Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 10, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 10, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. I fltw York. Sunday. April 10, IMS, Important from Albinjr?Puiagt of the School Bill. The famous Public School Bill, which has excited so much speculation has at length passed the Senate , and only wants the concurrence of the House in u few immaterial amendments. On Friday night at . half past eleven, the final vote was taken, as follows :? A?r.??Messrs. Bartlett, Bockee,Clark, Denni?ton,Ely, Faulkner, Foster, Hunter, Tjige, Ruge.-, Sherwood, Strong, Varney?13 Nxt??Messrs. Dickinson, Krsnklin, Fiirman, Hard Hepkins, Hunt, Nicholai, I't ck. Rhoides, Root, Vsrisn, y Works?11. It will be seen that Varian, Franklin and Furnian' from the 1st district, voted against the bill, and that Mr. Scott, from the same district was absent. Mr Corning "paired < iF'with Mr. Piatt, and Mr. Dix on, Hawkins, Johnson and Taylor were absent. All the whips in the Senate voted against the bill. A motion to reconsider was lost by a vote of 13 to 11 The bill is thus passed, and will be returned to ^ the House for concurrence, and then receive the signature of the Governor. O-k.o Kill I.Q. imnn,l.n, hparin , at tlia luiouiiiu?i OUIIIHWIU". > >ire lection on Tuewlay. It takes one ot the candidates for Mayor out of the field. Charles O'Connor 4 was nominated by the Independents,or Catholics, on the contingency that the Public School Law inicht not pass. That being now passed Charles O'Connor, of course, retires from the field, and the ladedependents are good boys again. On the reception of this news last evening, the Independents assembled simultaneously at St. John's Hall, and approved of the course of the Legislature. Three cheers were then given lor WJ. liana B. Maclay, three groans for Isaac L. Varian and Scott, and the meeting then dispersed with an understanding that Thomas O'Conner was to be withdrawn as a candidate for mayor, which announcement will be made by the General Committee of the Independent Democrats on Monday morning. IIome I.eagie Coxvextion.?This was a very respectable association, but it did not seem to amount to much practically. A collection of the same number ofpersons, picked up at random from the hotels, would possess as much information?influence? moral power?or practical use. The League seems to be a hep-hazard collection of respectability, politics, sell-interest, ignorance, some knowledge, and much vanity. The day is past when such leagues or conventions can promulgate new facts, or create a great influence. We will venture to assert, that we can select two or three writers and reporters intheofiice of the Herald, who, on the subject of political economy, could beat the whole " League," in an accurate knowledce of facts, sound principles, comprehensive views, and statesmen-like conceptions on trade and commerce. And we will further say?and say positively, too?thatjn the office of the Herald we possess more and better materials on political economy than the whole "league," "institute," "convention," or what you please to call it. These conventions are only so many respectable old women put into breeches, and meeting together to have a talk for their own amusement. General "Jallmadge, i'roiessor Mapes, and a few other practical men, seem to be the only sensible spirits in the lot?the rest are "All leather and prunella." We advise them to go home to their farms and work shops. One tound, practical, philosophical farmer, is of more uae to the country?to science?than all j the conventions that all the politicians of any age can'get up, in show up, and blow oil'their steam. Charter Elections ? New York city is in astate f excitement on the chatter elections, which takes place next Tuesday. There is an extraordinary confusion of parties in the majority of the wards, ( and what party or faction will carry the corporation, ] so one can tell. We have now five regular parties . in the field?1, the locofocos?2, the whigs?3, the ( Independents?4, the Patriots and 5, the Abolitionists. This last party came up like a submarine explosion on Friday evening last at Washington Hall. Great fun expected to-morrow and Tuesday. A FirrH Candidate ron Mayor.?We find the following in the American : ? The Right of Petition sacred, Freedom of Speech, and of the Tress, Equal Rights, Equal Laws, and exact Justice. Lismtt P.4btt Abolition Nomination. For Mayor, THOMAS F. FIELD. JHattea or Reflection for Captain Tyler.? The " New York Express," and " Commercial Advertiser," profess to support, the administration of ( President Tyler. How is it that they invariably ( ab use all Tyler meeting?, ai d support all the Clay ( meetings! Call you this backing your friends! Fat.?The "New York Express" concern has a 1 Post Office job worth 81,000 per week?yet when a meeting in favor of the administration is held it is denounced as a " G lent worth allair-" Is this fair! Ought not Captain Tyler look to it ! Specie Payments ?We are again under obligations to Adam? and Co., Smith, and Hurlbut tc Co., i for Hartford and Boston papers in advance of the mail. Our exchange papers creep in two or three I hours after. Important rnom Ua\ ana.? By the Natchez from Havana, we learn that the Government has had another difficulty with the British Consul. On the arrival of the British steam ship Tay from Vera Cruz, the person having charge of the mail was required to g ve it up, which he refused, and in consequence was arrested and put in prison. The Cousul immediately dispatched a veasel to the Admiral on the | West India station fur the purpose of getting him to bring a sufficient power to enforce a release. S.apest Sioht Under the Sun.?T?vo hundred thousand female? in Canada in want of employment. The Montreal Times says: " If we had Lowell in this Province, it would benefit the country more than ?ufy thousand r(gulai ? " The First Gun?Nomination of IIenrt Clay. ?A Whig Convention in North Carolina has formally nominated Henry Clay for the next Presidency?the election in 1*12. This will probably te I the aiornAl (or pvprtr ftlhor < lndulafN tn fair a lli? I field, as follow*:?Martin Van Buren,General Scolt, Commodore Stewart, General Cass, James Bechanan, Colonel Dick Johnson, Captain Tyler, Captain Stnrgeasof Boston, Arc Arc. City Intelllgmre. Police ?As Mr. James Walker, of lit Broadway was entering his premise* yesterday morning, he percaired a man who says hi* name is Patrick O'Neal emerging forth with a back load of boots and shoes that he h. d stolen from the show case usually placed at the door ? ' The rogue was collared, his booty resovered and his ' body placed in durance vile for the time being. Stole a Watch ?Barbara I?owry stole a watch frcm Robert Mark, corner of Canal and Centre streets. Don Chaos THirvr?.?Two tioys named Daniel Cunningham and David lliberts were arreated yesterday, on s charge of stealing two dog chains from somebody, and the owner can find them at the Police. ????? ^ Scoan Chop i? St Caotx ? We 1 arn from St. Croix, (hat the crops this jcar will b? shorter than h*A been xnotrn for forty years?the estimated product of Sugar being only 9iM.) hhds. American produce extremely depressed. Small Pox ta Sixo Stxo Psieox ?The email pox still prevails m the prison at this place. There are now toon- fitteen or sixteen ca*es at the hospital in the male prison, and one or two at the femtle prisonThere have been one or two deaths. There have keen in all between tw^n-y five anj thirty cases-? Sing Sing Paptr, April 5 F*om Tampico ?By the ApaUchicola from Tampico, which port she lelt on the 221 instant, we leans that a rumor was atl >at ia that town, that the Mexican Government ww busy m raising troops for the invasion of Texan.?