NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, March. '44, 1844. Steamship Columbia. This steamer was out nineteen days yesterday. It is tune that she was here. An Extra Her ald will be issued immediately after her news is received. Store Indictments?Wall Street In Trouble. A creat movement look place in the Court of Oyer and Terminer yesttrday. The Grand Jury came nto Court with a whole batch of indictments against the editors of the several Wall street papers, for having published wilful and malicious iid us agamsi the Judges of that Court, and thereby endeavoring to bring the administration ol justice into contempt. The following are the persons indicted : i1m thi-f i King, ol the New Von Avkricar. J*wr? BuKOKi.of the Daili Karatis. Wm.B Tow???!?D, " W?i. L-Stonk, ol ihe Co-mmf rcial Adti.rtiii.r. Kri'.'ii Hall, An indictment wus also prepared against James Watson Wee? of the Courier and Enquirer, but in consequence of some dilTiculty in procuring evidence in time to show that Webb was the actual editor, that matter lays over for the present. From thi? circumstance it would seem that the "Courier" is an irresponsible concern, without owner, editor, or punier. Thts is, on the whole, a very decided movement, containing as much tripe for a shilling a* any reac nable man can desire. We will now see how justice will be administered to these offenders by Judge Kent When we were couvicted for publ nhing a jeu d'taprit about our old friend M?ior Noah, who wanted a nolle ptoncqui entered (for as to Judge Lynch, we lifcrdly ever thought he was worth a paragraph,) Judge Rent was for imprisoning us, and ntade a leng speech cn the licentiousness of the press. The amiable and learned Judge will now have a chance \o give a new edition to that discourse, with additions and emendations. In relation to the offenders themselves, we feel for them a lull measure of Christian sympathy. There is, however, much religious j coifftolation on this HlackwelTs Island. The summer is af?rodClung?the air on the Island is balmy ? the atmosphere pure?the u ater pretty lair?and the rations not fiad. If the worst come to the worst, ihey w ill be n? worse off than Ilaman, whe had to take the pjnishmeut he had prepared for Morde<*t Wii! not the whole country begin now to see and 'o understand the moral character and influence of he Wall street press I morals of Politics?Wall street,Politicians? Their Certificates of each other. "We have very frequently given a sketch of the morals of politics and the leaders of the Wall street clique cl politicians, for the benefit of the great and honest mass of the whig party in this city.? And just as often as we have done so, the Wall street papers?the organs of this clique have denied our statements, charging that they were all slanders aud libels. But there is a providence in every thing. And in relation to this we are now enabled to adduce such proofs of what we have heretofore -advanced, as must convince the most sceptical. Perhaps, during the last two years no two men have occupied a more prominent position in the whig ranks, or been more influential in all political Movements than Col. Wsim, of tlie Regular Army and J. R. Reynolds, of Symmes' Hole. L uitUf in o/MniiMncincr unmp npw nolitical j i w.t1i13 tisufc iu vvuiiuv.vt..^ ? /> ? i movement among the friends of Mr. Clay, for the next presidency, both these gentlemen, living in the Third Ward, fjuatrelled as to who should be placed upon the Central Committee?or who should play first fiddle in all the fature political dances and orgrrs of their clique. And in consequence of this quarrel the public have been blessed with the disclosure of some truths which it seems cannot be controverted. But as we do not wirh to take any side in this interesting scene of "family jars," we shall inane no remarks of our own, but simply give the publ.shed opinions which these gentlemen entertain of each other CArr.RnTno' D?\orS?MMt?' Col. Webb's (or the ReJIolf) Ofinion or Webb uulih Abut) Opinion or ,bd his Writings. Reynolds and hi* WriYou i ave long been ac- tings. customed to make the co- A more scurrilous or abulunuis of the Courier k. En- live publication has never quirer a v? hide forpouring Com* unJer our observaoat your vulgar abuse upon tion. It ia, however, charindividuals, whenever your acteristic of the man, and naasions. prejudice*, or in- of course just such a publi Uresis prompted; and have cation as those who know to olteu found men remain Mr. Reynolds, had reason silent under these assaults, to anticipate. If this dothat you have grown more fence proves any thing, it is vain than wise, and regard simply, that Mr. Reynolds their forbearance as ho- was us great a traitor to his mage paid to commanding new allies as he had been position and overshadow to those whom he had doing personal iDlluence ; sorted, whes in truth, as every body, except yourself,knows, it is owing solely to feelings of loathing and disgust, which most persons entertain at tho very idea of coming in contact with you Hitsoldi osWris'iTiii- Waaa oi* Ri.iisoldi' Vitascm. citt. i aia aware that it is a It would appear that the mooted question at this man cannot write truth even time how .ar, if at all, any by accident. . one it justified in noticing or contradicting whatever may appear in your paper, iinlvue in j> -int of f'tct, or disgusting in point of styla, lunng one ol the frequent earthquake explosions that take place there. Hstisolds 0"? Wtss'l In Waaa os Rstaoens'Iisteotlotm. ?itv. You have been generally We understand that the unfortunate in your attacks editor ol the Albany liveThe thin gauze of afftctti ning Journal, and others, k<ne*ty and patriotism who are knowing to his thrown around them,in the trtacktiy to Mr. Cla}'s hojw ol concealing from friends, charge upon him public view the low mo dtuble ireai k'<-y, and say live, personal malignity, thatonhia arrival at liar?..ir ini?r.rt or wounded riiburg. or on hit way vanity,that lurked beneath, there,i?