Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1842 Page 2
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KEW YORK HERALD. New York, guiuUy, Marth tfO, lttl'4. Steam Ship Columbia. We expect to receive this motning the news by th s steamer. She was out titieen da) s J> ?' * rdnv, and will bring intelligence to the 1th instant. It will be of a highly important character, touching the K ght of Search and a war with Ureal Britain Look out for an Ki raa Hemald The Late MeeVtso i* rue Eechasoc?The Pmiola* Movrwrrrr?Several of the mere party pro's, such as the "Courier," the "American," the Tribune," Arc , are out very hot and heavy en the sentimt d g ami opinions pr? niu'cated at the meeting ol merchants held in the l.ichange. Tuia was to be ,x|?ected There are certain prints that cannot live but in i p joeition, whose only ex istence depends on min stering to cli<jur? and fac lions. A no etin< held for general patriotic purpa a s, in order to ha-ten the action of the ditierent branches of the government on important measures, does not unit the eelfii-hneas of faction, or the views of office seeker? and President makers. No matter. Ttic people and the country ate suited, and will not be prevented any longer from assuming their proper attitude. Mark ?hat lj.ua*ACLS AMONG THE WlllTE ClIARLlEi ?We Jeam that James N Reynolds intends to pepper and salt, and then eat up Watson Webb in a day or two for doubting his faith in the cause of " Harry of the West.,: Reynolds has procured the certifi catra of li-verdy Johnson of Uiltimore, and many other " Charlies," proving his unvarying attachment to "Harry." Reynolds has asked Webb to publish his reply?but he demurs. Send it t6 us, Master R-ynolsfs, and you shall hawe a chance, in a paper thai circulates six times as many as the Courier. Merchants' Exchange ?This splendid building is neatly finished. It presents now one of the most gorgeous temples of Mammon nnd unrighteousness that the world can show. We should not be surprised to see Satan take a bicker's office there, and set up a sign. Yesterday, a considerable amount )of business was transacted there. Houses, lots, corn, flour, stocks, exchange, and many human souls were sold there, cheap for cash. Trinitv Chi-ui h ?This new church, situated directly opposite the entrance to hell?we beg par don?we mean the entrance to Wall street, is beginning to show fo.th its beautiful form and holy Jineament*. The graceful sections of its antique arches ana pillars, are moving upwaius iuwuu heaven as fast as the architects can make them. When this beautiful church shall be finished, the Episcopalians will have one of the smoothest roads I to eternity that man or mason ever hammered iuto beauty. Spriko Weather.?Yesterday was a truly lovely day?the sky was clear?the air balmy?and the sun bright. Broadway was full of lovely and smiling faces?many of them covered with white powder and vanity. Wall street was lull cf care-worn, malignant chop-fallen faces, covered with furrows aad disappointment- Tne Five Points came forth in all their glory, smiles, rags, dirt, and happy wretchedness, free as the winds of heaven. Header, goto church and pray for your soul. On 1?Charles King says thai the appointment of Col. Graham t? be Postmaster is " bad," but ' not so bad as it might have been." How blandly we disappointed office beggars can talk, while our hearts are as bitter as aloes! PnEr.tratio.vs rur the Charter E lectio v.? Both political parties in this city are buckling on their armor for the charter election, that takes place on the second Tuesday in April, about three weeks hence. The nominating committees te select candidates for aldermen, assistants, assessors and constables have been chosen, and will nominate during the ensuing week. The delegates to select a candidate for Mayor, of each parly, have bad one meeting, and the democrats make a choice next Tuesday night. The whig meeting* terminated in the several wards without difficulty, but the reverse was the case among the other party. In the Sixth, Thirteenth, Twelfth and Fourteenth wards there will be much troubie in settling upon candidates for Aldermen and Assistants The whigs are looking forward with anxious expectation, in hopes that the Irish population will nominate a separate ticket in the democratic wards, pl-dged to advocate a change in the school system ; but they may be mistaken in this resuit if the bill now before the Legislature become a law. There will be a material change in the members ?I" the Boards of Aldermen in the spring, as nearly all those now in office will be compelled to give place to new men. The democrats talk of carrying the Fourth and Seventh wards, while the whigs ferl quite ascertait. of success,and even boast of obtain ing a majority in both boards through the division * that is supposed to exist on the school question The deur-crats will probably nominate Morns fcr Mayor?the whigs Verplanck. Which is to be elected we ebal! know Ixfore the day of juggmer.t. The School Ciirawi to* if the Legislature ?The lefe ence of this exciting question, on Thursday last, to a select committee of the lower branch of the Legislature of this state, composed of one mem ber from each senatorial district, with instructions "to report complete," was the most exrrdiiioas mode of disposing of the bill that could be selected at this stage o! proceedings. It was returned to the House on Friday, passed to a third reading, and will, in all probability, pass both Dranches of the legislature before the eud ef tbia wetk. There is one material and important alteration Thit should be made in the bill now before the Legislature, previous to its final passage. The school commissioners should be selected, of no equal cum her, from each ward of the city, and chosen by the people annually, either by general ticket or by each ward. To them, as a body, shoald be entrusted the whole .uriwiietion and control of every tbinuaopcr taming to th-* public schools of this city. They should then be organized, as one body, on the same principle that gevrna the management of the public schor Is in Boston, Philadelphia, and other populous cities, the system of which is acknowledged to th-best in th? c >uatry. By thia means the public will aecura that uniformity in every thing connected with the Schools that torma the ba it of education; and by this system also, will all 'ctariamsm and narrow intU*ncesbe as elftctillliy abolished in our city, as it .sin Boston, Fn 'adelphia Ahd Baltimore- The pres-ct plan recommended is to allow each ward to elect commissioners, who are for the tiase bemy,inde( endrnt and separate bodies This will never answer, as the schools of one ward w ill be conducted upon a different principle from those of another, and the result Will be sn entire lack of that uniformity that is so abeohruly necetsary our < May day" moving population to se??