-wc Orltan*, March 2tT km Revolution In Parties In Blew Yorlr?Birth of the Patriot Party, A most singular condition of tilings it taking place in New York. From the confusion thnt hue overtaken all old parties, a new movement has sprung up?and the first decided demonstration was exhibited at Washington Hall on Friday evening ? We understand they call themselves the 14 Pa triots," a name given them by Capting .1 antes Mon roe?and that they intend to support the present administration against the factions in Congress?that they are organizing all over the city, not somuch for the charier as for the autumn election?and that they intend to have a great PATRIOT MASS MEKTISO To morrow evening, at live o'clock, in the Park.? They have nominated, as we have already stated, Cxr rise; James Monroe as their candidate for Mayor. To this nomination Capting Munroe has signified his acceptance, in his own peculiar modest way, as follows:? Casting JaMes Mon?oe'? Ccriocs Letter cr Acc kftanc e. Deas Sir :? 1 learn from tho papers of the day and through you, ili,i ,1 , h?l,l last rveniDff at Washiug ton Hall, under (he call of a " Tyler Meeting," &c. &tc , my name was put in nomination for Mayor oi this city. While I am at all time* grateful for the expression of good feeling and confidence from auy portion of my fallow citizens, it is due to myself to state that my name, as you know, was used w holly without my knowledge. ITnder the circumstances, identified as I am with one of thu prominent parties of the country, 1 cannot be expected other than promptly to decline your nomination The use of my name and the very singular resolutions published seem to call for seme expression on my part. 1 am always ready to give an honett, frank and liberal support to the Federal Executive, asour institutions cannot be sustained by any otber course ol' policy. I neither approve or coadetnn in whole the acta of the present executive ; nor am I willing to be identified as one of its partizans. The puhlic mind has been too much taken up for years with min-worihtp, party and ipctJi. It is new time that the great interests of the country should be looked to. In the promotion of this object 1 am ready to lend my feeble aid wi'hout regard to party or meu?short of this I have no object to answer. I beg in conclusion, to state, that I see named as offi cers of the meeting, several who fill important posts in the Custom House. I cannot believe that they were present or sanctioned the use of their names ; if so, they must be deeply impressed as PATRIOTS with the importance of the crisis and the necessity ol such a meeting; otherwise they would not risk every thing, knowing, ui tliev do, that their office* must be tho sacrifice under the declarations of the President. I am, respectfullv, JAMES MONROE. To Alexander Hamilton, Esq. From reading this unique and peculiar document, simple persons might suppose that Captain Monroe had declined the nomination, through modesty or some other virtue?had in fact given a veto. No such thing- Captain Monroe has read Shakspeare, and accepts the nomination as King Richard did the crown, thus:? " Will you enforce me to a world of cares 7 Well, call them again ; 1 am not made of stone, But penetrable to your kind entreaties, Albeit against my conscience and my soul. Cousin of Buckingham,?and you, sage, grave men,? Since you will buckle fortune on my back, To bear her burden, whe'r I will, or no, I must have patience to endure the load." In this vein does Capting Monroe mean to be understood, and with this understanding will the glorious new Patriotic Partv meet to-morrow evening in the Park, and support both Capting Tyler and Capting Monroe, per f.u nut nefai, and frighten the whigs out of their breeches. The "Patriots" don't expect to elect the Capting our next mayor?they merely want to plant the seed in the spring so that they can reap the corn in the fall ?give as many votes as they can, and begin on a clean, cash capital, however small. It will be seen, therefore, that we have now five parties in the field, as follows Parties. Candidates fir Mator. Democratic or Locofoco party, Robert H Morris, Abolition, Thomas F. Field, Whig, J. P Phoenix, Independents,or Catholics, Charles O'Connor, Patriots, or administration men. Capting Jamei Monrss, The organization and birth of the latter party a' Washington Hall, has given great and mortal offence to the whigs. Now, the whigs are generally very hostile to John Tyler, and the Patriots for? generally that portion of the old whigs, who think and believe that the President has not been treated fairly, and ought lo have a fair chance. At the recent whig meetings at National Hall, President Tyler has generally been bitterly denounced, or sneered at as a traitor and imbecile. This has given great offence to a large portion oi moderate men, and hence the parturition of a new party?a party of men who intend to support the government and country in opposition to factions and cliques. They take the name of" Patriots," as given them yyuapung Monro*, ana a very uajmai uamc n id. Great excitement is expected during the enauing election. No one can predict the result of the present state of confusion. Albany, [t'orref jMindiiict of the Herald.] Albany, Friday, 12 o'clock, P M. April 9ih, 1S42. Tbia has been another busy day in the Legislature The bill providing for the redemption of Lhe safety fund bank notes, and the replenishing ?f the safety fund, which has passed the House, was under discussion, but was laid on the table, in order to make way for the Senate bill on the same subject. The proposed constitutional amendment for the reorganization of the judiciary, was adopted in the afternoon session ?ayes t<7, nays 18. Mr. Hoffman's bill to secure the more equal valuation ef taxable property was read a third time snd passed?ayes 55, nays 53. The Senate, by an almost unanimous vole, refused to concur in the resolution