/fsienceaiefr? brought haabecn ahout as ellectire luhearupan Aim which inas the rujr of the itupid os- ducedhim to give up hil ti-ich. that (ticki it* head new I'riendi with a* little into a heap ofsand and rain- ceremony as he did the ly imagines its unwieldy cause of Mr. Clay. huUt hid from the fight of itf pursuer*. Re wolds or Will's Paa Wtaa o* RktisoldC Taatorsi. RatCTSTlO.r. sousl Rsr-i'Tsxior. l.et any man screen yon One word more in relaifhecan, from having the tien to thia fellow-, and we word Slanderer once more hare done with htm. branded on your forehead, it indeed '.here he room among the previous scars to admit of another impref ion. Rerroirs ce his hkiso Wsisos RiTSfLDi' arivo Miain to <io to llsaais- . inat.o to uo to Hsaaiaaeao. auan. I hardly know how, in a Not* irom Stktson to becoming m..uu? i,to speak Wsait.?Mr. Reynolds in a ot your gross imputation conversation, held a few that my njsjiiuu to the days before the llarrisburg Uarrisburg Convention Convention.observcdthat h? were paid by the tnends of might w ant some noney of General Scott, " to cleo- mu if he went to Harristioneer in faror of the no- burg 1 promised it to him: miaation of that gentle- and as I was about to leave win." Perhaps I csn dia- the city for a tew Jay, left poae of it host and most word at the otftcs to' that briefly by declaring, as I *nect. now do declare, that in iti 1 Jistinctli understood l?ugth an I breadth the im- from him ta that converts nutation or charge is false, tioa. held with Mr. Key by whon.soever made, that nol Is, that he was in favor f use this language without of the nomination of O mean y menial reservation,and rat Scott, and desirea to be in the exact seme that a present at the Harnibuig gentleman of nice pereep- Convention to aid in produ cion* of honor and chivalry eing that reault. nould not fail to understand. C. STKT80N. It is due to all these gentlemen to say, that they have treated Mr. Hey. nolds with the greatest lorbearance. Mr. Cuttii has not stated, as he might have done, that he made the arrangement to have the money for Mr. Reynolds' expenses advanced by the Astor House; nor doe* Mr. Stetson si t forth that he reported to Mr. Cuitis that he had agreed to ad vance the money for Mr. Reynolds to go to Hams burg, in order that he might look to (ien. Scott friends tor ita repayment. Xassial 0s Am Cot'- No Asian to this raoas nam son Menisrr. Cm. Win ?r IH) Ra Your attempt to read me a asus Asar. bo*iiy on niodoaty (!) is really ridiculous enough ta aot the whole city in a brand grin. James Watson Webb a teacher of Mode tig ' Why, ?ir, 1 should a* aouu think of apply ir.g to j ou lor lessons in personal courage as motility, ui I ban uo doubt you possess about as much of one as of the other, and not enough of either to hurt you j and what is equally true, it has alunya providentially so happened that your courage has been aa tieautiiull) tempered with discretion?that "belter part of ?alor"?that you have never hurt any body else. Rev soldi os-thk Vim Win os Till. Valuk or os Win's Htkiieii. Its. v holds' tscavicKs. Unfortunate man that you His Locofocoism he does are, without a single friend not and will not pretend to fmn. u-h?o 1inl I . kl.lwln.ll,. f,i?n,l beur to l?o told the truth,viz: of Mr. Clay iu U19 i? adhow much you overrate milted; and hn advocating your consequence, how the nomination of Mr. Clay deep and general the col- at Harrisburgh he has veiy victiou that yatt have ever clearly proved. It only rtdone mom injury than ser- maim lor ui to prcvt, that vice to the cause iu which he was at vilely treacheryou so insolently attempt to out to the cause ol Mr. lead, and that it the party Clay as the Smlt-mm charge Could sell you it wouid be that he was base to them.afimmensely the gainer. ter, as they thought, they had secured his zealous cooperation in support of their favorite. If further testimony were necessary it could be produced ; but " the game is not worth the candle." Rf.vkolds on Wren's Sa- No Alts***hitt asd Rkri'tationSir, the wound your selfimportance has leceivedia the rejection ol your services as a delegate to a Central Committee, is but a poor justilication for committing frlony on your already shattered reputation by hazarding such reekless assertions. Rcysolds on Wraa's Cost- Wi.ta ov Rzyholdi' CONsistency. sisteitcv. When thestrife was over. In November, 1939, he and the victory won, I did abandoned Mr. Clay for not lay lioldol the party by Gen. Scott; and in Decernthe neck, as you diJ,anJ vo- ber ha proved as treuche- | ciferously demand a reward roui to ms new menus as for my labors. Your labors, he had already been to hi* in what did they; consist 7 old onea. The record of Merely in lounging away hia conaiatency reada thua: yourtimeat your country Bpringofl838?Locofoco. aeat at Long lalaud, and Hummer of 1838?Avowcoming blustering up to the cd friend of Henry Clay, city Juat often enough to Autumn of 1839?Advowrite some ridiculous or in- cate of Oen. Scott, discreet aiticle to do away December, 1839?The adin part with the manly, la- vocate of Henry Clay, lented and conaiitent effort* of other pens which imparted to the Coutier St Enquirer a character for which you have never had the manlineaa to give them credit, and which you are now like an inaane prodigal rapidly strewing to the windi. Rktnoi u?' Partino Ad- Webb's Partino Advice to tick to Webb. Reynolds. I should, however, in- AVe have now done with deed feel that my life thua Mr. Key nolda; and we think far had been spent to little there ii little probability of purpose if 1 had not won tea- hia ever again having an timnninl* a thousand limea onnortunitv of cheating more honorable than an/ any political party, unless to which you can lay ho should succeed in sailing claim?testimonials which into the bowels of the earth w ill endure in living re- through "8j names' Hole," cords long alter the "Hie and become a prominent jacei"ot the blustering edi- man among the politicians tor of the Courier and En- of that region. He first quirer shall have passed came among us a Lecturer away from the memory of in favor of an expedition men. into the unknown regions referred to, but he did not succeed in making many converts; very possibly he may meet with greater success atthis time, and we recommend hia making the attempt. Here is a true sample of the morals of politicians and the conduct and morals of the men who have been the leaders sf the Whig party in this eity and Congress. What can the country expect from men who have acted at they allege each other to have acted 1 For our parti, we feel bound to believe them both- They.have each made out a most capital case, as the lawyers say ; and by no less than even letters and one alTidavit proved themaelves to be a pair of the most treacherous, deceitful, impu dent, blustering, worthless political scoundrels that can disgraced any country, crany community. And tnch are the morals of politics! WtLso.v'g Libel Suit agai.