^5*dr< l0 our youth those advantages that should result from the benefit* of a well conducted system af public education- Do this, and do well. ^ ... T ?...i WrinKf Ihd? hholilinn AM ALU A MATK/W lit ' '? * ? ? candidate, had been elected Mayor of Lowell. Gsowth or Rociiima.?There were only 115 building* erected in Rochester lest year. Not ."<00 as ha* been stated Citt or Dear.?New York an I dreedfui dualy condition. It is more like a country village in a iiot summer day, than a city. Thc WaATHan.?Por four days we have expeTiesced very pieaaant weather? warin as io July. Fasmiosabi.k Msvemssts.? Ex-President Van Btiren and suite, were at Georgetown, 8 C. on the 11th instant They partook of the hospitality of the Pee Dee gentlemen on Thursday, the lO.h, at their club house near Col- K F- W. Alston's. Mr. LyelTa Second Lector* on geology m the Tabcrneele. T he second lecture of Mr. Lyell last night wu attended by abou'GtO of the most intell.gent and respectable people iu the city. A? it i? impoaeible to give a detailed report of thia lecture without constant reference to the drawings of strata and various parts of France and Sicily, whidi Mr- Lyell exhibited, we shall confine ourarivea to an outline of the facts brought fotward by the lecturer on thia occasion. The subject of the lecture was the volcanic formations of the earth- Mr. Lyell said that he should speak at present as if the preaent changes of level in the earth's surface, and particularly in the neighborhood of volcanic regions, were produced by the upheaval of land, and not by the going down of the sea; and in the two next lectures he would bring forward abundance of proof, that it was so. These mountain musaes have been lifted up two or three miles in height, long after the period when animals and plants began to inhabit the earth. These masse* have been divided by geologists into various groups?according to the different ages since th-ir formation, forming a beautiful chronological series from which to date the history of the earth's structure. And it is not till we arrive at the latest i f the larger groups in these volcanic formations, that we come down to that part of France described in the first lecture. The oldest of this series is the fresh water formation, colored white, in the map ol (hat region of country round Mount D'Or and the sources of the Loire, aad yellow in the map of the Freshwater formations round Paris ; (here Mr Lyell referred to his maps.) It is necessary here to attend to the organic remains found in these rocks, and particularly to the various descriptions of shslls in which these beds abound ; for they are must jnstly styled the organic medals of the earth's history, by which nature tells to the scientific and patient enquirer the ages of the various strata he may ezumine. These shells are so numerous in all these strata that it is easy by finding the various classes of j them in one place and in another, and arranging them, to ascertain, as it were, the several volumes forming the successive ages in the history of the earth. There are no leas than 1203 distinct species of shells in the freshwater formations round Paris alone. And of these, not over twenty are of the same species of those now inhabiting our seas, and lakes and rivers- We are in all,acquainted with 10,000 different species of shells inhabiting the various salt and fresh waters of the earth, but only 20 or 30 of them are the same as any of those 1200 species found in the fresh water strata round Paris. These latter strata were the same in their character as those found in the region of Mount D'Or. We know that the sea formed a deposit round Paris, and occupied the Paris basin in which the city now stands by these very shells. For rivers are continually carrying down shells frotn ihe lakes to the sea, and there depositing them.? The St. Lawrence river is at this time carrying down shells from the great American Lakes into the Gulfot St- Liwrence, and so into the ocean. The Rhone carries shells from the lakes of Switzerland into the Mediterranean ; and so do the Adda (Adage) and so from the Italian Lakes into the same sea. And almost every where we find shells of the lake deposits, mixed up with 1000 or 1100 different species of marine shells. And so we find these shell fish and animals (organic remains) that lived on the land and were carried down hither at the time that the sea filled the basin (valley) of the Seine. And so we find, by the same analogy, the ages of the various rocks in the several Volcanic formations. But before going into this part of the subject, it will be necessary to become acquainted with ihe use of various terms that have been thought necessary as making the different periods in which these various deposit', formerly all referred to one period?the freshwater formations? bad their origin. The term Eocene has been given to the first or earliest of these Ireshwater formations, as foiming the first dawn of the recent species of organic remains. The next period of formations is termed Miocene, because there the shells that resemble those uow extant are more numerous, but still they form a minority. The next period is termed pliocene because there the shells resembling those now found in our waters form a plurality ? The proportion in the three runs about thu9:? Eocene . .ft in 100, Miocene 30 in luO, Pliocene 90 in 100, Similar shells to those now exiiting in the neighboring seas. Here the lecturer referred to the following diagram of the names and classification of the various fresh water formations (so termed), and formerly considered to belong all to one period of de. posi':? 1. Post Poiorsne akd Reikht. 