Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 8, 1842, Page 2

April 8, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD: R?w York, Friday. April 8, 1849. Iff HC VT MEETIKU?'tREAT Fc.X?GllAT EXCITEmejit to-night in Washington Hall.?Som? body brought an advertisement last evening to our office, ^nd paid us fifty cents for the insertion of a general call for a mass meeting of citizens, to support the ad ministration of John Tyler. So you're alloat "Cspun f" Who originates this movement we know not, but it is very necessary that something should be done to support the administration, against the factions, clubs and cliques that are disgracing the country, and disorganizing all government. W e understand that 6omeof the Clay clubs have taken a secret oath to put down, break ur>, and knock into pieces any set of men that will dare to call a meeting to support the administration of Mr- Tyler. They have already given evidence of this secret purpose, by the breaking up i f the recent meeting at National Hall ?which was done in ytry superioristyle. Whether they will succeed in breaking up the meeting tonight at Wellington I la!!, we shall see in process of time. At all events, it is time for all sensible men to express some opinion on the grosB and outrageous slanders with which the ultra whigs have assailed the man who has put a veto on a corrupt bank charter, and advised the repeal of a law which plunders the treasury for the benefit of the speculators. The honest chief magistrate of a free country has been burned m effigy, called a " traitcr "?pronounced a *' rascal," by seme of the most unholy rasculs that are yet unhung?and is it not time to put a stop to such gross and degrading slanders 1 If the Clay clubs can put down such a man, by such means, we may well erect a guillotine and name the Robespierre at once. What's the use of mincing matters. It is not exactly our.business te rapport Captain Tyler?we owe him nothmg?but we want to see fair play all round. Great fun tonight. Wall street may look out for a peppering. Over Action.?The violent abase heaped on Captain Tyler will evidently make him (juite a popular man, sooner or later. Too Qt icx.?The Clay party are too hasty. They will break down their mau before the time cemee, and prepare the field for General Scott. Governor Seward and his party in New York are decidedly tor Scott. Congress and the Home League-?The difference between these two highly respectable bodies is exactly the difference between *' tweedledum and tweedledee." Both have more talk than good sense?more tonguv than solid information. Tbue Luerty ? Never go into debt?do every thing in cash?or short, very short credit. Modern Despotism ?Going into debt?living beyond your meansAbolition Movements ?James' G. Birney, the Abolition candidate lor the presidency, hus accepted the nomination, and given a general scolding to ail atkor naitrlulafpn Babylon Burnt Up.?The woods of Babylon, the little, of Long Island, have been burnt up to the amount; of $10,000, by a spark from the locomotive. A Gipoixgs or Abolition Meeting.?A meeting was held last evening, in Washington Hotel, for the purpose of sympathising with Mr. Giddingp, of Ohio, aud of denouncing Congress. Their views were done up in first rate style, and then they all went home to supper. ftey. Han't forget the pretty Miss Clarendon's Headings to-night at the Society Library Rooms. Latest from Matamoras.?Intelligence to* the 9th instant has been received No news had reached that place of the inarching of troops into Texas. Latest from Rhode Island.?We have one day later intelligence from Providence. The excitement had not abated. Two thousand stand of arms had arrived ihcre from Boston for the suffrage people. The War Steamers.?It is said in letters from Washington, that the Mississippi out run the Missouri on their passage hence to the Capital. News from the East-?We are once more indebted to Ilarnden Sc Co., Adams & Co , Smith, and Hurlbul te Co , for Boston and Hartford papers in advance of the mail. Important from South America.?There were three arrivals from Buenos Ayres and Montevidieo, yesterday, the Brutus, Sardius, and Marion. We have received advices by them to the 9th of February inclusive. We learn verbably that a battle between the land forces of the Montevideans and Buenos Ayreans took place ia the interior, on the 5th or 6th, and resulted in favor of the former. It was rumored in Buenos Ayres on the 8:h, that Commodore Brown was on the eve of sailing for Montevideo, to blockade that port against native vessels. The fleets of both republics had been repaired and were ready for battle. The American squadron arrived at Buenos Ayres n the 2S h el February, from Riode Janeiro. The market for imports was dull, and scarcely any thing would sell short of a loss of twenty per cent, and it was difficult to make sales even a1 that decline. This applies ti both places. There is little hope of much improvement in the markets for imports till the war has ended, as all trade with the upper provinces is cut off, and large ?upp!ies of goods are in both places. As to domestic goods, the markets are full, and dealers can retail them at about first cost at home,with the charges. Hides and other articles are about as high as they have been for some time, and the lighterage andcartege about double what it was formerly. There were eighty merchant vessels at Buenos Ayres. Of these, eleven were Americans. Genera! I'nquigahad been appointed Governor o| the Province ot Entrerios. Accounts from Entrerios to the loth instant, via the Uruguay, state that Paz, who, Rfter the affair of Caa-guaze, was reported to be determined to penetrate into the Entrrian territory, had not asyet,after eo Ion a lau-e of fim?*? advanced further than Mocoreta; inn th it General Urquiza, seeing his hesitation, ha f revolved to take the offensive. t For more ihan a year oast the Governor of Santa Pe hagetood a a equivocal position with respect to the (fencral Guvernment of the Republic. The origin of the misunderstanding i? the misconduct into which th" overwe.-ning ambition of Lopez betrayed him, troin the very onset of Lavelle's descent upon t.ie co .-on of the Parana, lie took umbrage at the appointment of General t 'nbe to the comtuand . . t ie army of operation*, and to withdraw Irom the held ne?ly all his troops, on the very morning ol th decisive battle of (fuebrachito. Lopez has now thrown off the m isk, and has not long since enter.