-iet the Hebald.? Wilson, formerly ot the National Theatre, lias published a letter, stating that he abandoned his libel suit against us because David Graham would not carry it on without money. Mr. Graham was per fectly right to prefer a cash business to a credit one. But Wilson might have given a better reason. The falling out rf the walls of the National Theatre, and the killing of a female, proved the accuracy of our statements respecting ,the fragility ol the building. Wilson, of himself, never would have troubled us with libels?he was persuaded to do to by seme of the Wall street cliquet. A vebt destkaeli Chaboe.?Richard Adams Locke says, in his singular lecture upon Magnetism, that we have already entered upon the " Golden Age." We are uncommonly glad of it. Heaven knows wc have been cursed with the " Paper Age" long enough. But Mr. Locke should tell us how soon it will be, according to his reckoning, before, by means ot magnetic poles, stuck all over our bodies, we shall " walk abroad as gods and goddesses in form and beauty," to use his expressive language. Horbible Intelligence.?The "Commercial Advertiser," of yesterday, states that " the Pope is otr. nipotent in the New York House of Assembly." His Holiness no doubt,has got hold of Governor Seward?and means to make a saint of him. He certainly is fitter lor that than for Governor. New Pamt Names.?A letter writer classes the two divisions of the whig party the "Tiplers" and "Tylers " Very good. The hard cider drinkers are very appropriately called " Tiplers," and all go for Henry Clay. Consul to Sr. Thomas.?We understand that Captain Joseph W. Hale, of Newburyport, Mass, has been appointtd Consul to St. Thomas. Oae was nerded there very much, and as Captain H. has been a ship master, and is a practical business man, a better person could not have been selected. Charles-tow* Navy Yard.?Captain John B. Nicholson is to have the command cf that station. Game.?Wolves, in large numbers, have been seen in the upper part of the Penobscot. Decided AoaiR ?In the Supr?me Court in Boston on the 22J inst., the long pending case between Thomas J. Lobdell and E. Baker Co , was again decided against the latter. Fiohters at Murker Hill.?It appears there are only fifty-three survivors of the battle of Bunker Hill. Of these tb re live ia New York, 4; Vermont, 5 ; Massachusetts, 17 ; New Hampshire, 17 ; Connecticut, 3; Maine, 7. Olear The Trace !-Thc Lowell Courier states that a locomotive of eleven tons, built there for the Western Railroad, ran three milea in two minutes, being at the rate of 90 miles per hour. Oua Si.oor* or War.?" Jack" writra as a note, in which he say? that the Warren vitited the Windward Islands betore going to Peusacola- Our letter from the latter place published yesterday convinced u? of ihat lac1. "Jack" also says that, with the exception of the Warren and Ontario, our sloops of war ate " either fast or fair sailers " That may be, but the RosCius, and iaJeed nearly all our packet -hips, sail so much faster, that the sloops of war appear to move through the water rather slowly. If the packets were out cl existence, we migh', by a i sliuht stietch, agite with " Jack " Warliee?The Navy Department have directed the fitting out of the frigate Coogre*, Captain Voorh?ee, and the Columbur, Captain Spencer, to proceed to the Mediterranean station Alao the trigaie Constitution, Captain rfhubnck, to he added to the .qujdron on the Cnatt of Brazil. Pathetic ArraAL ?" I>o**t strike! Da be a clever man once," aaid a little ragged urchin, who was detec cd by larmar H- atealing apples. "Do be a clever man once, for jrou know you never wai!" Progress of the New Philosophy-Idealism and Materialism. We give to-day a report, aa far as our limits will permit, of the third important and extraordinary lecture of Professor Lyell, who may by his talent* and research, justly be considered at the head of the modern school of ideologists- This lecture was even more fully attended than either of the others, by some of our most w ealthy and respectable citizens ; a large portion of which belonged to the strictly religious class of Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, A:c-; including a few of that portion, who believe' in direct opposition to the Scriptures, that every one will be saved, and are hence called Universalists, of w hich latter class, the editor tf the " Tribsne," we believe, is a leadii g member. The progress of the material and ideal philosophy in the present age, appears to be momentous and rapid. It is leading to a species of teelotalism in Christianity?a sort of milk and water atate, by which religion is divested of all its fervor and en thusiasm; confined with squares and parallelograms, andstript of all its ancient and beautiful grandeur, mystery, faith, and sancity. The tendency of all this is to reduce religion to a species of mathemaii cal philosophy, in which every thing must be demonstrated and proved by lines and angles, and nothing left for the exercise of that high and holy faith, which as we are taught by its founder is the very frame work of the Christian religion. These movements of idealism and materialism, sometimes oie preponderating, and sometimes another, originates in Boston, a curious hot-bed of learning, infidelity, honesty, philosophy, and Christianity. The leaders of these movements are talented, khrewd, aud subtle men, and in our judgment, , are at heart generally all infidels. They go to work rery cautiously, and gradually make their approaches in order to sap the foundations of Christianity. They in this respect seem to have learnt wisdom from the daring and reckless examples of Fanny Wright, Robert Owen, and others; and, I rhHi-pinri*. thev begin by mixing up transcendental I ism, Fourier't? plan of association, and geological doubts about the age < f the earth and celestial magnetism, and the Graham bred, and living on squashes and turnips, and half a dozen other new-fangled notions, with the Christian religion, and thus slowly and cautiously unsettle the previous firm belief of christians in it, deprive it of its grace aad'sanctity,and bring it down to the standard of their new philosophy and associated system cf society. When this is accomplished they then start a new project, and come out boldly with an attack on the authenticity ofthe Bible, as this new set of philosophers have actually done. For it is but a few da/9 since, they published their call for a convention " to discuss the credibility of Scriptures," the leader of which, Emerson, also caine on here to broach his new philosophy at the Tabernacle, and through his organ in^thiscity, the " Tribune," promulgated them in print. In Boston, also, Mr. Lyell, the eminent Geologist, by whose lectures we learn, in relation to the world's history, that, " He who made it, and revealed its birth to Moses, was mistaken in its age!"