Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 16, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD w York, W?dnr*Uf, Narrii H, lHja. A Trip to WaakliiK'tun and Virginia. We returned last evening, after having made a H> tog trip, of nearly three weeks duration, to Wash iagton and Virginia. We have collected, during this trip a considerable quantity of curious, useful, and interesting materials, ehowing forth the state of parties, the condition of the fashionable and financial world?the improvements in hotels?the confusion of things ht Washington, the prospects of Clay, Tyler and Van D .1 nl ihf Norfolk ovstem?the DUirH v. j progress ef civilization in Virginia?and nuuy ether things oi equal importance and moment. Congress will do nothing at the prevent session?the difiiuulties with England are increasing every day?John L Graham has been nominated to the New York Poet office?the "New York Sun" and another caih paper (not the Herald) will be appointed to publish the lists of letters, purely as a mutter of business, Ate. Ate. We shall open our budget to-morrow?it will be ?eh in information, wit, philosophy, truth, fact, prophecy, and every thing that can render lite delightful. We have not written a line for three weeks? and we are almost like to burst. N. D We find ti e junior editor in capital condition. The PnMIe School Qneittoa-Thr Sleeting Tills Afternoon. A meeting is to be held in the P.trk this afternoon tsy all those in favor of the present system of public schools in this city; and as they area numerous class it will doubtless be a very large and important meeting. It is but fair, however, to state, that the call of the meeting is somewhat curiously worded- it calls on all those opposed to the destruction of the present school system to attend this meeting. Why this class embraces every sane man and woman in the city. Bat those who called that meeting ought to know, aad probably do know that n? one desires the destruction of the present school system, here or elsewhere. Some few honestly believe, however, that it can be improved upon, and rendered more equitable arid more efficient: whilst others are opposed to all improvement, and apparently tojustiee and impartiality, and would like every thing to remain in statu quo to iheend of time. We shall see, however, what will be done at the. meeting this afternoon. We desire to see all the advantages of our School System retained ; but we want to have the same system throughout pursued in this city that prevails in other parts of the Slate, and that prevails in Massachusetts. Let the people choose their own school commissioners by general election; there can be no fairer test to try the matter by than this. But the opponents of this plun say that it would not be sale to trust the elestion of commissioners to the people at large! In the name of wonder, then, whom can we trust with it. If the people are not true to themselves and their own interests?if we cannot trust to them in this matter. we cannot trust to any thing, for that is ihe founda- . tion of oar whole system of government. However, let us patiently wait and see and hear what the meeting does to day about this busintau. Above all, let every one keep perfectly cool. Tht Raw York Pilots, and the Working of the present Pilot Law. It is a well known fact, that one of the vtrongest arguments that has been used ia support of the prsoeut pilot Lw, is that experience 6ince its passage has proved 11a utility. Now let us examine into the correctness of thia assertionIt is a fact that, within the last five years, more ' vessels have been lost or damaged while under the charge of pilots, than were lost or damaged, under similar circumstances, during .the whole period of time antecedent to the passage of that law. Of this any one may furnish themselves with proof by glancing over our hies. Under the old state law. few accidents occurred to vessels in charge of pilots, and it would therefore seem that the present law has been injurious, rather than beneficial in its action. Besides the vessels damaged while under ' the charge of pilots, quite as many have been lost upon our eosst within the Ian five years,either fr. nt unavoidable causes, or from carelessness, as have 1 been lost siihia any other five years prior to that time. This also is a fact rery easily susceptible of proof. The public can scarcely have forgotten the wreck of the Uarr.ck, of the Memphis, and more lately of the Frankfort; these vessels stranded quite as near to the pilot grounds, as did the Mexico and Bristol The injury to property was far more extensive in the tormer cases than in the latter; while the terrible loss of life resulting from the destruction of those two vessels, is an argument neither in favor of the guilt nor tlte innocence of the pilots. When the vessels first mentioned were wrecked, no man laid the sin at the pilot's door; while in 133G, the papers throughout .he Uuion vied with each other in heaping imprecations upon the pilots' heads. Let u* ask, why they were considered blameless in the one case, but infinitely guilty in the othetl Now these very cases prove, that against such accidents it ia impossible alwaysto guard; and therefore eommoa benevolence, if not strict justice, should teach ua to believe that the loes of the Mexico and Bristol were not earned by the neglect of the pilots. II that principle in our lew.w hich gives to the prison er at the bar the bent fit of a doubt, he correct, surely the pilot may ask a favorable verdict at the hand* of the public. Apart, however, from this reasoning, the pilots have shown, by the affidavits of many unimpeachable witnesses, that they were guiltless in the matter of those two vessels the Bristol and Mexico: the Grand Jury acquitted them ; and yet, although the cilusnsy has been often refuted, i the dead art, again called from their graves to chill I he hand of justice, and prevent her from giviBg to I the pilots what it due them Hut all the " horrible | scenes" spekea of arc comprised in the wreck of i these two vessel#, and even mat; * itself can point t to no others. ' It is a common remark with supporter* of the pi- t lot law. that" now every vsiacl is provided with a I pilot." But we ought also to remember that under ur present State law, two hundred sail of coasters have been licensed by the commissioners to " stand ' their own p.lots," and that there are now double the ' number of pilau that there was in ltv>6, when our " commerce was more extended- The effect of these f licenses of course i?, to draw the attention of the ( pilots toother cla.