Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 23, 1842, Page 2

March 23, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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r NEW YORK HERALD. !\?-w York. \\ t-tliii'Mlay, Murth .4:1, 1H4 4. from \Y a?hlrtgton Our accounts from Washington arc melancholy and heart-rending in the extreme. The President and both Houses of Congress are still as they ware. Nothing is done?aud nothing i;krly to le done. The country is disgraced erery day, by the bad feeling and worse action of the two Houses. What is to be done we know not. A lew dujs must bring about the crisis. 1 oil?# T.iiuM Tlx I'liuiM ?> ? * History inform* u? that in the olden lime a fiw choice spirits went about ihe world at their own expense, redress.ng grievances wherever they found thenj, and doing battle for the benefit of forlorn damsels. In imitation, doubles*, of tbeknghts of old, an individual had laid h.s lance in reit for the benelil of the Jersey pilots, supposing them to he ?o many forlorn d*ra?els in breeches ; but it behoves him to remember that the old fashioned knights were truth telling as well as danug men. This individual tells us that he was not Solicited by the Jersey pilots?that he has no private or selfish leelings to grat.fy?he is even too modest, withal, to acknowledge himself a champion, aud>et he ajvertises his brain labor in at least two morning papers, and thinks he may be eqaally benevolent again. What a nice young man this knight erraut would be for a small tea party ! In comparing his list with that of the Herald, he urns up by declaring that the vessels damaged by the New York pilots stand to those injured by the Jerseymen as thirty four to nine ; and then leaves the matter to a candid public, lie perhaps forgot that the average number of Jersey piljts for the last five years has been less than twenty, while the New Yorkers number more thau eighty, and that his proportion inouiu ii.tve uces us imnj-iuur iu thirty-six* We give below a list of forty vessel* njured while in charge of Jersey pilots, and eall on H >ward, juu. to try bis hand again, and see whether he can find four times that number on the other side. VfTSSKLS Isjl'IlD UT THE JlBSEV I'lLOTS. Ship Shakspeare, from sea,during the day lime. Ship Burguudy, do do. Ship Mogul, do do. Ship Virginia, to sea, do. Ship Edward, cf Philadelphia, to sea, in tow of steam boat, during the day time. Br. baique John, on the Spit, during the day time. Ship United States, day time. Ship England, in tew of steamboat, day time. Ship Oxloid.lrom sea, at night. Ship Ureal Britain, in tow ol steamboat, day time. Ship Carroll of Carrolltoii,from sea, do. Ship Shakspeare, from sea, on the Mud Flats, day time. Ship Orleans, do do. Ship Poland, on the Spit, day time. Ship Albion, from Canton, on ltomer. do. Skip Burgundy,on the Spit and then on the Nolca,day time. Ship Yazoo. Ship England, day time. Ship K. Anderson, on the Spit, day time. Ship Andrionadack. Br. barque Mary Barbary, had to discharge. Br. ihipThos. Worthington, on the reel in the East River. Ship Patrick Ilenry, on the Noles, daytime. Brig J. Franklin, lost Baiqun Louisa, trandtd. Brig Yankee,on the Wnt Bank. Steaui ahip Ciieat Wtstern, ou the reef in the river. Barque Oalord, on Homer. B.ique Mary Kimble, on the flats. llaique Tantnea, on the Spit. Ship Amelia, on the Spit. Ship Ooouee.on the Spit. Ship St. Mary, on the Spit. Ship Noimandy, on the rocka at the Battery. Ship Brului,an the Spit. Ship Adaline.on the Spit. Ship Thoa. Dickinson, run into the. whatf. Ship Westminster, run into the wharf and damaged. A brig reudy for lea. Brig Hortense, on Homer. Brig Envoy, on the Spit. We call attention to another part of bis remark*: he tells us t lat the U. S. ship United States was taken to sea ky a Jersey pilot. The person alluded to, foimerly tailed a hay sloop for captain Kearney, ol the United States, and it was probably through Mr. Kearney's kindness that he obtained a license for New Jersey. Captain Kearney being desirous mill farther to assist him, employed him as coasting ?:i-. i- .u:- ,??? . .1 which he had never been, and a route with which he was about as well acquainted as he is with the Emperor of China- The United States sailed from this port in charge ol Mr. James Kelso, a New York pilot; on board was the captain's o/rgd and a man employed by Mr. Uedney, in his coast survey ? Kelso had charge of the frigate until outside the Hook and within a mile of the bar, when, at a word, the Jersey pilot and Mr. Gedney's man passed into the tnizzen rigging, where the Jersey inan became the trumpet of the otherThis feat caused considerable wonder at the time, 6st straBger things have 6iuce then happened. It "Justice" continues to take up such pleasant little matters us these, well may the Jersey pilots exclaim?"tave us from our friends." The Memphis was lest on Sandy Hook?the Garrick about twenty miles from the Hook-?lloth these vessels i n??, H?? ?f ibe Me rn and Rristol?one of I which was lost at an inlet twent)-seven miles and the other about twenty-two miles from the Hook. Four schooners (coasters) have been lost on Romer. The ship Indiana was lost near SMiidy Hook, and the Florida near the Frankfort. The Mexico was lost at twice the usual cruuing distance from Sandy Hook ; but now, that the boats cruise so far, the Franklort comes within one-third that distance.? After this exposp, we would advise this Mr. Justice to forgetie.s and to he less, for though his pen may he powerless to assist his friends, it will, at least do them less injury and himself more credit. The article penned by "Jusiice," goes to establish the fact elated in our paper of the Kith instant, that more vessels have been injured within the last five years, while under the charge of pilots, than ever were injured before since the establishment of the pilot system. The atteution ol the community has been calkd to this fact, and the underwriters can no longer be blind to its importance. There are several causes which have operated to produ;- this risult.?Among the mo&t prominent of these are the toliowing. That independence which the pilots form-rly hid, has been taken away, and they can now refuse to take a vessel to sen or to bring her into port, only at the risk of losing the patroaage of the master or owner on tome other occasion. The prudence of the pilot is now looked upon as obt,t;nacy, and hence his opinion rarely affects the sailing ol the vessel. The length of an apprenticeship has been reduced from five to thr -e years while the appretico have little or no opportunity to ( become acq tainted with the hatbor and the ma* j-avering of iquare rigged vessels. Uefore the rep< a! of the old law, the pilot boa's I not on activ Juty were cruising about the hatbor, ' the pil its sounding aud gurvejing it, thus keeping t e.r own knowledge of its peculiarities fresh in their mind?, and informing their apprentice*. They were likewise pointing out the marks, periormiug d.fliuuli mana-jsrcs in teainanship, and making practical tailors of those under their charge. This has now ceased to be the case- A bout arrives at midnight?her pilots are mustered, and befoie the ?un rises she is far at sea llere she remains until she ha* put out her pilots, when she again leturns for another supply. The nunib?r of pilots ha? likewise doubled, and of course, as our coinmeic ia, to ?ay the least, no greater than it was in lrthj, pi'ou do not carry so many vessels us they formerly did li the p esent .