per annum, ?50. Bill* it itched in on moderate term*. Three thousand copies requited. ttiamalilp Clyde. This steamship, due here yesterday morning, from Halifax, had not arrived when our paper went o press. She is looked for with much anxiety, by lhoee deeply interested in the fate of the Caledonia. It it to be haped that she may bring some intelligence of that mitting steamship. The State of the Country?What la to be Done I What is the country coming to ! What is to be done 1 Nn money in the treasury 1 Our ships can't sail! The home squadron lying idle! The workmen in our navy-yards, arsenals, ?5*c , unpaid and all grumbling! Our difficulties with Ei.gland growing darker, and our defences stopped in their progress for want of meam. What is to be done 1 Congress is three months advanced in their session, and still engaged in long speeches and parly broilsIntrigues, speeches and president-making are the order ot the day. What is to be done 1 The Government must have money, or stand as still as a broken German clock. The remedy is a simple one- We cannot expect to have all the benefit of a government without any of its burdens. We cannot support a government without taxes of any sort. And to suppose thut a free government, with republican institutions, can be upheld without taxation, is just as preposterous as to suppose that liberty means a state of perfect idleness, and no exertion of thought or deed. The American people aVays involve themselves in diffi culty by putting off the evil day of taxation. This was the way in which the continental money was dishonored and fell into worthlessness in the hands of honest hearted revolutionary soldiers,who so well earned it in the hard fought battles of their country. Thus it has happened that the states have been led, in many cases, into bankruptcy and repudiation. Put on taxes, and thus save the country and its credit like men. Take back the money from the tales of public lands?curtail and cat off all useless expenses?infuse greater economy and energy into all branches of the government, not alone in potter", and clerks' hire, but in the mileage of mem ben and other extras of various kinds. If all this don't do, why, then, advance.the duties for revenue, not for protection, to 26 or to 30 per cent, if you will, on a horizontal scale, on all importsThen let the people, each man, commence their raiVirm at fh^ir own Ipcb in ?. <?v.. b- *? -vw' ?'* more within themselves?pay all they owe as fast as they can?and, above all, pav cheerfully the means necessary to sustain the free government of their choice, and rely upon ttud, good ploughs, good harvests, and industry and temperance, and sound money, for prosperity in life, and peace in death. Let the people send more practical men to the Legislatures and to Congress. We have too many lawyers?and political game players and office seekers in our legislative halls. The producers, the farmers of the country, number over three millions, yet, how few, very few, of their number appear in Congress, or elsewhere in places of trust! The Continental Congress (hat signed the declaration of Independence, had more farmers, more practical men, and fewer lawyers, than has ever belanged to such a body since, and a wiser body never eat. And, if we wish Providence to bless us and prosper us as a nation, we must fall back upon such men, and upon such times; and, above all, avoid debt, banks, speculators, and snares of Satan, which mean political wire-pullers. Our Leublaturc?Dinner Tor?The loeefoco* have aow the atcrndancy in th? State Legislature. They know that the only wry to restore the credit of this state, and bring its bonds up to par vakie, and make its engagements and its acts honored at home and abroad, is to pat on a direct tax immediately. Why, then, d<> they not have the maofinew to do this 1 And although a few may grumble at it, and they may lose some little political influence by it for a time, still every good and honest man will applaud them for so doing; and it will be better for all parties in the long run. Tar New Yore Pilots?We stated in yesterday's Herald that an opposition among the New York pilots had existed over a year; it should have been for a number of years. The competition commenced in 1S37, and has been kept up to this day. Goon News for some New Vorkcm?After the 4th of July next, there ia to he no arresting or imprisoning any one for deb: in Mew Jersey. McDosald Cla**e.?We were yesterday presen:?d with a very caput! lull length likeness of poor McL> maid Clarke. It was done by a Mr. Metford, uvci s\iwin p cuncm, i.ri'*uwnjr, m in cui uui in ??c minuter with Kiuin Ii is a moat extraordinary likeness of the "poor mad poet," aa be was wont to call hintttlf. Eautx*-* Elittio*/ ?There was ,vs election in, Lowell last Monday. No choice for Mayor. NWright, an uinalgar.-.aiioniet. came witkin one of brine elected. That party is strong in LoarellStephen P. Webb, a Whig, has been elected Mayor of Silem by a majority of 124 vatea. We have as yet received but few reuras from New Hampshire. That State his un<i?eslbonably g-me ahead for Democracy. New Yoa* aai? Al?v*t Railroad?A great meeting has been held at Poughkeepeie, to take step* to call a General Convention, to be held at Poughkeepsie, on Thursday next, to adopt the Beef way measure* towards building thia road. The Ptrat.x Scttooi (Jrr-Tnr -Wr do sincerely hope that our fellow citizens will approach this subject in a manner becoming rational beings and good democrat* No man is new so insane or so stupid as to deny that some chance is necessary in the system; at the tame time, every one is ready to adm.t ? that all the advantages and benafita connected with ih Mioiun ? secsreu to 11 lor ever. not, on the other hand, we regret to see a great ma ay intelligent men working themselves into a perfect fever at the prospect of the slightest change in the public szhool system, as if a wholesome improvement would destroy all the schools. Why these men would rather see disease destroy a perron's lite, thsn that the surgeon's knife should be employed to eradicate the evil. Let nil nece^ary reforms an I in prove meets be supported. Exrscfcsas rsoiu Hostow.?We are again