*s*sof vessels; and i?consequently a greater guarantee that they will all b ptovided , lor. Yet notwithstanding this, all are not now supplied. Let ias take the number of vessels wanting pilots node: the old system ; subtract therefrom the ! two hnndred sail of hemmed vessels, and those now i Arriving without pilots from necenai'.y, and see | whether the balance be in favor or a^aiust the pre- 1 sent system- After (his eiammalagt let any one i say m caodor whether the pilots co 41 have been so very neghg at- , i-uo. ooate at tiie present tin*, craue Ir in two ( hundred to turee hundred milea at sea ; the m rcbatnv kwt pnd-rd themselves in the fact, aud how j -fireqaently Lave tha pap-ra landed the Jeraejrnes for <o don.;. Tac rr.ult has been, that wider s; i- | oca intervene between the pilot boats, through which wnwels paw aanoltced It increases the expenses mf the boats ?ad m >re than all, two boats, with a!i L oa board, have found a tomb beura.h th dark bti > iowaofthe ocean. No spmpathnng hands were there to dig their grave#? no pr>at to read their barial serrioe, bat the hoarse roiced temps*. '^.r widow's tear* aad the orphan'# cry begot no p;iy, while the kiad law which had taken away a has- \ ?aod and a fa'.aer, had alar robbed the ac?d/ot p .t- 11 ance, which, under the old law, the pilo t' chant*ole society would have afforded (ham. One of the Wallatreet papers aa unjustly asserted that "aiaae the passage of the law ofl887,we believe every vesst 1 which has been loaf, or damaged while under the charge of a pilot, has turned out to h ive nad a New Yoik Pilot on board." Hence, it is to be presumed, that journal, infer that the Jersey pilots are superior in seamanship and a knowledge of the harbor, to the New York pilots. If this be true, it should be a matter of regret, that the sons of the Empire Slate, having, in tnauy on*-a, been engaged in the Piloting business six limes longer than certain persons licensed by New Jersey, are still their interiors in skill. Would it not be singular, that not one, or two individuals, but that a whole class should be so stupid T Who uuder the old system ever heard ot a New York Pilot igsorant ef his business? To show, however, that Jersey men are not yet entirely perfect, we will give the following list of vessels lost or damaged by Jersey Pilots The ship Knglaud, on the outer Middle, in the day time, recoppered. " Great Britain, to upper middle, ia tow of a steamer. u Mogul, n coppered and caulked. " Kdward, apper middle, atearoer towing. " Kd. Anderson, on the spit, fine day,(air wind. " Adirondack, do. day time, ia tew of a steamer. Bark Mary Barbara, got oif by two ateamera after being lightened?caulked and coppered. Atk the Captain what he think* of a Jeraey Pilot. Bark Louiaa.atrandedon Bandy Hook. Brig laaac Franklin, Bandy Hook, total loas. This list does uot comprise all of this class,'and no mention is made of the very many that touch with out holding long to the ground; but it will be suflicient for present satisfaction, or for future reference. On this poin', it may be well to add, that, when the Jersey pilots first entered upon theirduties, some of them were entirely ignorant of the management of square rigged vessels; and the captains sailed their ships, while the pilot, not too well acquainted with the navigation of the harbor, pointed out the courseMany of them, therefore, if not all of them, uc* quired what present information they possess, at the risk ?f the lives and property of the community. That, the competition, at present existing, is caused by the presence of the Jersey pilots, hus been so strenuously insisted on, that we feel induced in this connection once more to notice it. In other words, that New Yorkers cannot compete with each other. Who was the author of this entirely original idea, we never could ascertain ; but it is, certainlysomething that has been discovered in no other de partment of business in this State. The simple se cret of the present competition is to be discovered in our own State law, of which all may satisfy themse lves by a reference thereto. In concluding our hurried remarks upon this matter, we would remind their opponents, that it should be distinctly borne in mind by all interested, that the pilots, apart from their profession, have ever been considered es- 1 timable citizens and worthy men?a violation of j the laws under which they were appointed has never b?en charged against them; and,even if they had broken those laws, the persons injured by their acts might have sought their legal remedy, and would have obtained ample compensation. Therefore, we | say, let justice be done them, and let the law be 1 repealed. i SrnHLHi ard Packet Ships.?The recent gales t and puseages across the Atlantic half incline us to beheve that cur splendid New York Packets are J aomewhnt safer than Atlantic Steamers. The paeke J ship "Independence" has just arrived from Liver- j pool without the least damage, after encountering n < terrible gale of more than 20 days. She was about ? in the latlitude of the Caledonia, when the Iatterwas obliged to turn back ; and we are informed, that ?] the gale which arrested the progress of the Caledo J nia was not a circumstance to what the Indepm. ' donee encountered three days afterwards. Had the ' former proceeded on her voyage, she would, in the ? opinion of some, undoubtedly have been lost. Give e one of our packets sea room,and it would seem that 8 Eolus himself cannot raise a storm terrible enough ' to swamp them. . It is now a well ascertained faot.thit in proportion t to the number of passengers carried in them for the last twenty years, fewer Iive3 have been lost than j by any other known means of conveyance, not ex- | empting transportation on railroads, and in steamers I on our noble rivers. And as to comfort and living, i why what on earth can exceed that to be found on b)ard either the Roscius, the Gariick, the Siddons, * the Sheridan or the'Englnndl They make the quick J est trips, have the best accommodations, and :are the j safte.