Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 22, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 22, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD." \?w York, Tuesday, JUnli 44, New* from Knropr. The steam 9hip Columbia was seventeen days ou' yesterday. Wethiuk, ihere-fore, that her news will be here this morning- Immediately after it i? reeived we shall ts*ue an Ex ma HeraldFrom Washington -The Cnblnet-Congresn. Our accounts from Washington, both in regard to the toreigo and domestic policy ol the udminitilratration, continue to be highly interesting. A very important and decided crisis in public allairs is rapidly approaching We have some very remarkable statements to make on the present state cf afairs at Washington, but we shall defer them for a day or tw o, for certain re a?ons not necessary to give. There is every symptom of an explosion at Washington, that will startle aud astonish the country. Th- administration may have to take a fresh tart, under a new suit ot canvass partly. T'> Correspondents.?Our correspondent " Reloriu" id perfectly understood. He belongs to one o! those cliques tli?t are composed, half of the blockhead and half of the scoundrel, with a big slice of the hypocrite. We understand perfectly well our position, our mission, our purpose, our friends and our foes, and want none of his advice. Hypocricy shall be stripped of its disguises. j Important Neoohatioms?War between Tex as amd Mexico Certain.?We publish to day the entire correspondence between Santa Anna, Col Bee,'a?d General Hamilton, on the subject ol the troubles between Texas and Mexico. It is highly important. Col. Hee and General Hamilton write in a manly, sensible strain, and evince a proper Christiau spirit, and desire to form a lasting treaty ol peace. The lettersof .Santa Anna are very masterly , and evince a stern determination to invade Texas, at the head of a large army, and if possible, plant the Mexican eagle on the banks of the Sabine. He ufiih a ivntiiiiMtn! rl<?H 1 nt 4hr*?ivHn*>Hs an/4 #?vi dtntly has great resources to back him. His statements about his treatment in Texas, are incorrect. There never were any plans to murder him ; no rabble insulted him; he was treated with great forbearance, and he was furnished with a feather bed and bedstead to lie on, when the amiable Mra. Burnett, the wife of the then President of Texas, with her children, slept on a poor mattrass placed on the ground. Santa Anna denies that he made any promise to procure a recognition of the independence of Texas and reiterates his determination to retake the country. From the tone of this correspondence we feej certain '.hat a war must soon break out between Texas aud Mexico; Gen. Houston will have to give in his adhesion to hostilities; and this may perhaps help to prevent a war between this country and England, by drawing oll'several thousands of discontented and troublesome spirits. One thing, however, is certain. War or no war, Santa Anna can never conquer Texas. He could not do it with an army of ">0,000 men. But he Keeps up this idea in order that he may preserve his own power at ho me. It is a capital movement oj his, and as long as he can please the Mexican people with this idea, his star will be in the ascendant? no longer. Light creasing in?A First Step?Reaction in Honesty.?On Satarday last the Assembly of the State of Nov York covered itself with glory. It passed the bdl for layiag a direct tax, by a vote of 50 to 27. Who are the 501?who are the 271 Here they are:? Honest Men. IlrruauTORs. Ate??Mnsrt. Beach, Noes?Messrs. Arnold, K. 8 E.Church, Cuy Baldwin, E. O. Baldwin, J,.|. P Devcn orl, Hi\. Kelis, Bird, Biadley, Brownaon, Drithu, (irout, Hodman, Cat*, E C. Church, CoUHumphrey, Hyde, D. It K. vov.-. D ?n?. J Diefendorf, June*. Jutland, R. C. Ken Oreen,Harpur.Iiu it. JohnLou, V. Keiijon, I.anting, aou,K_.cuaiu,,%i^Kie,Peirce, awrence, Lidand Looms, Fowsll, Pratt, Stielton. Smi Lolt, McMurray, McNeil, ley. Smith, Sim son. TambMcvi'iigg. Marlay, Mead, lin, Warren, B. K Wells? Morae. Munro, O'Sullivmi, J7. Patterson, Redingtou, Robtiins, Rogers, Russell, Scovil, Be) mour, Bpeakar, Spence, Spencer, Storing, Swackbamer, Swartwout, Thorp. Townsend, Tupper, 11. A. Udall. Waite, Weir, Wilson, O. Wright?SO. This is the right way?the honest way?the only way to reatore the honor and credit of the State?ol any State?of the whole American Union. Let the Senate and tii.vernor "go and do likewise," an J we will soon see the State stock of the "Empire State" at par, and not hawksd about like broken china at 20 per cent under This is an example for Congress?for many State Legislatures to follow New York, as in the canal policy under De Wit Clinton, has taken the first step always recommended by that great man in such a crisis?let every other honest state follow her wake. Let Congress wake up This is the first important vote by the loeofoecs since their return to power in New York, and if they act always thus, we shall set them down as highly respectable reformed rakej that have taken the pledge. We again take them into favor, during good bvhaviour only. Tiie Banxbupt Law ?The applicants for the benefit of the Bankrupt Law are beginning to increase in number and importance. Yesterday and last veek. the petitions exhibited an aggregate schedule of debts rising lo ten or twelve millions. One applicant owed over one million?another 9400.000. The Judge is also puzzled to death with the imperfections of the law, and the hearing of arguments and objections. The bar very generally say, that the Bankrupt Law confers on the United States Judges greater power than ever was conferred on a Raman Praieior, or an E.igMsh Chancellor. The immense labor created by the law, will be the death of many of the p^or judges, and muke vacancies for fresh ones. The tiriuwo Brood or Ntw:ririRi.?The new race of newspapers that have startad this spring, do not seem to get on very smoothly. They seem to feel very savage, but that temper generally precedea an early de.ith When young papers begin to kick and lljuuder, look out lor a stop. Hon. Charles F. Mitchell.?This eminent financier is now residing at Philadelphia, tmd gives lectures daily on the morals of finance and politics, at the bar rooms of several of the fai-hionable hotels of that city. In the atmosphere of Philadelphia Mr. Mitchell must feel comfortable, particularly under the columns of same of the bank-1. New mrtroroltt\i? Theatre ?Mr. Stetson of me Astor noise, is trie principal person to receive aubacriptions in the great project to erect a theatre on the s te of Gothic, or Masonic Hull, in Broad way, to be under the exclusive management o| Charlotte Cu llman. We understand the subscription is ft hog up fast, notwithstanding the t reasure of the times The locality selected is the best in the city, and any theatre under the control of Charlotte, would be sure to receive a portion of the energy, pirit, industry, taste, and perseverance, which she p<>**'?wes to such abundance. The project goes ahead beautifully. How could it be ollv rwise t A theat.