3. Pltocei.e, ) T^i,_ I. Eocene*' ) Format,on.TV ith this diagram we are compelled from want of space to close eur account of the lecture to-day. We shall probub'y give the remainder in to-morrow's paper Don* Foi? ?Captain Shinley is beaten out of the field. A bill passed final reading, conferring upon Wil ban Croghan, (father of the girl who ran aff with Captain Sehinley.) a life estate in all the property tiled by James O'llara upou hit daughter Mary, who married said WilliamCroghau, and is now deceased. The bill farther provides for the final settlement of the said estate ur?o? Marv Croghan, otherwise Schialey, and her nt-irs, subject to th? entire discretion of the trustees of said estate, who are to receive all rests, issues aad prvfits of the said estate, and contribute out of the sime for the support of the aforesaid Mary Schinley, according to their discretion. This act was sent to the House, and that body immediately concurred therein. li was then sent to ihe Governor, aad returned with his approval, and is now a law. The captain will have to try some other speculation. Important rati* Florida?By the arrival e the steamer Gen Clinch, Capt. Brooks, we are ii.' possession of the St. Augustine News, and the Herald of the 4th and Oth inst , together with interesting intelligence in relation to the war, to a late date, <rom our correspondents. Our letter of March 4th, from Ficolnta, stated that there were hopes that Manr Belknao might t induce As sya-ocis with his band of about IcO persons, including 20 or 25 warriors, to come in. By aa officer of the army, arrived in town hy the steamer Gen. Clinch, we learn that this chief has surrendered to Major Belknap, with his whole party, eonsi ting ef 21 warriors and 57 women and children. This surrender is much mnre important than a battle We have the gratifying intelligence that that worthy and indefatigable officer. Major Plymptou, succeeded in captuung the notorious chief SnortGrass, together with his son-in law and their families. They were captured near Djnn's Lake. r-$at'innak Republican, Starch II. Was in AralCA?By th? arrival of the Naumkeag at Salem, from the west coast of Africa, we have received letters faom our eorrespoadeat at the RioNoones of January 10 It is staled '.hat the river Nooncx was at that time in a btete of blockade by the Ft each. In coascgaenchof many i aggretsions on the p?ri#Bi tad priifBtty ol the merchants in tint place, thty hate atle repeated 1 cull* on the Frencn govsrnmehtv 1*4 *nere are now I in front of the royal mud pilttft IWo French menI of war, demanding of M* Majdity satisfaction for past offences, a??i to euUfc ftto treaty for fuiura good tret'ruem of Frevtfc subjeete. They hart | Rl**u the King f?rty-?itht hoarato comply, or war it declared. In cm of a final refusal, i Mrt that the river will he blockaded, and pritaaart made1 ol all hit Majesty's e tiered $uv jects. Samta Fa* l'aito.vcna m Mexico.?The New Orleans America* taya .-W* |rmtn from ageulloman in this city, that a letter was received tbte morning, via Havana, from the city of Mexico, stating that Mr. Kendall, and the remainder of the prisoners had arrived. It wat not aacertained what their fate would be. Thit letter, at it repreieated to ut, wat received through aa Kngliik home ia Havana, t? whom it was consigned, and states that there ia the alroi.gnt probability that the po,t of Vara Cranio by toia time under, etriet blockade,] a*d that Saute Ana baa commenced hoitilitiet with a large army in the field It ia alee under stood that Commodore Moore was sweeping the seas, and capturing everything of the enemy's that fell hie way. We give the nature of our authority for these statements, end are not responsible tor them?be ng'indebted to the politeness of our f tends of the Cresernt City for the above inkling cf the news." City Intelllc?BM. Omenta A. M C. Smith athii Old Trices.? The leaders of the Herald will remember, that oo New Year's day last past, a store iaCheaaut street, i'niladelphia, was entered and robbed by some person ot goods valued at $2,009, aod that soon afterwards, a black man who was concerned in the rob bery, was arrested, tried, and eentenced to the tlala nriann in that ?lv Inr thrre VMM He S'Sted at the time of his arrest, that he was merely a secondary instrument in the robbery, but that a man named George Spencer alias Sabine, was the principal. The Mayor of Philadelphia, feeling considerable interest in the arrest of this notorious rogue, offered a handsome reward for his body, and consequently our police vigilauts have had their eyes skinned for a length of time to catch him. Officer A. M. C. Smith,accompanied by officer P- B. Walker, while standing at the poat office yesterday morning, spied the gentleman, and immediately buckled their grapplingsfast to hia person and landed hint in the Tombs, where he will be conveyed to the Quaker city to answer the charges against him Some or the Comi-eomise Mo.vev.?John Dixoa, the colored man who received $150 to settle the stabbing inflicted upon him by Valentine Mott, Jr. a fer days since, appeared at the police office last evening, and entered complaint against Joseph "Robinson, another colored man, for obtaining a portion of this money by fraudulent means. Dixon stated, or his wife did for him, that on Friday evening she gave Robinson what the supposed to be a Cfy nnto tft ffpt rhintrprl fnr lajar nrwl in ahsirf (imp he returned with four $5 notes, stating that that was all right. SI e then discovered that she had given him a $30 note ef the Merchant*' Bank by mistake. On informing her husband, he procurrd the officer who gar* him the money tendered by Mott "for full satisfaction," and in a short time Robinson was arrested, and the balanse of ths $30 note, with the exception of $7, recovered. He attempted to swallow the notes in his possession when caught, but was choked till he disgorged his ill gotten gain. More or Bill Marshall's Tricks.?The somewhat notorious Bill Marshall, who was arrested on Friday for passing a check in payment for roods when he had no funds, was yesterday saddled with another charge of similar character. On the 18th of February he stepped into the store No. 43 Vesey street, and purchased 2 boxes of Lemon Syrup, for which he gave a check on the American Exchange Bank for $20, signed by K.McNeal,and received <12 ?0 cents in change. He promised to send for the syrup in the afternoon, which was not complied with, and on presentation cf the check the next duy it was found that neither McNeal nor Mr. Bill Marshall had any funds in the bank. This charge will therefore be disposed of when he answers to the one for which he now stands committed. Wholesale Boot Thiet Cacoht.?