from the House, to extend the session one week, and the Heuse [hereupon receded from its amendment, throwing >pen the extra session. Therefore, on Tuesday text, the Legislature adjourns, to convene again jn the 16.h August, for the exclusive purpose of reorganizing the congressional districts. The New York school bill was hurried through the Senate. It was ordered to a third reading about t o'clock, when Mr. Foster moved that all intervening business be laid on the table, and the bill have its third reading at that lime. Mr. Dickinson took the floor, and offered a substitute for the bill, which the Senate refused to adopt, and Mr D continued speaking for about an hour, evidently against time. The question was taken on the final passage of the bill, and the result was ayes 13, nays 12 So the bill passed. Mr. 1-VRMAN then gave notice of his intention to innve a reconsideration of the vote. Mr. Foster moved a reconsideration now. This was objected to as out of order. The President however decided it to be in order. Mr Foster then remarked that his sole purpose was to prevent a useUss waste of the time or the Senate. The question on reconsidering then was put and lost. , Mr. Fciman remarked that the vote, and that many of the opponents of this bill not being aware )l the determination to hurry it through, were ibsent. The Committee of Conference on the subject of he State Prison bill, reported it, and it was passed n both houses, and has becrms a law. The bill -nforces the law of 1885? provides for the appnintnent of a commissioner to visit the northern iron nines, and breaks up the contract system, abrogaing ail existing contracts on the 1st of May. The a*t e'ause is the of the Committee of fonfaeauaa PiVf llf PUPkll :Fr< in theK'imny Ann*, Apri' S ] Roth branches of the legislature apply themselves with great assiduity. Tha honsa, and somstimes the Senate, have held three ifaiiew eaeh day- 1 <aat night the Hou-m ?at until 10 o'clock. The Senat- thi? moining nen-coaeurre 1 ia the reaolution of the Home to extend the session a week. So, that the nctiioa terminate! on the 12th i in*t. ] The committee of conference reported the State . Prison II II, and it wa? passed, nnd has become a law [It enforce* the law of l?3o, provides for the 1 appointment ?f a commissioner to visit the northern I iron inmea, nnd breaks ap the contract system, abrogating all existing contracts on the 1st May, 1843.] ' Pasvoao Hatik DcbTaovcD e\ Fiaa.?The Pascos# Bank, situated about seventeen miles north- ' west front this city, was last night destroyed by fire I We have not yet learned the particulars, hut will give them should we receive them before going to press. I We can learn no particulars in relvion to the | above, excepting th? fire made a clear sweep? i building, contents, df ?Prmubnct Vhromtlt, April 8. Prevent ?ve Pollfe-JT#. ?, I The establishment of adequate police protection chiefly affects the interest* of the whole community. The rich hare no inducement to invest their capital in our city, when a lawless mob in the wild delitium of excited passion, may, without check, destroy their entire property. We cannot expect industrious mechanics te make it their residence, when their hard earning?, the labor of years, may be, in an instant, scattered to the winds. It is only by affording sure and certain protection both to person and property that wa can derive any aid from these sources,and secars to ourselves the'advantaees of eur position. Were our municipal system perfected, the higher rate of interest which capital yields in the city, compared with the country, would cause it to flow here, and this, conjoined with the greater facility of collecting and exchanging, would invite trade, and consequently would promote the interests of all classes of t'~e community. We have now a peculiarly fitting occasion to bring about this salutary reform, when we have at the head of our city government so zea'.oua and independent a Mayor as the present incumbent; fearless and honest in the discharge of his duty, he will receive the support of all who have at lieart the preservation of order and the maintenance of justice ?of all whose love of country rises above their de votion t? party; in fine, of all who desire the welfare and prosperity of the great Commercial Emporium I'hero in a reciprocal obligation bet ween the magistrate and the pcop'e; it is expected from the farmer that he will propose and advise suck salutary changes and reforms as his wisdom and foresight may seem necessary lor the public weal; it is due from the latter that they examine and scrutinize the propositions that are submitted to them, and that they aid and support an enlightened public officer, if his views arc found calculated to advance the publie interests. It is a source of great satisfaction that we can assure the public that the new plan, both in its preventive and correctional character, will not prove so expensive to the city, even in primary outlay as that now in operation. Wc r.ave at present invented in lot* ueed by fire department, engine houses, watch houses, ike., the sum of $896,440. The annual expenditure lor fire department, watch, police, Ac , amount to *4lSb73. The proposed system, it is estimated, wilt require a permanent outlay of $2f>l,000. The computation for yearly expenses, including one thousand dollars as pay to each member of the Common Couneil, is >oJ7,100, leaving a balance of twenty thousand dollars annually saved to the city, without taking into the account the moneys collected front fines, penalties, bail bonds, feesand the saving in prison and almshouse expenditures. But we cannot estimate it* ad vantages by dollars and centi: religion and the social virtues demand mure votaries at ineir aiiars ; me repuunu has need of nit her children,she has ample dunes fur them all. There is no necas.