?first delivered his lectures. And while Bos- 1 ton thus starts all the new branches of the ideal and material philosophy, in this city they appear to be taken up with avidity, and propagated by the " Tri- ' bune," which appears to be the exclusive organ of these new phtlosopht rs in this city. And, consequently, in its columns, daily, we find full details of ' Transcendentalism, Fourierism, Grahatnism, Ideal- , ism, Squashism, Materialism, Magnetism, Brisbane- i ism, with the new system of association, spun out at full length, by which the present time-honored state ofsociety is shown to be altogether wrong?that we have bet n going on a wrong principle from the days 1 iriam il iwnwarri and that therefore all our pre sent social system must be scattered to the four winds of heaven! Now then, let the sober, stable, and Christian portion of the community, who believe that the Mosaic account of the Creation is correct to the le t. ter, as well as the spirit, and who do not want to see our present social system broken to fragments, by this new sohool of philosophers, reflect on the natural tendency of all these doctrines. When Vol t&ire and his cotempsraries were promulgating their new systems of philosophy and society, which revolutionized the religion and government of France, the tame revolution would have taken place in England, if two men, very nearly equal to the Apostles, had not risen up in the persons of John Wesley and George Whitfield. They saved the Protestant religion from destruction; and the Roman Catholic priests .saved their part of the Church. And as it wus then, so will it be now ; and, according to our humble judgment, the ancient principles and .'practices of Christianity?that pure and holy "faith, which is the substance ot things hoped fer," are in great danger of subversion by the principles ol these new philosophers. Too many of our clergy appear to be so much absorbed in looking after their salaries, that they have not time to step in and stem this torrent, which must inevitably sweep all it carries on its bosom to the ocean of infidelity. We repeat tha', in our opinion, it would not be at all astonishing, it amid this strange admixture of transcendentalism, and tee-totalisni, and materialism, and magnetism, and idealism, and Fourierism, broached by Emerson, and Locke, and Brisbane, and Greeley, and others,all eminent and worthy men in their way, that Christianity would be overturned for a time, if not destroyed ; unless, perhaps, two other great men, Joe Smith perhaps on one side, and tome good Catholic on the other?(not Bishop Hughes,for he hain't talent eneugh)?should rise up and put these philosophers to the rout. But where ehould we go to find a Whitfield or Werley in this degenerate age 1 City Intelligence! Temperance at the Police OrricE ?A number of the officers attached to the lower police office have organized a "Police Temperance Society," of which one of the efficient Justices is the fountain head. This is all right, and treads npon nobody's toes except the landlords in the neighborhood of the Tombs. They will suffer some, and in a good cause. Jane Keli.t Again.?This woman, who was committed on Tuesday mornine for stealing :SOT in money from the house of John King, -13 (Jrarige stteet. was arraigned yesterday on a charge of stealing clothing and jewelry from the house of Paul Lagrave, No. 43 John street, to the value of $22 N;ie had been employed in the family during the past lew months and committed the larcenies at diflerent periods, whenever opportuni'y presented itself. Found Dead.?A colored man was found dead in an ouihouse in the rear of the African church, corner of Leonard and Church streets, yesterday morning. Hie name was unknown. The Coroner held an inquest on his body late yesterday evening. A PiuriMCD Student ok Law in Limbo.?A young man, named Frederick Hawkins, who represented himseil as a" student at the law,"entered the upper police office, yesterday atternoon, and on being requested, by Jastice Palmer, to remove his beaver from his noddle, in accordance with the custom in all courts of justice, he peremptorily refused; and Justice Palmer quite as peremptorily order* d him to be find #3 and costs, which lie either paid or was committed Served exactly light. John F. Van Onden up again.?The notorious, smooth faced rogue, obtained admission into a respectable family in Chambers street, a few weeks since, as a boarder, and so manuged h:s cards as to steal $13 in money, and a quantity of clothing, belonging to some ot thu young gmtlemen boarding in the house. A portion ol the clothing was found in his possession when arrested by officer Tappan. Chatham Theatre?This is now the place of 1 ??. Thnrrie'a exertions and ailiu^rnirui f<> .... perstverecce have given it attraction?, to the theatre going public, far above any other establishment Indeed, with his taetin management and the powerful a-nsiance of the beautiful manaeere.-e, John St ( ton and Mr. Iheld, he oould not tail succesa. All tu'ae popular performara app> thia evening in foot muhanle pieces- Selton peiaonatea Paul Shack, n n,e Masters Rival and Dick I'umpy in "A Nabob tor an Hour " If fun is the object in going to the theatre.it is certainly attainable this evening at the < tantrum A splendid new piece ia in rehearsal, ent.t.ed, The Night Hag; or, Saint Swithen's Chair. Theatrical*, die. All the theatres are doing a slack business, except the industrious Chatham, which is coining dollars. The Park is "loafing along shore" with the "stocks" till the Seguin trouftt arrive, and bei'i.i the opera season. Much is expected oi Seguin?and much may be. Hamblin is getting into the autumn of fortune, and should quit theatricals, and joi ?o.ne monaster)', w here there are good water, and repentance to be found. Tom Snowden will help liim rhurlnttP r?ii*Viirinn'fl n*?u/ theatre* ia in af/tfti quo- Go ahead. Fanny E asier, it is said, has taken the Tacon Theatre, Havana, and is carrying it through on her own bottom. When she returns here, the Park will be ready to let or lease for a term of nights. Nagel has been tolerably successful in Havana, according to some accounts?otherwise by others No matter, he deserves success The Italian Opera seems to be successful in New
Orleans. Mrs. Sutton has not yet appeared. Is this troupe coming North in June 1 Miss Clifton has horse-whipped one of the fashionable loungers of Richmond?probably one of those chapa who eat soup at the close of dinner to fill up the chinks?and walk through the ladies' drawingroom* of the Exchange Hotel with their hats nailed down upon their heads. We wish her Highress would go to Washington, and horsewhip Congress into seme decency. The Brahams, father and son, are expected here .. : c a .l v r>._ lo give a series u uuiiccns ur.