-Officer Denniston "done up" a little business yesterday that reflects credit upon his judgment,and icienttr as a police officer, lie caught a rogue named Joseph Riley, who on the 23d of February last, stole forty-eight pairs of boots from William Kemp, No 32 Ferry street, and hopothecated them with E Rusk, in Coenties slip, for $50, while their actual value was about $96 Denniston not only caught Ihf tkisfknt recovered all the sranerlr ?hii.h was a matter of much gratification to the unfortunate loeer. Stole tiie Pasts and Rut.?A black rogue who says his name is John Haruer, stole a pair of pants yes'erdav from Almond Williams, No. 213^ Green* wich street, but was caught with them in his pussession. aad loeked up in the Tombs to answer the clime. A Finished Rogue in the Hands or Justice. ?During the latter part of November last, a man who wears the name of William Wads worth, and who has represented himself as one of the firm ol " Wadsworth At Robinson," or vice versa, to suit bis nations, entered the store of Harvey Partington, jr. No. 195 Pearl street, during the absence of Mr F. to the eastern Stater, and represented to his clerk, Mr. William McClennon, that he was an in- 1 timate acquaintance of the principal of the store, 1 and had been fiequently requested by him to pur chase goods. He also informed Mr. MeC. that the firm he was a partner of was perf. ctly responsible; 1 that they bail a branch at Cincinnati and also at ' Pittsburgh, and that he wished to purchase a bill of f'oods to forward to one of these places at the ear- j iest opportunity. The representations made by Wadsworth appeared so fair that goods amounting 1 to $213 63 were sold to him at six months. It was . subsequently ascertained that all the ^atementfe of Wordsworth were false, and that the goods pur- ! chased, instead of being forwarded to Cincinnati or Pittsburgh, were sold at pnblic auction for and on account ol Wordsworth, on the 3d of Decomber, by Foster, at 53 Heaver street. Mr. Farriagtoo, finding himself cheated and swindled, as he supposes, cslled in the aid ot officer Lowe, of the lower police, one of the shrewdest in the public service, who caught the rogue Wordsworth enjoying his siesta at a certain place, and lodged him safely in the Tombs to answer his supposed rascality. The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at the Bellrue Alms House on the body of a child named Robert MofTatt, who died in the Hospital boat while it was being conveyed to the Long Island Farms on the opposite side of the river. The jury returned a verdict of Death from inflammation ef the lungs." Fatal Termination.?Mr. John Falcouer, who ' fell with toe scaffolding at the Kxehaaue on Friday afternoon, died soon after he entered the hespital. Several of his ribs were fractured, aad various nsrti nf kit hn lv much rnnnfstcd. hut ik?ra weva no outward mark* of injury The accident occurred by the slipping of the rope that suatuiued the scaffold, while one of the workman was lower- 1 ingitdnwa. Mr. Alva C. Fubrikeu, of Broo.tlya, was also on the scaffold with Mr Falconer, but , eared bis life by slinging to one end of the rope. Mr. Falconer was a native of Scotland, and about thirty years of age. 1 Any onk who has lost ten yaakee painted paili I or a wash tab can find them at the police office, where they were taken from two persons who ate supposed to hare obtained them unlawfully. United States District Ceurt. Before Judge Betts. March 19 ?Before proceeding with the cares in 1 bankruptcy, the Court remarked that complaint had been made as to the high charges in the office of the United States Marshal Tha complaint caaae up in relation te the costs taxed in the case of 1 the schooner Signal, whuh had been libelled for sen- i man's wages. Alter ip.mkmg of the laws of Congress in relation to fees, Judge Bette remarked that it wai the practice of this Court when a rcitcl Was 1 libelled, to liberate her ou the amount claimed be- i iugpaid into court- By this rule the coots would | be bntn fe v dollars, whereas by tearing the vessel in the marshal's hands, expense accrued and instead of n bill of four or fire d 'liars, owners found that they had to pay as many hundred. In this case, if they are d<sirens, they can hire a relax of cost. [The Signal belonged to Koekaway. She was libelled by a seaman for wages due him, amounting to $'20 The ressel was taken possession of by the United States Marshal, kept forty fire days, and $250 charged for costs. She was sold for debts aad costs, and brought about 9320 In addition to this, it was remarked, a chain cable was lost, while she lay at the wharf, worth $00. So that the owners lost their ressel, and $10 to boot, for a debt of $20 1 Ten petitions in bankruptcy pissed to the usual decree. Objections ware filed to those bf john W. Strong, Isaac C- Noe, Daniel Youngs, ond I'd ward Solry. That of Moses E Arment, lays orer to the 26th instant. Further argument was heard in the case of George 13rown. "Mr. Edmonds presented a state meni >\mcn shows that the petitioner kid done eJ?rT f.,iiag possible in liquidate hie debts, and had o"jrad,th: day before he petitioned, to mortgage $1200 a year of hie eatery lor fire ye.ire, if hie creditore, (the Messrs Mahler,t would forgo their claim, but it war refused, although Meeere. M. had seix d what property remained in the handn of P. and G. Brown under execution; Mr. Edtnoade contended that the meaning of the act in relatioo to trust fends only attended to pnblie officers; to exeevtore, adminietratore, guardiane, &c , appointed by enurts; and pcrhepi men employed 10 Oolteat money, each a* agente for newepapere, aa hud keen nrged by the opposite conarel, but did not men a contracts made by men baring n knowtodgn of what they were doing, and with whom they wore placing their property; a.s for instance, Where man antrnsted u broker with his fufrda, and thai broker, through Are or other misfortune* loat if. tte would be l.nblc for this debt only ih the name degree that he wculd be for others. Ia relation to preferences, Mr. Edmonds obi erred, thit some rule was requ red, as men were aetnallr afraid, ae the case stands, to pay their ordi nary debt*, it*4, it should be considered a prefer fence, and operate uiint them, were they driven to take adraatage of the bankrupt act. He contended that a nan had a tight to pey any debt be pi need, and inch could not be considered prefer eace, provided he really owed the Money In support of this principle, he rtftrr.d to Herman vs. Fi.her, Cowp 11; Poland va Ulva, 2 D &. R ,310; Churchill vs. Crease, 5 Bin*., 177; Exparte Schu Ves 88; Vath r vs Cock*. 1 B 4c. Add , ?? " Miody vs. Mackvn 8."8 ? lo relation to Mr. 'IT*4' * t?e taction originated in roods bought, 1. ? ? j eoi,*"''t on at the lima, with what conld wa.UtV; fiJuc'?fy affaara ? At II o'clock n ease wa? on, the court adjourned. Alkauijr. ECorrcapoudeace of th? Herald ] Albany, Friday March 18th, 1812. St. Patrick'* day paised effiao far a* I hare learned, without the ocenrrcace of any event calculated to mar the harmony and food feeling that generally prevailed during the day. Theauppera and repeal ball in the evening went offin the very beat at> le. lathe AaaiMBLY, after the tranaaetioa of rente unimportant business, the Houae resolved itaclfiatv committee of the whole on the reaolution from the Senate, adopted en the lttth inataat, against the further iaaue of any State Stock, unleaa mean* were at the aant time provided for it* redemp Mr. Sctmovr moved that the committee rise and report. He (aid that the Home had resolved to adjourn on the 12th instant, and he hoped they would not consider this resolution at the present