* established on respectable principles, embracing the abolition entirely of th rd-tier decorations and third-tier manners a 1 1 morals, and comprehending every element > ?. ramalic wit, character, and human nature, purified, must succeed in N^w York. We have begun a general movemen of reform tn every thing?and why not in thea'ricale? Gathering or the Lattrr Da^Sauits.?About ne hundred and fifty Mormons have arrived at New Orleans from Liverpool, on their way to Nanvio The Catholics and the Mormons are increasing more rapidly than any other sect of Christian*. CbwcIrt.?The Kainers give a concert thir rviaing at the Society. Library. Worth a dollar at leas' f The Tendency *?t the Recent Scientific Lecture* In (hi* elty-Progreneof the Rcvole(Ion In JINd ninl Blatter?The Upheaval uiid Ad% ancement oftvery thing under the Sitn by Celestial Magnetism. TU * city is certainly a meet lingular city, and the an** we live mi is a mo*t singular age. We have here a greater number o| churches, and places of worship, a greater number of true christians, and a greater amount of pure religion than probably any other city in the woild ; ao^ yet we have had a succession of the most extraordinary lectures on mag netism, geology, transcendentalism, association, and vaiiousother sciences, all tending to the wildest state of materialism,Hnd the complete overthrow of all that sacred .-ystem of historical truths which we have been taught from infancy, implicitly to believe as we find them recarded on the pages of the Holy Bible. The tendency of all these movements by men of profound scientific attainments, is unquestionably to revolutionize most completely the mental and physical organization cf society ; if not to resolve it into its original elements, and produce a I nsw system of order, and new historical data out of the revoiutionIu connection with this series of movements,we had tirsi, some time since, the lecture of Dr. Griacstnon Geology, tending to prove that the Mosaic account of the creation of the world was not to be relied on ; that facts and incontrovertible data to be found all over the globe completely upset the l-j I... Mama, f..r??l'l?n r,f siaiciiiciiia rcuuiucu uy iuuacr ui uic u.uw^.. v. the planet which we inhabit. Immediately on this came the singular lectures of Mrs Gove upon the physiology and puthology of the social system ; the inevitable tendency ol which was to show that the Bible was in error where it said, " it is not goon for man to be alone; and that the most advantageous and only truly philosophic state of society was an almost perpetual separation of the sexes- And even hor doctrines, chimerical and unnatural as they are upon the face of them, not only had many ardent admirers and supporters, but even to this hour have many enthusiastic followers and disciples who practice her precepts in that particular- Then we bad Professor Silli i an's lectures upon the geological structure of the earth, involving of course its history ; and although he did not go very deepinto the proofs against the accuracy of the Mosaic account,yet the facts he advanced all tended to the overthrow of any belief in the first chapter of Genesis. Following close upon these, ?"? a nuur ru/m /vf iiliilAcnnht)r>! nf (Hp Fitliripr I* W. ... - school, wi.h new idea?, new plans, new feelings, and even a great number cf new parts ol speech, all spread out in detail before our citizens, with a view to produce a new state of society, and to completely revolutionize, upturn, and scatter to the four winds of Heaven the whole of our present social system. These are the tranacendentalists, with lfronson, Emerson, and Brisbane at their head, and Horace Greeley at their tail. Their idea appears to be, to scrape together all the discordant materiel of society, boil it down in a sort of transcendental alembic, and distil over all the refined, loftier, and rpiritual part of our natures wherewith to construct a new system of society, each integral part of which shall possess an elective affinity for every other?thus producing a series of harmonious ^movements not excelled by the " music of the spheres." On the other hand, whilst these idealists are busy at work to sap the foundations of the social system, the materialists have come in with their a/ray of magnetism, mathematics, and other matters, to prove that the whole of our religious system and creeds of Christianity are based in error. At the commencement of the winter we had Dr. Lard* ner with his theory of the planets and their inhabitants, their formation and history?the formation of comets, out of pieces ofold worlds which, by coming in uuKiiuui, were uiuivru iu ird^iutrni?) miu Miowni" that the Scripture account of the destruction of the world was all wrong, and that the world would undoubtedly come to an end some day or other by jostling against sorr.e other and larger world, and being knocked into two or three dozen fragments. And all these startling theories were listened to with de. light, and admired and applauded by crewds of our most beautiful and pious ladies and their male relatives of the various religious denominations, Baptists, Presbyterian?, Episcopalians, Methodists, and almost every other class of religionists except Catholics and MormonsFollowing close on the heels of Dr. Lardner, comes Richard Adams Locke, who takes the broadest ground of materialism, resolving every thing into a mathematical and magnetic state; proving that every movemeat of animal and vegetable lifeall the passions which animate our breasts?all our thoughts and actions and sensations, are depend* nl for their exercise upon magnetism and mathematics; that the whole system of the creation of man and animals as detailed in scripture,is all wrong; and that to magnetic influence alone are we to look for a solution of the creation of man and all other animals. And as if all these were not enough, we have a very respectabl* bjdy of Presbyterians inviting the great European geologist, Mr. come among us and expound the principles of his system, upturning and upheaving as it does all the Mosaic re" cords of the world and its religion, and the Rev. David Hale granting the use of his Tabernacle for this nova! purpose. Mr. Lyell brings forward large ana uniting portions (ii me earin, explain? lis structure in detail, deduces