\i wcca. x uuug orabam has turned out a splendid vocalist?a perfect ?'chip of the old block.'' A complimentary benefit is proposed to Wilson, late of the National Theatre. Perhaps no bnrnt-up manager is more in want of a little change. It would be charity?not vanity?to get up a benefit of this kind. Palmo has opened a aeries of musical >oirte? at his establishment, in Chambers street,'near the baths. He has engaged a very pretty young Scottish maiden, to sing Scottish ballads. Her name is probably Jeanie Deans, if not?something else. Mr. Lyell'a Third Lecture on Geology. Mr. Lyell commenced his lecture, in stating that it was a well established fact, that whtt is now dry land, was for ages under water- And this was proved by the multitude of Marine Shells that were found buried in the heart of the highest mountains. Ilenee geologists must say, either that the ocean has subsided, or that the land has moved upwards. He maintained that there had been a gradual upheaving of the land in some places, and a gradual subsidence of the land in others. He alluded to the fresh water deposit found under the chalk, which is a marine formation, to show that these phenomena had not taken place by a subsidence of .the ocean. Again, we have historical records to show that there have been many examples of the rising and falling of the land, but none to show that there has been a general sinking of the ocean. In the north em part of Scandinavia there is row, aad has been for some time past, a rising of the earth at the rate of Beveral feet in a century. In parts ol Greenland the'e has been a gradual sinking of the earth, and churches on the coast have been partly buried under water. Sometimes these have beeir accompanied with volcanic eruptions, as at Conception on the coast of Chili in 1835, when the ground rose and a neighboring volcano burst forth at the same lime. Ou the present occasion, however, he would confine himself to a single instance,?the cnuntn round the Bay of Naples, and the Temple < I Jupiter Serapis for an illustration of hi- ory that i chauges in the earth's sat face hao asioned by the upheaval thereof. And here perhaps it is necessary .nark, that the whole of the remainder of the I ire?limited as it was exclusively to (hie small - on of country, may be fiund in Mr Lyell'swo eology.from which be read largely during the c ng. Among other striking facts he pointed out tin Knowing :? Near Pnzzuolo, in the Bay of Naples, there is a cliff 80 feet high ; the sea once came halfway up it; and now there is a wide terrace between the base of it and the sea ; and the highest p irt of the terrace is 25 feel above the level ol the sea. In a section of this terrace Mr Lyell found alternate beds ol pumice, tufe, marine shells, with sculptured ornanaments, pieces of mosaic pavement, some rolled or some notj then a deceit of pumice, and a deposit ol saou, au tormea unuer water, ana an naa Dceir upheaved. He then spoke of the sinking and rising of the earth, as exhibited |in Caligula's Mole, the arches of which now spring under waterIn 1749, the discovery ot the temple of. Jupiter Serapis at this place, led te new conclusions in geology. Here were three perpendicular marble columns, 46 feet high, that had all been covered by deposits .from water. Around their pedestals was a pavement 76 feet diameter ; the whole was once a quadrangular building, the roof of which was supported by 46 columns, half marblejand half granite, (see Ly ell's Geology, for full details of this temple.) Some of the beds which covered this temple contained marine shells, and pieces of works of art. Now, we must first (suppiee that the temple was built above water! That it then went down and was buried; and then was heaved up again. These columns for the first 12 feet from the bottom were smooth, then for 10 feet they were perforated by tke celebrated stone, excavating moluscular; (lypodami) then the rest was smooth, except the top which had been exposed. This proves they were under water, for the lypodami cannot live live hours out of water. And in the whole history of this region there has been no change in the level of the Mediterranean Sea. The temple was perfect down to the 3d century, and used for exercises; Marcus Aurelius repaired it, and so did Septimus Severus it has all been buried since; rose again ; and since 1*407 has been gradually sinking about 2 feet 2 inches in 40 years. At d in 1826, on digging down a Mosaic pavement, was discovered 6feet under the other pavement, ana the former was once the floor of the temple, which therefore then sunk 6 feet. Here, taen, we nave a prooi ueiure our eyes mai me ittua is gradually finking down everyday in some places, and rising up in others. Here Mr. Lyell reierred to a beautiful sectional drawing of this temple, by Mr Bahbage, to show how the columns were gradually covered up with depositea from the hot springs close by?then ashes from the neighboring volcano of Sollatera?then another fresh water deposue?then more ashes? the temple ar.d its depositee gradually sinking all the time ; but the details of this cannot be explained without the drawing. He also referred to a grant made by Ferdinand and Isabella, in 1511, to the University of i'uzzuola, of land that was then coming up and drying out of the sea, and that had doue so He also referred to ihs description by Falcom, of the rising up of the celebrated Vc'.CJuio Monte Novo, in 15&< (September 29th), in the adjacent Bay of Baiae. This mountain was 450 feet high, and came out of the earth in two nights, through one lake, and one small town. During this eruption, the temple of Serapis, which had then sunk down 40 or 50 was thrown up in one night. (BtM here again we must refer to Lyeil's work for the curious details connected with this part of ths lecture, and which he read from that work ) Again, in the Bay of Raise, there were the Temple of the Nymphs, and the Temple of Neptune, still under water, and the columns can be now seen six feet beneath the surface of the sea. And what is remarkable, twelve uules from this the ground remained perfectly stationary. Mr. Lyell concluded by saying, that perhaps many of his audience wculd scarcely believe the great antiquity of some ol these so called modern or tertiary strata, in the history of the world. In an ad. jacent island, he found deposits of shells similar to . o .. vl.. r>i OMnfl Isif fl Kal.a tl... I...... I sea, upon a volcanic mountain; and yet seventeen cenmrirs had elapsed between two eruptions. All Ktna isbased on a Marine Strata, full of sheila, the same as those now existing, and yet tins is over 12,000 years old. Speciea ot plants and vegetables are found in these hi.Is inore ancient than the hills themselves. Since 15113, Monte Novo has been colonized by all the wild plants and animaia of the neighborhood Half of tht entire inland oj Sicily tuts come into ei intevce since the speciet which now inhabit it, were in btin/f ' And these species ol plants and animals now there, were in existence even when those very strata forming half Sicily were being elaborated at the bottom of the ocean, thousands of ages after they were introduced upon the earthHe said if he was to compare the periods which it look to form merely the tertiary formations or their upper crust of the earth with any space i f time, he might compare them to the distances spolinn of hi# natmnnmt>ra hm ftptw^n nur nlanct nnd [ other bodies of