-js em w ere to coniiuue for a serie o! years, the o'd t.ishioi.ed pilots would b gone and a n-'w rare, dillerently educated, with far less experience and skil1, would pu -cerd them. The evils which are now pointed out would increase unt.l the pilotage system would he considered a curse irstend of a blessing- When laws allVeting vital in r crests are framed to graufy Vaiii.y or malice instead of guarding ilmae interests by judicious legislation, they cannot be expected to prove otherwise than in juriotta, and it is not too much to say, that if the I present pilot law remains to disgrace the statute ' book, the timer is not tar distant when its orinin<ttors will men with the obloquy and contempt the\ so richly merit. With these facts and views, wt 'rust that Congress will had time before they ad journ. to settle this important subject. Do, try. Progress of Medical Science?Private Lee. turea?The Lancet. The Spring course of lectures, at the College of Phy>icians and Surgeons, commenced yesterdayl)r. Swett ds live red the first of a series ol lectures on " Diseases of the Heart." This gentleman has devoted particular attention to this most interesting class of diseases, and w hile in Paris had singular opportunities of acquiring scientific information, which, it was evident from yesterday's lecture, were not suffered to pass unimproved Professors Gtlman, Watts, and Parker, with Drs- Bulkeley, Quackenbrss, Wilkes, and others of great talents and attainments, will also give lectures on particular branches of surgery and medicine. The lee for attendance is merely nominal, and crowds of students are fl icking to theCroshy street halls. What in the name of the seven sleepers is Dr. Mott and his family of professors about 1 These lectures, which will be of a popular charac ter, will be lully reported in tue Lancer. men 01 talent will thus be brought before the public as they deserve, und science will have lull course and be triumphant. The quacks, in and out of the profession, begin to be alarmed. Well they may! A great movement has commenced in the medical profession; and, aided by a free and independent medical press, it will go cn sweeping over imposture and charlatanry, like the desolating lava over many miles of alluvial oyder bed*. Tut Public School Bill.?This important bill has passed the Assembly by a large majority. We understand that the bill meets the views both of Bishop Hughes and the Catholics, and that it will pass the Senate, and receive the Governor's signature beyond a doubt. These are the proceedings :? New York School Bill. This bid coming up on its third rending, Air. E G. Baldwin hoped the final question on the passage of the bill weuld be delayed until tomorrow. Air. M acr.at opposed, and the motion was lost. Mr. D S. Wkiohi moved to recommit, with instructions to add a section submitting the auestion of the approval of the law to the people of New lurn. Mr. Grout proceeded to address the House in support of the bil, but was called to order by Mr Sivmouh at debating the merits of the bill, on a motion to recommit with special instructions. This point of order was debated by Messrs Humrhkcr, SevmoUh, O'Sulli van, and finally the debate was arrested, and the question taken on the proposition to submit the law to the people, and it was negatived, ayes 24, noes 51. Mr. Kellv then moved the previous qnestion, but withdrew it at the request of Mr. Lawhence, who a?ked the unanimous consent of the House to offer the following?to reler it to the committee on common (schools, with instructions to report the following amendment instanter:? " And the said supervisors shall in the apportionment of the moneys appropriated and raised for the support and encouragement of common or district schools in the city of New York, apportion and divide the same to and among the said several Wards, according and in proportion to the average number of children over 5 and under 16' years of aze, who shall actually attend the common or district schools therein the preceding year, which shall have been kept open at least nine months in the said year." Mr. E. G. Baldwin moved to amend by adding to the instructions the words " and that no religious doctrine of sectarian character be in any manner taught or inculcated in any of the common or district schools in the city of New York." The amendment of Mr E G. Baldwin was adopted. The question then being on the motion of Mr. Lawrence, as amended by Mr. E. G. Baldwin, it Mr. Grout then took the floor in a defence of the bill, contending that the failure of theJPark meeting on tbis subject, showed that the alleged feeling adverse to this bill, had been greatly exaggerated. When Mr Grout had concluded, Mr S. E. Church called the previous question, which was ordered and sustained. The question was then taken, and the bill passed, as follows: Ayes?Messrs. Arnold, Beakes, Brown, Brownson, J. C. Dunham, Case, S- E Church, Cramer, Cuyler, Davezac, Davis, P. Devendorl, J. Dlefenw.y, Joues, Juliand, Kelly, R. C. Kenyon, Kniekerbacker, Lan-ing, Lawson, Lockwood, Loomis, Lott, McNeil* M< Quigg, Maclay, Munro, O'Sullivan, Patterson, lledington- Bobbins, Rogers, Russell, Scovil, Seymour, Shelton, Smiley, Smith, Speaker, Spence, Spencer, Stevens, Storing, Swackhamer, Towasend,Tupper, R A. Udall, W. M. Udall, Waite, Weir, Wilson, D. ij. Wiight, G. Wright- tw. Nays?Messrs E. Baldwin, E. G. Baldwin, Dana. Dox, De NoyelUs, Hitchcock, Hunt, Kctcbam, Marrellus, Mead, Morse, Pratt, Swartwout, Thorp, Tucker, B. F. Wells?16. The Speaker declared the bill passed. A suggestion was made that it requires a vote of twothirds as altering the powers of the corporation of New York, and an appeal being taken from the decision i.f the chair, it was given as the opinion of the chairman ot the committee on two-third bills, ( Mr. Hum r 11 hi y) that it was a majority bill. The appeal was withdrawn, and the bill ia sent to the Senate for their concurrence. A Preventive Police.?We recommend our readers to peruse the articles published on this subject, and signed " Reformer." They are to the purpose. What we said by way of reply to a correspondent yesterday, under the same name, had no reference to the writer of these police articles. That paragraph alluded altogether to a different subject. f ^ i t * to T .ivodoium VI r I jnioj II a etna rtv formerly of this ci.y, has been nominated Consul to Liverpool. Choice Wives ?The sale of the Wager wine9 takes place today ?.t the City llottl. Yon, who like a glass of good wine, go. S. V S. Wilder.?We are sorry to hear that this gentleman was recently arrested in Massachusetts, and was at the last accounts in Worcester jail. He will probably take the bentfit of the 0. 