its history upon the true inductive system?puts his foot down Hat upon Genesis?and says virtually,?though not in so many words,?the scripture account of this earth is all wrong?it is at least teu times as old as Moses makes it out to be?it conta1 ns within itself the elements of it* destruction (->0 to rjlCpIt) ltd it* reproduction, and is in its nature eternal! sruch, we say, without endorsing any of these new and startling systems and theories?is the inevitable tendency of them all. To revolutionize the moral, the social, the physical, the mental and the whole Chris'ian world?to overturn it?clear it out?set it up again and start it anew on a race tor immortality. And the most singular thing is, that the highly respectable and rigid Presbyterians appear to be aiding the by tbeir presence and support. What is to be done in this matter I The affair is none of our husinets exactly. We can only sit down quietly?good Catholic as we are?and look on calmly. The great and highly respectable body of religionist* of all sects in this city of course can act as they think proper in thi* affair. They can patiently look on and see the membeisof the respective Hocks drop by dozens d lily into the great magnetic, mathematical mansion o! materialism without making a counter effort to restrain them?believing every thing, and doubting every thing by turn*; until bv-and-by they will believ# nothing and doubt tht.r own existence! For our own p.ats, we think we must make up our minus to at believe lac whole oi iheir systems, uutil we are inductively convinced to the contrary. And in the mean time we would suggest to the Rev. Mr. Levins, who lormerly upset Profeseor Sillimun, or some eqinliy learned and able disputant, to get up a counter movement and stent the terrible tide o| in :delity that is last sweeping us Heaven only knows where. luroatafr Rai.ioiort Movcmcxt.?We learn that a number ol pious eler?)men of thiacity, have held a private meeting, relative to the tendencies ol the muiy philosophical lectures that have recently been given in town?and that they have come to the determination to start a great counter movement to the infi I'd and irrehgu is tendencies of modern philosophy of all kinds. Their purpose is to b? gin by combined acnes of lectures in the churches? tea: lectures to give correct outlines of Chrietun philosophy, equally avoiding materialism and idealThia movement must lead to same very important good results. Tut Wkathi*.? We bad a touch ol March we a th r last night &now, ram, and hail fell, and tb win I blew ne.-hly from the N N- E Financial Explosions In Hew Orleans. This is truly the s^e of revolution in every branch of human life- but in none more so than in banking and currency. We have ja ( received accounts from New Orleans, of the great bank explosion which lies taken pia< e in that city- This upheaving of the financial revolution has already closed fivr bank*, and the prospect that ten mott will give up the ghoit. The following is from our correspondent : ? New Orleans, March 10,1312 Grand Hank Hccuhion ui AYip Utlfans?Mon Hank Fraud*?Tellers running away?Italian Opeia? Irish Repeal. James Gohdos BlR.sett, Esq.:? Dear Sir :? It is a great pitj that there is no one to read your articles on the currency, (which are the best written of any paper in the United States,) and so understand them as to put them in practice If some one here would undertake to do it, he would reap more honor iu the end than half a dozen financiers. As this is the second commercial point in the United States, it should hare a solid speeie currency, and its exports should always exceed the imports Yesterday the city was all excitement again, caused by the closing of the Atachafalaya Exchange and Orleans Banks, by the Attorney General, under the new Bank Law, which will be liquidated by the Board of Currency, who are all in faror of speeie payment, and three better men could not have been chosen ih our whole community, ine Improvement Hank has petitioned the Legislature to go into liquidation, which I think will be granted. The Attorney General has commenced uit* against all of the other banks that hare not accepted the law?viz: City, Union, Louisiana, Canal and Commercial, all of svhich will probably be closed up in a few days. The Merchants' Hank has closed her doors, after being perfectly used up She was trying to gtt a snap at the public pap, but her wind broke before that stream could be brough' to her aid. Uncle Sam cannot do better than to leave his money where it is, in the Uuion Hank. Failures are plenty h-re, but roug-s are more so. Yesterday morning the Paying Teller of the Atachafalaya Hauk was discovered to be among the missing; and as usual in sncu cases, the cashier, clerks and all, began to overhaul the accounts, when it was ascertained that several individuals, with himself, had overdrawn their accounts to the amonnt of 150 to ?'2000,000, for which amount he left his due bill, ills securities are net worth one cent, and some of them may have had a finger in the pie. So we go?we will soon arrive to sueh a state that when a man accepts any office whetever in a baak, he will be immediately set down as a rouge. We are a very quiet people here; the banks can pay or not, just as tney please, it matters not to us. If they had acted in gome places as they have done here, they would all have been laid to the dust ere thir; while here you will only diseoverafew persons collected together in some shanty, talking tue subject over very calmly. liusim ss?as f, r that there is none here, and the less said about it the better, (lotion dull, very; flour $5, and dull; will be lower with you; pig lead, one ot our great articles, has of late taken a new channel, and some 10 to 12,050 pigs have been purchased for the French market, at $3,75 to $4; whiskey 16j; corn 42s. Theatricals are in full tide just now. At the San , k.. ., I. Oa llalinn llnura ? k I * h . j .1 I .. . wonder*. Madame Ober Kassi baa taken our Creoles by storm, and it is with the utmost difiicu ty that you can get a seat on the nights of the Opera. Mr. Bultar is playing th# ofT-nights, in conjunction with Hrown and Mis* Rock. Last night Funny Fitz commenced an engagement at the American to a brilliant house. The Or.eans is doing nothing of note while the Italians are at the Saint Charles This is a great city, and we do things up on tha moat approved plan. O! late we have had sevsral Irish repeal meetings; and to-morrow night we are to have an anti-repeal one, ? you see we shall have the benefit of both bides of the argument Wc have had a very serious losi in the burning of Jefferson College, whicn was one of the greatest ornaments to the