time, as they had so much other business on hand. Mr. Humphkey took the same view as Mr. S. and Mr. Hoffman, and the motion to rise and rt* port was carried. Mr. Humphhcy then moved that this order of business be laid on the table in order to reach the th rd leading of bills. Mr. Weih objected, on the ground that he wish, ed to take up the State Prison bill. Mr Humphrey withdrew his motion, and Mr. Wurn then moved that the bill be now taken up in committee of the whole. After some conversation, Mr. Cham er renewed the motion to lay on the table, and the yeas and nays being asked, it was carried. The question was then b -ing taken on each order separately, when Mr. Da.va objected, and raised a point of order on this manner of doing business, and appealed from the decision of the chair. The decision of the chair was sustained. Mr Maclav, from the select committee, reported the New York Public School Bill to the House with amendments, not interfering, however, with the main features of the original bills?two addiional sections have bean added,as follows : ? Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the Commissioner! in each ward to apportion the school monies SllUliea IU PUCU ?UIU AUIVUg lUV BCTCI41 UIUUIVV school! therein, including sach of the schools, if any, mentioned in the next preceding section as Khali be located in sucli ward, according to the average number of children over five and under sixteen years of sge, who shall bare actually attended such school the preceding year. But no school shall b- entitled to a portion of such monies that has not been kept open at least nine months in the year. Sec. 15. The said Comm:ssioners of each ward, shall, within fifteen days alter their election, execute and deliver to the supervisors aforesaid a bend with such sureties as said supervisors shall approve, in the penalty of double the amount of public money appropriated to the use of the common schsols of tneir respective wards, conditioned for ihe faithful performance of the duties of their office, and the proper application of all monies com ing in their hands for common school property; such bond shall be filed by the said supervisors m the office of the county clerk. The report of the eommitiee was agreed to, and the Tax Bill had its third reading. Mr. Starr, from Monroe, moved to commit the bill to the committee of the whole with instructions to amend. Mr. S. made a long speech against the geneial merits of the bill, against a tax, if the public works were to be considered, and against the general policy of the party ia power, and that it would cost too much to stop the enlargement of the Erie Canal, 5cc. Mr. Staur is a cabinet maker 1 believe, from Rochester, end doubtless turns out good bureaus as well as fair speeches, but he would have been much better employed in the manufacture of the former articles than in talking against this measure, seeing as he must have, that it could have no (fleet to change the views or action of the majority. The discussion of ths bill was continued in afternoon session, but the question had not been taken >n it when this was closed. In the Senate some dozen or m'>re petitions were presented from the City of Ne e York, praying (hat Lhe state would extend its aid to the New York ind Erie rail road. Mr. hard snnmiuea a aeries 01 concurrent resolutions in relation to a protective tmiilV, on which considerable debate ensued- From the tenor of it, the feelings of the msjerity de not incline very fa vorably towards the Home League. The New York annual Tax Bill was reported to be not a two third bill, and was ordered engtossed for a third reading The New York School Bill will probably come up to-morrow. Of its passage there is little doubt. Cava Ulciscar. Newark, Ohio. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Niwaiu, Ohio, March 15, 1842. Resumption of the Banks? The Appropriation BiU? Board of Public Works?Election for Mayor, $~c?Major Dennis, Esq ?Literary InstituteOar Legislature has finally adjourned, (March 7,) after a session, three weeks shorter than usual The Resumption Bill passed by it has ptored of very great service ; for we begin now to have some confidence in the banks which are left. All of them which were in aa unsound condition have either failed entirely, or assigned their effects, and those which were redly sound, now demonstrate it to every body's satisfaction, by redeeming their liabilities in gold and silver. We may well congratulate the people of Ohio that insolvent banks are no longer permitted to swindle thru. The Legislature passed an appropria'ioa hill, in which the Fund Commissioners are directed to raise #500,000 to pay the temporary liabilities of the State, due in New York and Ohio, by the sale sf State Stock at 6 per neat, redeemable after the year 1870, in New York. Also, #1,300,000 by the lale of stock at per cent, redeemable in Ohio at the pleasure of the State. The stock must be sold at par to raise the latter sum. After the sale of the #500,000, no more stock is to be sold redeemable out of the State, or the interest on which is payable out of the State. A half million of #1,300,000 is made receivable for Canal lands. The appropriation bill directs the work on all the public wnrlri of the State to he auaoended. excent that no the Wabash and Erie Canal, and also (hat the act providing for the loan of the cred t of the State, and (or snbseriptions on the part of the State to canal, railroad, and slackwater navigation companies be suspended. The last mentioned provisions are the best in the bill, and will do morn to restore the credit of the state, and to withdraw it from embarrassment than any thing else the General Assembly could have done. Ths Board of Public Works now consists of but three members, (two le.