5. Bankrupt Act, and get out. Important in Bankruptcy ? A very important work has just been published on Bankruptcy, entitled a "Treatise oq the Law and Practice of Bankiuptcy," A:c Arc. It is written by Mr. Samuel Owen, and is published by John S. Voorhies. It will be fo"nd very useful to the professisn, in this stage of the bankrupt law. We recommend it to every lawyer and every merchant. Strawberries.?'This delicious article have made its appearance in Boston. Only one be* full however. Steam Ship Columbia.?CunarJ's Mtamers are becoming somewhat slower in their movements. This is in consequence of the strains which their machinery has necessarily received, which explains the cause ol the length of the voyage of the Columbia now due. She was out eighteen days yesterday, and h? r news ought to reach here to-day. Stereotyped.?We are again indebted to Hamden Ar Co. and Mr. Mulliken, of the steamer New Haven, for Boston papers several hours in advance of the mail. Also to Smith's express for Hartford papers. Smith s express leaves for Harford and Springtield th.s afternoon, at half pl8t three o'clock. His omce is iSO I wait street IIiuii IU*ded Villaist ?The Honorable and werry Reverend mother in morals, Abigail Folsom Bqutre, has been arrested in Hoaton and locked up in the watch house. Abby was holding forth at the rate of fifteen knots per hour, to a crowd cf loafers, on the "rightsof women." The watchmen came along, add thought her tongue was going too fast for the inches on her boiler, so they carried her oil ami put a stopper upon it in the watch hou-e. What wickedness! Abby, love, come to New rork, and you shall talk a* long as it please? "deuinition" Steam Fkicates Mississippi asd Miftorai.? ThfB?two noble gteemers will start in a few da;s for Washing'on. They go together and the pasaare to that city will therefor be a test of their eseparate qualities. Much has been said in relation to their speed, size, and strength, but upon no data whatever. In Philadelphia, the Mi*sistippi is held up to be the superior vessel, because she was budt there, and in this ci'y ,the Missouri is said to be the fastest and best, because she was born here. Now it matters not a pin in what section of the country these steamers were brought into existence so long as they were budt in America and by Americans ? H one id superior to the omer lei 11 ue so proved at sea, sailing and steaming in company Then if the Missouri be the better vessel let our engineers and shipwrights reap the reward of their superior skill and ingenuity, and vice versa. Theoretically there can be no difference in the speed of the two vessels, for their hulls are of the same model and draft?their cylinders have the same cubical contents, and their boilers are f om the same moulds. In fact they are as nearly alike as two ships can be, barring their engines?those in the Missouri being American inclined, and those of the Mississippi English vertical, with American boilers and American valves. Therefore, theoretically there can be no diHetence in their speed. In practice, however, there may be. On their experimental trip to sea there are these ad vantages uud disadvantages which should be taken into consideration. It is to be recollected that the Mississippi was built in fresh water, and has therefore comparatively clean copper, and it should be recollected also that in practice, English engines have more friction in their operation, and from their excessive weight over American engines, the vessel is depressed several incnes aeeper ib me water. v/u the other hand the Missouri was built in salt water and lias lain sometime therein, and consequent her copper must be foul, which of course is against her We throw out these data for the benefit of all whom they may interest. If they act in any way in favor of either vessel, we cannot help it. We merely give the tacts. In relution to the inward appearance of the tws steamers?the workmanship and liuish of the machinery?there is this to be said?the Mississippi is a caricature of the Missouri. And this too, notwithstanding the latter cost thirty-four thousand dollars less than the former- llawever, the beautiful appearance of a vessel docs not govern her speed, and we shall therefore look with some interest for the result o< the trip of those two war steamers to the capital, "Cotimtfo Chickens, iSrc."? It is said that the wheat crop in Ohio lias seldom appeared better in the earljf Spring, than this season. The quantity sown last fall was probably ten per cent greater than the year previous, and unless something occurs to ' 1 - - r .i? i 1 1 _ Diasi me nopesui IIIC uuauauuiucu, a uvuuuiui cupply will be harvested. It is the same in this State. Consumption or Milk in Great Britain.? Five hundred and eighty millions of gallons annually. Solenoid.?William Norris, the celebrated locomotive engine maker in Philadelphia, has received from the Emperor of Russia a ring valued at six thousand dollars, as a compliment to his skill and ingenuity. Interesting to Sportsmen?Pigeons in large ilocks have already appeared in the vicinity of Pittsburg. An Old Salt.?Captain Francis Bjwson died last Sunday in Boston. He crossed the Atlantic one 1 hundred and sixty-two times, made seven voyages ^ to China, and three to Calcutta. Three times he v circumnavigated the globe. > 8 Venerable.?Mrs. Mary Tageart, aged one hun- ii dred and three years, died in Houlton, Me., on the * 18. h ult. ????? c Naval Intelligence?Com Downes and Capt. ^ Abbott have been relieved from their commands at | the Charlestown naw ? ?