-it j and no inducement for a single citizen toleare the paths of virtue end morality; all maybe prosperous, all may be happy; but they must know this. Knowledge imbued and assimilating with the pure^and holy light of revelation can alone accomplish this aoc al regeneration. How long then, we a?k, are we to submit to the vexations and harras-ing svils which are entailed upon us by the imperfections of our inefficient police1? Will our citizens forever bear (he grossest infractions of order and decency ? Have we no frown for vice, no scorn fur crime? If we acknowledge the claims that virtue and innocence have upen us for safely and protection,let it be no longer with words; let our actions attest the sincerity of our professions; let us givetn this great metropolis, the proud distinction of being first ia the lank of social order, as she is tint in commerce and the arts that adsrn it; let the torch of the midnight incendiary no longer light up our city with its unhallowed nrcs; let the stranger, no longer restrained by the fear of mock auctions,go where he listetb and trust to the ample protection of the law; let our streets be swept of their pollutions, and forever, cleansed of those abominations that make them the nurseries of vice and immorality. RxroRMWnahliigton. (Correspondence of the Herald.] Washington,^April 6, 18t2. The editorial article in the Herald, of a few days since, making mention of a desperate and organised intent to drive President Tyler into resignation, has surprised a great many who were not in the secret ; while to others it was not so astotishing, as such has been the secret working cf the 44Bott's" faetion for some months.past, but the seheme had not tome to a head when you publicly announced it. It will fail, however, as it should, and recoil on the heads of others. So we'll pass it by for the present. Lord Ashburton, as you will have learned, has had an interview with the President, to whom he presented his credentials as special Ambassador from Her Britaanic Majesty's .Government, to negotiate all political differences between the two yesterday, his Lordship and suite, accompanied by Mr. Webster, visit ad the Capitol, the Senate and Library, and was introduced to several Senators. His Lordship appears to hare made a good impression upon all who has as yet seen him, and is quite republican in his manners and appearance. Amongthe gentlemen in some way connected with the embassy, besides Mr. Mildmay, Mr. Bruce, (brother of the Earl of Elgin,) and Mr. Stepping, is a sua of Sir Robert Peel. Lord Asbburton and p irty breakfasted with the Secretary of State this morning a la Anglait. His Lordship has brought his own carriage and horses, and a great qnantity of baggage. So it is to be supposed he is here for a long residence. It will be some time yet before they get into bnsiness : i and in the meanwhile, the usual felicities extended < to distinguished strangers will be offered to him. The ladies, 1 hear, are talking very much about I the Clay Ball, which comes off on next Tuesday i night. It is to be a large and general affair. The , dinner to Mr. Clay will be on to-morrow evening. A small party was given to him last evening at Colonel Pres'.on's. They tell an ancedote of Mr. 1 Clay at his boarding house : that a few mornings I sinoe, after breakfasting and wri ing a few letters, ^ and giving some d.reetinns to his servant, he came down from his room about 11 o'clock, stepped into ' a hack, and drove to the Capitol; and it was only ] when about entering the gateway towards the , Senate, that he snddenly recollected he had resigned. Snch had been his habit for so many years, that no wonder he forgot himself for a moment. A number of the i IHcers of the " Warspite" re in the city. The drowning of Lieut Borden of the,Missouri,with thirteen men,has caused much concern here. They were all dragged overboard by the chain cable, and sunk to rise no more. L. Hew Orleans. [Correspondence of the Herald.] New Orlears, March 23, 1542. Good Friday in .Yirts Orltant ?Ilankt?Temptrance? Mutic ? Tradt ? Ft rat. James O. Berhett, Esq :? Dear Sir,? To-d&y being Good Fridjy, I had an opportunity of witnessing how far the good people of this city respect such a religious occasion, and it gives mo pleasure to inform you that I have never seen ths day more strictly observed in any place in Christendosa. The churches were all crowded, and the streets literally cramed with some of the most beautiful ladies it has ever been my happy lot to gazr upon, all repairing thither to pay their devotions to Him who spared their lives again to see the light of this blessed day. The banks were all rtlasnrl I tKn.a spkink wava **s\# neawiV? v M'VU n?i W uv/1 j?n ? li'Uiiy vj IHC sheriff, ['allude to), and the commissioners who were appointed by the Board of Currency to investigate the condition of the bioken bank*, rested this day from their arduous labors, went to church and prayed earnestly for the absconding presidents, eashicrs, directors, See., who had left their homes, families, and all that was dear to them, merely he cause their accounts were overdrawn the paltry sua ef a few thousand dollars- It is generally supposed, however, that those gentlemen have gone to repel the invaders from the once peaceful shores of Texas, and when through there, to rest them from, their abors, andthair works will follow them. A few other of our citizens who arc not much eharch-going characters, repaired to the races, where, 1 am informed,|theT>r<jeyed rare sport, but ot being present, of course I cannot give you the particulars. A temperance meeting ia the evening, in the M E chareh, drew a large multitude together, and it is truly gratifying to sea bow bravely this wark goes en Converts are gaining to the eauce daily, and thay now number a strong army. Brother Johnson, one of the delegation from the Washington Temperance Society, who came te lceturc to tic people of New Orleans, had the misfortune to get corned the other day, whea taking a little recreation at Carrolton, but he ia himself again and saya, front thii time henceforward, he will neither "jtoucb, tatte, nor handle"?teetotal to etsrnity. The case happened thug?after rolling a few garnet at tenpini with a friend for amusement, at the abore named place, he felt somewhat thirsty, and went to King'*, and atked for a drink of water, whea some one handed him a mint julep, and be never discovered bit mistake until the cap trti drained to the dregs- Don't yon think it was crnel to treat him thus ; He acknowledged the "corn" a few evenings tince at a large meeting of temperance men, and held forth strongly to young men the danger of meddling with mint julepe. Sacred mn-ic ie another important topic, which I thought of mentioning to you befere, but other busiae.s matters requiring so mach of my time, I omitted it- At present 1 am very happy to inform you that great inteieat it manifested in improvement in this great branch of science. We have a number of Behoole here, but the principal is one taught bvthe Rev. Professor Clark, in the Julia st Hall. There are at present in attendance about 60 te 100 amateurs, who meet twice a week, and their performance now would come very near to your New York S. M Society in style end execntion Allow me here to give you the names of e few of the most beautiful ladies, aad most accomplished in singing, who compose this society The lovely Mies K's., of II street, who are well known in the musical circles in this city; Mrs T., of B street, also a choice singer; Mrs. P., of R street, a beautiful Creole girl, and sweet singer; Miss C- of C. street, tweet little creature aud elegant voice, but rather unpracticed; Miss R n, who attracts ge nerol attention. iiMrlilisr eves, wilk bumn of music | ,srgely developed; Miss H , of very modest una-tutuiug appearance, graceful deportment, noble fingure, and altogether a universal favorite; Miss 15 , quite'an amateur; and a great number of others equally handrome ami accomplished, which I must on i; for the present 1 shall give you a lit i le sketch of the society connected with Parson Clapps in my next. News by the steam ship Acadia, received yesier. day, aud note further decline in the price of eotton. Our relations with England look rather warlike; should they not deliver up the slaves in the case of the C eole, war is deemed inevitable With such men as John Tyler and Daniel Webster at the head of the Government, I think we Have little to fear in case of any collision between the two countries. 