-t vessels that ever " walked the waters." j 1 low* ver, we shall pause awhile before we decide iltogether against steamers; for the recent conduct >f the Caledonia was such as to entitle her end all j, :onnected with her to the highest praise. n - d Lfovsrr.?une ot our New York pilots brought a ' resifl into this harbor; the owners pnisedhim for lie skill, &o. Before the vessel went to sea again, Dne of the owners had a quatrel with another j. New York pilot about the pilotage of another ves- j ?el, aud therefore refused to employ to the first men- | lioned pilot to take the vessel out again which he brought in ; hut gave it to a Jerseyman, contrary to t all the usages in this matterPoutkait or a l'smci,?a ruruai Kiss,?rcn- c haps-? One of our unrivalled corps of artists is row * engaged in engraving a capital likeness of the infant c Prince of Wales, about whom so much fuss has re- 8 eently been made in England. We ahall publish ^ tills together with the splendid engraving of the 8 :hnstening in ths " Weekly Herald" of Saturday 8 next After that, we shall, in all probability, let the r prince travel on his own hook. We believe that lite firet English prir.ee or king who ever showed any ' >igns of sound sense was one < f the Alberts, or , Eihelberts or Alfreds, it matters not which. And t there isn't n.uch di ubt that this will be the last < prince who will exhibit any sense in that country ; J and the last king of any kind, sensible or otherwise. , So we must make the most of him while he lasts. Tux Scotch Ball for the relief of the Scottish ' Operatives, will be gives at Tammany Hall, on the J evening of Friday next. Th? objects contemplated i by the managers of this ball, are of the most partly ' uenevotent cnaracter, and we will be greatly disappointed if the room be not crowded. Many thoaimds ot the nr.is inn in Paisley and o her manufacairing district!", are actually dying of starvation, rhat Scotchman i* a di"grace to humanity, who rill now refits- to contribute hir aid in lending reiel to his suffering countrymen. Psoases* or tub Lajccct?This eminently popu r jo?;n:?l has been only three months in existence, rt it has attained a circulation *uperior to that of iny nt-dical periodical in this country. So much or talent, eut rgv, independence, and the cheap :a.-h principle. Ma DiMr.vraR.?This popnlar vocalist has bet a teiy luvcemful in Uoitan. Caruvirg all across tiirm ?The freshets which have recently occurred in the tributaries of the Milliiiippi. (.treat numbersof cattle are said to have pe?Mi-nth. hauka of the iVnrl Kiver. and iu me awampe between the lower end of Luke county 8 and Jackson, in Louisiana. Tiir Mam. -The cT^dc, Capt Wood- [' roll", will sail early this morning fct ;he West In- p dies- 01 Thr Deo, Captain Oman, is now due with the l< tvoghsh mail of the lj k nit. h One of these mail steamer* will iwreaf'.rr touch w rere every two weeks. c - ? K*rar?si s.?We are antler obligations to Il.irn it Jen Co ,and to A i una <Sc Co., for Boston paper# 1 n advance of the mail. Tho latter were over thNorwich route, and the former over the Stoaing*on , llnnkrnpt List. * SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORE Timothy ('lough Brooklyn, to be declared bankrupt 1 kpril IS, Alonto B Bigelow, do <to; Angus Kelly, N?W r-ik, Se. N?k< saiaU 9 Jiamarsoo, lo A M waUal, TkNtrkal, Jto, SjosobDb BaoiuswiB repeat hiooplendid macictl entertainment, but with eon*ider*W? chang'- >B ?1? selection of perforaMnoeo, thin evening, at Niblo's Saloon, where a nrw and well arranged orchestra has been erected. We regret to find that this is to be the last appearance of the clever and interesting debutante M'lle Melizet, previous to her return to Philadelphia. She will, however, among other novelties which are to be produced on this oeeavion, sing three new songs; one of which is well calcuU ted to exhibit the brilliance ol her voice and power of herexecution. Madame Ottohaaalsoannounced tiro new songs, and encouraged by her late receptiou, will no doubt eurpesa even her performance of Friday evening. Signor De Begais, accompanied by the band, will sing the uni vereally favorite song lrom II Uarbiere, "Largo al factotum," and will repeat the two comic scenas from II Fanalico; also the song " J'aide 1'argent." The concert will also be improved by the absence of the long soaga of Messrs Mayer and Masaet, who should alwaja choose subjecta mote brief and Bilnple if they wish to obtain popular favor- Mr. Penson will again be leader of the instrumental corps, and to those who heard the | e fjrmance of the two overtures on Friday laat, we need only say, that two othets will be performed this evening; one by Weber, 'he other by Rossini, in the same excellent style. Although this is termed a repetition of the previous concert, it will be aeen by the programme, that i much of the selection is entirely different, and we , trust that Signor De Begnia will receive, aa he deserves, the same liberal patrsnsge as at his last con- | cert, as no one but he attempts to produce such 1 entertainments en so liberal a scale The Sacred Music Socixty gave a grand con- ( cert at the Tabernacle last evening, which was i very respectably attended. Madame SpohrZahn made her first appearance in this country in the , splendid oratotio of " The Messiah," and folly sus- \ (ained her hieh reputation. Mrs. Strong's singing ' was deservedly much admired. Mr. Masselt exe- j cuted his part wiih particular power and effect. I The Misses Shaw give a .second concert this < evening at the Society Library. Thoee lovely young j ladies have found a great many admirers here, and | we have no doubt that they are destined to gain a i high reputation in the musical world. They have J doubtless several faults, and 'have much to learn, , but their faces radiant, with beauty, and their uuaf- t fected grace, almost disarm criticism. Another Cowcert.?Concerts and music are cer- ' tainly all the rage just now. Signer de Brgeis's las , was most fully and fashionable attended, and went r off with great eclat. There were more beautiful " woment present at it than there have been at any , large assemblage this year, and that will be the t case to-night, asd whenever and wherever the Signor and hischarming pupils sing. And it will doubters be the case at the German Theatre on Friday, , where, by reference to our advertising colamns it | will be seen announced, that the Signof is to sing at * M. Meyer's concert, and Mr- Tiin to preside at the j Diane. Mr. Meyer, if we recollect right, played I Orovito to the JVorma of that charming prima donna e Madame Sutton ; and was much applauded. Mrs. r Uoeg, Mrs. Phillips, and several other vocalists, also c ippear on this occasion, as will be seen in the adver- c :isement. c Park ?" London Assurance" and "What wil he World Sav," were played last night to a lolera > >je hous'-. Mr. Wheatley^s benefit takes place to- J light. The sterling play of " Money," the " Board- " ng School," with the first act of th? exquisite harp e >f " Charles 0'Malley,"are announced as the per- c ormances. Mr. Wheatley well deserves a good 0 touse, and will, we hope, have it. The New Comeiiv?Thc Author's Bcwsjtt.? The " Fiscal Agent" went off with great eclat, on londay night, at the Park, for the Author's Benefit, t improves in public estimation with everv eucces ive perforniance, and is tar superior to halt the prtiU