ind< b ed to Rsrnden iV Co., of the Creat Et?'e n Evpre s, aad Mr Millikea of the attaxer New Haven, for Boston paper* in ad vane of ths mail. Review of Books. Nati ralut's I.idsary?C. IVtttt, .PX) Goldttrctl. We do not see how, in a common newspaper notice, we can do proper justice to a work of this kind ? This is a beautifully printed and illustrated book of MY pages, and containing over 400 lioe engravings. It contains popular and scientific descriptions of every s|>ecies of man, quadrupeds, birds, fishes, reptiles and insects. The accounts are campiled with great care from the works of Cuvier, Bulfiin, Goldsmith, Audubon, Lewis & Clark, Wilson, Montague, Lacepede, Shaw, Richardson, Griffith fc Gecfiray, and arranged according to the classification of Stark. It throws all other similar works on Natural History far into the shade, and is a book that no tibraryl public or private, can do without.? All the latest discoveries and researches down to 1S41 are here given and illustrated; and the notas are copious and invaluable. It is really a literary treasure. To quote from it is impossible. It must be purchased to be appreciated. Such a woik on all the branches of Natural History has long been wanted; and the lasting gratitude ol the community is due to Mr- Wells fcr the very handsome manner in which he has got up the work before us. Muaaar's Museum?Bradbury Co.?As usual, clever. Thiers' History or the Frenoh Resolution? Po*t,$6 Bowtry.?This enterprising publisher has issued No 12 ol this valuable work. Sk-orr's Works?Pott, 88 Bototry.?The cheapest and Lest edition ever nrinted. No. 10 ol the second set is out Ccopkk's Sua Talus?Curry Co., 167 Broadway ?No. 9 of these unrivalled tales has just been published. This house turns nut some of the neatest, cheapest, ar.d moat capital periodicals ia the country. ?ece tignum Bo/.'a Works, \o. 9- Curry Co., 167 Broadway ?This number of this superb edition contains that capital story, Oliver Twist, with a fine plate of "Oliv rasking for more." It is the cheapest and best edition of Uoz's works in the market, and oniy costs twenty-five cents a week. Encyclopedia .Americana, No 9.?Curry Co , 167 Broadway ?Let no one complain hereafter if they are without this inestimable work. It is a library of itself, and its high price has heretofore , placed it beyond the reach of tne majority. It can now be had for the small outlay of twenty-five cents , a week. Ml-sical ?The interest excited by the concert to ! be given by Signor de Begnia is much increased since his bill of fare has been offered to the public, i who perceive in it the promise of a brilliant andde* |ightful entertainment. It will be seen that Md'lle Melizft will sing three songs, quite new in N<-w York, completely different in their style of composition, and in different languages Madame 0;to appearing for the first time since her return from Europe, where she has been successfully cultivating her talents, will sing two songs, entirely new to the American public, and each of these ladies will sing 1 a comic duett with the " Prince of comic singers," j the Signor himself, who will also repeat the exquisite song, * J'ai de Fargent,' besides which he will 1 act and perform the grand scena from * II Fanatico,' ( the rehearsal of an overture, which alone is amply } worth the price of admission- In addition to these will be performed several instrumental solos, en tirely new, particularly om by Kossowski, composed expressly for this occasion. A band of forty of the best instrumentalists the city can produce, under the able direction of Mr- Peneon, will also contribute to the brilliancy of the vocal performances, and also execute two of the finest overtures of those pre-eminent masters of composition, Mozart and Weber. The Misses Shaw's Comcest went off last evening with the greatest eclat, and was attended by an ovetflowing and fashionable audience. The young debutante* gave abundant evidence of the justice of the high character which report had given of their musical talents. We have seldom been so math gratified by any entertainment of this description. The charming naioeti, spirit and vivacity of Miss Rosina's manner, which was withal tempered with the most fascinating modesty, made a very favorable impression on the audience, while her ringing evinced extraordinary power. Iier execution of "Woodman spare that tree," and "Oh, happy night," that beautiful lyric from Uustavus, was very brilliant, and elicited enthusiastic applause. Miss Mary possesses a voice of great sweetness, and has evidently studied with much diligence and success. She sang "When the morning first dawns,"and several duetts with her sister, with particular brilliancy and efleet. Both young ladies are extremely beautiiul, and endowed as they are, with such deci- ( ded talent, modest grace, and loveliness, we predict for them a highly prosperous career in the profession 1 on which they have so auspiciously entered. When , do they give another concert 1 Latest most Bogota ?We have received intelligence to the 10th of December- All was quiet 1 there at that time. j Mr. J. Orville Taylor will lecture this evening 1 (Friday,) in the "Brooklyn Lyceum" on "National j Education."?Admittance free. The Mayor, Coun-cil, Board of Public Schools, and citizens generally, 1 are invited to attend. . Lsrvona on Rcscou.?We are requested to call , attention to Mr. Shea's advertisement of a lecture on the character, Arc., of William Roscoe. We are told Mr. S. is well quulitied to give a good lecture i on thin subject. Thb Wcatheu was again warm and delightful as a June day yesterday. A*onto* Mvrokr ?A German, whose name is ' unknown, was murdered on the Long Island Rail Road, two miles from the South Ferry, on Wednesday night- lie wan shot in the bask ot the head, and the baN passed out of his forehead, and was found 10 inches from his body. His cloth cap was pierced by the bill. He was out on a gunning ex ] cursion, ibu uau nw gun ana aog wilts mm. Hit* gun was toumf f> feet from him, loaded, capped, aad ' , cocked, and tke muzzle frone him. Hie dog lay by hiaeidr, and barked when the men approached who found him. Mm body is at the Brooklyn coronet's 1 office. Ilis hair is dark? lajge whiskers, and he , was about 35 years of age. He had avideetly been robbed. Rowu>ie* ?We are requested-to call atteatioa to a gang of rowdy boys who infest the corner of Grand i afreet aad the Bowery every night, and insalt females. Will the wetchmen look after theml Court Cairndar-Thl* Asy, Court or Commas fkiss?Parti, at 10 o'cleck AM. 1 Mot 31, S3, 39, 33, 73, 79, S3, 86, M, 07,43, '199,41 ,tW, 47.07. Part}, at 4 o'clock.