1 think the immediate action ef Congress is required in relation to defending our coasts and forts. The suggestion to Congress bp a gentleman of your city in relation to building mail steamer* to be purchased by the government in case of difficulty with any country, will now, I trust, be taken up and carried immediately into execution, for the safety of our sea coasts, and the credit of American enterprise. Nothing new from Texas to-day; the accounts of 21,00d Mexicans in the field,you are most'probably acquainted with. A large meeting, I learn, was held this evening in Banks' Arcade to adopt mea sores for the relief of Texa*; particulars to-morrow. You must excuse me for trespassing so much on your patience, but it is some time since I had this pleasure before. Love to " le jeune edileur, and **** respects to you; says if she had an opportunity would send you a basket of strawberries, some of which has been in market a few days. Loalavllle. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Louisville, April 2, 1842. Dr m Sir : ? gjTimes continue tough, very tou^h, for the season. Our currency is improving, in consequence of the worthless shinplasters and irresponsible bank notes having been driven from circulation.? The general impresiion is, that our banks will resume on or before the first of May. God speed then II. J. Levis, the celebrated Schuylkill Bank financier, is sporting here; he is making some curious developments to the Bank of Kentucky iu relation to the fraudulent stock issues, and is treated with great respect. Professor Caldwell, of the Louisville Medical Institute, upwards of seventy years of age, took to himself, a few days since, a young and blooming wido.v still under twenty-five. Louisville has produced some splendid specimens of boats this spring. She has turned out the aest and best crafts ever built on the Ohio. Humbugujery is a^ain in the a3cendaut. Professor Newton is lecturing on Mesmerism. The newspapers are all warring against each other. The Advertiser seems to be getting rather the worse of it, for between the Journal and Sun, it has but little time to be idle. Exchange on New York and Philadelphia is 5 pr.a cent prem , specie S?Indiana money, 3 per- cent discount?Bank of Illinois 30 to 33?Tennessee 15 ?Louisiana, 5 to 10. Yours, Louisville. Auburn. I Correspondence of the Herald.] Auburn, New Yoaa, March 22,1S42. Business in Auburn?Travelling Mountebanks?Stale Prison?Bankruptcy?Temperance, SfC. J. Gordo* Bekkett, ? Dear Sir Old Sol rose upon the " loveliest village of the plain" this morning in nil hi* grandeur and magnificencs. The weather for the last ten day* ha* been unusually mild and bland, so much so that it was quite comfortable with the door* open. The roads also, which hare been actually horrid, are getting qnite dry, and cren dusty in town, which is quite a norelty to us, as the roads generally at this season of the year are almost impassable. We can now reasonably hope for an early spring. Business has in a measure revired, but is yet dill. The stores of our merchants are filled with merchandise, consequently their spring purchases mustbe light. We hare fifteen dry good stores in our Tillage. Their inroiea of stock, in the aggregate, will amiiunt to $leO,ODO. We, .in fast, need do more goois for at least six months to come, are perbao* a few to chink,in with. Those stores who do business on cash principles, will ba able te replenish their stocks without much difficulty ; but I fear, owing to the dullness of the past winter, that our tally stores, who hare done a large credit business, will find it exceeding'y difficult to collect thair just duss, and payoff. The gist of the matter is, there is not going to be sold from this Tillage as many goods by one-third this year as last. The people, not only here but crcrywhere, see the necessity ef stern, rigid economy, and are beginning to practice it toe. We hare all worn too fine clothes, drank too much Champaigne, and feasted too luxuriantly on rich and costly riaads, chiefly the products of foreign climes. The whole country is alarmingly in debt, and domestic seenoray must be practised and firm.y adhered te by the wires and daughters of this laud. They must wear le3* silks, and more homespua?understand better the duties of the domastic apartment, kitchen, We.; and apply their fingrcs more to the use of the needle, and lest to the piano. Truly "music hath charms," but what are the charms of music compared with the lively hum of the spinningwheel?the loom?or the dinner table, to that man who is striving laboriously with his physical and mental energies, given him by the God of Nature, to stem the current of debts which are eoming down upon hinu with all the fearful power of an avalanche. A person calling himself Dr. Beanettson, exhibited himself to the good people of Auburn last week, ss hailing" free the city of Lowell, Mass., in the attitude of a fine leettirer on medical science. lie firetended to cure tha consumption in any stage? ivsr complaints without any mistake?rheumatics, gout, malignant fevers, coughs, &c ; and, in tine, he could cure, without reserve (so he said) all diseases which flesh is heir to, with abeut throe or firs dollars worth of his remedy, put up in bottles er papers .for ?? family use." This travelling dooter gave medical advice gratis,and lectures thrown in, previded persons (would buy his nostrums ? surely a new mode of raising the wind. Hut he did finally, after all, get np a breeze, which blew tome $ 100 in his pocket. He jonraeved westward?God grant bis face may ever be set tnitherw.ird. There ha* been a good deal of talk here this winter by a certain few, of " State Prison Monopoly," hut the excitement on this subject has died away. People are beginning 'to come to their senses, not only here but throughout the State. True, a petition fer a repeal of ths present system of prison discipline was circulated through this town and county, and about 400 Barnes procured ; and it is also rrn? that a remonitrance was afterwards circulated, priseipslly by farmers and unprejudiced mechanics, in some three or feur towns in the county, and about 1(100 names subscribed. Many of them