lomedies imported from the French and English 0 tage. A very fashionble and somewhat full audi nee evinced the estimation in which the author's ippeal wa? held by his numerous friends and the n >ublic at large. f Chatham Theatre ?I^st evening the splendid ? ittractiona of the bill did not fail to fill this popular c heatre with a large and fashionable audience.? * t he manner in which Faust us has been got tip, ita t nagnificent scenery, its manic changes, and the fi jowerful acting of Hield and Sefion, eonppire 10 f< iroduce the most thrilling effect. This admirable v >iece is to be repeated this evening, in addition to b Sudden Thoughts, and the inimitable Jemmy i Twitcher- t< Oltmpic ?"Cinderella"continues to draw crov d- a d houses. It is well worth seeing The scenery done is sufficient to till the house. H Huekstcne and Mrs. Fi'zwiiliam are playing at j, luvana, and with the Ravels, draw overflowing t rouses. The suit instituted by Mr. 1'urtnn, of the Philv 1] lelphia National Theatre, before Recorder Vaux, j gainst Sowers, Green, and Constable Brumtnukn j as been dismissed by the Recorder. Mr. Burton dot n ot appear at the time fixed for the hearing of the ^ rfendauts, and there being no evidence against hem, hta Honor t!i-charg? d them. City Intelligence. Mart Dloak is Tsocili.?The inmates of the marding school of Madame Legary, who resides in frotdway near Stuyvesant Institute,have recently ost a number of articles ef dress, jewellery, &c , ind certain circumstances induced suspicions to fall ipon a servant girl named Mary lVgan, who bad reided in the house for a length of time in that capacity. Officer Hilliker, of the Upper Police office, vas called in; with his usual sagacity, recovered a liamond ring, gold pencil case, See , that were irvtftniT fVvss mionmtt a 1 1 J r r (, ...v O..IVKP. iv mrgr vnaifu lore nn- r ;er ring, with an umethysl stone was found in the * tfrhee of one of the fire places ot the house, for " vhich an owner is desired. The girl was fully ?omnitted for trial. t Snoe Livteh Caveht.-0.ic of the tribe of shop- !j liter* named Laurence bievens, entered the store a if Arvah Theall, 271 Grand street, yesterday morn- : ng, on the pretence of making a purchase of goods, lut made one of the usual mistakes natural to his iraft, and attempted to carry off a piece of printed n ralico, measuring thirty jthree yards, and ralued ? it $4.18. lie was accidently discovered in the act j md arrested with the goods in his possession. j Frbakiso opeh a Tsuxk ?Philip and E'len h ('oice, were HrreBted yesterday by officer Ttppan, f< >n a charge of stealing seven sovereigns, valued at * 30, from Judith Kearnan, of 43 Liberty street, g in the 12th inst. The parties board at the above * tamed house, and a few days since Judith Kearnan f eft the hey ol her room with Ellen Voice, while she * runted a friend, and on her return she found that the h taep of her trunk had been broken open and the * noney above named taken out. They were both ti torn nutted for further examination Death from Istempfkawce ?The Coroner yes* erday held an inquest at 117 Malbetry street, on the tody ol a man named William Tringnan, born in Sngland, a pedlar by trade, and of very intemperate a tabus, who died on Tutseay morsing at 2 o'clock. ? "erdlCt " dea'h from inlrmni-rnrr. " Aw I?rAWT Fovwo ?A nul-: infant was taund in ? i gutter in NVoibter street, yesterday morning, sup- a ?owd to have been of pr? mature birth. Its boi.y ? v is taken to ihe Alms Ho.at- and an inquest held, t >u? no evidence *a.- produced to lead to the disto- v rery of his part atA Scaw* at tii* Police Orric* Yr*T*aoAv.?A ? r<xan warrior, one ol those who at Jtcinlo d"a!t , >ut blo?s with valorous heart, but weakened head, , ntered a toinb for living dead, kept by a wr man? n tyrrson by name?who glories in her guilt and ^ haiae j and, buckling to a living corpse, ascended /, o a room above, there to pour out his theine ?l j, ove. A fyiu tieargsiown bill he offered to this laughty Jul, who kept the whole, aad gave no ihnsge, save such as came within her range- tk>mc rords arose l?etw eeri the j air, that ended in a sad * ft iir; and he, the poor unlucky wight, waa left J, riih coat tai.'s minus quite. His eyes were blacked, ti is nose waa bltd, hit body beat, and kicked his it ?dd, his cloih?s were torn, his pocket.- racked, and " is whole suifacc beat and kicked His beaten 'i hiz, hia taillesn ?oar, hiS|oeket? c>ar from charge f' r note, induced lhat spirit uiwayi ? ght wh?n men " > desperutiou*a brought. Tbm to ib* i?<?nb? fee ied his w ay, and lold the story f the day, when j hat they could do. Thay fouad Ih* A*>?* r? w, and marched ihmt un in ?( j*'1*two. 'h'oMaiy K a:id Margate*. W<>?.? , wnr irui be to learn some good; while (.owrro?, of the I " "nan band, with ipntm font and tail* in head. fcl uurehed trom the Totnbi with xk-tnry won, aao ^ >o?\-t ol what he had juat dooe. ilia bloated pJn? r ud ?h<*rt> n?(l coat, cropped like a bob-tail btooiiio t? h?at, will ever lie an im ijje neat, when he 1 t? ?*1! ai e.ive w b ni: and m at ne eater* dea ol etiame. ' < my ctttry unrror Wc a irainr w here Go np'on I 11 d.< and Compte a'e name imy contract rich will Jomp oa'i fame, ind ati?w hun up in search if t aiuc. h DUurtat Cwri of (ht "tHri li m Before Judge Bctli. Ma ?c 11 15 ?In relation to th? uMInn u to the jewellery p^Kttil by a petitioner far bankruptcy. Mid hi* family, the Court rare its decision, aceouipani d br extremely eloquent and extended remark*. It spoke of the position ocaupitd by women at the present day, contrasted with the time when the law destroyed the individuality el the wife, and rendered hciself and property amedablto the wi!l, and subject to he involved by the calamities or improper cosduct of her kuabaud The j 'trellery, in the present instance (that of Knssoa's) claimed as a portion of wearing apparel. Thia the Court did not deem to be correct. The watch that a msn carried eoul i uot be considered a portion ol dreis any more than u purse of gold or bank bills that be might have about his person Either ?f them, when an, were bev nd lbs power of the Sheriff; yet, the practice of the Chaincery courts, und, recently, of our common conrts ol law, is that they shall ba surrendered. Under the Bankrupt law. the Ceurt (bought a nanu was entitled to retain $300 wo.-thof furniture, stores, Jfc. fur hi* lamily, and lite wearing apparel belouging to each, without reference to oiker idea than wiiethar ?uch had been in their p stasticn, and was what they had been accustomed to wear; but ornament* and article*