-d into a compact with the enemies of the governmeu!, and authorized the inroads of marauding parties at s?ver il uncovered points ofthe frontier. It is understood that measures are in active train which must speedily crush this aip.rant to the unenviable honor of rekindling civil war on this side ol La Plata. A vast number of horned cattle, homes, and sheep, have pjrisbed from the drought, the h'at, the cold weather which followed, and the storm on the ISth instant. We are informed that biers' of drowned oxen, horses and sheep, passed the vessels in th* outer roads during the gale and afterwards Many of the small craft which sought refuge a! th; Conchas, dec., have returned hither The ga!e has caused considerable damage at 4ont' 'i-> , v Til v> -- eL li iving bent dri\en > shore there. The sea walls at Celonia were also | washed away. l Tr.rmm.i- Accident to hie Crew or the Mis owri Steam Frigate.?In going up the Potomac River the *t?am frigate Missouri grounded about 70 miles below Washington City. A boat was sent from her to dr.p an anchor to haul Iter off; the en chor got orerbcaid, carrying with it the chain ca ble ; which in running out e ther killed or cn:r ? with it (very person on board, comjyrmnjf hv?f. Mn F liv J'n aidjtx, Urn or Ji firm utamtn ! * i ' :i ,St mil tsfcyu 1 hi MR Three Day a Liter from Enrope-Thc Plota A|i)nit Kpaln-Prel'i l?ew Corn Bill?An11-Abolition of Ml*very In France?Another Special Agent, Ac Af. The packet ship iMontrea!, Captain ^Tinker, hat arrived from England, with lltrte daya later iatel ligenc-She tailed from Portsmouth on the lat ult., but having met with an accident, waa compelled to put back, and did nut start again till the 7th. We have received by her, London papers to the 5.h, and Portsmouth journals to the 7th, both inclusive. She brought over a cargo of lions, tigers, and leopards, belonging to Carter, that have been making a successful tour through Europe. There is no special news. Nothing ol moment had transpired after the departure of the Columbia, on the -4th, from Liverpool. In the House oi Lords, on the 4ih,the Earl of Clarendon asked for information respecting the conspiracy said to be maturing in Spain, for the overthrew and assuasiuation of the Regent Espartere. Tl.0 ?r i ,.,:j .u? u ? ahv j-iaii vi avciucm oaiu mere noa cuuii u piui in progress, but it was known in all its movements to the Spanish Government and would be met with efficiency. Assuraaces had been received from the French Government that it look no part in the conspiracy, and that meases would be taken to remove all suspicious persons(rom the frontier and prevent others from going thither- He did not think there was any concert of action between the conspirators and the adherents of Don Carlos ; and he assured the House that the British Government would take all proper and necessary steps to help the Government of Spain in putting down insurrection. Lord Monteagle moved for the appointment of a select committee to enquire into the Exchequer bill frauds, and went into a long history of that affair, for his own vindication. The Duke of Wellington expressed his opinion that there was no necessity for the proposed committee, after what had taken place in the othei house, and Lord Monteagle withdrew his motion. lu the House ot Commons official notice was given that the return of Mr. Gregory from Dublin,where he defeated Lord Morpeth, would be contested. After a conversation between Sir It. Peel and Sir C- Napier on corn imports from America, Sir C- Napier moved for a return of the number of vessels laden with corn which had arrived from America, from the 1st of January, 1811, to the 1st of January, 1842, at the port of Liverpool; and also a return of the number of days occupied by each in the voyage. Sir R. Peel immediately laid the returns on the table amidst considerable laugh:er. Sir G. Staunton gave notice that he would, on Monday, move for copies of correspondence with Captain Llliot relative to proceedings in ChinaSir V. Blake gave notice that he would, on Tuesday, move that, in consequence of the distress which prevailed in the country, all duties on ttie importation of corn be suspended until the 1st of January, 1813. Colonel Sibthorp gave notice, that on going into committee on the corn importation bill, he should move that the duty be levitd at the time of importing the corn, and Dot when taki ng it out of bond. Sir Robert Penl'snew corn bill was then brought in and read a first time. On moving its second reading he stated that he proposed its coining into operation upon the determination of the first six weeks' averages after its passage. Wednesday the hill was assigned for the serond reading, Lord John Russell giving notice that he should then take the sense o] the House upon the measnre. Sir uobcrt reel intimated tbut be should announce he financial ai.d commercial measures on VTiday the 11th. The House then resolved it?elf into a committee of supply, and Mr. $. Herbert brought forward the nary estimates. He slated that the nnrnberof ships in commission would be, probably, slightly reduced, but he should not propose any decrease in the number of seamen; by which means the government would be enablod to send the shins to sea in the most perfect atate of equipment. Phe estimates differed a little from those of last year, there being iu some departments a decrease, and in others a small additional increase of expense. In one instance additional expense had been incurred in providing securities against fire in the dock yards, and in another by carrying out the contract of the Halifax line of steamers. In fact a largo sum that came under the head of naval expenses might mare strictly eome under the head of Post Olfice expenses. The honorable gentleman concluded by moving that 13,000 men voted for the service of the ensuing yeer. In answer to Lord lngcstree, Lord Stanley stated, that it was not the intention of the Government to send out any new expedition to the Niger, still less one composed of white persona?On the part of the Government he disclaimed all wish to assert nny right of sovereignty in that quarter of the world. It was net deemed altogether expedient to abandon the settlement already made, and although any persons going out to settle there must do so on their own rcsponsibilitv, yet Government would give th<m tho protection of a small armed steamer, manned by negroes The West Ind a steamshio Trent, for whose safety some fears had been entertained, had arrived at Southampton. She encountered very severe weather in the channel. The arrival of the Queen and Prince Albert at Portsmouth, was paraded at great length in the Portsmouth paper, and was celebrated with great display. The bank of Messra. Wigney & Go., for forty vears the moat eminent banking establishment of atAnns^ - - .k. .-..k -f >? - ui^uwii) ?w|'|>v i |mjiuEut on mr uin ui inwcH The Hampshire Standard of tho 9th says that the Selina bad been captured on the c >ast of Africa and sent in charge of an oiiicer to England ? The captain of the ^elina jumped overboard after his vessel had been captured. D?.srs due fhom America* States.?We understand that very decisive measures are about to be adopted for the recovery of debts due by states of the American union to British subjects. Mr R. Crichton Wyllie, himsrlt a creditor, authorized by other holders of American securities to represent them, haa embarked in the Columbia steamer for New York, llis first object will doubtle.