-Koa. 193, 900, 88, lJO. 116.49, 3t3, 90S., 213, 300, 3*32, '324, 333. 23!?. 730, 2J2, 2M, '3S6. i Chatham TsirATKB ? The unprecedented rush te ) witness the performance* of Jemmy Twjtcher has , obliged Thorne to effect exhort re-engagement with Mr. Jetton, who appears this evening in both "Mob < the OutLiw" and the "Gcfden Farmer," W which , is added (be favorite play of the "Two Friends," Pe rsonated by Messrs. Scott and Hield. The Chat- 1 ham under Thome's judicious management has be- , come the chief place of amusement and deserved , ly so. Sai.mok ?The Rsngor Whig says that a dae ' plump salmon, the first of the season, was eanght " in the Penobscot river on s,inrj.? i..< ' ?V, ?that city. 1 Paiufvi. Develom ssebt.?We learn that Mr. Tod, the Senator Trom the Mathews District, in the Virginia Senate, haa been detected in forgeries h to a Urge amonot ? Ptttt*bnrKh {Va ) Inquirer, March 5 Pacru Am**h a ?H P. M. aehr Hornet, at Ja- T maiea f nn Chagree, brings aceonnts of a treat bat- ! t|e between the Bolivians ander General Rolllvian, and the Peruviana under General Gamarra, which c' waawoa by the former. % The battle, it is said, iasted only 30 minutes, yet > there were kil!rd, wonnded, or taken prisoners, of c the Peruvians about 3W0 men, out of an army of e tOOU; while the loss of ;he Bolivians, in killed and ' wonnded, was only 15). The Bolivian force ' amount*a to 7cO0 wen. l?nrin^ tie action, the } rreiidcai or r?ru, *.t?n iumiir?, waa anoi. j Of*. (iamarra, oar rradera may remember, had i proceeded (o Bo'irlato ?oppre?? a morcment their f in faror of ?'>? "aataCra*. I Hoard of Aldermen. Wednesday, March 10.?The President being absent, on motion of Alderman Leonard, Aldermen Hatfield was called to the chair. Aa invitation was received from the American Museum, to risit that institn'.ion this afternoon, which was accepted. The annual Report of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum was received and ordered on file. A memorial was rcceirod from inhabitants of the 4th aud 7tli Wards, relative to the obstruction of streets ? Referred. A till of Dr. Hibbard for $27, on account of ucuium ccrvicei n me u]?pci ruuwc, was auu rcf rred. A petition trai received from a large number of owner* and driven of cabs, to have the caba removed from in front of the A-tor House, and other public houses, and compel them to take their plac, with others, on th# stand.? Referred. Rtjtorts Adopted ?In favor of correcting tax of Mrs Anna Horner, Trustees of African Union Church, John Craig, Rebecca Uibby, Luther P. Hubbard, Park Benjanln, Robert L. Stevens, L. Clarksoii, Henry C. Dennett, Gustavus Drucker, Win. Constable, J. D P. Ogden, Davidson & Van Pelt, M. ti. Blackstein.?Against the petitions for correcting tax of Stephen Bates and P. Delany. Aid. Pollock presented the usual annual resolution, authorising the Comptroller to borrow money for the p irpose of defraying ordinary expenses, in anticipation of taxes -Adopted. In favor of concurring with the other board in repairing pier foot of fulton street. A resolution was received from the Board of Assistaats, that the two boards meet in joint ballot, for the purpose of choosing inspectors ofelec. tion, and have power to adjourn from time to time, till such has been effected ?Concurred in. A report was presented and adopted permitting James Shardluw to withdraw his petition to be reinstated in the fire department. A report was presented from the Committee on Fire and Water, in favor of dividing the city into three separate and distinct fire district, and prohibiting any fire company from going out of sued in eases of alarm, unless specially ordered; an alarm belt be placed at the Halls of Justiee. The Board of Assistants came in, and the two Boards (the presideot, Alderman Purdy, in the chair) proceeded to joint ballot. IiuveclorM of Election.?Alderman Lee stated that Mr JCeyser had tendered his resignation as an inpeetor of the Seventeenth Ward, and moved that Mr. Charles Wright be appointed in bis steadcarried The followinx gentlemen were then nominated tod appointed without oppeaition, except for the Seventh Ward, in which Aaaiatant Alderman Murphy offered a different ticket, bat it wna negatived 19 to 11. Third Wiio-Firil District.?Samuel S. Parker, Nel on J. Waterbury, and Smith Dunning. Second District.?Hyacinth Yoelin, William H. Lorton J. Van Noitraud. Third District ?Joaeph H. McCoun, Lorenzo Hoyt, and Wm. Samuel Jolinaou. Fourth Ward?First District.?John Morriaon, H. G. Langley, and B. W. Oaborne. Second District.? Edward B. Fellowa, Wm. H. Hughea, and Thomaa M. Adiiance, Third District.?Benjamin J. Pentz, Gilbert Vale, aen., and Edward D.Hall. Fourth District?John P. Bacon, Charlca E. Peteraon, and Wm. Hall. FirTM Ward?First District.?Levi Gardner, J. Ryker junt. and Wm. R. Williamt. Second District.?Stephen Putnam, Jamea H. Hart, ind Henry B. Dunham. Third District.?Alanaon Udell, Samuel 8. Campbell, and Albert Journey. Fourth District.?Peter Provoat, Robert Pattiaon.and Jaa. Iteiley Sixth Ward.?First District.?William Sinclair, Jr., William Lyona, and Wade B. Morrill. Second District.?Joaeph P.Primroae, Matthew Murray ind Aaron Clark. Third District ?Patrick H. O'.Veil, Michael Hanovan, and Abraham Wrentine. Fou-th District.?John P. Ware, John McGrath uia jvmei owwuru. Setrntii Ward?Tint District?Algernon 8. Jarrir, D. John 8. Conger and A. M. Merchant. Second Distriif?George C. Morgan, William W. Wetmore and Morgan Morgan. Third Ditlrict?rhilo Sohofield, Darie r Arnold and Barnabat Pike. Fouilh Dittrict?Allan M.Sniftcn,Jacob Hunter and John 1. William*. Fifth District?Alexander Mattiien, William J. Mor;*n and Caleb F. Giiman Sixth District?John McKibbin, ten., Jame* Naih and Cvan Griffith. Set euth