maehanies and laboring men fwbo earn by the sweat'of their brow.' pThis iesult clearly snows upon which aide of the question lies the majority. I ray it without fear of contradiction as a citixen of Aaburn, wholly disiaterested, that let the legislature enact laws to do away with mcshaaieal labor iu our prison, and remove the convicts to another part ef the state to dig ia mines of ceel and ore, tad thereby seek pre ma fnrc grave* (a* proposed by Mr. Weir) they strike a blow at Auburn and Western New York, betide* incurring great expense, from which it will not, oannot recover for twenty year*, if ever. Our pri oa it well conducted?probably never was under more judieiout manageme it. Mr Gridley, the clerk, one of the moat basinets and practical men 1 ever saw?systematic in "all things, correct to a farthing, energetic, discreet, prudent?n roan of great suavity of manners, and above all, in these trying limes, is one of the noblest w? rk* of God, an honest man?is an honor to his office. Yourself and lady were at onr place last snmmer, and visited our prison, 1 am to d, and can you not|bear testimony corroborating with the above! Our banks are not discounting a dollar?they can't doit; they have "nothing over." Judge Coukling, U. S. Judge, you have been infarmed, holds his Courts here. If I wasn't engaged I think 1 should do pert of my Court busiuees at hi* beautiful residence. The applicants number, now about 750; all the cities in the district have turndout lib-rally theirahare of bankrupts. Mr. H., County Commissioner, must be laying away a few hard dollars, as results of his office. Mr. W. a lawyer of this village, lectured on that new subject, Temperance, a few evenings since, and sorry to say, it was alailurs; I believe, as far as ray knowledge extends, ot era who listened to it hayo', formed the same opinion As a lawytr Mr \f. i? cunning ana 01 correct business habits, and certainly i? a much better advocate of Jurisprudence than temperance Mr- M's lectu e, last f uesday evening, be for* the young men's assecintioo, on the aame subject, wai capital, aud did him great credit. The " Herald" i* gaining popularity here every day?men who [would not look even at it two months ago, new pour over ita columns with great pleasure and satisfaction, and one thinp ia certain that ao news journal ia sought after with thit avidity and earnestness by the ladies, young aud old, married and single, as the " Herald." This certainly is glory enough for one village?some nice young gentleman iu this vicinity may possibly " bark up the wrong tree" if they attempt to play any of their games?look out boys, you are watched. There are som? three or four weddings on the tapis?two or threa in high life, but I have no tiuia to specif y?look out next time. Cayuga. Geological Philosophy. To thi Editor or the Herald :? I see by your paper some conclusions drawn from the general Geological Theory of the earth, as set forth by Professor Lyell and other Geologists,calculated to show the untruth of the Mosaic aceount of the creation ; which we think is so far from being sustained that they go to prove the most remarkable coincidence between the theory of the earth's formation and the account given of the same ia the first chapter of Genesis- And such coincidence is the more remarkable, when we take iato consideration the antiquity of the bible aecount. When we consider this extraordinary telation of the world's formation, and of the beings that on it exist, was written over three thousand years ago?of which Moses is considered to be the author or compiler?at a period too of man's existence when no geological science or other kindred sciences existed, were known to shed their rays upon man's path of knowledge ; and, yet, the striking analogy that exists between the science of modern geology and it, must strike the mind of the candid reader with peculiar force. To trace this nualogy, it is not even necessary to read it in any other light than as profane history. The facts it records in simple and brief phraseology, are found,after the the lapse of theusauds of years, to be corroborated in every material point of view?making some allowances for the inperfcet modes of expres.-ion in which man's dialect of those days was clothed, andfor the want of greater clearness in the brevity of detail, and we must admit, the analogy between the two accounts most accurate and wonderful. We venture to assert, many accounts bare been given of events at a much later period, in which, not the same facts, in the same space, with the same correctness, as to facts, has been afterwards by future discoveries so fully verified. Believing fully in the details of Professor Lyell's relation of facts, yet without going into them in de. tail, we shall briefly state the theory of the earth as received by geologists generally, Professor Lyell not excepted. As ha? been supposed by him, it is believed, that this earth we inhabit was origiI ?n_:_-i . ?.:? ?r r?=;?? ??,i ?iT?, nillj IUH1IUUII All CUdIC Bimc VI luoiv/u, ?mu vam as its crust cooled, it assumed certain changes which have been going on ever since. That in its earliest periods oi existence, it was totally unfit for the habitation of living beings. That the great central ball of the earth is granitic in its elements, and that the oldest and lowest rock any where found, is granite, on which various subsequent strata have been formed,say not less than seven or eight principal and distinct crusts; or depositions from water. And that, by the upheaval force, of remaining heat, these crusts have been broken through, and high mountains reared in some places, while valies, and lakes, and seas have been formed in others. That this alternate rising and sinking of the earth is still slowly roing on in various parts of the earth; hut yet, in all cases, the several strata can be traced and found one laying in regular and unchanged order above another?and though one layer may by chance be wanting in a particu lar spot, yet the order in which they overlay each other, has been found reversed. The first trace of animal life, in its lowest and feeblest state of existence, such as the simplest sea shell fish, enclosed in a single shell?or other simple contrivance is found in their fossil remains, in one ef the lowest strata of the earth. Ascending to the second strata, the sea and other water animal remains of a higher state of organization are found ?that, is, aaimals with a spine and arterial circulation of blood, &c. Still rising to the third strata we still find evidences of increased perfection in the structure of organic remains, which partook of a nature, that gave them power of breathing in air as well as water, and with spinal organs, ice ? Ascending to the fourth leading strats, we begin to find the remains of vegetable existence, such as leaves, fruits, stalks, &e , whose existence was ne cessary before land quadruped* could maintain their be in* on the earth- . In the fifth strata we first find the remains of land animals, and such as, more or less, depended Upon vegetation for subsistence; and carniverous animals were probably of still later growth; and the fossils of all such quadrupeds continue to be dug from the more recent formations of earth. All this vital creation and preparation of the earth, during vast periods of time, was necessary to render it a fit abode for man, the great eliuatric work of terrestrial creation; and that he was the last as well as the highest and most perfect of animals ever formed is proven by the fact that in not one of tht vaiions strata alluded to, has his fossil bones ever been found, except in one or two recent cases of interment in petrifactive waters. It does not militate against the mosaic account, to say some species of vegetables and animals have cea*ed to exist, while newones have been produced, or new combinations formed from elementary life first created, " whose seed," as Moses beautifully says, "of itself is iu the ground," "and the sea,and the earth," "tohring forth abuadantly,"after every kind and variety. God intends elementary created materials should in all time to come be capable of reproducing. Geologist* say the world existed a long while probably, withont an inhabitant. So does Molee. Aid further say that living beings, produced in water,were the first created ?so do. s Moses. Geologists say w bales(and the higher class osea animals were next made?so does Moses Geof legists sav vegetation existed before quadrupejs? so does Moses. And that land animals were form ed before man?so does Moses Geologists agree that aiair was the last being formed upon enrth, and to does Moses declare the ?me thing. What remarkable traits of coincidence, that a man writing three thousand years ato should have declared those facts which the highest efforts of genius and science have resulted in proving to be true. On these point* there can be no cavil, Why not an author ignorant of creation and geology hare suppoaed man to be made first, and fi -hes and animals, made afterwards for his greater convenience and comfort, as well as to place them in the regular order he has done 1 Or why suppose or declare the world was formed during six, or seven vast periods of time 1 The only point on which the greatest sceptic can raise doubt it as to the meaning of the single word " day," which we feel bound to consider was employed by Moses as a mere type er symbol, of vast and distinct eras ia the world's creation. 1 his view of the subject is fully sustained from the fact of the I wo aeceunts agreeing in all other material respect*. Beeides, tha Hebrews generally, I imagine, expressed any great or indefinite length of time by the word "day." Hence it is said in on* part of scripture, ' with God a day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as u day." It is alse said that in the Institutes of Menu, translated by Sir William Jones, the same account is given of the creation as that related by Mosc.with this important difference : Menu defines what he means by the word day, and says it means a thousand years?that is, an indefinite psrioS of time. And it is no less clear that the Sabbath, or one seventh of time, has been set apart and ordained as symbolical of man's advent into the world, and commemorative *f the completion of a great earthly creation And even in this point of view it is werthy of being kept a* a day of rest and thanksgiving. We will g,vc an abstract of the Mosaic account, ns contrasted with the present geological view of the creatinn or formation of this world, and leava the subject in the hands of the reader, begging, however, he will most carefully and considerately rend the first chapter of Genesis, and judge lot himself. By this account, Time, began by thn areation of the Heaven and Earth. First day.?The Earth was dark and roid. No T35. Light wn nieiatkrjr, to produce bj its chemical action, the division of element* lying in chao?.? , And light was by a mandate made to appear, bat after how long a period is unknown. It divide* night from darkness, and separates water from land, and the firmament from both; and organizes the universal materials, still unfit Tor the habitation of living beings, ir life of any sort. This first period is called a day, which may mean a vast period of time, as we have stated above. Second day ?The firmament was created, probably the atmosphere is here meant, whieh may have been, in its lirst condition, very different from what we now find it. And which, during its earliest formation, way have contained gases, which rendered it unlit to sustain vitality of any kiad Or it may at another period have contained an exeese of caibonic aeid gas, which rendered it totally unfit for the existence of animal life, or such animals ai exist on land. Some philosophers suppose the air at an early period of the earth's existence, had such a vast excess of carbonic acid gas, as to caus? the most extraordinary and rank growth of vegetable life?altogether beyond any thing we c*n conceire of in tha present day of purified air?and that this great mas* of vegetation,afforded tha immense material* of which the vast coal-fields of the earth have been formed, all of which are considered to be of vegetable origin?and what would seem to favor this curious theory is the fact , that the rtmaias of no laad animals with respiratory organs are ever found iuubeded in coal, while they abouud with impressions of vegetables, Arc Third day ?Dry land appears and seas are firm d. harth brings forih grass, herbs, trees, &.c ? The earth being dry, first becomes fit for vegetation, which was brought, probably, into powerfal growth by the peculiar slate of the air alluded to. But during all this rait period, no animal life appeered. Fourth day.?Stars er new worlds are formed, or as called lights in the firmament of Heaven.? With greater and lesser lights, to rule the day and night, and the seasons are formed. Hera another great period has probably intervened,and no being, great or small, yet animated the earth. Fifth Day.?Water is made to produce the first liviog thing. Agreeing with all discoveries in Geology, and the opinions of all men who have studied the subject. Next fa wis are made, probably at a great interval of time, and even before whales of theses, whose large frames and high state of organization, succeeded in the order of animal creation The sea is commauded to be fruitful and multiply its species in every form, and it may be ia new forms end varieties ; and has it not been accomplished 1 Sixth Day.?Animals cf the land formed, or " beast of the earth," and " all other creeping things." These all preceded man. All were made, and for how loag u period before man, we