< ? ine sloop of war Falmouth, Gapt. Mcintosh, ar- f rived at Savannah 16ih inst. from Norfolk, all well. ^ . I March Weather?Very unpleasant yesterday, f cold, coughing, and consumptive. Thick boots are s Anatomical Dkawiscs.?Dr. Westmacott, of this c>ty, has commenced giving instructional anatomical and pathological drawing?another indication of the progress of medical science Dr. W. is a most accomplished draughtsman, and now that the Laacet is drawing out hosta of contributors to medical and surgical science, the Doctor ceuld not have hit on a better time for giving instructions in an art which will enable physicians to illustrate so effectively extraordinary cases and operations, improved instruments, Arc Jrc. Materialism and Idealism. Mr. Bcssht :? As a parent, I thank you for your remarks in tha Herald, in rcDtion to the awful consequences of our Philosophers who are lecturing in our city, all less or more tainted with impiety; bat particularly those on Geology and Celestial Magnetism, to whom you have referred, as tending to set aside tha Bible, the only book affording real consolation, in bearing up against the ills of life. Had one of those men been in the garden (with |j reverenee be it spoken) a few d ys af>r Adam was ^ created, and the Lord should hare told him, point- J ing to Adam, " I made him yesterday"?" Oh! not t so Lord; impossible, for it would require not days, 1 but years for hD bones to grow to their present f size. Just so with those geologists; they deny that the materials of which the earth was formed exist- i ed in perfection at the creation, yet in opposition t to those worldly wise men, God pronounced all j that was created "good." Plain sense would say i that the power which can produce in a thousand or ; sixty thousand years, could produce in six days or iv minutes. Let those nhilosoDhers fxnlain the formation and nature of the wind which we feel ( and breathe, and without which we could not live; , and then they may challenge the power of God in , creation, and we'raay hear theia. Oh, my seal, come not into the assembly wh re Jehovah if ar- j reigned as to his power, or works; for stteh is the ( tendency of the teaching of tboie wise men. A Mothfr or Christians. j Vlee Chancellor's Court. j Before Vice Chancellor McCoun March 22?Decisions.?John G Fori** and ofitrs, flank Commissioners of the State of A'no York, 1 vs. the f.n Fayette Bank of the city of JVsto Yotk.? On motion oi E. H B'atcbford, counsel of complainants, ordered that it be, and hereby is, referred toR. C. Wheeler. Etq, one of the Masters sf this Couit, to appoint a lleceiver ef the property and effects of the l.a Fayette Bank, with the usual pow - 1 er of a Receiver in such cases; and tha'he take from such lieceiver good and sufficient security in the sum of $'50,000 for the faithful perfi rim,nee of his trust. It is further ordered, that the complainant, dtfendint, or any creditor or stockholder, can appear before said Master, and propose himself, or any other p-faon. as such 1'cCeiver; hnd thst the Master give four days notice for such hearing in three or four of the dady papers?the Uee>-iver to deposite the funds, from time to time, as they reach I, in the New York Life Insurance and Trust Company, unt I w.nted for the purpose of settliig with the creditors, when they c;.n be drtwn out, an order from this Ci urt being first ob { tained Eleanor Tolten vs. Peter Stuyresant and others.? The complainant, in August last, bought lot 214 of the es ate of N. W Stuyvesant, situated in the Eleventh Ward, for whteli she agreed to give ?V_' '?:*) pa) ing n n per cem uoirn enr mio rqiem ly filed a petition in this Couit, praying that the >ale might be annull- d, and the ten per rent paid back, on the ground th it (be ntlc w a> defective, in consequence of the widow still posesting her dower. A counter sta emr-nt was put in by Cierard Stu)resent, one of the sons and heirs, who averred that the widow ofRobert R. Stuyvesant (now Mr? Feekham) had sold and resigned claim to her dower for 9311,mm Ordered, that the petition be denied with costs liutastn-R. J. Meigs, K?q.( the office of Attorney ot the t"mted States for the Middie District of Icnoeseee, to take effect on the 27ih utst. City Intelligence. Ncmixatiom for MArom.?Democratic d '! g I'tt at Tammany Hall last evening re-nominated Robert H. Morris, as their candidate for Mayor lie re ceived the votes of the whole delegation with the exception of four, which were cast for Thomas O'Connor. On counting the ballots the nomination received a unanimous voice, with the exception of one vote. xomikarions ti? the FouKth Ward.?The Democrats of the Fourth ward have nominated Ro bert Martin, liquor merchant, for Alderman ; David Williams, coal merchant, for Assistant, and John V. Coon, tailor, for collector. The whigs have nominated the same ticket chosen last year, viz Kichard S. Williams, for Alderman ; Alfred Ashfield for Assistant and Hezekiah Williams for collector The Loaves a*d Fishes.?The present Com* mon Council have the appointment of a police justice in the place of K obert Taylor, Est;, whose term of office expires on the 2d of May, 1342. The members elected at the ensuing spring election have the appointment during their term of office of persons to fill the vacancies occasioned by the expiration of the four years term of service of the following gentlemen:?James Palmer, police justice, Nov. 19.h, 1812; Henry W. Merritl, police justice, Jan. 2, 1813; William Calendar, police clerk, Nov. 19th, 1842; N. II. Mountfort, police clerk, Jan. 2, 1843; Daniel M Frye, police clerk, May 1, 1813; Barnabas W. Osborne, .March 6;h, 1843; Nicholas CEverett, assistant justice of the 4th and 6ih Wards, May 1st, 1813; Wm. H. Bell, ditto, of the 9th, 11th, 15;h, and 17ih wards, July 9.h, 1842; Isaac Doughty, justice of peace for lltrlem, 12th ward, May 1st, 1843; Jireh Bull, clerk of the 4th and 6.h, July 9th, 1812; Peter See, clerk of the 5th, 8th, and 11th wards; Nov. liHh, 1812; James T. M. Bleakley, of the 7th and 10th, May 1st, 1813; James Ii. Kellum, of the E>th, 11th, 15:h, and 17th, May 1st, 1813. Tne above are the only persons whose terms of olltce expire by limitation of four years during the coining administration of tite Common Council- The salary ol the