-s be to resist and counteract the dangerous doctrine of the repudiation of certain English claims on American states?a doctrine t qually dishonest and dangerous, but set lip by son:e authorities in the Uniou. The amount of British money invested in American state bonds, banks, canal and railroad shares, is from 20 to 25 millions. Liabilities and assets of the Dank of Kngland, from the 7th of December, 1341, to the 1st of March, 1847, both inclusive. Liabilitiri. Circulation, ?16 769 000 Securities, ?7.7,099.0(0 Depositee, 8 954,000 Bullion, 5,637,000 ?05 773,000 ?79,790 000 Downing street, March 4, 1947. Spain. Madrid papers of February 24th, stale that some disturb inces look place in Ya'ancia on the 2lst.? Numerous p, r-ons had a-sembled and attacked the troops of the line, nnd one of the National Guards was killed in the affray. The political chief and the alcades, with cavalry, restored order; but fears were f ntertained that voire fresh conflicts might take place, owing to the jealousies between the militia and the regular troops. France. The Paris papers of the :tj and 1th of March are unusually Darren, in me renewal ot ihe bureaus the opposition catne worse off than even in the last month. They cannot even command two. The consequence is, that there is no use making a liberal mo ion, either on behalf ol the press or again, t the September laws. The motion not being recommended l>y three of the bureaus fulls to the ground, and cannot be even discussed. In Paris a public meeting of the'Society for the Abolition ot Sinvciy, had been forbiddenby uuthori iy.a'though perrairaioa had previously been obtained on '221 Feb., tor a meeting, from the prefect of police foreign deputations from London were expected, and all the arrangements had been made. The prohibition is the more remarkable, as, at the meet ing in London in 1*H>, of th? English Society, M. Gnixot, then Ambassador in England, attended, and expressed his sympathy with them. Ham. Koahi ?Vienna letter mentions that two member* of the central rail road commission, M.t 'hign.head engineer of the Emperor Ferdinand's rail road, and the Baron de I.ehr, chief architect of the \ lenna and ttabb line, have been ordered by the. , l .mperor to proceed without delay to the T States to in-pect tUc principal lines of rail road.,and to report on their meri * They are to he accnmpanw d l.T four pupils of the imperial Potytachaic School, a id are to go to Liverpool. markets. Los no* toss March t We have again to i .-port a very lull trade in grain of .ill kind, Of Fug. luh VVht at then w.11 scarce], any utfeiing. and the few parcels w hich change I hand* brought ahont the asmrati* as those realised on Monday, foreign free Wheat barely maintains its previous value In bonded nothing whatever was done. I, 1 >r>os T*?d? llvroat March 4.?There was little business one in the markets to-day bnt prices were sustained for most kinds of produce Sugar?West India brought full ratea toalajr,)>ut the demand was limited r ' Jtt.tl'.ll* . -J? u: s i Hica? There war* ottered at peblic Mia 700 baft M dras, and OT bofi Java: the former went at 9a to 9i 61 fa' vellew, and the latter at 101 for fair white, being full rate*. Tea?The market hat become quite quiet for Tea, bat holder* are lii m and have obtained full ratea. Company's Congou ii 1* II Jd cash. Tallow?The market remain* heavy, with a tendency to lower pricea; P. Y. C. 49a per c wt. LiveKrooL Cottoi* MsaatT, March 3?There was a want of animation in the business of to day, and the alight advance obtained early in the week waa entirely lost. 3 MX)bales were void at the quotation* of Friday last. 300 Rural, 3.J a 4 I: J"0 F.gvp'ian,7 a 8; 100 Bahia,6] a 7; 100 Pernambuco, 7$, and -i 920 American at 4} a 9d. Hat br, March I.?The market for cotton wai rathn brisk to-dav, 1 040 bales Mobile having changed handi at 67f to 75f; I 086 Georgia at 60f to 82f; 1471 Loniiiana at t>4l to 70f;l02 Pernambuco R3f to I06jf; and 103 balel Bahiaa'99f Of cotlVe, in bond, 431 lugs ltio told at 4-b.jf to &3f;24l bags ilamaged Bahia.by public auotion.nt 93f to 104f: ai d 39 bags St. Domingo, da, at 79fto 99f,dtl!y paid. M?mru.i.i? Maruvt. Feb-29.?The transactions in Coffee during the last eight day* were pretty brisk, the aales amounting to 903 l>8gs new Havana in different lota deliverable at 67f 40c p?r 60{kilograms in bond, and 250 br.gs St. Domingo at jflf do: >13 bags ordinary Ha ? l'rl ?,iuumv hags ordinary Bio, with Mack bean*, lOf, 41Jf to 49f ? Rice still found here and there buyer*, at pretty nearly the lime pricei as last week, but led to no operations of consequence, and in United States Cotton only a trifling business was done, without any alteration in its value. City Intellllgence. Chaster Tickets.?Thera are two set* of candidate* for Charter Otflser* in the Twelfth and Fourteenth Wai da,supported by the democrats, and no less than four in the Sixth. The democrats of the Sixth hold an election to-day by request of the wardNominating Committee in order to select one of the candidate* in the Held as "ihr regular." We are of opinion that it will breakup in a row, and that the whole four tickets will be run on the day of election, and Clarkson Crolius, the whig candidate for Alderman, be elected. In the Ninth Ward there has been no regalar democratic nomination for Assistant Alderman A meeting of democrets of the ward is called this evening at the comer of Christopher and Hudson streets, to make a nomination. Isaac B Smith, a very popular men ill the ward, will, in all probability,* be chosen as the regular candidate. Where'* Tom Flovd.?The Mayor offers a reward of $91X10 for;the apprehension of this {runaway felon, Collector of City Revenue. Which one of the Police Officers will start for "Cape do Verds and a market 7" Who speaks first ? Dan't all bawl out at once. Rowdtssm.?A party of Rowdies,from some oyster cellar. on Wednesday nizht. moved a number of those large water pipe*, which are placed pponte the establishment of Mr. Niblo, right across the street, leaving but a small passage, just sufficient to allow one vehicle to pass. Nad any carriages been passing at a rapid, or even mcuerate pace, they must inevitably have been dashed to pieces and the inmates more or less injured. And where ware the Police? Were there none on that beat? SurrotHB Stole!* Goods.?Mr. Thomas Caker, the day police officer of the Fifth Ward, has in his poises* siou three pieces of cotton goods, suitable for pantaloons, which he found on the person of a man who is supposed to have stolen them. The owner can obtain the property by application to the officer. Petit Thieves.?Two black boys named Thomas Williams, and William Smith, were caught yesterday, and committed on a charge of stealing a pilot cloth frock coat and a pair of boots, valued at (7 75, tbe property of Charles McGahan, 94 Chapel street. Susan McCarty was arrested yesterday, and locked up for stealing a watch worth the property of Maria Harreman, 471 Washington street. Drowsed Mai* Found.?The body of a man whose name is unknown, was found on Wednesday in tha Kast River, between Rutgers and Pike street. He was clothed in a blue coat with metal buttons, red tlannel undershirt, cotton drilling drawers, and corderoy pantaloons?appeared to be anout 40 years of age. No marks of violence were discovered upon his person, and the Coronerh Jury found a verdect of 4' found drowned." Another Sacrifice on riak Altar or Ri'm?A woman named Nancy Tower, wife of Mayhew Tower, while in a state of intoxication, insisted on accompanying her husband to