of jewellery were not comprehended in *uch; they were personal property, and n>n*t be given up. A* to the property of a wife, the law peimitc her to retain *uch a* really belonging to her, whetther by marriage settlement or otherwi e,previous to her marriage. The law* of Louiaiana and those of Franee go further, and permit her to retain the produce of her I'.bor; aWo preients that may hare been made to her, and other personal property pottetted in her owu light, even subsequent to her marriage?and in England, chattel* giveo to a wife by Iter restive*, er other*, after marriage, are considered at personally belonging to her. The principle of our Courts of Chancery is that peraonal property belonging to a wife previona to kermarr.age, it exempt from liability on aceoar.t of the hutband, and the i quity proceedings of this court should not be less liberal ia this respect. It has no hesitation in asserting that it ia empowered to ?Ilow the nife her paraphernalia?(the ornaments b longing to her previous to marriage)?and in ad ilition any little presents, tueb as her miniature, the miniatures of her children, or anything else given her personally by her friends, or even by her husband, (if in reason, and while hit circumstances warranted,) after their marriage. Of this, aowever, the assignee must be the j idge. In the present case, the gold watch belonging to the paitioner must be considered at personal property, md given up Of the wife's jewellery, five finger ings, a breastpin, and a hair chain, wera given to jerby her friends previous to her marriage. These ihe has a rii:ht to keep. The gold watch was given o her subsrq lentiy by her hutband. If it is found hat he was solvent at the time, or in eircnmstaace* luthoriiing it, she is entitled to. the poetettion ef hat also. The petitioner in this case? Mr. Kasson, it is >roper to state, was willing to surrender the jewIry. TUe issue h, been raited by his counsel >nd the general assignee with a view to place the inestion fully before (be Conrt and obtain a decii.on which will be general in it* effect. The same remark will al*o apply to the case of tlr. Zarega, w ho, on motion of Mr. Pa;ten, was h:s morning permitted to obtain a decree. Several petitions, wnicn uaa Ktn aavertisea he rt quirciljiime, peeved to the aeuel decree Oa notion of Mr. Blunt thet of Mr Jee. M- Pinkney va* laid orer to the 18th, whea the petition of hie partner, Mr. Bonelt, will hare matured, and he Incndi filing objections to b th It wae opposed by Vlr. Piiikney'rf counsel on the (round that Mr. ilunt bad entered proceedings in chancery siace Vlr P had petitioned for the benefit of the act, tnd now only seeks to cuin time. This was detie i. The petition lies over. Objections were Birred to the petition of Lambert Moras, and one ir two lie OTer owing to the out-of-town affidavit f publication not being ready. The Court haB deieided that tbe long notice shall ie published in only one paper, and that $6 shall >e paid for the rerenty days The contract has ieen given to one of the "large papers wi h small irculntion" in Wall street It will be merely a 'mtinuatma of proceedings after tha petitioner bta'nahia decreeGeneral Sesslona* Before Judges Lyaeh and Nosh. Wn Shai.br, k><]. aciiog District Attorney. March 15 ?Assault and Battery on a Captain of i? IVatc!i?Aman named John Lues was tried for assault nnd battery, committed on Cspt. Fisher, f the Sixth Ward District Watch Hou.-e, on the ight of the 1st of September last. Lows was is oaspany with sereral other men, oue of whom, amed Mr. Birbank, has heretofore been tried on a imi'.ar charge, and found guilty. Captain Fisher tated, that upon hearing the call of watch, he nroeeded to one of the piera near Washington market, nrt on arriving theie was assaulted by L"ws, who truck him a riolent blow in the face, which conned him to his house for several days. Ihe detract, conducted by James T. Brady, E.q., procrl that Loa n da -t not strike Fisher until inter he ad been assaulted with his mace, and also prcented, by several witnesses, an excellent chancer for sobriety and honesty. The Jury returned verdict of gu Ity of assault and battery. Trial for Passing Counterfeit Notes of the Trade? ion's Bank ?A woman named Rusuuuah Hosey, mplcaurd with Bridget Farley, .her sister, was lied for attempting, on the 18th of February, to >ass a $5 counterfeit aotr, puiporCntr to be of tbe rradrsman's Bank of this city, oa Richard GorIon, a clerk in the employ 40I' Jehu Young, 1.03 louston street, in payment for a pair of aboes. The ete is of letter D., engraving pule, and filling up 'udly executed.*xMr. Gordon stated that she came nto the store in company with a man, whose name >us since been ascertained to bu Charles Farley, nd the woman, named Bridget Farley, who is barged with the tame off nee a* the prisoner on rial Cp n selecting a pair of ahoea, the note was endered in payment, and n?t baring change, Mr. iordon stepped out t? obtain it. when he diteor red that the bill was a counterfeit On returning o the atare the man had left, and when he informd the woman that the note waa bad they departed rom the atore, and were immediately arrested. It raa represented by the defence that prisoner said he found the note rolled up it a p.see of paper aar the Washington parade ground, and that she are it to Failey, who nffered it in payment for the hoes. G? rge L. Spencer, of No 61 Perry street, ras called by defence He stated that prisoner esided with him at a servant, and that he believed he was honest; al.-o, that she could neither read or write. The Jury returned a verdict of not uilty. Trial for en Arnault ami Battery ?A man named leory lleiyea was trird for an alitged assault and attery on a woman n<itried Catherine Stewart.? "he prosecution, as usual, proved quite an assault nd the defence proved none at ail at a!l, and the jiy returned a verdict of not guilty, when the ourt adjourned to this morning, at 11 o'clock. Another Tiial for the mm* oJJ'*nc*?A woman amed Mary Dunn was then put upon her trial en a miliar charge of attempting tu pass en the 17th of February, a $5 counterfeit note on the Tradesmen's la ik on Mr John Vghey, la the employ ol Stlio< VVaUrbiiiy, No 03 ilouatou stret t. She of ared the note in pajmeut tar a pair of shoes, and riien arrested stuted that the note had been iven to bar by Bridget Furlry, in payment lor see money she nwt d her. Farley told ker to take he note and purchase e pair of small shoes, und rhen she retnmad with the change the would pay ertwenty shillings t-he owed her. The prisoner rat defended by Al. Van iloveaburg, Lsq , aad lie jury returned a. verdict of not guilty. Special Sessions. n-r? tv?i. ,t s t.i..... r?i;? ..,i r -- Marih lj?Patrick Quin for a violent assault nd battery on a female, named