places occupied by Police Justices Merritt and Palmer, is $2000 per annum; the police clerks, $1,250; the assistant justices, $1,600; their clerks, $1,200; all nice fat snug berths. Who's to have them and the pickings? In addition to these, there are 346 t.flicers liable to be removed at the option of the members in joint ballot! What a breaking up there will be in case the w higs should obtain the asceniancy! Another Staiibisg arrrar ?a man named Barnard McDermott was arrested yesteidav on a charge of stabbing a woman named Bridget Frinlan, who resides at No. 8 Avenue B- He attempted to strike heron the breast with a knife, but she parried he blow and received the force of it on one of her irms, which was seriously injured. lie was committed in default of bail. The Hiceorv Pole Fever attacked a number'of citizens of the bloody, unterrified and Democratic Sixth ward a day or two since, and the disease ipread so rapidly that yesterday, aided by a band jf music and plenty of the " cratur," one of the neatest, cleanest and slickest made Hickory Pole* jf these parts was placed in an upright position at ;he north east corner of Anthony and Elm street. We perceived among the crowd quite a scattering #U? f-Icn/lj ilno nroQont Asif. A Irlprman r?f thp vard who have no doubt ereeted this emblem of "Old hickory," as a nucleus for a rallying point. Success to the right side we always say, but the devil ake these petty cliques that exist throughout our :ity among both political parties. Nominations i* the Severtii Ward ?The Denocrats of the Seventh Ward have nominated the allowing charter ticket for the Spring| election : laptain James N. Ferrier, for Aldernvn; |James tfcCullough, shot maker, for Assistant; Joliu Rob"ins, grocer, tor Collector; David Lyon and Charles 1 f. Mayv, Assessors; Prince John Davis and SamHrl j ones, for Constables. The whigs have not com- ' deled their nominations. Arotuir Bci olart.?Officer Tompkins yesterlay arrested a man named Terence Smith, charged . vith breaking into the store of John Nowlan, of 96 . .Villetl street, on the night of the 31st ult., and : tealing $12 in money. On searching Smith's lodg- . ngs, SI -16 was found concealed, bet ween his beds. :ully committed. -Furioi-s Driving ?Anthony Farrell, the driver ol ine of Murphy's four-horse stages on the Harlem ine, wat arrested yesterday for driving his horses at l furious rate, vanning into a stage owned by N'ichoas Rogers, and forcing it on the side walk, thereby [ndangenng the lives of the passengers. He was ined $S and costs, and held to bail ia the sum of 82D9, to be ol good behavior for the coming six nonths. More Bcsolarv?Officers Tompkins, Tappan, ind Hoskin, within the last two or three days, have mcceeded in arresting three negroes, named John White, James Miller, and Henry (iriffin, alias Simile, charged with breakingjnto the store of Messrs. Idani ?& Hohorst, -No. luustieritt street, on (lie 13th nst., and stealing therefrom bank bills, specie, a vatch, some razors, See. See., in all worth $53 50. Officer Tompkins recovered the watch from the lawnbroket's shop of Abraham's, whore one of the ?en had pawned it. The trio were fully committed. Cononxn'a InnLEtT.?The Coroner yesterday icld an in<]uest on the body of a German, named iVilhelm Kra'zinger, aged 21 years, who died from ong continued intemperate habits, at 133 Cedar st., he day previous. A Dishonest Wom*r, named Jane Kelly, entered he premisrs of John King,+5 Orange street, on Monlay afternoon, during the absence of the family, and tole $97 in money, which was recovered by officer WcGrdth, and the woman sent to the Tombs be.ew Pet it Thieves?A man named Thomas Jor.es *as arrested yesterday for stealing a broad axe iom the ship yard of Brown and Del), belonging te ?ne of the journeymen named James Craft. Thomas Hogan undertook to carry off a ten pin illey bail yesterday, from the premises of Wetmore, Jenedicl Sc Co-, of 218 Broadway, but was caught vith it in his pocket, and commuted. Special Sessions. Before Judas Noah and Aldermen Balis and Lee. M arch 22?Mary Ann Murphy, for stealing a tairof cotton drawers, from the store of Messrs /ernols, was sent to the city prison for sixty days, ^stherine Ryan, for stealing a bat and shawl from dartha Preston, was sent up for sixty days. Denlis Mehan, for cn as.-ault and battery on A. J. Lery, was sent up for six months. Thomas Jackson, mi Benjamin Jackson, blacks, and Jamea Neilson, shite, all lads, were sent to the house of refuge for dealing a number of toys from the store of George josler T. Miller, colored, was sent to the penitcniary 60 days for stealing a trunk, containing dotting, worth $17 *>? from Joseph Webster. John lumer, fur stealing a pair of pantaloons from Jas. VIcCoriLick was sect up for sixty days. John riiompson, for stealing a shawl from Mary Carlton, iras sent np for three months. Cornelius Su liran, For stealing thiny pounds of nsoss, s? ntencid nine y days to the pcaitentiary. James O'Brien, for dealing a piece of cassimare worth ?21 25, fiom lame* H Beers, thr. e months. William Roberts, i negro, for stealing some provisions from thesli op Catherine, was served ditto Satah Oliver, E len tfcUraw, Llixs Plynn, Patrick Stanley-, Peter Ril r. chareed with petit larcenies, and John Touch bone, James C'loyne, and Henry flarribrance, charged with assault and battery, were discharged. General session. Before H i Honor the R eorder, Judges Lynch and Neah, end Aldermen RailsAnd Lee. Mabi h 22?Aniitant Aldermen Shaler, acting District Attorney. The petit jury were discharged for the terra, but he Court will meet on Friday to hear motions Win. Crocker?Indicted lor grand larceny, in itealiug a w a eh, pleaded guilty 10 a petit larceny, tnd was sent to the city prison lor thirty day*. Icorge Pell, black, guilty of btrglary, was sentenced to two years imprisonment in the State prima John Frazer, found guilty of petit larceny, wa* sentenced to the penitentiary for six months. Bankrupt Lilt, SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW TORK. Ssmtiel Pierce. New York, to be declared bankrupt April-ra John Hobsrt, Sig Harbor, April JJ; Wm Palmer Davis, N:-w York. April-JJ; W II Simonton. Brook It ii, Aptil JJ, Israel Kiniaan, New York, April -JO?*36 thus lar, in all, Fnr*cii Kmisbatiox to Texas.?The Count Leon de Serin, a French nobleman of wealth and reputation in hit own country, has arrived at Texas, lor the purpose, if the appearance of the country proved favorable, of making it his permanent residence His settlerm nt there would, it was thought, inauce a urge emigration. Mi*>otr*i Riveh ?The navigation of this river is steadily increasing. During the year 1*41 there were twenty-six steamboats encaged in the trade ot the river. These boats made 312 arrivals and de partor'sat ttlasgow, during the year, and have been employed in delivering freight and pajaengrra.it the various landings and towns trom the nt<>uih to the hejd of navigation for steam. In 1*CV> there wer>* only five boats on the river. In ItMl the freight ot yanous kinds, as nearly ca can be aacertaiced, was lorty-six thousand toua. District Court of tlto United States. Before Judg? Bett*. Mr ri h 21.?Calvin Angirr.?The Court observed that in this esse, s motion hud been made for tome general rule to be ektabii?hed governing amendments. A decision had been rendered, that after the notice of publ cation was run cut, and the case came up for the action of the Court, cmeudtnsnts, on good reason being shown, could be allowed ; but this is all that has been done, or that would be for the present The