D'strict?Leonard Dunk ley, Ja?. Y. Gilleapia ind Huton Proat. K.iuhth Ward?First District?Archibald Maclay, dichael Couolly, and J. Van Beak irk. Second District ?Farraud 8. Btranahan, Ethelbert lumberaon, and Ja*. M. Murray. Third District ?J.?. C- Mara hall, Theodore Froat, and etcr Eoome. Fourth District.?Peter Crawford, William It Marah.and darcu* Nutting. Fifth District ? Jamea B. Greenman, Thoma* Dyer, and Jideou Fountain. Sissth District.?David A. Fowler, William L. Boyce, tnd Gamalee Leay craft. Seventh District.?William F. Pratt, Jamea Bnrnton, and lamea C Forbea. Eighth District ?John B. Spaflord, Thoma* Gardiner, nd Jeaae D. Price. Ninth Ward?First District.?John Jackaon, Henry Spoiford, and Jaane* Rj der. Second District Thoma* Walker, John Tollman, and Moaea I Quinby. Third Distric'.?Park H. Lane, Philip F. Concklin, and "bauncey Macon. Fourth DittrictJohn Hurler, Robert Milliken, an4 tirhard B Fosdick. Fifth Dittric' ?William Quackenbnsh,Shepherd Oardier, and Charles Sutton. Sixth Di\tri<-t ?Caleb P. Crane, P. O. Palmer, and Roiert Piter son. Tikth Waro?PVrif Dittrict.?Job Haakill, banc L. 'inkney and Richard Scott. Second Distritt.?Charlea Hunter, S. B. Fleming, and loseph Weed. 7Vrd Diitritt.?Joseph Isaacs, Wm. P. Mo??,andWm Stevens. Fourth Dittrict.?W. Wainwright, Wm. M. Fiah, and lohn Freet>orn. Fifth Dittrict ?Bryan McCahill, Edward Drummond, ind Jamet Lilly. Eieksth Ward?Firif Dittrict.?Jeremiah V. D. fowler, Johb Culver, and Joseph Abbott. Stcond Dittrict?Thomas P. Walworth, Robert MeOaroy, and Jonathan Rvamer. Third Dittrict.?David Johnson, Joseph Allen, and John A. Devoe. Fourth Dittrict?.lames R. Steers. Enhraim Thomas, ind John H. Elliott. Twelfth Ward?Firtt Dittrict?George Parks, S.D. Moulton.and Wm. T. Dana. Strand Dittrict lljni.1 T T;. CV..I.. a r>1 1. and Charlija 8. Miller. Thiitkkth Wiib- Fir it District?Peter Erq'iirell, lohnR. Colan, and H. B. Chapman. Srtond Dirtriti?Lewi* Worthington, John P. Angcvlne.and V M.White. Third Di -trial?George R. Hihbard, John Clark, Mad David Tappen. Fau-th Dirt rial?Nathan Roberta. Samuel D. Wakera, and Reuben E. Moaa. FovaTCcnTH Waan?Firrt Dirtriti?William Johnaon, Hagh W. McDonald aud Saaiuel Weeka. Second Dirtriti?William J. McLaughlin, Timothy Daly, and John Snickner. Third Dirtriti? Enoch Dean, Thomaa B. Tappan, and foknS Uilea. Fuurth Dirtriti? John Fowler, Samuel Dnnahee, and John 8. Woodward. FirTtrwTH Wm?Firrt Dirtriti?Abraham Cook, Paul B. Lloyd, and Henry Sword*. Hremd Diatritt ?Jacob R. Louzada, Thomaa W. Tucker, and Linua W. Steven*. Third Dirtriti?William C. Dennia, Auguatua Scheil and Jamea 8. Hnggiaa. Faurth Dirtriti? Frederick E. Rickao. Daniel L. M. Peixotto, and Ueorge W. Blnnt. SaajrranTH Waan ? First DiUritl.?Jamea Stone, John S. MrFarland and Jamea Nicol. Sacnr.d Dirtriti.?Comeliua W. Hihbard, Joa. P. Flynn ind Walt..r Mead 7Tir<< Jiittrict.?William J. Boom*. Theodore Martin* inl Edward Black. Fturtk Dittrict ? Joiiah Merritt, Stewart Elder and Theodore Dennis. fijti Diitrirt.? Isaac Kennard, Charlee McDevitt and lame* Stoke*. Sstkotwith WtiD-PVit Diilrut?Janea 8. Halitcad, Cherlea Wright and James V. Rich. SeetiU JWnfJ?T.brnr/er Berkley, Hiram G. Smith, Peter Chamberlain. Third Dutrirt?A- K Pattinaon, Cell Reynold* and W. II. Marker all. fourth I) sU- l?Jamra T. Thompson, Darid linney ind SumnelD Jackson. ftjih District?Robert II. Ludlaw. Samuel B. Waadell ind William tubaer. Henry N'icoU wa* appointed an iasneeter of the I rat district. Seat ward, in place of J 8. Smith, t'htit residence ia in the second district. Tii* Board the* adjourned to Monday craning lent. Ttunanr?A tragical encounter occurred near >ea*aenla on the LSth ultimo, between two men inmed Samuel Burr and Henry Bell, both ef whom rrre killed, one hy a pistol and the other by a ride hot Bankrupt 1,1st. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Ten petitions were present id yesterday, but,owing to urrjr of business, net acted upon by the Court. NEW JERSEY. To (how cause at Trenton April I?Frederick Chapin, 'homas Forbes, Jamee Teggart, Samuel O Wheeler, harlei P Brosdwell and Otis Vaegha,of Passaic conn.; Frederick V L Traphagen, Sosaertet county; John bilick, John C Benson and Heary M l.awis, Mercer onnty: Ephraiai OCoursea. Warren county; Thomas lorftrd,Jr. sn.l Dunbar Santbury, Monmouth county; lelancthon F Carman and James Dayton, Middlesex ?unty; Matthew Erwin and Aatbroia Ward. Hudson ouny. Peter L Jaquea, Angus Mr Donald, A been# N iiranti, William M Filer, Albert G W Burton, Abraham ItAAklAn B t! 1 ? ml _ _ r, j _ v? ,7 ' Bur>innTon coamy; i nomii iturnwa, ?ir >hen W*U, Ahn? W Perkhnnt, Ueorre D Cabot, Cy A Johi* rorco, J U Smith, Imith Lyon. Jojoph L WheelerJimee H Woo<lhtill. TJeo An*r?w Arntrop*. John Thatcher, Ch.rle. William*. Oeorga A?e Torrejr, rHlhert Met*., m<l \Tm Cotnp on F.mck county. **.? ?* - II IB?PP^IIIII II - t* I POSTSCRIPT &; We receivtd no mail south or Norfolk, last night. Washington. ICorrespoodfBcc of the HorsM.l Washikgtow, March 9,1812. Senate Proceedings?Knglaod and the Unt. ted States?Mr. Blood good, dee. In the Senate, this morning, after the usual business of the morning hour, the presentation of petitions and reporta from committees, Mr. Baya?d introduced a bill restricting furloughs in the naval service, which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. Mr. Berries introduced a bill to provide for the report of the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United Stales, which was read twice, and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. The District Bank Bill, from the House, which, as amended on yesterday, and ordered to be engrossed, authorizes the banks in the District of Columbia to receive and pay out depreciated bank paper for one year, or until tbe hanks in Baltimore or Richmond resume apecie payment, was taken up, read the third time, and passed by the follow ing vote, viz:? KtiS-UMiri Barrow, ua:e?, irayara, cnoate, ciay Clay too, Evans, Oraham, Huntington, Mangum, Miller? Morehead, Phelps. Porter, Prentiss, Simmons, Smith o Indiana, Southard. Sprague, Tallmadge, and Woodbridge? 31. Navs?Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan. Calhoun, Fulton, King, Linn, McRoberts, Sevier, Smith of Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Wood bury, Wright, and Tonng?18. The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the orders of tho day, which brought up the ball to amend the act entitled an act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, and to grant pre-emption rights approved September 4, 1841. After some remarks by Mr. McRcbeets, the bill was laid on the table, and the Senate took up the resolutions Mr. CUy, in relation to an adjustment of the duties on imports, the limitation of theexpenditures of the government, and suggesting a curtailment of all unnecessary expenses, and the observance of a rigid economy. The first resolution was read, as follows:? Resolved, That it lathe duty of the General Government, in conducting il* administration, to provide an adequate revenue within the vear to meet the current expencei of the year; and that any expedient either by loan or by Treaiury notea, to supply, in time of peace, a deficiency of revenue, especially during lucceaiive yeara, is unwise, and must lead to pernicieui comequence*. Mr. Calhoun said some gentleman might desire to address the Senate upon the subject, and he would move to postpone the further consideration of the resolutions until to-morrow. Mr. Clat said that he was perfectly willing, if any gentleman desired to speak, to postpone the resolutions until to-morrow, with the understanding that they would then take them up, and proceed with their consideration, from day to day, until they were disposed of without permitting any other business to interveneThe Senate then went into Executive sessions, and afterwards adjourned. The intelligence of the arrest of Hogan at Lockport, excites much interest aad discussion here. The conduct of the local anthorities of Lockport meets with almost universal reprobation. It is imprudent and unwise to the last degree. The exasperation of feeling along the border is natural enough and well understood here, but will not these people look to the consequences of their rashness and folly? Do they desire to precipitate this nation into a war with Great Britain, and have they contemplated the horrors of such a contest? Look at the condition of the country at the present time. An old New England federalist said the United States rushed into the war of 1812, without money, wit or maaaere. Whether such a remark, in all its rtnria. rnutri nrooerlv Vie artnlied tn u? in lli? event r-"-? ?r r 1 "" of a rupture growing 'out of the scoundrelism of a gang of tatterdemalions on the frontier, we will not undertake to say, bnt money we have none; wit there may he, but where'a the evidence! The treasury ie now bankrupt for the second time since the commencement of the fiscal year, and ;the finance Secretary says the faith of the government will be dishonored, unless there is early provision for upwards of three millions. As for the means of defence, to say nothing of offensive warfare, our fortresses are not only unarmed, unmanned,but in such a state of dilapidation, as to he almost unless, while nearly oar whole army has been for seven years baffled and thwarted by a handful of vagrant and miserable savages on the Florida Gape. Our navy, God bless every thing belonging to it, for finer ships and n more gallant set of fellows, officers and men, never floated on blue water?is not only utterly inadequate, to harraes such a power as Great Britain, but incompetent to protect our great naara* time cities. In this state of things, with a bankrupt treasury, a mere skeleton of an army, and hardly armed ships enough to compose a respectable squadron; with long pending points of dispute of the utmest difficulty and delicacy with the most formidable nation on earth, and new questions of difference liable to provoke hostilities without a month's notice, springing up with startling rapidity; what are the national legislators about! Retrenching expenses at the rate of #10,000 cost for every #500 saved?squabbling bout petty personal objects?combining faetiously to embarrass the administration of President Tyler, and neglecting the business of the countryMr. Claiborne, who was nominated for the of ike of manful of the western district of Tennessee, was rejected by the Senate this afternoon. The expectation seems to be tbat Mr- Tyson, and several other nominees, equally uaexceptionable, w ill be thrown oat, because they are understood to be friends of the administration. It is understood here, on the best authority, that notwithstanding the nomination of Mr. Graham to the New York post-office, no person stands higher in the confidence and regard of the President than Mr. Bloodgood; that several honorable situations abroad have already been offered him, and that his numerous friends will shortly be gratified by his receiving a proof of confidence in no way inferior to that which would have attended his appointment to the post-office. Mr. Malony, of Pennsylvania, was tc-day nominated for Coaoul at Tangier?, and Mr. Height of Albany to Antwerp. Comae of RspmestsUrei-Retrenchment and Reform?Alarming Increase of Contingent KxpeadMmreo-Arrival of Dot. The entire day was spent in Committe# of the Whole on the civil and diplomatic appropriation bill; though more thaa the usual time was devoted to it, ua progress was made. The debate, though avowedly on the appropriation of $25,000 for the contingent expenses of the State Department, was one of party recrimination, for the time whioh has been wasted for some weeks past. It was said by an ancient writer, that where there is shame there may be virtue; the debate to-day gave evidence of shame, but theeause for shame each party is willing to recognize in the other alone. Mr. McKxou attributed much of the neglect of egisiation to the premature rage for President making, every question, from the election of one President, being made te conduce to the election of a successor, and to cure the evil, thit wiie Solon would make the elections as frequeat as those for members of Congress. Pour years is so short a period with the politician that he looks through it , with an Amaririn'a aasarnaM and nrrnarna at nnrr I to execute his