-s than formerly) Leander Ransom, Kodo phus Dickinson, and William Spencer, who will he able to take good care of all the works. Nathaniel C- Head of Cincinnati, was elected a Judge of the Supreme Conrt, to All the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Judge Grimke. At the annual election for Major or this city, the question turned principally upen sliinplajters" His Honor, * reorge M. Young, who was in favor of the issue of shioplasters, was re-eleced by a majority of 50 votes ; and it is the third time that gentle man has been elected to that station Major Ononis,,Esq , was the thti ehinplsater Candidate (or Recorder, and Wn exceedingly well. Indeed, he has become n popul-ir man since tlM mention made of him in the Herald, and 1 only regret that it wee not done n few weeks sooner ; for in that eaae ha woatd Certainly have succeeded. As it was, he was defeated by t>3 votes, and hae eiace been fully consoled by his eleetion to tile viee-preaidential Chair of the Marshall Literary Institute, a notable aasociation of the wits and tavant of Newark, thn weakly meetings of which are graced by thn presence ef the fair and beautiful, who there receive manr hinh-flown compliments from W?s, end other*, for tbeir " miles of approbation." L'Occidbut*. Ice feoji the West.?Large quantities of ice have been secured during the past season at Burlington, Iowa, for tha purpose of supplying St. Louis and other cities during the approaching summer. Naval ?The United States schooner Grampus, was off Hunting Island, on the 9.h instant, all well. Arrccrion?Kianog a girl with pour mouth full of tobacco. Court Calendar?Monday. Snesatoa Couht.?No*. 69 71 76,77 , 76,79. 80, 61 to ?>, 91,05, 96, 97. Pittsburgh, Pa. I Cofreependenec of the Hmld.] PiTTrBrHOH, Feb. 24,1841. OUIM7V[/( IUIW If MIS 9 tTOgOM?IHC JTlZMW?AJVUn Row?Decency Row?Fancy Ball?Hon- Harvey Bolhnan? Box?the Bank*?the Herald?the Clergy ? Gambling Hell*, and worre place* Db am Bkkhxtt Business ia aa dull here as every where, and jatt a* many folks are taking the benefit in our Iron spanking. Only the other day a chap took the benefit of Uncle Sam's law, and then married a fortune next day ; talking of sneh things, that elopement at Staten Island kicked up quite a fust in our eity, the husband not being the one n young lady should have, and would probably be tarred and feathered if he ventured here. Col- Croghan left here yesterday for your city, whence he departs for Europe ia quest of his erring daughter. The fortune of five millions was left her only npen condition of her marrying with her parent's consent. Our newspapers are going ahead in tha same manner as in your eity. Tue credit dailies, the Advocate, Gazette and American, are crawling along slo wlj, .busing the "Herald and Bennett," and the impudent Chronicle, a saucy little cash paper, which has been going for some months past, not little either, fur it has enlarged twice since it was started, and gives more reading matter than any of its stupid opponents. It may uot be uninteresting to give you a short account of these opponents of yours, who are firing away at you and your enterprising agent, Mr. Berford, him of the Literary Depot, 85 Fomth street, 'l hs first of this Pittsburgh Cerberus of the rotten credit press is Mr. Parkin, who calls you an "hunnaturalized halien;" hi- nnhlirthert a n*li<t*-.l n?n#r h*r, Kaffir* I he wii naturalized?oh, consistency ! Bat George id a good natured creature, and we'll let him ofl easy. Second on the list, is Greasy Jim, puffer of the Dravo Temperance House, (which "has just re* ceired some choice wines and liquors,") cumphene o.l, Ate. Jim Btddle is the chap who had the fi^ht with our pjst master and got most essentially used up. He's au anti-mason, which he says is "good enough to fool the country people," aud lights with deacon White, (the third of thid beautiful trio,) who used to denounce anti-masonry, but gave his masonic principles in part payment for the anlimasonic paper, the Gazette, which he now publishes. The deacon is every moral and pious f-entlcman, who was formerly engaged |n the reigious duty of printing sundry labels for Brandreth's pills. There is nothing doing here at present, except a ball on Tuesday night, at Concert Hail, of the fancy kind. I am unable to give the particulars.? There was a deuce of aKrout row among the Dutch soldiers on Liberty Street, on the 22d, in which one man had his arm nearly severed from his body with a broad-sword; also a sma.l one in Third street, in which a son of one of our Judges and a son of an old Cougress man took part. Our old friend, Hen Harvey Boilmaa,returned from Europe some time since, accompanied by his whiskers ? The Bank papers are abusing the old Pittsburgh Bank because it has the audacity to pay out specie in these days of rascality. Boa has not arrived yet,and the Lord knows when he will- The Herald is increasing its circulation wonderfully, and some of our merchants talk of advertising with you in preference to the city papers of small circulation, and (he attacks cf the veual wretches with which our city swarms.only serves to incrcaseyour nopu larity with thehonert and christian portion of ) our fellow-citiz ns. The clergy arc greet lovers of yours, and one lately showed nis affection, by taking a lecture from yonr paper of October 4th,and reading it to the Wirt institute as his own ! 1 wish to heaven yon was here yourself, dear Bennett; you could rake up a most awful quantity of rascality that is now unknown; hundreds ofo^r citizens, in respectable places in the community, are in the habit of visiting hells, and (I had almost said Heavens,) places where the youeg?the fair? and SalaaM nnt tn? virt iinua _. *?*> nd flseasw knu? I will expose some of a moat astounding nature in my next, a* want of paper compel* mi to conclude. Yours, &e. Blind Sam. Houston, Texas, fCorreapoadenccof the Herald.] Houston, Feb. 24,1842. The Santa Fe Expedition? Voting Combe? The Conduct of Mr, Ellit?Premium to Cotton Plantere? Temperance?Spring Trade?Mexican Navy. J. G. Bennett, Esq The Santa F? expedition?its fate, and the Mexican manner of treating the prisoners captured, are the all engrossing topics of the day. Young Comb's letter, which yon hare doubtless received ere this,published in the New Orleans Bulletin, has just been reeoircd here, and is creating much excitement. It is asked will the American Government any longer submit to the indignities heaped upon it by a race of semi barbarians, or will they arise ia their might and compel Mexico to treat American citizens as civilized beings. Will they continue an imbecile, weak and wavering Minister in office, one who will not only allow her citizens to be chained, and abused, but who will allow three several communications to the Dictator to be unanswered, and himself degraded, or will they reeall him. Judge Ellis's proceedings merits the contempt of all that they met with from Santa Anna. The people of the North can hardly credit the facts set forth in thin letter?bnt 1 candidly believe every thing contained in it is true ? lk tow Mexican character well?too well for