State. Loss about $160,000; insured for $62 000, $40,000 of which is in the Ocean Insurance Company We have here now the most delightful weather, like July with you. River on the stand. More anon. New York Albanv and Troy Kail Road ?A bill is before the Senate to extend the time for completing the above work, two years, and what do we behold 1 Strange and sickening to tell I the pannage of the bill endangered by a most pilifull squabble between Troy and Albany. Albany is fearful,that if the bill passts, Troy will, under the charter, immediately construct a rail road from Greenbush to Troy. Is it possible that the legislature will let so great and important an enterprize be sarcificed by rival feelings between two "little sisters," as Judge Bockee called thera. The capitalists of this city seem at length to be awake to the importance of the work. If Albany shall succeed in defeating the above rcasuuuuir uui, men muecu euaii we uegin to Deneve that there is gome truth of our neighbor Mumford, that she has sold hersel' to Boston. Miraculous Escape ?Yesterday afternoon,one of the Brooklyn ferry boats run down a small boat going to the Navy Yard, and threw two of her men iDto the river. Mr- l'laswcll, of the navy, who was on board the steamer at the time, instantly jumped into the boat and by great exertions and presence of mind succeeded in saving the lives of the sailors. One of the poor fellows was sinking the third time, when he was pulled dripping out of the water. The other became entangled in the wheel of the ferry steamer and was carried completely round thereon before the engine could be stopped. It is a wonder he was not crushed to atoms. Good ?The Mobile Ledger, a small newspaper of large circulation, conducted on the ca-h system in Mobile, has been appointed to publish the laws of the United States. " Coming events cast theirshadows before,"?" an epg to day is better than a hen to-morrow." Jewellery.?Judge Story of the United States Supreme Court, has decided that a bankrupt's wife's jewellery must be given up to his creditors. Good. Take them diamoads off 1 Review of Books, At. U. S. Blue Book tok 1342.?If we were to write a column in relation to this useful book, we ihould have to close by saying that, as a work of reference, it was one of the most valuable works in the United States. The present work is eor. reeled and improved down to the present time, and contains all the statistics of every department and individual connected in any way with the United States. No one should be without it. Mrs. Mason's Kethist or the MagaZiIvss.? It is realty astonishing to see how quickly Mrs. Mason gets out a reprint of all the best European Magazines. Here we have Rsntley, Blackwood, Metropolitan, Ate. for February, brought out by the Acadia, reprinted here in the most beautiful manner. They arc all capital numbers. Es?'fct.optT)i v Amehicvxa, No 10?Curry ft Co 1W7 Broothmy.?An invaluable work; and this is the cheapest and best printed edition that has ever yet leen printed many country. Laos'* Mt's.i n Lidrshv, No. 4. ? Curry jy Co Itrooriimy ?Here is another beautiful specimen of the enterprise of the day. Here we have a handsome on.irto volume of music for 50 Cents, con'aining all the gems of the day. Every lady's boudoir should be furnished with a copy ol this work. JJoz*s Work*, No, 10? Curry 4* Co , Hi oadwa:/ ?This number completes Oliver Twist. Cheap indeed. For 50 cents we thus have the best printed copy of this work in ihe c?untry, with illustrations. It is the best edition i f Boz ? woiks extant. Cooper's 8k% Tales, No. 10? Cuiry Co ? This is n beautiful rrprint of those scarce woiks of Cooper's which a.e out ot print, and cost but lil the set. New Mumc.? Firth & 11*11 harp just published a sweet Rung, "lleloredh r, but she knew it not," by Si^aor de llcgaia This name ia a sufficient guarantee for its excellence. Yankee IIu.i.'s Lkctvbm.?The famoua peripatetic philosopher from tpquam Bench, usually known as \ anker Hill, deliver* n lecture on Natural Philosophy to-morrow night at the Society Library?see advertisement Tim p? il< sopliy of tins mran belongs to the schei l of D, mociilos?u'l laugh?no tear Only try -Jove, aid see i?s eflfccta. City Intelligence. Nomination? roa Aldehmeh.?la the Eighth ward the whigs have nominated Sylvanus Gedney, carpenter, for Alderman, and William Sweet, tirmnn, for Assistant. The democrat?, laat evening, aoiriinated David Vanderwort, the present incumbent, lor Alderman, and Charles P. Brown, for Assistant. Fatal Accident?A man named Henry L. Ostrander, a native of the town of Livingston, Columbia county, was killed on Sunday, by accidentally I dliug from a staging on the steamboat Albany, where he was engaged in arrangiug some of the machinery. He was conveyed to the City Hospital a short time after the accident, but died soon after the severe fracture his akull received by the fall. The work or Thieves.?James O'Brien etole a piece of cassimere from the store door of J. H. Beer, yesterday, and was caught by one of the clerks in the act ofcarrying it off. Cornelius Sullivan stole about 30 pounds of moss, from some bales in front of the store of Sturgis and Clearmitn, 88 Wall street, and a man named Thoa. Miller war stopped with a large sized drab moleskin roundabout with pearl buttons, in his posses sion, under tujpic oua circumstances. Moi.asith Ihiives.?Two amen belonging to the Swedish barque Naidrin, were arrested yesterday for stealing ab ut thirty gallons of molasses from some hogsheads in front of the store of Suydam Si. Co. 112 West street They gavsthe names of Guy Johnson and Johan Adolphi, and were committed to prison Stole a Shawl ? A negro named John Thomson stole a shawl from Mary Carlton, No. 61 Hudson street, and was sent below. Common Council. KoaHD or Aldehme", March 21 ? Aldermaa Pi-no v, President of the Board in the Chair. A in- stage was received Irom the Mayor, enclosing the presentment of the Grand Jury relative to the honse No. 112 Broadway, that has been complained of as a nuisance, and ordered on file. Petitions?From receiver of the Commercial Bank of this city, for release from tax; from An drew Conuoily for lease of lot adjoiuing pier No. 1 W ?nlU W iwsio Ia'-vV rhanoe in tka Irtnnfion r\C the pier at the foot of Pike and Rutgers street, from Campbell &. Wood and others A resolution was inttoduced by Alderman Hatfield to refer the petition to committee on wharves, piers and slips, with power to decide the propriety of the proposed change. Rfporta of CommitUes ? From arts and sciences in favor ol allowing Messrs. Collon & Campbe 1 the right to establish a manufactory for the disposition of dead animals. The report was accompanied