Mary Ualliger, was eat tip for six month*. Nathaniel Collins, h argrn >r beating bit wife moat inhumanely while she ras sick, was aemt to the city prima for thirty dayt. itary Poland, for disorderly conduct at the house f John Keers, waa remanded back to prison for en days. F.d ward Kice and Cornelius Don^herty rero found guilty of stealing a coat and pantaloons rorth $20, from the preiuist a of John Dor aell, iongherty was tried on a second charge of stealing n over coal from Win. Henwick, worth ttltf, found nitty, and both send to the Penitentiary for six lonlhs l'lnllp Sli.kes, a colored man, Charles lif i n and Win. McGoH'tn, charged with petty of inecs were discharged, no witncssca appearJg An. rss.e.,.u T....?na-UTa aaana* snanV af fka rvuil drama Fauatna, performed at this mo?i triumhi.ut Theatre in toa strong tarn* of praiaa. It aurpaaae* II Thornr'a former trtoru, ouch r.ifbt of it* represeota on drawir g dt uitly crowded bouaea, and fully proving 1 .t tact, entirpriaa, end libc-allty, will aver meat ith lit jnrt reward. The enter! ilnmenta to-night con?t of the farce of Htidden Ttaoughtf, the above tucceaa 1 drama, and the Interlude of Ca'ehing an Hctreaa, in rhich the untivallad John Brfton appeara. ov- ItrireMiTiiM <aa (lot r-?We have teen the afaait of Jodie fitch of Celumt.ia, that tha prearntpio*Uti ta Lad j tat given ? 200 rath for the Indian V< gets 1? F-lixir, w hich may now be had at 71 Maiden tane, mdwho narrrnt that internally, with Ilnwea' Nerve nd Bene I.initmrnt entetnally, to cure nny eaaa cf .heumatiem or Oont, and will lire itilotly tethvmarinf. to retain the pnee, if tbedirectiona era followed, a I the rnreia not made. Bone mo?t remarkable enrea are Juat hoeu made, and Bono a 11 icted ahould fail ta rail tti-reielrea of thera remrdiir, eapvciuUy on thrae rial. The r< rp. edible lru< hottae warranting tb ?e ruclca, would never lend the 'auction of the.ii natnia 1 anything of the ki.id, ueleaa aatiafied oi ila utility. ? v. v. ro?t (K7~ Take Orandjean'a Medicated Composition- Sr. Baiolay ?lreet. He it the only man w hoh?a devoti d im? If particularly to the atudy of tiircases of the hair. POSTHCRIfT Washington. K'orWpoa.eece ot lbs HsrmU.) Washikotos, March 1J? 1SI2. Proceedings In the Senate?The Creole Case. la the Senate this morning Mr-Cnar presented a petition from citizens of the western part of Penesylva* nia, stating that as there is no probability that Ccngreea will accomplish any of the object for which they were convened, and aa the proceedings in one branch of Congress have been diarepatable to the nation, a scandal to the cause of free i nstitutions, and a grievous stain upon pub'ic morals. Concrete be advised to adjourn forthwith; alao, from Orleans county, New York, in which the petitioners complain of thejperoonal rencontre*,violent and disgraceful scenes which have occurred in the National Legislature for several years past, and pray that a thorough reform may be made in Congress, and, to that end and purpose, they recommend an abolition of the mileage?the reduction of their per diem to live dollars, the abolition of the franking privilege except daring the session of Congress, and the allowance of stationary only for that length of time; the re-establishment of the one hour rale, the passage of a law fixing the fourth day of March in each year aa the day for the adjournment of Congress, and the expulsion of all members who may indulge in personalities in debate. Mr- Clat al-o presented a petition from Mrs. Margaret Blenneihawett, the widow of the man whose name has become famous for his supposed connexion with Aaron Burr, in his enterprise in 1806 Mr. Clay said that this lady, whom he saw with her husband in 1805, as they pamed through Lexington Kentucky, was, at that time, the most beautiful and accomplished ot her sex. She was an Irish lady,and, beside her personal merits, had the advantage ol being related to the Emmetts of Ireland. Her husband was a man of great learning and eminence.aad, from his natural disposition, was wholly unfit for any tuch traductions with which he was charged before the world, in connection with Colonel Burr. In consequence of the charges preferred against Mr. Blcnueihttsett, he and his family were broken up and driven from thrir home; and their island, which had been beantified nnH ilAmcJ K? K? IM, Clay) saw, lor ihe first time, in the spring of 1807, which (hen exibited some remains of beauty, ornamental grounds and gr&velhd walks, shrubbery,and (lowers; and the house, and every thing around it betokened taste and elegance,but, at the same time, bore testimony of dilapidation. It appeared, according to the petition, (and no daubt from what he had heard and seen it stated the facts) that in consequence of the charge of a connection of Blennerhasaett with Burr, a military force from 53 to 100 men took possession of the island; and it was proved by the testimony ol Morgaa Neville and William Robinson, wbo were young men of good charaeter, and whom Col.Burr induced to engage in his enterprise, that the soldiery seized all the stores which had been laid up for the family, and also injured the island to a very great extent. This lady, the petioner, was in extreme indigence, nod had come from Ireland lately and was now residing in the city of New York, where she was supported by the charity of her countrymen. She had a son, but he was wholly helpless, and was incapable of readering her any assistance; and she had forborne topreseut this claim because of the prejudice that had existed against her husband, who died several years since in a foreign land; but she had now come forward and brought the claim to his notice, and it was founded ou the depreda'ion* committed upon her property on the island. For these injuries she was entitled to the redress of the Government; and the only difficulty would be as to the amount to which she should be indemnified.? After the delay which had occurred, and the injury inflicted, and taken into view the condition of the petitioner, he hoped that his friends who had the charge of claima would take up this ease, and, at the earliest opportunity, do ample justice to this suffering lady. After the presentation of several ether petitions and memorials, and the reference of a large number appropriate bills from the Iiouse, the Senate return, ed the con.