my own good, and know it to be capable of every thing mean and degrading. They have gone on from bad to worse, and ever hare treated Americana as an imbecile people, who would net protect her citizens or assert h?r rights. What a contrast the conduct of France and England presents to the wavering policy of the United States. Decease a man is a.prisoner, forsooth, it is aot proper for the represcnative of a free people to correspond with him. Witness the coadactof Judge Ellis to Combs. After'he was released, Judge Ellis could come forward aad extend the hand of friendship to him. The Mexicans seem determined to break over all law and obligations.? Eren pledging (heir Masonic obligations andbieak- I lag them, as if they were nought. Can such? a people long remain an independent natioa, I know < not, bat 1 do know that there are bold hearts and 1 true, who onlj| wait for nuthority to overrun the , fairest land in c.eation, aad make it a Paradise, j where now is anarchy and confusion. The threatened invasion of th:s country by Mexico, so far I from fearing, we wish for it?we pray for it,?we long once mere to teach them a lesson deeper if i possible than they can glean from the past. Their i threats pass us like the idle wind, but ere they are 1 aware thia may be put in force by ue and fall with fearful vengeance upon their own heads Weare ] weak in strength but stout in heait, and may yet < puaiak, not only our own, but the wrerigs of anotner i nation. We have vry little news. A meeting of the < merchant* of Il. aeton convened nt ihe counting 1 house of J. M Robinson, resolved to present a i silver cup of the value of thirty dollars to the planter who first brings in fire ba'ea of cotton, the growth of 18(2, and a gold one cf one hundred aad fifty dollars to the one who first brings la twenty | bales, as an sneoarag'-meul and mark of respect for their enterprise. A Targe amount of cotton remains ] .11 1 V._* k.? _ki.k ku not l)M> ikins^. part of which will rrinsin till pritM ad vanea.? Ordinary and middling eetion is now bringing in Hoeston from 7| to 8$ cent*, and ia ia a good demand. The archive* of the government will probably soon be removed to thia place?It i* considered a move of doabtfal expediency, bet President Hoastoa considers them ansafe at Aaslin. We hare had several temperance meeting* daring the last week, and many have joined who were considered fajgoee in ia'emperaaee. It has been remarked that apeople after having long given way to their passion*, when thry do change pas* to the other eatreaae?thus it is here?Morality is gaiaiag groaad, eharehes are being built, and almost every person is a eburcbgmng one. A temperance meeting is callrd tar next Sunday evening at the new church, at which several of oar principal men are expeeted te speak. Last Sanday a dedication of the new Presbyterian eharch took place, which was attended by a numerous congregation. The spring trade has not yet opened ,and eoasequeatly business remsins dull. So soon as the punters have finished patting in their crops we expect to have brisk times once more. A fine Mexican schooner loaded with flour, baa been seat into Galveston by our navy, and a brig ia expectsd daily, with an a sorted cargo and some specie. It was also tumored that tha Mexican armad schooner built in Naw York, kas besn'eaptnred. Despatches bat b en reeeivsd from Commodore Moore by the government?He Is * tha look out for the steamer 1st sly pure based by Mexico ia Eagtand, and I have little doubt but he will civtagooa account of ber. The great body of the people wish the uavy to remain at see, while President Houston, it is expeeted, will order its return. Meetings htve been held ia many iplacrs expressing the sen-.e of lb* people, and their pro ceediags forwarded to the Exicutirr, which may have if* affect of keeping our navy at sea. The schooner teat ia to Galveston was the Progresua, and carried despatches for Gen. Co*, who was at Taspaa It wae the intention of CoaaoJore Moore to proceed to Tuvpan aod captare Co*. A general officer wa* on board the achooner and held at Galveston a* boitite for aooae of the Santa Fo bojo. If Coa is taken he will bo kept for the taaae aarpoceYourr, in baste, A. Boston. (Correspondence of Uie Here Id. f Boston, Match 7, 1642 Iiuk I fake?'If* Spite?Religion, tft. Mt Draa Sim: ? Agreeably tony promise, I will attempt a faint discription|of the " wake," alluded to ia my last letter. Time will not permit me to giro a full account of it, and the size of my sheet, and the value of the space in your columns likewise, suggest the propriety of makiug it short. It ia the custom with the Irish, on the death of a relative, to have a "wake." As soon as the person is dead, er as soon as is convenient, the body is placed upon a table, covered with iheets, and on the table, beaide the body, are placed six candles. Oae or two of these candle* are lighted ia the day time, and in the crening the whole are burniag. All the friead* and relative* oi the deceased are notified, as soon as thr person diss of the fact, without any particular invitation, but which is generally understood as an invitation to be present. On entering the room, one is struck with the novel' ty of having burning candles placed by the side of a dead body, but the solemnity of the occasion drives such feelings from one's mind. 1 received my invitation in a regular form, being on intimate terms with the family, without being of their country. As 1 entered the room, 1 found quite a number of friend* collected together, some weeping, others talking, and some doing nothing. It was a scene 1 never before witnessed, and oae which struck mc as altogether superfluous. Those who collect together, enjoy themselves in any way tiiey may think proper; bnt nothing indecorous is allowed in the room containing the body. Other rooms were furnished for those who were disposed to go into them, where refreshments were urovidedThis wake contiuues three nights, or till the deceased is beiied. After waiting about an hour, listening to the tories told of tne deceased, and his many eccentricities, 1 left the room deeply impressed with the solemnity of a funeral. Having received aa invitation to attend the" spree," that generally take* place on the evening of the funeral, at another house, I went home to gam sunicient sleep to allow me to attend. The spreej are often kept up all night, and a more jolly ,-et you do not often find. They were not of the lower class of Irishmen, but men of wealth and standing. At the appointed hour, 1 managed to absent myself unknown to my friends, and; directed my steps towards the house of Michael