by an ordinance making it a penal offence to throw any dead body in tha street or ia either of the rivers surrounding the city, and also compelling all persons to give notice to the street inspector ol all animals dying upon their premises. It also makes it incumbent on Messrs. Colon & Campbell to establisb three offices in various parts of the city for the reception of information of the place of deposit of dead animals and compels theiu to visit by thtir agents, each of these otiices once a day The ordiuance and report were ordered to be printed. From committee on laws, in favor of repealing the ordinance allowing the informer one hall of the fine recovered Irom persons violating the city ordinances It was accompanied by a resolution that passed the board. In favor of Irasiug to Alfred Barmore one fourth ol the North Battery for five years ata rent of $5b0 per auaum. An attempt was made by Alderman Jones to compel the removal of the blacksmith's shop at the entrance of the fort, but was objected to and defeated. The committee of arts and sciences presented a twng report ana resolution reuure to tue invention by ilo.ig Guerius of a cork life preserver, and recommended its adoption by persons following the water. Alderman Benson opposed its passage on the ground that the Board of Aldermen wight here after be compelled to test the virtue of somebody's pills or pliysie, and therefore he coasidered the resolution unnecessary. In favor of erecting an engine house for company No 23 on their present location. Adverse to the application of Mrs. Van Tassel, for payment tor injury done to the steps of her premises by one of the lire engines, while being drawn on the side walk to a fire. It was contended by those who opposed the resolution that the firemen were not the officers of the Common Council, and therefore the Corporation was not responsible (or any iujury committed by themTo remit the assessment on the building occupied by the Mechanics' Institute as a school, in Chambers street. Adopted. A resolution to suspend the work on the High Bridge over the Harlem river, except tuub as will be absolutely necessary to canvey the water across the river, was read and adopted, as amended by the Board of Assistant Aldermen. A resolution to abolish the office of Water Commissioners was adopted, and a memorial ordered to be drawn up to the Legislature to effect that purpose. The ordinance reorganizing the Fire Department was taken up, and on debate was again laid on the tabic A resolu ion to re number Hudson street was referred to the Street Commissioner with power. Alderman Timpson introduced a resolution to authnrikf* thp (\imntrollpr not fit r#nt fhn urnmii^ u--ed by the Hdilem Railroad Company at the corner of Chatham and Centre street* to that company for th? earning year, and that it shall be appropria'ed to the uie of the Seuthwark Engine Company No 38, and Hoie Co npaoy No. 20 Considerable debate here ensued,and Aldermen Pardy and Benson exchanged very severe cro.-s shots relative to the supposta influence of the company on the members. Alderman Benson denied any such imputation. Alderman Purdy reiterated?Benson re torled?Purdy replied?they both sprang to their feet?Alderman Hiadhurtf, in the chair, called them to older, and finally order was restored and the subject was referred to the Finance Committee. A resolution to appopriate the lower side of the foot of Charles street to vessels loaded with bay, was adopted. A resolution to allow the inspectors ef election to pay not over #15 for the uae of a room wherein to hold the spring election, including fixture?, light and fuel, was adopted. It also fixes the payment of the Inspectors at .$3 ; the Ward Canvassers, $3; the County Canvassers, $3, and the Clerks $3 each for their services. A resolqtinn was presented and referred to the 1 Co nmitteee on Laws to authorise a petition to the Legislature to change the law of landlord and tenant applicable to this city, in such n manner as wi.l tend to alter the existing fashion of making the first of May a general moving day. tlderman Lee introduced a resolution authorizing the Committee on Charity and Alms House, to conclude the contract for the erection of an additional building for the use of the lunatics on Blickwell* 1:land, in accojdvuce with a resolution that passed the Hoard of Aldermen, October 18, 1811. The resolution was opposed by Aldermen Leonard and Inuci, and supported by Aldenmn Lrc nnd Jones. The buildingMs estimated to cost #27,< CM. Alderman Leonard moved that the sub ject be referred to a select committee of three persons, consisting of Alderman Leonard, Lee, and Wood hull, which was adopted. Alderman Puhov presented n resolution to authorize the publication of the resolutions, ordinances, See. in the Oerman paper called the " Stasis s,?:iiung, wiiicu w?i icitrrtu iv iuc uuinmiiiec on Laws. A resolution (o tender the u?c of the room occulted by the Hoard of Aldermen to the C?nrt of Error*, for their meeting in this city in June next. The Hoard then adjourned to Monday, April Ith. Bankrupt Met. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF nf.vy YORK. John Molt'att, New York, to lie declared bankrupt April 21; Thomas Shall, do; Win R Richmond, do; Tboa H Buckmiustor, do; Joieph C Huntington,do; Charles Squire, do; Edward Smylio, do;(?-orge Coring, do; Tilly Allen, do, April 30; James Hagan, do. April 91; Scth Oeer, Stall n Island, Ajiril 30; I'ctcr Sluyvraant, Caatlrton, April 30; Seldm P Church, Brooklyn, April 21; John J Bailey, tlirn of Bailey, Keelor li Rernaan,Now York, Ap;tl Jo. Amur vl or the Shenandoah.?The packet thip Shenant'oah ha? reached Philadelphia in safety after a p tisane of seventy day*. She is considerably injured in spars and rigging. Chatham Theatre.?'The atatcof the weather laat evening did not prevent a full and fashionable audience at thia popular retort. The draadk of Abcl.ird and Heloiac ie decidedly one of the most of the season. It ie fall of humor and of interne interest. It is repeated thia avaning in connection with the highly amusing piece of "The Widow's Virtirn." To which u added " The Falls of Clyde." Taut, roa Mukden.?The Ponghkecpaie Eagle contains a fnll r port of the trial of Janes Fitagerald, for the murder of Michael Quieg, before the i >yer and Terminer and Circuit Court, Judge Kent presiding. The verdict "msuielaughter iu tnc first degree," accord ng to the Eagla, hat surprised every body. The n.urder was a savage one, and clearly proved upon the prisoner. Judge Kent pronounced the severett p ea'ty the law would psrjiit?nrpr.son neat in the (State 1'ri.ou for life. General geaalone. Before his Honor Recorder Tallroidge, Judges Noah and