the solar system The earth is said to be one hundred millions of miles from the sun and so on; and the smallest of all these disI tineea was incomprehensibly magnificent Or.e <tsr in the consiellaiicn has its distance from our earth thus described. The earth's distance frt m th<* sun lOO.OUO.OOU of miles i* put down at a unit; and it takes 700,000 of[these units to express the dis taace rf that star from us; or70,000,000,0U0,4XX) el miles And if we can so calculate the space el nme it took Is form eveu these tertiary lornia dons those are the kind of distances that wiuM give a correct idea of about the apace of time it took to form the few mrata I have spoken of- (That is 70,000,000.000.000 yeara. Ai d geologists prove a succession of habitable surfaces not inaptly termed worlds ; each peopled by different races of animal* and plants, and each occupying one of these vast ipaces of time; which we can measure more accurately than astronomers cau the distances of the heavenly bodies. We hive established, lirat, a time when man had no rxiatence on the earth : also w hen the races of beings anterior to man had a beginning! Therefore the present state of things has not gone on existing from all eternity as some have ?uppuBt*a : Mr Lyeil concluded by cbtervine how admirably all were li ted for the condition of the globe so a? to multiply aud continue for ages. Superior Court. Hefore Judge Ttllmadgc. March 23 ?Stephen li'etkt va John M- l.ouyerrt. Thin was an action for slander, tbe damages laid at $2,000. The parties were crockery ware merchants, and kept at No. 10 Peck slip. The deiendant appears to be oue of those independent souls who feel that " their tongues are their own, and they can do what they please with it " The ceniplaint is that on the 30th June last, he loaded it with anathemas so heavily pressed down, and discharged it at the reputaticn of plaintiff with such fatal effect, as to render him, so far as business is concerned, a dead man erer since. On that day, before divers persons, it is averred he held forth in this wise .?" Stephen is a d ?d rascal?he has robbed me?I am bure of it, and will prove it." "Ames (Birdsull'f) store was stocked by Stephen out of our store, and no account was made ol it." " We laid by some uocnrrent money, and there is some missing, and 1 believe Stephen has got it." " When my leg was broken it appeared t# me that good* and money to a considerable amount was missing?there was hit brother-in-law, a poor man who worked for ustor four or five shilling** a day now h*4 a large store of goods which Stephen la supplying, and no account of thia is to be found on our books." "Stephen is after a woman in Jacob street, and he Keep* her and has robbed the drawer of money to give to ber?she keeps a house of ill fame, and 1 hare dogged Stephen to her house in Jacob street." This was the unkindest cut of all, for Stephen is one of the modest fraternity of Quakers, and sat in court with his formidable broad brim on during the two days of the trial. Moreover he does net look, as it was observed, like a man given to women, and "it was a burning shame, so it was." Thns, too, thought the court and the jury. No attempt was made at justification. A gentleman named Laws, of Jersey city, had partly agreed to form a copartnership in business with plaintiff, but became diverted from it by the reports thus raised. The jnry gave a verdict for plaintiff of $500 damages, and six cents costs. For plaintiff, Mecsrs. Edward Sandford and M. Porter. Messrs J. P. Pirsson and J* Holmes, for defendant. Court of Common Pleas. Before JudgelDgraham. March 23 ?Daniel Conroy and wife vs. Luther Baldwin?The defendant was among the first that sported that useful vehicle the cab, and one of the early martyrs to the opposition of the hackmen. During the snow storm on New Year's Day, 1841. he entered Chatham street from Oliver, when a loud " yell," us the witnesses called it, was set np from the haekmen's stand, with a view to frighten his horse. He proceeded at a brisk pace down Chatham street, the stcrm being in his face. When near Koosevelt, Mrs. Conroy suddenly crossed from behind an omnibus, was struck by defendant's horse, knocked down, and to such a degree that she will remember that New Year's Day to the end of her life, as she is still suffering from its effects. It appeared that the defendant reined up speedily as possible on seeing ber, and is withal quite poor. Verdiet for plaints, $25 damages and six cents costs. For plaintiff, C. Nagle, Esq.; Messrs. Slosser and Scbell for defendant. Court of Over nn(I Terminer Pefore Judge Kent and Aldermen Joncaand Bradhurst. Makcii 23.?'The Grand Jury came into Court with tr bills of tDdietment againstffn B. Townsend and James Brooks, editors of the Express ; Win. L. Stone and Francis Hall, editors of the Commercial Advertiser; and Charles King, editor of the New York American, for libels on Aldermen Pnrdy and Lee, (Associate Judges of the last term of the Court of Oyer and Terminer,) and Wm P. llallet, Esq , Clerk of the Supreme Court. They will probably be brought up for examination this forenoon. The trials of the two men,'indicted for the murder of their wives, have been set down for Tuesday, April 5. District Coart of tlte United gtatca. Before Judge Betts. March 23.~J.M- Pinkney?Orrin Brovm?Mr. Blunt having observed that the objection to petia: .Jllkd ...Rn nn ihs mntini. nf Mm P..U they passed to decree. Cassrnder Ft isbtt.?The Jndge remarked that frem the argument of Mr. Joachimssen, he supposed that a decree in this case had been denied, whereas it was only withheld. Ordered, that petitioner be allowed to amend schedule A', serve a copy on the assignee, and also on the opposing counsel, and pay costs, to be taxed. [This is the first amendment allowed] The opposing creditor has a right to present objections to the amendment. The counsel for petitioner (Mr. Stewart) stated to the Court that the use made of the copy to amendment, which he furnished to ceunsel yesterday, was that gentleman taking it to the sheriff, and causing him to levy under execution on the furniture set forth in it. He complained of the proceeding. The Court remarked that there would be no difficulty between the Courts on such points. Mr. Stuart had but to pass a copy of the amendment to the general assignee. Mr. Joachimssen, opposing counsel, said he hoped the cost of the execution would be included. The Court replied, it knew nothing about that. Henry II. Elliot.?Mr. Fesseudcn stated that the objections in this sate hud been filed. Mr. J. Wheeler entered exceptions, and requested a hearing before the Court, which was granted, and the argument will come up in course. The Court remaikbd that where objections exist, and exception is taken to them, the person bringing the latter mnst take charge