C-, where I arrived just in time to be introduced to a gentleman of the "profession," distinguished for his fun and good humor. I anticipated an evening of uncommon pleasure, and 1 assure you, that 1 was not mistaken. Among the gnesta present, 1 noticed {B. F. E , J P., R. 0'C.,P. D., and several of our most distinguished "sons of Erin." The table was well spread, and the company select and respectable. Ample justice was done the supper, and the despatch ustd in annihilating all that was on the tuble, spoke much in favor of their appetites. After the cloth was removed, speeches, songs, and toasts were ottered, and happily received. Notwithstanding the rapid strides teetetalism is making in this city, the bottle passed with equal rapidity, and eie morning dawned, not a few were about " how are youl" and atiil fewer went home sober. It ij mottly owing to the effect of that evening, that 1 assign my inability to give you a belter description of it. Yon, unquestionably, know the feelings of one after a whole night'a ca.outal, over brandy bottles, champagne, and whiskey, and to be compelled to attend to business the next dsy. Some oi the speeches I intend to write oat, which, if done correctly, will afford some amusemeut to the readers ef your excellent paper. I will postpone any further remarks on this subject, nt present, and pass to the news of the week. Nothing has yet been heard of the missiag steamship, which has possibly put back to England. She may, however, be numbered among the things that were. The religions excitement in this city, created by the preaching of Elder Knapp, continues with unabated interest. The churches are receiving great additioas, and undoubtedly his Batannic Majesty begins to think his fortresses in danger. Singular as it may appear, it is no less true, that several of the orthodox denomination are becoming converts to iba don trine of immersion, and already ha* one of the dirinea of that persuasion been baptised by Mr. Kaapp. Stveial other* are about coming over. Yesterday (Sunday) nearly 400 were admitted Into the diffi rent cburcbe* in the city, being converts within tbe last month. These " Harrison time*" proves a very poor medicine to businea* men, if we can jndge trom tbe number of failure* daily taking place. Thi* city ha* scarcely witness* d such a crippled state of business as she now experiences. Within the last week, more than a dozen of our heaviest firms have stopped payment, and " gone by the board." Iwe city and its vicinity is anutuaily sickly ? Not for a number of years have we known suck a sickly season. Our stieels are literally crowded with funeral processions. Hoping for your worldly success, and heavenly prosperity, 1 remain, faithfully years, Cheoxiclzr. Late from Texas ?The steamer Neptune, which arrived at New Orleans from Galveston on the 7th iost. brought advict a to the 5ib. The story about the great slaughter which was brought from Matamoros, had as much foundation as this:?A party ef about 40 Texians encountered a squad of Mexicans, and captured or killed 20 of tbem. Revesce or Galvksto*.?The custom house books, under the new tariff, du.ing the month of of FebiUary, are as follows:? Amount of importations entered 130,019 9* Cash duties paid 3,4*9 33 " secured in public store 3,86* 37 Total amount ot duties on goods entered .... 6,344 70 Amount oi duties unpsid, on goods imported and not yet entered?about 6,496 00 Total revenue at the customhouse for the month of February 11,979 70 The citizens of Gonzales county have passed the following: Resolved, That in our future course with Mexico, we scctpt no friendship, make no treaty, form ao alliance, cultivate no trade, and if invaded, our watchword shall he " No Quarters." The appointment of J. Barnes, of London, as Texis Consul for that city, ha* been withdrawn by the Executive of Texas. Tde Ssn Louis Advocate suggests Gen. Hamilton Tor tlie next President of Texas. A party of aevea Indians were lately aaeountsrik* mouth of the Medina be eiobt m#*i tint, ud three of them killed. Of the Tlexicanf, tint one, old Capt. Sanehen, wa? killed. The lebooner Progreaa lately captured by Com. Moore, ia estimated to be worth ?2,000. A Mexina General Oflleer waa taken ia the P., and ia of tonne held aa hostage. Tbe Progreaa had deapatchea for General Coa, who waa at Tuapan, which were tektn, and it waa the ia'.eation of Coa. Moore to proceed to that Rlaee for the pnrp oae of making a piitoaer of the I lexicon General. extbicta from Maxicaa Pavers ?On the 13<h February, the coadneta froa ban Loaia arrived with yi,EW.0O7 ia specie, accompanied by three hundred aoldiera for the garrnon, and two hundred eoaricta aentenced to expiate their criaca on the euhlic worka. About tbe 10th January, the eomaandaat of the port of Mazatlan, captured an English brig while attempting to amugtle aahore au iameate quantity of dry goods ; another ve>*>-l engaged in the aame traffic marte her eacape, but waa hotly punned by the aaae officer, in the national brig Chato Sereml Mexican retaela were alao diecorered to be eoneerned in the apecn'atioa; bat the energetic aeeaarea edopUu by iht g verument.it ia euppoaed, will aoon put n atop to n trade te injurious to the national treaaary. The Praaideat ad Merim baa been pleated to appoint aa Charge d'Affaire to the United States, Dob Joaquin Velazquez de Leon. OMrldge'e Balm ef ColwneMn. 00- THIS ARTICLE waa Aiet latiadaccd into the New York market about twenty yeaia since, and from ita auperior virtue* in reproducing hair when it hed fallen out, keeping the heed free from dandruff, (e moo loath tome article on e gentleman'a coat cellar,) end giving a aoftaeea and beaatiful lustre unknown before to the hmr, hm induced seme pvraons te ?et up and advertize many ether articles for the aame purpose, none of which Mead the teat ef trial, professing aa meat of them do, te be Oils of various kindt, all of whieh ere positively lni.triAua to the hair Let none be dret ived; no other erti cla will maka the hair (row rapidly and ( a goad quality but the Balm of Ca'aabia, and aa article purporting to ba the Balm of Columbia it genuine without the name af COMSTOCK kCO.71 Maiden Lana, an the outaMa wrapper. Rama have been deceived, and obtained a counterfeit article far tha tine and gen atne Balm af Columbia. Remember to look far the name an tha wrapper, 1 before yot> parcheve, and get none bat the genuine ? Dont be deceived with the aaaurance that any without that num.- i* made in the lame war, and i? jnm aa goad. All tuch pr-tenaien* are raitc, and knew a ta he ?o by I the counteifeitera.

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