-ideration of the resolutions of Mr- Clay, in relation to the adjustment of the duties on imports, the limitation of the expenditures of the Go. vernment, and suggesting a curtailment of all unnecessary expenses, and the observance of a rigid economy. Mr. Choate addressed the Senate and maintain' ed that it was the dnty of the Government to afford adequate protectioa to domestic manufactures. There was a short executive session, after which the Senate adjourned. There has been much conversation in this city today respecting the case of the Creole, and the possibility of a rupture between this government and Great Britain. It is said, that de^atches for this government arrived last night by a special messenger, and there was a Cabinet meeting this morning, for the purpose, as is supposed, of taking the matter into consideration- Much solicitude is of course felt on the subject; but it should be borne in mind, that the opinion of the British government, as expressed kii Ik. rnt.fi m nnTu tntk. M.JilU. WJ lilt. l/IVTl M lUfTJVin, * V 1U.II O UlilJ IV lUV 1 V, UU1I IVI1 f the perpetrators of the acta of piracjr and murder on board the Creole. For them we have made co demand, and of course the refusal of the British government to deliver them up, is sot complained of- The real point at issue, has not yet been officially touched. We ask the rectoraticn of the slaver?the property of an American citizen. When the British government refuses to give up this property or make restitution, as it most certainly will, then ws must determine what course to sdopt. The Supreme Couit has decided that there ii no international law by which aay government can be required to recognize slavery?it is a mailer of comity alone, but we can complain of the conduct of Great Britain as discourteous and unfriendly, and if it is but to havs a brush with her, we have other and stronger ground of quarrel, and this mayire thrown in as a make weight. House of Representatives. This being petition day, that order of business was adhcred'to, to the cxclush n of almost all otherAll the States from Ohio to the east, being the remnant of the list frnn the last petition day, were called thiongh, and tho reception of petitions, and incidental but unimportant questions which arose upon some of them, occupied the day. Baltimore. ICotTerpeodetct of th? HertM-l r.iiTiifoiir. March 15,1812. Ma. Editor :? The tax bill of one per cent, which wa? before the City Council, ha* been voted upon and loat; also the 15 per cent premium bill for returning $500,000 Railroad orders Thns we remain in a state of pecuniary deleciability. Some of our chirp-sighted brokers, notwithstanding their caution, have been bitten pretty sorely. They purchased largely of stock orders at HO and 51 per cent. Suddenly this morning they fell to tif'y per cent, Jeaviug it on their hands. Voor friend, the Rev. J. N. M.iflii, lectures tonight belore the Mercantile L brary Association. The anniversary commencement of the University of Marylahd, is to take place to day, for the pur pose of conferring degrees- Pro.'evsor Chew will deliver the validictory. Yankee Hill takes his benefit at the Holliday this evening. It is the lust night of the season. Exchange on New tnrk 1 quote at ^ 5 8 pretn; Philadelphia ia unsettled nnd may be put down frt no 2\ to tltiiscouut; Virginia 8 dirconnt Some sales o| Hour have hern made nt $5 50. which is the a>kiogprice; wheat 106 <110 cents Other articles of prcxiuee are without change. The weailu r yesti tduy wub wet and unpleasant To day it ia clear and cold Yours, Rnoamra. PiioritsrU-V'ev0a?Thn pocket ship Trenton. Captain flennett, arrived at New Orl?*uns an Ut? 1 h instant, from thia city, ia the unprecedented 1 ot t par.-age of aight days and three hoars (Correependence of the Herald.) I Philadelphia, March 15, 1*12. I -Vo R ftmpitim yrl? /Usvmptum l.mr declared Con- I ititulional by Dxnney and Meredith?Muting of I Xaral Sur^ront? Tt.tcthicaU, tfc. I Still has Iher been ao resumption to-dar. Tin? I bank* have in all thing* demeaned themselves as yesterday, triDaacting their business precisely as they did before the announcement of the passage of the resumption law- This stats of things cannot last long, and what will tend much, I have no doubt, to hurry a change, I have this moment learned that lloraee Binney and William M. Meredith, Esqra , have just lurnished written opinions, tk1 alar lag the resumption law to be constitutional, and that all the b&nka of the commonwealth are subject tdita provisions and liable to its penalties. In view of thin fact it is understood that the accepting banks will all resume to morrow, and probaMy some other.?, to a limited extent. Tne consequence of this will probably be the sudden dissolution of three or four of the relief banks. One of them, the Bank of Penn Township, has bean surrounded with something of a crowd during the dap. Indeed, at one time, it was rumored that she had closed. This, however, was not true. A board of Naval Surgeora, composed of W. P. C. Barton, J. A Kearney, Thomas Dillard, W. S W Uuscheuberger, and Waters Smith, will convene in this city, on Monday the 4th of April, for the examtnati?n of such Aaa-tant Surgeon; for promotion, and of candidate* for admission into the nnvy as Atnistsnt Snrgeooa, as shall be authorised to appear before it. The sale* at the sto-kboard to day were hah', at prices in .oh <he same n* yesterday. State fives fell i ; u. S linok note# at- again up to 60 discount. Arroi; riuajiTs ey Ton PneeiossT.?Consul*? John F. Mul.owsy, of Pennsylvania, for the Empire of Moroeeoj 8 muel Height, of New Tojrk, mr the port of Antwerp, in the place of Thema* H. Barker, resigned; F. M. Dimond, of Rhode Island, for the port of Vera Croz. in the plaee of Thomas Poieey, resigned; John ?. Wood, of North Carolina. for the Island of Martinique; Tboma* Carlise. ni mew I erlt, Torlbe port of S.?u Francisco, inCnlifnrnia; William K. Viayc?, of Vermont, forth# Island of Barbados*; John I) William*, of Nunchuaetts, for the Bav of Inlands in Now Zealand, in the p'aee of Jamea R Cl< ndea, resigned. Court Calendar?I iila Day. Srrraioa Court?Noi. 33,34, 96 to 30, 34 to 41, 43 to 46, 131, 47, 49, 48, 61. Court or Commor Pleas?Both Court* will be held at 10 o'clock. That before Judge In crab am In the ClremR Courtroom. Part 1, before Judge Ulste (for?No*. Ill 119, 95, 121, 193, 1)1, 123, 127, 47, 67, 129, 131, 133, 18* 13 Tart 9, before Judge lngrihom ?No*. 38, 162, 63, 68, 138, 338, 368, 363, 364, 286, 986. 379. 09- Beautiful Teeth ?Whenerer you see any one with a beautiful lot of teath you take it for granted Sherman** Orria Tooth Paato ha* been the mean* of *11 the brilliancy When s oa come in contact with an of. femive breath, be aure the person has net used this in* comparable dentrifrice. Nothing can surpass It, and all who use it once never trust aay other article. Sold at Dr. Sherman's, 166 Nassau street, and by agents, 77 East Broadway, 188Bowery, 327 Hudson atreet, 116 and373 Broadway,6 State atreet, Boston, and 3 Lodger Building, Philadelphia. 