the foot of Perry street, and accidentally fell overboard while there, ana although immediately rescued, died froai the effects in a short time alter wards.? Coroner's verdict " death by congestion of brain produced hy'immersion in the water." Suicide.?A woman namsd Amy Hagan, during a fit of intoxication, sentone of her children to the drug store of Alexander Smith, 636 Grand street to procure faur cents worth of laudnum, which she swallowed and died soou after. Unknown Man found Dtinc.?The Street Inspector ef the Fifteenth Ward, on the 5th inst, found a man, whose name is unknown, lying alongside of a fence in the Fifth Avenue, between Ninth and Tenth streets, in a stupid and almost senseless state. He ordered him to be sent to the Bellevue Hospital, where he died on Wednesday. He appeared to be about 36 years of a^e, and was dressed in a blue coat with metal buttons, mixed sattinet pants and buff* vest. Damage if* the Mails-?We learn that the pouch :i ?? PLrl^inn s p. UUii'Miuiug man mouci ""?uv MJ/ ^.vy , on the latinst., wa> damaged by fire from the locomotive, communicated to the car occupied by the a^ent. The damage austained was not extensive, extending to a f*w foreign letters, aud to only one directed to this city. Chatham Theatre.?While other establishments are selling out, shutting up, bursting and running away, the Chatham, secure in the iavorofa patronizing public, is in the lull tide of brilliant success.? Jim Crow Rice first started into favor under the fostering care of the flowery boys, and how well he retains their patronage the audiences of the Chatham are proof. The play of the Shoemaker is exceedingly successful. General Sessions. Before His Honorthe Recorder, Judges Nosh and Lynchand Aldermen Benson aad Wood hull. Wm. Shai.ii, Em Acting District Attorney. Afril 7. ? Old Clo' Thitccs ? Two black scoundrels, named Andrew Johnson alias Spicur, and Henry GrilKn alias Semple, were tried tor stealing some clothing Irom David Burgess,o seaman attached to the schooner Mercy. A portion el' the clothing w as found upon them, and the jury found them both guilty. Black Burglars.?This same rascal Griffin, was then tried lor but glary in the third degree in entering the grocery store of .Messrs. Adolph Adams and Aremlo Heherst.at KM) Murif street, on the night of the 13th of March last, and stealing $40 in cash, and groceries va lued at $15.M). He was impleaded with John White and James Miller, but the court granted him the privilege of being tried alone. The prosecution presented uvidence, that the store was entered by lorcing one of thewindow shutters, aud also by a negro boy who is also indicted for burglary. The pnsoner confessed that he had robbed the store, and obtained $3 a piece, aud a watch which was found at Abrahams' where he had pawned it. The jury found him guilty. His partners John White and James Miller, were then tried for the same offence, and both found guilty. More Black Burglars ?Two blacks named AnJrew Johnson ami Joshua Horton, alias Thompson, were then tried for burglaiy in the third degree, in entering the store of Andrew WiUetts & Co , No. 70 Market slip, on the 16th of Decsmber last, and stealing therefrom clothing valued at $31. The prosecution proved that the store was entered through ono of the rear windows of the second story, and also that Horton confessed the robbery. A vest stolen w as found upon tha person of Johnson while he was in court, and identified by Mr. WiUetts. An nvi'rrnat that w us vtnlt ii wna foiinii nf*?r1 i/swl at il.ro. ham'* pawn shop. At Una stage of the proceeding the acting District Attorney stated that the ends of justice required him to ask the court to consent that a nolle prtteqoi should lie tn'ered in the case of Morton, which w as grant) d, and be was then called upon the stand as a witness, an 1 confessed that he. wac present when Johnson entered the store and tobbed it. The jury found him guilty, and the court sentenced him to the Penitentiary for six months on th? charge {of stealing clothing from David nurgess, and six months on the last charge. The Court th> n sentenced Henry Griffon, alias Semple, to the States Prison for live years, on the chargeof tmiglnry, and fined him one Cent on the charge of petit larceny. James Miller, for burglary committed in company with (iritr.'ii and White, was then sentenced to five years, and John White for three years and sis months. Joshua Morton, the colored hoy who was used a witness, was then reprimanded by the Court, and discharged. Moss Bi ?i a Busoi.sss ? Lewis Hewlett and George Dillon, alias Apple Bill, were then tried for breaking onen the crock) ry store of James M. Shaw, No. 70 Chatham street, and stealing glass decanters, Ac. valued at $3*. The panel of the doer was broken open, and the goods removed through it. The Jury found them guilty, anil the Court sentenced Hewlett to three years in the States Prison, and Dillon for two years. The Court then adjourned to this morning at eleven e'e lock. Court Cstlemlar this Day, Cuuit Cm SI.? Nos. 86. 93, 1J4, 138, 137, 105, HI, 170, 134, 90, 109, 119, 144, 173 to 178. Scrraioa Cover?Nos. U, 17, IS, 19, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38 , 39, 30, 34 , 36, 38 , 3 , 5, 31. Court or Commos Pt.r?A? Part 1 ?Nos 47,93,31, 99. 101, 103, 103, 107, H9, III, 113, 115, 117, 173, 177. Tart 3, at -1 o'clock?Nos. 151, 188, 11,40. 06, 194, 176, 8, 44, 315. 136. 181. 184, 32, 63. 9)1, 113, 14, 50, 80,108, 133,160, 181, 168, 3, 148. Ilnnkrupt t.lit. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OK NEW YORK. Frances Gilbertson, carpei for, New York. to bo declared bankrupt May 6 Edward Cobb, mason, New York ? Alfred H Wright, merchaat, do 6 Henry M Smith,broker, do 6 James Banks, teacher, Mt Pleasant 6 Joh^White Whitlock. New York 6 Wnfttstiek Onderdonk, do 6 Asshel Adams, agent, do 6 Abraham Wyekolf, clerk, do 6 Thos Boson I.ippitt. rleik, do 6 llenry D Laiuenee, iron forger, do J as J A Bruce, broker, do 6 lloheri W Peck, Brooklyn 6 John R Church, do 6 i Abm W VanHoeaea,clerk, Poughkeepsio 8 I ., 1IU*S * ' * -V. Uoum Lm|m Convention-- third D?y There were not 150 persons present this day. After the meeting was organised the Basinets Committee wished a Committee on the Book Trade to bt appointed. R. Lockwood, L. .1). Chapin, James Van Norden, and T. B. Walker were namedProfessor Mafis, from the Sugar Committee, re ported a mass of statilica to show that the Sugar Relining Businets would be destroyed if the horitontal tariff went into elfect. It proposed that proper discriminating duties be laid for the protection of Domestic Refined Sugar. Report accep ed. Mr. J Blunt reported a memorial praying Congress to adopt the following preanAte of the first tariff passed in IT1*), as the preamble lo the tariff now about to be enacted ' ?"Whereas it i?neceemry for