amendments that offer will be treated on their respective merits. In the present case, objections had been entered on the ground, that the petitioner omi ted to state whether or not the house to which be was attached. (Messrs. Tucker Be Co ) was solvent or otherwise. The amendment fully goes into the situation of the peti tioner, and gives a full view of his affairs, such as creditors are entitled to. lie state* that he is but u nominal partner in the house, which br bel.eves to be solvent, and thus no claims, on accouat of said house, can come upon hia estate after it has passed to the assignee. The Court believes the petitioner does not intend to act in bad faith, atill a rule ha* been adopted requiring something more than the affidavit of the interested parties I will not say, remarked Judge B , that 1 will refuse an amendment on the affidavit of a petitioner, provided collateral testimony cannot be obtained, but such was not the case here. The affidavit could easily be supported by that of Messrs. Tucker, which would have great weight. The counsel was permitted to withdraw the amendments, in order to obtain additional testimony. DecUionn.?'l be Jbdge remarked that he had felt indisposed yesterday, and Was not prepared to give any decisions He would reserve them to another day Objection*.?The Court stated that it would call the petitions, the notices to which had matured. If no objections were announced by the clerk, they would pass to the usual decree. Objections were offered to those of Benjamin Leonard, Henry H. Llliot, Raphael Faixotto, and John George t^with. Henry H. Elliot.?In this case, Mr. ressenden said he had received a power of attorney from the Hartford Bank, with instructions to oppose ths petition. He was not fully prepared to do so, and wished for a short delay. Mr. J. Wheeler, for petitioner, denied any right to the counsel in preventing a decree. The crsditer was bound to have hi* objections prepared when the case is called, or lose bis opportunity for interposing objections. Propositions had been made to the creditors recent-' ly, and tho Hartford Bank thought proper to decline. Mr. Fesscnden replied that his clients lived at a distance, and.he hoped the case might lie over for > day or two. The Court remarked that distance could not affect a decree. Credito, * stood on the same footing whether they lived in New York or any other part of the Uuited State?, or abroad. Delay would only be allowed for good reasous shown. II an arrangement has been on loot, and the creditor delayed by the means, that was a fair ground for excuse. Mr. Fessenden answered that such had been the case. The petition lies over until tomorrow, when good cause must be shown. Samuel R Brooks?Alfred Brooks.?The petitioners were o| the firm of Brooks, Brothers &Co. which ttopped payment in 1637. They were opposed by >lr. It. J. Dillon for the house of J. Clegg & Co , of Eng'and, on the ground that they bad received goods, with orders to sell and remit the money. Said goods had been sold, and the money obtained six months before the failure of Messrs. Brooks, but never p-iid ever. This is the first case in which it is contended that a factor is a fiduciary debtor under this act. Arguments on the objections were presented, Mr. Dillon appearing for Messrs. Clegg, and Mr. M. G. Patterson for the petitioners. Mr. D. contended that the intention of the legislature must prevail The intention of Congre ss in this act was to relieve misfortune, not fraud. A breach of trust is a fraud. He entered fully into the merits ot the act, showed the nature of fiduciary obligations, and the great eire that should be exercised in relation to the right* of property. Legislators, he contended, went to the very achme ol legislation, when they arrived at that point which would dispossess another of what in right belonged to him. The statute being in derogation of the common law, and operating to takeaway the property of the individual, must be observed strictly, ami not enlarged by construction. He maintained that a man receiving the propeity of another, with orders to sell on his account, and remit the money to the owner, receives that property in trust, and if he pocket* the proceeds instead of paying them over, he commits a breach of trust such as is contemplated by the act. Mr. P. made further and forcible remarks. Mr. Patterson will be heard to morrow. Business of the Court ?Judge Betts remarked that business having accumulated to a great extent, some system would be necessary in regard to it. The remainder of this week would be devoted to bankrupt bu.-iness?next week to that of the District Court, when no arguments in bankruptcy would be heard. Tee Circuit Court must go i ff to the regular term. Court Calendar?Tbla day, Cn crit Court. ?No*. 40,27, 43, 43, 44, 45, 47, 49,49, 50 to 58, 00, SI. Suraaioa Court.?No*. 75 to 60,83, 85, 87,89, 89,90, 92, 96, 97, 65. Court or Common Tlra*?Part 1.?No*. 3, 323, 15 35, 327 43, 5, 61, 63. '3. 19, 55, 67. 69. 61. 93. Tart 2, at 4 o'clock?No*. 34. 36, 38,43 , 49,50, 53, 54, 56 , 60, 92 , 04, 328, 66 , 396 Fire is Chri.es town, Mas*?There was a very destructive fire in Charlestown last Sunday. Ten horses and several buildings were destroyed. Laban Turner. Francis McCuskar, James Dana, Mrs. Eastman, Mr. Foster, Mr. Smith, the heirs ol Geo Brown, Mr. Downee, and Mr. Jordan, were the sufferers. Caved in ?The Nashvile Whig, of the 8th, say* that the bank of the river to the right of the City Hotel, gave way the evening before with a tremendon* .crash, carrying down the framed (tabling of the hotel. Two horses were killed by the diiaster. Mii.i.,De?trovid.?The valuable Paper Mill of Calvin Shepard, Jr., in Unionviiie, t remington, waa totally destroyed by fir* on Saturday last. In addition to the miafortuue that ha* befallen the enterprising proprietor, a large numbs r of person* are thrown out ofemployment. Insurance $17,602, supposed at Worcester 00-ROME HAD ITS JUUC9 C ESAR-Orecce it* Alexander?Carthage it* Hannibal, and France it* Napoleon?but the favored city of New York is in possession of (its Peteis?he who has invented Lozenges for the cure of wotms, coughs, colds, headaches, law spirits dyspepsia, be.,notte apeak ofhia unrivalled Strengthening Piaster, and bis superior Vegetable Tooth Paste?far eclipses the whale cf them. Yes! Dr. Peters eclipses all those warriors wehave been speaking of, inasmuch, as they labored pretty effectually to destroy mankind, while he labert most etfrctully to save them?and, therefore, let his name be registered on the scroll of immortal fame, and let all Nations eat his Lozenges. For further particulars unqnire at 459 Broadwray, 150 and 330 Bower}, 416 Hudson, and 310 Chatham itrreta. New York; and 90 North Sixth street, Philadelphia. ft?