plana for the attainment of his party or selfish purposes. To care the evil, Mr. McKeon would dwindle down the intervening space one half. His purpose accomplished, and one continued scene of excitement would take the place of a too brief rrpose that may now be found, and the interests of the people would be entirely lost in the rage in I c itntnon trickery of party contests. Those interests have been too muck overlooked already in these struggles for party triumphs, as though the success of a party candidate were the only object to be gained Take n* an instance the rapid and amazing increase of expenditure in the one item of contingmeiu, aa a proof that the people's interest are not the ob jectf of solicitude. Ia 1823 the sum was 8391,615, an BflttPfl hv Mr. (iilrn>rin thp rmirap nf til* rlrhatf. In 1827 ih?; amount wia $529,365, but in 1812 it was $1,116,306. Here ia an accumulation and an increase bke the swelling volume of a mighty river, whose source ia almost nndislinguiahable in a mountain fastness, but which becomes deeper, and broader, and more perilous, and at length fata ly destructive as it rolls onward. These mtghtv waters at first are but the serpentina rill which is swollen by contributary streamlets, and this vast contingent expenditure has arisen from items alone. In the Commissioners' Land Office the amount was $2?i,490 in 1823; in 1827 it was found to be nearly stationary, for it had only increased to $26,600 ; bat in 1812 it had overpowered all obstacles, and ejood at $98,900! The contingent expenses of the two Houses of Congress in 1823 were $40,000; but ia 1842 they are ' $210,000!! In the Judiciary Department too the same progress has been made- In 1823 they were $65,000; in 1827 $130,000, and in 1812, $475,000 ? ' The tame too may be said of the foreign intercourse. In 1823 the sutn stood at $82,000; in 1827 at $191,- i 000; but in 1842 it is $215,300There are many Bureaus as well as the Department, in which, though smaller in amount, the increase has been proportionate until the total has be- 1 come the enormous amount of $1,116,306 from the j comparatively smalt amount of $3:44,615. MrSamson Mason said that the whigs alone had ef- 1 fected reforms for the last twelve years, and the ' whigs alone would effect reforms in future ; it will be happy for the country if their ostentation of reform shall not be confined to fractions. The landlord who boasted, and that he returned his tenants 25 per cent on their annual rents, when his ground rent was but two shillings, and he threw back the tenant sixpence, had as much cause to glory in his munificence, as have the present Congress; they have left themselves untouched, or perhaps not quite untouched; it has been usual for two candles to burn during the day behind the speaker's chair for the convenience of members in sealing their letters ; this day the retrenchment was 50 per cent, one candle being made to suffice, and the frame work in which the other had stood was carefully shelved, as of no further use. Here the retrenchment was palpable, bat ostentatious ; it was not so clearly seen (hat they have spent $20,000 in per diem in a debate on an appropriation of $25,000, and which apparently is not yet near its termination. But they have saved a candle per day. A proposition was made to strike out all contingent appropriations from the bill, and to provide for them by another independent measure : what may be its fate remains to be seen, for the House adjourned before any question was taken. LCharles Dickens arrived here by this evenings cars, direct trom Philadelphia, and took possession of hi* lodgings at Fuller's, which have been secured for hiin some days. He remained in Baltimore about an hour and a half, during which time he walked up to Barnum's to dine and then took a has'y view of the city. .?Baltimore. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Baltimore, March 10, 1842. Three important matters?Arrival of Charles Dickens (Bo*) and lady?Resignation of the Mayor of Baltimore, and the final passage of the Resumption Bill ?Canal affairs?Another Meeting?Money matters?Amusements, SfC. Ma. Editor? The diitinguiihed lion of literature, Charles ' Dickens, accompanied by hi* beautiful lady, arrived t in oar city yesterday afternoon from Philadelphia. < They put up at the United States Hotel,Pratt street, j and tarried only until four o'clock, we s y 1 again took the ears for Washington city. During 1 the interim, "Bon" paid a visit to Barn em's hotel, looked at the battle monument, east his eyes around for a brief space upon some of our neble j edifices, beautiful girls, fashionable stieets, &c., i when he repaired to the depot. I had the enriable ' satisfaction of seeing hi* beautiful phiz. He ii by 1 ao taean* unlike Charles H. Pitt*, Esq., a distin guished and talented young member of tha Baltimore bar, with the ezeeption that he is not *o handsome. Lady Dickens has a fine face, a luscious aye and a remarkably intelligent countenance. So brief was their stay, that very few persons had an ( opportunity af seeing thean. Samuel Brady, Mayor af our city, resigned his 1 office yesterday. This, as your readers are aware, i is the second resignation tendered by Mr. Biady | within the past two months. He did not assign his reasons, bat they are pretty well understood to be the want of harmony between his opinions and these of a majority of the Council. Henry Snyder, Esq , President of the first branch of the Council, is at present Mayor ex officio, and will continue to preside until the special election, which takes place on the Slst inst. Finally, and at last, the long agitated and raxed question of the resumption of specie paymens by the baths of Maryland, has been settled. It has passed both branches of the Legislature, and is now a law, there being no veto power with the Governor?he is compelled to sanction it. The bill provides for resumption en the first of May ncxt.alfow ing the banks to issue snail notes until December 1842, redeemable on demand in specie- Thin more eeeana to rive satisfaction to all parties, and will hare the bank's prompt acquiescence. The bill for imposing a tax on salaries has been rejected by ike Senate. A