of them, and see that the case is brought up. Any papers required in argument that are on tile will be brought in by the clerk. John Moffat? Objections had been filed in this case. The counsel lor opposing creditor observed that Mr- M. had abandoned the former proceedings, and petitioned anew. He asked that costs might be taxed. The Court granted the motion, but with the remark that, how he was to recover the coete, he could not say. Edward Soley ?The objections in this case not baring been persisted in, it pat-srd to decree. George J fVetcolt ?The objections in tbis case were argued by Mr. Win. lilisa for the creditor, and Mr Horace Dresser for petitioner. The schedule does not give a clear riew of Mr Westeotl's property. It states that he owns 16;j acres of land in Missouri, and eight lots in New Haven, but does not describe them; also that he made an assignment at Charleston, but to whom, on the debts assigned, are not set forth. The Court considered the schedule incomplete, and sustained the bjections. John Geo, Smith ?The objections in this case not having been proceeded witb, on motion of Mr. J. H. Raymond, it pas.-ed to decree. Samuel R. Brooke and Alfred Brooke.?The argument in this case was continued by Messrs Patterson and Dillon. The former, on behalf *f the petitioner*, contended that a factor was not considercd by the act in the light of a trust debtor. Consigning ana receiving goods foi sale was a matter of contract, subject to the risk and vicissitudes of business, and nst a case of special trust. This is especially the case where the factor is guarantor, n/l hna Ia sail kin #. ...> nsnk iklin r?nHpPlB(J t he transaction cne of an ordinary buaineaa character throughout, lie was replied to by Mr. Dillon,who admitted that a fiduciary debtor could receive a decree of bankruptcy, but denied that a trust debt could be cancelled bv final proceeding*. Judge llf tt* remarked that lie had not made up hia naiad whether the court had jurisdiction in a case where there wa>,even among ordinary debts, one of a trust or fiduciary character, and could permit a decree. If it ahould decide that it had ineh jurisdiction, it will not decide a* to how the decree will affect the discharge, or how the diecharge will bear upon after proceeding* aa to the claim of the tract ercditor. The pretent impression i* that a irust debt will be open to proceeding even after the discharge, the cteditor* leeliog that they have a right to come into conrt under the provision of ihe law. It is probab c thatihe local eourts, in such cases, will nut interfere in the matter, but rest upon the decisions of the United Slates District and Supteme Courts. Bankrupt 1.1st. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OK NEW YORK. Thomas Horatio Chambers, to bo declared bankrupt Apiil 33; Ilenry Knapp, April 39; John B Martin, Apiit 33; William H Proctor, New York. April 33; Daniel L Gray, do, April 39; Samuel R Throckmorton, do, April 33; John Uoidou Bailey, de. Court Calendar?This day, | circuit Coiar.-Not 44, 87,8, 18, 11, 34, 63 to 73, 73 to 79. Cov?t or Comton Pi m.-Part I.-Nos. SS, a, 81, #3, 1 lit,47, 4919, 71.334, 73, 1, 77, 79.81. ^ Part a, at 4 o'clock. ? No*. 38, 88, 70,78,78,78, 3, 80, 83. 84, 88, s8,90, 93, 94. The Superior Court i? adjournal. P O S T S C R I P T. (0- Fur our utual Southern Corrtopondntet, Qr., by I hu morning't Mail, see fourth pagr. Fi-omiDA ?A letter to tie editor*, from St. Augu?tine, doted March 12 b, ttji thai A.-sinawa't baud of twenty ?even warriors and sixty seven ik'nmrii MH 'VIW'*" ?J J ' " ~ ? , . l uiiuurfu 10 rort Carroll, Pease Creek, by Alligaior and Holartoocbe, of the delegation from Arkansaa, and also by Waxeharjo, formerly one of Sam Jones' party This will leare Sam with only a corporal's guard. Rhode Isi.awd Coii.-titl'tiok.?The poll for or against the new constitution, opened on Moidav end continues three dsyc. The rote the firat day teod as follows?For, 5,S39; i^aiost, 7,063?majority against, 1,179. (JQ- I NOTICED, with some astonishment, the remains made in the Herald of yesterday, under the head cf ' New Cass," and am peifectly satishtd that if the aiticle in question did not answer the purpose, it muet have arisen from the w^nt of giring it a proper trial, or sufficient time for its application bt-lore the introduction of the Balm procured at Maiden Lane. The public will perceive at once that this mode ol adrertisinr is for an obvious purpose, aud being anonymous, they will not permit the merit* of my Composition (which haaiecured o large a portion af their patronage) to be depreciated thereby. A. URANDJEAN. N. B.?I have nothing to aay as regard* Mr. Cowing, but 1 leave it to the readers of the Herald to judge it* delicacy. A. O. (SO- PICKWICKIAN?uIf > ou arsfever attacked with the gont sir, just marry a w idder, as ha* got a werry loud wois, hand you'll never are the gout agen ; ils a capital prescription sir, I take it regular, and warrant it to cure any illness csused by too much jollity." The above is doubtless a very efficacious prt scription, but many might deem it -'worry" hard to take.? To those suitering with the gout, who cannot muster courage enough to "marry a widdnr as bus got a werry loud wois," we commend to the Nerve and Bone Liniment, and Indian Vegetable Elixir, told at No. 71 Maiden lane, N. Y?Timet. QQ- CHATHAM THE ATRE.?An entire change of pertormanco is offered to night, consisting of pieces entirely novel to the frrquentns of the Chatham. The " Master's Rival," the musical farce of "'Twai I," " Nabob for an Hour," and the operetta of u No form a light and pleasing entertainment, which must attract a numerous auditory. QO- AMERICAN MUSEUM?The host of novelties engaged hero this week, keep the place well crowded with visitors night and day. There is no place of public amusement in the city that holds out a twentieth part of the attractions found here. It aifaids important study and rational amusement to the philosopher, the saint, or the youth. The half million specimens of Natural history would occupy the attention of the visitor for hours; and the performances of the Indians and squaws,illustrative of aboriginal superstitions, religious rites, festive ceremonies, See., are highly interesting?while the lifelike delineations of eccentric characters, by Winchell, afford much amusemeut and information. 0O- MR. A. URANDJEAN informs the citizens who reside up town, thst be has opened an agency for the sale of his medicinal composition for the hair, in the drug store of John Meakim, No. 611, between Broome PI1U D|M llig SUCC19. Down town, Hoibton k Aspinwall, 110 Broadway, and J. Milhau, IBS Broadway. Principal office No. 1 Barclay street. 