know not. And, probably, owing to peculiar circumstances, there was an excess in animal prodnc'ioa. as had been the case of vegetable growth. And monsters on land, as well as in water, sprang into being, to perish again, when the peculiar condition of the earth or air which favored their existence, became eo far changed a* to fail to sustain their extraordinary position in the link of animal creation. Hence we know nothing of them save from their fossil remainsAll these changes and formations eome up ia their order. Ana it was not till the earth was made habitable for a being, with an organzation so delicate yet so mysteriously perfect as man's, that his being oommenced. The dry land had appeared. Vegetation had sprang Moses says, "olitselfis in the ground." The animals ef the water were produced, the air purified, animals of the land were produced,in excess it may be. The revel iticna of earth become less violent. Excesses of vegetable and animal life were restrained,or governed by more fixed and conservative laws of reproduction. And the earth itself was prepared as a garj __ e at u ~ . sk^ i_ .. _ j ueu lur me rrcvjmuu ui uinu, wuu irii iuc 1*91 dnu highest work of creative power ; and who himself, for centuries, has b.-en gradually unfolding the powers of physical and intellectual capacities, that were at first wrapt up in the high organization of his being ; and if one might conj -cture the vast future from the past, it msj not be unreasonable to suppose that, when all man's present powers are exhausted, and nothing further remains that he can do, that he, too, may give way in turn, to a new order, and still higher existence in a more exalted class of beings. The second chapter of Genesis is more or less an amplification of tbe first, nnd attempts to give some dim notions er details, with respect to the method of Creation, such as the formation of Eve, ccc., much of which must be taken in a meljpkoiicai sense:? T* recapitulate the Mosaic Account. All wai dark and void ; with tmhryo Earth and Heaven. Firs*. Day?Light created. Second Day?Atmosphere, or Firmament created. Third Day?Dry land appears?Vegetation first created Fourth Day?New Worlds, or New Lights formed. Fifth Day?Water produces living beings. Sixth Bay?Land animals formed, and then, and last, man succeeds. Geological Theory. The centre of the Earth is a ball of granite?the internal and central portions of which are in a state of fusion:? First Teriod?The first layers, or strata encrusting thin ball,are destitute of all animal or vegetable remains. Second Period?Tbe second class of layers or strata, are first seen to contain animals of the simplest form, and such ts arc produced alone in water. Third Period?The next strata, contains fossils of animals, of more complicated structure, such as have spines, be. Fourth Period?The next strata contains the fossils of herbs and plants, seeds, tic. Fifth Period?The last strata in order are found for thn first time to contain the petrified fossils of quadrupeds or land animals, but no remains of man?he being the last formation ol creation. Allowing for the dim light of the age in which the first chapter of Genesis was written, and for the occasional metaphorical expressions of the author, and wo must say, tbe coincidence between the Mosaic history of the world and that given by Geologists, is most striking and remarkable, ana renders the Book of Genesis one of the most extiaordinary productions ever penned by man?whether wrote by Moses or another hand, or whether profane or inspired, it boots not, as fares our argument is concerned. There it has stood for save ral thousand years, and there it must stand, during the future existence of v an, as one of the most remarkable monuments in the history of the world. Fiuxxiiir. The Newspaper Press. Mr. Baifarrr :? We hear much of the immoral tendency of the press?hut 1 do not believe it. I rend the papers indifcriraately, and pay for many that I do not read. False as they are, their lies neutralise each other. Known to be of easy,not to sny doubtful virtue, readers are on their guard?they learn to diserimate.and are obliged to think aad trnat to themselves. Now, when you can make men think independently, you areonjthc high road of knowledge; truth is at the end of it, and not at the bottom of a bottomless well. The difficulty of attaining the truth?all sorts of truth, political, moral and divine, hasnotb?en inlrentic but cxtrinaic; our teachers have no wish that we should attain it,'although they allow us, sometimes, to approach it at suck distances as will leave it doubtful, and forever require their well paid ministry. But most happily the quarrels of the Doctors and the lies of the Newspapers prove ts be the most efficient instructors man was evsr blessed with. The reformation of corrupt rfligions has proceeded from similar eauscs. Science and the} arts owe their progress to opposition. Therefore,'we yonr humble readers, beg of yoa,Gentlemen Editors, to keep up tha war, end never to agree upon any thing but disagreement. Tour paper especially, Mr. Bennett, has been accused of being a sink of corrnption and immorality. Now, Sir, you do not know who I am, nor do yoa earetoknow. But 1 will tell you that I "?"H" 'Bwni >" ? ??! J"? ?i ?"j ci-t m am beyond all tort* of want?, and am now about a thouaaad mile* from you I hark nothing to do, and profess to be a sort of moral and political reformer, although I never attend meetings or sign pledges. 1 work on my own hook and take mJ pay in silent hi pes, watching and welcoming good from wherever it may come, even from vile newspapers. Now, Sir, I do not fsuppose that you are better than other men, (I will except the Wall street gentry) but 1 think that 1 see cltarly your interest in telling the truth, as nearly as you caa gat at it.? Your paper is read by all classes and sects; by politician* of every hue; by buyers as well ns sellers f stock; by good banker* and bad bankers; by bankrnpts and solvents; by rogues?nd honest meaf by men la place and men out of plaee; by judges and culprits; by governors and governed; in flae, by every body. Now every body wants to know the truth; some to nunke a good use of it and some te make a bad one. Therefore, Sir, how can you please and serve this motley group of customers in any way so well a? by telling the truthf Rut the truth should not be told at all times, it is said. Certainly there are cases where it may dc mischief?but if it were always (old, and we coali balance the general accnnnt, it asay be confidently asserted, that the world woald be all the better for it. Sir, I should be willing, for one, to contribute to a fund to pay all your fines, and those ef your bold brother editor in Paris, Mr. Lamenaiss, lately liberated from prises, te encourage you both to

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