09" Dtr PKBroBMenoE?Ladies, families, children and stranger* will remember that a splendid and interesting variety of performances tske plica this afternoon at the American Museum?commencing at 8 o'clock? Ventriloquism, Jngsling. Daneing, Animal Magnetism, Legerdemain, the Model of Dublin, Falls of Niagara, with real water, Yan 7. ~o the China Man, tka Albino Lady, Pneumatic Railroad,Grand Cosmorama, Fanay Olasa making, and five large halls, each one hundred fast long, crowded with every description of ourteoitiea, are attraction* enough for 33 cents andnhildren half price. Dublin will positively be removed after to-morrow, St. Patrick's day. 09- Ws Cureircham, Ksg. an cg?d highly reapeeta hie citizen, Front stregt, Brooklyn,by a fall, injured.his face very aerieutly. It was bally cut, much swollen, and sore. Having a great antinsthy to Doctors, h* lent far Dallev's Pain Extractor S-lve, and it cured hi* face in three days. The salve will be eirrn far oil anch, or burn casae, by applying at 71 Maiden Una, or ttnmy there be purchased, for every family in the Union should koep it at hand, or they could never forgive themselves in case of burn*. 09- Police?Ought the rollce to kt m?eo active io looking out counterfeiters of money then of valuable medicines 7 One may r<-in the pocket, the ether the health! A dm of counterfeiter* in the vicinity of Maiden lane and Pearl *trert ahould be loaki d to. Buy oaiy the Bala of Colombia, that will itay or restore the hair, from 71 Maiden lane, and beware ef the counteifeit hawked about the itreeti by bey>. The proprietor* ef the tree article never allow it to he pnlillicit will be lent free to anv part of the city, if ordered by note through the'-City Despatch Post." (Xf- The molt beantiful woman in England la Lady Cleri*ia Stanhope. Her form ia at perieet es any thing we can imagine of an angrlV, and her countenance is one of inch surpassing loveliness that the most polished sod boat bred men can scarcely withhold themselves from staring her cut of counti nance. Hence, may be supposed, she prodncesa great sensation in that conntry?almost as great in Uct us Or. Peters'* Lozenges produces ia this. And,hy the way. sp. aking of Peters'* Lozenges, we would remark, that for cuilag sea-sickness, coughs,colds, worms, headaches, low spirits and nausea, they surpass all ether medicine* as much as Lady Stanhope's lovel) fne<* surpasses the faces of her fair countrywomen. The beautiful Claiissa lives in London? Peters'* Lozenges arn to he had at 4M Breadway. Sold by Ring, 03 Fulton and 90 North Bisthst, Philadelphia. MOSEY HARKBT. Tuesday, Starch IS?OP. BI. A small business was done at the Stock Beard this morning without any mat<-rial alteration in the lending features of the market. Delaware and Hudson fell{ ; Indiana rot* J ; Illinois 4 ; Ohio | ; New Terk State V* i ; sales of bills on Philadelphia 3J ; Baltimore 1 per Cent; Mobile 90 ; New Orleans 7. Since the Harlem book* have been removed from the vicinity of Wall street, speculation has uaarly erased in the stack. The new economic .il arrangements aotacad into by the director* have, it is said, produced an excess uf revenue, aud to far established confidence as to induce the purchase of large amounts for insesuneat. Fifteen months since the stock of the Mechanics' Bank ing Association stood ni CO; at the late election for directors it was at OS. The reform ticket was then defeated and 41 is all that is now offered for it. What la the mar! tsr, Mr. Ca*hier 1 l?jit nut time that the stockholders looked after the small sums Utu may remain to them 1 The Oorernor of this B'.ste has a Idr ssod a message to the Legislature, accompanied by a report from tho President of the Now York and Erie Riitroad, wherein it is stated that if the State dots not furnish tho fundi to complete that idle speculation, it must he aban. doned. $4,600,000 are raid to have been (peat, of which the State ia responsible for $3,000,000, and aa yet but about one fifth of tha road If done. The atoak al the State aiuat therefore be forced upon the Market to tha aitent of ?16,000,GS0, * hi n it if already at a dineeunt of 30 percent, ar the speculation will fail at once ; and I tha stock U issued it may ultimately fail. Tha oaly true policy of the State la ta seize that part af tha road completed for tha stock alrredy issued, and atop all further expenditure. The following is an extract from the letter of the President :? Under the supposition tha'. the Legislature would continue thr proportion ol aid that it has hitherto afforded, the company made no provision lor the iatersst cn the State Loan, due on the fit?t of April, but expended ell their meant in the construction oi a,in read. A pleasant announcement this ! The State with other pressing claims upon it to the extent of $0,000,000, with no money in the treasury ,and its 0 per cent stock at M, it u called upon the pay the interest on JJt 000,004 squiBdured ujion this Well aieet speculation. It is better, howrrer, to lose $3,000,004 than to lose f JOOCO,0OO. Tha instant the company fails to pay the interest, the Men of the State shout 1 be foreclosed, end every dollar of vapeaditare stoppe-l; perhaps that part which is ia operation may be made to pay the interest by proper managementWe recently mada some remarks upon tke several punt 01 a meal agent aubmittid Jto Congrrae at the pre rat aeaaion. Thare ia from prnent appearance*, Utile chance of the public (ad fitting eo far th* aaeendai.cy orrr the faction! jeelouaiti of desperate political gamblcra, aa to allow of nuy thing bUng doae touardn letlling the rtaid gueatiun o( the curranoy. ( ortain atpiranUI* the Preaidentlal chair arem beat upon ating their preicnt jnflueace to procure tb* ratabliehment of a money power which can h? turd a< a palMical engine, and bronght to bear npon the rnaning eli ction, and their every movement art ma t* indicate that unit-a thia ean b-door, the country muat lie ditgraoed, thr paople lm piverlaked, and trade riaatteyed hy the centinnasca af uncertainty in relation to linaucial tfljira. Wa have before freely commented upon the diatii.ctivr fta'.urta of ell three hilla, and hire pointed out rtaaana for pre. ferrtng the Houoe bill, ar tbflt known aa Mr. Ciuhing'e. That bill haa the foundation of a moat tiet ful, peimaiirnt andaafeayatem of fiaauca, with the ruccp'loa of oav or tyo poiuta. that could be alt nek out without conflicting with itagmeral operation In our article of March I?, we ran a parallel betwrrn the three hilla, allowing the diitinctiva featurea af tach. la that article wa otweeted

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