bill was also passed one branch of the City Council, laying a tax of one dollar on every hundred dollars worth of taxable property in the city, for the purpose of fending the railroad orders; which at present have ceased to pass as a currency They ere now from 36 to 40 per cent discount Our stock market is without commotion, and tending rathar to decline Exchange on New York has improved considerably. I quote it te-day nt 1 per cent premium; Philadelphia a 3 discount. Virginia fund* are still and in prospect on the decline I quote them to-day at 10 diseouet; specie is one half per cent premium. The last returns of the citv hanks show thair aggregate circulation to be $901.0(10, being rather an increase. Another large meeting was held last night in Monument square. The spokesman kad become hoarse in the service. He took upon himself the respeneibilit. of aomiaating a candidate for the Mayoralty, which was respoaded to by one from the crowd, stating that the proposed candidate was a " whale hog, ail but the tail and bristles." Yankee Hill is dispensing his eccentricities at the Hetliday. Hia wit may do for some, bat it is, in my humble opinion, very trashy. The eo art martial at Barn urn's n likely to be ia session f#r some time. Lient. Gordon's case is yet before it, and after his, there are three or four ethers. The weather this morning is clear and pleasant, with a warm soeth wind. The resumption hills of Maryland and Pennsylvania seem to brighten the hope* of business men. Tour's respectfully, Rons hick. PhUadelphla. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, March 9, 1842. ])** S?a? A variety of exciting subject* at this moment with na tending to induce the curiouo and enquiring tn neglect their buninens, fill our Court Houses acd damn up the corners of our street*. Among which subjects, the following are most conspicuous:? First?The action of the Legislature and (Joveraor on the Resumption Bill. Second?The writ of habeas corpus in the case Messrs Biddle, Andrews, and Cowperthwait, late officers of the Uaited States Bank. Third?The case of Doctor Croasman and McEwen, charged with'a censpirrcy, before our 1 Recorder,to procure abortion from McKwen's wife. J And fourthly and lastly?Who shall he our aext D-? ? mocratic candidate for the Pnsidency. Now, sir, j in order to adv:si our citizens of the facts upon a 1 i theae question*, that many of them who haee long i I neglected their business, running from post to j for information,may return to it. I use their fsvorit# ^ ineaium ot truth, four columns, to miik memos j these points. There is no doabt but the Resumption J Bill will psse, if it has not thready, and rtitt the Go? f I verror will sign it. * *" 1 The habeas corpus ease of Meters. Biddle aid others, commenced this morning before Judges King and Jones, Judge Randall being confined to his house bp sicknsaa Its progress was arrested by as exception taken by the pranecution to the habeas corpus, on the ground that it issued within fifteen days of the commencement of the present term of the Court of General Sessions, where the ttf-uoe charged is properly cogoizable,orto be tried, if tried at all To maintain which, was cited the sixth Motion of the Habeas Corpus Act of 1785?which is as follows: ? Sec 6.?" And that no person may avoid hi* or her trial by procuring a romoval, ao that he or ahe oaanot ha brought bach in time. Be h enacted, that no p-rson ahall be removed opon any habeas corpus granted ia purauanae ot thia act, within fifteen day a next proceeding the term Setaiona ad Oyer and Terminer, General Giol Ualivary, or other Court, where the offraea with which he or ihestanda charged, ia properly coguiz .ble, but upon such habeaa corpua, ahall be brought before the Judgea er Juuicettbeoaf, who are thereupon to da what to juatice ahall appertain." The defence contended that thia section was obsolete, or did not apply to this case. The Caart adjourned the hearing till next Monday, when their opinion on the point will be delivered, (t does occur to me that the secioti haa no application t? tihs ease. The term of the Court of General Sessions lasts two months, the Grand Jury sit at least three weeks, the writ is issued in the asms city by Judges sitting within fifty yards of the General Sessions, almost under the same roof, and may be disposed of in two days, ao that the defendants do not avoid a trial by procuring a removal to saothor portion of ths State ao that they could not be brought back in time for trial, at this term, if committed ; wa suppose as a matter of course the hearing must go on, and we eanaot bat believe, with all those who have read the clear and able opinions of oar Judge Randall, ia the casea of Jaudon 6c Dunlap, that a discharge must be the inevitable cousequtnce of a full heating, which, it will be borne in mind.the defendant* cid not^aek before hia honor, our estimable and valuable Recorder; we have no doubt if tho defendants had gone into a full hearing that (hef would have been discharged by him; they, however* S referred a binding one, and a discharge by the udges of the Court. If these gentlemen are responsible at all for the malpractices of that defunct institution, the U. S Bank, we always thought they were responsible civilly m common with the great maes of directors, who have basely attempted to raise a hue and cry against them in order to make their escape in the general melee; hut since the examination we are more than satisfied that these defendents stand protected and justified by the books of the Bank, now in the bauds of pure, im> paitial and disinterested patriots yet, who are more than solicitous to retain their present poehL at perquisites and salaries for themselves and others, out of the little remains of the widows and orphans treasure. We should like to see a statement published of the salaries of all concerned in the various assignments, officers, itc. &c , of this institution. Perhaps the gentlemen, upon seeing this, will have no objections to gratify the public appetite upon this subject we shall see what we shall seeThe Recorder cdjourned the ease of Cross-man and McEwen to this afternoon at four o'clock; you shall b? advised of it