Lynch, and Aldermen Lee and Balis. Marsii, 21.? W.v. Shalem, Esq .acting District Attorney. Cart of Amort/ and f.tnlt.?Tbia being the day fixed by the Court for the trial of the above named case, ucorgc Grifl' n, Ejq , one of the counsel for defendants, appealed in Couit, and stated, that to hn astonishment he had received a letter from the District Attorney, btating that owing to his engagements in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, he could not try this cause at thr present term of the Court. He then a'luded to the delay that bad existed on the part mf the prosecution, and demanded, as a right to which his clients were entitled by every principle of law and justice, that the Court would n?rpmntnrilv fi* a rluw <i.? ?J u r ? * j *"" " M"j ,w? 1 ? ? n pi uvccu- lie contended that ctch the Constitution ofonrcountry, on which the principle* of all law should be ba??d, expressly declare* that "in all criminal protections the aecuied should enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial " He alleged that the Court had the power to compel (he Diftriet Attorney to try the cause on a day specified, and cited the rule* of the English court* "in bank" to sustain hi* position The Court stated, that owing to the absence of the District Attorney they could give no dicis'.on, but if the counsel would appear before them on Friday of this week, they would make an order that would ba satisfactory. It is really hoped that the prosecution will come forward on that day and enter a nolle prosequi, and thus allow the defendants to stand before the public fr e from the charges alleged agai nt them There never was a case before this Court that pre entedpo loud a demand for this course on the part of the Distiict Attorney. Trial of Toting /?urglam.?A boy named Tames Mehan was tried for entering the store 146 West street, on the evening of the 25th of February, with an intent to steal The store is occupied by Patrick Markman, and on the above named evening lie returned to it, having been absent from sickness during the day, and found the door locked on the inside and some persons engaged with a light Through the aid of officer McHrath the front door was forced open and two boys named James Mehan atxl John Pcttigrew, were found in the act of deporting goods in a bag for the purpose of carryinffetht.-m away He was found guiity of the burglary, and Petiigrew immediately plead (llialtv and thoir Iiroro lint h eanfanna,! *? *k? LI of Refuge. n{. Van Hoveubc.-g, Esq appeared in their behalf. Iturglary in the third degree.?A ceifli rd man, aimed John Hubbard, and a boy named Jacob, alia* Montgomery Hend-rson. were iried for burglary, in entoring the eta' le of General Doughty, on the 2t)th of February last, and stealing a saddle and other articles valued at $.">8 50. They endeavored to dispose of the saddle, and wbcn it was advertised they took it back to Gen Doughty and claimed the reward offered for its recovery, when tbey were arrested. Henderson was discharged there being no proof against him, but Hubbard was found guilty, and sentenced to two years imprisonment Robbery and Grand Larceny?A black rascal named Abraham Johnson, was then tried for snatching a watch from Mr. Pasquel Silvade, on the day after Chrstmas, in the grogery corner of Orange and Cross streets- The prisoner entered the bef.-re na med place, and while there asked Mr. 3 to tell him the time of day. On taking out his watch to comply with his rt quest the rogue snatched it and runaway He was indicted for highway robbery and gruu-! larceny, but there being no cvi. deuce of any threats been made use of by prisoner at die time, the jury returned a verdict of grand larceny only Upon being called up for sentence, he sent the following letter te the Court, and was afterwards sentenced to fire years confinement ia the state prison : ? To the Judok and Ji'ry?Gkntn i take this opportunity to write you these few lines to state my case. The poor prisoner at the Bar, hopes the Court will have mercy on him, I am before you lor trial and not having the means to pay couarel, I hope you will give me a fair trial, Gentn will find the witnesses against me all Bad Characters and John Carson, does not like me my oweing him a small sum ot money there was seven or eight in the store at the time, and many things have been lost there before and nothing said about it my being in bad company ha* brought me here I assure you Guntn should 1 get my liberty I will reform and hope the Lord will bare mercy on me that it may be a warning for all young men to keep out of had Company. Dear lord I hope you will pray lor me from this day 1 will strive to save my soull and hope lord you will turn unto me and lorgive my past Sins and give anew and good heart to serve the duly and truly all my days and that I may before I die bless the and say it was good for me thst I was afflicted. I hope the lord may pardon my soul, Gentlemen I have no more to say. ABRAHAM JOHNSON. Trial for tttalinp a Chain Cable and Anchor.?Jacob Abrahams was tried for stealing a chain cable and anchor from the scow Joseph Marshall, on the 23th of February last, while she was ashore near Flush ing, Long Island, and found guilty of petit larceny. He was then pnt on his second trial for stealing a copper sugar pan from Abner Mills, of Avenue D , but owing to some difficulty in obtaining a jury on account of those upon the panel having expressed an opinion during the previous trial; the case was allowed to pass off for ths term. Adjourned to Ihts morning at 11 o'clock, when the jury will be discharged for the term. Natal.?Promotions ?Passed Midshipman Geo W Chapman, to be a Lieutenant from the 8tb September, 1841; passed midshipman William P McArthur, to be n Lieutenant from the 8th September, 1811; Passed Assistant Surgeon Ninian Pinckney, to be a Surgeon from 27th October, 1841. Marme Corp.*?Major and bvt 1st Col Samuel Miller, to be n Lieut Colonel, Oct 6. 