the support of government, the payment of the debts of the United States, and the protection si Domestic Manufactures, that duties be feidon foreign goods." Mr. Blunt went on to aay tlkat this was approved by Washington, and ought to be incorporated in the new tariff act. Mr. Blunt also referred to the adoption sf the Constitution, and the debates upots it. And (hat it was intended to protect Commerce and Home Industry. So was this act, which was approved by Washington, Jul) iih, t?cD. Mr. Arnold wished rhe word "faction" in the report, stricken out. He disliked this way of stigmatizing those members ?f Congress that were op posed to them. Other persons were entitled to their own opinions without being stigmatized as " factions." Mr Blunt thought that lh* doctrine of the nullifies onght to have been rebuked, but Ike would strike out the word "faction." It was stricken out and the report adopted. Mr. Oa?lev, from the committee on ire*, coal, and the inanutactures from iron, reported. Mr Ke llpgg read a preamble stating that these subjects were given to three sub-committees. Mr- Oakley said the census in relation to tire iron trade, was very erroneous. The subject waa next to the agricultural interest, the most important ef any in the country. For the last fourteen years the iron j factories west of the Alleganies, were worked at a loss. Others obtained a small profit up to ItHOt In i 1M40 "they suffered great losses; many nave stopped, i and all mn3t stop unless there is a proper protection i We have an enormous disadvantage to contend with in the great expense of fuel to smelt iron, compared ' with England. If protection be given, we shall scon ! be independent ot all countries for iron and coal. , In many places coal and iron are touad close together, the coal can be mined for tweaty-five to fifty cents a ton, and iron at the funnel head of the fur- J nace for $1 a ton. But the expense of getting the \ iron, when made, to New York, ;would be twice as j much as to get it from England and Scotland. The census returns of the iron trade, were wrong. The real statistics were thus I Blastfurnaces 460' \ Their average annual yield tons 773 Kacli ton worth - .. . $39' Total value of iron smelted annually $10 4-29 000 Bloomeries and forgeries 796 These realize by their products annually.... $17 000,000 Whole value of wrougut iron made annually in thiscountry .$06,765,330 Men employed 51.405 Amount paid for labor $18,763,990 Total number of persons sustained by the iron , trade 257,035 These consume annually agricultural products to the amount of $11,726,766. Capital employed in the iron trade exclusive of wood, land, and mines $22,500,000 Capital employed in coal and iron mines, and in wood land* . $8,000,000 Mr- Fisher, from the committee on coal, &c., 1 reported the census returns were all wrong. They I gave but Sfi3,4H9 tons of anthracite coal raised in all, ' whereas the following are the facts: ? Anthracite coal raised annually in the state of Pennsylvania,and sent to tide water . ...par ton 865.444 o. consumed up the interior 160 000 ' 1,025,444 I Value of coal sent to tide water annually.... $4317 145 Bituminous coal raised annually bush. 27,306 000 f Value efthiacoal $4 878.780 I Adults employed 23,176 t Whole number of persons dependent on the , coal trade 90 000 ] These consnme of agricultural products annually $4 097 000 The report went on to state that if the money 1 paid on railroad iron had been laid out here, it jj would have raised the trade to as palmy a state as i, v - j : i. i ' 1 couia dc ucfircu; huh our resources were sucn, a that it was not necessary to import a single pound of I coal or iron (Cheers); and unless a protective duty h was imposed, the coal from Sydney and Pictou y would drive our domestic coal out of the market. n Mr. wiwbi.ow of Troy, reported on cut nails, and t said that a duty of three cents a pound on cut nails, t would be sufficient for protection. t Mr- riplky then read a report on manufactures of \ iron, giving all the details of the trade, taken from ( the census; and added that the amount paid an- c nually for all articles consumed by all the persons c dependent on this branch of business, was over i 810,000.000. He stated the various amounts of ad 1 valorem duty, that the different manufacturers in the iron trade wanted, in order to serve us a protection to their trade. f All the reports were accepted, and referred back for correction. 1 Mr. Shaw, from the Committee on woollen goods, reported that an ad valorem duty on woollen c goods neither afforded a revenue or a proper pro- t tection for woollen manufactures. They must have t specific duties in order to have proper protection, lie gave the following statistics1 Sheep in the United States, 20,000,000 ' Worth $40,000,000 Sheep to an acre of land 3 Land worth per acre $20 a Land required to keep the sheep on acres, 6 000,000 t This land it worth $132,000,000 \ Other products, tic. lie., necessary to raise i the wool $4,000,000 i Wool manufactured annually in the U. S .16*.,50,000,000 a Persona employed 50,000 I Persona dependent on the woollen manufac- < turers'raising of wool 160,000 ! These consume annually of agricultural products $3,750,000 That require* a value in land to austain thtm of $30,000,000 | Total bales of wool raised annually at 35 . centiaponnd $17,500,000 Provisions employed for support of the manufacturers, tic $3,750,000 j Perrons employed and connected with the 1 manufacture af woollen goods and raisingofwool 160 000 . These consume annually of agricultural ( products $22,000,000 [ The Report concluded by saying that if Conpreps l would not give a protective duty to protect the 12j 1 per cent employed in the woollen manufactures, t they would thereby destroy the remaining 87i per 1 cent employ*:! in agriculture. * The report was accepted and referied back. J Mr. dsisier) from the Committee on Auction Duties, presented a report which cut up the import ers pretty severely- The report said that a duty of i 5 per cent ought to be put upon auction sales. 1 Some gentleman wished the report amended so as ? to ask for a duty of 3 per cent on auction sales and * a duty of 5 per cent on piece sales , Mr. kili.ooo wished ihe slur upon the emigration 1 of foreigners struck out, as contrary to the spirit of ourlaws and institutions. Mr. Driskfr meant broadly to assert that the trade of the city of New York was absorbed by fo- } roigners. Il was a bad stale of things; but foreign- ! ers swallowed every ihing. j Gen. Tali.m adoe said that it was a fact that Si t per cent of the importations were on foreign ac- i count; and halt of the balance were to com mission j houses ; eoihatonly 10 per cent of the business was i done strictly by Americans for American interes s. f Alva* G Stewart said that he regarded those foreigners, the importers, who come here to sponge up the silver and told of the country, as the vermin 1 ? (laughterf?ihe blood mckersjof the country. A! 8 ready Mi per cent ot the shipping interest was in fo- , reign hands ; and thsy were perfectly slaughtering American interests?they were actually tomahawk- ? ing of it. (Laughter-) And these men with their t immense wealth and influence, have erected their presses here?nearly all the presses were under them?and they" were all the time manufacturing public opinion. lie would send all these , men baek to their own country. This conduct of ( these foreign importers and traders in thus flooding t our market with goods, whs "a branch of moral trea- i son to the United States, and ought to be punished accordingly. Gen Tali maoge begged to correct the gentle- ! man, the fault was not with foreigners for coming ( here and trading w iih U3 honestly according to our , laws; the fault was with our legislators (Ap- ] plause ) I Mr 11. GREELr r reported on the principle of pro- < tection. His report was frequently applauded. I Mr. Joh.vathaw Chase, of Schenectady, said that ' great blame should be attached to the merchants ^ here who cried up foreign goods, and cued down American goods He wished every body to speak in praise of American goods?he wished every body to wear them?