09- SHERMAN'S LOZENGES, 106 Nassau street, old stand, where you can get your colds, coughs, and headaches cured ip the shortest possible time, and no mistake. When such men as the Hen. Aaron Clark, Hoa. Ed. J.Porter, and a host of others recommend them, none can doubt their efficacy. 8 State street, Boston, and 3 Ledger Building, Philadelphia, are branch offices. 09" A G2NTLEMAN WAS TAKEN IN THIS office with a" cramp"or stitch" in the back, that rendered him almost completely helpless. A carriage was sen t for, and with gnat difficulty was he placed in it by the aid of aertral gentlemen. He arrived at his house and was placed on a bed.and his back thoroughly rubbed by his servant with the Nirve ai.d Bone Liniment from 7l Maiden lane, and he took a few spoonsful of the Indian Vegetable Elixir, and so astonishing were the effects that he was cured by the next morning, and walked to his business as usual. Such attacks from acme sudden cold are so common, and they so often result in rheumatisms of a long and distressing continuance, that in our opinion no family should be without this important remedy.? U S. Jldi tn titcr. 99- MISSING.?A gentleman of Augusta,Ga., who had been three years a cripple, so bad that he could not walk, and with excruciating pains, had a bottle of Nervo and Bone Liniment, from 71 Maiden lane, aent to him from n friosJ in Vpw VapIi ? immariitH>l v and by the uieof another bottU ho wu fully cured.? Messn. Cohen li Co, of Charleston ; Austin ic Co, and Mr Kitchen,druggists* at Augusta, are witnesses to the fact. Cg- JUDGE KOON. OF ALBANY. RELATED IX his oBet, before several gentlemen, and to Mr. Dalley,as follows I? A eeeeeaSghrl in his tronee bed a slight punctured wound on her hand, which became iDilamed and resisted all remedies, till the whole arm and hand become swollen to more than double the natural size, and her distress and suffering was intense for five days, when she applied Dalley's Magicsl Pain Extractor, from 71 Maiden lane New York, and in two minutes was cued ?in two hours entirely free from pain, and in two days returned cured to her service at the house of Judge Koon, who will fully confirm these facts. Judge K.hurt his knee against a curbstone, and it swelled and became very nainful?he applied the same salve and was cured in half an hour.?Journal of Commerce. Og- THE TOILET ?As the desire of distinction is nstural,so also is the disire to make a figure, or good ap* pearance, while it ia limited by right reason, aud urges not to the violation of prudence and justice, is both inno5<*nt and laudable. The graces ef the per on, as well as those of the mind, are to be ranked, among the choicest blessings of bounteous heaved; neither should be neglected, and it is a point of duty to embellish them both to the best advantage?to keep tbem free from the soil ef carelessness, and te grace them with snch ornaments as are most congenial with their respective peculiarities.? To those then, who by any cause have lost their hair, or find it prematurely turning grey, it becomea a duty aa well as a matter el necessity to assist nature. Thia can only be done by Oldridge's Balm of Columbia, which soon restores to the afflicted a gaod head ol hair, and de prices Father Time of one half his conquests. It may be had at manufacturei's prices, ol B. Powell f Co , M Cornhill, only agents for the New England States. Cornstock U Co., 71 Maiden lane, New York proprietora. nrtm Tfl rntriTVP nniNKr.Ht flrarra a rnnatitll. tioncan atand 'in thia country the continued uie of Coffea?the nevoua lyatero man invariably (ink under it.? We aak all coffee diinkera, with nervoui trembling handa, to r? fleet upon thia autject, and once think of their own feelinga after taking coUee. A aubatitute for rotfee, auperlor in flavor, doubly nutritiou(,and with no bad eifecta,and recommended by the following medical talent for invalid* and the healthy, may be had in the Cocoa Taatr, to be had at71 Maiden lane; John C. War* ren, M.D , Jacob Bigelow, MO, (Jeorge Hay ward, M. D., John Homana, >1. D , Edward Reynolds, M. D , Walter Channing, M. D, Boaton; Alexander H. Stevena, M. D , New York; Charlca D. Mciga, M.D, Philadelphia. MONEY MARKET Wcdataday, March 93?3 P. H. The traaaactiona tt the Board have exhibited the uaaa featuria to-day, and prieta hava generally given way ; Iadiaua ?>'? fell |; Illinoia S'a } ; Ohio fl** 11 ; State A'a j percent; Mohawk improved J. Sale* of US. Treasury Notca were made at a diacount ot a per cent. A government agent ia here, it ia aald, endeavoring to procure loana from the bonk a. Sock a taak must be hopeleaa. Salea of billa on Philadelphia at par ; Baltimore | die.; New Orleana 7 per oent. The A.nthuac,from VernCtui, ariivedtc-day,brought $i9 0?0 in apecle. The Clinton Cvunty Bank ha* again and finally atopped. The end of all ahinplaater operation* i* rapidly ap proaching. In almest every instance where they hare been nied,they hare proved the ultimate ruin ol the ii*uera. There are fire ca*e* wktie cataatrophe (eems about to take place together. The State* of Indiana and Michigan iaiued shinpUatcra to reliore the Treaiury .receivable for toll* and taxea. The inue* depreciated to I a* not to be available for any other purpoae tkan the poyj ment of taxes. Thi* waagood for the payor* but very bad for the Treaiury, which wa* thereby deprived of ita mean* and Indiana and Michigan failed. The Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road iaaued $1,600,000, redeemable in the itock ofthe city of Baltimore, and receivable for the eity tsxes. Theae issue* have recently fallen heavily,'and the Common Couacil|hare repealed the act authoriiing them to be received for ti tea, at d the Rail Road ha* r.ow refu?ed to take them for tolla. Thi* waa the only mean* ot preserving their rere:iuea. The Stat* of Pennsylvania last year authoiiaed.the iatue of $3,000,000 of paper, redeemable in State atock and receivable for tsxes. Ot thi* $1,700,000 i? now outstanding. The only practice' ble manner of absorbing theae note* is the latter?ot courae there can be no means derived from that source either to carry on the government or to pay it* interest for nearly two years. Borrowing is out of the question in the preaent itate of affair*?hence there i* almost a certainty ef the utter failurs of the State on ita intereat. Tha federal government in relation to its Treasury Notes ii precisely in the asme predicament. The revenuee ? !? Troatttrt Vntna will be atnorueu I" .... , It h rumored that there ere in circulation Sod iterling bond# of the State of Indiana, which are duplicate* o( a * milar amount held by the Rothaclulds of London, which wore exchanged, and the recalled bond*, inatcad of being destroyed, have, it U cald, found their way into the market by (urrrptitiom* mean*. The following i* a table from olfiaial aoerce* of all the bonda which are acknowledged by the State?that ii to *ay, for which value ha* been received:?