1811, vice Wainwright,deceased; Captain John Harris, to be Major, Oct6'.h, 1841, vice Miller, promoted; First Lieutenant Alvin Edson, to be Captain, Oet 6.1811, vico Harris, promoted; Second Lieutenant Edward Lloyd West, to be a First Lieutenant, Oct 6, 1811, vice Edson, promoted. App -intmbtiss ? John D Simms, Jr , to be a Second Lieutenant in the Marine Corps from ihe7tb Oct, 1841; J Vincent Browne, to be a Nary Agent lor the port of Boston, for four years from the 20th September, 1841. Ordei.s.?March7.?Lieut S F Hazard,leave 6 months, wi h permission to visit the island of Cubs; Chaplain W G Jackson, leave until September 1,1842, then to report to commander of Mediterranean squadron for duty 8th ?Lieut C W Morris, depot of charts, &.c; Mid FA Parker, receiv ing snip, rsori-'iK. tutn --Lieut John Carroll, *chr Boxer, New York; Lient C B Poindexter, detach ed from ,-chr Boxer 11th ?Lieut W Chandler, (tearacr ML-aissippi, Norfolk; Mid H K Davenport, receiving vessel, Philadelphia; Mid C \V Hays, do do do. All officers who have beea in command of or attached to navy yards and shore siatioas, for three years or more, have been notified that they will be relieved- 12th.?Preparatory orders have been issued 10 the following named officers to hold them-elves in readiness lor subsequent orders: Captain W A Spencer, command of the Columbu-i, 74; Uaptain E R Shabrick, command of frigate Constitution; Captain P F Vorhees, command of frigate Congress. Apfomtmchts, March7.?Robert A Cussin, acting master, and to remain attached to brig Contort; John Otrins, acting gunner, and ordered to ship Yandalia,at Norfolk. The United States brig Dolphin was spoken 16 h inst , In latitude 26 20 longitudc71 36. on a cruize, all well. Pestructivr TonwAoo?The " Mobile Register*' of the 9th instant says t >ne of those awful and destructive tornadoes, which of late years have been of so frequent occur, ence, visited the city of Tuscaloosa on the morning of the 2nd inst. Its greatest fury was experienced in that part of the town lying back of the State House, and nearly every house in its path, amon:st which were Irwin's three-story brick tavern, and several other brick buildings, were prostrated, covering the inmates in their ruins. Tne large covered bridge which crossed the Warrior, was moved several feet at one end, and is rendered im passable ; the warehouse near the river was blown down, and the contents scattered?cotton bales were carried by the force of the wind some distance^ und precipitated into the river. We have heard of only one person, a young lady by the name of Miss Cumniiogs, being killed. Mrs. I,?win had a leg broken, and is otherwise injured and it is said time were nnumber of o heisseverely injured. The State House is reported to have sustained some damage. Court Calendar?This day. Srrxaioa Couar.?Nos. 74 to 80,83 to 00, W, Pi, W, 97. Cotrsv or cannon Pi.xas.?Part 1.?No*. S, 373, 7. 13, IS SI xx 34. #7. 39. 41. 43,43. 47, 49 Pari 3. at 4 o'clock. Nos.4, ?; 8, 10,918,19, U, 18. 19, JO, JJ, 94, 9fl 9S, 30. ^SicKMK** if Michio4i.-VT? regret to learn that uoniuil ickncm prevails at Mar-hall Tht disease is ?aid to be a congestion of the lone*. Anting the vietime, are Mr. Hewitt, State Senator, and John WilUrd, Esq. a merobrr of the Calhoun lar. Both gentlemi a were highly respectable citizens. .Mr. Hewitt it raid to hare returned from the scs?ion of the legislature in feeble health. Mr. Willard wata nntire i f Utica, and a youthful anoeiate of the lanenled R,y?Detroit Advertisrr, March 14. Mr. Charm:* Dickcns and lady, reached Richmond on Thursday evening, in the eait trow Washington, and remain* with at till Sunday morning, when he it compelled to return to Baltimore. Thence be will go to Pittsburg, and the North Weitern Section of the United Slates He has not time to visit Charleston, or the Farther SouthHe will return to England early in June, after visiting the Cataract of Niaf^rA, Canada, k.c. Some of his friends met him last night, at a ftti'i eouprr got up by our friend Boyden, of the Exi change.?Rich. J-'ntj. United State* District Court. Before JnJ^e Betts Maki h 21.?A tew petitions passed to the usual decree. That of L. B Bradley lies over. Mr. A Dougherty presented an amendment to the schedule of Benjamin Cox. Mr. Uaymond, counsel for the opposing creditor, wished time to examine it. This was opposed by Mr. D, who observed that the had been notified of it on Saturday. Mr. K repli d that Mr. Cox owed I his client between $21,(00std $22,000. Hetheught I thit time should be allowed to see if the amend- I ment were correct. Granted. I The objections to the petition of A Bruwer not I being acted upon, it passed to a decree. I Mr. Stuart asked for leave to amend in the case I ofCassender Kris bee, and read an alii Jar it she wine I that he had been proceeded against as a concealed I debtor, his property taken from him, and he had I made his schedule as correct as the means within I his reach had enabled him to do. As to the lot in, I or near Buffalo, he agreed, it lh36, to pay $4000 I for it, but had never done so, and he understand* I it is now nearly worthless. Mr. Joachiinssen op- H posed the motion. He said the petitioner had not H described his property in his schedule on account I of knowing that it was liable to be taken on execu- I tion under the laws of this state. Besides, the de- I cree had been denied, and vital.ty could not ba I given to it by a new motion. The case lies over. I Mr. Sayre moved that the testimony of Isaae C. I Noe, (objected to by Hsnry G Cook,) might be I taken bafore a commissioner. He bad been in H business as a merchant tailor, but becomming em- H barrassed, his brother was placed in the store as H owner, the petitioner protesting to be employed by I him. The belief is that be, in fact, really contin- I ued tke buainesa himself and the brother was only- H placed there as a cover. Motion granted. H Motions were also made by Mr. Flaskett, and one H or two other gentlemen. H Messrs Edmonds and Field then proceeded in H the argument on the objections to petition of Geo. H Brown Mr EJmonds took this ground in regard H o trust debts: the statute says, that all person* ow- H ing debts other thaH those created in a fiduciary H capacity, may be declared a bankrupt. Now this H does not mean to exclude from tke benefit of the H law a person who owes, among other debts, one of H a fiduciary character, but only those who owe no H other deb:s, or only to debts of that nature. The H test is, does the bankrupt owe any other debts than H these. If he does he may be declared bankrupt.? H In regard to preferencss, he insisted that no pay- H ment of a debt made in the ordinary course of busi- H ness.or upon the threat or importunity of a creditor H who had the power to prosecute, could be regard- H ed as illegal. Preferences to he illegal must be H voluntary on the part of the debtor, without im- H portunity on the part nf the creditor, and with an H intent to become bankrupt. A payment by on* H hopelessly insolvent would not, therefore, be ille- H g?l, unless made in actual contemplation of bank- H rnpicy. Mr. E also quoted from a new essay on bankrup cv la'ely published at Philadelphia, for tile at Wiley & Putnam's, Broadway, and main- H m.itk... < ? .?. ~r n isain^va iimt tuciv nun ui/imng III IUC W9 6 VI DrUWD which prevented a decree. Mr. Field answered at considerable length, with much point aad powerful argument. Heremarked