(cheers ) lie didn't want to go round from house to house to ask person j to wear nothing but American goods; but before he left home he a-ked his wife it she would be satisfied to wear American cottons for frocks, petticoats and underclothes, Arc. (as we uiderstood him, though we heard him imperfectly all across that large room) ?and his wife said she was willing to sign a pledge to wear nothing else. (Laughter and cheers )? i And if Congress would'nido any thing for Ameri can industry we bum go round and get up societie and get all to sign a pledge to wear or use no to reign goods. (Loud cheer*-) We are told thai i the wool interest be not prelect* d, our sheep will b( killed and their skins thrown by the road aideVary well,when it comes to that we'll collect all th< r.nn'a horns (laughter and cheer*) and after playini to our wives and daughters on instruments of Amen can manufacture, we'll go in a body to Washington and with them ram's horns we'll surround the Capi tol- (Loud cheers and roars of laughter ) And Sir there will be something very signigticant in our sur rounding the halls of our Congress seven days ant seven nights with ram's horns- (Continued cheer and roars of laughter.) And we'll see what wil come out of it. (Loud applause.) I don't meat the rain's horn, but Congress- (Cheers and laugh ter.) Mr- Havc* reported on the eftect of protection. Gen-Ed-Ooodwis, objected to the political al lti?ionsh) it, and to the terina "political'log-roliing ' ?(Gen. Goodwin is a dayman and Mr- Havens ii a locofoco) and thought that it reflected invidiousl; on some of the warmest friende of American In duatry- (Mere the allusion to Mr. Clay was ap Dlauded The report was referred back to the committee. The reception of reports was then suspended. A motion was earned to tax each man in stead of $1 rtt^to pay expenses of printing. Dr. J. W. Thompson, from Delaware, men olfcr ed a resolution relative to the wearing of clothes o American mautrfectores only, by ladieaand gentle n.en. Dr. T. said that the ladies of Delaware hat liiven up the use of foreign silks altogether; wc thought we understood him to say, had given then to their negroes or servants ; and the Dda ware ladies were now, much-to their honor and credit, and the advantage of their personal appearance, clad in ginghams, and domestic stripes?He did iwtsay oi whot color the stripes they b?d on them were. He hailed it as a proud ere-in oar history, that the ladies should take a pride in- being seen with domestic stripes on themFTe spoke so low that we oonld not hear what his resolution was exactly. We learnt, however, that it was precisely similar in purpart to the following, which was written out byonoof the business com mittee to be offered the day before:? Resolved, That, whereas-, in times of public distress, an appf jl to American females it nu? to bring relief to theii suffering countrymen; and as they have a deep interest ir that secnrity to American interests by the promotion o, Home Rotor which this convention is assembled to pro mote, it is now their duty as it will betheir lasting honoi to become temperate in the use of these luxuries ; and o foreign fabrics, which our country is not allowed to poj for with-its surplus produce,-and cannot afford to run ir debt forany longer without imminent risk of ruin to oui families ;.an<tas they approve of total abstinence of use less and demoralizing ardent spirits, it is expected tha they will also abstain as far as possible from wearing th< costly hiKuries and Haunting fabrics of countries whi have no sympathy with our American principles 01 morals. Mr. Snireow was glad to see such a resolution Men and womea of the United Statss ought to feel proud to wear domestic goods, even if they didn'i look quite so tine as the lereign. He had worn ihem since 1809, and so had his wife and daughters (Applause)'And he was never so sorry in all his life as worn his house was robbed,, and he had a good suit of slothes, made of American broad cloth, stolen. That was a good many year9 ago. (cheers) Mr. Dxicvy said, that capital silks were made at Economy, in Pennsylvania. Mr. Cnoaiss said, that the ladies of the Revolution wore homespun, and that inspired the men. Only get the ladies to come up to the mark, and the men would always be inspired to stand to theii task? (Lanxhter and cheers).?no mistake about it. When they had the ladies along ade of them to stir them up, and animate them to their duty? (Laughter)?the. men could always go ahead like a ship under full headway. (Roars of laughter and applause) lie hoped they would recommend all the members of Congress to wear nothing but home made goods, and all the members of each State Legislature. (Cheers) He was glad to see the ladies brought in to assist the Home League. It was a good sign that they'd do what was right by theii country. (Applause and laughter.) Mr. Crakb said he had some lady neighbor] who wore fine cloaks bought in Paris, (he pronounced the word 'lPare?hiss,") beautiful cloaks: and ladies as they went home from the House of God would actually point at them cloaks. (Laughtet md applause.) He was afraid this would be a bad example, and that his daughters might covet to have mch cloaks also; or, if they didn^t, that the blush Tight be brought to their cheeks when asked why hey wern't as fine as their lady neighbors We've rot so now that we arn't satisfied with wearing French silks, but we must actually have our clothes nade up in Pans. (Laughter) We're becoming so lerfectlv foreignized that I really believe if Sam 'etch had been a foreigner he'd have pocketed jou.uuu ociore n? was muea. A young man from Vermont said, we needn't buy ny more capes and caps for ladies' dresses from 'ranee, for there is a lady in Vermont, said he, who las taught several young ladies to weave by the ard, alikinds of things; and they've succeeded adnirably. and the resuU of their labors in weaving by he vara was equal to any thing foreign We have he Done, and sinew, and muscle, to make every hing, if we only use it right; (Cheers;) and we have vomen 10 help us in our domestic manufactures. Cheers ) And if we do this we shall live; and if we lon't, I verily believe we shall die ! (Laughter and theers ) All the legislation in the world will not nake better times until we all wear American idanufactures. The resolution was put and carried. Thanks were then given to Boardman tc Hart, or a present of inkstands, paper, weights, See., iVc Mr. Fisheh proposed that the convention should lold an evening session. Mr. Bluist hoped that no session would be held ifter dinner; in these sessions they might be apt to &ke some action that was not exactly prudent. He vas therefore opposed to an after dinner session. An invitation was received froin the American Exchange Lyceum, 35S Broadway, and accepted, rhe convention adjourned till 9 next morning. {ft?