as it proceeds. And now come* the fourthly and lastly-' We have been forced by experience to respect nominations made at our seat of government, Harrisburg. It was there Oeneral Jackson was first nominated, and we might add yvith truth, it wauthete other Presidents were first named for ilist dike, snd lean see no reason whs a reputation thus earned should not be respected. We are disposed here to respect it very particularly in <his instance- On Saturday evening last ihey held at Harrivburg a moat important meeting, clearly indicating by their proceedings the leelingn of this State It was composed of distinguished Judges, Members of the Senate and Legislaturea from various parts of the State, and was moet enthusiastic. Colonel Richard M. Johnson was unani* moudly nominated for President. A just reward awaits the wounded hero, the war companion of that good old man, the late General Harrison. Tho people cannot soon forget his thousand acts that go coupled withLhis Sunday Mail Report, which, of itself is a rich legacy tothe country. He will be the candidate of this State. 1 say it, and you will givfr me some little credit for foresight in these matter*, having as I did, daring the last summer, scouted the notions of your correspondent Penn and Pennsylvania, when he declared it was by no means certain that Governor Porter would be reelected, dec, Jce. I regarded, in my correspondence with you, that subject as finally disposed of months before the election. The result proved who was right, to the une of more than twenty six thousand votes Our motto here will ba?President Richard M Johnson; Vice President, Pennsylvania's favorite son, George M. Dallas. Cato. Appointments itthi President?Archibald Randall, Judge ef the United States for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Alexander Huater, Marshal of the United States for the Di-tiiet of Columbia, (re-appointed ) George J. S. Walker, Attorney t*l" the United States for the Southern District eg Alabama, in the place ef George W. Gaylc, whom commission has expired. City Intelligence, Melancholy Scicid*.?The Coroner yrsttxday held an inquest at No. 123 Front street, on the t>ody of Mr. John F..E. Boute, aged 43 years, bora in Holland, one of the firm cf Cole & Boute, doing business in the above store as sail cloth and canvass merchants. It appeared that Mr. Boute had been in a desponding ttate of mind for some time past; went to his store as usual yesterday morning about half-past nine o'clock, and about ten o'clock went into the yard, about which time Mr. Henry W. Peck, who occupies a part of the same building, heard a cry which proceeded from the yard, of "Oh mercy, my God !M and immediately left his desk and went into Cole & Boute'sstore, and in company with Mr. Cole proceeded to the rear of the premise*, found the privy door fastened, which was forced open, and Mr. Boute was discovered inside with hia throat cut from ear to ear, with a razor which was laying by hie side, and apliial which had contained laudanum, in his pocket. A physicsan was immediately sent lor, and Dr. Pratt soon arrived, but could do nothing for him, as his life was extinct. Yerdict?committed suicide by cutting his throat with & razor; cause, pecuniary embarrasaaaoat. BuaeLARY.?A colored man named Louis Hewlett, was arrested on Wednesday night by watchman Murray, with 4 glass decanters in his possession, which he had stolen from the store of Jamen M. Shaw, No. 70 Chatham street, which he burglariously entered by a rear door by knocking oat the panel. He had also stolen some lamps, &c , in all worth $20 Committed. Suddes Dsath.?The Coroner, on Wednesday evening, held an inquest at No. 27, Mulberry street, in the rear, on the body of Mary Merria, a colored woman, aged 40 years, born in Providence, R. I., the wife of Joseph Moms. The de~ ceased had been ailing for a length of time with palpitation of the heart, <fce , and on Wednesday bewteen one and two o'clock left her residence to go down town, and when opposite the Hall of Rce cords, in the Park, fell on the pavement and it.mediately exoired; her body was conveyed to the residence of her husband, and Dra. Jamea McCane, Smith and Crevelling, made a post mortem examination, who found the heart luptured. and which the Jury came to the conclusion, was the cnust of death. An InrasT Scitocatxd bt its Mot lies ?The Coroner yesterday held an inquest in the 10:h Avenue, nesr Wth street, on the body of Frsncie Kdward Price, aged five weeks, the child of Margaret Matilda Scofield, a very intemperate woman, who was lodged in the watch house on Tuesday night, on complaint of her mother, and on being releamd on Wednesday morning, after drinking freelv, llid uuoru uunu iu MIC ?l ICIUVUU VII a KTIW UCH UH the floor with ihe infant, and being intoxica'ed, overlaid it, causing death by cuffocation; the Jury found a verdict that the inlant waa suffocated by (be mother while in a atate of intoxication. Natal Promotions.?We learn, on good authority that nominations have recently been submitted to the Senate, of 37 Commanders to be Captains; 37 Lieutenanta to be Commanders, and 40 Passed Midshipmen to be Lieutenants. This looks something like putting the navy on & war footing. With respect to an increase of car savsl force, pnblic opinion has bees for a long time far in advaaoe oi legislation. We have not yet seen that print which objects to the largest increase of our navy in commission that has been proposed. Splendid Rip".?We understand that the rifle ordered hjr the Esipswr of Russia, waa yesterday lespatched to the Autocrat, by Mr- Billinghurtt, he manufacturer- Those wso saw the deUhleaHng iaatrnment,pri nounea it to have been erery way worthy of a Rochester mechanic. It had a ilack walnut stock, gold mountings, and cost $400. 1 man hus beau engaged on it steadily for three oatka.?RothnUr Dtmocrmt r?K f pathetic drawn of the L ?JL ' h,Tl?f enthntii..uc?lj? r*e?J*<4 ?? nr"' i*i*?Miilitlon hern, U uidoqdcm for hiform " J"1"*'*? Wltfc Mofcb thr op. ? iT1 . * 0?We?Jf?rmer. John Seftoa, Mr Thorpe, S J? ' *rrenl' ? MMti)?r,Mn. Thorp* ?d Mil* Meatay ar. all appear In yroalnent character*.

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