that the act had been crowded into seventeen sections and jet it embodied more matter than the two acts of parliament forming the English bankrupt law, one of which contained 130 and the other 120 sections. He ailuded to the immense equity power given to the Judges of the United States Court by the act?powers greater than those evergiven even to a Roman praetor or an Eugliah chancellor?and contended that th*-y were so given with a view to thsir forming and carrying out the details of the act In alluvion to the idea of the opposite counsel that a person owing both fiduciary and ordinary debts was entitled to a decree on the latter, he shewed that an amendment had been introduced by one of the members in Congress for this very purpose, but it had been voted down.? He urged the inconsistency and the danger #f allowing a decree of bankruptcy where the party cruld not obtaiu the final decree of discharge. If not allowed to pass, his property would be locked up in the assignee's hand, from which even the court was not authorised to take it?bu', on the contrary, if permitted to ob am his discharge it wou'd be positive, and the fiduciary creditor must lose his debt Mr. F contended ihat a fiduciary debtor in the meaning of |the act, is " a per sun cmrusicu wnu io? muiiey or propeny oi another for a purpose ether than hit own. Mr. Fmade other and pointed remark*. In the cate of the petitioner he strongly contended that he wae not entitled to a decree. The argument closed about one o'clock, when the Court adjourned. Court of Oyer anil Terminer. March 21 ?The Court opened yesterday,for the March term, before Judge Kent, aad Aldemen Jones and Bradhurst. The following gentlemen were sworn as Grand JnrorsThomas R. Mercein, foreman; Wm. Anderson, Silas Constant, A. T. Edgerton, F. S. Grant, Silas Holme?, E S Lazarus, Charles W. May, J. A. O'Reilly, Henrv Ramies, Jefferson Berrien, John C. Delprat, Ed. Flanagan, A* L. Halstead, Shepherd Knapp, John G Mott, John M'Clure, Wm. H. Powell, Washington Smith, and Egbert Scudder. The Court charged the jury, as usual, in relation to lotteries, usury, electio i frauds, Ate , after which it retired for deliberation. Mr. Whiting, District Attorney, then called the murder cases of Adams and Topnan. In the first named case, Mr. J. C. Hart appeared for the prisoner, and, on hit motion, the cause was ordered to lie oyer until Wednesday. A similar motion was made in the ease ef Teppan, on motion of Mr. Hertand Mr. Strang, woo appeared for the prisoner The Court then adjourned. irhe calendar of the Circuit Court comprise* cases.] Preventive Police?Pfo. TU- L: -U II.. J-J ! ? a iic irpun iu wuicu we miuuea in our mi nuinber, drawn up, it is understood, by Mr. Benedict, presents in strong colors the evils which we at present sutler " The ordinances of the city and the laws of the state are habitually violated with impunity The property of the citizen is pilfered almost before his eyes. Dwelling houses and warehouaea are entered with an ease and apparent coolness and careleisneas of detection which shows that none are aafe. Thronged as our city is, men are robbed in the street. Thousands that are arrested go unpunished, and the defenceless and the beautiful are ravished and murdered in the daytime,and o trace of the criminal is foui d. The man of business, in his lawful calling at the most public corner of our city, is slaughtered in the sunshine, and packed up and sent away oy the moat public and known channelsof trade, and suspicion is hardly excited." What a frightful picture does this present to oar view! yet we maintain that our citizens are peaceloving. that they are deeply and devotedly attached to tli?ir institutions, and wculd willingly make any sacrifice to see them administered with justice and pun y; but engaged us they are in the daily and hHrras-ing toils of life, they have trusted too much that the future wou'd correct what the past has exposed, without knowing or reflecting that the system of police now in operaiion places the community at the mercy of the profligate and abandoned, and thereby oilers the strongest temptations for the commission of crime. The fire department has beccme a source of to much mischief and disorder, and has so fallen in public estimation, thati; is deprived in a great measure of the usefulness that once characterized iu Nightly brawls and quarrels, the conversion of engine houses into places lor holding orgies of the most revolting character, and the habitual violation oi all law, have so degraded a distinct and necessary department of the city government, that its members are regarded as enemies of the peace of the community whose property they were organized toprotect Many a heart broken father and widowca mother have dated the sorrows which have brought their grsy hairs to the grave to the abominable asecciaitons connected with this branch of our municipal system. Let our citizens look to it, for upon them, after all, fits the responsibility Nor is the police department free from serious ok jections, affecting, p-rhaps, rather ila plan ot ailaogement ihun its administration. Stool pigeoninst, extia reward* to stimulate officers to liie discharge of sworn duties, and oth? r disgraceful expedients, are ccnttantly in operation, ii rid no effort is made to add to the functions of this branch the duty ot preventing crime, a service tar more important than the correction cf abuse* alter they have been commuted The committee, after atating their thorough conviction of the inadequacy ot the present ijitrm to utlbrd any aecuriiy against the increaae of crime, aim their bditf that ttie public voice call#loudly tor an entire and radical relornt in'our police, procead to givo the reeult of their labors, which they conceive should be the basis of the improved organization, some ol the prominent point* of which will Oe pointed out in our aucoeeaing numberRxroaM tut Expi-oriso Exsujitio* ?Among the passenger* broaght from Vera Crux ware Lieut Robfit Iv Joh??o?. Simoa Blunt, and Dnetar Charles Cuillon, of the United State* Navy, and F A.Brinsmade, E*q. United states Consul at the Sandwieb Islands. The perty left the Sandwich Islands about the end of Uecrmtier last. The exploring squadron may be expected heme shout the month of July. 7 Thty left the Sandwich Island* on the 27th November, bound to Manilla via the Znloo See, hence to Singapore, end touching at Rio Janeiro, will proe ed directly to the Uuned Stales?oncers and crew fa-rally in good health The I aited Siatea Consul, Mr. TViesmade. bears despatch** from the for* i.odnre of the exploring , expedition, t?. the government at Washington.

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