- CHATHAM THEATRE?This eveningTs^l ipart for the benefit of J. R. Scott, and ia addition to the nany claims he has upon the frequenter* of the Chatham vhieh are alone sufficient to fill the house to overflowng, he presents a most attractive entertainment, comaencing with Shakspoare's tragedy of Cotiolanus, Scot! is the hero, with the powerful aid of Hield.Stevens, Mrs. Hake, Miss Mestayer, lie., in the prominent parts ; and oneltuling with the successful historical drama of the Shot-maker of Tolouse, Scott as Jacob Odet, and Mrs. Thome as Margaret FRANKLIN THEATRE?It is astonishing to lee the number of prires of f S an 1 *-2 20 given away at his Theatre. We do not understand it. We wish the Manager would inform us what can be his motive for jiving away such large sums nightly, besides a good hree hours entertainment for one shilling an i two shiliogs. QtJ- MR. BARNUM, of the American Museum, with be liberality for which he is proverbial, has set apart his day and evening for the benefit of Mr. Davidson, ancy glass blower, who was a severe sufferer by the ate great lire. The public gederally, and especially the IVashingtonians,of whom Mr. D. is one, will embrace his opportunity to assist the unfortunate. Winchcll. he prince of comic drollerists, Mans. Penson, La Petite >leste, the dancer, and others, have volunteered, and vill give a splendid performance. That little witch of a Jipsey Oirl will also exhibit her wonderful power. 0(7- PF. ALE'S MUSEUM ?Away with mcloncholly larrington'i benefit and last appearance?Misj Care, ine Rubina and Mr. Austin.?T.:is establishment will iti'ord a perfect " feast of reason and flow of sonl." Mas ncuuscus inuii-3 huh .new (UiK lauirs, < ,o.i men mem ; v i 11 till the one ball of the house, and the young harder ex, nothing daunted, will not be outdone, and a perfect am may be expected. Wc love crowd*, and ihall go My. 03" LAST NIGHT BUT ONK OF ROCKWELL'S CIRCUS.?Thi? evening, the old Yorker, Downie, w ho tan clowned forthe ringthe last twenty or thirty yean, akrs hii Benefit. We hope it will tie a good one. It it s not. Aleck will not grow l about it; for he liai bctn utfeted about so often by fortune that he has got used to t. Good or bad, how ever, he never fails to crack hii ikes, and those who do not go to see him to-night w ill niss arich treat. The company is to Lave on Monday, ind no mistake. [trf- IE "HE THAT WINS MAY LAUGH," surely he publishers of the Yankee Nation may; for it hat lomehow got a wonderful circulatiou "iu these parts." The present number is printed on better paper than isual, and is full of rtcktreke matter. Tales, Poetry, and lelightful stories, (none of which are continued in num leu long drawn out,) form a distinguishing feature ir his mammoth weekly. Trice 6) cents. J. A. TUTTLH, Agent, 31 Ann street, N. Y. Q(J- FOR HAVANA, HO '.?The fine ship Hellespont lails this day; the paes. ngers Jare requested 'e look al he card ol Mrs. West, in another column. Her new es ablishment isoneof the most superior hoarding housei u the Indies. (try- THERE MAY BE CASES WHERE THE rue Balm of Columbia has not reproduced the hair on mid he* Is when properly applied, but they must be rare or those where it has, ate so numerous nnd respectably tuthenticated.asto command, not a belief, but a knowledge that it will do it. Colonel Stark has used it foi fifteen years, as a most perfect and only antidote to dar, Irutf, and a stay and tonic to weak and thin hair. Hr procures it at 71 Maiden lanp, and like hundreds of others could not be inJuced to give it up, having at various times tried nearly all other articles recommended fertile hair, and returned again to the Balm.?J winal i f Com mtrci. Off"" TOM BELL," the famous auctioneer, and sometimes called " Parson Bell," says he owes much to Dr. Sherman's Lozenges If he has a cold or cough, s few of the genuine cough lozenges cure it in a few hours ; if a headache, the camphor lozenges relieve it in a few minutes. No matter what ails him. Sherman'i Lozenges he says are all he requires, and nothing ht vsr took is half so pleasant and efficacious. He is par ticnlar to get Sherman's medicines from 10i Nassau street, and never trusts the ephemeral catch-penny art! cles of the day. Agents, 8 State street, Bolton . Ledgei Buildings, Philadelphia. POSTSCRIPT.' > {)[J- For our usual SouM.trn Correspondence. Sff., by this morning'e Mail, ate fourth page. --" SSF?-a"?-1 ADMINISTRATION PATRIOTIC : MASS MEETING. ilcscue the Country! Support the Govern" ment! Organise ! OrganKe f Organize I i <)(}- THE ENERGIES OF THE COCNTRV ARE f PARALIZED?the wheels of Uoeernjunt are clogg. d 1 by the faction* that are intriguing for y.ewer. To th> ?< ' high minded and honorable men are aacrillced, aa well a> the honor and intereata of our common Chantry. ah noncsi inu puinouc mentis 01 mo administration - ? all men who respect the powers "that be"?all who prefer the intereata of the country to the ambitious asp:' rings ef factious demagogues?all who are in favor ef ' giving tn organized support to the Gnersl Govrrnment arc rnfuested to mot at Washington Hall, on Pnirur Eri.ni*!>, April S'.h, at 9 o'clock, for the purpose af No minating a "Tyler Whig candidate" for Mayor,, and passing such resolutions as the exigencies of the times demand. SUICIDE ?No man will ever commit suicide if he will only correct his despondency with a couple of Peters'Cordial Lozenges; for they posseets the faculty of at once dispelling low spirits, and unfurling the win^sr of hope, until if soars beyond the vexations of the spirit, the cares of the world, and the temptations of the evil one. These loz%nges will also cure a headache in a few ' minutes; and Dr. Peters has othera which cannot be ' ; i quailed as remedies lor coughs, worms, and sea-sick> aeas. Offices, Wf Broad way, island 330 Bewery, 416 I' Hudson, 63 Kulton, and21UChatham streets, and90 North Sixth street, Philadelphia. Beware of frauds;?there i- are other lozenges in the field, but Peters-'are the only owes that are equal to the fight. 