- HEWKS' NEllVE AND BONE LINIMENT? tk?i mi LI .o orn horrmnino 9a n^rrnislafn <ki( v* 1 ?. rl article. No medicine erpr bad a greater sale, and Done ever better deserved it. Persona liable to rheumatic or nervous complaints, by using this Liniment, will fiDd that it accelerates the slowly creeping blood, impels it with due velocity through the veins, giving new vigor to the tone of the nerves, and promotes those secretions which are required to keep the body in a proper state of health. It is tor sale by 8. Powell & Co., No 3d Cernhill, Boston, agents for the New England States, and Corastock It Co., 71 M'iden Lane, New York, proprietors. Its very touch "can still the throb of pain, and gild w ith radiant light the sullen gloom of a sick chamber. It can bid the fragrance of delight bloom forth on the thorn of anguish, and net only soften the harsh features of disease, but scatter it with its my rmadons to the four winds of heaven." Ocf" ANO rilEIt_KAcTt"?iTTgeheld, June 21, 1611.? Mr James Boatwright: Dear Sir?Permit me to return you my rincire thanks fir yojr kind attention iu di liverlag my letter to Dr Fitch for the five bottleaof hi* Indian Vegetable Elixir. It came safe to hand, and if you are a parent, you canconceivcof my joy, whin I inform you tnat n/ son, who has fir the last six months suffered every pain frcM the rheumatism which was possible for a human being to bear,has been entirely cured by th* Elixir. I had mourned over him, anil had given him up to be a cripple for life, and all the fond expectations I haJ anticipated from him, appeared to ba blasted forevar. Out now to see him walking about, free from pain, and daily gaining strength, gives me more pleasure than 1 can express. Several of my neighbors have experienced immediate relief. In only one instance have I known it to fail, and that was a most hopeless one; still he thinks he has experienced benefit enough from it to induce kirn to perse vera longer the use ol it, as he has r.ol jet given it a sufficient trial. (& NEW YORK,March 16,1841.?Sir? Korthe last two or three years 1 have been severely liffiicted with ht. inu ir.l Piles, so much so. that 1 have been prevented t timee from attendieg to my daily business. For the lait eighteen month* I have tried xlmoit every remedy that I nave heard of, heaide* taking many rrmrdie* that have been given to me by my regular family physician until at laai I gave up in deapair, thinking that nothing 1 could obtain would be able to cure me, u hvn I heard ol your invaluable redemy?"Ha> '* Pile Liniment." which I obtained of yon at your store. No 71 Maiden Lar.e, N. Y , laat week, and I am thankful to fay that it haa almost entirely cured me, after using it only three days. I give you Ihia certificate in the liepe that it may induce other* who are afflicted with this moat distressing of maladies which "flesh is heir to," to give to your remedy a dial, and I will guarantee that if tbey w ill follow the directions laid down they will he entirely cured. If any one doubts the authenticity of thi*. you are at libeitv to refer them to me. I. S. HL'YLER, Ed. Fireman, 87 Chriatopher street. OC/- We commend the establishment of Grandjean.No 1 As'or House, in Uarclay street, to the notice ol strangers visiting the city Hu assortment of perfumery is oi flrat rate order, and his ow n compositions for proserva tiiHi of the hair are bxied upon a scientific knowlidge cf the subject for which they are intended. This dm pie fact has socuted the attentive patronage which they have always received Irom our odiien* ? C?m. Oat. POSTSCRIPT. fcy- For our umaJ Southern CorreepomUnct, Sft., by thi* morning'* Mail, *tt fourth page. {JCf" CHATHAM THEATRE.?The popularilr<m) of the " Golden k'aimer" ii performed \his evening by the request of a number of Thome's patrons, John Sefton appearing in hi? original character of J>mmy Twitcher, and a? Price Trottj man in the vaudeville of He a not a Mifl," which on ita tirat repreaentation on Monday evening wu received with ahouta ol laughter and applause. He also appeals as Nalz Dieck, in the - Swiss Cottage." Mrs. Thome enactinglLuette, w hich, together w th the petite comedy of " The Barrack Room,' constitutes an highly attractive entertainment. QQ- TO SEOAR SMOKERS.?We advise ev?rv and all t* go to the splendid Segar esahl shment called the Spanish House. :.<? Broa I way, oppoaite the C tyHall. and provide themselves with Segars for one year at least' for since we have aroaked?and we are a great smoker?' we never have puifed auch delightful, aromatic and fine Segars. The ownera of thia houae d.aerve great credit for having brought to tbia country at a very great expense the beat Segara of the Havana, and Principi market? and what ia more, they have made auch arrange moot a* to have alwaya the choice of the beat manufacture. We wiah themaucceaa. (K7- Wo FIND THAT A COMMITTEE OF GENtlen.en have resolved to give John Cotter, that renowned diaciple of Terpaichore. a benefit ball at the Gothic Hall, on Friday eveniug next, March 2. Whereupon we deem it proper to iaaue a apecial edict, commanding the attendance of allthaae who have shared in the glorioua gala, fancy dreaa, and military balla, given by the beneficiare at the Washington, in bye gone timea, and more recently at the grand old Gothic. We regret that thia i? to be the last one of the season.? Respect thia. (H7- DR CARRY OF GEORGIA. NOW OF THIS city, and one ef our moat diatinguiahed men, aaya he never uaed any dentifrice equal to Sherman'a Orris Tooth Paste?it cleana the leeth, aweetena the breath, aud harden* the gnma. Dr. C. haa often uaed Dr. Sherman'a Madicated Lozengea, and conaidera them the moat valuable aa well aa the moat pleaaant medicines in the materia medica. Dr. Sherman's warehouse ia at 106 Nassau street. N.York; 8 State street, Boston; 3 l.cdgerBuildiuga, Philadelphia; Frank Taylor's, Washington City. A NEW CASE.?I. A. Cowing, Esq., ofthe firm I of Cowing, Richmond A Co , merchants, 10 South street, will fnlly contirm the following :? A lady in hia family was fast losing her hair, and tried Grandjean'a and many other remedies without effect? < I when Mr C. nroe.ured from 71 Maiden Lane, a brittle of the true Balm ot Columbia,which staid the hair firmly at once, and now by the use of-J more bottles,a new crop of thick beautiful hair is growing out rapidly. Let any one who doubts inquire as above B (6?- FAMILY HOLIDAY.?A splendid day perforformance takes place at the American Museum this afternoon, for the gratification of families, strangers, fcc. The ledian Warriors and their Squaws, dressed in their national costume, will perform many interesting scenic representations, and the ever popular and comic Winchell appears in all of his best Yankee and other eccentricities. It is impossible for any person to think about " hard times," when W'nchell is about. Theother attractions are unusually rich. See advertisement. 