00- TO COEFDE DRINKERS.?Who will reflect ure? their tremuloue.agitated and indescribable feelings after taking coffee,cannot but foel that coffee iathe cause of it. Thousands have found this oat, and^qtrit it, and thousands more would do so if they reflected on the facts. Sooner or later it must and will effect the ner, vouaoystem. ? Ales. H. Stevens. M D., New York, the celebrated > Surgeon; John C. Wtirtira, M D., Join* Ho me.vs. M D., f: Jacoe- Biiiki.ow, M. D , E. Reynolds, M. D., G-xobge . Hirwiss, M. D., Walteb Channino, M. D., Boston: r Chables D Meigs, M. D.,' Philadelphia, celebrated f physicians have vouehed, and the cartifiAcates may , be seen at 71 Maiden lace, that the cocoa paste ]. sold there has a better flavor than the best coffee, is p prepared more easily, and cannot possibly have any of . the bad affects of coffee. A great number of families t bave found this out, and use this artiele now entirely,in 3 place of tea or coffee. It is delightful anl economical, , and should come into universal use. It haa-none of the r oily matturs of common cocoa or chocolate. fcy- TAKE GIIANDJEAN'S MEDICATED Composition?No. 1 Barclay street. He is the only man who I Las-devoted himself particularly to the study of diieaaeo t of the hair. Archimedean Screw. (XT* NOTICE is hereby given, that the nndersigsed has been appointed sole agent for the United States of 1 Amerioa, of Smith's Patent Archimedean Screw Propeller, and is prepared to contraot for licenses to use the same. Any information on this subject may ba had of him at 64 Pine street. RUSSELL STURGIS. New York, March 1.134H. al lm City Despatch Post. 46 WlLLIA-msTBETT. Pbiecieal Oepice-Letters deposited before half past a La If nml 10 a,ul half aatt N n'-Wlr mil! K? unl mil 1 for delfvery at 9i 1 and 4 o'clock. Bwanch Orrises.?Letters deposited before I, H and i o'clock, will be sent out ior delivery at 9,1 and 4 o'clock. ALEX. M. GREIG Agent. MONK Y MARKET* Thuriday, April T-? P. M. 1 The Board of Brokers appointed a committee a day or two since to examine into the condition of the Indiana bonds, in relation to the distinetion drawn between tha i suspended debt and the debt proper. The committee have reported that no distinction can be made, and the Board passed a recommendation to-day that the bonds should be received by those under contract, without distinction.? The result was a fall of 1 per cent in the prices. There is a general disposition to get clear of them altogether. Illinois 6's fell 1} ; Mohawk improved} ; Harlem }.? Sales of Treasury Notes I|a9; bills on Charlestowa 1} a 3. The New Hope and Delaware Bridge Company of New Jersey have discontinued their redemptions in Philadelphia. It has been sustained some time by a little swift kiting between Philadelphia and this city. Some further large failures were announced to day in the dry goods line, particularly a large silk bouse. The pressure among holders of foreign manufactures is very severe, from the stagnation of trade and the fall of prices. The stock of goods are so large here that prices could net be much improved even bj t kigh tariif. We have again a few days later from England, the details of which will be found under the news head. The markets do not appear to have undergone any material change. The condition of the Bank of England to the first lof March, as compared (with the previous month? was as follows :? Bank or England. Feb. 1. March 1. lucre ate. Circulation, 16.630.oC0 16789.000 139,000 Depnsilet, 6,506.000 8 951 000 4 49,000 Securities, 29,660.000 23.999 000 419.000 Bullion, 6,237,000 5,687,000 450.00# Thii return correspond* with the reduction of the rate of interests published en the date of our last arrival. In American Stock nothing was doing, although a great deal of feeliDg was displayed by the holders. It appears an agent has been despatched to see what can be done, or, aa the LonJon Journals have it, to represent the danger of not paying. They may possibly discover that the "danger" was in lending only. The question whether the "bill changing the mode of appointing Bank Commissioners, should become a Law j notwithstanding the objections of the Governor," was taken in the Senate yesterday, and the bill rtjected by a vote of 16 to 14 noes At New Oileans, $40,000 in specie arrived from Mexi. co on the 03th ult. The Treasurer of the State of Pennsylvany has issued the following notice to the Banks : Treasury Office of Pinxstlvaxia. Ta the Cashier of Sir?In order that the notes of your Bank may be re ceived in payment of Tell",Taxes, and other Revenues of the Commonwealth, you are required to make a Specie Deposit at this otfice of Five Thousand dollars ; or to the credit of the Commonwealth, specially, in your Bank, for the redemption of such of y our notes as might be received for Revt nue ; or make such other arrangements as will be satisfactory to the Bank and this Office ?otherwise they cannot be received at this office. 1 design issuing a circular to the Collectors of Tolls, and designating the Bauks, the notes of which will be received. Your early reply is repcctfully requested. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, I JOB MANN, State Treasurer, i IIarri8burg, March 31,1343. This is a curious proceeding in many points of view but it may.be considered chiefly in that of "black mail.* The bank capital of Penntylvauia is $13,296,40*, exclu* sive of those which have stopped 5 per cent on this will yield $914,330. For this sum the State Treasury will endorse all the bauks by receiving them for taxes, under the supposition that any citizen will bo fool enough to olfer them when he can get "relief notes'' for half price. Any bank that will not pay this a per cent levy is to bo discredited forthwith. in the debate on the loan bill of the House,in the Se. nato, Mr. Evans endeavored to make it appear that the debt of the government would, at the end of the pre | sent year,lie but $17,000,0*1), because the Treasury Notes I outstanding would be absorbed in the customs. This is , clearly a mistake of the honorable gentleman, who seems to forget that to the same amount that the Treanu ry Notes are absorbed by the customs,to the same i xt< nt i must means be raised to meet the current expenses. Ho shows, and wc think correctly, that the revenues of the 1 government will be but $16,000,000 for the year, instead of $19,000,000, as estimated by the Becrctsry at the com UICMVOMVM. v. tH? ^ . ?>ic wrje wuiuated at $31,0(0,000. including $7 000,000 of Treasury Not** The Treasury Note* issued and authorised, are $13,000,000?the funded debt, created aud proposed, $17,000,000 I These two sums make $-19,000 000 of debt. Now, then under the supposition that the Treasury Notes will all be relumed forcustoms, the money revenue for thcyear will be $4 000,000. The expenditures, exclusive of Treasury Notes, will be $13,#00,000. This will leave a deficit of $10,000,000, to meet which, if the loan could be realized at par, there would !>e $10,000,000. leaving a deficit of $0,51)0,000, which, added to the funded debt, will ba $10,600,000 ; but it is highly improbable that the loan will realize more than $10,900,000, leaving $1 000,000, to be added to the debt, which w ill make it $2? VOO.OOO ? Again, Mr. trans opposes the repeal of the land bill, yet by his own statement, the amountof Treasury Notes now in the Treasury, received for customs and lands, is $3,500,000. If Treasury Notes depreciate much, it will ' encourage the purchase of land. We will then suppose there are $2,000,000 of land sold, and payment made in Treasury Notes. The Federal Government debt will romain the same, because, although the Notea are retired, yat the land bill continuing in force, the Federal Government would awe the States the 000,009 thus retired, which it would hare to go into the market, and borrow at exorbitant rates to pay over ; the debt w ould thus be raised to $98,509,#00 at the close of tha present

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