0(7- WE RECOMMEND ALL WHO WOULD PREserve, as well as all who are in fear of losing their hair, to call without delay on Mr. Grandjean, No. 1 Barclay street, N. Y. ~ MONEY MARKET. Tuesday, Harsh S8-6P. Bt. The stock market presented no peculiar features this morning; salee were small, and prices generally gave way?Delaware A Hudson, Ohio 6's, J; Bank of Commerce, 2 per cent; Long Island J, Paterson J, Canton J, Harlem J. Salea of billa on Philadelphia, } premiumshowing the exchanges to be in favor of that city, under specie payments; Baltimore, } discount; Motile,20; New Orleans, 4}. It is a singular fact that while bills on the latter city are at the discount quoted, sight exchange on New York was on the 11th iust. at 3 per cent discount there for specie. This of course arises from the fact that the bills payable there are in bankable lunds, which are at a discount of 9 per cent, while those .sold there are payable here in specie funds, consequently exchanges are actually in favor of New Orleans. The banks of West Jersey have resumed specie pay ments. The Farmers' Bank of Reading is said to be paying specie. Resumption thus far goes on well in the sections where it is adopted. In Philadelphia, the banks, through their organs, are publishing tha quantity of specie they receive and pay out. This is a kind of theatrical claptrap, and looks very suspicious. The United States Bank did the same. Dating its short resumption, its hired organs in this city, the Express and Courier, published similar statements, and each publication was a wholesale and unblushing falsehood, as the event proved. If the banks wish to preserve public confidence, let them publish a full and sworn statement. Then if worthy of confl lencekthey will retain it. A stockjobbing house in Wall street addressed a letter of inquiry to the Auditor of the State of Ohio, in rela. tion to the State debt. The answer is as follows 1st The amount of indebtedness of tha State falling due within one year from this time, is as follows : ? Interest in July, 1843, and Jan. 1343, about $800,000 Debt to Bank of Chillicothe, 681.000 " Franklin Bank of Columbus, 460.000 " Bank of Wooster, 130,000 Temporary loans in New York, 320,000 Due Contractors on the Tublic Works, 764.000 Total, $2,946,000 Ud to Julv next, our liabilities will stand as follows Interest, ' $400,000 Due Chillicothe It Columbus Banks, 100,000 Ti mporary loam in Now York, 910 000 Due Contractor*, 763,000 $1,333 000 Debt to Bank of Wooiter, 130,000 $1 665 000 Of thin we hare? In the Treasury, 93 000 Wo anticipate from toll*, 193 COO We shall pay Contractors in domestic bonds, 703,000 $1,055,000 Leaving a balance of $610,000 Of which amount the sum of one hundred and tifly thousand is now within the command of the Puud Commissioners. This shows, we think, conclusively that the indebtedness of the present year cannot be met. The means provided are an issue of $1 8)0,000 of State stock, not ta be sold under par. These constitute the domestic bonds witu which the contractors are to be paid. They are not worth 60 cents on the dollar now. The real state of the case is that the State has but $390 000 to meet $1 663,000 between now and July, a deficiency of $1,973,000. Mr. Cornell, the Cashier of the Mechanics' Banking Association, is. we understand, an applicant .for there, ceivet ship of the Lafayette Bank. There are strong objection* always to appointing an officer of one bank as a receiver for another failed institution, for many teaaona. Among others the officer of a bank kas aa much a* he can do to attend to the interests of the stockholder*, from whom he receives a salary. But this is not all. If such a precedent should be established it might lead to collu. aions between tho officers of different banki, which in caae of ultimate failure, might be forever concealed from the atockholdcra through the agpney of the receiver. t or instance we will suppose a caao. There might be an individual who is a director in two institutions, Aand B. Through influence with the caihier of A., he may obtain a special loan say for (4 000, and whea a visit from the Bank Commissioners is expected, he may, to meet it, draw a check on B., and its carhier may m ark it "good" in red ink in the usual way, although there are no funds to meet it. This check so certified may then be counted by the eashier cf A. as among the ' notes and checks ofoth>r banks on hand." The sudden appearance of the Bank Commissioners to examine, might then cause this check to be sent unexpectedly to B. for payment, when ituould figure among his over, drafts, and be converted into a special loan by the dopesiteol the stocks of A. as collaterals, which may fall on his hands and the bank sustain a loss of one half more on the failureof A . and the appointment of the caahier o' B. aa the receiver, a whole train of similar transactions might be covered up.and "special loans" of all the parties be swallowed up without the stockholders finding cut how their money goes. We have here supposed a case in order to point out what al>u*ea might arise from allow ing the otlicer of one bank to have the settlement of thu stlairs of another institution At New Orleans on the 11th, the panic had somewhat subsided. The holders of bank fund* invested them in cotton aa rapidly as possible, which caused an advance of 1 a J cent in the article : 1!00 bags changed haaJ*. The atate of the currency ?u a* loitowi on specie basis Banklafund. 7totr-e.dll. Impr't Bk f'J* ad to 40 p.c dw. Municipalrt? Bio 10 M ?.,ch?*r 00toll Si|(hlK?cnNTst? 3 " Bhiebsck t ks aotoSa Oil's Itk fundi OS to 71 " Alsbams fuod. l? to Jl " A trhsfaUy e do M to M " Tei.oe.see do 15tol7 Exchange on New York, waa actually at a disceunt for specie. In relation to the failure of the Merchant*' Bank the following notice a n published Commercial Bar* cf Natchk*, f March 9th, 1J4-J. J TO THE PUBLIC. No peraon could have been more surprised than I waa to learn thie morning thnt the Merchants' Bank of New Orleans ha<l on tb< 7th inst i< fused to pay the drafts of this hank, at at that time the Merchants'Bank waa indebted to this hank oti r |1M)P00 for depoaitra made to meet the drafli, and braidra held a large amount of hill* belonging to the bank, all matui ing w ithin twenty da> a. In const quence of the disiru- t ot the Merchants' Bank, created by the attachment in January by the government, I visited New Oileans and while there had the

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